THE OAKWOOD INCIDENT
On the early morning of July 27, 2003, a group of soldiers occupied theOakwood Hotel in Makati to conduct protest actions against the GloriaMacapagal Arroyo (GMA) Administration. Among the grievances they voiced outwas GMA’s alleged responsibility for the Davao bombing incidents.In the investigations that followed, the soldiers admitted that theultimate sources of their information are the so-called Greenbase Documents.How true are these documents? What exactly is OPLAN GREENBASE allabout? Indeed, what did these documents contain that were serious enough todrive these soldiers to rise against their very own Commander-in-Chief?Unfortunately, the answers to these questions never came as the investigationsfocused more on the peripheral issues such as armbands, and whether thesoldiers’ actions were spontaneous or not. Eventually, the Greenbase issue wasburied and forgotten.Until now….
GMA’s PEACE POLICY
Upon assumption to power, GMA adopted an all-out peace policy for allthe different rebel and secessionist groups. This was articulated in her ownExecutive Order #3 signed on 28 February 2001 entitled “Defining Policy andAdministrative Structure for Government’s Comprehensive Peace Efforts” (seeAnnex A) where a comprehensive peace process provided a holistic frameworkin addressing the long-running insurgency and secessionism in the country.Likewise, in her Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan 2001-2004,she stressed that the vision for sustained peace and development in Mindanaois the peaceful coexistence of all stakeholders. “
It outlined the challenges to be addressed such as: preventing the recurrence of armed conflict; addressing cultural inequity as manifested in the loss of ancestral lands and non- consideration of cultural aspects in programs and projects, and in addressing political inequity through the full implementation of autonomy, increased representation in government of Muslims and lumads, and improved conflict resolution and negotiation mechanisms
.” (Relief, Rehab efforts intensified inMindanao, Manila Times, 19 June 01).Regarding peace efforts with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF),confidence-building measures complemented these peace policy declarations.On 20 February 2001, GMA announced the suspension of offensive militaryoperations (SOMO) with the MILF. A few days later, then Justice SecretaryPerez said that the multiple murder and multiple frustrated murder chargesagainst the MILF leaders would be returned to the DOJ for reinvestigation.(Raps vs MILF leaders dropped. Inquirer News Service. 24 February 2001). Then on March 16, NBI Director Reynaldo Wycoco announced that the RizalDay bombing was not the handiwork of the MILF. (Rizal Day attacks, NBIclears MILF on bombings. PDI. 17 March 2001).