BOX l I K ~

T H ~ PROS
BOX L I K ~
T H ~ PHOS
Joe Frazier
with William Dettloff
(:::: ColI ins
An Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers
~
BOX LIKE THE PROS. Copyright © 2005 by Joe Frazier with William
Dettloff. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.
No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatso-
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FIRST EDITION
Designed by Nicola Ferguson
Cover photo courtesy of Neil Leifer and Sports Illustrated. All photos
in last chapter courtesy of Mike Greenhill. All gym photos by Webster
Riddick.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
ISBN-10: 0-06-081773-9
ISBN-13: 978-0-06-081773-2
05 06 07 08 09 WBC/QWF 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
To my daddy and my momma for making me who I am.
And to the ones who came before them, and to grand-
dad, their forefathers, all the way back. I didn't make
me, my momma and daddy did. They got the job done.
They weren't anything but righteous and straight. I was
just a product of those guys. It wasn't me. We're all
products of God and of the people who made us, the
people we came from. I don't take credit. I owe every-
thing to them.
-Joe Frazier
To Danny, for teaching me how to fight. And to Kim, for
teaching me everything else.
-Bill Dettloff
Acknowledgments
My thanks to my team at Joe Frazier's Gym in Philadelphia: my son
Marvis, a great trainer who was a real good heavyweight in his own
right, and who is an even better man than he was a fighter; and train-
ers Val Colbert and Tony Hicks, two of the best coaches in the busi-
ness. Thanks to the late Yank Durham, my original trainer, who taught
me all the things I'm sharing with you now in this book, and to Eddie
Futch and Milton Bailey, who both have passed on, and George Ben-
ton, all of whom helped make me the fighter I was. My thanks, too, to
Joe Louis, my boyhood hero and inspiration.
Thanks to my entire family, to Les Wolff for helping pull this thing
together, and to my longtime friend and photographer Webster Riddick
for taking the pictures. Also thanks to Bill Dettloff for putting it all
down and to our editor at HarperCollins, Matthew Benjamin, arid our
agent, Richard Henshaw. And a special thanks to my fans and to all the
guys I fought and who made me a better fighter, a better athlete, and a
better man.
Contents
Introduction xi
1 The Fight Game: A History 1
2 Protect Yourself at All Times: The Rules of the
Ring 23
3 Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym-
You'll Be Glad You Did 38
4 Next Steps: How to Pick the Right Gym and the Right
Trainer 52
5 Tools of the Trade: What They Are, What They're for,
and How to Use Them 58
6 Building the Foundation: Hands up, Chin down,
Eyes on Your Opponent, and Staying on Balance 80
7 It's a Hurtin' Business: The Basics of Offense 89
8 You Don't Have to Take One to Give One: The Basics of
Defense 111
9 The Boxer's Workout: Better to Hurt Now Than
Later 130
1 0 Your First Time Sparring: What to Expect 1 56
11 Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 164
x Contents
12 Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing-You're Never
the Same 172
Appendix I: Directory of Boxing Gyms in the
United States 185
Appendix 11: Additional Resources 204
Index 207
Introduction
It's about time I wrote this book. I've been wanting to for a while. I've
been saying for years that guys in the fight game have to start giving
back. In my day, and in the days of Joe Louis and Jack Dempsey, cham-
pions gave back. Sometime, somewhere down the line, there were al-
ways guys involved in the fight game who had been there, who had
stepped in the ring, who said, 'Tll help you and show you because I've
been there. I know what I'm talking about." It's not the same anymore.
Too many guys out there don't know anything about boxing. They've
never been in the ring. Guys who are champs aren't putting anything
back into the game. A lot of the trainers aren't very good. And Marvis
and I can't train all of them.
Boxing needs more people who have been there-guys who had
the gloves on. I always say Philadelphia is the capital of boxing and
our gym is the White House. That's because all these guys who train
kids down here had the gloves on in Philly. They took something out
of the game and put something back in. We've got guys down here
on the floor teaching kids what to do in the ring. And if I hear some-
thing wrong, I get down there and correct it. Or if I see one of the
trainers trying to show a kid something and the kid isn't getting it,
I'll go down and say, "This is what Marvis is trying to show you," or
"This is what Tony is trying to teach you." That's the way we do
things.
xii Introduction
CREED OF
JOE FRAZIERwS GYM
WHO'S THE 8EST?
WHO'S THE 8EST TEAM?
WHY ARE WE THE BEST?
WHY ARE WE THE BEST?
WHY DO WE WORK HARD?
WHY DO WE SACRIFICE?
WHY ARE WE DISCIPLINED?
WE'RE THE BEST!
WE'RE THE BEST TEAM!
BECAUSE WE WORK HARD!
BeCAUSE WE SACRIFICE!
BECAUSE WE'RE DISCIPLINED!
BECAUSE WHEN YOU GIVE SOMETHING UP
SOMETHING Will COME BACK!
BECAUSE WITHOUT DISCIPLINE
THERE IS NOTHING!
A boxing gym should have an atmosphere of teaching and learning,
not all hollering and whooping and yelling. You've got to be able to
hear. I know what I'm doing and I shouldn't have to holler at you to
show you what I'm showing you. I'm teaching. And when I tell you
something, you know it's right because I've been in there. I've done it.
If you've been in there, you know. And I don't teach the amateur way to
do things. I teach professional. That's the way to do it. It's ajob.
Something else you should know is that we teach old-school boxing
training. We train fighters the way Louis and Dempsey and Henry
Armstrong trained, and Willie Pep and Jack Johnson and Rocky Mar-
ciano, and all the other great fighters in history. Those guys were some
of the best to ever fight, and if it was good enough for them it's good
enough for us, too.
It's not just boxing we teach. We have a creed at the gym that all
the fighters have to go by. It hangs on the wall. Here's a picture of it
above. We also have Rules for Respect, and Ten Power Punches for
Life. So it's not just boxing. We teach our fighters and our kids about
life. It's all important.
Introduction xiii
Some people don't want their kids boxing. They worry about them
getting beaten up. But if you learn right, you'll be okay. If you keep your
head down to guard your chin, you'll be all right. If your head is down,
they can't get your chin. Your head is the hardest part of your body. You
keep your chin down and move your head and get your punches off
and you won't get hurt. When people get hurt in boxing it's because
they have guys around them who don't know boxing, who have never
been in there.
Boxing does everything for a man's body. When he's out there work-
ing, every part of him is working. And his mind has to be in time with
his punches and his movement. He's got to be able to punch and think
the whole time. It keeps his body and mind in the right condition. He'll
be able to do anything he wants to do. His mind is clear and he's alert
at all times. But it teaches him he has power, too, to hurt somebody. He
can't take advantage of a person who's never had a fight. He's got to be
careful, because he can damage a guy out on the street. He has to re-
spect what he can do.
rill POWER PUNCHES 'OR LI't
,... NICIl EDUCATION IS POWER!
.... N1C12. ALWAYS BE OBEDIENT TO YOUR PARENTS!
NWII NIKIJ 3. LOYALTY TO YOUR GYM AND COACHES!
POWII NrK114. FAITHFULNESS BETWEEN TEACHER & STUDENT!
'OWII "",Cl5. WINNERS NEVER QUIT AND QUITTERS NEVER WIN!
NWII ""'" 6. GIVE RESPECT TO YOUR ELDERS!
NWII ","CH 7. FAITHFULNESS & COOPORATION BETWEEN BROTHERS & SISTERS!
POWII PUNCH 8. FAITHFULNESS BETWEEN FRIENDS!
POWII PUNCH 9. GET THE JOB DONE!
POWf. PU"CH 10. LIFE IS A CHAllENGE AND WE'RE GOING TO BEAT IT!
xiv Introduction
RULES FOR RESPECT
1. RESPECT GOD
2. RESPECT PARENTS
3. RESPECT BROTHERS
& SISTERS
4. REPECT OTHERS
5. RESPECT SELF
Boxing did everything for me. Any direction you want to go in, any-
thing you want to claim-boxing did it for me. Boxing made me a
stronger individual, in the ring and in life. It put me in the company
of friends and made me right. It taught me to get the job done. It
made me sharper. It kept me in condition and made me want to live.
People ask me today if I miss boxing and I say no. What am I missing?
I work out all the time on the pads and in the gym with these kids. I
love doing it. I'm part of it. I don't miss being in front of the big
crowds. I have a better time going around shaking people's hands, re-
living memories with people. Sometimes they remember fights I don't
remember, and then I'm like, hey, yeah, that was Jimmy Ellis, or that
was George Foreman.
People always ask about the Butterfly and me. I'll say this so you
know it: there's no love there, between Muhammad and me. But I like
to respect people right. I think I've done that and I'll continue to do
that. Maybe we can sit down together and break bread someday before
Introduction xv
we shut our eyes. I never had any problems talking and laughing with
All. I can do that well. I hope he can do the same.
Guys ask me, too, how I can tell if a kid is going to be a good fighter.
That's easy. It's when he comes into the gym and shows that he wants
to work. As soon as he learns how to wrap his hands, he just wants to
throw punches. He doesn't jump around like he doesn't want to fight.
He wants to come in and do his job. He wants to throw punches. We
have a little girl who comes into the gym now (she can't be more than
eight or nine years old), and she gets in there on the pads and just
wants to throw punches. She reminds me of me. We have a couple of
guys like that. No one has to tell them what to do. They know what
they have to do. They show they want to get the job you
put in front of me I'm going to take out."
Boxing has its problems, but it's still popular. The top guys get paid
a lot of money. But boxing's got to get back down to the real deal, where
there's just one sanctioning body and one champion in a division.
Maybe two. There are so many champions today, I don't know who the
champion is. That's got to change. And the way to change it, again, is
to get guys involved who have been there, who have done it. I've done
xvi Introduction
my part by writing this book, which shows you everything you need to
know to be a real fighter, or just to get in great shape. I've always given
back to the game and will continue to give back as best I can. Maybe
this book will help make you a champion someday. And then it'll be
your turn to give back.
BOX L l K ~
T H ~ PHOS
1
The Fioht Game:
A History
IN T H ~ 8 ~ G I N N I N G
P
rizefighting is the oldest sport in the world. Older than baseball,
football, basketball, rugby, hockey-any sport you can name. Fist-
fighting, as a competition, was practiced during the original Olympic
games in ancient Greece, and you can find mentions of it even farther
back than that- in ancient Egypt. There's something about man that
he likes to test himself against other men to see who's better at fight-
ing. And people like to watch. That's just the way people are, and
they've been that way forever.
Even though you can trace fistfighting all the way back to the ori-
gins of man, it's really the bareknuckle version that came about in
eighteenth-century England that set the table for the fight game as we
know it today. Those boys were rough. There was no ring-a circle of
spectators formed the ring- and the guys wore no gloves, and there
2 BOX lIn T H ~ PROS
were no real rules or rounds or judges. They fought until one guy
couldn' t fight anymore. They could go at it for hours on end, punching,
kicking, gouging, wrestling. They just fought.
As rough as it was, the sport took hold. As it's always been, the
working class got it started and pretty soon the upper class started fol-
lowing it. Even the kings and queens over there in England got into it,
and schools started opening up that taught guys how to fight. Before
long they started using actual rings. The first recognized champion
was James Figg, who was the best-known fighter around in the 1720s.
But it was still a rough sport. Here's an example: something a lot of
guys did that was perfectly legal in a fight was "purring"-kicking a
downed fighter with a spiked boot. Those guys were serious.
In 1732, John Broughton, Figg's successor, introduced new rules
that outlawed things like purring. Broughton's Rules governed the
sport until 1838, when the London Prize Ring Rules were established.
But even those rules allowed opponents to do so much in the ring that
in most countries prizefighting was illegal. Finally, in 1867, John Gra-
ham Chambers and his friend Sir John Sholto Douglas, the eighth
Marquis of Queensbury, wrote up 12 new rules. They moved the sport
forward, closer to how we know it today. The Marquis of Queensbury
Rules outlawed wrestling and required gloves and three-minute rounds
with a minute's rest in between. Also, a floored fighter had 10 seconds
to get up or he lost.
Besides Figg and Broughton, there were a lot of heroes from the
bareknuckle era. There was Jem Mace, the "father of boxing" and
the world champion from 1866 to 1882. There was Daniel Mendoza,
the first of the bareknucklers to bring an element of science to the
game; John Jackson, who succeeded Mendoza and opened one of the
most successful fighting academies ever, where he taught members of
England's aristocracy "the noble art"; the legendary Tom Cribb, and
America's Tom Molineaux, a former slave; and, of course, the great
John L. Sullivan, whose boast, "I can lick any son of a bitch in this
house," made him a bareknuckle icon even as the Marquis of Queens-
bury Rules brought about the end of the bareknuckle era.
The Fight Game 3
In September 1892, when "Gentleman" Jim Corbett beat Sullivan
to become the first recognized world heavyweight champion under the
Marquis of Queensbury Rules, a lot of people thought the fight game
would soon die out. They thought the gloves and the new rules made
the fighters too soft. In fact, the game had already gone through a cou-
ple of periods when people lost interest in it. But it wouldn't be the first
time people predicted the death of boxing. The fight game has a way of
surviving, and it survived-even flourished- into the next century.
fROM HRRY TO JACK JOHNS ON:
HfROfS
T
he dawn of the modern boxing era in the late 1890s and early 1900s
saw a shifting of the game's center from England to America. That
wasn't an entirely good thing; at the beginning of the century, the gov-
ernor of New York, Theodore Roosevelt, repealed the Horton Law,
which had legalized the sport in that state. The business and its par-
ticipants reacted by moving to the other coast, once again proving
boxing's resiliency. And it still did well in England and was starting to
take form. At the dawning of the twentieth century there were six rec-
ognized weight classes: heavyweight, middleweight, welterweight,
lightweight, featherweight, and bantamweight. And there were great
fighters and great rivalries in every division.
After whipping Sullivan in 1892, Corbett, the heavyweight cham-
pion, almost immediately began a feud with Bob Fitzsimmons, one of
the more remarkable fighters of the era. Fitzsimmons was boxing's first
triple-division champion. In 1890, he knocked out Jack Dempsey ("the
Nonpareil") to win the middleweight crown. He and Corbett took public
swipes at one another over the next several years and met finally in
March 1897 for the heavyweight title. At 34, Fitzsimmons was four years
older than Corbett and 16 pounds lighter, and for much of the fight he
took a beating. But in the 14th round he stepped forward with his famed
"solar plexus punch" and knocked Corbett out. He subsequently was de-
4 BOX lI U PROS
throned by James]. Jeffries in June 1899, but in 1903, at 40 years of age,
he beat George Gardner for the newly created light heavyweight crown.
He continued fighting competitively until he was 50.
Jeffries was a dominant heavyweight champion who retired unde-
feated but was begged by the American media and fight establishment
to come out of retirement to face Jack Johnson, the first black heavy-
weight champion. Johnson was decades ahead of his time. Big, strong,
and athletic, he dominated the heavyweight division as a contender in
the late 1890s, and fought a series of bouts with the other excellent
black heavyweights of the day-Sam Langford, Joe Jeanette, and Sam
McVey. Although he beat white heavyweights, too, heavyweight cham-
pions since Sullivan refused to face black challengers and subsequent
champions followed suit. Johnson settled for what was called the
"black heavyweight title" until December 1908, when he stopped
Tommy Burns for the legitimate title.
J ohnson faced J effries, who had been successfully goaded out of re-
tirement, in July 1910. And much to the disappointment of the fight-
watching public, Johnson controlled from the start and stopped
Jeffries in the 15th round. Johnson, who lived outside conventional
norms where race was dated and married white
women and was something less than subservient in his manner-was
hated by many. In April 1915, he was dethroned by Jess Willard and
later imprisoned briefly for violation of the Mann Act. He's remem-
bered today as one of the great heavyweight champions.
Johnson may have made the most headlines in boxing, but there
were plenty of great fighters to go around and lots of fan and media at-
tention to go with them. "Terrible" Terry McGovern was one of the
most popular fighters of the turn of the century. He won both the ban-
tamweight and featherweight titles and was a crowd favorite thanks to
his face-first, hard-charging style and heavy hands. He made six title
defenses in the course of a two-year reign and had a hateful feud with
clever rival Young Corbett, who twice stopped him, in 1901 and '03-
the only times McGovern was knocked out.
The Fight Game 5
McGovern owned what was almost certainly a fixed-fight win over
one of the most talented fighters of the era, Joe Gans. Gans was the
first native-born black American to win a world title. "The Old Master"
won the lightweight title in 1902 and defended it a total of 13 times
over two reigns. His second-round kayo loss to McGovern in December
1900 was derided as an obvious fix and the only one historians think
Gans was involved in. Many fights from the era were fixed, and most of
the era's prominent fighters probably were involved in at least a couple
here or there. Gans was no exception.
The frequency of fixed fights, which existed mainly because of bet-
ting, led legislators early in the twentieth century to permit only no-
decision bouts. That is, any fight that didn't end in knockout and went
the full distance was judged a "no-decision." Meaning there was no of-
ficial winner. The newspaper press covering the fight from ringside de-
termined unofficial winners. And, of course, they could be bought just
like anyone else. This led to all sorts of confusion and to lesser-quality
fights . CA fighter knew he could get by without a loss against a better
fighter so long as he lasted the distance.) That all ended in 1920, when
New York governor AI Smith signed the Walker Law, which legalized
bouts that went to a decision. Until then, it helped if you could punch
very hard.
Middleweight champion Stanley Ketchel was probably the era' s
hardest hitter, pound for pound. In an era when relatively few fights
ended in knockouts, his record shows long streaks during which none
of his opponents lasted the distance. He scored 49 knockouts in 52 ca-
reer wins, a very high knockout ratio for the era, and was one of the
most-feared fighters in the world. People thought so much of Ketchel
that he got a shot at heavyweight champ Jack Johnson in October1909.
What nobody knew at the time was that Ketchel and J ohnson had
agreed that they would go easy so that the fight would go the
distance-in order to generate more money from the motion-picture
sales.
Ketchel had no chance-Johnson outweighed him by 35 pounds-
6 BOX lIU TH[ PROS
but he believed in his punch and decided to forget the arrangement.
After 11 relaxed rounds, he charged out in the 12th and caught John-
son with a big right, sending him down. Furious at being double-
crossed, Johnson got up and knocked him cold with a right, shearing
off five of his teeth in the process. The next year Ketchel was shot and
killed by a farmhand who was infatuated with a woman Ketchel was
dating. Ketchel was 24 years old.
The fight game was still growing at the turn of the century and find-
ing itself over the next decade. There were lots of problems. But things
were about to get better.
TO BOXING WAS KING
T
he 20 years between 1920 and 1940 included the Great Depression,
the First World War, and atrocities worldwide, but they were great for
the fight game. There was no NFL in that era, no NHL or NBA, no
NASCAR. There was boxing, baseball, and horse racing. And boxing
was king.
Jack Dempsey (no relation to "the Nonpareil") was the era's greatest
sports hero, right up there with Babe Ruth. As a young man he rode
the rails all over the country in boxcars and lived in hobo camps look-
ing for work. He found it in the ring, and after tearing through much of
the heavyweight division, slaughtered the giant Jess Willard in three
rounds in July 1919 to win the title.
Dempsey's drawing power was unmatched as the heavyweight
champion. His fourth-round knockout of Georges Carpentier in July
1921 was boxing's first million-dollar gate and earned him $300,000, a
monstrous sum for that era. (For perspective, consider that Ruth was
paid $70,000 per year at the height of his career.) His defense against
Luis Angel Firpo two years later drew 80,000 fans to the Polo Grounds
in New York. His two losing bouts against Gene Tunney, in '26 and '27,
drew 120,000 and 104,000 fans, respectively, to Sesquicentennial Sta-
The Fight Game 7
dium in Philadelphia and Soldier Field in Chicago. He retired after his
second loss to Tunney-the famous "Long Count" battle- as one of
the most popular figures in the history of sport.
Dempsey wasn't the only boxing legend to do his best work in the
1920s. He wasn't even the best fighter. Maybe Harry Greb was. Greb
held the middleweight title from 1923 to '26, and by the time he re-
tired he had torn through the best middleweights and light heavy-
weights of the era. He was the only man to whip Dempsey's tormentor,
Tunney. He was stopped just twice in 298 fights, and fought the last
five years of his career blind in one eye. Many historians rate Greb the
greatest middleweight ever.
If you don't like Greb, try little Jimmy Wilde, probably the best fly-
weight in history. Wilde was a skinny, frail-looking fighter who ruled
the flyweights from 1916 to '23. He won his first 98 fights in a row
against the best men of his size in the world and won the title with a
12th-round knockout of Joe Symonds. By the time he retired, he had
lost just three times in 145 fights and scored 99 knockouts.
If 108-pounders don't interest you, there was Benny Leonard at
135, arguably the best lightweight ever. Leonard thrilled huge crowds
all over the country with his cerebral skills and deadly fists , and held
the world title from 1917 to '25. Then there was the wonderful Tony
Canzoneri, who won world titles in the featherweight, lightweight, and
junior welterweight divisions between 1928 and 1933. Or Canzoneri's
great rival, Barney Ross, who also was a three-division champion.
Ross's battles with Canzoneri and Jimmy McLarnin, another great of
the era, drew thousands, as did the adventures of Mickey Walker, "the
Toy Bulldog," who was a hugely popular welterweight and mid-
dleweight champion in the 1920s and a stablemate of Dempsey's.
The late 1930s saw the emergence of Joe Louis, my boyhood hero,
whose title reign would stretch into the following decade. But of all
these heroes, it's possible Henry Armstrong was the best. He was the
first and only fighter in history to simultaneously hold world titles in
three weight classes. "Homicide Hank" held the world featherweight,
8 BOX lIlE T H ~ PROS
lightweight, and welterweight titles at the same time, and came within
a hair of winning the world middleweight crown, too. That's a span of
35 pounds between all those classes. He still holds the record for most
title defenses at welterweight and is considered by many the second-
greatest fighter ever pound for pound, behind Sugar Ray Robinson. He
fought the same way I did: straight ahead, throwing punches.
Plenty of wonderful fighters claimed their places among the greats
in the decades that followed. And millions of fans all over the world
would fall in love with the fight game in the years and decades that fol-
lowed. But there will never be another 20-year span like the one from
1920 to 1940. It was a rich, beautiful era in boxing. The world wasn't a
perfect place then, but it was heaven if you were a fight fan.
THE FORTIES AID FIFTIES: MOB RULES-WHY THE
GOOD OLD DAYS WEREI'T ALWAYS GOOD
A
lot of people like to talk about how great the good old days were.
Usually when they do they forget that every period has its downside.
For example, in 1960 former middleweight champion Jake LaMotta
told a special Senate subcommittee investigating corruption in boxing
that he'd thrown a fight against Billy Fox in 1947. LaMotta told the
committee he'd taken the dive because he had to "play ball" to get a ti-
tle shot.
Blinky Palermo, a known gangster, managed Fox. Palermo told
LaMotta that if he let Fox win, LaMotta would eventually get his title
shot. And he did. Today we know that organized crime had infiltrated
pro boxing to a large degree at least from the late 1940s to the late
1950s-the very time period that many recall today as "the good old
days. "
The problem, for the most part, was that Jim Norris, who promoted
just about every title fight for 10 years, ran the sport throughout the
fifties . He was the most powerful man in the business. In '49, he
The Fight Game 9
formed the International Boxing Club (IBC), and no one got a shot at
the title without going through him. And his friends were guys like
Palermo and Frankie Carbo, who were known gangsters. In the mid-
1950s, the federal government began an investigation, and in '58 they
dissolved the IBC and the empire Norris had built. But the damage
was already done.
You didn't have to tell the great lightweight champ Ike Williams
how things were. Williams held the title from '47 to '51, and he told
the same Senate committee how Palermo, the Managers Guild, and
the IBC had tried to blackball him and ruin his career. Like a lot of
fighters, he hardly had a dime to his name when his career ended, and
he'd fought almost 200 fights. There were times, he said, when he
never saw a penny from his purse. Many fighters revealed, after their
careers were over, that gangsters had approached them with offers to
throw fights but that they refused them. Among them were the biggest
names in the sport-Carmen Basilio, Rocky Graziano, Sugar Ray
Robinson. But some of them did falter-LaMotta, for one. Feather-
weight great Willie Pep probably did, too: he almost certainly took a
dive against Lulu Perez in February 1954. Surely there were many un-
recorded others.
For all the problems the mob wrought, the 1940s and 1950s were
wonderful years for boxing. Heavyweight champion Joe Louis was a
national hero. He won the title from James J Braddock in June 1937,
and by the time the new decade started, his title reign was in full
swing. An accurate, calm, and deadly two-fisted puncher, Louis filled
the biggest stadiums whenever he fOUght. His June 1938 rematch with
the German Max Schmeling, who had knocked out Louis two years
earlier, was perhaps the most politically significant prizefight ever.
The Nazis had built Schmeling up as an example of Aryan superi-
ority just as the world was heading toward World War II when he and
Louis met in Yankee Stadium in New York. The 70,000 fans in atten-
dance erupted when Louis avenged his only defeat with a first-round
KO. But Louis always packed them in. His match in June 1941 against
10 DOX Lln THf PROS
former light heavyweight champion Billy Conn, in which Louis rallied
to win by knockout in the 13th, drew almost 55,000 to the Polo
Grounds in New York.
By the time Louis enlisted in the U.S. Army at the start of World
War Il, he'd already made 21 title defenses. When the war ended and
he was discharged in '46, he continued his reign, but he wasn't the
same fighter anymore. He made four more title defenses, retired, then
came back to be knocked out by Rocky Marciano in the eighth round in
October 1951, which finished him for good. He still holds the record
for most title defenses and longest reign ever in any weight class. In my
eyes he's the best heavyweight champion there ever was.
Louis may have been a near-perfect fighter, but he wasn't perfect.
Though it may be that another fighter from his era was. In 1940, Sugar
Ray Robinson turned pro. Robinson reeled off 40 straight wins before
losing to LaMotta in February 1943 in the first of their six battles. He
then went 91 fights before losing again, along the way winning and de-
fending the welterweight title. In '50 he added the middleweight title,
and in the ensuing years lost and regained the title several times, and
came close to claiming the light heavyweight crown, too.
Robinson's combination of speed, punching power, skill, and ring
smarts led the sportswriters of the day to call him the best fighter in
the world pound for pound, and today he's remembered as the best
overall fighter who ever lived. Robinson was so good he lost just 19
times in 200 fights . And 15 of those 19 losses came when he was 37
years of age or older, which is old for a prizefighter. In his prime,
- Robinson was untouchable.
Robinson wasn't the only fighting genius to put together monstrous
winning streaks during the era. Willie Pep also turned pro in '40, and
went three years and 63 fights before losing. After dropping a decision
to Sammy Angott in March 1943, he ran off another streak, this one
lasting five years and 73 fights. That streak ended in '49, when Sandy
Saddler stopped him and claimed the title. Pep reclaimed the crown in
a rematch, then lost two more to Saddler. He fought on for another 15
The Fight Game 11
years, winning much more than losing. Pep was a light puncher but a
brilliant defensive fighter. Most historians rank him as the best defen-
sive fighter in history, but he was more than that. Like Robinson, he
didn't lose much until he got older. In 242 fights he lost just 11 times;
three were to Saddler and seven came after Pep turned 30 years old.
He's easily one of the five or six best fighters ever to have put on gloves.
There were other great heroes in the 1940s: the light heavyweight
Billy Conn, who was two rounds from pulling off the upset of the cen-
tury against the great Louis; Tony Zale and Rocky Graziano, two hard-
nosed, hard-slugging middleweight champions whose trilogy was one
of the best in the history of sport; LaMotta and French hero Marcel
Cerdan were two more middleweight immortals. There was Ezzard
Charles, too, who followed Louis as heavyweight champion and never
got the credit he deserved, and several wonderful prizefighters who
never won world titles: Holman Williams, Lloyd Marshall, Charley
Burley. The good old days weren't perfect. But they were good. They
were very good.
THE fiFTIES AND SIXTIES: TElEVISION CHANGES THE GAME
T
he advent of television in the 1950s was both a boon and a detriment
to the fight game. The upside was that it brought the fights directly to
the fans. But that meant they didn't have to go to the fights live any-
more to see them. The effect on live gates was significant, though that
didn't stop business. In the fifties you could watch live boxing free on
television five nights a week, and there was no shortage of stars.
Maybe the biggest star of the fifties was Rocky Marciano. Overflow-
ing with physical strength, confidence, determination, and punching
power, Marciano powered his way up the heavyweight rankings in '50
and '51, earning a title shot by knocking out and retiring the great Joe
Louis. He stopped Jersey Joe Wa1cott to win the title in September
1952 and reeled off six successful defenses over the next four years,
12 BOX UU TH[ PROS
building his popularity and legacy with each win. Then, in 1955, he
did something no heavyweight champion had done before or since: he
retired, undefeated. And he stayed retired. That record puts him up
there with the greatest heavyweight champions.
Marciano's last fight was against Archie Moore, another all-time
great. Moore had turned pro way back in 1935 but wasn't able to get a
shot at the light heavyweight title until he was 36 years old and into his
18th year as a pro. He had been the top-rated contender for 10 years
but was ducked by one champion after another. He finally got his shot
against champion Joey Maxim in December 1952, and he didn't waste
it. He beat Maxim and held the title for nine years, the longest reign
ever in the light heavyweight division. His 141 career knockouts are
also a record. Though always a light heavyweight, he fought heavy-
weights like Marciano throughout his career but was never able to win
the title.
The 1950s showcased dozens oflegendary fighters: Kid Gavilan, the
cagey old welterweight champion who held the title for three years and
wasn't stopped once in 143 fights. There was welterweight and mid-
dleweight champion Carmen Basilio, who fought sizzling wars with Tony
DeMarco and Gene Fullmer and a savage series with the great Sugar
Ray Robinson, who fought well into the decade and beyond. Ezzard
Charles, too, was a factor at heavyweight into the fifties. In November
1956, FIoyd Patterson knocked out Archie Moore to claim the heavy-
weight title Marciano had given up, but in the decade's final year he was
stopped and dethroned by Swedish puncher Ingemar Johansson.
For all the stars the decade held, the days of the monster-stadium
crowds largely were coming to an end. Only Marciano could draw well
more than 20,000 on a regular basis. Television was exposing the fight
game to a larger crowd than ever before, but the crowd wasn't at
ringside-they were in living rooms across America.
However, as the 1960s began, boxing's popularity hit an all-time
low as a result of three factors that came together in quick succession:
the game was overexposed on television; the federal government
The Fight Game 13
launched an investigation into corruption in boxing (the one in which
LaMotta testified); and in March 1962, welterweight Benny Paret fell
into a coma and died after Emile Griffith knocked him out in a nation-
ally televised fight. It was the first time a fighter had been killed on na-
tional television, and the sport all but vanished from TV for the next
several years. It wasn't the best time to be a fight fan. And that was too
bad, because there were good fighters and good fights everywhere you
looked.
Maybe the best overall fighter of the 1960s was Carlos Ortiz, who
held the lightweight and junior welterweight titles and made 11 de-
fenses over several reigns. If it wasn't Ortiz, maybe it was Brazil's Eder
Jofre, the world bantamweight champion. Griffith, too, was a multidi-
vision champion, winning titles at welterweight and middleweight and
engaging in a series of fights with Paret and Luis Rodriguez.
Light heavyweight Bob Foster destroyed Dick Tiger in May 1968 to
start a long reign as the 175-pound champion, and in June 1963
Willie Pastrano beat Harold Johnson in one of the decade's biggest
upsets. The brilliant Jose Napoles won the welterweight title in '69,
the same year the power-punching Mexican sensation Ruben Olivares
claimed the bantamweight crown. In June 1960, Patterson became
the first heavyweight in history to regain the title when he stopped
Johannson in front of 45,000 fans in New York, but in September
1962, Sonny Liston destroyed him to take the title.
The star of the decade was Cassius Clay, who a lot of the time I call
the Butterfly. He came out of the 1960 Olympics with a gold medal and
a lot of talk and people watched him. Some of them wanted him to
lose, others wanted him to win, but either way, he could fight. He was
big and fast and could move on his feet. He beat some good contenders
on the way up and in February 1964 shocked the world, like he said he
would, when he beat Liston to win the heavyweight title. Afterward he
changed his name to Muhammad Ali and became a Muslim. That's
when his troubles started. He defended the title nine times. But when
the Vietnam War started he got drafted and refused to go, citing his re-
14 BOX LlH PROS
ligious beliefs. So the V.S. government took away his boxing license.
He didn't get it back for three years.
While the Butterfly had been defending the title, I was making a
name for myself as a young pro. I'd won a gold medal at the '64
Olympics and turned pro in '65, the year after Muhammad won the ti-
tle. I fought good contenders on the way up, too, and was undefeated
when, in '68, I fought Buster Mathis for the New York world title made
vacant when they stripped the Butterfly. (The respected New York
State Athletic Commission disagreed with the World Boxing Associa-
tion's method for selecting a successor to Ali and sanctioned my bout
with Mathis as being for their version of the world title.) I stopped
Mathis, and two years later, in February 1970, gained worldwide recog-
nition as the heavyweight champion when I knocked out Jimmy Ellis
in four rounds. The seventies were right around the corner, and they'd
be bigger than anyone knew.
Aln BOXING MAUS A
I
had defended the New York world title four times and the world title
against Bob Foster in 1970, and in the meantime, the Butterfly got
his license back. He had a couple of tune-up fights and it was only nat-
ural that we should meet and decide once and for all who the real
heavyweight champ was. I knew it was me, but since he'd never lost
the title in the ring he thought he was still the champ. So we got to-
gether to settle it.
Our fight on March 8, 1971, in Madison Square Garden was the
biggest fight since Louis knocked out Schmeling in their rematch 33
years earlier. They dubbed it "The Fight of the Century," and that's
what it was. Madison Square Garden sold out. Muhammad and I each
made $2.5 million, a record for the time. The promoters grossed $23
million. An estimated 300 million people watched on close-circuit or
satellite television, and in the 15th round I clipped the Butterfly'S
The Fight Game 15
wings with a hook and dropped him, and won a unanimous decision. It
was one of the biggest fights ever.
In the biggest fight in 30 years, I clipped the Butterfly's wings.
The Butterfly and I fought twice more in the seventies. I got jobbed
out of the decision in the rematch in New York in January 1974, and
my corner stopped our war in September '75-the "Thrilla in
ManiIa"-after the 14th round. They were all great fights. The late six-
ties and seventies were great times for heavyweights. Most historians
think it was the deepest heavyweight division in history, and I agree.
There were so many good fighters: Jerry Quarry, Oscar Bonavena, Joe
Bugner, Earnie Shavers, Patters on , Ellis, Ron Lyle, Ken Norton, Jimmy
Young, and the guy who took my title in January 1973, Big George
Foreman. He was the strongest, hardest-hitting guy I ever fought, and
one of the best ever. And, late in the decade, there was Larry Holmes,
who ended up holding the title for seven years.
For all the good heavyweights in the seventies, the best overall
16 BOX lI ll T H ~ PROS
fighter of the decade might have been Carlos Monzon. He rode a 56-
fight, six-year undefeated streak into the decade and after 14 success-
ful title defenses retired as the middleweight champion in '77. If you
didn't like him, maybe you liked the great lightweight champion
Roberto Duran, who unified the title, made 12 defenses over a six-year
reign, and knocked out all but one of his challengers.
There were other greats in the lower weight classes; featherweight
power-puncher Alexis Arguello stopped Olivares to start a long reign of
his own. Welterweight phenomenon Wilfred Benitez became the youn-
gest fighter ever to win a professional world title when, just 17 years
old, he decisioned Antonio Cervantes. Benitez was the best defensive
boxer of his era, a modern-day Willie Pep.
Even with all the great fighters around, it was the Butterfly who
stole the show in the seventies. After our rematch he put together
some wins, and then went and knocked out Big George in Africa in Oc-
tober 1974-"The Rumble in the Jungle" they called it- in a huge up-
set. Then he made a string of title defenses. Even though he was 36
years old and slOwing down, no one thought the Butterfly would lose to
Leon Spinks in their fight in February 1978, but that's what happened.
Spinks, a United States gold-medal winner from the '76 Olympics, had
only seven pro fights and was an 8-1 underdog. But Muhammad took
him lightly, didn't train right, and Leon whupped him. Seven months
later they fought again and the Butterfly outpointed him, becoming
the only heavyweight in history to win the title three times.
Both the Butterfly and I retired in the 1970s. I called it a career af-
ter Big George stopped me again, this time in '76. The Butterfly quit
after the second Spinks fight, then came back in '80 and was stopped
by Holmes, the next era's best heavyweight. But we'd always be con-
nected, and so were our final fights. I decided to give it one last try and
in December '81 drew with Jumbo Cummings before calling it a career
for good. Eight days later the Butterfly lost to Trevor Berbick, and that
was it for him, too.
Fortunately, boxing didn't need the Butterfly and me to survive.
The late seventies and eighties spawned a whole new set of stars. Chief
The Fight Game 17
among them was Sugar Ray Leonard, who, like Spinks, won a gold
medal at the '76 Olympics. He was fast and flashy and the fans loved
him. He won the welterweight title from Benitez in '79, and, over the
next several years retired and came back several times, eventually
whipping Marvelous Marvin Hagler in March 1987 in the decade's
biggest upset.
Hagler was a tough, hard-hitting, talented southpaw who had held
the middleweight title for seven years and had made 12 title defenses.
He, Leonard, Benitez, Duran, and Thomas Hearns all fought at
around the same weight and all fought one another throughout the de-
cade. They were the stars of the eighties and produced great fights, es-
pecially the Hagler-Hearns slugfest in April 1985, one of the most
exciting title fights ever.
The heavyweight champion through the first half of the decade was
Holmes, who stopped my boy Marvis in a title fight November 1983. I
told Marvis then it was nothing to be ashamed of and I was right; be-
fore he lost the title to Michael Spinks in '85, Holmes had run up 20
successful title defenses. Spinks, yet another gold-medal winner from
that '76 V.S. Olympic team (and Leon's brother), had been a domi-
nant hght heavyweight champion who made 10 defenses over a four-
year reign before beating Holmes to become the first hght heavyweight
champion in history to also win the heavyweight title.
There were dozens of other wonderful fighters in the 1980s. Among
the best was Salvador Sanchez, the featherweight champion whose ca-
reer was cut short when he was killed in a car crash in '82. There was
eventual multi division champion Juho Cesar Chavez, who was proba-
bly the greatest Mexican champion ever, and hght heavyweight cham-
pion Matthew Saad Muhammad from right here in Philadelphia.
There was Aaron Pryor, a modern-day Henry Armstrong in style and
desire.
But the fighter who dominated the sport and the heavyweight divi-
sion over the second half of the decade was Mike Tyson, whose combi-
nation of speed, power, defense, and charisma made him a fan favorite
and the biggest draw in the game since All. He became the youngest
18 BOX Lln THl PROS
heavyweight champion in history when, at 20, he stopped Trevor
Berbick in two rounds in November 1986, and by the end of the eight-
ies he'd racked up nine title defenses.
Tyson's dominance was welcomed by the fans. Over the course of
the decade, control over boxing by the WBC and the WBA, the sport's
longtime sanctioning bodies, strengthened. Then the IBF was formed
and competed with them. Making matters worse, each organization
crowned its own champion, and then they added three new divisions:
cruiserweight, super middleweight, and strawweight. There was "su-
per" this and "mini" that. It was crazy.
There were more champions and more divisions than ever before.
The heavyweight class, the game's glamour division, was a mess, a re-
volving door of mediocre titleholders. Tyson cleaned that all up. He
unified the title, and for the first time in a long while everyone knew
who the heavyweight champ was. The mainstream press hadn't paid a
fighter so much attention in years. But with the nineties around the
corner, Tyson's time at the top was already running out.
THE FIGHT GAME FROM THE NINETIES TO TODAY:
THE SAME, BUT DIFFERENT
T
he 1990s weren't even two months old when it all came crashing
down for Tyson, the biggest name in the sport. He was overconfident
and didn't train right for challenger Buster Douglas, a whopping 42-1
underdog. They fought over in Tokyo in February 1990, and Douglas,
never a great fighter before, was a very good fighter on this night. He
outfought Tyson and fed him his own medicine, knocking him out in
the 10th round. Don King, who'd started promoting guys back in my
day and was the most powerful guy in the sport, tried to say Tyson was
robbed or something, but nobody bought it. Everyone saw with their
own eyes what happened: Tyson got beat up.
Tyson's loss didn't mean nothing else was going on. A couple years
The Fight Game 19
before, my oId buddy Big George had started a comeback after 10 years
out of the ring. He was knocking out guys left and right and angling for
a shot at Tyson. Nobody believed it then, but I'll tell you this: he'd have
knocked out Tyson if Douglas didn't do it first. He was heavier than
when he fought the Butterfly and me, but he could still punch and he
knew what he was doing in there. It didn't matter that he was better
than 40 years old. I could see George could still hurt a man, and he
would have hurt Tyson. You can't compare the guys today to the heavy-
weights from the seventies. Big George proved me right in 1994 when
he won back the title he'd lost to Muhammad 20 years earlier by
knocking out Michael Moorer in the 10th round in Las Vegas.
Most people knew Douglas wasn't going to last long as champion,
and he didn't. Evander Holyfield, who had been the cruiserweight
champion, knocked him out in October 1990 to win the title and
wanted to fight Tyson, but Tyson got sent away on a rape charge and did
three years in prison. In the meantime, Holyfield became a good cham-
pion, beating Holmes and Foreman and a fighter I had for a while, Bert
Cooper. Cooper had all the strength and skill he needed to be champ
but made the wrong decisions, hung with the wrong people, and got
into drugs. Still, he hurt Holyfield and almost had him out in their fight
in November 1991. If the referee hadn't called it a knockdown when
Holyfield staggered into the ropes, Bert might have knocked him out
and been heavyweight champ of the world.
Holyfield stayed champ until November 1992, when Riddick Bowe,
a big, skilled heavyweight from Brooklyn decisioned him to take the ti-
tle. Bowe had Eddie Futch, one of myoId trainers, in his corner, so he
knew how to fight. Bowe and Holyfield eventually fought three times
over the next few years with Bowe winning twice and Holyfield once.
After Holyfield won the title back from Bowe, he lost it to Moorer,
which is how Big George got it. Holyfield eventually won the title again
and beat Tyson twice- the second time when Tyson bit off part of
Holyfield's ear and got disqualified. At his best, Tyson was a very good
heavyweight. I know that because he beat my boy Marvis on the way
20 BOX LI H T H ~ PRO S
up. Stopped him in less than a round, and Marvis could fight. So I
knew Tyson was good. But he couldn't keep his head straight and had
the wrong people around him, and that did him in.
Just when Bowe was gaining steam, another giant heavyweight
started to make some noise. Lennox Lewis from England knocked out
some top guys and over the next decade and into the twenty-first cen-
tury more or less dominated the division. Twice he got knocked out by
guys who had no business knocking him out, but he came back and
beat them both. He made a total of 14 title defenses and beat everyone
in his era except Bowe, who wouldn't fight him. He also beat Holyfield
and Tyson, but both were past their best days when he got them.
There was plenty going on in the lower weight classes in the
nineties, too. The fight of the decade happened in March 1990 when
Julio Cesar Chavez knocked out Meldrick Taylor, from right here in
Philadelphia, in the last round. They stopped it when they shouldn't
have and Taylor would have won the decision-he was ahead in the
scoring-along with the undisputed junior welterweight title. But you
couldn't complain; it was a great fight between two great fighters. Tay-
lor was never the same, but Chavez kept fighting a long time afterward
and will go down in history as the greatest Mexican fighter ever, which
is saying a lot.
The guy who eventually removed Chavez from world-class com-
petition was Oscar De La Hoya, the most popular fighter in the
world in the late nineties and into this century. He was a gold-medal
winner and started out pro as a junior lightweight but won titles in
the lightweight, junior welterweight, welterweight, and junior mid-
dleweight divisions. He was flashy and good-looking like Ray Leonard,
and the people loved to watch him fight. But he had his problems, too.
All fighters do.
In September 1999, De La Hoya lost to Felix Trinidad, the great
power-punching welterweight and middleweight champion from
Puerto Rico, a fighter who would have been a champion in any era.
Later he lost twice to Shane Mosley, a quick, powerful Californian who
The Fight Game 21
also won titles at lightweight and welterweight. And when De La Hoya
tried to go all the way up to middleweight, Bernard Hopkins, another
Philadelphia boy, showed him how it's done in Philly and stopped him
with a body shot in their fight in September 2004. As ofright now Hop-
kins has defended the middleweight title more times than anyone in
history.
There were and are a lot of great fighters in the nineties and
today-guys who could have competed in any era. There was light-
weight, welterweight, and junior middleweight champion Pernell
Whitaker, probably the best defensive fighter of his era. George Ben-
ton, one of myoId trainers, trained him right, so you know he was
good. There was James Toney, a guy who fought like they did in the old
days. He stood still, right in front of you, and you couldn't hit him. He
won pieces of the middleweight, super middleweight, and cruiser-
weight titles. There was Roy Jones, one of the fastest fighters I've ever
seen. He won titles, too, at middleweight, super middleweight, light
heavyweight, and heavyweight. These are real good fighters, guys who
would have been great in any era. They're winning titles all over the
place. But, see, that's part of the problem.
It's too easy to win world titles now. There are too many sanctioning
bodies and too many weight classes. It seems like almost anyone can
get a title now. So they don't mean as much. Maybe it's better than it
was in the old days, when there was one champion in a division. Back
then guys could wait years and years to get a shot because there was
only one champ. Look at Archie Moore. And this way-the way it is
now-lots of fighters can be champs and make decent money. They
can make a living. I don't know. I think too many champions and too
many sanctioning bodies have hurt the sport.
Nobody knows who the champions are anymore. It hurts the game.
And there's so much competition now for the public's attention. It's
not like in the old days. Now there's basketball and football and base-
ball and tennis and hockey and golf all competing with one another.
And boxing has fallen behind. You don't read about it as much in the
22 BOX II nTH [ PRO S
newspapers anymore. You don't see it as much on Tv, unless you have
cable. Some people say it's dying again. I don't believe it.
They said boxing was dying when bareknuckling was outlawed, and
when Dempsey retired, and when Marciano retired, and when the But-
terfly retired. But boxing isn't dying. It's always going to be here. It'll
have its ups and down, like we all do. But it'll survive. It always has and
it always will. You watch. In another few years there will be some new
kid who comes along, maybe out of my gym in Philly, and before you
know it boxing will be the biggest thing out there again. It'll happen
again. It always does.
2
Protect Yourself at All Times:
The Rules of the Ring
l
ike in any other sport, there are rules that govern boxing. Many are
the same at both the amateur and professional level. Some rules are
slightly different in the professional ranks, and some even vary within
the pro game. For your purposes you need to know the amateur rules
first-even if you are going to box like the pros, you need to start as an
amateur. So let's talk about the amateur ranks first.
Amateur boxing in the United States is governed by USA Boxing,
which has very strict regulations. Those regulations can be broken into
five categories: fouls; weight classes and experience levels; equipment;
other important rules you need to know; and judging.
24 80 X LI nTH f PHD S
fOULS
T
hese are the things you cannot do while in the boxing ring. If you do
them in the ring, you'll get a warning from the referee. If you get
three warnings, you can get disqualified. So pay attention, these are
important.
o You cannot hit below the belt, hold, trip, kick, head butt, wrestle,
bite, spit on, or push your opponent.
o You cannot hit with your head, shoulder, forearm, or elbow.
o You cannot hit with an open glove, the inside of the glove, the wrist,
the backhand, or the side of the hand.
o You cannot hit on the back, the back of the head or neck, or on the
kidneys.
o You cannot throw a punch while holding on to the ropes to gain
leverage.
o If you floor your opponent, you cannot hit him when he's on the
canvas.
o You can't hold your opponent and hit him at the same time, or duck
so low that your head is below your opponent's belt line.
o When the referee breaks you from a clinch you have to take a full
step back-you cannot immediately hit your opponent; that's called
"hitting on the break," and it's illegal.
o And no matter how tired you are, you cannot spit out your mouth-
piece on purpose to get a rest (when your mouthpiece comes out,
the action is stopped until it's put back in).
Again, all of these are fouls. Do them and you can get disqualified.
You can get away with a lot more in the profeSSionals, but in the ama-
teurs, you just don't do them unless you want to get out of a fight, and
in that case you shouldn't be in there to begin with.
Protect Yourself at All Times 25
No using your forearm
No headbutting
No holding bebing the head No holding and hItting
26 BOX LI H T H ~ PRO S
No hitting below the belt
No kneeing
No ducking below the belt
No pushing
Protect Yourself at All Times 27
No holding the ropes to get leverage
No hitting in the back
28 80 X II U T H PRO S
Can't hit a man when he's down
AND
O
ne of the great things about boxing is that you can do it no matter
how big or small you are. In football, if you're just not big enough,
you don't make the team. Same with basketball. But in boxing, you'll
only fight opponents who are about your size, because everyone's bro-
ken into weight classes. Note that the weight limits differ slightly for
men and women. These are the weight classes for amateur men:
Light Flyweight: up to 106 pounds
Flyweight: 112 pounds
Bantamweight: 119 pounds
Featherweight: 125 pounds
Lightweight: 132 pounds
Light Welterweight: 141 pounds
Welterweight: 152 pounds
Middleweight: 165 pounds
Light Heavyweight: 178 pounds
Protect Yourself at All Times 29
Heavyweight: 201 pounds
Super Heavyweight: over 201 pounds
These are the weight classes for women:
Pinweight: up to 101 pounds
Light Flyweight: 106 pounds
Flyweight: 110 pounds
Light Bantamweight: 114 pounds
Bantamweight: 119 pounds
Featherweight: 125 pounds
Lightweight: 132 pounds
Light Welterweight: 138 pounds
Welterweight: 145 pounds
Light Middleweight: 154 pounds
Middleweight: 165 pounds
Light Heavyweight: 176 pounds
Heavyweight: over 189 pounds
Also, there are three experience levels in amateur boxing: they
are sub-novice, which is the class you're in if you've never had a
sanctioned bout; novice, which is for fighters who have had less
than 10 bouts; and open class, which is anything over 10 bouts. So
as you can see, between the weight classes and experience levels,
there are safeguards in place to help make good, competitive
matches. (Note: there are also classes for very young and older
men- the Junior Olympic class for fighters under 19, the Masters
division for fighters over 35.)
Your age and experience also determine the number and length of
the rounds you fight in the amateurs. They can range anywhere from
three one-minute rounds (in the junior Olympic and masters classes),
four two-minute rounds (for open-class fights), or five two-minute
rounds (for an open-class featured fight).
30 BOX Lln TH! PROS
THE EnUIPMENT
A
big part of the rules in amateur boxing is the required equipment-
both for safety reasons and for consistency. These are required
items if you compete in any amateur bout:
o A shirt (sleeveless for men; sleeveless or T-shirt for women)
o For men, a protective cup; for women, a breast protector is optional ,
as is a groin protector
o Approved headgear that weighs between 10 and 12 ounces and
bears the official "USA Boxing" label or stamp
o A custom-made or individually fitted mouthpiece
o Authorized boxing gloves whose weight is determined by the weight
class in which the fight is occurring: 10 ounces for fighters between
106 and 152 pounds; 12 ounces for those between 165 and 201
pounds
IMPORTANT RULES
M ore rules. These are important.
o If you knock your opponent down, you must go to the farthest neu-
tral corner, meaning one that is neither your corner nor your oppo-
nent's.
o If someone's mouthpiece is knocked out, the referee will stop the
action and have the mouthpiece put back in.
o When someone is knocked down, the referee's count will continue
to at least "eight," whether or not the floored fighter has risen. This
is called a "mandatory eight count. "
o If someone is staggered or clearly hurt by a punch but does not go
Protect Yourself at All Times 31
down, the referee may issue a "standing eight count" in lieu of a
knockdown.
o No one is "saved by the bell"; in other words, if you are knocked
down close to the end of the round and the bell rings before you
have risen, you still must get up before the completion of the
referee's count. If not, you are considered knocked out.
o You must protect yourself at all times. If you look to the referee to
complain or to your corner or at someone in the crowd and you get
hit, it's your own fault. It's not a foul to hit an opponent who's not
protecting himself when he should be.
o A referee is permitted-in fact, it's his or her job-to stop a fight and
declare a technical knockout when one of the fighters is unable to
sufficiently protect himself or is in danger of getting hurt.
JUDGING: HOW AMATEUR FIGHTS A R ~ S C O R ~ D
S
coring in the amateurs is all by the numbers. Here's how it works:
five judges score amateur fights . Each judge has two counting de-
vices with him at ringside- one for the red corner, one for the blue.
Every time a judge sees the "red" fighter land a blow, he records it on
his "red" device. Likewise, when he sees the "blue" fighter score, he
records it on his "blue" device. At the end of the fight they count up all
the totals and the fighter with more landed punches wins.
That's important to remember: in the amateurs, it's all about land-
ing punches. If you knock your opponent down, you don't get any more
points than if you land ajab. It's still always good to get your opponent
out of there if you can, and scoring a lot of punches usually will do
that. But the point is to land punches-not necessarily very hard ones,
but clean, easy-to-see punches that will get you points. That's what
does it in the amateurs.
32 BOX UU TH[ PROS
THE PRO GAME
In most states in America, the pro game is governed by the Association of
Boxing Commissions, which was formed to bring some consistency to the
sport in terms of officiating and rules. There was a time when most states
operated under their own rules, and they varied from state to state. A few
states still govern professional bouts and apply their own rules (which are
very similar anyway, with a few exceptions), but the vast majority follow
the rules mandated by the Association of Boxing Commissions.
FOULS
These are pretty much the same as in the amateur game except you
can get away with more in the pros. The referees have a lot more dis-
cretion at the professional level. What is a foul in the amateurs might
not be the in the pros, depending on the referee. Some are very strict,
some aren't. Generally, clinching, using your shoulders and elbows,
and even using your head occaSionally is accepted much more readily
in the pros, so long as you're not blatant about it. Smart veteran fight-
ers know how to get away with all kinds of tricks that technically are il-
legal, but because they' ve been around a long time they know how to
hide them from the referee.
Getting penalized for fouling is different at the professional level.
Here's how the Association of Boxing Commissions handles it.
Penalties are assigned and the outcomes affected by whether, in the
referee'sjudgment, they were intentional or unintentional. In the case
of fouls deemed intentional by the referee:
o If the foul results in an injury that causes the fight to end immedi-
ately, the fighter who committed the foul is disqualified.
c If the foul causes an injury but the bout continues, the referee orders
the judges to take two points from the fighter who caused the injury
Protect Yourself at All Times 33
(you'll see when we get into the section on judging why that's
important).
o If the foul causes the fight to be stopped in a later round, the judges'
scorecards will be tallied and the fighter who is ahead on points will
get what's called a "technical decision." If the scores are even it will
be called a "technical draw."
Fouls that are judged by the referee to be unintentional are handled
differently:
o If an unintentional foul causes the fight to be stopped immediately,
the bout is ruled a "no decision" if four rounds have not been com-
pleted. (Or if it's scheduled for four rounds and three rounds have
not been completed.) If four rounds have been completed, the
judges' scorecards are tallied and the fighter who is ahead on points
is awarded a technical decision.
Generally, a referee may disqualify a fighter after taking points away
for fouls on three separate occasions.
WEIGHT CLASSES AND EXPERIENCE LEVELS: THE PROS
T
hese are the weight classes in the professional game. Note that the
size of the gloves that are used depends on the weight class: every
weight class under middleweight uses eight-ounce gloves; mid-
dleweight and over use 10-ounce gloves.
Mini Flyweight: up to 105 pounds
Light Flyweight: 108 pounds
Flyweight: 112 pounds
Junior Bantamweight: 115 pounds
34 BOX LI nTH f PRO S
Bantamweight: 118 pounds
Junior Featherweight: 122 pounds
Featherweight: 126 pounds
Junior Lightweight: 130 pounds
Lightweight: 135 pounds
Junior Welterweight: 140 pounds
Welterweight: 147 pounds
Junior Middleweight: 154 pounds
Middleweight: 160 pounds
Super Middleweight: 168 pounds
Light Heavyweight: 175 pounds
Cruiserweight: 200 pounds
Heavyweight: over 200 pounds
How many rounds one fights depends on experience level and
what the fighter is capable of doing. Pro fights can be scheduled for 4,
6,8, 10, or 12 rounds. The more experience, the greater the number
of rounds. And all championship fights are scheduled for 12 rounds,
which is the maximum. For male fighters, each round is three min-
utes long with one minute rest between rounds. For female fighters,
the rounds are two minutes long with one minute rest between
rounds.
PROS
P
ro fighters must have a custom-made, individually fitted mouth-
piece, boxing shorts, shoes, and a protective cup. No headgear may
be worn, and for men, no shirt. Women wear a shirt and, if they
choose, a chest protector.
Protect Yourself at All Times 35
RUHS: PROS
Some rules for the pro game:
o There is no standing eight count, as there is in the amateurs.
o As in the amateurs, any knockdown gets a mandatory eight count.
o There is no three-knockdown rule (though a few states still
enforce a once-common rule that required that any fighter
who is knocked down three times in a round be considered
knocked out).
o If a boxer is knocked out of the ring, he gets a count of 20 to get
back in and to his feet. He cannot be assisted.
o A boxer who is knocked down cannot be saved by the bell in any
round.
o A boxer who is hit with an accidental low blow has up to five min-
utes to continue. If he or she cannot continue after five minutes, he
or she is considered knocked out.
HOW PRO FIGHTS Aft(
T
he scoring of pro fights is radically different from the scoring of am-
ateur fights. First, knockdowns and point deductions are crucial.
They can turn a fight around. Also, the weight of a scored punch is
much more important than the number of punches scored. In the am-
ateurs, you just have to land more punches than your opponent does.
It doesn't matter how hard they are. In the pros, you could theoreti-
cally land one punch to your opponent's 30, but if yours knocks down
or hurts your opponent, you could win the round.
Pro fights are scored round by round on the "IO-point must" sys-
tem. That means the winner of the round gets I 0 points, the loser nine
36 BOX II U T H ~ PRO S
points or less, with a point deducted for each knockdown suffered.
Here's an example of how it breaks down, in accordance with the As-
sociation of Boxing Commissions' rules on judging:
o If the round ends without a clear winner, the score for that round
would be 10-10.
o If one fighter wins it with effective boxing, the score for the round is
10-9.
o If one fighter wins the round and scores a knockdown, the score for
the round is 10-8.
o If one fighter wins the round in a dominating fashion and does
everything but score a knockdown, the score for that round would
be 10-8.
o If he or she scores two knockdowns, the score would be 10-7.
o If a fighter loses the round by a close margin and gets penalized for
a foul, the score would be 10-8. And so on.
By the way, you're considered knocked down when any part of your
body other than your feet, including your gloves, touches the floor as
the result of a legal landed blow. Also when you would have gone down
if not for the ropes. And the referee has the final say as to what is a
knockdown or a foul. If the referee rules a knockdown has occurred,
the judges have to deduct a point, whether or not they agree that it was
a knockdown. Same with a foul.
So how do the judges determine who won a round? It's based on
four criteria:
o Clean punching, which means the scoring of obvious, unobstructed
punches to the head or body-the harder the better.
o Effective aggression, which is aggresSion (evidenced in the ring as
forward motion) that results in landed punches. Chasing an oppo-
nent around the ring and landing nothing would be ineffective ag-
gression and should not be rewarded. It means nothing.
Protect Yourself at All Times 37
o Ring generalship, which is having command of the ring and of the
opponent. Mostly this applies to learned, technically advanced box-
ers who use a lot of footwork and defensive skill to out box an oppo-
nent, rather than outslug him or her.
o Defense, which is simply making your opponent miss.
You should know that scoring fights is a very subjective process. Not
everyone sees fights the same way or scores them the same way, mainly
because of personal tastes or preferences. Some judges prefer boxers
who move around and jab. Others prefer guys who come forward and
punch harder. And just like in any sport, when a boxer is fighting is his
or her hometown, a lot of the time they'll get the decision that could go
either way. It's not a perfect process, and It never will be. That's why
when I was fighting, I tried to take it out of the judges' hands whenever
I could. I wanted to win by knockout or by beating my opponent so
thoroughly that there couldn't be any question about who won. Most of
the time it worked out right for me.
Either way, if you're going to box like the pros, you have to know the
rules. Now you do. Stick to them, abide by them, and do the right
things in the ring. And if your opponent doesn't, well, that's his or her
problem. Sometimes your opponent will foul you and the referee, for
whatever reason (mainly in the pros) will let him or her get away with
it. You can't cry about it or complain to the referee. Take care of your
business. Do your job and don't worry about what your opponent is do-
ing. Do what you're trained to do and it'll work out for you. An oppo-
nent who deliberately fouls you is trying to get an advantage because
he needs to. You just do your job and everything will take care of itself.
3
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go
to the Gym You'll Be Glad You Did
B
Oxing makes physical and mental demands on your body and mind
that no other sport does. To do it successfully, you have to be in top
physical condition, and you get there by working out hard in the gym.
Even if you never plan to box competitively, a real boxing workout is
not like any other; it builds strength, flexibility, coordination, speed,
and mental toughness. You'll use muscles during a boxing workout
that you didn't know you had, and until you get in fighting shape you'll
get tired faster and more severely than you thought was possible. And
you'll be sore- very sore. But eventually you'll get in the best shape of
your life.
Some people find the physical demands of the initial training so
difficult that they give up. They can't handle it. A lot of the time it's
because they go from doing nothing to trying to take on one of the
most demanding training regimens there is. Or, they get injured: they
pull a muscle or their back goes out and they have to take time off,
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 39
and they never go back. That happens because there's no quick and
easy way to go from doing nothing to being a finely tuned athlete. It
takes time, some pain, and sacrifice. But there's a way to cut down on
that: by getting in shape before you even go to a gym. Not fighting
shape, but a reasonable level of conditioning that will give you a good
chance of being able to handle the rigors that come with a boxing
workout .
There are three areas you can work on before you even go to a gym
that will prepare you for the boxer's workout: stamina, flexibility, and
strength. Here's what you can do to improve your conditioning in each
area. Practice a regimen that includes all three for a good three or four
months before you go to a gym. That way you'll be in decent shape
when you walk through the doors, and from there you're on your way
to boxing like the pros.
ROADWORK
M
Ost people call this "running" or "jogging." In the boxing business
it's called roadwork because you're out on the road, doing your job.
I also call it "getting your gas," because that's what doing roadwork
does: gives you your fuel in the ring. It's the single most important
conditioning exercise a fighter does. It increases stamina and leg
strength and burns off excess fat. There's never been a successful
fighter in the modern history of prizefighting that didn't do roadwork.
It's a requirement for anyone who wants to be a fighter, or who wants
to get in shape like a fighter. There are no two ways about it.
There's no worse feeling in the world than being in that ring with
a man who's trying to take your head off and you can't move out of
the way because your legs are too tired. You have to do road work.
Without it you won't be able to go more than a couple of rounds in
the ring, and they won't be good rounds.
40 BO X II U T H f PRO S
Like anything else, starting out is the hardest part. Don't go out ex-
pecting to run five or 10 miles. Go out for 15 minutes. That's it. That's
your starting point-just 15 minutes. Jog for a while, then walk. Jog
again for a while, then walk. Do that for 15 minutes. The next day, do
it again. The day after that, do it again. Then again. Do your roadwork
five or six days a week. Don't worry about running fast. Great fighters
don't need to be great runners. After a few weeks of that you'll find you
can do the whole 15 minutes without stopping. That means you're
ready to run farther. Bump the total time up to 20 or 25 minutes. Jog
for the first 15, then jog and walk on and off for the remaining five or
10 minutes.
That's the way to do roadwork. Build yourself up slowly. And don't
worry about running fast. You're in it for the long haul. A fight isn't a
sprint. It's more like a short marathon. Over a few months, build your-
self up to the point where you're running about three or three and a
half miles without stopping. Again, they don't have to be fast miles. If
when you're done you've taken 30 or 35 minutes for three or three and
a half miles (about a lO-minute mile), that's fine. The point is to keep
moving the whole time. You want to get your heart rate up and keep it
up the whole time you're running.
What you wear on your feet when you do your roadwork is up to
you. People who run or jog for fun or in races wear sneakers specially
made for running. I tell my fighters to wear what I wore and what the
fighters in the old days wore: construction boots, or work boots.
Here's why: number one, they're heavier than sneakers. You get your
legs used to running in construction boots, they'll never get too heavy
in a fight, when all you're wearing is boxing shoes. Number two, they
protect your ankles and give great support. If you've got a fight coming
up and you're doing your roadwork and you step in a hole or some-
thing and twist your ankle, forget it-your fight's off. Unless you're
wearing construction boots. Then you don't have to worry about
twisting your ankle. But, if you want to wear sneakers or running
shoes, that's okay, too.
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 41
A lot of fighters get hooked on roadwork. It's easy to. When I
was champion of the world I could get up in them hills and run
all day, like a deer. Roadwork isn't only good for your body; it's
good for your mind, too. It gets you out there away from everybody
and everything. You can relax and just run. If you get hooked on
it, that's fine. If not, that's good, too. Just by doing your three miles
a day you've increased your cardiovascular fitness tremendously
and taken the first steps toward getting into the best shape of your
life.
STUTCHING
B
oxing requires that you move many parts of your body very quickly
and fluidly. In just three or four seconds, you might have to step to
the right, throw a punch, duck, step to the other side, throw two
punches, duck, and then move three or four steps to the side. That's
a lot to do, and it's very hard to do if your muscles are tight and stiff.
They need to be loose and relaxed. The more flexible you are, the
better and faster you'll be in the ring, and the less likely you'll be to
pull or strain a muscle. Here are a number of stretching exercises
you should do each day. You should do them before you run, after
you run (running actually makes your muscles tighter), and before
your workout.
Doing these stretching exercises each day will help prevent muscle
injury and make you more flexible and fluid-not only in the ring, but
in everyday life. And even though it will hurt to do them in the begin-
ning, eventually, as you get more limber, you'll find that it actually feels
good. And once you're in shape, your muscles will begin to crave a
good stretch.
42 DOX LIKE THE PROS
o Sit on the floor and spread your legs. Touch the toes on your right
foot with your left hand, then do the opposite side. Do each side
three times, each time for a count of 10. Breathe deeply.
o From the same sitting position, place your hands on the floor palms
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 43
down and then slide them forward along the floor in front of you as
far as you can stretch them. When you've gotten as far as you can
go, hold that position for a count of 10. You'll feel the muscles
stretch in your groin area and in your back. Do this exercise three
times for a count of 10 each time. Remember to breathe.
o Lying on your back, take a towel or something similar and, while
holding an end in each hand, place it across the instep of your right
foot. Keep your leg straight while slowly pulling the ends of the
towel up and in, which straightens and lifts your leg. This stretches
your hamstring. Pull it toward you until you feel the muscle stretch
hard, then hold for a count of 10. Repeat on the opposite leg and do
it three times for a count of 10 on each side.
o While in a standing position, place your arms behind your head.
With your right hand, grab your left elbow and pull it down and to-
ward the right. Let your upper body bend as you pull down. This
stretches your shoulder and the muscles in your side. Hold the posi-
tion for a count of 10 and do it three times on each side.
S O H d ~ H 1 n 1 1 X 0 B f r f r
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 4 5
o Stand an arm's length from a wall (or any fixed object- a tree if
you're outside); place your hands against the wall with one leg for-
ward and the other back. Bend the front leg, keeping the back one
straight and your heels flat on the ground. Lean in against the wall ,
bending your arms. This will stretch the calf muscle in the set-back
leg. Hold that position for a count of 10. Do this three times with
each leg.
o Still standing, place your left hand against a wall (or fixed object) for
balance, and with your right hand reach behind you and pull your
right foot up toward your buttock. This stretches the thigh muscle.
Hold for a count of 1 0 and then repeat with the left hand and foot.
Do each leg for a count of 10 three t imes.
CALlSTUNICS
Y
ou'll find out later, in the chapters covering offense, defense, and
strategy, that strength isn't everything in boxing. In fact, most of the
time speed and balance are far more important than raw strength.
Still, you should be strong when you get into the ring. You'll need
strength and some muscle to withstand punishment, to move your op-
ponent around, and to prevent getting moved in ways you don't want to
be moved. And it's a good bet you'll need to be stronger than you are
right now, especially if you're not doing any strength training. Doing
calisthenics, just old-school push-ups and sit-ups, will give you what
you need.
A lot of fighters today use weight training to get bigger and stronger.
This is something my son Marvis and I disagree on. He feels that a
stronger athlete is a better athlete, and that if two fighters are equal in
every other way, the stronger guy will win. And if lifting weights makes
you stronger and gives you that edge, why wouldn't you do it? He's a
46 BOX UU TU( PROS
great trainer, and he makes a good point. I'm more from the old school.
God hasn't made better fighters yet than Joe Louis, Henry Armstrong,
and Sugar Ray Robinson. And those guys never lifted weights. Neither
did Jack Dempsey or Jack Johnson. I never lifted weights and I was
plenty strong in there.
Another thing is, fighters don't need big muscles. Big muscles don't
mean anything. You've got to be able to fight. If you can't fight, no
weights and no strength in the world are going to help you in that ring.
And if you can fight-if you're in shape and committed and do what
your trainer tells you-you don't need big muscles. You already can
fight. What do you need big muscles for? Plus, even if them muscles
make you stronger, they can slow you down, too.
I don't tell my fighters to hft weights, so I won't go into weight
training here. The calisthenics we cover, plus the training you'll learn
later on, should make you more than strong enough for the ring. But
if you want to lift weights, too, and if you want my advice, I'll say this:
just do the bench press. Don't get into biceps curls or other exercises
that can shorten your muscles and bunch them up. Straight bench-
pressing is good for increasing overall strength, and if you do it right,
it won't slow you down. But other than that, push-ups and sit-ups are
all you need.
PUSH-UPS
T
here are lots of different versions of push-ups you can do, and you've
seen them all in the movies and on television: one-handed push-
ups, push-ups with the clap between every repetition, push-ups on
your knuckles or fingertips . For your purposes, you don't need to get
fancy; just straight-up push-ups are fine. They'll increase strength
throughout your upper body, provided you do them correctly. And you
don't need to do hundreds of them to get the benefit. You get the same
benefit from doing them in sets with short breaks between.
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 47
Keep your back and legs straight, and your head still. Your body should be rigid
when you're doing push-ups, except for your arms.
Go all the way down until your chest touches the floor, but don't rest there. As
soon as your chest touches, get it up again. And don't look down. You should be
looking straight ahead.
48 BOX LI If T H f PRO S
Then go back up again.
lie on the floor on your stomach with your palms on the floor at
about chest level. Keeping your back and legs straight, push yourself
up until your arms are fully extended. That's the starting position.
With your head up and your eyes looking forward, bend your arms un-
til your chest touches the floor. KEEP YOUR BACK AND LEGS
STRAIGHT. Then "push" yourself back up. That's one push-up. If you
don't do it this way, you're not doing it right.
Only you know how many push-ups you can do and how many you
should do in a set. Whatever the number is that you can do comfort-
ably, without straining overly hard (5, 15, 20) , that's how many you
should do. As your strength increases, you can add more repetitions to
a set. Whatever the number, do your first set. Then stop, relax for a
minute or a minute and a half, and do your second set. Stop, relax
again, then do your third set. Try to do the same number of reps in
every set and to work your way up to three or four sets of 25 reps.
Again, as you get stronger, you can add more repetitions to the set. And
every once in a while you should see how many you can do in a row,
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 49
without stopping. By the time you're ready to go to a gym, that number
should be in the neighborhood of 30 or 35.
SIT-UPS
A
s with push-ups, there are many versions of sit-ups: "crunches,"
bent-leg sit-ups, straight-leg sit-ups, and so on. When we get to the
chapter on your in-the-gym workout, you'll see a version you probably
haven't seen before. But for now, the standard bent-leg sit-up with an
assist is fine . Sit-ups strengthen and tighten your abdominal muscles,
which serve a purpose in the ring: they help you to withstand body
punches. Of course, great abs also look good. If you want to see great
abs, put on a fight sometime. No athletes in the world have better abs
than fighters.
Lie on your back. Either have someone hold your feet down or
place them under a couch or a chair or a weight-anything to help you
Sit-ups will tighten that stomach right up.
50 BOX II nTH[ PRO S
hold them down (that's the assist) . With your hands clasped together
behind your head, and your knees bent, bend up toward your knees,
make contact with them, and go back down again. That's one. Try to
make your sit-up one smooth motion; up, then down. Up, then down.
It will be hard at first. If you've got a potbelly or have never done any
abdominal work, you may feel like you have to jerk your body up to
complete the motion. Try to resist that. That doesn't do anything for
your abs.
Again, pick a number you can do fairly comfortably without stop-
ping: 5, 10, 15. Do that number, stop, count to 25, then do your next
set. Stop, count to 25, then do your last set. As you get stronger, add
repetitions, or, if you prefer, reduce the resting time between sets.
Count to 20 instead of25, or count to 15. And every now and again see
how many you can do without stopping. When that number is up
around 50 or 60, you're ready to head to the gym.
TH( FIGHHR'S Din
O
nce you start doing your roadwork, stretching, and calisthenics reg-
ularly, and then start working out at the gym, you'll notice that you
can eat a lot more food without gaining weight than you could before.
It's because you're burning off all those calories you're taking in. And
eating more is okay. But you have to know what you should eat and
what you shouldn't. You don't want all that good exercise you're put-
ting in to go to waste because you're putting the wrong things in your
body. It's good foods that give you the energy you need to run and
work out.
If you want to box like the pros, you need to eat like the pros. That
means little or no junk food-no potato chips, pretzels, soft drinks,
candy, all that stuff you know isn't good for you. Eating them will add
pounds that you're trying to take off when you're in the gym and on the
road. Stay away from them. They're counterproductive. Here's what
Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 51
you should be eating: fruits and vegetables. And lean meat, and fish or
poultry. Anything from the five basic food groups and in moderation is
okay. And drink lots of water-the more the better. That will replace
the water you lose when you run and work out, and will help you keep
the weight off.
The fighter's diet is a sensible one that includes a good mix of car-
bohydrates for the energy you'll need for all the training and working
out you'll do, protein for muscle strength, and natural sugars. Good
sources of carbohydrates are pasta, breads, fruits, and vegetables. Fish
is a very good protein source, as is chicken or turkey. Steak is fine, too,
but trim off the fat. You don't need it. And don't think you need extra
protein because of all the working out. You don't need any more pro-
tein than anyone else. It's the carbohydrates for more energy that you
need.
If this seems like a lot to go through before you even see the inside
of a gym, you're right-it is. But it will prepare you for what you'll do
when you get there. You'll be stronger, more flexible, leaner, and better
conditioned than you are right now, and that will make all the differ-
ence when you lace up the gloves and start learning what it's like to
box like the pros. You'll already have a head start.
4
Next Steps: How to Pick the Right
Gym and the Right Trainer
O
nce you've gotten into reasonable shape by following the regimen
outlined in chapter 3, it's time to take the next logical step: finding a
gym. At the end of this book is a directory of gyms in the United States
that should get you going in the right direction. You'll see that there's a
greater concentration of gyms on the coasts and in or near big cities
than in the Midwest or in rural areas. You'll have a much harder time
finding a boxing gym in Topeka, Kansas, than you will in Philadelphia
or Los Angeles.
Finding some gyms that are close to you is half the problem. The
other half is knowing what you want the gym to do for you, and what
you want to do in this business. Here's why: as the cardiovascular and
fitness benefits of a boxing workout have become more widely known
and accepted, many health clubs have started bOxing-fitness programs.
That means they've hung a heavy bag or two in a carpeted corner of
the gym, hired someone who mayor may not have a real great knowl-
Next Steps 53
edge of the fight game, and asked him to train folks to box. Maybe he
knows what he's dOing. I know some ex-professional fighters who are
doing it now, so there are some good ones out there.
The point is, there are a lot of mainstream health clubs around now
that have jumped on the boxing bandwagon. They've been doing
weight lifting and aerobics and all that other stuff for years, and now
they offer boxing, too. And if all you want to do is get a decent workout
and a rudimentary understanding of the most basic fundamentals,
that's probably good enough. Maybe it's all you want. If that's the case,
go for it. But know that you will almost certainly not get any great un-
derstanding of how to fight; they won't have all the equipment you
need; they won't offer sparring, if that's what you're looking for; and no
world champion ever came out of a health club.
The place to learn to fight and to get in shape like a fighter is at a
fighter'S gym-an authentic boxing gym. Not a fitness or health club,
but an authentic gym where fighters-boxers, kickboxers, maybe
martial artists-go to train. That's where to go if you want to learn to
box like the pros. And as I said in the introduction, I train fighters
old-school. I don't believe you can become a fighter, or even get in
shape like one, by working out at a Bally's or a Jack LaLanne or any-
place like that. Nothing against those places or the folks who go
there. Lots or people get in good shape by working out there. But if
you want to look like a fighter, or be one, you go to a fighter's gym. It's
that simple.
There are a few things you should see when you walk into a real
boxing gym. You should see a ring. You should see two or three speed-
bag platforms, and two or three heavy bags. (You'll learn what these are
in the next chapter.) There should be a wall that runs the length of the
gym that is fully mirrored, or almost. There should be a section of the
floor that's entirely wooden, or has a wood covering, for skipping rope.
You should see what's called a double-end bag, or reflex bag. You
should hear a bell that rings throughout the gym to replicate rounds.
You should see some equipment on tables or hanging on walls-gloves,
54 BOX II nTH( PRO S
headgear, handwraps, jump ropes. And you should see some fighters in
there.
What won't you see? A lot of new, shiny stuff, probably. And expen-
sive machines, and a nice waiting area. Most real boxing gyms are old,
a little run down, and messy, and they smell like people do hard work
there-because they do. A lot of them aren't in the best neighbor-
hoods. Most of them have peeling paint on the walls and fight posters
hung all over.
If you don't see these things, you're probably not in a real boxing
gym. Then you have to decide what you want to do. Can the people in
the place you're in teach you how to fight and/or get you in shape like
a fighter? It will be awful hard to without that stuff I just listed. Maybe
they have treadmills and weight machines and a good sound system
and a "boxing class," but it's not the same. If you want to box like the
pros, or get in shape like one, get out of that place and go to a gym that
has all those things I listed above. Get to a fighter's gym, where the
dues, you'll find, are usually a fraction of the cost of one of those fancy
health clubs.
Now, let's say you've found a couple of authentic boxing gyms in
your area. They have rings and heavy bags and speed bags and jump
ropes and all kinds of fighters in there all the time. Great. You still need
to check things out to see which gym is right for you. Here are some
things you should look for.
TRAIUR·TO·fIGHTER RATIO
I
f you're serious about learning to box, you need to make sure there's
a trainer at the gym who can spend time with you. You don't want a
situation where one or two guys train a whole gym full of 20 or 30 fight-
ers. It doesn't do you a whole lot of good if the trainer spends four or
five minutes with you during your hour in the gym and the rest with
other fighters . Try to find a gym where at its peak hours there are
Next Steps 55
enough trainers for all the fighters . If you see fighters standing around
waiting for a trainer to work with them on the pads or to show them a
punch on the heavy bag, that's not a good sign. If guys are sparring and
there's no trainer up around the ring with them, that's no good. The
trainers need to be there to teach the athletes. It's as simple as that. If
you look around and there's an obvious shortage of trainers, you want
to go somewhere else.
DU-SIDED SPARRING MATCH ES
I
f you plan to spar and/or box competitively, it's good to know how the
gym handles sparring. If you see guys getting beaten up in sparring, it
should set off an alarm. I don't mean when one guy is clearly better
than the other one and "wins" every round. I mean when one guy gets
bloodied or knocked down repeatedly, and if the better one is clearly
trying to hurt the less-experienced one. You'll find out more about
sparring in later chapters, but no one should be getting beaten up
badly in the gym. And it's the responsibility of the trainers to make sure
it doesn't happen. Fighters can get caught up in the heat of the mo-
ment while sparring-it's natural. But it's the job of the trainers to
make sure it doesn't go too far. "Hard" sparring-where both fighters
go all out, or close to it- between two equally experienced fighters is
one thing. A one-sided beating is another, and you don't want to be in
a gym where that kind of thing happens.
CREDENTIALS
I
f you're serious about competing, find out what the gym's reputation
is in the area. In just about every market there are two or three gyms
whose fighters dominate the amateur tournaments very year. That
doesn't happen by accident. It means they have good teachers there
56 BOX lIn TU PROS
and good equipment and trainers who care. And if you train at a gym
that puts out winners, you'll start to feel like one, too, just by associa-
tion. By training around good fighters, you'll watch and pick up their
good habits. There's no way you can't.
Conversely, if you work out of a poorly run, understaffed, ill-
equipped gym, chances are you won't be as successful. The sparring
won't be as good, and neither will the trainers or their dedication. So
do a little homework. Ask the fighters at the gyms you're considering if
any Golden Gloves or amateur champions train there. Or any pros.
The same thing goes for trainers, by the way. The trainer's job is
twofold: to prepare you to fight, if that's what you want to do-by
teaching you how and by getting you in shape-and to make sure you
don't get hurt. That's his main responsibility: you not getting hurt. A lot
of guys in this business call themselves trainers, but they've never
been in the ring and haven't been around the game long enough. And
in boxing, there's no certification you get that shows you know what
you're doing. The only way you show that you're good is by putting out
fighters who win. Who show up on fight night in shape and with good
skills. But anyone can stand in a gym, throw a towel around his neck,
and call himself a trainer. Those are the guys you have to watch out for.
So when you settle on a gym and start working with a trainer, ask
the other fighters in the gym about that trainer's background, or ask
him directly: How long has he been in the gym? Did he fight? If so, for
how long? At what level? Ask for the names of some of the guys he's
trained and see if you've heard of them. If he's the real deal, if he's
been around and knows what he's doing, he'll be glad to tell you all
about the guys he fought and the guys he's trained.
Sooner or later everyone knows which trainers to stay away from.
Their fighters always look beat up-from too much sparring, or from
fighting too frequently. They don't win a lot, and when they lose they
take more punches than they should because the trainer doesn't stop it
when he should. Getting rid of a trainer can be tricky. A lot of gyms
have a rule that says once a kid starts working with a particular trainer,
Next Steps 57
no other trainer is allowed to come in and take over that kid's training
unless everyone agrees to it beforehand. So it could be awkward, stay-
ing at the same gym with a trainer other than the one you started with.
Sometimes you just have to go to a different gym.
There are a lot of good trainers out there, too. They're the ones who
drive their fighters to amateur tournaments all over the country, the
ones who give up their nights and weekends going to fight shows to
help their fighters. A lot of the young fighters in gyms don't have strong
father figures in their lives, and these trainers become surrogate fa-
thers to these boys and girls. They teach them not just about boxing
but also about life. That's what a good trainer does, too.
But maybe none of this matters to you. If you're not interested in
competing but just getting in great shape, you don't really need to be
around successful fighters-you just need the equipment and a trainer
who can show you how to move around the gym and get in condition.
And even a subpar boxing gym will do a better job at that than one of
those fancy health clubs. So now that you're in decent shape, get out
there and find a gym and go to the next level.
5
Tools of the Trade: What They Are,
What They're for, and How to Use
Them
J
ust like any other sport, boxing and boxing training require that you
use equipment. In this chapter you'll learn what that equipment is,
what it's for, and how to use it. Don't panic; this isn't a sport that will
put you in the poorhouse because of everything you have to buy in or-
der to participate. Boxing equipment is much less expensive than
equipment used in many other sports. And many gyms supply much of
the equipment.
But you should know that while some items are standard in any
boxing gym-heavy bags, a ring, the speed-bag platform-many pieces
are not. Your best bet, if you want to box like the pros, is to buy your
own equipment. That way it's yours. It fits you, you're the only one
who's ever used it, and you don't have to worry about waiting for some-
one else to finish with it when you need it. First things first: you'll need
a big, roomy gym bag to carry your stuff back and forth. Here's every-
thing else.
Tools of the Trade 59
HA.OWRAPS
W
hat they are: Handwraps are what fighters wear under their gloves
when boxing or training. For everyday training, most use cotton-
based, manufactured reusable handwraps, which are about eight feet
long and use Velcro to close. They're machine-washable and can be
purchased for around $5 at almost any sporting goods store. For actual
fights, boxers' hands are wrapped with gauze and medical tape. You'll
need to supply your own handwraps at any gym.
What they're for: Handwraps are used to keep a fighter from
breaking his hands and wrists when he lands punches. Believe it or
not, the bones in the human hand were not built to slam against
hard objects like someone else's jawbone or head. Gloves themselves
provide almost no protection against this-that's what the hand-
wraps are for.
How to use them: Hold your hand out and spread your fingers as
wide as they will go. This is critical; when your fist lands against an ob-
ject, all of the small bones in your wrist and hand spread out. Wrap-
ping your hands with the fingers spread will allow for that movement
when you land. Wrapping your hands with your fingers flat against one
another won't give the bones any room to contract, increasing the like-
lihood of a fracture. And keep your wrist as straight as possible. That's
critical also. Poor or incorrect handwrapping is a frequent cause ofbro-
ken hands. It's very important to do it correctly.
Here's how: to wrap your hands using the reusable training wraps,
put the thumb loop around your thumb, then go right to your wrist and
go two or three times around. Then up to your thumb again. Next,
make an "X" around your hand, going around the broad part of your
hand and the knuckles, and then back down to the wrist again to close
it with the Velcro. Make sure as you're going along that you'll have
enough to get your hand and knuckles. If you have bigger hands and
don't feel like you can wrap sufficiently with one wrap, go with two
60 BOX II lE THf PROS
wraps per hand. (Some like to supplement and anchor the wraps with
a strip of tape all the way around.) Then do the same with the other
hand. Proper handwrapping is shown in the photos on pages 60-65.
Tools of the Trade 61
S O H d ~ H 1 n i l X 0 8 Z 9
Tools of the Trade 63
S O H d ~ H 1 n i l X 0 8 t 9
Tools of the Trade 65
Your hands are your tools. Take care of them by wrapping them the right way.
MOUTHPIECE
W
hat it is: a piece of hard rubber that you keep in your mouth while
boxing. (Athletes in other sports, such as football and basketball,
have begun using them, too.) The most common and least expensive
are form-fitted to your mouth by holding them in boiling water to make
them soft, then qUickly inserting them into your mouth so they form a
tight seal around your teeth. Some are made to fit over just your upper
teeth, while more expensive models fit over both upper and lower. If
you want to box like the pros, you need a professionally fitted mouth-
piece that fits perfectly. Prices range from under $30 up to about $80.
Obviously, you'll want to purchase one for your own personal use.
What it's for: Many believe a mouthpiece is for protecting a
fighter's teeth, but its purpose really is to prevent cuts in the mouth
that are caused by the lips and the inside of the mouth from slamming
into the teeth. They do provide some secondary protection to the
teeth.
66 BOX LI U T H f PRO S
How to use it: Put it in your mouth and bite down- firmly. All the
time. When you're in the ring, it's essential that you keep your mouth
closed, especially when you're within punching range. The easiest way
to get your jaw broken is to get hit on it while your mouth is open. Biting
down on your mouthpiece is a good way to make sure it stays closed. You
can put in your mouthpiece as soon as you change into your workout
clothes, but most fighters don't put them in until they're ready to spar.
PHOHCTlVE CUP
W
hat it is: padding that fits over your lower waist and protects your
groin from low blows. Most gyms supply these-relax, when you're
sparring, it goes on over whatever kind of pants or shorts you're
wearing-but if you want to get your own, get a good one. Plan on
spending between $60 and $100 if you feel like you have to have your
own. If you're never going to get in the ring, don't bother. If you are and
you want your own, spend the money. They're worth every penny.
What it's for: This isn't the cup you wore in Little League or when
you played Pop Warner football. This is a big, padded protector that
cushions blows that land anywhere from the hips on down. (In fact, if
you want a little extra protection from body blows when sparring you
can just hike it up.) And they're very good at doing what they're de-
signed to do. A large percentage of the fighters you see writhing around
on the canvas after taking a low blow are trying to get a point out of the
referee or looking for a rest. It's almost impossible to get very hurt by a
low blow that lands straight on the protector. Punches that come up
and hit the protector from below can indeed be very painful, however.
How to use it: You step into the protective cup like you're pulling on
a pair of shorts. Then it's tied around the back. Again, in the gym it's
most commonly worn over your sweatpants or shorts. In competition,
however, it goes under your trunks. The training cup actually is much
larger and more heavily padded than the cups used in competition,
Tools of the Trade 67
which are smaller and sized to fit under the trunks. The basic use and
function of the two is the same.
BAG GlOVES
W
hat they are: small, padded boxing gloves that fit over a fighter's
handwraps. There are two main types; speed-bag gloves, which
contain essentially no padding and are just a leather covering over
the handwraps, and heavy-bag gloves, which do contain padding-
anywhere from seven to 12 ounces.
What they're for: Bag gloves are used exclusively for hitting the bags
and, if preferred, the hand mitts and/or medicine ball, and cost any-
where from $20 to $100, depending on size and style.
How to use them: They fit over your hands like any other gloves.
Some are tied with laces, while others close with Velcro. Others just
slip on over your handwraps and don't fasten at all.
The gloves
68 BOX II U T H ~ PRO S
BOlUS SHOES
W
hat they are: high-topped,
rubber-soled athletic shoes
made especially for boxing. For
everyday training, some prefer
wrestling shoes, which are similar
but have a lower ankle.
What they're for: The main
difference between boxing shoes
and other athletic footwear is the
high ankle, which on most mod-
els comes well into the shin area.
This is to prevent the fighter from
turning his ankle during a fight. If
you plan to compete or want to
wear them for training, you'll
need to spend between $40 and
$100 for a high-quality boxing shoe.
Good boxing shoes support your ankles in
the ring.
How to use them: They're shoes. Put 'em on and lace 'em up.
JUMP ROPE
W
hat it is: Everybody mows what a jump rope is, but fighters don't
use the lightweight nylon type that used to be popular among
schoolchildren. Fighters use jump ropes made from heavy leather, and
the handles are sturdy and connect to the rope with ball bearings. This
is not your mother's wash line. They cost between $5 and $20, more
for a "speed rope," which is just a heavier jump rope. Get a good heavy
one. The heavier the better.
What it's for: Jumping rope is an invaluable part of the fighter 's
Tools of the Trade 69
cardiovascular workout. Few exercises are as beneficial because jump-
ing rope works so many major muscle groups simultaneously: turning
the rope and keeping it turning works the shoulders, arms, and wrists;
jumping or skipping over the rope works the legs and builds muscle en-
durance; and the constant motion and exertion is great for the heart
and for burning calories. Medical tests have shown what fighters have
known for a hundred years: strenuous rope-skipping is invaluable
when it comes to getting you in shape. Additionally, it improves your
coordination and rhythm. It's a critical part of the fighter's workout.
How to use it: First, it's important to make sure you're using a rope
that is the right length for you. Stand straight with an end of the rope
in each hand. Step on the middle part with both feet and, bending
your arms, bring the rope as high as it will go. Your arms should form a
perfect or near-perfect "L." If they don't, you're using one that's too
long or too short. One you've gotten the right-size rope, get it moving.
If you've never done it, you'll probably start by doing the basic single
hop with each revolution. That's fine. But as you get better and your
Headgear, jump ropes, protective cups
70 BOX Lln TH! PROS
condition and coordination improve, you'll find yourself skipping more
as opposed to hopping and eventually graduating to crossovers and
other fancy things you'd never have thought you could do with a rope.
HEAVY HAG
W
hat it is: a long, cylindrical
bag that's usually suspended
by a chain from the ceiling. Heavy
bags are covered with leather and
are stuffed with a fibrous material
mixture or, in some models, wa-
ter, up to a weight of anywhere
from 50 to 150 pounds. The
water-filled models are softer and
easier on the hands; the standard
kind, especially newer ones that
haven't yet been softened up, can
be very hard and extra care
should be taken with handwrap-
ping before hitting a new heavy
bag. Still, you should expect your knuckles to get scraped up and ten-
der when you start hitting the heavy bag well, and for a while you may
find it useful to slip a piece of foam on top of your knuckles, under-
neath the handwraps. All boxing gyms supply heavy bags.
What it's for: The heavy bag is the first place you should learn what
it feels like to punch correctly-and, if you do it wrong, what it feels
like to punch incorrectly. The beauty of the heavy bag is that you box it
like you would an opponent and it never hits you back. It's where you
practice each of the punches you will learn in the follOwing chapters,
and it's also the object around which you will first practice footwork
and shuffling, or stepping. As you work it and learn how to punch, it
Tools of the Trade 71
The heavy bag is where you learn how to punch.
will build the muscles in your upper body and wrists and hands so you
gain strength and, with the proper attention, technique-the two of
those combined will inform your punching power. The heavy bag will
also build your endurance, because it simulates an opponent; you have
to punch it, move around it, push it back, just as you would an oppo-
nent, and all that takes endurance.
How to use it: You punch it-but not aimlessly. This is important:
once you've gotten things down, you'll be tempted to use the heavy bag
as your own personal, well, punching bag, and to whale away at it with-
out regard to technique or defense. Now, if you just want to release
some tension or something in short bursts, the heavy bag will do just
fine. But if you really want to learn to box like the pros, remember-
you will perform the way you practice. Work on the heavy bag as if it
could hit you back. Always maintain your technique and work on it like
you would a live, engaged opponent and the heavy bag will be the best
sparring partner you'll ever have: when it swings back to you, always
touch it. If you're not punching, step around it and then punch. Either
72 80 X LI U T H f PRO S
move your body or your head. Always remember technique. Once
you've learned and perfected the mechanics, you'll find that there is
no better way to release tension than to pound on the heavy bag-as
long as you use it the right way.
SPEED BAG
W
hat it is: a small, leather, air-filled bag that connects to a swivel and
is punched in a rhythmic fashion. All gyms provide the platforms to
which the bags connect. The speed bags themselves costs anywhere
from $25 to about $90.
What it's for: The speed bag develops the hand-eye coordination
that is essential to being able to land punches on a moving target. It
also improves and builds hand speed and muscle endurance: you have
to keep your hands up in order to hit it for three minutes, just as you
should keep your hands up in the ring. It also improves rhythm and,
when used correctly, defense. It lets you practice shpping and rolling
Tools of the Trade 73
I still enjoy going to work on the speed bag.
with blows and with keeping your elbows pointed to the floor, which
means your hands are up around your cheekbones, where they belong.
As much as anything, working the speed bag, once you've learned to do
it, makes you feel like a fighter. It's worth doing just for that.
How to use it: Using small bag gloves or just handwraps, stand with
the bottom of the bag at eye level (the platforms are adjustable for
height). Strike down at it with one hand in a chopping motion so that
the side of your fist-or the knuckles of your pinkie and ring finger-
strike the bag such that it bounces against the platform. As it hits the
platform and then rebounds, hit it again with the same hand in the
same chopping motion. As it swings back again, do the same thing with
the other hand. Eventually, you'll get the rhythm down and can switch
to alternating hands instead of using each hand twice in a row. This
will take a while to master, and also to build enough muscle stamina to
do it for three minutes straight. So be patient.
74 DOX un IH! PROS
OOUBU-ENO BAG, OR REFLEX BAG
W
hat it is: This is essentially a
large speed bag that is held
vertically at about eye level by
elastic rope both above and below
it. Because of the elastic, it moves
quickly and erratically from not a
lot offorce.
What it's fOT: The double-end
bag qUickens reflexes and, be-
cause it moves so easily, teaches a
fighter to throw short, precise, ac-
curate punches. This is not the
kind of bag that teaches you to hit
hard or improves your strength;
it's strictly for improving accuracy
The double-end bag works your defense because it hits back.
Tools of the Trade 75
and quickness. It also helps you learn defense, particularly to move
your head after punching. Because if you don't, this bag hits you back.
How to use it: Wearing your bag gloves or sparring gloves, stand di-
rectly in front of the bag in the correct stance and try to hit it with com-
binations. Don't overthrow; throw short, quick, straight punches and
concentrate on accuracy and on maintaining the proper technique.
Save the power punches for the heavy bag.
MEDICIU BALL
W
hat it is: a large rubber or leather ball that weighs between 10 and
15 pounds. It's bigger than a basketball but smaller than those gi-
ant balls you see in yoga or Pilates classes. And much sturdier.
What it's for: In the old days, fighters would have their trainers
throw the ball into their stomach to tighten up their abdominal mus-
cles. Today it's used for that and more: practicing technique and
punching on the inside, and also as a conditioning tool.
How to use it: Once you've mastered the fundamentals and the ba-
sic punches, your trainer will get you in the ring and hold the medicine
ball at various spots around his body, simulating a target for you that
calls for a specific punch-on top of his shoulder for a jab, at his right
side for a left hook to the body. It's especially useful for teaching inex-
perienced fighters to target vulnerable spots and to improve their ac-
curacy. Because of its weight, it's also a good workout for the trainer.
Just throwing it back and forth builds strength throughout the arms
and shoulders.
UPPERCUT BAG
W
hat it is: The uppercut bag is essentially a heavy bag or duffel bag
that is suspended or fastened to something horizontally rather than
76 BOX LlU TH[ PROS
vertically. It can be fastened to a beam or platform of some type so long
as its underside is accessible. Any real boxing gym is sure to have an
uppercut bag or two.
What it's for: practicing uppercuts. You can't do that very effec-
tively on a regular heavy bag that's hanging vertically. Your punches
slide off because of the angle of the bag. Because the uppercut bag is
horizontal, it's in the perfect position to receive your uppercuts.
How to use it: You'll learn later how to properly throw an uppercut,
but the important part about using the uppercut bag is that it teaches
you how to use angles when you throw punches. You don't just stand
still in front of the bag throwing an endless stream of uppercuts at it,
any more than you would if there was an opponent in front of you. You
dip to the right and throw a right uppercut. You dip to the left and
throw the left. You can step to the side and throw it at an angle. The
more you move your upper body when you punch, the less available
you'll be for the counterpunch, and getting that upper-body movement
down starts with good bag work-including the uppercut bag.
HAlO PADS
W
hat they are: Called punch mitts by some, these are pads that are
worn over a trainer's hands while he or she holds them up to be
punched by a training or aspiring fighter. Ever had a friend hold up his
hands while you try to punch them? Same thing, except here the
hands are covered by these large, hard-rubber pads that protect them
from the force of the blows. Any boxing gym worth its weight in sweat
has at least one or two sets of good, worn hand pads.
What they're used for: Working the pads helps you learn to punch
straight and correctly, as well as at different angles. When used prop-
erly by a good trainer, they are an invaluable tool in teaching a fighter
to throw punches in combination and to develop sound defensive
moves.
Tools of the Trade 77
Hand pads and the medicine ball
Working the pads is the next best thing to being in there with a live opponent.
78 BOX lIU T H ~ PROS
How to use them: You can't use these by yourself. Your trainer puts
them on and holds up his hands, holding one pad where he wants
you to punch. If he wants you to jab, he holds in front of his shoulder.
If he wants you to throw a hook to the body, he places it in front of
one of his ribs. Where he puts the pad, you punch. He will also pre-
tend to throw a punch at you with one pad and place the other where
he wants you to counter after you've ducked his blow. Essentially, this
exercise simulates a sparring match or a fight. Your trainer simulates
your opponent-only he doesn't hit you. Sounds fun? It is.
HEADGEAR
W
hat it is: a padded helmet fighters wear. There are several different
types, but they vary mainly in the amount of padding: headgear
that is used for sparring in the gym has more padding, typically, than
the headgear that is required to be worn in amateur bouts. Standard
models cover the front and sides of the head but leave the face open,
while others offer padding at the cheekbones. They come in small,
medium, large, and extra large, depending on the size of your head,
and must fit well: your ears should fit into the ear holes and the front
should fit well above your eyes. Professionals wear headgear while
sparring, but not in actual bouts. Be prepared to spend between $30
and $100, depending on the model you want.
What it's used fOT: Most believe headgear is designed solely to cush-
ion blows to the head, thereby helping to prevent serious injury, and it
certainly yields benefits in that respect. But it doesn't protect your
chin. It's also useful in helping to prevent lacerations and bruising on
the face, around the eyes, and on the head, where the padding is thick-
est; this, in fact, was its original purpose.
How to use it: It's headgear. It slips on over your head and ties in
the back. You have to be careful how tight you make it, though, and
here's where it gets tricky: if it's not tight enough, it moves around
Tools of the Trade 79
when you get hit, often falling over your eyes and blocking your vision.
You have to adjust it constantly. But tie it too tight and it feels like your
head is in a vise. Don't be rushed into anything the first time you spar.
Make sure the headgear fits you reasonably well and is snug but not
squeezing your head.
SPARRING G l O V ~ S
W
hat they are: oversized boxing gloves that are specifically used for
sparring. They weigh anywhere between 14 and 18 ounces-as op-
posed to the 8- or 1 a-ounce gloves used in matches-and the extra
padding is intended to cushion blows landed to the head during spar-
ring sessions. Some are fastened with laces (the old-fashioned style)
and some with Velcro. Most gyms supply them, but some fighters pre-
fer to buy and use their own. The cost ranges from $60 to about $100.
What they're used for: Sparring and, if desired, work on the heavy
bag or pads. Some fighters like to use them for virtually all of their gym
work, figuring that once they get used to the extra weight on their
hands, they'll have an advantage using the smaller gloves in actual
bouts.
How to use them: You have to know how to punch in order to use
them correctly and we haven't gotten to that yet, but here's something
that's often overlooked: when you put sparring gloves on, you must
make sure to get your fist as deep into the glove as it will go. If there's
too much room between your fist and the padding, the glove will be
uncomfortable and affect how you land. There always should be some-
one helping you put on sparring gloves; he or she holds them in place
while you put your hand in. It's the only way to get the fit right.
6
Building the Foundation: Hands up,
Chin down, Eyes on Your
Opponent, and Staying on Balance
B
efore you can learn how to throw a punch or to duck one, you have
to learn the basics. You have to build a foundation. It's a cliche in
sports, but think of your boxing mechanics as a house. A house with a
weak foundation is no good. No matter how nice it looks on the out-
side, no matter how much expensive furniture you put in it, if the
foundation is bad the house is going to fall the first time something hits
it. And that house is you.
Building a good boxing foundation depends on four things: keeping
your hands up, your chin down, and your eyes on your opponent, and
staying on balance. Each one is as important as the other. You need to
know all of them and understand why they're important. You have to
get all of them right. If you don't, nothing else you do in the ring will
matter. It won't matter how hard you hit or how fast you are. You'll be
putting nice furniture in a house that's ready to fall apart, and sooner
or later someone will make you pay for it.
Building the Foundation 81
Before we get to the specifics, we have to talk about southpaws, or
left-handed fighters. There are a couple of ways to handle them. When
left-handed fighters come into my gym, if I'm going to train them, I
turn them right around. That means I make them fight as right-
handers. That gives them a couple of advantages: it makes their lead
hand, the left, the stronger one. That gives them a real good, strong
jab, and a hard left hook. The right hand will come with work. It also
means they won't have any unusual problems getting fights, since a lot
of fighters don't like fighting lefties. So that's what I do. In the game,
they're called "converted southpaws."
My son Marvis and I disagree about southpaws. He figures that's
the way God made them, so he lets them fight as southpaws. That's
okay, too. But I don't want to have to write everything twice in this
book-once for the right-handed fighters and another for the left-
handed ones. So I'll say it now: if you're left-handed and want to fight
that way, you stand and punch in the ring opposite the way a right-
handed fighter does it. The righty throws a left jab, the lefty a right jab.
The righty's left foot is forward, the lefty's right foot is. The righty
throws a left hook, the southpaw a right hook. Everything else is about
the same, all the same rules apply, but the stance is reversed and the
punches are thrown with the opposite hand. Now that we've got that
out of the way, we can get on with it.
HAlO S UP
T
he proper position of your hands is for both of them to be almost at
eye level. The elbows are held close to the body to protect from
punches to that area. This is the position your hands should be in
whenever you're not punching.
Why: It's the only way to block a punch. And blocking punches ac-
counts for a lot of your defense. If your hands are down all the time,
you only have two other ways to avoid getting hit: slipping and duck-
82 80 X LI H T H f PRO S
ing all the punches, and that
takes a lot more energy than it
does to block them; or using your
legs to move around the ring and
stay outside, far enough away
from your opponent that he can't
hit you. But if you're so far away
that he can't hit you, you proba-
bly can't hit him, either. So keep
your hands up-all the time .
And that includes when you
throw punches: when you throw
a right hand, your left stays up.
When you throw a left, the right
stays up.
Here's another reason to keep
your hands up: you're always in
Hands up, elbows in. Ready to block
punches.
position to throw a counterpunch. If your hands are at your waist, you
have to bring them up and then punch. You lose time and opportunity. If
Practice keeping your hands up when you shadowbox in front of the mirror.
Building the Foundation 83
your hands are up already, you only have to punch straight, not up and
then straight.
What happens if you don't: You'll get hit-a lot. More than you have
to. You're going to get hit anyway, but you can keep it to a minimum by
keeping your hands up to protect your face. Remember, the object of
this game is to hit and not get hit, not hit and get hit. A fighter who
doesn't keep his hands up is like a soldier going into combat with no
helmet. If your hands are down, it won't take your opponent much
time to see it and go right after you. Why give him the chance?
How to practice: Once you've learned the basics of how to punch,
which is covered later, stand in front of the mirror and practice throwing
punches and always bringing them back straight and keeping both hands
up. Whenever you work on the heavy bag or the double-end bag or the
hand mitts, pretend you're in the ring with an opponent who wants to hit
you. Your job is not to let him, and you do that by keeping your hands up.
CHIN DOWN
W
hy: Know what causes a fighter
to get hurt and knocked down
or knocked out? When he gets hit
on the chin and his head whips
around. That causes the brain to
slam around inside the skull. If
you keep your chin down and your
hands up, it's harder for your op-
ponent to reach your chin. And
your chin is what your opponent is
trying to nail. Getting hit on the
chin is what gets fighters hurt. It's
your job to keep that from happen-
ing, and you do that by keeping
your chin down.
No matter what you're doing, your chin
stays tucked down behind your fists.
84 BOX II H T H [ PRO S
What happens if you don't : Your instinct will be to raise your chin
up. It will feel like you can't see your opponent unless you do. It's
natural-when you punch, and when your opponent throws a punch
and you back away from it, you'll want to raise your chin. It's instinct.
But that doesn't mean you should do it. Leaving your chin hanging up
in the air is even worse than dropping your hands. You're asking to be
knocked out. So keep your chin down.
How to practice: Whenever you shadowbox in front of the mirror or
hit the bag, concentrate on keeping your chin down. Keep at it until it
feels natural. If you find that it's difficult to remember, take a bag glove
and tuck it under your chin. Hold it in place there on your upper chest
with just your chin while you shadowbox or hit the bags.
01 YOUR
W
hy: if someone is trying to hit you on the head and hurt you, where
should you look to keep it from happening? Right at him, of course.
You must watch your opponent at all times. You've got to see what your
opponent is going to do so that you know what's coming. Never turn
your head away or close your eyes, which is what your instinct will tell
you to do when you see a punch coming. You can't. Also, if you're not
looking at your opponent, you don't know where to punch. You won't
see the openings.
What happens if you don't: You have to see what your opponent is
doing in order to stop it and to do what you want to do, which is the key
to winning. If you're not looking at your opponent, you can't do it. You
can't see where to throw punches or when. Not only that, you're going
to open yourself up to a lot of punches if your opponent knows you're
not even seeing where they're coming from. Looking away from your
opponent and closing your eyes is a sure way of getting beaten up.
How to practice: Concentrate, concentrate, concentrate. When
you're hitting the bag, when you're shadowboxing or hitting the hand
Building the Foundation 85
mitts, keep your eyes straight ahead. Don't let the things around you
distract you. And practice keeping your eyes open when you're working
out. Push the heavy bag, and when it swings back to you, let it hit you
and keep your eyes open at the moment of impact. Have a training
buddy flick practice punches at your head and practice not flinching
and keeping your eyes locked on him or her. It takes a while to get this
down, but eventually it will come.
STAY 01 BAlAIU
T
o stay on balance you need to
know where and how to place
your feet in the classical boxing
position. The correct placement
stance for right-handers is for the
left foot to be in front of the right,
turned slightly inward toward the
right, and fiat on the ground. The
right foot is approximately 18
inches behind the left. The heel
should be raised slightly, so that
you're on the ball of your foot.
Both knees should be bent slightly.
Note that when the feet are
placed correctly, the upper body is
turned, but just slightly. A lot of trainers will tell you that when you are
in position, you should angle your upper body with the lead side for-
ward so that your opponent gets a smaller target. That's wrong. How
are you supposed to have balance when you're standing sideways? You
want to be just about squared up to your opponent, facing him head-
on. That's how you stay on balance. That's how you get power. So don't
turn sideways. Stand with your shoulders just about straight across.
86 BOX II nTH ( PRO S
Standing that way gives you more
options defensively-block, slip,
roll, duck-and it gives you better
balance and power.
Why: You need to be on bal-
ance all the time in the ring-to
get leverage on your punches and
to withstand your opponent's. The
legs are critical to generating the
power you need to score punches
and to get your opponent's respect.
You can't do either if you're offbal-
ance. It's the same as if you're
swinging a baseball bat or trying to
make a layup; you need to be on
balance or it just won't work.
What happens if you don't: Being off balance in the ring is a sure
way to get knocked down. If your balance isn't right, it only takes a lit-
Building the Foundation 87
tie punch to knock you down. Also, if you're knocked off balance by a
light punch, or even one that you've partially blocked, it's easier for
your opponent to hit you with a bigger, heavier punch while you're
busy trying to regain your balance. Having bad balance hurts both your
offense and your defense. You can't get anything done in the ring if you
have bad balance.
How to practice: Whenever you move in the ring, regardless of the
direction, it's one foot at a time. You never, ever cross your feet. When
you move forward, it's front foot first, then back foot. To go backward
it's back foot first, then front foot. Moving left, it's left foot first then
the right foot. Moving right, it's right foot, then left foot. That's how
you stay on balance. To practice, stand in front of the mirror in the
classical boxing position: hands up, chin down, looking straight ahead.
Get your balance; make sure your feet are where they are supposed to
be, with your knees slightly bent. Feel the balance.
Move forward-front foot first, then back foot. Front foot 'first,
Practice moving in front of the mirror to make sure your feet are doing what
they're supposed to.
88 80 X LI U T H ~ PRO S
then back foot. Don't lift the back foot too high off the ground; in-
stead, push off of it with the ball of your foot. Front foot first, then
back foot. Never spread your legs more than a couple of feet apart;
you'll lose your balance.
Now move backward-rear foot first, then front foot. Rear foot
first, then front foot. Rear foot first, then front foot. Remember, don't
spread your legs so wide that you're off balance, and move each foot
the same distance so that your feet are neither too close together nor
too wide apart. And the trailing foot, or the one that moves second,
never comes very high off of the ground: the lead foot does that; the
second foot follows. The same process applies for moving side to side:
to the left, it's left foot first, then right foot. To the right, it's right foot
first, then left foot.
That's the foundation: hands up, chin down, eyes on your oppo-
nent, and staying on balance. If you don't get those right, nothing else
will work. If you do, you're on your way to boxing like the pros.
7
It's a Hurtin' Business:
The Basics of Offense
Y
our job in the ring is to throw punches and do some damage. The ring
is no place to play. So you've got to learn how to do it right. Before you
start throwing punches, it's important that you know that you should
practice punching through your opponent's chin or jaw, not at it. You
don't want to throw your punch so that your arm is fully extended when
the punch lands. By that time, out there on the very end of the punch,
the power's already gone. You want to be able to drive your punch
through your opponent's guard and have it land when you're almost fully
extended for straight punches, or almost fully rotated for hooks.
It's a matter of distance-the distance between you and your oppo-
nent when you start to punch. You want to get close enough to punch
through him. Remember this, make it a policy, and practice it all the
time-when you're shadowboxing, when you're sparring, or when
you're hitting the bag or hand pads. Don't punch at your opponent.
Punch through him. Now you're ready to learn how to punch.
90 80 X LI nTH E PRO S
KEEPING YOUR WRIST STRAIGHT
K
eeping your wrist straight is the first and most elemental thing you
need to learn about punching. Your wrists must be straight at all
times. The first time you hit the bag or a sparring partner and your
wrist bends, you'll know why this is so important. Allowing your wrist
to bend when you land not only robs a punch of its power but will very
likely result in a busted wrist or hand.
Before you ask, ''Aren't the handwraps supposed to take care of
that?" I'll tell you right now: no, not really. First, your wrist has to be
straight when your hands are wrapped. And, second, there's still a lit-
tle movement in your wrists even with the handwraps on. The wraps
are meant to support your wrists, not keep them straight. Make your
wrists straight and keep them straight. Pretend it's not bone, muscle,
and tendon in your wrists but a simple straight metal rod that runs
from your forearm, through the back of your hand, and all the way up
to your knuckles, and you couldn't bend it if you wanted to.
Keep that wrist straight.
It's a Hurtin' Business 91
Next, make a fist. The top line of the knuckles should be even, with
your thumb resting across the index and middle fingers . Feel that row
of knuckles that lines the top of your fist and runs across your
fingers-the broadest part of your fist. That's the part you want to
make contact on your opponent. With your fist locked in position. Feel
that? Now you're ready to learn how to punch.
THE JAB
T
he jab is the most important punch in boxing. If you can land it con-
sistently, you can control your opponent and control the fight, because
if you can hit him with the jab, you can hit him with every other punch.
The jab sets every punch up. It's not meant to hurt your opponent; it is
to let him know you mean business and to pave the way for the power
punches that follow. If you can hurt your opponent with it, great. Some-
times it does. The jab starts almost every combination you throw; it
blinds your opponent to the punches that will come right behind it, and
it gets you in punching range. Without ajab, a fight is hard to win. The
jab makes your job a lot easier if you use it the way you're supposed to.
The Jab
1. Assume the standard position: hands up, chin down, eyes on your
opponent.
2. Extend your left fist outward at eye level. As your arm extends, ro-
tate your fist to the right so that when your arm is fully extended
your palm is faCing the floor. When your arm is full y ext ended,
"snap" it- meaning, put a little extra speed behind it. Then bring
your arm straight back again to the starting position. In and out.
3. At the same time that you' re throwing the punch, step forward with
your left foot , remembering to shuffle on the ball of your foot; don't
bring your foot completely off the canvas. That is, unless your
92 BOX II U T H ~ PRO S
opponent is moving back-
ward at a faster rate than
you are moving forward}.
At the same time, of
course, your right foot
moves forward an equal
distance, so that you're on
balance. Your weight stays
evenly distributed be-
tween front and back legs.
As soon as you're at the
right distance, plant both
feet and jab.
4. As with all other punches,
the jab is thrown in one
smooth, motion: straight
out, straight back.
Plant your feet and jab. Straight out and
straight back.
When you jab, your chin stays down and your right glove stays glued to your cheek.
It's a Hurtin' Business 93
Do not drop your left hand before throwing it. It goes straight out.
And when you bring it back, don't let your left hand drop. Bring
your fist right back to its original position. Straight out. Straight
back. And your right fist stays glued in position at your right
cheek.
5. Practice throwing the jab straight out and straight back in front of the
mirror. Practice it on the heavy bag and the hand pads. Practice it
more than any other punch, and throw it more than any other when
you're sparring and when you're fighting. If you've got a good jab,
everything else falls in place.
The jab is the most important punch there is. Practice it, practice it, practice it.
TU STRAIGHT RIGHT HAND
f
or most right-handed fighters, the right cross will be the power
punch. It's your stronger hand, so even if you went your whole life
94 BOX 1I H T H ~ PRO S
without ever really learning how to fight, you'd naturally hit harder
with your right than your left. The straight right will be the punch you
throw after the jab has set your opponent up, blinded him or her to
what's coming. The straight right is the second half of the old "one-
two" (but more on that later). Some of the best sluggers in the history
of the sport-guys like Joe Louis, Rocky Marciano, Sugar Ray Robin-
son, and George Foreman-were great right-hand punchers.
The key to throwing the straight right correctly, and with speed
and power, is, as with all power punches, balance, leverage, and
follow-through. Some fighters never learn how to punch hard prop-
erly, how to get their full weight behind their punches. They throw
only with their arms and shoulders, and their blows-"arm punches,"
they're called in the game-are not as hard or as effective as they
should be. You have to get your whole body into a punch. Turn into it.
Follow through.
Just because the straight right is a power punch doesn't mean
you have to try to kill your opponent with it every time you throw it.
Same thing with any power punch. The most common mistake I see
young guys make all the time is they wait and wait and wait to land
the one big right hand or left hook that they think is going to knock
the other guy out. They load up and load up and finally swing, but
because they didn't set it up the right way it doesn't land. A good
fighter will know it's coming and block it or slip it or roll with it. Be-
fore you know it, the fight's over and you're still waiting to land that
big punch.
You've got to do the hard work of setting your man up for the big
punch, working him over, outthinking him, feinting him, wearing
him down, and then landing the shot that takes him out. Don't worry
about swinging for the fences with every right hand. Just do it right,
throw it the way it's supposed to be thrown, and the mechanics take
care of everything else. If it doesn't seem at first like there's much
power behind the punch, it just means you need to keep prac-
ticing it.
The Straight Right
1. Assume the standard
position: hands up, chin
down, eyes on your
opponent.
2. Extend your right arm
straight out, at the same
time rotating your fist to
the left so that when your
arm is fully extended your
palm is facing the floor.
Shoot it straight out.
3. At the same time that
you're extending your
arm, lean forward on the
ball of your left foot.
Plant that foot in place.
It ' s a Hurtin' Business 95
Don't loop the right hand. It goes straight
out and straight back. Drive it with your
legs.
Drive the punch through with your legs. Throwing the punch and
driving it with your right foot is one single, smooth motion; they are
done at the same time. If it helps, imagine that your right fist and
right foot are connected and attached to a pulley: when you throw
the punch, the pulley makes you lean. The two moves are con-
nected; one doesn't happen without the other. And as always, your
feet are anchored to the floor.
4. There are things you should do after you throw the right hand that
we'll get to later. For now we're just concerned with throwing it
correctly and getting it back. So once you've extended your arm
and driven the punch through your opponent, bring the punch back
straight. Don't drop your hand. Like the jab, the straight right goes
straight out and comes straight back. And your left fist stays glued
to your left cheek.
96 BOX II If T H[ PRO S
5. Practice doing it this way in front of the mirror, and on the heavy bag
and hand pads. Don't worry about how hard it lands. Get the me-
chanics right and the rest will take care of itself.
Work the right band and throw it right and the power wUl come.
THf LHT HOOK
T
he majority of the great punchers in boxing history probably relied
more on the straight right than they did on the left hook. But when
thrown correctly, I think the left hook is the most powerful and dan-
gerous punch in the game. Because of the way it's thrown, it permits
you to get more leverage and torque into it, to get more of your body
into it than the straight right does. You don't want to telegraph it; as
with any other punch, it works best when your opponent doesn't see it
coming.
The left hook, when thrown correctly, travels about the same dis-
It's a Hurtin' Business 97
tance as does the straight right. But because it comes from the side, it's
not as easy to spot coming as the straight right is. You can throw it to
the body or the head, without opening yourself up too much to a coun-
terpunch. And because the straight right is an easier and more natural
punch to throw for most right-handed people than the hook is, it's
used more, which means more fighters are geared to defending against
that rather than the hook. Of course, there are exceptions; a good
fighter will have a good right, a good hook, and a good jab. And you'll
find eventually that you will favor one punch over another. Some fight-
ers fall in love with their jab, some with their straight right, some with
their hook.
That's the good news. The bad is that the left hook is the hardest
punch to learn how to throw properly (though it was easy for me). To
throw the left hook correctly, you have to be in the right position to get
the most out of it. A lot of trainers will teach that you have to be close
when you throw the hook; not true. You can throw a long hook or a
short hook. The hook I knocked down the Butterfly with was a long
hook. I stopped a lot of guys with a long hook. The keys are to be in po-
sition to throw it and to bring your hip and body around with it. The
power comes from the legs and from putting your body behind the
punch.
How do you get in position to throw the hook? The jab. That gets
you close enough. Remember that the jab sets up everything else. To
get into position to throw the hook, you move toward your opponent
while jabbing. The jab keeps him busy, distracts him. Then, when
you're close enough, wham, you can get him with the hook. There's a
lot to know about the hook, but if you can master it, there's not a bet-
ter punch in boxing.
Eventually, these different pieces will be one smooth, single mo-
tion, but it can be confuSing at first. Try this: imagine that there's a
metal pole that is attached to your left wrist and runs down through
your hip and left foot, bolting into the floor. You can't move your left fist
without it bringing around your hips. They are connected.
98 BOX lIlE T H ~ PRO S
The Left Hook
1. Assume the standard po-
sition: hands up, chin
down, eyes on your
opponent.
2. Lean forward and to the
left slightly, but still keep
your weight evenly dis-
tributed betweeh your
legs. With your left hand,
make a slapping motion
with your fingers straight
and your palm facing the
right-just like you're
slapping someone in the
face. Get that motion
down-bringing your arm
over from the left to the
right in a hooking motion.
Once you get that motion
down, close your fist and
do it for real.
3. As you're bringing the
punch over, plant your left
foot flat on the floor; an-
chor it. That's going to
drive the punch.
4. Make sure your elbow is
up when you bring the
punch around so that
your arm is parallel to the
floor and turn your fist so
Getting ready to throw the hook
Bring that elbow up and drive the hook
with your legs.
your palm is facing you.
Snap the punch through-
that's called "turning it
over." And remember, while
you're doing this, your right
glove is glued to your right
cheek.
5. When you turn the punch
over, simultaneously bring
your hip around with it, but
keep that left foot planted.
Follow through with the
punch. Once it reaches a
spot directly in front of your
face, bring your left hand
and your weight back to their
original position and adjust
It's a Hurtin' Business 99
Notice how the weight is to the left. Once
the motion is completed and the punch
thrown, get back on balance.
your balance. If you have to move a little to keep your balance, do it.
It can take a long time to learn to throw the left hook right and with
power. Don't give up. When you're shadowboxing in front of the mirror,
practice getting the motion down and twisting your hip and planting
your foot. Once you've got it so that you can't bring that left fist up
without your hip turning automatically, get on the heavy bag and start
pounding away. Dig that hook in there. Work it hard and it'll pay you
back.
TH( UPHRCUT
I
f you plan to spar and/or to box competitively, you'll find out be-
fore too long that it hurts more to get hit by the uppercut than
100 80 X LI U T H ~ PHD S
by any other punch. Why? Number one, it always surprises you.
When you get caught cleanly with an uppercut, it means you had
no idea it was coming. Second, it slams your head straight up and
back. It doesn't turn your head the way a punch to the jaw or
chin does. It knocks your head straight up and back, and unless you
know how to block it and can see it coming, there's nothing you can
do about it. That makes a big impression on the judges and the
crowd. And last, a lot of the time it lands on your nose. And that just
hurts.
That's the bad news. There are two pieces of good news. The first is
that not a lot of fighters work on developing a very good uppercut.
They're more concerned with the jab or the big right hand. The second
is that a well-delivered and cleanly landed uppercut will hurt your op-
ponent as much as it would you-more so if you work on throwing it
correctly and at the right time.
The most important thing to know about throwing the uppercut
is when not to throw it-namely, when you're on the outside, mean-
ing at arm's length or farther. If you know what you are doing and
are experienced, you can be very effective throwing it from the out-
side, provided you've done some things to set it up. But if you're just
starting out, you should know that it's intended to be an inside
punch. No punch is more easily spotted coming than the uppercut
from the outside and without a punch in front of it because of the
motion your arm must undertake to throw it. Any fighter with even a
little experience will see it coming and step in with a straight right to
the head. That's why it's an inside punch. So until you've gotten
some rounds under your belt, only throw the uppercut when you're
inside.
Now that you know when not to throw the uppercut, you need to
know when to throw it. And it's not just when you're on the inside with
your opponent. It's most effective when you're inside and your oppo-
nent is crouching or bent over in front of you. That puts him or her in
the perfect position. It's also an excellent counterpunch, and when
It's a Hurtin' Business 101
thrown from the right position as a counter it is almost impossible to
see coming, which makes it very effective.
The Uppercut
1. Assume the standard position: hands up, chin down, eyes on your
opponent.
2. To throw the left uppercut, bend both legs and place more weight on
the left side of your body.
3. Don't drop your fist to throw the punch; throw it right from your chin.
Remember, the closer to your body your arm is, the better. This is a
short punch.
4. Keeping your arm relaxed, snap the punch upward to about eye
level. As you bring the punch up, push up with your legs, "driving"
the punch up. You're punching as much with your legs as you are
with your fist.
Shift your weight to the left and drive the uppercut to its target.
102 BOX LI nTH! PRO S
5. Remember: your right glove stays glued to your right cheekbone and
your chin stays down.
6. Return to the standard position: hands up, chin down, eyes on your
opponent.
Throwing the right uppercut is slightly different.
1. Assume the standard position: hands up, chin down, eyes on your
opponent.
2. Bend slightly to the right, placing more of your weight on the right
side of your body.
3. Throw the punch right
from your chin. The
shorter the punch the
better.
4. Bring the punch up. As
you do, drive it up, push-
ing with both of your legs.
All the power is coming
from your legs.
5. As always, the hand that's
not doing the punching, in
this case the left, stays up
and glued to your left
cheek and your chin stays
down.
6. Return to the standard
Use your legs to drive the uppercut
through your opponent's guard.
position: hands up, chin down, eyes on your opponent.
There you have the four main punches: the jab, the straight right,
the left hook, and the uppercut. They're all different, but the same
rules apply to all of them:
It's a Hurtin' Business 103
o Punch through your opponent, not at him.
o Keep your wrists straight.
o Punch to land with the broadest part of your fist.
o Straight punches go straight out and straight back.
o Power comes from the legs and hips and from keeping your
feet planted.
o The nonpunching hand stays in position.
o The chin stays down.
BODY PUNCHING
[very one of the punches we've gone over so far can also be thrown
[to the body as well as to the head. Punching to the body is one of
the most underused and most valuable methods of offense in the
game. Ask any veteran fighter whether he'd rather get hit on the chin
or in the liver and he'll say the chin every time. If you've ever had the
wind knocked out of you, you know how painful and debilitating
it can be. Imagine feeling that way when you're in the ring with
someone.
And even if your body blows don't knock the wind out of your op-
ponent, over the long haul they wear him or her down. There's an
old expression in boxing that says, "If you hurt the body, the head
will come to you. " It's true. One more great thing about working the
body: it doesn' t move. You really can't miss it. You can't duck or slip
a punch to the body. The best your opponent can do is try to block
it. And if he does, he gives you an opening upstairs to the head.
That 's one of the reasons you do it : to bring down your opponent's
hands- especially if he keeps them very high and you can't land to
the head. Body punching was a critical part of my game plan in each
and every fight and was an important part of my success. It can't be
overestimated.
Which part of the body you're looking to hit depends on which
104 BOX Ulf T H f PRO S
punch you're throwing. If you're hooking to the body, you're going for
the side, right to the front of the kidney. If you get lucky, you can get
the liver or the upper rib cage. The uppercut should be to the pit ofthe
stomach, and the jab and straight right, which are used less frequently
to the body but are very effective in the right situations, are aimed at
the middle of the torso. The hooks and uppercuts, of course, are
thrown on the inside, and with any body punch you must bend your
knees and get closer than you would throwing to the head. But you
can't stand so close that you smother your punches. Always give your-
self room to punch.
You'll be tempted to forget about going to the body. The punches
aren't as showy when they land, and they normally don't provide the
instant gratification that a ringing head shot does. But going to the
body is like putting money in the bank: you put it in, put it in, put it in,
and then when you're ready to make a big withdrawal, there it is, wait-
ing for you with interest. Become a good body puncher and you'll not
only be respected in the ring, but feared.
COMBINATION PUNCHING
Y
our job in the ring is to land punches. So, generally, the more you
throw the better. But no good fighter just throws punches aim-
lessly, without specific intent or design. A pro throws punches in
combination-meaning a series of punches thrown in a specific order
that is designed to maximize the chance of each single punch landing.
One punch sets up the next one. And that one sets the table for the
one that follows.
A mistake that a lot of fighters make is to throw one punch and
wait. Throw one punch and wait. They go through a whole fight like
that. If you want to make something happen in the ring, you throw
combinations. Even if the first punch misses, maybe the second one
won't. And if the second one does, maybe the third one won' t. Throw-
It's a Hurtin' Business -10 5
ing in combination is the way you set your opponent up for the perfect
knockout blow.
Here are four basic combinations that will get you on your way to
becoming a dangerous combination puncher.
1. LEFT JAB, STRAIGHT RIGHT HAND
The old one-two, so simple and so effective. The jab blinds the oppo-
nent, the straight right hand comes right behind the jab. It's so basic
you wouldn't think it could still work, but it does, all the time, when
thrown correctly. The key to this one is making sure you step in with
the jab so that you're close enough to land the right cross. The jab lets
you know how close you've got to be. The exception is if your opponent
is coming in to you. Then you can just stand your ground and catch
him or her on the way in. A variation of this is two jabs followed by a
straight right hand, which is especially effective if your jabs convince
The jab blinds your opponent. The right hand comes in immediately after.
106 BOX II KI THE PRO S
your opponent to move backward in a straight line, making your right
cross all the more hkely to land.
2. RIGHT UPPERCUT, LEFT HOOK
This may be the most perfect combination in the sport. The beauty of
it is that if the right uppercut lands, the left hook almost has to. The
uppercut hfts your opponent's head up and back- right into the path
of the left hook. It's perfect. There's nothing your opponent can do
about it unless he or she really knows defense. The uppercut, as we've
discussed, is a shocking and disorienting punch to take. There's al-
most no way that your opponent, a second after being shaken by an
uppercut, will be able to avoid the hook. All you have to do is make
sure the timing is right, that the hook comes immediately after the
uppercut lands. These two punches were made for one another. A
variation on this is the left uppercut, left hook combination. If you're
The uppercut lifts up your opponent's chin-right into the path of your hook.
It's a Hurtin' Business 107
good with your left hand, this is a devastating combination to have in
your arsenal.
3. DOUBLE LEFT HOOK
Remember, the primary purpose for throwing combinations is to in-
crease the chances of each punch within the combination landing.
The double hook-the first to the body, the second to the head-is the
perfect example of this principle in action. When you bang a good,
hard hook on someone's body, it's instinct to bring down the right el-
bow to block it. That leaves the right side of his or her head exposed
and waiting for your second hook to follow. It's beautiful. The only
thing you have to be careful of is throwing it too often. If you do it every
time, your opponent will anticipate the second hook and step inside
and counter it.
4. LEFT JAB, RIGHT CROSS, LEFT HOOK
The best thing about this combination is that it brings you back on bal-
ance and into position. You step forward with the jab. You come over
with the right. Now, after you throw the right and before you're back on
balance, your right arm is fully extended. You're committed to the
punch. Your weight is on your front leg so you're a little off balance. So
you bring the hook. You turn it over and snap it back into position and
suddenly you're back on balance and in the standard position again,
faster than you would have been had the right cross been the last
punch in your combination.
The key to throwing good combinations is throwing each punch
correctly within the combination. That sounds obvious, but it can be
difficult. You'll find yourself wanting to rush one punch to get to the
next one, or sacrificing the correct form because the second punch in
the combination is your favorite one. So maybe you don't plant the
right cross because you're in love with your left hook, or you don't ex-
108 80 X II U T H ~ PRO S
The old 1-2-3_ Throw each punch within
a combination the correct way. Don't
cheat.
tend the jab because you're in a
rush to land the big right. Resist
this temptation to cheat. Throw
combinations in front of the mir-
ror and on the heavy bag and
hand pads, and make sure each
punch is thrown correctly so that
when you get in the ring you'll do
it there, too. Remember, there's
no magic wand on fight night. If
you want to box like the pros, you
have to practice like the pros.
Practice throwing combinations.
You'll be happy you did.
It's a Hurtin' Business 109
HINTING
A
lot of what you do when you're in the ring you do to create openings
for your punches. It may look like fighters just go in there and throw
punches with no real plan, but with the good ones there's always a
plan. You need to land punches. You need to create openings in your
opponent's defense to do that. Feinting is a way to create those open-
ings.
Put simply, feinting is making your opponent think you're about to
do something that you're not going to do. When he makes a move to
defend what he thought you were going to do, you attack the way you
intended to from the start. It's like when a running back comes up to a
defender and makes a move that says he's going to go left, but then he
goes right. It's the same thing in the ring. Except you make a move
that makes your opponent think you're going to throw a right hand, for
example, but you throw a jab. Or a left hook. Or you make him think
you're going to the body, then you throw a head punch.
The key to using feints to their fullest advantage is paying attention
to how your opponent reacts to the things you do. For example, if every
time you throw ajab your opponent ducks, you can feint ajab, wait un-
til he comes out of the duck and then hit him with ajab or a right hand
when he's not expecting it. If whenever you try an uppercut he coun-
ters with the right, you can feint throwing an uppercut and then
counter the right hand you know is coming. (Note: counterpunching is
discussed in detail in chapter 8.)
You need to figure out what makes your opponent do what he does in
the ring. You can do that with feints. What makes him move to the left,
if you want him to go left, or to the right, if that's the direction you want
him to go in? What makes him drop his hands? When does he throw the
hook? Feint in certain ways to see how he reacts when you do it. Then
you know what he's going to do before he does. Remember, it's awful
tough to beat a fighter who knows in advance what you're going to do.
110 BOX Lln THf PROS
Want to get your opponent to drop his hands so you can land the
jab? Drop your eyes to his midsection like you're going to the body,
then throw the jab upstairs. Want to stop your opponent from counter-
ing your jab with a right hand? Feint the jab, and when he throws the
right, slip it and counter it with a right of your own. Want him to move
to his left, into your right hand? Dip like you're throwing the hook, and
when he moves, throw the right.
There are many feints you can use in the ring, but in many cases
you won't know which ones work until you get to know your opponent
a little. And they'll vary in effectiveness from opponent to opponent.
Some fighters will never fall for a feint to the body; others, maybe those
who are very sensitive to body shots, will fall for them every time. And,
again, it may take a while to figure out how your opponent reacts to
your feints . But practice them. In the mirror when you're shadowbox-
ing, and especially when you're sparring. Get good at them. Using
feints is part of using your head to land punches, breaking your oppo-
nent down, and eventually taking him out of there.
8
You Don't Have to Take One to Give
One: The Basics of Defense
I
I
W
hen I was fighting, my philosophy was: the best defense is a good
offense. Get in there and do what you have to do. Let the other guy
worry about grabbing and clinching and ducking. If you're doing what
you have to do, that's all he has time for. And if you're close enough for
him to hit you, that means you're close enough to hit him, too.
But that approach won't work for everybody. You have to know de-
fense, how to get out of the way of a punch, because no matter how hard
you hit, you can't overpower everybody. Sooner or later someone's going
to try to hit you back. You have to know what to do when that happens.
Also, it's fun to hit someone in the ring. It's less fun getting hit yourself.
Defense consists of four basic strategies: blocking; slipping and
ducking; rolling; and holding and clinching. Slipping, rolling, and duck-
ing are generally better than blocking, because as long as your opponent
is touching something on you, he's going to keep punching it. If he
misses you, he's got to get set again and worry about something coming
back. But it's important that you get a good grasp of all of them. Never
i
I .
112 BOX Lln THE PROS
get overly dependent on the same defensive move over and over. Why?
Because if your opponent is any good, he'll anticipate what you're going
to do and take advantage of it. That's what good fighters do.
Here's an example: if every time your opponent jabs, you slip it by
bending to your right, sooner or later he or she will follow the jab with a
straight right cross, aimed right at the spot he or she knows your head
will be. You've told that opponent what you're going to do: "This is
where my head will be." You get hit with the right cross then, you de-
serve it. But if some of the time you slip the jab to the right, some of the
time you duck under it, some of the time you roll under it, or block it,
your opponent doesn't know where your head will be. He or she has to
guess. And while your opponent is guessing, you can get business done.
Here are the different methods of defense, one by one.
BLOCKING
M
uch of the key to good blocking is found among the fundamentals
we talked about in chapter 6: keeping your hands up, your chin
down, and your eyes on your opponent. You keep your hands up
mainly so you can block punches. You keep your chin down in part to
protect it behind your gloves. And even if your hands are up around
your face blocking punches, your eyes have to stay open behind your
gloves so you can see what's going on. So if you're already committed
to and good at keeping your hands up, your chin down, and your eyes
open, you're going to block punches without even trying. But there are
still some things you should know about blocking punches.
Blocking
1. Generally, your right glove blocks left-hand punches, your left
blocks right-hand punches. This is especially true of hooks from
either side, or roundhouse punches. Your opponent throws a left
hook, you block it with your right. Your opponent throws a round-
house right, you block it with your left.
You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 113
2. Don't ever extend your
arm to block a punch. Let
the punch come to where
your glove is; don't go out
to meet it. Why? You only
have to reach out that
way once or twice for your
opponent to notice it. If he
knows what he's doing,
he'll feint a punch, and
when you reach out to
block it, he'll come right
around your arm and bust
you on the jaw. Keep your
gloves where they're sup-
posed to be.
Let the punch come to you and block it.
3. Your arms and elbows block punches to the body, so keep them
close to your rib cage. Don't let your elbows flap around; when
Keep your elbows close to your body, even when punching, so you can block
incoming shots like this left uppercut.
114 BOX LlU TH( PROS
they're in against your
body, you form a shell
around your midsection.
4. Blocking an uppercut is
slightly different from
blocking other punches.
First of all, you' re usually
crouched over when your
opponent tries it; and it's
typically aimed to shoot
between your gloves. You
need to block it before it
gets there. So, to block an
uppercut you've got to
keep your right hand un-
der your chin-on your
chest with your chin
Drop your hand in front of your face to
catch your opponent's uppercut.
down. You've got to be able to see the punch coming and catch it
with your glove.
SLIPPING
S
lipping a punch is just what it sounds like: moving your head to ei-
ther side so that the punch "slips" by you. As always, your hands are
up, your chin is down, and your eyes are on your opponent. Slipping is
used primarily to defend against straight punches- jabs and crosses.
It doesn't work as well against hooks, uppercuts, or roundhouse
punches. An advantage to slipping punches, as opposed to blocking
them, is it leaves your hands free to counterpunch; also, because you're
moving your head, it creates a new punching angle that blocking
does not.
You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 115
Slipping Punches
1. To slip a jab, simply move
your head to the right,
bending both knees in a
quick squat so that the
jab passes over your left
shoulder. From that posi-
tion you have many coun-
terpunching options: your
own jab, a hook to the
body, a right cross over
the jab. You can also slip
a jab by moving your
head to the left. You
should do this cautiously
though-as with any
punch you throw-
because this puts your
head in line with your op-
ponent's right hand.
2. To slip a right hand, bend
your knees slightly and
move your head to the
left, so that the punch
passes over your right
shoulder. Again, your
hands are free and you're
in a good position to
strike back at your oppo-
nent before he or she is
ready.
Don't always slip to the same side or your
opponent will pick up on it.
After slipping the right, you have all kinds
of targets to shoot for.
116 BOX Lln TH[ PROS
A big key to slipping punches well is judging how close your opponent
is to you. You have to know how much distance to move your head to get
out of the way of a punch. You shouldn't have to bend your body in half
or way over to the side to slip a shot. The punch doesn't have to miss by
a foot. (In fact, you don't want it to-if it did, you wouldn't be close
enough to counter it.) It only has to miss. Even if it's by an inch. My boy-
hood hero, Joe Louis, was so good at judging his opponent's distance
that he'd slip punches just by moving his head an inch or two either way.
That left him within perfect range to land his counterpunches. The less
distance your opponent misses by, the better.
DUCKING
D
ucking is very similar to slipping except your head moves down in-
stead of down and to the side. You move under the punch, not to
the side of it. The most important thing is that you always come back
to the center, back to where you started, so you can see what's coming
next, and for balance. Ducking is another move, like blocking, that is
dependent on keeping your chin down, your hands up, and your eyes
on your opponent-see how often we come back to that? Doing those
things keeps your center of gravity low and makes you a smaller target
than you would be if you were standing with your chin up, your hands
down, and looking around.
You probably think you already know how to duck a punch. Maybe
you do. But there are some things you need to know about it before you
can do it right, every time, in the heat of a fight.
Ducking
1. Ducking is not simply bending over at the waist so that the punch
sails over your head. It's a combination of bending at the waist and
bending at the knees. Why? If you're bending just at the waist, you're
You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 117
moving your head forward, toward your opponent and potentially
right into the path of an uppercut. Bending solely at the waist puts
you in a vulnerable position. Bending at the knees gives you a much
better shot at keeping your balance, and doesn't require you to put
your head out so far forward. You do both when you duck a punch
the right way.
2. Your instinct when you
duck a punch will be to
look at the floor while
you're doing it. If you're
partly bending over and
keeping your head in the
same position, that's
where your eyes are go-
ing to go. But you can't
let them. Remember the
rule: eyes on your oppo-
nent all the time. When
you duck a punch, your
eyes stay on your oppo-
nent. You should see
your opponent's whole
Every so often, duck the jab instead of
slipping or blocking it.
body. If it's easier, you can adjust what you're looking at from his
face to his chest. If it helps, lower the target. But you should never
be looking at the canvas when you're in the ring, or that's where
you'll end up.
3. Your instinct will also tell you to lift your chin up when you're coming
out of a duck or a slip, so you can see what's going on. Don't do it.
That's when you get tagged if your opponent is throwing a combina-
tion. Ducking the first punch doesn't mean a whole lot if you take the
second and third. When you come up out of a duck, keep your form:
hands up, chin down, eyes on your opponent.
118 BOX lIU THf PROS
4. Come up with something. Making your opponent miss is fine. Duck-
ing a punch looks good to the crowd, but the judges don't score for
ducking. Your job is to make your opponent pay for missing, and you
can do that when you've just ducked a punch and you're coming up
out of it. Your opponent's hands probably won't be back yet if you've
done it right, and that's the perfect time to nail him or her with some-
thing. Don't be satisfied with making him miss. Make him pay.
HOlllNG
R
olling is similar to ducking in that you're moving under a punch as
opposed to either side of it, but there are three important differ-
ences: it's not the straight up-and-down motion ducking is; the term
is meant to include both the "down" and "up" parts of the move; and
its purpose, in addition to making a punch miss, is to create punching
opportunities. The movement and the direction the body takes while
rolling generates momentum and puts your body in position to punch
hard. In that sense it's superior to any other defensive move, at least
from a counterpunching standpoint. Let's break it down a little more.
Rolling with a punch consists of three distinct movements blended
together into one fluid motion:
1. The standard duck, bending at the knees and waist.
2. A rolling of the upper body to the left or the right, depending on the
side from which your opponent's punch is coming.
3. The "up" part, where you return to the classical position and prepare
to punch. That last piece is especially important; if you make a guy
miss while rolling and then don't come back with a hard punch,
you've missed a golden opportunity. Always punch after rolling.
The direction in which you roll depends on what punch you're
rolling under. You want to roll toward the area of your opponent's body
You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 119
that is open, and the punch you throw is intended and selected to
reach that area.
If Your Opponent Throws a Right Hand
1. Duck.
2. Roll your upper body to your left.
Roll under that right hand and come up wi th something.
120 80 X II H T H ~ P nos
3. Come up out of the crouch with your eyes on your opponent.
4. Simultaneously throw your left hook. One motion: come up and
throw the hook. Not two motions. This is a classical move in boxing
and one that I used in every fight, in every round. It's called the roll
and hook.
If your opponent throws a left hook, you:
1. Duck.
2. Roll your upper body to the right.
3. Come up out of the crouch with your eyes on your opponent.
4. Throw the right hand and then the hook.
Rolling and punching isn't something you do once during a fight
and then forget about. It's what you do when you're in the middle of the
ring going at it, when both you and your opponent are throwing
punches. You don't stand straight up and just punch. You punch and
roll, punch and roll. You've got to incorporate defense into your offense,
and rolling and punching is a perfect way to do it. Make it a part of who
you are in the ring and you'll find it carries a lot of bang for the buck.
HOLDING/ CliNCHING
H
olding, or clinching, is what fighters are doing when it looks like
they're hugging in the ring or wrestling. I never cared for it because
my job was to make the other guy clinch, and if I did that, I didn't have
any reason to clinch myself. Also, most of the guys I fought didn' t want
me to get close and punch, so they clinched me. I wanted to work
inSide-why would I clinch?
Anyway, clinching isn't always thought of as a defensive posture, and
sometimes it isn't. Sometimes fighters just do it when they don't know
what else to do, or because it's part of their strategy, or because they don't
You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 121
want to fight on the inside. But it is
a defensive strategy when you're
hurt. If you've been tagged by a big
shot and are dizzy, you want to get
close to your opponent and wrap
up his arms so he can't punch. Ex-
cessive clinching is illegal and the
referee will break a clinch up as
soon as he can, but the ability to
clinch can make the difference be-
tween a win and a loss.
As with everything in boxing,
there's a right way and a wrong
way to clinch. The wrong way is
just wrapping your arms around
your opponent in a bear hug. Any
decent fighter will break loose
Get on the outside of your opponent's el-
bows and lock them up. Clinching is not
hugging.
from that and bust you on the jaw, especially if you're hurt or tired and
can't move around like you want to. But clinching the correct way is a
good way to buy yourself a few seconds if you need them.
To clinch correctly, you need to get close to your opponent and:
1. Place your arms around the outside of his or her arms.
2. Wrap your arms around his or her arms, turning your arms in toward
your body.
3. Hold tight until the referee breaks you.
4. Then get your hands up, your chin down, and your eyes on your
opponent.
It's important that you get both of your opponent's arms wrapped
up; if one is loose, he's allowed to bang away at you with it. Some ref-
erees won't step in to break the clinch unless neither of you can throw
punches, and that one free hand can do some damage if you're already
hurt.
122 BOX II lE THE PROS
Ideally, clinching is something you want the other guy to worry
about. But it's good to know, anyway. You'll have to do it sooner or later,
and when you do you should be able to do it like a pro.
T H ~ TWO THINGS YOU SHOUlD N ~ V ~ H 00
I
f you want to box like a pro, there are two things you should never do
in the ring that beginners always do. The first one is to pull your head
straight back away from a punch. It's the worst thing you can do. The
Butterfly did it all the time, and it's the reason it was so easy for me to
hit him with the hook. Every time he thought he was leaning away
from it, he actually was leaning right into its path. When you have a
hook or a roundhouse punch coming at you, you block it, duck under
it, or step inside of it. Leaning back will get you tagged, and hard.
That's just what the other guy wants you to do. Remember the funda-
mentals: hands up, chin down, eyes on your opponent. There's noth-
ing in there about leaning back.
The other no-no is moving backward in a straight line-unless
you're throwing a straight punch (a jab or a right hand), which allows
you to move back safely because you're throwing a punch. My philoso-
phy was never to move backward, anyway, in any kind of line. My job
was to make the other guy back up. And when he did, if it was in a
straight line I was happy, because I knew he had nowhere to go except
against the ropes, and I could hit him with everything while he was
getting there. If you're backing up, you circle to the left or right-never
straight back. A real pro knows better.
COUNHHPUNCHING
Y
OU could argue that counterpunching belongs in the chapter
about offense, but since it begins with making your opponent
You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 123
miss, we're putting it here. Counterpunching is this: making your
opponent miss a punch, and then scoring your own punch with the
opening created by your opponent 's miss. Look at it this way: every
time your opponent throws a punch, he or she creates an opening
for you to land. Your job is to make your opponent miss and then pay
for missing.
Not every attempted punch creates the same opening for a
counter. But most create more than one opening. Successful counter-
punching depends on patience, timing, balance, and using your
head- seeing the things your opponent does as part of his or her style,
anticipating a punch, and then being prepared to counter it. Here are
some basic countepunches you can practice in front of the mirror and
when sparring. As you get better, you can add more counterpunches to
your attack.
RIGHT HAND OVER THE JAB
This is one of the most common and effective counterpunches and the
best to use against an opponent who depends heavily on his jab and
uses it a lot. Because if you want to stop an opponent from using the
jab, what's the best way to stop it ? Make him miss it and then make
him pay. It's essentially three steps:
1. See your opponent's jab coming.
2. Slip the jab, letting it go over your left shoulder.
3. Throw a right cross to the head.
The key is to throw the right hand before your opponent gets his
left hand back to block it. A lot of fighters throw a "lazy" leftjab, mean-
ing they let it hang out there too long after throwing it, or they bring it
back too low. Against this type of fighter, you can land the counter right
all night long.
124 80 X II KE T H f PRO S
Once you make your opponent miss the jab, the right-hand counter is right there for you.
COUNTER JAB
This is another counter to your opponent's jab. You'll see it used all the
time. Here's how to do it:
1. See your opponent's jab coming.
2. Either slip your opponent's jab or "catch" it with your right hand.
(With practice you can catch and counter a left, a right, or an upper-
cut with either hand.)
3. At the same time, jab to your opponent's head.
You Don't Have to Take One t o Give One 125
Want to negate your opponent's jab?
Catch it and stick him with your own.
UP P E RCUT COUNTER
This is another counter for the jab. With this one you must get close to
your opponent and you must come in low. If you do those things, you'll
score with this one, and it will be big.
1. See your opponent's jab coming.
2. Slip it so that it goes over your left shoulder.
3. At the same time, step in toward your opponent.
4. Throw the right uppercut to the chin so that it comes up between
your opponent's outstretched arm and his body.
126 80 X LI nTH f PRO S
Counter your opponent's jab with an uppercut a couple of times and be'D thInk
twice about jabbing again.
COUNTER ROLL AND HOOK
This was one of my favorites, and it's the one to use if you've got a big
left hook, like I did. Not only will it hurt your opponent, it will make
him leery of throwing the right hand, which is a power punch. Once
you've convinced your opponent that every time he tries a punch he's
going to get hurt in return, you're almost home.
1. See your opponent's right hand coming.
2. "Roll" under it, as described earlier in this chapter.
3. When you come up from the roll, throw the left hook.
You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 127
The roll and hook works real well against the straight right.
COUNTERING THE BODY PUNCH
Every time your opponent throws a punch to your body, he leaves his
head exposed. Countering a body shot requires concentration and
speed. You've got to get your shot in before your opponent gets his
glove back, and if you can do that you'll score a good, clean blow.
Here's the rules of thumb for this scenario:
1. If your opponent throws a hook to the body, he's open for a right
hand to the head.
2. If your opponent throws a right hand to the body, he's open for a
hook to the head.
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You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 129
COUNTERING TO THE BODY
Just as your opponent creates an opening for a head shot whenever he
or she tries a body blow, you have an opportunity to land a body shot
whenever he or she goes for the head. It works both ways. Here are the
rules of thumb:
1. If your opponent throws a jab, he's open for a right to the body (or,
secondarily, to the head).
2. If your opponent throws a right hand, he's open for a left to the body
(or, secondarily, to the head).
A note about counterpunching, especially when you're countering
a body punch or countering to the body: a good, experienced fighter
will feint a punch so you counter and then will counter your counter-
punch. He plans it ahead oftime. That's another reason you must vary
what you do in the ring. On defense and offense, if you do the same
things over and over, your opponent will know in advance what you're
going to do and be ready for it. Don't use the same move or counter
over and over again. Or, at least, use it only until it stops working, until
he or she catches on, and then go to something else. The key is to al-
ways keep your opponent guessing. And when he doesn't expect it, you
jack him like a jack-in-the-box. That's the way to do it.
9
The Boxer's Workout:
Better to Hurt Now Than Later
1
[
. -
[very trainer and every gym is a little different when it comes to what
[fighters do when they work out. I was trained for much of my career
by a great old fight trainer named Yank Durham, and later, after Yank
died, by one of his students, Eddie Futch (though I was already a pro
when Eddie took over). Most figh t historians consider Eddie one of the
best trainers in the history of the sport. Between the two of them, Yank
and Eddie helped mold me into the world heavyweight champion and
a top fighter for over a decade, fighting guys like the Butterfly, George
Foreman, Jerry Quarry, Joe Bugner, Bob Foster, Jimmy Ellis, and a lot
of others. Today I'm in the Boxing Hall of Fame. I didn't get there by
accident. I worked hard on the road and in the gym and this is the
workout I used-I'm going to share it with you now.
If you're looking to box competitively, the gym is no place to fool
around. This is where you go to work. It's where you learn the craft
and prepare your body to fight. The harder you work there the better it
.......
The Boxer's Workout 131
will be for you when you get in the ring. If you work hard and do it
right, you're going to be in some pain. It will be hard. But it 's better to
hurt in the gym getting ready than it is to hurt in the ring. There's
nothing you can do about it then but get beat up. Remember, there's
no magic wand you can wave on fight night that will get you in shape
or teach you what you need to know. You get in shape in the gym and
you learn in the gym. The way you do it in the gym is the way you'll do
it in a fight, so do it right in the gym. Then everything will come to-
gether the way it should on fight night.
If you don't plan to box competitively but just want to get in condi-
tion, that's great. A lot of people come to my gym for just that reason.
And if that's what you want, this is the place for you, too. But if you're
going to do it, do it right. Do your job. This workout will work for you
and get you in the best shape of your life. You'll see at the end of this
chapter that I'm giving you a workout schedule for an entire week.
Many of the things you do during your workout are the same every day,
but there are things you can change up, and you shouldn't work out
with the same intensity every day. You don't go all out every day. That's
how you get burned out and overtrained.
One more thing: you'll see that I indicate the number of rounds
that you should do each activity. When you get to a gym, you'll proba-
bly find that there's a bell that sounds throughout the gym that is
timed just like a pro fight is: three minutes a round, one minute for
rest. That timer is on for as long as the gym is open. So you'll never
have to worry about how long you're doing something. The bell tells
you when to start and when to stop.
WRAP YOUR HANDS
First things first. Get changed into your workout clothes and wrap your
hands. Remember, wrapping your hands right is one of the most im-
portant things you do. A fighter's hands are his tools. A construction
132 BOX II lE T H f PHD S
worker can't work if his hammer's
broken, and you can't work if your
hands are broken. Take your time
and wrap your hands the right
way. For a while, you might want
your trainer to wrap your hands,
until you get the knack of it.
I can't stress enough how im-
portant this is. If you want to fight
competitively but your hands are
never wrapped right, you're going
to hurt them or break them. You
might tear a tendon, and then
you're looking at surgery and a lot
of time out of commission before
Take your time wrapping your hands.
you can fight or even train right
again. Wrap your hands the right way, and when you punch, keep your
fist closed and your wrist straight. And the harder you punch, the more
likely you are to hurt your hands. They're all you've got in the ring.
Take care of them by wrapping them right, and use two lengths of
wraps if you need to. The bottom line is to protect your hands and take
care of them so that when you get in the ring they'll take care of you.
LOOSEN UP: 2 ROUNDS
Get in the ring and loosen up. Do the stretching exercises listed in
chapter 3 and move around. Jog in place or do some jumping jacks.
Get your blood pumping. Get those muscles loose. You're going to be
working hard soon and you need to be loose and ready when you do.
You want to warm up to the point that you have a light sweat going and
your muscles are warm. The better you warm up, the more efficient
you'll be when you're working out, and the less likely you'll be to pull a
muscle when you start shadowboxing or hitting the bags.
The Boxer's Workout 133
Start out slowly. You're in no rush. Take your time and keep your
body moving and stretching until you're nice and warm and ready to
go. Don't allow yourself to be rushed into anything. That's how you get
hurt. Get to the gym when you're supposed to so you have time to
warm up the right way. It won't seem that important until you don't do
it right; then you'll go to throw a punch and pull a muscle in your back
or hamstring. Then you'll wish you'd warmed up the right way.
You can use your warm-up time to get your brain ready to work, too.
Think about the things you'll be trying to get done in the gym that day.
If you're working on learning to throw the left hook, think about that
when you're stretching and warming up. Go over the mechanics in your
mind. Think about the other things you'll be working on in the gym that
day. If you're going to spar, visualize your plan against possible sparring
partners. It's not only your body that has to warm up in the gym, it's
your brain, too. You can get both of them ready at the same time.
SHADOWBOX: 2 ROUNDS
Get in front of the mirror and do some shadowboxing. This serves two
purposes: one, it continues to warm up the muscles you'll use when
you work out; and two, it sharpens your technique. Practice throwing
punches at your reflection the way you've been taught. Or, if you're not
up to that point yet, practice your stance in front of the mirror, or mov-
ing to the left and right. Watch yourself closely to make sure you're do-
ing everything the way you're supposed to. If you're not, in front of the
mirror is the place to correct it.
A lot of guys get in front of the mirror and do everything the cor-
rect way because they figure they "have to," that's "what the mirror is
for." And then they get on the bags or in the ring and let all that good
technique go out the window. Remember when you're shadowboxing
that this is the way you're supposed to do it all the time-not just in
front of the mirror. The way you do it in front of the mirror is the right
way: hands up, chin down, eyes on your "opponent," and always on
134 BOX lIH THf PROS
Get loose and get better in front of the mirror.
balance. Punches straight out and straight back. Plant your feet. All
the things we covered in the previous chapters get practiced in front
of the mirror.
It's easy to get too relaxed when you're in front of the mirror-you
may find it's the one place where your trainer isn't looking over your
shoulder to make sure you're doing everything right. That's because he
figures you're looking over your own shoulder and he doesn't have to.
Remember that it's your responsibility to learn the correct way to do
things. It's only going to hurt you in the ring if you don't. So do it right
in front of the mirror so you can do it right in the ring.
SPAR: 2 TO 8 ROUNDS
If you're going to spar, this is the point in the workout when you do it-
when you're fresh. Remember, you're hitting and getting hit in there,
so you want to be as alert and ready as you can be. Remember, too, that
The Boxer's Workout 135
the point of sparring is to learn. Everything else you do in the gym is
done to get you ready to fight, and sparring is as close as you can come
to fighting without actually doing it. If you take it far enough, you'll
find out that there's a big difference between sparring and fighting
competitively, but sparring is where you apply everything you've
Sparring is the real deal. You can't be a star unless you spar.
136 80 X LI nTH ( PRO S
learned on the bags, the hand pads, in front of the mirror, and every-
where else. Sparring is the real thing.
The number of rounds you spar depends on your experience level,
your conditioning, what you want to do in the sport, and your trainer's
sense of what you're ready to do. Most amateurs don't need to do more
than four or five rounds at a time. A seasoned pro might do as many as
10 or 12. And you don't have to spar every day. Many pros spar just two
or three days a week. Others spar every day. Again, it depends on what
you want to do and on your level of conditioning.
The next chapter goes into detail about what to expect when you
spar, but it's worth saying here that the most important thing to re-
member about sparring is that it's intended to be a learning experience.
It's not supposed to be a measure of who's the toughest fighter in the
gym, or the hardest puncher. It's not a competition. That's what actual
fights are for. But if you're in a real boxing gym, you will see some unof-
ficial competition going on during sparring. Maybe you'll want to go
hard, too, when you spar. It's natural to have that competition, and it
can even be beneficial, provided everyone knows where the line is
drawn. No one should be getting knocked down multiple times in a
sparring session, or knocked out. No one should take a bad beating. No
one learns anything from getting a bad beating, or from giving one.
There are no "winners" in sparring, unless both guys learn some-
thing. If the other guy landed more punches but you learned how to get
under ajab and hook to the body, who really won? If you learned how to
clinch the right way, or how to block the hook and counter with the
right-how to do it in real speed rather than just on the pads-you've
won. That's exactly the kind of thing sparring is supposed to do for you.
It doesn't matter who got a bloody nose. It matters what you learned.
HIT THE HEAVY BAG: 3 ROUNDS
If you don't spar, you go to the heavy bag after shadowboxing. If you do
spar, it's right after sparring. Remember, the heavy bag serves two pur-
The Boxer's Workout 137
The heavy bag makes you a stronger fighter and a better one if you use it right.
poses: to increase your punching power, and to simulate an opponent.
So when you hit the heavy bag you pretend that it can hit you back.
That means moving around it, moving your head, throwing your
punches correctly and in combination, and keeping your hands up,
your chin down, and your eyes on your "opponent" and staying on bal-
ance. Sometimes your trainer will hold the bag in place and instruct
you through a certain move or punch.
It will always be tempting to relax a little on the bag and just throw
the punches you want to throw, rather than actually practicing the
right technique-in other words, to be a little lazy. The danger of that
is that you'll get into the ring and be a little lazy, too. Remember, the
way you train is the way you'll fight. You can work on banging the bag
hard and still do it correctly. In fact, the way to hit hardest is to have
perfect technique. You can work on both at the same time on the
heavy bag.
But the heavy bag will always be associated with punching power,
and that's for a good reason: outside oflearning good balance and tim-
ing, there is no better way to improve your punching power than work-
138 80 X II nTH f PRO S
ing the heavy bag. Not happy with your jab? Wish it were harder?
Spend a couple of rounds each night hitting the heavy bag with just
jabs. Nothing else. Stand in front of it, move around it, keep touching
it, and hit it with a hundred or two jabs a round, and before you know
it you'll have the best jab in the gym. And it won't have been by acci-
dent. It'll be because you worked it on the heavy bag. And that works
with every punch.
It's . simple: the more you work the heavy bag- in conjunction
with the other elements of training- the harder you will hit. That
doesn't mean necessarily that you'll be a better fighter, unless you
continue to work on the other things that contribute to punching
power-namely, timing and balance. But diligent work on the heavy
bag will make you a harder puncher. There are no two ways about it.
Still, be careful- as much as you try to treat it as an opponent, some-
times you'll want to hit it all night just because it doesn't hit back. You
may want to do nothing but hit the heavy bag. Maybe you'll figure
that if you go enough rounds on the heavy bag you don't need to spar.
That 's just wrong.
No number of rounds you put in on the heavy bag, no matter how
perfectly practiced, can come close to equaling the things you'll learn
sparring. If you're going to fight, you have to be in against someone
who throws punches at you so you can learn what to do when it hap-
pens. The heavy bag is a very important part of your workout. But it
can't be the only part, especially if you plan to box competitively.
HIT THE SPEED BAG: 3 ROUNDS
The great thing about the speed bag, in addition to its benefits to your
hand speed, hand-eye coordination, and endurance, is that it's fun.
Once you get its rhythm down and can keep it going back and forth
against the platform for long stretches-we call that "rolling the bag"-
it can become highly addictive, and no other exercise will make you
The Boxer's Workout 139
When you've mastered the speed bag, you know you're on your way to being a
fighter.
feel more like a fighter. But it's not all fun and games. Working the
speed bag the right way will force you to keep your hands up, which at
this point in the workout is no easy feat.
There really are two distinct ways to work the speed bag, and you
can go back and forth between the two during any round or part of a
round. Either single way is okay, but a real fighter uses both methods-
because it breaks the monotony and because it makes you a better
fighter. Done the right way, speed-bag work is really a combination of
both methods.
The first way to roll the bag is the way we discussed in chapter 5:
standing in one position, more or less, and just striking the bag rhyth-
mically with both hands- for example, twice with the left then twice
with the right, then alternating left-right, left-right, left-right, and so on.
This is what you see fighters doing in the movies when they work the
speed bag, and it is beneficial-it works the muscles in your arms, shoul-
ders, and back and improves your hand speed and coordination and gets
140 BOX Lln TH[ PROS
your fists, eyes, and brain all thinking together and moving at the same
time. That's exactly what they need to do in the ring.
But using the speed bag in just that way will get you only half the
possible benefit. You also want to bob and weave under the bag as it
slams back and forth on its platform, and fire hooks and uppercuts at it.
In other words, you can use it-as you do the heavy bag-almost as an
opponent who is throwing punches at you. It isn't built or intended to
increase your power, but you can pound a good speed bag hung on a
sturdy platform about as hard as you like and never break it. Hit it hard.
So go for a minute or a minute and a half or two minutes straight
just rolling the bag. That'll get you to keep your hands up and all those
other good things. Then stop and hit it with a few short, quick jabs and
then a hook, bob under it and step to the side and hook, step to the
other side and bang home a right hand, and bob under it again. All the
time, keep your hands up around your cheekbones and your elbows
pointed to the floor. Look at the bag when you're punching it, and
when you're done, go back to rolling it. Switch back and forth. After
three rounds your shoulders and arms will feel like lead. But you'll
have had fun and gotten better.
HIT THE HAND PADS OR DOUBLE-END
BAG: 3 ROUNDS
It doesn't matter which of these your trainer wants you to do, they're
both good exercises. By this point, even without sparring, you've done
eight rounds and are deep into the workout. If you took my advice and
got into shape before coming to the gym, it's paying off right now.
Working with the hand pads is another of those exercises that simu-
lates being in the ring with a live opponent. Your trainer walks you
through the drills that ensure that you're punching correctly, that your
balance is good, that your chin is down. In the beginning he'll hold the
pad up and tell you "jab," or "left-right," or "double hook." And you follow
the instructions. Once you've been
at it a while and know your trainer,
you'll know what he's looking for
almost without him saying it. He'll
put the right pad up and you'll
know automatically from its posi-
tion that you're supposed to jab it.
Eventually, he'll work in defense,
too. If your head comes up every
time you jab, or if you drop the left
when you bring it back, maybe
he'll clip you with the right pad to
show you what could happen if
you do it the wrong way in a fight.
And that's what he should do.
Once you've got some experi-
ence and can switch back and
The Boxer's Workout 141
Ready to go to work?
You work both offense and defense on the pads. So keep your hands up at all
times.
142 BOX lIn T H ~ PROS
forth between offense and defense automatically, your trainer will have
you going both ways with the pads. He'll have you jab twice maybe, roll
under a right hand, hook to the body and head, then roll under a hook
and come up with a left-right. If you don't do it right, you'll do it again.
That's what the pads are for : learning how to do it right through repe-
tition in a controlled environment. If you want to learn a certain roll-
and-punch move and combination, your sparring partners aren't going
to accommodate you by throwing the same combination over and over
again so you can work it out. But your trainer will when you're on the
pads. You can perfect it on the pads, then execute it in sparring.
You want your actions and moves in the ring to be reflexive. You
don't want to have to think about making a move or throwing a punch,
because if you have to think about it, you've already missed the oppor-
tunity to do it. That's what doing everything over and over again on the
pads is all about. That's why you do it. You want your body to react au-
tomatically in a fight. You teach it to do that by practicing on the pads.
And, of course, you're improving your endurance as you're doing it.
Like most exercises in the boxer's workout, it improves your condition-
ing and technique at the same time.
The double-end bag is mostly a finesse exercise, at least compared
to the o t h ~ r work we do here. That doesn't mean you don't work hard
when you're using it, or that you don't have to use it. But you won't
break your hands on it, you don't have to hit it hard, and even though
it can hit you back, in a sense, it really won't hurt you if it does.
Odds are that any opponent you face in the ring won't stand per-
fectly still and let you punch them at will. They're going to do what
they've been taught, which is essentially the same thing you've been
taught: to move your head, to roll under punches, to slip them, to duck
them or block them. And they're going to move on their legs. He or she
will be a moving target. That means you have to be able to hit a moving
target. The heavy bag won't teach you to do that. Neither will working
the hand pads. Even the speed bag is pretty much stationary: even if
you don't hit it perfectly when it's moving, you can still hit it. The
double-end bag is that moving target .
The Boxer's Workout 143
The first time you work the double-end bag, you probably won't be
able to hit it with two punches in a row. You probably won't come close.
That's okay. That's why you practice. The double-end bag teaches you
to throw straight, short, fast, accurate punches. Mainly because those
are the only kinds of punches you can land against it. Because it
bounces around so erratically, you don't have time to load up on a
punch or to even anticipate where it will go. You have to be precise and
quick in order to hit it, and those are two things you need to be in the
ring, too: precise and quick.
Get into your regular stance at arm's length from the double-end
bag and jab at it. See how it moves. When you're ready, try some one-
twos or an occasional hook and jab. Concentrate on just making con-
tact. Don't worry about hitting hard; that's not the point. Eventually,
you want to be able to hit it with three- or four-punch combinations-
the same kind you would throw in the ring. And remember the funda-
mentals. Just because you're doing something that is almost guaranteed
to make you look awkward and unskilled doesn't mean you can let your
The double-end bag gets you fast and sharp. Don't worry about hitting it hard.
144 80 X II nTH f PHD S
technique fall apart. Hands up, chin down, eyes on your opponent, and
on balance at all times.
It will take a long time before you're able to work the double-end
bag well. Take your time. Just remember how important it is to hit a
moving target, to keep your punches fast and accurate. And work that
double-end bag. When you get in the ring, chances are your opponent
won't be as hard to hit as the bag is.
WORK THE MEDICINE BALL:
AS DIRECTED BY TRAINER
There are a number of ways to use the medicine ball to work your up-
per body, especially your abdominal muscles. Ring work is one way. So
is lifting the ball with your legs; throwing the ball back and forth with
your trainer; having your trainer throw the ball against your stomach
and sides; and throwing the ball to your trainer while lying on your
back. This is hard, punishing work when done right, and you don't want
This is one way to work with the medicine baIl.
The Boxer's Workout 145
These are the others.
to do it every day unless you have a fight coming up. Even then it's
easy to overdo it.
Much of the medicine-ball work you'll do will be in the ring with
your trainer positioning the ball in various ways and directing you to
146 BOX II Kf T H f PHD S
throw certain punches at it. It's a lot like hand-pad work except that
you have just one target instead of two. And your trainer's ability to
make you work defense in addition to offense is almost nil because the
weight of the bag mandates that most of the time he uses two hands to
The Boxer's Workout 147
hold it. Still, it's more work that simulates an opponent. You still have
to throw your punches straight and hard at the bag. You still have to
keep your chin down, your hands up, and your eyes on your opponent,
and stay on balance. The advantage that it has over hand pads is that it
provides more resistance. It's like hitting a small heavy bag, in the ring,
at precise spots. Like almost everything else here, it works both your
conditioning and your mechanics at the same time.
The other way to work the medicine ball is from the old school.
This is the way Joe Louis and Rocky Marciano and Henry Armstrong
and Sandy Saddler and all the other old-timers did it. Some trainers
today will tell you it's wrong, that it doesn't do anything to condition
your body, but they're wrong. Those old-timers were tough and in
shape, and the medicine ball helped get them there. It's the way I did
it, too. But it's not something you do all the time unless you've got a
fight coming up soon. You work the medicine ball right and you'll be
the tougher guy in the ring on fight night.
The exercises you do with the medicine ball are designed to tighten
and strengthen your abdominal muscles and the muscles in your trunk
148 BOX LI Kf T H f PRO S
and upper body. Each exercise targets a specific area. To strengthen
the front abs, lie on your back while your trainer drops the ball right
onto your stomach. When it hits, you contract your muscles. That's
what makes the muscles stronger. To strengthen the sides, your trainer
will throw the ball against them. Watch what it does to get rid of your
love handles. Lying on your back and throwing the ball up to your
trainer or gym mate strengthens all the muscles in your upper body.
And there's no better way to get a rock-hard stomach than to lie on
your back and lift the ball with your legs.
JUMP ROPE: 5 TO 15 MINUTES
This is the only exercise you do straight through, without taking breaks
between rounds. In the beginning, do a straight five minutes; as your
conditioning improves, work your way up to 15 minutes straight. As
with running, you want to get your heart rate up and keep it there.
No single exercise works more muscles than jumping rope.
The Boxer's Workout 149
Jumping rope is very strenuous, but it's also a perfect way to wind
down your workout. You're working again all the muscles you've
worked over the last hour, but in a different way.
There's not a muscle group that you use in the ring that jumping
rope doesn't work; that's why it's such an important part of the
fighter 's workout . Turning the rope and keeping it turning works your
hands, wrists, forearms, and shoulders-which you use for punching.
Getting up over it works every part of your legs, from your calves to
your thighs- which you use to move. And the constant movement
works your heart and lungs, which, of course, run everything else.
As with hitting the speed bag and the double-end bag, jumping rope
well requires a degree of hand-eye coordination, rhythm, and finesse
that doesn't come automatically. Nobody's born knowing how to do it
well. You need to work on those skills. When you start, maybe you'll
just do the single "hop" over the rope each time it passes under you.
From there you can graduate to the alternating foot skip. Maybe you'll
be there for a while, but sooner or later, you'll find yourself doing the
things only fighters can do with the rope. You'll do the crossover, where
you cross your arms as the rope goes under your feet, or the high jump,
where you bring your knees as high as they will go and do two revolu-
tions with the rope before you touch down again.
In the gym, watch how the more-experienced fighters work the
rope, and when you're comfortable, do what they do. The most impor-
tant thing is to get the rope moving and keep it moving. You'll get
tripped up sometimes and have to start over, but don't worry about
that-everyone does. The more you do it, the better you'll get at it.
When you can get that rope moving for 15 minutes without having to
stop (other than when you get tripped up), you'll be in great shape.
Because of all the muscles you use, jumping rope for 15 minutes is
like running for 30 minutes. And you're doing it near the end of your
workout, when you shouldn't have a lot left in your tank. If you can do
15 hard minutes with the rope at the end of a workout, chances are
you won't have to worry about your legs being dead in the third round
150 BOX II If T H f PRO S
of a three-round fight. Plus, you're again improving your rhythm, your
balance, and your ability to make your brain and the rest of your body,
especially your feet and legs, all move and work together. Which is
what they have to do in the ring.
CALISTHENICS
Remember these? This is how the workout ends, but in the gym it's
called doing fl.oorwork. It's a lot harder and more demanding than what
you've been doing, as you'll see, but not as hard as it would be had you
not been doing the push-ups and sit-ups described in chapter 3.
First come the sit-ups. You're going to work your way up to four sets
of 10, and if that doesn't sound like much, hold on. The first set you're
going to do like the ones you were doing before you came to the gym-
with your hands clasped behind your head, your knees bent, and, if
necessary, someone holding down your feet. But with each repetition,
These sit-ups will give you the stomach muscles you want.
The Boxer's Workout 151
you're going to do a slow count of 10 on the "down" end of the sit-up.
That means that after you've touched your head to your knees, you're
going to go back down slowly, get to about the halfway point down, and
stop in that position and hold it for a count of 10. Your back doesn't hit
the floor until you've said "10."
For the other three sets, instead of bending both legs at the knees,
bend your right leg underneath your left leg. And when you go to the
"up" position, twist your body around so that you touch your right el-
bow to your left knee, then your left elbow to your right knee before
you start toward the down position again. Essentially, you're twisting
your upper body to each side with each rep you do. Do 10 like that, in-
cluding the slow count on the down part of the exercise. Then switch
legs. Do the last set the same way. Do these as a regular part of your
workout and you'll have abs like no one's business.
The push-ups are next-your goal is three sets of25, with a rest pe-
riod of 40 to 60 seconds between sets. At this point in the workout, af-
ter all you've put your upper body through, you'll find these hard to do.
152 BOX lIn THE PROS
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Dips and chin-ups round out your callsthenics and give you all the strength you'll need
for the ring,
(And you'll understand why fighters look as cut as they do.) But you'll
do them. To mix things up a bit, try varying the space between your
hands. The wider the distance, the more the exercise will work your
chest. The shorter the distance between your hands, the more they'll
work your triceps. If you want, do one set with your hands very wide
apart, the next with them about half the distance closer together, and
the last set with them very close together.
That's not all, though. In between each set of push-ups, you'll do
10 pull-ups, if there's a pull-up bar in the gym, or 10 dips, if there's a
dipping station. If your gym has both, you alternate-one day pull-ups,
the next day dips. Work yourself up from five repetitions followed by a
40-to-60-second rest before the next set of push-ups. This is all
strength training. You need to be strong and hard in the ring, and this
is what will get you there.
So here's how the last bit of your workout looks, assuming, for ex-
ample, that your gym has just a chin-up bar:
The Boxer's Workout 153
25 good push-ups, with your back straight
10 pull-ups
25 push-ups
10 pull-ups
25 push-ups
10 pull-ups
This floorwork, after all the work you've already done, will be
rough. But do it and you'll see dramatic results very quickly. I'll bet
you've tried exercise programs before in your life and wondered, "Why
isn't this working? I don't look any different." You do these exercises af-
ter everything else you've done and there's no way you won't see a dif-
ference, and fairly quickly.
You're done. Hit the shower. And remember that these are goals. I
wouldn't expect anyone to walk into my gym and be able to do all of
this. This is what you work toward. But take the goals seriously-work
hard, do what you're supposed to do, and do it right. Don't cheat. It
worked for me. This is the workout I did when I was heavyweight
champion of the world. And whether you want to do what I did or just
get in the best shape of your life, it will work for you, too.
Here's a one-week workout plan to get you started. Note that the
"hard" days are Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Those are the days you
push yourself and, if you plan on boxing competitively, the days on
which you spar. Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays are easier days.
Don't push as hard. Don't work to the point of sheer exhaustion on
those days, don't push yourself on every rep until you can't do another
one. Leave a little in the tank. But on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fri-
days, push hard. On the "easy" days, instead of sparring, work the hand
pads or the medicine ball. (If you have a fight coming up, your trainer
might have you spar four or five days a week.) Take Sundays off.
154 BOX LI If THf PHOS
--
--
I
MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY
I (
-
-r

Loosen up: 2 rounds Loosen up: 2 rounds Loosen up: 2 rounds
--
Shadowbox: 2 rounds Shadowbox: 2 rounds
S ....
-
Spar: 2-5 rounds Heavy bag: 3 rounds Spar: 2-5 rounds
Heavy bag: 3 rounds Speed bag: 3 rounds
]
Heavy bag: 3 rounds
-
Speed bag: 3 rounds Hand pads: 3 rounds
I
Speed bag: 3 rounds
-
-
--
Double-end bag: 2 rounds Jump rope: 15 minutes Jump rope: 15 minutes
Jump rope: 15 minutes Calisthenics

---
I
Calisthenics
I
I
""'-- -
Think this work gets you in condition?
The Boxer's Workout 155
THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY
. ~
osen up: 2 rounds Loosen up: 2 rounds r Loosen up: 2 rounds
1
Lo
--- -
!
--
Shadowbox: 2 rounds Shadowbox: 2 rounds Sh adowbox: 2 rounds
Heavy bag: 3 rounds Spar: 2-5 rounds He avy bag: 2 rounds
i
eed bag: 2 rounds
-
'-
d pads: 2 rounds
Speed bag: 3 rounds Heavy bag: 3 rounds
j
--
Medicine ball: 3 rounds· Speed bag: 3 rounds
--
Sp
Han
Double-end bag: 2 rounds Jump rope: 15 minutes
I
Do uble-end bag: 2 rounds
-
Jump rope: 15 minutes Callsthenics mp rope: 15 minutes
--.-f-
-
Callsthenics
I
Call -sthenics
·Working the medicine ball in the ring, with your train er.
10
Your First Time Sparring:
What to Expect
r ~
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1
A
lot of people come to my gym just to work out and get in shape,
with no plans of getting in the ring. That's fine. There's no work-
out like a boxing workout. And for many of the people we train,
that's enough. That's all they want. But for others, it's not enough.
After a while they want something more. They figure they've gotten
in shape. They've learned how to throw the jab and hook. They've
learned how to move and duck and how to hit the bags and the hand
pads. They want to find out what it's like to be in the ring with
someone-for real.
I always can tell which ones it'll be: the ones who watch the spar-
ring that's going on in the ring while they're jumping rope or loosening
up, or even while working the heavy bag. They want to get in there and
try out the moves and punches they've learned. I'm not saying they
want to be fighters-that's a whole different level of commitment. But
they want to see what they can do in the ring. I can't blame them. Af-
}1
Your First Time Sparring 157
ter going through all the other training and getting into shape, why
wouldn't they?
There are also people who come to the gym and from day one they
want to be a prizefighter. And as soon as they get the moves down and
we decide they're ready, they're going to spar. You can't be a fighter un-
less you get in the ring and find out for yourself what it's like in there.
Maybe you'll decide then that you don't want to be a fighter. Maybe
you'll want it more than you did before. Either way, you can't be a star
unless your spar. It's a whole different world inside those ropes-a
world you can't appreciate until you've been in there, catching and
throwing punches.
Whether you want to be the heavyweight champion or just see what
it's like to get in the ring, you're going to experience the same things
the first time you're in there. And they're things you haven't experi-
enced before. It's good to know about them beforehand so that you're
not surprised when they happen. I'm not saying it's guaranteed that
everyone will experience all of these things. Everyone's different. But
chances are good you'll feel a couple of them, so it's good to know what
they are ahead of time.
But first, know this: sparring is a learning exercise. Nobody, at least
at the beginner's level, should be trying to knock anyone out in the
gym. You're in there to learn. If the first time you spar you get the tar
beat out of you, you're in the wrong gym. Go to a different one. Don't
get me wrong-everyone's going to get hit. But if you really get beat up,
it means the trainers aren't doing their job, which is to make sure
everyone learns and that no one gets hurt. That aside, here's what you
need to know and what to expect from your first sparring session.
1. YOU'RE GOING TO GET HIT
It seems obvious, but you need to know it, consciously, before you get
in there and it happens. Most of the people you see on the street every
day have never been hit in the face-not by a slap, not by a punch, not
158 BOX Lln THf PROS
You're going to get hit, but keep your hands up anyway.
by a fist in a leather boxing glove. So be prepared for it. It might hurt
and you might get a little dizzy, depending on how hard you're hit and
where. Depending on your expectation, it's going to hurt a little more
or a little less than you think. It doesn't matter. It's part of the game.
Accept beforehand that it's going to happen and then forget about it.
Your job is to hit the other guy and not let him hit you.
Some people panic the first time they get hit, especially ifit's on the
nose. Others-maybe you-will get mad or emotional. Maybe you'll
lose your temper and want to hit back as quick as you can. That's all
right. It shows you've got a fighter 's instinct to get yours. But one of the
keys to being a good fighter is controlling your emotions and remem-
bering your technique. A lot of boxing is resisting what seems natural.
No one's born knowing how to box. You learn it- every day in that
gym. And what you do on the heavy bag and on the hand pads and
when you're shadowboxing is what you'll do in the ring.
So if, when you get hit, you want to rush your opponent and start
swinging like crazy, like some kid on a playground, resist it. Don't do it.
Your First Time Sparring 159
Slow yourself down. Force yourself to relax. Losing your temper and
swinging wild only makes things worse. Stay calm. Remember your
technique and do your job. Remember-you're in there to learn.
2. YOU'RE GOING TO BE NERVOUS
Most people feel nervous the first time they spar. You won't be the only
one. It's natural. Fighters at the highest level in the sport get nervous
before a fight, and even before sparring. Why? Even though it's just
practice and no one should be trying to hurt anybody, it's still a fight-
though it's at a slower pace because it's practice, and if you get
stunned, there are plenty of people around to make sure you don't get
hurt. But it's still you testing your skills, strength, and speed against
the skills, strength, and speed of the fighter you're sparring with. Even
though it's only practice, it's challenging and exciting. So you'll be anx-
ious. And fear will make you do one of three things in the ring: run like
a rabbit, freeze like a deer in the headlights, or make you fight.
If it helps, remember that you're wearing big headgear. And very big
sparring gloves. Between the headgear and the gloves, there's a lot of
padding between you and your sparring partner's fist. That helps. It
helps, too, to know that, just like in a real boxing match, that nervous-
ness will dissipate, if not disappear altogether, the moment the bell
rings. You'll be so caught up in what's happening between you and the
other guy you won't have time to be nervous. So don't let the anxiety
freak you out or keep you from sparring. Everybody gets it. It's normal,
and even good for you-all that nervous energy is useful when you're
in the ring.
3. YOU'RE GOING TO GET TIRED-VERY TIRED
You probably think that all the roadwork you've done and all the gym
work, all the rounds you've put in on the hand pads and the medicine
ball and everything else, all has gotten you in great shape. You're
160 BOX II KE T H ~ PRO S
right-it has. But it hasn't gotten you in fighting shape. You will use
muscles while you're sparring that you've never used in your life and
won't ever use unless you're in the ring. It doesn't matter if you're run-
ning five miles a day and hitting the heavy bag for 10 rounds. Sparring
is altogether different. You will get tired, probably in the very first
round. You'll get very tired.
It's not just the exertion of sparring that will exhaust you. If you're
like most beginners, you'll be tight. Tense. And that is exhausting.
One of the hardest things for many fighters to learn is to relax in the
ring. It seems silly-why would you relax while you're fighting? But
you have to if you're going to be good at it. Most young, inexperienced
fighters get all worked up in the ring, and they're so tight and tense
they can hardly throw a punch. And all that tension fatigues your
muscles. The way to get the most out of all those rounds and miles
you've put in getting yourself in shape is to make yourself relax in
there. If you can't do that, you're not only fighting your opponent-
you're fighting yourself, too.
Expect to get tired, because you will.
Your First Time Sparring 16 1
Still, whether or not you relax, you're going to get tired. The good
news is that the more you spar, the more you'll condition those mus-
cles, and the more rounds you'll be able to go before you're exhausted.
So don't think you've wasted all those rounds you've put in getting in
shape. You didn't waste them. You had to put them in to get to this
point. And this is where it gets fun.
4. THE PERSON YOU' RE SPARRING WITH
IS GOING TO BE BETTER THAN YOU ARE
When you first start sparring, your trainer will decide who you spar
with. Generally, it won't, and shouldn't, be someone who's got the
same amount of experience as you. If the point of sparring is to learn,
how will you learn from someone who knows about as much as you do?
That's like trying to learn how to ride a bike from someone who's never
done it. He or she will be making the same mistakes you are. That's
why, in the beginning, and really throughout your boxing life, you
Sparring is where you learn. No one gets hurt or beat up.
162 80 X LI lE I H f PRO S
should spar with fighters who are more experienced than you are.
That's how you learn.
The danger is that the fighter you spar with will be so much better
than you are that you might get hurt. And there are fighters out there
who are like that. They don't care if you're there to learn or that you've
never been in the ring before. They just like to beat up on people.
That's where your trainer comes in. He or she knows the fighters in
the gym and who to pair with novices (and who not to). Your trainer
has a responsibility to make sure things work the way they're supposed
to. If he or she doesn't, you know what to do-get out of there and go
to a gym that's better for you.
That aside, accept the fact that your sparring partner knows more
than you do and will do things in there that sometimes make you look
inexperienced and clumsy, which is what you'll be for a while. It's all
part of the learning process. Maybe you'll get a bloody nose or a black
eye. Big deal. Chances are he did, too, the first time he sparred. But he
learned. So will you. Don't let his superiority discourage you. You can
catch up. In fact, stay at it long enough and work hard enough and
you're almost guaranteed to.
5. LANDING PUNCHES ISN'T AS EASY
AS IT LOOKS
In the movies, landing punches is easy. Film fighters land more punches
than they miss. But you'll find out the first time you spar, especially if
you're sparring with someone who's got more experience than you do
(which is who you should be sparring), that landing clean punches is a
matter of speed, timing, balance, and positioning. If you've never been
in the ring but watched lots of fights on television, it's easy to get the
impression that you just get in there and throw punches. That's not
the way it works.
You've never sparred before, so you won't know how to fully use
your speed. You won't understand how timing works-you might be off
Your First Time Sparring 163
Landing ain't as easy at it looks.
balance, and you won't know yet really how to position yourself to land
clean punches. So your punches will be blocked. They'll be slipped or
ducked. If you telegraph them, your sparring partner will beat you to
the punch, so you don't telegraph the next one. Odds are high that
you'll miss many more punches than you land, and you'll find out, too,
that missing makes you tired-more tired than landing does.
Don't get discouraged. You'll land a few punches. When you do,
you'll realize how fun it is and you'll want to do it again. Sparring is
hard work, and sometimes it's painful. But once you do it you'll want to
do it more. And then you'll want to work harder on the fundamentals
on the heavy bag and on the hand pads and the speed bag and when
you're shadowboxing so that you can do better next time. That's what
it's all about. You get in there and learn to do your job. The gym is the
school, and that ring is your classroom.
11
Strategy and Why "Styles
Make Fights"
I
t
I
had the same strategy in every fight: get close and land the left hook.
And keep landing it until my opponent went down. It didn't matter
who I was fighting or what his style was. I had a job to do. I was going
to get the job done. What my opponent wanted to do didn't matter. I
was there to do my job. I knew that if I could do it, I would win. If I
couldn't, I would lose. The great majority of the time, I was able to do
my job. And that's what winning and strategy is about in this game: do-
ing your job and not letting your opponent do his. Sam Langford, the
great nineteenth-century fighter who fought and beat everyone from
welterweights on up to heavyweights, summed up fight strategy this
way: "Whatever your opponent wants to do, don't let him." You can't
put it any better than that.
The way I kept my opponent from doing what he wanted was just to
make sure I did what I wanted to do. And that worked for me, but it
won't work necessarily work for you. Unless you have a very strong, de-
j
Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 165
fined style that most fighters can't deal with, it's best if you're able to
adjust to your opponent's style That leads me to another old boxing
saying: "Box with a slugger and slug with a boxer. " In other words,
don't do what your opponent is good at. Don't fight the kind of fight
he's better at; fight the kind of fight you're better at.
Along those same lines is this old saying: "Styles make fights. " It
means that when everything else is about even, some styles will almost
always give trouble to another type of style. But to understand the way
this works you have to know what the styles are.
Most fighters, to one degree or another, fall into one of three basic
categories: boxer, slugger, or volume puncher. There are variations
within each of these styles, and exceptions to the rules, but generally
those are the three. Some might be boxer-punchers or boxer-
counterpunchers, but most fighters have a single true fighting identity,
and you can always tell what it is eventually because it's the one they
fall back on when they get into trouble in the ring. At any rate, those
are the three: boxer, slugger, volume puncher. Let's look at each of
them.
Boxers are guys like the Butterfly, guys who don't hit real hard but
can move around the ring real well, have long arms to keep you out-
side, and put up a good defense. They're fast , have good stamina (be-
cause they go the full distance a lot), and have good skills. They're not
in it to hurt you. They're just as happy going the full distance, outbox-
ing you and winning a decision.
Sluggers are guys like Big George. Their main strength is their
punching power. They just want to hit you, and if they can, they'll
knock you out. They don't worry about defense or being able to move a
lot, and they don't have great endurance because they get a lot of early
knockouts. They just want to land a few punches, knock you out, and
go home.
I was a combination: slugger and volume puncher: I could knock
down a house with the hook, but I liked to get close and work for three
minutes a round. Volume punchers want to get close, get inside, and
166 BOX LI nTH f PHD S
wear their man down with a steady beating. They need great en-
durance because they lack the power of the sluggers and they have to
get close because they're usually shorter than their opponents are.
(But most of the time they're also faster, because they have to do their
job quickly before their opponent moves or holds.)
Now, here's the rule about the three styles: most things being equal,
boxers do well against sluggers (unless the slugger can catch them);
sluggers do well against volume punchers; and volume punchers do well
against boxers. It's because the strengths of each style intersect with the
weakness of the style opposing it. Put another way, the strengths of the
boxer work well against the weaknesses of the slugger. The strengths of
the slugger work well against the weaknesses of the volume puncher.
And the strengths of the volume puncher work well against the boxer.
What does this have to do with strategy? Everything. If you know
what kind of style does well against another, then you know what you
have to do to do well against an opponent with that style. When you're
trying to decide on a strategy, ask yourself what style your opponent
uses. If you can answer that, you know how to fight him. Here's the
best way to fight each of the three main styles.
T H ~ BOXER
T
he boxer wants to use his legs to move around the ring and keep you
outside.
Against the Boxer
o Get close.
o Throw a lot of punches. Don't worry about them being hard, just
throw a lot.
o "Cut off the ring," meaning you want to trap him along the ropes and
in the corners, where he can't use his legs to outmaneuver you. You
Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 167
do that by moving forward and laterally against him, instead of sim-
ply moving straight at him and following him. When he moves right,
you move forward and to the right, not just forward. When he moves
left, you step forward to the left, not straight forward. This makes
the ring much smaller and puts you closer to him so you can land
your punches.
o Go to the body frequently; that includes the shoulders, chest, any-
thing you can hit. It will slow him down so you can land your shots
to the head later.
o Keep punching. He'll want to clinch when you get inside; don't let
him.
o Jab a lot. A boxer can't get anything done if he can't land his jab,
and he can't if you're landing yours.
Get close to the boxer and trap him on the ropes.
168 BOX lIn THf PROS
THE SLUGGEH
T
he slugger wants to come forward and land punches so he can knock
you out. And he doesn't want to take a long time to do it.
Against the Slugger
o Use your legs, move around the ring, and use your defense. Make
him miss.
o Throw counterpunches; when he misses, make him pay.
o Take him into the later rounds; chances are he'll get tired before you
do, especially if you've made him miss a lot.
o Don't let him get set; every time you see him plant his feet and get
set to punch, step to the side, out of his punching range.
o Throw a lot of jabs and straight punches; they'll keep him off
balance.
Against a bigger puncher, move and use straight, fast punches.
Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 169
TU( VOlUME PUNCHER
T
he volume puncher wants to get close to you and wear you down,
chop you down with constant punching.
Against the Volume Puncher
o Stand your ground. He wants you to back up. Don't do it. If you
have to move, do it in a tight circle in the center of the ring.
o Keep him outside. You do that with a good stiff jab thrown hard, with
your feet planted on the canvas. Use it like a stick. Make him feel it.
o Catch him on the way in. See what he's open for when he gets in-
side. When you find it, let him run into it.
o Stay far away from the ropes and corners.
o If he gets inside, step around to his side and punch.
The volume puncher wants you to back up. Don't do it. Stand your ground.
Again, some fighters don't fit perfectly into any of these roles. You
still have to find out what they're best at and how to combat that. Win-
170 BOX un TH! PROS
ning in boxing is all about doing what you want to and not letting your
opponent do what he wants to.
You might not need to worry about any of this stuff. Maybe you'll turn
out to be like me or the Butterfly or Big George, or like Henry Armstrong
or Rocky Marciano or Willie Pep-guys who could only fight one way
and who were so good at it that it didn't matter that much what style
their opponent used. That's okay, too. If you're good enough at what you
do, that'll work out fine. But it's good to be able to adjust, if you can do it.
FIGHTING SOUTHPAWS
Fighting left-handed fighters is a science all its own, and you have to
know how to do it before you get in there with one. It's completely dif-
ferent from fighting a right-handed fighter. Why? They do everything
backward. Their right foot is forward, not their left. Their power punch
most often comes from the straight left hand, not the straight right.
Their jab is coming from the right, not the left. You're used to antici-
pating jabs and hooks and crosses from the other side. Fighting a
southpaw can be a nightmare unless you know how to do it.
There are two ways to fight a southpaw. If you're a volume puncher
or a fighter who likes to get close and fight on the inside and are good
at it, you're lucky. That's because the best way to negate a southpaw's
advantage is to get so close to him that it doesn't matter how he's
standing. A southpaw has the advantage only on the outside. If you're
nose-to-nose with him, he's just like any other right-handed fighter. So
if that's the way you fight, you can skip the rest of this section.
If you're not that kind of fighter, you shouldn't force yourself to fight
that way just because you've got a southpaw in front of you. There's an-
other way to negate that southpaw advantage. It has to do with where
you put your feet.
Remember, a southpaw's power is usually in his straight left hand.
That's the punch he wants to land. In order for him to land it, he
needs you to be in range for it. That means with your lead foot (your
left foot) inside his lead foot (which is his right). When your feet are in
Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 171
Keep your left foot outside the southpaw's right foot and you'll be fine. Step inside it and
you'll be in trouble.
that position, he can hit you with the straight left (and the right hook),
and at the same time it's hard for you to hit him. You need to keep your
lead foot on the outside of his lead foot. You do that by continually
stepping to your left (his right). So long as your lead foot is on the out-
side of his lead foot, you're out ofrange of his straight left hand, and in
range to land your straight right. (The left hook is also a good punch to
use against southpaws, since their right side is closest to you.)
Now, that may sound easy to do. It isn't. When you get in there and
the punches are flying and the crowd is screaming and you want to just
get in there and punch, it's hard to remember to do something like
that, which isn't natural and which you may not have done before.
You've got to keep your head, relax, remember your training, and do
your job. That's what the pros do. And that holds true for any kind of
fighter you're fighting. A true pro doesn't get crazy the first time some-
thing goes wrong. He remembers his plan, he stays calm, and he does
his job. That's what boxing like a pro is all about.
12
Golden Gloves or White-Collar
Boxing You're Never the Same
I
f you've used this book to get in shape, learn how to fight, and hold
your own in the gym in sparring matches, then you only have one
thing left to do: get in the ring for real. Maybe you don't want to. Maybe
you've gotten in shape and that's all you wanted to do. Or maybe
you've always wanted to learn how to fight so you could defend your-
self if you had to. And you've done that. Or maybe a sparring match is
as far as you wanted to go. And you did that. If you've done everything
you wanted to do, and this book helped you, I'm glad for that. That's
great.
But for some of you, that isn't enough. Maybe you thought it was
when you first got started, but it turned out it wasn't. Maybe when you
were out there doing your roadwork you started shadowboxing and you
felt something. You paid closer attention when you saw fighters spar-
ring in the gym. Maybe you found out there was a reason you wanted to
get in shape, a reason to work out hard and learn the mechanics and
Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 173
spar. To go to the next level. To do something 99 percent of the men in
the world (and a smaller percentage of women) fant asize about doing
but never do. You found out you want to fight. Maybe not as a career,
maybe not for very long, maybe not for more than a couple of fights.
But you want to try it . You want to see what you got inside. Good for
you. This chapter's for you.
YOUR FIRST FIGHT
There are a few ways you can go with your first fight. Here they are.
o Your state's Golden Gloves or Diamond Gloves competition. Each is
held once a year and attracts amateurs from all over the state. You
would enter the sub-novice competition (for boxers with no previous
fights), and with every victory you advance to the next round. A cau-
tion: since the tournament is annual, you'll have to make sure you've
learned enough to be ready by the time the competition starts. For
example, if you've only been sparring a month when the tourney be-
gins, you may want to skip it and wait for the next one. Why? Just
because the fighter you get matched with doesn't have any fights
doesn't mean he or she hasn't been in the gym sparring for nine or 10
months or longer than you have. That fighter will have a big advan-
tage over you and opponents in advancing competitions are usually
chosen randomly. When the tournament opens, there will be no effort
made to match you up evenly, apart from weight class and actual
fight experience. Follow your trainer's advice about when to enter this
kind of competition.
o Local, nonadvancing fight cards, or "smokers. n These are one-night
fights that don't go anywhere. It's not like the Gloves competitions,
where if you win you come back the next week and fight again. It's like
a pro card: one fight. They give you experience and let you know
174 BOX lIU TH[ PROS
where you stand. They're usually held in a high school gym or a VFW
or a Knights of Columbus hall. They're less formal than the advancing
competitions, and more effort is made, to the extent possible, to
match fighters according to their "real" experience, not just their fight
experience. That means if you've been in the gym for six months, your
trainer can try to match you with someone who's been in another gym
about the same amount of time. Do some trainers lie because they
want to get their kid a win? Sure. But if your trainer's been around, he
knows who to trust. And USA Boxing mandates that all amateurs
bring their "pass book" to the cards. (A pass book is a record of all of
a fighter's bouts.) Most amateurs get experience fighting smokers and
then go on to the advancing tournaments, which are more prestigious.
o White-collar boxing shows. If you have no amateur experience, are in
at least your 20s or 30s, and fell in love with boxing almost by acci-
dent, because it got you in great shape, this might be for you. White-
collar boxing is for people who don't have aspirations to win Golden
Gloves titles or get into tournaments. They just want to apply some of
the stuff they've learned in the gym and see what it's like to get in the
ring with an opponent. These bouts aren't sanctioned by USA Boxing
and are more like sparring, but in front of a crowd. That's not to say
they aren't serious; any time you get into a ring with gloves on you
can get a bloody nose or a fat lip or a black eye. The point is, white-
collar boxers are doing it for the experience of having done it, or for
fun, rather than to go somewhere with it. Shows are usually put to-
gether by gym owners, whose clientele Is made up more and more
these days of white-collar boxers.
Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 175
THE FIGHT: BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER
BEFORE
So you've chosen to fight. It doesn't matter what kind of competition it
is-Gloves, smoker, or white-collar-your preparation is the same:
your hard workouts end the week before the fight. If you've worked
hard and done your road work and taken care of business in the prior
months, the hard work is done. The week of the fight you go to the gym
and do your stretching, some shadowboxing, maybe a little work on the
pads and some light floorwork. And light roadwork. No sparring. Some
light bag work-the heavy bag or speed bag.
The last two days before the fight, don't even go to the gym. Stay
home. Relax. If you feel like you have to do something to burn off ex-
cess energy, go for a light run. And stretch and do some shadowboxing.
And don't worry. If you did it right, if you did everything you're sup-
posed to do, you're already in shape. What can hurt you? If you didn't,
it's too late. You can't do anything about it now.
Make sure you get plenty of rest the last two days before the fight.
Go to bed early, which should have been part of your routine all along
anyway. And try to eat more carbohydrates than usual-fruits, pasta,
,
bread-and drink lots of water. You'll need the extra energy during the
fight. And try not to think about the fight. Thinking about it isn't going
to change anything. When it comes, you'll do your job. It's no use
thinking it to death beforehand. On the day of the fight eat a good
breakfast and a light lunch. Then some carbohydrates-again, pasta,
fruits, vegetables-for an early dinner. Dinner should be four or five
hours before you're going to fight. You don't want to have food lying in
your stomach when you're moving around that ring.
Before the fight, you'll weigh in and get matched with an opponent
if you haven't been matched up with someone already. (Note: some-
times you'll go to a one-night card hoping to get matched against
176 BOX UKf T H ~ PROS
someone and it won't happen. There won't be another fighter at your
experience level in your weight class; or the other trainer won't want
his kid going against you; or your trainer won't like the only other
fighter available. It happens, and you should be prepared for it. It's not
like the pros, where you sign a contract beforehand to fight a certain
guy.) You'll get a physical from the doctor- blood pressure, vision test,
a visual once-over to look for recent abrasions or bruises. Then you'll
wait. And wait. And wait.
The waiting is maybe the hardest part of fighting. Depending on
what kind of show you're on, you could wait a long time in the locker
room. Some Golden Gloves shows feature 15 or 16 bouts in one night.
If you're in a heavier weight class and it's early in the tournament, you
might wait three or four hours before you go on, since the fighters have
to get there well before the card even starts.
Use the time to your advantage. Take a nap. If you can't sleep, read.
If you can't do either, the things you turn over in your mind should in-
volve your fight plan and your training. Go back over the last couple of
months to all the things you did to get ready for this night; the road-
work, the sparring, the ftoorwork, all the rounds on the pads and the
bags. If you did it right, there's a lot to look back on. Use those memo-
ries to confirm that you did everything right, all the things you were
supposed to do to get ready for a fight. We've said a couple of times in
here that there's no magic wand on fight night that makes everything
all right. Either you prepared right for it or you didn't. If you did, this is
the time to remind yourself of it.
As your time to fight gets closer, you're going to get nervous. Maybe
more nervous than you've ever been. Don't let it get you down. Just
about every fighter in the history of the sport got nervous before fight-
ing. From Joe Louis to Sugar Ray Robinson to Mike Tyson, whoever.
Doesn't matter how big and bad they are. Fighters get nervous. Not
about getting hurt, but about performing badly or being embarrassed.
Either way, expect it and deal with it. Don't be ashamed by it. Someone
once said that courage isn't the absence offear, it's acting in spite of it.
Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 177
Now, you might be one of those very rare fighters who don't get ner-
vous. If that's you, great. But if you're like the rest of us, welcome the
nerves and the extra energy they'll give you.
As your fight time gets near, you'll get in your cup and trunks and
headgear and your trainer will wrap your hands. You'll start to warm
up-stretch, shadowbox, maybe hit the pads. Warming up is impor-
tant, especially in an amateur fight. You only have three rounds to get
done all you need to, so you don't want to be cold going in there. You
don't have time to warm up once the fight has started. Get a light sweat
going in the locker room and stay warm until you're called to go into
the ring.
Walking from the locker room to the ring-the ring walk-can be
overwhelming. You walk out in front of that crowd and see the ring all
lit up under the lights and you recognize that in another minute you'll
be up there in that ring in front of the judges with their pencils and in
front of all those faces. And all the eyes in the house will be on you.
Depending on your temperament, that's either scary or great. You'll
hear the people in the crowd, too, as you walk to the ring, saying dif-
ferent things-some encouraging, some not. Right there is when you
learn to ignore the crowd. You've got a job to do, so remember that 99
percent of those guys in the crowd have never been in a ring, never
even tied on a pair of gloves. Forget them. You just think about doing
your job.
DURING
Once you're in the ring, you'll block out the crowd without even trying.
The referee will come over to check your headgear to make sure it's
USA Boxing-approved, and check that you're wearing a mouthpiece
and a protective cup. The announcer will introduce you and your op-
ponent to the crowd, then the referee will call the two of you together
to the center of the ring to go over the rules. Some guys like to use this
178 80 X II nTH [ PRO S
time to stare down the other guy. Try to scare him. Big George liked to
do that. It's to get some sort of psychological advantage. If you want to
do it, fine. It's not important, if you ask me. What's important is what
happens when the punches start fiying, not before. Anyway, after the
instructions you'll go back to your corner to wait for the opening bell.
That minute right before the first bell, while you're standing in your
corner ready to go, will be like nothing you've ever experienced. Prob-
ably nothing will ever come close. You're there. You can't turn and run
out of the ring. You have to do what you came to do-what you pre-
pared to do all that time in the gym and on the road. It's right there.
This is where you challenge yourself, and where you ask and answer
questions you have about yourself that can't be asked and in
any other way. Then the bell rings.
What you might notice right away is that you're not nervous any-
more. For a lot of fighters, the nerves go away as soon as the bell
rings-then it's just like sparring in the gym. (For others, it takes the
first landed punch.) But then you notice the difference between spar-
ring with 16-ounce gloves and big, oversized headgear, and using
Your nerves will go away as soon as the bell the first time you get hit.
Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 179
eight- or IQ-ounce gloves with competition headgear: you can move
your hands and your head a lot faster and you can feel the blows more
in your fist than you did in sparring. Your punches land harder. The
bad news is, so do your opponent's. But that's okay-remember that
you're in there to do what you want to do: hit and not get hit. If you do
what you want to do, he can't do what he wants to do.
Because of all the adrenaline and excitement, you might get the
urge to go right at your opponent and start punching nonstop. That's
okay so long as you're under control when you do it. If you go out
swinging wildly, it's like you don't know how to box, like you're just in
some street fight. All the training you've done goes out the window.
What you want to do is box under control. Relax. Remember your
technique and the fundamentals: hands up, chin down, eyes on your
opponent, and on balance. See the punches coming. Roll under them.
Slip them. Counter. Feint. Stay calm. Use your jab. And do your job.
You might notice this, too, but maybe not until after the fight: when
you're fighting, and you're in shape and completely focused physically
and mentally, you don't even feel your opponent's punches. You recog-
You're here to do your job. Get in there and work.
180 HO X II nTH [ PRO S
nize that you're getting hit, but you don't feel it. There were times
when I'd fight and win and afterward I'd be thinking that guy never
even hit me, then I'd look in the mirror and see that I had a scratch or
swelling somewhere and think, "How'd that happen?"
The time between rounds is important. Your trainer uses that time
to tell you the things he noticed during the round that you need to do
or do better, or weaknesses he sees in your opponent. With all the ex-
citement, it's easy to not listen to him. But listen to him. Concentrate
on what he's saying, and then go out there and execute.
If you hurt your opponent, go after him, but with caution. This ain't
sparring. You're in there to win. But your opponent is dangerous when
he's hurt because he wants to survive. If you hurt him, go hard to his
body to bring them hands down, and when they come down, bring
your power upstairs. Think about what you're doing and relax. If he
tries to clinch and hold, don't let him- keep circling and turning him
so he can't get hold of you, and no matter what, keep punching. You
got a man hurt in the ring, and it's your obligation to finish him off. If
you don't, he could come back to hurt you.
If you get hurt, get close to your opponent, try to clinch. The ref-
eree will break you quick, and if your head is still buzzing, either clinch
again or get on your legs and move. Or, if that's not you, stand there
and wait for him to come in to finish you off-and when he tries it, let
your best punch go. Fighters with not a lot of experience tend to get
crazy when they smell a knockout. They leave themselves open. If
you've got a good punch and your opponent is wild, let him come in
and blast him.
The biggest thing in a three-round fight is to keep punching. Let
your hands go. A lot of fighters, the first few times they're in there,
they're afraid they'll get tired so they conserve their energy. They act
like they're going 15 rounds. It's only three rounds. If you did every-
thing you were supposed to in the gym and on the road, you can go
three hard rounds. It's harder than doing three rounds in the gym on
account of all the tension and excitement- that tires you out quicker.
Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 18 1
Don't worry about getting tired. If you worked hard in the gym, let those hands
go.
But so long as you worked hard in the gym, you can go three hard
rounds. What you did in the gym you can do in the fight. If you didn't
throw punches in the gym, don't expect to be able to in the fight. But if
you did, let those hands go. Pace yourself, be smart, but throw
punches. Nobody ever won a fight sitting on his hands. At the final bell,
you don't want any energy left. You want to leave it all in the ring,
where it belongs. That's what you trained for and what you're in there
for. So don't be afraid of getting tired. Punch.
AFTER
If you were in shape, you won't be able to believe how fast it went. And
if you fought hard and did the best you could do and laid it all out there
like a real fighter, you don't need to hang your head even if you don't
win. It doesn't matter whether it was a Golden Gloves fight or white-
collar, just fighting is something you should be proud of and that you'll
182 BOX 1I K[ T H f PRO S
remember the rest of your life. You're a member of an exclusive club.
Lots of people in this world like to think they're tough and like to think
they're fighters. They're not. Unless they've been in that ring throwing
leather and trading punches, they have no idea what it's like. But now
you do. And win or lose, you're never the same person again. You were
a fighter for one night, and not many can say that.
If you win, that's great. What you do next is up to you. If you lose,
that's okay, too. If you plan on fighting again, take what you learned
from the loss back to the gym and correct it. Your trainer will let you
know exactly what went wrong and how you can keep it from happen-
ing again. The important thing, if you're going to fight again, is not to
let a loss discourage you. Learn from it. Move on. Be better next time.
That's what fighters do.
If you're not going to fight again, if you just wanted to see what it
was like, hold on to the memory. But don't be surprised if after a little
while you get that itch to get back in the ring again. That's the funny
thing about boxing; it gets in your blood and it's hard to get out. You fall
in love with it, as hard as it is. You walk around shadowboxingjust out
Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 183
of habit, and when you get out of shape you miss what it feels like to be
in shape.
But maybe it won't work that way for you. Maybe one time will be
enough. If that's the way it turns out, that's okay. You were a fighter for
a night. That's a lot more than most people can say. You'll always know
you didn't just think about doing it. You did it. And no one can ever
take that away from you.
APPENDIX I : Directory of Boxing
Gyms in the United States
This directory was compiled using a variety of sources and includes "au-
thentic" boxing gyms as well as fitness centers that offer boxing training
programs. It's a good working list of gyms throughout the United States,
but like any other business, boxing gyms and fitness clubs go out of busi-
ness and close down, or relocate. Because a gym appears on this list
doesn't necessarily mean it will be there when you try to make contact.
Conversely, there may be a gym in your area that does not appear on this
list. Good sources to consult when looking for a gym are your local Police
Athletic League, your state's Athletic Commission, the local phone book,
the Internet, and the sports section of your local newspaper.
ALABAMA
Champions Boxing & Fitness, 742 Shades Mountain Plaza, Birmingham
(205) 444-0075
Southside Boxing Academy, 1580 Tampa Dr., Mobile (334) 478-1152
Capital City Boxing, Inc., 1063 Bell St. , Montgomery (334) 272-0317
Faith Boxing Team, 1931 Highland Ave., Montgomery (334) 832-4845
ALASKA
Anchorage Amateur Boxing Club, Anchorage (907) 529-7057
Polaris Athletic Club, 11901 Industry Way, Anchorage (907) 345-6658
Champs Boxing, 2520 Roland Rd., Fairbanks (907) 452-8269
Fairbanks Amateur Boxing Inc., 276 LeAnn, Fairbanks (907) 456-4269
186 Appendix I
ARIZONA
Chandler Blue Corner Boxing Club, 85 E. Frye Rd., Chandler (480) 963-
8960
Chandler Precision Fitness Center, 6170 W Chandler Blvd., Chandler
(480) 786-3062
Phoenix Police Athletic League (PAL), 23424 N. 42nd Dr., Glendale
Arizona Boxing, 1837 W Guadalupe Rd., Mesa (480) 345-1243
East Valley Boxing Club, 1315 E. Millett, Mesa (602) 962-8114
Maxie's Boxing, 1931 W 2nd PI., Mesa (602) 962-4646
Riddell Boxing Club, 1854 S. Hill, Mesa (602) 507-8309
Carbajal's 9th Steet Gym, 914 E. Filmore, Phoenix (602) 256-2779
Hard Knocks Gym, 2540 N. 35th Ave., Phoenix (602) 493-1567
Knockout Boxing Club, 2529 W Jackson, Phoenix (602) 499-4779
Prescott Police Athletic League (PAL), 407 Prescott Heights, Phoenix
(520) 717-0641
Rodriquez Boxing Club, 1350 W Roosevelt St., Phoenix (602) 256-2103
Warriors Boxing Club, 329 N. 29th Ave., Phoenix (602) 445-0740
Willy's Boxing Studio, 2842 W Montecito Ave., Phoenix (602) 864-6384
San Luis PAL Boxing Gym, 729 2nd St., San Luis (928) 627-2088
Club Sar, 4415 N. Hayden Rd. , Scottsdale (480) 312-2669
Scottsdale Athletics and Recreation, 4415 N. Hayden Rd., Scottsdale
Figueroa's Boxing Club, 518 Hegge Dr., Sierra Vista (520) 452-8719
lrongloves Boxing, 1425 E. University Dr. #109, Tempe (480) 777-9170
Team Stone-Hard Boxing, 1301 E. University Dr., Tempe (602) 751-0030
Aztlan Boxing Club, 3615 E. 27th St., Tucson (520) 323-2053
CALIFORNIA
Roseville PAL Boxing Club, 5222 Westridge Ave., Auburn (916) 782-7444
The Big Bear Kronk Training Center, 42118 Big Bear Blvd., Big Bear Lake
Coachella Valley Boxing Club, 51301 Douma St., Coachella (760) 398-
5514
Concord Youth Center/Sullenger Boxing, 2241 Galaxy Ct., Concord (925)
671-7070
LA Boxing Club, 2380 Newport Blvd., Costa Mesa (949) 722-3533
Tommy's Gym, 1638 PlacentiaAve., Costa Mesa (949) 631-7303
El Centro Police Athletic League, 1100 N. 4th St., El Centro (760) 337-
4577
Appendix I 18 7
D.S. Karate School of the Arts & Boxing Gym, 20613 Mission Blvd., Hay-
ward (510) 317-8825
Beach Boxing Works, 307 Pacific Coast Hwy., Hermosa Beach (310) 376-
1602
Huntington Beach L.A. Boxing, 808 E. Adams Ave., Huntington Beach
(714) 374-0040
La Habra Boxing Club, 343 Hillcrest St., La Habra (562) 690-4559
The Boxing Club, 7712 Fay Ave., La Jolla (858) 456-2269
D G Boxing, 5660 E. Pacific Coast Hwy., Long Beach (562) 986-9421
Long Beach PAL, 1401 W 9th St., Long Beach
Project KO Boxing Gym, 615 W Pacific Coast Hwy., Long Beach (562)
987-4313
Williams Boxing Gym, 1780 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., Long Beach
(562) 218-0411
Broadway Boxing Gym, 10730 S. Broadway, Los Angeles (323) 755-9016
City of Commerce Boxing, 1466 S. McDonnell Ave., Los Angeles (323)
263-2688
Hollywood Boxing Gym, 1551 N. La Brea Ave., Los Angeles (800) 427-
3263
LA Boxing & Fitness Club, 333 W Washington Blvd., Los Angeles (213)
748-1957
Oscar De La Hoya Boxing Youth Center, 1114 S. Lorena St., Los Angeles
(323) 263-4542
Shadow Boxing, 7416 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles (323) 549-3903
Wild Card Boxing Club, 1123 Vine St., Los Angeles (323) 461-4170
Bad to the Bonz Boxing Club, 1830 Clayton, Suite 6, Modesto (209) 303-
7942
Modesto Police Boxing, 1541 10th St. , Modesto (209) 544-3651
Northridge Athletic Club, 10211 Balboa Blvd., Northridge (818) 993-
3696
East Oakland Boxing Association, 816 98th Ave., Oakland (510) 569-
7808
King's Boxing Gym, 843 35th Ave., Oakland (510) 261-2199
Boxing 2000,396 W Chapman Ave., Orange (714) 771-0665
Boys & Girls Club Boxing, 1900 W 5th St., Oxnard
La Colonia Gym, 520 E. 1st St., Oxnard
The Boxing Club, 4190 Mission Blvd., Pacific Beach (858) 490-2269
188 Appendix I
Fist of Gold Boxing, 350 N. Garey Ave., Pomona
Boys & Girls Club Boxing, 590 E. Pleasant Valley Rd., Port Hueneme
Gladiators Gym, Redwood City (650) 207-8513
The Warzone Boxing Club, 12391 Sampson Ave., Riverside (951) 735-
5014
Rodeo Bay Area Boxing Gym, 532 1st St., Rodeo (510) 245-8369
Niavaroni's Kickboxing and Boxing, 1725 Santa Clara Dr., Roseville (916)
782-4757
The Boxing Club, 4164 Convoy St., San Diego (858) 576-9509
The Boxing Club, 3165 Rosecrans St., San Diego (619) 224-2269
Top 10 Boxing, 8670 Miramar Rd., San Diego (858) 549-4050
3rd Street Gym, 2576 3rd St., San Francisco (415) 550-8269
Johnson's Boxing & Kickboxing, 122 W Mission St., Santa Barbara (805)
569-9034
PAL Boxing Gym, 1840 Benton St., Santa Clara (408) 261-2173
Double Punches Boxing Club, 3281 Dutton Ave., Santa Rosa (707) 586-
2448
Mine Boxing Gym, 4034 N. Cordoba Ave., Spring Valley (619) 670-1983
Fear No Man Boxing Club, Stockton (209) 462-5822
Boxing Club, 18527 Burbank Blvd., Tarzana (818) 345-8200
Tulare Athletic Boxing Club, 0 St. and O'Neal St., Tulare (559) 905-
8933
North County Boxing Club, 515 S. Santa Fe Ave., Vista (760) 724-7585
COLORADO
Front Range Boxing Academy, Pearl St., Boulder (303) 546-9747
Aztlanecos Boxing Club, 3555 Pecos St. , Denver (303) 433-8469
Cox-Lyle Red Shield Boxing Program, 2915 High St., Denver (303) 295-
2107
SIV Boxing Club, 361 Batterson St., Monte Vista (719) 852-2170
Delgado Boxing & Martial Arts Center, 8105 W 44th Ave., Wheat Ridge
(303) 432-8994
CONNECTICUT
Amateur BOxing Association Inc., 522 Cottage Grove Rd., Bloomfield
(860) 243-0891
M&P Boxing Club, 73 Brown St., Bloomfield (860) 242-2591
Appendix I 189
Bridgeport Police Athletic League (PAL), 5 King St., Bridgeport (860)
576-7604
KO Boxing Club and Training Facility, 177 Park Ave., East Hartford (860)
528-5656
Macy's Gym, PO Box 170,222 Flanders Rd., East Lyme (860) 739-6214
Charter Oak Amateur Boxing Academy & Youth Development, 48 Enfield
St., Hartford (860) 524-1857
Hartford Police Athletic League (PAL), 50 Jennings Rd., Hartford (860)
527-6300
Manchester Police Athletic League (PAL), 384 W Middle Turnpike, Man-
chester (860) 645-6261
Silver City Boxing Club, 14 Railroad Ave., Meriden (203) 686-1639
Beat the Street East Coast Boxing Gym, 66 St. Claire Ave., New Britain
(860) 826-1521
Ring One Boxing, 845 Congress Ave., New Haven (203) 787-1200
John Harris Boxing Club, Flax Hill Rd., Norwalk (203) 838-6456
Northwest Amateur Boxing Inc., Water St., Torrington (860) 567-8902
Waterbury Police Athletic League (PAL), 1298 N. Main St., Waterbury
(860) 756-5070
Waterford Athletic Center, 82 Boston Post Rd., Waterford (860) 447-2464
Charter Oak Amateur Boxing & Youth Development, 503 Quaker Ln. S.,
West Hartford (860) 233-3043
Windham Boxing Club, 842 Main St., Willimantic (860) 423-0545
DELAWARE
Delaware Boxing & Wrestling, 861 Silver Lake Blvd., Dover (302) 739-
4522
Elsmere Boxing & Youth Center, 8 Hadco Rd., Wilmington (302) 998-6022
FLORIDA
9th Street Boxing Gym, 846 SE 9th St., Cape Coral (239) 574-7223
Gerrit's Leprechaun BOxing, 3465 NW 2nd Ave., Coral Gables (305) 573-
3082
D.S. 1 Fitness, 714 S. Federal Hwy., Dania (954) 921-1486
Fort Walton Beach Boxing Club, 15 Carson Dr., Fort Walton Beach (850)
833-9582
Warrior's Boxing Gym, 4151 N. State Road 7, Hollywood (954) 985-1155
190 Appendix I
USA Training Center, 8195 N. Lake and 10th Street, Lake Park (561)
842-9559
University Boxing Gym, 1415 University Blvd., Melbourne (321) 723-8704
Warring's World Champion Kickboxing & Boxing, 13260 SW 120th St.,
Miami (305) 235-4496
Normandy Boxing Gym, 1145 71st St., Miami Beach (305) 865-8570
South Florida BOxing, 715 Washington Ave., Miami Beach (305) 672-8262
Orlando Amateur Boxing and Fitness Center, 924 W Amelia St., Orlando
South Florida Boxing, 12425 Taft St., Pembroke Pines (954) 436-6656
Absolute Boxing and Fitness, 2341 Porter Lake Drive, Unit 201, Sarasota
(941) 302-4181
Calta's Fitness & Boxing Gym, 4913 W Waters Ave., Tampa (813) 884-
2947
GEORGIA
Atlanta Art of Boxing Center, 96 Linden Ave., Atlanta (404) 870-8444
Augusta Boxing Club, 1929 Walton Way, Augusta (706) 733-7533
Contender Boxing Club, 5026 Georgia Highway 120, Buchanan (770)
646-7011
Anatomy 5000 Fitness Center, 4855 Old National Hwy., College Park
(404) 209-9995
House of Champions Boxing Gym, 1154 Talbotton Rd., Columbus (334)
291-2990
The Columbus Blazers Boxing Club, 1152 11th Ave. and Cusseta Rd.,
Columbus (706) 322-7051
Doraville Boxing Club, 3688 King Ave., Doraville (770) 457-0003
Total Package Boxing Gym, 5848 Bankhead Hwy., Douglasville (770) 489-
9100
World Class Boxing Club, Inc., 202 S. Lee St. , Highway 17, Kingsland
(912) 673-8445
larrells Boxing Gym, 103 N. Fahm St., Savannah (912) 447-0607
12th Round Boxing Gym, 2427 N. Atlanta Rd., Smyrna (770) 434-8585
Knights Boxing Team International, 2350 Ventura Rd. SE, Smyma (770)
432-3632
Center Court Boxing Club, 5639 Memorial Dr., Stone Mountain (404)
508-5363
Appendix I 191
ILLINOIS
Twin City Boxing, 1 Yount Dr., Bloomington (309) 287-3839
Hamlin Park Boxing Club, 3034 N. Hoyne, Chicago (312) 742-7785
JABB Boxing Gym, 410 N. Oakley, Chicago (312) 733-5222
O'Malley's Boxing Club, 6648 S. Troy, Chicago (773) 434-6700
Windy City Boxing Club, 4401 W Ogden Ave., Chicago (773) 277-4091
Elgin BOxing Club, 1080 E. Chicago St., Elgin (847) 888-1989
Coliseum Fitness, 10714 N. 2nd St. , Machesney Park (815) 877-7600
Pug's Boxing Gym, 1518 W Algonquin Rd., Palatine (847) 359-7847
INDIANA
Evansville Boxing Club, 4118 Meadowridge Rd., Evansville (812) 424-
4208
City Destroyers BOxing Club, 7800 S. Anthony Blvd., Fort Wayne (219)
447-4063
Indianapolis Boxing Club, 1644 Roosevelt, Indianapolis (800) 647-9334
Sarge Johnson Boxing Center, 2420 E. Riverside Dr., Indianapolis (317)
327-7222
Kokomo Firedragons Boxing Club, 116Y2 Union St, Kokomo
Northside Amateur Boxing School, 3206 State Route 262, Rising Sun
(812) 438-4333
IOWA
Iowa State University Boxing Club, 100 Alumni Hall, Ames (515) 232-
8179
KENTUCKY
Shamrock Boxing Inc., 811 Madison Ave., Covington (859) 581-3066
Central Kentucky Boxing, 630 S. Broadway, Lexington (606) 266-3122
Glenn Ford's Fitness Center, 1812 Oxford Circle, Lexington (859) 252-
5121
Alumni Boxing Club/Metro PAL Boxing Club, 3461 Cane Run Rd.,
Louisville (502) 776-3943
Metro Alumni Boxing Club, 2252 7th Street Rd., Louisville (502) 635-1961
West Kentucky Boxing, 888 Poor Farm Rd., Murray (270) 753-7981
Mayfield's Boxing Gym, By Pass Rd., Pikeville (606) 432-0100
192 Appendix I
LOUISIANA
IFA Boxing Club, 13934 Alba Dr., Baker (504) 774-6203
Boot Camp Boxing Club, 500 Jesse Stone, Baton Rouge (225) 344-9688
Russell Jones Kickboxing & Boxing, 7104 Antioch Rd., Baton Rouge (225)
752-5885
Magic City Boxing Club, 1141 Avenue K, Bogalusa (504) 735-6470
Fist City Boxing Club, 1518 Cox St., Bossier City (318) 631-0515
Cajun Country Boxing Club, 1153 Highway 358, Church Point (318) 543-
6156
Lafayette Northside Boxing Club, 201 Dunand St., Lafayette (318) 235-
4502
Ragin Cajun Amateur Boxing Club, 3601 Johnston St., Lafayette (337)
991-0233
Lake Charles Boxing Club, 1221 Illinois St., Lake Charles
Minden Boxing Club, 100 Recreation Dr., Minden (318) 371-4235
West Monroe Boxing Club, 128 Oak Circle, Monroe (318) 345-2797
North Street Boxing Club, 620 Ben Dr., Natchitoches (318) 357-1435
Iberia Boxing Club, 115 Sante Ines, New Iberia (318) 367-7143
G.O.W Boxing Club, 4514 Freret St., New Orleans
Neutral Corner Gym, 1005 Magazine St., New Orleans (504) 523-3340
MAINE
Biddeford Southern Maine Boxing Club, 11 Adams St., Biddeford (207)
284-0593
Portland Boxing Club, 158 Capisic St., Portland (207) 761-0975
MARYLAND
Brooklyn Boxing Club, 433 E. Patapsco Ave., Baltimore (410) 354-9360
Honeycombe Boxing Club, Trenton St., Baltimore (410) 727-3690
Loch Raven Boxing Club, 1801 Glen Keith Blvd., Baltimore (410) 661-8722
Midtown Boxing Club, 3500 Parkdale Ave., Baltimore (410) 298-0501
Hillcrest Gym, 4004 23rd Pky., Hillcrest Heights
Sugar Ray Leonard Boxing Gym, 7707 Barlowe Rd., Hyattsville (301)
386-5888
Charles M. Mooney Jr. Academy of Boxing Inc., 8750-8-C Cherry Lane,
Laurel (301) 725-0302
Laurel Boys and Girls Club, 701 Montgomery St., Laurel (301) 490-1268
Appendix I 193
Owings Mills Boxing Club, 9621 Reisterstown Rd., Reisterstown (410)
526-0518
Maryland Boxing Club, Inc., 12372 Howard Lodge Dr., Sykesville (443)
277-2256
MASSACHUSETTS
Beacon Hill Cardio Boxing Club, 261 Friend St., Boston (617) 367-2699
Boston City Gym, 542 Commonwealth Ave., Boston (617) 536-4008
Cappiello Brothers Boxing/Champion Athletic Club, 1147 Main St.,
Brockton (508) 583-4303
Round One Boxing Club Inc., 28 Petronelli Way, Brockton (508) 580-
4486
Haverhill Boxing Club, 14 Stevens St., Haverhill (978) 374-3100
Leominster Boxing Club, 17 Marguerite Ave., Leominster (978) 537-
7833
West End Gym, 900 Lawrence St., Lowell (978) 937-0184
Lynn Boxing Club, 168 Broad St., Lynn (781) 595-6117
New Bedford Recreation Boxing Club, 360 Coggeshall St., New Bedford
(508) 992-4517
Pittsfield Boxing Club, 205 West St., Pittsfield (413) 499-1623
South Shore PAL, 1452 Hancock St., Quincy (617) 472-8489
Saugus Tomasello BOxing Club, PO Box 1434, Saugus (781) 233-4141
Somerville BOxing, Somerville (617) 628-3066
Uptown Boxing Gym, 40 West St., Southbridge (508) 765-7831
South End Community Center, 29 Howard St., Springfield (413) 788-6174
Boston Boxing Club, 125 Walnut St., Watertown (617) 972-1711
Bishop's Boxing and Fitness, 319 Manley St., West Bridgewater (508)
559-2611
Ionic Boys and Girls Club, 2 Ionic Ave., Worchester (508) 753-3377
MICHIGAN
University of Michigan Men's Boxing Club, Sports Coliseum, Hill & 5th,
Ann Arbor (734) 930-3246
Kickboxing & BOxing Fitness Co., 230 W. Maple Rd., Birmingham (248)
362-3777
Dearborn Sports & Boxing, 12727 Warren, Dearborn (313) 584-2937
Considine Boxing Team, 8094 Woodward, Detroit (313) 876-0131
194 Appendix I
Cooper's Boxing and Kickboxing Gym, 16849 Warren Ave., Detroit (313)
581-5085
Detroit Boxing Gym, 8615 Puritan, Detroit
Kronk Gym, 5555 McGraw St., Detroit (313) 532-6971
Joe Byrd Boxing Academy, 3830 Corunna Rd., Flint (810) 238-2886
Pride Boxing Gym, 2021 S. Division Ave., Grand Rapids (616) 249-8166
Crown Boxing Club, 1010 Ballard St., Lansing (517) 482-7696
Doyle's Boxing Gym, 58883 Grand River Ave., New Hudson (248) 266-
6050
Owosso Boxing Club, 2154 E. Johnstone Rd., Owosso
Azteca Boxing Gym, 195 W Montcalm St., Pontiac (248) 332-6514
New Champions Boxing Gym, 25448 Five Mile Rd., Redford
Challengers Gym, Irving St., Sterling Heights (586) 939-1097
Bow-Tie Boxing Club, 3000 Racquet Club Dr., Traverse City (231) 922-
8943
Trigger Boxing Club, 1777 S. Garfield Ave., Traverse City (231) 933-7050
Loredo's Athletic Club, 6750 Orchard Lake Rd., West Bloomfield (248)
932-5810
Banisters Boxing Gym, 7770 Cooley Lake Rd., White Lake (248) 366-7300
MINNESOTA
Leech Lake Boxing, Veterans Memorial Center, Cass Lake (218) 335-
7034
Horton's Gym, 1401 99th Ave. W, Duluth (218) 3105200
Fergus Falls Boxing, 328 W 7th St., Fergus Falls (218) 739-4522
Circle of Discipline, Lake St., Minneapolis (612) 721-1549
Uppercut Boxing Gym, 1324 Quincy St., Minneapolis (612) 822-1964
4th Street Gym, 615 1st Ave. Sw, Rochester (507) 288-7458
St. Cloud Boxing & Wrestling Club, 220 7th Ave. S., St. Cloud (320) 654-
0202
MISSISSIPPI
Biloxi Boxing Club, 233 Kuhn St., Biloxi (228) 374-8113
Miller's Boxing Club, 1800 College St., Columbus (601) 327-5014
Little Rock Boxing Club, Route 1 Box 126, Dekalb (601) 743-2704
Camp Kern Boxing, 12787 Shuck Rd., Enterprise
Forest Boxing Club, 3004 Highway 21, Forest (601) 469-2587
Appendix I 195
Hattiesburg Boxing Club, 206 New Orleans St. , Hattiesburg (601) 584-
6393
East Central Boxing Club, 12500 B. John Williams Rd., Pascagoula (228)
475-0949
MISSOURI
Combat Sports Fitness Academy, 2850 SW Highway 40, Blue Springs
(816) 224-8920
Hannibal Boxing Club, 301 Collier St., Hannibal (573) 231-0745
East Side Boxing Club, 1510 Prospect Ave., Kansas City (816) 241-0200
City of Berkeley Boxing Facility, 6124 Madison Ave., St. Louis (314) 524-
5359
St. Louis Metro BOxing, 3460 Hampton Ave., St. Louis (314) 351-8214
Trenton Boxing Club, 1509 Nicholos, Trenton (660) 359-5126
Lincoln County Youth Boxing, 430 Main St. , Troy (636) 528-2621
NEBRASKA
Downtown Boxing Club, 312 S. 24th St. , Omaha (402) 341-6071
Pit Boxing Club, 2104 Military Ave., Omaha (402) 551-5566
North Omaha Boxing Club, 6005 Maple, Omaha (402) 551-1121
NEVADA
Golden Gloves Gym, 1602 Gragson Ave. , Las Vegas (702) 649-3535
Johnny Tocco's Ringside Gym, 9 W Charleston, Las Vegas (702) 383-
8651
R. B. Phillips Boxing Club, 8000 Ryans Reef Ln., Las Vegas (702) 254-
5004
Top Rank Gym, 3041 Business Ln., Las Vegas
Richard Steel Boxing Gym, 7485 Commercial Way Henderson, North Las
Vegas (702) 566-4081
Reno Azteca Boxing Gym, 1701 Valley Rd. , Reno
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Berlin Boxing Club, 177 Main St., Berlin (603) 752-2255
Jesse Cowan's Main Street Gym, 177 Main St., Berlin (603) 752-2255
Dover Boxing Club, Dover Recreation 6 Washington St. , Dover (603)
516-6420
196 Appendix I
Murphy's Kickboxing & Boxing, 55 S. Commercial St., Manchester (603)
623-6066
Queen City Boxing Gym, 21 W. Auburn St., Manchester (603) 647-0700
Newport Boxing Club, 65 Belknap Ave., Newport (603) 863-4360
NEW JERSEY
Police Athletic League of Bergen County, 284 Hackensack Avenue, Hack-
ensack (201)-342 5900
Howell PAL Boxing, West Farms Road, Howell (732) 938-9219
Mo Better Boxing Squad, 33 Myrtle Ave., Irvington (973) 399-3900
Long Branch Police Athletic League (PAL), 344 Broadway, Long Branch
(732) 571-5681
Middletown Boxing Club, State Highway 35, Middletown (732) 957-
9494
New Brunswick Boxing Gym, 121 Jersey Ave., New Brunswick (732) 846-
1406
Ike's Boxing Gym, 98 Park Ave., Paterson (973) 881-9723
Bergen County Boxing, 111 Spring St., Ramsey (201) 236-9510
South River Knights of Columbus Boxing Club, 88 Jackson St., South
River (732) 390-8600
Union City Boxing Club, 906 Palisade Ave., Union City
Vineland Police Athletic League (PAL), 111 N. 6th St., Vineland (856)
563-5387
Joe T's Gym, Fitness & Boxing Center, 798 Woodlane Rd., Westampton
(609) 265-7050
NEW MEXICO
Albuquerque North Side Boxing, 1128 2nd St., Albuquerque (505) 244-
6609
Babylon Boxing Club, 5909 Central NE, Albuquerque (505) 304-8356
Burque 505 Boxing Club, 7601 Keith Ct., Albuquerque (505) 877-4566
Esquibel's Boxing Team, 1100 Santa Fe SW, Albuquerque (505) 247-
2082
Henry's Golden Gloves Gym, 2320 Esequiel Rd. SW; Albuquerque (505)
877-5185
Jack Candelaria Community Center, 400 SE San Jose St., Albuquerque
(505) 848-1324
Appendix I 197
Northside Boxing Club, 1180 Alvarado SE, Albuquerque (505) 462-2567
Bloornfield Boys & Girls PAL Boxing, 225 West Main St., Bloornfield (505)
632-0123
11th Street Boxing Club, 2200 11th St., Farmington (505) 327-1752
Warrior Boxing Club, 309 E. 28th #223, Farmington (505) 326-6256
Las Cruces PAL Boxing Club, 700 N. Solano Dr., Las Cruces (505) 526-
6690
Villa BOxing Club, 767 Parker, Las Cruces (505) 642-5051
Las Vegas Boxing Club, 1203 Railroad, Las Vegas (505) 425-7621
Rio Rancho Boxing Club, 830 Ivory Ct. SE, Rio Rancho (505) 892-9209
NEW YORK
Schott's Boxing & Fitness, III Wolf Rd., Albany (518) 459-3903
Five Star Boxing, 19 Mead Ave., Beacon (845) 831-8684
Bronxchester Boxing Club, 2222 Cincinnatus Ave., Bronx (212) 828-
2420
Morris Park Boxing Club, 644 Morris Park Ave., Bronx (718) 823-6600
Strong Brothers Fists of Steel Boxing Club, 2926 W 25th St., Brooklyn
(718) 996-6822
Gleason's Gym Inc., 75 Front St., Brooklyn (718) 797-2872
New Bed Stuy Boxing Center Inc., 275 Marcus Garvey Blvd., Brooklyn
(718) 574-9614
Lackawanna Community Boxing Club, 725 Ridge Rd., Buffalo (716) 823
4195
American Academy of Self-Defense, 1919 Deer Park Ave., Deer Park
(631) 667-5001
Garden City Powerhouse Gym, 635 South St., Garden City (516) 745-
5709
Huntington Station Academy of Boxing for Women, 2077 New York Ave.,
Huntington Station (631) 673-3520
Warrior Boxing, 230 E. 53rd St., New York (212) 752-3810
Church Street Boxing Gym, 25 Park Place, New York (212) 571-1333
McBumeyYMCA, 125 W 14th St., New York (212) 741-9210
Waterfront Boxing Club, Inc., 44 New St., New York (212) 344-5656
Trinity Boxing Club, New York, 110 Greenwich St., New York (212) 374-
9393
Syracuse Boxing Club, 386 N. Midler Ave., Syracuse
198 Appendix I
New York BOxing Gym, 578 Nepperhan Ave., Yonkers (914) 375-9256
Yonkers Police Athletic League (PAL), 127 N. Broadway, Yonkers
NORTH CAROLINA
Don Turner Inc., 345 Cowell Loop Rd., Bayboro (252) 745-5910
Charlotte Boxing Academy, 407 E. 36th St., Charlotte (704) 372-0140
Durham School of Boxing, 715 E. Geer St., Durham (919) 667-0942
Inner City Youth & Boxing Center, 1212 Angier Ave., Durham (919) 667-
1410
Team USNWorld Class Boxing Club, 4711-A High Point Rd., Greens-
boro
Jamestown World Fitness Center, 707 W Main St., Jamestown (336) 454-
0627
Don Turner Inc., 976 Jo Jane Rd., Oriental (252) 249-2002
NBS Gym, 622 Capital Blvd., Raleigh (919) 821-7800
Raleigh Boxing Club, 7109 Old Wake Forest Rd., Raleigh (919) 872-
3147
Southport Boxing Center, 113 N. Rhett St., Southport (910) 457-1170
South Mountains Gym, 9195 N. Highway 10, Vale (704) 276-3599
Wilmington Boxing & Fitness, 602 N. 4th St., Wilmington (910) 341-
7872
NORTH DAKOTA
Boxing Inc., YMCA 215 7th St. N., Grand Forks (701) 775-2586
Minot Boxing Club, University Ave, Grand Forks (701) 838-9645
OHIO
Good Shepards Boxing Club, 245 Gale St., Akron (330) 384-0533
Advanced Fitness & Boxing, Bethel Center (614) 844-5658
Samson's Boxing Gym Inc., 1480 Pearl Rd., Brunswick (330) 220-2142
Golden Glove Boxing, 10660 Reading Rd., Cincinnati (513) 563-8787
Northside Boxing Club, 9651 Hamilton Ave., Cincinnati (513) 931-0278
Queen City Boxing Club, 1027 Linn St., Cincinnati (513) 721-1018
Spears Amateur Boxing & Kickboxing Tae Kwon Do School, 7505 Hamil-
ton Ave., Cincinnati (513) 729-1700
Denison Ave Boxing Club, 1700 Denison Ave., Cleveland (216) 749-3666
Giachetti's Athletic Club, 4264 Fulton Rd., Cleveland (216) 398-5305
Appendix I 199
Marciano's Boxing Gym, W 25th & ClarkAve., Cleveland (216) 696-0145
Police Athletic League, Broadway BOxing Gym, 6304 Broadway Ave.,
Cleveland (216) 441-5210
Columbus Boxing & Kick BOxing for Fitness, 6655 Singletree Dr., Colum-
bus (614) 841-9586
Douglas Rec Center, 1250 Windsor Ave., Columbus (614) 645-7407
Thompson Rec Center, 1189 Dennison Ave., Columbus (614) 645-3082
Lancaster Community Youth League, 1941 W Fair Ave. , Lancaster (740)
653-2696
Southern Ohio Boxing, 2010 Charles St., Portsmouth (740) 858-2584
PAL of Zanesville, 804 Pine St., Zanesville (740) 450-8245
OKLAHOMA
Lawton Kickboxing & Boxing Center, 423 CAve., Lawton (580) 248-
7544
Stillwater Boxing Club, 3207 Fawn St., Stillwater (405) 624-9002
PENNSYLVANIA
Boxing Outreach, 113 S. McKean St. , Butler (724) 283-9888
Carlisle BOxing/Carlisle YMCA, 311 S. West St. , Carlisle (717) 944-
5763
Bizzarro's Boxing Gym, 5614 Peach St., Erie (814) 864-2142
Hanover Boxing Club, 28 Baltimore St., Hanover (717) 632-6009
Nyes Gym, 1130 Marshall Ave., Lancaster (717) 299-9650
West Shore Boxing Club, 43 E. Locust St. , Mechanicsburg (717) 697-
2941
Harrowgate Boxing Club Inc., 1920 E. Venango St., Philadelphia (215)
744-5503
Jack Costello Boxing Club, 4900 Longshore Ave., Philadelphia (215) 332-
3553
James Shuler Memorial Boxing, 750 N. Brooklyn St, Philadelphia (215)
662-5665
Joe Frazier's Gym, 2917 N. Broad St., Philadelphia (215) 221-
5303
Joe Hand Boxing Gym, 7 Rittner St. , Philadelphia (215) 271-4263
Mantis School of BOxing, 4522 Baltimore Ave., Philadelphia (215) 662-
0773
2 00 Appendix I
Shepard Rec Center, 5700 Haverford Ave., Philadelphia (215) 685-1992
King's Boxing Gym, 440 Elm St., Reading (610) 375-4915
Irish Boxing Club, 900 Providence Rd., Scranton (570) 655-9797
Upper Darby Boxing Club, 7241 W Chester Pike, Upper Darby (610)
352-0998
Left Jab Boxing Club, 112 Rosehill Ave., West Grove (610) 345-0292
RHODE ISLAND
Phantom Boxing Club, 26 Chandler St., North Providence (401) 231-
7378
B&F Boxing Gym, 210 Dexter St., Pawtucket
Providence Fitness Boxing, 725 Branch Ave., Providence (401) 354-5728
Rhode Island Boxing, 708 East Ave., Warwick (401) 823-3770
Warwick Boxing Gym, 751 W Shore Rd., Warwick
Manfredo's Gym, 179 Conant St., Pantucket (401) 723-1359
SOUTH DAKOTA
Champions Choice Boxing, 804 Lawrence St., Belle Fourche (605) 723-
6858
Siouxland Amateur Boxing, 1829 E. 34th St. N., Sioux Falls (605) 332-
8877
TENNESSEE
Bristol Boxing Training Gym, 204 Essex Dr., Bluff City (423) 538-9383
Blalock International Martial Arts & Boxing Academy, 3613 Ringgold Rd.,
Chattanooga (423) 622-5159
Red Bank Boxing Club, 612 Timber Ridge Dr., Hixson (423) 877-4113
Jackson Boxing Club, 221 Sycamore St., Jackson (901) 424-0301
O1's Gym, 103 Irby St., Jackson
Cummins Station Fitness Center, 209 10th Ave. S., Nashville (615) 777-
3838
Knockout Fitness, 427 8th Ave. S., Nashville (615) 255-1359
Nash-Vegas Boxing Gym, 1201 Dickerson Pike, Nashville (615) 226-6262
TEXAS
The Gym, 2922 Galleria, Arlington (817) 640-5085
Barns Boxing Gym, 4707 Harmon Ave., Austin (512) 458-9996
Appendix I 201
Richard Lord's BOxing Gym, 5400 N. Lamar Blvd., Austin (512) 451-
8424
Bridgeport Lions Boxing Club, 102 Cates St. , Bridgeport (940) 683-
5832
Brownsville Amateur Boxing Club, 3407 Burton Dr., Brownsville (956)
541-7848
Flying Leather Boxing Club, 2107 Balboa Dr., Dallas (214) 943-0910
Dallas PAL Boxing Gym, 8028 Ferguson Rd., Dallas (214) 328-8880
10th Street Gym, 2120 W 10th St., Dallas (972) 873-4403
White Collar BOxinglKickboxing & Karate, 15615 Preston Rd., Dallas
(972) 851-5656
The Boxing Gym, 908 W Chapin St., Edinburg (956) 384-2359
L & A Executive Boxing, 4564 DOniphan, El Paso (915) 422-0121
Armadillo Boxing Gym, 7525 Camp Bowie W, Fort Worth (817) 925-
7092
Diamond Hill Boxing Gym, 1701 NE 36th St. , Fort Worth (817) 625-
1525
Eagle Boxing Gym, 717 B. Main St., Garland (972) 272-5273
Garland Police Boxing Gym, 101 S. 9th St., Garland (972) 205-3825
Gatesville Boxing Club, 104 State School Rd., Gatesville (254) 223-
0250
Lee Canalito BOxing Gym, 2214 Walker St., Houston (713) 236-0400
Greenspoint BOxing Gym, 17557 Imperial Valley Dr., Houston (281) 873-
8600
Main Street BOxing Gym, 1716 Clay St., Houston (713) 951-9716
Prince Boxing Gym, 3030 Jensen Dr., Houston (713) 227-0548
George Foreman Youth Center, 2202 Loan Ark Rd., Houston
Curtis Cokes Boxing Gym, 145 W Main St., Italy (972) 483-3000
J&T Boxing Club, 4015 Veterans Memorial Way, Killen (254) 616-5075
Kingsville 12th Street Gym, 525 S. 12th St. , Kingsville (361) 728-3955
Orange Boxing Gym, 1806 West Decker, Orange (409) 883-0631
El Torito Boxing Club, 1704 Blanco Rd., San Antonio (210) 733-5665
Joe Souza's Gym, 319 W Travis St., San Antonio
Ramos Boxing Team, 522 Moursund Blvd., San Antonio (210) 928-0224
Uvalde PAL Boxing Club, 105 E. South St., Uvalde (210) 278-8906
2 0 2 Appendix I
VERMONT
Better Bodies Health Club, 132 Granger St., Rutland (802) 775-6565
Bantam Boxing Club, 1881 Willis ton Rd., South Burlington (802) 238-
5421
VIRGINIA
Contender's BOxing Training & Fitness, Chantilly (703) 378-1255
Madison Square Boxing, 206 B North Union Street, Danville (434) 432-
3646
Falls Church BOxing Gym & School, 1120 W Broad St., Falls Church
(703) 237-0057
Citywide Boxing Club, 1401 Overbrook Rd., Richmond (804) 358-0251
Staunton Boxing Club, 902 Jackson St. , Staunton (540) 885-3438
Ringside Boxing Gym, 3707 Virginia Beach Blvd., Virginia Beach (757)
486-7872
WASHINGTON
Kenmore Square BOxing Club, 7818 NE Bothell Way, Bothell (425) 481-
5020
South Everett Boxing Club, South Everett Community Center, 7600 Cas-
cade Dr., Everett
Contender's Boxing Gym, Kennewick (509) 585-8863
Bumble Bee Boxing Club, 3800 S. Othello St., Seattle (206) 725-2432
Cappy's on Union Boxing Gym, 1408 22nd Ave., Seattle (206) 322-6410
Hillman City BOxing Gym, 5601 Rainier Ave. S., Seattle (206) 722-3239
South Park Boxing Gym, 10010 Des Moines Way S., Seattle (206) 763-7525
Spokane Boxing and Martial Arts, 1826 E. Sprague Ave., Spokane (509)
217-0731
Triple A BOxing Club, 5003 N. Powell, Spokane (509) 226-5153
WASHINGTON, D.C.
Downtown Boxing Club, 1101 F St., NW, 4th floor (202) 332-0012
WISCONSIN
Chub's Gym, Janesville (608) 758-0320
Duke Roufus Boxing & Kickboxing Gym, 111 W Virginia St., Milwaukee
(414) 319-1151
Appe ndix I 2 0 3
Medina Gym, 240 Cutler St., Waukesha (262) 524-9799
Corvinos BOxing Club, 1109 McCleary St., Wausau (715) 848-5494
WYOMING
Triple Dragon Martial Arts and Boxing, 138 S. Kimball St., Casper (307)
234-8249
APPENDIX 11: Additional Resources
BOOKS
Smokin' foe : The Autobiography, by Joe Frazier and Phil Berger (Macrnil-
lan, 1996)
The Ring: Boxing in the 20th Century, by Steve Farhood and Stanley We-
ston (BDD Illustrated Books, 1993)
The Illustrated History of Boxing, by Harry Mullan (Hamlyn Publishing
Group, 1987)
The Boxing Register: The International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record
Book, by James Roberts and Alexander Skutt (McBooks Press, 1997)
The Ultimate Encyclopedia of BoXing, by Harry Mullan (Carlton Books,
1996)
Ghosts of Manila: The Fatal Blood Feud Between Muhammad Ali and foe
Frazier, by Mark Kram (HarperCollins, 2001)
GYM /TRAINING EQUIPMENT
Everlast (everlastboxing.com)
Title Boxing (titleboxing.com)
9th Street Gym (9thstreetgym.com)
BigFitness.com
Century Boxing Equipment (mycenturygym.com)
Ringside (ringside. corn)
The Sports Authority (TheSportsAuthority.com)
PERIODICALS/WEBSITES
The Ring, KO, World Boxing, and Boxing Yearly magazines (London Pub-
lishing, Butler, PA)
Appendix 11 205
The Ring Almanac and Book of Facts (published yearly by London Pub-
lishing)
Maxboxing.com
Fightnews.com
Boxingranks.com
IBHOF.com (International Boxing Hall of Fame)
HBO.com/boxing
ESPN.com/boxing
Boxrec.com
USAboxing.org
secondsout.com
Sho.com/boxing
VIDEOS
Champions Forever
Greatest Fights of the 70s
foe Frazier-Sports Legend
The Greatest Philadelphia Athletes Ever
When We Were Kings
Index
Page numbers in italics refer to
photographs.
Ali, Muhammad, xiv-xv, 13-16,
15,19,22,97,122,130,
165, 171
amateur boxing, see boxing,
amateur
Angott, Sammy, 10
Arguello, Alexis, 16
arm punches, 94
Armstrong, Henry ("Homicide
Hank"), xii, 7-8, 46, 147,
170
Association of Boxing
Commissions, 32, 36
bag gloves, 67
balance, 85-88, 85-87, 94
bantam weight, 28, 29, 34
bareknuckling, 1-2, 22
Basilio, Carmen, 9, 12
bench press, 46
Benitez, Wilfred, 16, 17
Benton, George, 21
Berbick, Trevor, 16, 18
Big George, see Foreman, George
black heavyweight title, 4
blocking, 111-13, 113-14
body punches, counterpunching
for, 127
Bonavena, Oscar, 15
Bowe, Riddick, 19,20
boxers, 165-67, 167
strategy against, 166-67
boxing:
amateur, 23-31, 172-83
basic mechanics of, 80-88
fight strategies in, 164-71
first experience in, 172-84
208 Index
boxing: (cont. )
history of, 1-22
and organized crime, 8-9
personal fighting style in,
164-71
politics in, 9- 10
professional, 32-37
race in, 4, 5, 9-10
resiliency of, 3, 22
rules of, 23- 37
television and, 11-14
women's, 29, 34
Boxing Hall of Fame, 140
Braddock, J ames J. , 9
breast protector, 30, 34
Broughton, John, 2
Broughton's Rules, 2
Bugner, Joe, 15, 130
Burley, Charley, 11
Burns, Tommy, 4
Butterfly, see Ali, Muhammad
calisthenics, 45-50
in workout, 150-53, 154-55
Canzoneri, Tony, 7
Carbo, Frankie, 9
carbohydrates, 51, 175
Carpentier, Georges, 6
Cerdan, Marcel, 11
Cervantes, Antonio, 16
Chambers, John Graham, 2
champions, multiple, xv, 21
championship fights, 34
Charles, Ezzard, 11, 12
Chavez, Julio Cesar, 17, 20
chest protectors, 30, 34
chin, position of, xiii, 83- 84,83
Clay, Classius, see Ali,
Muhammad
clean punching, 36
clinching, 120-22, 121, 180
combination punches:
double left hook, 107
left jab, right cross, left hook,
107- 8, 108
left jab, straight right hand,
105- 6, 105
right uppercut, left hook,
106- 7, 106
Conn, Billy, 10, 11
converted southpaws, 81
Cooper, Bert, 19
Corbett, "Gentleman" Jim, 3
Corbett, Young, 4
corners, 30
counter jab, 124- 25, 125
counter roll and hook, 126-27,
127
counter punching, 82, 122-29
to the body, 129
for body punch, 127- 28, 128
for jab, 124-25, 125
right hand over jab, 123-24,
124
for roll and hook, 126-27, 127
for uppercut, 125-26,126
counter uppercut, 125-26, 126
Creed of Joe Frazier's Gym, xii,
xii
Cribb, Tom, 2
cruiserweight, 34
Cummings, Jumbo, 16
defense, 37,111-29
moves to avoid in, 122
De La Hoya, Oscar, 20-21
DeMarco, Tony, 12
Dempsey, Jack, xi, xii, 6-7, 22, 46
Dempsey, Jack (the Nonpareil), 3
Diamond Gloves, 173
diet, 50-51
before a fight, 175
disqualification, 33
double-end bags, 52, 74-75, 74
in workout, 142-44,143,
154-55
Douglas, Buster, 18, 19
Douglas, John Sholto, 2
d u c ~ n g , Ill, 116-18, 117
Duran, Roberto, 16, 17
Durham, Yank, 130
Index 209
effective aggression, 36
Ellis, Jimmy, xiv, 14, 15, 140
equipment, 58-79
for amateurs, 30
for professionals, 34
exercise, see physical training
experience levels:
amateur, 29, 173-74
professional, 34
eyes, on opponent, 84-85
fatigue, 159-61, 160, 180-81
featherweight, 28, 29, 34
feet, position of, 85-88, 85-87
for fighting southpaws, 170-71,
171
feinting, 109-10
Figg, James, 2
"Fight of the Century, The," 14
fight preparation, 175-77
fights, nonadvancing, see
smokers
Firpo, Luis Angel, 6
fist, 91
Fitzsimmons, Bob, 3-4
fixed fights, 5, 8-9
flexibility, 39, 41
floorwork, see calisthenics
flyweight, 28, 29, 33
focusing, 177-80
21 0 Index
follow-through, 94
footwear, 34, 40, 65, 68
Foreman, George (Big George),
xiv, 15, 19,94, 130, 165,
170,178
Foster, Bob, 13, 14, 140
fouls:
amateur, 24, 25-28
intentional, 32
professional, 32-33
unintentional, 32-33
Fox, Billy, 8
Frazier, Marvis, xi, 17, 19-20,
45-46,81
Fullmer, Gene, 12
Futch, Eddie, 19, 130
Gans, Joe ("The Old Master"), 5
Gardner, George, 4
Gavilan, Kid, 12
gloves, 67
for amateurs, 30
bag, 67
heavy-bag, 67
for professionals, 33
for sparring, 79
speed-bag, 67
Golden Gloves, 173, 175, 176, 181
Graziano, Rocky, 9, 11
Greb, Harry, 7
Griffith, Emile, 13
groin protectors, 30
gym(s), 52-57
atmosphere of, xii
credentials of, 55- 57
elements of, 53-54
health clubs vs., 52-53, 57
philosophy of Joe Frazier's,
xi-xvi
gym bags, 58
Hagler, Marvin (Marvelous
Marvin),17
hand mitts, 67
hand pads, 76-78, 77
in workout, 140-42, 141,
154-55
hands, position of, 81-83, 82
handwraps, 59-65, 60-65, 90,
131-32, 132
head, position of, xiii
headgear, 30, 34, 69, 78
Hearns, Thomas, 17
heavy-bag gloves, 67
heavy bags, 70-72, 70, 71
in workout, 136-38, 137,
134-55
heavyweight, 29, 34
"hitting on the break," 24
holding, see clinching
Holmes, Larry, 15- 17, 19
Holyfield, Evander, 19, 20
Hopkins, Bernard, 21
Horton Law, 3
injuries, 32, 55-56
International BOxing Club (IBC),
9
International Boxing Federation
(IBF),18
jab, 91-93,92-93,97,102-3
to body, 104
counterpunching for, 123-24,
124-25
"lazy" left, 123
for southpaws, 170
see also combination punches
jackson, john, 2
jeanette, joe, 4
jeffries, james ]., 4
jofre, Eder, 13
jogging, see road work
johansson, Ingemar, 12, 13
johnson, Harold, 13
johnson,jack,xii,3,4,5-6,46
jones, Roy, 21
judging, see scoring
jump ropes, 68-70, 69
sizing of, 69
in workout, 148-50, 148,
154-55
Index 211
junior bantamweight, 33
junior featherweight, 34
junior lightweight, 34
junior middleweight, 34
junior Olympic class, 29
junior welterweight, 34
junk food, 50
Ketchel, Stanley, 5-6
King, Don, 18
knockdown, 35-36
knockout, 37, 180
technical, 31
LaMotta, jake, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
Langford, Sam, 4
left hook, 96-99, 98-99, 102-3,
171
to body, 104
in counterpunching, 126-27,
127
double, 107
see also combination
punches
left jab, right cross, left hook,
107-8, 108
legs, position of, 86
Leonard, Benny, 7
Leonard, Sugar Ray, 17
leverage, 94
212 Index
Lewis, Lennox, 20
light bantamweight, 29
light flyweight, 28, 29, 33
light heavyweight, 28, 29, 34
light middleweight, 29
lightweight, 28, 29, 34
light welterweight, 28, 29
Liston, Sonny, 13
London Prize Ring Rules, 2
"Long Count" battle, 7
loosening up, 132-33, 154-55
Louis,joe,xi,xii, 7, 9-10,11,14,
46,94,147,176
low blows, 24, 35
Lyle, Ron, 15
Mace, jem, 2
McGovern, "Terrible" Terry, 3,
4-5
McLarnin, jimmy, 7
McVey, Sam, 4
Managers Guild, 9
mandatory eight count, 30, 35
Mann Act, 4
Marciano, Rocky, xii, 10, 11-12,
22,94,147,170
Marquis of Queensbury Rules, 2,
3
Marshall, Lloyd, 11
Masters division, 29
Mathis, Buster, 14
Maxim, joey, 12
medicine balls, 67, 75, 77
in workout, 144-48, 144-47,
155
Mendoza, Daniel, 2
mental conditioning, xiii, 41,
158,175-77,182
middleweight, 28, 29, 34
mini flyweight, 33
Molineaux, Tom, 2
Monzon, Carlos, 16
Moore, Archie, 12, 21
Moorer, Michael, 19
Mosley, Shane, 20-21
mouthpieces, 24, 30, 34, 65- 66,
177
Muhammad, Matthew Saad, 17
Napoles, jose, 13
nervousness, 159, 176-78,178
New York State Athletic
Commission, 14
no-decisions, 5
Norris, jim, 8-9
Norton, Ken, 15
novice class, 29
Olivares, Ruben, 13, 16
one-two punch, 94
see also combination punches
open class, 29
Ortiz, Carlos, 13
Palermo, Blinky, 8-9
Paret, Benny, 13
pass books, 174
Pastrano, Willie, 13
Patterson, Floyd, 12, 13, 15
penalties, see fouls
Pep, Willie, xii, 9, 10- 11, 170
Perez, Lulu, 9
Philadelphia, Pa., xi
physicals, 176
physical training:
before a fight, 175
preparatory, 38-51
workout, l30-55
pinweight, 29
protective cups, 30, 34, 66-67,
69, 177
protein, 51
Pryor, Aaron, 17
psychological advantage, 178-80
pull-ups, 152-53, 152
punches:
arm, 94
blocking, 81-83, 82
body, 103-4
combination, 104-10
jab, 91-9,92-93, 97, 102-3
landing, 31, 162-63, 163
Index 213
left hook, 96-99, 98-99,
102-3, 104, 107, 126-27,
127
offensive, 89-110
recovering from, 180
right hook, 170-71
rules for, 102-3
straight left hand, 170-71
straight right hand, 93-96,
9 5 - 9 ~ 102-3,104,171
uppercut, 99-102, 101-2
weight vs. number of, 35
punch mitts, see hand pads
purring, 2
push-ups, 46-49,47-48
in workout, 151-52, 151,153
Quarry, Jerry, 14, 130
referees, 32, 36
referee's count, 30
reflex bags, 53
see also double-end bags
Respect, Rules for, xii, xiv
rest, 175-76
right cross, see straight right
hand punch
right hand over the jab, 123-24,
124
right hook, 170-71
214 Index
ring generalship, 37
roadwork, 39-41
Robinson, Sugar Ray, 8, 9, 10-11,
12,46,94,176
Rodriguez, Luis, 13
rolling, 111, 118-20, 119
rolling the bag, 138-40
Roosevelt, Theodore, 3
Ross, Barney, 7
rounds:
in amateur fights, 29
in professional fights, 34
rules:
for amateurs, 24-25, 25-28,
30-31
for professionals, 32-33, 35-37
Rules for Respect, xii, xiv
"Rumble in the Jungle, The," 16
running, see roadwork
Saddler, Sandy, 10-11, 147
Sanchez, Salvador, 17
"saved by the bell," 31, 35
Schmeling, Max, 9, 14
scoring, 23-37
amateur, 31
amateur vs. professional, 35
professional, 35-37
subjectivity in, 37
Senate subcommittee
investigation, 8-9, 12-13
shadowboxing, in workout,
133-34, 134, 154-55
Shavers, Earnie, 15
shorts, 34
shoulders, position of, 85
sit-ups, 49-50, 49
in workout, 150-51, 150
slipping, 111, 114-16, 115
Smith, Al, 5
sluggers, 165-66, 168, 168
smokers, 173-75
solar plexis punch, 3
southpaws, 81
strategies against, 170-71
sparring, 55
first experience with, 156-63
getting hit in, 157-59, 158
nervousness in, 159
in workout, 134-36, 135,
154-55
sparring gloves, 79
sparring partners, 161-62, 161
speed-bag gloves, 67
speed bags, 72-73, 72, 73
in workout, 138-40, 139,
154-55
speed ropes, 68
Spinks, Leon, 16, 17
Spinks, Michael, 17
stamina, 39
standing eight count, 31
straight left hand punch, 170-71
straight right hand punch,
93-96,95-96,102-3,171
to body, 104
see also combination punches
strategies, 164-71
against boxers, 166-67, 167
against sluggers, 168, 168
against southpaws, 170-71
against volume punchers,
169-70, 169
strength, 39, 45-46
stre'tching, 41-45, 42-44
styles, personal fighting, 165-70
boxers, 165-67, 167
sluggers, 168, 168
volume punchers, 169-70, 169
sub-novice class, 29, 173
Sullivan, John L., 2-3
super heavyweight, 29
super middleweight, 34
Symonds, joe, 7
Taylor, Meldrick, 20
technical decision, 33
technical draw, 33
technical knockout, 31
"10-point must," 35-36
Ten Power Punches for Life, xii,
xiii
tension, 160
three-knockdown rule, 35
Index 215
"Thrilla in Manila," 15
Tiger, Dick, 13
titles, 21-22
Toney, james, 21
trainers, 54-57
role in ring of, 180
trainer-to-fighter ratio, 54-55
Trinidad, Felix, 20
Tunney, Gene, 6-7
Tyson, Mike, 17-20, 176
uppercut, 99-102, 101-2
counterpunching for, 125-26,
126
right, 102-3, 102
see also combination
punches
uppercut bags, 75-76
USA Boxing, 23, 174, 177
volume punchers, 165-66,
169-70, 169
and southpaws, 170
strategy against, 169
Walcott, jersey joe, 11
Walker, Mickey ("the Toy
Bulldog"), 7
Walker Law, 5
216 Index
warming up:
before a fight, 177
see also loosening up
warnings, 24
weigh in, 175
weight classes, 3, 18
amateur, 28-29, 30, 173
professional, 33-34
weight training, 45-46
welterweight, 28, 29, 34
Whitaker, Pernell, 21
white collar boxing shows,
174-75
Wilde, Jimmy, 7
Willard, Jess, 4, 6
Williams, Holman, 11
Williams, Ike, 9
workout, 130-55
one week plan for, 153-55,
154-55
World Boxing Association (WBA),
14
World Boxing Council (WBC), 18
wrists, support for, 90
Young, Jimmy, 15
Zale, Tony, 11
Smokin' Joe Frazier shares the same training techniques and tips that he used
in his hall-of-fame career to go 32-4-1 with 27 knockouts. Don't look for Joe
to go easy on you; this is old-school fitness. You'll sweat, you'll go to the wall
and beyond, but if you want to learn how to box the right way and be more fit
than you ever imagined possible this is the book for you.
YOU DON'T NEED: YOU DO NEED:
• An expensive health club • Heart
• A complicated diet
• Soul
• Hi-tech equipment • Commitment

You'll also learn about boxing's long and colorful history, the rules of the
ring, and how fights are scored. You get the basics of offense and defense, a
step-by-step fighter's workout, a directory of boxing gyms, and much more.
Box Like the Pros cuts through all the bull and shows you how it's done.
Smokin' Joe Frazier was an Olympic gold medalist and the world heavyweight champion for
three years. His three epic battles with Muhammad AIi-the last of which was the famed "Thrilla in
Manila"-are legendary. He's a memberofthe International Boxing Hall of Fame and author of Smokin'
Joe: The Autobiography. He currently trains fighters at the world-famous Joe Frazier's Gym in home-
town of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Wllliam Dettloff is the senior writer for The Ring magazine
and boxing columnist for HBO.com. He lives in Allentown, Pennsylvania.
"Frazier knows prizefighting and breaks it down to its·fundamentals
in this practical primeF-." -Larry Merchant, HBO Sports
Cover design by Jean-Marc Troadec for Mucca Design
Cover photograph by Tony Triolol Sports Illustrated
(:::: Collins
An Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers
www.harpercollins.com
Visit www.AuthorTracker.coIll for exclusivc
information on your Lworitc HarpcrCollins authors.
Sports & RCCl·cation/Boxing
ISBN-13 : 978-0-06-081773-2 .
9

BOX lIK~
TH~ PROS

BOX LIK~ TH~ PHOS
Joe Frazier
with William Dettloff

(:::: ColIins
An Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers

New York. All rights reserved.BOX LIK E TH E PROS. FIRST EDITION Designed by Nicola Ferguson Cover photo courtesy of Neil Leifer and Sports Illustrated. HarperCollins books may be purchased for educational. business. All photos in last chapter courtesy of Mike Greenhill. For information address HarperCollins Publishers. All gym photos by Webster Riddick. NY 10022. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data ISBN-10: 0-06-081773-9 ISBN-1 3: 978-0-06-081773-2 05 06 07 08 09 WBC/QWF 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ~ . For information please write: Special Markets Department. or sales promotional use. HarperCollins Publishers. New York. NY 10022. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. Copyright © 2005 by Joe Frazier with William Dettloff. Printed in the United States of America. 10 East 53rd Street. 10 East 53rd Street.

and to granddad. And to Kim. We're all products of God and of the people who made us. I owe everything to them. for teaching me how to fight. their forefathers. -Joe Frazier To Danny. the people we came from. I was just a product of those guys. -Bill Dettloff . They got the job done. I don't take credit. for teaching me everything else. I didn't make me.To my daddy and my momma for making me who I am. my momma and daddy did. It wasn't me. They weren't anything but righteous and straight. all the way back. And to the ones who came before them.

My thanks. And a special thanks to my fans and to all the guys I fought and who made me a better fighter. Also thanks to Bill Dettloff for putting it all down and to our editor at HarperCollins. to Joe Louis. and George Benton. and to Eddie Futch and Milton Bailey. and trainers Val Colbert and Tony Hicks.Acknowledgments My thanks to my team at Joe Frazier's Gym in Philadelphia: my son Marvis. and who is an even better man than he was a fighter. Thanks to my entire family. and a better man . too. who taught me all the things I'm sharing with you now in this book. Matthew Benjamin. a better athlete. Thanks to the late Yank Durham. two of the best coaches in the business. arid our agent. who both have passed on. a great trainer who was a real good heavyweight in his own right. my original trainer. my boyhood hero and inspiration. and to my longtime friend and photographer Webster Riddick for taking the pictures. all of whom helped make me the fighter I was. . Richard Henshaw. to Les Wolff for helping pull this thing together.

and Staying on Balance 80 7 It's a Hurtin' Business: The Basics of Offense 89 8 You Don't Have to Take One to Give One: The Basics of Defense 111 9 1 0 11 The Boxer's Workout: Better to Hurt Now Than Later 130 Your First Time Sparring: What to Expect 156 Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 164 . and How to Use Them 58 6 Building the Foundation: Hands up. What They're for. Eyes on Your Opponent.Contents Introduction xi 1 The Fight Game: A History 1 Protect Yourself at All Times: The Rules of the Ring 23 Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the GymYou'll Be Glad You Did 38 Next Steps: How to Pick the Right Gym and the Right 2 3 4 5 Trainer 52 Tools of the Trade: What They Are. Chin down.

x Contents 12 Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing-You're Never the Same 172 Appendix I: Directory of Boxing Gyms in the United States 185 Appendix 11: Additional Resources 204 Index 207 .

Introduction

It's about time I wrote this book. I've been wanting to for a while. I've been saying for years that guys in the fight game have to start giving back. In my day, and in the days of Joe Louis and Jack Dempsey, champions gave back. Sometime, somewhere down the line, there were always guys involved in the fight game who had been there, who had stepped in the ring, who said, 'Tll help you and show you because I've been there. I know what I'm talking about." It's not the same anymore. Too many guys out there don't know anything about boxing. They've never been in the ring. Guys who are champs aren't putting anything back into the game. A lot of the trainers aren't very good. And Marvis and I can't train all of them. Boxing needs more people who have been there-guys who had the gloves on. I always say Philadelphia is the capital of boxing and our gym is the White House. That's because all these guys who train kids down here had the gloves on in Philly. They took something out of the game and put something back in. We've got guys down here on the floor teaching kids what to do in the ring. And if I hear something wrong, I get down there and correct it. Or if I see one of the trainers trying to show a kid something and the kid isn't getting it, I'll go down and say, "This is what Marvis is trying to show you," or "This is what Tony is trying to teach you." That's the way we do things.

xii

Introduction

CREED OF JOE FRAZIERwS GYM
WHO'S THE 8EST? WHO'S THE 8EST TEAM? WHY ARE WE THE BEST? WHY ARE WE THE BEST? WHY DO WE WORK HARD? WE'RE THE BEST! WE'RE THE BEST TEAM! BECAUSE WE WORK HARD! BeCAUSE WE SACRIFICE!

BECAUSE WE'RE DISCIPLINED! BECAUSE WHEN YOU GIVE SOMETHING UP SOMETHING Will COME BACK! BECAUSE WITHOUT DISCIPLINE THERE IS NOTHING!

WHY DO WE SACRIFICE? WHY ARE WE DISCIPLINED?

A boxing gym should have an atmosphere of teaching and learning, not all hollering and whooping and yelling. You've got to be able to hear. I know what I'm doing and I shouldn't have to holler at you to show you what I'm showing you. I'm teaching. And when I tell you something, you know it's right because I've been in there. I've done it. If you've been in there, you know. And I don't teach the amateur way to do things. I teach professional. That's the way to do it. It's ajob. Something else you should know is that we teach old-school boxing training. We train fighters the way Louis and Dempsey and Henry Armstrong trained, and Willie Pep and Jack Johnson and Rocky Marciano, and all the other great fighters in history. Those guys were some of the best to ever fight, and if it was good enough for them it's good enough for us, too. It's not just boxing we teach. We have a creed at the gym that all the fighters have to go by. It hangs on the wall. Here's a picture of it above. We also have Rules for Respect, and Ten Power Punches for Life. So it's not just boxing. We teach our fighters and our kids about life . It's all important.

Introduction

xiii

Some people don't want their kids boxing. They worry about them getting beaten up. But if you learn right, you'll be okay. If you keep your head down to guard your chin, you'll be all right. If your head is down, they can't get your chin. Your head is the hardest part of your body. You keep your chin down and move your head and get your punches off and you won't get hurt. When people get hurt in boxing it's because they have guys around them who don't know boxing, who have never been in there. Boxing does everything for a man's body. When he's out there working, every part of him is working. And his mind has to be in time with his punches and his movement. He's got to be able to punch and think the whole time. It keeps his body and mind in the right condition. He'll be able to do anything he wants to do. His mind is clear and he's alert at all times. But it teaches him he has power, too, to hurt somebody. He can't take advantage of a person who's never had a fight. He's got to be careful, because he can damage a guy out on the street. He has to respect what he can do.

rill POWER PUNCHES 'OR LI't
, . . . NICIl EDUCATION IS POWER! .... N1C12. ALWAYS BE OBEDIENT TO YOUR PARENTS!

NWII NIKIJ 3. LOYALTY TO YOUR GYM AND COACHES!

POWII NrK114. FAITHFULNESS BETWEEN TEACHER & STUDENT! 'OWII "",Cl5. WINNERS NEVER QUIT AND QUITTERS NEVER WIN! NWII ""'" 6. GIVE RESPECT TO YOUR ELDERS! NWII ","CH 7. FAITHFULNESS & COOPORATION BETWEEN BROTHERS & SISTERS!

POWII PUNCH 8. FAITHFULNESS BETWEEN FRIENDS! POWII PUNCH 9. GET THE JOB DONE!

POWf. PU"CH 10. LIFE IS A CHAllENGE AND WE'RE GOING TO BEAT IT!

xiv

Introduction

RULES FOR RESPECT
1. RESPECT GOD
2. RESPECT PARENTS

3. RESPECT BROTHERS & SISTERS 4. REPECT OTHERS

5. RESPECT SELF

Boxing did everything for me . Any direction you want to go in, anything you want to claim-boxing did it for me. Boxing made me a stronger individual, in the ring and in life . It put me in the company of friends and made me right. It taught me to get the job done . It made me sharper. It kept me in condition and made me want to live. People ask me today if I miss boxing and I say no. What am I missing? I work out all the time on the pads and in the gym with these kids. I love doing it. I'm part of it. I don't miss being in front of the big crowds. I have a better time going around shaking people's hands, reliving memories with people . Sometimes they remember fights I don't remember, and then I'm like, hey, yeah, that was Jimmy Ellis, or that was George Foreman. People always ask about the Butterfly and me. I'll say this so you know it: there's no love there, between Muhammad and me. But I like to respect people right. I think I've done that and I'll continue to do that. Maybe we can sit down together and break bread someday before

She reminds me of me . he just wants to throw punches. We have a little girl who comes into the gym now (she can't be more than eight or nine years old). Guys ask me. I never had any problems talking and laughing with All. It's when he comes into the gym and shows that he wants to work. They know what they have to do. I don't know who the champion is. They show they want to get the job done-'~yone you put in front of me I'm going to take out. And the way to change it. That's got to change. too. but it's still popular. He wants to throw punches. again. is to get guys involved who have been there. who have done it. There are so many champions today. how I can tell if a kid is going to be a good fighter. He wants to come in and do his job. I can do that well. and she gets in there on the pads and just wants to throw punches. He doesn't jump around like he doesn't want to fight. No one has to tell them what to do. As soon as he learns how to wrap his hands." Boxing has its problems. We have a couple of guys like that. The top guys get paid a lot of money. I've done . where there's just one sanctioning body and one champion in a division. I hope he can do the same. That's easy.Introduction xv we shut our eyes. Maybe two. But boxing's got to get back down to the real deal.

xvi Introduction my part by writing this book. And then it'll be your turn to give back. Maybe this book will help make you a champion someday. which shows you everything you need to know to be a real fighter. . or just to get in great shape. I've always given back to the game and will continue to give back as best I can.

BOX LlK~ TH~ PHOS .

rugby.and the guys wore no gloves. as a competition. and they've been that way forever. basketball. was practiced during the original Olympic P games in ancient Greece. it's really the bareknuckle version that came about in eighteenth-century England that set the table for the fight game as we know it today. hockey-any sport you can name. and you can find mentions of it even farther back than that. That's just the way people are. Older than baseball. Those boys were rough.in ancient Egypt. There was no ring-a circle of spectators formed the ring. Even though you can trace fistfighting all the way back to the origins of man.1 The Fioht Game: A History IN TH~ 8~GINNING rizefighting is the oldest sport in the world. and there . Fistfighting. There's something about man that he likes to test himself against other men to see who's better at fighting. football. And people like to watch.

the first of the bareknucklers to bring an element of science to the game. who was the best-known fighter around in the 1720s. But even those rules allowed opponents to do so much in the ring that in most countries prizefighting was illegal. a former slave. the great John L. Besides Figg and Broughton. of course. John Broughton. . There was Daniel Mendoza. kicking. Finally. There was Jem Mace. Even the kings and queens over there in England got into it. wrestling. Here's an example: something a lot of guys did that was perfectly legal in a fight was "purring"-kicking a downed fighter with a spiked boot. there were a lot of heroes from the bareknuckle era. They could go at it for hours on end. in 1867. the legendary Tom Cribb. They moved the sport forward. introduced new rules that outlawed things like purring. closer to how we know it today. whose boast. As it's always been . the "father of boxing" and the world champion from 1866 to 1882. John Graham Chambers and his friend Sir John Sholto Douglas. Those guys were serious. Figg's successor. gouging. Also. the eighth Marquis of Queensbury. The Marquis of Queensbury Rules outlawed wrestling and required gloves and three-minute rounds with a minute's rest in between. Before long they started using actual rings. and. who succeeded Mendoza and opened one of the most successful fighting academies ever. the sport took hold . punching. and America's Tom Molineaux.2 BOX lIn TH~ PROS were no real rules or rounds or judges. where he taught members of England's aristocracy "the noble art". In 1732. when the London Prize Ring Rules were established. "I can lick any son of a bitch in this house. Sullivan. They fought until one guy couldn't fight anymore. a floored fighter had 10 seconds to get up or he lost. But it was still a rough sport. wrote up 12 new rules. They just fought." made him a bareknuckle icon even as the Marquis of Queensbury Rules brought about the end of the bareknuckle era. The first recognized champion was James Figg. Broughton's Rules governed the sport until 1838. the working class got it started and pretty soon the upper class started following it. John Jackson. As rough as it was. and schools started opening up that taught guys how to fight.

when "Gentleman" Jim Corbett beat Sullivan to become the first recognized world heavyweight champion under the Marquis of Queensbury Rules. Corbett. And there were great fighters and great rivalries in every division. Fitzsimmons was four years older than Corbett and 16 pounds lighter. and bantamweight. In fact. Theodore Roosevelt. once again proving boxing's resiliency. welterweight. At 34. repealed the Horton Law. featherweight. the game had already gone through a couple of periods when people lost interest in it. After whipping Sullivan in 1892. almost immediately began a feud with Bob Fitzsimmons. He subsequently was de- . The fight game has a way of surviving. They thought the gloves and the new rules made the fighters too soft. he knocked out Jack Dempsey ("the Nonpareil") to win the middleweight crown. a lot of people thought the fight game would soon die out. He and Corbett took public swipes at one another over the next several years and met finally in March 1897 for the heavyweight title. But in the 14th round he stepped forward with his famed "solar plexus punch" and knocked Corbett out. The business and its participants reacted by moving to the other coast. fROM HRRY MCGOV~RN TO JACK JOHNS O : N TURN-Of-TH~ C~NTURY HfROfS T he dawn of the modern boxing era in the late 1890s and early 1900s saw a shifting of the game's center from England to America.into the next century. In 1890. and it survived-even flourished. the heavyweight champion. That wasn't an entirely good thing.The Fight Game 3 In September 1892. and for much of the fight he took a beating. At the dawning of the twentieth century there were six recognized weight classes: heavyweight. lightweight. which had legalized the sport in that state. one of the more remarkable fighters of the era. at the beginning of the century. Fitzsimmons was boxing's first triple-division champion. And it still did well in England and was starting to take form. But it wouldn't be the first time people predicted the death of boxing. middleweight. the governor of New York.

when he stopped Tommy Burns for the legitimate title . Although he beat white heavyweights. Johnson. Johnson was decades ahead of his time. Jeffries in June 1899. hard-charging style and heavy hands. and athletic.4 BOX lI U TH~ PROS throned by James]. J ohnson faced J effries. In April 1915. "Terrible" Terry McGovern was one of the most popular fighters of the turn of the century. Joe Jeanette. too. strong. in 1901 and '03the only times McGovern was knocked out. who twice stopped him. but in 1903. Johnson settled for what was called the "black heavyweight title" until December 1908. who lived outside conventional norms where race was concerned~he dated and married white women and was something less than subservient in his manner-was hated by many. he was dethroned by Jess Willard and later imprisoned briefly for violation of the Mann Act. who had been successfully goaded out of retirement. And much to the disappointment of the fightwatching public. he dominated the heavyweight division as a contender in the late 1890s. but there were plenty of great fighters to go around and lots of fan and media attention to go with them. Johnson may have made the most headlines in boxing. He continued fighting competitively until he was 50. he beat George Gardner for the newly created light heavyweight crown. and fought a series of bouts with the other excellent black heavyweights of the day-Sam Langford. at 40 years of age. Big. the first black heavyweight champion. in July 1910. He won both the bantamweight and featherweight titles and was a crowd favorite thanks to his face-first. He made six title defenses in the course of a two-year reign and had a hateful feud with clever rival Young Corbett. Johnson controlled from the start and stopped Jeffries in the 15th round. and Sam McVey. heavyweight champions since Sullivan refused to face black challengers and subsequent champions followed suit. . Jeffries was a dominant heavyweight champion who retired undefeated but was begged by the American media and fight establishment to come out of retirement to face Jack Johnson. He's remembered today as one of the great heavyweight champions.

The Fight Game 5 McGovern owned what was almost certainly a fixed-fight win over one of the most talented fighters of the era. his record shows long streaks during which none of his opponents lasted the distance. a very high knockout ratio for the era. CA fighter knew he could get by without a loss against a better fighter so long as he lasted the distance. of course. The frequency of fixed fights. led legislators early in the twentieth century to permit only nodecision bouts. Middleweight champion Stanley Ketchel was probably the era's hardest hitter.) That all ended in 1920. He scored 49 knockouts in 52 career wins. His second-round kayo loss to McGovern in December 1900 was derided as an obvious fix and the only one historians think Gans was involved in. Joe Gans. Many fights from the era were fixed. it helped if you could punch very hard. And. Ketchel had no chance-Johnson outweighed him by 35 pounds- . and was one of the most-feared fighters in the world. In an era when relatively few fights ended in knockouts. Gans was no exception. which existed mainly because of betting. This led to all sorts of confusion and to lesser-quality fights . when New York governor AI Smith signed the Walker Law. What nobody knew at the time was that Ketchel and J ohnson had agreed that they would go easy so that the fight would go the distance-in order to generate more money from the motion-picture sales. People thought so much of Ketchel that he got a shot at heavyweight champ Jack Johnson in October1909. pound for pound. which legalized bouts that went to a decision. they could be bought just like anyone else. and most of the era's prominent fighters probably were involved in at least a couple here or there . That is. Gans was the first native-born black American to win a world title. The newspaper press covering the fight from ringside determined unofficial winners. "The Old Master" won the lightweight title in 1902 and defended it a total of 13 times over two reigns. any fight that didn't end in knockout and went the full distance was judged a "no-decision. Until then." Meaning there was no official winner.

6 BOX lIU TH[ PROS but he believed in his punch and decided to forget the arrangement. in '26 and '27. shearing off five of his teeth in the process. he charged out in the 12th and caught Johnson with a big right.000. Johnson got up and knocked him cold with a right. baseball. no NHL or NBA. The next year Ketchel was shot and killed by a farmhand who was infatuated with a woman Ketchel was dating. sending him down. a monstrous sum for that era. As a young man he rode the rails all over the country in boxcars and lived in hobo camps looking for work. The fight game was still growing at the turn of the century and finding itself over the next decade. (For perspective.000 and 104. no NASCAR. His two losing bouts against Gene Tunney. But things were about to get better. He found it in the ring. and horse racing.000 fans. Dempsey's drawing power was unmatched as the heavyweight champion. There was no NFL in that era. right up there with Babe Ruth. His fourth-round knockout of Georges Carpentier in July 1921 was boxing's first million-dollar gate and earned him $300.000 per year at the height of his career. Jack Dempsey (no relation to "the Nonpareil") was the era's greatest sports hero. and after tearing through much of the heavyweight division. TH~ TW~nIES TO TH~ FORTI~S: WH~N BOXING WAS KING T he 20 years between 1920 and 1940 included the Great Depression. drew 120. Furious at being doublecrossed. consider that Ruth was paid $70. There was boxing. but they were great for the fight game. respectively. Ketchel was 24 years old. slaughtered the giant Jess Willard in three rounds in July 1919 to win the title.) His defense against Luis Angel Firpo two years later drew 80. After 11 relaxed rounds. And boxing was king.000 fans to the Polo Grounds in New York. to Sesquicentennial Sta- . the First World War. There were lots of problems. and atrocities worldwide.

and held the world title from 1917 to '25.as one of the most popular figures in the history of sport. my boyhood hero. Many historians rate Greb the greatest middleweight ever. He was stopped just twice in 298 fights . He was the first and only fighter in history to simultaneously hold world titles in three weight classes. He was the only man to whip Dempsey's tormentor. lightweight. and by the time he retired he had torn through the best middleweights and light heavyweights of the era. Or Canzoneri's great rival. probably the best fly- weight in history. Barney Ross.The Fight Game 7 dium in Philadelphia and Soldier Field in Chicago. Wilde was a skinny. who won world titles in the featherweight. By the time he retired. He retired after his second loss to Tunney-the famous "Long Count" battle. Greb held the middleweight title from 1923 to '26. drew thousands. and junior welterweight divisions between 1928 and 1933. Ross's battles with Canzoneri and Jimmy McLarnin. as did the adventures of Mickey Walker. Leonard thrilled huge crowds all over the country with his cerebral skills and deadly fists . who also was a three-division champion. If 108-pounders don't interest you. He wasn't even the best fighter. The late 1930s saw the emergence of Joe Louis. arguably the best lightweight ever. Maybe Harry Greb was. it's possible Henry Armstrong was the best. Dempsey wasn't the only boxing legend to do his best work in the 1920s. But of all these heroes. If you don't like Greb. "Homicide Hank" held the world featherweight. . Tunney. there was Benny Leonard at 135. and fought the last five years of his career blind in one eye. He won his first 98 fights in a row against the best men of his size in the world and won the title with a 12th-round knockout of Joe Symonds. frail-looking fighter who ruled the flyweights from 1916 to '23 . another great of the era." who was a hugely popular welterweight and middleweight champion in the 1920s and a stablemate of Dempsey's. Then there was the wonderful Tony Canzoneri. "the Toy Bulldog. whose title reign would stretch into the following decade. he had lost just three times in 145 fights and scored 99 knockouts. try little Jimmy Wilde.

Plenty of wonderful fighters claimed their places among the greats in the decades that followed. LaMotta would eventually get his title shot. for the most part. That's a span of 35 pounds between all those classes. too. Usually when they do they forget that every period has its downside. throwing punches. The world wasn't a perfect place then. but it was heaven if you were a fight fan. LaMotta told the committee he'd taken the dive because he had to "play ball" to get a ti- A tle shot. Palermo told LaMotta that if he let Fox win. behind Sugar Ray Robinson. It was a rich. and welterweight titles at the same time. ran the sport throughout the fifties . he . a known gangster. He still holds the record for most title defenses at welterweight and is considered by many the secondgreatest fighter ever pound for pound. And millions of fans all over the world would fall in love with the fight game in the years and decades that followed. who promoted just about every title fight for 10 years. He was the most powerful man in the business.8 BOX lIlE TH~ PROS lightweight. In '49. " The problem. Today we know that organized crime had infiltrated pro boxing to a large degree at least from the late 1940s to the late 1950s-the very time period that many recall today as "the good old days. was that Jim Norris. and came within a hair of winning the world middleweight crown. But there will never be another 20-year span like the one from 1920 to 1940. beautiful era in boxing. Blinky Palermo. in 1960 former middleweight champion Jake LaMotta told a special Senate subcommittee investigating corruption in boxing that he'd thrown a fight against Billy Fox in 1947. THE FORTIES AID FIFTIES: MOB RULES-WHY THE GOOD OLD DAYS WEREI'T ALWAYS GOOD lot of people like to talk about how great the good old days were. For example. managed Fox. He fought the same way I did: straight ahead. And he did.

he said. Like a lot of fighters. for one . and by the time the new decade started. But some of them did falter-LaMotta.The Fight Game 9 formed the International Boxing Club (IBC). he hardly had a dime to his name when his career ended. his title reign was in full swing. And his friends were guys like Palermo and Frankie Carbo. An accurate. His June 1938 rematch with the German Max Schmeling. when he never saw a penny from his purse. Rocky Graziano. He won the title from James J Braddock in June 1937. who were known gangsters. the Managers Guild. Surely there were many unrecorded others. after their careers were over. Featherweight great Willie Pep probably did. But the damage was already done. and deadly two-fisted puncher. Sugar Ray Robinson. The 70. too : he almost certainly took a dive against Lulu Perez in February 1954. Many fighters revealed.000 fans in attendance erupted when Louis avenged his only defeat with a first-round KO. There were times. and the IBC had tried to blackball him and ruin his career. and in '58 they dissolved the IBC and the empire Norris had built. and he'd fought almost 200 fights. and he told the same Senate committee how Palermo. was perhaps the most politically significant prizefight ever. The Nazis had built Schmeling up as an example of Aryan superiority just as the world was heading toward World War II when he and Louis met in Yankee Stadium in New York. the federal government began an investigation. Williams held the title from '47 to '51. the 1940s and 1950s were wonderful years for boxing. But Louis always packed them in. Louis filled the biggest stadiums whenever he fOUght. Heavyweight champion Joe Louis was a national hero. who had knocked out Louis two years earlier. Among them were the biggest names in the sport-Carmen Basilio. and no one got a shot at the title without going through him. You didn't have to tell the great lightweight champ Ike Williams how things were. that gangsters had approached them with offers to throw fights but that they refused them . His match in June 1941 against . For all the problems the mob wrought. In the mid1950s. calm.

In his prime. He still holds the record for most title defenses and longest reign ever in any weight class. too . then lost two more to Saddler. And 15 of those 19 losses came when he was 37 years of age or older. Robinson's combination of speed. In 1940. drew almost 55. he'd already made 21 title defenses. Robinson was so good he lost just 19 times in 200 fights . Though it may be that another fighter from his era was. and came close to claiming the light heavyweight crown. and in the ensuing years lost and regained the title several times. skill. this one lasting five years and 73 fights. That streak ended in '49. when Sandy Saddler stopped him and claimed the title. Robinson reeled off 40 straight wins before losing to LaMotta in February 1943 in the first of their six battles. Army at the start of World War Il. and went three years and 63 fights before losing. When the war ended and he was discharged in '46. but he wasn't perfect. He made four more title defenses. Robinson was untouchable. He fought on for another 15 . In my eyes he's the best heavyweight champion there ever was.10 DOX Lln THf PROS former light heavyweight champion Billy Conn. Pep reclaimed the crown in a rematch. He then went 91 fights before losing again. he continued his reign. but he wasn't the same fighter anymore. along the way winning and defending the welterweight title . he ran off another streak. In '50 he added the middleweight title. By the time Louis enlisted in the U. punching power. and ring smarts led the sportswriters of the day to call him the best fighter in the world pound for pound.S . and today he's remembered as the best overall fighter who ever lived. retired. - Robinson wasn't the only fighting genius to put together monstrous winning streaks during the era.000 to the Polo Grounds in New York. then came back to be knocked out by Rocky Marciano in the eighth round in October 1951 . Louis may have been a near-perfect fighter. which finished him for good. Sugar Ray Robinson turned pro. After dropping a decision to Sammy Angott in March 1943. Willie Pep also turned pro in '40. in which Louis rallied to win by knockout in the 13th. which is old for a prizefighter.

two hardnosed. Most historians rank him as the best defensive fighter in history. hard-slugging middleweight champions whose trilogy was one of the best in the history of sport.The Fight Game 11 years. In the fifties you could watch live boxing free on television five nights a week. The good old days weren't perfect. he didn't lose much until he got older. They were very good . but he was more than that. He's easily one of the five or six best fighters ever to have put on gloves. But that meant they didn't have to go to the fights live anymore to see them. who followed Louis as heavyweight champion and never got the credit he deserved. There was Ezzard Charles. determination. Maybe the biggest star of the fifties was Rocky Marciano. LaMotta and French hero Marcel Cerdan were two more middleweight immortals. The upside was that it brought the fights directly to the fans. three were to Saddler and seven came after Pep turned 30 years old. Charley Burley. In 242 fights he lost just 11 times. He stopped Jersey Joe Wa1cott to win the title in September 1952 and reeled off six successful defenses over the next four years. who was two rounds from pulling off the upset of the century against the great Louis. There were other great heroes in the 1940s: the light heavyweight Billy Conn. Tony Zale and Rocky Graziano. Lloyd Marshall. and several wonderful prizefighters who never won world titles: Holman Williams. Marciano powered his way up the heavyweight rankings in '50 and '51. winning much more than losing. Like Robinson. though that didn't stop business. and punching power. . too. earning a title shot by knocking out and retiring the great Joe Louis. THE fiFTIES AND SIXTIES: TElEVISION CHANGES THE GAME T he advent of television in the 1950s was both a boon and a detriment to the fight game. But they were good. Overflowing with physical strength. confidence. Pep was a light puncher but a brilliant defensive fighter. and there was no shortage of stars. The effect on live gates was significant.

That record puts him up there with the greatest heavyweight champions. FIoyd Patterson knocked out Archie Moore to claim the heavyweight title Marciano had given up. the longest reign ever in the light heavyweight division. another all-time great. There was welterweight and middleweight champion Carmen Basilio. he did something no heavyweight champion had done before or since: he retired. He had been the top-rated contender for 10 years but was ducked by one champion after another. For all the stars the decade held. in 1955. undefeated. who fought well into the decade and beyond. Though always a light heavyweight. The 1950s showcased dozens oflegendary fighters: Kid Gavilan. Only Marciano could draw well more than 20. Then.000 on a regular basis. but the crowd wasn't at ringside-they were in living rooms across America. too. Ezzard Charles. He finally got his shot against champion Joey Maxim in December 1952. the federal government . but in the decade's final year he was stopped and dethroned by Swedish puncher Ingemar Johansson. In November 1956. was a factor at heavyweight into the fifties. the cagey old welterweight champion who held the title for three years and wasn't stopped once in 143 fights.12 BOX UU TH[ PROS building his popularity and legacy with each win. as the 1960s began. Marciano's last fight was against Archie Moore. However. and he didn't waste it. Moore had turned pro way back in 1935 but wasn't able to get a shot at the light heavyweight title until he was 36 years old and into his 18th year as a pro. boxing's popularity hit an all-time low as a result of three factors that came together in quick succession: the game was overexposed on television. He beat Maxim and held the title for nine years. the days of the monster-stadium crowds largely were coming to an end. Television was exposing the fight game to a larger crowd than ever before. And he stayed retired. who fought sizzling wars with Tony DeMarco and Gene Fullmer and a savage series with the great Sugar Ray Robinson. His 141 career knockouts are also a record. he fought heavyweights like Marciano throughout his career but was never able to win the title.

too. citing his re- . Sonny Liston destroyed him to take the title. he could fight. like he said he would. Light heavyweight Bob Foster destroyed Dick Tiger in May 1968 to start a long reign as the 175-pound champion. He defended the title nine times. It was the first time a fighter had been killed on national television. when he beat Liston to win the heavyweight title. Afterward he changed his name to Muhammad Ali and became a Muslim. the same year the power-punching Mexican sensation Ruben Olivares claimed the bantamweight crown. The brilliant Jose Napoles won the welterweight title in '69. but in September 1962. who held the lightweight and junior welterweight titles and made 11 defenses over several reigns. In June 1960. That's when his troubles started. But when the Vietnam War started he got drafted and refused to go. and the sport all but vanished from TV for the next several years. and in March 1962. Maybe the best overall fighter of the 1960s was Carlos Ortiz. It wasn't the best time to be a fight fan. He came out of the 1960 Olympics with a gold medal and a lot of talk and people watched him. Some of them wanted him to lose. others wanted him to win. who a lot of the time I call the Butterfly. the world bantamweight champion. Patterson became the first heavyweight in history to regain the title when he stopped Johannson in front of 45. He was big and fast and could move on his feet. and in June 1963 Willie Pastrano beat Harold Johnson in one of the decade's biggest upsets. was a multidivision champion. but either way.000 fans in New York. because there were good fighters and good fights everywhere you looked. Griffith. welterweight Benny Paret fell into a coma and died after Emile Griffith knocked him out in a nationally televised fight. He beat some good contenders on the way up and in February 1964 shocked the world. winning titles at welterweight and middleweight and engaging in a series of fights with Paret and Luis Rodriguez. If it wasn't Ortiz. maybe it was Brazil's Eder Jofre. The star of the decade was Cassius Clay. And that was too bad.The Fight Game 13 launched an investigation into corruption in boxing (the one in which LaMotta testified).

5 million. but since he'd never lost the title in the ring he thought he was still the champ. So we got together to settle it. I'd won a gold medal at the '64 Olympics and turned pro in '65. and they'd be bigger than anyone knew. Madison Square Garden sold out.) I stopped Mathis.14 BOX LlH TH~ PROS ligious beliefs. 1971. I was making a name for myself as a young pro. He had a couple of tune-up fights and it was only natural that we should meet and decide once and for all who the real heavyweight champ was. So the V. (The respected New York State Athletic Commission disagreed with the World Boxing Association's method for selecting a successor to Ali and sanctioned my bout with Mathis as being for their version of the world title. TH~ HV~nHS Aln ~IGHTHS: BOXING MAUS A COM~BACK had defended the New York world title four times and the world title against Bob Foster in 1970. He didn't get it back for three years. gained worldwide recognition as the heavyweight champion when I knocked out Jimmy Ellis in four rounds. a record for the time. and was undefeated when. I fought Buster Mathis for the New York world title made vacant when they stripped the Butterfly. The promoters grossed $23 million. Our fight on March 8. Muhammad and I each made $2. While the Butterfly had been defending the title. too. the year after Muhammad won the title. government took away his boxing license. the Butterfly got his license back. in February 1970. I knew it was me. and in the meantime. and in the 15th round I clipped the Butterfly'S I .S . in '68. I fought good contenders on the way up. The seventies were right around the corner." and that's what it was. An estimated 300 million people watched on close-circuit or satellite television. They dubbed it "The Fight of the Century. in Madison Square Garden was the biggest fight since Louis knocked out Schmeling in their rematch 33 years earlier. and two years later.

Patters on . Big George Foreman. the best overall .The Fight Game 15 wings with a hook and dropped him. Ellis. and I agree. They were all great fights. and my corner stopped our war in September '75-the "Thrilla in ManiIa"-after the 14th round. Joe Bugner. Ken Norton. Oscar Bonavena. The late sixties and seventies were great times for heavyweights. and won a unanimous decision. Jimmy Young. and one of the best ever. I clipped the Butterfly's wings. The Butterfly and I fought twice more in the seventies. late in the decade. And. Ron Lyle. I got jobbed out of the decision in the rematch in New York in January 1974. It was one of the biggest fights ever. For all the good heavyweights in the seventies. Most historians think it was the deepest heavyweight division in history. there was Larry Holmes. and the guy who took my title in January 1973. He was the strongest. hardest-hitting guy I ever fought. There were so many good fighters: Jerry Quarry. who ended up holding the title for seven years. Earnie Shavers. In the biggest fight in 30 years.

Chief . If you didn't like him. Even with all the great fighters around. too. Even though he was 36 years old and slOwing down. then came back in '80 and was stopped by Holmes. boxing didn't need the Butterfly and me to survive. and knocked out all but one of his challengers. and then went and knocked out Big George in Africa in October 1974-"The Rumble in the Jungle" they called it. but that's what happened. didn't train right. The late seventies and eighties spawned a whole new set of stars.16 BOX lI ll TH~ PROS fighter of the decade might have been Carlos Monzon. six-year undefeated streak into the decade and after 14 successful title defenses retired as the middleweight champion in '77. just 17 years old. becoming the only heavyweight in history to win the title three times. But Muhammad took him lightly. He rode a 56fight. Seven months later they fought again and the Butterfly outpointed him.in a huge upset. I called it a career after Big George stopped me again. There were other greats in the lower weight classes. no one thought the Butterfly would lose to Leon Spinks in their fight in February 1978. featherweight power-puncher Alexis Arguello stopped Olivares to start a long reign of his own. and Leon whupped him. and so were our final fights. it was the Butterfly who stole the show in the seventies. made 12 defenses over a six-year reign. But we'd always be connected. had only seven pro fights and was an 8-1 underdog. the next era's best heavyweight. Benitez was the best defensive boxer of his era. I decided to give it one last try and in December '81 drew with Jumbo Cummings before calling it a career for good. Eight days later the Butterfly lost to Trevor Berbick. he decisioned Antonio Cervantes. a United States gold-medal winner from the '76 Olympics. maybe you liked the great lightweight champion Roberto Duran. a modern-day Willie Pep. After our rematch he put together some wins. Welterweight phenomenon Wilfred Benitez became the youngest fighter ever to win a professional world title when. Fortunately. this time in '76. Then he made a string of title defenses. who unified the title. Spinks. Both the Butterfly and I retired in the 1970s. The Butterfly quit after the second Spinks fight. and that was it for him.

who stopped my boy Marvis in a title fight November 1983. before he lost the title to Michael Spinks in '85. and Thomas Hearns all fought at around the same weight and all fought one another throughout the decade. There were dozens of other wonderful fighters in the 1980s. Olympic team (and Leon's brother). power. Spinks. one of the most exciting title fights ever. Among the best was Salvador Sanchez. defense. Duran. and charisma made him a fan favorite and the biggest draw in the game since All. But the fighter who dominated the sport and the heavyweight division over the second half of the decade was Mike Tyson. There was eventual multi division champion Juho Cesar Chavez.The Fight Game 17 among them was Sugar Ray Leonard. Benitez. especially the Hagler-Hearns slugfest in April 1985. The heavyweight champion through the first half of the decade was Holmes. I told Marvis then it was nothing to be ashamed of and I was right. who.S. He became the youngest . and hght heavyweight champion Matthew Saad Muhammad from right here in Philadelphia. eventually whipping Marvelous Marvin Hagler in March 1987 in the decade's biggest upset. had been a dominant hght heavyweight champion who made 10 defenses over a fouryear reign before beating Holmes to become the first hght heavyweight champion in history to also win the heavyweight title. yet another gold-medal winner from that '76 V. He won the welterweight title from Benitez in '79. over the next several years retired and came back several times. the featherweight champion whose career was cut short when he was killed in a car crash in '82. a modern-day Henry Armstrong in style and desire. Holmes had run up 20 successful title defenses. He. and. who was probably the greatest Mexican champion ever. won a gold medal at the '76 Olympics. talented southpaw who had held the middleweight title for seven years and had made 12 title defenses. like Spinks. whose combination of speed. There was Aaron Pryor. They were the stars of the eighties and produced great fights. Hagler was a tough. He was fast and flashy and the fans loved him. hard-hitting. Leonard.

super middleweight.18 BOX Lln THl PROS heavyweight champion in history when. control over boxing by the WBC and the WBA. BUT DIFFERENT T he 1990s weren't even two months old when it all came crashing down for Tyson. at 20. but nobody bought it. the sport's longtime sanctioning bodies. he stopped Trevor Berbick in two rounds in November 1986. never a great fighter before. a whopping 42-1 underdog. a revolving door of mediocre titleholders. Don King. Tyson's dominance was welcomed by the fans. Tyson's time at the top was already running out. Tyson cleaned that all up. He outfought Tyson and fed him his own medicine. A couple years . He unified the title. knocking him out in the 10th round. was a mess. Tyson's loss didn't mean nothing else was going on. the game's glamour division. THE FIGHT GAME FROM THE NINETIES TO TODAY: THE SAME. and by the end of the eighties he'd racked up nine title defenses. There were more champions and more divisions than ever before. It was crazy. But with the nineties around the corner. Everyone saw with their own eyes what happened : Tyson got beat up. The mainstream press hadn't paid a fighter so much attention in years. and then they added three new divisions: cruiserweight. the biggest name in the sport. tried to say Tyson was robbed or something. They fought over in Tokyo in February 1990. strengthened. and strawweight. He was overconfident and didn't train right for challenger Buster Douglas. and Douglas. and for the first time in a long while everyone knew who the heavyweight champ was. Then the IBF was formed and competed with them. There was "super" this and "mini" that. Making matters worse. who'd started promoting guys back in my day and was the most powerful guy in the sport. The heavyweight class. Over the course of the decade. each organization crowned its own champion. was a very good fighter on this night.

The Fight Game

19

before, my oId buddy Big George had started a comeback after 10 years out of the ring. He was knocking out guys left and right and angling for a shot at Tyson. Nobody believed it then, but I'll tell you this: he'd have knocked out Tyson if Douglas didn't do it first. He was heavier than when he fought the Butterfly and me, but he could still punch and he knew what he was doing in there. It didn't matter that he was better than 40 years old. I could see George could still hurt a man, and he would have hurt Tyson . You can't compare the guys today to the heavyweights from the seventies. Big George proved me right in 1994 when he won back the title he'd lost to Muhammad 20 years earlier by knocking out Michael Moorer in the 10th round in Las Vegas. Most people knew Douglas wasn't going to last long as champion, and he didn't. Evander Holyfield, who had been the cruiserweight champion, knocked him out in October 1990 to win the title and wanted to fight Tyson, but Tyson got sent away on a rape charge and did three years in prison. In the meantime, Holyfield became a good champion, beating Holmes and Foreman and a fighter I had for a while, Bert Cooper. Cooper had all the strength and skill he needed to be champ but made the wrong decisions, hung with the wrong people, and got into drugs . Still, he hurt Holyfield and almost had him out in their fight in November 1991. If the referee hadn't called it a knockdown when Holyfield staggered into the ropes, Bert might have knocked him out and been heavyweight champ of the world. Holyfield stayed champ until November 1992, when Riddick Bowe, a big, skilled heavyweight from Brooklyn decisioned him to take the title . Bowe had Eddie Futch, one of myoId trainers, in his corner, so he knew how to fight. Bowe and Holyfield eventually fought three times over the next few years with Bowe winning twice and Holyfield once. After Holyfield won the title back from Bowe, he lost it to Moorer, which is how Big George got it. Holyfield eventually won the title again and beat Tyson twice- the second time when Tyson bit off part of Holyfield's ear and got disqualified. At his best, Tyson was a very good heavyweight. I know that because he beat my boy Marvis on the way

20

BOX LI H T ~ PRO S H

up. Stopped him in less than a round, and Marvis could fight. So I knew Tyson was good. But he couldn't keep his head straight and had the wrong people around him, and that did him in. Just when Bowe was gaining steam, another giant heavyweight started to make some noise. Lennox Lewis from England knocked out some top guys and over the next decade and into the twenty-first century more or less dominated the division. Twice he got knocked out by guys who had no business knocking him out, but he came back and beat them both. He made a total of 14 title defenses and beat everyone in his era except Bowe, who wouldn't fight him. He also beat Holyfield and Tyson, but both were past their best days when he got them. There was plenty going on in the lower weight classes in the nineties, too. The fight of the decade happened in March 1990 when Julio Cesar Chavez knocked out Meldrick Taylor, from right here in Philadelphia, in the last round. They stopped it when they shouldn't have and Taylor would have won the decision-he was ahead in the scoring-along with the undisputed junior welterweight title. But you couldn't complain; it was a great fight between two great fighters. Taylor was never the same, but Chavez kept fighting a long time afterward and will go down in history as the greatest Mexican fighter ever, which is saying a lot. The guy who eventually removed Chavez from world-class competition was Oscar De La Hoya, the most popular fighter in the world in the late nineties and into this century. He was a gold-medal winner and started out pro as a junior lightweight but won titles in the lightweight, junior welterweight, welterweight, and junior middleweight divisions. He was flashy and good-looking like Ray Leonard, and the people loved to watch him fight. But he had his problems, too. All fighters do. In September 1999, De La Hoya lost to Felix Trinidad, the great power-punching welterweight and middleweight champion from Puerto Rico, a fighter who would have been a champion in any era. Later he lost twice to Shane Mosley, a quick, powerful Californian who

The Fight Game

21

also won titles at lightweight and welterweight. And when De La Hoya tried to go all the way up to middleweight, Bernard Hopkins, another Philadelphia boy, showed him how it's done in Philly and stopped him with a body shot in their fight in September 2004. As ofright now Hopkins has defended the middleweight title more times than anyone in history. There were and are a lot of great fighters in the nineties and today-guys who could have competed in any era. There was lightweight, welterweight, and junior middleweight champion Pernell Whitaker, probably the best defensive fighter of his era. George Benton, one of myoId trainers, trained him right, so you know he was good. There was James Toney, a guy who fought like they did in the old days. He stood still, right in front of you, and you couldn't hit him. He won pieces of the middleweight, super middleweight, and cruiserweight titles. There was Roy Jones, one of the fastest fighters I've ever seen. He won titles, too, at middleweight, super middleweight, light heavyweight, and heavyweight. These are real good fighters, guys who would have been great in any era. They're winning titles all over the place. But, see, that's part of the problem. It's too easy to win world titles now. There are too many sanctioning bodies and too many weight classes. It seems like almost anyone can get a title now. So they don't mean as much. Maybe it's better than it was in the old days, when there was one champion in a division. Back then guys could wait years and years to get a shot because there was only one champ. Look at Archie Moore. And this way-the way it is now-lots of fighters can be champs and make decent money. They can make a living. I don't know. I think too many champions and too many sanctioning bodies have hurt the sport. Nobody knows who the champions are anymore. It hurts the game. And there's so much competition now for the public's attention. It's not like in the old days. Now there's basketball and football and baseball and tennis and hockey and golf all competing with one another. And boxing has fallen behind. You don't read about it as much in the

22

BOX II nTH [ PRO S

newspapers anymore. You don't see it as much on Tv, unless you have cable . Some people say it's dying again. I don't believe it. They said boxing was dying when bareknuckling was outlawed, and when Dempsey retired, and when Marciano retired, and when the Butterfly retired. But boxing isn't dying. It's always going to be here. It'll have its ups and down, like we all do. But it'll survive. It always has and it always will. You watch . In another few years there will be some new kid who comes along, maybe out of my gym in Philly, and before you know it boxing will be the biggest thing out there again. It'll happen again . It always does.

Many are the same at both the amateur and professional level. So let's talk about the amateur ranks first. Those regulations can be broken into five categories: fouls. Amateur boxing in the United States is governed by USA Boxing. other important rules you need to know. and some even vary within the pro game. and judging. weight classes and experience levels. which has very strict regulations. you need to start as an amateur. Some rules are slightly different in the professional ranks. equipment. For your purposes you need to know the amateur rules first-even if you are going to box like the pros. l .2 Protect Yourself at All Times: The Rules of the Ring ike in any other sport. there are rules that govern boxing.

Do them and you can get disqualified. but in the amateurs. that's called "hitting on the break. or on the kidneys. or elbow. o And no matter how tired you are. bite. you cannot hit him when he's on the canvas. all of these are fouls. You cannot hit with an open glove. o If you floor your opponent. shoulder. you just don't do them unless you want to get out of a fight. hold. o o You cannot hit with your head. o You can't hold your opponent and hit him at the same time. or duck so low that your head is below your opponent's belt line. spit on. wrestle. or the side of the hand. o You cannot throw a punch while holding on to the ropes to gain leverage." and it's illegal. o You cannot hit on the back. trip. you cannot spit out your mouthpiece on purpose to get a rest (when your mouthpiece comes out. If you do You cannot hit below the belt. o T hese are the things you cannot do while in the boxing ring. If you get three warnings. kick. and in that case you shouldn't be in there to begin with.24 80 XLI nTH f PHD S fOULS them in the ring. . head butt. forearm. o When the referee breaks you from a clinch you have to take a full step back-you cannot immediately hit your opponent. you'll get a warning from the referee. So pay attention. the action is stopped until it's put back in). or push your opponent. the wrist. Again. you can get disqualified. the back of the head or neck. these are important. the inside of the glove. You can get away with a lot more in the profeSSionals. the backhand.

Protect Yourself at All Times 25 No using your forearm No headbutting No holding bebing the head No holding and hItting .

26 BOX LI H TH~ PRO S No hitting below the belt No kneeing No ducking below the belt No pushing .

Protect Yourself at All Times 27 No holding the ropes to get leverage No hitting in the back .

In football. if you're just not big enough. But in boxing. how men and women.28 80 X II U T ~ PRO S H Can't hit a man when he's down W~IGHT ClASS~S AND np~RIENC~ l~VHS O big or small you are. you'll only fight opponents who are about your size. Same with basketball. These are the weight classes for amateur men: Light Flyweight: up to 106 pounds Flyweight: 112 pounds Bantamweight: 119 pounds Featherweight: 125 pounds Lightweight: 132 pounds Light Welterweight: 141 pounds Welterweight: 152 pounds Middleweight: 165 pounds Light Heavyweight: 178 pounds ne of the great things about boxing is that you can do it no matter you don't make the team. Note that the weight limits differ slightly for . because everyone's broken into weight classes.

which is anything over 10 bouts. So as you can see.the Junior Olympic class for fighters under 19. . or five two-minute rounds (for an open-class featured fight). competitive matches. (Note: there are also classes for very young and older men. which is for fighters who have had less than 10 bouts. and open class. which is the class you're in if you've never had a sanctioned bout. there are three experience levels in amateur boxing: they are sub-novice. there are safeguards in place to help make good. the Masters division for fighters over 35. between the weight classes and experience levels. novice. four two-minute rounds (for open-class fights).) Your age and experience also determine the number and length of the rounds you fight in the amateurs. They can range anywhere from three one-minute rounds (in the junior Olympic and masters classes).Protect Yourself at All Times 29 Heavyweight: 201 pounds Super Heavyweight: over 201 pounds These are the weight classes for women : Pinweight: up to 101 pounds Light Flyweight: 106 pounds Flyweight: 110 pounds Light Bantamweight: 114 pounds Bantamweight: 119 pounds Featherweight: 125 pounds Lightweight: 132 pounds Light Welterweight: 138 pounds Welterweight: 145 pounds Light Middleweight: 154 pounds Middleweight: 165 pounds Light Heavyweight: 176 pounds Heavyweight: over 189 pounds Also.

These are important. you must go to the farthest neutral corner. These are required items if you compete in any amateur bout: A shirt (sleeveless for men. meaning one that is neither your corner nor your opponent's. as is a groin protector o Approved headgear that weighs between 10 and 12 ounces and bears the official "USA Boxing" label or stamp o o A custom-made or individually fitted mouthpiece Authorized boxing gloves whose weight is determined by the weight class in which the fight is occurring: 10 ounces for fighters between 106 and 152 pounds. If you knock your opponent down. for women. the referee's count will continue to at least "eight.30 BOX Lln T PROS H! THE EnUIPMENT A o o big part of the rules in amateur boxing is the required equipmentboth for safety reasons and for consistency. a breast protector is optional. the referee will stop the action and have the mouthpiece put back in. o If someone's mouthpiece is knocked out. 12 ounces for those between 165 and 201 pounds IMPORTANT RULES M o ore rules. This is called a "mandatory eight count. o When someone is knocked down." o If someone is staggered or clearly hurt by a punch but does not go . a protective cup." whether or not the floored fighter has risen. sleeveless or T-shirt for women) For men.

Here's how it works: five judges score amateur fights . But the point is to land punches-not necessarily very hard ones. he records it on his "blue" device . if you are knocked down close to the end of the round and the bell rings before you have risen. o A referee is permitted-in fact. it's your own fault. It's still always good to get your opponent out of there if you can. you don't get any more points than if you land ajab. If you knock your opponent down. when he sees the "blue" fighter score. JUDGING: HOW AMATEUR FIGHTS AR~ SCOR~D coring in the amateurs is all by the numbers. It's not a foul to hit an opponent who's not protecting himself when he should be. he records it on his "red" device . easy-to-see punches that will get you points. That's important to remember: in the amateurs. If not. the referee may issue a "standing eight count" in lieu of a knockdown. you are considered knocked out. and scoring a lot of punches usually will do that.Protect Yourself at All Times 31 down. Each judge has two counting devices with him at ringside.one for the red corner. o No one is "saved by the bell". Every time a judge sees the "red" fighter land a blow. in other words. one for the blue. it's his or her job-to stop a fight and declare a technical knockout when one of the fighters is unable to sufficiently protect himself or is in danger of getting hurt. it's all about landing punches. If you look to the referee to complain or to your corner or at someone in the crowd and you get hit. o You must protect yourself at all times. That's what does it in the amateurs. S . At the end of the fight they count up all the totals and the fighter with more landed punches wins. Likewise. you still must get up before the completion of the referee's count. but clean.

using your shoulders and elbows. with a few exceptions). but the vast majority follow the rules mandated by the Association of Boxing Commissions. they were intentional or unintentional. the referee orders the judges to take two points from the fighter who caused the injury . which was formed to bring some consistency to the sport in terms of officiating and rules. Some are very strict. c If the foul causes an injury but the bout continues. What is a foul in the amateurs might not be the in the pros. FOULS These are pretty much the same as in the amateur game except you can get away with more in the pros. Smart veteran fighters know how to get away with all kinds of tricks that technically are illegal. clinching. the pro game is governed by the Association of Boxing Commissions. Generally. in the referee'sjudgment. some aren't. Here's how the Association of Boxing Commissions handles it. so long as you're not blatant about it. The referees have a lot more discretion at the professional level. Penalties are assigned and the outcomes affected by whether. A few states still govern professional bouts and apply their own rules (which are very similar anyway. depending on the referee. and even using your head occaSionally is accepted much more readily in the pros. the fighter who committed the foul is disqualified. There was a time when most states operated under their own rules.32 BOX UU TH[ PROS THE PRO GAME In most states in America. but because they've been around a long time they know how to hide them from the referee. In the case of fouls deemed intentional by the referee: o If the foul results in an injury that causes the fight to end immediately. and they varied from state to state. Getting penalized for fouling is different at the professional level.

) If four rounds have been completed. WEIGHT CLASSES AND EXPERIENCE LEVELS: THE PROS T hese are the weight classes in the professional game. (Or if it's scheduled for four rounds and three rounds have not been completed. the judges' scorecards will be tallied and the fighter who is ahead on points will get what's called a "technical decision." If the scores are even it will be called a "technical draw." Fouls that are judged by the referee to be unintentional are handled differently: o If an unintentional foul causes the fight to be stopped immediately. Note that the size of the gloves that are used depends on the weight class: every weight class under middleweight uses eight-ounce gloves. the judges' scorecards are tallied and the fighter who is ahead on points is awarded a technical decision. Generally. Mini Flyweight: up to 105 pounds Light Flyweight: 108 pounds Flyweight: 112 pounds Junior Bantamweight: 115 pounds . o If the foul causes the fight to be stopped in a later round. middleweight and over use 10-ounce gloves. the bout is ruled a "no decision" if four rounds have not been completed. a referee may disqualify a fighter after taking points away for fouls on three separate occasions.Protect Yourself at All Times 33 (you'll see when we get into the section on judging why that's important).

the greater the number of rounds. For male fighters . ~nUIPM~IT: TH~ PROS ro fighters must have a custom-made. which is the maximum. P . the rounds are two minutes long with one minute rest between rounds. and a protective cup. if they choose. The more experience. individually fitted mouthpiece.8. or 12 rounds . 10. For female fighters. no shirt. shoes. each round is three minutes long with one minute rest between rounds. And all championship fights are scheduled for 12 rounds. Pro fights can be scheduled for 4. and for men. 6. a chest protector. boxing shorts. No headgear may be worn.34 BOX LI nTH f PRO S Bantamweight: 118 pounds Junior Featherweight: 122 pounds Featherweight: 126 pounds Junior Lightweight: 130 pounds Lightweight: 135 pounds Junior Welterweight: 140 pounds Welterweight: 147 pounds Junior Middleweight: 154 pounds Middleweight: 160 pounds Super Middleweight: 168 pounds Light Heavyweight: 175 pounds Cruiserweight: 200 pounds Heavyweight: over 200 pounds How many rounds one fights depends on experience level and what the fighter is capable of doing. Women wear a shirt and.

you could theoretically land one punch to your opponent's 30. He cannot be assisted. you could win the round. Pro fights are scored round by round on the "IO-point must" system. In the pros. o As in the amateurs. he or she is considered knocked out. That means the winner of the round gets I 0 points. knockdowns and point deductions are crucial. he gets a count of 20 to get back in and to his feet. o A boxer who is hit with an accidental low blow has up to five minutes to continue. They can turn a fight around. o A boxer who is knocked down cannot be saved by the bell in any round. First. Also. If he or she cannot continue after five minutes. It doesn't matter how hard they are. any knockdown gets a mandatory eight count. HOW PRO FIGHTS Aft( SCOR~O he scoring of pro fights is radically different from the scoring of amateur fights. the loser nine T . as there is in the amateurs. the weight of a scored punch is much more important than the number of punches scored. but if yours knocks down or hurts your opponent.Protect Yourself at All Times 35 MOR~ RUHS: TH~ PROS Some rules for the pro game: o There is no standing eight count. o There is no three-knockdown rule (though a few states still enforce a once-common rule that required that any fighter who is knocked down three times in a round be considered knocked out). In the amateurs. o If a boxer is knocked out of the ring. you just have to land more punches than your opponent does.

the score would be 10-8. the score for that round would be 10-8. Chasing an opponent around the ring and landing nothing would be ineffective aggression and should not be rewarded. whether or not they agree that it was a knockdown. which means the scoring of obvious. o Effective aggression. And the referee has the final say as to what is a knockdown or a foul. the score for that round would be 10-10. the score for the round is 10-8. the score would be 10-7. touches the floor as the result of a legal landed blow. in accordance with the Association of Boxing Commissions' rules on judging: o If the round ends without a clear winner. Also when you would have gone down if not for the ropes. . o If one fighter wins the round in a dominating fashion and does everything but score a knockdown. o o If he or she scores two knockdowns. the score for the round is 10-9. So how do the judges determine who won a round? It's based on four criteria: o Clean punching. the judges have to deduct a point. o If one fighter wins it with effective boxing. And so on. If a fighter loses the round by a close margin and gets penalized for a foul. unobstructed punches to the head or body-the harder the better. including your gloves. Same with a foul. o If one fighter wins the round and scores a knockdown.36 BOX II U TH PRO S ~ points or less. If the referee rules a knockdown has occurred. with a point deducted for each knockdown suffered. Here's an example of how it breaks down. By the way. which is aggresSion (evidenced in the ring as forward motion) that results in landed punches. It means nothing. you're considered knocked down when any part of your body other than your feet.

a lot of the time they'll get the decision that could go either way. . you have to know the rules. rather than outslug him or her. o Defense. that's his or her problem. which is simply making your opponent miss. You should know that scoring fights is a very subjective process. and It never will be. Mostly this applies to learned. It's not a perfect process. which is having command of the ring and of the opponent. if you're going to box like the pros. I tried to take it out of the judges' hands whenever I could. Stick to them.Protect Yourself at All Times 37 o Ring generalship. abide by them. technically advanced boxers who use a lot of footwork and defensive skill to out box an opponent. Others prefer guys who come forward and punch harder. when a boxer is fighting is his or her hometown. Sometimes your opponent will foul you and the referee. And if your opponent doesn't. Not everyone sees fights the same way or scores them the same way. Either way. mainly because of personal tastes or preferences. Do your job and don't worry about what your opponent is doing. and do the right things in the ring. Most of the time it worked out right for me. You can't cry about it or complain to the referee. You just do your job and everything will take care of itself. Take care of your business. I wanted to win by knockout or by beating my opponent so thoroughly that there couldn't be any question about who won. for whatever reason (mainly in the pros) will let him or her get away with it. And just like in any sport. An opponent who deliberately fouls you is trying to get an advantage because he needs to. well. Do what you're trained to do and it'll work out for you. Some judges prefer boxers who move around and jab. That's why when I was fighting. Now you do.

and you get there by working out hard in the gym. And you'll be sore. they get injured: they pull a muscle or their back goes out and they have to take time off. you have to be in top physical condition.3 Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym You'll Be Glad You Did Oxing makes physical and mental demands on your body and mind that no other sport does. You'll use muscles during a boxing workout that you didn't know you had. coordination. Or. and until you get in fighting shape you'll get tired faster and more severely than you thought was possible. speed. it builds strength. To do it successfully. They can't handle it. Even if you never plan to box competitively. B . a real boxing workout is not like any other. Some people find the physical demands of the initial training so difficult that they give up.very sore. flexibility. But eventually you'll get in the best shape of your life. and mental toughness. A lot of the time it's because they go from doing nothing to trying to take on one of the most demanding training regimens there is.

It's the single most important conditioning exercise a fighter does. It increases stamina and leg strength and burns off excess fat. and sacrifice. doing your job. There are three areas you can work on before you even go to a gym that will prepare you for the boxer's workout: stamina. You have to do road work. and strength. That happens because there's no quick and easy way to go from doing nothing to being a finely tuned athlete. There's never been a successful fighter in the modern history of prizefighting that didn't do roadwork.Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 39 and they never go back. But there's a way to cut down on that: by getting in shape before you even go to a gym. Practice a regimen that includes all three for a good three or four months before you go to a gym. and from there you're on your way to boxing like the pros. That way you'll be in decent shape when you walk through the doors. or who wants to get in shape like a fighter." In the boxing business . There are no two ways about it. Not fighting shape." because that's what doing roadwork does: gives you your fuel in the ring. some pain. M Ost people call this "running" or "jogging. but a reasonable level of conditioning that will give you a good chance of being able to handle the rigors that come with a boxing workout. There's no worse feeling in the world than being in that ring with a man who's trying to take your head off and you can't move out of the way because your legs are too tired. Without it you won't be able to go more than a couple of rounds in the ring. It's a requirement for anyone who wants to be a fighter. Here's what you can do to improve your conditioning in each area. ROADWORK it's called roadwork because you're out on the road. flexibility. It takes time. and they won't be good rounds. I also call it "getting your gas.

The next day. Jog again for a while. But. build yourself up to the point where you're running about three or three and a half miles without stopping. Then you don't have to worry about twisting your ankle. Then again. After a few weeks of that you'll find you can do the whole 15 minutes without stopping. Over a few months. they don't have to be fast miles.40 BO X II U THf PRO S Like anything else. they'll never get too heavy in a fight. then walk. then jog and walk on and off for the remaining five or 10 minutes. Don't go out expecting to run five or 10 miles. That's it. then walk. Bump the total time up to 20 or 25 minutes. Jog for the first 15. I tell my fighters to wear what I wore and what the fighters in the old days wore: construction boots. Again. Unless you're wearing construction boots. Jog for a while. do it again. Do that for 15 minutes. Go out for 15 minutes. if you want to wear sneakers or running shoes. You get your legs used to running in construction boots. they protect your ankles and give great support. do it again. If you've got a fight coming up and you're doing your roadwork and you step in a hole or something and twist your ankle. Number two. The point is to keep moving the whole time. It's more like a short marathon. What you wear on your feet when you do your roadwork is up to you. Here's why: number one. forget it-your fight's off. or work boots. That's the way to do roadwork. If when you're done you've taken 30 or 35 minutes for three or three and a half miles (about a lO-minute mile). That's your starting point-just 15 minutes. . You want to get your heart rate up and keep it up the whole time you're running. Build yourself up slowly. A fight isn't a sprint. that's fine. that's okay. And don't worry about running fast. That means you're ready to run farther. they're heavier than sneakers. You're in it for the long haul. Don't worry about running fast. Do your roadwork five or six days a week. too. Great fighters don't need to be great runners. The day after that. People who run or jog for fun or in races wear sneakers specially made for running. when all you're wearing is boxing shoes. starting out is the hardest part.

the better and faster you'll be in the ring. that's good. It's easy to. as you get more limber. throw a punch. They need to be loose and relaxed . too. like a deer. that's fine . step to the other side. Here are a number of stretching exercises you should do each day. it's good for your mind. Just by doing your three miles a day you've increased your cardiovascular fitness tremendously and taken the first steps toward getting into the best shape of your life. and it's very hard to do if your muscles are tight and stiff. In just three or four seconds. duck. It gets you out there away from everybody and everything. eventually. and the less likely you'll be to B pull or strain a muscle . And even though it will hurt to do them in the beginning. Doing these stretching exercises each day will help prevent muscle injury and make you more flexible and fluid-not only in the ring. Roadwork isn't only good for your body. you'll find that it actually feels good. and before your workout. The more flexible you are. If you get hooked on it. throw two punches. You should do them before you run. When I was champion of the world I could get up in them hills and run all day. You can relax and just run. and then move three or four steps to the side. That's a lot to do. And once you're in shape. duck.Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 41 A lot of fighters get hooked on roadwork. you might have to step to the right. after you run (running actually makes your muscles tighter). too. STUTCHING oxing requires that you move many parts of your body very quickly and fluidly. . but in everyday life. If not. your muscles will begin to crave a good stretch.

each time for a count of 10. Do each side three times. Breathe deeply. o From the same sitting position. then do the opposite side.42 DOX LIKE THE PROS o Sit on the floor and spread your legs. Touch the toes on your right foot with your left hand. place your hands on the floor palms .

Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 43 down and then slide them forward along the floor in front of you as far as you can stretch them. Do this exercise three times for a count of 10 each time. which straightens and lifts your leg. This stretches your hamstring. take a towel or something similar and. Hold the position for a count of 10 and do it three times on each side. . grab your left elbow and pull it down and toward the right. Repeat on the opposite leg and do it three times for a count of 10 on each side. place your arms behind your head. while holding an end in each hand. Keep your leg straight while slowly pulling the ends of the towel up and in. This stretches your shoulder and the muscles in your side. hold that position for a count of 10. Let your upper body bend as you pull down. then hold for a count of 10. With your right hand. Pull it toward you until you feel the muscle stretch hard. When you've gotten as far as you can go. Remember to breathe. You'll feel the muscles stretch in your groin area and in your back. o While in a standing position. o Lying on your back. place it across the instep of your right foot.

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especially if you're not doing any strength training. and to prevent getting moved in ways you don't want to be moved. Do each leg for a count of 10 three times. This is something my son Marvis and I disagree on. will give you what you need. This stretches the thigh muscle. why wouldn't you do it? He's a . and that if two fighters are equal in every other way. In fact. bending your arms. most of the time speed and balance are far more important than raw strength. keeping the back one straight and your heels flat on the ground. that strength isn't everything in boxing. o Still standing. Lean in against the wall. Still. and strategy. Do this three times with each leg. defense. And if lifting weights makes you stronger and gives you that edge. in the chapters covering offense. to move your opponent around. A lot of fighters today use weight training to get bigger and stronger. Doing calisthenics.a tree if you 're outside). place your left hand against a wall (or fixed object) for balance. you should be strong when you get into the ring. just old-school push-ups and sit-ups. Hold that position for a count of 10. place your hands against the wall with one leg forward and the other back. You'll need strength and some muscle to withstand punishment. Hold for a count of 10 and then repeat with the left hand and foot. And it's a good bet you'll need to be stronger than you are right now. the stronger guy will win. C ALlSTUNICS Y ou'll find out later. He feels that a stronger athlete is a better athlete.Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 45 o Stand an arm 's length from a wall (or any fixed object. and with your right hand reach behind you and pull your right foot up toward your buttock. This will stretch the calf muscle in the set-back leg. Bend the front leg.

The calisthenics we cover. push-ups and sit-ups are all you need. I'm more from the old school. For your purposes. Straight benchpressing is good for increasing overall strength. so I won't go into weight training here. it won't slow you down . too. Big muscles don't mean anything. push-ups on your knuckles or fingertips . And if you can fight-if you're in shape and committed and do what your trainer tells you-you don't need big muscles. If you can't fight. Don't get into biceps curls or other exercises that can shorten your muscles and bunch them up. You've got to be able to fight. I don't tell my fighters to hft weights. You already can fight. should make you more than strong enough for the ring. You get the same benefit from doing them in sets with short breaks between . Neither did Jack Dempsey or Jack Johnson.46 BOX UU TU( PROS great trainer. But if you want to lift weights. And those guys never lifted weights. And you don't need to do hundreds of them to get the benefit. and if you do it right. push-ups with the clap between every repetition. I never lifted weights and I was plenty strong in there . just straight-up push-ups are fine. Another thing is. plus the training you'll learn later on. provided you do them correctly. They'll increase strength throughout your upper body. and you've seen them all in the movies and on television : one-handed push- ups. and he makes a good point. fighters don't need big muscles. no weights and no strength in the world are going to help you in that ring. too. and if you want my advice. and Sugar Ray Robinson. What do you need big muscles for? Plus. But other than that. I'll say this: just do the bench press. PUSH-UPS T here are lots of different versions of push-ups you can do. you don't need to get fancy. even if them muscles make you stronger. God hasn't made better fighters yet than Joe Louis. they can slow you down. Henry Armstrong. .

but don't rest there. except for your arms.Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 47 Keep your back and legs straight. get it up again. and your head still. You should be looking straight ahead. . As soon as your chest touches. Your body should be rigid when you're doing push-ups. And don't look down. Go all the way down until your chest touches the floor.

and do your second set. you can add more repetitions to a set. That's the starting position. Whatever the number. that's how many you should do. Again. KEEP YOUR BACK AND LEGS STRAIGHT. lie on the floor on your stomach with your palms on the floor at about chest level. 15. you can add more repetitions to the set. Stop. Then stop. And every once in a while you should see how many you can do in a row. do your first set. As your strength increases. without straining overly hard (5. . Whatever the number is that you can do comfortably. bend your arms until your chest touches the floor. Try to do the same number of reps in every set and to work your way up to three or four sets of 25 reps. then do your third set. If you don't do it this way. relax again.48 BOX LI If THf PRO S Then go back up again. That's one push-up. relax for a minute or a minute and a half. With your head up and your eyes looking forward. Only you know how many push-ups you can do and how many you should do in a set. as you get stronger. Then "push" yourself back up. 20) . Keeping your back and legs straight. you're not doing it right. push yourself up until your arms are fully extended.

Of course. By the time you're ready to go to a gym. great abs also look good. you'll see a version you probably haven't seen before. But for now. . If you want to see great abs. Either have someone hold your feet down or place them under a couch or a chair or a weight-anything to help you Sit-ups will tighten that stomach right up. straight-leg sit-ups. that number should be in the neighborhood of 30 or 35. there are many versions of sit-ups: "crunches. When we get to the chapter on your in-the-gym workout. Lie on your back. put on a fight sometime. Sit-ups strengthen and tighten your abdominal muscles." bent-leg sit-ups. which serve a purpose in the ring: they help you to withstand body punches. No athletes in the world have better abs than fighters. SIT-UPS A s with push-ups.Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 49 without stopping. the standard bent-leg sit-up with an assist is fine . and so on.

you're ready to head to the gym. As you get stronger. Stop. Do that number. It's because you're burning off all those calories you're taking in. Stay away from them.50 BOX II nTH[ PRO S hold them down (that's the assist) . They're counterproductive. Up. Again. 10. you'll notice that you ularly. And every now and again see how many you can do without stopping. If you want to box like the pros. Count to 20 instead of25. Try to resist that. then down. It will be hard at first. can eat a lot more food without gaining weight than you could before. TH( FIGHHR'S Din O and then start working out at the gym. Try to make your sit-up one smooth motion. bend up toward your knees. pretzels. and go back down again. count to 25. Eating them will add pounds that you're trying to take off when you're in the gym and on the road. When that number is up around 50 or 60. or. With your hands clasped together behind your head. all that stuff you know isn't good for you. Here's what nce you start doing your roadwork. stop. 15. That's one. That means little or no junk food-no potato chips. make contact with them. then down. and your knees bent. if you prefer. or count to 15. And eating more is okay. stretching. up. You don't want all that good exercise you're putting in to go to waste because you're putting the wrong things in your body. soft drinks. and calisthenics reg- . reduce the resting time between sets. But you have to know what you should eat and what you shouldn't. candy. That doesn't do anything for your abs. It's good foods that give you the energy you need to run and work out. If you've got a potbelly or have never done any abdominal work. then do your next set. you need to eat like the pros. then do your last set. add repetitions. pick a number you can do fairly comfortably without stopping: 5. you may feel like you have to jerk your body up to complete the motion. count to 25.

And lean meat. you're right-it is. And don't think you need extra protein because of all the working out. as is chicken or turkey. The fighter's diet is a sensible one that includes a good mix of carbohydrates for the energy you'll need for all the training and working out you'll do. and natural sugars. It's the carbohydrates for more energy that you need. and will help you keep the weight off. but trim off the fat. Anything from the five basic food groups and in moderation is okay. breads. and vegetables. protein for muscle strength. You don't need it. You don't need any more protein than anyone else. That will replace the water you lose when you run and work out. and better conditioned than you are right now. But it will prepare you for what you'll do when you get there. Steak is fine. You'll be stronger. and that will make all the difference when you lace up the gloves and start learning what it's like to box like the pros. And drink lots of water-the more the better. fruits. Fish is a very good protein source.Start to Get in Shape Before You Go to the Gym 51 you should be eating: fruits and vegetables. and fish or poultry. If this seems like a lot to go through before you even see the inside of a gym. Good sources of carbohydrates are pasta. You'll already have a head start. more flexible. leaner. too. .

You'll see that there's a greater concentration of gyms on the coasts and in or near big cities O than in the Midwest or in rural areas. You'll have a much harder time finding a boxing gym in Topeka. At the end of this book is a directory of gyms in the United States that should get you going in the right direction. it's time to take the next logical step: finding a gym. and what you want to do in this business. Here's why: as the cardiovascular and fitness benefits of a boxing workout have become more widely known and accepted. than you will in Philadelphia or Los Angeles. Kansas. The other half is knowing what you want the gym to do for you. Finding some gyms that are close to you is half the problem. That means they've hung a heavy bag or two in a carpeted corner of the gym. hired someone who mayor may not have a real great knowl- . many health clubs have started bOxing-fitness programs.4 Next Steps: How to Pick the Right Gym and the Right Trainer nce you've gotten into reasonable shape by following the regimen outlined in chapter 3.

I know some ex-professional fighters who are doing it now. if that's what you're looking for. and now they offer boxing. They've been doing weight lifting and aerobics and all that other stuff for years. You should see some equipment on tables or hanging on walls-gloves. That's where to go if you want to learn to box like the pros. . too. you go to a fighter's gym. There should be a section of the floor that's entirely wooden. There are a few things you should see when you walk into a real boxing gym. for skipping rope. there are a lot of mainstream health clubs around now that have jumped on the boxing bandwagon. or even get in shape like one. But if you want to look like a fighter. I train fighters old-school. You should see a ring. The point is. and two or three heavy bags. or be one. You should see what's called a double-end bag. go for it. that's probably good enough. and asked him to train folks to box. so there are some good ones out there. It's that simple. The place to learn to fight and to get in shape like a fighter is at a fighter'S gym-an authentic boxing gym. Not a fitness or health club. and no world champion ever came out of a health club. You should hear a bell that rings throughout the gym to replicate rounds. (You'll learn what these are in the next chapter. or almost. by working out at a Bally's or a Jack LaLanne or anyplace like that. Lots or people get in good shape by working out there. But know that you will almost certainly not get any great understanding of how to fight. Maybe it's all you want. but an authentic gym where fighters-boxers. they won't offer sparring. they won't have all the equipment you need. maybe martial artists-go to train. If that's the case. And as I said in the introduction. And if all you want to do is get a decent workout and a rudimentary understanding of the most basic fundamentals.Next Steps 53 edge of the fight game. or reflex bag. Nothing against those places or the folks who go there . You should see two or three speedbag platforms. Maybe he knows what he's dOing. I don't believe you can become a fighter. kickboxers. or has a wood covering.) There should be a wall that runs the length of the gym that is fully mirrored.

Try to find a gym where at its peak hours there are I f you're serious about learning to box. let's say you've found a couple of authentic boxing gyms in your area. get out of that place and go to a gym that has all those things I listed above. and messy. are usually a fraction of the cost of one of those fancy health clubs. They have rings and heavy bags and speed bags and jump ropes and all kinds of fighters in there all the time. or get in shape like one. handwraps. Great. Most of them have peeling paint on the walls and fight posters hung all over. probably. It doesn't do you a whole lot of good if the trainer spends four or five minutes with you during your hour in the gym and the rest with other fighters . If you don't see these things. you're probably not in a real boxing gym. If you want to box like the pros. where the dues. What won't you see? A lot of new. shiny stuff. Most real boxing gyms are old. TRAIUR·TO·fIGHTER RATIO a trainer at the gym who can spend time with you.54 BOX II nTH( PRO S headgear. Can the people in the place you're in teach you how to fight and/or get you in shape like a fighter? It will be awful hard to without that stuff I just listed. Then you have to decide what you want to do." but it's not the same. Maybe they have treadmills and weight machines and a good sound system and a "boxing class. You still need to check things out to see which gym is right for you. Get to a fighter's gym. you'll find. you need to make sure there's . a little run down. And you should see some fighters in there. and a nice waiting area. And expensive machines. A lot of them aren't in the best neighborhoods . You don't want a situation where one or two guys train a whole gym full of 20 or 30 fighters. jump ropes. and they smell like people do hard work there-because they do. Now. Here are some things you should look for.

It means they have good teachers there . that's no good . The trainers need to be there to teach the athletes. It's as simple as that.between two equally experienced fighters is one thing. That doesn't happen by accident. If guys are sparring and there's no trainer up around the ring with them. it's good to know how the gym handles sparring. find out what the gym's reputation is in the area. that's not a good sign. "Hard" sparring-where both fighters go all out. and you don't want to be in a gym where that kind of thing happens. A one-sided beating is another. And it's the responsibility of the trainers to make sure it doesn't happen. I don't mean when one guy is clearly better than the other one and "wins" every round. Fighters can get caught up in the heat of the moment while sparring-it's natural. and if the better one is clearly trying to hurt the less-experienced one. CREDENTIALS I f you're serious about competing. or close to it. If you see guys getting beaten up in sparring. If you look around and there's an obvious shortage of trainers. but no one should be getting beaten up badly in the gym. I mean when one guy gets bloodied or knocked down repeatedly. it should set off an alarm. In just about every market there are two or three gyms whose fighters dominate the amateur tournaments very year. But it's the job of the trainers to make sure it doesn't go too far.Next Steps 55 enough trainers for all the fighters . If you see fighters standing around waiting for a trainer to work with them on the pads or to show them a punch on the heavy bag. DU-SIDED SPARRING MATCH ES I f you plan to spar and/or box competitively. You 'll find out more about sparring in later chapters. you want to go somewhere else.

Those are the guys you have to watch out for. Or any pros. So when you settle on a gym and start working with a trainer. if that's what you want to do-by teaching you how and by getting you in shape-and to make sure you don't get hurt. . or ask him directly: How long has he been in the gym? Did he fight? If so. you'll start to feel like one. There's no way you can't. illequipped gym. And in boxing. And if you train at a gym that puts out winners. and when they lose they take more punches than they should because the trainer doesn't stop it when he should. if he's been around and knows what he's doing. and call himself a trainer. but they've never been in the ring and haven't been around the game long enough. Who show up on fight night in shape and with good skills. too. throw a towel around his neck. A lot of gyms have a rule that says once a kid starts working with a particular trainer.56 BOX lIn TU PROS and good equipment and trainers who care. They don't win a lot. you'll watch and pick up their good habits. if you work out of a poorly run. That's his main responsibility: you not getting hurt. Getting rid of a trainer can be tricky. The trainer's job is twofold: to prepare you to fight. If he's the real deal. and neither will the trainers or their dedication. Sooner or later everyone knows which trainers to stay away from. understaffed. The sparring won't be as good. But anyone can stand in a gym. or from fighting too frequently. The same thing goes for trainers. So do a little homework. Their fighters always look beat up-from too much sparring. there's no certification you get that shows you know what you're doing. A lot of guys in this business call themselves trainers. by the way. chances are you won't be as successful. Conversely. Ask the fighters at the gyms you're considering if any Golden Gloves or amateur champions train there. just by association. By training around good fighters. for how long? At what level? Ask for the names of some of the guys he's trained and see if you've heard of them. he'll be glad to tell you all about the guys he fought and the guys he's trained. ask the other fighters in the gym about that trainer's background. The only way you show that you're good is by putting out fighters who win .

They teach them not just about boxing but also about life.Next Steps 57 no other trainer is allowed to come in and take over that kid's training unless everyone agrees to it beforehand. They're the ones who drive their fighters to amateur tournaments all over the country. That's what a good trainer does. too. the ones who give up their nights and weekends going to fight shows to help their fighters. staying at the same gym with a trainer other than the one you started with. get out there and find a gym and go to the next level. So now that you're in decent shape. And even a subpar boxing gym will do a better job at that than one of those fancy health clubs. There are a lot of good trainers out there. and these trainers become surrogate fathers to these boys and girls. A lot of the young fighters in gyms don't have strong father figures in their lives. If you're not interested in competing but just getting in great shape. . So it could be awkward. But maybe none of this matters to you. too. you don't really need to be around successful fighters-you just need the equipment and a trainer who can show you how to move around the gym and get in condition. Sometimes you just have to go to a different gym.

and How to Use Them J ust like any other sport. . That way it's yours. Your best bet. and you don't have to worry about waiting for someone else to finish with it when you need it. what it's for. boxing and boxing training require that you use equipment. this isn't a sport that will put you in the poorhouse because of everything you have to buy in order to participate. Don't panic. But you should know that while some items are standard in any boxing gym-heavy bags. is to buy your own equipment. if you want to box like the pros. the speed-bag platform-many pieces are not. In this chapter you'll learn what that equipment is. Boxing equipment is much less expensive than equipment used in many other sports. roomy gym bag to carry your stuff back and forth. What They're for. a ring. And many gyms supply much of the equipment. Here's everything else. First things first: you'll need a big. you're the only one who's ever used it. and how to use it. It fits you.5 Tools of the Trade: What They Are.

Tools of the Trade 59 HA. Poor or incorrect handwrapping is a frequent cause ofbroken hands. What they're for: Handwraps are used to keep a fighter from breaking his hands and wrists when he lands punches. For everyday training. put the thumb loop around your thumb. most use cottonbased. Make sure as you're going along that you'll have W hat they are: Handwraps are what fighters wear under their gloves enough to get your hand and knuckles. And keep your wrist as straight as possible.OWRAPS when boxing or training. make an "X" around your hand. when your fist lands against an object. which are about eight feet long and use Velcro to close. How to use them: Hold your hand out and spread your fingers as wide as they will go. boxers' hands are wrapped with gauze and medical tape. going around the broad part of your hand and the knuckles. Wrapping your hands with your fingers flat against one another won't give the bones any room to contract. go with two . You'll need to supply your own handwraps at any gym. and then back down to the wrist again to close it with the Velcro. manufactured reusable handwraps. This is critical. all of the small bones in your wrist and hand spread out. It's very important to do it correctly. They're machine-washable and can be purchased for around $5 at almost any sporting goods store. Here's how: to wrap your hands using the reusable training wraps. Then up to your thumb again. increasing the likelihood of a fracture. If you have bigger hands and don't feel like you can wrap sufficiently with one wrap. Believe it or not. Next. For actual fights. Wrapping your hands with the fingers spread will allow for that movement when you land. then go right to your wrist and go two or three times around. Gloves themselves provide almost no protection against this-that's what the handwraps are for. the bones in the human hand were not built to slam against hard objects like someone else 's jawbone or head . That's critical also.

) Then do the same with the other hand. Proper handwrapping is shown in the photos on pages 60-65. . (Some like to supplement and anchor the wraps with a strip of tape all the way around.60 BOX II lE THf PROS wraps per hand.

Tools of the Trade 61 .

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Tools of the Trade 63 .

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too. Take care of them by wrapping them the right way. but its purpose really is to prevent cuts in the mouth that are caused by the lips and the inside of the mouth from slamming into the teeth . while more expensive models fit over both upper and lower. What it's for: Many believe a mouthpiece is for protecting a fighter's teeth. Prices range from under $30 up to about $80. Some are made to fit over just your upper teeth. (Athletes in other sports. Obviously. If you want to box like the pros. . then qUickly inserting them into your mouth so they form a tight seal around your teeth .Tools of the Trade 65 Your hands are your tools.) The most common and least expensive are form-fitted to your mouth by holding them in boiling water to make them soft. you need a professionally fitted mouthpiece that fits perfectly. such as football and basketball. you'll want to purchase one for your own personal use. MOUTHPIECE W hat it is: a piece of hard rubber that you keep in your mouth while boxing. They do provide some secondary protection to the teeth. have begun using them.

it's essential that you keep your mouth closed. This is a big. A large percentage of the fighters you see writhing around on the canvas after taking a low blow are trying to get a point out of the referee or looking for a rest. if you want a little extra protection from body blows when sparring you can just hike it up. Again. however. when you're sparring. Plan on spending between $60 and $100 if you feel like you have to have your own. If you're never going to get in the ring. The easiest way to get your jaw broken is to get hit on it while your mouth is open. PHOHCTlVE CUP W hat it is: padding that fits over your lower waist and protects your groin from low blows. padded protector that cushions blows that land anywhere from the hips on down. The training cup actually is much larger and more heavily padded than the cups used in competition. get a good one. Then it's tied around the back. however. You can put in your mouthpiece as soon as you change into your workout clothes. When you're in the ring. it goes on over whatever kind of pants or shorts you're wearing-but if you want to get your own. but most fighters don't put them in until they're ready to spar. All the time. They're worth every penny. (In fact. spend the money. Most gyms supply these-relax. Punches that come up and hit the protector from below can indeed be very painful.66 BOX LI U TH PRO S f How to use it: Put it in your mouth and bite down. In competition.firmly. in the gym it's most commonly worn over your sweatpants or shorts. It's almost impossible to get very hurt by a low blow that lands straight on the protector. What it's for: This isn't the cup you wore in Little League or when you played Pop Warner football. especially when you're within punching range. If you are and you want your own.) And they're very good at doing what they're designed to do. How to use it: You step into the protective cup like you're pulling on a pair of shorts. . it goes under your trunks. Biting down on your mouthpiece is a good way to make sure it stays closed. don't bother.

and heavy-bag gloves. speed-bag gloves. The gloves . The basic use and function of the two is the same. How to use them : They fit over your hands like any other gloves.Tools of the Trade 67 which are smaller and sized to fit under the trunks. which contain essentially no padding and are just a leather covering over the handwraps. depending on size and style. padded boxing gloves that fit over a fighter's handwraps. Others just slip on over your handwraps and don't fasten at all. There are two main types. What they're for: Bag gloves are used exclusively for hitting the bags and. which do contain padding- anywhere from seven to 12 ounces. while others close with Velcro . Some are tied with laces. BAG GlOVES W hat they are: small. and cost anywhere from $20 to $100. the hand mitts and/or medicine ball. if preferred.

but fighters don't . need to spend between $40 and $100 for a high-quality boxing shoe. They cost between $5 and $20. which on most models comes well into the shin area. For everyday training. How to use them: They're shoes. If you plan to compete or want to wear them for training. JUMP ROPE use the lightweight nylon type that used to be popular among schoolchildren. Fighters use jump ropes made from heavy leather. more for a "speed rope. you'll Good boxing shoes support your ankles in the ring. some prefer wrestling shoes. Put 'em on and lace 'em up. Get a good heavy one. What they're for: The main difference between boxing shoes and other athletic footwear is the high ankle. which are similar but have a lower ankle.68 BOX II U T ~ PRO S H BOlUS SHOES rubber-soled athletic shoes made especially for boxing. W hat they are: high-topped. This is not your mother's wash line. What it's for: Jumping rope is an invaluable part of the fighter 's W hat it is: Everybody mows what a jump rope is." which is just a heavier jump rope. This is to prevent the fighter from turning his ankle during a fight. The heavier the better. and the handles are sturdy and connect to the rope with ball bearings.

If you've never done it. jumping or skipping over the rope works the legs and builds muscle endurance. get it moving.Tools of the Trade 69 cardiovascular workout. and wrists. bring the rope as high as it will go. That's fine. Medical tests have shown what fighters have known for a hundred years: strenuous rope-skipping is invaluable when it comes to getting you in shape. One you've gotten the right-size rope. Few exercises are as beneficial because jumping rope works so many major muscle groups simultaneously: turning the rope and keeping it turning works the shoulders. you're using one that's too long or too short. It's a critical part of the fighter's workout." If they don't. Stand straight with an end of the rope in each hand. it improves your coordination and rhythm. and the constant motion and exertion is great for the heart and for burning calories. Step on the middle part with both feet and. arms. you'll probably start by doing the basic single hop with each revolution. Your arms should form a perfect or near-perfect "L. protective cups . it's important to make sure you're using a rope that is the right length for you . How to use it: First. bending your arms. Additionally. jump ropes. But as you get better and your Headgear.

you'll find yourself skipping more as opposed to hopping and eventually graduating to crossovers and other fancy things you'd never have thought you could do with a rope. What it's for: The heavy bag is the first place you should learn what it feels like to punch correctly-and.70 BOX Lln TH! PROS condition and coordination improve. water. what it feels like to punch incorrectly. can be very hard and extra care should be taken with handwrapping before hitting a new heavy bag. and it's also the object around which you will first practice footwork and shuffling. It's where you practice each of the punches you will learn in the follOwing chapters. you should expect your knuckles to get scraped up and tender when you start hitting the heavy bag well. if you do it wrong. the standard kind. it W . HEAVY HAG hat it is: a long. especially newer ones that haven't yet been softened up. cylindrical bag that's usually suspended by a chain from the ceiling. The beauty of the heavy bag is that you box it like you would an opponent and it never hits you back. or stepping. up to a weight of anywhere from 50 to 150 pounds. Still. All boxing gyms supply heavy bags. As you work it and learn how to punch. underneath the handwraps. and for a while you may find it useful to slip a piece of foam on top of your knuckles. Heavy bags are covered with leather and are stuffed with a fibrous material mixture or. in some models. The water-filled models are softer and easier on the hands.

Work on the heavy bag as if it could hit you back. you have to punch it. just as you would an opponent. technique-the two of those combined will inform your punching power. because it simulates an opponent. punching bag. move around it. step around it and then punch. with the proper attention.Tools of the Trade 71 The heavy bag is where you learn how to punch. If you're not punching. Now. the heavy bag will do just fine. well. The heavy bag will also build your endurance. rememberyou will perform the way you practice. push it back. But if you really want to learn to box like the pros. Always maintain your technique and work on it like you would a live. will build the muscles in your upper body and wrists and hands so you gain strength and. if you just want to release some tension or something in short bursts. This is important: once you've gotten things down. Either . always touch it. you'll be tempted to use the heavy bag as your own personal. and to whale away at it without regard to technique or defense. engaged opponent and the heavy bag will be the best sparring partner you'll ever have: when it swings back to you. and all that takes endurance. How to use it: You punch it-but not aimlessly.

What it's for: The speed bag develops the hand-eye coordination that is essential to being able to land punches on a moving target. when used correctly.72 80 X LI U TH PRO S f move your body or your head. The speed bags themselves costs anywhere from $25 to about $90. air-filled bag that connects to a swivel and is punched in a rhythmic fashion. SPEED BAG hat it is: a small. just as you should keep your hands up in the ring. you'll find that there is no better way to release tension than to pound on the heavy bag-as long as you use it the right way. It lets you practice shpping and rolling . Always remember technique. leather. It also improves and builds hand speed and muscle endurance: you have W to keep your hands up in order to hit it for three minutes. It also improves rhythm and. defense. All gyms provide the platforms to which the bags connect. Once you've learned and perfected the mechanics.

do the same thing with the other hand. Strike down at it with one hand in a chopping motion so that the side of your fist-or the knuckles of your pinkie and ring fingerstrike the bag such that it bounces against the platform.Tools of the Trade 73 I still enjoy going to work on the speed bag. This will take a while to master. It's worth doing just for that. Eventually. where they belong. once you've learned to do it. and also to build enough muscle stamina to do it for three minutes straight. How to use it: Using small bag gloves or just handwraps. As it swings back again. hit it again with the same hand in the same chopping motion. makes you feel like a fighter. you'll get the rhythm down and can switch to alternating hands instead of using each hand twice in a row. working the speed bag. with blows and with keeping your elbows pointed to the floor. As much as anything. . As it hits the platform and then rebounds. So be patient. which means your hands are up around your cheekbones. stand with the bottom of the bag at eye level (the platforms are adjustable for height).

OR REFLEX BAG hat it is: This is essentially a large speed bag that is held vertically at about eye level by elastic rope both above and below it. it's strictly for improving accuracy W The double-end bag works your defense because it hits back. because it moves so easily. it moves quickly and erratically from not a lot offorce. What it's fOT: The double-end bag qUickens reflexes and. This is not the kind of bag that teaches you to hit hard or improves your strength. Because of the elastic. accurate punches. teaches a fighter to throw short. precise. .74 DOX un IH! PROS OOUBU-ENO BAG.

It also helps you learn defense. UPPERCUT BAG W hat it is: The uppercut bag is essentially a heavy bag or duffel bag that is suspended or fastened to something horizontally rather than . Today it's used for that and more: practicing technique and punching on the inside. straight punches and concentrate on accuracy and on maintaining the proper technique. and also as a conditioning tool. simulating a target for you that calls for a specific punch-on top of his shoulder for a jab. Because if you don't. quick. It's especially useful for teaching inexperienced fighters to target vulnerable spots and to improve their accuracy. And much sturdier. Save the power punches for the heavy bag. What it's for: In the old days. How to use it: Once you've mastered the fundamentals and the ba- sic punches. Just throwing it back and forth builds strength throughout the arms and shoulders. it's also a good workout for the trainer. your trainer will get you in the ring and hold the medicine ball at various spots around his body. stand di- rectly in front of the bag in the correct stance and try to hit it with combinations. How to use it: Wearing your bag gloves or sparring gloves.Tools of the Trade 75 and quickness. throw short. Because of its weight. Don't overthrow. MEDICIU BALL W hat it is: a large rubber or leather ball that weighs between 10 and 15 pounds. this bag hits you back. particularly to move your head after punching. fighters would have their trainers throw the ball into their stomach to tighten up their abdominal muscles. at his right side for a left hook to the body. It's bigger than a basketball but smaller than those gi- ant balls you see in yoga or Pilates classes.

they are an invaluable tool in teaching a fighter to throw punches in combination and to develop sound defensive moves. You can step to the side and throw it at an angle. How to use it: You'll learn later how to properly throw an uppercut. worn hand pads. What they're used for: Working the pads helps you learn to punch straight and correctly.76 BOX LlU TH[ PROS vertically. HAlO PADS W hat they are: Called punch mitts by some. hard-rubber pads that protect them from the force of the blows. What it's for: practicing uppercuts. any more than you would if there was an opponent in front of you. and getting that upper-body movement down starts with good bag work-including the uppercut bag. Any real boxing gym is sure to have an uppercut bag or two. except here the hands are covered by these large. You don't just stand still in front of the bag throwing an endless stream of uppercuts at it. When used properly by a good trainer. Any boxing gym worth its weight in sweat has at least one or two sets of good. but the important part about using the uppercut bag is that it teaches you how to use angles when you throw punches. as well as at different angles. It can be fastened to a beam or platform of some type so long as its underside is accessible. Ever had a friend hold up his hands while you try to punch them? Same thing. You can't do that very effectively on a regular heavy bag that's hanging vertically. Because the uppercut bag is horizontal. You dip to the right and throw a right uppercut. the less available you'll be for the counterpunch. The more you move your upper body when you punch. these are pads that are worn over a trainer's hands while he or she holds them up to be punched by a training or aspiring fighter. You dip to the left and throw the left. it's in the perfect position to receive your uppercuts. Your punches slide off because of the angle of the bag. .

Tools of the Trade 77 Hand pads and the medicine ball Working the pads is the next best thing to being in there with a live opponent. .

holding one pad where he wants you to punch . he places it in front of one of his ribs. They come in small. than the headgear that is required to be worn in amateur bouts. Sounds fun? It is. was its original purpose. typically. Your trainer puts them on and holds up his hands. depending on the size of your head. Professionals wear headgear while sparring. large. He will also pretend to throw a punch at you with one pad and place the other where he wants you to counter after you've ducked his blow. Your trainer simulates your opponent-only he doesn't hit you. around the eyes. Essentially. medium. while others offer padding at the cheekbones. and must fit well: your ears should fit into the ear holes and the front should fit well above your eyes. Where he puts the pad. What it's used fOT: Most believe headgear is designed solely to cushion blows to the head. this. Standard models cover the front and sides of the head but leave the face open. It's also useful in helping to prevent lacerations and bruising on the face. this exercise simulates a sparring match or a fight. It slips on over your head and ties in the back. But it doesn't protect your chin. you punch. and extra large. it moves around . but not in actual bouts. If he wants you to throw a hook to the body. and it certainly yields benefits in that respect. depending on the model you want. in fact. thereby helping to prevent serious injury. HEADGEAR W hat it is: a padded helmet fighters wear. There are several different types. How to use it: It's headgear. he holds in front of his shoulder. and here's where it gets tricky: if it's not tight enough. and on the head. where the padding is thickest. but they vary mainly in the amount of padding: headgear that is used for sparring in the gym has more padding. You have to be careful how tight you make it.78 BOX lIU TH~ PROS How to use them: You can't use these by yourself. If he wants you to jab. though. Be prepared to spend between $30 and $100.

How to use them: You have to know how to punch in order to use them correctly and we haven't gotten to that yet. figuring that once they get used to the extra weight on their hands. often falling over your eyes and blocking your vision. It's the only way to get the fit right. They weigh anywhere between 14 and 18 ounces-as opposed to the 8. You have to adjust it constantly. If there's too much room between your fist and the padding. but here's something that's often overlooked: when you put sparring gloves on. The cost ranges from $60 to about $100. they'll have an advantage using the smaller gloves in actual bouts. Make sure the headgear fits you reasonably well and is snug but not squeezing your head. work on the heavy W hat they are: oversized boxing gloves that are specifically used for bag or pads. he or she holds them in place while you put your hand in. if desired. . SPARRING GlOV~S sparring. There always should be someone helping you put on sparring gloves.or 1a-ounce gloves used in matches-and the extra padding is intended to cushion blows landed to the head during sparring sessions. Some fighters like to use them for virtually all of their gym work. But tie it too tight and it feels like your head is in a vise. Some are fastened with laces (the old-fashioned style) and some with Velcro.Tools of the Trade 79 when you get hit. Most gyms supply them. What they're used for: Sparring and. the glove will be uncomfortable and affect how you land. Don't be rushed into anything the first time you spar. you must make sure to get your fist as deep into the glove as it will go. but some fighters prefer to buy and use their own.

and Staying on Balance efore you can learn how to throw a punch or to duck one. Each one is as important as the other. Eyes on Your Opponent.6 Building the Foundation: Hands up. Chin down. You have to get all of them right. A house with a weak foundation is no good. B . It won't matter how hard you hit or how fast you are. and sooner or later someone will make you pay for it. You need to know all of them and understand why they're important. if the foundation is bad the house is going to fall the first time something hits it. If you don't. and your eyes on your opponent. Building a good boxing foundation depends on four things: keeping your hands up. but think of your boxing mechanics as a house. And that house is you. It's a cliche in sports. You have to build a foundation. No matter how nice it looks on the outside. you have to learn the basics. no matter how much expensive furniture you put in it. your chin down. nothing else you do in the ring will matter. You'll be putting nice furniture in a house that's ready to fall apart. and staying on balance.

you stand and punch in the ring opposite the way a righthanded fighter does it. you only have two other ways to avoid getting hit: slipping and duck- . Why: It's the only way to block a punch. the stronger one. There are a couple of ways to handle them. or left-handed fighters. The right hand will come with work. This is the position your hands should be in whenever you're not punching. It also means they won't have any unusual problems getting fights. That gives them a real good. The elbows are held close to the body to protect from punches to that area. and a hard left hook. So that's what I do. In the game. but the stance is reversed and the punches are thrown with the opposite hand. The righty throws a left hook. Now that we've got that out of the way. If your hands are down all the time. we have to talk about southpaws. they're called "converted southpaws. The righty's left foot is forward. the left. He figures that's the way God made them. we can get on with it. if I'm going to train them. The righty throws a left jab. the lefty's right foot is. That means I make them fight as righthanders. all the same rules apply.Building the Foundation 81 Before we get to the specifics. That gives them a couple of advantages: it makes their lead hand. When left-handed fighters come into my gym. HAlO S U P eye level. so he lets them fight as southpaws. So I'll say it now: if you're left-handed and want to fight that way. I turn them right around. And blocking punches ac- T he proper position of your hands is for both of them to be almost at counts for a lot of your defense. too." My son Marvis and I disagree about southpaws. strong jab. That's okay. the southpaw a right hook. the lefty a right jab. But I don't want to have to write everything twice in this book-once for the right-handed fighters and another for the lefthanded ones. since a lot of fighters don't like fighting lefties. Everything else is about the same.

elbows in. So keep your hands up-all the time . Here's another reason to keep your hands up: you're always in position to throw a counterpunch. You lose time and opportunity. If Hands up. or using your legs to move around the ring and stay outside. And that includes when you throw punches: when you throw a right hand. Ready to block punches. your left stays up.82 80 X LI H T f PRO S H ing all the punches. If your hands are at your waist. . far enough away from your opponent that he can't hit you. you have to bring them up and then punch. When you throw a left. and that takes a lot more energy than it does to block them. you probably can't hit him. Practice keeping your hands up when you shadowbox in front of the mirror. either. the right stays up. But if you're so far away that he can't hit you.

More than you have to. it's harder for your opponent to reach your chin. Your job is not to let him. and you do that by keeping your hands up. but you can keep it to a minimum by keeping your hands up to protect your face. Whenever you work on the heavy bag or the double-end bag or the hand mitts. you only have to punch straight. No matter what you're doing. stand in front of the mirror and practice throwing punches and always bringing them back straight and keeping both hands up. If your hands are down. your chin stays tucked down behind your fists. not hit and get hit. That causes the brain to slam around inside the skull.Building the Foundation 83 your hands are up already. Why give him the chance? How to practice: Once you've learned the basics of how to punch. the object of this game is to hit and not get hit. And your chin is what your opponent is trying to nail. Getting hit on the chin is what gets fighters hurt. Remember. It's your job to keep that from happening. You're going to get hit anyway. not up and then straight. If you keep your chin down and your hands up. it won't take your opponent much time to see it and go right after you. CHIN DOWN W hy: Know what causes a fighter to get hurt and knocked down or knocked out? When he gets hit on the chin and his head whips around. which is covered later. pretend you're in the ring with an opponent who wants to hit you. . A fighter who doesn't keep his hands up is like a soldier going into combat with no helmet. What happens if you don't: You'll get hit-a lot. and you do that by keeping your chin down.

If you're not looking at your opponent. You can't see where to throw punches or when. ~ns 01 YOUR OPPOI~NT W hy: if someone is trying to hit you on the head and hurt you. Leaving your chin hanging up in the air is even worse than dropping your hands. which is the key to winning. You're asking to be knocked out. Not only that. Never turn your head away or close your eyes. It will feel like you can't see your opponent unless you do. you can't do it. you'll want to raise your chin. It's instinct. If you find that it's difficult to remember. But that doesn't mean you should do it. Keep at it until it feels natural. What happens if you don't: You have to see what your opponent is doing in order to stop it and to do what you want to do. and when your opponent throws a punch and you back away from it. you don't know where to punch. which is what your instinct will tell you to do when you see a punch coming.84 BOX II H T [ PRO S H What happens if you don't: Your instinct will be to raise your chin up. How to practice: Concentrate. Looking away from your opponent and closing your eyes is a sure way of getting beaten up. You won't see the openings. Also. you're going to open yourself up to a lot of punches if your opponent knows you're not even seeing where they're coming from. It's natural-when you punch. take a bag glove and tuck it under your chin. Hold it in place there on your upper chest with just your chin while you shadowbox or hit the bags. You've got to see what your opponent is going to do so that you know what's coming. So keep your chin down . concentrate. concentrate. where should you look to keep it from happening? Right at him. concentrate on keeping your chin down. How to practice: Whenever you shadowbox in front of the mirror or hit the bag. when you're shadowboxing or hitting the hand . if you're not looking at your opponent. of course. When you're hitting the bag. You can't. You must watch your opponent at all times.

keep your eyes straight ahead. you should angle your upper body with the lead side forward so that your opponent gets a smaller target. the upper body is turned. and fiat on the ground. but eventually it will come . Push the heavy bag. facing him headon. Both knees should be bent slightly. turned slightly inward toward the right. so that you're on the ball of your foot. That's how you get power. let it hit you and keep your eyes open at the moment of impact. but just slightly. It takes a while to get this down. A lot of trainers will tell you that when you are in position. Have a training buddy flick practice punches at your head and practice not flinching and keeping your eyes locked on him or her. That's wrong. The correct placement stance for right-handers is for the left foot to be in front of the right. STAY 01 BAlAIU T where and how to place know your feet in the classical boxing position. The heel should be raised slightly.Building the Foundation 85 mitts. o stay on balance you need to . Stand with your shoulders just about straight across. The right foot is approximately 18 inches behind the left. And practice keeping your eyes open when you're working out. Note that when the feet are placed correctly. Don't let the things around you distract you. How are you supposed to have balance when you're standing sideways? You want to be just about squared up to your opponent. and when it swings back to you. That's how you stay on balance. So don't turn sideways.

The legs are critical to generating the power you need to score punches and to get your opponent's respect.86 BOX II nTH ( PRO S Standing that way gives you more options defensively-block. duck-and it gives you better balance and power. Why: You need to be on bal- ance all the time in the ring-to get leverage on your punches and to withstand your opponent's. you need to be on balance or it just won't work. It's the same as if you're swinging a baseball bat or trying to make a layup. If your balance isn't right. You can't do either if you're offbalance. it only takes a lit- . roll. What happens if you don't: Being off balance in the ring is a sure way to get knocked down. slip.

then left foot. if you're knocked off balance by a light punch. You can't get anything done in the ring if you have bad balance. To practice. then back foot. regardless of the direction. Having bad balance hurts both your offense and your defense. Practice moving in front of the mirror to make sure your feet are doing what they're supposed to. looking straight ahead. You never. then front foot. it's front foot first. it's left foot first then the right foot. . Also. That's how you stay on balance. Front foot 'first. Feel the balance. it's easier for your opponent to hit you with a bigger. then back foot. ever cross your feet.Building the Foundation 87 tie punch to knock you down. Moving right. Move forward-front foot first. How to practice: Whenever you move in the ring. Get your balance. with your knees slightly bent. it's right foot. To go backward it's back foot first. stand in front of the mirror in the classical boxing position: hands up. chin down. or even one that you've partially blocked. When you move forward. heavier punch while you're busy trying to regain your balance. make sure your feet are where they are supposed to be. Moving left. it's one foot at a time.

eyes on your opponent. Now move backward-rear foot first. don't spread your legs so wide that you're off balance. or the one that moves second.88 80 X LI U TH PRO S ~ then back foot. nothing else will work. Front foot first. Rear foot first. the second foot follows. chin down. . you'll lose your balance. And the trailing foot. then right foot. you're on your way to boxing like the pros. If you do. Rear foot first. That's the foundation: hands up. then front foot. then left foot. Don't lift the back foot too high off the ground. If you don't get those right. then back foot. then front foot. it's left foot first. The same process applies for moving side to side: to the left. and move each foot the same distance so that your feet are neither too close together nor too wide apart. To the right. then front foot. and staying on balance. push off of it with the ball of your foot. Never spread your legs more than a couple of feet apart. Remember. never comes very high off of the ground: the lead foot does that. it's right foot first. instead.

Now you're ready to learn how to punch. It's a matter of distance-the distance between you and your opponent when you start to punch. out there on the very end of the punch. You want to get close enough to punch Y through him. when you're sparring. Remember this. it's important that you know that you should practice punching through your opponent's chin or jaw. the power's already gone. or almost fully rotated for hooks. make it a policy. Punch through him. You don't want to throw your punch so that your arm is fully extended when the punch lands. or when you're hitting the bag or hand pads. Don't punch at your opponent. Before you start throwing punches. . By that time.7 It's aHurtin' Business: The Basics of Offense our job in the ring is to throw punches and do some damage. and practice it all the time-when you're shadowboxing. The ring is no place to play. So you've got to learn how to do it right. not at it. You want to be able to drive your punch through your opponent's guard and have it land when you're almost fully extended for straight punches.

muscle. eeping your wrist straight is the first and most elemental thing you Keep that wrist straight. And. not really. Pretend it's not bone. The first time you hit the bag or a sparring partner and your wrist bends. you'll know why this is so important. Make your wrists straight and keep them straight. First. through the back of your hand.90 80 X LI nTH E PRO S KEEPING YOUR WRIST STRAIGHT need K to learn about punching. Before you ask. and all the way up to your knuckles. Allowing your wrist to bend when you land not only robs a punch of its power but will very likely result in a busted wrist or hand. Your wrists must be straight at all times. not keep them straight. your wrist has to be straight when your hands are wrapped. . The wraps are meant to support your wrists. and you couldn't bend it if you wanted to. second. there's still a little movement in your wrists even with the handwraps on. ''Aren't the handwraps supposed to take care of that? " I'll tell you right now: no. and tendon in your wrists but a simple straight metal rod that runs from your forearm.

With your fist locked in position. remembering to shuffle on the ball of your foot. It's not meant to hurt your opponent. it is to let him know you mean business and to pave the way for the power punches that follow. Then bring your arm straight back again to the starting position. you can control your opponent and control the fight. The top line of the knuckles should be even. a fight is hard to win. and it gets you in punching range. In and out. When your arm is fu lly extended. step forward with your left foot. The jab makes your job a lot easier if you use it the way you're supposed to. great. The Jab 1. The jab sets every punch up. unless your T he jab is the most important punch in boxing. At the same time that you 're throwing the punch . If you can land it con- .meaning. As your arm extends. Feel that? Now you're ready to learn how to punch. 3. put a little extra speed behind it. Without ajab. Assume the standard position: hands up. Feel that row of knuckles that lines the top of your fist and runs across your fingers-the broadest part of your fist. Extend your left fist outward at eye level. it blinds your opponent to the punches that will come right behind it. eyes on your opponent. Sometimes it does. make a fist. you can hit him with every other punch. That's the part you want to make contact on your opponent. chin down.It's a Hurtin' Business 91 Next. The jab starts almost every combination you throw. THE JAB sistently. rotate your fist to the right so that when your arm is fully extended your palm is faCing the floor. 2. "snap" it. with your thumb resting across the index and middle fingers . If you can hurt your opponent with it. because if you can hit him with the jab. don't bring your foot completely off the canvas. That is.

your chin stays down and your right glove stays glued to your cheek. motion: straight out. Plant your feet and jab. When you jab. At the same time. of course. Your weight stays evenly distributed between front and back legs. your right foot moves forward an equal distance. the jab is thrown in one smooth. plant both feet and jab. . Straight out and straight back. straight back. As with all other punches. so that you're on balance. 4.92 BOX II U TH PRO S ~ opponent is moving backward at a faster rate than you are moving forward}. As soon as you're at the right distance.

Bring your fist right back to its original position. Practice it. And your right fist stays glued in position at your right cheek. TU STRAIGHT RIGHT HAND f or most right-handed fighters. Practice it more than any other punch. It goes straight out. don't let your left hand drop. so even if you went your whole life . It's your stronger hand. practice it. everything else falls in place. the right cross will be the power punch. practice it. and throw it more than any other when you're sparring and when you're fighting.It's a Hurtin' Business 93 Do not drop your left hand before throwing it. If you've got a good jab. The jab is the most important punch there is. Practice it on the heavy bag and the hand pads. Straight out. Straight back. And when you bring it back. Practice throwing the jab straight out and straight back in front of the mirror. 5.

throw it the way it's supposed to be thrown. and the mechanics take care of everything else. and follow-through. how to get their full weight behind their punches. A good fighter will know it's coming and block it or slip it or roll with it. Same thing with any power punch. Just do it right. .94 BOX 1I H T ~ H PRO S without ever really learning how to fight. You have to get your whole body into a punch. Don't worry about swinging for the fences with every right hand. Just because the straight right is a power punch doesn't mean you have to try to kill your opponent with it every time you throw it. working him over. outthinking him. The straight right is the second half of the old "onetwo" (but more on that later). the fight's over and you're still waiting to land that big punch. Follow through. Rocky Marciano. Turn into it. Some of the best sluggers in the history of the sport-guys like Joe Louis. is. and with speed and power. Sugar Ray Robinson. balance. The key to throwing the straight right correctly. They throw only with their arms and shoulders. feinting him. but because they didn't set it up the right way it doesn't land. blinded him or her to what's coming. and their blows-"arm punches. If it doesn't seem at first like there's much power behind the punch. The most common mistake I see young guys make all the time is they wait and wait and wait to land the one big right hand or left hook that they think is going to knock the other guy out. and then landing the shot that takes him out. as with all power punches. The straight right will be the punch you throw after the jab has set your opponent up. Some fighters never learn how to punch hard properly. it just means you need to keep practicing it. and George Foreman-were great right-hand punchers. you'd naturally hit harder with your right than your left. You've got to do the hard work of setting your man up for the big punch. Before you know it." they're called in the game-are not as hard or as effective as they should be. leverage. wearing him down. They load up and load up and finally swing.

There are things you should do after you throw the right hand that we'll get to later. Drive it with your legs. chin down. the straight right goes straight out and comes straight back. they are done at the same time. For now we're just concerned with throwing it correctly and getting it back. Extend your right arm straight out. Drive the punch through with your legs. smooth motion. 4. At the same time that you're extending your arm. lean forward on the ball of your left foot. Plant that foot in place.It ' s a Hurtin' Business 95 The Straight Right 1. So once you've extended your arm and driven the punch through your opponent. 2. . Throwing the punch and driving it with your right foot is one single. The two moves are connected. imagine that your right fist and right foot are connected and attached to a pulley: when you throw the punch. eyes on your opponent. one doesn't happen without the other. Like the jab. the pulley makes you lean. at the same time rotating your fist to the left so that when your arm is fully extended your palm is facing the floor. Don't drop your hand. And as always. bring the punch back straight. It goes straight out and straight back. your feet are anchored to the floor. 3. Shoot it straight out. Assume the standard position: hands up. And your left fist stays glued to your left cheek. Don't loop the right hand. If it helps.

travels about the same dis- .96 BOX II If TH[ PRO S 5. it works best when your opponent doesn't see it coming. it permits you to get more leverage and torque into it. as with any other punch. The left hook. I think the left hook is the most powerful and dangerous punch in the game. But when thrown correctly. to get more of your body into it than the straight right does. Don't worry about how hard it lands. when thrown correctly. THf LHT HOOK T he majority of the great punchers in boxing history probably relied more on the straight right than they did on the left hook. and on the heavy bag and hand pads. You don't want to telegraph it. Practice doing it this way in front of the mirror. Work the right band and throw it right and the power wUl come. Because of the way it's thrown. Get the mechanics right and the rest will take care of itself.

The keys are to be in position to throw it and to bring your hip and body around with it. They are connected. some with their hook. but it can be confuSing at first. Try this: imagine that there's a metal pole that is attached to your left wrist and runs down through your hip and left foot. That gets you close enough . it's used more. And you'll find eventually that you will favor one punch over another. some with their straight right. a good fighter will have a good right. but if you can master it. not true. To get into position to throw the hook.It's a Hurtin' Business 97 tance as does the straight right. The jab keeps him busy. wham. You can throw a long hook or a short hook. there's not a better punch in boxing. The hook I knocked down the Butterfly with was a long hook. single motion. which means more fighters are geared to defending against that rather than the hook. Eventually. these different pieces will be one smooth. when you're close enough. To throw the left hook correctly. There's a lot to know about the hook. you can get him with the hook. . I stopped a lot of guys with a long hook. But because it comes from the side. You can't move your left fist without it bringing around your hips. The bad is that the left hook is the hardest punch to learn how to throw properly (though it was easy for me). A lot of trainers will teach that you have to be close when you throw the hook. you move toward your opponent while jabbing. Then. distracts him. a good hook. Some fighters fall in love with their jab. and a good jab. you have to be in the right position to get the most out of it. You can throw it to the body or the head. Of course. there are exceptions. without opening yourself up too much to a counterpunch. Remember that the jab sets up everything else. it's not as easy to spot coming as the straight right is . How do you get in position to throw the hook? The jab. That's the good news. And because the straight right is an easier and more natural punch to throw for most right-handed people than the hook is. The power comes from the legs and from putting your body behind the punch . bolting into the floor.

make a slapping motion with your fingers straight and your palm facing the right-just like you're slapping someone in the face. Make sure your elbow is up when you bring the punch around so that your arm is parallel to the floor and turn your fist so Bring that elbow up and drive the hook with your legs. plant your left foot flat on the floor. Getting ready to throw the hook . Assume the standard position: hands up. That's going to drive the punch. but still keep your weight evenly distributed betweeh your legs. anchor it. Once you get that motion down. eyes on your opponent. Lean forward and to the left slightly. chin down. As you're bringing the punch over. 4. With your left hand. Get that motion down-bringing your arm over from the left to the right in a hooking motion. close your fist and do it for real.98 BOX lIlE TH PRO S ~ The Left Hook 1. 2. 3.

your balance. Don't give up. 5. you'll find out before too long that it hurts more to get hit by the uppercut than . When you're shadowboxing in front of the mirror. get back on balance. simultaneously bring your hip around with it. When you turn the punch over. Once it reaches a spot directly in front of your face. Follow through with the punch. while you're doing this. but keep that left foot planted. practice getting the motion down and twisting your hip and planting your foot. TH( UPHRCUT I f you plan to spar and/or to box competitively. It can take a long time to learn to throw the left hook right and with power. Snap the punch throughthat's called "turning it over. Work it hard and it'll pay you back. bring your left hand and your weight back to their original position and adjust Notice how the weight is to the left. If you have to move a little to keep your balance." And remember.It's a Hurtin' Business 99 your palm is facing you. Once the motion is completed and the punch thrown. your right glove is glued to your right cheek. get on the heavy bag and start pounding away. Once you've got it so that you can't bring that left fist up without your hip turning automatically. Dig that hook in there. do it.

When you get caught cleanly with an uppercut. it slams your head straight up and back. and when . If you know what you are doing and are experienced. It's most effective when you're inside and your opponent is crouching or bent over in front of you . That's why it's an inside punch. it means you had no idea it was coming.100 80 X LI U TH PHD S ~ by any other punch. And last. you should know that it's intended to be an inside punch. it always surprises you. It's also an excellent counterpunch. and unless you know how to block it and can see it coming. when you're on the outside. Second. meaning at arm's length or farther. And that just hurts. The first is that not a lot of fighters work on developing a very good uppercut. And it's not just when you're on the inside with your opponent. provided you've done some things to set it up. No punch is more easily spotted coming than the uppercut from the outside and without a punch in front of it because of the motion your arm must undertake to throw it. only throw the uppercut when you're inside. It knocks your head straight up and back. That's the bad news. They're more concerned with the jab or the big right hand. The most important thing to know about throwing the uppercut is when not to throw it-namely. you need to know when to throw it. That makes a big impression on the judges and the crowd. Why? Number one. But if you're just starting out. So until you've gotten some rounds under your belt. there's nothing you can do about it. Now that you know when not to throw the uppercut. you can be very effective throwing it from the outside. Any fighter with even a little experience will see it coming and step in with a straight right to the head. That puts him or her in the perfect position. It doesn't turn your head the way a punch to the jaw or chin does. There are two pieces of good news. a lot of the time it lands on your nose. The second is that a well-delivered and cleanly landed uppercut will hurt your opponent as much as it would you-more so if you work on throwing it correctly and at the right time.

Shift your weight to the left and drive the uppercut to its target. To throw the left uppercut. Remember. Assume the standard position: hands up. bend both legs and place more weight on the left side of your body. 4. "driving" the punch up. throw it right from your chin. As you bring the punch up. 2. the better. . You're punching as much with your legs as you are with your fist. eyes on your opponent. push up with your legs. which makes it very effective. This is a short punch. Don't drop your fist to throw the punch. Keeping your arm relaxed. snap the punch upward to about eye level. the closer to your body your arm is. 3.It's a Hurtin' Business 101 thrown from the right position as a counter it is almost impossible to see coming. The Uppercut 1. chin down.

pushing with both of your legs. placing more of your weight on the right side of your body. but the same rules apply to all of them: . Return to the standard Use your legs to drive the uppercut through your opponent's guard. drive it up. They're all different. As you do. Assume the standard position: hands up. eyes on your opponent. The shorter the punch the better. position: hands up. 5. 1. 4. Return to the standard position: hands up. Bring the punch up. the straight right. All the power is coming from your legs. eyes on your opponent. Bend slightly to the right. in this case the left. Remember: your right glove stays glued to your right cheekbone and your chin stays down. the left hook. the hand that's not doing the punching. There you have the four main punches: the jab. 2. Throwing the right uppercut is slightly different. 3. As always. chin down. chin down. eyes on your opponent. stays up and glued to your left cheek and your chin stays down.102 BOX LI nTH! PRO S 5. chin down. 6. Throw the punch right from your chin. and the uppercut. 6.

not at him. It can't be overestimated.especially if he keeps them very high and you can't land to the head . You can't duck or slip a punch to the body. That's one of the reasons you do it: to bring down your opponent's hands. Imagine feeling that way when you're in the ring with someone. 103 o Power comes from the legs and hips and from keeping your feet planted. "If you hurt the body. o The chin stays down. If you've ever had the wind knocked out of you. You really can't miss it. The best your opponent can do is try to block it. you know how painful and debilitating it can be. Punching to the body is one of the most underused and most valuable methods of offense in the game. Which part of the body you're looking to hit depends on which . o The nonpunching hand stays in position. o Straight punches go straight out and straight back. Ask any veteran fighter whether he'd rather get hit on the chin or in the liver and he'll say the chin every time. the head will come to you. BODY PUNCHING [very one of the punches we've gone over so far can also be thrown [to the body as well as to the head.It's a Hurtin' Business o Punch through your opponent. One more great thing about working the body: it doesn't move . And if he does. o Keep your wrists straight. over the long haul they wear him or her down . " It's true . he gives you an opening upstairs to the head. o Punch to land with the broadest part of your fist. There's an old expression in boxing that says. And even if your body blows don't knock the wind out of your opponent. Body punching was a critical part of my game plan in each and every fight and was an important part of my success.

there it is. waiting for you with interest. without specific intent or design. and then when you're ready to make a big withdrawal. Become a good body puncher and you'll not only be respected in the ring. put it in. and they normally don't provide the instant gratification that a ringing head shot does. So. you're going for the side. you can get the liver or the upper rib cage. are aimed at the middle of the torso. Throw- . and the jab and straight right. the more you throw the better. The punches aren't as showy when they land. If you want to make something happen in the ring. put it in. and with any body punch you must bend your knees and get closer than you would throwing to the head. Throw one punch and wait. maybe the third one won't. Always give yourself room to punch. A pro throws punches in combination-meaning a series of punches thrown in a specific order that is designed to maximize the chance of each single punch landing. If you get lucky. which are used less frequently to the body but are very effective in the right situations. right to the front of the kidney. But going to the body is like putting money in the bank: you put it in. But no good fighter just throws punches aim- lessly. generally. are thrown on the inside.104 BOX Ulf T f PRO S H punch you're throwing. Even if the first punch misses. maybe the second one won't. COMBINATION PUNCHING Y our job in the ring is to land punches. you throw combinations. but feared . One punch sets up the next one. The uppercut should be to the pit ofthe stomach. A mistake that a lot of fighters make is to throw one punch and wait. And that one sets the table for the one that follows. The hooks and uppercuts. They go through a whole fight like that. And if the second one does. If you're hooking to the body. of course. You'll be tempted to forget about going to the body. But you can't stand so close that you smother your punches.

STRAIGHT RIGHT HAND The old one-two. when thrown correctly. but it does. . The right hand comes in immediately after. The exception is if your opponent is coming in to you . It's so basic you wouldn't think it could still work. LEFT JAB. A variation of this is two jabs followed by a straight right hand. Then you can just stand your ground and catch him or her on the way in. Here are four basic combinations that will get you on your way to becoming a dangerous combination puncher. the straight right hand comes right behind the jab. 1. The jab blinds the opponent. which is especially effective if your jabs convince The jab blinds your opponent.It's a Hurtin' Business -1 0 5 ing in combination is the way you set your opponent up for the perfect knockout blow. The jab lets you know how close you've got to be. all the time. so simple and so effective. The key to this one is making sure you step in with the jab so that you're close enough to land the right cross.

that the hook comes immediately after the uppercut lands. left hook combination . A variation on this is the left uppercut. It's perfect.106 BOX II KI THE PRO S your opponent to move backward in a straight line. a second after being shaken by an uppercut. There's almost no way that your opponent. is a shocking and disorienting punch to take. All you have to do is make sure the timing is right. as we've discussed. LEFT HOOK This may be the most perfect combination in the sport. the left hook almost has to. These two punches were made for one another. making your right cross all the more hkely to land. The beauty of it is that if the right uppercut lands. 2. will be able to avoid the hook. The uppercut hfts your opponent's head up and back. There's nothing your opponent can do about it unless he or she really knows defense . The uppercut. RIGHT UPPERCUT. .right into the path of the left hook. If you're The uppercut lifts up your opponent's chin-right into the path of your hook.

You're committed to the punch. You turn it over and snap it back into position and suddenly you're back on balance and in the standard position again. So you bring the hook. It's beautiful. The double hook-the first to the body. but it can be difficult. RIGHT CROSS. If you do it every time. faster than you would have been had the right cross been the last punch in your combination. LEFT JAB. Your weight is on your front leg so you're a little off balance. after you throw the right and before you're back on balance. That sounds obvious. The key to throwing good combinations is throwing each punch correctly within the combination. You come over with the right. Now. The only thing you have to be careful of is throwing it too often . or sacrificing the correct form because the second punch in the combination is your favorite one. hard hook on someone's body. DOUBLE LEFT HOOK Remember. You step forward with the jab. or you don't ex- . When you bang a good. the primary purpose for throwing combinations is to increase the chances of each punch within the combination landing. the second to the head-is the perfect example of this principle in action. your opponent will anticipate the second hook and step inside and counter it.It's a Hurtin' Business 107 good with your left hand. 4. So maybe you don't plant the right cross because you're in love with your left hook. LEFT HOOK The best thing about this combination is that it brings you back on balance and into position. your right arm is fully extended. You'll find yourself wanting to rush one punch to get to the next one. this is a devastating combination to have in your arsenal. That leaves the right side of his or her head exposed and waiting for your second hook to follow. 3. it's instinct to bring down the right elbow to block it.

Don't cheat. . there's no magic wand on fight night. Throw combinations in front of the mirror and on the heavy bag and hand pads. Practice throwing combinations. Resist this temptation to cheat. You 'll be happy you did. If you want to box like the pros. and make sure each punch is thrown correctly so that when you get in the ring you'll do it there. you have to practice like the pros. Remember. The old 1-2-3_ Throw each punch within a combination the correct way. too.10 8 80 XII U T ~ PRO S H tend the jab because you're in a rush to land the big right.

(Note: counterpunching is discussed in detail in chapter 8. for example. You need to land punches. feinting is making your opponent think you're about to do something that you're not going to do. Or you make him think you're going to the body. For example. You need to create openings in your opponent's defense to do that. Put simply. you can feint ajab. if you want him to go left. Except you make a move that makes your opponent think you're going to throw a right hand. Remember. you can feint throwing an uppercut and then counter the right hand you know is coming. It's like when a running back comes up to a defender and makes a move that says he's going to go left. it's awful tough to beat a fighter who knows in advance what you're going to do. if that's the direction you want him to go in? What makes him drop his hands? When does he throw the hook? Feint in certain ways to see how he reacts when you do it. but you throw a jab. If whenever you try an uppercut he counters with the right. When he makes a move to defend what he thought you were going to do. Or a left hook. . if every time you throw ajab your opponent ducks. It may look like fighters just go in there and throw punches with no real plan.It's a Hurtin' Business 109 HINTING A lot of what you do when you're in the ring you do to create openings for your punches. but with the good ones there's always a plan. You can do that with feints. Then you know what he's going to do before he does. The key to using feints to their fullest advantage is paying attention to how your opponent reacts to the things you do. Feinting is a way to create those openings. or to the right. What makes him move to the left. then you throw a head punch.) You need to figure out what makes your opponent do what he does in the ring. you attack the way you intended to from the start. It's the same thing in the ring. wait until he comes out of the duck and then hit him with ajab or a right hand when he's not expecting it. but then he goes right.

slip it and counter it with a right of your own . And they'll vary in effectiveness from opponent to opponent. There are many feints you can use in the ring. it may take a while to figure out how your opponent reacts to your feints . and when he moves. breaking your opponent down. Want him to move to his left. throw the right. But practice them . into your right hand? Dip like you're throwing the hook. again. Get good at them. will fall for them every time. and when he throws the right. And. others. maybe those who are very sensitive to body shots. but in many cases you won't know which ones work until you get to know your opponent a little. In the mirror when you're shadowboxing.110 BOX Lln THf PROS Want to get your opponent to drop his hands so you can land the jab? Drop your eyes to his midsection like you're going to the body. . Using feints is part of using your head to land punches. Want to stop your opponent from countering your jab with a right hand? Feint the jab. and especially when you're sparring. Some fighters will never fall for a feint to the body. and eventually taking him out of there. then throw the jab upstairs.

Slipping. Let the other guy worry about grabbing and clinching and ducking. And if you're close enough for him to hit you. . slipping and ducking. that means you're close enough to hit him. But it's important that you get a good grasp of all of them. Sooner or later someone's going to try to hit you back. But that approach won't work for everybody. If he misses you. it's fun to hit someone in the ring. Get in there and do what you have to do. he's going to keep punching it. you can't overpower everybody. You have to know defense.8 You Don't Have to Take One to Give One: The Basics of Defense I I i offense. rolling. and ducking are generally better than blocking. because no matter how hard you hit. too. You have to know what to do when that happens. he's got to get set again and worry about something coming back. If you're doing what you have to do. that's all he has time for. Never W hen I was fighting. It's less fun getting hit yourself. how to get out of the way of a punch. rolling. because as long as your opponent is touching something on you. Defense consists of four basic strategies: blocking. my philosophy was: the best defense is a good I. and holding and clinching. Also.

And while your opponent is guessing. And even if your hands are up around your face blocking punches. Your opponent throws a roundhouse right. you can get business done. Here's an example: if every time your opponent jabs.112 BOX Lln THE PROS get overly dependent on the same defensive move over and over. you're going to block punches without even trying. your chin down. But there are still some things you should know about blocking punches. Generally. sooner or later he or she will follow the jab with a straight right cross. some of the time you roll under it. You keep your chin down in part to protect it behind your gloves . This is especially true of hooks from either side. you slip it by bending to your right. and your eyes open." You get hit with the right cross then. But if some of the time you slip the jab to the right. BLOCKING we talked about in chapter 6: keeping your hands up. You keep your hands up mainly so you can block punches. That's what good fighters do. Here are the different methods of defense. Your opponent throws a left hook. some of the time you duck under it. So if you're already committed to and good at keeping your hands up. aimed right at the spot he or she knows your head will be. or roundhouse punches. one by one. and your eyes on your opponent. your eyes have to stay open behind your gloves so you can see what's going on. or block it. you block it with your right. You 've told that opponent what you're going to do: "This is where my head will be. he'll anticipate what you're going to do and take advantage of it. your opponent doesn't know where your head will be. you block it with your left. . Why? Because if your opponent is any good. your right glove blocks left-hand punches. your left blocks right-hand punches. your chin down. Blocking M uch of the key to good blocking is found among the fundamentals 1. He or she has to guess. you deserve it.

when Let the punch come to you and block it. Your arms and elbows block punches to the body. 3. don't go out to meet it. Keep your elbows close to your body. Why? You only have to reach out that way once or twice for your opponent to notice it. Don't let your elbows flap around. . even when punching. Don't ever extend your arm to block a punch. and when you reach out to block it. Keep your gloves where they're supposed to be. he'll feint a punch.You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 113 2. he'll come right around your arm and bust you on the jaw. Let the punch come to where your glove is. so keep them close to your rib cage. so you can block incoming shots like this left uppercut. If he knows what he's doing.

your chin is down. Blocking an uppercut is slightly different from blocking other punches. SLIPPING S lipping a punch is just what it sounds like: moving your head to either side so that the punch "slips" by you. and it's typically aimed to shoot between your gloves. So. also. It doesn't work as well against hooks. You need to block it before it gets there. An advantage to slipping punches. you form a shell around your midsection. your hands are up.jabs and crosses. because you're moving your head. it creates a new punching angle that blocking does not. or roundhouse punches. First of all. uppercuts. to block an uppercut you've got to keep your right hand under your chin-on your chest with your chin down. Drop your hand in front of your face to catch your opponent's uppercut. and your eyes are on your opponent. As always. you're usually crouched over when your opponent tries it. as opposed to blocking them. Slipping is used primarily to defend against straight punches. 4. is it leaves your hands free to counterpunch.114 BOX LlU TH( PROS they're in against your body. You've got to be able to see the punch coming and catch it with your glove. .

Don't always slip to the same side or your opponent will pick up on it. your hands are free and you're in a good position to strike back at your opponent before he or she is ready. a hook to the body. 2. After slipping the right. To slip a right hand. so that the punch passes over your right shoulder. Again. You can also slip a jab by moving your head to the left. You should do this cautiously though-as with any punch you throwbecause this puts your head in line with your opponent's right hand. From that position you have many counterpunching options: your own jab. a right cross over the jab. you have all kinds of targets to shoot for. . bending both knees in a quick squat so that the jab passes over your left shoulder. bend your knees slightly and move your head to the left.You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 115 Slipping Punches 1. To slip a jab. simply move your head to the right.

the better. you're . The most important thing is that you always come back to the center. Even if it's by an inch. The punch doesn't have to miss by a foot. not to the side of it. It's a combination of bending at the waist and bending at the knees. You probably think you already know how to duck a punch. that is dependent on keeping your chin down. you wouldn't be close enough to counter it. you don't want it to-if it did. Maybe you do. Ducking is not simply bending over at the waist so that the punch sails over your head. and looking around. your hands down. That left him within perfect range to land his counterpunches. like blocking. Ducking is another move. Ducking 1.116 BOX Lln TH[ PROS A big key to slipping punches well is judging how close your opponent is to you. every time. You move under the punch. The less distance your opponent misses by. so you can see what's coming next. (In fact. You shouldn't have to bend your body in half or way over to the side to slip a shot. back to where you started. DUCKING ucking is very similar to slipping except your head moves down in- stead D of down and to the side . and for balance. your hands up. was so good at judging his opponent's distance that he'd slip punches just by moving his head an inch or two either way. in the heat of a fight. My boyhood hero. But there are some things you need to know about it before you can do it right. and your eyes on your opponent-see how often we come back to that? Doing those things keeps your center of gravity low and makes you a smaller target than you would be if you were standing with your chin up.) It only has to miss. Joe Louis. You have to know how much distance to move your head to get out of the way of a punch. Why? If you're bending just at the waist.

You should see your opponent's whole body. When you come up out of a duck. When you duck a punch. If it's easier. your eyes stay on your opponent. Bending solely at the waist puts you in a vulnerable position. But you can 't let them. That's when you get tagged if your opponent is throwing a combination. If it helps. 2. Don't do it. duck the jab instead of slipping or blocking it. you can adjust what you're looking at from his face to his chest. Ducking the first punch doesn't mean a whole lot if you take the second and third. chin down. . But you should never be looking at the canvas when you're in the ring. Remember the rule: eyes on your opponent all the time.You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 117 moving your head forward . and doesn't require you to put your head out so far forward . Your instinct will also tell you to lift your chin up when you're coming out of a duck or a slip. keep your form: hands up. Your instinct when you duck a punch will be to look at the floor while you're doing it. Every so often. or that's where you'll end up. 3. so you can see what's going on. Bending at the knees gives you a much better shot at keeping your balance. that's where your eyes are going to go. You do both when you duck a punch the right way. eyes on your opponent. lower the target. toward your opponent and potentially right into the path of an uppercut. If you're partly bending over and keeping your head in the same position.

you've missed a golden opportunity. if you make a guy miss while rolling and then don't come back with a hard punch. at least from a counterpunching standpoint. in addition to making a punch miss. but there are three important differopposed olling is similar to ducking in that you're moving under a punch as ences: it's not the straight up-and-down motion ducking is. The standard duck. and that's the perfect time to nail him or her with something. 3.118 BOX lIU THf PROS 4. and you can do that when you've just ducked a punch and you're coming up out of it. Rolling with a punch consists of three distinct movements blended together into one fluid motion: 1. A rolling of the upper body to the left or the right. The direction in which you roll depends on what punch you're rolling under. Ducking a punch looks good to the crowd. Always punch after rolling. Making your opponent miss is fine. That last piece is especially important. 2. The movement and the direction the body takes while rolling generates momentum and puts your body in position to punch hard. where you return to the classical position and prepare to punch. The "up" part. Make him pay. is to create punching opportunities. bending at the knees and waist. In that sense it's superior to any other defensive move. and its purpose. You want to roll toward the area of your opponent's body . depending on the side from which your opponent's punch is coming. Don't be satisfied with making him miss. Your job is to make your opponent pay for missing. HOlllNG R to either side of it. but the judges don't score for ducking. Let's break it down a little more. the term is meant to include both the "down" and "up" parts of the move. Your opponent's hands probably won't be back yet if you've done it right. Come up with something.

. Duck. and the punch you throw is intended and selected to reach that area. Roll under that right hand and come up with som ething.You Don't Have to Take One to Give On e 119 that is open. 2. Roll your upper body to your left. If Your Opponent Throws a Right Hand 1.

Come up out of the crouch with your eyes on your opponent. Throw the right hand and then the hook. Simultaneously throw your left hook. 4. or because it's part of their strategy. It's what you do when you're in the middle of the ring going at it. so they clinched me. or because they don't H olding. when both you and your opponent are throwing punches. I wanted to work inSide-why would I clinch? Anyway. most of the guys I fought didn't want me to get close and punch. Duck. is what fighters are doing when it looks like . 3. Not two motions. clinching isn't always thought of as a defensive posture. in every round. I didn't have any reason to clinch myself. and sometimes it isn't. It's called the roll and hook. This is a classical move in boxing and one that I used in every fight. Sometimes fighters just do it when they don't know what else to do. I never cared for it because my job was to make the other guy clinch. Also. If your opponent throws a left hook. you: 1. You've got to incorporate defense into your offense. HOLDING/ CliNCHING they're hugging in the ring or wrestling. Make it a part of who you are in the ring and you'll find it carries a lot of bang for the buck. 4. or clinching. Roll your upper body to the right. You don't stand straight up and just punch. and if I did that. You punch and roll. Come up out of the crouch with your eyes on your opponent. 2. and rolling and punching is a perfect way to do it. punch and roll.120 80 X II H T ~ Pnos H 3. Rolling and punching isn't something you do once during a fight and then forget about. One motion: come up and throw the hook.

To clinch correctly. you need to get close to your opponent and: 1. he's allowed to bang away at you with it. As with everything in boxing. Then get your hands up.You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 121 want to fight on the inside. 2. 4. 3. turning your arms in toward your body. your chin down. But clinching the correct way is a good way to buy yourself a few seconds if you need them. Clinching is not hugging. If you've been tagged by a big shot and are dizzy. Any Get on the outside of your opponent's elbows and lock them up. Place your arms around the outside of his or her arms. if one is loose. there's a right way and a wrong way to clinch. The wrong way is just wrapping your arms around your opponent in a bear hug. Excessive clinching is illegal and the referee will break a clinch up as soon as he can. Hold tight until the referee breaks you. decent fighter will break loose from that and bust you on the jaw. Some referees won't step in to break the clinch unless neither of you can throw punches. But it is a defensive strategy when you're hurt. especially if you're hurt or tired and can't move around like you want to. you want to get close to your opponent and wrap up his arms so he can't punch. . but the ability to clinch can make the difference between a win and a loss. Wrap your arms around his or her arms. It's important that you get both of your opponent's arms wrapped up. and your eyes on your opponent. and that one free hand can do some damage if you're already hurt.

Every time he thought he was leaning away from it. If you're backing up. My philosophy was never to move backward. or step inside of it. anyway. Leaning back will get you tagged. And when he did. but since it begins with making your opponent . and when you do you should be able to do it like a pro. there are two things you should never do in the ring that beginners always do. But it's good to know. and hard. you circle to the left or right-never straight back. you block it. because I knew he had nowhere to go except against the ropes. My job was to make the other guy back up. duck under it. and I could hit him with everything while he was getting there. and it's the reason it was so easy for me to hit him with the hook. Remember the fundamentals: hands up. When you have a hook or a roundhouse punch coming at you. if it was in a straight line I was happy. That's just what the other guy wants you to do. A real pro knows better. The Butterfly did it all the time.122 BOX II lE THE PROS Ideally. You'll have to do it sooner or later. It's the worst thing you can do. clinching is something you want the other guy to worry about. in any kind of line. eyes on your opponent. which allows you to move back safely because you're throwing a punch. COUNHHPUNCHING Y OU could argue that counterpunching belongs in the chapter about offense. TH~ TWO THINGS YOU SHOUlD N~V~H 00 I f you want to box like a pro. chin down. anyway. he actually was leaning right into its path. The other no-no is moving backward in a straight line-unless you're throwing a straight punch (a jab or a right hand). The first one is to pull your head straight back away from a punch. There's nothing in there about leaning back.

Not every attempted punch creates the same opening for a counter. Look at it this way: every time your opponent throws a punch. you can land the counter right all night long. Successful counterpunching depends on patience. A lot of fighters throw a "lazy" leftjab.seeing the things your opponent does as part of his or her style. meaning they let it hang out there too long after throwing it. and then being prepared to counter it. or they bring it back too low. . 3. The key is to throw the right hand before your opponent gets his left hand back to block it. balance. Slip the jab. anticipating a punch. he or she creates an opening for you to land . Counterpunching is this : making your opponent miss a punch. See your opponent's jab coming. RIGHT HAND OVER THE JAB This is one of the most common and effective counterpunches and the best to use against an opponent who depends heavily on his jab and uses it a lot. what's the best way to stop it ? Make him miss it and then make him pay. But most create more than one opening. and using your head. Against this type of fighter. letting it go over your left shoulder. It's essentially three steps: 1. As you get better. we're putting it here. timing.You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 123 miss. Throw a right cross to the head. Here are some basic countepunches you can practice in front of the mirror and when sparring. Your job is to make your opponent miss and then pay for missing. Because if you want to stop an opponent from using the jab. 2. you can add more counterpunches to your attack. and then scoring your own punch with the opening created by your opponent's miss.

a right. (With practice you can catch and counter a left. Either slip your opponent's jab or "catch" it with your right hand. jab to your opponent's head. . At the same time. or an uppercut with either hand. the right-hand counter is right there for you. COUNTER JAB This is another counter to your opponent's jab. 2. See your opponent's jab coming.) 3. You'll see it used all the time.124 80 X II KE TH PRO S f Once you make your opponent miss the jab. Here's how to do it: 1.

1. If you do those things.You Don't Have to Take O ne t o Give One 125 Want to negate your opponent's jab? Catch it and stick him with your own. UP P E R CUT COUNTER This is another counter for the jab. 2. With this one you must get close to your opponent and you must come in low. you'll score with this one. . step in toward your opponent. 4. Slip it so that it goes over your left shoulder. 3. At the same time. See your opponent's jab coming. Throw the right uppercut to the chin so that it comes up between your opponent's outstretched arm and his body. and it will be big.

Not only will it hurt your opponent. you're almost home. When you come up from the roll. and it's the one to use if you've got a big left hook. . it will make him leery of throwing the right hand. See your opponent's right hand coming. like I did. COUNTER ROLL AND HOOK This was one of my favorites. as described earlier in this chapter. 3. throw the left hook. 1.126 80 XLI nTH f PRO S Counter your opponent's jab with an uppercut a couple of times and be'D thInk twice about jabbing again. which is a power punch. Once you've convinced your opponent that every time he tries a punch he's going to get hurt in return. 2. "Roll" under it.

2. . clean blow.You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 127 The roll and hook works real well against the straight right. he's open for a hook to the head. he's open for a right hand to the head. If your opponent throws a hook to the body. Countering a body shot requires concentration and speed. You 've got to get your shot in before your opponent gets his glove back. If your opponent throws a right hand to the body. and if you can do that you'll score a good. Here's the rules of thumb for this scenario: 1. COUNTERING THE BODY PUNCH Every time your opponent throws a punch to your body. he leaves his head exposed.

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he's open for a left to the body (or. until he or she catches on. use it only until it stops working. The key is to always keep your opponent guessing. at least. your opponent will know in advance what you're going to do and be ready for it. It works both ways.You Don't Have to Take One to Give One 129 COUNTERING TO THE BODY Just as your opponent creates an opening for a head shot whenever he or she tries a body blow. especially when you're countering a body punch or countering to the body: a good. to the head). you have an opportunity to land a body shot whenever he or she goes for the head. Don't use the same move or counter over and over again. you jack him like a jack-in-the-box. That's another reason you must vary what you do in the ring. He plans it ahead oftime. and then go to something else. experienced fighter will feint a punch so you counter and then will counter your counterpunch. A note about counterpunching. If your opponent throws a jab. to the head). Or. if you do the same things over and over. That's the way to do it. Here are the rules of thumb: 1. If your opponent throws a right hand. secondarily. On defense and offense. 2. . And when he doesn't expect it. he's open for a right to the body (or. secondarily.

I didn't get there by accident. Yank and Eddie helped mold me into the world heavyweight champion and a top fighter for over a decade.. by one of his students.- ... George Foreman. Jimmy Ellis.. fighting guys like the Butterfly.. Joe Bugner. Between the two of them. Most figh t historians consider Eddie one of the best trainers in the history of the sport. [very trainer and every gym is a little different when it comes to what [fighters do when they work out. I was trained for much of my career by a great old fight trainer named Yank Durham. Today I'm in the Boxing Hall of Fame. Eddie Futch (though I was already a pro when Eddie took over). This is where you go to work.. I worked hard on the road and in the gym and this is the workout I used-I'm going to share it with you now. the gym is no place to fool around. after Yank died. Bob Foster.9 The Boxer's Workout: Better to Hurt Now Than Later 1 [ . and later. If you're looking to box competitively. and a lot of others. The harder you work there the better it . Jerry Quarry. It's where you learn the craft and prepare your body to fight.

Remember. The way you do it in the gym is the way you'll do it in a fight. this is the place for you. you'll probably find that there's a bell that sounds throughout the gym that is timed just like a pro fight is: three minutes a round. This workout will work for you and get you in the best shape of your life. one minute for rest. Do your job. If you work hard and do it right. you're going to be in some pain. Then everything will come together the way it should on fight night. So you'll never have to worry about how long you're doing something. Many of the things you do during your workout are the same every day. That's how you get burned out and overtrained. But if you're going to do it. There's nothing you can do about it then but get beat up. Get changed into your workout clothes and wrap your hands. You get in shape in the gym and you learn in the gym. so do it right in the gym. That timer is on for as long as the gym is open. do it right. You don't go all out every day.The Boxer's Workout 131 will be for you when you get in the ring. but there are things you can change up. A lot of people come to my gym for just that reason. A construction . But it's better to hurt in the gym getting ready than it is to hurt in the ring. You'll see at the end of this chapter that I'm giving you a workout schedule for an entire week. that's great. One more thing: you'll see that I indicate the number of rounds that you should do each activity. Remember. there's no magic wand you can wave on fight night that will get you in shape or teach you what you need to know. When you get to a gym. It will be hard. and you shouldn't work out with the same intensity every day. If you don't plan to box competitively but just want to get in condition. too. wrapping your hands right is one of the most important things you do. A fighter's hands are his tools. The bell tells you when to start and when to stop. WRAP Y OUR H AN DS First things first. And if that's what you want.

and then you're looking at surgery and a lot of time out of commission before Take your time wrapping your hands. you can fight or even train right again. and the less likely you'll be to pull a muscle when you start shadowboxing or hitting the bags. Take your time and wrap your hands the right way. I can't stress enough how important this is. You might tear a tendon. and when you punch. the more efficient you'll be when you're working out. and you can't work if your hands are broken. You're going to be working hard soon and you need to be loose and ready when you do. . until you get the knack of it. Wrap your hands the right way. LOOSEN UP: 2 ROUNDS Get in the ring and loosen up. The better you warm up. And the harder you punch. you're going to hurt them or break them. Do the stretching exercises listed in chapter 3 and move around. If you want to fight competitively but your hands are never wrapped right. keep your fist closed and your wrist straight. Get those muscles loose. you might want your trainer to wrap your hands. Take care of them by wrapping them right. the more likely you are to hurt your hands. and use two lengths of wraps if you need to.132 BOX II lE T f PHD S H worker can't work if his hammer's broken. The bottom line is to protect your hands and take care of them so that when you get in the ring they'll take care of you . You want to warm up to the point that you have a light sweat going and your muscles are warm. Jog in place or do some jumping jacks. Get your blood pumping. They're all you've got in the ring. For a while.

Don't allow yourself to be rushed into anything. practice your stance in front of the mirror. then you 'll go to throw a punch and pull a muscle in your back or hamstring. or moving to the left and right." and always on . Watch yourself closely to make sure you're doing everything the way you're supposed to. If you're going to spar. too. if you're not up to that point yet. Practice throwing punches at your reflection the way you've been taught. in front of the mirror is the place to correct it. You're in no rush.The Boxer's Workout 133 Start out slowly. Then you'll wish you'd warmed up the right way. If you're not. Go over the mechanics in your mind. It won't seem that important until you don't do it right. Take your time and keep your body moving and stretching until you're nice and warm and ready to go. If you're working on learning to throw the left hook. That's how you get hurt. it continues to warm up the muscles you'll use when you work out. A lot of guys get in front of the mirror and do everything the correct way because they figure they "have to. You can use your warm-up time to get your brain ready to work." that's "what the mirror is for. Think about the things you'll be trying to get done in the gym that day. chin down. Think about the other things you'll be working on in the gym that day. Remember when you're shadowboxing that this is the way you're supposed to do it all the time-not just in front of the mirror. visualize your plan against possible sparring partners. eyes on your "opponent. This serves two purposes: one. too. The way you do it in front of the mirror is the right way: hands up. You can get both of them ready at the same time. Or. SHADOWBOX: 2 ROUNDS Get in front of the mirror and do some shadowboxing. It's not only your body that has to warm up in the gym. Get to the gym when you're supposed to so you have time to warm up the right way. and two." And then they get on the bags or in the ring and let all that good technique go out the window. it's your brain. it sharpens your technique. think about that when you're stretching and warming up.

you're hitting and getting hit in there. balance. SPAR: 2 TO 8 ROUNDS If you're going to spar. Remember. Punches straight out and straight back. Plant your feet. Remember. So do it right in front of the mirror so you can do it right in the ring. Remember that it's your responsibility to learn the correct way to do things. this is the point in the workout when you do itwhen you're fresh. It's only going to hurt you in the ring if you don't. It's easy to get too relaxed when you're in front of the mirror-you may find it's the one place where your trainer isn't looking over your shoulder to make sure you're doing everything right. too. so you want to be as alert and ready as you can be. That's because he figures you're looking over your own shoulder and he doesn't have to. that . All the things we covered in the previous chapters get practiced in front of the mirror.134 BOX lIH THf PROS Get loose and get better in front of the mirror.

Everything else you do in the gym is done to get you ready to fight.The Boxer's Workout 135 the point of sparring is to learn . You can't be a star unless you spar. you'll find out that there's a big difference between sparring and fighting competitively. and sparring is as close as you can come to fighting without actually doing it. but sparring is where you apply everything you've Sparring is the real deal. . If you take it far enough.

And you don't have to spar every day. it depends on what you want to do and on your level of conditioning. Maybe you'll want to go hard. A seasoned pro might do as many as 10 or 12. and everywhere else . and your trainer's sense of what you're ready to do. Sparring is the real thing. too. who really won? If you learned how to clinch the right way. It doesn't matter who got a bloody nose. Many pros spar just two or three days a week. HIT THE HEAVY BAG: 3 ROUNDS If you don't spar. No one should be getting knocked down multiple times in a sparring session. That's what actual fights are for. and it can even be beneficial. Again. or from giving one. or how to block the hook and counter with the right-how to do it in real speed rather than just on the pads-you've won. or knocked out. provided everyone knows where the line is drawn . the hand pads. the heavy bag serves two pur- . Remember. It matters what you learned. It's not supposed to be a measure of who's the toughest fighter in the gym. There are no "winners" in sparring. in front of the mirror. what you want to do in the sport. The next chapter goes into detail about what to expect when you spar. If the other guy landed more punches but you learned how to get under ajab and hook to the body. but it's worth saying here that the most important thing to remember about sparring is that it's intended to be a learning experience. unless both guys learn something. It's not a competition. If you do spar.136 80 X LI nTH ( PRO S learned on the bags. The number of rounds you spar depends on your experience level. That's exactly the kind of thing sparring is supposed to do for you. or the hardest puncher. it's right after sparring. when you spar. your conditioning. But if you're in a real boxing gym. No one learns anything from getting a bad beating. Others spar every day. you go to the heavy bag after shadowboxing. It's natural to have that competition. you will see some unofficial competition going on during sparring. No one should take a bad beating. Most amateurs don't need to do more than four or five rounds at a time.

You can work on banging the bag hard and still do it correctly. too. So when you hit the heavy bag you pretend that it can hit you back. and to simulate an opponent. The danger of that is that you'll get into the ring and be a little lazy. You can work on both at the same time on the heavy bag. In fact. throwing your punches correctly and in combination.The Boxer's Workout 137 The heavy bag makes you a stronger fighter and a better one if you use it right. poses: to increase your punching power. Remember. and keeping your hands up. to be a little lazy. Sometimes your trainer will hold the bag in place and instruct you through a certain move or punch. your chin down. rather than actually practicing the right technique-in other words. there is no better way to improve your punching power than work- . the way you train is the way you'll fight. It will always be tempting to relax a little on the bag and just throw the punches you want to throw. and your eyes on your "opponent" and staying on balance. and that's for a good reason : outside oflearning good balance and timing. the way to hit hardest is to have perfect technique. That means moving around it. But the heavy bag will always be associated with punching power. moving your head.

138 80 X II nTH f PRO S ing the heavy bag. Still. And it won't have been by accident. no matter how perfectly practiced. It's . you have to be in against someone who throws punches at you so you can learn what to do when it happens . especially if you plan to box competitively. But diligent work on the heavy bag will make you a harder puncher. be careful. No number of rounds you put in on the heavy bag. Maybe you'll figure that if you go enough rounds on the heavy bag you don't need to spar.the harder you will hit. sometimes you 'll want to hit it all night just because it doesn't hit back. Nothing else. You may want to do nothing but hit the heavy bag. And that works with every punch. hand-eye coordination. It'll be because you worked it on the heavy bag. There are no two ways about it. and before you know it you'll have the best jab in the gym. But it can't be the only part. If you're going to fight. HIT THE SPEED BAG: 3 ROUNDS The great thing about the speed bag. and no other exercise will make you . That's just wrong.in conjunction with the other elements of training. Not happy with your jab? Wish it were harder? Spend a couple of rounds each night hitting the heavy bag with just jabs. keep touching it.simple: the more you work the heavy bag. The heavy bag is a very important part of your workout. That doesn't mean necessarily that you'll be a better fighter. and hit it with a hundred or two jabs a round. can come close to equaling the things you'll learn sparring. Stand in front of it. timing and balance. is that it's fun. and endurance. Once you get its rhythm down and can keep it going back and forth against the platform for long stretches-we call that "rolling the bag"it can become highly addictive. move around it.as much as you try to treat it as an opponent. in addition to its benefits to your hand speed. unless you continue to work on the other things that contribute to punching power-namely.

Either single way is okay.The Boxer's Workout 139 When you've mastered the speed bag. There really are two distinct ways to work the speed bag. but a real fighter uses both methodsbecause it breaks the monotony and because it makes you a better fighter. you know you're on your way to being a fighter. feel more like a fighter.for example. Done the right way. Working the speed bag the right way will force you to keep your hands up. and you can go back and forth between the two during any round or part of a round. which at this point in the workout is no easy feat. and so on. left-right. and just striking the bag rhythmically with both hands. then alternating left-right. speed-bag work is really a combination of both methods. left-right. and back and improves your hand speed and coordination and gets . shoulders. But it's not all fun and games. more or less. The first way to roll the bag is the way we discussed in chapter 5: standing in one position. twice with the left then twice with the right. This is what you see fighters doing in the movies when they work the speed bag. and it is beneficial-it works the muscles in your arms.

All the time. Look at the bag when you're punching it. It isn't built or intended to increase your power. After three rounds your shoulders and arms will feel like lead. But using the speed bag in just that way will get you only half the possible benefit.140 BOX Lln TH[ PROS your fists. That's exactly what they need to do in the ring. Your trainer walks you through the drills that ensure that you're punching correctly. go back to rolling it. Switch back and forth. eyes. that your balance is good." or "double hook." And you follow . that your chin is down. and when you're done. HIT THE HAND PADS OR DOUBLE-END BAG: 3 ROUNDS It doesn't matter which of these your trainer wants you to do. and fire hooks and uppercuts at it. bob under it and step to the side and hook. But you'll have had fun and gotten better. you can use it-as you do the heavy bag-almost as an opponent who is throwing punches at you. you've done eight rounds and are deep into the workout. step to the other side and bang home a right hand. Then stop and hit it with a few short. keep your hands up around your cheekbones and your elbows pointed to the floor. In other words. You also want to bob and weave under the bag as it slams back and forth on its platform." or "left-right. By this point. and bob under it again. and brain all thinking together and moving at the same time . In the beginning he'll hold the pad up and tell you "jab. If you took my advice and got into shape before coming to the gym. Working with the hand pads is another of those exercises that simulates being in the ring with a live opponent. it's paying off right now. So go for a minute or a minute and a half or two minutes straight just rolling the bag. quick jabs and then a hook. they're both good exercises. even without sparring. but you can pound a good speed bag hung on a sturdy platform about as hard as you like and never break it. Hit it hard. That'll get you to keep your hands up and all those other good things.

Once you've got some experience and can switch back and Ready to go to work? You work both offense and defense on the pads. And that's what he should do. He'll put the right pad up and you'll know automatically from its position that you're supposed to jab it. maybe he'll clip you with the right pad to show you what could happen if you do it the wrong way in a fight.The Boxer's Workout 141 the instructions. he'll work in defense. . If your head comes up every time you jab. too. So keep your hands up at all times. Eventually. or if you drop the left when you bring it back. you'll know what he's looking for almost without him saying it. Once you've been at it a while and know your trainer.

you can still hit it. The heavy bag won't teach you to do that. to slip them. to duck them or block them. You teach it to do that by practicing on the pads. They're going to do what they've been taught. And. Odds are that any opponent you face in the ring won't stand perfectly still and let you punch them at will. You want your body to react automatically in a fight. because if you have to think about it. And they're going to move on their legs. . That's what doing everything over and over again on the pads is all about. and even though it can hit you back. then roll under a hook and come up with a left-right. He or she will be a moving target. That's what the pads are for : learning how to do it right through repetition in a controlled environment. you've already missed the opportunity to do it.142 BOX lIn TH~ PROS forth between offense and defense automatically. of course. That means you have to be able to hit a moving target. Even the speed bag is pretty much stationary: even if you don't hit it perfectly when it's moving. Like most exercises in the boxer's workout. If you don't do it right. or that you don't have to use it. it really won't hurt you if it does. roll under a right hand. you don't have to hit it hard. at least compared to the oth~r work we do here. you'll do it again . you're improving your endurance as you're doing it. The double-end bag is that moving target. That doesn't mean you don't work hard when you're using it. You can perfect it on the pads. to roll under punches. That's why you do it. He'll have you jab twice maybe. If you want to learn a certain rolland-punch move and combination. You want your actions and moves in the ring to be reflexive. But your trainer will when you're on the pads. which is essentially the same thing you've been taught: to move your head. then execute it in sparring. Neither will working the hand pads. it improves your conditioning and technique at the same time. your trainer will have you going both ways with the pads. your sparring partners aren't going to accommodate you by throwing the same combination over and over again so you can work it out. in a sense. hook to the body and head. You don't want to have to think about making a move or throwing a punch. The double-end bag is mostly a finesse exercise. But you won't break your hands on it.

You probably won't come close . . accurate punches. That's okay. And remember the fundamentals. try some onetwos or an occasional hook and jab. Concentrate on just making contact. Mainly because those are the only kinds of punches you can land against it.The Boxer's Workout 143 The first time you work the double-end bag. you want to be able to hit it with three. Don't worry about hitting hard. You have to be precise and quick in order to hit it. When you're ready. Because it bounces around so erratically. fast. and those are two things you need to be in the ring. you don't have time to load up on a punch or to even anticipate where it will go. The double-end bag teaches you to throw straight. That's why you practice. too: precise and quick. Don't worry about hitting it hard.or four-punch combinationsthe same kind you would throw in the ring. See how it moves. you probably won't be able to hit it with two punches in a row. Get into your regular stance at arm's length from the double-end bag and jab at it. that's not the point. Just because you're doing something that is almost guaranteed to make you look awkward and unskilled doesn't mean you can let your The double-end bag gets you fast and sharp. short. Eventually.

So is lifting the ball with your legs. And work that double-end bag. Ring work is one way. This is hard. especially your abdominal muscles.144 80 X II nTH f PHD S technique fall apart. When you get in the ring. It will take a long time before you're able to work the double-end bag well. Hands up. and on balance at all times. eyes on your opponent. chin down. Just remember how important it is to hit a moving target. chances are your opponent won't be as hard to hit as the bag is. . throwing the ball back and forth with your trainer. having your trainer throw the ball against your stomach and sides. WORK THE MEDICINE BALL: AS DIRECTED BY TRAINER There are a number of ways to use the medicine ball to work your upper body. punishing work when done right. to keep your punches fast and accurate. and throwing the ball to your trainer while lying on your back. Take your time. and you don't want This is one way to work with the medicine baIl.

The Boxer's Workout 145 These are the others. Much of the medicine-ball work you'll do will be in the ring with your trainer positioning the ball in various ways and directing you to . Even then it's easy to overdo it. to do it every day unless you have a fight coming up.

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throw certain punches at it. It's a lot like hand-pad work except that you have just one target instead of two. And your trainer's ability to make you work defense in addition to offense is almost nil because the weight of the bag mandates that most of the time he uses two hands to

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hold it. Still, it's more work that simulates an opponent. You still have to throw your punches straight and hard at the bag. You still have to keep your chin down, your hands up, and your eyes on your opponent, and stay on balance. The advantage that it has over hand pads is that it provides more resistance . It's like hitting a small heavy bag, in the ring, at precise spots. Like almost everything else here, it works both your conditioning and your mechanics at the same time. The other way to work the medicine ball is from the old school. This is the way Joe Louis and Rocky Marciano and Henry Armstrong and Sandy Saddler and all the other old-timers did it. Some trainers today will tell you it's wrong, that it doesn't do anything to condition your body, but they're wrong. Those old-timers were tough and in shape, and the medicine ball helped get them there. It's the way I did it, too. But it's not something you do all the time unless you've got a fight coming up soon. You work the medicine ball right and you'll be the tougher guy in the ring on fight night. The exercises you do with the medicine ball are designed to tighten and strengthen your abdominal muscles and the muscles in your trunk

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and upper body. Each exercise targets a specific area. To strengthen the front abs, lie on your back while your trainer drops the ball right onto your stomach. When it hits, you contract your muscles. That's what makes the muscles stronger. To strengthen the sides, your trainer
will throw the ball against them. Watch what it does to get rid of your

love handles. Lying on your back and throwing the ball up to your trainer or gym mate strengthens all the muscles in your upper body. And there's no better way to get a rock-hard stomach than to lie on your back and lift the ball with your legs.

JUMP ROPE: 5 TO 15 MINUTES
This is the only exercise you do straight through, without taking breaks between rounds. In the beginning, do a straight five minutes; as your conditioning improves, work your way up to 15 minutes straight. As with running, you want to get your heart rate up and keep it there .

No single exercise works more muscles than jumping rope.

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Jumping rope is very strenuous, but it's also a perfect way to wind down your workout. You're working again all the muscles you've worked over the last hour, but in a different way. There's not a muscle group that you use in the ring that jumping rope doesn't work; that's why it's such an important part of the fighter 's workout. Turning the rope and keeping it turning works your hands, wrists, forearms , and shoulders-which you use for punching. Getting up over it works every part of your legs, from your calves to your thighs- which you use to move . And the constant movement works your heart and lungs, which, of course, run everything else. As with hitting the speed bag and the double-end bag, jumping rope well requires a degree of hand-eye coordination, rhythm, and finesse that doesn't come automatically. Nobody's born knowing how to do it well. You need to work on those skills. When you start, maybe you'll just do the single "hop" over the rope each time it passes under you. From there you can graduate to the alternating foot skip. Maybe you'll be there for a while, but sooner or later, you'll find yourself doing the things only fighters can do with the rope. You'll do the crossover, where you cross your arms as the rope goes under your feet, or the high jump, where you bring your knees as high as they will go and do two revolutions with the rope before you touch down again. In the gym, watch how the more-experienced fighters work the rope, and when you're comfortable, do what they do. The most important thing is to get the rope moving and keep it moving. You'll get tripped up sometimes and have to start over, but don't worry about that-everyone does. The more you do it, the better you'll get at it. When you can get that rope moving for 15 minutes without having to stop (other than when you get tripped up), you'll be in great shape. Because of all the muscles you use, jumping rope for 15 minutes is like running for 30 minutes . And you're doing it near the end of your workout, when you shouldn't have a lot left in your tank. If you can do 15 hard minutes with the rope at the end of a workout, chances are you won't have to worry about your legs being dead in the third round

and. CALISTHENICS Remember these? This is how the workout ends. someone holding down your feet. Plus.oorwork. hold on. First come the sit-ups. But with each repetition. especially your feet and legs. as you'll see. but in the gym it's called doing fl.150 BOX II If TH PRO S f of a three-round fight. Which is what they have to do in the ring. You're going to work your way up to four sets of 10. if necessary. your knees bent. . but not as hard as it would be had you not been doing the push-ups and sit-ups described in chapter 3. The first set you're going to do like the ones you were doing before you came to the gymwith your hands clasped behind your head. and if that doesn't sound like much. and your ability to make your brain and the rest of your body. your balance. It's a lot harder and more demanding than what you've been doing. you're again improving your rhythm. These sit-ups will give you the stomach muscles you want. all move and work together.

And when you go to the "up" position. twist your body around so that you touch your right elbow to your left knee. with a rest period of 40 to 60 seconds between sets. and stop in that position and hold it for a count of 10. after all you've put your upper body through. Then switch legs. Do the last set the same way." For the other three sets. Your back doesn't hit the floor until you've said "10. you're going to go back down slowly. . bend your right leg underneath your left leg. instead of bending both legs at the knees. Essentially. you're twisting your upper body to each side with each rep you do. including the slow count on the down part of the exercise. At this point in the workout. Do these as a regular part of your workout and you'll have abs like no one's business. then your left elbow to your right knee before you start toward the down position again. Do 10 like that. That means that after you've touched your head to your knees. get to about the halfway point down. you'll find these hard to do. The push-ups are next-your goal is three sets of25.The Boxer's Workout 151 you're going to do a slow count of 10 on the "down" end of the sit-up.

...152 BOX lIn THE PROS 'I"" . assuming.~ _ .~ . The wider the distance.C. To mix things up a bit. ~j it. '~'-. that your gym has just a chin-up bar: . Work yourself up from five repetitions followed by a 40-to-60-second rest before the next set of push-ups.. if there's a dipping station. 'Y. ·.I 'I . If you want..... you alternate-one day pull-ups.. p:.'1'! . ~. In between each set of push-ups..•f. if there's a pull-up bar in the gym. So here's how the last bit of your workout looks. the more the exercise will work your chest.. the next with them about half the distance closer together... do one set with your hands very wide apart. though. the next day dips.. •. .. or 10 dips..~ : J ~. The shorter the distance between your hands... for example. If your gym has both. . and the last set with them very close together. / l. (And you'll understand why fighters look as cut as they do... and this is what will get you there. the more they'll work your triceps...' 1 " '.j Dips and chin-ups round out your callsthenics and give you all the strength you'll need for the ring. • ' -.~ ..) But you'll do them. You need to be strong and hard in the ring. try varying the space between your hands..) '?i".. That's not all. . #' . ... " . you'll do 10 pull-ups. This is all strength training..

Here's a one-week workout plan to get you started. and Fridays. But take the goals seriously-work hard. Don't push as hard. and do it right. instead of sparring. I'll bet you've tried exercise programs before in your life and wondered. You're done. And remember that these are goals. and Saturdays are easier days. (If you have a fight coming up.) Take Sundays off. don't push yourself on every rep until you can't do another one. I wouldn't expect anyone to walk into my gym and be able to do all of this. push hard. your trainer might have you spar four or five days a week. if you plan on boxing competitively. Those are the days you push yourself and. Note that the "hard" days are Monday. Leave a little in the tank." You do these exercises after everything else you've done and there's no way you won't see a difference. But on Mondays. and fairly quickly. with your back straight 10 pull-ups 25 push-ups 10 pull-ups 25 push-ups 10 pull-ups This floorwork. it will work for you. will be rough. after all the work you've already done. Wednesdays. But do it and you'll see dramatic results very quickly. "Why isn't this working? I don't look any different. Don't cheat. and Friday. work the hand pads or the medicine ball. On the "easy" days. Wednesday. This is what you work toward. And whether you want to do what I did or just get in the best shape of your life. Tuesdays. It worked for me. . Thursdays. too. Don't work to the point of sheer exhaustion on those days. the days on which you spar. Hit the shower. This is the workout I did when I was heavyweight champion of the world.The Boxer's Workout 153 25 good push-ups. do what you're supposed to do.

2rn=d" Spar: 2-5 rounds Heavy bag: 3 rounds Speed bag: 3 rounds Hand pads: 3 rounds Double-end bag: 2 rounds Jump rope: 15 minutes Calisthenics I-I I Speed bag: 3 rounds Jump rope: 15 minutes Jump rope: 15 minutes --Calisthenics ""'-- ~alistheniCS I - Think this work gets you in condition? . ] - -r Loosen up: 2 rounds ~..154 BOX LI If THf PHOS -MONDAY I -I TUESDAY ( WEDNESDAY ~ Loosen up: 2 rounds Loosen up: 2 rounds -Shadowbox: 2 rounds Shadowbox: 2 rounds Spar: 2-5 rounds Heavy bag: 3 rounds Heavy bag: 3 rounds Speed bag: 3 rounds S .

Shadowbox: 2 rounds Heavy bag: 3 rounds Spar: 2-5 rounds 1 ! i Lo osen up: 2 rounds -Shadowbox: 2 rounds He avy bag: 2 rounds Speed bag: 3 rounds Heavy bag: 3 rounds -Medicine ball: 3 rounds· Speed bag: 3 rounds -Double-end bag: 2 rounds Jump rope: 15 minutes j I Sp eed bag: 2 rounds Han d pads: 2 rounds '- Do uble-end bag: 2 rounds Jump rope: 15 minutes Callsthenics mp rope: 15 minutes --.The Boxer's Workout 155 THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY . with your trainer.. .fCallsthenics - I -sthenics Call ·Working the medicine ball in the ring.~ Loosen up: 2 rounds r Loosen up: 2 rounds Shadowbox: 2 rounds --.

They figure they've gotten A in shape . Af- .. it's not enough. that's enough. They've learned how to throw the jab and hook.-. I always can tell which ones it'll be: the ones who watch the sparring that's going on in the ring while they're jumping rope or loosening up... That's all they want. But they want to see what they can do in the ring. I'm not saying they wan t to be fighters-that's a whole different level of commitment. with no plans of getting in the ring.. They've learned how to move and duck and how to hit the bags and the hand pads. They want to find out what it's like to be in the ring with someone-for real. or even while working the heavy bag. There's no workout like a boxing workout.~ t·:. And for many of the people we train.. After a while they want something more .: ~ 0" . They want to get in there and try out the moves and punches they've learned. }1 lot of people come to my gym just to work out and get in shape. That's fine.10 Your First Time Sparring: What to Expect r 1 ~ -:iIj. I can't blame them . But for others.

Your First Time Sparring 157 ter going through all the other training and getting into shape. not . Whether you want to be the heavyweight champion or just see what it's like to get in the ring. not by a punch. Everyone's different. which is to make sure everyone learns and that no one gets hurt. I'm not saying it's guaranteed that everyone will experience all of these things. YOU'RE GOING TO GET HIT It seems obvious. at least at the beginner's level. You can't be a fighter unless you get in the ring and find out for yourself what it's like in there. It's good to know about them beforehand so that you're not surprised when they happen. why wouldn't they? There are also people who come to the gym and from day one they want to be a prizefighter. should be trying to knock anyone out in the gym. Most of the people you see on the street every day have never been hit in the face-not by a slap. you can't be a star unless your spar. so it's good to know what they are ahead of time. Go to a different one. It's a whole different world inside those ropes-a world you can't appreciate until you've been in there. That aside. But chances are good you'll feel a couple of them. you're in the wrong gym. 1. If the first time you spar you get the tar beat out of you. Maybe you'll decide then that you don't want to be a fighter. it means the trainers aren't doing their job. Either way. consciously. Maybe you'll want it more than you did before. Don't get me wrong-everyone's going to get hit. before you get in there and it happens. you're going to experience the same things the first time you're in there. catching and throwing punches. but you need to know it. And as soon as they get the moves down and we decide they're ready. Nobody. You're in there to learn. But first. here's what you need to know and what to expect from your first sparring session. But if you really get beat up. know this: sparring is a learning exercise. And they're things you haven't experienced before. they're going to spar.

It doesn't matter. You learn it. So if. . by a fist in a leather boxing glove. Accept beforehand that it's going to happen and then forget about it. it's going to hurt a little more or a little less than you think. depending on how hard you're hit and where. It might hurt and you might get a little dizzy. It shows you've got a fighter 's instinct to get yours. Your job is to hit the other guy and not let him hit you . So be prepared for it. And what you do on the heavy bag and on the hand pads and when you're shadowboxing is what you'll do in the ring. Some people panic the first time they get hit.158 BOX Lln THf PROS You're going to get hit. like some kid on a playground. It's part of the game. Don't do it. you want to rush your opponent and start swinging like crazy. especially ifit's on the nose. But one of the keys to being a good fighter is controlling your emotions and remembering your technique. but keep your hands up anyway. No one's born knowing how to box. when you get hit. Maybe you'll lose your temper and want to hit back as quick as you can. Depending on your expectation. A lot of boxing is resisting what seems natural. Others-maybe you-will get mad or emotional. That's all right. resist it.every day in that gym.

But it's still you testing your skills. freeze like a deer in the headlights. And fear will make you do one of three things in the ring: run like a rabbit. or make you fight. Between the headgear and the gloves. the moment the bell rings. That helps. YOU'RE GOING TO GET TIRED-VERY TIRED You probably think that all the roadwork you've done and all the gym work. Why? Even though it's just practice and no one should be trying to hurt anybody. It's normal. Everybody gets it. strength. Fighters at the highest level in the sport get nervous before a fight. all has gotten you in great shape. and if you get stunned. You're . And very big sparring gloves. 3. too. It helps. 2. it's challenging and exciting. to know that. So don't let the anxiety freak you out or keep you from sparring. Remember your technique and do your job. YOU'RE GOING TO BE NERVOUS Most people feel nervous the first time they spar. and even before sparring. It's natural. strength. and speed against the skills. Force yourself to relax. Remember-you're in there to learn. remember that you're wearing big headgear. if not disappear altogether. there's a lot of padding between you and your sparring partner's fist. it's still a fightthough it's at a slower pace because it's practice. You'll be so caught up in what's happening between you and the other guy you won't have time to be nervous. If it helps. all the rounds you've put in on the hand pads and the medicine ball and everything else.Your First Time Sparring 159 Slow yourself down. just like in a real boxing match. Losing your temper and swinging wild only makes things worse. Even though it's only practice. Stay calm. and speed of the fighter you're sparring with. and even good for you-all that nervous energy is useful when you're in the ring. that nervousness will dissipate. You won't be the only one . there are plenty of people around to make sure you don't get hurt. So you'll be anxious.

If you're like most beginners. Sparring is altogether different. you'll be tight. The way to get the most out of all those rounds and miles you've put in getting yourself in shape is to make yourself relax in there. It seems silly-why would you relax while you're fighting? But you have to if you're going to be good at it. One of the hardest things for many fighters to learn is to relax in the ring. because you will. It's not just the exertion of sparring that will exhaust you. It doesn't matter if you're running five miles a day and hitting the heavy bag for 10 rounds. Most young. you're not only fighting your opponentyou're fighting yourself. Expect to get tired. If you can't do that. probably in the very first round. And all that tension fatigues your muscles. and they're so tight and tense they can hardly throw a punch. And that is exhausting. You will get tired.160 BOX II KE TH PRO S ~ right-it has. But it hasn't gotten you in fighting shape. too. inexperienced fighters get all worked up in the ring. You'll get very tired. . Tense . You will use muscles while you're sparring that you've never used in your life and won't ever use unless you're in the ring.

and shouldn't.Your First Time Sparring 16 1 Still. 4. it won't. how will you learn from someone who knows about as much as you do? That's like trying to learn how to ride a bike from someone who's never done it. THE PERSON YOU ' RE SPARRING WITH IS GOING TO BE BETTER THAN YOU ARE When you first start sparring. You didn't waste them. The good news is that the more you spar. You had to put them in to get to this point. and really throughout your boxing life. . whether or not you relax. in the beginning. and the more rounds you'll be able to go before you're exhausted. No one gets hurt or beat up. Generally. That's why. your trainer will decide who you spar with. you Sparring is where you learn. And this is where it gets fun . If the point of sparring is to learn. be someone who's got the same amount of experience as you. you're going to get tired. So don't think you've wasted all those rounds you've put in getting in shape. the more you'll condition those muscles. He or she will be making the same mistakes you are.

But you'll find out the first time you spar. which is what you'll be for a while.162 80 X LI lE IH PRO S f should spar with fighters who are more experienced than you are. You can catch up. The danger is that the fighter you spar with will be so much better than you are that you might get hurt. Big deal. balance. landing punches is easy. Don't let his superiority discourage you. That's where your trainer comes in. Chances are he did. So will you. If he or she doesn't. 5. accept the fact that your sparring partner knows more than you do and will do things in there that sometimes make you look inexperienced and clumsy. it's easy to get the impression that you just get in there and throw punches. They just like to beat up on people. LANDING PUNCHES ISN'T AS EASY AS IT LOOKS In the movies. That's how you learn. too. so you won't know how to fully use your speed. If you 've never been in the ring but watched lots of fights on television. Maybe you'll get a bloody nose or a black eye. and positioning. the first time he sparred. But he learned. that landing clean punches is a matter of speed. you know what to do-get out of there and go to a gym that's better for you. It's all part of the learning process. You won't understand how timing works-you might be off . And there are fighters out there who are like that. You've never sparred before. That's not the way it works. That aside. stay at it long enough and work hard enough and you're almost guaranteed to. Your trainer has a responsibility to make sure things work the way they're supposed to. Film fighters land more punches than they miss. He or she knows the fighters in the gym and who to pair with novices (and who not to). They don't care if you're there to learn or that you've never been in the ring before. timing. In fact. especially if you're sparring with someone who's got more experience than you do (which is who you should be sparring).

Don't get discouraged. If you telegraph them. They'll be slipped or ducked. So your punches will be blocked . and that ring is your classroom. and you'll find out. Sparring is hard work. You'll land a few punches. But once you do it you'll want to do it more. you'll realize how fun it is and you'll want to do it again.Your First Time Sparring 163 Landing ain't as easy at it looks. You get in there and learn to do your job. And then you'll want to work harder on the fundamentals on the heavy bag and on the hand pads and the speed bag and when you're shadowboxing so that you can do better next time. The gym is the school. . your sparring partner will beat you to the punch. too. and sometimes it's painful. balance. When you do. and you won't know yet really how to position yourself to land clean punches. so you don't telegraph the next one. Odds are high that you'll miss many more punches than you land. that missing makes you tired-more tired than landing does. That's what it's all about.

I knew that if I could do it. I would win. de- I . I would lose. The great majority of the time. I was going to get the job done. I was able to do my job. but it won't work necessarily work for you. And keep landing it until my opponent went down. The way I kept my opponent from doing what he wanted was just to make sure I did what I wanted to do. the great nineteenth-century fighter who fought and beat everyone from welterweights on up to heavyweights. Sam Langford. Unless you have a very strong. don't let him. I had a job to do. I was there to do my job. And that's what winning and strategy is about in this game: doing your job and not letting your opponent do his. summed up fight strategy this way: "Whatever your opponent wants to do. What my opponent wanted to do didn't matter." You can't put it any better than that. If I couldn't. It didn't matter who I was fighting or what his style was.11 Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" I t j had the same strategy in every fight: get close and land the left hook. And that worked for me.

Most fighters. and they don't have great endurance because they get a lot of early knockouts. and put up a good defense. get inside. have long arms to keep you outside. Don't fight the kind of fight he's better at. I was a combination: slugger and volume puncher: I could knock down a house with the hook. outboxing you and winning a decision. fall into one of three basic categories: boxer. and exceptions to the rules. fight the kind of fight you're better at.Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 165 fined style that most fighters can't deal with. and . but I liked to get close and work for three minutes a round. and you can always tell what it is eventually because it's the one they fall back on when they get into trouble in the ring. They just want to land a few punches. Some might be boxer-punchers or boxercounterpunchers. some styles will almost always give trouble to another type of style. to one degree or another. " In other words. They're fast . They're just as happy going the full distance. Their main strength is their punching power. Let's look at each of them. volume puncher. Along those same lines is this old saying: "Styles make fights. There are variations within each of these styles. They just want to hit you. At any rate. and go home. They don't worry about defense or being able to move a lot. but most fighters have a single true fighting identity. don't do what your opponent is good at. guys who don't hit real hard but can move around the ring real well. They're not in it to hurt you . and if they can. But to understand the way this works you have to know what the styles are. those are the three: boxer. Boxers are guys like the Butterfly. or volume puncher. it's best if you're able to adjust to your opponent's style That leads me to another old boxing saying: "Box with a slugger and slug with a boxer. slugger. and have good skills. but generally those are the three. they'll knock you out. " It means that when everything else is about even. have good stamina (because they go the full distance a lot). Sluggers are guys like Big George. slugger. knock you out. Volume punchers want to get close.

and volume punchers do well against boxers. And the strengths of the volume puncher work well against the boxer.) Now. boxers do well against sluggers (unless the slugger can catch them). where he can't use his legs to outmaneuver you. TH~ BOXER T he boxer wants to use his legs to move around the ring and keep you outside. Against the Boxer o Get close. They need great endurance because they lack the power of the sluggers and they have to get close because they're usually shorter than their opponents are . then you know what you have to do to do well against an opponent with that style. Don't worry about them being hard. you know how to fight him . The strengths of the slugger work well against the weaknesses of the volume puncher. It's because the strengths of each style intersect with the weakness of the style opposing it. the strengths of the boxer work well against the weaknesses of the slugger. Throw a lot of punches.166 BOX LI nTH f PHD S wear their man down with a steady beating. When you're trying to decide on a strategy. (But most of the time they're also faster. If you know what kind of style does well against another. just throw a lot. sluggers do well against volume punchers. What does this have to do with strategy? Everything. Here's the best way to fight each of the three main styles. Put another way. because they have to do their job quickly before their opponent moves or holds. o o "Cut off the ring. ask yourself what style your opponent uses. If you can answer that." meaning you want to trap him along the ropes and in the corners. You . here's the rule about the three styles: most things being equal.

A boxer can't get anything done if he can't land his jab. o Keep punching. instead of simply moving straight at him and following him. not just forward. o Jab a lot. chest. you step forward to the left. don't let him. you move forward and to the right. When he moves right. He'll want to clinch when you get inside. anything you can hit. . Get close to the boxer and trap him on the ropes. o Go to the body frequently. not straight forward. that includes the shoulders. It will slow him down so you can land your shots to the head later. When he moves left. This makes the ring much smaller and puts you closer to him so you can land your punches.Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 167 do that by moving forward and laterally against him. and he can't if you're landing yours.

fast punches. o o Throw counterpunches. Take him into the later rounds. and use your defense. o Throw a lot of jabs and straight punches. out of his punching range. o Don't let him get set. when he misses. .168 BOX lIn THf PROS THE SLUGGEH T he slugger wants to come forward and land punches so he can knock you out. Against the Slugger o Use your legs. every time you see him plant his feet and get set to punch. Make him miss. move around the ring. Against a bigger puncher. step to the side. move and use straight. they'll keep him off balance. make him pay. And he doesn't want to take a long time to do it. especially if you've made him miss a lot. chances are he'll get tired before you do.

o The volume puncher wants you to back up. Make him feel it. If you have to move. chop you down with constant punching. o Stay far away from the ropes and corners. You still have to find out what they're best at and how to combat that. Stand your ground. Don't do it. Win- . step around to his side and punch.Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 169 TU( VOlUME PUNCHER T he volume puncher wants to get close to you and wear you down. When you find it. Again. Don't do it. o Catch him on the way in. let him run into it. do it in a tight circle in the center of the ring. Against the Volume Puncher o Stand your ground. You do that with a good stiff jab thrown hard. o Keep him outside. If he gets inside. He wants you to back up. with your feet planted on the canvas. Use it like a stick. some fighters don't fit perfectly into any of these roles. See what he's open for when he gets inside.

Maybe you'll turn out to be like me or the Butterfly or Big George. If you're not that kind of fighter. There are two ways to fight a southpaw. Their power punch most often comes from the straight left hand. That means with your lead foot (your left foot) inside his lead foot (which is his right). you shouldn't force yourself to fight that way just because you've got a southpaw in front of you . if you can do it. not the straight right. a southpaw's power is usually in his straight left hand. It's completely different from fighting a right-handed fighter.170 BOX un TH! PROS ning in boxing is all about doing what you want to and not letting your opponent do what he wants to. That's okay. You might not need to worry about any of this stuff. Fighting a southpaw can be a nightmare unless you know how to do it. Their right foot is forward . You're used to anticipating jabs and hooks and crosses from the other side. he needs you to be in range for it. you can skip the rest of this section. So if that's the way you fight. Why? They do everything backward. When your feet are in . In order for him to land it. Their jab is coming from the right. A southpaw has the advantage only on the outside. That's the punch he wants to land. It has to do with where you put your feet. But it's good to be able to adjust. There's another way to negate that southpaw advantage. If you're good enough at what you do. he's just like any other right-handed fighter. If you're nose-to-nose with him. you're lucky. If you're a volume puncher or a fighter who likes to get close and fight on the inside and are good at it. FIGHTING SOUTHPAWS Fighting left-handed fighters is a science all its own. and you have to know how to do it before you get in there with one . or like Henry Armstrong or Rocky Marciano or Willie Pep-guys who could only fight one way and who were so good at it that it didn't matter that much what style their opponent used. not the left. not their left. too. Remember. That's because the best way to negate a southpaw's advantage is to get so close to him that it doesn't matter how he's standing. that'll work out fine .

So long as your lead foot is on the outside of his lead foot. That's what the pros do. and he does his job. remember your training. You've got to keep your head. You need to keep your lead foot on the outside of his lead foot. You do that by continually stepping to your left (his right). that may sound easy to do. since their right side is closest to you. and in range to land your straight right. he stays calm. he can hit you with the straight left (and the right hook). it's hard to remember to do something like that. relax. that position. Step inside it and you'll be in trouble. It isn't. . He remembers his plan.Strategy and Why "Styles Make Fights" 171 Keep your left foot outside the southpaw's right foot and you'll be fine. (The left hook is also a good punch to use against southpaws. When you get in there and the punches are flying and the crowd is screaming and you want to just get in there and punch.) Now. which isn't natural and which you may not have done before . and do your job. A true pro doesn't get crazy the first time something goes wrong. you're out ofrange of his straight left hand. and at the same time it's hard for you to hit him. That's what boxing like a pro is all about. And that holds true for any kind of fighter you're fighting.

12

Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing You're Never the Same

f you've used this book to get in shape, learn how to fight, and hold your own in the gym in sparring matches, then you only have one thing left to do: get in the ring for real. Maybe you don't want to. Maybe you've gotten in shape and that's all you wanted to do. Or maybe you've always wanted to learn how to fight so you could defend yourself if you had to. And you've done that. Or maybe a sparring match is as far as you wanted to go. And you did that. If you've done everything you wanted to do, and this book helped you, I'm glad for that. That's great. But for some of you, that isn't enough. Maybe you thought it was when you first got started, but it turned out it wasn't. Maybe when you were out there doing your roadwork you started shadowboxing and you felt something. You paid closer attention when you saw fighters sparring in the gym. Maybe you found out there was a reason you wanted to get in shape, a reason to work out hard and learn the mechanics and

I

Golden Gloves o r White-Collar Boxing

173

spar. To go to the next level. To do something 99 percent of the men in the world (and a smaller percentage of women) fantasize about doing but never do. You found out you want to fight. Maybe not as a career, maybe not for very long, maybe not for more than a couple of fights. But you want to try it. You want to see what you got inside. Good for you . This chapter's for you .

YOUR FIRST FIGHT
There are a few ways you can go with your first fight. Here they are.

o Your state 's Golden Gloves or Diamond Gloves competition. Each is held once a year and attracts amateurs from all over the state. You would enter the sub-novice competition (for boxers with no previous fights), and with every victory you advance to the next round. A caution : since the tournament is annual, you'll have to make sure you've learned enough to be ready by the time the competition starts. For example, if you've only been sparring a month when the tourney begins, you may want to skip it and wait for the next one. Why? Just because the fighter you get matched with doesn't have any fights doesn 't mean he or she hasn't been in the gym sparring for nine or 10 months or longer than you have. That fighter will have a big advantage over you and opponents in advancing competitions are usually chosen randomly. When the tournament opens, there will be no effort made to match you up evenly, apart from weight class and actual fight experience. Follow your trainer's advice about when to enter this kind of competition.
o Local, nonadvancing fight cards, or "smokers. n These are one-night

fights that don't go anywhere. It's not like the Gloves competitions, where if you win you come back the next week and fight again. It's like a pro card: one fight. They give you experience and let you know

174

BOX lIU TH[ PROS

where you stand. They're usually held in a high school gym or a VFW or a Knights of Columbus hall. They're less formal than the advancing competitions, and more effort is made, to the extent possible, to match fighters according to their "real" experience, not just their fight experience. That means if you've been in the gym for six months, your trainer can try to match you with someone who's been in another gym about the same amount of time. Do some trainers lie because they want to get their kid a win? Sure. But if your trainer's been around, he knows who to trust. And USA Boxing mandates that all amateurs bring their "pass book" to the cards. (A pass book is a record of all of a fighter's bouts.) Most amateurs get experience fighting smokers and then go on to the advancing tournaments, which are more prestigious.
o White-collar boxing shows. If you have no amateur experience, are in

at least your 20s or 30s, and fell in love with boxing almost by accident, because it got you in great shape, this might be for you. Whitecollar boxing is for people who don't have aspirations to win Golden Gloves titles or get into tournaments. They just want to apply some of the stuff they've learned in the gym and see what it's like to get in the ring with an opponent. These bouts aren't sanctioned by USA Boxing and are more like sparring, but in front of a crowd. That's not to say they aren't serious; any time you get into a ring with gloves on you can get a bloody nose or a fat lip or a black eye. The point is, whitecollar boxers are doing it for the experience of having done it, or for fun, rather than to go somewhere with it. Shows are usually put together by gym owners, whose clientele Is made up more and more these days of white-collar boxers.

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175

THE FIGHT: BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER
BEFORE
So you've chosen to fight. It doesn't matter what kind of competition it is-Gloves, smoker, or white-collar-your preparation is the same: your hard workouts end the week before the fight. If you've worked hard and done your road work and taken care of business in the prior months, the hard work is done. The week of the fight you go to the gym and do your stretching, some shadowboxing, maybe a little work on the pads and some light floorwork. And light roadwork. No sparring. Some light bag work-the heavy bag or speed bag. The last two days before the fight, don't even go to the gym. Stay home. Relax. If you feel like you have to do something to burn off excess energy, go for a light run. And stretch and do some shadowboxing. And don't worry. If you did it right, if you did everything you're supposed to do, you're already in shape. What can hurt you? If you didn't, it's too late. You can't do anything about it now. Make sure you get plenty of rest the last two days before the fight. Go to bed early, which should have been part of your routine all along anyway. And try to eat more carbohydrates than usual-fruits, pasta, , bread-and drink lots of water. You'll need the extra energy during the fight. And try not to think about the fight. Thinking about it isn't going to change anything. When it comes, you'll do your job. It's no use thinking it to death beforehand. On the day of the fight eat a good breakfast and a light lunch. Then some carbohydrates-again, pasta, fruits, vegetables-for an early dinner. Dinner should be four or five hours before you're going to fight. You don't want to have food lying in your stomach when you're moving around that ring. Before the fight, you'll weigh in and get matched with an opponent
if you haven't been matched up with someone already. (Note: some-

times you'll go to a one-night card hoping to get matched against

expect it and deal with it. the sparring. all the things you were supposed to do to get ready for a fight. Depending on what kind of show you're on. read.176 BOX UKf TH~ PROS someone and it won't happen. And wait.blood pressure. the things you turn over in your mind should involve your fight plan and your training. . Someone once said that courage isn't the absence offear. If you can't do either. There won't be another fighter at your experience level in your weight class. Go back over the last couple of months to all the things you did to get ready for this night. but about performing badly or being embarrassed.) You'll get a physical from the doctor. If you did. And wait. Just about every fighter in the history of the sport got nervous before fighting. Not about getting hurt. If you're in a heavier weight class and it's early in the tournament. Fighters get nervous. you're going to get nervous. the roadwork. Take a nap. The waiting is maybe the hardest part of fighting. you might wait three or four hours before you go on. all the rounds on the pads and the bags. Don't be ashamed by it. Use the time to your advantage. As your time to fight gets closer. If you did it right. or your trainer won't like the only other fighter available. Either way. Don't let it get you down . whoever. and you should be prepared for it. or the other trainer won't want his kid going against you. there's a lot to look back on. Either you prepared right for it or you didn't. If you can't sleep. vision test. It happens. this is the time to remind yourself of it. it's acting in spite of it. Maybe more nervous than you've ever been. From Joe Louis to Sugar Ray Robinson to Mike Tyson. Then you'll wait. Some Golden Gloves shows feature 15 or 16 bouts in one night. a visual once-over to look for recent abrasions or bruises. It's not like the pros. Doesn't matter how big and bad they are . Use those memories to confirm that you did everything right. where you sign a contract beforehand to fight a certain guy. you could wait a long time in the locker room. the ftoorwork. since the fighters have to get there well before the card even starts. We've said a couple of times in here that there's no magic wand on fight night that makes everything all right.

too. so you don't want to be cold going in there. You just think about doing your job. you might be one of those very rare fighters who don't get nervous. that's either scary or great. Warming up is important. never even tied on a pair of gloves. And all the eyes in the house will be on you. great. You walk out in front of that crowd and see the ring all lit up under the lights and you recognize that in another minute you'll be up there in that ring in front of the judges with their pencils and in front of all those faces. You don't have time to warm up once the fight has started. You only have three rounds to get done all you need to. and check that you're wearing a mouthpiece and a protective cup. You'll start to warm up-stretch. so remember that 99 percent of those guys in the crowd have never been in a ring. saying different things-some encouraging. then the referee will call the two of you together to the center of the ring to go over the rules. Some guys like to use this . maybe hit the pads. as you walk to the ring. You've got a job to do. Right there is when you learn to ignore the crowd. You'll hear the people in the crowd. some not. you'll block out the crowd without even trying. Depending on your temperament. especially in an amateur fight. you'll get in your cup and trunks and headgear and your trainer will wrap your hands. Walking from the locker room to the ring-the ring walk-can be overwhelming. But if you're like the rest of us. DURING Once you're in the ring. If that's you. As your fight time gets near. Get a light sweat going in the locker room and stay warm until you're called to go into the ring. The announcer will introduce you and your opponent to the crowd. shadowbox. Forget them. welcome the nerves and the extra energy they'll give you.Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 177 Now. The referee will come over to check your headgear to make sure it's USA Boxing-approved.

. Try to scare him. if you ask me. If you want to do it. after the instructions you'll go back to your corner to wait for the opening bell. it takes the first landed punch. fine. Probably nothing will ever come close. You can't turn and run out of the ring.178 80 X II nTH [ PRO S time to stare down the other guy. What's important is what happens when the punches start fiying. Anyway. the nerves go away as soon as the bell rings-then it's just like sparring in the gym. while you're standing in your corner ready to go. That minute right before the first bell. and where you ask and answer questions you have about yourself that can't be asked and answ~red in any other way. will be like nothing you've ever experienced. It's right there. What you might notice right away is that you're not nervous anymore. It's not important. Big George liked to do that. This is where you challenge yourself. not before. (For others. It's to get some sort of psychological advantage. For a lot of fighters. oversized headgear. and using Your nerves will go away as soon as the bell rings~r the first time you get hit. You have to do what you came to do-what you prepared to do all that time in the gym and on the road. Then the bell rings.) But then you notice the difference between sparring with 16-ounce gloves and big. You're there.

Feint. Roll under them. Because of all the adrenaline and excitement.or IQ-ounce gloves with competition headgear: you can move your hands and your head a lot faster and you can feel the blows more in your fist than you did in sparring. But that's okay-remember that you're in there to do what you want to do: hit and not get hit. you might get the urge to go right at your opponent and start punching nonstop. All the training you've done goes out the window. You recog- You're here to do your job. Relax. too. See the punches coming. it's like you don't know how to box. And do your job. If you go out swinging wildly. Your punches land harder. Use your jab. so do your opponent's. The bad news is. That's okay so long as you're under control when you do it. but maybe not until after the fight: when you're fighting. Remember your technique and the fundamentals: hands up. . and you're in shape and completely focused physically and mentally.Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 179 eight. like you're just in some street fight. and on balance. Get in there and work. What you want to do is box under control. eyes on your opponent. Slip them. he can't do what he wants to do. Stay calm. you don't even feel your opponent's punches. You might notice this. chin down. Counter. If you do what you want to do.

Your trainer uses that time to tell you the things he noticed during the round that you need to do or do better. They act like they're going 15 rounds. let him come in and blast him. and it's your obligation to finish him off. "How'd that happen ?" The time between rounds is important. let your best punch go. and no matter what. don't let him. keep punching. If you've got a good punch and your opponent is wild. Or. A lot of fighters. but you don't feel it. go hard to his body to bring them hands down. then I'd look in the mirror and see that I had a scratch or swelling somewhere and think. they're afraid they'll get tired so they conserve their energy. and then go out there and execute. The referee will break you quick. If you hurt him. If you don't. but with caution. and when they come down.180 HO X II nTH [ PRO S nize that you're getting hit. Fighters with not a lot of experience tend to get crazy when they smell a knockout. If he tries to clinch and hold.keep circling and turning him so he can't get hold of you. This ain't sparring. If you did everything you were supposed to in the gym and on the road. it's easy to not listen to him. bring your power upstairs. get close to your opponent. But your opponent is dangerous when he's hurt because he wants to survive. try to clinch.that tires you out quicker. If you get hurt. It's harder than doing three rounds in the gym on account of all the tension and excitement. With all the excitement. . you can go three hard rounds. the first few times they're in there. Let your hands go. either clinch again or get on your legs and move. Concentrate on what he's saying. Think about what you're doing and relax. If you hurt your opponent. It's only three rounds. if that's not you. and if your head is still buzzing. The biggest thing in a three-round fight is to keep punching. or weaknesses he sees in your opponent. stand there and wait for him to come in to finish you off-and when he tries it. he could come back to hurt you . You got a man hurt in the ring. go after him. They leave themselves open. You 're in there to win . But listen to him. There were times when I'd fight and win and afterward I'd be thinking that guy never even hit me.

be smart. It doesn't matter whether it was a Golden Gloves fight or whitecollar. you don't need to hang your head even if you don't win . If you didn't throw punches in the gym. Punch. If you worked hard in the gym. you can go three hard rounds. AFTER If you were in shape. let those hands go. don't expect to be able to in the fight. But so long as you worked hard in the gym. And if you fought hard and did the best you could do and laid it all out there like a real fighter. You want to leave it all in the ring. you won't be able to believe how fast it went. Nobody ever won a fight sitting on his hands . Pace yourself. you don't want any energy left. What you did in the gym you can do in the fight. but throw punches. That's what you trained for and what you're in there for. But if you did.Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 18 1 Don't worry about getting tired. let those hands go. So don't be afraid of getting tired. just fighting is something you should be proud of and that you'll . At the final bell. where it belongs.

You walk around shadowboxingjust out . They're not. Your trainer will let you know exactly what went wrong and how you can keep it from happening again. You fall in love with it. You were a fighter for one night. Be better next time. The important thing. If you lose. you're never the same person again. You're a member of an exclusive club. That's the funny thing about boxing. that's great.182 BOX 1I K[ TH PRO S f remember the rest of your life. But now you do. If you're not going to fight again. What you do next is up to you. too. If you win. and not many can say that. is not to let a loss discourage you. And win or lose. if you're going to fight again. hold on to the memory. that's okay. Unless they've been in that ring throwing leather and trading punches. But don't be surprised if after a little while you get that itch to get back in the ring again. Lots of people in this world like to think they're tough and like to think they're fighters. If you plan on fighting again. they have no idea what it's like. it gets in your blood and it's hard to get out. if you just wanted to see what it was like. That's what fighters do. Move on. Learn from it. as hard as it is. take what you learned from the loss back to the gym and correct it.

Maybe one time will be enough. that's okay.Golden Gloves or White-Collar Boxing 183 of habit. You were a fighter for a night. You'll always know you didn't just think about doing it. You did it. That's a lot more than most people can say. But maybe it won't work that way for you. and when you get out of shape you miss what it feels like to be in shape. . And no one can ever take that away from you. If that's the way it turns out.

the local phone book. there may be a gym in your area that does not appear on this list. Mobile (334) 478-1152 Capital City Boxing. It's a good working list of gyms throughout the United States.APPENDIX I : Directory of Boxing Gyms in the United States This directory was compiled using a variety of sources and includes "authentic" boxing gyms as well as fitness centers that offer boxing training programs. 742 Shades Mountain Plaza. 276 LeAnn. Anchorage (907) 529-7057 Polaris Athletic Club.. and the sports section of your local newspaper. but like any other business. Birmingham (205) 444-0075 Southside Boxing Academy. Fairbanks (907) 456-4269 . Conversely.. Montgomery (334) 832-4845 ALASKA Anchorage Amateur Boxing Club. Because a gym appears on this list doesn't necessarily mean it will be there when you try to make contact. your state's Athletic Commission. or relocate. the Internet.. ALABAMA Champions Boxing & Fitness. Inc. 1580 Tampa Dr. 2520 Roland Rd. 11901 Industry Way. boxing gyms and fitness clubs go out of business and close down. Fairbanks (907) 452-8269 Fairbanks Amateur Boxing Inc. Good sources to consult when looking for a gym are your local Police Athletic League. 1063 Bell St. Anchorage (907) 345-6658 Champs Boxing. 1931 Highland Ave. Montgomery (334) 272-0317 Faith Boxing Team... .

. Tempe (480) 777-9170 Team Stone-Hard Boxing. Sierra Vista (520) 452-8719 lrongloves Boxing.. Scottsdale (480) 312-2669 Scottsdale Athletics and Recreation. 407 Prescott Heights. 27th St. 1638 PlacentiaAve. . Phoenix (520) 717-0641 Rodriquez Boxing Club. Mesa (602) 507-8309 Carbajal's 9th Steet Gym. 1100 N. Mesa (602) 962-8114 Maxie's Boxing. Scottsdale Figueroa's Boxing Club.. 1350 W Roosevelt St. Auburn (916) 782-7444 The Big Bear Kronk Training Center. 4415 N.. 5222 Westridge Ave. Mesa (602) 962-4646 Riddell Boxing Club. Hayden Rd . 1301 E.. Frye Rd. 1931 W 2nd PI. Phoenix (602) 499-4779 Prescott Police Athletic League (PAL). #109. Costa Mesa (949) 722-3533 Tommy's Gym. Chandler (480) 9638960 Chandler Precision Fitness Center. 6170 W Chandler Blvd. Costa Mesa (949) 631-7303 El Centro Police Athletic League. Hill.186 Appendix I ARIZONA Chandler Blue Corner Boxing Club. Concord (925) 671-7070 LA Boxing Club. University Dr. Tucson (520) 323-2053 CALIFORNIA Roseville PAL Boxing Club. 51301 Douma St. 2380 Newport Blvd. El Centro (760) 3374577 . 2241 Galaxy Ct. 85 E. 2540 N. 329 N.. Phoenix (602) 864-6384 San Luis PAL Boxing Gym. Glendale Arizona Boxing.. 4th St. Hayden Rd. Filmore.. University Dr. San Luis (928) 627-2088 Club Sar. 29th Ave. 23424 N. Phoenix (602) 256-2103 Warriors Boxing Club.. 42118 Big Bear Blvd. Chandler (480) 786-3062 Phoenix Police Athletic League (PAL). Millett. 3615 E. 1837 W Guadalupe Rd. Coachella (760) 3985514 Concord Youth Center/Sullenger Boxing. 1425 E.. Tempe (602) 751-0030 Aztlan Boxing Club. 1854 S.. 518 Hegge Dr. 914 E. Big Bear Lake Coachella Valley Boxing Club.. 2842 W Montecito Ave. Phoenix (602) 256-2779 Hard Knocks Gym.... 4415 N. 42nd Dr. 729 2nd St.. Phoenix (602) 445-0740 Willy's Boxing Studio.. Phoenix (602) 493-1567 Knockout Boxing Club.... 1315 E. 35th Ave. 2529 W Jackson. Mesa (480) 345-1243 East Valley Boxing Club..

1st St. Modesto (209) 544-3651 Northridge Athletic Club.. 1466 S...A. . 615 W Pacific Coast Hwy. Los Angeles (213) 748-1957 Oscar De La Hoya Boxing Youth Center.. Karate School of the Arts & Boxing Gym. 10211 Balboa Blvd. 808 E. Oxnard La Colonia Gym. Pacific Coast Hwy. 5660 E.. 10730 S. 7712 Fay Ave. Blvd. Oakland (510) 261-2199 Boxing 2000. Huntington Beach (714) 374-0040 La Habra Boxing Club.. Hayward (510) 317-8825 Beach Boxing Works. Los Angeles (323) 549-3903 Wild Card Boxing Club. La Jolla (858) 456-2269 D G Boxing. Long Beach (562) 987-4313 Williams Boxing Gym. Hermosa Beach (310) 3761602 Huntington Beach L. Suite 6... Long Beach (562) 986-9421 Long Beach PAL. Lorena St. La Brea Ave.S .. 1114 S. Orange (714) 771-0665 Boys & Girls Club Boxing. Pacific Beach (858) 490-2269 . 307 Pacific Coast Hwy. Long Beach (562) 218-0411 Broadway Boxing Gym. Broadway. 333 W Washington Blvd.396 W Chapman Ave. 1900 W 5th St. 1780 Martin Luther King Jr. Los Angeles (323) 461-4170 Bad to the Bonz Boxing Club. 4190 Mission Blvd... 520 E. 1541 10th St... Oxnard The Boxing Club.. 843 35th Ave..Appendix I 18 7 D.. Modesto (209) 3037942 Modesto Police Boxing.. Long Beach Project KO Boxing Gym. 1830 Clayton. 343 Hillcrest St. Los Angeles (323) 263-2688 Hollywood Boxing Gym. Oakland (510) 5697808 King's Boxing Gym. Los Angeles (800) 4273263 LA Boxing & Fitness Club. 20613 Mission Blvd. Los Angeles (323) 263-4542 Shadow Boxing. Adams Ave. 7416 Beverly Blvd.. La Habra (562) 690-4559 The Boxing Club. 1123 Vine St... 1401 W 9th St.. McDonnell Ave. 816 98th Ave. Los Angeles (323) 755-9016 City of Commerce Boxing. Boxing.. Northridge (818) 9933696 East Oakland Boxing Association. 1551 N.

Bloomfield (860) 242-2591 ......188 Appendix I Fist of Gold Boxing. Rodeo (510) 245-8369 Niavaroni's Kickboxing and Boxing.. 350 N. Riverside (951) 7355014 Rodeo Bay Area Boxing Gym. Santa Fe Ave. Pearl St. 515 S. 1840 Benton St. Pleasant Valley Rd. 18527 Burbank Blvd . Roseville (916) 782-4757 The Boxing Club. San Diego (858) 549-4050 3rd Street Gym. Tarzana (818) 345-8200 Tulare Athletic Boxing Club. 2915 High St.. San Diego (858) 576-9509 The Boxing Club. Vista (760) 724-7585 COLORADO Front Range Boxing Academy.. 4034 N. Denver (303) 433-8469 Cox-Lyle Red Shield Boxing Program. 0 St. San Diego (619) 224-2269 Top 10 Boxing. and O'Neal St.... 8105 W 44th Ave. 4164 Convoy St. . Monte Vista (719) 852-2170 Delgado Boxing & Martial Arts Center. Tulare (559) 9058933 North County Boxing Club. Garey Ave. San Francisco (415) 550-8269 Johnson's Boxing & Kickboxing.. Boulder (303) 546-9747 Aztlanecos Boxing Club. Cordoba Ave. 122 W Mission St. Bloomfield (860) 243-0891 M&P Boxing Club. Santa Clara (408) 261-2173 Double Punches Boxing Club... 1725 Santa Clara Dr. 3555 Pecos St.. 2576 3rd St. 3165 Rosecrans St. 590 E. 532 1st St. Stockton (209) 462-5822 Boxing Club. Wheat Ridge (303) 432-8994 CONNECTICUT Amateur BOxing Association Inc. 12391 Sampson Ave... Pomona Boys & Girls Club Boxing.. Spring Valley (619) 670-1983 Fear No Man Boxing Club. 8670 Miramar Rd .. Santa Rosa (707) 5862448 Mine Boxing Gym. Redwood City (650) 207-8513 The Warzone Boxing Club. Denver (303) 2952107 SIV Boxing Club. 73 Brown St. Santa Barbara (805) 569-9034 PAL Boxing Gym.. 361 Batterson St. Port Hueneme Gladiators Gym.... 522 Cottage Grove Rd. 3281 Dutton Ave.

... Dover (302) 7394522 Elsmere Boxing & Youth Center.. New Britain (860) 826-1521 Ring One Boxing. 8 Hadco Rd. PO Box 170.Appendix I 189 Bridgeport Police Athletic League (PAL). 384 W Middle Turnpike. Water St. 66 St.. Waterbury (860) 756-5070 Waterford Athletic Center. S. Wilmington (302) 998-6022 FLORIDA 9th Street Boxing Gym. Torrington (860) 567-8902 Waterbury Police Athletic League (PAL)... Willimantic (860) 423-0545 DELAWARE Delaware Boxing & Wrestling....222 Flanders Rd. East Hartford (860) 528-5656 Macy's Gym. Flax Hill Rd.. Waterford (860) 447-2464 Charter Oak Amateur Boxing & Youth Development. Hollywood (954) 985-1155 . Cape Coral (239) 574-7223 Gerrit's Leprechaun BOxing... Hartford (860) 527-6300 Manchester Police Athletic League (PAL). Dania (954) 921-1486 Fort Walton Beach Boxing Club.. 50 Jennings Rd.S. Fort Walton Beach (850) 833-9582 Warrior's Boxing Gym. 1298 N. 842 Main St. Manchester (860) 645-6261 Silver City Boxing Club.. 48 Enfield St. 846 SE 9th St.. State Road 7. 14 Railroad Ave... 861 Silver Lake Blvd. Bridgeport (860) 576-7604 KO Boxing Club and Training Facility. Meriden (203) 686-1639 Beat the Street East Coast Boxing Gym. 5 King St.. New Haven (203) 787-1200 John Harris Boxing Club.. Coral Gables (305) 5733082 D. West Hartford (860) 233-3043 Windham Boxing Club. 4151 N. Main St.. 82 Boston Post Rd. 1 Fitness. 15 Carson Dr. 845 Congress Ave. 503 Quaker Ln. 3465 NW 2nd Ave. 714 S. Federal Hwy. Norwalk (203) 838-6456 Northwest Amateur Boxing Inc. 177 Park Ave. Claire Ave. Hartford (860) 524-1857 Hartford Police Athletic League (PAL). East Lyme (860) 739-6214 Charter Oak Amateur Boxing Academy & Youth Development.

Inc. Kingsland (912) 673-8445 larrells Boxing Gym. Lake Park (561) 842-9559 University Boxing Gym. 5639 Memorial Dr. College Park (404) 209-9995 House of Champions Boxing Gym. 3688 King Ave. Columbus (334) 291-2990 The Columbus Blazers Boxing Club. Doraville (770) 457-0003 Total Package Boxing Gym. Stone Mountain (404) 508-5363 . 1152 11th Ave. Lee St. 924 W Amelia St. 4855 Old National Hwy. 202 S. Columbus (706) 322-7051 Doraville Boxing Club. 2427 N. 8195 N... Melbourne (321) 723-8704 Warring's World Champion Kickboxing & Boxing... Sarasota (941) 302-4181 Calta's Fitness & Boxing Gym.. 1154 Talbotton Rd. Atlanta (404) 870-8444 Augusta Boxing Club. Miami Beach (305) 672-8262 Orlando Amateur Boxing and Fitness Center. Highway 17. 1145 71st St... Miami Beach (305) 865-8570 South Florida BOxing. 13260 SW 120th St. 5026 Georgia Highway 120. Buchanan (770) 646-7011 Anatomy 5000 Fitness Center. 12425 Taft St... 96 Linden Ave. SE.... 715 Washington Ave. Lake and 10th Street.190 Appendix I USA Training Center. Fahm St. 5848 Bankhead Hwy.. Miami (305) 235-4496 Normandy Boxing Gym.. Pembroke Pines (954) 436-6656 Absolute Boxing and Fitness. Smyrna (770) 434-8585 Knights Boxing Team International. Augusta (706) 733-7533 Contender Boxing Club. 2350 Ventura Rd. Atlanta Rd... Unit 201.. 103 N. Douglasville (770) 4899100 World Class Boxing Club. Tampa (813) 8842947 GEORGIA Atlanta Art of Boxing Center. Smyma (770) 432-3632 Center Court Boxing Club. Orlando South Florida Boxing. 2341 Porter Lake Drive. 4913 W Waters Ave. . 1415 University Blvd. 1929 Walton Way. Savannah (912) 447-0607 12th Round Boxing Gym. and Cusseta Rd.

4118 Meadowridge Rd .. 3461 Cane Run Rd . 811 Madison Ave. Indianapolis (800) 647-9334 Sarge Johnson Boxing Center. Palatine (847) 359-7847 INDIANA Evansville Boxing Club. 2252 7th Street Rd . Chicago (312) 742-7785 JABB Boxing Gym. 100 Alumni Hall. Lexington (606) 266-3122 Glenn Ford's Fitness Center. Chicago (773) 277-4091 Elgin BOxing Club. 1644 Roosevelt. 2nd St. Chicago (773) 434-6700 Windy City Boxing Club. 888 Poor Farm Rd. 3034 N.. Anthony Blvd. 4401 W Ogden Ave. Louisville (502) 635-1961 West Kentucky Boxing. Oakley.... Riverside Dr. Broadway. Troy. Hoyne. Elgin (847) 888-1989 Coliseum Fitness. Chicago (312) 733-5222 O'Malley's Boxing Club.. Fort Wayne (2 19) 447-4063 Indianapolis Boxing Club. 1 Yount Dr. 410 N. 116Y2 Union St.. 1080 E.. Indianapolis (317) 327-7222 Kokomo Firedragons Boxing Club.. 630 S. Kokomo Northside Amateur Boxing School.Appendix I ILLINOIS 191 Twin City Boxing. . Pikeville (606) 432-0100 . Evansville (812) 4244208 City Destroyers BOxing Club. 6648 S.. 1812 Oxford Circle. 3206 State Route 262. Bloomington (309) 287-3839 Hamlin Park Boxing Club.. 10714 N. 7800 S. 2420 E.. Ames (515) 2328179 KENTUCKY Shamrock Boxing Inc. Chicago St. Lexington (859) 2525121 Alumni Boxing Club/Metro PAL Boxing Club. Louisville (502) 776-3943 Metro Alumni Boxing Club. 1518 W Algonquin Rd.. Murray (270) 753-7981 Mayfield's Boxing Gym. By Pass Rd. Machesney Park (815) 877-7600 Pug's Boxing Gym. Rising Sun (812) 438-4333 IOWA Iowa State University Boxing Club. Covington (859) 581-3066 Central Kentucky Boxing.

Baltimore (410) 354-9360 Honeycombe Boxing Club.. New Orleans (504) 523-3340 MAINE Biddeford Southern Maine Boxing Club.. Minden (318) 371-4235 West Monroe Boxing Club. 158 Capisic St.. Laurel (301) 725-0302 Laurel Boys and Girls Club. Academy of Boxing Inc. 1141 Avenue K. 1801 Glen Keith Blvd. Trenton St. 1518 Cox St.. Laurel (301) 490-1268 .. 201 Dunand St. 701 Montgomery St. 4514 Freret St. Bossier City (318) 631-0515 Cajun Country Boxing Club.W Boxing Club. Baltimore (410) 727-3690 Loch Raven Boxing Club.. 3500 Parkdale Ave. 100 Recreation Dr... 1221 Illinois St.. Patapsco Ave.. 115 Sante Ines.. 620 Ben Dr. Portland (207) 761-0975 MARYLAND Brooklyn Boxing Club.. New Iberia (318) 367-7143 G. 4004 23rd Pky. 7104 Antioch Rd. New Orleans Neutral Corner Gym. 3601 Johnston St. 1153 Highway 358. Mooney Jr. 1005 Magazine St.. Church Point (318) 5436156 Lafayette Northside Boxing Club. Natchitoches (318) 357-1435 Iberia Boxing Club.... Monroe (318) 345-2797 North Street Boxing Club. 433 E. Biddeford (207) 284-0593 Portland Boxing Club..192 Appendix I LOUISIANA IFA Boxing Club. Baltimore (410) 298-0501 Hillcrest Gym. 7707 Barlowe Rd. Lafayette (318) 2354502 Ragin Cajun Amateur Boxing Club. Baton Rouge (225) 752-5885 Magic City Boxing Club. Hillcrest Heights Sugar Ray Leonard Boxing Gym. Baker (504) 774-6203 Boot Camp Boxing Club. Lafayette (337) 991-0233 Lake Charles Boxing Club. Lake Charles Minden Boxing Club. 8750-8-C Cherry Lane. Baton Rouge (225) 344-9688 Russell Jones Kickboxing & Boxing.. Bogalusa (504) 735-6470 Fist City Boxing Club. 128 Oak Circle...O. Hyattsville (301) 386-5888 Charles M. 13934 Alba Dr. Baltimore (410) 661-8722 Midtown Boxing Club. 11 Adams St. 500 Jesse Stone.

. 9621 Reisterstown Rd. 17 Marguerite Ave... Reisterstown (410) 526-0518 Maryland Boxing Club.. Boston (617) 536-4008 Cappiello Brothers Boxing/Champion Athletic Club. Lowell (978) 937-0184 Lynn Boxing Club. 40 West St. Pittsfield (413) 499-1623 South Shore PAL.. Leominster (978) 5377833 West End Gym. 14 Stevens St. Brockton (508) 5804486 Haverhill Boxing Club. Boston (617) 367-2699 Boston City Gym. 29 Howard St.. Inc. 205 West St. 12727 Warren. Saugus (781) 233-4141 Somerville BOxing.. Maple Rd. 2 Ionic Ave.. 230 W. Haverhill (978) 374-3100 Leominster Boxing Club. Watertown (617) 972-1711 Bishop's Boxing and Fitness. 1452 Hancock St. Detroit (313) 876-0131 . Ann Arbor (734) 930-3246 Kickboxing & BOxing Fitness Co.. Southbridge (508) 765-7831 South End Community Center. 8094 Woodward. Worchester (508) 753-3377 MICHIGAN University of Michigan Men's Boxing Club. West Bridgewater (508) 559-2611 Ionic Boys and Girls Club. 28 Petronelli Way. Lynn (781) 595-6117 New Bedford Recreation Boxing Club. Dearborn (313) 584-2937 Considine Boxing Team.. Somerville (617) 628-3066 Uptown Boxing Gym. Quincy (617) 472-8489 Saugus Tomasello BOxing Club. 12372 Howard Lodge Dr. 261 Friend St. 125 Walnut St... Sykesville (443) 277-2256 MASSACHUSETTS Beacon Hill Cardio Boxing Club. 319 Manley St.. 168 Broad St... Birmingham (248) 362-3777 Dearborn Sports & Boxing.... Sports Coliseum. New Bedford (508) 992-4517 Pittsfield Boxing Club. 542 Commonwealth Ave.. Hill & 5th. PO Box 1434. Springfield (413) 788-6174 Boston Boxing Club.Appendix I 193 Owings Mills Boxing Club.. 1147 Main St. Brockton (508) 583-4303 Round One Boxing Club Inc. 360 Coggeshall St. 900 Lawrence St..

2154 E. Garfield Ave. 3000 Racquet Club Dr. Johnstone Rd..... Sw. 195 W Montcalm St. West Bloomfield (248) 932-5810 Banisters Boxing Gym.. Flint (810) 238-2886 Pride Boxing Gym. Enterprise Forest Boxing Club. 12787 Shuck Rd. Veterans Memorial Center. 1324 Quincy St. 16849 Warren Ave. St. 1777 S. 220 7th Ave. 615 1st Ave. 1800 College St.. 3004 Highway 21.194 Appendix I Cooper's Boxing and Kickboxing Gym.. Detroit (313) 532-6971 Joe Byrd Boxing Academy... Detroit (313) 581-5085 Detroit Boxing Gym. Pontiac (248) 332-6514 New Champions Boxing Gym. Rochester (507) 288-7458 St.... 7770 Cooley Lake Rd. 58883 Grand River Ave. Columbus (601) 327-5014 Little Rock Boxing Club. W. Division Ave. 6750 Orchard Lake Rd. 2021 S. 5555 McGraw St. Owosso Azteca Boxing Gym. Minneapolis (612) 822-1964 4th Street Gym. Biloxi (228) 374-8113 Miller's Boxing Club. Irving St.. 8615 Puritan. Traverse City (231) 933-7050 Loredo's Athletic Club... Cass Lake (218) 3357034 Horton's Gym. Duluth (218) 3105200 Fergus Falls Boxing. S.. Cloud Boxing & Wrestling Club. 233 Kuhn St.. White Lake (248) 366-7300 MINNESOTA Leech Lake Boxing. 1401 99th Ave. New Hudson (248) 2666050 Owosso Boxing Club.. Sterling Heights (586) 939-1097 Bow-Tie Boxing Club... 25448 Five Mile Rd. Detroit Kronk Gym. Minneapolis (612) 721-1549 Uppercut Boxing Gym. 1010 Ballard St. Lansing (517) 482-7696 Doyle's Boxing Gym. 3830 Corunna Rd. Fergus Falls (218) 739-4522 Circle of Discipline.. Grand Rapids (616) 249-8166 Crown Boxing Club. Redford Challengers Gym. 328 W 7th St. Route 1 Box 126. Lake St. Cloud (320) 6540202 MISSISSIPPI Biloxi Boxing Club. Traverse City (231) 9228943 Trigger Boxing Club. Forest (601) 469-2587 . Dekalb (601) 743-2704 Camp Kern Boxing.

. Las Vegas (702) 2545004 Top Rank Gym.. Berlin (603) 752-2255 Jesse Cowan's Main Street Gym. Louis Metro BOxing. Blue Springs (816) 224-8920 Hannibal Boxing Club. Las Vegas Richard Steel Boxing Gym. 1510 Prospect Ave ..Appendix I 195 Hattiesburg Boxing Club.. 6005 Maple. Kansas City (816) 241-0200 City of Berkeley Boxing Facility. . 1509 Nicholos. Troy (636) 528-2621 NEBRASKA Downtown Boxing Club. St. 206 New Orleans St. Hattiesburg (601) 5846393 East Central Boxing Club. 8000 Ryans Reef Ln .. Dover Recreation 6 Washington St. North Las Vegas (702) 566-4081 Reno Azteca Boxing Gym. B. Trenton (660) 359-5126 Lincoln County Youth Boxing. 430 Main St.. Omaha (402) 551-5566 North Omaha Boxing Club. . 1701 Valley Rd. Hannibal (573) 231-0745 East Side Boxing Club. . Phillips Boxing Club. 6124 Madison Ave. Berlin (603) 752-2255 Dover Boxing Club. 301 Collier St.. . . 9 W Charleston. Dover (603) 516-6420 . St. John Williams Rd . 3041 Business Ln.. Louis (314) 351-8214 Trenton Boxing Club. 177 Main St. 3460 Hampton Ave. 177 Main St.. 7485 Commercial Way Henderson. Omaha (402) 341-6071 Pit Boxing Club. Las Vegas (702) 649-3535 Johnny Tocco's Ringside Gym. Reno NEW HAMPSHIRE Berlin Boxing Club. Louis (314) 5245359 St. 2850 SW Highway 40. Omaha (402) 551-1121 NEVADA Golden Gloves Gym. 2104 Military Ave. Las Vegas (702) 3838651 R. Pascagoula (228) 475-0949 MISSOURI Combat Sports Fitness Academy... 312 S. 1602 Gragson Ave. 24th St. 12500 B.

Middletown (732) 9579494 New Brunswick Boxing Gym. 111 Spring St. 7601 Keith Ct. Westampton (609) 265-7050 NEW MEXICO Albuquerque North Side Boxing. 121 Jersey Ave. Manchester (603) 647-0700 Newport Boxing Club.. Albuquerque (505) 848-1324 . 5909 Central NE. South River (732) 390-8600 Union City Boxing Club. Albuquerque (505) 877-4566 Esquibel's Boxing Team. Ramsey (201) 236-9510 South River Knights of Columbus Boxing Club...... 98 Park Ave.. Union City Vineland Police Athletic League (PAL). Manchester (603) 623-6066 Queen City Boxing Gym. Albuquerque (505) 2472082 Henry's Golden Gloves Gym. West Farms Road. 88 Jackson St.. Hackensack (201)-342 5900 Howell PAL Boxing. 798 Woodlane Rd. 344 Broadway. Albuquerque (505) 877-5185 Jack Candelaria Community Center. 33 Myrtle Ave . 1100 Santa Fe SW.. 906 Palisade Ave. Vineland (856) 563-5387 Joe T's Gym. Albuquerque (505) 2446609 Babylon Boxing Club. 55 S. Newport (603) 863-4360 NEW JERSEY Police Athletic League of Bergen County.. Albuquerque (505) 304-8356 Burque 505 Boxing Club. 284 Hackensack Avenue. 21 W.. 400 SE San Jose St.. Paterson (973) 881-9723 Bergen County Boxing. Fitness & Boxing Center. Auburn St. 65 Belknap Ave. SW. Howell (732) 938-9219 Mo Better Boxing Squad.. 2320 Esequiel Rd. Long Branch (732) 571-5681 Middletown Boxing Club. State Highway 35. 6th St. 111 N. Commercial St. 1128 2nd St..196 Appendix I Murphy's Kickboxing & Boxing. New Brunswick (732) 8461406 Ike's Boxing Gym. Irvington (973) 399-3900 Long Branch Police Athletic League (PAL).

Solano Dr. Bronx (718) 823-6600 Strong Brothers Fists of Steel Boxing Club. Midler Ave.. 700 N. Syracuse . 110 Greenwich St.. Brooklyn (718) 797-2872 New Bed Stuy Boxing Center Inc. New York (212) 3749393 Syracuse Boxing Club. 309 E. 230 E. 2926 W 25th St. 635 South St. Inc... New York (212) 344-5656 Trinity Boxing Club.. Deer Park (631) 667-5001 Garden City Powerhouse Gym. 25 Park Place. 125 W 14th St. Beacon (845) 831-8684 Bronxchester Boxing Club.. 386 N.. Farmington (505) 327-1752 Warrior Boxing Club.. 19 Mead Ave. 2222 Cincinnatus Ave. Huntington Station (631) 673-3520 Warrior Boxing. Las Vegas (505) 425-7621 Rio Rancho Boxing Club. 725 Ridge Rd.Appendix I 197 Northside Boxing Club... III Wolf Rd. 2077 New York Ave. Bloornfield (505) 632-0123 11th Street Boxing Club. 75 Front St. Rio Rancho (505) 892-9209 NEW YORK Schott's Boxing & Fitness... 2200 11th St. 767 Parker. 275 Marcus Garvey Blvd. 1203 Railroad. Buffalo (716) 823 4195 American Academy of Self-Defense. SE.. Farmington (505) 326-6256 Las Cruces PAL Boxing Club. 28th #223.. New York (212) 741-9210 Waterfront Boxing Club. Garden City (516) 7455709 Huntington Station Academy of Boxing for Women. Bronx (212) 8282420 Morris Park Boxing Club.. 1919 Deer Park Ave.. 44 New St. 644 Morris Park Ave. Las Cruces (505) 642-5051 Las Vegas Boxing Club. 225 West Main St. Las Cruces (505) 5266690 Villa BOxing Club. 53rd St.. New York (212) 571-1333 McBumeyYMCA. 1180 Alvarado SE. Brooklyn (718) 574-9614 Lackawanna Community Boxing Club.. Albany (518) 459-3903 Five Star Boxing.. Albuquerque (505) 462-2567 Bloornfield Boys & Girls PAL Boxing. New York (212) 752-3810 Church Street Boxing Gym. Brooklyn (718) 996-6822 Gleason's Gym Inc.. 830 Ivory Ct... New York.

. Jamestown (336) 4540627 Don Turner Inc. Broadway.. Cincinnati (513) 721-1018 Spears Amateur Boxing & Kickboxing Tae Kwon Do School.. 578 Nepperhan Ave. Highway 10.. Brunswick (330) 220-2142 Golden Glove Boxing. Yonkers (914) 375-9256 Yonkers Police Athletic League (PAL). Rhett St.. 4711-A High Point Rd . 707 W Main St. 976 Jo Jane Rd. Yonkers NORTH CAROLINA Don Turner Inc. YMCA 215 7th St. 7505 Hamilton Ave.. Raleigh (919) 8723147 Southport Boxing Center. Cleveland (216) 749-3666 Giachetti's Athletic Club. 113 N. 345 Cowell Loop Rd. N. Wilmington (910) 3417872 NORTH DAKOTA Boxing Inc. 245 Gale St. 9195 N. Bayboro (252) 745-5910 Charlotte Boxing Academy. Raleigh (919) 821-7800 Raleigh Boxing Club.198 Appendix I New York BOxing Gym... Charlotte (704) 372-0140 Durham School of Boxing. Cincinnati (513) 931-0278 Queen City Boxing Club. 602 N... 1700 Denison Ave. Bethel Center (614) 844-5658 Samson's Boxing Gym Inc. Geer St. Oriental (252) 249-2002 NBS Gym. Cincinnati (513) 729-1700 Denison Ave Boxing Club. 127 N... 1027 Linn St.... Cincinnati (513) 563-8787 Northside Boxing Club.. Cleveland (216) 398-5305 .... 1480 Pearl Rd. Durham (919) 6671410 Team USNWorld Class Boxing Club. Durham (919) 667-0942 Inner City Youth & Boxing Center. 10660 Reading Rd . Grand Forks (701) 775-2586 Minot Boxing Club. Vale (704) 276-3599 Wilmington Boxing & Fitness.. 36th St. Southport (910) 457-1170 South Mountains Gym. 407 E. 1212 Angier Ave. Grand Forks (701) 838-9645 OHIO Good Shepards Boxing Club.. 622 Capital Blvd. 9651 Hamilton Ave. 4th St. 4264 Fulton Rd... Akron (330) 384-0533 Advanced Fitness & Boxing. 715 E. University Ave.. Greensboro Jamestown World Fitness Center.. 7109 Old Wake Forest Rd.

Mechanicsburg (717) 6972941 Harrowgate Boxing Club Inc. Lancaster (717) 299-9650 West Shore Boxing Club... . Locust St... 1189 Dennison Ave. 1920 E.. Hanover (717) 632-6009 Nyes Gym. 1941 W Fair Ave..... . Philadelphia (215) 6620773 . 43 E.Appendix I 199 Marciano's Boxing Gym. Lawton (580) 2487544 Stillwater Boxing Club. 4900 Longshore Ave. McKean St.. Lancaster (740) 653-2696 Southern Ohio Boxing. 113 S. . 2917 N.. Philadelphia (215) 744-5503 Jack Costello Boxing Club. 423 CAve . 6655 Singletree Dr... 804 Pine St. Erie (814) 864-2142 Hanover Boxing Club. 2010 Charles St. Butler (724) 283-9888 Carlisle BOxing/Carlisle YMCA. 311 S. Philadelphia (215) 271-4263 Mantis School of BOxing. Philadelphia (215) 3323553 James Shuler Memorial Boxing.. Zanesville (740) 450-8245 OKLAHOMA Lawton Kickboxing & Boxing Center. 1250 Windsor Ave. Philadelphia (215) 2215303 Joe Hand Boxing Gym. Cleveland (216) 696-0145 Police Athletic League. Broad St. . 750 N. Columbus (614) 645-7407 Thompson Rec Center. 1130 Marshall Ave. Columbus (614) 645-3082 Lancaster Community Youth League.. 5614 Peach St. 6304 Broadway Ave. Broadway BOxing Gym. Cleveland (216) 441-5210 Columbus Boxing & Kick BOxing for Fitness. Philadelphia (215) 662-5665 Joe Frazier's Gym.. Stillwater (405) 624-9002 PENNSYLVANIA Boxing Outreach. W 25th & ClarkAve .. 4522 Baltimore Ave. Brooklyn St. Venango St. Columbus (614) 841-9586 Douglas Rec Center. 7 Rittner St. . Portsmouth (740) 858-2584 PAL of Zanesville. 28 Baltimore St. 3207 Fawn St. Carlisle (717) 9445763 Bizzarro's Boxing Gym. West St.

Austin (512) 458-9996 . 26 Chandler St. Sioux Falls (605) 3328877 TENNESSEE Bristol Boxing Training Gym. 900 Providence Rd... Upper Darby (610) 352-0998 Left Jab Boxing Club. 708 East Ave. Nashville (615) 255-1359 Nash-Vegas Boxing Gym. 427 8th Ave. 2922 Galleria. 112 Rosehill Ave. Nashville (615) 7773838 Knockout Fitness... Nashville (615) 226-6262 TEXAS The Gym. Philadelphia (215) 685-1992 King's Boxing Gym. 7241 W Chester Pike.. Reading (610) 375-4915 Irish Boxing Club... Hixson (423) 877-4113 Jackson Boxing Club. Chattanooga (423) 622-5159 Red Bank Boxing Club. 209 10th Ave..2 00 Appendix I Shepard Rec Center. Pawtucket Providence Fitness Boxing. Bluff City (423) 538-9383 Blalock International Martial Arts & Boxing Academy. West Grove (610) 345-0292 RHODE ISLAND Phantom Boxing Club. Warwick (401) 823-3770 Warwick Boxing Gym. N. Arlington (817) 640-5085 Barns Boxing Gym. 179 Conant St. 204 Essex Dr.. 804 Lawrence St... 221 Sycamore St. 4707 Harmon Ave. Belle Fourche (605) 7236858 Siouxland Amateur Boxing. 1201 Dickerson Pike. Jackson (901) 424-0301 O1's Gym... 103 Irby St. 612 Timber Ridge Dr..... 725 Branch Ave.. 210 Dexter St. Warwick Manfredo's Gym. 3613 Ringgold Rd. S. Pantucket (401) 723-1359 SOUTH DAKOTA Champions Choice Boxing.. North Providence (401) 2317378 B&F Boxing Gym. 34th St.. Providence (401) 354-5728 Rhode Island Boxing. S. Scranton (570) 655-9797 Upper Darby Boxing Club. 751 W Shore Rd. 5700 Haverford Ave. 1829 E. Jackson Cummins Station Fitness Center. 440 Elm St.

12th St. 2214 Walker St.. 15615 Preston Rd. 8028 Ferguson Rd. 2107 Balboa Dr. South St. 145 W Main St. El Paso (915) 422-0121 Armadillo Boxing Gym. Houston (713) 227-0548 George Foreman Youth Center.. Gatesville (254) 2230250 Lee Canalito BOxing Gym. 101 S. Orange (409) 883-0631 El Torito Boxing Club. .. Fort Worth (817) 9257092 Diamond Hill Boxing Gym.. Dallas (214) 328-8880 10th Street Gym. San Antonio Ramos Boxing Team. 17557 Imperial Valley Dr. Garland (972) 272-5273 Garland Police Boxing Gym.. 717 B. 522 Moursund Blvd. Houston (281) 8738600 Main Street BOxing Gym... Main St..... 104 State School Rd. 7525 Camp Bowie W. Dallas (214) 943-0910 Dallas PAL Boxing Gym. 3030 Jensen Dr. 105 E. 4015 Veterans Memorial Way. Fort Worth (817) 6251525 Eagle Boxing Gym. San Antonio (210) 733-5665 Joe Souza's Gym.. 9th St. Houston Curtis Cokes Boxing Gym. 4564 DOniphan. Killen (254) 616-5075 Kingsville 12th Street Gym. 319 W Travis St. Dallas (972) 873-4403 White Collar BOxinglKickboxing & Karate. Italy (972) 483-3000 J&T Boxing Club. Lamar Blvd. . 1704 Blanco Rd. 1806 West Decker. Uvalde (210) 278-8906 . 908 W Chapin St.. Houston (713) 236-0400 Greenspoint BOxing Gym. Brownsville (956) 541-7848 Flying Leather Boxing Club. Edinburg (956) 384-2359 L & A Executive Boxing. .. Houston (713) 951-9716 Prince Boxing Gym. 102 Cates St. Kingsville (361) 728-3955 Orange Boxing Gym. 3407 Burton Dr.. 1701 NE 36th St.Appendix I 201 Richard Lord's BOxing Gym. 2120 W 10th St. 5400 N. 1716 Clay St... Garland (972) 205-3825 Gatesville Boxing Club. San Antonio (210) 928-0224 Uvalde PAL Boxing Club. Bridgeport (940) 6835832 Brownsville Amateur Boxing Club.. 525 S. Austin (512) 4518424 Bridgeport Lions Boxing Club. Dallas (972) 851-5656 The Boxing Gym.. 2202 Loan Ark Rd..

1826 E.C. Downtown Boxing Club. 5003 N. Othello St. 3707 Virginia Beach Blvd.. Milwaukee (414) 319-1151 . Falls Church (703) 237-0057 Citywide Boxing Club. South Everett Community Center. Staunton (540) 885-3438 Ringside Boxing Gym. 206 B North Union Street. 10010 Des Moines Way S. 1101 F St. 902 Jackson St.. 5601 Rainier Ave . 1408 22nd Ave. 1881 Willis ton Rd. Chantilly (703) 378-1255 Madison Square Boxing.. Janesville (608) 758-0320 Duke Roufus Boxing & Kickboxing Gym.. 3800 S. Kennewick (509) 585-8863 Bumble Bee Boxing Club.. Bothell (425) 4815020 South Everett Boxing Club. Danville (434) 4323646 Falls Church BOxing Gym & School. Spokane (509) 226-5153 WASHINGTON. 1401 Overbrook Rd. S. 132 Granger St... Virginia Beach (757) 486-7872 WASHINGTON Kenmore Square BOxing Club. Seattle (206) 722-3239 South Park Boxing Gym. 7600 Cascade Dr. 111 W Virginia St. 1120 W Broad St.. 4th floor (202) 332-0012 WISCONSIN Chub's Gym.. Everett Contender's Boxing Gym. Seattle (206) 763-7525 Spokane Boxing and Martial Arts. NW. Powell. . South Burlington (802) 2385421 VIRGINIA Contender's BOxing Training & Fitness. Rutland (802) 775-6565 Bantam Boxing Club.. 7818 NE Bothell Way.. Seattle (206) 322-6410 Hillman City BOxing Gym. Seattle (206) 725-2432 Cappy's on Union Boxing Gym.202 Appendix I VERMONT Better Bodies Health Club. D... Richmond (804) 358-0251 Staunton Boxing Club. Spokane (509) 217-0731 Triple A BOxing Club. Sprague Ave.

138 S. Kimball St. 240 Cutler St.... Casper (307) 234-8249 . Wausau (715) 848-5494 WYOMING Triple Dragon Martial Arts and Boxing.Appe ndix I 203 Medina Gym. Waukesha (262) 524-9799 Corvinos BOxing Club. 1109 McCleary St.

KO. 1987) The Boxing Register: The International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record Book.com Century Boxing Equipment (mycenturygym . corn) The Sports Authority (TheSportsAuthority.com) BigFitness. 1996) The Ring: Boxing in the 20th Century. by Mark Kram (HarperCollins.com) Title Boxing (titleboxing. Butler. and Boxing Yearly magazines (London Publishing. PA) .APPENDIX 11: Additional Resources BOOKS Smokin' foe : The Autobiography. by Harry Mullan (Hamlyn Publishing Group. by Harry Mullan (Carlton Books. 1997) The Ultimate Encyclopedia of BoXing. World Boxing.com) 9th Street Gym (9thstreetgym. 1993) The Illustrated History of Boxing. by Steve Farhood and Stanley Weston (BDD Illustrated Books.com) PERIODICALS/WEBSITES The Ring. 1996) Ghosts of Manila: The Fatal Blood Feud Between Muhammad Ali and foe Frazier. by James Roberts and Alexander Skutt (McBooks Press. by Joe Frazier and Phil Berger (Macrnillan.com) Ringside (ringside. 2001) GYM /TRAINING EQUIPMENT Everlast (everlastboxing.

org secondsout.com (International Boxing Hall of Fame) HBO.com USAboxing.com/boxing ESPN.com Sho.com IBHOF.com/boxing VIDEOS Champions Forever Greatest Fights of the 70s foe Frazier-Sports Legend The Greatest Philadelphia Athletes Ever When We Were Kings .Appendix 11 205 The Ring Almanac and Book of Facts (published yearly by London Publishing) Maxboxing.com Boxingranks.com Fightnews.com/boxing Boxrec.

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97. 9. 85-88. 34 bareknuckling. 18 Big George. 12 bench press. counterpunching for. 67 balance. 166-67 boxing: amateur. 147. 111-13.19. 164-71 first experience in.20 boxers. 23-31. xii. George. 172-83 basic mechanics of. 28. 85-87. see boxing. Alexis. Henry ("Homicide Hank"). Trevor. Wilfred. 170 Association of Boxing Commissions. Muhammad.Index Page numbers in italics refer to photographs. 127 Bonavena. Benitez. 167 strategy against. 80-88 15.22. 165. 1-2. 4 blocking. Sammy. see Foreman. 113-14 body punches. 22 Basilio. 171 amateur boxing. 21 Berbick.130. George black heavyweight title. 13-16. amateur Angott. 29. 172-84 . 94 fight strategies in. 165-67. 16. 46 Ali. Riddick. Oscar. 16. xiv-xv. 32. 36 bag gloves. 10 Arguello. 46. 17 Benton. 94 Armstrong.122. Carmen. 19. 16 arm punches. 7-8. bantam weight. 15 Bowe.

130 Burley. 150-53. Muhammad clean punching. Marcel. 11 . 9. 105 right uppercut. 29. 5. 11 converted southpaws. Classius. 140 Braddock. 30. 2 Bugner. 129 for body punch.7. 4. 4 corners. 180 combination punches: double left hook. 34 Broughton.6. Young. 21 championship fights. 106. 126-27.83 Clay. 122-29 to the body. Bert. 20 chest protectors. 11-14 women's. 106 Conn. 127. 3 calisthenics. multiple. 11 Cervantes. 34 Boxing Hall of Fame. Tommy. 125 counter roll and hook. 1-22 and organized crime. 9 breast protector.37 television and.84. 128 . xv. 2 champions. 15. 83. John Graham. 12 Chavez. 36 clinching. 17. 2 Broughton's Rules. 34 Charles. Tony. Billy. Julio Cesar. "Gentleman" Jim. 6 Cerdan. Charley. left hook. 124. 30 counter jab. straight right hand.25.208 Index boxing: (cont. 154-55 Canzoneri. J ames J. 10. 7 Carbo. Antonio. left hook. 107 left jab. 51. 16 Corbett. 4 Butterfly. 82. Frankie. 105. 120-22. 45-50 in workout. 23. Ezzard. 175 Carpentier.28. 32-37 race in. John. 9 carbohydrates. position of. Georges. 11 Burns. 9-10 resiliency of. 108 left jab. 30. 22 rules of. 19 Corbett. 107. 3. xiii. Muhammad Chambers. Joe. ) history of. right cross. see Ali. . 121. 8-9 personal fighting style in. 127 counter punching. 164-71 politics in.10 professional. 81 Cooper.8. 34 chin. see Ali.

James. 28. 126 Creed of Joe Frazier's Gym. Oscar. 20-21 DeMarco. 175-77 fights. 29. Tom. Jack. 130 . 160. 16. 173 diet. xii. 74 in workout. 140 equipment. 15.143. 28. 126-27. 85-87 for fighting southpaws. 19 Douglas. 5. see calisthenics flyweight. Bob. 52. position of. 2 "Fight of the Century. 6 fist. 3-4 fixed fights. 12 Dempsey. featherweight. see physical training experience levels: amateur.Index 209 for jab. 36 Ellis. 34 exercise. 22. 117 Duran.126 counter uppercut. 33 double-end bags. nonadvancing. 84-85 124 for roll and hook. Jumbo. see smokers Firpo. 123-24. effective aggression. 46 Dempsey. 170-71. 50-51 before a fight. 116-18. 125-26. 85-88. Tony. 74-75. xii Cribb. 2 duc~ng. xi. 125-26." 14 fight preparation. on opponent. 33 focusing. 173-74 professional. 125 right hand over jab. 18. 14. 2 cruiserweight. 37. Buster. 34 feet. 6-7. Ill. 41 floorwork. Yank. 159-61. Jack (the Nonpareil). 3 Diamond Gloves. Roberto. 34 Cummings. 180-81 defense. 58-79 for amateurs. 127 for uppercut. 34 eyes. 171 feinting. 29. 177-80 154-55 Douglas. 122 De La Hoya.111-29 moves to avoid in. Jimmy. John Sholto. 8-9 flexibility. The. 91 Fitzsimmons. 142-44. 39. 16 fatigue. 29. xiv. 109-10 Figg. Luis Angel. xii. 17 Durham. 124-25. 175 disqualification. 30 for professionals.

34. 68 Foreman. 130 groin protectors. see clinching Holmes. 9. 32 professional. 15. 12 gloves. 90. 33 for sparring. 154-55 hands. 17. 19. Marvis. 29. 32-33 unintentional. 140 fouls: amateur. 67 for amateurs. 52-53. 25-28 intentional. 130. xiii headgear. 57 philosophy of Joe Frazier's. 19 Holyfield. 19. 77 in workout. 70-72. 13. Marvin (Marvelous Marvin). Evander. 7 Griffith. Harry. 52-57 atmosphere of. 58 Hagler. Thomas. 67 Golden Gloves. 176. 69. Rocky. 137. Gene. 30 gym(s)." 24 holding. 11 Greb. 4 Gavilan. 12 Futch. 20 . 14. Eddie. Kid. 19-20. 24. 131-32. 141. 8 Frazier. position of. 40. xii credentials of. 53-54 health clubs vs. 94 footwear. 15.. 60-65. xi-xvi gym bags. 136-38. 170. position of. 13 handwraps. 17 heavy-bag gloves. 30 bag. 67 heavy-bag. 78 Hearns. George. 65. 67 hand pads. Billy. Emile. 30. 181 Graziano. 79 speed-bag. 19. Larry.17 hand mitts. 45-46. xiv. 82 Gans. Bob.21 0 Index follow-through.94.81 Fullmer. 67 for professionals.17. 55. 34 "hitting on the break. Joe ("The Old Master"). George (Big George). 67 heavy bags.178 Foster. 140-42. 173. 165. xi. 70. 34. 132 head. 175. 71 in workout.57 elements of. 32-33 Fox. 81-83. 5 Gardner. 59-65. 76-78. 134-55 heavyweight.

9. see road work johansson. 124-25 "lazy" left. 148-50. 108 legs. right cross. Don. Ingemar. 69 in workout. Sam.3. 10. 18 jab. 9 junior Olympic class. 91-93. 94 . Benny. 37. 126-27. 148. 4 left hook. 35-36 knockout. 13 johnson. 5-6 King. 107-8. 34 junk food. 11. 50 International Boxing Federation (IBF). 180 technical.4. john.5-6.jack. 102-3. 123 for southpaws. james ]. 86 Leonard. 34 injuries. 21 judging. position of. 104 counterpunching for. 170 LaMotta. 4 jeffries.92-93. 68-70. 69 sizing of. 107 knockdown. 55-56 International BOxing Club (IBC). 98-99. 3 junior bantamweight. 13 jogging. Stanley. 17 leverage. 32. 2 jeanette. Bernard. 104 in counterpunching. 123-24. Roy. joe. 96-99. left hook.. 154-55 see also combination punches left jab. Harold.46 jones. 29 junior welterweight. 21 Horton Law. jake. 171 to body. 127 double.97. 33 junior featherweight. 8. Sugar Ray. see scoring jump ropes. 7 Leonard. 12 Langford. 31 see also combination punches jackson. Eder.Index 211 Hopkins. 34 junior middleweight.xii.102-3 to body. 13 johnson. 4 jofre.18 Ketchel. 34 junior lightweight. 12.

34 light welterweight. 154-55 Louis. 15 novice class.176 low blows.147.175-77. 33 light heavyweight.170 Marquis of Queensbury Rules. 41. 4 Managers Guild. Napoles. 10. 77 in workout. jim. 3 Marshall. 132-33. 15 177 Muhammad.182 middleweight.joe. 3. 29 light flyweight. 9 mandatory eight count. joey. 11 Masters division. 7 McVey. Shane. jem. Rocky.66.xii. 29 lightweight. Tom. 12 medicine balls. 29 Liston. 29 Mathis. Maxim.178 New York State Athletic Commission. 17 Mace.94.xi. 4-5 McLarnin. 7. 67. 19 Mosley.147. 34 light middleweight. Ruben. 46.94. 35 Mann Act. 144-48.212 Index Lewis. 29. 2 mental conditioning. 16 Moore. 13 nervousness. 29. 24. 9-10. 29. 155 Mendoza. Matthew Saad. 176-78. 21 Moorer. jose. 30. Michael. 159. Carlos. 94 see also combination punches .11. 30. 28. 75. 8-9 Norton. "Terrible" Terry. Ken. 2. 5 Norris. 35 Lyle. 12. 29. Daniel. 2 McGovern. 13 London Prize Ring Rules. 34 mini flyweight. 13. 28. 2 Monzon. 34. Lennox. Lloyd. 65. 28. 4 Marciano. Sonny.14. 144-47. 14 no-decisions. 33 Molineaux. 28. 16 one-two punch. 20-21 mouthpieces. 14 Olivares. 158. xii. Sam. 20 light bantamweight. 7 loosening up. 28. 29 22. 2 "Long Count" battle. 24. jimmy. Buster. Archie. xiii. Ron . 11-12.

170-71 rules for. 35 punch mitts.92-93. 13 left hook. 93-96. 96-99. 175-76 right cross. 176 physical training: before a fight. 170-71 straight right hand.104. 102-3. 9. Rules for. 123-24. 107. 102-3 straight left hand.Index 213 open class. 29 protective cups. 53 see also double-end bags Respect. 103-4 combination. 91-9. 13 Patterson. 38-51 workout. Benny. 170-71 . Carlos. 94 blocking. see fouls Pep. 30. 130 referees. 102-3 landing. 13. 32. 124 right hook. 180 right hook. 81-83. 151. 29 Ortiz. 101-2 weight vs. Aaron. 46-49. 174 Pastrano. 34.11. xiv rest. 8-9 Paret. 9 Philadelphia. Blinky. 177 protein. 10. 98-99. 66-67. Pa. 99-102.. 15 penalties. see straight right hand punch right hand over the jab. 97. 31.153 Quarry. 2 push-ups. 14. 152 punches: arm.47-48 in workout. 151-52. 163 recovering from. 36 referee's count. Willie. 104-10 jab. Floyd. 69.171 uppercut. 127 offensive. 175 preparatory. 13 pass books. 162-63. xi physicals. 89-110 Palermo. 104. Willie. 12. 17 psychological advantage. xii. 152-53. 30 reflex bags. number of. l30-55 pinweight. Lulu. 51 Pryor. Jerry. xii. see hand pads purring. 82 body. 95-9~ 102-3. 178-80 pull-ups. 126-27. 170 Perez.

see roadwork shadowboxing. 133-34. 161 speed-bag gloves. 170-71 . 173-75 solar plexis punch. 170-71 sparring.176 Rodriguez. xiv "Rumble in the Jungle. 23-37 amateur. 72. 154-55 Shavers. 68 Spinks. 165-66. 16. 73 in workout.46. 159 in workout. 37 roadwork. Barney. 17 Spinks. Luis. 154-55 sparring gloves. 168. 49-50. 39 standing eight count. 135. Earnie. 134-36. 5 sluggers. 157-59. Sugar Ray. 31 amateur vs. 118-20. 30-31 for professionals. 24-25. professional. 81 strategies against. 35-37 subjectivity in. 25-28. 119 rolling the bag. 134. in workout. 150-51. Leon.214 Index ring generalship. 35-37 Rules for Respect. 111. Al. 12-13 sparring partners. 34 shoulders. Theodore. 67 speed bags. 8-9." 31. 72-73. 17 "saved by the bell.94. 35 professional. 55 first experience with. 147 Sanchez. 79 Saddler. 111. position of. Max. 7 rounds: in amateur fights. 138-40 Roosevelt. 37 Senate subcommittee investigation. 9. 17 stamina. 8. 3 southpaws. 138-40. 35 Schmeling. 9. 85 sit-ups. The." 16 running. 13 rolling. 34 rules: for amateurs. 32-33. 114-16. 31 straight left hand punch. 49 in workout. Sandy. 158 nervousness in. 29 in professional fights. 15 shorts. 12. 139. 150 slipping. 14 scoring. 154-55 speed ropes. 161-62. Michael. xii. 10-11. Salvador. 156-63 getting hit in. 115 Smith. 39-41 Robinson. 3 Ross. 10-11. 168 smokers.

personal fighting. 29. 167 sluggers. 42-44 styles. 45-46 stre'tching. Mike. 169 sub-novice class. 160 three-knockdown rule. 167 against sluggers. 17-20. 31 "10-point must. Gene. John L. 54-57 role in ring of. 174. 170 strategy against. 176 see also combination punches strategies. Felix. 99-102. 29 super middleweight. 165-70 boxers. jersey joe. Mickey ("the Toy Bulldog"). 13 titles. 169 and southpaws. 168 against southpaws. joe. 165-67. 33 technical draw. 104 "Thrilla in Manila. 5 tension.102-3. 2-3 super heavyweight. 126 right..171 to body. 54-55 Trinidad. Dick. 34 Symonds. 168. xii. 21-22 Toney. 168. 39. Meldrick. 102 see also combination punches uppercut bags. 125-26.95-96. 177 volume punchers. 23. 7 uppercut. 169 Walcott. 169-70. 6-7 Tyson. 41-45. 170-71 against volume punchers. 169 strength. 180 trainer-to-fighter ratio. 166-67. 7 Walker Law. xiii 169-70. 169-70." 35-36 Ten Power Punches for Life. 33 technical knockout. 168 volume punchers. 164-71 against boxers. 75-76 USA Boxing. 102-3. 35 .Index 215 straight right hand punch. 173 Sullivan. 20 Tunney. 93-96." 15 Tiger. 20 technical decision. james. 21 trainers. 11 Walker. 101-2 counterpunching for. 165-66. Taylor.

18 amateur. 7 Willard. 11 . 3. 15 Zale. 21 white collar boxing shows. 173 professional. 29. 45-46 welterweight. support for. 28. Tony. 14 World Boxing Council (WBC). Jess. Holman. Jimmy. 90 Young. 11 Williams. 130-55 one week plan for. 18 wrists. 175 weight classes. 174-75 Wilde. 24 weigh in. 177 Williams. 4. Jimmy. 153-55. 28-29. 30. 9 workout. see also loosening up warnings. Pernell. 34 Whitaker. 33-34 weight training. 6 154-55 World Boxing Association (WBA).216 Index warming up: before a fight. Ike.

Pennsylvania." -Larry Merchant. but if you want to learn how to box the right way and be more fit than you ever imagined possible this is the book for you.com.harpercollins. Don't look for Joe to go easy on you. a directory of boxing gyms. You get the basics of offense and defense. Smokin' Joe Frazier was an Olympic gold medalist and the world heavyweight champion for three years. (:::: Collins An Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers www. He lives in Allentown. the rules of the ring. He's a memberofthe International Boxing Hall of Fame and author of Smokin ' Joe: The Autobiography. He currently trains fighters at the world-famous Joe Frazier's Gym in hi~ home- town of Philadelphia. YOU DON'T NEED: • An expensive health club • A complicated diet • Hi-tech equipment ~ YOU DO NEED: • Heart • Soul • Commitment You'll also learn about boxing's long and colorful history. Pennsylvania.coIll for exclusivc information on your Lworitc HarpcrCollins authors. and how fights are scored. His three epic battles with Muhammad AIi-the last of which was the famed "Thrilla in Manila"-are legendary.Smokin' Joe Frazier shares the same training techniques and tips that he used in his hall-of-fame career to go 32-4-1 with 27 knockouts. Sports & RCCl·cation/Boxing Cover design by Jean-Marc Troadec for Mucca Design Cover photograph by Tony Triolol Sports Illustrated ISBN-13 : 978-0-06-081773-2 . HBO Sports Visit www. a step-by-step fighter's workout.com 9 . you'll go to the wall and beyond.:mm~mrlllllllrl~I~lll . "Frazier knows prizefighting and breaks it down to its ·fundamentals in this practical primeF-. and much more.AuthorTracker. Wllliam Dettloff is the senior writer for The Ring magazine and boxing columnist for HBO. You'll sweat. Box Like the Pros cuts through all the bull and shows you how it's done. this is old-school fitness.