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27-04-2011 Cross Beam And Support Column Design for Trench

27-04-2011 Cross Beam And Support Column Design for Trench

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Published by Dawson Preethi EA
This particular cross beam will be supported on trench wall by one side and other by supporting short
column. This Design Calculation will provide structural detailing requirements according to it's intended
use in due.
This particular cross beam will be supported on trench wall by one side and other by supporting short
column. This Design Calculation will provide structural detailing requirements according to it's intended
use in due.

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Dawson Preethi EA on Sep 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/13/2013

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Cross Beam and Support Column Design for Trench

This particular cross beam will be supported on trench wall by one side and other by supporting short
column. This Design Calculation will provide structural detailing requirements according to it's intended
use in due. This Cross Beam will support the Concrete Trench Covers at the two l ocations as shown below.
Cross Beam Loading:
γ
conc
24
kN
m
3
:= Cross Beam dimensions, b,h b
CB
175mm :=
h
CB
200mm :=
L
CB
1143mm :=
from Concrete Cover Slab, CCS
cover slab thickness, tcs t
CS
150mm :=
by imposed load, IL IL 7.5
kN
m
2
:=
characteristic Dead Load, gq
G
k
γ
conc
b
CB
⋅ h
CB
⋅ γ
conc
t
CS
⋅ 2 ⋅ m + := G
k
8.04
kN
m
⋅ =
characteristic Impose Load, Qk
Q
k
IL 2 ⋅ m := Q
k
15
kN
m
⋅ =
Design Load, Dp
D
p
1.4 G
k
⋅ 1.6 Q
k
⋅ + := D
p
35.256
kN
m
⋅ =
El Madar for Engineering Projects. 1 of 3 DP
Bending Moment for the Cross Beam assuming simply supported on wall and short column.
BM
CB
D
p
L
CB
2

8
:= BM
CB
5.758 kN m ⋅ ⋅ =
for cross beam , effective depth, d d h
CB
30mm − :=
Design Concrete Strength, fcu f
cu
28MPa :=
Design Strength of Steel, fy f
y
460MPa :=
k
1
BM
CB
b
CB
d
2
⋅ f
cu

:= k
1
0.041 =
k1 is less than 0.156 hence no need of Compression Steel.
z
1
if d 0.5 0.25
k
1
0.9
− +
|

\
|
|
¹
⋅ 0.95 d ⋅ >

¸
(
(
¸
0.95 d ⋅ , d 0.5 0.25
k
1
0.9
− +
|

\
|
|
¹
⋅ ,

¸
(
(
¸
:= z
1
161.5 mm ⋅ =
A
sCB
BM
CB
0.87 f
y
⋅ z
1

:=
A
sCB
89.081 mm
2
⋅ =
minimumrf 0.13% b
CB
⋅ h
CB
⋅ := minimumrf 45.5 mm
2
⋅ =
T10
A
π
10mm
2
|

\
|
|
¹
2
⋅ := T10
A
78.54mm
2
=
2 T10
A
⋅ 157.08 mm
2
= top and bottom will be provided 2T10.
provide 2T10 top and bottom of Cross Beam with T8 links with 200mm spacing.
El Madar for Engineering Projects. 2 of 3 DP
Support Column Design
total load on support column CC1
P
c
D
p
L
CB
2
⋅ := P
c
20.149 kN =
column clear height, hcc1 h
CC1
400mm := b
CC1
175mm :=
effective height, hef1 β 1.2 :=
h
ef1
β h
CC1
⋅ := h
ef1
480 mm =
h
ef1
b
CC1
2.743 = less than 15
Axial Compression Capacity, Nc
N
c
0.4 f
cu
⋅ b
CC1
2
⋅ 0.8 4 T10
A

( )
⋅ f
y
⋅ + := N
c
458.611 kN =
Nc is very much greater than the Design Axial Load of Pc.
N
c
P
c
22.761 = OK
Provide 4T10 with T8 links with 200mm spacing.
El Madar for Engineering Projects. 3 of 3 DP

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