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Adam and Eve see Eve and Adam Agrippa, on Eve, 18 Aitken, John, Principles of Midwifery, 124–5 Albion, 31, 32, 41, 83, 173 and Jerusalem, 86–8, 91–2, 96 and Los, 91–6 daughters of, 74, 78, 79, 82, 109, 120–2 ‘Sexual Machine’, 84, 85, 89, 93, 97 Anacreon, odes, 141 Ancient of days, 17–18, 52 androgyny, 12, 13, 19–20, 27–8, 65, 69–70 see also hermaphroditism Apollo, 133, 136, 137–40, 143 Armitage, Catherine , 3, 57, 58, 63–4, 69, 70 Armitage, Thomas, 57, 64 art, framing, 146–64 autoeroticism, 119, 136, 143

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Baillie, Agnes, 168 Baillie, Joanna, 166–75 ‘Introductory Discourse’, 10, 166, 170–4 Count Basil, 170 De Monfort, 10, 167–70, 172–5 Baillie, Matthew, 172 Morbid Anatomy, 173 Baillie, William, 10 Baudet, Etienne, 146 Bentley, G. E. Jr, 1, 165 on Book of Enoch, 40, 52, 54 Berkeley, George, Siris, 23 Beulah, 69, 77–9, 86, 88, 92 Bewell, Alan, 111 Bible Ezekiel, 32–4, 79 Genesis, 12, 15–16, 17, 23, 70 Blake’s manuscript, 8, 12–13, 16, 20, 23 Eve, 20, 21–2 Fig. 1.1–2

Geddes on authorship, 13 narrative discrepancies, 11–15 Isaiah, 14, 25, 105 Job, Blake’s illustrations, 23, 72, 160, 161 Fig. 11.5 Joshua, on Rahab, 25, 26, 32 King James, 2, 12, 13, 15, 19 narrative discrepancies, 12–15 Paine on, 14–15 Revelation, 15, 26, 30–1, 34–5, 72 Bindman, David, 159 Binyon, Lawrence, on Virgil woodcuts, 151, 158, 159 birds eagles, imagery, 133, 135 in Virgil, 160–3, 162 Fig. 11.6 swans Blakes’ imagery, 135 Pindaric, 133–5, 134 Fig. 10.1 Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, 166 Blake, Catherine (William Blake’s wife), 2–3, 77, 109 Blake, Catherine (William Blake’s mother) see Armitage, Catherine Blake, James (William Blake’s father), 57, 64, 73 Blake, John & Mary, 59 Blake, William, works All Religions are One, 23 America, 10, 35, 135, 136 Fallon on, 99, 102, 104–7, 110 An Island in the Moon, 165 Book of Ahania, 15, 16 Book of Enoch, 8, 37–56 ‘Enoch the Prophet’, 54–6, 55 Fig. 3.6 ‘Grand Man’, 40–3, 41 Fig. 3.1

– 235 –

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Blake, Gender and Culture Small Book of Designs, 4–8 “Doth God take Care of these”, 6–7 “Fearless tho in pain”/ “I travel on”, 6 For the Sexes: The Gates of Paradise, 8 ‘Infant Joy’, 7 ‘My Spectre around me night & day’, 8 ‘The floods overwhelmed me’, 6, 7 ‘The Mental Traveller’, 8 “Vegetating in fibres of Blood”, 6–7 ‘Smile, The’, 175 Tiriel, 37 Visions of the Daughters of Albion, 5–6, 9, 10, 26, 78, 106, 111, 135–6, 143 Bliss, Rebekah, 89 Böhme, Jacob, 16, 69, 70 Bolton, B., 165 book illustration scale and framing, 145–64 sizing/ cutting, 151–60 Book of Enoch (original), 38–56 Book of Watchers, 38, 39, 43, 45 botanic imagery, Bernath on, 9, 111–22 Braidotti, Rosi, 125 Briggs, Ada, Mary Butts on, 76–7 Brittannia, 95 Bromion, 106, 112, 119–21, 135 Browne, Janet, 112 Bryant, Jacob, New System, 13 Buonaparte, Catherine Blake on, 3 Burke, Edmund Philosophical Enquiry ... Sublime and Beautiful, 145–7, 158–60, 162–3 Reflections on the Revolution in France, 102, 105 Butler, Judith, 123 Butlin, Martin, 159 and Hamlyn, ‘Tate Britain Reveals Nine New Blakes...’, 4 Butts, Captain Frederick John, 71–3 Butts, Elizabeth, 17 Butts, Henry, 73 Butts, Mary, 9, 71–82 ‘Madonna of the Magnificat’, 76 on Blake, 71–82 The Crystal Cabinet, 72 Butts, Mrs Frederick, Mary Butts on, 72, 77

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‘Judgement of One Great in Glory’, 51–4, 53 Fig. 3.5 Book of Los,15–16 Book of Thel, 9–10, 77, 112, 122, 123–31 Effinger on, 9–10, 123–31 Book of Urizen, 5, 15–16, 109, 172 ‘Adam and Eve’, 5 Descriptive Catalogue, 171 ‘Everlasting Gospel’, 75–6 ‘For every Pleasure Money Is Useless’, 3 Four Zoas, The, 23, 25, 27–8, 37, 43, 46, 49, 58, 69, 85, 103, 143, 172 Genesis manuscript, 8, 12–13, 16, 20, 21–2 Fig. 1.1–2, 23 Ghost of Abel, 23, 165 illuminated books (in general), 7, 13, 15, 23, 135–8, 146 illustration ‘The Progress of Poesy’, 135, 142 Gray’s Poems, 10, 133–43 Philips’s ‘Imitation of Eclogue I’, 149–50 Fig. 11.1–2, 153–4 Fig. 11.3–4, 162 Fig. 11.6 Thornton’s Pastorals of Virgil, 10, 145–64 Young’s Night Thoughts, 133, 141, 142 Book of Job, 23, 72, 160, 161 Fig. 11.5 Laocoön plate, 19–20 Paradise Lost, 8, 12, 18, 19, 23 Jerusalem, 9, 18–19, 23, 25, 37, 46, 49, 51, 56, 74, 81, 83–97, 110, 171, 173 McClenahan on, 9, 83–97 ‘The Love of the Angels for the Daughters of Men’, 43–51, 44 Fig. 3.2, 47 Fig. 3.3, 50 Fig. 3.4 Marriage of Heaven and Hell, 13–16, 37, 109–10 Milton, 23, 25, 37, 56, 63, 74, 85, 159, 173, 174 on Adam & Eve, 5, 16–22, 23 Butts designs, 17–18 Genesis manuscript, 20, 21-2 Fig. 1.1–2 Jerusalem, 18–19 Paradise Lost, 8, 12, 18, 19, 20 Creation of Eve, 17 Pickering Manuscript, 172, 173 Poetical Sketches, 65, 142, 173 ‘Proverbs of Hell’, 171

Index Butts, Thomas, 9, 17, 71, 72, 75, 76, 81–2, 170 Byfield, wood engraving, ‘The Giant Polypheme’, 146 Callitriche, 114–15 Carlson, J., on Baillie, 165, 167–8 Cellini, Benvenuto, 138–9 Charlesworth, James, 62 Chaucer, Geoffry, ‘The Miller’s Tale’, 6 Christocentricity, 23 Moravian, 57, 59–63, 65 circumcision, Christ’s, Moravians on, 9, 61–3 Cleland, John, Fanny Hill, 112, 119, 121 closet drama, 165, 166 Collins, Adela Yarbro, 31 Collins, William, ‘Ode on the Passions’, 143 Condorcet, Nicolas de, 102 Covent Garden, Old Price Riots, 165 Crashaw, Richard, 65 Crowder, Kathleen, on Pauline tradition, 17 Crowley, Aleister, 9, 77–80 on Blake, 78–9 Cunningham, Alan, 140–1 Damilaville, on population, 101 Damon, S. Foster, 124 Darwin, Erasmus, 9, 111 Loves of the Plants, 112–16, 119, 137 The Botanic Garden, 112 depopulation thesis, 100–1, 103 Derrida, J., The Truth in Painting, 146, 148, 156 Donne, John, 65 Holy Sonnets, 60 Donoghue, Emma, 90 Doolittle, Hilda, 71, 76, 80–1 Doonesbury, 111 Duden, Barbara, 124 eagles, imagery, 133, 135 Easton, Fraser, 115 Edwards, Richard, ed., Young’s Night Thoughts, 133 Empire, 8, 25–6, 29, 30, 34–6 Encyclopédie, 101

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female same-sex desire Bernath on, 112–15, 118–22 Jerusalem, McClenahan on, 9, 83, 86–90, 94–5 see also homoeroticism; homosexuality

Enitharmon, and Los, 9, 28, 58–60, 83–4, 91–5 Enlightenment, Blake and, 26–7, 100, 106, 110 Enoch, Book of (Ethiopic), 38–56 Erdman, David, 1 ed., The Illuminated Blake, 5 on Malthus, 104 on marriage law crisis, 99 Erin, 92, 95 eroticism, visionary, Mary Butts and, 72–3, 77–82 Essick, Robert N. ‘A Relief Etching of Blake’s Virgil Illustrations’, 148–9, 152, 161 and Crosby, ‘“The Fiends of Commerce”...’, 3–4 on Blake and Pentateuch authorship, 15 on Moravian hymns, 64–5 Ethiopic Book of Enoch, 38–9 Ettinger, Bracha, The Matrixial Borderspace, 9–10, 123–4, 125–7, 129, 130 Eve and Adam Agrippa on, 18 Blake on, 16–22, 23, 37 ‘Adam and Eve’, 5 Butts designs, 17–18 Genesis manuscript, 20, 21–2, Fig. 1.1–2 Jerusalem 18–19 Paradise Lost illustrations 8, 12, 18–20, 23 Böhme on, 69, 70 Crosby on, 8 Fuseli on ‘The Serpent Tempting Eve’, 43–5 The Creation of Eve, 11–12 Genesis, 12, 15–16, 23, 70 Gnostics on, 18, 19 narrative discrepancies, 11–12 Roscoe on, 11–12 Evening Standard, 1 Ezekiel, 32–4, 79

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Blake, Gender and Culture Greer, Germaine, 124 Gregory, John, A Father’s Legacy to his Daughters, 118 Hamilton, Sir William, 137 Hamlyn, Robin, and Butlin, ‘Tate Britain Reveals Nine New Blakes...’, 4 Hanoverian monarchs, Blake and, 74–5 Hardwick, Thomas, 73 harlot imagery/labels, 2, 25–8, 75–6, 87, 89, 96, 115 harlot–hermaphrodite imagery, 28–36 Hayley, William, 2, 3, 19, 140, 141, 143 Haymarket Theatre, 165 Hazlitt, William, 166 A Reply to the Essay on Population, 102 on Baillie, 166–7 Hebrew Bible, 13, 19 Hebrew, Blake learns, 19 Herbert, George, 65 hermaphroditism, 91 Rosso on, 8, 25–30, 32–6 see also androgyny Hermaphroditus, 27–8, 138 Hermetic traditions, 12, 16, 19, 23, 26 Hesketh, Lady, 3 heterosexuality, 5, 112, 115–16, 119, 136, 138, 142, 147–8, 169 desire, Jerusalem, McClenahan on, 9, 83–5, 90–6 Hinduism, Mary Butts and, 81 Hirsig, Leah, 79 Hitchcock, Tim, 90 Hobbes, Thomas, on Bible discrepancies, 12, 13 Hobson, Christopher, 86, 89, 136, 151 ‘Normalizing Perversity’, 107 Blake and Homosexuality, 1, 112–13 Hogarth, William, The Analysis of Beauty, 45 homoeroticism, 91, 96, 136–40, 168 botany and, 111–22 in illustrations, 5, 10, 143, 147–51 see also female same-sex desire homosexuality, 83, 84, 90–1, 111–12, 119, 151 see also female same-sex desire Hume, David, ‘Of the Populousness of Ancient Nations’, 101

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Gabell, Reverend Henry and Mrs, 122 Gambold, John, Moravian hymnal, 65–9 Ganymede (classical statue), 138–9 Geddes, Alexander, Bible translation, 13–15 gender and genre Calè on, 10, 133–43 Clark on, 10, 165–75 Stevens on, 10, 145–64 General Advertiser, 108 Genesis, 12, 15–16, 17, 23, 70 Blake’s manuscript, 8, 12–13, 16, 20, 23 Eve, 20, 21–2, Fig. 1.1–2 Geddes on authorship, 13 narrative discrepancies, 11–15 Gilbert, Ruth, Early Modern Hermaphrodites, 27 Gnostics, on Adam/ Eve, 18, 19 Godwin, William, 9, 102–3 Goldsmith, Steven, 34 Gray, Thomas, Poems, 10 Greek mysteries, Doolittle on, 80

feminism, Blake and, 100, 106–7 Fetter Lane Moravian Chapel, diary, 59, 61–2, 64 Flaxman, Ann, 10, 133, 137–40, 141–3 Flaxman, John, sculptures, 137–8, 140–1 Florence, art, Flaxmans and, 138–9 Fontes da Costa, Palmira, 27 Forbes, Aileen, on Baillie, 170 Foucault, Michel, The Order of Things, 128 Fox, Charles James, 99 Franklin, Benjamin, ‘The Speech of Miss Polly Baker’, 9, 108–9 French neighbours, 3–4 French Revolution, 35, 102, 167 Freud, Sigmund, 48 on Butts and Doolittle, 80 Frye, Northrop, 124 Fearful Symmetry, 25 Fulford, Tim, 147 Fulneck (Yorkshire) Congregation Diary, 63 Fuseli, Henry, 90 ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’(painting), 141 ‘The Serpent Tempting Eve’, 43–5 Milton gallery, 11, 43 The Creation of Eve, 11–12

Index Hunter, William, 172 Hutchings, Kevin, 127 Hutton, James, 64 Isaiah, 14, 25, 105 Jackson, Sarah, 163 Jackson-Houlston, Caroline, 119 Jacobism Blake on, 73–5 Mary Butts and, 73–5 James Bruce, and Book of Enoch, 38–9 Jerusalem and Albion, 86–8, 91–2, 96 and Vala, 9, 86–9, 91, 174 as harlot, 25, 26, 33, 97 Ezekiel on, 32–4 Job, Book of, Blake’s illustrations, 23, 72, 160, 161 Fig. 11.5 John Bull, 77 Johnson, Claudia, 118 Johnson, Joseph, 9, 13, 14, 101, 103, 111, 112, 121 Johnson, Lionel, 73 Johnson, Samuel, Dictionary, 156 Jones, Robert, 147 Jones, Sir William, 142 Joshua, on Rahab, 25, 26, 32 Jung, Carl, 31 Kabbalah, Mary Butts and, 81 Kant, Imanuel on art, 146, 148, 156, 159 Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, 128–30 Kaplan, Cora, 117 Kauffmann, Angelica, ‘Sappho Inspired by Love’, 120 Kean, Edmund, 166 Keats, John, 166 Kemble, John Philip, 167 Keynes, Geoffrey, on Virgil woodcuts, 157, 158 King James Bible, 2, 12, 13, 15, 19 Klopstock, Margaret, 3 Lamb, Charles, 166 Lamb of God imagery, 25, 32, 62, 65–6, 68, 87, 89

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Macleod, Fiona, 73 Macpherson, Ossianic heroes, 75 Maitland, Cecil, 78, 79, 80 Malthus, Daniel, 102 Malthus, Thomas, Essay on the Principle of Population, 9, 100, 102–4 marriage as slavery, 106, 121 botany images, 111–13 bridal mysticism, Moravian, 8–9, 57–70, 80 Genesis, 17 guidance, Moravian, 8, 58–9 law crisis, 1781, 99 philoprogenitive, 99–110 Mary Queen of Scots, Butts on, 73 Maryland Gazette, 108 Mason, William, on Gray, 133 matrixial borderspace, 9–10, 123–4, 125–7, 129, 130 Matthews, Susan, Blake, Sexuality and Bourgeois Politeness, 2 Mee, Jon, 100 Mellor, Anne, 100 midwifery, unborn, 124–5

Laurence, Richard, trans., Book of Enoch, 39, 54 Lauretis, Teresa de, 84 Lee, Oedipus, 165 letterpress framing, 157 Lightfoot (shepherd), 148, 158–60, 162 Linnaeus, Species Plantarum, 111, 113, 115 Linnell, John, 12, 20, 165 Lister, Anne, diaries, 89–90 Llangollen, Ladies of, 90 Locke, John, 100 Long, Kathleen, Hermaphrodites in Renaissance Europe, 25, 26 Los, 19, 83 and Albion, 91–6 and Enitharmon, 9, 28, 58–60, 83–4, 91–5 and Rahab, 34 and Urizen, 15–16 and Vala, 86, 88 as imagination, 91–6 Luvah, 84, 86, 88, 95, 143

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Blake, Gender and Culture Palmer, Samuel, 19, 73 on Virgil woodcuts, 148, 151, 158 Parkhurst, John, An Hebrew and English Lexicon, 19 Parshina, Natalia, on edges of prints, 152, 155 Parsons, James, ... Inquiry into the Nature of Hermaphrodites, 27 Parsons, Lorraine, 70 Pauline gender hierarchy, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18 Pentateuch Geddes on authorship, 13 narrative discrepancies, 12–15 Paine on, 14–15 Philips, Ambrose, ‘Imitation of Eclogue I’, Blake’s illustrations, 145, 148, 149–50 Fig. 11.1–2, 152, 153–4 Fig. 11.3–4, 162 Fig. 11.6, 162–3 philoprogenitivism, 100–10 Pilgrim House diary, 57 Pindaric genius/ flight, 133–6, 134 Fig. 10.1 Plato, Symposium, 28 poetic genius, Blake on, 23, 142 Polwhele, Richard, 120, 122 polyandry, Mary Butts on, 78–9 Polyphemus, 145, 146, 147, 148, 158, 162 population debate, 9, 100–10 depopulation thesis, 100–1, 103 Portland Vase, 80 Poussin, Nicolas, Landscape with Polyphemus, 145, 146, 158 Price, Richard, 103 Discourse on the Love of Our Country, 102 Observations on Reversionary Payments, 101 psychoanalysis, the unborn, 125 Pullman, Phillip, ‘The Inexhaustible Blake’, 2 Rahab and Los, 34 and Urizen, 28–30, 32 as Mystery, 8, 25, 28, 29–35 dragon, 25–6 symbolism, Rosso on, 8, 25–36 Vala as, 25, 29–30 Rajan, Tilottama, 125 Raphael, Madonna della Sedia, 137 regeneration, McClenahan on, 9, 83–97

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Narcissus, 114 Naylor, Mrs Hare, 137 Neumann, Erich ,31 Norvig, Gerda, 125 O’Keefe, Georgi.a 111 Okely, Francis, Memoirs of the Life ... of Jacob Behmen, 69 Oothoon, 9, 26, 106–9, 111–12, 116, 119–22, 135–6, 143 Orc ,84 and Urizen, 28–30, 99, 103–5 fiery, 2, 31, 99, 103 in America, 105, 107 seduction, 28–31 Ovid, Metamorphoses, 27–8, 113–14 Paglia, Camille, 31, 36 Paine, Thomas, 103, 104 on Bible, 14–15 The Age of Reason, 14 Paley, M., on Lightfoot, 159 Paley, William, 100

Milton, John, 39, 90, 135, 142 Paradise Lost, 11–12, 45, 171 illustrations, 8, 12, 18, 19, 23 Mirabeau, Honoré, 101 moles (false conceptions), 124–5 Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, on population, 100–1 Monthly Magazine, 39, 54 Moravians A Collection of Hymns of the Children of God in all Ages, 65–9 archives, 58–9 Armitage, Catherine and, 57, 58, 63–4, 70 Christocentricity, 57, 59–63, 65 Christ’s circumcision, 9, 61–3 hymns, 9, 61, 62, 64 marriage/ bridal mysticism, 8–9, 57–70, 80 Mary Butts and, 71, 80–2 Morton, Timothy, 127 Moses, authorship debate, 13–15, 23 Myrone, Martin, on Los, 84 Mystery Babylon, Rahab as, 8, 25, 28, 29–35

Index religion and gender Crosby on, 8, 11–24 Rosso on, 8, 25–36 Rembrandt, ‘Andromeda Chained to a Rock’, 43 reproduction Bernath on, 9, 111–22 Effinger on, 9–10 Fallon on, 9, 99–110 Revelation, 15, 26, 30–1, 34–5, 72 Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 146 Rimius, Henry, 60–1 Robert the Bruce, 75 Rodker, John, Mary Butts on, 77–8, 81 Rogers, Eleanor, 81 Rogers, Samuel, The Pleasures of Memory, 141, 142 Roman Catholic Church, Blake on, 73–4 Rome, 26, 30, 31, 141 art, Flaxmans and, 139–40 Romney, George, 2, 143 Roscoe, William, on Eve creation, 11–12 Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, Du Contrat Social, 100, 101 Royal Academy, 137 Royle, Nicholas, 163 Russ, Joanna, The Female Man, 94–5 Russell, G., 165 Ryan, Ted, 70

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Tannenbaum, Leslie, on Blake’s Genesis, 16 Tate Britain 2007 discoveries, 4 2009 Blake exhibition, 1 Tayler, Irene, 136 Tharmas, 33, 35, 95, 174 theatre, Blake and, 10, 165–75 Thel, The Book of, 9–10, 77, 112, 122, 123–31 Theocritus, on Polyphemus, 147 Theotormon, 5, 9, 106, 109, 112, 119–22, 135–6 Thornton, Robert and Polyphemus, 147–8 Pastorals of Virgil, Blake’s woodcuts, 10, 145–64 Tischbein, Johann Heinrich, 137–8 Tolley, Michael, 160 Tomaselli, Sylvana, 100

Shadowy Female, 28–30, 34 Shekhina, 65 Sheridan, R. B., Pizarro, 165 Shiloh, 68, 92, 97 Siddons, Sarah, 166, 167 Sifting Time (Moravians), 57, 62, 63, 69 Simpson, Philippa, and Connolly, ‘Blake Workshop at Tate Britain...’, 4–5 Soemmerring, Samuel Thomas, 124 South Molton Street, 3, 58 Southey, Robert, on Malthus, 104 Spectre, 8, 91–4, 95 Spencer, Lady, 137, 140 St Paul’s School, 145 Steinberg, Leo, 62–3 Stuart monarchs, Blake on, 73–5 Mary Queen of Scots, Butts on, 73 subjectivity, Ettinger’s model, 9–10, 123–4, 125–7, 129, 130 swans Blake’s imagery, 135 Pindaric, 133–5, 134 Fig. 10.1 Swedenborg, Emanuel, 9 as Jacobite, 73 Delights of Wisdom, 39–40, 42, 43, 46 Swedenborgianism, Mary Butts and, 71–5, 77, 79 Swift, Jonathan, A Modest Proposal, 108

Sandys, George, trans., Ovid’s Metamorphoses, 27–8 Schorer, Mark, 104 Scots, Mary Butts and, 73, 75 sculpture, classical, Flaxmans and, 138–40 Sedgwick, Eve, 85 Sedgwick, K., 168 Sewell, Brian, ‘William Blake the Bleak’, 1 sex and spirit Davies on, 8–9, 57–70 McClenahan on, 9, 83–97 Otto on, 8, 37–56 Schuchard on, 9, 71–82 ‘Sexual Machine’, 84, 85, 89, 93, 97 sexual regeneration, McClenahan on, 9, 83–97 Sexy Blake conference (Oxford, 2010), 2, 4 Sha, Richard, 91

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Blake, Gender and Culture Watson, John, on Gambold’s Moravian hymnal, 67–8 Watson, Richard, An Apology for the Bible, 14–15 Webster, Brenda, 34 Wedgwood, Josiah, 137, 138, 141 Wesley, John, on Moravians, 60 Whelan, Frederick G., 100 Whitaker, Ann, 89 Whitehead, Angus, 3 Wilkie, Brian, 127 Williams, Helen Maria, Letters Written in France in the Summer 1790, 102, 107 Wilson, Mona, 73 Wilton, A., ‘Blake’s Illustrations for Thornton’s Virgil’, 151–2 Winckelmann, Johann Joachim, 139 Wollstonecraft, Mary, 9, 111, 103 Original Stories from Real Life, 112 Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 112, 116–19, 120, 122 Worrall, David, 112 Wright, Julia, 120, 165 Yeats, W. B., 73, 78–9 Yorkshire Moravians, 62 Young, Edward, Night Thoughts, 133, 141 Zeppelin attacks, Mary Butts and, 76 Zinzendorf, Count, 80, 81, 82 Ehereligion, 57–63, 70 Zoa, in Gambold’s Moravian hymnal, 68–9, 70 Zohar, 38

Tory-Jacobite sympathies, Butts and, 73 transgendering, 111, 112, 115–16 Trinity, 45 in Genesis manuscript, 20 Moravians and, 65, 68 Trinitarianism, 20, 23 unborn foetus, 124–5 Unitarianism, 11, 102, 167 Urizen, 9, 46, 95, 104–6, 109, 143, 172 and Albion, 31 and Los, 15–16 and Orc, 28–30, 99, 103–5 and Rahab, 28–30, 32 Vala, 25, 29–30, 69 and Jerusalem, 9, 86–9, 91, 174 and Los, 86, 88 as Rahab, 25, 29–30 van Lamsweerde, Jan Baptist, 124 Venetian school, 3 Virgil, Pastorals, Blake’s woodcuts, 10, 145–64 Viscomi, Joseph, on designs for Butts, 17 visionary eroticism, Mary Butts and, 72–3, 77–82 Volney, Constantin, Ruins: or, A Survey of the Revolutions of Empires, 13 Voltaire, 101 Wakefield, Gilbert, 102 Wallace, William, 75 Walpole, Horace, 135 Warrington Dissenting Academy, 102

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