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# Procedure: 1. Using stoichiometry, find the amount of BaSO4 to get a 79.5% yield 2.

Also using stoichiometry, find the amount of Ba(NO3)2 and Na2SO4 needed to get 1.70g of BaSO4 3. Based on the calculations, weigh the amount of each compound you would need in the beakers. 4. Mix the aqueous solutions together until they are completely dissolved in water 5. Weigh the filter paper 6. Pour the mixture into the flask through the filter paper Next Day: 7. Weigh the filter paper again 8. Subtract the mass of the filter paper with its mass at the beginning.

Data Table:

Table of the mass of items Mass (grams) Only filter paper Filter paper + Precipitate Precipitate Percent yield needed: 70% 1.243 g 2.189 g 0.9460 g

Discussion: 1) The theory behind this lab was stoichiometry, this is to convert between units using mole ratios in a balanced equation. This technique used was to find the amount of a product needed based on a given amount of product and its percentage yield. Dimensional analysis was also used when we had to convert between one unit and another. Since we knew that BaSO4 would be the precipitate formed from the double replacement reaction, we knew that in order to separate the precipitate, we could filter the aqueous mixture and in the end, BaSO4 would be left behind on the filter paper. Only 70% of the amount of precipitate was needed, since this is not very close to the total 100% yield, our patient will most likely die. One thing that could have possibly affected our low percentage yield would probably be solution lost when we were transferring solutions from one flask to another.

2) The biggest improvement to this lab would be to have more time. More time would have allowed us to be more precise and to let us digest the lab even more. More time would also allow for less error because everything would be done slowly and precisely like pouring the mixture into the beaker and folding the filter paper perfectly. By doing the procedure more carefully less mixture could be

lost or spilled thus the percent error would be less and the data more exact. Another improvement to this lab would be to add more trials to make sure the data is reliable and valid. By conducting more trials we also become more familiar with the theory behind the lab. One last improvement to the lab would be to have used a notebook or a printed out worksheet rather than trying to type everything up on the spot. Anytime one is working with numbers it is always better to write it on paper. Writing helps the mind remember and think clearer, in my opinion. I learned how stoichiometry is applied in a real life situation a pretty important one as well. This furthers my understanding on stoichiometry as well because there were no clear instructions on how to start and it was based on previous knowledge. It was a good check in to make sure you knew everything. Using stoichiometry and the percent yield one can find how much product one would get from a certain amount of reactants. This is helpful because you won’t waste money on unnecessary resources.