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tort. conditions of work. OTHER LABOR (ECONOMICS). or property. broadly conceived. PARTS OF LABOUR POLICY 2 |Page . trade unions.one of the three main factors of production LABOR ECONOMICS. the economic field. remuneration. encompassing study of Labor (economics) LABOR PARTY. and industrial relations. Unlike the laws of contract.Labor Law: Defition: The varied body of law applied to such matters as employment. In its most comprehensive sense the term includes social security and disability insurance as well. a political party in various countries LABOR/LE TRAVAIL. the elements of labor law are somewhat less homogeneous than the rules governing a particular legal relationship. an academic journal focusing on the Canadian labor movement.

In the great civilizations of antiquity there were great aggregations of labor which was not solely.History of labor law: concerns the development of labor law as a way of regulating and improving the life of people at work. • Article 11 of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery. ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex. Some of the maladies were described by Pliny and classed as “diseases of slaves. producing the same sort of evils and industrial maladies known and regulated in our own times. forced labor and child labor. • Article 17 provides for a fundamental right to exercise the freedom of association and the right to form unions. • Article 18 proscribes the right of its citizens to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation and to conduct any lawful trade or business. though frequently it was predominantly. • Article 37(e) makes provision for securing just and humane conditions of work. Other important points which also part of this law are:  Labor Legislation 3 |Page ." And he gave descriptions of processes. Labor laws in Pakistan: The Constitution of Pakistan contains a range of provisions with regards to labor rights found in Part II: Fundamental Rights and Principles of Policy. slave labor. • Article 25 lays down the right to equality before the law and prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sex alone. and for maternity benefits for women in employment. Some of the features of manufacture and mining on a great scale arose.

 Contract of Employment  Termination of the Contract  Working Time and Rest Time  Working hours  Paid Leave  Maternity Leave and Maternity Protection  Other Leave Entitlements  Minimum Age and Protection of Young Workers  Equality  Pay Issues  Workers' Representation in the Enterprise  Trade Union and Employers Association Regulation  Freedom of association  Registration of trade unions These all points are also the part of Pakistani constitution and it is also declared that the Federal Laws of Pakistan are published by the Government in a document called the Gazette of Pakistan. Law and Parliamentary Affairs in addition publishes individual Acts through the Official Gazette. The Ministry of Justice. 4 |Page .

laws are enacted by the Federal Government. are 5 |Page .50% in the manufacturing & mining sector and remaining 42. growth of trade unions. However. and to conduct any lawful trade or business. The total labor force of Pakistan is comprised of approximately 37. since its independence to mirror the shifts in governance from martial law to democratic governance. the government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan has introduced a number of labor policies. Under the Constitution labor is regarded as a ‘concurrent subject’. state of industrial development. Government’s commitment to development and social welfare. with 47% within the agriculture sector. domestic servants. The laws have evolved through a continuous process of trial to meet the socio-economic conditions. population and labor force explosion. The obligatory contents of each labor contract.Labor Legislation: Pakistan labor laws trace their origination to legislation inherited from India at the time of partition of the Indo-Pak subcontinent.15 million people. 10. Contract of Employment: While Article 18 of the Constitution affords every citizen with the right to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation. for the sake of uniformity. which means that it is the responsibility of both the Federal and Provincial Governments. The Ordinance applies to all industrial and commercial establishments throughout the country employing 20 or more workers and provides for security of employment. their labor contracts are generally unwritten and can be enforced through the courts on the basis of oral evidence or past practice. Every employer in an industrial or commercial establishment is required to issue a formal appointment letter at the time of employment of each worker. the Industrial and Commercial Employment (Standing Orders) Ordinance was enacted in 1968 to address the relationship between employer and employee and the contract of employment.50% in various other professions. stipulating that Provincial Governments may make rules and regulations of their own according to the conditions prevailing in or for the specific requirements of the Provinces. In the case of workers in other establishments. To meet the above named objectives. farm workers or casual labor engaged by contractors. level of literacy. if written.

either him or herself. Other categories of workers are not entitled to notice or pay in lieu of notice. All terminations of service in any form must be documented in writing stating the reasons for such an act. terms and conditions of appointment. retrenched. through the shop steward or through his or her trade union within three months of the occurrence of the cause of action. in writing.confined to the main terms and conditions of employment. aimed at regulating the labor-management relations in the country. One month’s wages are calculated on the basis of the average wage earned during the last three months of service. pay allowances and other fringe benefits admissible. 6 |Page . namely nature and tenure of appointment. discharged or dismissed from service. Forms of termination have been described as removed. Termination of the Contract: The services of a permanent worker cannot be terminated for any reason other than misconduct unless one month’s notice or wages in lieu thereof has been furnished by the employer or by the worker if he or she so chooses to leave his or her service. and bring his or her grievance to the attention of his or her employer. If a worker is aggrieved by an order of termination he or she may proceed under Section 46 of the Industrial Relations Ordinance 2002.

cotton ginning. holidays for a period of fourteen consecutive days. Similarly. every worker who has completed a period of twelve months continuous service in a factory shall be allowed. If a worker fails in any one such period of twelve months to take the whole of the holidays allowed to him or her. * Paid Leave: As provided in the Factories Act. or by intermittent periods of involuntary unemployment not exceeding thirty days in the aggregate. Where the factory is a seasonal one. if such adult worker in a factory is engaged in work. under the age of 18. can be required or permitted to work in excess of seven hours a day and 42 hours a week. employing ten or more workers.Working Time and Rest Time * Working hours: Under the Factories Act. which governs the conditions of work of industrial labor. The Factories Act. any holidays not taken by him or her shall be added to the holidays allotted to him or her in the succeeding period of twelve months. no young person. The Provincial Governments are further empowered to extend the provisions of the Act. or by a strike which is not an illegal strike. sugar or tea. or by a lock-out. per section 4 of the Factories Act is that which is exclusively engaged in one or more of the following manufacturing processes. defined as a worker who has completed his or her 18th year of age. A seasonal factory. which for technical reasons must be continuous throughout the day. applies to factories. cotton or cotton jute pressing. the manufacture of coffee. accident or authorized leave not exceeding ninety days in the aggregate for all three. an adult worker shall work no more than fifty hours in any week and no more than ten hours in any day. the adult worker may work no more than fifty-six hours in any week. 1934. and authorized leave shall be deemed not to 7 |Page . A worker shall be deemed to have completed a period of twelve months continuous service in a factory notwithstanding any interruption in service during those twelve months brought about by sickness. can be required or permitted to work in any establishment in excess of nine hours a day and 48 hours a week. indigo. rubber. during the subsequent period of twelve months. namely. However. 1934 no adult employee. to even five workers.

Based on facts and on a sincere dialogue. This principle suffers no exception and is to be applied at all levels and under all circumstances. Similarly. The Maternity Benefit Ordinance. such transparency is the only solid basis for boosting continuous improvement. Otherwise no effective delegation or knowledge improvements are possible. there are two central enactments.  Nestle management has work simplicity and honest in dealing with people for efficient communication. * Maternity Leave and Maternity Protection While article 37 of the Constitution makes reference to maternity benefits for women in employment.  This is to be complemented by open communication with the purpose of sharing competencies and boosting creativity. one federal and the other provincial providing maternity benefits to women employed in certain occupations.include any weekly holiday allowed under section 35 which occurs at beginning or end of an interruption brought about by the leave. 1941 is applicable to women employed in the mines in Pakistan. There can be no room for intolerance. The Ordinance is applicable to all industrial and commercial establishments employing women excluding the tribal areas. LABOR POLICIES of nestle  In Nestle. 1958 stipulates that upon the completion of four months employment or qualifying period. It also places restrictions on the dismissal of the woman during her maternity leave. management dealing with people is respect and trust. the Mines Maternity Benefit Act. 8 |Page . harassment or discrimination of any kind as they are the expression of an elementary lack of respect. It is particularly relevant in a flat organization to convey systematically all information to those who need it to do their work properly. a worker may have up to six weeks prenatal and postnatal leave during which she is paid a salary drawn on the basis of her last pay.

scribd.org/labourlaws.htm 9 |Page .com/doc/28667951/Labor-Laws-of-Pakistan  http://www.scribd. the possibility must be offered for a fair hearing.scribd. References  http://www. Every employee has the right to an open conversation with superiors or colleagues. It is also to listen and to engage in dialogue.com/doc/23070688/Labour-Laws-in-Pakistan  http://www. The HR staff of Nestle will provide assistance to ensure that the disharmony is dealt with impartially and that each party has the opportunity to explain her/his viewpoint regardless of hierarchical position.com/doc/23070688/Labour-Laws-in-Pakistan  http://www. To communicate is not only to inform.  In case of discord between an employee and her/his superior or another employee.labourunity.

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