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TY100531_TYDEX_V1_3

TY100531_TYDEX_V1_3

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Sections

  • 1. Introduction
  • 1.1 Participating Companies
  • 2. Description of the File Structure
  • 2.1 General Remarks
  • 2.2 Keywords
  • 2.2.1 **HEADER
  • 2.2.2 **COMMENTS
  • 2.2.3 **CONSTANTS
  • 2.2.4 **MEASURCHANNELS
  • 2.2.5 **MEASURDATA
  • 2.2.6 **MODELDEFINITION
  • 2.2.7 **MODELPARAMETERS
  • 2.2.8 **MODELCOEFFICIENTS
  • 2.2.10 **MODELOUTPUTS
  • 2.2.11 **MODELEND
  • 2.2.12 **END
  • 2.3 Physical Units
  • 2.4 Examples
  • 2.5 Parameter List
  • 2.5.1 HEADER
  • 2.5.2 CONSTANTS and CHANNELS
  • 2.6 Axis Systems
  • 2.6.1 C-Axis System
  • 2.6.2 H-Axis System
  • 2.6.3 W-Axis System

TYDEX

TYDEX-Format
Description and Reference Manual Release 1.3

Initiated by the TYDEX Workshop
worked out by Dipl.-Ing. H.-J. Unrau, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) Dr.-Ing. J. Zamow, Dr.Ing.h.c.F.Porsche AG

09.01.1997

TYDEX-Format Reference Manual, Release 1.3

TYDEX
Contents
Page 1. Introduction 1.1 Participating Companies 2. Description of the File Structure 2.1 General Remarks 2.2 Keywords 2.2.1 **HEADER 2.2.2 **COMMENTS 2.2.3 **CONSTANTS 2.2.4 **MEASURCHANNELS 2.2.5 **MEASURDATA 2.2.6 **MODELDEFINITION 2.2.7 **MODELPARAMETERS 2.2.8 **MODELCOEFFICIENTS 2.2.9 **MODELCHANNELS 2.2.10 **MODELOUTPUTS 2.2.11 **MODELEND 2.2.12 **END 2.3 Physical Units 2.4 Examples 2.5 Parameter List 2.5.1 HEADER 2.5.2 CONSTANTS and CHANNELS 2.6 Axis Systems 2.6.1 C-Axis System 2.6.2 H-Axis System 2.6.3 W-Axis System 4 5 6 6 7 8 9 9 11 13 14 17 18 19 20 21 21 22 25 34 34 35 47 47 49 51

Contents

TYDEX-Format Reference Manual, Release 1.3

Page 2

TYDEX
2.7 Longitudinal Slip 2.7.1 Definition 2.7.2 Approximation 3. Literature 53 53 54 55

Contents

TYDEX-Format Reference Manual, Release 1.3

Page 3

TYDEX
1. Introduction

1. Introduction

The Tyre Data Exchange Format (TYDEX) has been developed and unified by an international tyre working group to make the tyre measurement data exchange easier. This format can be used by anybody without special permission and without paying any licence fee. Proposals for further extensions to this format should be given to the chairman of the TYDEX Working Group, to persons listed below or to other members of this group.

Jan J.M. van Oosten (Chairman of the TYDEX Working Group TM-TM) TNO Road-Vehicles Research Institute P.O. Box 6033 NL-2600 JA Delft Phone: +31 15 269 6420 Fax: +31 15 269 7314

Dipl.-Ing. Hans-Joachim Unrau Universität Karlsruhe (TH) Institut für Maschinenkonstruktionslehre und Kraftfahrzeugbau Kaiserstr.12 D-76128 Karlsruhe Phone: +49-721/608-3795 Fax: +49-721/608-6051

TYDEX-Format Reference Manual, Release 1.3

Page 4

TYDEX
1.1 Participating Companies

1.1 Participating Companies

Following companies or institutes are supporting the TYDEX file format described here:

BMW AG Robert Bosch GmbH Centro Ricerche FIAT Continental AG Daimler-Benz AG FTH Esslingen Ford Werke AG Goodyear S.A. IPG GmbH Mercedes-Benz AG Michelin NedCar Porsche AG PSA Steyr-Daimler-Puch Toyota (TCL) Volkswagen AG Volvo Car Corp. Volvo Truck Corp. TNO University of Berlin University of Delft University of Karlsruhe University of Vienna

Germany Germany Italy Germany Germany Germany Germany Luxembourg Germany Germany France The Netherlands Germany France Austria Japan Germany Sweden Sweden The Netherlands Germany The Netherlands Germany Austria

TYDEX-Format Reference Manual, Release 1.3

Page 5

TDX) . The 8-bit ANSI-ASCII character set has to be used. 2. They can be used to structure the file and to improve its readability. but they will be ignored during reading the file. Each record line may be 80 characters long except the **MEASURDATA. Blank lines are ignored. 2. a complete file name may be MEAS01.4. In that case the record length may be up to 255 characters. Example: Column 1 ! 11 41 51 61 71 The rest of this line is comment that will be ignored during reading TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.g.TYDEX 2.1 General Remarks The proposed file extension of the TYDEX data file is . Comments can be given in lines starting with ! (exclamation mark). Description of the File Structure An example of the file structure can be seen in chapter 2. Release 1. These comment lines may be helpful to add remarks using an editor. These lines may have any position in any block of the file.3 Page 6 . the **MODELCOEFFICIENTS and the **MODELOUTPUTS sections for which it will be more comfortable to have one line per sample.tdx (e. National character sets are not allowed.1 General Remarks The keywords. the physical units and all other text may be written either in upper or in lower case letters or mixed (TIME=Time=time).

They must not contain any blanks. The other keywords are optional. Release 1.TYDEX 2. the keywords **MODELDEFINITION and **MODELEND must appear. The keywords **HEADER and **END must appear in every file.2 Keywords 2. Only one **CONSTANTS section is allowed in one data file.2 Keywords Every keyword (except **MODELEND and **END) is the header of a section containing special information on the data. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.3 Page 7 . The data file may consist of up to 12 keywords: **HEADER **COMMENTS **CONSTANTS **MEASURCHANNELS **MEASURDATA **MODELDEFINITION **MODELPARAMETERS **MODELCOEFFICIENTS **MODELCHANNELS **MODELOUTPUTS **MODELEND **END All keywords start in column 1 with 2 asterisks. They may be written in lower. upper case or mixed case letters (HEADER=Header=header). If sections concerning the tyre model are used. This **CONSTANTS section is valid for all sections referring to the measurement and the model.

the connected **MODELDEFINITION and **MODELEND also appears several times. If sections concerning the tyre model are used they have to be pooled in one block. If more than one block of MODEL sections is used in one file.1 **HEADER This section contains information to identify the measurement.2.TYDEX 2. to the same **CONSTANTS section. In the beginning of this block the section **MODELDEFINITION appears. If model data concerning these tyre models is to be stored in TYDEX format. It is suitable for the file management. the mixing of model and measurement data does not appear to be sensible. It may be written in lower or upper case letters or mixed. The blocks have to refer to the same testing conditions.3 Page 8 . In the end of the block **MODELEND appears so that it is clear that all sections between **MODELDEFINITION and **MODELEND are related to one tyre model. 2.e. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. Several blocks of MODEL sections are allowed. Only one **MEASURCHANNELS and one **MEASURDATA keyword is allowed. For certain tyre models.2 Keywords If **MEASURCHANNELS is given also a **MEASURDATA section must occur. Release 1. i. This keyword must occur in every TYDEX data file ! It must be the first keyword. the keywords **MEASURCHANNELS and **MEASURDATA do not appear. This makes it possible to describe lateral force and aligning moment models in consecutive sections within the same file. in which the used tyre model is defined and a model reference code is shown to avoid mistakes.

However.5). the user should be endeavoured to give all information available for the parameters which have been defined. Release 1.3 Page 9 .2.3 05039ABC MICHELIN 26/01/97 09:50 11 41 51 61 71 For further details. This block will be read in during the postprocessing phase and can be printed or plotted (instead of comment lines starting with „!“). all information about tyre. rim and test conditions is given in this section if a parameter has been defined (see chapter 2. see chapter 2. An unlimited number of comment lines is allowed.2 Keywords This section consists of only 5 parameters.1 .TYDEX 2. Normally.2.2 **COMMENTS This section contains information which cannot be put into other blocks or which is additional user information. 2. This section ends one line before the next keyword starting with 2 asterisks (**). TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. 2. In this section the quality of the model-to-measurements-fitting can be specified. Lines after this keyword have free format.3 **CONSTANTS This section contains measurement and model data and character information which is constant for the whole measurement or model given in this file. They can be generated by a computer program as well as using an editor. as shown in the following example: Column 1 **HEADER RELEASE MEASID SUPPLIER DATE CLCKTIME Release of TYDEX-Format Measurement ID Data Supplier Date Clocktime 1.5. If any information is unknown it can be omitted although there is a parameter.

max. The names of the constants are fixed and have definite meanings to use them for an automated postprocessing system (see chapter 2. 8 characters long starting in column 1 text channel text.2 Keywords instead of the **MEASURDATA or **MODELOUTPUT sections save disk space.TYDEX Numerical values given in the **CONSTANTS section 2. lower case or mixed case letters max. The **CONSTANTS section has the following format: Column 1 pppppppp 11 text 41 unit 51 value 61 71 using pppppppp parameter (see parameter list below) can be written in upper case.2).5. either in English or in another language spelling not fixed. 29 characters long starting in column 11 unit physical unit (see list of allowed physical units below) starting in column 41 value may be either a numerical value or a text string (depending on parameter) starting in column 51 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. The number of constants is not limited.3 Page 10 .g. by expansion to a full vector during postprocessing). Release 1. The given physical unit makes it possible to switch automatically to another unit. but they can be used as if they were measured or modelled (e.

2).2. which was 25 °C during the whole measurement. Only parameters with numerical values are allowed.TYDEX Example: Column 1 AMBITEMP 11 Ambient Temperature 41 deg C 51 25 61 2. The **MEASURCHANNELS section has the following format: Column 1 pppppppp 11 text 41 unit 51 a 61 b 71 c using pppppppp parameter (see list in chapter 2.4 **MEASURCHANNELS This section contains only measured (time dependent) data. lower case or mixed case letters max. 8 characters long starting in column 1 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. The names of the variables are fixed and have definite meaning to use them for an automated postprocessing system (see chapter 2. Release 1. The given physical unit makes it possible to switch automatically to another unit.5.3 Page 11 .3 . 2. The number of channels is not limited. the unit and (if necessary) factors for the conversion into physical units. The section gives the channel text. The unit codes and their spelling are defined in chapter 2.5) can be written in upper case.2 Keywords 71 The parameter AMBITEMP defines the ambient temperature in degrees Celsius.

integer values) If 'b' or 'c' or both are given 'a' has to be set to 1 explicitly. Release 1. 29 characters long starting in column 11 unit physical unit (see list of allowed physical units in chapter 2. max.2 Keywords The following formula is used to convert the measured values into physical values: dphysical = a • ( dmeasured + b ) + c using dphysical physical value dmeasured measured value (e.TYDEX text channel text.3) starting in column 41 a factor to convert the measured values into physical values starting in column 51 can be omitted (default: 1) b offset to shift the measured values starting in column 61 b has the same unit as dmeasured can be omitted (default: 0) c offset to shift the physical values starting in column 71 c has the same unit as dphysical can be omitted (default: 0) 2. either in English or in another language spelling not fixed.3 Page 12 . TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.g.

TYDEX Example: Column 1 TRDTEMP 11 Tread Surface Temperature 41 deg C 51 1 61 0 2. If there is not enough space to put all values of one sample into one line. the number of measurement values per line can be given after the **MEASURDATA keyword as follows: **MEASURDATA nn with nn number of measurement values per line nn is separated by at least 1 blank from **MEASURDATA can be omitted (default: all values in one line) TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.273. 2.2. Every new measurement sample starts in a new line. The format of the values in this section can be integer or real. The number of values per line corresponds to the number of channels in the **MEASURCHANNELS section.15 The measurement values in the **MEASURDATA section (see below) have to be changed using the following formula to convert them into degrees Celsius (°C): dphysical = 1 • ( dmeasured + 0 ) . but all values have to be separated by at least one blank.3 Page 13 .2 Keywords 71 -273. All measured data is listed in the same order as in the **MEASURCHANNELS section.15 (in this special case the measured values are given in Kelvin). Release 1.5 **MEASURDATA In this section all measured data is given sample by sample.

The first line is formatted and contains the keyword MODELREF followed by the name of the model in column 11. This format is not very clearly arranged.22 8467.7E-3 182.6 -3.6 -3.02604 2483 3333.11 8467. The **MEASURDATA section starts as follows (only 2 samples are shown): **MEASURDATA 8 1231. Release 1.4 -143E3 -93716 0.9 9376.3 0.22 0. the supplier’s model reference code in column 41 and the supplier name in column 51.9 9179.TYDEX 2.947 +4. Example: Column 1 MODELREF 11 IPG-TIRE 41 3.01828 -1024 17.947 +4.2 222.2.7 48.2 222.3 329.3 27.3 27. Example: The measurement consists of 20 measurement channels (20 values per sample).6 **MODELDEFINITION This section is the first one for a model description.9274 111.11 1231.512 4444. 2.7E-3 182. -142E3 -93716 0.192 4444. but there is no problem to read the data set with a computer program automatically. but only 8 values can be put into one line.2 Keywords This feature makes it possible to store an unlimited number of channels in the data file.02604 2483 3333.6 51 IPG 61 71 **MODELDEFINITION TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.4 329.7 48.3 Page 14 .9274 111.01828 -1024 17.

3) starting in column 41 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. 29 characters long starting in column 11 unit physical unit (see list of allowed physical units in chapter 2.5).3.2 Keywords The following lines in this section are used to define which are the inputs and the outputs of the model. the minimum and maximum values allowed for each parameter can be specified in order to lay down a validity domain. The unit codes and their spelling are defined in chapter 2. 8 characters long starting in column 1 text text.TYDEX 2. The number of lines is not limited. The model supplier is allowed to use variables not mentioned in the parameter list (see chapter 2. For input data. but in this case he is obliged to give a definition to his customer. The given physical unit makes it possible to switch automatically to another unit. lower case or mixed case letters max. either in English or in another language spelling not fixed. max. The second and the following lines in the **MODELDEFINITION section have the following format: Column 1 pppppppp 11 11 text 41 unit 51 f 61 min 711 max using pppppppp parameter can be written in upper case. Release 1.3 Page 15 .

5 -9 -5 10 9 5 61 71 **MODELDEFINITION TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.3 Page 16 .10 2. Release 1. the quality of the model-to-measurements-fitting) it may be transmitted as comment lines.g.TYDEX f indicator for input / output of the model 'out' denoting output data of the model 'in' denoting input data of the model starting in column 51 min minimum value allowed for the input channel starting in column 61 can be omitted (default: no limit) no value for output channels max maximum value allowed for the input channel starting in column 71 can be omitted (default: no limit) no value for output channels 2.2 Keywords If some specific information about the model has to be given to the user of the model (e. Example: Column 1 MODELREF FYH FZH SLIPANGL INCLANGL ! ! ! ETR ! TAUXERR ! ECARTMAX ----Quality identification of the model N % N ----55.47 118.45 Residual Standard Deviation Error Ratio Maximum deviation 11 Pacejka Magic Formula (FYH) Lateral Force Vertical Force Slip Angle Inclination Angle 41 ADY9006A N kN deg deg 51 MICHELIN out in in in 0.

TYDEX 2. Rel. but in this case he is obliged to give a definition to his customer. This section is particularly dedicated to models which are using parameters with physical meanings (example: IPG-TIRE.2 Keywords This section contains the list of named parameters necessary to describe the tyre model.9 0.05 0.9 0. BRIT). **MODELPARAMETERS mm The number mm is separated by at least 1 blank from **MODELPARAMETERS.5). . 11 Mass Rim_Inertia Rel_Tread_Transv_Radius 41 kg kgm2 % 51 10 0.3 Page 17 . FY Relat.-Length Lateral 41 mm 51 576 0. Release 1. Coeff. Coeff.9 175000.0 500 0. Relax.7 **MODELPARAMETERS 2.2. G-/H-Frict. The format is similar to the one used for the **CONSTANTS section. Relax. FXD Vertical Stiffness Vertical Damping Rel. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.5 61 71 **MODELPARAMETERS 8 Example 2: Column 1 M IR RTTR . FXA Relat. Coeff.-Length Longitud.5 165 61 71 **MODELPARAMETERS 58 The model supplier is allowed to use parameters not mentioned in the parameter list (see chapter 2. G-/H-Frict. Each line is formatted and contains one single parameter. . Example 1: Column 1 OVALLDIA ITFYVMY ITFXAVMY ITFXDVMY ITVS ITVD ITRLLO ITRLLA 11 Overall Diameter Relat. The number mm of parameters is indicated in the line **MODELPARAMETERS after the keyword. G-/H-Frict.

967E-14 -3.946E+03 0.907E-01 -2.546E-01 -6.945E-31 1.155E-02 2.981E+03 4.953E+00 1.499E-35 -4. 1 2 6 140 0.907E-01 -2. .663E-31 -5.2.000E+00 .180E-01 1.808E-18 1. 5.456E+03 3.030E+03 4.000E+00 -4.2 Keywords This section is a free format part.499E-35 4.969E+03 4.657E+03 4. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. .379E-14 -5.672E-35 1.907E-01 -2.945E+03 1. Example: **MODELCOEFFICIENTS ! Side Force 1 2 6 140 0. He must send to his customer the necessary information how to read this section.000E-01 ! Longitudinal Force dec.000E+00 4.891E-31 -1.206E-01 2.3 Page 18 . . Some files used by IPG in IPG-TIRE may represent a good example for the use of this section.TYDEX 2.416E-02 2.832E-02 1.000E+00 9. .000E+00 5.920E-17 -9.866E-01 5.514E-14 1.571E+00 -1.000E+00 5.399E-48 .967E-14 7.969E+03 4.808E-18 -9.900E-02 1.800E-18 9.944E+00 -1. .318E-51 .850E-01 4.774E-03 1.657E+03 4.379E-14 1.000E+00 0.915E+03 4.619E-02 1.953E+00 1.944E+00 0.029E+03 -7.657E+03 4.412E+00 1.858E-01 -2.907E-01 2.411E+03 3. .000E+00 5.309E-02 4.475E-02 2.944E+03 -4.657E+03 1. Release 1.347E+03 4.657E+03 1.800E-18 -1.000E+00 5. The description of the contents of this section is the model supplier’s responsibility (referring to MODELREF in the **MODELDEFINITION section).337E-02 4.000E-01 ! Longitudinal Force acc.923E-17 2.950E-02 5.953E+00 -6.540E-03 7.8 **MODELCOEFFICIENTS 2.000E+00 9.944E+00 -1.000E+00 3.983E+03 0.090E+00 -1.080E-03 1.944E+00 -1.657E+03 4.000E+00 1.953E+00 1.870E-14 1.702E+00 -1. 1 2 6 140 0.461E-01 -1.657E+03 4. 4.992E+03 0.

3. The number of channels is not limited.3 Page 19 .5). 8 characters long starting in column 1 text channel text.9 **MODELCHANNELS 2.2 Keywords This section has to be used in combination with a **MODELOUPUTS section in the same way as **MEASURCHANNELS and **MEASURDATA sections are linked.TYDEX 2. max. Only parameters with numerical values are allowed. Release 1.2. The given physical unit makes it possible to switch automatically to another unit. The section gives the channel text and the units of the data following in the **MODELOUTPUTS section. lower case or mixed case letters max. either in English or in another language spelling not fixed. The unit codes and their spelling are defined in chapter 2. 29 characters long starting in column 11 unit physical unit (see list of allowed physical units in chapter 2.3) starting in column 41 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. The **MODELCHANNELS section has the following format: Column 1 pppppppp 11 11 text unit 41 51 61 711 using pppppppp parameter can be written in upper case. but in this case he is obliged to give a definition to his customer. The model supplier is allowed to use variables not mentioned in the parameter list (see chapter 2.

3 Page 20 . Every new data sample starts in a new line. Lat. Several couples of **MODELCHANNELS/**MODELOUPUTS sections may appear in one file.10 **MODELOUTPUTS In this section. All modelled data is listed in the same order as in the respective **MODELCHANNELS section. The format of the values in this section may be either integer or real. but they have to be arranged together The number of values per line corresponds to the number of channels in the respective **MODELCHANNELS section.2. Force Aligning Stiffness Vertical Force Inflation Pressure 41 N/deg Nm/deg N bar 51 61 2.TYDEX Example: Column 1 CORNSFY ALIGNSMZ FZH INFLPRES 11 Cornering Stiffn. Release 1. but all values have to be separated by at least one blank. all input and output data concerning the used tyre model is given sample by sample. If there is not enough space to put all values of one sample into one line. the number of modelling values per line can be given after the **MODELOUTPUTS keyword as follows: **MODELOUTPUT nn with nn number of modelling values per line nn is separated by at least 1 blank from **MODELOUTPUTS nn can be omitted (default: all values one line) TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.2 Keywords 71 **MODELCHANNELS 2.

01828 -1024 17.2. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.2 222. This format is not very clearly arranged.947 +4.7 48. The **MODELOUTPUTS section starts as follows (only 2 samples are shown): **MODELOUTPUTS 8 1231.192 4444.6 -3.01828 -1024 17. 2.TYDEX file. The number of keywords **MODELEND corresponds to the number of keywords **MODELDEFINITION which again corresponds to the number of used tyre models.11 **MODELEND This keyword indicates the end of the block with model sections concerning one tyre model.7E-3 182.9274 111.6 -3.3 Page 21 . but there is no problem to read the data set with a computer program automatically. It must absolutely occur in every TYDEX data file to recognize loss of data. but only 8 values can be put into one line. -142E3 -93716 0.12 **END This keyword indicates the end of the file.02604 2483 3333.3 27.22 8467.2 Keywords This feature makes it possible to store an unlimited number of channels in the data Example: The model consists of 20 modelling channels (20 values per sample).2 222.02604 2483 3333.512 4444. 2.9 9376.9 9179.11 8467.947 +4.2. 2.7 48.11 1231.3 329. Release 1.9274 111.4 329.3 0. Any information after this line is ignored.3 27.4 -143E3 -93716 0.22 0.7E-3 182.

3 Physical Units 2.1 should be preferred.2 also can be used.TYDEX 2. Table 2.3. Release 1. The spelling of the units is fixed to enable a computer program to recognize the units and to convert them into another unit.3 Page 22 .1: The preferred SI-units value time length.3.3 Physical Units The SI-units in the following table 2. radius angle velocity rotation speed acceleration rotation acceleration curvature force moment stiffness mass inertia temperature pressure no unit s m SI-unit rad m/s rad/s m/s2 rad/s2 1/m N Nm N/m kg kgm2 K Pa [blanks] TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. but the units in the table 2.3.

01745 rad 0.001 m 1000 m 0.0254 m/s 0.3.3048 m/s 0.112985 Nm 1. Release 1.3048 m 0.448222 N 1000 Nm 10 Nm 0.44704 m/s 0.1047 rad/s 0.01745 rad/s ω = 6.34 m 0.01745 rad/s2 1000 N 10 N 4.9144 m 1609.2832 rad/s ω = 0.355818 Nm in = inch = ’’ ft = foot yd = yard mile rad m/s deg km/h mph ft/s in/s rad/s deg/s Hz 1/min rad/s2 N deg/s2 kN daN lbf Nm kNm daNm in⋅lbf ft⋅lbf 1 deg/s n = 1 Hz n = 1/min 1 deg/s2 1 kN 1 daN 1 lbf 1 kNm 1 daNm 1 in⋅lbf 1 ft⋅lbf $ = $ = = = = = = = = = (continued on next page) TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.0254 m 0.3 Physical Units SI-unit s m min mm km alternatives 1 min 1 mm 1 km 1 in 1 ft 1 yard 1 mile 1 deg 1 km/h 1 mph 1 ft/s 1 in/s conversion factor = = = = = = = = = = = = = 60 s 0.3 Page 23 .TYDEX Table 2.27778 m/s 0.2: The alternatives to the SI-units 2.

001 N/m 175.12598 N/m 14.4535924 kg 1 K1) 105 Pa 100 Pa 1000 Pa 106 Pa 6894.3 Page 24 . Release 1.593832 N/m 0.3 Physical Units alternatives conversion factor 1 N/mm 1 lbf/in 1 lbf/ft 1 lb 1 deg C 1 bar 1 hPa 1 kPa 1 MPa 1 lbf/in2 1% = = = = = = = = = = = 0.TYDEX SI-unit N/m N/mm lbf/in lbf/ft kg K Pa lb deg C bar hPa kPa MPa lbf/in2 = psi % 2.01 1) valid for temparature difference TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.76 Pa 0.

FYH Lateral Force N FX Longitudinal Force N MZH Aligning Moment Nm TRDTEMP Tread Surface Temperature deg C 1. Lat. -273. 0. Lat. RUNTIME Running Time s 0.001 ! The rest of this line is comment that will be ignored during reading SLIPANGL Slip Angle deg LONGSLIP Longitudinal Slip % 100.8 10000 2.15 **MEASURDATA 1 0.8 (continued on next page) TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. The section ends at the next keyword starting with **.04 0. 342.4 Examples **COMMENTS This section can be used to put in any comment. **MODELDEFINITION MODELREF Cornering Stiffnesses DZ/GZ CORNSFY Cornering Stiffn.00 -0.4 Examples Example 1: Measurement Data and Model Data in One File Column 1 **HEADER RELEASE MEASID SUPPLIER DATE CLCKTIME 11 Release of TYDEX-Format Measurement ID Data Supplier Date Clocktime 41 51 1. The format is free.3 Page 25 .TYDEX 2. Release 1. 0.3 05039ABC MICHELIN 01/02/97 09:50 61 71 80 2. 343. 3 2. -200 -400. -100. 0. **CONSTANTS NOMWIDTH Nominal Section Width of Tyre mm 185 ASPRATIO Nominal Aspect Ratio % 70 TYSTRUCT Tyre Structure radial RIMDIAME Nominal Rim Diameter inch 13 LOADIND Load Index 84 INFLPRES Inflation Pressure bar 2. Blank lines can be used.00 0. 2 1. 20.5 ! The rest of this line is comment that will be ignored during reading INCLANGL Inclination Angle deg -3 AMBITEMP Ambient Temperature deg C 25 NOTAVAIL Value for not available Data 1E99 **MEASURCHANNELS MEASNUMB Measurement Point No. 0. 40.01 FZH Vertical Force kN 0. 344. 4000 4000 4100 0. Force N/deg ALIGNSMZ Aligning Stiffness Nm/deg FZH Vertical Force N INFLPRES Inflation Pressure bar **MODELCHANNELS CORNSFY Cornering Stiffn.02 0. Force N/deg ALIGNSMZ Aligning Stiffness Nm/deg FZH Vertical Force N INFLPRES Inflation Pressure bar MICHELIN out out in in 500 1.01 1E99 0.

869 1255 37.0 2. **MODELEND **END TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.4 Examples 71 80 **MODELOUTPUTS 221 5.93 3407 94. Release 1.2 2. 41 51 61 2.8 2.2 .8 1.0 2....2 2.8 1.0 2...42 3187 104.472 1189 35.78 3315 99.. 1...3 Page 26 .55 210 5. .087 1147 33.04 .61 204 5.TYDEX Column 1 11 500 3000 10000 500 3000 10000 500 3000 10000 .

Relax.180E-01 1.-Length Rel.4 Examples 1.5 5.0 0.9 0. lat.5 3.3 Page 27 .030E+03 4.379E-14 1.944E+03 -4.945E+03 1.05 0.9 175000. Press.0 500.-Length mm Coeff. .000E+00 5. G-/H-Frict.379E-14 -5.981E+03 4.TYDEX Example 2: File to Transmit IPG-TIRE Data Column 1 **HEADER RELEASE MEASID SUPPLIER DATE CLCKTIME 11 Release of TYDEX-Format Measurement ID Data Supplier Date Clocktime 41 51 61 71 80 2.000E+00 9. Relat. Relat.0 Asphalt 0/11 dry 20 0 0 mm % inch inch bar mm deg C mm deg **MODELCOEFFICIENTS ! Side Force 1 2 6 140 0.969E+03 4.900E-02 1.950E-02 5.969E+03 4.000E+00 1.029E+03 -7.866E-01 5. .9 0.461E-01 -1.399E-48 .907E-01 -2. FXA Coeff.546E-01 -6. INFLPRES Inflation Pressure TRDDEPB Tread Depth before TRCKSURF Surface of Track TRCKCOND Condition of Track Surface AMBITEMP Ambient Temperature WATDEPTH Waterfilm Depth INCLANGL Inclination Angle **MODELDEFINITION MODELREF IPG-TIRE **MODELPARAMETERS 8 OVALLDIA ITFYVMY ITFXAVMY ITFXDVMY ITVS ITVD ITRLLO ITRLLA Overall Diameter Relat.411E+03 3. FXD long.206E-01 2. Relax.915E+03 4. Vertical Stiffness Vertical Damping Rel.6 IPG IPS 185 60 R 82 H 14 6 NoName XYZ regulated 2.000E-01 (continued on next page) TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. Release 1. Evol.663E-31 -5.514E-14 1.571E+00 -1.945E-31 1.907E-01 2.858E-01 -2. G-/H-Frict. Rim Diameter RIMWIDTH Rim Width MANUFACT Manufacturer IDENTITY Identity PRESEVOL Infl. FY Coeff.475E-02 2.337E-02 4.3 08*0 Universitaet Karlsruhe (TH) 01/02/97 08:50 **COMMENTS This is an example of a file to transmit model data of IPG-TIRE **CONSTANTS TESTRIG Test Rig NOMWIDTH Nominal Section Width of Tyre ASPRATIO Nominal Aspect Ratio TYSTRUCT Tyre Structure LOADIND Load Index SPEEDSYM Speed Symbol RIMDIAME Nom.907E-01 -2. 576 0.983E+03 0.907E-01 -2. G-/H-Frict. 5.

571E+00 2.832E-02 1.3 Page 28 .672E-35 1.657E+03 4.000E+00 5. .834E+01 8.837E+01 1.000E+00 3.567E-02 7.774E-03 1.902E+03 5.000E+00 0.657E+03 4.108E+03 9.850E-01 4.982E+03 0.141E-02 1.432E-02 -2.456E+03 3.657E+03 1.107E-04 -4.920E-17 -9.000E-01 ! Aligning Torque 1 2 8 160 0.868E+01 -1.944E+00 -1. . 1 2 6 140 0.416E-02 2.944E+00 0.567E-02 .657E+03 4.000E-01 ! Longitudinal Force dec.808E-18 1.885E+01 -1.862E-15 3. -6.993E+00 -1.945E-14 1.000E+00 -9.882E+01 -1.333E-13 6.702E+00 -1.979E+00 -1.587E-02 2.000E+00 5.657E+03 1.090E+00 -1.923E-17 2.967E-14 7.000E-01 **MODELEND **END TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. 5.808E-18 -9.942E+01 -1.670E-12 -6. .864E+01 -1.000E+00 9.401E+03 3.110E+03 5.540E-03 7.152E-01 1.108E+03 5.080E-03 1.309E-02 4.110E+03 5.873E-12 3.000E+00 1. . Release 1.110E+03 1.567E-02 2.619E-02 1.412E+00 1.953E+00 -6.657E+03 4.318E-51 .108E+03 5.499E-35 -4.862E-15 0.992E+03 0.174E-02 1.953E+00 1.800E-18 -1.567E-01 -6.000E+00 -1.944E+00 -1. 1 2 6 140 0.506E-03 1. .347E+03 4.000E+00 -4.272E-12 -7.945E+01 -1.953E+00 1.499E-35 4.953E+00 1.944E+00 -1. .852E-02 6.870E-14 1.000E+00 5.000E+00 9.076E-01 1.000E+00 .567E-02 6.110E+03 5.155E-02 2.000E+00 4.967E-14 -3.793E-01 -4.855E-03 6.435E-01 1.000E+00 5.891E-31 -1.946E+03 0.800E-18 9. 4.TYDEX ! Longitudinal Force acc.4 Examples 3.657E+03 4.

32826 -.22 25 MICHELIN out in in in bar m/s deg C ADN9006A Nm kN deg deg 0.566944E-02 .5694 -.4106 .838845 -1.5 -9 -5 8 9 5 -2.0666 -32.23066 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.4 Examples **COMMENTS This is an example of a file to transmit a tyre model using Magic formula **CONSTANTS NOMWIDTH Nominal Section Width of Tyre ASPRATIO Nominal Aspect Ratio TYSTRUCT Tyre Structure RIMDIAME Nominal Rim Diameter LOADIND Load Index SPEEDSYM Speed symbol RIMWIDTH Rim Width RIMPROF Rim Profile MANUFACT Tyre Manufacturer IDENTITY Commercial Name PARTNUM Part Number INFLPRES Inflation Pressure PRESEVOL Inflation Pressure Evolution LONGVEL Longitudinal Velocity AMBITEMP Ambient Temperature **MODELDEFINITION MODELREF Pacejka Magic Formula (MZH) MZH Aligning Moment FZH Vertical Force SLIPANGL Slip Angle INCLANGL Inclination Angle **MODELPARAMETERS 18 C1 1st coefficient C2 2nd coefficient C3 3rs coefficient C4 4th coefficient C5 5th coefficient C6 6th coefficient C7 7th coefficient C8 8th coefficient C9 9th coefficient C10 10th coefficient C11 11th coefficient C12 12th coefficient C13 13th coefficient C14 14th coefficient C15 15th coefficient C16 16th coefficient C17 17th coefficient C18 18th coefficient **MODELEND **END mm % inch inch 175 70 radial 13 82 T 5.152919E-01 .525567E-02 -1.556792 -3.342984 .738268E-01 -.3 05438REG MICHELIN 28/11/96 14:26 61 71 80 2.542216 .93100 -12.98749 15.TYDEX Example 3: File to Transmit Data of a Mathematical Fit Model Column 1 **HEADER RELEASE MEASID SUPPLIER DATE CLCKTIME 11 Release of TYDEX-Format Measurement ID Data supplier Date Clocktime 41 51 1.3 regulated 22.242555E-01 -.80052 2.3 Page 29 . Release 1.0 J MICHELIN MXT Energy 1476_UR_35866 2.478472 .

22 25 MICHELIN out out in in m/s deg C DZGZ_V2.0 2.0 N/deg Nm/deg N bar 500 1.55 210 5. Force ALIGNSMZ Aligning Stiffness FZH Vertical Force INFLPRES Inflation Pressure mm % inch inch 185 60 radial 14 82 H 5.0 2.8 **MODELCHANNELS CORNSFY Cornering Stiffn. .2 2.869 1255 37.2 2. Release 1. Force N/deg ALIGNSMZ Aligning Stiffness Nm/deg FZH Vertical Force N INFLPRES Inflation Pressure bar **MODELOUTPUTS 221 5.8 10000 2.78 3315 99.61 204 5. **CONSTANTS NOMWIDTH Nominal Section Width of Tyre ASPRATIO Nominal Aspect Ratio TYSTRUCT Tyre Structure RIMDIAME Nominal Rim Diameter LOADIND Load Index SPEEDSYM Speed Symbol RIMWIDTH Rim Width RIMPROF Rim Profile MANUFACT Tyre Manufacturer IDENTITY Commercial Name PARTNUM Part Number PRESEVOL Inflation Pressure Evolution LONGVEL Longitudinal Velocity AMBITEMP Ambient Temperature **MODELDEFINITION MODELREF Cornering Stiffnesses vs Load CORNSFY Cornering Stiffn.087 1147 33.93 3407 94. Lat. .8 1. **MODELEND **END 500 3000 10000 500 3000 10000 500 3000 10000 1.04 .5 J MICHELIN Energy MXV3A 1476_EB_18745 regulated 22.8 1. Lat.42 3187 104.4 Examples **COMMENTS This is an example of a file to transmit tyre characteristics (linearization model) such as cornering stiffnesses and aligning stiffnesses vs load for different inflation pressures.472 1189 35.3 9253KLB MICHELIN 21/12/96 16:33 61 71 80 2.3 Page 30 .8 2.2 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.0 2.TYDEX Example 4: Array Form Model Column 1 **HEADER RELEASE MEASID SUPPLIER DATE CLCKTIME 11 Release of TYDEX-Format Measurement ID Data supplier Date Clocktime 41 51 1.

4 regulated 1.5 m/N m m % Pa 1000 -5 7000 5 deg N/m Nm Nm/rad TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.0 J MICHELIN Energy MXV3A 7476_TR_87523 2.008 73 2. patch length C Width of the cont.3 5937URS MICHELIN 18/01/97 08:56 61 71 80 2. patch length B 2nd coef.3 Page 31 . cont.942 0.419E-4 0. cont.TYDEX Example 5: File to Transmit Data of a Physical Tyre Model Column 1 **HEADER RELEASE MEASID SUPPLIER DATE CLCKTIME 11 Release of TYDEX-Format Measurement ID Data Supplier Date Clocktime 41 51 1. patch MU Adherence Coefficient K6 Ply-steer Coefficient ALPHA1 Ply-steer Angle KY Lateral stiffness of the belt S2 Lat.87 1. of belt T Torsional stiffness of belt **MODELEND **END mm % inch inch 205 60 radial 15 90 H 6. Release 1.24E+4 6855 bar m/s deg C Test_1 N N deg m/N0.2E06 0.134E-2 0.27E+5 1.4 Examples **COMMENTS This is an example of a file to transmit a physical tyre model **CONSTANTS NOMWIDTH Nominal Section Width of Tyre ASPRATIO Nominal Aspect Ratio TYSTRUCT Tyre Structure RIMDIAME Nominal Rim Diameter LOADIND Load Index SPEEDSYM Speed Symbol RIMWIDTH Rim Width RIMPROF Rim Profile MANUFACT Tyre Manufacturer IDENTITY Commercial Name PARTNUM Part Number INFLPRES Inflation Pressure PRESEVOL Inflation Pressure Evolution LONGVEL Longitudinal Velocity AMBITEMP Ambient Temperature **MODELDEFINITION MODELREF Simple Brush/String Model FYH Lateral Force FZH Vertical Force SLIPANGL Slip Angle **MODELPARAMETERS 13 A 1st coef.142 0. bending stiffn. patch H0 Tread depth CSR Contact surface Ratio G Rubber shear modulus TAU Load distribution cont.0 25 MICHELIN out in in 0.207 1.66 0.

71 530. **CONSTANTS NOMWIDTH Nominal Section Width of Tyre ASPRATIO Nominal Aspect Ratio TYSTRUCT Tyre Structure RIMDIAME Nominal Rim Diameter LOADIND Load Index SPEEDSYM Speed Symbol RIMWIDTH Rim Width RIMPROF Rim Profile MANUFACT Tyre Manufacturer IDENTITY Commercial Name PARTNUM Part Number INFLPRES Inflation Pressure PRESEVOL Inflation Pressure Evolution AMBITEMP Ambient Temperature **MODELDEFINITION MODELREF Variable Adherence Model FYH Lateral Force FXH Longitudinal Force MZH Aligning Moment FZH Vertical Force SLIPANGL Slip Angle INCLANGL Inclination Angle MYC Driving / Braking Moment WATDEPTH Waterfilm Depth LONGVEL Longitudinal Velocity mm % inch inch 165 65 radial 13 76 Q 5. Release 1. RLLA Rel.05 0.025 bar deg C XYZ_V1 N N Nm N deg deg Nm mm m/s 10000 5 5 2000 6 40 **MODELPARAMETERS 5 OVALLDIA Overall Diameter mm VS Vertical Stiffness N/m VD Vertical Damping Ns2/m RLLO Rel.01 578.45 399. 45. Relax.3 Page 32 .82 456. .78 4573.4 Examples **COMMENTS This is an example of a file to transmit a semi empirical tyre model that includes a mix of various types of datas.05 4378. Relax.19 **MODELCHANNELS CORNSFY Cornering Stiffn.025 478. Length lateral **MODELCOEFFICIENTS 1024.34 .12 567.33 375. Lat. Force N/deg ALIGNSMZ Aligning Stiffness Nm/deg FZH Vertical Force N (continued on next page) TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.05 638.78 5639. .21 3560.50 498. Length longitud.0 0.10 4289.87 653.98 490.0 500.0 J MICHELIN M+S Alpin 5741_CB_84239 2.34 387.09 457.TYDEX Example 6: File to Transmit Data of a Semi Empirical Tyre Model Column 1 **HEADER RELEASE MEASID SUPPLIER DATE CLCKTIME 11 Release of TYDEX-Format Measurement ID Data Supplier Date Clocktime 41 51 1.1 regulated -2 SUPPLIER XYZ out out out in 100 in -5 in -5 in -2000 in 0 in 0 576 175000.03 63.587 471.3 4789TGH MICHELIN 03/02/97 18:55 61 71 80 2.38 12.5 5902.

154 3187 104.5 40 1 10 1 20 1 40 2 10 2 20 2 40 4 10 4 20 4 40 6 10 6 20 6 40 **MODELEND **END 0.12 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.78 0.67 0.57 0.70 0.69 0.52 0.70 0.47 0.TYDEX Column 1 11 250 500 1000 3000 6000 10000 mm m/s 41 51 61 71 80 **MODELOUTPUTS 127 2.55 2.92 0.687 221 5.73 0.61 0.71 0.3 Page 33 .87 0.08 0.047 1255 37.68 0.38 0.869 395 11.4 Examples **MODELCHANNELS WATDEPTH Waterfilm Depth LONGVEL Longitudinal Velocity LGMUCOEF Longitudinal max.72 0.72 0.62 0. Adherence LTMUCOEF Lateral maximum Adherence **MODELOUTPUTS 0 10 0 20 0 40 0.41 0.57 0.67 0.5 10 0.42 2358 69.48 0.60 0.66 0. Release 1.5 20 0.84 0.66 0.71 0.33 0.79 0.51 0.71 0.74 0.88 0.40 0.

Note: The term WHEEL (RAD. Terms marked with are used in ETRTO-Standard. format alphanumeric) Kennzahl der Messung numéro de la mesure data supplier (name of measurement supplier) Datenlieferant fournisseur de la mesure date (format dd/mm/yy) Datum date clocktime (format hh:mm) Uhrzeit heure - 05039ABC SUPPLIER MICHELIN DATE 01/02/97 CLCKTIME - 10:21 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.disc assembly (see SAE J2047). (8 char. de vers. 29 characters) release of TYDEX-format Version des TYDEX-Formats No.3 Page 34 . 2. Terms marked with are completed according to ISO 8855 respectively DIN 70000.5 Parameter List Terms marked with Δ are standardized in ISO 8855 respectively DIN 70000. du TYDEX-format Unit Example - 1. which is used for rim . ROUE) used in this TYDEX-Reference Manual is an abbreviation for the tyre . (local ident. ROUE) is capitalized in order to distinguish it from a related term "wheel" (Rad.wheel assembly.) RELEASE Parameter (max.5.1 HEADER Abbrev. roue). Release 1. Terms marked with are used in SAE J2047.TYDEX 2.3 MEASID measurement id. Terms marked with ◊ are standardized in ISO 3911. The term WHEEL (RAD.5 Parameter List 2.

CR TESTMETH - AT2 rev.2 CONSTANTS and CHANNELS 2.1 B. Release 1.0 CR MEASNUMB - 1 RUNTIME s 0.) Parameter (max.3 Page 35 . 29 characters) Unit Example CR A. General Information TESTRIG test rig (local test bench identity) Prüfstand banc de mesure location (location of facility) Ort site de mesure test method (local method identity) Testmethode méthode de test measurement point No. for automobile and aircraft tyres. unit: [inch] or [mm]) Reifennennbreite grosseur boudin nom. du pneu nominal aspect ratio Nennquerschnittsverhältnis rapport nominal d'aspect 70 ASPRATIO TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. (counter) Meßpunktnummer numéro du point de mesure running time laufende Zeit temps courant RVI CR LOCATION - MICHELIN CERL. Abbrev. (8 char. Tyre and Rim Specifications NOMWIDTH nominal section width of tyre mm 185 (the section width indicated in the tyre size designation.5. 2.TYDEX 2.5 Parameter List All parameters marked with CR in the last column are character-quantities and have to be used in the paragraph CONSTANTS of the data file only.

(8 char. B. radial. bias belted.) TYSTRUCT Parameter (max.TYDEX Abbrev. rapport largeur jante-pneu nominal diameter of tyre (nominal outside diameter) Reifen-Nenndurchmesser diamètre nominal du pneu ply rating Ply Rating ply rating speed rating (for aircraft tyres) Geschwindigkeits-Nennwert vitesse nominale load rating (for aircraft tyres) Zul. 29 characters) Unit Example 2. Tragfähigkeit charge nominale inch H CR NOMDIAME 40 PLYRAT - 18 SPEEDRAT mph 225 LOADRAT lbs 29.3 RATINFL rated inflation pressure psi (for aircraft tyres) Basis-Luftdruck f.5 Parameter List CR tyre structure R (diagonal. pression de gonflage nominale nominal rim diameter inch (for automobile and aircraft tyres) Felgen-Nenndurchmesser diamètre nominal de jante 142 ◊ RIMDIAME 13 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. Release 1. R are also allowed) Reifenstruktur structure de pneu load index (for automobile tyres) Tragfähigkeits-Kennzahl indice de charge speed symbol (for automobile tyres) Geschwindigkeits-Symbol code de vitesse 84 CR LOADIND SPEEDSYM - H CR WIDRATIO rim-tyre width ratio (for aircraft tyres) Felge-Reifen-Breitenverhältn.3 Page 36 . Tragfähk. the construction codes D.

r.) Reifenkategorie catégorie de pneu tyre mass (mass of tyre without rim) Reifenmasse masse du pneu kg CR TYREMASS TYROTIN tyre rot. inertia about YC kgm2 (inertia of tyre about axis of rotation Yc) Reifendrehm.5 Parameter List CR ◊ RIMWIDTH inch 5. (8 char. pneu/roue overall diameter (real outside diameter) Außendurchmesser diamètre extérieur mm 598 CR TYWHASSB OVALLDIA TYRECAT tyre category passenger (passenger / truck / motorcycle / aircraft /.g.) Parameter (max. e.. direction of wheel velocity: refswleft / refswright) Reifen/Rad-Montageposition pos.-Achse YC inertie du pneu autour de YC TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.. J.) Referenz-Seitenwand flanc de référence tyre/wheel assembly refswleft (reference sidewall position w. JK.5 ◊ RIMPROF rim profile J (tyre-side profile of the rim: B.) Felgenprofil profil de la jante manufacturer (tyre brand name) Reifenhersteller fabricant de pneus identity (commercial name) Reifenname nom du pneu part number Identifikations-Nr.....TYDEX Abbrev. 29 characters) rim width Felgen-Maulweite largeur de jante Unit Example 2. numéro d’identification MICHELIN CR MANUFACT CR IDENTITY - MXT CR PARTNUM - 409K02-1 CR REFSIDEW reference sidewall DOT CR (marking of the reference sidewall. Release 1. du mont. red point. um Rot. DOT..3 Page 37 .t..

(regulated or free) Reifenluftdruckverlauf évolution de press. de la bande de roulem.0 TRDDEPA mm 7. um Vert.-Abweichg.5 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. 29 characters) Unit Example 2. centre of grav. evol. inflation pressure Reifenluftdruck pression de gonflage bar regulated CR INFLPRES 2. Release 1.5 Parameter List CR tyre steer inertia about ZC kgm2 (inertia of tyre about vertical axis Zc) Reifendrm.TYDEX Abbrev. de gonfl. offset mm (lateral gravity offset of the tyre in Yc-direction) Seitl. déport lat.3 INTYTEMP internal tyre air temperature deg C Reifeninnenlufttemperatur temp.) TYRESTIN Parameter (max. tread depth before (tread depth before test) Profiltiefe vorher profond. Tyre Conditions PRESEVOL infl.-Achse ZC inertie du pneu autour de ZC lat. de sculpture avant tread depth after (tread depth after test) Profiltiefe nachher profond. inset of wheel mm (distance between rim plane and attachment face. d'air interne du pneu tread surface temperature Laufflächentemperatur temp. Schwerp.3 Page 38 . de grav. de sculpture après deg C 54 TRDTEMP 61 TRDDEPB mm 8. negative inset is also called 'outset') Felgeneinpreßtiefe déport interne de la jante TYCGOFFS ◊ INSETWH C. press. (8 char. du cent.

29 characters) Unit Example 2. Release 1.TYDEX Abbrev. courbure de surface chauss. FXC = FXH = FXW) Umfangskraft force longitudinale lateral force N 1500 (lateral force at WHEEL in C-axis system) Seitenkraft force transversale FYC TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. (8 char.526 TRCKSURF safetywalk CR TRCKCOND - wet CR WATDEPTH mm 3. Ambient Conditions TRCKTEMP temperature of track Fahrbahntemperatur température de la chaussée deg C 22 CURVTRSF curvature of track surface 1/m (the curvature of the track surface is negative for internal drum test rigs) Krümmung der Fahrbahnoberfl. waterfilm depth Wasserfilmhöhe hauteur de la couche d'eau ambient temperature (outside temperature) Umgebungstemperatur température extérieure humidity Luftfeuchtigkeit humidité de l'air - -0.0 AMBITEMP deg C 20 HUMIDITY % 60 Δ E.5 Parameter List CR D.3 Page 39 . état de surface chauss. surface of track Fahrbahnoberfläche surface de la chaussée condition of track surface Zustand der Fahrbahnoberfl.) Parameter (max. Wheel Forces and Moments (forces and moments from tyre to rim) Δ FX longitudinal force N 2000 (longitudinal force at WHEEL.

FYW = FYH) Seitenkraft force transversale vertical force N 3000 (vertical force at WHEEL in C-axis system) Radlast force verticale vertical force N 2990 (vertical force at WHEEL in H-axis system.TYDEX Abbrev. (8 char. Release 1. FYH = FYW) Seitenkraft force transversale lateral force N 1605 (lateral force at WHEEL in W-axis system. FZH = FZW) Radlast force verticale vertical force N 2990 (vertical force at WHEEL in W-axis system. MXH = MXC) Kippmoment moment de renversement overturning moment Nm 60 (overturning moment at WHEEL in W-axis system) Kippmoment moment de renversement driving / braking moment Nm 600 (driving / braking moment at WHEEL in C-axis system. 29 characters) Unit Example 2. do not confound it with the moment from axle to rim (in SAE J2047 called WHEEL torque) with reverse sign) Antriebs-/ Bremsmoment moment entrainem.3 .) MZC Parameter (max. 29 characters) aligning moment Unit Example CR Nm 60 Page 40 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. FZW = FZH) Radlast force verticale overturning moment Nm 450 (overturning moment at WHEEL in C-axis system. MXC = MXH) Kippmoment moment de renversement overturning moment Nm 450 (overturning moment at WHEEL in H-axis system.5 Parameter List CR lateral force N 1605 (lateral force at WHEEL in H-axis system.) FYH Parameter (max. / freinage rolling moment Nm 10 (rolling moment at WHEEL in W-axis system) Rollmoment moment de roulement Δ FYW FZC FZH Δ FZW MXC MXH Δ MXW MYC Δ MYW Abbrev. the moment from tyre to rim. (8 char.

explanation in chapter 2. de roulem. rolling circumference Kinematischer Abrollumfang circonfér.9 Δ G. Release 1. Longitudinal Properties Δ LGFCCOEF long. (8 char. N/% 1812 (longitudinal force/longitudinal slip gradient. 289.-Gradient TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.1 Abbrev.2 KROLCIRC mm 1921 KROLRAD kinematic rolling radius mm (radius used for slip computation./Umfschl. kin. 29 characters) 0.5 Parameter List Δ MZW Δ F. slip grad.7) Umfangsschlupf glissement longitudinal Parameter (max. mm 13.3 Page 41 .2 TYREDEFC mm 13. Rolling Characteristics TYREDEFW tyre deflection (in direction of ZW-axis) Reifeneinfederung flèche du pneu tyre deflection (in direction of ZC-axis) Reifeneinfederung flèche du pneu kin.TYDEX (aligning moment at WHEEL in C-axis system) Rückstellmoment moment d'alignement MZH aligning moment Nm 55 (aligning moment at WHEEL in H-axis system) Rückstellmoment moment d'alignement aligning moment Nm 58 (aligning moment at WHEEL in W-axis system) Rückstellmoment moment d'alignement 2. force/long. FX = FXC = FXH = FXW) Umfangskr. utilisée longitudinal slip (explanation in chapter 2. force coefficient (FXW/FZW) Umfangskraftbeiwert adhérence longitud. ∂FX / ∂(LONGSLIP).) Δ LFLSGRFX Unit Example CR long.7) Kinematischer Rollradius rayon de roulement kin.64 Δ LONGSLIP % 11.

(rigidité de poussée de dérive) aligning stiffness Nm/deg 77.-Gradient rig.4 ( ∂MZ / ∂(SLIPANGL) ) Rückstm. aligning mom. trnsv. couple autoalign.7 Δ CORNSFY ALIGNSMZ Δ CAMBSFY CAMBSMZ camber stiffn. force N/deg 1702 (cornering stiffness. dérive (rigidité de couple d’autoalignement en dérive) camber stiffness lat. lat. (gradient de la force longitudinale à la roue par rapport au glissement longitudinal. rigidité de pseudo-glissement longitudinal) 2.TYDEX grad.-Gradient rig.3 ( ∂MZ / ∂(INCLANGL ) ) Rückstm.-Gradient raideur de carrossage (rigidité de poussée de carrossage) 41.-Schräglw.3 Page 42 . (rigidité de couple d’autoalignement en carrossage) TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. carr. de la force longitudin.-Gradient raideur de dérive fce. Lateral Properties Δ LTFCCOEF lateral force coefficient (FYW/FZW) Seitenkraftbeiwert adhérence latérale utilisée 0.59 Δ SLIPANGL slip angle deg 8 (angle from the XW-axis to the tangent to the trajectory of the WHEEL intersection point (origin of W-axis system)) Schräglaufwinkel angle de dérive du pneu cornering stiffn.5 Parameter List H. −∂FY / ∂(SLIPANGL)) Seitenkr.-Radsturzw. couple autoalign. force N/deg ( −∂FY / ∂(INCLANGL)) Seitenkr.-Schräglw. Nm/deg 1.-Radsturzw. Release 1.

3 Page 43 . 29 characters) Unit Example 2.0 (velocity of WHEEL centre in XCYC-plane) Bahngeschwindigkeit vitesse de la trajectoire longitudinal displacement mm (in direction of XW-/XC-axis) Auslenkung in Längsrichtung excursion longitudinale 4.3 TRAVDISC TRAJVELW TRAJVELC LONGDISP Δ LONGVEL longitudinal velocity m/s 36. integration of velocity in XCYC-plane) Zurückgelegte Wegstrecke distance parcourue trajectory velocity m/s 36. (8 char.8 Δ LONGACC LATDISPW TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.2 (velocity of WHEEL intersection point (origin of W-axis system) in XWYW-plane) Bahngeschwindigkeit vitesse de la trajectoire trajectory velocity m/s 36.8 (longitudinal acceleration of WHEEL centre in XW-/XCdirection) Längsbeschleunigung accélération longitudinale lateral displacement (in direction of YW-axis) Seitliche Auslenkung excursion latérale mm 7. Release 1. Linear Motion Variables TRAVDISW travel distance m 12400 (travel distance of WHEEL intersection point (origin of W-axis system). integration of velocity in XWYW-plane) Zurückgelegte Wegstrecke distance parcourue travel distance m 12400 (travel distance of WHEEL centre.TYDEX Abbrev.) Parameter (max.5 Parameter List CR Δ I.1 (longitudinal velocity of WHEEL centre in XW-/XC-direction) Längsgeschwindigkeit vitesse longitudinale longitudinal acceleration m/s2 8.

9 (lateral velocity of WHEEL centre in YW-direction) Quergeschwindigkeit vitesse transversale lateral velocity m/s 0.WHL. (8 char.5 Parameter List CR mm 7.8 Δ LATVELW lateral velocity m/s 0.1 (vertical velocity of WHEEL centre in ZC-direction) Vertikalgeschwindigkeit vitesse verticale vertical acceleration m/s2 10. W . . W-origin .6 (lateral acceleration of WHEEL centre in YC-direction) Querbeschleunigung accélération transversale dist.WHEEL centre in direction of ZC-axis) Abst.RAD-Mittelp.6 (lateral acceleration of WHEEL centre in YW-direction) Querbeschleunigung accélération transversale lateral acceleration m/s2 0. ground .1 (vertical velocity of WHEEL centre in ZW-direction) Vertikalgeschwindigkeit vitesse verticale vertical velocity m/s 1. chaussée .centre ROUE vertical velocity m/s 1.9 (lateral velocity of WHEEL centre in YC-direction) Quergeschwindigkeit vitesse transversale lateral acceleration m/s2 0. W-Ursprung . Release 1.8 (vertical acceleration of WHEEL centre in ZW-direction) Vertikalbeschleunigung accélération verticale Δ VERTVELW Δ VERTVELC Δ VERTACCW TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.RAD-Mitt.) LATDISPC Parameter (max.TYDEX Abbrev. centre mm 298 (distance origin of W-axis system (WHEEL intersection point) . dist. dist.centre ROUE 297 Δ LATVELC Δ LATACCW Δ LATACCC DSTGRWHC DSTWOWHC dist. 29 characters) lateral displacement (in direction of YC-axis) Seitliche Auslenkung excursion latérale Unit Example 2.3 Page 44 .WHEEL centre mm (vertical to track surface) Abstand Fahrb. orig.

d'une ROUE WHEEL rotation acceleration (about YC-axis) Drehbeschleunigung des RADES accél. testrig: angle from the direction of track velocity to XW-axis) Radlenkwinkel angle de braquage TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. 29 characters) Unit Example 2. rotation speed used for slip computation. Release 1. des RADES vitesse de rot. instantaneous) Drehgeschwindigk. explanation in chapter 2.8 (vertical acceleration of WHEEL centre in ZC-direction) Vertikalbeschleunigung accélération verticale Δ J.3 Δ STEEANGL steer angle rad 8 (road vehicle: angle from the X-axis to XW-axis.3 (about YC-axis.) Δ VERTACCC Parameter (max. ref.5 Parameter List CR vertical acceleration m/s2 10. d'une ROUE 100. en roulement deg 125. speed rad/s 102.4 WHROTACC Δ INCLANGL inclination angle deg 2 (this angle will have the same magnitude as the camber angle. d'une ROUE rad/s2 10. X-axis is the projection of the XV-axis (vehicle's longitudinal axis) on to the horizontal plane.7) Referenzdrehgeschw. de rot. Angular Motion Variables WHROTANG WHEEL rotation angle (about YC-axis) Drehwinkel des RADES angle de rot. (8 char. see ISO 8855) Radsturzwinkel angle d'inclinaison du pneu inclination velocity (about XH-axis) Radsturzgeschwindigkeit vitesse d'inclinaison inclination acceleration (about XH-axis) Radsturzbeschleunigung accélération d'inclinaison rad/s 1. des RADES vit.3 Page 45 .TYDEX Abbrev.1 INCLVEL INCLACC rad/s2 14.1 RFROTSPD WHEEL reference rot. de rot.1 Δ WHROTSPD WHEEL rotation speed rad/s (about YC-axis.

path radius m (path radius of WHEEL centre) Bahnradius rayon de courbure traject.02 (curvature of trajectory of WHEEL centre) Bahnkrümmung courbure de la trajectoire Δ CURVTRJC L.) STEERVEL Parameter (max. 50. nicht verfügb. Other Parameters NOTAVAIL value for not available data 1E99 (if one measurement point is unavailable. Release 1. (8 char. NOTAVAIL has to be entered by the data supplier in section CONSTANTS) Wert f.02 (curvature of trajectory of WHEEL intersection point (origin of W-axis system)) Bahnkrümmung courbure de la trajectoire curvature of trajectory 1/m 0. measurement should be substituted with this value.TYDEX Abbrev. Daten valeur pour dates pas disp. Wheel Trajectory Dimensions Δ PATHRADW path radius m 50.1 Δ PATHRADC Δ CURVTRJW curvature of trajectory 1/m 0. 29 characters) steer angular velocity Lenkwinkelgeschwindigkeit vitesse de braquage steer angular acceleration Lenkwinkelbeschleunigung accélération de braquage Unit Example 2. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.8 STEERACC rad/s2 0.2 (path radius of WHEEL intersection point(origin of W-axis system)) Bahnradius rayon de courbure traject.6 K.5 Parameter List CR rad/s 0.3 Page 46 .

6 Axis Systems For the TYDEX-data files three right-hand orthogonal axis systems are defined. Release 1. Note: The inclination angle is called inclination angle γ in SAE J2047 and inclination angle εW in ISO 8855.1. The YC-axis turns with the inclination angle γ. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.a positive wheel rotation speed ω. It is permissible to use both symbols in context with the TYDEX-Format. Note: In SAE J2047 a C-axis system (WHEEL center system) is also defined.6.TYDEX 2. These axis systems are explained in the following chapters.6. but in SAE J2047 the axis system is shown without inclination angle.a positive inclination angle γ and . The orientation of this axis system corresponds to the TYDEX C-axis system.6 Axis Systems 2.1 C-Axis System The C-axis system (centre axis system) is shown in illustration 2. The ZC-axis points upwards and also turns with the inclination angle γ. In each respective illustration are shown . The origin of this axis system is fixed in the centre of the WHEEL.a positive slip angle α. .3 Page 47 . The XC-axis is in the central plane of the WHEEL and is parallel to the ground. 2. It is in the central plane of the WHEEL. It is identical with the spin axis of the WHEEL.

3 Page 48 .6 Axis Systems The shown forces and moments are acting from tyre to rim Illustration 2.1: C-Axis System TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.TYDEX 2. Release 1.6.

The YH-axis is not the spin axis of the WHEEL.6. The YH-axis is given by the projection of the spin axis of the WHEEL onto the XHYH-plane.6.3 Page 49 . Note: The moment MYH is not shown in the illustration.2. The origin of this axis system is fixed in the centre of the WHEEL. Release 1.6 Axis Systems The H-axis system (horizontal axis system) is shown in illustration 2. The YH-axis is perpendicular to the XH-axis and is together with the XH-axis in a plane parallel to the ground.2 H-Axis System 2. The ZH-axis points upwards and is perpendicular to the track surface. The XH-axis is in the central plane of the WHEEL and is parallel to the ground. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. because it makes no sense to measure the driving/braking moment about the YH-axis.TYDEX 2.

6.6 Axis Systems The shown forces and moments are acting from tyre to rim Illustration 2. Release 1.TYDEX 2.2: H-Axis System TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.3 Page 50 .

6 Axis Systems The W-axis system (WHEEL axis system) is standardized in ISO 8855 and is shown in illustration 2.6. The YW-axis is given by the projection of the spin axis onto the ground. The origin of the W-axis system is also called "WHEEL intersection point" in this TYDEX-Reference Manual.3. but in this TYDEX Axis System also a sloped ground is permissible.3 Page 51 . TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.TYDEX 2. The ZW-axis is normal to the ground and points upwards. The XW-axis is given by the intersection of the central plane of the WHEEL with the track surface. In ISO the track surface is defined as horizontal (horizontal plane = ground plane).3 W-Axis System 2.6. Release 1.

6 Axis Systems The shown forces and moments are acting from tyre to rim Illustration 2.TYDEX 2. Release 1.3: W-Axis System TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.3 Page 52 .6.

but it is no constant factor.7 Longitudinal Slip LONGSLIP = WHROTSPD − RFROTSPD RFROTSPD = s = ω is the actual WHEEL rotation speed is the reference rotation speed at actual velocity.3 Page 53 . slip angle and inclination angle and for longitudinal force Fx = 0 ω0 With the definition of the kinematic rolling radius TRAJVELW ⋅ cos( SLIPANGL ) RFROTSPD KROLRAD = the longitudinal slip can also be calculated with the following equation: WHROTSPD ⋅ KROLRAD − TRAJVELW ⋅ cos( SLIPANGL ) TRAJVELW ⋅ cos( SLIPANGL ) LONGSLIP = The kinematic rolling radius is determined for longitudinal force Fx = 0. Release 1.7. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.7 Longitudinal Slip 2. vertical force.TYDEX 2. as it is a function of velocity. slip angle and inclination angle. vertical force.1 Definition The longitudinal slip is defined by the following equation: ω − ω0 ω0 2.

TYDEX 2.7 Longitudinal Slip It is difficult to determine the reference rotation speed for each current slip angle and inclination angle. The following approximation for the slip computation under the responsibility of the tyre data supplier is permissible: LONGSLIP = WHROTSPD − RFROTSPD( α RFROTSPD(α 0 0 =γ 0 = 0) ⋅ cos( SLIPANGL ) = =γ 0 = 0) ⋅ cos( SLIPANGL ) s = ω − ω (α = γ = 0) ⋅ cos(α ) 0 0 0 ω (α = γ = 0) ⋅ cos(α ) 0 0 0 ω 0 is the reference rotation speed at actual vertical force and for longitudinal force slip angle inclination angle Fx = 0 α0 = 0 γ0 = 0 α is the actual slip angle during tyre testing.7.2 Approximation 2.3 Page 54 . Release 1. TYDEX-Format Reference Manual.

marking and units of measurement. 1994 ETRTO Engineering Design Information. Literature Wheels/rims . 1977 ISO 8855 Road vehicles .Vehicle dynamics and road-holding ability . 1994 ETRTO Standards Manual. designation.Nomenclature.3 Page 55 .Fahrdynamik und Fahrverhalten . 1993 SAE J2047 Surface Vehicle Information Report.Begriffe.TYDEX 3. Literature ISO 3911 3. 1994 ETRTO Technical Dictionary. Proposed Draft June 1994 TYDEX-Format Reference Manual. 1991 DIN 70000 Straßenfahrzeuge . Release 1.Vocabulary.

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