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# Structural Analysis (I

)
Sheet No. (3)

Problems:
1- Two equal and opposite couples of magnitude M=25.0 kN.m are applied to the channelshaped beam AB. Observing that the couples causes the beam to bend in a horizontal
plane, determine the stress:
(a) at point C, (b) at point D, (c) at point E.

M

C

D

M
B
E

A

Solution
Data:
M = 25.0 kN.m (the moment causes the beam to bend in a horizontal plan, i.e. MY)
Required:
The stresses at points C, D, and E
1- Properties of the section:
all dimensions are in m

A1

Area = 0.030*0.120*2 + 0.040*0.120 = 0.012 m2
‫وﻹﻳﺠ ﺎد ﻣﺮآ ﺰ ﺛﻘ ﻞ اﻟ ﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﺠ ﺪ أن ﻟ ﻪ ﻣﺤ ﻮر ﺗﻤﺎﺛ ﻞ )ﻳﻘ ﺴﻢ‬
‫ وﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ‬،X ‫اﻟﺸﻜﻞ إﻟﻰ ﻗﺴﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﺛﻠﻴﻦ ﺗﻤﺎﻣ ًﺎ( وهﻮ ﻣﺤﻮر‬
‫ وﻳ ﺘﻢ ذﻟ ﻚ ﺑﺘﻘ ﺴﻴﻢ اﻟ ﺸﻜﻞ إﻟ ﻰ‬،Y‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب هﻮ إﻳﺠﺎد ﻣﺤﻮر‬
‫ وأﺧ ﺬ ﻋ ﺰوم اﻟﻤ ﺴﺎﺣﺎت ﺣ ﻮل ﺧ ﻂ ﺛﺎﺑ ﺖ ﻓ ﻰ‬،‫ ﻣ ﺴﺘﻄﻴﻼت‬3
(‫ )وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺧﻂ ﻳﻤﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ اﻟﻴﺴﺎر‬،‫اﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬
‫ ﻋ ﺰوم ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋ ﺔ ﻣ ﻦ اﻟﻤ ﺴﺎﺣﺎت ﺣ ﻮل ﺧ ﻂ ﺛﺎﺑ ﺖ = ﻋ ﺰم‬.‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﺣﻮل ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﺨﻂ‬
A1*X1 + A2*X2 + A3*X3 = Atotal* X

X
A3
A2

(0.03*0.12*0.06)*2 + 0.04*0.12*0.02 = 0.012* X
Prepared by Amr A. El-Sayed, Civil Eng. Dept., El-Minia Univ., Eg.

1

04 3‬‬ ‫⎜⎜ = ‪I Y‬‬ ‫‪+ (0.‬‬ ‫‪I Y = ∑ I Y (of each element) + ∑ Area * X 2‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ‪ IY‬ﻟﻜﻞ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ )اﻟﻤ ﺴﺘﻄﻴﻼت اﻟﺘ ﻰ ﺗﻜ ﻮن اﻟ ﺸﻜﻞ( = ﻃ ﻮل اﻟ ﻀﻠﻊ اﻟﻤ ﻮازى ﻟﻤﺤ ﻮر ‪ ×* Y‬ﻃ ﻮل اﻟ ﻀﻠﻊ اﻟﻌﻤ ﻮدى‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ )أس ‪12 ÷ (3‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﻧﻀﻴﻒ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮع ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ × اﻟﺒﻌﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻮدى ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮآﺰ ﺛﻘﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ إﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﻮر ‪ ،Y‬وهﻮ ﻣ ﺎ ﻳﻤﺜ ﻞ اﻹﺣ ﺪاﺛﻰ‬ ‫‪ X‬ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ ﺛﻘﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ‪.12 * 0.024 2‬‬ ‫‪+ (0. y = 75‬‬ ‫‪A2: x = 16. (44 mm‬‬ ‫أى أن ﻣﺤﻮر ‪ Y‬اﻟﺬى ﻳﻤﺮ ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ ﺛﻘﻞ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ وﻳﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻮر ‪ X‬ﻳﺒﻌﺪ ‪ 44‬ﻣﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺁﺧ ﺮ ﺧ ﻂ ﻳﻤ ﺮ ﺑﺎﻟ ﺸﻜﻞ ﻣ ﻦ اﻟﻴ ﺴﺎر‬ ‫وهﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ )‪. Eg. y = 0‬‬ ‫‪A1‬‬ ‫‪For‬‬ ‫‪To find Ix.12 3‬‬ ‫⎜⎜ = ‪I X‬‬ ‫‪+ (0. Civil Eng.y‬ﻣﺮآﺰ ﺛﻘﻞ آﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﺤﻮرﻳﻦ اﻟﻤﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪﻳﻦ ‪X.(Datum Line‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﻧﻌﻴﻦ اﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت )‪ (x.075 2 ⎟⎟ * 2 +‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫⎠‬ ‫⎝‬ ‫‪= 4.04 * 0.‫)‪Structural Analysis (I‬‬ ‫)‪Sheet No.X ± X .388 * 10-5 m4.033‬‬ ‫‪0.Y‬‬ ‫‪IX‬‬ ‫‪A‬‬ ‫‪IY‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪Prepared by Amr A.12 * 0.12 * 0.12 3‬‬ ‫‪0.‬‬ ‫=‪σ‬‬ .Y‬‬ ‫‪A1: x = 16..‬‬ ‫‪The general equation of "Normal Stress" is:‬‬ ‫‪M‬‬ ‫‪± N MY‬‬ ‫‪±‬‬ ‫‪.12 ÷ (3‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﻧﻀﻴﻒ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮع ﻣ ﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻌﻨ ﺼﺮ‬ ‫× اﻟﺒﻌﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻮدى ﻣ ﻦ ﻣﺮآ ﺰ ﺛﻘ ﻞ اﻟﻌﻨ ﺼﺮ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﻮر ‪ ،X‬وهﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ اﻹﺣ ﺪاﺛﻰ ‪Y‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ ﺛﻘﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ‪.12) * 0 2‬‬ ‫‪+ (0.68 *10-5 m4.04) * 0.04 * 0.‬‬ ‫⎞‬ ‫‪⎛ 0.‬‬ ‫⎞‬ ‫‪⎛ 0.12) * 0. (3‬‬ ‫)‪X = 0.03 * 0. Dept. Iy‬‬ ‫‪I X = ∑ I X (of each element) + ∑ Area * Y 2‬‬ ‫‪X‬‬ ‫‪A3‬‬ ‫‪A2‬‬ ‫‪Y‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴ ﺚ ‪ IX‬ﻟﻜ ﻞ ﻋﻨ ﺼﺮ )اﻟﻤ ﺴﺘﻄﻴﻼت اﻟﺘ ﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻜ ﻮن اﻟ ﺸﻜﻞ( = ﻃ ﻮل اﻟ ﻀﻠﻊ اﻟﻤ ﻮازى‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺤ ﻮر ‪ ×* X‬ﻃ ﻮل اﻟ ﻀﻠﻊ اﻟﻌﻤ ﻮدى‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ )أس ‪.016 2 ⎟⎟ * 2 +‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫⎠‬ ‫⎝‬ ‫‪= 1.03 * 0.044 m …. y = -75‬‬ ‫‪A3: x = -24.12 * 0. El-Minia Univ. El-Sayed..03) * 0.

Civil Eng.‬‬ ‫‪−5‬‬ ‫‪1.044) = 79200.‫)‪Structural Analysis (I‬‬ ‫)‪Sheet No.2‬آﻴﻠﻮﺟﺮام × ﻣﺘﺮ‪ /‬ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪(2‬‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻴﻠﻮ ﻧﻴﻮﺗﻦ = ‪ 1000‬ﻧﻴﻮﺗﻦ ‪. Dept.388 *10‬‬ ‫‪σC = −‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺔ ‪ -1 :‬ﻣﻦ وﺣﺪات ﻗﻴﺎس اﻟﻘﻮة "اﻟﻨﻴﻮﺗﻦ" ‪ Newton‬وﻳﺴﺎوى ‪) Kg.Mx = 0‬‬ ‫‪MY‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫‪XC = -44. YC = 90.0‬‬ ‫‪XE = -4.0.0‬‬ ‫‪YD = 90.0 kPa = 79.‬‬ ‫‪−5‬‬ ‫‪1. Y‬اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻤﺮان ﺑﻤﺮآﺰ ﺛﻘﻞ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ‪.m/sec.0 kN / m2 = 7200.076) = -136800.80 MPa. and E‬ﻓﺎﻧﻨ ﺎ ﻧﻌ ﻴﻦ اﺣ ﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آ ﻞ ﻧﻘﻄ ﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨ ﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺤ ﻮرﻳﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪﻳﻦ ‪ X.kN = 1000 N ..004) = 7200.‬‬ ‫‪YE = 0. El-Minia Univ.20 MPa.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﻓﻰ اﻟﻤﻌﺎدﻟﺔ رﻗﻢ )‪ (1‬ﻣﻊ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ أن إﺷﺎرة ‪ MY‬ﺳﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻹﺷﺎرات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫)‪MX (-Ve‬‬ ‫‪Y +Ve‬‬ ‫)‪MY (-Ve‬‬ ‫)‪MY (+Ve‬‬ ‫)‪MX (+Ve‬‬ ‫‪X -Ve‬‬ ‫‪X +Ve‬‬ ‫‪Y -Ve‬‬ ‫‪25‬‬ ‫‪.0 kPa = 136.0.0 kN / m2 = -136800..‬‬ ‫‪−5‬‬ ‫‪1.(0.20 MPa. El-Sayed.(−0.0 kPa = 7.‬‬ .388 * 10‬‬ ‫‪σD = −‬‬ ‫‪25‬‬ ‫‪.0 kN/m2 = 79200.388 *10‬‬ ‫‪σE = −‬‬ ‫‪Prepared by Amr A.0. (3‬‬ ‫وﻳﻼﺣﻆ أﻧﻪ ﻻ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻗﻮة ﻋﻤﻮدﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع ‪ N=0‬وآﺬﻟﻚ ‪.:‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻣﻦ وﺣﺪات ﻗﻴﺎس اﻹﺟﻬﺎد ‪" Stress‬اﻟﺒﺎﺳﻜﺎل" وﻳﺴﺎوى )ﻧﻴﻮﺗﻦ ‪ /‬ﻣﺘﺮ (‬ ‫‪Pascal = Newton / m2‬‬ ‫‪kPa (Kilo Pascal) = kN / m2 = 1000 Pascal‬‬ ‫‪MPa (Miga Pascal) = MN / m2 = 106 Pascal‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫‪25‬‬ ‫‪. Eg.X‬‬ ‫‪IY‬‬ ‫)‪………… (1‬‬ ‫‪σ=±‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎذا آﺎن اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب هﻮ إﻳﺠﺎد اﻹﺟﻬﺎدات ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟ ﻨﻘﻂ ‪ ،C. D.0‬‬ ‫‪XD = 76.(−0.

e.(1) ‫ ﻓﻰ اﻟﻤﻌﺎدﻟﺔ رﻗﻢ‬σ = 0. Prepared by Amr A.0 ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ 6 1.0 MPa in tension and 150 MPa in compression.0 ‫وذﻟﻚ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ‬ − MY . Civil Eng.388*10-5 ‫ وﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬،MY = 25.X = 0. El-Sayed. Eg.0) ‫وهﻰ ﻣﻌﺎدﻟﺔ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻳﻤﺮ ﺑﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻷﺻﻞ‬ Y MY + X N..0 .(C ‫ذﻳﻞ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻋﺰم اﻹﻧﺤﻨﺎء ﻣﻌﺮﺿﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺪ )ﻣﺜﻞ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‬ 2.80*10 .X = 0. Dept.0 IY . X = 0. 4 . (3) (Neutral Axis) ‫( ﻧﺮﺳﻢ أو ًﻻ ﻣﺤﻮر اﻟﺘﻌ ﺎدل‬Normal Stress Distribution) ‫وﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻰ ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ اﻹﺟﻬﺎدات‬ .Y ‫( ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻘ ًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻮر‬0.A - ‫ واﻷﺟﺰاء اﻟﺘﻰ ﻣ ﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴ ﺔ‬، (D ‫ﻧﻼﺣﻆ أن اﻷﺟﺰاء اﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ رأس ﺳﻬﻢ ﻋﺰم اﻹﻧﺤﻨﺎء ﻣﻌﺮﺿﺔ ﻟﻠﻀﻐﻂ )ﻣﺜﻞ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‬ . El-Minia Univ..IY = 1.Knowing that for the extruded beam shown .0 i.Structural Analysis (I) Sheet No. determine the largest bending moment M which may be applied. the allowable stress is 120.

m. Knowing that the modulus of elasticity is 3. The modulus of elasticity is 210 GPa for the steel. and 30 x 106 psi for the steel. Using the data given below. The modulus of elasticity is 1. Knowing that the beam is bent a bout a horizontal axis by couples of moment M = 1500 N.ft. 105 GPa for the brass. (a) for the loading shown. Wood Modulus of Elasticity Allowable Stress 6 2 x 10 psi 2000 psi Steel 30 x 106 psi 22. 5. and 70 GPa for the aluminum.. 9. Prepared by Amr A. determine (a) the stress in the steel. (b) the stress at point D. (c) the location of the neutral axis. are bonded together to form the composite beam shown.Determine the stress at points A and B. 7. (b) the steel. determine the largest force P which may be exerted by the press shown. 8. Dept. 5 . (b) if 40 kN loads are applied at points 1 and 2 only.Knowing that the clamp has been tightened until P = 75 lb.75 x 106 psi for the concrete and 30 x 106 psi for the steel. El-Sayed. Eg.The 6 x 10 in timber beam has been strengthened by bolting to it the steel strap(s) shown.5 x 106 psi for the wood. El-Minia Univ. (b) the maximum stress in concrete. determine the maximum stress (a) in the steel. determine (a) the stress at point A. determine the largest permissible bending moment when the composite member is bent about a horizontal axis. Determine the maximum stress in (a) the wood.. (3) 3.The reinforced concrete beam shown is subjected to positive bending moment of 100 kip. (b) in the brass. 6.in. each of 10 x 30 mm cross section.Three wooden beams and two steel plates are securely bolted together to form the composite member shown.000 psi 4. when the beam is bent about a horizontal axis with M = +250 kip.Five metal strips.Structural Analysis (I) Sheet No.Knowing that the allowable stress in section a-a is 12 ksi. (c) in the aluminum. Civil Eng.