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SALMAN KHAN(1213240185)
RISHI PANDEY(1213240175)
Project Co-ordinator
Mr. Kuldeep Shukla

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Greater Noida Institute Of Technology,Greater Noida
Affliated To Uttar Pradesh Technical University,Luknow

What is a Hydraulic Jack

. A hydraulic jack is a device used to lift heavy loads. The device
itself is light, compact and portable, but is capable of exerting
great force.
. The device pushes liquid against a piston; pressure is built in the
jack's container. The jack is based on Pascal's law that the
pressure of a liquid in a container is the same at all point

Literature Review

Simon Stevin, He showed that the force exerted by a liquid on the base of a vessel is
equal to the weight of a liquid column extending from the base to the free surface.

Leonardo da Vinci, in his research in the late 1400s, first demonstrated the use of a
screw jack for lifting loads. Leonardos design used a threaded worm gear, supported on
bearings, that rotated by the turning of a worm shaft to drive a lifting screw to move the

Joseph Whitworth, in his research recognised the need for precision had become as
important in industry as the provision of power.

Frank Henry, in his experiment during the early 1880s in Coaticook, designed a lifting
jack. Like da Vincis jack, it was technological innovation because it was based on the
principle of the ball bearing for supporting a load and transferred rotary motion, through
gearing and a screw, into linear motion for moving the load.

Arthur Osmore Norton, He spotted the potential for Sleepers design and in 1886
hired the young man and the Norton jack was born. Over the coming years the famous
Norton jacks were manufactured at plants in Boston, Coaticook and Moline, Illinois.

Josiah Barrett, He gave the idea for a ratchet jack that would pull barges together to
form a tow. The idea was based on the familiar lever and fulcrum principle.


Understood the objective of the project and searched for the best result to solve the problem

Study the literature review and analyses what implementation can be made to this project

Study and analyse all information and data gathered from various sources and related to with
objective of the project.

Experimentation and simulation where certain experiments are needed to be done in order to
collect and to take note the data and record for improvement.

Generate conceptual design and concept selection to meet the characteristic require and
final conceptual design is obtain.

Phase to detail design process where concept will be enhanced and optimized if there is disability
and problems to produce the final design.

Fabrication and implementations is happen here where it will be develop and brought to life from
the detail design drawing that have chosen.

Next step is to test run whether the prototype can work properly and meet the objective. Thus, the
problem found will be analyse and need to be rework.

Construction Phase

Now let us discuss the construction phase step by step:

First of all we needed a car chassis with brake pedal system and master cylinder
install in it.

Now the 5 way valve is connected in between the master cylinder and Hyraulic
cylinder near the master cylinder keeping in mind that the oil pipe coming from master
cylinder should be attached to the inlet of valve..

Install the hydraulic cylinders which act as a jack near the wheels.

A non return valve has been used in order to stop the oil returning back.

Now connect the cylinders with the 5 way valve through pipes with a non return
valve in each pipe connecting the cylinders.

The construction of our model has been kept as simple as possible keeping in mind
the abstract of the project and also keeping in mind the cost limitation of the project so
as to justify the prototype model concept and to utilize the maximum resources
available to us.


The most common arrangement of Inbuilt

hydraulic jack consists of the following:

1. Hydraulic cylinder or jack

2. Five-way directional
control valve
3. Master cylinder
4. Non return valve
5. Hydraulic fitting and pipes
6. Chassis.

. As a vehicles undergo a tyre failure than first we will turn the five-way valve handle
toward the failed tyre jack.

.Now when we push the brake pedal than the fluid from the master cylinder will pass
through the five-way valve and move in the direction of the handle of valve ,this will
make the piston in the hydraulic cylinder(jack) to move down and the tyre start lifting.

The non return check valve is manually opened after replacing the tyre so that the
fluid to go back into the master cylinder and the tyre start coming down to its initial

Five-way directional control

This is installed near master cylinder.
It has an one inlet port
on its
circumference at the top and five outlet
When the handle is in the directions of
the left front jack marking of the cover
plate. It will operate the left front jack,
when the brake pedal is operated.

Single acting hydraulic cylinder

Hydraulic cylinders get their power
from pressurized hydraulic fluid ,
which is typically oil.
The hydraulic cylinder consists of a
cylinder barrel, in which a piston
connected to a piston rod moves
back and forth..
The piston has sliding rings and seals.

Non Return Valve

A non-return valve or one-way valve is a mechanical device,

This normally allows fluid (liquid or gas) to flow through

it in only one direction.

Check valves are two-port valves, meaning

they have two openings in the body,
one for fluid to enter and the other for
fluid to leave.

The innovation has several advantages and wide scope of

It would be useful for car owners for onsite tyre replacement

It would be helpful for mechanics for reparing of parts on chassis

anywhere by lifting the car on integrated jacks.

It can be used in all types of LMVs & with slight modifications on

SUVs & LUVs also.