Chapter 6 Sampling Distributions

True/False 1. If we have a sample size of 100 and the estimate of the population proportion is .10, we can ˆ estimate the sampling distribution of p with a normal distribution. Answer: True Difficulty: Easy 2. A sample size of 500 is sufficiently large enough to conclude that the sampling distribution of ˆ p is a normal distribution, when the estimate of the population proportion is .995. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 3. The sampling distribution of X must be a normal distribution with a mean 0 and standard deviation 1. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium (REF) 4. For any sampled population, the population of all sample means is approximately normally distributed. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 5. The sampling distribution of a sample statistic is the probability distribution of the population of all possible values of the sample statistic. Answer: True Difficulty: Easy 6. A sample statistic is an unbiased point estimate of a population parameter if the mean of the populations of all possible values of the sample statistic equals the population parameter. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 7. A minimum variance, unbiased point estimate has a variance that is as small or smaller than the variances of any other unbiased point estimate. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 8. We can randomly select a sample from an infinite population of potential process measurements by sampling the process at different and equally spaced time points. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium (REF)

Bowerman, Essentials of Business Statistics, 2/e

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Bowerman, Essentials of Business Statistics, 2/e

Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 13. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 17. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 14. then we can conclude that the sampling distribution of p is approximately a normal distribution. If p = . then it follows that the sample standard deviation must equal σ. If the sampled population distribution is skewed. then we can conclude that the sampling distribution of p is approximately a normal distribution. Answer: True Difficulty: Hard 10. Essentials of Business Statistics. then in most cases the sampling distribution of the mean can be approximated by the normal distribution if the sample size n is at least 30. The central limit theorem states that as sample size increases. The reason sample variance has a divisor of n-1 rather than n is that it makes the variance an unbiased estimate of the population variance. If p = . then it follows that the sample mean must equal the population mean. If the sampled population is exactly normal distribution.8 and n = 50. The standard deviation of all possible sample proportions increases as the sample size increases. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium (REF) 11. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium ˆ 15. Answer: True Difficulty: Easy ˆ 16.9. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium (REF) 12. Answer: True Difficulty: Easy Bowerman. If a population is known to be normally distributed. then the sampling distribution of X is also expected to be normal regardless of the sample size. 2/e 173 . If a population is known to be normally distributed. the population distribution more closely approximates a normal distribution.9 and n = 40.

2/e . Essentials of Business Statistics.174 Bowerman.

As the sample size increases. The sampling distribution of the sample mean is developed by repeatedly taking samples of size n and computing the sample means and reporting the resulting sample means in the form of a probability distribution. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 22. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 23. The sampling distribution of a sample statistic is the probability distribution of the population of all possible values of the sample statistic. then s 2 is an unbiased estimator of σ 2 . Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 21. Essentials of Business Statistics. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium Multiple Choice 25. Answer: False Difficulty: Easy (REF) 20. The sample standard deviation s is an unbiased estimator of the population standard deviation σ . Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 19. 2/e 175 . A) medians B) means C) standard deviations D) variances Answer: B Difficulty: Medium Bowerman. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 24. The mean of the sampling distribution of X is always equal to the mean of the sampled population. the standard deviation of the sampling distribution increases. The standard deviation of the sampling distribution of the sample mean is σ . The central limit theorem states that as the sample size increases the distribution of the sample ________ approach the normal distribution.18. If the sample size n is infinitely large.

26. respectively. As the sample size ______________ the variation of the sampling distribution of X ___________. D) None of the above Answer: A Difficulty: Medium 27. the probability that the average weight of the boxes will: 176 Bowerman. If the box weights have a population mean and standard deviation of 90 lbs. A) Decreases. B) Population B will require a larger sample size. while the distribution B is slightly skewed and near normal. decreases B) Increases. In order for the sampling distributions of A and B to achieve the same degree of normality: A) Population A will require a larger sample size. decreases E) None of the above Answer: D Difficulty: Medium (REF) 28. then based on a sample size of 36 boxes. A) Always B) Sometimes C) Never Answer: A Difficulty: Easy 29. remains the same C) Decreases. Distribution A is highly skewed and non-normal. 2/e . Consider two population distributions labeled A and B. C) Population A and B will require the same sample size. and 24 lbs. If the sampled population has a mean 48 and standard deviation 16. remains the same D) Increases. then the mean and the standard deviation for the sampling distribution of X for n = 16 are: A) 4 and 1 B) 12 and 4 C) 48 and 4 D) 48 and 1 E) 48 and 16 Answer: C Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 30-31: A manufacturing company measures the weight of boxes before shipping them to the customers. The standard deviation of the population of all sample means σ X is ______________less than the standard deviation of the population of individual measurements σ . Essentials of Business Statistics. Consider a sampling distribution formed based on n = 3.

2/e 177 .Bowerman. Essentials of Business Statistics.

Whenever the population has a normal distribution. Essentials of Business Statistics.10.678% E) 84.32% D) 6.5 and n(1 – p) ≥ 5 Answer: E Difficulty: Medium 33.13% C) 15. Be less than 84 lbs.87% B) 93. is: A) 16.13% B) 84. The population of all sample proportions has a normal distribution if the sample size (n) is sufficiently large. 2/e .162 E) 90 Answer: C Difficulty: Medium 34.87% Answer: C Difficulty: Medium 31. If we have a sample size of 100 and the estimate of the population proportion is . the sampling distribution of X is normal or near normal distribution: A) For only large sample sizes B) For only small sample sizes C) For any sample size D) For only samples of size 30 or more Answer: C Difficulty: Medium 178 Bowerman.32% C) 43. is: A) 34.13% Answer: D Difficulty: Medium 32.30.5 and np ≤ 5 E) np ≥ .36% E) 16. The rule of thumb for ensuring that n is sufficiently large is: A) np ≥ 5 B) n(1 – p) ≥ 5 C) np ≤ 5 D) n(1 – p) ≤ . the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of the sample proportion is: A) 10 B) 9 C) 3 D) 3.87% D) 56. Exceed 94 lbs.

Answer: E Difficulty: Easy 36. If we have a sample size of 100 and the estimate of the population proportion is .07 % B) 92.86 % B) 18. the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of the sample proportion is: A) .86 % D) 63. then it follows that: A) the sample mean must equal the population mean.15 % E) 90. 2/e 179 .07 % C) 7.35. the auditing staff randomly selected 250 customer accounts. If a population distribution is known to be normal.14 % C) 81.10.72 % E) 75. Essentials of Business Statistics. E) None of the above. 38. The internal auditing staff of a local manufacturing company performs a sample audit each quarter to estimate the proportion of accounts that are delinquent more than 90 days overdue.84 % Answer: C Difficulty: Hard Bowerman. What is the probability that no more than 40 accounts will be classified as delinquent? A) 42. the auditing staff randomly selected 250 customer accounts. For this quarter. D) All of the above. B) the sample mean must equal the population mean for large samples.0009 B) . C) the sample standard deviation must equal the population standard deviation. For this quarter.10 Answer: B Difficulty: Medium 37.15% Answer: B Difficulty: Hard Use the following information to answer questions 38-39: The internal auditing staff of a local manufacturing company performs a sample audit each quarter to estimate the proportion of accounts that are delinquent more than 90 days overdue. What is the probability that at least 30 accounts will be classified as delinquent? A) 31.93 % D) 40.03 C) 3 D) 9 E) . The historical records of the company show that over the past 8 years 13 percent of the accounts are delinquent. The historical records of the company show that over the past 8 years 14 percent of the accounts are delinquent.

0219 E) 35 and 30.83% C) 20% and 2% D) 20% and . ˆ What are the mean and the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of p ? A) 16% and .44% C) 10.1204 C) 35 and 5.88% E) 84. Sixty-four (64) patients indicated that they were dissatisfied with the after surgery care. A scientific poll based on 400 hospital patients has just been conducted.28% C) 97. What are the mean and the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of p ? A) 14 and 250 B) .ˆ 39.034% B) 20% and 1.49% Answer: A Difficulty: Hard (AS) 42.1 Answer: D Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 40-42: According to a hospital administrator.56% Answer: B Difficulty: Hard (AS) 41. What is the probability that at least 70 patients will not be satisfied with the after-surgery care? A) 89.72% B) 2.56% D) 78.72% D) 95.034% E) 20% and 16% Answer: C Difficulty: Hard (AS) 180 Bowerman.486 D) . 2/e .44% B) 39. Essentials of Business Statistics. 40.14 and . historical records over the past 10 years have shown that 20% of the major surgery patients are dissatisfied with after-surgery care in the hospital.44% E) 4.14 and . What is the probability that less than 64 patients will not be satisfied with the after-surgery care? A) 47.

1732 D) . If we randomly select three bolts from this process: 44. the distribution of sample means approaches a(n) ________________ distribution. Essentials of Business Statistics. Exponential Answer: B Difficulty: Hard Use the following information to answer questions 44-46: In a manufacturing process a machine produces bolts that have an average length of 3 inches with a variance of .13% B) 100 % C) 71.16 inches? A) 97.72 % B) 5.57 % D) 28.52 % E) 2.03 B) . A) Decreases.1 inches? A) 84. Normal C) Decreases. What is the probability the mean length of the bolt is at most 3. For non-normal populations. What is the standard deviation of the sample mean? A) .43. Uniform B) Increases.52 % D) 44. as the sample size (n) ___________________.48 % C) 94.28 % Answer: B Difficulty: Medium 46.01 C) .43 % E) 15.03.0577 E) . Normal D) Increases. What is the probability the mean length of the bolt is at least 3.10 Answer: E Difficulty: Medium 45.87 % Answer: A Difficulty: Medium Bowerman. Uniform E) Increases. 2/e 181 .

If the sampled population is finite and at least _____ times larger than the sample size. The notation for the standard deviation of the sample mean is __________. we can conclude that the sample means are approximately normal. then for any sampled population. Essentials of Business Statistics. Answer: p Difficulty: Medium 53. Answer: µ Difficulty: Medium 49. 2/e . For large samples. The spread of the sampling distribution of X is ____________ than the spread of the corresponding population distribution sampling distribution Answer: Smaller Difficulty: Medium 48. we are using _____ estimation. the ˆ standard deviation of p decreases as the sample size increases. The mean of the sampling distribution of the sample proportion is equal to _____ when the sample size is sufficiently large. The _____ says that if the sample size is sufficiently large. Answer: Central Limit Theorem Difficulty: Hard 50. Answer: Point Difficulty: Hard 52. The sampling distribution of the sample mean is a normal distribution for very ________ sample sizes regardless of the shape of the corresponding population distribution.Fill-in-the-Blank 47. Answer: σ X or s X Difficulty: Medium 55. Answer: 20 Difficulty: Medium 54. the sampling distribution of X is approximately normal with a mean of _____. then the sample means are approximately normally distributed. If we wish to estimate a population parameter by using a sample statistic. If a sample size is at least _____. Answer: Large Difficulty: Medium 182 Bowerman. Answer: 30 Difficulty: Medium 51.

Answer: Central limit theorem Difficulty: Medium 57. Answer: sample Difficulty: Medium 60. n = 16.5 −/ 3944 =.1056 Z= 35 − 40 16 = 64 35 − 40 = −1. the standard deviation of the population of all sample proportions increases Answer: decreases Difficulty: Medium 59.1056 Difficulty: Medium Bowerman. Find P( X < 35) if µ = 40. Answer: decreases Difficulty: Medium 58. As the sample size increases the variability of the sampling distribution of the mean ______________. σx = 16. Answer: sample mean Difficulty: Medium Essay 62. Essentials of Business Statistics. Answer: sampling distribution Difficulty: Medium 61.56.25 16 4 P ( X <35 ) =. As the sample size ___________. A theorem that allows us to use the normal probability distribution to approximate the sampling distribution of sample means and sample proportions whenever the sample size is large is known as the _______________. Answer: . The population of all _________________ proportions is described by sampling distribution ˆ of p . 2/e 183 . The _______________________ of a sample statistic is the probability distribution of the population of all possible values of the sample statistic. The ___________ is a minimum-variance unbiased point estimate of the mean of a normally distributed population.

The population of lengths of aluminum-coated steel sheets is normally distributed with a mean of 30.2 64 P( X ≥ 4. with a standard deviation of 1.95 − 30.5 − .3413 + .075 ounces? Answer: 0. Historically.05  PZ >  = P( Z > −1) = .075 − 16  PZ >  = P( Z > 1. the organizer placed the hole (pin) in the back left corner of the green.63.2 ounces.0062 Difficulty: Hard (AS) 64. 2/e . 64 golfers played the hole with the new placement on that day.5 = . have an average weight of 16 ounces and a standard deviation of 0. A PGA (Professional Golf Association) tournament organizer is attempting to determine whether hole (pin) placement has a significant impact on the average number of strokes for the 13th hole on a given golf course.05 inches and a standard deviation of 0.4938 = .4.4332 = .. On a particular day during the most recent golf tournament.3     9   Difficulty: Medium 184 Bowerman. Packages of sugar bags for Sweeter Sugar Inc.25.8413 .5 .5) = .95 inches long? Answer: 0.0668    16.75.75) = .2     16   Difficulty: Medium 65.5 1.6 strokes.0668 . Essentials of Business Statistics.5 = = 2. Determine the probability of the sample average number of strokes exceeding 4.3 inches. Answer: Z= 4.25 . the pin has been placed in the front right corner of the green. The weights of the sugar bags are normally distributed.75 . What is the probability that average length of a steel sheet from a sample of 9 units is more than 29. What is the probability that 16 randomly selected packages will have a weight in excess of 16. and the historical mean number of strokes for the hole has been 4.8413    29.6 .

43 7 P ( X > 2510) = .5 + .0764 Difficulty: Medium 69.4236 = .500 and σ X = 7. and n = 100. if µ = 400. Answer: . P( X < 396) =. Find σx .1 200 20 100 P( X ≤ 402) = . 2/e 185 . Find P ( X < 25) if µ = 16 and σ X = 4.5 − .5 + .8413 Difficulty: Medium 67.9878 Difficulty: Medium 68. if µ = 175 and σ X = 9.4878 = . Answer: . Essentials of Business Statistics. Answer: .2 n 100 Difficulty: Hard 70. Find P ( X > 172). σx = 200.5398 402 − 400 2 Z= = = .5 + . Answer: . Find P ( X < 402). Find P ( X > 2.9878 25 − 16 Z= = 2.0764 2510 − 2500 Z= = 1.2 66.0228.8413 172 − 175 Z= = −1 9 P ( X > 172) = . and n = 100.510) if µ = 2.0398 = . Answer: 20 X − µ 396 − 400 −4 σX = = = = 20 Z −2 −.3413 = . if µ = 400.5398 Difficulty: Medium Bowerman.25 4 P( X < 25) = .

0.3.2.58 .05 5 + 1 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 3 + 1 + 4 + 2 + 3 25 p= = = . The number of defectives in the samples of 100 observations each are the following: 1.2.3 20 2 400 P (395. What is the estimate of the population proportion of defectives? Answer: .4 − 400 −4.6 Z1 = = = − 2.6 Z2 = = = 2.0155 .0155 1000 .2. What is the estimate of the population proportion of defectives? Answer: .6) = .1. Answer: .4) σp = = .4893 = .04 Z= = 2. Essentials of Business Statistics.1. Find the probability that a sample of 1.4 ≤ X ≤ 404. Find P(395.9902 Difficulty: Hard (AS) 186 Bowerman.017 (10)(100) 1. and n = 100.3 20 2 400 404.4 < X < 404.1.000 voters would yield a sample proportion in favor of the candidate within: 74. if the population mean = 400.9786 395. 4 percentage points of the actual proportion. 000 Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 74-75: Suppose that 60 percent of the voters in a particular region support a candidate.6)(.3.6).4951 = .4893 + .05 (10)(50) 500 Difficulty: Medium 73.4.1.2.9786 Difficulty: Medium 72. The number of defectives in the samples of 50 observations each are the following: 5.9902 (.4.4951 + .1.6 − 400 4.1.017 1+ 2 + 1+ 0 + 2 + 3 + 1+ 4 + 2 + 1 17 p= = = .71.2.3.3. σx = 20. Answer: . 2/e .

Answer: s 2 Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 77-83: A random sample of size 30 is taken from a population with mean 50 and standard deviation 5.803 Difficulty: Hard (AS) 76. 2 percentage points.913 30 P( X > 49) = .02 Z= = 1. What is σ X ? Answer: . Describe the sampling distribution of X .913 5 σX = = .8643 Difficulty: Medium Bowerman. Essentials of Business Statistics.4015 + . Answer: . What is µx ? Answer: 50 Difficulty: Medium 79.29 .3643 = .75.4015 = .0155 1000 . An unbiased estimate of σ 2 is _____.4) σp = = .913 30 Difficulty: Medium 80.0155 . Find P ( X > 49).5 + .8030 (.6)(. 2/e 187 . Answer: . Answer: Normal/approximately normal Difficulty: Medium 78.8643 49 − 50 −1 Z= = = −1.0953 5 . 77.

5 Z= = = .5) = .5 − 50 0.5) = .20 Difficulty: Medium 188 Bowerman. Answer: .2912 50.2088 = .19 5 . Find P ( X < 48).95 51.5 − .0143 Difficulty: Medium 82. Essentials of Business Statistics.20.81.5 + .95 Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 84-90: A random sample of size 1. Find P ( X > 50.913 30 P( X < 48) = .5 − .643 5 .000 is taken from a population where p = .4857 = .5 Z= = = 1. Describe the sampling distribution of p Answer: Normal/approximately normal Difficulty: Medium 85.2912 Difficulty: Medium 83.5).5 − 50 1. What is µ p ? ˆ Answer: .0143 48 − 50 −2.913 30 P( X > 50.548 5 .45 = . ˆ 84. Answer: . 2/e .5). Answer: .0 Z= = = −2.913 30 P ( X < 51. Find P ( X < 51.

20 .8) .4429 = .21 − . Answer: .5 − .2)(.2852 = .20 − . 2/e 189 .01265 1000 ˆ P( p < .0571 .175).2148 .79 (.4761 = .8) .2148 P( p Difficulty: Medium ˆ 90.2)(.25 Z= = = − 1.5 + .2)(.2 Z= = = − 1..8) σp = = .01265 1000 ˆ P ( p > .8) .9761 . Answer: .22 − . Find P( p > . Answer: .5 + .01265 1000 ˆ> .20 −.581 (.01265 (.20 .976 (.0571 Difficulty: Medium ˆ 88.02 Z= = = 1. Find P( p > .9429 .21).175 − . Answer: .2)(.4429 = .01265 1000 ˆ P( p < .8) .18 − .22).21) = . Find P( p < .9761 Difficulty: Medium ˆ 89.18). What is ( σ p )? ˆ Answer: .9429 Difficulty: Medium Bowerman.58 (.01265 ˆ 1000 Difficulty: Medium ˆ 87.5 − .2)(.22) = .175) = .18) = .01 Z= = = . Essentials of Business Statistics. Find P( p < .86.

9 inches long? Answer: 0.4938 = .2 inches.025 ounces? Answer: 0.3 ounces.05 30.025 − 16  PZ >  = P ( Z > 2.05  PZ ≤  = P ( Z ≤ −1. 92.5 − .2     4 4   Difficulty: Medium 190 Bowerman.35 − 30. 2/e .4987 − .2     4   Difficulty: Medium 93.0215    30.35 inches long? Answer: 0.0062 .91. A sample of four metal sheets is randomly selected from a batch.5) = . The weights of the sugar bags are normally distributed.4772 = .25 and 30. Packages of sugar bags for Sweeter Sugar Inc.5) = .25 − 30.0062    16.05  P ≤Z≤  = P (2 ≤ Z ≤ 3) = . What is the probability that the average length of a sheet is between 30.5 − . What is the probability that randomly selected 4 sheets will have an average length of less than 29.90 − 30. Essentials of Business Statistics.0668 .2 0.05 inches and a standard deviation of 0.0215 0..668    29.3     9   Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 92-94: The population of lengths of aluminum-coated steel sheets is normally distributed with a mean of 30. have an average weight of 16 ounces and a standard deviation of 0.4332 = . What is the probability that 9 randomly selected packages will have a weight in excess of 16.

94.05  PZ >  = P( Z > −1) = . 95. The chemist further states that the distribution of this ingredient per gallon of regular unleaded gasoline is normal and has a standard deviation of 1.0 1.5 = . The population of lengths of aluminum-coated steel sheets is normally distributed with a mean of 30.85) = .15 64 P( X < 3. Bowerman.3413 + .3 inches.5 − .1587 Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 97-99: In the upcoming governor's election.0.2 .8413    29.3) = .0062 Difficulty: Medium 96.5 − .3 − 4 .15 Z= = = −1.12 100 P( X > 4. What is the probability of finding an average less than 3.4938 = .1587 3. What is the probability that average length of a steel sheet from a sample of 9 units is more than 29. What is the probability of finding an average in excess of 4. Essentials of Business Statistics.2 . the most recent poll based on 900 respondents predicts that the incumbent will be reelected with 55% of the votes.3     9   Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 95-96: The chief chemist for a major oil/gasoline production company claims that the regular unleaded gasoline produced by the company contains on average 4 ounces of a certain ingredient.3413 = .95 − 30.8413 .0062 4.5 1.2 ounces. 2/e 191 .85 − 4 −0.3 Z= = = 2.3 ounces of this ingredient from randomly inspected 100 gallons of regular unleaded gasoline? Answer: .95 inches long? Answer: 0.85 ounces of this ingredient from randomly inspected 64 gallons of regular unleaded gasoline? Answer: .05 inches and a standard deviation of 0.

51 Z= =2. assume that 51% of the actual voters in the state support the incumbent governor (p = 0.51). For the sake of argument. Answer: 0.49) = . Suppose that the download times were normally distributed with a standard deviation of 0.97.0167 192 Bowerman. If random samples of 36 download times are selected: 100. 5. How was this determined? Answer: Normal – either because the original population was normal or size of sample > 30 Difficulty: Easy (REF) 101.55 . Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 100-104: It has been reported that the average time to download the home page from a government website was 0.9 µx = µ = 0.0166 ˆ σρ = (. What is σ X ? Answer: .45) 900 = .55 or higher supporting the incumbent governor. From the 900 respondents.9 x (.45)(900) = 405 Difficulty: Easy 98.3 seconds. Calculated the mean of the sampling distribution of the sampling mean.55)(.4 . Calculate the probability of observing a sample proportion of voters 0. Essentials of Business Statistics.0082 ˆ σρ = ˆ P (p 〉 . how many indicated that they would not vote for the current governor or indicated that they were undecided? Answer: 405 (.. 2/e .0166 Difficulty: Medium 99.. 5 5= ). Answer: . 4 9 1= 80 0 8 2 .51)(.0167 900 . Describe the shape of the sampling distribution.9 seconds.

Essentials of Business Statistics.Difficulty: Easy (AS) Bowerman. 2/e 193 .

96425 . we can assume the population mean and standard deviation for the GPA of nontraditional students is µ=3.05 σx . 83575 .9 = . Based on the study results.05 Difficulty: Hard (AS) 104..05 Use the following information to answer questions 105-108: The College Student Journal (December 1992) investigated differences in traditional and nontraditional students. 80% of the sample means will be between what two values symmetrically distributed arount the population mean. Suppose a random sample of 100 nontraditional students is selected and each student’s GPA is calculated.5 and σ=0.80 ) = P ( Z < Difficulty: Hard .285= = .05 Difficulty: Medium 194 Bowerman.102.= .285 1. 105.285= x − .80 seconds? Answer: .5 100 = . -1. 5000 −. where nontraditional students are defined as 25 years or older and working.9 = P ( Z < −2.03 . Essentials of Business Statistics. What is the probability that the sample mean will be less than 0. Answer: . Calculate the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of the sample mean.96425 Z = ±1.5.What is µx ? Answer: µx =3.05 6 36 Difficulty: Medium (AS) 103.05 σx = ..83575.0228 .4772 = .00 ).05 .9 x −.8 − . Calculated σx . 2/e . Answer: .5 Difficulty: Easy 106.0228 p ( X < 0.3 = = .5 10 = . Answer:0. .

Bowerman. Essentials of Business Statistics. 2/e 195 .

164. less than .08 20 = .0013 P ( X > 3. . Suppose a random sample of 20 balls are selected.00 ) .65 − 3. 109.2 ) = P( Z <11 . What is the probability that the random sample of 100 nontraditional students have a mean GPA greater than 3. 5.236 Difficulty: Medium (AS) 112. Calculate the standard deviation of the sampling distribution of the sample mean. Calculate the mean of the sampling distribution of the sample mean.4987=.44% of the sample means/ Answer: 5.1).2±.65? Answer: . 3. 2/e .44% of the sample means.47 = .00 inches? Answer: less than . What percentage of sample means will be less than 5. Essentials of Business Statistics. 3.4.05)] = (3. Find the interval that contains 95.4.01% .08 inches. Answer: .00 ) → P ( Z < 5.036]=5.08 4.236 [5.0013 . Answer:3.15 ) = P(Z > ) = P ( Z > 3. 5. Find the interval that contain 95.65 ) = p ( Z > 3.107.5 ±2(.5±.6 [3.018 Difficulty: Hard (AS) 196 Bowerman.50 .6] Difficulty: Medium 108.0 − 5.01% P( X < 5.05 Difficulty: Medium Use the following information to answer questions 109-112: The diameter of small Nerf balls manufactured at a factory in Chine is expected to be approximately normally distributed with a mean of 5.2±2(.1)= [3.05 .5-.018)]=[5. Answer: µx = 5.018 Difficulty: Medium (AS) 111.2 inches and a standard deviation of .2 Difficulty: Easy (AS) 110.164.018 σ x = .

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