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Mechanics of Materials

Student’s Name Tutorial Group Time: 1 hour Date: 16 Feb 2008 Grade: U / S / E (20 marks)

Question 1

The construction in Figure 1 is used to lift the mass W via the shown cable and the motor winch M. For simplicity, all pulleys are assumed to be frictionless, and the gravitational acceleration is taken as g = 10 m/s2. (a) Which tensile force T is required in the cable at the motor M to lift the mass W = 1000 kg ? (b) Calculate the reactions at the supports A and B if the mass is W = 1,000 kg. (c) The pin at joint C is designed for a maximum magnitude of force of max_C = 20 kN. Calculate the maximum mass max_W that can be lifted without exceeding max_C in the pin. 2.00 m 3.00 m 3.00 m

C

3.00 m y x 30o

A

2.00 m

M W B

Figure 1

All springs possess the same stiffness ks = 10 kN/m. The diameter of the ball is d = 0. That is. springs unstretched. When the ball is released. and its mass is W = 100 kg. for a = 0. system in equilibrium 60o ks a Figure 2 . the vertical spring is stretched and the horizontal springs are compressed as shown in Figure 2 b). y x ball 60o ks 2 a) ball held. no forces in the system. then the three springs are unstretched. it moves vertically downward and exerts a force on the plates so that the gap is opened.Question 2 (15 marks) A ball hangs down from a spring between two inclined plates according to Figure 2. If the ball is held at the position shown in Figure 2 a) so that the gap between the plates is closed and the ball has just contact with the plates without exerting a force on them. gap closed 60o ks ks ball: mass W = 100 kg diameter d = 0. The gravitational acceleration is assumed to be g = 10 m/s2. Determine the size of the gap a between the plates according to Figure 2 b) for which the system is in equilibrium.300 m springs: stiffness ks = 10 kN/m n ks no friction ks 60o ball 2 b) ball released.300 m. For simplicity. all surfaces are assumed to be ideally smooth so that no friction occurs between the ball and the plates.000 m the forces in the three springs are zero.

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