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Published by: Nguyen Vu on Oct 31, 2012
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Nhóm 2

Achieve: v. Thành công (~accomplish) Their background gives them little chance of achieving at school. • achievable • achievement Acquire: Thu ñư c, ñ t ñư c She has acquired a good knowledge of English How long will it take to acquire the necessary skills? He has acquired a reputation for dishonesty. The company has just acquired new premises. • acquisition Administration: (~managing) S trông nom, s qu n lý; s cai qu n, s cai tr She has little experience in administration (= in organizing a business, etc.). Teachers complain that more of their time is taken up with administration than with teaching. • admin • administrative • administratively • administrator Affect: nh hư ng ñ n, tác ñ ng ñ n Your opinion will not affect my decision It's a disease which affects many older people. How will these changes affect us? • affective • affectively • unaffected Appropriate: (~suitable) Phù h p Appropriate for something: Jeans are not appropriate for a formal party. Appropriate to something: The book was written in a style appropriate to the age of the children. • appropriacy / • inappropriacy • appropriately • appropriateness • inappropriate • inappropriately • inappropriateness
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Nhóm 2
Aspect: Khía c nh She felt she had looked at the problem from every aspect. The book aims to cover all aspects of city life. Assist: (~help) Giúp ñ We'll do all we can to assist you. We will assist you in finding somewhere to live. We are looking for people who would be willing to assist in the group's work. Anyone willing to assist can contact this number. • assistance • assistant • unassisted (=aided) Category: Nhóm The results can be divided into three main categories. • categorization • categorize Chapter: Chương (sách) Commission: M nh l nh, ra l nh The government has set up a commission of inquiry into the disturbances at the prison. • commissioner (=police commissioner) Community: Phư ng, h i The local community was shocked by the murders. Health workers based in the community (= working with people in a local area) Complex: (~complicated) Ph c t p A complex argument/problem/subject The complex structure of the human brain • complexity Compute: Ư c tính The losses were computed at £5 million. • computable • computation • computational • computer • computing
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Nhóm 2
Conclude: (~end) K t thúc The programme concluded with Stravinsky's ‘Rite of Spring’. He concluded by wishing everyone a safe trip home She concluded her speech with a quotation from Shakespeare. The concert concluded with a firework display. I would like to conclude by thanking you all for attending. • conclusion • conclusive / • inconclusive • conclusively / • inconclusively Conduct: Ti n hành, t ch c They conducted a vigorous campaign for a shorter working week. To conduct an experiment/an inquiry/a survey Consequence: (~result) K t qu To suffer/face/take the consequences of your actions This decision could have serious consequences for the industry Two hundred people lost their jobs as a direct consequence of the merger. If you make him angry, you'll have to suffer the consequences. • consequent • consequently Construct (~build) (thư ng th b ñ ng) Xây d ng When was the bridge constructed? They constructed a shelter out of fallen branches. The building was constructed in 1930. • construction / • reconstruction • constructive • constructively • reconstruct Consumer: Khách hàng Health-conscious consumers want more information about the food they buy • consume • consumption Credit: S khen ng i I can't take all the credit for the show's success—it was a team effort. • creditor
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Nhóm 2
Culture: (Thu c) văn hóa Cultural differences between the two communities • cultural • culturally • cultured • uncultured Design(v.n) Phác th o, thi t k , ki u The magazine will appear in a new design from next month. There was a fault in the design of the aircraft. The machine's unique design prevents it from overheating. • designer Distinct: (~diffirent) (distinction): Khác nhau The results of the survey fell into two distinct groups. Jamaican reggae music is quite distinct from North American jazz or blues. This word has three distinct meanings. • distinction / • indistinct • distinctive / • distinctively • distinctly / • indistinctly • distinctness Element: Y u t Cost was a key element in our decision Equate: Coi ngang, ngang v i Many people equate wealth with happiness. I don't see how you can equate the two things. • equation Evaluate: (~assess) ðánh giá, ư c lư ng We need to evaluate how well the policy is working Our research attempts to evaluate the effectiveness of the different drugs. • evaluation / • re-evaluation • evaluative • re-evaluate

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Nhóm 2
Feature: Nét ñ c trưng, tính năng riêng An interesting feature of the city is the old market. Which features do you look for when choosing a car? Final: Cu i cùng They find each other in the final chapter of the book • finality • finalization • finalize • finally Focus (+on): T p trung (+vào) • refocus Impact: Tác ñ ng, nh hư ng Her speech made a profound impact on everyone. Latino singers have had a major impact on pop music this year. Injury: Ch n thương There were no injuries in the crash (= no people injured) • injure • injured • uninjured Institute: Vi n, H c Vi n • institution • institutional • institutionalization • institutionalize • institutionalized • institutionally Invest: ð u tư Now is a good time to invest in the property market • investment • investor • reinvest • reinvestment
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Nhóm 2
Item: ð , v t Can I pay for each item separately? • itemize Journal: (~newspaper~magazine) Báo, t p chí Maintain: (~ keep) (~preserve )Gi The two countries have always maintained close relations. To maintain law and order/standards/a balance The army has been brought in to maintain order in the region. • maintenance Normal: Bình thư ng It's normal to feel tired after such a long trip. It's perfectly normal to feel some degree of stress at work. That's a fairly normal weight for someone of your height. Now that trains are running again things are back to normal. He should be able to lead a perfectly normal life. • normalcy • normality • normalization • normalize • normally / • abnormally • abnormal Obtain: (~get) L y ñư c I finally managed to obtain a copy of the report
He obtained a law degree from the University of California.

• obtainable / • unobtainable

Participate (~take part in) Tham gia She didn't participate in the discussion • participant • participation • participatory Perceive = hi u (understad) = trông th y (see) = nh n th c, nh n th y She did not perceive herself as disabled. I perceived a change in his behaviour. The patient was perceived to have difficulty in breathing. • perception
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Nhóm 2
Positive: T tin, ñ y hi v ng A positive attitude/outlook She tried to be more positive about her new job On the positive side, profits have increased. • positively Potential: Ti m tàng, ti m năng A potential danger/threat A potential customer A number of potential buyers have expressed interest in the building. • potentially Previous: (~prior~before) Trư c No previous experience is necessary for this job. The car has only had one previous owner. She is his daughter from a previous marriage. • previously • previous to Primary: (~prime; main; most important; basic) chính The primary aim of this course is to improve your spoken English. Her primary responsibility is to train new employees. Our primary concern must be the children. Good health care is of primary importance. • primarily Purchase: s mua bán Make a purchase (= buy something) Keep your receipt as proof of purchase. • purchaser • purchasing Range: Nhi u lo i (~variety) A range of colours/patterns There is a full range of activities for children The hotel offers a wide range of facilities. We discussed a wide range of subjects.

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Nhóm 2
Region: Vùng mi n People in the regions should not have to travel to London to fly to the United States • regional • regionally Regulate: Ch nh ñón, quy ñ nh The activities of credit companies are regulated by law. Laws regulating advertising Babies find it difficult to regulate their body temperature. It is up to the regulating authority to put the measures into effect. • regulation • regulator • regulatory • deregulate • deregulation • deregulatory • unregulated Relevant: (+to) Liên quan Education should be relevant to children's needs. A relevant suggestion/question/point Do you have the relevant experience? Send me all the relevant information. • irrelevance • irrelevancy • irrelevant • irrelevantly • relevance • relevantly Reside: (~live) Cư trú He returned to Britain in 1939, having resided abroad for many years. Their passports do not give them the right to reside in Britain • residence • residency • resident • residential

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Nhóm 2
Resource: Tài nguyên The exploitation of minerals and other natural resources We do not have the resources (= money) to update our computer software • resourceful • resourcefully • resourcefulness • under-resourced Restrict: (~limit) H n ch Restrict something to something Speed is restricted to 30 mph in towns. We restrict the number of students per class to 10. • restricted • restriction • restrictive • restrictively • unrestricted Secure: Ch c ch n, b o ñ m, an toàn It's not a very secure way to make a living. The future of the company looks secure. The building is secure against intruders • securely • security • insecure • insecurely • insecurity Seek: (~find~looking for) Tìm Highly qualified secretary seeks employment. They sought in vain for somewhere to shelter. (…Tìm ki m trong vô v ng…) • sought (past) Select: (~choose~chose) Ch n He hasn't been selected for the team. • selection • selective • selectively • selectivity
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• selector

Nhóm 2

Site: Vùng ñ t (Xây d ng) A site has been chosen for the new school. Strategy: Chi n lư c It's all part of an overall strategy to gain promotion • strategic • strategical • strategically • strategist Survey: Kh o sát A recent survey showed 75% of those questioned were in favour of the plan. Carry out a survey… Text: Ch (sách, báo, văn b n) Highlight the area of text on screen and press the ‘delete’ key. textual Tradition: Truy n th ng The company has a long tradition of fine design. • traditional • traditionalist • traditionally • non-traditional Transfer: Di chuy n, s di chuy n How can I transfer money from my bank account to his? • transferability • transferable • transference

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