Jeuxd eau

by Maurice Ravel

Maurice Ravel (1875 1937)
Born in Ciboure, France. Private; single bachelor for his entire life. Virtuoso pianist. Attended Paris Conservatory. Member of the Apaches (Hooligans): artistic outcasts. ‡ Influenced by Faure, Debussy, and Russian composers. ‡ Achieved great fame; Miroirs and Bolero. ‡ Death from experimental brain surgery. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

History of Jeuxd eau ‡ Premiered in 1901 ‡ Title: Water Games . and published with an inscription of a poem by Henri de Regnier: The river god is laughing from the water which is tickling him. ‡ Inspired by Liszt s Les jeuxd eau a la Villa d Este . or Playing Water ‡ Dedicated to Faure. Fountains .

springs. however. cascades. (Ravel) .Significance of Jeuxd eau Inspired by the noise of water. the jeuxd eau is based on two motives. in the manner of first-movement sonata form without. conforming to the classic tonal scheme.

after hearing Jeuxd eauin 1907: As far as the principle of using dissonances with all the rights of consonances is concerned. and.‡ Preempted Stravinsky s use of the Petrushka Chord. Petrushkanot composed until 1917. ‡ Quote from Nikolai Andreyevich. . although I should hurry right home lest I get used to it. God forbid. it s not my cup of tea. begin to like it.

Petrushka Chords in Jeuxd eau ‡ Example 1a. Formation of a Petrushka Chord: .

3 (Autumn. 52. 70 71*: *Steven Baur. mm.Use of Petrushka Chords in Jeuxd eau ‡ Example 1b. pp. Ravel s Russian Period: Octatonicism in his Early Works Journal of the American Musicological Society. 1999). 531-592 . Vol. No.

Vol. 52. 3 (Autumn. No. 531-592 . Ravel s Russian Period: Octatonicism in his Early Works Journal of the American Musicological Society.Atonality? ‡ Example 2*: Use of all twelve tones of the chromatic scale within three measures: *Steven Baur. 1999). pp.

D#. m. B. 1 (G#.Use of Pentatonic Scale in Major Themes ‡ Example 3: Theme 1. E) . C#.

m. 1 .23 Theme 1. 1 . mm.Exposition.

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Theme 2. 19 Development. m. 24 .61 . mm.

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Recapitulation: Theme 1 .

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Theme 2 .