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Ecuatii si inecuatii in

multimea numerelor
naturale
Ecuatii. La ecuatiile prezentate ca aplicatii la operatiile de
adunare, scadere si inmultire mai adaugam pe cele referitoare
la impartirea si ridicare la putere.
Exemple: 1. X:7=11 are Solutia x=7 . 11, adica x=77.
2. 480:x = 24 are Solutia x=480 : 24 adica x=20.
3. x5 = 35 => x = 3.
4. 2x+1 = 32 / 2x + 1 => x+5 = 1 adica x=4.
Inecuatii. In toate tipurile de ecuatii de mai sus inlocuind
semnul ,,= cu unul dintre semnele < sau >, < sau > se obtin
inecuatii in numere naturale.
1. Rezolvati ecuatiile:
a) x + 8 = 17 b) 13 + x = 24 c) x 5 =13 d) 18 x = 3
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e) x + 3 = 78 f) 71 + x = 108 g) x 23 = 15 h)102 x
= 15
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2. Determinati numarul x:
a) 12 . x = 144 b) x . 4 = 156 c) x: 6 = 1751 d) x: 19
= 57
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3. Rezolvati, in multimea numerelor naturale, ecuatiile:


a) 7x = 73 b) 52x + 1 = 513
c) 252x + 1 = 518 d) 43x+1 = 210
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4. Precizati pentru care dintre ecuatiile de mai jos este o
solutie numarul natural 10:
a) x + 23 = 33
b) 2x 5 = 25
c) 4x + 11 =
51
d) 7x + 4 = 6x + 12 e) 9x + 7 . 6 = 3x 18
f) 133x =
1330
5. Rezolvati, in multimea numerelor naturale, inecuatiile:
a) x + 3 < 4
b) x : 4 < 5 c) 7x + 12 > 19 d) 13x 2 >
132001
e) x + 5 > 17
f) 4x < 35
g) 112x + 1 < 117