Objective : To determine Cadmium (Cd) and Chromiun (Cr) in plant tissue using absorptionspectroscopyIntroductions :Cadmium is well known to be one of the most toxic heavy elements for animals. It has recentlybecome a serious problem that rice grains contain cadmium in some area of Japan. On the otherhand, some types of plants can grow in contaminated soils and absorb a large amount of cadmium in their bodies. Such hyperaccumulator plants are expected to be used for remediationof environments. However, the accumulation mechanism has not yet been revealed, with theelemental distribution of cadmium and transportation during uptake remaining unclear.Cadmium appear to play a very pivotal role in thyroiddisease,it is a very unique mineral. It isextremely toxic and has toxic biological effects at concentrations smaller than almost anycommonly found mineral. An environmental poison found in water, on our food and in the air.It's found in processed grains, dairy products, meats, fish, fertilizers, auto exhaust, cigarettesmoke, batteries, solder and dentures. It disrupts the absorption of other minerals and tends tosettle in the heart and right kidney and affects proper functioning of severalenzymes. Whereas for Chromium, taken in the right quantity, chromium has immense health benefits. It isavailable in extremely low quantities in animal and plant tissues which is why it is called a trace
metal. Some of the sources of chromium are brewer’s yeast, coffee, tea, cereals, potato
es, peas,oysters, rye, thyme, processed meats, whole grains, and beer.Chromium helps metabolize carbohydrates. It monitors blood sugar levels, and helps stabilizeblood sugar. It can also prevent hypertension or high blood pressure. Although trials are stillbeing conducted, chromium compounds are considered helpful in preventing memory loss and in
treating Alzheimer’s disease.
Procedure : Day 11. Plant tissue was prepared ( mustard and spinach).
2. The vegetable was dried in and oven of 110’C
Day 21. The dried vegetables was cut into pieces2. About 3 grams of vegetable was weighed and placed in 250 ml beaker3. 10 ml of nitric acid (HNO
) was added into the beaker and was allowed to standOvernight