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‫‪ ١‬אא ‪ ٢‬א ‪8‬א‪K9: 7‬א‪;7‬א‪ K8‬‬
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‫‪/2‬א&?א>‪ ١٤٢٨L٢٣٩٧W‬‬
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KK‫אאא 
א‬ 
)*+,‫א‬-./0+'1E#$ ‫א‬%
&'F  ! 
2'%3+3‫א‬%4!+3‫א‬+45‫א‬6%4 75‫א‬%4+,3‫א‬%8 9‫א‬:;<=،+?4  
8%8 C@+A;‫א‬2BCDE+ FG%4'
H‫א‬+4+I‫א‬ 
'5‫אא‬R? %44PO‫א‬Q*+ A1‫א‬2'J+;،%K4LM‫א‬+AN+B?O= 
%ED'V W%4P  
C+U' ،J E‫א‬T) M‫א‬%P!S+K= ‫א‬ 
K%K4LM‫א‬+AN‫א‬% M‫א‬+4+E  
%41=%+X C%4+YH‫א‬ZR?2CR  +PAM‫א‬:‫א‬J+; 
،%4^ _[ ‫\'א‬+ !]+4+I‫@א‬+PY6%4'
H‫א‬%8 9+  ‫א‬ 
TE#$ ‫א‬%
&'Fcd‫אא‬R?Vb !F$،%4
‫ א‬QC+1'`a 
R1'#$ ‫א‬%
&MeK‫א‬Q?1M‫א‬f agP،%4d‫א‬+ F 
‫א‬RCA
‫א‬$،+?!+=+' ‫א‬g4/hV4U/,،%8‫א‬P‫א‬ 
JF`'،
H‫א‬a@d‫א‬GT'H‫א‬Z+i0‫א‬jd= A/J+A‫א‬ 
+4 F mJF0n،% $e5+?l+  !cA8k#$ ‫א‬%
&' 
+9UT, =JFT4PO‫א‬2'J+;+?'‫א‬aH‫א‬:YFo‫א‬E
H‫א‬ 
K@d‫א‬G% '+‫א‬%4'
H‫א‬+
&M‫ א‬  

o‫אא‬6/nG‫א א‬pV?JFq^Q*+A!2'J+; 
#$ ‫א‬%
&MeK‫א‬Q?1M‫א‬2% b 
%*+$%
&M‫א‬+?4:= 
B=‫א‬tu‫ א@א‬s%
&M‫א‬V+F$،r+ P8,=)'+:P$q^ 
!g
+1‫א‬2'JF+18F $،%$‫א‬f a ‫א‬%/‫אא‬%4+K + 
K@‫ א‬I‫אא‬RC2'+KOA,' 
KKz4 A‫א‬+w`KA18+'x +,‫א‬w4yJF) 'v 
  

 

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8&6  



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++nJF+;%+H‫א‬G ‫א‬A‫א‬%? ‫א‬% b
5‫א‬%4PlTLA,= 
TjPA‫א‬J 8JF2}0،6{‫א‬2'%L8%4K |+?% b
5‫א‬ 
K%4K ~‫א‬ZR?B  J+;‫^א‬n0nx +, r+a‫א‬++H‫א‬ 
++H‫א‬J =JF:F2'2'F+' ‫א‬A‫א‬e+K=:F2' 
‫א‬,€%1LA'% 8 O‫א‬%',M‫א‬ZRCVPA;x +, r+/ a3;F 
wA$
‚%8{ :3ƒ%7~‫אא~€א‬,K‫א‬ZRC،%7| 
% b
5‫א‬++n+?1K=o‫א‬%8{‫'`א‬%E1'++,3‫א‬2'Zjd 
K%/O‫א‬ 
HI@J&: <K  ;‫'א‬FG‫א‬ED&"?!F?
9?B@A9L١ 
O P‫א‬Q‫'א‬ARS>TH‫א‬L O P‫א‬L U2KO!K2K‫א‬L MN 
NXY‫א‬JZL /;![7‫א‬K/A\']X‫א‬VWAH‫א‬K/ SK 
W`!JF`GaA0bcJd8eK،&T^?P"N_‫א‬K2Y‫א‬JZK 
hIi&'Y‫א‬KEIslam at the CrossroadsFf'Y‫א‬fgG RS# 
‫א‬ 
K`Aj'kl7‫א‬2L&m‫א‬EThe Road to MeccaFF 
:3'
H‫א‬T‫א‬,AW%4=„‫א‬%U/‫א‬:E 
5‫א‬w+A;G 
+?L:4Vd47$w*‫א‬DF:;،\+1P‫א‬BXT 
1C28 = 
€4%+‫א‬2*‫א‬p\TY+?4€4،r+L+?LB4-P‫א‬

; 

+ˆ ،BX\+1z O'Jp‫= א‬w ;q^%E4A!،+?1‡,18+'+?4 
،‰4‫א‬wa '`aB4+=2'
H‫א‬G+':;Je YJ+; 
2B =FJFŠnsV4 
,،‹T Œ5‫א‬BUFwJ+;+' C 
،1‫Žא‬8+/FJv,‫א‬V 
،w =FJF`4OA
F+':;
H‫א‬ 
+'
H‫א‬2gA;+r‫א‬jP;r‫ א‬$w +=
H‫א‬%dV  

G+?U'p+E‫‘א‬Gr+ P8,=‫ א‬1 
V 
V$F،ZagA; 
JF+ˆ،%4 75‫ 
א‬H‫א‬%b4PY+P':=FJFcd،%18M‫א‬%' 
,، +O$5‫א‬# A’2') ‫א‬S+A‫א‬J+'+A!+;)A18‫א‬ 
*+‫א‬%4+A0‫א‬%418‫א„ א\א‬# A’  SlH‫א‬2'V1ƒ 
e
‹ V, |+! +,M‫א‬+
‫א א‬ZRC:;،T' 
H‫א‬k+‫א‬Gr+4+/ 
$6 $F‫א‬D80%4+A‫א‬%4/ C+U;
H‫‹א‬JFr+“
‫ א‬r‫א‬+,A‫א‬ 
+A‫א‬+?K |o‫א‬# “A‫א‬C+U':;B” ، P‫א‬+?%‫א‬ 
KE١F@
H‫א‬2) ‫א‬ 
W%4=„‫א‬+U/‫א‬:E 
T!+3‫@א‬+A‫א‬T 
T!5% ‫א  @א‬q =f B? LV/FA 
B?|2'w!F,A‫א‬،[‫א א‬K‫)א‬r+8 Lr+m=B?8 
gP=o‫ א‬,K‫א‬%, ‫א‬# A;FJF2}B?=+4:LF@$F 
w1;VK  A;‫א‬,،%4 5‫א‬%4“ T |‫אא‬:'+A‫א‬:;<= 
KE١٢١١F˜—l—hK' 
H‫א‬E١F 


< 

%4 a ‫א‬+?l %,‫א‬%8‫א‬261!+1 eR‫\א‬T ‫א‬q^ 
T+A0‫א‬BC +4?!‫ א‬G A/J  ‫א‬+?`AA8o‫א‬ 
#l+=2'3;F80w!F%8‫א‬P‫א‬GwYFV1;+'،T
+4‫א‬ 
šB?14+4w/FeR‫א‬e 1‫א‬J+'5‫א‬%4‫א‬+4‫א‬:Y`' 
%4”+l%P”T4‫א‬p،%4=‫א‬R‫א‬%‫א‬wP 8+'Šn+?; F0%,8O 
e 1M‫א‬2'5‫ 
€א‬FG28eR‫\א‬T  ‫א‬q^w1;%'G 
B?  $›œ+'VK A;‫א‬T!V/FT'+AC‫”א‬GKKTK1‫א‬ 
u+ A;‫ א‬Lr+L8FV/F،B?C+i‫א‬B9œBC:d 8 
T!=e:d =T‫א‬: =+!F;šo‫א‬%4K~‫א‬6 ,‫א‬ 
KE١F@:4P‫א‬8?=JF 
`wPYFJ+;w!F0n،V+'%<aV!+;+?'%8‫א‬P‫א‬GA 
q^ A/w1r+”V1; +5‫א‬2'k+%'GF، +A 

% [+1‫)א‬w4 u +AM‫ א‬1M+r+18
H‫א‬TP8k،V$ ‫א‬ 
›  
C+' ,r+4= C0r+'+U!€4،+4 r+ 
FT‫א‬:،28 
w!F‘Jv,‫א‬TKKK/‫א‬wn  T ‫ א‬D=8`AžG 
gCh‫Šא‬n%+/ =0w4n  
eR‫א‬w 0nv20 ,P80 
P  K'z/˜~‫א‬،˜~‫א‬z4,A%4K|@‫ א‬F‰AKCD‫א‬ 
‫א‬B?, |o‫א‬OK‫א‬2[+1‫א‬+A‫א‬0n=0%b4O~‫א‬،0 + 

KE١٠١١٠٠F˜%'Šnz8O‫א‬E١F 
  

f‫א‬JP+،%8 P‫א‬%4PO‫א‬G%4*+13‫Œ א‬FeFFk،+?4  
2+C/F:K180/‫א‬/ ;T'
H‫ א‬U1 ‫א‬GJ8 
[+/H‫ א\א‬2'+‫א‬gP‫ א‬CQ?1‫א‬q^J 80FV 
KK|„‫א‬ 
KE١F@) ‫א‬D4}eR‫א‬TK1‫א‬eK‫א‬Jp‫ א‬A‫א‬2'5+ 
%/‫אא‬q =:3'TK!GŽP8+'w k+‫א‬G 80A 
J„‫'?א‬،@d‫א‬G  'j”VP7Fo‫א‬،+?Yo‫א‬ 
2J‫¡א‬8J‫א‬R ‫א‬+a‫א‬q^%/‫אא‬q =،— ‫א‬2'\+KA|0‫א‬S+4L+ 
KE٢F@+?¢4œeR‫א‬k+‫א‬%4!+!H‫אא‬R‫)א‬/+‫א‬z‫ א‬A‫א‬ 
WT=8+'G‡“ A=
H‫א‬2@d‫א‬G%*+  ‫א„ א\א‬A 
4,‫א‬2BC šEˆ،
H‫א‬2Q=+!) M‫א‬£+O¤‫א‬ 
q^J]BCB?=+4/g4+
F@d‫א‬B4C+K'P=%4'
H‫א‬ 
Kk+ B9:LFJ 4 

H‫א‬x+P'2'w?ŠnV 7 =+'B4C+K'2'w=+'JF0n 
+r C 'r+' ?K'0nV4@d‫א‬6%*+ ‫א„ א\א‬ZRCJF1$Fw4$ 
،
H‫א‬2r+i+!28k) M‫א‬# ¥JFT‰L=‫א‬KK
H‫א‬2 

H‫א‬J+;,KK
H‫א‬BC'F+;‫ א‬4œJFGB?$+K|H2 
KE٣F@%4'+ 
%4+,Œ%86 ^Šn:*‫א‬5‫א )א‬:m+' C 
KE١٢٩١٢٧F˜%'Šnz8O‫א‬E١F 
 

Kz+‫`א‬M‫א‬E٢F 
 

Kz+‫`א‬M‫א‬E٣F

= 

G+,3‫א‬GM‫א‬,A‫Šא‬nr+ 8 $r‫א‬D+/ +A|+
H‫א‬A 
$،T!+!H‫©א‬8 +A‫א‬+K7S F2'/‫א‬SFeR‫א‬e +L‫א‬ 
0:, B!f aG/+'1%4+yn#$‫' א‬D+‫א‬q^ 
CD 0+4 B!،˜ 1‫א‬+,A 0T‫א‬: B!،:?E  
‫א‬KlGr++P=F
H‫א‬gA8JFr+PE28kqR،%1PC‫א‬ 
0r+18KK@  ‫א‬,،@‫א‬/p+iJFEˆ% *+C 
q^`4 KK%8 P‫א‬+4‫א‬%'‫&;;א‬8،Š5‫א‬%b4O~‫? א‬K',8 
1K8%4 +A‫א‬w=+8‫א‬G`
‫א א‬Z + A!‫ 
א‬H‫ א‬+A!‫א‬%4K4;K8 
‫ א‬, |2'BCr‫^א‬nJ  M‫א‬28k،#4‫א‬ª «  A!‫א‬w!BD‫א‬ 
JFEˆ،) M‫א‬%Uz |2'
H‫א‬J+;:،
H‫א‬%U 
QC+P|+4 r+
Fr+E?1'J 8JFA‫א‬+ŠnB?!+}n‹ š 
B,‫€א‬+,A‫א‬r+4y =+? X‹:/، +L‫א‬q =G—~‫א‬-P1‫א‬ 
KE١F@%+,3‫א‬: š 
K!‫א‬o‫א‬%K‫א‬TC
H‫ א‬+Lp +%K7BCFV!+;A 
/‫ א‬n2'%,3P1'+?!F%,/‫א‬F%,+‫א‬%8 P‫ אא‬+L‫א‬2+? 
Z‫;א‬n¢da?$4%,+ 
‫ א‬+L/:3'2=k،+?    
%4,4,/%P” 2'r;r‫\א‬DV!+;+?1،¬+'‫ אא‬nS += 
2'w4 B?3/+'+B?!+}n2'A'،) M‫`א‬4 6% 47F 
 

Kz+‫`א‬M‫א‬E١F 
 

> 

V,,š,KK
r 47Fr+4+A‫א‬r‫א‬$+=V!+;,،:+n 
ž€4،r+4 +=­+$‫א‬:EM‫א‬4/ ‫א‬T+A0‫א‬,‫א‬q^JF 
6'  w!F‰75‫  א‬F،j$'p6' z,š¢,%8U! 
+2'%1 
%*+'2':$F،`
‫—א‬+O! ,‫א‬z,šj$'p 
@
ª 8
‚:475‫א‬T,1‫א‬: ‫אא‬B  
w4 ‫ א‬7 
‫א‬ 
,KK%4K ~‫Šא‬nf‫א‬D8B8 ,‫א‬Q?1‫א‬F%4+A‫א‬J,‫א‬G،+K‫א‬w4 
‫\א‬+2'JF0n،4,‫\א‬+,!‫ א‬UKœJFJ  M‫א‬JKM‫א‬+/ 
jKA‫א‬2‫ א‬K$ =،+?A0‫א‬2‫ א‬+,= $:$F‫! א‬+;BC 
%4+;
‚%‫Šאא‬5‫ א‬,‫א‬V!+;KK—~‫א‬+?A0‫א‬SPM‫א‬ 
`+'‫א‬RC،eK‫א‬e +L‫א‬T$‫א‬2'%4'+ 
%$Gwa  
,‫א‬JF0n،
‚CR‫א‬+% /M‫א‬q =#7Šn)| &M‫א‬ 
%4'
H‫ א‬+L‫ ;א‬،T/‫א\א‬Rd‫‡א‬,1V=+'$%‫אא‬ 
K%PM‫א‬%$~‫ א‬,‫א‬+,A0r‫א‬ 
Q?1'z4,šG287+M‫ )א‬M‫—א‬+K|n2'3;F dY+'‹Jn 
uFJF4K8J+;w=‫^א‬Q?1M‫א‬G%1LAM‫א‬+4!+'H‫ 
א‬H‫א‬ 
‫א‬RCz4POA%+!%+X›+1CV!+;KKj$'p6'|w!F 
J+;+'،r+,/0w,4,š2}+'V$Gw,4,š2'F+'Q?1M‫א‬ 
+4 A‫א‬2‫א‬Y) M‫א‬JF T |‫א‬G+; ?8 
B? o‫א‬+4+3M‫א‬2JAP8B? ®/eR‫א‬+'KK28 %4 75‫א‬ 
‫א‬D=0+4 A‫א‬q =V'‫א‬+'VL'r+!$ %ŒŒ:P$B?4P!+C+8n 
T‫؟א‬%4'+ 
%+ 
2'w š+'ŠnS+A
0‫ אאא‬FJnB9%/+A'  

%+ 
‫א‬q =B4+=Šn°+A¤T+‫א‬+!G2¤+1!F+ ; 
,،B 
w4 ‫ א‬7XG‫ א‬Y+28R‫\א‬0&C2'3;F 
V!+;qRJ„‫א‬±4!+r‫א‬j3;¢FuW+b4G‫ א‬Y+ 
w4+4/FV1;eR‫א‬k+‫א‬،+1= '2'j3:$FB?= ' 
,KKKY C+'j| C+M%'+%8{ eF@+4d¢P“A8J+;w ; 
%8*+,%8+
²F°+Aœ7+M‫א‬+1AžJF+=),4V/F 
w yJ+}nŠn°+Aœw!FZ‫א‬F)$+A‫א‬+YF2'rY = 
TO8wK!V$ ‫א‬G،w=‫^א‬,A‫א‬:F2'e+M‫א‬,A‫ ›| א\א‬8 
)Jp‫ א‬A‫א‬z4,š%4K4;Šn+!Yj 
q^JF+?P4!+4  
wEA!%,,X%Π+;2'+!R,14 
q^JF،%4!P‫א‬%4/‫א‬+1=++4A/‫א‬ 
%'eV dYT=+4/2'hK‫א‬q =G،%  
$+?4n 
% /'p+i$،:P$2'|v\TYC^:d 8k+;
H‫א‬ 
š,،)P8”%+,Œ28T ,‫א‬+AC0‫א‬eK‫א—א‬dA
0‫א‬ 
KE١F%,4,‫א‬2 XŽ«ŠnT'+AC‫א‬ 
89`dF I2q/ &89MXRJj،nBX‫
?א‬9?oi7Ap 
O  ‫אא‬2W A` ;Sr &'s  K#
I  O !t u 
K/e
K 

Kz+‫`א‬M‫א‬E١F 
  

+?4,8;^%, /6F ،¢ 
5‫Šא —א‬nŠ5‫א‬wA / G 
%4!+3‫א‬wA / G،+4;hEe +=  
F+'/FG%4 ‫א‬ 
T!+'C^GVL=‫א‬FWw ,+?4 z 8ZRC;R‫א‬%, /;RA8 
q^J+;Ee +=  
FG;R‫א‬%, /C+Y+'1TP=k 
+?=C+Yj3;++ 2'/‫א‬TC%+I‫א‬q A8‫€א‬,O‫א‬ 
 PA=V!+;o‫ 
א‬H‫ א‬7`'zKA80%4'
H‫א‬P‫א‬# A’G 
2'
H‫ א‬% 4|[ ,O‫א‬+
+‫א‬q =JFT)P=KKC^G 
BC +F% A‫='א‬V+Y,K%4'
nj” +'+? 
u A‫א‬q^-   KaF+،%44'%81C%4/  +F 
KX1‫א‬+?\+o‫א‬%+ 
‫א‬2%P8”B4C+K' 
:4P‫א‬TC%4 ,‫א‬%4PP‫א‬JFX1‫א‬%+ 
;FBΠ
2+?4 g=h8+'%4 ‫'א‬A‫א‬AP=+14‰4‫א‬J+}‚ 
0TKl+0T!, ?K'\TY:;:P$
H‫א‬،J LM‫א‬q^ 
28+PA‫א‬uA|%a'%Y+42=+?'0+K!0‫א‬،T+K!‫א‬ 
JF+;،%4 ,‫א‬%4PP‫€א‬B?+’‫א‬5‫א‬+P” uA|+ 
KE١F+/e%' 'j”%4+K!0‫א‬ 
WJ+A!+dFG%8$B;+/wK4L'`' ‫ א‬/G;R8B 8JF:P$ 
q+ƒFB @‫א‬rjP;J+;w!+}n2r‫א‬jd7‫א‬J+;AWB;+‫א‬+$F 
Kz+‫`א‬M‫א‬E١F 
 

3 

TK4L'TnU!@:4 $B!+}nJj3;BA!FAWS+!+V $TK! 
G%FTK!q+ƒFJFJ2'V $+V E“r+ C1' 
WV $u +:4;%P$+A'% b
F:YejK=R¥‫א‬V $+'‰4a = 
%,3‫א‬q =BK!%,3‫א‬³,) M‫' א‬B!F®/#4;A 
¢4´‫א‬2'J$2':$FGB=4, !2'B;\+vV1'o‫א‬ 
BA+EYB= $J EA=0‫^א‬+‫—א)؟‬+FŠnT l5‫א‬ 
:;18B1'w+=: ‰P8#4;‫؟‬T K‫א‬B!+}n+A
0 
TK4L':W‫؟‬f7H‫א‬c ?1‫\א‬+4/H‫א‬GBr‫א‬D' 
‚%4$ 
2'% ˆ6|F'Y¢$+A8F$Q 3‫א‬J+;KK+r A'+7 
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uWgP%4+C ‫א‬J]E% 4+C ‫א‬24F+r  7+|r+ »‫א‬zA= 
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JF¢$zP8k2،28|„‫אא )א‬GuOA=6|5‫א‬ 
B ‫א‬%$%P1++Cj”2+CD4}r+7+|+C+i‫א‬+9JV?=‫א‬ 
KB M‫א‬jd 
‫!א‬+ ¡‫א‬J02‫!אא‬+ G%4K  8I‫ א‬A‫אא‬RC 
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3 

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28 +4O‫א‬2')1Œ‫א‬%8 CVK A;‫א‬%48'5‫א א‬H‫א‬Jw ;k+‫א‬ 
J‫| א‬5‫א‬+C%4! 8DK A‫א‬+Y+  ‫א‬+C 7Á'28R ‫)א‬8 +A!0‫א‬ 
‫א‬H‫א‬JFw ;k+‫א‬u+8F%ŒŒ|G%41I‫א‬+8  
e +Ç 
J ahKM‫א‬J Kl+~‫א‬BC  %=%8 CVK  A;‫א‬%48'5‫א‬ 
V!+;،%8 ‫א‬%41I‫א‬2' /FB?1'Jn:4$` 5‫ אא‬+4O  
7c=‫ א‬+O,‫א‬+OX%4M+‫ אא‬+O‫א‬%'+‫א‬2;+'5‫א‬ 
+8F -}kw!FB”+،BC\+»F %A‫)א‬8 +A!0‫א‬ 
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)8 ‫א‬2'%4!+ÀJF?W A/،®+‫א‬2'%1 
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G A/،SDDA=0%“
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$w8T8'5‫א‬H‫א‬%7+ÇTd‫א‬H‫א‬Jn 
#4a+T, A‫א‬JF+?1'T+A0‫€א‬K1‫א‬B +4O'#4W = 
:4 šŠnE 80+w!];‫א‬R‫א‬e $J+;  A/،;‫א‬R‫א‬ 
T, AM‫א‬Jn[  M‫`א‬$‫ א‬+?Aa +'ŠnZ+PA!0‫א‬،+?A! +,' +P|5‫א‬

3: 

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2'2=k2ET/+K;F@+A;G o‫א‬+4  1A‫א‬ 
KET +4'F?2'+?!
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J]wR;+4?WJn¡~‫א‬JFJ 4'H‫א‬%
+‫א‬u8 
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G+??U=o‫ א‬+%4K ‫א‬V!+;Jn ,!zP 
+'\ aG 
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: E&-S Q 24 #(  ZV&[ J & " 

2': A=+b4Gr+!$ % F|G
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Jv,‫א‬GTC+;
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K%4‫Žא‬8+/5‫א‬ 

H‫ א‬G+?,4PO=6
ł%4,1‫א א‬JF (C) 
K% 5‫\א‬+K ~‫?א‬G‫א‬R+P‫א‬ 
K
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J+/H+%b4‫א‬% +,'Šn ‫! א‬5‫אאא‬RC\‫ א‬2'JF 
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w= T+yH‫ א‬OA‫  א‬w= $wA!ˆ
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J 8Ž4/ZjdJ+!H‫א‬%$G ‫ א‬7F
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K%8 P‫א‬+4‫ א‬r+!‫א‬ 
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3 

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‰ O'JFu!+1C2'،:4 L=Šn:،%8{‫א‬G@‫א‬Oa‫א‬ 
A ‫א‬+80 ‫א‬G?Wo‫א‬+P4A‫Šא‬n%P!%4 75‫א‬ 
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J,‫א‬G%4K5‫א‬%;‫א‬2'7F !+?!FFUNDAMENTALS 
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W%4 75‫א‬

3= 

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K%48'5‫א‬A‫א‬+80 ‫א‬G 
+GFJ;F%'+JFEp.19F@+A‫אא‬RCG\+ 
2'٪٣١JF‰‫אא‬RC?WF،%
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5‫א —א‬G`,A 
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A/\+'‫א‬:4 
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KEIbidp.21F:4'٢٠٠Šn[,‫א‬2'Aƒ%+:4~‫א‬%1F¼ P8 
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w38/FKwA
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Šn١٩٨٣+w38/E٢١˜FG،; +B4Šn١٩٨٠+G 
%48'5‫א‬%4 4*‫ 
א‬H‫א‬%'+‫א‬J& ‫א‬%1I\+LF/FTom Dine 
KEIbidp.17F  

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J =JVL$‫ אא‬nJnFW+$Ž4/:4*‫ 
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א‬n 
KE+1=‫ א‬nJ =JFgy‫ אא‬nJF5‫Šא‬n 
w=‫א א‬$ ‫א‬7n:P$w!‰8A‫; א‬,Ë €4*‫א‬+'F 
K\+‫א‬GeR‫א‬Z+Fj A8 
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% 
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K%4!+ ‫ א‬A/%4'
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e F#  #c )V &VdV D0 Q & Y  FS T&DH 0 

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،r++'Fr+ +XB ‫א‬j”J+;\‫
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KE*+‫
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B; =+$28R‫ א‬,‫\א‬0&C‫א‬B š0eF،E*+M‫ 
א‬٢F 
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‫א‬C+WB; +82'B; |F28‫א‬GB; =+$28R‫א‬ 
KE%1AM‫
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28R‫א‬2‫א‬B;+?180F،E:1‫
א‬٩٠FEJ+/H‫א‬+'8‫א‬ 
‫ א‬O,=BC¡=JFB; +82'B; k28‫א‬GB; =+,8k 
w r+1l‫' א‬J+;J]KE%1AM‫
א‬٨FE)O,‫א‬gœ‫א‬JnB?4n 
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B M‫א‬j” 13A8،\+L,‫א‬+'FB ‫א'`א‬+‫א‬B  +':3' 
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