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SPLENDOR SOUS A. . 1582.D.

org/details/cu31924012366021 .archive.¥2 t^2 Cornell University Library XI The original of this book is in the Cornell University Library. the United States on the use of the http://www. There are no known copyright restrictions in text.

aiding the Interpretation of their Occult meaning.K.: SPLENDOR SOLIS Alchemical Treatises OF SOLOMON TRISMOSIN ADEPT AND TEACHER OF PARACELSUS Including 22 Allegorical Pictures Reproduced from the Original Paintings in the Unique Manuscript on Vellum. TRUBNER & Broadway House." and EXPLANATORY NOTES BY J. LTD.. Trismosin's Auto- biographical Account of his Travels in Search of the Philosopher's Stone. A SUMMARY OF HIS ALCHEMICAL PROCESS CALLED " THE RED LION. LONDON KEGAN PAUL. With Introduction.. . E. dated 1582. TRENCH.C. Elucidation of the Paintings. 68-74 Carter Lane. in the British Museum. CO. 4.

.

My Revered Teacher and I Friend Dedicate this Book in which he was Deeply Interested J. . and Revealer of Occult Truth.K. Healer.To THE Eternal Memory of JOSEPH WALLACE Mystic.

.

nevertheless not in a position to entirely dispute his statement. and the riddle of the Hermetic Sphinx may yet be solved. that Metals can be decomposed into three ultimate principles : Salt. and Sulphur. In the book before us —provided 7 with those wonderful . especially those of reputed Adepts. and he declares to have reached that is Eldorado of Hermetic Knowledge wherein Philosopher's Stone. The very Elementality of the chemical Elements is questioned. For since the discovery of radioactive substances chemical theory has vastly changed. men's minds were waking from the long sleep of mediaeval darkness. in His romantic Wanderings Quest of the Philosopher's Stone. and the alchemical idea. one of the less known Adepts of Alchemy. that they may be studied by the Light of the most recent re- search of Chemical and Physical Science. we are. Solomon Trismosin. went the possession in search of that secret knowledge. HEN in the period of the Renaissance. which leads to Alchemical Adeptship. he has if himself described. may not be so absurd after all. Let us therefore examine the actual documents remaining of the Alchemists. Mercury.w forth of INTRODUCTORY. found the prized feel although we may inclined to doubt his word.

and of Spiritual pictures. fair trial ? —why not give the book a It evidently has a two-fold meaning. written by an adept. a minute description of the 22 pictures. and like the Book in Revelations. executed by an unknown artist. . Here then a rare. Splendor SoLis stands both for Gold Splendour and Soul SplenAlchemy by the Allegorical dour.INTRODUCTORY allegorical pictures. fully aware of their Mystic meaning. has been inserted in the middle of the text of Splendor Solis. and at one time. For this reason. Alchemical Classic. For the Spiritual Interpretation 8 of these Mystic Pictures. highly prized.. As a Guide to Physical and Spiritual Adeptship. is written within and without. Their Mystic Meaning seems to be identical with that of the 22 keys of the Tarot. and intends to convey the Secret of Physical Alchemy by the text. and they observe the same order. Tris- mosin in veiled language and by means of reveals his artistic Symbols mind about that mysterious and disputed subject —the Red Tincture is —the Philosopher's Stone. as Photography cannot reproduce the beautiful colourings of the Manuscript's original paintings. rescued from the oblivion of over three centuries. that the allegorical importance of the figures may not be overlooked.

It is with the Philosopher's Stone as with the Sea-serpent. yet. but. The Alchemical theory Process. for all that be the true Process. may be ignored. A thing still is. in his History of The Occult Alchemy Sciences. for all that. Splendor Solis a Physical-Alchemical. although we know it is there. that has survived the Deluge and other Cataclysms in some deep sea cave. may be universal. describes in veiled terms a Gold possibly the very process of which Kiesewetter observes. that has been transmitted by tradition. some say they have seen kind has not . though people know nothing about it Like Argon or Neon. 9 . while the whole mass of man- but the evidence of the few who have seen. Whether we consider Alchemy as a Science of Occult Chemistry. nevertheless.INTRODUCTORY the above-mentioned minute Descriptions will be found to be very suggestive. has both For as observed. and a Spiritual-Mystic meaning. and the Sea-serpent maybe a living aquatic monster. exists. and remain it universally unknown. may. or as a Kabbalistic Art of Spiritual Regeneration. What is unknown. outweighs the opinion of the many who have not. it. it. nothing about it. like that it stretches through the History of It a Sea-serpent.

INTRODUCTORY
the process Splendor Solis endeavours to communicate
is

equally remarkable and curious.

As a

Spiritual-Mystic book,

Splendor Solis stands not
and

only for imparting knowledge of the Splendour, or Occult
Chemical,
possibly

Radioactive

Creative
it

Power

of

Disassociated and Spiritualised Gold,

intends also the

Mystic Gold,

—the Divine Soul, the God and Gold of True
Philosophy
indicates
:

Hermetic Philosophy. The Secret of Hermetic Science or
is

as its

name

SOUL-KNOWLEDGE.

Hermetic Science does not relate to material things, but
uses Alchemical symbols as a blind for Spiritual Realities.
It
is

an Alchemy of the Mind and Soul, a Spiritual

Alchemy.
Thus
is

JACOB BEHMEN

an Adept

of

Hermetic
In

Philosophy, but not an Adept in Physical Alchemy.

His Philosophy the Philosopher's Stone
Illumination,

is

a S3anbol for Divine
relates to the

and the Mastery, or Great Work,

Regeneration of the Soul.

A study of

the

Works

of

Jacob Behmen, especially of the
in the Mind, will

"AURORA"—the Sun— or Soul—rise
give an idea of the Life of

God

in the Soul of

Man.

One
meaning

should, however attempt to understand the inner
of

Behmen's phraseology, before reading any
10

of his

INTRODUCTORY
Works, as otherwise they are merely curious, but studied
esoterically they are Divine.

Behmen—^the name
BoEHME,

has been naturaUsed in England
is

three hundred years ago, and

preferable to the

German
His

—frequently
it is

uses
it

the

word

Tincture.

definition of

that

gives lustre to metals,
It is the Life.
result.

and colour

and fragrance to
vanishes, pallor

flowers.

For when Tincture
the Spirit of the

and decay

It is

Creator, the Father of All,
Creator
all
is

for Life is

Soul, and the

the Soul of

all

things

and beings who upholds

with His Everpresence.
Therefore

we say the Soul-Power
It
is

is

the

Sole-Power
all,

in

Nature.

the supreme Mind that rules
is

and

of

which Man's Mind
the

a part.

The

identity of the

Man-

God with

God-Man was known
Thereon
is

to the Divine Philosophers

of all time.
is

based

all

Divine Philosophy.

It

the proof of the Truth of the Occult, the Occult Truth.

Out
living
is

of the Ether

comes Man's Soul, a part

of the Creator,

by His Everpresence, bearing within Man's Mind, which
all things.

capable of knowing

As Man's Mind
and Man's Mind

unfolds. Nature's secrets are revealed,

and

her Forces are invaded, showing that Mind rules the All,
is

The

fact that

One with the All-Mind of the Creator. man can meister Nature, shows, that he
II

INTRODUCTORY
has and
is

a part of the Power that maintams the Universe.
as

The Creator thinks
The
It is

man

thinks,
is

and when man thinks
Truth.
is

as the Creator thinks his

Thought

object of

our being here,

to gain Experience.

our Duty to ascend to the heights of the Mind, and take
it

stock of Existence, in as far as

affects us.

Knowledge

thus gained will be the starting point of our mental career

beyond.

Wisdom

acquired here,

is

the beginning of Divine

Many do not gain Wisdom, but all gain Experience. Those who rise to the height of their being, may, or may not,
Wisdom.
give out their view to the world, or to that portion that
of

knows
and

them the main thing
;

is

to rise to a coign of vantage,

get the Mind-View, that the Soul

may

be re-born in the
it.

flesh,

and while having experience

of Matter, to master

EST IN MERCURIO SOLIS

gUOD QUAERUNT SAPIENTES
J.K.

12

.

AFTER WHICH NO ONE SHALL BE ADVISED TO GRAPPLE WITH THE MYSTERY OF AND IS THE NOBLE ART WITH HIS OWN SENSES. PASSES HERE WITHOUT A REST. IN WHICH IS DESCRIBED THE HIDDEN MYSTERY OF THE OLD PHILOSOPHERS. AS WELL AS ALL THAT NATURE REQUIRES TO CLEARLY ACCOMPLISH THE WHOLE WORK. WHO AND WILL FIND A GOODLY LIFE ABODE. I AM THE WAY AND EVEN ROAD. 14 . IN THE END BE EVER BLESSED. INCLUDING ALL THE ADDED THINGS.THIS BOOK IS NAMED SPLENDOR SOLIS OR Splendour of the Sun DIVIDED INTO SEVEN PARTS.

.

Plate I.] .— SPLENDOR SOLIS. \Jace f. 15.

' Though it is evident that all corporeal things originate in and are maintained and exist of the Earth. together with the four qualities of the elements. said: who does not care for the trouble of obtaining the Philosopher's Stone. which therein. according to Time and Influence of the Stars and Planets. will do better making no " Let enquiries at all than only useless ones.'* to understand the for as unknown intermixture : RosiNUS says " All who engage in in this Art. and are wanting the knowledge and perception of things. originate in the earth of a special and peculiar 16 . that none be so foolhardy to presume of the elements. which the Philosophers have described their books. moving and thereby creating every growing and procreating its thing in individual form. in his book " Light of all. Moon and working the others.PREFACE ALPHIDIUS. are without intermission. " Every one in one of the old Philosophers." The same Lights " : also says it Rhases. for the Philosophers have founded very this art in beginning. sex and substance. the Creator. consequently metals. are erring immensely a natural . as first created at the Beginning >all by God. but of a hidden operation. be said then to I hereby admonish them most earnestly. as : Sun.

says. which generate in their mixture the metallic force. that it in the fourth Book Meteorologicorum. the Philosophers called their Matter Mercurius. All this is well described by the natural master Aristotle. 16 . Upon such founded the Art of the Philosopher's Stone. In acknowledging this property of Nature. when he is Quicksilver a matter first common is to all metals.PREFACE matter produced by the four properties of the four elements. How this Mercurius takes the perfect form of Gold. under the influence of their respective planets. for it originates in Nature. But must of be known that in Nature the compound matter the four elements. through just and natural means. thence follows a natural end in a just form. describe The teachers based and of Nature's Philosophy it sufficiently is in their books. silver or other metals through the working of nature need not be mentioned here. or Quicksilver.

the proper form. aided." Where- when the Green reduced to its former nature. 17 also use different tools and B . must be That decocted and putrefied in the way of our secret art. where minerals have their first beginning. Silver. and for such work provides also. For Art does not undertake to produce Gold and anew. for such work. what Nature decocts and putrefies. therefore does Art instruments. THE fore Philosopher's Stone is produced by means of the Greening and Growing Nature. until in due time.THE FIRST TREATISE In the following Treatise we shall discourse on THE origin of THE StONE OF THE PHILOSOPHERS AND THE Art HOW to produce it. greening things. with premeditated Wisdom. by Art may be she gives it. different Art goes intention quite another way to work and with from Nature. as it it cannot endow matter with its first origin. and our Art but adapts and prepares the Matter as becomes Nature. nor is necessary to search our Art in the places and caverns of the earth. whereby it things sprout and come forth in ordained time. says thereof : " This rises in is growing. Hali Stone the Philosopher. a suitable vessel.

must be borne in mind that the it is essential cannot originate in matter unless accidental form. which mixture of the red with the white. but by the secrets of Our Art this Here Nature serves Art with Matter. comes into existence c by virtue of the interior force in matter —except form bthe f~ human But it soul. which the Fire or some other [accidental active heat. By way form of of allegory. and although the egg 18 is the . but is by virtue of another real substance. For the form growing. or metallic.THE FIRST TREATISE For that reason can Art produce extraordinary things out of the aforesaid natural beginnings such as Nature of herself would never be able to create. perfect. not by the effect of an by virtue of that form. is without the inter- the presence and aid of accidental form. by virtue of the heat coming from the hatching hen. we take a can hen's egg . in this the the chicken not take shape. yet the form of every thing be it living. and Art serves I I Nature with suitable Instruments and method convenient for Nature to produce such new forms . is from Nature. For unaided Nature does not produce things whereby imperfect metals can in a moment be made can be done. and although the its before mentioned Stone can only be brought to proper form by Art.

nevertheless it cannot develop either its real or accidental form. which calcination^ to be is a drying. of which after. but se19 . trituration and done in such wise.THE FIRST TREATISE hen's material. we shall speak here- Putrefaction takes place when the natural heat moist body is of a / i expelled by an external heat. which caused by the influence of warmth. In this process of Putrefaction. The Philosophers do not mean Their Putrefaction is this kind of Putrefaction. but they will have their Putrefaction. but the moisture is quite se- parated from the dryness. moist and dry are joined together and not destroyed. otherwise than is by putrefaction. so can also neither the real nor the accidental form of the Philosopher's Stone originate in their natural matter without the agency of Putrefaction or Decoction. then it is necessary to separate the dry parts that turned to ashes. that they may be restored to their former state of Greening and Growing. or else when the For then natural heat of the subject is destroyed by cold. the natural warmth leaves everything and gives room to putrefaction. This Incineration the Philosophers will also not have. a moistening of dry bodies. that the natural moisture and dryness be united together.

THE FIRST TREATISE / { parated and dried up from the superfluous moisture that is destructive. Even as the food is it being absorbed on entering an animal's stomach. that may be digested and changed and afterwards supply the feeding force and moisture necessary to the existence and augmentation of nature. and be separated of its superfluous parts. 20 . in its How its then ever3rthing has to be fed way according to nature will be shown in the afore- said Philosopher's Stone.

.

iii.Plate II. [/ace pi.] .— THE FIRST TREATISE.

ii.] .Plate III.— THE SECOND TREATISE. yace fl.

.

till at last dryness and moisture completely which we call unite. raises crevices of the earth it in the veins or and decocts. steams and collects it together so long.'^ But as they only act on their it. says : You shall know that the whole of this Art ends in two Operations hanging is very close together. Nature also uses a slimy. and which constitutes the peculiar and very 21 first Matter of . thereby forming the substance Mercury. so that when the one the other comthis may begin and finish. it is Geber says in necessary to give more particulars about his " Summa Perfections Magisteri to in SUA Natura " " that Nature produces the Metals from Mercury and Suphur. heavy water." in the 25th chapter. own matter. which resolves the former into a steam and vapour. that from the beginning of the Origin of Metals. mixed with a very peculiar white sulphuric subtile earth. perfecting the whole Mastery.THE SECOND TREATISE MATTER AND NATURE OF THE PHILOSOPHER'S STONE MORIENUS work plete." and the same effect we see Ferrarius speak in his " Treatise on Alchemy.

cannot be accomplished by anybody without In order to receive the force that penetrates such subtle Matter. solve it. speaking to Alexander the King. th)e that combines most closely with gold. this matter is form called the Mer- cury of the Philosophers. into a perfect Philosopher's Stone. Sulphur. says : " Chose for our Stone that 22 . leaving the rest for Art to complete her work. which took place the immediate union. but Mercury mixed with Sulphur. well prepared and decocted into a sweet In such a Mercury Nature has begun with primary action and ended in a metallic nature. and this then is the nearest matter. which otherwise art. shall according to Philosophers^. but those only which Nature herself has mixed. From the aforesaid it will be seen that he who all will proceed properly in this Art.THE SECOND TREATISE all metals. begin where nature has left off. and receives of the occult Philosopher's Stone. are not to use Mercury only. some Alchemists calcinate Gold that they may it dis- and separate the elements until they reduce to a volatile spirit or to the subtle nature of the greasy fumes of Mercury and Sulphur. about which Aristotle. and shall take that Sulphur and Mercury which nature has in collected in its purest form. : and again he treats of it in the 26th chapter as follows " Those who will imitate nature. having thus done her part. but not the common Mercury and fluid.

and sublimate ascend. that no one can find out the true meaning from the writings of the Philosophers. all ofjyhich-iake_place at in thPLSJtmp^y^ssfil " the jamejuBfi anrl this Alphidius Confirms and says : You must know that when we dissolve we sublimate and if as well is and calcinate without interruption. and this says. : For now the Philosophers say " dissolve the thing. visible or invisible. " that every one It is at the is done for the purpose as RosiNUS it. then separates it itself. dead or alive. soak dry and ever up an indefinite number " of operations. and then distil it. it. possessed of a soul or not. this and in its names." Though this Mercury alone is the matter and the one is only thing and a combination of other things. all has been compared as analogous to things in the world. and sublimating. THE SECOND TREATISE wherewith kings are decorated and crowned. coagulate it. for the purit first pose of dissolution." may not get at same time a way of producing effects and a vessel wherein all things multiply themselves. dissolving turns black. mineral or vegetative 23 ." our Corpus being thrown into the water. it. yet thing so manifold in its effects. it. make to it make it descend.. because of the adjustment of all things comprised in Nature. cor- poreal or animal. origin unites itself with the spirit which It is its and birth.

all fruits. 24 . and to all things between Heaven and Earth. all birds. and among word " all these are belonging to this Art the aforesaid operations.THE SECOND TREATISE analogous to the elements and their compositions. which are explained by the Philosophers in two Man and Wife." He who does not understand these does not understand the preparation of this Art." or " Milk and Cream. further to in short all colours. to things hot and cold.

.

— THE THIRD TREATISE. [face f.Plate IV.] . 25.

and the working of Nature. needed but a Father of Philosophy. the Earth has been changed into many forms. Heaven and Earth should meet and come home. says " It : is indeed that at the End of this World. EXPLAINED BY A FEW SUITABLE ILLUSTRATIONS. THE THIRD TREATISE NOW FOLLOWS THE MEANS WHEREBY THE WHOLE WORK OF THIS MASTERY IS PERFECTED . Outside there are hard stones. Stones. AND VARIOUS APHORISMS OF THE PHILOSOPHERS HERMES." Meaning by Heaven and Earth the aforesaid two Operations many doubts arise.. before the Work is finished. Sand. Mountains and Vallej^. but through the influence of the planets. PARABLES. Thkt the following Figures may be better understood we give a few Parables in illustration :— AND THIS God IS THE FIRST PARABLE: created the Earth plain and coarse. and very pro- ductive of Gravel. high mountains and deep 25 .

such as has been slimy. damp heat. which in the course heat. Ores and their beginnings. in the following or to manner Where the Earth began to grow large. thus causing hill on the Earth's surface eruptions. and with such things earth has : come from the original first form. expand and multiply. moisture mixed with heat and the best ores and dryness. the constant operation also of the Sun-Heat formed in the interior of the Earth a sulphury vapourous and through. But where the earth there has been no accumulation of such fumes and vapours. brittle and yet soft. the formation of large quantities of vapour fumes. and there is flat may be found. fat. all of which grow with the length of time strong enough to follow their ten- dency to rise. and there no the ores will be found. hanging 26 . Where there are such hills and dales.THE THIRD TREATISE valleys. under the influence of the Sun's firm. penetrating her through and This penetrating work of the Sun's heat caused in the cold and damp of the Earth. for instance. &c. forming and dale. and has been saturated with a moisture from on high soft again. got forming dough-like layers one on top of the other. as. loamy. and other ground as gravel and sand. while the uplifted part of soil. there the Earth has been matured and most perfectly cold. and strange things and colours are inside the Earth. fog and gas. especially. become more and more hard and baked . of time. and .

as otherwise would remain brittle and fall to pieces again. for no earth can become be and slimy and well mixed with moisture. which are by these means earth. may become and turn to stone. wl^ich has not been stone. still being operated upon in the interior of the seize and when they upon watery vapours with a pure. it overcomes all matter and precious stones. then they form the Philosophers' Mercury fiery. That which so. After the drying up of the water by the Sun's heat. . unless it watered enough rich . under the constant influence of the Sun's heat and Nature. and with it force all penetrates solid things. is too meagre and dry. but remained full of like holes. has not become perfectly hard as yet." 27 . consequently itself could not form into layers. then will the Philosophers' result. but when they are solid and brought to a earthy and subtle hardness. subtle earthy substance. Sulphur be the About this Sulphur Hermes says : " It will receive the its powers of the highest and lowest planets. as well as the aforesaid fumes and gases originating in the properties of the elements. like badly prepared pap. or a mealy dough. the fat substance will it keep the ground together.THE THIRD TREATISE together like grapes. and has not it received enough moisture.

all departing at Daybreak. Author of " The Three Words. Therefore the Earth flowers and bears fruits. what is dry it makes moist. of Fruit. Fire is the medium between it the two opposites. Heaven has opened as honey. The same tree bears three kinds The First are the very finest Pearls. and therefore itself. it This Tree gives us as well the fruit is cold. The Second The Third are called is by Philosophers Terra Foliata. On its branches have been sitting many kinds of birds. the First Master of this Art. of its Moisture the Life of everjrthing it . which is between Heaven and Earth. and sent its Dew on making as sweet and moist. manifold coloured blooms and and in her interior itself has grown a large Tree with a silver stem. on earth. stretching out to the earth's surface. and makes moist what soft.. for by means and Warmth." And 28' . rains water earth. and hardens the Thereof says the and is the end of the Whole Art." " The Three Moistures are the most precious Words of the whole Mastery.as and Water. dry. the very purest Gold. and softens the hard. of Health. says as follows is " The Water of the Air. it makes warm what is and what is cold makes warm.: THE OTHER PARABLE Hermes. when the Ravenhead became white.

.

Plate V. vi.] .— THE FIRST PARABLE. [face fl.

[lace -pi.] . v.Plate VI.—THE OTHER PARABLE.

.

in the sixth Gold. as often as one broke a branche another one grew in its place. then blackness the first result.— THE THIRD PARABLE the same says Galenus. how Aeneas and Silvius went to a tree." and after they Night enveloped all things. The day 29 saw over . grows easily and decays easily. when he speaks Its of the Herb it LuNATiCA or Berissa." For that reason have the old Philosophers declared they saw a Fog rise. which had golden branches. . spotted with black. THE THIRD PARABLE AviNCENA says " in the Chapter on the Moistures is : When Heat operates upon a moist body. and off. if it is put in Mercury. changes and this again by further decoction changes into Gold. Of this book of the Aeneide. which then turns finest hundred parts of Mercury into the tree speaks Virgilius. and gains it Citrine Flowers after three days itself into perfect Silver. when he relates a Fable. of the earth.' root is a MetaUic Earth. they also saw the impetuosity and the streams over the face of the earth. sink. and pass over the whole face of the Sea. They saw the King eager voice : Earth and heard him cry out with shall live " Whoever saves me and reign with me for ever in my brightness on my royal throne. and how the latter further became foul and stinking of the in the darkness. has a red stem.

and the Light of clear Day up the darkness. and in his Apple. spiritual things by means 30 . beauty Sun and He was crowned with three costly crowns. and the third of pure Gold. well apparelled. the other of Silver. and seated upon silvered it left hand a golden a white Dove. says : " I command all my of descendants to spiritualise their bodies by Dissolution." its Meaning in this Masterly Art " Deprive the thing of it Destructive Moisture. surprising with Moon. the one of Iron. of brilliant brightness. the bright Sunlight pierce through the clouds. with manifold coloured rays. Stars. all of They which saw in his right hand a Sceptre with Seven gave a Golden Splendor. of the Earth was released and renewed. with Wings partly and partly of a golden hue. and a sweet perfume from the earth. his and quite handsome. and renew with its own Essential one which will become its perfection and Ufe. which Aristotle so well spoke of is when he said : " The Destruction of one thing the birth of another.: THE THIRD PARABLE the King an apparent Morning Star. and again to materialise the a gentle decoction. and the Sun shining Herewith was completed the Time when the King clear." THE FOURTH PARABLE Menaldus the Philosopher.

Plate VII,— THE

THIRD PARABLE.

\jace fl. viii.]

Plate VIII.— THE

FOURTH PARABLE.
[face
-pi.

vii.]

most handsomely adorned with many-coloured dresses. the feathers finest of which were equal to those of the very white Peacock. and the quills were adorned with fine pearls. of pure gold. feet were clad with golden shoes. and changes this body into Soul. with the most precious Ruby. . for thus has stability." Therefore dies. On her head she had a crown . and on top of it a silver star around her neck she wore a necklace of fine Gold. and in the Dissolution extracts the Soul of the Body. surpassing all aromas. which no king would be able to pay her . while the feathers reflected like golden mirrors. and foul smelling slime or clay to his assistance still came more a young women. and so in body." 31 . and she had wings on her back. or Figure They saw a man black dirty like a negro sticking fast in a black. says Senior " It is a living thing. which no more but when used gives an eternal increase." . lifted him up to and took him with : herself to Heaven. She clothed the his brightest clear- man ness. and from her was emanating the most splendid perfume. and the Spirit is again added to the Body. beautiful in countenance. with a purple robe.: THE FOURTH PARABLE Mentioning which Senior speaks thus dissolves : " The Spirit~\ the body. Here then the body This the Philosophers becomes spiritual by force of the Spirit give to understand in the following Signature. and the Soul is changed into the it Spirit.

In the middle of the of which the Yolk there is the Fifth Element. 32 . girls. namely also call Sun and Moon. wherein there is nothing In conclusion Senior remarks : " When these five are gathered together. cold. and separates the Fire from the Water. The first or the shell is Earth. too is enveloped in a subtle skin. The Philoso- phers take for example an Egg. is representing our subtle as it is air. which are heat and and dryness. out young chicken bursts and grows. nearer to the Fire. and the White is Water. which and Water. for in this the four elements are joined together. constituting is the Quintessence. but the skin between the shell and the White is Air. and they bring two boys. they form is One shall substance. false. is and separates the Earth from the Water and it the Yolk Fire. : THE FIFTH PARABLE The Philosophers give to this Art are Earth two bodies. and two as moisture These are the Four Elements." let So us understand this meaning better. AviCENA contends that " we may we have arrived at the end. while get at the Fifth.. which more warm and subtle. that the proper white Magnesia. whereof : made if the natural Stone. forth four children. they them Man and Wife.

] . [face p. 32.—THE FIFTH PARABLE.Plate IX.

.

.

]. \Jace fl.Plate X.—THE SIXTH PARABLE. xi. .

Plate XI. \_lace fl. X.—THE SEVENTH PARABLE.} .

.

may and grow and bear innumerable fruit. that the worldly but thy head I will carefully wantons I may not find thee. had a fine Golden appearance. and that it destroy the earth. wrote was told to the same end. next to him stood an ugly man of black and cruel countenance. and the body putrefy. will bury. when he mentioned an ancient Sage who desired to rejuvenate himself : he should allow himself to be cut to pieces perfect decoction.THE FIFTH PARABLE Thus we see in an egg all the elements combined with it is matter to form a source of perfect nature. killed thee. just so as necessary in this noble art. in his right hand. with a bloodstained double- edged sword murderer. 33 . left : and he was the good man's fol- In his hand was a paper on which the I lowing was written " have life. but was cut all and so were the limbs . THE SIXTH PARABLE RosiNOS relates of a vision he had of a man whose body The Head the trunk." THE SEVENTH PARABLE Ovid the old Roman. that thou may est receive a superabundant hide. and decoct to a reunite and then his limbs would and again be renewed in plenty of strength. off was dead and yet beautiful and white like Salt.

Secondly its : The Heat is necessary." But as the Philosophers in their work have to aid Nature with Art. a heat powerful enough to soften and melt these parts of the earth that have become thick. hard and baked.: THE FOURTH TREATISE OF THE MEANS BY WHICH NATURE ATTAINS HER ENDS ARISTOTLE " in the Book of Origins speaks thus Sun and Man create a Man. and the process has to be gone through seven times. because through power the earth becomes freed from darkness and blessed In regard to which Senior says : with light instead. so have they also to govern the heat according to the Sun. as mentioned by Socrates when he says : that the holes and cracks of the earth will be opened to receive the influence of Fire and Water. For such a work requires Firstly. so as to create the before-mentioned Stone. for the Sun's force and spirit give life. by means of the Sun's heat. which as well has to undergo seven processes. that 34 .

.

IJace pi.— THE FOURTH TREATISE.Plate XII.] . xiii. FIRSTLY.

] .Plate XIII. xii.— THE FOURTH TREATISE. [face fl. SECONDLY.

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of which Turba is : Spiritualize the bodies and make Volatile that which in his " Fixed. : The earth can be molten and : Thereon says Rhazes preceding There are several namely. fire gives off light. and also colour to the subtilized earth. which appears Uke a Ruby. and every white thing red. 35 . In mention of which Hermes advises : Separate the gross from the Subtil. through the tinging Spirit she receives from the force of the fire. the earth from the fire. Whereof says Alphidius becomes fire. throws ofi the mineral impurities and bad odours and nourishes the Elixir. Thirdly trated : The Heat causes earthly it is things to be penesaid in the by a Spiritual Force. So. Fourthly It : The Heat cleanses that which is unclean. as water bleaches. Purifications the perfect preparation.THE FOURTH TREATISE heat turns every black thing white. Mundification and Separation. Of which Rhazes reminds follows : Light of Lights. thus causing Socrates to say : that a peculiar light shall be seen in the darkness." as light "A heavy body cannot be made without the help of a light body. nor can a light body be kept pressed down to the ground without the aid of a heavy body.

saying times and you have separated the Destil seven destructable moisture and it takes place as in one destillation. is a Master of the Art. that while : cold was half dead. 36 . for by its force air. but come to no final form while acting on the matter. it is and by Alphidius saying upwards. that has made light the collected parts and resolved them so as to surpass the other elements. " Extinguish the Fire of one thing with the Coldness of another " says Calid. when he teaches that who can recreate the : Sout is able to see colour. or : " Hence shall that this it. and therefore this heat shall be modified with the Coldness of the Moon. the spirits hidden in the Earth are raised up into the wherefore the Philosophers say. that are of service to the matter. penetrates. The Philosophers conclude on the : mentioned Heats in brief words. it Thereof says Socrates When Heat it is makes subtle all earthly things. : Seventhly Is the Force of the heat thus mixed with it heat in the earth. The same " he also is meant by Morienus. Combat raises else you not gain by Sixthly The Heat warms the cold earth. that whosoever can bring to hght a hidden thing.THE FOURTH TREATISE Fifthly : The Heat works elevatingly.

I'LATE

xn.— THE FOURTH TREATISE, THTRDLV.
[lace fl. XV.]

Plate

XV.—THE FOURTH TREATISE, FOURTHLY.
[_/ace pi.

xiv.]

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] .Plate XVT.—THE FOURTH TREATISE. FIFTHLY \_fat:e fl. xvii.

xvi.] . [Jace fl.— THE FOURTH TREATISE.Plate XVII. SIXTHLY.

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Plate XVIII. 37.3 .— THE FOURTH TREATISE. EIGHTHLY. [/ace p.

and under the Rule or Order and Pause. 37 .THE FOURTH TREATISE Eighthly. but when the Sun in Leo. or Grade of the Firie. this being not of a burning of Rest heat. Auctor de Trium Verborum. saying : " When the Sun in Aries. then indicates the Second Grade. weak because the heat is is under the Rule of the it Water. he indicates the First Heat. the author of The Three Words to govern the Heat which is gives in his writings a peculiar method is or the Fire. which of the is hotter because the great coldness of the Air. Water being under the Rule is In the Sign of Saggitarius the Third Grade.

in fact a Putrefaction. for the order Nature requires that the Corpus. 38 . or is Matter. be changed into Water which the much spoken of Mercury. THE FIFTH TREATISE ON THE MANIFOLD OPERATIONS OF THE WHOLE WORK IN FOUR CHAPTERS THE FIRST CHAPTER DISSOLUTION of is the First Operation which has to take place in the Art of Alchemy.THE FIFTH TREATISE : PART I. Body. This Dissolution is nothing but a killing of the moist with the dry. The Living Silver dissolves the adjoined pure Sulphur. and consequently turns the Matter black.

[ferf f. PART I. 38.] .Plate XIX. 1st CHAPTER.—THE FIFTH TREATISE.

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XX i.] . 2nd CHAPTER.Plate XX.—THE FIFTH TREATISE. PART I. [Jane pi.

3 Plate XXI. [face fl. XX.—THE FIFTH TREATISE. PART I. . 3rd CHAPTER.

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Anima. like an egg. which the Corpus has shows other and manifold colours. must the thing operated on Because in the Dissolution the Living Silver but in the Coagulation it is is active. play. passive. moisture of the earth.THE FIFTH TREATISE: PART I. THE SECOND CHAPTER The next is Coagulation. evaporated into the lightness of the and rises above is the earth. for it is if distilling is the before-mentioned the water reduced into the earth. or the Oil. which is turning the Water again into the Corpus or Matter. meaning thereby that the Sulphur. necessarily to Earth. turn undermost that which before who when they was uppermost. Fermentum. and which matter to the Stone of the Philosophers. 39 the very next . air. THE THIRD CHAPTER The Third is Sublimation. which is called the is Tincture. The Water that turned absorbed. which before was dissolved by the Living Silver. operated on. Wherefore is this Art compared to the play of children. and this the Spirit of the Fifth Essence. alter. as an oblong cloudlet. so For if the properties of an operating thing alter. absorbs the same and draws it into itself.

which consists in cooking and roasting until it is done.THE FIFTH TREATISE: PART For from the Sublimation remain of their ashes. The one thing must is be done with the other. which by virtue own Air. is In these last four Chapters the Philosophers have able books. THE FOURTH CHAPTER The fourth Chapter sheweth the last or fourth thing belonging to this water which has been separated from the earth. filled all contained wherewith the whole world with innumer- 40 . dissolve themselves heat. after by a moderate which earth of a fiery nature and property remains calcined at the bottom which the perfect method Art is of the glass. be again joined to the earth. by means of is carried out. The reason why in a all natural things are put together body is. if the Stone to be made perfect. given to them by God. I. that there may be a united composition. This being the proper philosophical sublimation. And this is why this compared to Woman's Work.

4th CHAPTER.Plate XXII. PART I.] . {Jare p. 40.— THE FIFTH TREATISE.

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On is this shield is painted the lowest Golden Sun. From this archway forward flat in the picture to the foreground where there are three stone-steps. Leaving to a Landscape Behind Them. blue drapery. about 45 degrees. studded with golden stars. upon which rests a sky-blue shield (heraldic). The mouth face. dressed. The other more luxuriously staff at his right and with a sword or is The floor below the archway tiled. human each eye has the same peculiarity 41 thus there are .DESCRIPTION OF THE PICTURES DESCRIPTION OF THE SPLENDOR SOLIS PICTURES THE FIRST PICTURE TWO the men are approaching an arched doorway at left side of the picture. from above. is rounded and is so painted as to resemble a . upon which superimposed a black helmet or casque surmounted by a flowing. the ground has a green sward. building come into the apartment of the —in which are to be seen two beautifully executed Golden Suns —One of the vance of and is addressing the men is a little in other. This lower Sun and shield lies aslant. but in black side. He is clad in a i'i adred robe and blue Stockings simply. or tesselated.

and is radiant. The eyes themselves suffused with tears. the face blotched or mottled as from Smallpox. or impure living. thus The upper Sun stands higher up air in the serious. The : picture is surmounted by the motto Arma Artis in red and embellished with a golden is margin. but thoughtful it and The golden halo around and wavy alternately straight as : the lowest others one of all being longer the as than the of and pointing in centre three dark moon-like crescents each one below being larger than the other. —an owl. a hoopoe. The rays at the circumference are in groups and radiate curvedly. while the playing upon a guitar. and other birds. with fruits and flowers complete the picture. on whi<ih painted two monkeys one giving a other is fish to a heron. 42 . the mouth as if the tongue was slightly protruding and parched.: : THE FIRST PICTURE ^ Three Faces shewn on seem as if the One.

is painted Deer. ViDEBiTis Et Mortuum. Qui Quaeritis Sole ET Luna Facere et Date Bibere Inimico Vino. with a in his right hand. Bee. which one-third filled with a yellowioh transparent fluid. cucurbit. on which inscribed in gold letters " Ex DuABUs Aqui Unam Cum Facite. upon which Peacock. partly luminous. and Flowers. and to which he is pointing with his right finger thoughtfully. Deinde " de Aqua Terra Facite. From which " the neck of the cucurbit flows a black ribbon upon is printed in gold letters : Eamus Quesitum Quatuor Elementorum Naturas " THE THIRD PICTURE A Knight in dark armour ornamented with Gold. Butterfly. Red Currants. drawn sword and is in his left he holds a : red banner or shield. or glass retort. with a red cap and a purple outer cloak. Birds. whilst walking upon the foreground of a beautiful lansdcape.THE SECOND AND THIRD PICTURES THE SECOND PICTURE A man clothed in red robe. The margin shows a golden ground. et Lapidem Multiplicastis 43 . In his left hand he holds a long-necked is flagk.

and around which seen a village and beautiful landscape. its Above head is a golden red Sun which has eyes directed to- wards her sorrowfully. THE FOURTH PICTURE Represents on right side a King in red and gold robes. is : " CoAGULA Masculinum " in golden to a letters.THE FOURTH PICTURE He stands upon two fountains. right. &c. is That to the surmounted by a fluid little nude figure of a boy from which runs a black conduit into the little and overflows by a joining is left fountain which also surmounted by a nude figure of a girl. a blue with " Lac virginis " inscribed in gold full She stands upon a dark Moon with both feet. which seen stretching away in the distance. but from this one runs a golden liquid into the receptacle below. with golden crown on head and standing upon a blazing holding a sceptre in his hand with a scroll upon which fire. which transmutes by into its blending the black stream all golden water. holding letters. He is talking Queen robed scroll in blue with red lining to dress. over her its head in the air is a faint silvery Sun. with a foot on each. which has eyes directed towards the King enquiringly his and hopefully. 44 . This is is fountain overflows and forms a large golden lake.

Around margin are is and flowers on Gold.THE FIFTH AND SIXTH PICTURES A birds City and landscape lies behind. is enveloped by a whitish purple He has given previously a similar branch to another 45 . handing his Sceptre picture are On the top of the One holding a is two nude figures bird in his hand. dressed in a red robe. THE SIXTH PICTURE Contains a Tree with Golden branches and fruit. the Palace of King seated on a throne. A men Quarrying bronzed crescent Moon Underneath the interior is is is at a rock and digging the water " Esther. holding a branch out to a man below. Upon a . lies floating in on the foreground. on the sixth and seventh rounds dressed in black. ladder with Seven Rounds and leaning against the tree stands a man." THE FIFTH PICTURE Represents two for Gold. which robe." At the bottom inscribed " Via Universalis.". the other at the comer opposite feeding another bird. the word of : and below that Ahasueros. having a golden crown encircling the root. On top of picture is the motto : : " Particularia. with golden leggings or boots. Particularibus Inclusis. of children. who to the Queen.

also looking down towards the bath. two men. two strings of gold beads (charms) is Upon the tree above perched a large black bird with a white fruit. two ladies are standing near the bath. head. one is dressed in yellow and the other in red. is Underneath the picture an open bath in which four women are bathing. a King in with attendants. is a man looking over. a golden fountain pours forth a jet of water into the bath. each holds out some black roundish thing like a hat or dish. On a gallery above and behind. Ap humble looking landscape with a simple cottage in the mid-distance. Through the doorin blue way to the right are to be seen in purple. pecking at the while thirteen varied coloured birds are in the act of flying away to the air. one in green. Mountains in the background and golden branches and flowers springing up out of the ground complete the picture. 46 . one dressed left of and the other and to the the picture are seen is two men in green. another in black.THE SIXTH PICTURE man dressed in a whitish purple robe enveloped in a red robe. The bathers have each round their necks. dressed in blue. while opposite red.

hand a sceptre surmounted by seven Golden in left a golden ball. loose and flowing. for help to save his life. and reaching his arms out as A Golden Sun shines overhead. The landscape with is and walk on fore- ground and distant view very beautiful. both of these are holding up their arms to ward off is the blow: A tree grows by their side.THE SEVENTH PICTURE THE SEVENTH PICTURE Represents a Queen. Golden tipped is flowers peer above the foliage. throwing its rays downwards towards the Queen. holding in Stars. or young King. and is In the middle distance a King seen swimming if or drowning in the sea. To the Sun's left is is a luminous Star surrounded by a golden halo. is in gold with Butterfly. and At base are two small EntagUos sents a like bluish-grey pictures. is standing up. and stay the man with the bludgeon from striking the other two. and the whole scene one would not upon. Strawberries. only there tries to is That to the right figure. or young King. very similar. feel desirous of altering or attempting to improve 47 . which Queen. that to the left repre- man naked and sitting striking with a bludgeon a woman who is on the ground alongside of a Satyr. draped in Ermine and Gold enbroidered right robe. birds also directing its rays towards the The margin flowers. a fourth male who hill.

He if holds his to cover hand over his right thigh towards and as his nakedness. and over the right eye. her slippers are red and gold. the right cheek bone. three luminous spots. yellow sleeves and flowing. He stands with right side towards us and on the profile is seen all a circular transparent glass globe. in the distance. with golden chains. she holds a crimson robe edged with gold. neck. which she holding out to a naked black man who left is is is standing to the knees in a black mud pool. Village.THE EIGHTH PICTURE THE EIGHTH PICTURE Depicts a Queen with angels' wings dressed. 48 . and head right blood red. is The Queen seems to be encouraging is and sympathysing with him. just profile. ornamented with a flowing green foliage pattern and red and blue flowers. A landscape with lake seen roadway with a few distant people walking and boat sailing on lake. with islands in extreme distance. His right arm. in each of which seen a small red cross. His arm wnite and slightly soiled. From her left shoulder hangs a blue drapery In her hand is with gold edges. covering head but through this globe are to be seen on the organ of Self-esteem. —and most gorgeously Skirt of dress She has a golden crown and neck ornaments.

without beard One a man's with sandy hair and blue or moustache. radiates A golden emanation or halo from the man's head while a silvery radiation is proceeds from the female. THE NINTH PICTURE Standing on the foreground of a magnificent Claudelike picture is an exquisitely formed figure of a man dressed in black with golden edging and crpss button bars of red and 'of gold in front. eyes. the other a beautiful female face with blue eyes and fair or reddish hair. His face to the left of the picture but to her right and his profile overlaps the back part of her both head just as far as the edge of the right eye. He has attached to the right shoulder a crimson wing. In the left hand he holds a Golden Egg. which in his right is both are intent upon. and Shield. two monkeys and parrot on on margin complete the and flowers upon Gold picture. He has two heads and necks. then an inner circle. which encircled with gold an inner circle next of a grayish motled or marbled appear- ance. the edge of hand he holds a Circular and orange. base. but narrower. A red and gold waistband with a fringe golden tassels or ornaments. Two Deer. so that faces are seen pretty fully. of dark green and 49 .THE NINTH PICTURE There is a silver star over the Queen's Crown. and she has a faint purple and white wing.

but these are oblivious to the scene here depicted. . is showing the clear red This scene represented in the open grounds attached to a palace. A river runs past fine on which are plying gondolas.THE TENTH PICTURE blue ring inside this. THE TENTH PICTURE Represents a ferocious villainous man with wild dishevelled black hair. and Grapes upon a golden ground complete this picture. Flowers. strolling and lingering on the grounds. in the centre of which like is a tiny landscape. as when Venice a city of palaces. clothed in red with an outer garment of white shaded with pale purple and having a drawn sword in his right hand. Several people are in her glory. man which lies at his feet The arms and legs are separated fresh flesh freshly cut. Castles and was mansions are seen in the distance. one seen through a double concave glass in a tube. Birds. within view. tips are to Some golden which this be seen on the green foliage is —upon ghastly scene represented. and clean. one on the left represents a King driving four 50 river horses. At the base underneath are seen two small golden pictures. In his left he holds the golden head of a fair beautiful skinned corpse of a freshly mutilated.

guiding A Satyr and two females are going on of the and two more are coming up behind. dressed in pale purple and looking towards the man in the hot bath. Birds and Flowers on a Gold ground complete the THE ELEVENTH PICTURE In a court yard of a magnificent palace and under a corridor is a circular furnace on which filled is an iron vessel or is copper boiler with water. left hand. in her right hand (without a handle). with reins in the three river horses. his coat black and edged with blue. holding two reins is which are attached to the horses. Two figures are observed on a distant raised corridor. A man is blowing at the furnace with a pair of bellows very intently and anxiously. apron white. slippers black. a trident. blue shaded. THE ELEVENTH PICTURE behind which is a female figure in a boat. One a female dressed in red and carrying a flask in her hand the other a man. one on the back of latter sits a Merman. breast high. with outspread white wings. and in which a naked man with red skin. Alongside of the workman is a 51 . picture. hair longish and careless. before . and thus along.. the boat drawn The picture to the right represents a female in a boat holding a three-pronged fork. His inner garment is red. The whole figure betrays the workman. On his head stands a dove. his nether garment blue.

holding a black flask or crucible in his right hand with which he of a Dragon.THE TWELFTH PICTURE Cucurbite or retort of glass. and is circled at narrow part by a red and gold crown. The legs and breast are covered left with peacock feather spots. which comes about the top. An allegorical figure left of Mercury seated on a car (with a caducean rod in his hand and a reaping hook in his right. tongs and coals for fire. with an assistant having his arm raised with hammer. In the hand the child holds a pair of small bellows. with which he points towards the heart of the monster. or scales is pouring its contents down the throat some horrid aquatic monster. an infant reclining before him on the car. In two niches Jupiter. in the wall are to be seen figures of Mercury and is At the base or pedestal of a column an intaglio or bas-relief of Vulcan working as a blacksmith. having claws and finny wings. or retort hermetically sealed. a large upright glass cucurbit. standing upon a green wreath. fijiish as if assisting. and driving two green and gold Dragons or Monsters) 52 . the margin of this THE TWELFTH PICTURE Represents in a highly ornamental niche as the leading feature of the picture. Birds and flowers on golden ground picture. Inside this cucurbit its one-fourth down from seen a naked child.

while another man is in the act of beating one of them.THE TWELFTH PICTURE surmounts the niche. A man if is seizing another pig by the is leg with one hand and ear in by the a other. a brown one. three of and one is white. man whose hands are tied behind his On the left and further where a off still is is a large crowd of people round a gallows man being hanged. or slaughtered. but which fills it in. margin are two cripples seeking and receiving alms from a gentleman. while another pig seen pent up a box as is for being carried away. man bent with age soliciting alms from a the right comfortable well-to-do middle aged man. Beyond seen man with a team of four horses drawing a plough. follow the coffin which is Four mutes dressed in is carried by four men. while a currier shaving the hair of a hide in front is of him. and shaped like the roof of a cottage. river On the base of the picture is seen a is from which an old man draws is is water and which he pouring into a barrel. while seen a funeral procession going into a grave- beyond them is yard close to a large cathedral. running out as fast as he trampling animal skins A man An old with naked legs is in a tub. painted white with two black bands across it. them are brown. black. which seems this is seen to be pulling very willingly. cudgelling another Beyond one man back. 53 . On margin and beyond the river is a woman feeding a pig.

ink bottles. sitting at the table. The RED pecks it upon the head. his head the is un- covered and he holds an illumined book in his hand. looking over a large book. desk and a printed paper hanging over the side On the table are a pair of scales. upon a black chair. is A man clad in red and blue with blue cap.THE THIRTEENTH PICTURE THE THIRTEENTH PICTURE Is another similar niche and Cucurbit surmounted in like Inside the glass manner by a Golden Crown or Coronet. The one is dressed in a blue robe . with scarlet cap and comforter hanging down his back other has a crimson robe edged with Gold. is a man on 54 his knees. The two former are busy pecking claws in self or fighting the black one. steps Two up to the left. One is coloured red. upon a crimson . of the red bird on the surface and outside the is Underneath the base of the niche inside the Vatican. upon which are a table and two black trunks or boxes. a massive wide staircase Half way up this stair is a wide landing space. one WHITE. and the third black. two heaps of gold. vessel are three doves or birds. which they have got its back and it is throwing up its WHITE pecks it UNDER THE Golden TAIL. of the table. head scintillations appear opposite the glass. apparently conversing together. while the down upon defence. two men are standing at the table.

as if is seen near at hand upon one soliciting some favour from these gentlemen who and evidently is are outside the place of some authority. similar glass cucurbit in a golden niche. THE FOURTEENTH PICTURE A glass. Inside the standing upright is is a white bird shaded blue. The Pope are seen is surrounded by numerous Cardinals. in the act of placing a crown upon the kneeler's head. two steps further up the Pope robed in red and gold with his triple golden crown. hounds and people are seen hunting One humble looking suppliant knee. with three heads. etc. while a pack of in the distance. The radiance of the Sun (Jupiter in Saggitarius and Pisces). shines behind him. upon one wheel and on the other Pisces. if etc. Others seen as conversing farther back. a mjrthological representation of sitting Above the niche Mars with shield is and spear and 56 upon a car with a . sits He is draped in red and gold. Two are working a still or retort in the quadrangle. of the car is is Saggitarius A knight upon one knee handing him a dish.THE FOURTEENTH PICTURE carpet. Surmounting the niche a m57thological picture of a man with two arrows in his hand and sitting upon a car which is drawn by two peacocks. each of which decorated with a golden crown.

and the populace on foot armed with spears. from or through whose influence. On the front wheel is Capri- corne and on the hind one Cancer. the Cucurbit is a Monster Dragon. that is white. The niche sur- mounted by an allegorical representation of light green a King in golden garments and seated upon a two-wheeled chariot drawn by two horses with golden clouds. The car is is drawn by two Foxes.THE FIFTEENTH PICTURE coiled up serpent before him. in the and long necks attached to one body. flowers and a bird. In. the King is enabled to radiate 66 . harness. having three heads. Underneath and around margin a War going on between helmetted and armoured horsemen with red and gold skirts outside their armour. similar to that twelfth Picture. over golden-tipped There is is the figure of Leo on the wheel. nearest us is The heads are turned to the right. Burning of houses. the centre one red. and Possibly of seizures of cattle are to be seen in the distance. Before the King a golden Sun aslant and on a level with his face. peapod. War Eman- THE FIFTEENTH PICTURE A similar cucurbit set in a crimson niche upon the margin of which is painted strawberries. the necks are all speckled green. intended to represent scenes from the Swiss cipation. the farthest one is is black. etc.

stone heaving. A lady dressed in red and gold also is playing 57 . glass Cucurbit to pass through From other this point are suspended two golden chains. etc. Before and around him are ten Courtiers in is magnificent and varied apparel. right marginal continuation of the landscape shews well dressed men at athletic sports. Inside the Cucurbit a beautifully painted peacock looking down upon a group of musicians below. wrestling. two boys are standing by holding if hands two other swords. Underneath the Cucurbit a King in royal red and golden robes with black inner clothing and cap. in the distance. sitting upon a dais on a lawn. the ends of the chains are attached to two pillars at the sides of the niche. Landscape with River and Castles THE SIXTEENTH PICTURE A similar but more fanciful golden niche. upon a horse The archery. standing watching two men in their sword exercise. and dressed in blue and purple robes. another beautifully caparisoned. On the left margin is a King with crown on at head.THE SIXTEENTH PICTURE a golden emantion or halo is all around. One of them is playing a guitar. as in attendance upon them. about three fourths of the height of is it. and another a viol. it The top part has a circular opening in to allow the pointed top of the it. Sun in Leo. Others are seen at sword practice in the back ground.

but with a pale blue robe thrown loosely round the rest of the is body except the feet and ankles are bare. while another lady in blue and gold and one in yellow left side of and gold are singing a concert. At the right side stretches a landscape in various men and women The niche is couples walking about. ofi A by the THE SEVENTEENTH PICTURE A similar Cucurbit Fourteen. at the are the picture two gentlemen and a lady at table drinking wine and and eating grapes. surmounted by the figure of a lady draped in red and gold. On one wheel is Aries and is on the other Libra. while bow and she holds him from behind with a golden cord. Around her 58 an oval shaped halo . Venus in Aries and Libra.THE SEVENTEENTH PICTURE a viol. holding a golden arrow in her hand and sitting in a red golden car. Before her on the car stands a small figure of Cupid with of shooting. top cut top line of the picture. The car drawn by two doves over golden tipped arrow in the act clouds. A red heart appears in the sky. above him radiant with gold and penetrated by a red arrow. golden radiant sun rests upon the heart. To the left is seen a running stream in which many people are bathing. and golden niche as is in picture number In the Cucurbit the figure of a Queen with the upper part of her body naked.

upon a blue the car is car. Flowers are painted on the golden margin of the niche which is surmounted by the blue figure of a man rod. 59 He holds a golden . while the organist manipulates the keys in front. is wind instrument completes Literature. on one wheel are Gemini and in on the other Virgo. and Music. Beneath her feet is a golden side face of the Sun. His legs are bare from above knees to lower part of calves. holding in his hand a radiant caducean drawn by two cocks. while Sculpture represented by and two men operating with hammer and stone pedestal. possibly Venice. which is being blown by a man at the bellows behind. chisels upon a short The back ground depicts a very busy prosperous commercial city. while another is sitting at the table counting gold into bags. Science. same is a youthful boy King. Under- neath the base of the niche are two philosophers studying a Globe.THE EIGHTEENTH PICTURE like a blue and yellow rainbow. . Mercury Gemini and Virgo. dressed in red and gold. THE EIGHTEENTH PICTURE In another golden niche surrounded with birds and flowers upon a golden ground stands a Inside of the similar glass flask or cucurbit. Another is writing at a desk. Boots red and gold. Two choristers this and a man playing a brass group of Commerce. To the right side of the table is an ancient organ.

being moved by THE NINETEENTH PICTURE It is a most dismal and curiously dark weird-like subject. others fishing with rods and shooting. yet visible and partly rising above the ground at the centre of the landscape distance. convex and with an oval around. The rising of this pall-like bristly overspreads and hides totally the body of the true sun. He stands upon a crescent moon. —or middle black sun. which Ues beyond . seated a female figure holding a crescent side up. The niche surmounted by a golden car drawn by two female In the car in her is figures in red and gold. washing clothes in river. for. a river with water birds on fishermen in a boat casting nets. riding. of deep is halo of light. boating hawking. of niche is Underneath the base its surface. are seen in is middle and extreme distance. side up. behind — is to be seen golden radiations 60 . A monster black sun is in great part sunk below the ground. A bleakish stunted landscape. with black blighted withered in trees foreground. Moon is hand concave On the wheel of chariot the sign of Scorpio (Moon in Scorpio). the stream near the and a mill-wheel foreground. a sceptre in his right hand. throws a great radiance all yellow and golden emanations.THE NINETEENTH PICTURE ball in his left. and ships sailing. himtiiig.

small birds. etc.THE TWENTIETH PICTURE of the true sun. with a black cape. The mother She sits at the extreme end of the room nursing a baby family. A bath and basin on the floor ready for use.. The clouds above are red and the building seen afar are also red off (in the extreme dis- tance) and glowing. A cushion made into a car to give rides form the chief amusements. floor. hals caterpillars. Faint golden radiation are to be seen shooting through as all. butterflies. three are clad in blue and one in yellow. etc. flowers. in her lap is and keeping a watchful eye over the in red dressed is and gold. if all this foreground blackness. on a golcien ground. which illuminates with its golden tinted light a nice landscape in the extreme distance. Six of these are naked. Toy hobby horses without legs. THE TWENTIETH PICTURE In a long room are to be seen ten children of various ages at play. lies emanating from the true hidden sun which behind The margin snails. A jackdaw seen hopping about the The cat in the comer.. 61 . A servant girl is seen through the door in another apartment busy at work. upon. little paper windmills. and two bottles conis taining a yellowish liquid seen on a shelf over the door. which completes the picture.

The eyes seem so penetrating soul. golden red. and was Unable light to the Earth or waken the people. serious thoughtful and severe looking. Minaretted Castles. caterpillars. Has a THE TWENTY-FIRST PICTURE river and landscape. THE TWENTY-SECOND PICTURE Exhibits the Sun just risen. the foreground are nine women washing and and bleaching. stirring.. wringing clothes. 62 . berries. if appears wrapped in night stolen and any and as the Sun had upon them to give UNAWARES AT VERY EARLY MORNING. and flowers. moths. is Yet it life seemingly wrapped in night. drying. butterflies etc. all There nothing like sleep. snails. hanging out. beautify the landscape.THE TWENTY-FIRST & TWENTY-SECOND PICTURES Butterflies. A city is seen on the hiU right underneath the is chin of the Sun. Birds. / Houses. flies. on a golden ground complete the margin. as if they would search into and question your inmost landscape has the sanctity of night over it The and is of a blackish grey tint. fruit and flowers upon a gold ground complete this picture. A cauldron with On fire underit neath and a few black earthenware vessels surrounding are on the immediate foreground.

then is there no motion in it." dicating that through the knowledge Whereby he is in- and mastery of the ancients the renewals of the moistures will be received.ON THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FIRES A alone few blasted trees on foreground and middle distance show faint tinges of Gold. and when we shall rise in the order of our most ancient nobihty. Birds. Of these two planets senior speaks am a hot and dry Sun. " The Heat or Fire of the whole work of the first some say that the heat regimen shall be as it the warmth of a brooding hen. The " ScALA Philosophorum " follows for : treats of the is fire as uniform. In the order of nature the father chemges into the son. or that Sun and Moon have come also : home. and the " I made permanent . is which means that the Spiritud Volatile materialised. strawberries and flowers on a golden ground is in the margin completes the picture which pregnant with the DEEPEST MYSTERY that Can be known to man here or hereafter. while thou. luna. a burning light will be poured into us. art cold and moist. ON THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FIRES If a thing is deprived of its heat. and Sun and Moon become transparent. others that ought to be as the natural warmth of the digestion of food and nourish- es .

compared summer heat. the matter turns black and further till it becomes white again. as the proper one. When the White appears the Fire should be increased and continued until the perfect dr3dng up or Calcination of the Stone is . nevertheless has the operation of the Fire to be changed thrice. while some take the heat of the Sun. in her own house. this heat compared to the Sun's heat when he is in taurus and is moving towards gemini. continually. the iire has again to be made more fierce still. with a royal coat from the to the and this heat is . dried up. when the Sun is in leo when she is that is her highest is dignity. And when the stone perfectly and calcined. and clad fire. 64 . This much enough said on the government of the fire. This heat is compared to the heat of the Sun when he is in aries and begins to move towards taurus. until the stone becomes perfectly red.ON THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FIRES ment she is of the body. when in the sign of aries." is Though the stone In the obtained through one operation. first operation of the work shall the heat till be mild moderate and warm.

can be seen for some time. and red . and therefore decoct it. between these many others appear the white. white . for in the process of decoction appear the heat changed. to be a it perfect Colour. visible. yellow twice. and hardly remaining on matter long enough to be But the other yellowish colour which ariseth after the perfect white. the same that MIRALDUS says above. but they do not 65 last so long as black. twice. This is and is therefore a perfect colour. says in the It turns black twice. and all although colours appear so are there yet but three most noticeable amongst all. while conciliator calls not perfect. a yellowish one after said by miraldus. . many And colours. The principal colours are black. and before the first red.THE FIFTH TREATISE SECOND PART ON THE COLOURS WHICH APPEAR IN THE PREPARATION OF THE STONE MIRALDUS. " " TuRBA and red according to these is the : philosopher. or after the first red.

for the white is a sign of approaching Fixation. which stand in the matter for four days though black and red appear perfect a second time. till turba " : " Decoct it you see it white. for which purpose they order to stronger fire. says in the " turba heat. the Whitening should take place in a mild heat. Baleus. but turns perfectly red. which is then the first will it arise its useless. for if "Beware of great you make the red before of its fire too fierce in the beginning. make a Whereof pythagoras says 66 : " The . the PHILOSOPHER. " : While lucas. That like a coarse black ball. then the white and lastly the red. the first But perfect colour is the black resulting from the mildest heat. and quench in Vinegar and separate the white from the black. says your composition. time." is what the Philosophers say is : " the red must be extracted from the white. the Philosopher. nothing superfluous in all nor is there anything separated.. for in commencement government you ought to have in the " the black. THE FIFTH TREATISE: PART II white. According to Conciliator. leaving them but a coarse earth imder the Matter. the augmented heat separates the superfluous parts. for there it. it needs to be ex- tracted from the black for by means of the fire of calcination. or red. not capable of mixing with the pure and subtle matter of the Stone. till the Black disappears.

and in proper For itself." may be sufficient on the Colours of the Secret Philosophic it. some in Four Times. namely one to two and three to one.THE FIFTH TREATISE: PART fire. is should further be known. the Philosophers say that was made perfect in seven days others say in Four DajTS. fly For the Matter it. II more the colours change the stronger you must make the of which you must not be and the species afraid. not from About these remarks the Philosopher Lucas our Magnesia This is : " When made white. now follows the Conclusion to Hermes." is fixed in the White. while in Trituration. some say in Three Times. it does not yield its species. that " one all should not take out the aforesaid white Magnesia until the colours are perfect. It These Waters are the Weights of the Philosophers. in the Third. that the Vine which is a Sap of the Philosophers. itself when it will become a Water dividing into four other Waters. extracted in the Fifth. a father of Philosophers says. some one year. some in in Ten Days. Work. some in Forty Days. but ?) its Wine has to be opened (finished preparation. it Therefore . 67 . it forms In all this is included beginning and end. One third of it belongs to heat and two thirds to moisture. in Decoction it gets less.

as : : II In The Four Seasons of The Spring. : Geber and Aristoteles. some others again say in a Day. All this is in Three nothing else but one thing in another thing. and so are the all times. weights and names in consequence. 68 . well. these Philosophers say Years. in One Week or in One Month. otherwise of which an intelligent Artist must know he can produce nothing. Summer. and Winter. Autiunn.THE FIFTH TREATISE: PART TuRBA and Alphidius Year. for the philosophers say the Operations are manifold.

and no flames. or with aceto ACCERRIMA. iwhich burns the wood. and gives . The First is a preparation which protects the wood from being burnt. The Third is an Incineration of the dry earth. and is the beginning of our Work. a truly fixed and subtle moisture gives it is little in bulk. Thus the Philosophers order their Calcination to be made. Such moistures are " in the metals. This is proved by Hermes. The other is a fatty moisture. and the third to the Spirit. and is of three kinds which belong to the Corpus or Matter. and it is accomplished with aqua permanente. but gives a body as clear as glass. all when he says : The water the beginning of soft 69 . for they is are the beginning of fusion.THE SIXTH TREATISE ON THE PROPERTIES OF THE WHOLE WORK IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PHILOSOPHER'S STONE CALCINATION two of is put in the beginning of the Work as the Father of a Generation. of the Cold Moisture.

the process by which the coarse and the warmth earth becomes thin or subtle. For out of arises 70 . of the air. and separation of the elements. which a resolving water. of which Illumined. This takes place that those parts. There- fore it is called sublimation. and changed into the moisture of the water. place with the is Water which in reality the Sublimation. therefore the Calcination destructive moisture. the hard dr57ness into a dry softness and thus is extracted the QUINTA ESSENTIA. For this reason it is called a fusion of the incineration. is the in^dication of a fiery and of an application of a foreign life moist subject. taking of the Philosophers. further is the true fixation. for this changes . and the moisture of the air. is a reversion of the elements. lessening and changing the introduced destructive heat into an airy resolution. moistening the incinerated body. It the elementary faeces. or Philosophic Solution. which got dried and compressed by the is Fire. from which the essentiality and originates. geber says is : " What becomes Fixed becomes and changed it into a beautiful transparent substance. have become subtle through the spirit. And this a radical moisture of a very high nature. turned into the heat fire. and the extracted of is QUINTA ESSENTIA QUINTA ESSENTIA tinging infinitely. of the and the cold of this water.THE SIXTH TREATISE substances. which is'^the peculiarity of that element.

restoring spoken of at the beginning of before. because and formation. what was and bringing to : light that is which was hidden. which 71 ." This is the Philosopher's Trituration. and a tinging volatile spirit. generated in the body. unless the result all as a powder. or cleaning of blackness and stench.THE SIXTH TREATISE the SULPHUR PHiLSOPHORUM. by means faction. of is also effected the Philosopher's Putrethis book. says that as when he For the among all the arts none follows nature so closely of decoction Alchemy. or the ash extracted from ash. especially albertus magnus. is making it alive. reversing further : them in Operation. turba says " Reverse the elements. Wherefore senior declares Calcination to be is useless. powder and prepare carefully. first Therefore says turba the Putrefaction It is the and demands utmost secrecy. moist make dry. supplying the tinging force. an Elixir of the red and white Tincture. and the Dead will be made again to live by the which introduction of a pure. indestructible heat and metallic moisture. In this Work also takes place the true Ablution. For it is a It metallic water. former takes place in fiery red and metallic waters. without which the whole mastery is in vain. it all and fix that which is volatile. the true separation of the this elements. the it. It is as well the Decoction of which Philosophers speak.

that the spirit which dries up the body. may not escape from the body. when and not in : form only and appearance. Nothing else can yet be followed effected in truth on a more natural way than this art. and with the Coagulation the Philosophers complete the whole work. for the accidental moisture is is consumed by a mild fire and very great care to be taken. " There is This senior confirmed saying no man living able to exercise this art without nature. Yea and with such nature as has been^given us by Heaven to unite with nature. or clarification . or roasting." 72 . Thereof says Hermes : that the Earth is its foster mother. as otherwise the operation would not be perfect.THE SIXTH TREATISE have most from the form and but Uttle from matter. by which he means that into its power is complete when changed a constant earth capable of producing innumerable effects. as we shall see hereafter. It is as well the Philosophers Destination. It is as well the Philosophic assation. this being nothing but the uniting of a thing with its own essential moisture.

that whoever knows how to kill the living silver.THE SEVENTH TREATISE THE SEVENTH TREATISE OF THE WHOLE WORKS' MANIFOLD EFFECTS. is a master of this is a art." He further says : " The Soul is extracted Putrefaction. but very great attention has to be paid to their it Quicksilver. and in 73 . then you know by enough. or in the Sulphur which does not it bum. Senior says thus : " Our Fire is a Water. or a Spirit." Then it is called quinta essentia. and dissolve in the very strongest Vinegar . AND WHY THE PHILOSOPHERS INTRODUCE SO MANY NAMES AND ALLEGORIES IN THIS ART OF THE PREPARATION OF THE PHILOSOPHER'S STONE IT common saying of the Philosophers. also : The TURBA says it " Take Mercury and coagulate in the body of Magnesia. then have you well washed the Body. for they describe very differently and manyfold. Permanent Water or Menstrum. and when nothing more of the soul remains. that they both again are one. If you can give a Fire to a Fire and Mercury to Mercury. the Quint- essence.

cancer. it becomes a dead Quicksilver. and complexion. it it becomes red. not only ascribe the beginning of the art to Quicksilver.^ THE SEVENTH TREATISE become neither black nor white or is this Vinegar it will red. or CAPRICORN. and 74 . which when in the Signs of ARIES. speaks of it thus : have been observing a bird called the Philosophers' flies orsan. that Philosophers. the very best after that comes a costly Purple silver . and this bird you all may receive for eternity from true minerals and precious mountain stones. and thus colour. continues " The Tyrian colour red colour. gives and colour to whom it is given to take. the " I father of philosophers. Parts shall you part. but the Middle and perfect end as well. and of the fire : of a white and before the approach speaks about elixir. and this is the true Quickis it brings a sweet savour. LIBRA." all From this sufficiently to be seen. and it is a genuine Tincture. then will the in many men call it " ceram sapientae " and " plumbum." In oregard to this the Philosophers talk about roasting and distilling through Days of Time." it TuRBA it will as follows is " Lay in Gold when a beautilife become an that his Tincture. Hermes. and it it is ful water extracted from all : many tinctures. that you see wise it called of the Earth'o colours." is Further the turba . and especially that which is remains after the separation. according to Number.

is Then they mix the water which Milk and transfer it drawn off from the Virgin a white trans- into a red golden left gum and parent water. incinerate ." They also teach to roast the black Sulphur turns red. fix till it till to the ground. solve deprive jupiter of his bolt. aureum ap- PARENS.. Further rectify Body and Spirit make white venus. back to home those after wandering about far away. rectify. will never be able to get itself red. SAPIENTIAE. tinctura sapientiae. when like they distil it all is they obtain white transparent Gum the thing which so highly praised and called lac virginis. saying sticks : " Sublimate. separate the Elements and unite them again. further. especially if it AURUM SINGULARUM. unless possesses great whiteness. corpus DESIDERATUM. sulphur rubeum. and a again fire to the colours. extract the Soul from the Body. AQUA The that. make luna Citron-coloured and all bodies in water which makes them till it perfect. THE SEVENTH TREATISE Division of the Parts. and imbibe it it. gummi aureum. flows till make it dead and alive again . harden SATURN. you make it first white. which must be process they call it to coagulate. black and pure waters the Cristalline will show from the 75 . file it and break the secret becomes revealed and the revealed secret. after which Tincture of the Wise. and soften mars. Turba says the Gold also : " You should know you . Further. one Soul one Spirit drawing.

it is the perfect red and the one lessened in the perfect black in its and further blackness." is Hence clear that the gold of the Philosophers Silver .. from Minio make a Tincture. and you have begun the 76 . . and makes of a white colour. from copper make white lead. so will it help the white over the citrine and the red. " Behold the and that which is altered in its Citrinity its rednfess. not only to common Gold or Silver. different to common Gold it or though some Philosophers compare for some reasons. from tin make copper." if Therefore says senior it : " It is a peculiar thing.*" The Lead which the Philosophers call Red Lead. from white lead make Minium. after that . or Crocum from white lead make a white tincture. . but even to all metals. it helps the red over the and makes it it white over the white and red and . work. and nothing can be done without therefore some say : " From red lead iron. THE SEVENTH TREATISE Citron red. SENIOR says "I am a dry and hard Iron. it will turn the colour of silver Citrine. for I am a coagulation to the Quicksilver of the says : Philosophers. makes Citrine Golden coloured it then it helps as well the red over the Citrine. or tin." : Of these things morienus speaks thus perfect Citrine." TuRBA " Copper and Lead become a precious Stone of the Philosophers. you throw over the other three already mixed up. and nothing is : like me. make is a beginning of the whole it .

to blood. for their force does not multiply. AURiPiGMENT and TUTiA. but comes to nothing instead. to the Basilisk. all on account of manyfold qualities. nor would you find guidance your purpose with them. as is mentioned. Four Comlike plexions. as morienus says. Alum. among minerals to Salt. : Above beware of things alphidius warns us thus " Dear Son. 7^ . where he says : almisadir. bodies and stones which are dead. afterwards of labour. that is sal amoniac. and at last with a great deal becomes the Mercury of of all is the Philosophers. spirits." Of this SENIOR says it it : " that at first it turns to ashes. to Teriac.THE SEVENTH TREATISE Wisdom. of which the stinking earth wins golden scintillations. nothing it is approaches Gold so nearly as Lead. Uke as other alkaline salts are absorbed from other bodies. but this is not meant of common also Lead. it it is compared Others again compare as to the to many things not mineral at all. Vitriol. while the Salt of the Philosophers is a Tincture extracted and absorbed from the bodies of metals. for in them for no way. Moreover marcasit." Although the Philosopher says that. But the best and noblest sal amoniac. for in all the Life and the occult Secret . becomes a Salt. and such superfluous things. its and other things. as con- firmed by ARISTOTLE in his book of the seven command- ments. to ARSENIC.

" The same says turba itself " Know is that the body does not tinge in itg interior. which Sulphur most subtle a radical moisture. is their noblest and part. a crystalline salt. of a perfect colouring. and colours the tingent spirit of a watery nature to an Elixir. but the proper one of a thin nature. sweet if and savoury and it were to remain for a year on the fire would always be like molten wax. for it solves the bodies. which mixed with all the metals. is On that account. and an all penetrating Tincture.PERFECTION OF THE WHOLE MASTERY shall serve soft you only. because the thick earthy is substance cannot tinge. because there has been extracted a white and red fixation. the moisture or the water which is extracted from the metallic bodies. THE PERFECTION OF THE WHOLE MASTERY DEPENDS ON THESE FEW POINTS: That the sulphur be extracted from the perfect bodies. and makes them : and spiritual. unless the Spirit which it hidden be extracted. called the Soul of the 78 . Wherefore Quick- a small part exalteth a large quantity of silver into common genuine Gold. which. THEY have MARS fixed. when will become a water and a body of a spiritual nature.

Of the first the Philosophers say that it if taken in a warm palsy. jaundice. and of which the old Sages discovered four principal virtues. colic. It strengthens an unhealthy stomach. mental diseases . and cures man of various diseases Secondly. so that where one end? the other begins. restores the lame limbs. as well as external ones. draught of wine or water. which to its opponents like a strong tower. leprosy. fever. and renews the teeth. or Mercury. it gives health . PERFECTION OF THE WHOLE MASTERY Stone. In the last part is to be noticed the virtues and powers is of the noble Tincture. it softens every kind of glass. All these three are a united thiag of one sole effects but having manifold all and innumerable names. which. Spirit. root. when used takes as a salve. it heals bums and gangrene. as well 79 . away rheumatism and and bad eyes. . dropsy. the quintessence the ultimate TINCTURE. though having the same meaning are yet like a chain linked into one another. it it makes perfect the metallic bodies .. changes all base stones into precious ones and Fourthly. cures all it it relieves catarrh it and invigorate'^ the heart brings back the faculty of hearing. Thirdly. will immediately cure paralysis. but its forces axe named . palpitation. Firstly. when affecting things of a Sulphurous nature while the solid is Earth is the Body. and many other internal diseases.

for all a medicine above other medicines of Hippocrates. changes im- perfect metals into Gold. Rubies and Topazes. Sapphires.PERFECTION OF THE WHOLE MASTERY as impostunies . softness and hardness. 80 . It softens much fuses more powerful than the natural all and base and precious stones. The rest may be learnt by experience by any skilful artist. fistulas. in mixing this medicine with molten glass. Physicians. weight and consistency. ALEXANDER. further CrjTstals into Garnets. and Surpasses all the learned This medicine should as well be mixed with or other ones meeting the particular disease. it can be taken or used as salve or powder. for all external injuries. as well as in kind. with water all About the second virtue it is written that it . of silver and this is evident for eyer5rthing becomes Gold in colour. rejuvenates inside and outside. which are ones. substance. it is fresh. swellings. Senior says that it makes the man joyous. cancers. galen. as in Jasper. the latter may be cut and changed into all colours. fusion. AvicENNA. healthy. White and Red Coral. Emerald. And FOURTHLY. constantine. this Thirdly. according to what is written (!) medicine changes all stones into precious ones. ChrysoUte.

It fine Gold. her youngest fruit being the true AURUM. is obtained that which furthers long life. likes. and only those with suitable faculties and knowledge will find it easy and natural. CONCLUSION The most noble Art and comforter of the poor. End of Splendor 81 Solis . So says the Philosopher senior "A sensible man. above all natural arts. and her fruits are better than the wealth of all the world. is without the stone getting as good as giving superfluous This Art is also better than all commerce. is to be esteemed as the gift of God for it is hidden mostly in manifold proverbs. £ind get a knowledge of this art. thus hiding the proper operations and thus rendering their unriddling difiicult. will soon perceive it from the books. Gold and Silver. the noble Alchemy. For by means of this Art. which is shown in the wit and Artfulness of the manifold parables and roundabout sa5dngs. But as senior says " For those who have no natural understanding of these things. figurative sayings and parables ." Whosoever therefore will act wisely should search for the Wisdom of the old Philosophers. of the old Sages. there is nothing so precious in Nature as he who possesses this Art he is like one " who had a flint from which he strikes fire : and gives to whosoever he any smaller through it. the most powerful balm and most precious gift of God. health. which the old Philosophers could find in Nature with their Art.. which man may ever have on earth. if his mind and intellect are : illuminated. To think over these things requires a very subtle mind. if he but tries this art.

secret. he fixed the Lead until fluid. fellow. when was Gold. I was grieved at heart that I could not have this art. he took 20 Loth (10 ounces). came to a Miner an Alchemist. I 1498 WHEN with I was a young Flocker. Shortly thereafter he tumbled down a mine and no one could tell what was the artifice he had used.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL WANDERINGS AND ADVENTURES Translated from the IN SEARCH OF THE PHILOSOPHER'S STONE AURUM VELLUS. became hard. named who was also but he kept his knowledge get nothing out of him. Therehalf of upon he parted the it Silver. adding to it a peculiar Sulphur. and I could He it used a Process commom and later Lead. mark pure unalloyed Silver. ROHRSCHACH. then on soft like Wax. but he refused to tell his secret process. 82 . cast it in an ingot. and put both materials in flux Of 1 this prepared Lead. and kept the composition in fusion for half an hour. or Brimstome.

learning kinds of Alchemical Operations. and all in these wan- passed 18 months. Then I travelled about. While he was haggling with the merchant 83 I took six Loth of the . Then I journeyed with the Jew to Venice. and came to an Italian tradesman. materials. I started in the year 1473 on my travels to search out an artist in Alchemy. There heard some excellent lectures and served as an assis- tant. fire. and I had their art I pleased I when they operated with was and they kept nothing from me. up and down in Italy. me as The Jew a Servant. In this way I learnt their art. for about a year. who understood German. like These two made English Tin look the best fine Silver. but I saw the reality of of I some of the particular processes. I offered to serve them. I and where derings I I heard of one went to him. which worked with I corrosive and poisonous and stopped with them fourteen weeks. and came to a monastery. and sold it largely. and a Jew. nevertheless I would not give up the search. There he sold to a Turkish merchant forty pounds of this Silver. and I spent 200 Florins my own money. as them well. thence to Milan. of no great importance. persuaded the Trader to take to attend the diligent.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL As I WANDERINGS had seen it really done by this miner. thought of boarding with some of my friends. and took a I journey to Laibach.

strong acids. and there we got sumptuous food. He directed me to an Agsayer on Saint Marks' Place. I The next day went to Saint Marks' Place. was an Institution nations for destitute strangers. and asked him to test the Silver. it stand the test. and refined on the Cupel in the fire. all flew away And they spoke I told harshly to I me asking where I got the Silver. He had it three German Assaybut did not They soon brought the and Silver to the test with . WANDERINGS who spoke Latin. I and that and I was glad to have got but had the 84 art should not mind . art. and brought it to a Goldsmith. and asked there if they could give ment. it them had come on purpose to have was real silver. and if I had any more I I said I had no more it. me two meals daily while I looked for employ- The Rector told me of a Hospital where there were It other Germans. I and kept two Joume5mien. I then went to a College in Venice. assistants. through the false silver. and one of the Assay assistants came up. and people of all came there. I tested.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL Silver. who was portly and Wealthy. for I feared and paid no more attention to their to get into trouble together with the Jew. I returned not to the Jew. of that silver. that I might know if it When saw the fraud. and asked Silver ? me where I got that of it ? Why rid of I had it tested.

as in that place. and there was a special cook for the whole Laboratory assistants. work in alchemical That pleased him vastly. named Tauler. and ready Each workman had his own private staff of room. There everything one could think of was provided for use. the test gave three Loth fine Gold. but Succeeded with the Particular Process. which had been sent to the nobleman. and he was glad to get me. So he engaged me on as well. the spot at a weekly wage of two crowns and board He took me about six Italian miles out of Venice to a fine large mansion called in all Ponteleone. and he took me to the Chief Chemist. It was a Cinnabar the Chief had covered with to try all kinds of to get it dirt. I never saw such Laboratory work. a German. just my knowledge. who kept a I laboratory. arid on testing the ingot of the fixed Mercury. kinds of Particular Processes. and he told I me done with in two days. the whole weighed nine Loth. and he asked I me if I could work in a Laboraotry told him I was a Laborant travelling on purpose to Laboratories. four days previously.TRISOMSIN'S ALCHEMICAL telling it WANDERINGS ? to him. and who wanted a German straight readily accepted. That pleased the Assayer. The Chief Chemist gave me at once an Ore to work on. and medicines. 85 . and he told me of a nobleman Assistant. was kept busy.

but give charity.K. and also mentioned. was pleased with the money. tapped me on the shoulder and gave I me twenty-nine crowns. Therefore be silent. my first it work and stroke The Chief Chemist reported to the nobleman. he gave me kinds of operations to do. even if you have the highest Tincture. everything had to be kept secret. 86 . who came out un- expectedly. He but spoke a funny kind of Latin I I could hardly understand. for A process a Tincture in the Greek Language. was then put on oath not to reveal my Art to anyone (*). brought that I Therewith tinged secret. even if To make a as it long story short. to I which he gave great attention.000 Crowns on these cash for all paying manner of books in various languages. and this was kept most Mere Metallurgy. let he has got the Truth. —J. myself witnessed that he paid 6. I saw and all kinds of operations at this Nobleman's Labora- tory. all as the Chief Chemist favoured me. that our arts. three metals into fine Gold * . someone boasts of his art. employer spent about 30.000 Crowns for the Manuscript sarlamethon. spoke to me in Latin. called me his Fortunatum. process to a finish in fifteen weeks.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL That was WANDERINGS of luck. This the nobleman I had soon translated and gave me to work. God's Justice will not such a one go on. If should be.

our gentleman with nobility many others ship. my care. All these is had the great treasures of the tincture and it surprising that god should have revealed such it Secrets to the Heathen. these I had and then again retranslated into Latin.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL WANDERINGS This nobleman was gorgeous and powerful. in a most indescribable manner from the same 87 . to a still better place in my purpose. the men but they kept the Chief Chemist. The Laboratory was then shut up by the paid off. There I found and captured the Treasure of the Egyptians with. and when once throwing a year the Signoria went out to of a sea. was drowned. JULATON. family. all then I began working out the Best Tincture (but they proceed. to witness the Gem Ring into the water at the ceremony of wedding the Adriatic. After a while I saw the fundamental principles of this art. SUNSFOR. but they kept very secret. . I also saw what was the great Subj ect they worked and the ancient Heathen Kings used such Tinctures and have themselves operated with them. where Cabalistic and Magical books Egyptian language were entrusted to carefully translated into Greek. of the Venetian went out in his grand pleasure when suddenly a hurrican arose and he with many others of the Venetian Lords and Rulers. namely. I Then for went away from Venice. Kings XOFAR. XOGAR. XOPHALAT. XOMAN and others.

I will One part tinged 1. WHEREOF THOU ART A PART. can compare with. WHAT THOU ART.500 parts Silver into Gold. ALL THAT ALSO IS IS WITHOUT THEE WITHIN. WHAT THOU KNOWEST OF THIS THIS IS REALLY ART. STUDY WHAT THOU ART.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL root). I was amazed. 88 . WANDERINGS Work I when I came to the end of the found such a beautiful red coloiu: as no scarlet tell. and such a treasure as words cannot and which can be infinitely augmented. THUS WROTE TRISMOSIN. not tell how after manifold augmentation what quantimultiplica- ties of Silver and other metal I tinged after the tion.

and from one. 2. faction. But the Philosophers say that the longer the Water remains on the surface of the Earth. than the raw ones some Philosophers say that the the fixation. The GENERATION has to be preceded by the putre1.. . our Water has to be dried into Earth. AVINCENA'S SEVEN RULES FOR THE COMPOSITION OF THE PHILOSOPHER'S STONE The FIRST Operation is the extraction of the most noble and pure substance from Matter. the more thoroughly will the latter be washed. materials are of more use in our work. that you must work is being perfected in and that all goes into one. 5 Now follows the coagulation. and upon 89 know that the whole of our one way or manner. which Besides all is calcination is the same as not badly told. one. The Matter or Subject to be dissolved in Water. and has thus to become a powder.. After this it must be calcinated. for the Philosophers say that the destruction of one thing 4. as the calcined 6. because both have to go through Sublimation. 3. Dealbation is necessary that the putrefied Matter may be washed and purified from all corruption and impurity. for through the moderate warmth and boiling of our Sun. 7. is the Generation of another. in one vessel.

" SARONA DOAP AURi." " RED EAGLE." " liber suforeton. summarized by Professor Schmieder History of Alchemy. and sublimate in a proper Sublimimg 2." GEROTON." " NEFOLON." " MORATOSAN. and 4 Loth calcined Table and triturate with 20 Loth Corrosive Sublimate. assuming any responsibility as comprising the gist of treatises in the aureum vellus under the headings " CANGENIUERON. it Vessel.." &c. Salpetre. 1832. of but not in the original Manuscript SPLENDOR 1. which 3X6 to be found in the printed books." " viATOLON. Carefully take out the Sublimate and resublimate with 20 Loth fresh Salts. During 90 this Operation it will .: TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL PROCESS CALLED THE RED LION. pubhshed in his Rohrschach. is as follows (4ozs. 8 Loth calcined Salt." " ELECTRUM SORONEL- LA. 1598. 1602 and 1622." " USEFUR. AND GIVEN as at length in the aureum vellus.) calcined Take 8 Loth Alum. SOLIS." : " copulatur. also in the toison d'or. and veiled of in the Pictures and Treatises SPLENDOR soLis is given with aU reservation and without for its correctness or efficacy.

and the whole This of the Sublimate will pass over into the Recipient. is the it MERCURY of the Philosophers. distilled The Alcohol over is poured back (cohobated) covered about a finger's on the residue breadth. to eat bread thickly spread with butter. just cover it with the Mercurial Water. on gentle heat 15 days." 91 . The Gold sediment divide into two parts. in leaf or thin beaten. and remains as an 4. but it will not be reduced to a like and only remain at the bottom a greasy substance. and is will become blood red this the " Lion's Blood. upon the Gold. in a closed 'Phial. and cover it with Alcohol. and it let the mixture putrefy . then pour oft the Mercurial Water. 3. 5. and dissolve liquid entirely. in the retort. when the Water it. Take fine Gold. on account of the poisonous fumes. Put the Sublimate distil in a Glass Retort. the Mercurial Water. and put the will begin to act retort on gentle heat. and must be kept or Glass stoppered bottle. which can be used again. 7.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL PROCESS be wholesome. oil over in water bath until half the fluid behind. as were the " Hellish Fire in Water." This Mercurial Water fumes always. put it in a glass retort. Take one half and pour thereon Alcohol. 6. until it is This Distillation repeat three times.

of pure Quicksilver. then variegated. project it on 1000 parts Tin or Lead in fusion. project will on one it thousand fine gold. arise. 12. and it light grey last it will at is firist turn black. Take one part of Tincture B. 92 . wrap in paper and project on 1000 Grains (or parts) of Gold in fusion. wrapped in paper.. it Take one grain it part) thereof. Take one part of Tincture it B. wrapped Quicksilver. When it has remained in fusion (B. the gold will turn to Tincture. in paper.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL PROCESS 8. and transmute into Project one part of Tincture A. Take one part of Tincture C. then it when heat This ! increased will turn yellow and at deep red. project the same on 1000 parts heated fine Gold. an hour.) it (?) for f of 10. is the first Tincture. 11. (A) Provided does not explode 9. and will be transmuted into Gold. upon 1000 parts until the which has been heated will fumes and the Quicksilver be changed into Tincture (C). This Lion's Blood pour into another glass retort. and give it the heat of the Dog Days. or Phial. which seal hermetically. The Red Tincture triturate (How ?) will a fulminate (or (?) triturate in a glass Mortar. parts fine Silver. and it will become transmuted into 13.

which. aged and makes women 18.. be transmuted into Gold of a very red colour. in the morning. dissolved in strong wine. and brittle Gold. prolific. it will be transmuted into Melt the Gold that has been transmuted of the iron. and a wine- glassful taken fasting in the morning will cure Leprosy or any skin diseases in a few days. until they are undeceived while those of us who have had no personal experience in that part of the practical Philosophy of the Ancients. it with equal gold transmuted from Quicksilver. TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL PROCESS 14. feel rich. and will become good malleable Gold. it will strengthen It rejuvenates the and take a spoonful and renew your constitution. 16. and project it on Copper in fusion. 17. 15. Tincture C. in strong alcoholic wine. will at least they fail to give the promised : have that virtue left they will make those who believe in them. Thus far the unguaranteed directions for making the if Philosophers Stone. un- 93 . result. Dissolve some Tincture B. Project some Tincture B on red hot iron. Take one part and it will of Tincture B. inslert the iron again into the blaze.

for which eating bread. we have learned itself. 94 . hoping. for apart fumes. and of rejuvenation. with the ! but forgotten DOMINIE Sampson or doubting. left wide open. thickly spread with butter. The Medical ef&cacy of the Tincture is afi&rmed in the book ARUM VELLUS in (xoisoN d'or) not Only in general terms. the Gold. we can only : exclaim. but instances of particular restoration to health. Some process has been omitted that would shut that trap and render the fulminate harmless. no one but a practical from the poisonous As concerns the Process Chemist should attempt it. of the aged there given. some Truth. Here the question of its arises is whether in depriving the Fulminate also FULMEN it ? not deprived of its power of Transmutation question : Which further gives rise to the crucial Is aurum fulminans the philosopher's stone ? This question can only be answered by the careful experiments of trained Chemists. —Sublimation Fulminating should be done under an open chimney with a strong upward draft — ^there is that lovely booby-trap.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL PROCESS qualified either to affirm or deny the above extraordinary all statements. would hardly be a safe and sufi&cient antidote. that " prodigious " and pass on.

it is related in the Preface to the book " elucidarius chymicus. or have been tampered with. The " Splendor Solis . his patronage. Of TRISMOSIN. the Artist possibly a Fugger. may have by encouraged who produced of this Manuscript. his am that if not executed by tismosin's order. whose name Schmieder believes to have been Pfeifer. 1617 " that he lived by virtue of (or perhaps. some wealthy Amateur Alchemist. of opinion. I is its magnificent Pictures of indubitable artistic the best of those Alchemical compositions.TRISMOSIN'S ALCHEMICAL PROCESS The origin of the writings attributed to Trismosin is uncertain and wrapped in mystery. despite) his ! medicine to I an age of one hundred and fifty years so mote it be 96 . and that he was a Saxon. with the " splendor exception sous " and his Alchemical WANDERINGS " are either spurious." apart from merit. and " all the writings attributed to that author. and under immediate directions.

(PERNETY. It differs from radiance. As the Unfixed and Fixed are drawn out of the same Mercurial source. is and in common moon Chemistry. or rays Splendour also means emanating from a luminous body. is 39). is the FIXED. glittering . In an 18th Century Cyclopedia (Zedler. as the splendour of the Sun. the Philosophers say the sun is the Father and the moon the Mother of the Philosopher's Stone. according to the Dictionary is the state or quality of being splendid. Sol in Alchemy.EXPLANATORY NOTES 1. giving out or reflecting Light. 96 . They 6. Splendour called. Excellence. 3. simply means Sulphur of the Philosophers. Splendor. These are the two Dragons of Flamel. also call the innate Fire in Matter sol. Magnificence. 4. the brightness. Glory. The SOL or sun of the Philosophers of Mercurial Origin. brightly shining . DICTIONNAIRE MYTHO-HERMETIQUE). while the the unfixed part of Matter of the great work. light. or brillance of light which a dark body incapable of giving out has revived from a luminous body. —exceeding brilliancy of emitted or reflected light 2. lustrous. gold. vol.

is a list ii. Alchemist. 339. 363) an unknown period nor can he be as of the Twelfth Century. author of ten works on Alchemy. philosophi. 1. Alphidius. Works are contained in 21 Folio Volumes. The Sun the is the Mystic Symbol for the Soul." is according to schmieder's history of ALCHEMY preserved the in the Library of the escurial. 1760-7. histoire DE LA CHiMiE. 348. Considers HoEFER. 363." vol. are formed by the and Soul. comprising the knowledge of his time. vol. gives MADRID. Medicine. as the Sun Life-giving Light illumines World with and Energies. p. of his works. whose real who name would be Abu This author was jussuF jacub ben ishak al kenda. 8. c. His collected Theologian. well versed in Mathematics. Michael his bibliotheca i. p.e. Albertus MAGNUS Philosopher (1193-1280) Dominican monk. ARABICO-HISPANO ESCURIALENSIS. does the soul sustain the body with Life and Thought. in Alchemy and Astrology. name probably a Latinised corruption of al kindi. p. of makes out an alchemical writer classified (id p. CLAVES QUINQUE ET ALIA FRAGMENTA DE LAPIDE PHILOSOPHICO COMPONENDO. Casiri. He was Latin MS. a "Alphidi.EXPLANATORY NOTES 6. Al kend not as kopp " alchemie.. Physics. died between 861-870. Body and Mind 7. vol. 97 .

the Alchemist. blended with the Life of the Alchemist morienus. of Eygpt. vol. possibly. MANGETI BIBLIOTHECA CHEMICA CURIOSA. or ABU ALI AL HUSSEIN BEN ABDALLA IBN (980-1036) siNA. " The " letter to Alexander of course. bibliotheque des PHILOSOPHES CHIMIQUE. spurious. Let not the reader be discouraged by the word " spurious. such precautions were necessary. 10. of Sultan The Romantic story calid. See also in morienis romani de compositione ALCHEMIAE. i. ch. 98 . it was dangerous to be suspected of Occult knowledge. and richebourg's vol. or MARiANOS. The wisest Adepts. but the contents of the of great value. No. and In WAITE'S lives of the ALCHEMISTICAL PHILOSOPHERS. Some of his writings are in in the mangeti bibliotheca CHEMicA cuRiosA and 11." The author's name may be work may nevertheless be In times when forged. AVICENA. theatrum chemicum. is METEOROLOGicoRUM. 2. DE LA PHiLOSOPHiE HERMETiQUE. equally famous as Philosopher and Physician. No. is not identical with the Stagirite Philosopher (384-322 B. Aristotle. referred to in the Preface. &C. 53-7. concealed their identity behind these ancient names. pp. 28. ii. or kalid.) but the Fourth Book. i. 21. of the ancient Greek Philosopher.EXPLANATORY NOTES 9.C.. is. given in lenglet du fresnoy's histoire vol.

. 1893. whose true name was abu mussa jafar most famous mediaeval alchemist. 12. axid thus for treatment of disease. hell. menaldus." vol. the at Seville. later called Galenical Medicines. senior. of the genuine works of geber to be found in berthelot's " la vol. is Vol. Geber. 29 and 31. pp. 52. Foremost among them his " sum of PERFECTION. "oeuvres de djaber. about 800 c. saying " So yovt too." also tO be found in richebourg's bibliotheque des philosophes CHIMIQUES. CHIMIE AU MOYEN AGE. iii . MANGETI BIBLIOTHECA CHEMICA CURIOSA." See " Life Understood " by F. a Physician of Asia Minor. Paracel$us the Swiss Alchemist and Physician first (1493-1541) nicknamed the other " Luther " the teacher who ever held a chair of Physical Science. Century. became the Father of Pharmacy. is 'The best text. flourished His chief works are reproduced AL SOFI. will burn in p. He prepared drugs." 99 . foregoing.EXPLANATORY NOTES 11. in i.e. Rawson." Paris. No." " SUMMA PERFECTIONIS MAGISTERI. miraldus. however. began his lectures at Basle by lighting some sulphur in a dish : and burning the works of Galen and others. L. Galenus." a vast improvement on the 13. i. Hali. in the second Christian No alchemical works are attributed to him. &c. are names occurring in an Alchemical work " turba philosophorum. 126-224. No. 4.

The sun carries it is the Father. so can all things be improved by adaptation to that mind. nevertheless convey valuable suggestions. whose works are actually quoted. 14. when he is No certain date can be given if supposed to have is is lived. : ever. The sayings upon pythagoras. whatever is below is is like that which is above : and that which above Uke that which below to accomplish one sole miracle. socrates. 100 . though never uttered by those ancient Greek Sages.. and introduce them in a form of of of discussion on Transmutation. The emerald and without is TABLE OF HERMES. identical unknown Egyptian toth. the moon the Mother. falsehood . &c. have lived in the 12th at other times aristeus. EXPLANATORY NOTES attributed to a Latin writer named sometimes arisleus. supposed to century. as foUows It is true.. writers Some names foisted are fictitious. and it is nursed by the Earth. As all things have come from one mind. the Father supposed to be of Alchemy and Hermetic with the equally Philosophy. held by an assembly others are Philosophers." The author's idea was to take leading Quotations from all the writers on Alchemy he knew. may Hermes. the Wind It is in its belly. . The title of the book can be translated either as "Contention" or "Assembly" of "Philosophers.

1849.. the greatest Physician of Antiquity. i. the force darkness shall from thee. I have to say on the Solar Work finished. 19. Adaptation can this wonderful thing be done. and. that overcomes all subtle things all and penetrates and only by solid. No. from the Fire. are by the Sydenham purely medical. bom at Cos. EXPLANATORY NOTES all the Father of the Power in the world. and all gets the Force of Above Thus the Glory flee of the World This will is be thine. of The Genuine Works Greek. Separate the Earth carefully. 16. 460 B. but and with great judgment. vol. " It ascends from Earth to Heaven." This version will be found to that appears at the end of " Philosophers. an island off the coast of Asia Minor. having mastered What is the three parts of the whole world's Philosophy. differ slightly from the one The Lives The of the Alchemystical London. the subtle from the coarse.C. J 101 . 1815. Golden Treatise (Tractatus Aureus) can be found in mangeti bibliotheca CHEMICA CURIOSA. of FORCES. thereby and Below. Its virtue is complete when changed into Earth. and published Hippocrates translated fron^ the Society. " Hence I am called Thrice Great Hermes. For thus the World is created. and descends from Heaven to Earth. Hippocrates.

(1) ad euthiciam. Rhases Sulphate describes of Iron. by this author (3) : basil. The scALA PHILOSOPHORUM. 18. allegorical LIBER DEFINITIONUM. or of Castres. is He quotes Roger Bacon and Ricardus Anglus. first RosiNUS. its an error to attribute authorship to the Arabian. The " Liber Lumen Lumtnmn " was a recent work 17. of is attributed to guido montanor. p. and the General properties of the Philosopher's Stone. an Arabian Alchemist. was written by Rhases and it is Castrensis. According who to lived in the reign of the Khalif Al-Mansur. are lost. a famous Arabian Physician. most of which vol. whom very little is known. therefore physician. Hoefer Histoire de La Chimie. giving descriptions of the Male Principles. he composed 226 books. 341. when Splendor Solis appeared. Abou Abaiah. 95. According to Schmieder History of Alchemy. contains three treatises (2) The artis aurifera. " Liber the Lumen Luminum " composed in Latin Rhjmies. i. ' a preparation of Sulphuric Acid from in a way similar to the Nordhausen Process. a French Alchemist. and Female AD SARANTANTAM EPISCOPUM. p. 14th Century writers. and quoted 102 . says : that in the book lumen luminum magnum. Rhases (860-940). quoted by 1610. in Languedoc.EXPLANATORY NOTES 16.

vol. that all metals consisted of Salt. 20. foundation to the theory of Trimaterialism.e. 21.EXPLANATORY NOTES by Ripley and other 15th Century Artists. who lived about His book laid the i. an Arabian 1200. his age when the This MS. If he was not an Adept its and only a why the Manuscript with cabn sensible 103 . in "the FIRST PARABLE " are largely taken from avicena de CONGLUTINATIONE LAPiDis. The book is included in mangeti bibliotheca chemica curiosa. No. 74. A Latin is given in Mangeti Bibliotheca Chemica Curiosa. The scenes in the margins probably depict reminiscences of his " wanderings " that he may have recounted to the artist. ii. " AuTOR TRIUM VERBORUM. i. Assuming that he was a youth when he started on his travels. &c. Alchemist. No. as Can be seen by a comparison with that Treatise. 79." the author of " The 19. of Book Three Words " is kalled rachaidib. No. 36. in the threatrum chemicum. in 1473.. would favour the idea that he returned wealthy from Italy and lived in retirement as fraud. Trismosin's Story of his travels also gives a reason Venetian Palaces and Italian landscapes that appear in his allegorical Pictures. translation vol. an Adept. ii.. Mercury. and Sulphur. for the vol. The ideas on the origin of mountains. was produced would have been over a hundred.

Printed by Fox. The End. England. the 22 Pictures of Splendor Sblis are arranged in the same order as the 22 Keys of the Tarot and have the same M3^tic meaning. Oxford. not intended for publication ? ? Why the artistic painting^ of undoubted merit 22. As I have already observed in the Introductory. . Jones A Co. High Street..EXPLANATORY NOTES writing.

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