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Chapter 1 Maintenance during the Operation of Turbine
Section 1 Routine Maintenance during Operation
Operation of turbine with load is one of important section during the production of electric power. It is the duty of operation persons of turbine to perform correctly rules and tooperate, check, supervise and regulate strictly during operation, and the precondition to ensurethe safe and economic operation of turbine devices.Working contents of the routine maintenance during the operation of turbine are:(1)
To supervise the related devices and meters via supervising panel, transcribing readings periodically, inspecting circularly, measuring vibration periodically, to do the meter analysis, and to check the safe and economic condition of operation.(2)
To regulate the related operating parameters and patterns, to go through the economicdistribution principle of load, to enable the devices to operate under the best condition,to reduce the ratio of heat consumption and auxiliary power, and to increase theeconomic efficiency of operation.(3)
To enhance the supervision of failed devices, fault systems and devices under a specialoperation pattern, to prevent the trouble occurrences and enlargement, to increase theutilization factor and to ensure the safe operation of devices.(4)
To do various protective tests periodically and the normal tests and shift operation of auxiliaries.In short, the main roles of operation of power plants are: to supply the needed electricenergy to users or power network continuously & safely & economically.
I. The shift persons should do the following while the turbine normally operating:
(1) To supervise & operate & regulate strictly, notice at any time the variation of indication of each meter and adopt the corresponding maintenance measures, and tofill in the operation logs.(2) To read meters every one hour and analyze the data. if the reading is different from thenormal value, the cause should be found out immediately and the necessary measuresshould be taken.(3) To inspect the unit periodically, especially notice the temperatures of babbit of eachtrust bearing pad and each bearing, the oil return temperature, oil flow and vibration,operation and tightness conditions of the cooling system of generator and preventionof oil leakage and fire catching.(4) To do the listening inspection for each part of turbine, especially while the operatingcondition changes greatly.(5) To inspect periodically or contact with maintenance persons to clean the screensinstalled in the steam or water or oil system in terms of the exact condition duringoperation.(6) To regulate in time the steam pressure of shaft sealing, to prevent leaking steam caused by too high pressure from entering the bearing box, resulting in the deterioration of oilquality; and simultaneously prevent air leakage of low-pressure casing gland caused by too low pressure resulting in the drop of the condenser vacuum.(7) To keep the turbine operate under the economic condition, and the followingconditions should be met:a)
To retain the main steam temperature at the rating, steam pressure conform to the prescribed value of variable pressure operation curve of the unit, and the variationdoes not exceed the permissible range. b)
The regenerative system should run normally, the outlet water temperature of heater should confirm to the designed value or in the range prescribed by the rules.