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Ejercicios de fracciones algebraicas (con solución):

Ejercicios de fracciones algebraicas (con solución):

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Se detallan las soluciones de los ejercicios propuestos.

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Published by: ISABEL on Nov 19, 2008
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10/21/2013

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EJERCICIOS PARA 4º A-B (MATEMÁTICAS B

)
ENTREGAR EL MARTES 18-11-08


NOMBRE:

1. Efectúa las siguientes operaciones y obtén en cada caso la fracción irreducible:

a) =

+

+
+
1
4 4
1
2
2
2
2
x
x
x
x x
1
4
) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 (
) 1 ( 4 ) 1 (
2
2

=
+ ⋅ − ⋅ +
+ ⋅ ⋅ + ⋅
x
x
x x x
x x x


b) =

+



12 4
5 5
1
6 2
2
x
x
x
x
) 1 ( 2
5
) 3 ( 4 ) 1 ( ) 1 (
) 1 ( 5 ) 3 ( 2
− ⋅
=
− ⋅ ⋅ + ⋅ −
+ ⋅ ⋅ − ⋅
x x x x
x x


c) =
− −

+

9 3
1
:
6 2
1
2
x
x
x
x
) 1 ( 2
3
) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 3 ( 2
) 3 ( ) 3 ( ) 1 (
+ ⋅

=
+ ⋅ − ⋅ + ⋅
+ ⋅ − ⋅ −
x x x x
x x


d) =
+ −
+

+ +
4 8 4
6 2
:
9 6
2 2
2
x x
x
x x
x x
x
x x
x x x
x x ) 1 ( ) 3 ( 2
) 3 ( 2 ) 1 (
) 1 ( 4 ) 3 (
2 2
− ⋅ + ⋅
=
+ ⋅ ⋅ − ⋅
− ⋅ ⋅ +



2. Realiza las operaciones combinadas siguientes dando el resultado en la forma más simplificada
posible:

a) =








+
x x
x
x 2
4
:
2
1
2
2
1
) 2 (
) 2 (
) 2 (
) 2 ( ) 2 (
:
2
=
+ ⋅
⋅ +
=
− ⋅
+ ⋅ −





 +
x x
x x
x x
x x
x
x


b) =



+ +
− +
x x
x
x x
x
x
x x
2 2
2
2
2
12 3
1 2
16
:
4
) 1 (
) 1 ( 3
) 1 (
) 4 ( 3
) 4 ( ) 4 (
) 1 ( ) 4 (
2
2 2
2
− ⋅
+ ⋅
=
− ⋅
− ⋅

+ ⋅ −
+

+ ⋅
x x
x
x x
x
x x
x
x
x x


c) =

⋅ 






1
1
1
x
x
x
1
1
1
=



x
x
x
x


d) = 






− 






+
1
:
1 x
x
x
x
x
x =



=









− −









+ −
1
2
:
1 1
:
1
2 2 2 2
x
x x
x
x
x
x x x
x
x x x

2 ) 2 ( ) 1 (
) 1 (
2

=
− ⋅ ⋅ −
− ⋅
=
x
x
x x x
x x


e) =

+








3
9 3
3
3
x
x x
x
x ( )
3
9 ) 3 (
) 3 ( 3
) 9 ( ) 3 ( ) 3 (
3
) 9 (
3
9
2 2 2 2
+ ⋅ +
=
− ⋅
+ ⋅ + ⋅ −
=

+ ⋅








 − x x
x
x x x
x
x x
x
x


f) = 







+

+
1
1
1
1
2
1
x x x
x
) 1 (
1
) 1 ( 2
2
) 1 ( ) 1 (
1 1
2
1
− ⋅

=
− ⋅ ⋅

=








− ⋅ +
− − −


+
x x x x x x
x x
x
x

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