Efficacy China soft power in East and Southeast Asia
EXAMINE THE EFFICACY OF CHINA’S SOFT POWER IN EAST AND
Shahril BudimanRaja Haji College of Social and Political ScienceTanjungpinang-Indonesia
Since ancient times, China has been known as a country that upholds the values of historyand culture of their country. Even in some period of time ever large-scale destruction of works of literature and philosophers, but this does not eliminate the awarding from Chinesepeople of their cultural heritage and high. Increasing China's economy has reached a stageincredible moment, not only gives hope and progress toward the better, but it also brings inno small hurdle. To achieve the stability of the country, China continuously strives toperpetuate the position in the international world. Moreover, the foreign policy set by thestate is placed on the principle of peace and world harmony.Since the initiation of reforms in the late 1970s, the functions, imperatives and interests of the Chinese state have changed as the country has experienced profound transformation.Another reason from the article about china progress report said is the economic reforms in1978 have made China as one of the largest destination of FDI (Foreign DirectInvestment).(Wayne:2009)China has transitioned from a revolutionary state to a developmental state, from a plannedeconomy to a trading state and from an extremely opaque Leninist party-state to anauthoritarian state. Each of these domestic transitions has
impacted China’s external
relations (LiMingjiang:56). At this time, China softpower has been movement into east andsoutheast asia. This essay will emphasizes on what is soft power, the influence of chinasoftpower in East Asia and Southeast Asia.
Firstly, definitions of power vary considerably among the scholars, power is generally usedto explain a capability of one actor to change or influence the behavior of another actor.Robert Dahl defines power as a capability of getting others to do something they would nototherwise do.(Dahl:61) This kind of definition of power requires not only capabilities but
also knowledge of others‟ interests