am-¿®-v 2013

_n\mse sNøm≥ {ian-®Xv
AarXvem¬
\nehnep≈ kzccmK߃ s]dp°nsbSpØv ]pXnsbmcp kwKoXw kr„n°p∂Xn\v Xo¿®bmbpw kmwKXyap≠v. Pohn°pIbpw Pohn®p sIm≠ncn°pIbpw sNøp∂ A\p`hßfpsS DdhpIfn¬\n∂v km¿ΔeuInIXbptSbpw B[p\nIXbptSbpw
]pXnb `mj \n¿Ωns®Sp°pI km[yhpamWv . `mhnImew, Sn.Fkv . Fenb‰v FgpXnbXv t ]mse, `qXImeØnemWv
IpSnsIm≈p∂Xv hyXykvX Imeßsf ]ckv]cw _‘n∏n°m\p≈ Zriy-I-e-I-fpsS ap≥I-ømWv, sIm®n˛apkncnkv _n\mse. sIm®nbpw apkncnkpw \q‰m≠pIfm¬ th¿Xncn°s∏´XmWv. F¶nepw H∂v as‰m∂ns\ \n¿ΔNn°p∂p F∂pw kz¥w
hy‡nXzw Is≠Øp∂Xn\v a‰Xns\ B{ibn®p \nev°p∂psh∂pw \mw Xncn®dnbp∂p. kz¥w XpdapJØv hyXykvX
]mXItfmSv IqSnb I∏epIƒ \¶qcan´p InS°p∂Xn\p km£yw hln® AXoX ImeamWv. apkncnkn¬aXw, hwiØ\na,
`mj F∂nhbpambn CS]mSpIƒ \SØnb Hcp km¿ΔeuInI kwkvIrXn ]ckv]c s]mcpØtØmsS \ne\n∂pt]m∂p.
ssN\°mcpw tdma°mcpw Ad_nIfpw blqZcpw KpPdmØnIfpw sIm¶nWnIfpw t]m¿®pKokpImcpw U®pImcpw ˛Ah¿
apkncnkn¬ h∂p, Nne¿ AhnsS Zo¿LImew ]m¿Øp, ]t£ F√mhcpw AhcptSXmb ap{ZIƒ Ahtijn∏n®p. apkncnkns‚ ]n≥XpS¿®bmWv sIm®n. apkncnkns‚ kmwkvImcnI sshhn[yØnt‚bpw aX]chpw hwiobhpamb klnjvWpXbptSbpw ss]XrIamWv sIm®n°v ]n≥XpS¿®bmbn e`n®Xv. ]n¬°meØv tIcfw ssIhcn® samØw ]mcºcyw AXnt\mSv
ISs∏´ncn°p∂p F∂v hmZn°mhp∂XmWv. \ΩpsS GIXsb IuXpIIcam°p∂Xv Cu sshhn[yamWv.
PohnXØnt‚bpw Nn¥bptSbpw hnhn[ hgnIƒ kzoIcn°m≥ Adn™pw AdnbmsXbpw hnkΩXn°p∂ i‡nIfpsS
kΩ¿±Øn¬s∏´v Hen®p t]mhmXncn°m≥ thcpIfptSbpw ]mcºcyØnt‚bpw Hm¿Ω \ap°v BhiyamWv. Ie°pw BhnjvImcØn\pw km¿ΔeuInI `mjbp≠mhp∂Xv t_mdSn∏n°psa∂v am{Xa√, AXn\pth≠nbp≈ At\zjWw hwilXybn¬
FØn F∂pw hcmw. P\߃°nSbnse sshhn[yw BhnjvIcn°pIbpw \n¿_‘Ønt‚bpw _e{]tbmKØnt‚bpw
hgnIfneqsS sshPmXyßsf ASn®a¿Øm≥ {ian°p∂ {]Xn\n[m\߃ Xncn®dnbm\pw Ahsb sNdp°m\pw tNmZyw
sNøm\pw P\ßsf {]m]vXam°pIbpw sNøp∂ BhnjvImcØn∂p th≠nbmbncn°Ww Ie-bpsS kwhmZw. sIm®n ˛ apkncnkv
_n\mse Hcp thZnsbmcp°pIbmWv sNøp∂Xv. temIØns‚ Cu `mKØpw as‰ßpw \ne\n¬°p∂ Nn¥IfptSbpw
`mjIfpsSbpw Iem cq]ßfpsSbpw sshhn[y߃ shfns∏SpØp∂ BhnjvImcßfpsS {]Z¿i\w XzcnXs∏SpØp∂Xn∂p≈
thZn-bm-Wn-Xv. ]c-kv]cw _lp-am-\-Ønt‚bpw AwKo-Im-c-Øn-t‚bpw Xe-Øn¬ Cu Nn¥-Iƒ°pw `mj-Iƒ°pw Iem-cq-]߃°pan-S-bn¬ Hcp kwhm-ZsØ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°m≥ IqSn-bp≈ thZn-bm-WXv. kmwkvIm-cn-I-ssh-hn-[y-Øn\p ssPh-amb
AkvXnXzw D≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.
Ncn-{X-Øns‚ N{Iw X
- n-cn-®n-ep-≠m-hp-Ibpw Gjy-bpsS \q‰m≠v BK-Xa
- m-hp-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ C¥y-bnse P\-ßfpw AXns‚
KpW-t`m-‡m-°tfm Cc-Itfm Bth-≠-nbn-cn-°p-∂p. GXp -\n-e°m-bmepw am‰ßƒ kw`-hn-°m-≥ t]mIp-∂p. \ne-sX-‰msX Imcy߃ \S-Øn-s°m≠v t]mI-W-sa∂v ]d-bm-s\-fp∏w. tZio-b-amb A`n-am-\-Øns‚ s]m≈-bm-b- `m-j-bn¬ kwkm-cn-°p∂ `c-WIq-S-˛-_n-kn-\kv ÿm]-\ßfm-emWv am‰-Øns‚ i‡n-Iƒ \nb-{¥n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Hm¿sh-√ns‚ {]tbmKw IS-sa-Sp-°p-I-bm-sW¶n¬ Cu ]pXp-`mjWw an° Gjy≥ kaq-l-ßfpsSbpw {]Xym-i-bm-Wv. P\-ß-fpsS hntbm-Pn∏pw apdp-ap-dp∏pw Iem-]-c-amb
A\p-jvTm-\-ß-fn¬ Ft∏mgpw kz¥w Bhn-jvImcw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. ]e -ÿ-e-ß-fn-epw, cmjv{Sob GP≥kn-I-fpsS A`m-hØn¬ Ie Bbn-cp∂p am‰-Øns‚ hml\w˛ `c-W-IqS _nkn\kv G¿∏m-Sp-I-fpsS then-tb-‰-sØ XSpØp \n¿Øp-∂-Xn¬
cmjv{Sobw ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Ie°p AXn-s\mcp _Z-em-Im\mhptam? AØcw {]Xn-\n-[m-\-߃ Fß-s\-bm-bn-cn-°Ww
{]h¿Ø-\n-c-X-am-th-≠Xv? `c-W-IqS _nkn-\kv G¿∏m-Sp-Iƒ kmw-kvIm-cnI CS-߃ Iø-S-°p-Ibpw \n¿∫-‘-߃ ASn-t®¬]n°p-Ibpw Iem-Im-c-∑m-cpsS ta¬ kΩ¿±-߃ {]tbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXmse¥v? CXmWv h¿Ø-am-\ -Imew \ΩpsS t\sc
Fdn™p Xcp∂ tNmZy-߃. Ie-bp-sSbpw kwkvIm-c-Ønt‚ thZn°v Cu {]iv\-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°m-\m-hp-I-bn-√. F∂m¬ Cu
hnj-b-ß-sf-∏‰n X¿°n°m-\p≈ CS-߃ Xpd-∂pX-cn-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ AXns‚ e£y-߃ ]q¿Øn-bmhpw. AXmWv _n\m-te°v
kzbw \ndth‰m-\p≈ cmjv{Sob -Zu-Xyw.
Fß-s\-bmWv ChnsS Pohn-°p∂ Iem-Im-c\v temIw IS-∂p-h-cs´ F∂m{K-ln-°p∂ Hcp ap≥ssI-bp-ambn kzbw _‘n-∏n°m-\m-hpI? BtKm-f -aq-e-[\w Hcp ]pXn-b -Xm-hfw tXSp-∂Xns‚ as‰mcp sXfn-hmWv _n\mse F∂v ]cmXn ]d™v Abmƒ°v
]pXn-b -tem-I-tØmSv ]pdw Xncn™p \nev°m-\m-hptam? ]pXnb temI-hp-ambn kz¥w hyh-ÿ-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ hne
t]ip-Ibpw hyXy-kvX-X-I-fnepw hyXn-cn-‡X-I-fnepw Du∂p-I-bp-amWv \√ hgn. _mly temIhp-am-bp≈ CS-s]-S¬ ae-bm-fnbpsS kmwkvIm-cnI k¶-ev]-ß-fpsS AXn-cp-Isf Ncn-{X]cambn Hcp-]mSp apt∂m-´p -\-bn-®n-´p-≠v. temIw Is≠-Øp-Ibpw
hntZ-i-ß-fp-ambn CS-s]-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-h¿ Xncn-s®-Øn-bXv ae-bm-fn-bpsS kmaqly˛ kmwkvIm-cnI k¶-ev]-ß-fn¬ ]pXnb
Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ \S-Øns°m≠m-Wv. AXns‚ {][m\ DZm-l-c-W-ß-fmWv B[p-\n-I -a-e-bm-f- km-ln-Xy-Ønse AXn-Imb-cmb
c≠p Fgp-Øp-Im¿ ˛ Ipam-c-\m-im\pw, kn.-hn. cma≥]n-≈bpw Ah¿ ae-bm-f-Øn∂pw tIc-f-Øn-\p-a-∏p-d-tØ°v k©-cn-°p-Ibpw
Ihn-X°pw IY°pw ]pXnb apJw \¬In-s°m≠v Xncn-s®-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Xs‚ {]hmk PohnXw hgn ae-bm-fn -hm-b-\-°mcpsS `mhp-I-Xz-Øn\v ]pXp-cq]w \evIm≥ _jo-dn\v Ign-™p. bqtdm-]y≥ B[p-\n-I-X-bp-ambn CS-s]-´p-sIm-≠mWv tIc-f-Øn¬
B[p-\n-IX cq]-s∏-´-Xv. Ihn-Xbpw IYbpw cwK-I-e-Ifpw \ymbbp-‡-amb Bfl-hn-izm-k-tØmsS temIsØ A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°pIbpw Cu imJ-Iƒ Imen-I-ambnØocp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Xt±-io-b-amb {]tbm-K -cq-]-߃°v th≠n-bp≈ At\z-jWw t]mepw
]mc-ºc
- y-Øns‚ A‘-amb ]p\-cp-∞m-\a
- √ "Xt±-io-ba
- mb' {]kvXpX Bhn-jvIm-cß
- f
- nse√mw bqtdm-∏n-s‚bpw B{^n-°b
- psSbpw
Ata-cn-°-bp-sSbpw kv]¿i-ap-≠v. ae-bm-f-Ønse B[p-\n-IX bYm¿∞-Øn¬ Hcp km¿Δ- eu-In-I-m\p-`-h-am-Wv.
AsX, temI-Øn\v hnZq-c -cm-Py-ß-fn¬\n∂v Chn-tS°v bm{X- sNbvsXØmw, ChnsS Bhmk-ap-d-∏n°mw. F∂m¬ Ie-bpsS
a‰v A\p-jvTm-\-ßtfmsSm∏w AX{X Ffp-∏-a-√. Iem-Im-c≥ k©-cn®p, ]t£ A]q¿Δ-ambn am{Xta ho´n¬ Xncn-s®-Øn-bn´p≈q. kzbw ASn-t®¬]n® {]hmk temIØv \n∂p-sIm-≠mWv Iem-Im-c≥ Xs‚ \mSn-s\-°p-dn®v k¶¬]n-°p-∂-Xv. h¿Æ߃°pw hc-Iƒ°p-a-Xo-X-ambn B[n-]Xyw ÿm]n-®p-\n¬°p∂ Hcp km∂n-[y-amWv tIc-f-Øn¬ hm°v. AXv ta¬∏-d™
c≠n∂pw {]Xy-£-s∏-Sm-\p≈ km[y-X-Isf \ncm-I-cn-°p-∂p. cmPm-chn-h¿Ω°v Xs‚ P∑-\mSn\p ]pdØv Iem-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃
\S-tØ-≠n-h-∂p. aZn-cm-in-bn¬ am{Xta sI.-kn.-Fkv ]Wn-°¿°v Hcp tNmf-a-fiew ÿm]n-°m≥ km[n-®p-≈q. _n\m-se-bpsS
Xe-Øn-ep≈ Hcp Iem-{]-Z¿i\w temI-Øns‚ hnhn-[ -`m-K-ß-fn¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ henb Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ sIm®n-bn¬ \S-Øptºmƒ Cu Ahÿ amdm≥ km[y-X-bp-≠v. Cu A`n-ap-Jo-I-c-W-Øns‚ kzm[o\w Nn{X-Im-c-∑m-cnepw inev]n-I-fnepw am{Xw
HXp-ßn-\n-°p-I-bn-√. AXns‚ A\p-c-W-\-߃ hnhn[ Iem-im-J-I-fn¬ A\p-`-h-s∏-Spw, AXv \√-Xp-am-Wv.
lmfp-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]pd-tØ°v sIm≠p t]mbn Iesb s]mXp-ÿ-eØv, Hcp A\p-jvTm-\-sa∂ \ne-bn-emWv _n\m-se-bn¬
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. CXv hgn ae-bm-fn-bpsS BƒØn-c-t°-dnb temIØv Nn{X-Im-c\pw inev]n°pw CSw D≠mhp-IbmWv. Nn{Xhpw
inev]hpw t]mepw ]pkvX-I-ß-fn-eqsS A\p-`-hn-®-dn-bp-∂ Ncn-{X-amWv ae-bm-fn-bptSXv. Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ Bcw-`-Øn¬ F.
_me-Ir-jvW-]n≈ temI-Øp≈ hnhn[ Iem-cq-]-ßsf ae-bm-fn-Iƒ°v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xmbn-cp∂p AXns‚ BZy- kw-cw`w. FIvkv{]-j-Wn-Ãp-Ifpw Iyq_n-Ãp-Ifpw BZyw ae-bm-fn°v apºm-sIh-∂Xv Nn{X-ß-fn-eq-sS-b√, hm°p-I-fn-eqsS BsW-∂XmWv IjvSw. tIk-cnsb AXn\p Ip‰-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xn-√. Iesb hm°p-I-fn-eqsS {]m]n-°p∂ ]mc-º-cy-amWv ChnsS Xg®p
hf¿∂-Xv. Iesb Nne ]cn-an-X- hr-Ø-ß-fn¬\n∂p s]mXp CS-ß-fn-te°v sIm≠p-t]m-Im-\p≈ {ia-Øn∂v ck-I-c-amb ^e-ßfp-≠m-hmw. kn≤m¥Øn∂pw {]tbmKØn\pw \nb-a-ß-fp--≠m-°m-hp∂ sXmgn-ep-Isf∂ \ne-bn¬ Nn{X-I-e-tbbpw inev]-I-etbbpw A\p-`-hn-®-dn-bm≥ P\-ßsf \n¿_-‘n-X-cm-°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂m-bn-cn°pw AXns‚ XpS-°w.
Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \n∂p≈ Hcp DZm-l-cWw hc-®n-Ss´ ˛ 1964¬ F^v.-F.-kn.-Sn-bpsS BXn-Yy-Øn¬ Fw. tKmhn-μs‚ t\Xr-XzØn¬ Bep-h-bn¬ \S∂ Bƒ C¥ym ssdt‰gvkv tIm¨^-d≥kn¬ sh®mWv tIc-f-Øn¬ kmln-Xy-Ønepw Ie-bnepw kn\na-bnepw B[p-\nI ImgvN-∏m-Sn\v. AXn-\p-apºv Hcn-°epw cmPy-Øp-S-\o-f-ap≈ Kuc-h-]q¿Δ-amb cN\ \S-Øp∂ A{X-b-[nIw
Iem-Im-c-∑msc kwÿm\w ASpØpI≠n-´n-√. ASq¿ tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ cq]-I-ev]\ sNbvX N-e-®n-t{Xm-’-hhpw Iem-{]-Z¿i\hpw kmln-Xy k-tΩ-f-\-tØm-sSm∏w \S-∂p. F∂m¬ Nne¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv tZio-b- X-e-Øn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Fgp-Øp-Im-cpsS
km∂n-[y-tØ-°mƒ Bfp-Isf kzm[o-\n-®Xv Iem-{]-Z¿i-\hpw Ne-®n-t{Xm-’-h-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p F∂m-Wv. ]n¬°m-eØv tIcfw
FSp-Øp-]-d-bm-hp∂ ]e Fgp-Øp-Im¿°pw BXn-Yy-a-cp-fn-bn-´p-≠v. Ne-®n-t{Xm-’-h-ßfpw Iem-{]-Z¿i-\-ßfpw kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-´p≠v. ]t£, Ahsb√mw {]tXyI imJ-I-fn¬ tI{μo-I-cn®p \nev°p∂ ]cn-]mSnIfm-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-\m¬ hyXykvX Iem-cq-]ßsf {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNbvXp-sIm≠v Hcp Ime-L-´sØ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ Ah ]cm-P-b-s∏-SpI-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.
tIc-f-Øn\v Iesb A\p-jvTm-\-am-bn- Im-Wp∂ Hcp Ncn-{X-ap-≠v. _n\m-sesb B Ncn-{XtØmSv _‘n-∏n-°-Ww. c≠p [mcIfpw k‘n-°p-tºmƒ c≠pw kº-∂-amIpw.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful