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Hitungan

Perencanaan Tulangan Kolom
Data-data :
a. Penampang Beton
Lebar
=
Tinggi
=
b. Momen beban terfaktor
Pud
=
Mud
=
c. Penulangan
f
=
nst
=
fs
=
selimut beton
=
fc'
=
fy
=
faktor reduksi
=

45 cm
60 cm
55926.111 kg
239277.67 kg-cm
0
16
16 buah
13 mm
4.5 cm
2
300 kg/cm
2
3600 kg/cm
0.75

Perhitungan :
Gaya-gaya nominal yang harus dipikul penampang :
Pnd
=
74568 kg
Mnd
=
319037 kg-cm
Luas tulangan total :
2
Ast
=
32.17 cm
=
Kondisi penampang mengalami tekan murni :
Po
=
796108 kg

1.19% Ab

Gaya aksial maksimum yang boleh dipikul penampang kolom persegi :
Pmax
=
636887 kg
(penampang kolom memenuhi)
Tinggi efektif penampang :
d
=
53.4 cm
s
=
6.6 cm
Luas tulangan tekan & tulangan tarik :
2
As
=
16.08 cm
As'
=
16.08 cm
Tinggi garis netral pada kondisi berimbang :
xb
=
33.98 cm
b1
=
0.85

2

ab
=
28.88 cm
Regangan dan tegangan baja tulangan tekan :
es'
=
0.00242
ey
=
0.00171
2
fs'
=
3600 kg/cm
Gaya-gaya nominal pada kondisi berimbang :
Cc
=
331450 kg
Cs

=

Ts

=

57906 kg

Pnb

=

331450 kg

57906 kg

Mnb
=
7866604 kg-cm
Pn < Pnb : Zona kontrol tarik
Coba-coba :
x
=
10.06 cm
a
=
8.55 cm
Regangan dan tegangan baja tulangan :
es'
=
0.00103
ey
=
0.00171
2
fs'
=
2165.05 kg/cm

<

33.98 cm

>

74568 kg

O.K. !

> 319037 kg-cm

O.K. !

es

=
0.01293
2
fs
=
3600 kg/cm
Gaya-gaya nominal penampang :
Cc
=
98081 kg
Cs
=
34825 kg
Ts
=
57906 kg
Pnk

=

75000 kg

Mnk

=

4693160 kg-cm

Puk

=

52 ton

Muk

=

33 ton-m

52.20 ton
2.39 ton-m

Page 1

1 126.884 33.186 33.5 54.001714 0.9 49.1 0.9 232.0 356.002417 0.8 323.001714 0.000511 0.9 -60.885 30.001714 0.196 12.1 305.001714 0.3 41.550 5.000235 0.351 20.984 23.7 373.000367 0.6 189.6 55.098182 1.6 d Actual Pure Tension 35.982 35.002287 0.001929 0.924 37.438 42.618 26.807 41.7 49.2 -86.001714 0.00442 0.001714 0.002477 0.001714 0.589 24.7 42.001459 0.2 0.002584 0.002187 0.575 49.7 51.487 37.450 13.001714 0.4 x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 3 33.687 27.295 15.1 47.516 51.2 50.0 288.393 18.002629 ey fs ' 0.6 38.000847 0.9 19.0 Pu 597.00025 0.002566 0.400 2.005664 0.0026 0.0 43.7 52.3 45.001714 0.4 168.2 405.001714 0.788 40.817 10.002083 0.491 21.05*h xb Balance Condition 59.458 53.0036 -0.003489 0.084 15.941818 Data Grafik Mu Pu 53.000113 0 229.1 597.3 76.0504 0.001714 0.183 7.0 389.39 56.251 28.002359 0.Data Grafik Data Grafik Pure Compression Mu 0.0 248.5 30.9 55.002526 0.001714 0.93 da db 3.926 .865 39.0 251.001714 es -3600 -518 1779 2918 3599 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 fs 0.01003 0.137 38.9 53.571 Page 2 Cc 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3600 3065 2585 2151 1758 1400 1072 771 494 238 0 Cs 29261 59480 89699 119918 150137 180356 210575 240793 271012 301231 331450 350390 369330 388270 407210 426150 445090 464030 482970 501910 520850 Ts -57906 -8339 28609 46936 57885 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 Pnk 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 57906 49298 41573 34602 28280 22519 17249 12408 7948 3824 0 -86550 -6765 60403 108948 150116 180356 210575 240793 271012 301231 331450 358998 385663 411574 436836 461537 485748 509528 532928 555992 578756 Mnk 840529 2790115 4364844 5424246 6231436 6703314 7095132 7407371 7640029 7793106 7866604 7670682 7464157 7244005 7007766 6753418 6479280 6183948 5866238 5525145 5159808 0 5.633 47.02327 0.6 46.1 38.0 2.002615 0.002547 0.7 210.00139 0.001714 0.691 45.393 -86.3 270.098 9.002198 0.002503 0.001714 0.007408 0.1 55.001714 0.749 43.7 36.836 35.2 147.1 53.535 32.1 340.1 0 2.001714 0.000 6.002449 0.4 43.98 e s' a 3.785 30.089 43.001714 0.002766 0.001714 0.739 45.001714 0.001714 0.717 18.000837 0.01442 0.001714 0.390 -0.001714 0.000667 0.001024 0.001231 0.3 105.6 -4.

tulangan=1.19%*Ab' 0 0 10 20 30 -100 -200 Muk (ton-m) Page 3 40 50 60 . 55.393. Pud) (2.gaya aksial Puk 700 600 500 Puk (ton) 400 300 200 100 (Mud.926) 'Kolom 450*600.Diagram Diagram Interaksi momen Muk .