Negative Impact

ADHD and Smoking
Age
17.4

15.5

Source: McClernon, Kollins 2008

ADHD and Smoking
Smoking before age 16
75%

27%

Source: McClernon, Kollins 2008

Illicit Substance Abuse

Source: Barkley, ADHD Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment

Antisocial Tendencies

Source: Barkley, ADHD Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment

Economic Burden

Number of Medical Claims

patients

comparison subjects
Source: ADDERS.org

Excess Cost of ADHD
Total: $31.6 billion

Work loss cost, adults & family members $U.S. 3.7 billion Healthcare of family members $U.S. 14.2 billion

Patient’s healthcare costs $U.S. 12.1 billion ADHD Treatment $U.S. 1.6 billion
Source: Birnbaum, et al. 2005.

Annual Cost
In billions of U.S. dollars

drugs 58

ADHD

77

Increased Cost for Patients and Families

Expenditure (direct cost)

Payment (direct + indirect cost)

Source: Swensen, et al. 2003.

Low Cost of Treatment

$U.S. per employment costs