6 Social Issues and Environment
-Jyoti Jadhav

From Sustainable to Unsustainable development

The development without thinking about the ill-affects on the biotic and abiotic factors leads to unsustainability

E.g. Overuse of coal and oil may lead to total loss of fossil fuels Unless we find alternatives for the same, the future generation will have to survive without energy resources

educational. health. social.Sustainable Development  “The sustainable development is a process of betterment of life. food and education” . economic. in all sectors of society i.e. national security.

Wild Life. Forest have failed to control environmental losses Only way is to accept the concept of sustainable development by making people aware about the needs and methods to control their demands and control over the overuse of resources   . Water. Land.Need for Sustainable Development  Almost all environmental problems are the results of unsustainable development  Overuse of natural resources leads to pollution. cutting of trees has created global warming Laws for Air.

Urban problems related to Energy  • • • Conservation of energy resources: Causes of shortage of energy in India Effects of shortage of energy in India Methods of conservation of energy .

Classification of water resources: Surface water Water in the solid form Water in the atmosphere Underground water .Water Resources  1. 3. 2. 4.

Water utility  Consumptive use of water mainly for irrigation Non-consumptive use of water for power generation i.e. Hydel power   Partially consumptive use for the public use and for industrial and thermal plants .

2. 3. Domestic use Manufacturing process and power generation Other uses .Uses of water 1.

Chemical parameters Total Dissolved solids (TDS) pH Hardness C. Physical parameters Color Taste and odor Temperature Turbidity B. 4.Quality of water  1.  A. 3. Biological parameters . 3.  1. 2. 2.

Means to rehabilitate the affected people       Alternate land should be given Enough compensation must be given Job for at least one person in the family Infrastructure must be developed Arrangements before the launching of the actual project It should be realized that the psychological and cultural loss is never compensated .

g. cheating Environmental Ethics: It deals with issues related to the rights of the individuals which are fundamental to life and its well being .Ethics and moral values   Ethics is the set of beliefs about right and wrong behavior e.

Basic human values       Equality Co-operation Tolerance Truth Justice Excellence .

3. 4. affects fertility Skin irritation Land and water ecosystem get affected .Acid rains  Main effects are due to Nitric Acid and Sulfuric acid  1. 5. 2. Effects: Damages the vegetation Surface and ground water gets affected Soil pH reduces to 3.

Measures to control Acid Rain    Reduce emissions at the source itself Use low sulphur coal Replace coal by natural gas .

Depletion of Ozone layer   1. Main cause is Chlorine Effects: Damages the plants Causes cancer Causes destruction of life Affects the natural environment . 2. 3. 4.

Measures to control depletion of O3    Minimize the use of Fe and halogens Use CFC free chemicals Reduced use of AC’ s and refrigerators .

5. 4. 3.Global warming and Green house effect  1. GHG’ s are: CFC CH4 N2O CO2 CO . 2.

Measures to control global warming       Check the overuse of carbon dioxide Use alternative sources of energy Cut down the transmission losses of electricity Use public transport Clean Development Mechanisms in industries Greenbelt around industries .

e.EPA 1986  1. water. soil Prevention of hazards to all living beings i. animals and human beings Maintenance of the relationship between the human beings and the natural environment . 2. 3. air. plants.e. Objectives: Protection and improvement of the environment i.

Penalties for Violation of Act 1986 Imprisonment for a term which may extend up to five years Or  Fine which may extend up to Rs. 1 lakh Or  Both of the above  .

3. Aims and objectives: Prevention.Air: Prevention and Control of Pollution Act 1981  1. control of air pollution Maintaining the quality of air Establishing of the Boards to prevent and to control the air pollution . 2.

2. 3.Water: Prevention and control of pollution act: 1974  1. Aims and objectives: Prevention and control of water pollution Maintaining and restoring the wholesomeness of water Establishment of Boards of prevention and control of water pollution .

Penalties for violation of the act:  Penalty is imprisonment for a period of three months or a fine up to Rs.000 or both . 10.

Aims and objectives: Maintenance of the essential ecological processes and lifesupporting systems Preservation of the biodiversity Protection and conservation of wild-life . 2. 3.Wildlife Protection Act 1972  1.

000 or both License may get cancelled .Penalties for violation   Imprisonment for three years or fine upto Rs. 23.

Forest Conservation Act.1980  Aims and objectives: To protect and conserve the forest .

500 or both For killing elephants imprisonment upto six months or fine upto Rs.Penalties for violation   Imprisonment for six months or more or a fine of Rs. 5000 or both .

Causes of lack of environmental awareness      Illiteracy and attitude Lack of participation Lack of information Partial information secrecy .

Thank you! .

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