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If the functions P, Q, and f are continuous on an open interval I, and if the functions y1 and y2 are linearly independent solutions of the homogeneous equation corresponding to the nonhomogeneous equation, y + P(x)y + Q(x)y = f (x) then a particular solution of equation(1) is y2 (x)f (x) dx + y2 (x) W (y1 , y2 )(x) and the general solution is yp = −y1 (x) y = c1 y1 (x) + c2 y2 (x) +yp yh Will always give a particular solution yp provided that that the associated homogeneous equation can be solved. No restriction on f (x), however the integrals may not always be evaluated by elementary analytical methods, however they can usually be calculated by using Trapezoidal rule or some other numerical techniques. This method can be generalized for higher-order diﬀerential equations.

MSW MTH 291

(1)

y1 (x)f (x) dx W (y1 , y2 )(x)

(2)

(3)

- Hyperbolic and Inverse Integral and Derivative Formulas
- Basic Integrals
- Derivatives and Integrals Formula Sheet
- Tables, Groups, and Modular Arithmetic.
- Basic Integration Formula Sheet
- ALT-Codes
- Homogeneous Linear Equations
- Exact Differential Equations
- Linear Regression
- Writing a Matrix into Row Echelon Form
- Related Rates Examples
- Order of Operations
- Newton's Method
- Completing the Square
- Greatest Common Factor (GCF)
- Multiplication Technique
- Quadratic Equation Notes
- Linear Equation Notes
- Least Common Multiple of Algebraic Expressions
- Factorizations
- Combining Like Terms
- Factoring Using Greek Method
- Least Common Multiple of Numbers

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UsefulNot usefulVariation of parameters technique.

Variation of parameters technique.

- Hyperbolic and Inverse Integral and Derivative Formulas
- Basic Integrals
- Derivatives and Integrals Formula Sheet
- Tables, Groups, and Modular Arithmetic.
- Basic Integration Formula Sheet
- ALT-Codes
- Homogeneous Linear Equations
- Exact Differential Equations
- Linear Regression
- Writing a Matrix into Row Echelon Form
- Related Rates Examples
- Order of Operations
- Newton's Method
- Completing the Square
- Greatest Common Factor (GCF)
- Multiplication Technique
- Quadratic Equation Notes
- Linear Equation Notes
- Least Common Multiple of Algebraic Expressions
- Factorizations
- Combining Like Terms
- Factoring Using Greek Method
- Least Common Multiple of Numbers