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EXAMINE THE EFFICACY OF CHINA’S SOFT POWER IN EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIA

EXAMINE THE EFFICACY OF CHINA’S SOFT POWER IN EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIA

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Published by: Shahril Budiman on Jun 26, 2012
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Efficacy China soft power in East and Southeast Asia 
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EXAMINE THE EFFICACY OF CHINA’S SOFT POWER IN EAST AND
SOUTHEAST ASIA
Shahril BudimanRaja Haji College of Social and Political ScienceTanjungpinang-Indonesia
Introduction
Since ancient times, China has been known as a country that upholds the values of historyand culture of their country. Even in some period of time ever large-scale destruction of works of literature and philosophers, but this does not eliminate the awarding from Chinesepeople of their cultural heritage and high. Increasing China's economy has reached a stageincredible moment, not only gives hope and progress toward the better, but it also brings inno small hurdle. To achieve the stability of the country, China continuously strives toperpetuate the position in the international world. Moreover, the foreign policy set by thestate is placed on the principle of peace and world harmony.Since the initiation of reforms in the late 1970s, the functions, imperatives and interests of the Chinese state have changed as the country has experienced profound transformation.Another reason from the article about china progress report said is the economic reforms in1978 have made China as one of the largest destination of FDI (Foreign DirectInvestment).(Wayne:2009)China has transitioned from a revolutionary state to a developmental state, from a plannedeconomy to a trading state and from an extremely opaque Leninist party-state to anauthoritarian state. Each of these domestic transitions has
impacted China’s external
relations (LiMingjiang:56). At this time, China softpower has been movement into east andsoutheast asia. This essay will emphasizes on what is soft power, the influence of chinasoftpower in East Asia and Southeast Asia.
Softpower 
Firstly, definitions of power vary considerably among the scholars, power is generally usedto explain a capability of one actor to change or influence the behavior of another actor.Robert Dahl defines power as a capability of getting others to do something they would nototherwise do.(Dahl:61) This kind of definition of power requires not only capabilities but
also knowledge of others‟ interests
.
 
Efficacy China soft power in East and Southeast Asia 
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According to Joseph S. Nye, hard power resources include coercive capabilities such asmilitary and economic means whereas the soft power resources are based on culture, valuesand institutions. Soft power is typically associated with the co-optive end of thespectrum,whereas hard power is usually associated with the command end.(
Nye, Jr:7)
Nyedoes state the relationship is imperfect. Sometimes resources typically viewed as hardpower may become a form of attractiveness and vice versa.Figure I : PowerRegarding the discussion about china softpower Sook-Jong Lee describe inside China,discussions of soft power took off in the first decade of the twenty-first century, stimulatedby the debate over how to formulate the domestic and foreign policy necessary for
“comprehensive national power (zonghe guoli).” (Sook 
-Jong Lee:2009).
 
Efficacy China soft power in East and Southeast Asia 
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China and the relation with East Asian
The relationship among china and the county of East Asian could not distinguished they arethe tigers of Asia. The movement of East Asian country and the paradigm has been makethe western country being worried. Nevertheless, China nowadays is the economic giantwith Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Hongkong they are together step by step starting coveringthe economic global, building the industry market such as: automotive, InformationCommunication Technology (ICT) even the education institution is interest placed to beforeigner student learn about East Asian model development. A Part of that, China softFigure II:
China’s Soft Power by Area
 
Source: Chicago Council on Global Affairs (2009).

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