UES-FIA

Escuela de Ingeniería Industrial
Formulas de Ingeniería Económica


INTERES SIMPLE COSTO ANUAL
Pin I = I P F + =
) 1 ( in P F + =
CA = (P-L)(
A
/
P
, i , n ) + Li + D - I
INTERES COMPUESTO VIDA ECONOMICA
n
i P F ) 1 ( + = F = P (F/P, i , n )
i
n i F P
i g
i L P
N
) , , / ( 1 ) (
÷ +
÷
=
n
i
F P
) 1 (
1
+
=
P = F (P/F, i , n ) GRADIENTE ARITMETICO
| |
i
i
A F
n
1 ) 1 ( ÷ +
= F = A (F/A, i , n ) A
g
=
| |
(
¸
(

¸

÷ +
÷
1 ) 1 (
1
n
i
n
i
G = G(A/ G, i , n )
| | 1 ) 1 ( ÷ +
=
n
i
i
F A
A = F (A/F, i , n ) Aeq.= A
1
± A
g
= A
1
± G(A/ G, i , n )
| |
| |
n
n
i i
i
A P
) 1 (
1 ) 1 (
+
÷ +
=
P = A (P/A, i , n )
( )
( ) ( )
(
¸
(

¸

+
÷
+
÷ +
=
n n
n
i
n
i i
i
i
G
P
1 1
1 1
, P = G (P/G, i , n )
| |
| | 1 ) 1 (
) 1 (
÷ +
+
=
n
n
i
i i
P A A = P (A/P, i , n )


VALORES LIMITES GRADIENTE GEOMETRICO
FACTORES i = 0 n = α
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
÷
=
g i
i
g
A P
n
Base
1
1
1

(F/P, i , n ) 1 α
(P/F, i , n ) 1 0
(F/A, i , n ) n α
(A/F, i , n ) 1/ n 0
(A/P, i , n ) 1/ n i P = A
Base
(P/A,g,i,n)
(P/A, i , n ) n 1/ i
(A/G, i , n )
2
1 ÷ n
1/ i
DEPRECIACIÓN
Método de Suma de Dígitos (MSD) Métodos de línea recta (MLR) Método de doble saldo decreciente (MDSD)
( )
) (
1
L P
SD
t n
D
t
÷
+ ÷
=

n
L P
D
) ( ÷
=

1
)
2
1 (
2
÷
÷ =
t
t
n
P
n
D

SD
L P
t
n t
P VL
t
) )( 5 . 0
2
( ÷ + ÷
÷ =

|
.
|

\
|
÷
÷ =
n
L P
t P VL
t
t
t
n
P VL
|
.
|

\
|
÷ =
2
1

) 1 (
2
+ = n
n
SD


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