You are on page 1of 31

Transformasi Koordinat

(metode Helmert)
Titik
BPN -05
BPN -14
BPN -06
BPN -03
P1

x(m)
y(m)
3987.437
2777.941
5732.694
2727.528
6142.998
506.759
4337.923
794.338
x(m)
y(m)

Sistem Koordinat Baru

X(m)
Y(m)
359753.092
318649.751
361498.327
318598.121
361908.266
316377.138
360103.518
316666.233
?
?

Koordinat P1 ?
1. Persamaan :
X = px - qy + a
Y = qx + py + b
2. Diperlukan minimal 2 Titik Sekutu
3. Tahapan Hitungannya :
Persamaan tsb:
XTDT 002 = pxTDT 002 - qyTDT 002 + a
XTDT 103P = pxTDT 103P - qyTDT 103P+ a
XTDT TB2 = pxTDT TB2 - qyTDT TB2 + a
XTDT TB1 = pxTDT TB1 - qyTDT TB1 + a
YTDT 002= qxTDT 002 +pyTDT 002 +b
YTDT 103P = qxTDT 103P +pyTDT 103P +b
YTDT TB2 = qxTDT TB2+pyTDT TB2 +b
YTDT TB1 = qxTDT TB1 +pyTDT TB1 +b

Parameter Transformasi

p, q, a, b

Keterangan
titik sekutu
titik sekutu
titik sekutu
titik sekutu

Dibuat Matrik :
Matrik A =

Matrik P =

xTDT 002

-yTDT 002

xTDT 103P

-yTDT 103P

xTDT TB2

-yTDT TB2

xTDT TB1

-yTDT TB1

yTDT 002

xTDT 002

yTDT 103P

xTDT 103P

yTDT TB2

xTDT TB2

yTDT TB1

xTDT TB1

p
q
a
b

Matrik A =

3987.437
5732.694
6142.998
4337.923
2777.941
2727.528
506.759
794.338

Matrik F =

359753.092

Matrik P =

-2777.941
-2727.528
-506.759
-794.338
3987.437
5732.694
6142.998
4337.923

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

[AT.A]-1.AT.F

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

361498.327
361908.266
360103.518
318649.751
318598.121
316377.138
316666.233
Matrik AT =

Matrik ATA =

3987.437
-2777.941
1
0

5732.694
-2727.528
1
0

121361577.441128
3.725290298E-009
3.72529029846191E-009 121361577.441128
20201.052
-6806.566
6806.566
20201.052

Matrik [AT.A]-1 = 1.2888895373176E-007 -2.781010321E-022

-1.75642757141513E-022 1.288889537E-007
-0.0006509231
0.0002193228
-0.0002193228
-0.0006509231

Matrik ATF =

9458197655.4248
3959385353.03974
1443263.203
1270291.243

6142.998
-506.759
1
0

4337.923
-794.338
1
0

20201.052
-6806.566
4
0

6806.566
20201.052
0
4

-0.0006509231
0.0002193228
3.9105416849
0

-0.0002193228
-0.0006509231
-3.39558077E-015
3.9105416849

2777.941
3987.437
0
1

Matrik P = [AT.A]-1.AT.F
Matrik P =

p
q
a
b

= 0.9999985939
= -0.0003801012
= 355764.898055186
= 315873.091253625

Koordinat Lama (DGN 95)
X
Y
4444.972
1005.342

Titik
1

X
Y
360210.246
316876.742

Rumus Var Post (s02)

s0 2 =
Keterangan
V

VTV / (n-u)

matrik residu
V = (ATA)-1.(ATF)

r=(n-u)
n
u

derajat kebebasan
banyaknya persamaan
minimum persamaan

V = (ATA)-1.(ATF)
0.9999985939
-0.0003801012
355764.898055186
315873.091253625

n =8
u =4
r= 4

VT =

0.9999985939

VTV = 226344472467.338
s02 = VTV / (n-u)
= 56586118116.8345

Parameter
p
q
a
b

Nilai
0.9999993667
-2.15E-06
-0.5859375
1.796875

-0.0003801012

355764.898055186 315873.09125363

Matrik F =

XTDT 002
XTDT 103P
XTDT TB2
XTDT TB1
YTDT 002
YTDT 103P
YTDT TB2
YTDT TB1

2727.528
5732.694
0
1

506.759
6142.998
0
1

794.338
4337.923
0
1

Transformasi Koordinat
(metode Affine)
Sistem Koordinat Lama
x(m)
y(m)

Titik

BPN -05
BPN -14
BPN -06
BPN -03
P1

3987.437
5732.694
6142.998
4337.923
x(m)

1. Persamaan :
X = ax + by + C1
Y = cx + dy + C2
2. Diperlukan minimal 3 Titik Sekutu
3. Tahapan Hitungannya :
Persamaan tsb:

2777.941
2727.528
506.759
794.338
y(m)

Sistem Koordinat Baru

X(m)
Y(m)

359753.092
361498.327
361908.266
360103.518
?

Parameter Transformasi

318649.751
318598.121
316377.138
316666.233
?

Keterangan

titik sekutu
titik sekutu
titik sekutu
titik sekutu

a, b, c, d, C1, C2

XBPN05 = axBPN05 + byBPN05 + C1

XBPN14 = axBPN14 + byBPN14 + C1
XBPN06 = axBPN06 + byBPN06 + C1
XBPN03 = axBPN03 + byBPN03 + C1
YBPN05 = cxBPN05 + dyBPN05 + C2
YBPN14 = cxBPN14 + dyBPN14 + C2
YBPN06 = cxBPN06 + dyBPN06 + C2
YBPN03 = cxBPN03 + dyBPN03 + C2
Dibuat Matrik :
Matrik A =

xBPN05
xBPN14
xBPN06

yBPN05
yBPN14
yBPN06

0
0
0

0
0
0

1
1
1

0
0
0

Matrik F =

Matrik P =

xBPN03

yBPN03

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

xBPN05
xBPN14
xBPN06
xBPN03

yBPN05
yBPN14
yBPN06
yBPN03

a
b
c
d
C1
C2

Matrik A =

3987.437
5732.694
6142.998
4337.923
0
0
0
0

Matrik F =

359753.092
361498.327
361908.266
360103.518
318649.751
318598.121
316377.138
316666.233

Matrik P =

2777.941
2727.528
506.759
794.338
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
3987.437
5732.694
6142.998
4337.923

0
0
0
0
2777.941
2727.528
506.759
794.338

1
0
0
0
0

0
1
1
1
1

[AT.A]-1.AT.F

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

Matrik AT =

Matrik ATA =

Matrik [AT.A]-1 =

Matrik ATF =

3987.437
2777.941
0
0
1
0

105317434.708538
33271744.731105
0
0
20201.052
0

3.30683813776807E-007
8.17631870106664E-008
0
0
-0.0018091719
0

7292155167.44272

5732.694
2727.528
0
0
1
0

6142.998
506.759
0
0
1
0

4337.923
794.338
0
0
1
0

33271744.731105
0
0
16044142.73259
0
0
0
105317434.708538 33271744.731105
0
33271744.731105 16044142.73259
6806.566
0
0
0
20201.052
6806.566

0
0
3987.437
2777.941
0
1

0
0
5732.694
2727.528
0
1

20201.052
6806.566
0
0
4
0

0
0
20201.052
6806.566
0
4

8.176318701E-008
0
0
-0.0018091719
2.443407603E-007
0
0
-0.000828706
0
3.3068381378E-007 8.176318701E-008
0
0
8.1763187011E-008 2.443407603E-007
0
-0.000828706
0
0
10.7969541933
0
-0.0018091719
-0.000828706
0

0
0
-0.0018091719
-0.000828706
0
10.7969541933

0
0
6142.998
506.759
0
1

2454813852.24021
6414199205.27994
2166042487.98207
1443263.203
1270291.243

Matrik P = [AT.A]-1.AT.F
Matrik P =

a
b
c
d
C1
C2

= 0.9999097411
= 8.846509695E-005
= -0.0007803354
= 0.9998931786
= 355765.843045501
= 315875.291920919

Titik
1

X
Y
4444.972
1005.342

X
Y
360210.503
316877.058

Rumus Var Post (s02)

s02 =

VTV / (n-u)

Keterangan
V

matrik residu
V = (ATA)-1.(ATF)

r=(n-u)
n
u

derajat kebebasan
banyaknya persamaan
minimum persamaan

n =8
u =6

r= 2
V = (ATA)-1.(ATF)
0.9999097411
8.84650969510403E-005
-0.0007803354
0.9998931786
355765.843045501
315875.291920919
VT =

0.9999097411

VTV = 226346535126.001
s02 = VTV / (n-u)
= 113173267563.00

Parameter
a
b
c
d
C1
C2

Nilai
1.0000000112
7.45058059692383E-009
-4.03076410293579E-006
0.9999969304
0.59375
3.90625

8.846509695E-005

-0.0007803354

0.9998931786

355765.8430455 315875.291920919

XBPN05
XBPN14
XBPN06

XBPN03
YBPN05
YBPN14
YBPN06
YBPN03

0
0
4337.923
794.338
0
1

Transformasi Koordinat
(metode Lauf)
Titik

BPN -05
BPN -14
BPN -06
BPN -03
P1

x(m)
y(m)

3987.437
5732.694
6142.998
4337.923
x(m)

2777.941
2727.528
506.759
794.338
y(m)

Sistem Koordinat Baru

X(m)
Y(m)

359753.092
361498.327
361908.266
360103.518
?

1. Persamaan :
X = a1(y2 x2) + 2a2 xy + b1y + b2x + C1
Y = a2(y2 x2) 2a1xy + b2y b1x + C2
2. Diperlukan minimal 3 titik sekutu
3. Tahapan Hitungannya :
Persamaan tsb:

318649.751
318598.121
316377.138
316666.233
?

Keterangan

titik sekutu
titik sekutu
titik sekutu
titik sekutu

Parameter Transformasi

XBPN05 = a1(yBPN052 xBPN052) + 2a2 xBPN05yBPN05 + b1yBPN05 + b2xBPN05 + C1

XBPN14 = a1(yBPN142 xBPN142) + 2a2 xBPN14yBPN14 + b1yBPN14 + b2xBPN14 + C1
XBPN06 = a1(yBPN062 xBPN062) + 2a2 xBPN06yBPN06 + b1yBPN06 + b2xBPN06 + C1
XBPN03 = a1(yBPN032 xBPN032) + 2a2 xBPN03yBPN03 + b1yBPN03 + b2xBPN03 + C1
YBPN05 = a2(yBPN052 xBPN052) 2a1xBPN05yBPN05 + b2yBPN05 b1xBPN05 + C2
YBPN14 = a2(yBPN142 xBPN142) 2a1xBPN14yBPN14 + b2yBPN14 b1xBPN14 + C2
YBPN06 = a2(yBPN062 xBPN062) 2a1xBPN06yBPN06 + b2yBPN06 b1xBPN06 + C2
YBPN03 = a2(yBPN032 xBPN032) 2a1xBPN03yBPN03 + b2yBPN03 b1xBPN03 + C2

Dibuat Matrik :
(yBPN052 xBPN052)
Matrik A =

2xBPN05yBPN05

yBPN05

xBPN05

Matrik F =

(yBPN142 xBPN142)

2xBPN14yBPN14

yBPN14

xBPN14

(yBPN06 xBPN06 )

2xBPN06yBPN06

yBPN06

xBPN06

(yBPN03 xBPN03 )

2xBPN03yBPN03

yBPN03

xBPN03

-2xBPN05yBPN05

(yBPN05 xBPN05 )

-xBPN05

yBPN05

-2xBPN14yBPN14

(yBPN14 xBPN14 )

-xBPN14

yBPN14

-2xBPN06yBPN06

(yBPN06 xBPN06 )

-xBPN06

yBPN06

-2xBPN03yBPN03

(yBPN03 xBPN03 )

-xBPN03

yBPN03

2
2

Matrik P =

2
2

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

a1
a2
b1
b2
C1
C2

Matrik A =

-8182697.629488
-25424371.506852
-37479619.743923
-18186603.095685
-22153729.454434
-31272166.800864
-6226039.046964
-6891554.159948

Matrik F =

359753.092
361498.327
361908.266
360103.518
318649.751
318598.121

Matrik P =

22153729.454434
31272166.800864
6226039.046964
6891554.159948
-8182697.629488
-25424371.506852
-37479619.743923
-18186603.095685

2777.941
2727.528
506.759
794.338
-3987.437
-5732.694
-6142.998
-4337.923

3987.437
5732.694
6142.998
4337.923
2777.941
2727.528
506.759
794.338

[AT.A]-1.AT.F

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

316377.138
316666.233

Matrik AT =

Matrik AT.A =

Matrik [AT.A]-1 =

Matrik AT.F =

-8182697.629488
22153729.454434
2777.941
3987.437
1
0

-25424371.506852
31272166.800864
2727.528
5732.694
1
0

-37479619.743923
6226039.046964
506.759
6142.998
1
0

4003822861438230
0
210235759255.989
-642974234861.169
-89273291.975948
-66543489.46221

0.046875
4003822861438230
642974234861.169
210235759255.989
66543489.46221
-89273291.975948

210235759255.989
-642974234861.169
-89273291.975948 -66543489.46221
642974234861.169
210235759255.989
66543489.46221 -89273291.97595
121361577.441128 -3.72529029846191E-009
6806.566
-20201.052
-3.72529030E-009
121361577.441128
20201.052
6806.566
6806.566
20201.052
4
0
-20201.052
6806.566
0
4

6.85884540630725E-014
-4.11721298372147E-027
-2.30597082087346E-010
6.9738841902852E-010
-1.59882209315154E-006
-1.21025221946826E-006
-53422495351782.8
-4314712929359.76
-3959385353.03974
9458197655.4248
1443263.203

-18186603.095685
6891554.159948
794.338
4337.923
1
0

-22153729.454434 -31272166.80086 -6226039.046964

-8182697.629488 -25424371.50685 -37479619.743923
-3987.437
-5732.694
-6142.998
2777.941
2727.528
506.759
0
0
0
1
1
1

1.54040554735786E-027 -2.30597082E-010 6.97388419028501E-010 -1.59882209E-006

6.85884540630578E-014 -6.97388419E-010 -2.30597082087382E-010 1.210252219E-006
-6.9738841902836E-010
0.000007995
-5.02713441952171E-020 -0.0071495296
-2.30597082087324E-010 -7.24410070E-019
0.000007995
-0.0209762193
1.21025221946806E-006
-0.0071495296
-0.0209762193
62.5347310649
-1.59882209315113E-006
0.0209762193
-0.0071495296
3.473303946E-012

-1.2102522E-006
-1.5988221E-006
0.0209762193
-0.0071495296
8.68325987E-012
62.5347310649

1270291.243

Matrik P = [AT.A]-1.AT.F
Matrik P =

a1
a2
b1
b2
C1
C2

= -4.07250395628722E-008
= 1.16460672217045E-008
=
0.0003986064
=
0.9995453584
=
355766.052867267
=
315873.538378194

Titik
1

X
Y
4444.972
1005.342

s02 =
Keterangan

VTV / (n-u)

Koordinat Baru ( ITRF 2008)

X
Y
360210.272
316876.797

matrik residu
V = (ATA)-1.(ATF)

r=(n-u)
n
u

derajat kebebasan
banyaknya persamaan
minimum persamaan

n =8
u =6
r= 2

V = (ATA)-1.(ATF)
-4.07250395628722E-008
1.16460672217045E-008
0.0003986064
0.9995453584
355766.052867267
315873.538378194
VT =

-4.07250395628722E-008

VTV = 226345576621.314
s02 = VTV / (n-u)
= 113172788310.66

Parameter
a1
a2
b1
b2
C1
C2

Nilai
9.5367431640625E-007
-0.000005722
0.25
2
524288
0

1.16460672217045E-008

0.0003986064

0.9995453584

355766.052867267 315873.53837819

XBPN05

XBPN14
XBPN06
XBPN03
YBPN05
YBPN14
YBPN06
YBPN03

-6891554.159948
-18186603.095685
-4337.923
794.338
0
1

y^2-x^2
-18747063.54382

PERBANDINGAN KETELITIAN
ANTARA 3 METODE TRANSFORMASI
Perbandingan Ketelitian
Untuk mengetahui metode mana yang lebih teliti ,
nilai varian posteriori masing-masing metode diperbandingkan,
metode yang mempunyai nilai varian posteriori kecil menunjukkan
bahwa metode tersebut lebih teliti dari pada metode yang mempunyai
nilai varian posteriori besar.
A. Metode Helmert dan Affine
No
Metode
Pengukuran Lebih
Varian Posteriori
Transformasi
<r>
<s2>
1 Helmert
4
56586118116.83
2 Affine

113173267563.00

B. Metode Helmert dan Lauf

No
Metode
Transformasi
1 Helmert

Pengukuran Lebih
<r>
4

Varian Posteriori
<s2>
56586118116.83

2 Lauf

113172788310.66

C. Metode Affine dan Lauf

No
Metode
Transformasi
1 Affine
2 Lauf

Pengukuran Lebih
<r>
2
2

Varian Posteriori
<s2>
113173267563.00
113172788310.66

D. Metode Helmert ,Affine dan Lauf

No
Metode
Pengukuran Lebih
Transformasi
<r>
1
Helmert
4
2
Affine
2
2
3
Lauf

Varian Posteriori
<s2>
56586118116.8345
113173267563.00
113172788310.66

Kesimpulan
Metode Helmert lebih teliti dibandingkan metode Affine, karena nilai varian
posteriorinya lebih kecil.

Kesimpulan
Metode Helmert lebih teliti dibandingkan metode Lauf, karena nilai varian
posteriorinya lebih kecil.

Kesimpulan
Metode Lauf lebih teliti dibandingkan metode Affine karena nilai varian
posteriorinya lebih kecil.

Kesimpulan
Dari ketiga metode tersebut, metode helmert paling teliti daripada metode
affine dan lauf karena nilai varian posteriorinya paling kecil.