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Reg: No. | CPT
Q 2378
B.E/B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2007.
First Semester
Civil Engineering
MA 131 — MATHEMATICS —
(Common to all branches)
‘Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
10.
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks)
IfA is an orthogonal matrix, prove that A‘ and A“ are orthogonal matrices.
State Cayley-Hamilton theorem,
Find the direction cosines of the line joining the points (1,2, ~3) and (~4, 0,7).
Find the centre and radius of the sphere 2x” +2y? +227 - 6x +8y-82-1=0.
Find the curvature of the curve 2x? + 2y? +5x -2y+1=0
Find the envelope of the family of straight lines y=mx +" for different
m
values of m.
Find ® it xb +y? =Bax*y
Write down functional determinant of u,v,w with respect to x,y and z
2,
solve: 2 +nx =0.
dv
Solve (x°D? - 3xD)y =0PART B —~ (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
(i) Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of the matrix
f2 21
A=|1 3 a]. 3)
[1 22
10 3
(ii) Using Cayley Hamilton theorem, find A‘ if A=|2 1 8)
y-11
Or
Reduce the quadratic form given below to its canonical form by an
orthogonal reduction 3x? + 2x} + 3x} - 2x,x, -2xyx5. (16)
(Prove that the lines =4-2*3 241 ang S—4 ¥+1 2410
-4°7 2-3 8
intersect and find the coordinates of their point of intersection. Find
also the equation of the plane containing them. ®
(ii) Find the equation of the plane passing through the line of
intersection of the planes 2x -y +5z-3=0, 4x +2y-z+7=0 and
parallel to the z-axis. ®
Or
(i) Find the equation of the sphere that passes through the circle
x? ty? +2? +x +y+22-2=0,x +3y~2z+1=0 cuts orthogonally
@
the sphere x? +y? +2? +x-B2-2=
(i)
(8)
(i) Show that the radius of curvature of the curve r=a(1+cos6) is
2 Bar @)
(ii) Find the envelope of the straight lines represented by the equation
xeosa+ysina =aseca where « is the parameter. (8)
Or
2 Q237814,
15,
(b)
(a)
(b)
(a)
(b)
@
Gi)
@
Gi)
wi)
(ii)
@
(ii)
a
Gi)
Show that the radius of curvature at the point (acos* @,asin* ) on
the curve x27 4% =a is 3asin0 cos. (8)
Show that the equation of the evolute of the curve x* + y° =a
is (x+y)??? +(x - y)?? = 207 (8)
®
Investigate the maxima and minima, if any, of the function
flx,y) = xy + (x + yA - 2x - By) (8)
Or
Expand e* log(1 +) in powers of x and y upto the third degree
terms using Taylor's theorem. @)
A rectangular box open at the top is to have a capacity of 108 cu.ms
Find the dimensions of the box requiring least material for its
construction. 8)
Solve Fs oe -8y =1 ; Bau 42y =e. @)
dy
Solve T+aty=secax, by using method of variation of
le
parameters. 8)
Or
Solve (D® - 4D +3)y =sin3xcos2x . (8)
2
Solve EY 1 ae D4 5y =x conlog s) (8)
3 Q 2378

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