# Line Balancing

 The technique employed for design of product layouts  Estimation of exact number of resources and the sequence of resources required  Tasks are optimally combined without violating precedence constraints and certain number of workstations designed to complete the tasks
Cycle time ! available work time Actual production

N

er f the retica l

r stati

s, N T

§ tas !

ti es

cle ti e

Average Resources utilizatio n !

(

A

otal task time stations) v cycle time

Line Balancing Example
Task Time Required Precedes (in min.) A 2.2 B, C, D B 3.4 E C 1.7 E D 4.1 F E 2.7 F F 3.3 G G 2.6 --

  

Company operates one shift per day Available time per shift is 450 minutes Production rate is 75 units/day

Cycle time = 450/75 = 6 minutes/part NT = 20/6 = 3.33 = 4 stations

Precedence Diagram
B E A C

D

F

G

Tm St t on Av l. 1 6.0
3.8 0.4

El g. T k A
C,D C,D C E E F G

W ll T k Idl F t? A gn. T m A A
B 0.4 C,D C D C 0.2 E F G E F G 0.0 3.4

B,C,D B,C

2

6.0 1.9 0.2

3 4

6.0 3.3 6.0

Line Balancing Solution

Station 3 Station 1 B E A C Station 2 D F

Station 4 G