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48421901 Transformer Ngr Sizing Calculation

# 48421901 Transformer Ngr Sizing Calculation

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08/09/2012

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11Basis Of Design2.0Sizing Calculation2.1Selection Of EF Current Limit2.1.1Generator Data
Generator Rating=52.5MWRated Gen kV11kVMaximum Overvoltage14.3kV
2.1.2Transformer Data
Ratio33/11.5
2.1.3Total Capcitance Per Phase
TOTAL RESIDUAL CAPACITANCE1.43
2.1.4TOTAL RESIDUAL CAPACITIVE IMPEDANCE2222.99Ohm(10^6 ) / (3.w.C)Selection Of The New 4 MW S1 GTG Generator Neutral Earthing & Sizing Of Its Neutral Earthing Transformer & ItsSecondary Loaded Earthing Resistor
In order to protect stator core from damage during internal stator earth fault, it is necessary to limit stator earth fault toas low a value that is practicable.Generators/Motors connected to the 11 kV system, through 33/11.5 kV transformer unit, can be treated as an isolatedsystem which is not influenced by the earthing requirements of the distribution systemThe industry wide practice for such generators/motors is to use a 11 kV neutral earthing transformer suitably rated withsecondary winding designed for 240 V/ 110 V or so and loaded with a resistor of a value which when referred to theprimary will pass a low earth fault current of say 5 to 10 A.The Neutral earthing resistor connected shall be of low ohmic value of rugged construction while still presenting a highequivalent value in the generator 11 kV neutral circuitThe Neutral resistor shall be incorporated to prevent the production of high transient over voltages (TOVs) in the eventof an arcing earth fault which it does by discharging the bound charge in the circuit capacitance.To prevent transient over voltages, it is necessary to ensure the equivalent resistance in the stator circuit should notexceed the impedance at system frequency of the total summated capacitances of the three phases of thegenerator/motor circuit.In this respect the resistive component of stator EF current should not be less than (not < than) the residual capacitancecurrent ( 3.Ico ) in the generator/motor 11 kV circuit upto tranformer.For Selecting Earthing Transformer, it is necessary to ensure it never becomes saturated otherwise a very undesirablecondition of ferro-resonance may occur. In this respect it is usual to select transformer having a primary winding withknee-point voltage (Vk) = to 1.3 x generator/motor rated line voltage of 11000 V (11 kV)

2Selection Of The New 4 MW S1 GTG Generator Neutral Earthing & Sizing Of Its Neutral Earthing Transformer & ItsSecondary Loaded Earthing Resistor

3Selection Of The New 4 MW S1 GTG Generator Neutral Earthing & Sizing Of Its Neutral Earthing Transformer & ItsSecondary Loaded Earthing Resistor 2.2Neutral Earthing Resistor
Then Resistive Component Of EF
3.39
A(11000/Sqrt(3)/ 2222.992.864.43ASQRT(2.856^2+2.856^2)
2.3Neutral Earthing Distribution Transformer (Neutral ET or N ET) & NER Sizing2.3.1N ET
Transfo Primary Vk (Knee Point Voltage)15.000kV( > 1.3*11 kV) Applied kV On N ET During EF6.351kV(11 / sqrt(3) ) Applied kV On N ET During EF With Field Forcing8.256kV1.3 xIncrease in Neutral EF Current3.714A( 8.26/6.35)*2.86 AMaximum N ET Loading Under Above Condition55.709kVA(15*3.714)9.285kVA(55.709/6)10.000kVA30 sec rated
2.3.2N ET Secondary Rating
Consider Secondary Knee Point Of 240.000VMaximum Secondary Current232.12A(3.714*15000/240)