GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY BY SPEED BREAKERS An energy crisis is any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources

to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage of oil and additionally to electricity or other natural resources. An energy crisis may be referred to as an oil crisis, petroleum crisis, energy shortage, electricity shortage electricity crisis. While not entering a full crisis, political riots that occurred during the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests were initially sparked by rising energy prices. Likewise the Russia-Ukraine gas dispute and the Russia-Belarus energy dispute have been mostly resolved before entering a prolonged crisis stage. Market failure is possible when monopoly manipulation of markets occurs. A crisis can develop due to industrial actions like union organized strikes and government embargoes. The cause may be ageing over-consumption, infrastructure and sometimes bottlenecks at oil refineries and port facilities restrict fuel supply. An emergency may emerge during unusually cold winters. EMERGING SHORTAGES Crisis that currently exist include; • Oil price increases since 2003 - Cause: increasing demand from the U.S and China, the falling state of the U.S. dollar, and stagnation of production due to the U.S. occupation of Iraq. Iraq is #3 in the world (besides Saudi Arabia and Iran) for its oil reserves. However some observers have stated the global oil production peak occurred in December 2005. If this is correct it is also to blame. • 2008 Central Asia energy crisis, caused by abnormally cold temperatures and low water levels in an area dependent on hydroelectric power • South African electrical crisis Solution for Energy Crisis NEXT time on the roads, don’t scoff at the speed-breakers. They could actually light up small villages off the highway. This project is about GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY with the SPEED BREAKERS. Generally when vehicle is in motion it produces various forms of energy like, due to friction between vehicle’s wheel and road i.e. rough surface HEAT Energy is produced, also when vehicle traveling at high speed strikes the wind then also heat energy is produced which is always lost in environment and of which we can’t make use of….OR directly we can say that all this energy that we can’t make use of is just the WASTAGE OF ENERGY that is abundantly available around us. In this project we are just trying to make use of such energy in order to generate an ELECTRICAL ENERGY. This project will work on the principle of “POTENTIAL ENERGY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONVERSION” Potential energy can be thought of as energy stored within a physical system. This energy can be released or converted into other forms of energy, including kinetic energy. It is called potential energy because it has the potential to change the states of objects in the system when the energy is released If h is the

The shaft of the generator will be attached to the disc and the rod connected to the disc from the speed breaker.000 kg going up a height of 10 cm on such a rumble strip produces approximately 0. Having gained this energy during its acceleration.The speed breaker on a busy road will be lifted from one side and fixed on other side( on one way road) 2. about one kilo watt of electricity can be produced every single minute. electricity can be generated using speed breakers. A vehicle weighing 1. which is wasted in a conventional rumble strip When the plates come down.98 kilowatt power. they crank a lever fitted to a ratchet-wheel type mechanism. There will be a crankshaft mechanism below the speed breaker. it works on the principle that when a moving vehicle passes through this set up . which is wasted in a conventional rumble strip When the breaker come down. The functioning will be as follows: 1. then Kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy which it possesses due to its motion. The kinetic energy can be calculated using the formula: In this project a mechanism to generate power by converting the potential energy generated by a vehicle going up on a speed breaker into kinetic energy. It is defined as the work needed to accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its current velocity. When the vehicle moves over the inclined plates. Research : the prototype made using a simple dc motor gave an unbelievable output of 12 volts. The output of this shaft is coupled to a dynamo to convert kinetic energy into electricity. This in turn rotates a geared shaft loaded with recoil springs.height above an arbitrarily assigned reference point. This proves the feasibility of this project. So one such speed-breaker on a busy highway. isn't it?The benefits from this idea will be to generate electricity for the streetlights.This arrangement will make 1 rotation as soon as the vehicle moves over the speed breaker. hoardings and then for other use.(rotations can be increased using gears) 4. the body maintains this kinetic energy unless its speed changes. where about 100 vehicles pass every minute. it gains height resulting in increase in potential energy.and the cost of the prototype was just 400 rs.but the installation might be bit expensive but still affordable.the kinetic energy of vehicle will cause roller to rotate which will further rotate transmission shaft and hence the generator armature (i. The output of this shaft is . This in turn rotates a geared shaft loaded with recoil springs. the idea can be applied on heavy traffic roads. the manufacturing cost is low.e.strange. they crank a lever fitted to a ratchet-wheel type mechanism (a angular motion converter). acting as prime mover to run generator). it gains height resulting in increase in potential energy. At present we are facing shortage of electricity. When the vehicle moves over the inclined plates. There will be electricity storing unit to store the generated electricity during the day and will be used during the night. Negative work of the same magnitude would be required to return the body to a state of rest from that velocity.

any occurrence of variable load( which is bit obvious in case of vehicles!!) leads to balancing problem. OBJECTIVES: : OBJECTIVES: “Shaping Imagination” “Electricity”-Need of the hour Scope. We need it for every small thing.Pinion mechanism?? : Why Rack. this is our small step to try to improve this situation by our project. Merits and Uses : Scope. malls. Merits and Uses Low Budget electricity production Less floor area No obstruction to traffic Easy maintenance Suitable at parking of multiplexes. etc.Pinion mechanism?? Crank-shafts are required to be mounted on bearings which creates balancing problem leading to mechanical vibrations which in turn damage the bearings. So one such speed-breaker on a busy highway.000 kg going up a height of 10 cm on such a rumble strip produces approximately 0. Slide 7: Roller mechanism has some different disadvantages. Slide 8: What we did??? Rack-Pinion assembly gives good mounting convenience Maximum gear losses– 3 to 5% . Maintenance will be very difficult Might cause collision. BASIC PRINCIPLE: : BASIC PRINCIPLE: Simple energy conversion from Mechanical to Electrical. still notice it’s importance only during load shedding.98 kilowatt power. about one kilo watt of electricity can be produced every single min Introduction: : Introduction: Is anyone happy with current situation of electricity in India??? So. To generate electricity using the vehicle weight (potential energy) as input Possible using 3 different mechanisms: Crank-shaft mechanism Roller mechanism Rack.secondary source of energy i.e.Pinion mechanism Why Rack. toll booths. converted from other sources. etc.coupled to a dynamo to convert kinetic energy into electricity A vehicle weighing 1. where about 100 vehicles pass every minute. Uses: Charging batteries and using them to light up the streets. Secondly as bearings are of sliding type. First of all what does electricity mean to us??? Electricity. signals.

DC motor as Generator How is electricity generated??? Basic principle of generation of electricity. after he created a specialised version of a net-shape warm press forging process to manufacture the racks to their final form. but much less backlash and greater feedback. steered vehicles. and that has been fitted to many new vehicles. in a rack railway. What we did??? Challenges we faced!! : Challenges we faced!! Selecting suitable generator. Enclosed steering rack in an automobile For every pair of conjugate involute profile. thus increasing input torque and ultimately output of generator. This arrangement provides a lesser mechanical advantage than other mechanisms such as recirculating ball. Although we got less electrical output. More suitable and compact mechanisms to enhance efficiency. Rotational motion applied to the pinion will cause the rack to move to the side. The use of a variable rack (still using a normal pinion) was invented by Arthur E Bishop. Constructed our own generator by applying the basic principle. Achieving proper balance of speed and torque. The rack and pinion arrangement is commonly found in the steering mechanism of cars or other wheeled.Efficiency– 95% Construction of generator: : Construction of generator: Initial experiments. thus eliminating any subsequent need to machine the gear teeth. or steering "feel". For example. up to the limit of its travel. What we achieved??? : What we achieved??? We LEARNT a lot. so as to improve vehicle response and steering "feel" especially at high speeds. we have successfully explained our idea of generating electricity from speed breaker. Future Scope: : Future Scope: Such speed breakers can be designed for heavy vehicles. the rotation of a pinion mounted on a locomotive or a railcar engages a rack between the rails and pulls a train along a steep slope. The circularpinion engages teeth on a linear "gear" bar – thera ck. there is a basic rack. This basic rack is the . Selection of springs. Slide 13: THANKYOU Rack and pinion A rack and pinion is a type of linear actuator that comprises a pair of gears which convert rotational motion into linear motion.

Dynamos were invented as a replacement for batteries. used direct current provided by messy liquid batteries.profile of the conjugate gear of infinite pitch radius. which provides a constant magnetic field. However. which are usually called field coils. the alternating-current alternator. in the early days of electric experimentation. generating an alternating current. combined with graphite-block stationary contacts. The commutator was needed to produce direct current. including the electric motor. A dynamo machine consists of a stationary structure. creating an electric current in the wire. and the rotary converter. originally another name for an electrical generator. They are rarely used for power generation now because of the dominance of alternating current. The few uses for electricity. such as a hob or a gear shaper cutter. now means a generator that produces direct current with the use of a commutator. and the ease of converting alternating to direct current using solid state methods. the disadvantages of the commutator. the potential induced in it reverses with each half turn. The commutator is a essentially a rotary switch capable of an extremely large number of make and break operations. The motion of the wire within the magnetic field causes the field to push on the electrons in the metal. called "brushes". When a loop of wire rotates in a magnetic field. and a set of rotating windings called the armature which turn within that field. and the foundation upon which many other later electric-power conversion devices were based. larger machines have the constant magnetic field provided by one or more electromagnets. alternating current generally had no known use. Dynamo Ad yn amo. Description The dynamo uses rotating coils of wire and magnetic fields to convert mechanical rotation into a pulsing direct electric current through Faraday's law. such as electroplating. because the earliest such fixed contacts were metal brushes. Dynamos were the first electrical generators capable of delivering power for industry. The commutator reverses the connection of the windings to the external circuit when the potential . called the stator. A small electrical generator built into the hub of a bicycle wheel to power lights is called a Hub dynamo. On small machines the constant magnetic field may be provided by one or more permanent magnets. although these are invariably AC devices. It consists of a set of contacts mounted on the machine's shaft. A generating rack is a rack outline used to indicate tooth details and dimensions for the design of a generating tool. The word still has some regional usage as a replacement for the wordgener ator.

Due to day-to-day increase in population and lessen of the conventional sources. where as per INDIA is only 150 K. The maintenance cost of hump is almost nullified. new sources for the power generation. The generated power can be used for general purpose like streetlights. so instead of alternating current. This shaft is connected to the electric dynamo and it produces electrical energy proportional to traffic density. magnetic field. which is becoming the exiting topic for today is the . The electrical output can be improved by arranging these power humps in series this generated power can be amplified and stored by using different electric devices. traffic signals. The Kinetic energy of moving vehicles can be converted into mechanical energy of the shaft through rack and pinion mechanism. which is called hump. The availability of regular conventional fossil fuels will be the main sources for power generation. Kinetic energy. While moving. Electro-mechanical unit.W. Energy crisis is due to two reasons. firstly the population of the world has been increased rapidly and secondly standard of living of human beings has increased.The availability and its percapita consumptions is regarded as the index of national standard of living in the present day civilization.All this mechanism can be housed under the dome like speed breaker. ABSTRACT In the present scenario power becomes major need for human life. alternative. The capital energy consumption of U. which is not depleted by the very few years.S.A. Therefore. Energy is an important input in all the sectors of any countries economy. a pulsing direct current is produced. This generated power can be regulated by using zenor diode for continuous supply . is about 8000 K. Speed breaker. we have to investigate some approximate. India is the country.H. This kinetic energy can be utilized to produce power by using a special arrangement called “POWER HUMP”.H. it becomes necessary that we must depend on non-conventional sources for power generation. the vehicles posses some kinetic energy and it is being wasted. we can satisfy the future demands to some extent.S.A. with 7% of world population consumes 32% of total power generation where as INDIA as developing country with 20% of world population consumes only 1% of total energy consumed in the world.reverses. Another major problem. By adopting this arrangement. but there is a fear that they will get exhausted eventually by the next few decades.. INTRODUCTION: In the present scenario power becomes the major need for human life .W. KEY WORDS: Non-conventional sources. which majorly suffers with lack of sufficient power generation. U.

Whenever an armature rotates between the magnetic fields of south and north poles.M.F. the vehicles possess some kinetic energy and it is being wasted.armature coil has to rotate. like speed breaker. There are already existing such systems using renewable energy such as solar wind). The electrical output can be improved by arranging these POWER HUMPS in series.f. which is not producing any harmful products. It utilizes both mechanical technologies and electrical techniques for the power generation and its storage. Therefore. So that the shafts will rotate with certain R. OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversi ons) etc…for power generation.F (electro motive force) is induced in it.P. in aqua and in air. we have to investigate other types of renewable sources. By rotating same e. which is called HUMP.pollution. WORKING PRINCIPLE: While moving. So. When ever the vehicle is allowed to pass over the dome it gets pressed downwards then the springs are attached to the dome are compressed and the rack which is attached to the bottom of the dome moves downward in reciprocating motion.M. an E. POWER HUMP is a dome like device likely to be speed breaker. Since the rack has teeth connected to gears. This kinetic energy can be utilized to produce power by using a special arrangement called POWER HUMP. to convert this power into one way a special component is used called zenor diode for continuous supply. Power stations and automobiles are the major pollution producing places. there exists conversion of reciprocating motion of rack into rotary motion of gears but the two gears rotate in opposite direction. which converts the mechanical energy into electrical energy. The conversion will be proportional to traffic density. for this rotation kinetic energy of moving vehicles is utilized. is induced. It is an Electro-Mechanical unit.m. All this mechanism can be housed under the dome. A flywheel is mounted on the shaft whose function is to regulate the fluctuation in the energy and to make the energy uniform. The latest technology which is used to generate the power by such renewable energy is the” POWER HUMP”. for inducing the E. which produce electricity without using any commercial fossil fuels. CONSTRUCTION DETAILS: The various machine elements used in the construction of power hump are  RACK  PINION  WHEEL  . The power is generated in both the directions. This generated power can be amplified and stored by using different electrical devices.M. for rotating this armature it is connected to a long shaft. these shafts are connected through a belt drive to the dynamos. It suffers all the living organisms of all kinds as on the land.

The rack consists contact teeth on both the faces. It is also feasible from the customer point of view as follows. The output terminal of dynamo is connected to an electrical storing device. We have inserted a free wheel in each gear. The total assembly is arranged in concrete pit. CONCLUSION: Energy is an important input to sustain industrial growth and standard of living of a country and can be directly related to per-capita energy consumption. Total cost = 6000 rupees Say with improvements in design it can glow 5 streetlights of 40-watt capacity. these power humps are more reliable. and traffic will never be reduced. If it is placed in heavy traffic roads. per day. a rack is clamped. The various types of non-conventional sources of energy are solar energy. causing a problem to human being. wind energy. Now a dynamo is connected to each shaft by belt drive. vehicular traffic in big cities is more. For t years electricity . But this vehicular traffic can also be utilized for power generation by means of new technique called “POWER HUMP”. The free wheel and the gear assembly are mounted centrally.W. The conventional sources energy lik e coal. Now. which will consume 2.7 K. uranium etc… are depleting very fast and by the turn of the century man will have to depend upon non conventional sources of energy for power generation. biogas etc… now by developing “POWER HUMP” we can generate power with out utilizing any external sources mentioned earlier. It is connected to two gear wheels to rotate the gear wheels only in one direction.H. The total installation cost of the hump is 6000 rupees. The flywheel is also mounted on the same shaft and the shaft is simply supported at the both ends by means of ball bearings. and have more life than any other power source. As it does not utilize any external source. the weight and kinetic energy of the vehicles can be used to produce mechanical power in shafts and this mechanical power is once again converted into electrical energy.CAST IRON SHAFT  SPRINGS  ELECTRIC DYNAMO A dome is mounted on four springs and in the bottom. oil.

The life of POWER HUMP is estimated to be 6 years. But the major drawback of this POWER HUMP is design of springs. extra electricity can be send to villages also. It can get rusted in rainy season. Disvantage:1. When we have less traffic and there is difficulty in design of springs also the generation of power is intermittent.e. It will not work with light weight vehicle . we have to check mechanism from time ot time . So the customer will get free power generation for 4 years period. Advantage:1. With proper improvements in design and installation. the consumer will be repaid his investment with in 2 years period. we can lighten our steeet lamps. 2. We can generate more amount of electricity. there will be no investment and free of cost. 3. 3. we can produce 240v/230v with 5-10A power smoothly and can be used for public use like streetlights or traffic signals.5*t T=2years i. From this onwards. 2.bill will be 2986. we have to smooth out this variations.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful