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103

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106

Giga

109

Tera

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KEJ F

10-3

milli

micro

10-6

nano

10-9

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10-12

10-15

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Ohm

Electrical resistance -

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Capacitance

Henry

Induction

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Power

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Second

Period Time

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Voltage, potential

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-
-
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V=11000V

I=0.004A

V=11000V=11KV
I=0.004A= 4mA

C=0.0000l F

R=1000000

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C=0.0000l F= 10F

R=1000000 = 1M

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Reactive Elements J

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Resistors J

Capacitors J

Transformers J

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Diodes -

Transistors -

SCR & Triacs -

Integrated Circuits -

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Resistors J J J

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Coil & Transformersand Inductive Loads

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HJ

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Fixed coil

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Active Elements J J
Diodes J J J

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Diode
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Transistors J J J

Bipolar tr. J

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Silicon Unilateral Switch

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Four-Layer Diode

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Solar Cell

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Integrated Circuit

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WEF

1- V= 11000 V

3- F= 6.5 * 106 Hz

5- C= 0.00000001 F 7- I1 = 0.001A

2- C= 5 * 10-9 F

4- P= 1200 W

6- R= 5000000

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EF

1- I = 50 mA + 20 A = ...

2- V = 0.8v + 0.6V = .
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4- R= 2.2K + 5M =

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J DIACJ

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=
VDG VZJ

ZKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKmAJ
IZ
ZKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKmAJ
IT
IL= IT - IZ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK mAILJ

VR3 = VR 2 =

VZ
= 5V
2

R3J

R3= 500R3J
KEJ FEJ F

IT

IZ

IL=IT-IZ

EJ F

VO

VZ

VR2

EJ F
--

VR3

EF

VZZVO Z VR3 HVR2J


ILERL= R2+R3FRL R3

R2,R3R3R3

EVO= VZF KIz

K8VER3W

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

IZ = ITIL= 0J2J
IZZ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKmAJ

ITZKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK mAJ

KJ

500 R1J
IZ=.mAJ

IZ =

20 VZ
R1

IL= 0EF
R1

--

IZ max =

VZ max
PZ

EF

J
K

--

EF

Summery

KSeries

KParallel

Short Circuit

J
J

Open Circuit

Power Rating

J
K
--

EF


EF

Dynamic Resistance

EF EF

{L}J

EF

J J EF

ABI2

I2

R1

R2

100

1K

R3
1K

VDC

R6
1K

R5
2K

R4
2K

EF

VABR2J
KJ

I2 =

V AB
= ..........
R2

--

EF

EF

Data SheetEFKEJ F

EPower Rating) PZmax= 1w VZ= 10 VIN4740A


R1

EIL=0F

R1

VDC

VZ

RL

1K

EJ F
(

WIZmax

I Z max =

p z max 1w
=
= 100mA
vz
10v

IZmax=IT

R1 =

IL= 0
= 100 mA

V VZ
20 v 10 v
=
I Z max
100 mA

= 100

100100R1

95R1=100
K150100

--

EF

EF J
KEJ F

EFShort Circuit J

EF J
KEF

500, 1.2k, 2.5k, 1.2kJ

3k

600

EJ FJ

Vz = 10v Izmax= 80mA

R1
I

R1

A
IZ

20V

IL

10V

RL

EJ F

1-150

2- 100

3- 125

A,B

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

I = .................................................

KR1= 200 J

--

EF

EJ FJ

A,C
RT= ..

100

200

200

200

RT

(J F

EJ FJ

R4

A
R1

S1

RZ
3K

100

R3

50V

1K

(J F

R4


S1
J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
J

--

EF

xz

EF

KECF


J
J
J
J

--

EF

xz

LLW

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

WWW
KW


J
J
J
J
J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF


KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
--

EF

J
Light Controlled Circuit

EF

KElectronic Switch

ControllerEF

Sensor
EOn/Off F

LDR

. J J
EJ F
IC
R1
47K

I1 IB

VCC +12V
12V,2.2W

mA

RB
1K

2N3053

I2
VCE

VBB
OPR12

EJ F

ERCRL FKRL = 65
--

EF

OPR12J
KEVBB < 0.7V F
VBB
VCE = VCC = 12VIC =OIB = o
KOFF EF

FOPR12J

EVBBF E

ICIBEVBB >0.7VF
K

IBRB = 1K J
K

EFJ J
PC = VEC I C
IC = 1A

VCE = VCC = 12V

EoffFJ

IC

PC= 12*1= 12W

EonFJ

ICmax=200mA
VCE = VCE Sat = 0.3V

PC = 0.3V*0.200mA=0.06W=60mW

--

EF

0.2V - 0.3VVCE Sat


K1v

--

EF

J J
EJ F
K

LED J
KRC IC

VCC +12V
R1
39K

Rc
220

LED

I1

J
IB

I2

RB=1K

VB

mA

BC 237
VBE

VCE

VBB
OPR12

EJ F

BC 237 J

0.5W220 39K 1k J
ORB12 J

E0.5wFCQy 85LED J

--

EF

Elements Testing J J


KELEDF

J J J


KEJ F

-
R = ..
R = -
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKEFEF -

-
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKZW

EF -
K

xzELFW

com

ORB

EJ F

--

EF

WE DiodesFJ J J
WJ

E FRrRF
K

W
W

J
K

KDEVM

PNBarrier Voltage
W
-

-
K

PNEF

KJ

K E F

EJ FOL
EJ F

--

EF

E0.7V0.5VF

EF

KEF

OL

0.532

COM

COM

EJ F

EJ F

0.3v0.2vJ
K

EOLFJ
K

WLED

LEDs
K

OLJ

LED1.6 VLED J
2.5V2.2V 1.8VF

KE1.1V2.7V

J
--

EF

OL PN
J
K

Base J

EHF J

NPN P

KPNPNEF

J
EJ F 0.654 V

K
J
EJ F0.657V

CE J

COM

COM

BD 830

BD 830

0.654

0.657

EJ F

EJ F

W J
KOLJ

KJ

0.7V0.4 V J
K0.3V0.2

--

EF

WJ J

EJ F -
EJ F5V -
EF -
EJ F -

VBB

VB

IB =

VB
1K

VCE

IC

LED

EJ F

J WEF -
E FVCE
EFIC

VBE = VBB VB =KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKVBEK


ELF0.7V
KW
Pc
Pc = VCE * IC= ......

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKEF

ORP12EF -
EJ F

VBB

VB

IB =

VB
1K

VCE

EJ F
--

IC

LED

EF

J WEFJ
............................................. EFVC J
EFIC J
VBE = VBB VB =KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKVBEK J
ELF0.7VEJ F
K W
Pc
Pc = VCE * IC= ......

EF

EJ FEJ F

KEJ F

VBB

VB

IB

VCE

IC

PC

LED



EJ F

K J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
R1J
K

--

EF

Troubleshooting Stimulated J J

EFLEDJ


VCC
LEDW

VCELEDW

LED220

KLEDLED1.7 V

LED
J
KLED

LEDLEDW

FLEDRCW
KVCCE

KLED -
IBW


W
0.7V0.5V

EOLF
KRB

--

EF

Summary

J
K

EidealFJ
OFF E F
ON
EF

Won/offJ

VCE = VCE sat= 0.3VONJ

IC = VCC/RC

VCE = VCCoffJ
K

J
K

J
EVBBF
K 0.7V

FIC = * IBJ
E

J
LEDLED
K2.5V1.7V

LEDJ
K

J
0.2V0.7V0.5VN, P
K0.3V

J
K

--

EF


WJ

E FJ
KEF

FoffEF
E

EFJ

J
EF

ECFEFJ

offJ
0.3VONJ

KLEDJ

KJ

J WEJ FJ

ONICJ

KOFFVCEJ

KR2J
VCC

RL
220
R1
48k

I1 IB

I2

VBB

VCE

R2

EJ F
--

EF

EF J

Car Battery &Generator Tester

EJ F
K

K
K

R1= 33 , R2,R3 = 10K , R4,R6 = 1K , R5=2.7KW


0.25W
WJ
D1

LED2LED3,LED1
2SC945C1815Q1,Q2

Z1
Z2

K
--

EF

EF

EF

KLow BatteryLED3

OkLED2 J
KOver ChargeLED3,LED2J

KEJ F J

EF
LED EJ F

( Relay) 12v
K220V

--

EF

xz


EF

KECF


J
J

J
J

--

EF

xz

LLW

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

WWW
KW


J
J
J
J
J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF


KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
--


< ]<gj]<]<j<^]<]

EF

EF

W
K

WW

K -

K -

K -

-
K

K -

KW

K
J
J

K J

K
J



J
K

--

EF

KDC

AC

DC AC

IC
EDCF EACF
K

W
KJ

KJ

K -

K -

K -

K -

--

EF

Peak (Maximum) Value EFJ

EVP F
KEJ F

V(t)

Vmax= VP

- VP
EJ F

rms Value Effective Value J

vrms
rms

. VP

Vrms =

VP
= 0.707 vp
2

KR

Average Value EDCFJ

VDC

K VDC = 2vp 0.636 vp

Rectifier Bridge J

EJ F

EJ FEHFEF

EJ F

D4

D3

(-)

D1

D2

(-)
--

EF

The Peak Inverse Voltage PIV EFJ

KE

DC Power Supply J

DCAC

Voltage Regulation Factor J

VDC

VR% =

V NL VFL
100
VFL

VNL

VFL

50%

RL=

100%

IDC

RL= min

VR%

Rectification Efficiency
(

Po
*100
Pi

) J

--

EF

RippleJ

V min

V dc

V max

v = Vrp-p

Integrated CircuitIC

--

Unregulated Power Supply

EF

J J
EJ F
K


()

Voltage transformer

Rectifier


filtering

(-)

:TransformerJ

K110/220V

W Rectifier J


PN



K
WFiltering EF

KEF

K C-R-C

--

EF

J J

KEJ F

T1

A
220v
60HZ

18V

B1

R1

+
C1

C2

RL

( - )

1 A 220 V 18VJ

1N5625 J
50V / 100F J 50V / 10F J
R1W 100 1W J
RLW 5K J

KJ

--

EF

J J
WJ J J

K
K

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKWJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKWJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ

WJ J J

K J

WK

OL
J

EJ F

EJ F ECOM)EHFJ

EJ F1V
EJ FOLJ

KJ

OL

1.0 V

OL

COM

COM

COM

(-)
--

EF

J J

J J J
EJ F

T1

A
220v
60HZ

18V

B1

RL= 5K

( -)

RL = 5 K RLJ

K(A,BF

KEF,GF

KJ

t
--

EF

WJ

Vp=
= .

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

A,B VDC
VDC=..V

2vp
EVDC

F
=
= .......... ......

VDC ACCoupling

r=

Vrp p
100 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
VDC

E48%F

J J

EJ FRL

IL(m)

10

20

30

40

50

60

VL

(- )

VO

IL(mA)
10

20

30

40

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW
--

EF

WVRJ


VNL=
KEIL=60mA)
VFL=.
W
VR = V NL VFL *100
V FL

J J J

EJ F

C1 = C 2 = 10 F / 50V

T1

R1 = 100

A
220v
60HZ

18V

B1

R1

+
C2

C1

( -)

WJ

EIL= 0RL= FJJ

FC2 VDCEVMJ
EJ FEG,F

KAC J

EJ FJ
--

EF

ILJ 500 J

VoJ
EJ F

AC J

KVrP PEJ F

500

DC
V0

ripple DC DC
ripple
mA V0
Vrp-p

Vrp-p

(-)

WJ
KJ

100 F / 50V C1,

C2J

EJ FJ

--

EF

EJ FRL 500 J

DC
V0

500

ripple DC DC
ripple
mA V0
Vrp-p
Vrp-p

(- )

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

EJ FEJ F

J

K
C =10 f J

r=

Vrp p
*100 = KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
VDC

C = 100 F J

r =KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

EF

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

EFJ

EFEF

--

EF

J J

VDCJ

EFJ

Kr % VR%J

1.2

J J J

KJ
KJ

K20%

VDC
W

VDC = 0.9Vrms (.9VAC )

VDC 2Vrms


VDC = 16V
VAC =

--

VDC
2

16

12V

EF

J J J
W

PIVJ

Current Durability J

J
PIV = 2Vm

K J

E F
J

PIV = Vm

EFJ

EF
J J J

2VmVm J

J
K

rEFRL C min = 0.24


rRL

ERLFRCJ
LCJ

E XCFXCRRCJ

--

EF

Summary

DCACPower Supply J
K

J WJ

ACACJ

PNJ

K EFJ

WJ

KJ

K20%J

J
KPIV

J
K

KERLFJ

J
V DC = 0.636V P 0.9Vrms


VDC Vm 1.414Vrms

--

EF

WEJ F
VDC=20V -

RL=200 EF -

2.5% -

T1

A
D1

D4

220v
60HZ
D3

D2

R1

B1

+
RL

C2

C1

( -)

VACJ

E15VF VAD =

20

15V


C min =

0.24
480F
2.5 * 200

K 240 f
J

40V

VIP Vm = 20V

K500 mA

KW
--

EF

D1J

EF

18.6v

20V18.6VJ

1.4VZ2*0.7V

J
0

KJ

18.6v

J
K

1.4V

--

EF

WJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK -

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK -

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKPIV -

W_

WPIV -
E2Vm-Vm-4VmF

E2Vm-Vm-4VmFPIV -

EF -

EF

E240 Hz 120 Hz 60 HzFRipple Frequency -

W -

E0.2V 1.4V 0.7VF

E F -
E F

EJ FJ
15V

WEIL=0F

D1

R
220 v

C1

D2

RL

(-)

--

EF

WJ

E6V 10V 15VFJ

E12V 30V 20VFPIVJ


E30V 15V 10VFJ

D1EFAJ
K

CIJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KC1J

RL = 500 4%C1J

WJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKC1 -

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKK -

--

EF

Regulated Power SupplyJ

KJ J
E
F
K

EF

EJ F

Vi
-

IL

VO

RL

(-)

J J J

220V -
K

W -
K

-
K


--

EF

J J

Parallel Regulator

Series Regulator J

KIC J

WJ J J

KEJ F
+

Vi

RS
IZ

IS

IL
Vo

Vz

RL

(-)


WEData SheetF
Vz

KEFVz

Pz max

KIZDCJ

IzmaxJ

--

Iz max =

Pz max
W
Vz

EF

J J J

E2VFVi >VZ -
EVo=VzFVzVO -

KIZmax -

Rs

W IL=0

Rs

Vi max Vz
Iz max

ILmax Rs

WERLF

R s max =

Vi min Vz
ILmax

IL -

IL -
Is
KIFL RL min =

Vz

IFL

J J J

VRF J
KErz Iz VR Iz.rZ


J
K

J
KReference

--

EF

J J

EFEJ F
Reference Voltage

VCE

IL
RS

VBE

Vo

Vi

RL

vz

(- )

W
WKEF 1 J

EFEmitter FollowerJ
K

0.6VV0 J
V0 = VZ - VBE

F J
E

by pass J

PD = (Vi-V0) ILPD VCE = Vi V0

--

EF

J J

KEJ F

J1

+
RS

J2

J3
RL

vz
J4

J5

(-)

0.5W220 WRS J
2N3055BD137 WQ J
Pzmax 0.5W , Vz = 10V1N758

5 K

WZ J
WRL J

K20V6VEF J

J EF J

K J

--

EF

J J

J3 J1,J2
EJ F

J1
J3

RS J2

Vi

RL Vo

vz

J4

J5

(-)

J J J

5k RL

20 V5VVi -

EJ FV0 -

Vi(v)
Vo

5V

10

12

(- )

15

18

20

Vi < VZ J

VZEFVi J

ELF Vo20V12VVi J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK


Vi = 20-21=8V 20V12VViJ
KELFVo

Vi=.
--

EF

J J J

IZILJ4, J5J
KEJ F

J1

J3

RS J2

Vi

RL Vo

vz

IZ

IL

(-)

Vi = 20VJ

EF RL = 500 RL = 5KJ
EJ FIZ, IL, VoJ

IL = 0 , RL = J

EJ FIZVO

RL
Vo
IL
Iz

5 K

3 K

1K

500

VFL=

RL =

VNL=
IL = 0

(-)

IzEFJ

IL EFJ

ELFIz + ILJ

ELFVo = VzJ

KVO IL J
--

EF

VO

IL

J W

J J J

VR =

KVREJ FJ

V NL V FL
=
V FL

RL = VNL

E RL = 500 FVFL

KACRL=500 J

r = .. %

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

5 K RL Vo EJ

FJ

--

500

EF

VO=
Iz
IZ= ..
Vo = rz * Iz J

rz

VO

WJ J J

KIL J

KVO, IL, IZERL = 0 FRLJ


VO= .., IL= .., IZ=..

KVO, IL, IZRLJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

V ORLJ

RLEVO = VZ = 10 V F
VO= ..,

IL= .., IZ=..

VO, IL, IZ

RL = ..,RLJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
ELFVO = VZ J

ELF J

ELF J

W
K
--

EF

J J
KEJ F J2,J1J3

J1

RS

J2

Vi

J3

RL Vo

vz

IZ

IL

(-)

J J J

Vi = 20V -
RL = 5 K RL

IZ= .IL=...Vo = KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW


ELFVZVO

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

J FVo, IL, Iz 5K 100 RL J


RL
Vo
IL
Iz

RL =
VNL=
0

5k

3k

1K

(- )

500
VFL=

300

100

Vo, ILJ

VO

VO,IILL J
--

EF

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

J J J
VR =

V NL V FL
=
V FL

RL = 5k ACJ

VO

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

RL =5Kvo EJ FJ

RL500=

vo =

Z Iz IZ J
..
K Vo EJ F Vo J
IZ=

K IZ EJ F IZ J

RL=0 RLJ

VO = ,

IZ=..J

IL..,

E9.5VFVoVoRLJ
--

EF

IZ= ..., IL=., Vo=, RL


RLZKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
ELFKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ



EF
KEF

E FEF
K

EF
K3V2V

IC Voltage Regulators

J J

IC
W

K -

K -
K -

--

EF

WJ J J

AN, CA, EGG, HA, L, LA, LM, MC, NJM, TA, UA, UPC, NTE.

100mA LM78xx J
1.5A
KLM79 xxJ

M 340J

KLM 320J

300 mA9VAN 79H09J



UPC 141 AJ
200 mA15V

20W1.2A37V1.2VEGG956J
K

EJ F
K


(- )

--

EF

KJ J J

5K

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF

Summary

-
K

KReverse Bias Reference Voltage

KEF -

-
K


-
K6V

K -
-
K2V

-
K 0.6V

K -


-
K

-
K

-
K

--

EF


EF

EPNF -


-
EPN F0.6V

F -
E60W

0.6VW
0.35V

K85%

EF


K VZ
K

EF -

1k
KEJ F

1k

(- )

-
vz
--

EF

EF

EJ F

R3
3.3

R2
2.2K

+
Vi

Q2

Q1

Q3

R1
500

R4
3.3K

R5
5K

+
Vo

R6
10K

Vz= 6.2v

(-)

J W

6VJ

WQ1, Q2, Q3J

WQ1J

Series Pass Transistor
K

WQ2J

Vz

KQ1

KWQ3J

--

EF

Q3J

Q3R4
KQ2R3

WR4J

IL max =

VBE 0.7v
K

RA
R4

EJ FJ

IL max =

0.7
= 21 mA
33

100mA R4J

R4 =

0.7
7
100 *10 3

K 7 33 R4

J
R2, R1

Vo= A (VZ - VBE)J


K A = R2
R1

+ 1

Vo = VZ -VBE = 6.2v - 0.7 = 6.9vER2=0FA=1

--

EF

W
WJ

WIzmax VZ= 10V Pzmax = IW -

E150mA, 100mA, 50mAF

EF -

F -
E

EF -

EF -

0.6vEF

KEJ FJ
K1 R4J

E1A 700 mA 500 mAF


R1J

R5J

+
Vi
18V

EJ FJ
Iz = 12.5 mA
Pzmax = 1W
VZ = 20
R

RL

1K

W -

(- )

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

K -

Vi=30 v

Rs
--

EF

IFL = 35 mA -
ELF600

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

WJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ

KJ
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ

J
K

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ

--

EF

R3
3.3
R2
2.2K

+
Vi

Q2

Q1

Q3

R1
500

R4
3.3K

R5
5K

+
Vo

R6
10K

Vz= 6.2v

(-)

KENPNF2N3904 J

E6.2VF1N753 J

--

EF

xz

EF

KECF


K J
J
K
K J
J
K
K J

--

EF

xz

LLW

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

WWW
KW


K J
J
K
K J
J
K
K J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
--


< ]<gj]<]<j<^]<]

EF

EF

W
K

WW
GainEF -

Frequency Response -

Phase Shift -

K -
-

K -

KW

W
J
EF

W

J

--

EF

Amplification Circuits

IC

W
K

J
J

Power Amplifier EFSmall Signal Amplifier


K
CB- Class A EF

EJ F


EF

EF

EF


Load

(- )

KRC coupling A -
KBPush Pull -


K
--

EF

W
Amplifier J

Frequency ResponseJ

EF

Amplification FactorJ



Vo

K
Av =
Vi

Amplifier Efficiency ( FJ

Po(ac)

P.(dc) = Po(ac)

Pi(dc)

Common Emitter(CE) J

Common BaseE BCFJ

CommonCollector ECCFJ


Emitter Follower

Buffer

Audio Frequency J

20KHZ200 Hz

Audio Amplifier

Small Signal Amplifier J

E F

10 mW
0.5W
--

EF

Power Amplifier J


1W

Coupling Circuit J

Transformer Coupling Direct Coupling J RC


K

Coupling Capacitor J

Bypass Capacitor J

Class A Operating AmplifierE AFJ

E VCC F
2

WClass B Operating Amplifier(B) J

WPush Pull AmplifierJ

Loud speaker J

3 8

--

EF

Active Region
K

FSmall Signal Amplifier

EF

EJ F

VI1

VO1 VI2

VO2

AV2

AV1

EJ F

EF

AVT = AV1 * AV2

AVT

RC Coupling -

Direct Coupling -

Transformer Coupling -

EF

--

EF

J J
RCEFEJ F

R1

RC

C2

C1

R2

RE

CE

( - )

CEQ -
K

R1, R2 W -
KRC

WRE -
EBias Stability F

bypass Capacitor .CE -

RE
K

WC1, C2 -

WC1

--

EF

WC2

E F

KK

Frequency Response J J J

E F EJ F
K

VO

Vmax

0.707

Band Width

( - )

EJ F

CEC1, C2 -
K


Stray Capacitance -

KEShort circuitF

E
F -
K

--

EF

J J
EJ F

R1

C3

R3

R5

J2

C1

R7
E

VO

Q1

VCC

D
C

R2

R4

J1
R6

C2

Q2

R8

EF

K( BC108FQ1 , Q2J
Q2 (2N2102)Q1 (2N6004)

R1
68K

R2
27K

R3

R4

R5

R6

1.2K

680

82K

15K

R7
1K

R8
220

0.5 W

25 V100 F =C3= C2 = C1

20V to 10VJ

KJ J
--

EF

J J
WJ J J
J1,J2 J

KH 10V

EDC F

EJ FEJ F

VA

VB

VC

VD

VE

VF

EJ F

Q2 Q1
IC1 IE1 = VC
R4
VF
IC 2 IE 2 =
R8

WJ J J
KH10 VJ J1 J

1KHZ J
K50mvp-p

EVP-P) J
EJ F

KFW

VP-P

VA

VB

VC

VD

VE

VF

EJ F

WAV1 J
--

EF

AV1 =

AV2 =

VB

VA

W AV2 J
VE
VD

W J

AVt = AV1 AV2

AVt =

W J

VE

VA

ELF J

AC W
KrmsEF

WC2J J J
J1

EFVi p-p=50mvJ
KEJ F

VP-P

VA

VB

VC

VD

VE

VF

(- )

EFEFJ
Av1=..
Av2=..
Avt=.

C2J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF

KPhase ShiftJ J J
K J

AVAC J
KBVAC

K J

VA(vi)

VB

J
.VAEFVBJ

KELFJ

BAJ

E J
KEAE
)VA (vi
t

--

EF

VE

W
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KJ J J
VinJ

KE

Vo p-p =

EDistortedFJ
K ( ClippingF

K VccJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

Frequency ResponseJ J J
1KHz50mv/vp-pVi J

Vo

FVi J

EJ F EAC

VO

50HZ 100HZ 300HZ 500HZ

800HZ

1KHZ

2KHZ

5KHZ

10KHZ

--

EF

20HZ

30HZ

40HZ

50HZ

VO

100HZ

200K

EJ F

100 k

10 k

1k

500

200
300

100

50

20

10

EJ F J

( HZ)

(- )

0.7VomaxVomax J
K
J
Bw = H - L
K J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF

Summery

KAmplification CircuitsJ

J
Multistage Amplifier

EFJ
20 KHZJ

A J
KDistortion

KJ

EgainF BypassJ
KEF

EFJ
K

RCJ
K

J
K

K180CEJ

KAJ

--

EF


EJ FJ
EJ F

W
J

KIDCVCC
VCC=10V

1KHZ

KFVo

K
VO P P = .......................

Idc = .................... K

Pdc = Vcc Idc = ....................

PO =

VO P P
2

IO P P
2

= .......... ........

VO 2 P P
PO =
= .....................
2 R7

PO
100 = ......................
Pdc

K A

EJ FJ

KPCW

Pc = Pdc Po = ...........................

Pc = Pdc. Po= 0

AW

K
--

EF

KA(CE) EJ F

R1
100K

C2
100f

R3
4K

VO

C1
100f

VCC 12 V

BC108

VI

R2
25K

R4
1K

CE
100f

EF

Av = 50 CE

EF100mv

Vi

100mv

t(ms)

1ms

EF

KJ

VO

--

EF

CEJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

K200mVJ

VO

EFJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
RE J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KJ

EBypassCouplingFCEJ

EFJ

KEFCEJ
EJ FJ

ECFEFJ
EFCEC1,C2J
EFJ
EFK20 KHZJ

--

EF

Push - Pull Power AmplifierJ

Power EF

KAmplifier

EF


. Push - Pull

EBF

Transformer CoupledPush-PullAmplifierJ J

T2T1EJ F
K

+VCC

T1
NPN

T1

In put

NPN

EJ F

--

EF

Complementary push- pull . AmplifierJ J

K

PNPNPN

KEF

Q1

Q1
Q2

Q1

( - )

Cross- Over Distortion EFJ J

BE
F

EJ F


EFK

vcc

Q1

0.7v

Q2

EJ F
--

EF

ETrickle BiasFE0.7vF

KABEF

KAB

J J

EJ F

AB

KW

R9
1.2K

C2 100f

+
R1
10K

R3
1K
1

R7
100
C4
0.002F

+
R2
4.7K

R4
470

C3
100f

(-)

--

R8
1K

C5
7

100F

2N6004

2N2102

R6
100

0 100 mA

C1
25f

VR
500

R5
1K

100f

VCC
8

2N4036

RL
5

EF

1K1005 WJ
10K1.2K470

0.5W4.7K

2W500 Control Volume (VR)

50V25F0.002F WJ
50V100F

2N6004 WJ
2N4036

K2N2102

J W

EF J

E0-100mAF J

EQ1FAWJ

EFDriver

AB EFWJ
KECCFEmitter Flower

RCJ

R7,R8R6R5J

F
R6R5Crossover DistortionE

Idling currentEF

K
--

EF

Q1Q2J

J
K

RLJ
KRL

--

EF

J J

KJ

VCC = 0 EJ FJ

FVR1KHZJ
KE

VCCVCC=0J

KEQ2Q1F3mA2mAM1
KE15VFVCC

KE8FRLJ

FVR
KE

VCCW
5mA

J F DCJ

TP8TP1VCCE
EM1FQ2Q1

EJ FEACF J
KEQ2Q1FTP8TP1VP-P

J FJ

TP8TP1VdcE
KQ2Q1

F
KE

--

EF

DC V


Vp-p

Q2Q1

VCC

EJ F

(3-2 FRLJ
EF
KPower off

Q1

AV 1 =

V 2 PP
V 1P P

DCV

KELF56J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KELF74J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KELF47J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

F

EJ F

EVP-P

--

EF

TP8TP5

EF

KELF

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KQ2Q1
AV

V7 P

V6 P

KTP7V7PW

KTP6V6P

KEF

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

EFW
KEmitter Flower

m PomaxJ J J
J

V 2 OP P
Po =
=
8 RL

VOP-P=V8P-P RL= 5 W

Pdc = IcQ Vcc

PdcJ

EFICQ

m =

Pom
100 =
Pdc

ABJ
FA

--

EF

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW
EFWJ

Crossover Distention EFJ J J

R7 R8 R5 - R6


KRL

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF

Summery

FClassB

AB

EF

KE

PNPComplementary

KNPN

EF

KE

Heat SinkK

KE3- 5 F

ABBJ
KA

K EAV < 1FJ

J
IC

100W2WAB

--

EF

J WJ

EABBAFJ

J
KEABBAF

FJ
KE

KA EFBJ

J WJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKBJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK J
KBKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KJ J

R2
B1

Q2

R1
D

vcc

R1
B

RL

Q3

R2

G
EJ F

Q2Q1EJ FJ
EFB

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKNPNJ
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKPNP
--

EF

R2R1J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKQ1,Q2J

A ,CJ
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

EFQ1J

EFQ1A , DJ
KQ2GD

Q2Q1EJ FJ
EF

EJ FDJ

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

EJ F

KKKR2R1 J

--

EF

Integrated circuit power Amplifier

K100W2WAB

LM380 , LM340 , TDA2020

8 2wLM380EJ F

12 v +
2

I/P

LM380

2M
6

14

470f
+
2.7 k
100nf

L.S

3,4,5,7,10,11,12

EJ F

--

EF

xz

EF

KECF

K J
J
K
J
K
K J
K J
W

--

EF

xz

LLW

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

WWW
KW


K J
J
K
K J
J
K
K J



KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

--

EF


KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
--

EF


APAIAV J
J
KXC Reactance J
J

--

EF

J
J
J J
J J J
J J J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ J J
J J
J J J

J J J

J J J

SCRJ J J

J J

J
J
J
J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKW

J J

J J
J J
J J

J J

J J J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ J J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ J J
J

J
J
J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK W
J
J
J
J J
J J

J J

J J

J
J

EFJ J

EF

J J

J J

J J

J J J

J J J

J J

J J

W
J
J
J
J J
J J

J J

J J J

J J J

J J J

J J J

J J

J J

J J J

J J J

J J J

EF

J J

J J J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ J J

J J J

J J

J J J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ J J
J
J

J
J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ J

KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKE F J
J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKJ
J J

J
J
J
J
J

J J J

EF