Annu. Rev. Sociol. 2000. 26:107–33Copyrightc
2000 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
Department of Sociology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045;e-mail: email@example.com
race, ethnicity, nationalism, sexuality, queer theory
This paper explores the connections between ethnicity and sexuality.Racial, ethnic, and national boundaries are also sexual boundaries. The borderlandsdividing racial, ethnic, and national identities and communities constitute ethnosexualfrontiers,eroticintersectionsthatareheavilypatrolled,policed,andprotected,yetregu-larlyarepenetratedbyindividualsforgingsexuallinkswithethnic“others.”Normativeheterosexualityisacentralcomponentofracial,ethnic,andnationalistideologies;bothadherence to and deviation from approved sexual identities and behaviors deﬁne andreinforce racial, ethnic, and nationalist regimes. To illustrate the ethnicity/sexualitynexus and to show the utility of revealing this intimate bond for understanding eth-nic relations, I review constructionist models of ethnicity and sexuality in the socialsciences and humanities, and I discuss ethnosexual boundary processes in several his-torical and contemporary settings: the sexual policing of nationalism, sexual aspectsof US–American Indian relations, and the sexualization of the black-white color line.
US Army photographers documented the liberation of France from German Nazioccupation by Allied forces in August 1944. The image captured in Figure 1 is anow-famous picture of two women who were accused of sexually collaboratingwith the Nazis in occupied France during the Second World War. In the pho-tograph are visible the women’s shaved heads, shoeless feet, stripped clothing,and swastikas tattooed on the women’s foreheads. A young Frenchwoman, whosefather was in the French resistance, described the fate of French women who weresimilarly identiﬁed as Nazi collaborators.The war was not ﬁnished, but in Paris it assumed another form—moreperverse, more degrading
. . .
The “shorn woman” of rue Petit-Musc
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walked along with her wedge-soled shoes tied around her neck, stiff likethose undergoing a major initiation. Her face was frozen like a Buddha, hercarriage tense and superb in the midst of a shouting, screeching mob of facescontorted by hatred, groping and opportunistic hands, eyes congested byexcitement, festivity, sexuality, sadism (Weitz 1995:277).
A n n u . R e v . S o c i o l . 2 0 0 0 . 2 6 : 1 0 7 - 1 3 3 . D o w n l o a d e d f r o m a r j o u r n a l s . a n n u a l r e v i e w s . o r g b y B O I S E S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y o n 0 5 / 2 7 / 0 8 . F o r p e r s o n a l u s e o n l y .