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EMMANOTHA TI.

TIEPXEAH'
H ENNOIA TH> OPH>KETTIKOTHTA>
>THN TIOIH>H
TOT K. TI. KABAOH
Av&ruro
AAEEANAPINO8 AMHTOE
A@IEPNMA
'TH
MNHMH TOT I. M. XATZH@OTH
TOMO> B'
AOHNA 2OO9
EMMANOYH^ II. IIEPIE^H>
Kcr0111rri6 q6 @eotro1lxdq XXo),{6 rou flavezruotrl6r,iou A01v6v
H ENNOIA TH> OPH'KETTIKOTHTA>
>THN IIOIH>H TOT K. N. KABAOH*
'Eve6
o611povo6 apeptrav66 ocv0pono),6'yoq xcl e0vo).6^yoq o Clifford Geertz opi(er tr1 Opri-
o'xei([
(,)(:
'Eva
o6or4pa wptB6)av rou ettevepye( pe rp6no 6ote va 64ptoup.ye( otouq avLpcittoug t-
oXDplE xdr Tldpd.tEtd.p!.vq€ iuipxetaE 6w0€oe6 xdL xivnrpoq \wpopgti'vowaE dw^riqeL€
yr,a t4 yevtx6ep4 r&(4 qE 6rap(4E xat ev66ovraE aurQ aq avrt)tjcleL€ pe pe, r!.rom a6-
pa 6e6op6.v4E ltpd,Tltd.rudr4rd4, 6ore ot Swlioeq xar, ra x{v4tpu aurT va gaivovrat u
6n(6vraE pee)rcttxdt .
E&v o opuog,6g o(ur66 q6 lpqoxeiuq avtanoxpivetut oe npoclpccr,x& av0p<oro),o1lx& xat e-
0vo).o1Lxd EeEop6va, pe
B&o4
re oroic ot &v0p<,:nor ocrg Etdgopeg enoaLq expp&(ouv rex,ot-
Orioetq, orrioerg
(to{q
xar oupreptgopi6 aou Elouv tog x6pte n4yi roug ouo.rriperc oupp6trov
:rou :te0opi(ovtcrr xocr
yoprpoTroro6vT qt qrEd
eaarcptx€q, ur,aplcax€q d.v&-(xtq x Dra06oelg,
atrtrd xar ar6 elatepw€g 6fiLbp6ocr6 xau avagop€q xouv<.,:vtxri6 :tcr ou).tro1xdq npo6).euol(,
noo ei"ce crutonpooEr,opi(ov'cdt eite elepoltpoobropi(ovral, t6r,e 0a ipav rrapdtroTo v' crpvl-
0o6pe ritu ao roLrfcLx6 6p1o rou pteli),ou c).elavbptvo6 nollcri Kcovocavtivou fI. Kapriqa
Eev 61er ri:roca vcr pcrq fipoog6per
Ti'
durd
,rou
anozoc),o6pe 0ploxeutrx6t4ca.
Ka'c' apy&q,
1tc
rov npooEropropd cq6 i,wolcq
,116
0pqoxeucr:t6c1ccrg xocr xocc' orxolou-
0icv
1tc
trlv xctav64o4 cou cpdzrou
Fe
rov o?!o[o aucri
1
6vvotcr anavcdrat oro 6pTo rou K.
II. Kapdg4, eivou, oacoo8rinoce
rxvo
(xd,(o va ).eX0ei 6cl o:q Oploxeur .x6rqra 0u fipLfiet vd.
vo1Oei
4
crvocgopd
(p,e prioa
xcru tov optopri
1c
o1 0ploxeia rou Clifford Gee rtz) oe 6vu ait-
oclpa (?i ouorriptata) oupp6tr<ov, ao oroio zrpoo8rop[(eccu pe
priori
rov riDl Ducrg.opgro6r.6vo
f/xat
ev buvdper ELapopgodpevo xolvt:vtx6, 0plozeurrx6 xw" ev
liveu
no),Lrtoprx6 nepilupo.
To o6oc4pa, 6p<,:6, ouc6 rtov oupB6).<ov
ptc5verar,
ro(ccrvoeircrr xer npoo8eutlxd ep:rtrouti-
(erocu pe
pdoq
.cnv
r'poaor'txi, croprxr] Lblooulx paoia xan ta evbLag€.povrc xc0ev6g crv0po-
nou
1<,:puor&,
xcr06( rcrt ar6 t4v eniEpaoq cl6 prdppoo4q xoc r4q ev
1i.vel
xouv<ovuz{5, nveu-
pcrcx?i( xo(! Trotrrrroprx?ig :ce).).r6p1elc6 otlv onoicr ro &ropo undxeurau.
*
Ero{po4 nou 61ve oe er8rxrj exbri),oo4 eoptaopo6 rov 75
lprivrov
an6 to 0&yo(to tou urorltri K. II. Kc-
p691.
H exDrilcoo4 oplcrvdrOlxe ar6 to ldvEeqro Arluntrcotc6v Eltrrivov (A0rjvc,
11 @eppoucpiou 2008).
l. C. Geertz (20031, H epp4vefu tav tto)tnoptiv, prgp. -
emor. errp., @. IIepa6€D,1g, A0rivc: Exb6oeq
A).el&vDpeu, 2003, lDLe(epc to 6or(pro <H 0prloxeic <oq zrolrtoprx6 o6otlpa>, (o.
95-l3l) o. 98.
EMMANOYHA iI, IIEPXEAH'
Me aur& ra De6op6va, eivar aogatr€g vc ).e10ei 6cr o K. fI. Kap&g1q rou €(r1oe 6).1 tou
q (cor], pe:ro),6 pLxp6q pdvo Ercxon6q, otqv A),e(&vbpercr tlq Au16ntou, peca[6 tov etdv
I863 x*t 1933, b€101xe tq no).ttroprxiq xcL 0pqoxeucux6g ettbprioelq autriq rqq
[e1<,:pr,otriq
Tro(
rl auTxexptp€vq exoyi1n6tr16 tr16 Meooleiou.
'Ont:q
oqpelriver o Robert Liddel oolv
xpLcLx{
prolpagid
rou
Tro(
tov Kap&91:
<H o4pepuf
IbqlcrD{
q o61Xpov4
'cqq
enoyig rou Kcp&91] A),e(&,v6pen, 64pto6py4pa
'coo dvrL/d6t^€d MaX&pet A),u, e{vu pta rc)ebg zawotpw n6)4. Aev efuat rapd(evo
6tt o MaX,Tper A)u, ytoE evdq epripou xanvtiv an6 r4v KaB,l)u, i6et(e eivon xat
(e-
yltprce ouE'ED,rlveq avd4teoa orouE d))ouq ero(xoog ltou ftpooei^xuoe exe(, Awo(
y'1rav
xupiaE, 6p 6puE anox)er,ortx6:,
'E)),4veg
r4g Swottop&E, a |t&,gopa pip4 t4g o9apa-
wxtjq awoxparopfug:
'E))4veE,
av 67t re)eiag e( afintoq, dpaE xar' 6vopa, y)6ooe
xat lp4oxeb. H via d),4vtxf rapotxfu 6ev etTe xapt& ouv67an pe n pe'yd)o rape)06v.
A))6 o "Aip", ro "'TDap" xat o "T6roE" €youv pey, .4 6dvap.4, thraE paE Dba(e o
ImcoxgTqg xat axdp.a peya)irep4 36vapq iXouv ra e))4wx&, ovdpata xat
4
"y\c5ooa,
2'aucf q
B,i:vaoo4
epttoptxrt ztd)4, 6rou ot'E))4veE e(4av ztd,u p6vo xat p6vo yr,a va
x&vouv
Tprjpata,
pn gavfi !pe))e va utla1ei xu va 6ux4pd(a 6tt eivm xveupanx6g a-
r|yovoE rav apyai<ov,
4
gavfi rou Kavorawfuou KaB,lgr1>2,
Taut6Xpovoc, 6pcoq,4 rErooulxpco(a rou K. II. Keprip, toc tDtaicepa evbrorgi,povta xal ot
npo,sartx€q tou ava(r1'rrioeLg xcrL ep.naLpieg ouv6pa),av ouv rro
1p6vo.l
oc4 Dlocptipg<oo1 ptorq
0p1oxeuroc6v1coc6, ta xJpra yapaxvlptol,x&. tr1q onoic6 npop&trtrovrcrt oe optop6va toutrrilt-
c'cov nouiylo:"& tou, xa0<i,6 xat oe opLop6va an6 'cu ),(ya zte(ri tou LpTu xol ta btaotl06vta
zrpooto:rLxd tou o4p.er6pcrcc. H 0ploxeurtxdrlcor ocurd Ocr rp6net v' cvllveu0ei oe 6,tt o ve-
oe),).4vrordq Edmund Keely ov6ptaoe
1te
trlv noi4oq tou Kap&g1: <ale(orvbpw6 tp6zco>.
Iipgarva pe tov Keely:
<<Aurd nou 0a propoioape vu ovopd,ooupe "de(av6pod rp6no", eivat np<it' atc' 6),a
4
ava(rjqo4 tcov xpultp€v<ov petagoplxtitv \uvarorrirav, rav puorrxcir adparav 1u|oosv,
pioa or4v npaypaax6t4ta rou
p)lnet
xaveiE ot4 yetpotuaoni niln, 6to an' ro nap&'
1upd rcu. Av ttipa aur6E o xdnorcE efuat o KaBd:74q, r6re rp6nog tou e(vat va 6papato-
ttorc( xar va eztextefuet aurlq rq 6uva.r6r4reE fioo
q,vdxd^61Tret,
doo rou va gopttotoiv
pe pm r),an& pu9uf orynota. H
xpflon
auto6 roo rp6ttou an6 nv KaB&.g4
ftxw,iet
ar'
6tav 6le,)iyet va xw49ei att6 ug rpooantxiE peragoplE, ortE ou)),o'ywlE xat rctoptx€E,
yta va repdou ar6 xet ot4v ttpoBolrj ev6E pu1txoJ x6opou, ztou avrmpooaxeiet xat r4v
tbwftep4 ottttxti rou "1,a r4v e))4wxfi toropia, x* rnv Epod.ontxi rou etx6va "yn r1v
at<ivw av1pc|nu4 Ileptniteta>3 .
Me cur& ta DeDop6va, 0a np€net vcr tovlooupe an6 r1v apyfi dtl q 0ploxeuclx6rqta oto €p'
1o
rou Kaprigrl zrocpouord(eL avan6gevxreq Dlaxuprivoelq, t8uoppu0pr.ieg xel ale),ileq rcou a-
2. R. Liddell, KaB&,74E. Kprcuy'1
pLo"ypagia, ptgp. K. Ao1o06tr1-Awepoov, A0dva: Ex86oetq
'Izapos,
1980, o.2.
3. E. Keely, H xaBagtxfi A)e[,1v6peu. E(
(4 ev6q p60ou, prgp. T(. Mcotopdx4, A0rivo: ExD6oets
'lxa'
poq, 1996,
/
6x8ooq, o. 18.
486
H ENNOIA TH' OPH:KETTIKOTHTA'
'THN
IIOIH>H TOT K. N. KABAOH
n6),utoc tarpt&(ouv oe puc no).uoXrEli nveupocrLxri npooco:*x6t4rcr,
r4E onoia6
1
(<or{
xet co
fioLr$w.6 6p1o exgp&(ouv cr1v altovia evd6 euaio04rou, xa),),rep^yr1p6vou
xcrt oxenr6pavou av-
0ptiztou. Me ri).),c ).61tcr, o Kap&9q6,
1evv46ri.voq
oe 6vor reprp&).).ov 6zrou
1e).).1vrxd
ra-
porxi.a crlq A),e(&vDpete6 Drar4po6oe p€ 6epo(op6 tLq Op066o(eq
Xpro.rrorvlrtq
xar e},),1vr,xi.q
rcrpo(E6oel6, rircrv guorx6 va
1or).ou140e(
p6,oor o'aur6 ro
lprotlorvlx6
xoc e).).qvuxd no).rru.
oprr6-0pqoxeucrx 6 x)'[pa, Tocut6lpova, 6pt,:q,
I
xoopono),icr,x1 otxoyevetaxil nap&boo4
rar to notru0p4oxeutr,x6 neprB&).).ov c16 A),e(6vbpetaq €.btoocv r4v ocgoppri oto avdoulo
nve6p.c rou Kaprigrl va croTuatei, va xpivar xcn vc
pr6oel
xocrocor&oer6 nou tov oDrilloav
oe ep:reupieq x.ar ne:ror0rioaq nou E6oxo),e 0u prcopo6oe voc ),e10ei 6rl exgp&(ouv xouv6runeg
0pqoxeurlxdg Eo(aoieq xoct Eolpacxri 06ogete q6 ou1xexptp6v46 0p4oxeut*ri6 rocpribooqq
otrlv o:to(e averp&.gr6ea .
O Kocp,igr16, enopli,vtog, Duap6pgooe, o:6 oxen,r6pevo6 riv0pono6
,lrou
rjrcv, tva
letrapt-
ot6 Oprlozeuttxri q6no cxL,lqq xar oup:reptgop&6 nou or<oo8rjnore
o(v.rcvcrx),&ccr oro norrl-
rx6 rou €p1o. O (e1<oplotr56
aut66 0ploxeuttx6q q6noq ox6cf,16 xaL oupneptgop&q, oe
levt-
x€q
lpo,p1€q,
xtveirat p€oc oto n),crioto c4q Op06bo(lq
lplorLavrxrig
napriboolg. Taur6Xpo-
vcr, dp<oq, o e),elorvDpuvrS6 0ploxautuxd6 nepilupoq pe t4v nowl),[a tov 0p4oxeLtov (lo).,ip
xal noxt').eq
lprotrevrx6q
opo).o1(eq) bev &gzloav ebL&gop1 tq 0pqozeuctxrj ox6{1 zer ou-
pLneptgo p&, rou no rqrri.
Me t1v €.wora cruoi, Dev eivar rapaxextv8uveupi.vo vcr zro6p,e rirl q Oprloxeurux 6:rr1ca xo
notrpw6 €p1o tou Kaprigq xrveircrt perc(6 D6o otcDiov 0p4oxeu rxilq riaulq. Ta ot&Erq
auc& Etcxpivovtau pterali rou6 xaL to De6tepo tpoi)rol€.cu o:rt:oErinoce to rp6co. Xu11p6-
v<og, 6pcoq, tc
lvtopiogr.ctoc
rtov orcrbiov ocur<ov c),),r1tronepL1,:po6vtat
xar c),),1),oerrxa),6-
ft'covadt, ouv05rovtag pucr 0ploxeucrxri etxdva no),6 yapaxrrlprctuil
a).),ri :tat povcb*ri oto
xcrpoc9ut6 6p1o.
To np6ro o'rdbro qg 0pqoxeurtx6crlca6 oro noL4ctx6 Lpyo
.cou
Kepdgq iler <oq
1v<opi-
opetd cou crut& zrou o apeprxav6g 0eotr61og xal cvcnru(lax6q cfuXo),6.yo6 James W. Fowler
ar6Eooe pe ro 6vopc: or&bto
.r1q
<ouv0etrxrj6-oupp o.r'x.i6 niarnq>s . Xco ot&bLo crurd oL ne-
zrol0rioerg xat ot o,lileq, o;n6 tq onoteq €va &.uoyro epgope(raL, eivcu oul.lpcrux66, Lcrrl xol av
4. levrx&. y,a. to 0ipc rqg 0pr1oxeucx6t1ta6 orzlv zroirla4 tou K. tI. Ko<pdg4
B)..
erl),extod rc odd),ou0q:
E. fI. Ilcncvorlrooq, Ildapd:6, Kap6.9ry, Etxelov6g, A0rlvc: ExD6oeq
'Ixorpog,
l9B5 (p, ),l0o1pcgrxri cvat6-
noc4 on6 t1v
1'
6x8oo1 l97l), o. l2l-232 xor rbtcitepe o. l3?. II. B. Illoloq, <H 0].ir]1 tou ag.cptripa-
toq>, oto oul),o126: Mipeg tou ttoqcfl K. II. KaBrl:ga, Tetp&Drc <Eu06vq> 19, A0rive, 1983, o. 183-215.
M. Xor-,Irorqq, <Ta 0p4ore':roai gpovripcta tou zrpcoteizoi
16pou.
Avcxprtlx6 6oxi1t"to>, X&pt4E, 5-6, Arcpi-
ILoq 1983, o. 711-715. I. A&llqq, O d)4vr,op6q xat
4
fleo)o.yfu orov KaB&94, A0r]vc: EzSdoelg lrLnrri,
1986, lDroitepc to rcg,i).cro: <H ltepegLr{ 0eo).o1ie>, a.7I-94.I. II. Xcppi8tq, <'Htcv
1pr,otr.orv6g
o Kapri-
gnq;>, Mrxp,i Kupagrxd A', ExD,loeLg Epp{q, 1985, a. 147-154 (to
Eotipro zcpcotoDlpoorericrlxe to l9?3).
Tou
(Erou,
Bao*d 1€pata c4g xo(4o4q too KaB,iq4. (Tpb
6qp6ora paAfpata).
@ior1 xat t6Xv4, !po6 zat 0&-
va'coq, rape)06v, raViv xar p!))ov, A0rive: ErDdoer<
'lxa.poq,
2004, p'
ixEoo4, rEra(tepe ro regdlcro: <Xpr-
artewil trpootcr,.xil>, o. 6l-?3. D. Haas, <Ar eploi tor,,
lprotrolvr,opod:
'Ev*
0epatud xegdlcro tou Kcpdgl>,
M. Ilrepri6, entp,., Etoa.yayfi or4v rot4o4 to, Kap&g4. Ettr)o.ytj xpr,tLx<iv xerpivav, Hp&x\eto: Ilaveztrot4-
p.rox6g ExD6oeq Kpricaq, 1994, o. 365-395. T4g i6req, <Op4oxeutrx6.g peteotpog€g
ot4v Ale{rivDperc tou Ke-
pdr94>,
M. Ilr,ep{q, ezttp,,, H rot4o4 tou xp&paro6. Mowepw,op6g zar 6r,aro)rlr1ttxrir4ra oto €p-yo to,.t Kapd-
94,
Hp&x),ero: flcvenrorlpox6q ExDdoeq Kp?itl6, 2000, o. 4?-65.
5. B),. J. W. Fowler, Stages offaith. The psychology of human detelopment and the quest
for
meaning, San
Francisco: Harper & Row, 1981. Eniolq E. II. Ilepoe),rjq, Ilbr4 xar,
Xpto'crzvari
a"yayi. H Ieapia tav otx-
Siav avdxo(4q t46 rtotqE too James I,V. Fowler, A0{va: Erb6oerq lpr1.y6p1, 2005.
487
EMMANOTHA N. TIEP'EAHT
Euapopg6vovtau oe v6o ouppotrtx6 xol alwx6 oxripa nou g6peu qv npootonr.xri ogpcrli8oc.
'Eneucc
1
o6v0eoq ttov tenoL0rjoetov xct ttov alr,<iv, nou avt),o6vtaL an6 autoriq xou 6vq. &,'
ropo 0eopei toq olpavttxoiq &trtrouq, bev unop&).),etcr,t oe xptttx6 6tre11o:tar, e(6tco1. To
ritopo, Eq).abrj, ulo0ecei xcu, ocaob6xetat
1o:piq
rELaicepq oxitl.'1 xocr (auto-
)
xpr,tuxri otoxoc'
op6 xaL 6tre11o
T16
renot0rioeq, ctq cl(eq xocl tg Lotopie6 :rou ouv06touv tr;v niotrl cou xocl
Elapopgo5vouv c4v taut6rrlc,i tou. Auco6 tou e(boug
4
0prloxeutrxdtqca bLocxpivecocL, I.x',
oto no(r1pcr rou Kcprigl pe tov cittro: <Xcrlv E:tx).4o(cr>, Elpooueupivo rc €roq I9I2:
<T7v exx)1obv ayand
-
ra e(anripu'1* r4q,
c' amjpta rav oxeutlv, te x4ponfiy& 146,
ra gltta, teE etxdveg r4E, tov ,ipB<ovd: r4g.
exe{ oav p,na, peq o' exx)4oia tav fpatxiv'
pe cav lupuapdtav tnE reE euaSbs,
pe reE )er.toup'ytxlg govlE xac oultgt':vhg,
*g peya)onpeneQ cav rcp!.av rapouo[eg
xat x&Oe r<ov xwfioeaq tov ooBap6 pu0g,6
-
)apnpdratot pe€ 6tov apg(av tov oro)opd
-
o voDq pou nra[vet oe nplg pey,7)eg t1q
Edriq
paE,
oov iv6o(6 paq Bu(avtwtop6>>6,
O KaBrigaq gciveret vcr o6petal trlv Ex .qo[a xoc, couq t6nouq t16 0ploxeutlxrig tratpeiag
rc[r 7lcrpdEo6l6, or, pi(e6 t4g onoiag av&lovret oto Bu(&vruo. H Ktovorsvtuvou:ro]'[clxl xa-
ralcolr] q6 otxol|vet&.q rou :ccrL
l
tpilpovrl ncrpcpovri tou o'otucri c1v zrritr4
(1882-1885)
0a rp€reu vor €bpaocv enogocototlx& oc4v ex p6.pouq tou nou4tri c:r6Eooq oepaopo6 <<otov 6v'
Eoi6 p.c6 Bu(crvttvrog.6>.
flep(zrou c4v iDrc enop] nou o tolr;tri6 pa6 ouv60eoe to nepax,&.va noiqpoc, 61patl.,e
(I913), oe pla rapouoiao4 tou
plptriou
pe rov tir),o: <Exxtr4oic xel 06arpov>, ou11pa96-
cq tou onoiou ipav o
1t
e'c€r,ena xa04llcriq trlg Oeo).o1txrlg lXolriq
(1918)' npftocvqg tou
flavenror4piou A0rlvc6v (1936-37) xel crxaErlpaix6e
(I945) fp416pr.oE llaztcg.tpri)., t'
axdtrou0a:
<Evrefuiq ave{aptrirag r4E peraB&oeaE ,qptxti:v eq ra 06arpa
-
x)iv<o ux€p r4E ou-
yvor€paE napouofuE rav rcpiav av&peo6 paE, Ee no))d upayptva or(aa q rapooob
rav glpvet x&t ar6 'c4v ftdprffop1rtxrjv ExxA4oia>1 .
4,16 rc ).e16pev,i cou o KcBrigq6 gaivarat ve npeo'peiet 6tr
l
br8cozcrtrla
q6 Op06Dol1q
Xprorr,crvuxriq Exx).qoie6 xc*t tov exztpooc6nov r4g entbp& eueple'cux&., o6 *aplloprlttxri 66-
vcrp4, de x&,0e €va xat
x&0e
pta nou npooge6let o' autdv.
6. K. III. Kotp,igtq, [Ionj1.'.ate A'
(1896'19]8), gtlololr:tri enpilete I. II. lopBi8ry, A0dva: ErD6oerq
'lxo.poq,
1982, o. 48.
?. K. [. Kcrp69tq, Ta xeQl
(1882;-1931.), gllo]oltxrj euttpi].etc M. Ilrepriq, A0rlva: ErD6oeq
'Ixcrpos,
2003, o. 136-143, tDrcirepc o. 142. B).. eniolq l. II. foBBibaq, <O Korp&g1q zrepi E:tx),1oiaq xat Oedtpou>,
Mup,l KaBagtxdB', ExE6oerq Epprdq, 198?, o. 31-48 (to Dox(y.ro tpotoblprooredtzlxe to 1963).
t
488
H ENNOIA TH' OPH'KETTIKOTHTA,,THN
TIOIHXI{
TOT K. ]]. KABA@H
'Eva
&),).o noirlpe rou o Kaprig4 61pcrcf,e to 6roq lg94 pe rov rir),o <Tp6pog>
gavepd,_
vel evcpl'6orcrca
'uri
'r1v
nenoiO4ori rou, 6tt 6q).abri q niorq oto XpLord xeL q SrDaoro).ic,
rou trurp(ive[ zcr e).eu0epc6ver tov &v0ptono
end c4v enllppela
rou zocxoJ xcrt tov ouveneldv
tou:
<T4v vixta, A(.orora Xprcti.
1tou,
tov vou xdt qv
QuTrj
y.ou g6)att/
ltou
oav yipa pou apywoiv xar, reprarolve
'Ovra
xat [Ip,l.ypata rou 6vopa 6ev !.7oov
xat r' doapxa no\dpn uov otrlv x&paptj pou q!4ouv
xat x,Tpvouv oro xpeBda pou x6x)o
Va
va pe doJve
_
xat p,e xorc,!:(ouv 6dl vd pe
-yvapt(ouv
oav va xay4,7(ouv dgava nou ttipa p.e goBi(ouv.
To
ftpa,
vat, pe xaptepoive
oav
B6d.upo6E
xatpotg va peAero{ve
ott6tav bag otpvoltouv pa(i tav
_
peE oto ox|toE
pe ra 6wa xat ta ttp,iypara
aur& avaxateoplvoq.
Kt azrogpevu*(ouv o xatp6g va
{avap1e(
o rpoj@g.
Ma 6ev 0a vu,p|et
ma ror!' ynti e$tat ey<i oalt€voE,
eq tou Xgstoi r' dvoy.u
Baxnop,lvoE.
Tpipa oav ao0av06 to
Bp,13u
oav wrioa rou
lte€
o.to
Ba06
oxord\t
ettdva pou eivat p&a,a xapgup€va,,..
Kpirlte pe an6 t4v 6paoi rcsv, Aionoti pou.
Kat oav pAoiu
fi
q{(ouve, ptq agrjoeq aq r, aurtd pou
xaviv' and ta )dyta rav vu
,plet
ca agopeop,€.va,
p4v r67et xdl
ItE€
6r4v tltuXfi pou g€pouv
xapri gptx664 av,ipqa atr' ta xpupd rou
ftpouv>>8,
To Eerirepo or&Er'o r4g 0p4oxewrx6trltoc6
.oco
ztoLlrlx6 6p1o tou KaB&ga 61eu o6
1vc,:piopc-
t& rou o.u:c&, nou o James W. F^owler crn6Dtooe pe ro dvopa: o",iEto -r1q ,oqo"o1rir.r1r6u4q_
orolamrxri€ nioczl6>. lto ocdEro cucd to 6ro9,o ap1((et voc eler&(ei xptrix&
"o
o6o"111ro
tr,:v-nenor0rioeorv,
r<ov c(rr,iv, tr,:v uzrolpec6oe<ou xoi'1ertx6,cepa
t4i xoopo0e.p"1"rrdg iou
crvril1{16. )o1 Ercr8r.xaoi' eucri, npoqlo6p.eva vorjp.ata, ov"J,ri,lred,
";orgi*,a:
;Ei"a
"o* oupneprgop€g
rou agoporiv olpevcux6g ncu16g qg (tori6,
6zlcDq ,tuoi o, E,o,rpoorrr r*(,q'o6€._
oeq, to endllelpa' 11lploxeiu, x.&,, enavefec&(ov1d.L
xo.L efidvq.tpooDlopi(ovtct.
Kpr"rii,o
aur{g tqg DtcbtxaoicrE eiv*r q ex p6.pouq
cou atdp.ou ert),ori
c16 x*td},),r1).16 uor1",rdg, ou-
vauo04pc'xri6, rpwi6 x* clro).orxrig otrio4E :rou exgp,i(er'ro'iioc06repo
,i*,,
"r1,
,rpoor_
nw6rrpa xaL trlv raut6crlr& tou. To dtopo, bq).abri, npoonalei
rr,r^1.,iu,o voc 66oer q D.xrj
_
^8.
K. II. Keprip4, Kpopptva
rcfipata ISZZ;-192J, grlo),o1uoi
enrp.6lera f. II. XcBpiEls, A0dvor:
ExE6oel6 'Irapog,
2000, o. 53.
489
EMMANOYHA TI. IIEP'EAH'
rou npoo(,)Tflxii ogpo(TiDo( oe ptd Triorl xolL xoopooE.opio( nou €ivdl npoi6v tcpolTo6pevrlq ev-
betre1o6q eEhaonq, zrpop),r1patuopo6 xau e).e60epqq enL).o"y{6. MLag enttro"ydq nou ans.trei
1v1or6c4rcr,
ouv6neta xat o61xtrlo1 am6rfeov. Me tou6 6pou6 cucofq to &topo tou ocabiou
1116 < e(aro6lrxeup6v16-ocoxaocrx'rig
nioclgn entbtc6xet vd zrpdTpcrroTrolei trg ent).o16q tou a-
:roDeog.eup6vo, 6oo
livetoru
reptoa6tepo, ax6 e(apdpetq npootintov ri 0eopo3v.
!e opLop€va xotiyta'ca tou, an6Tc onoia 6va p6vo 0c nepocre0ei ebtir, o Kapriglq eTtt-
EelxviEL 6vor LEuaitepo evEuoca6pov
ltoc
to 06.p4 t1q ox6olq
lpLotLavropo6
xal etrtr4vLxri6- e).)'1-
vroctxrig
(euD<otrotretprx{q) 0p1oxeia6. H pova8Lxri notrptxil od)J.r1{1 cou Kap&94
-nov
ex'
qp&lell:l pe 6,tL ovoptriotqxe r.apar,&va <atre[avEpLvdq tp6noq> 6xgpcroqq-, npoonot0ef va
Ed,oeL 6va o611povo v61pa oc4 6laz&),r1 tov 66o 0ploxeucuxdv napocD6oeov: clq etrllvLxriq-
etrtrlvuocLxriq
(etE<,:tro).ccpuxrj6) ag' evriq xdt rou
Xptottqvlopo6
ag' et6pou. H nourlttxd ocu-
'ci1 uaxrloq, otlv onoic unop&).).ecal o Kap&gr1q,
pcoi(erar
otrlv evrl1vool ex p6poug ttov
lpLotravuxcov
n11civ c<ov nprittov aLc6vtov lotopiocq tou
lpLotLavtopo6,
xa0<3q xol o61apo-
vtov uotoptxriv enuocqpovtxr,5v oullpappdttov xat
po404prictov. Tcrut6lpovoc, 6pto6, buc-
gaivetcr
4
e1<ovia xat to evbLag6pov co6 nourlcri va e(rooppondoeL trg avtL0ecLx6q xaL ctrtr4'
),oou1xpou6peve6 ELaot&oeq rov E6o 0ploxeurxciv napaEr5oetov ztou ta).rivLoav tov e),).r1vL-
xd-eltrqvLoruxd x6opo o16 Meooleiou
ltoc:repinou
t6ooepq altiveg.
H rveupcc*rj ELan&).q ptecaf6 tlq elllvtxti6-etrtrlvuottzrig 0ploxeicg xdi rou
Xplo'rlocvL-
opo6 cr:rooztivetat repacrartx& oto noilpcr: <Me1dtr1 Xuvo8eis e( tep6o:v xar, Iaix6v>,
Elpooreup6vo n hoq 1926:
<E( rcplav xat )allx<iv pw ouvo\ela,
avrtxpooaneuptva rd,vta ra era'yyi)pata,
\tipyerx o6oiq, r)a#e€, xat ni)eE
r4E neputovipou r6)eoq AvuoTeiaE.
2c4q entB)4rtxllE, pr1A4E oovo\efuq qv ap4y'1
apabq, )euxovtult€voq €94Boq
Baoli
pe avutltopiva ylpw rov 2raup6v,
t4v 66vaptv xat t4v e)nl6a pdE, iov
,7yrcv
2raup6v.
Ot elwxo{, ot nprv toooirov wtepgia)ot,
ouveota)p.€vot uipa xa 5et7o( pe
Bfuv
aroy,axpivovta an6 tqv ouvo\efuv.
Maxp,Tv
41-L<i:v,
paxp'|v
4pdtv
va pivouv r&v'ra
(6oo qv x)&v4 rouq 6ev anapvoiwat). Ilpoyape(
o *rytoE 2raup6E. Eq x&0e opvotx(qv
6ttou ev leooeBefu
(ouv ot Xptotavo(
Etpet
nap4yoptav xat
4ap&:
B^yafvouv,
ot ed,aBe[q, o*q r6prq tav orrcttiv touE
xat r)rjpeLg a'ya))uToeaE rcv ttpooxuvoiv
-
r4v 66vaptv, r4v oat1piav t4q otxoultiv4E, rcv 2raup6v.
-
Eivat pw erflom eopry'1 Xptoaawxy'l,
Ma otjpepa rc),e[ra4 t6o,i, mo emgavtiq.
Awpal4xe rc zpd.mq en{ d}ouE.
49a
H ENNOIA THX OPHTKETTIKOTHTAX,THN
IIOIH!H
TOT K. I]. KABA@H
O pup6ratoq, o axotp6trarng
Iou)nv6E 6ev
Baot)e1et
nn.
Tn(p rou euoeBeor*'cou loptavo| euT4\tipev>s
.
'Onaq,
6paq, tovi(er, pua eLblxeup6vq epeuvrirptc
ore 0pqoxeutx&
o"o,Xrio
""ig
,o$o9oi6
roirloqq,
I
Diana Haas, 6oo o Xreup6g <,,g6per nap.^yopia
xut yap&,;
-
acoug
'lptorlavoii
cr;q Avtt61eu6, ot otroior
Blocivouv
an6
.ca
cr,trw. rouq
Trcr
uc
"ov
,rpooxuvdoouv (or.
14_
18), 16oo rpoxa)'ei, cp6po otouq E0vrxodq, or onoio. "ouveor').p6vol
rtitpa x* DeL).oi pe
picrv
ocnopotxpdvovtq,u ar6
""1v
ouvoEe(av". X,
qurdv
t1 cxrpil piarorg
eri0eo16, o f"orpa5 o_
nox'cu'cty Eriv*g'q ev6q 6n).ou ota
"tr€pw1av
Xpr,orLavc5v...
[ito
nit
11r.o
*"11 q
.t,iJ"ir]"
rou lcaupo6 ev'c&,ccera, 'cuvr674pova
o' 6vor
'').cioro
no),ttrx6: "Au"i60r1x,
to'xp&nog'en(
c6).oug">r0. Kar q Haas oupnepaiveL 6tu g.e to noi4pa ocutri xar pe opLog.6.va ri).).or t46 c6pl-
p16 nepuibou cou nourltri Ducgaivetar 6cl
ltoc
tov KeB&gq <oL e1x6opi"g anaolo).doel6'6-
louv
rrporepc*6r4ra o.n€vqv' ort6 nveupcr-rx6q >
r r
. o c6ptFo6 n).eou rapagrlq Eru
"rDiogjp.- cat erc).c6q xa.t p6vo
1uc
qv oip4orl
.rov
0pqoxeurlxt6u
t6:rcov r1g Opbab"irlg
1p,o",oiorj6
napriDoo46. Exeivo nou enbqq tov erEuoca6pel e(v'u
1
nepqlopq.ctxil
x* r.u"jr.*.4
Er,booxa-
),ia rou
lprorLavr,oporS
va ).e.touprloer
<oq
.xoopr,xrj
-E6vap.4
,rou ,rrprd.rir,'6uo
orrorlrrurr6
privupc npooonr.xilq xan xowavwriq oo:t1p(eq xcrr
").),a1liqi
^
Mra.t6coloc &not!1 0e pnoporSoe^xd),),tocc
va ouprpLBaot
ei pe exeivo:rou
o I- II. >aBpi_
E4q oe ci),),q ouvrigeLa rov((u,, 6rt bfl,aDri <o Dua).exrrx6q vouq rou noLlrri paq, x,,ro. xav6_
va tod etcttp€net va lbei xat voc pocq.Eeifet taut6Tpova
*q b6o d4req .uiq
a'e,ror
Ep,ipa"og,
.,'',6 nq onoieq
1
Ee6cepq c(per cqv €6o4 tou npcocou>>12.
ME ,i).).oc
).ilcr,'o f"pa9i6 b"" ,rl
DLag6petar vc zrpope( oe picr o61x),uo1 ri odvgeorl tou zreptelop€vou
'-.uu
E6o
'D,o'g;;.",r;u
0pqozeurrxriv zrcpaE6oeov. Avaptop((er q br*gopett:tdcqr,i'rouq
zdr o.coA&(eratzsyeug.drr-
x&.,
aapiq
pepo).1nclz6q
xar, erpetuiq.v, axoppin cet,
d
vc uropocdpi(e,
"r1'orllrooio "ri,
fr,r,
rocp,lEoo4q lvcvcL rlg &),).1g. Aoxei,
.69.to9,-
"o
ouogo[pero
Dlxaicopc
"o,
,f.60rpor,'r.uru_
1-rocclxo6
av0p6nou va enl).€,fet pete{6 c<ov b0o 0p4oxeuttxc6v
napaDdoetov,
Kar
l
ezrr),o1{
tou^eivar
-oagri6:
O Kcp&ga6 xtriver uzri.p rou
Xprortavropod.
flivc<oq,
4
errr),oyi
'"o,
ocuti
Ee Dtxcrrololeitar n)'dpco6 oro nolrlrrx6 to,, 6p^yo. Aratuntiverat
Duoc-iexrtx,i *o,
1r",p6no
no' oprop6vaq gjp< 0a pnopodoe
va ex),lgOei ri* uzroxp6nter 6va el8og zro.lcrxri5 .,p.,urio6l
lL' autd. xar o I.-il. >eppiD16 Drxoco),oy1p6uo
ou1r.lrepoive,
6r, u4
"ip.;lu"io,
ii"'r"Api*,
eivat p6, pe^1oc),d0ry.r1,
epnelprxd
.napcEopi
tov ocvcLgoccrxciv
o,od"1p,&".u
"ou
lrnopLi
uo
ouvun&p1ouv orov ibLov &vOp<ono>
13.
,
lug,nepcopctlx<i
0c pnopo6oe vcr ).e10e[ 6ru
1
tolupri enibpeq t16 o611pov16
,rou
norl.
ji.,(.u"orti,
opqoxeurrxri. ncrp,i8oorl.
"ou
e),)."1v.opro6, ,ro, d,orripui
"n'illri
,Jr,
"" "rpi-
pq,l'Aov
rou, evcavcx).&tcr ev no),),^oiE xau oro noL4rtx6 cou 6p1o. Kocu
4
napdboo4 cr"ri dru
eivcL d).).4 arri r4v e),),r1vrxrj Op0d8ofu
1p,o",ou,r4.
._
9. K. III. Kaprigtq, Ilonipaw B' (
j
9l9-
j93J)
,9rlo),o.1,rri ezrtp6),era f. n. XcppiDaa, A0riva: ExD6oeq
'Ixapog,
1982, o. 53.
10. D. Haas, <Ar eplc( tou
1protrorvlo1l,o6:'Evc
Oepatlxd rcgd),ou,o tou Kcprigrl>, ti.zr., o, 3?5.
ll. 'O.r.,
o. 3?6.
12. I. [. )appiE16, Baorx&. 1€pare t4E ro(4o4E tor.t KaB,ig4, 6n., o. 64.
13.
'O.n.,
o. 64.
491
.
EMMANOTHA N, NEP>EAHE
Tetrerivowcrg, 0c rj0ela vcr eupptm{cco tov np6ebpo xcl cor p6}21 tou A.l. tou Euvb6'
o1.rou Alluzrrtotciv E}trrivtov
1w
trlv ttpi nou pou €xcwrv vc pe xal6oouv vcr p'
{or,l
oulv
crno,frwri oeupctml edriloczl, qv agepop6wl aru 75 yp6vw and to 0&varo tou pe1&trou
xcr,l olxoul.levtxo6 c elavDpwo6 g.c6 totltri K. II. KcBrig4' oco g 6levo
ltipo
to6 evteu-
xt4piou rcuq. fta g.6vcr ricocv pu rvaup,crtrxri &cxzloq vcr colo).40<5
pe tq 0ploleutlz6t4tc
qg
efdfueqg xo;8,aq,.ri6 noiqol6ra. 4z16 qv riocrloq cucl
q og6tretc tou cnorc6p.rcr ri,cv
rircp<,r6
1dvqr4
xat onoEop4twr]. Elzti(ro rdt ro uTEoll,ovetrxd a*o{rw6 ex}'ext6 clpocrcdprc
vcr oupgorvei pa(i pou.
14, Mta rp6t4 zrapouc[crcq crnrf c4g sro{nc4g €1we oe zro}wtenr<r{ ax8r{l<,loa tou oplcvriO4xe
1c
t1
pvr{pq tou noqr4 Ii. II. Kcrpdrg4 cnrd q Aor'xo6oc Ennpozrrl q6 Alpotrx4g BrBlro0rir4g Aripou Kcroi<ov <Nr'
#Icrog f. Mcup{6)
(K&oo6, 13 Aulo6otou 2007).