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Ahrens & Morrisey 2005 Clean Copy

Ahrens & Morrisey 2005 Clean Copy

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Published by Lakeisha Campbell

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Published by: Lakeisha Campbell on Mar 11, 2013
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Despite coal’s long and often conspicuous presence as a natural and anthropogenic contaminant in
marine environments, its toxicological effects have received surprisingly little attention. As we have
seen, this stems at least partly from a perception that the bioavailability of contaminants in coal is
very limited and that at levels of coal contamination at which estimates of bioavailable concentra-
tions of contaminants might give cause for concern, acute physical effects are likely to be much
more significant. However, we have also seen that the very variable chemical properties of coal,
and the environment in which it occurs, may give rise to circumstances in which contaminant
mobility and bioavailability is enhanced. Understanding the mechanisms controlling bioavailability
is probably the key to predicting and mitigating environmental effects of coal. It is a field that
offers wide scope for experimental studies, as does investigation of biological responses to coal,
particularly at higher levels of biological organisatio

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