You are on page 1of 16


This section outlines the minimum requirements for a Columbus Torah Academy High School diploma. Courses are to be completed over a four-year period. The following table summarizes graduation requirements. General Studies English Mathematics Science Social Studies Hebrew Computers Health Physical Education Fine Arts* Community Service Judaic Studies Talmud Chumash Judaic Studies Classes of 2011-2013 Credits 4.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 (Two semesters, .25 each) 0.5 15 hours annually Class of 2014 Credits 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 15 hours annually

4.0 4.0 4.0

4.0 4.0 4.0

*Note: Many Ohio Universities require 1.0 Fine Arts credit that can be obtained through electives such as Art II and Film Studies.


High School Academic Diploma with Honors for Graduating Classes of 2011 and Beyond Students need to fulfill only 7 of the following 8 criteria
Subject Criteria


4 units


4 units, including Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II or equivalent and another higher level course or a four-year sequence of courses that contain equivalent content 4 units, including physics and chemistry 4 units 3 units, including at least 2 units in each language studied 1 unit Not counted toward requirements and may not be used to meet requirements Not counted toward requirements 3.5 on a 4.0 scale 27 ACT / 1210 SAT None

Science Social Studies Foreign Language Fine Arts


Electives Grade Point Average ACT/SAT Score [excluding scores from the writing sections]* Additional Assessment

*Writing sections of either standardized test should not be included in the calculation of this score. Diploma with Honors requirements pre-suppose completion of all high school diploma requirements in Ohio Revised Code including: ½ unit physical education** ½ unit health ½ unit in American history ½ unit in government **SB 311 allows school districts to adopt a policy exempting students who participate in athletics, marching band or cheerleading for two full seasons from the physical education requirement.


The following breakdown of General Studies courses by year and may be altered according to individual needs. See Ohio Department of Education’s website for more detailed information. *Indicates a required course that must be taken during the four years of High School.

Ninth Grade Program
Courses *English 9/World Literature *World History *Geometry *Biology *Computers *Physical Education - Girls Credits 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.25

Tenth Grade Program
Courses *English 10/American Literature *American History *Algebra II or Geometry *College Preparatory Chemistry *Art I *Health – Boys *Physical Education – Girls Credits 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.25


Eleventh Grade Program
AP is a trademarked designation and not simply an indicator of upper level work. The AP designation is authorized by The College Board; all CTA AP courses have passed The College Board Course Audit process and are officially authorized by them. AP courses require significantly more work outside of school and demand more independent learning on the part of the student than regular courses. CTA weights grades such that students enrolled in AP courses will have an additional .5 added to the value of their grade.

Courses *English 11/12 or AP Lit (AP English courses alternate each year) *Government & Economics *Algebra II, PreCalc, Calc or AP Calc *Physics, AP Physics (Science courses alternate each year) *Health – Boys *Physical Education - Girls Effective Communication

Credits 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.25 0.5

Twelfth Grade Program
Courses *English 11/12 or AP English Lit (AP English courses alternate each year) PreCalculus, Calculus, or AP Calculus Physics or AP Physics (Science course alternate each year) Electives Effective Communication AP Social Studies Art II Film Studies Post Secondary Option Credits 1.0 1.0 1.0

0.5 1.0 0.5 1.0


Subject descriptions contain the following information in the order shown below: Course title Length of course Grade level Credit Prerequisites

**All course offerings are subject to sufficient enrollment.

Art I 1 semester Grade 10 .5 credit Prereq.: None

Art I curriculum is based on a survey of Art History from ancient times to the present. The purpose of this course is for students to gain an understanding of artistic processes and media through the framework of art history. In this course, students will explore art through class discussions, investigating other artists’ work throughout art history, and studio art-making projects in both 2-D and 3-D media. Students will also have the chance to research, plan, and create their own projects at the end of the quarter. Art II 1 semester Grade 11, 12 .5 credit Prereq.: Art I

The Art II curriculum focuses on building and refining skills as well as emphasizing concepts. In this course, students will examine and create art using the lens of “Big Ideas” (broad, overarching themes in art and in life), through projects, research, and class discussions. In Art II, we will address the Big Ideas of Identity, Memories, Relationships, and Language/Text. Students will also plan individualized projects that align with their specific interests and address the Big Ideas above. They will also be able to work in the media of their choice, enabling them to explore new processes and styles.

Computers I 1 semester Grade 9 .5 credit Prereq.: None

Computers I is a one semester course in which students examine how technology extends human potential and how it is the result of creative and inventive thinking of many individuals. Microsoft products, Word, PowerPoint and Excel will be used, in addition to software such as Alice and Scratch for animation, and Mindstorms for robotics applications. Students will systematically solve a variety of problems through troubleshooting, experimentation and innovative thought.


English 9: World Literature 1 year Grade 9 1 credit Prereq.: None

The World Literature curriculum is designed to offer students a historical overview of World Literature selections in a variety of genres. Mythology, drama, poetry, short stories, novels, and plays will be read and analyzed. Literature is selected thematically. The composition component of this course emphasizes structure and effective language and will include a variety of creative and expository writing experiences, including research. Students will have the opportunity to develop their own voice through a variety of genres. English 10: American Literature 1 year Grade 10 1 credit Prereq.: English 9

As students face a pivotal time in their academic lives, English 10 presents an exploration of the themes and achievements of American Literature from the Colonial era through the 20th century. The course will examine the themes that shaped American political, cultural, and aesthetic movements, as well develop the literacy and communication skills crucial for successful performance in students’ broadening academic world. English 11/12: British Literature 1 year (alternate years 2012-2013) Grade 11, 12

1 credit Prereq.: English 10

English 11/12 exposes students to literary themes and their relevant cultural/historical contexts. Students will engage in a variety of reading and writing activities in order to gain an understanding and appreciation of selected great works of British literature. Vocabulary will be emphasized throughout the year, especially in preparation for the PSAT and SAT. In addition, students will gain an awareness of the importance of reading and writing in their everyday lives. Advanced Placement Literature and Composition 11, 12 1 credit 1 year (alternate years 2012-2013) Prereq.: Recommendation of Grade 11, 12 English Depart. and writing sample The Advanced Placement Literature and Composition course is designed to teach beginning college writing through the fundamentals of rhetorical theory, and follows the curricular requirements described in the AP English course description. The course will explore those vital aspects of writing and composition including strategies for analysis, organization, and style (diction, syntax, figurative language, mechanics). A course demanding a rigorous workload of reading, writing, and analytical tasks, AP Literature is for those students who plan on taking the AP Literature test in the spring to gain college credit. Modified English 1 year Grade 9, 10, 11 l2 1 credit Prereq: A recommendation from a teacher or and administrator

This course is recommended for students who have not passed either the reading or the writing sections of the Ohio Graduation Tests. It uses modified, easier to read materials that parallel


the grade level coursework. Specialized instruction offers opportunities for reinforcing essential skills for both reading and writing. Effective Communication 1 semester Grade 11, 12 .5 credit Prereq.: Recommendation of English Department

In Effective Communication, students will learn that communication is the process that links every individual with the self, the environment, and other people. Students will become better communicators by identifying strengths and weaknesses and by organizing their thoughts and writing in preparation for speechmaking. Students will deliver various types of speeches and will learn to adapt their communication to fit different audiences and purposes. Through the study of oral communication, students will be better able to assess the language that surrounds them and its impact on their lives. Film Studies Grade 12 1 credit

Film Studies presents a study of the history of moving pictures. This academic and production course aims to explore how the revolution of film developed, both as an art and an industry, as well as to participate in the very means of video production with Adobe Premier. This course also fulfills the State’s Art requirement.


The Hebrew studies in the upper grades are divided into four different areas: Grammar (verb forms and writing skills): Oral conversations, Hebrew newspaper (reading and listening comprehension) and Reading book. Each week we devote one learning period to grammar, one learning period to oral conversation, one learning period to Hebrew newspaper, and two learning periods to the Reading book. The students in all high school classes learn and practice conversations on casual topics, such as: “in the store,” “in the airport,” “on the bus,” etc. As part of this learning, they review and master related vocabulary and phrases, with emphasis on correct pronunciation, public speaking, listening comprehension and responsiveness, all in Hebrew. The students in all the classes also read from the Hebrew newspapers, “Breshit” and “Yanshuf.” The students read articles, or listen recordings of the articles, comprehend them and learn how to summarize them. Then, they present the articles they read before the class. This process improves the students’ reading comprehension, public speaking, summarizing and listening comprehension skills. 9th-10th Grade Hebrew The students are divided according to Hebrew skill level based on a diagnostic test at the end of the year. Curriculum rotates every other year. Grammar: As the grammar curriculum is an accumulated curriculum, this subject is learned by grade level. Below is the list of units learned on each grade. 9th grade: 1. Review the “Kal” verb form. 2. Parts of speech. 3. Verb forms of “Nifal”. 4. Use the Paal and Nifal verb forms in sentences. 5. Divert sentences from passive to active. 6. “He Haydiah” 7. Diversion of a shoresh into verb, noun and adjective. 10th grade 1. Review the “Kal” “Nifal”, verb forms. 2. Prepositions- in depth, 3. Hebrew phrases. 4. Verb forms of “Piel” and “Pual”. 5. 4. Use the “Piel” and “Pual” verb forms in sentences. 6. Punctuation. 7. “Vav Hachibur” 11th grade 1. Review the “Kal” “Nifal” “Piel” and “Pual”, verb forms. 2. Verb forms of “Hitpael”, Hifeel” and “Hufal”. 3. Hebrew phrases. 4. Verb forms of “Piel” and “Pual”. 5. Exceptions of verb form “Hitpael”.


6. Hebrew phrases 7. “Leshon Ha-Torah” verses “Leshon Chazal”. 8. Review the 7 verb forms. As the curriculum rotates every other year, two reading books are being used: Year One: “Habricha,” by Ester Shtriet Vertzel. This book tells the story of the escape of a Jewish family from an Arab country, and their Aliya to Israel, before 1967. Year Two: “Uri” by Ester Shtriet Vertzel. This book tells the story of Israeli teens during the British mandate and the rebellion against it. Hebrew newspaper: The students read from the Hebrew newspaper, “Yanshuf” (for Level 1) and “Breshit” (for Level 2). Conversations: The students learn and practice conversations from the books “Darkon L’Israel” “Sichot” and from “Breshit.” 11th and 12th Grade Hebrew The students are divided according to Hebrew skill level based on a diagnostic test at the end of the year. Curriculum rotates every other year. Grammar: Grammar: As the grammar curriculum is an accumulated curriculum, this subject is learned by grade level. We will begin to follow this curriculum in the 2012-2013 school year and, therefore, we will start with an in-depth review of previous topics in order to set the ground for future years. Grade 11: Students review the “Kal” “Nifal”, verb forms. They learn prepositions in depth, Hebrew phrases, and learn the verb forms of “Piel” and “Pual”. Grade 12: Students review the “Kal” “Nifal”, verb forms. They learn prepositions in depth, Hebrew phrases, and learn the verb forms of “Piel” and “Pual”. The reading book As the curriculum rotates every other year, two reading books are being used: Year One: “Haed Haacharon” by Ami Gdaliah, which tells a true story about holocaust deniers in a school in Switzerland in 1987. Year Two: “Tzav Rishon”, which tells the story of a high school student in modern Israel, and his preparations for his mandatory army service. Hebrew newspaper: The students read the Hebrew newspaper “Yanshuff” (for Level 1) and “Breshit” (for Level 2). Conversations: The students learn and practice conversations from the book “Darkon L’Israel” “Sichot” and from “Breshit.”


Algebra I 1 year Grade 8 1 credit Prereq.: Transition or comparable course and teacher recommendation

Algebra I is an in-depth course in the study of algebra which provides the essential foundation for all future study of mathematics at the high school level. Students study operations with polynomial, rational, and radical expressions; factoring; solving linear, quadratic, absolute value, rational and radical equations, inequalities and systems; and linear and quadratic functions and their graphs. Emphasis is placed on development of algebraic computational and problemsolving skills. Geometry 1 year Grade 9, 10 1 credit Prereq.: Algebra I and teacher recommendation

Geometry is the investigation of shape, size and visual patterns. The course approaches this investigation with rigorous analysis at an intermediate level while reviewing many of the concepts and mathematical techniques that students have learned from an Algebra I course. Basic elements of logic are introduced and utilized as students learn to write geometric proofs for the first time, and the writing of proofs becomes more challenging as it is stressed throughout the course. In addition, the student explores aspects of elementary trigonometry. Algebra II 1 year Grade 10, 11, 12 1 credit Prereq.: Geometry and teacher recommendation

Algebra II provides students an opportunity to expand on the basic algebraic concepts involved in solving equations and inequalities. Factoring polynomials and quadratic equations that lead to solutions are covered as well as simplifying radicals, exponents and logarithms. The application of functions to real world problems is approached and conic sections, probability, trigonometry functions, and complex numbers are introduced. PreCalculus 1 year Grade 11, 12 1 credit Prereq.: Algebra II and teacher recommendation

PreCalculus is a thorough course covering a broad range of topics which are necessary to bridge Algebra II to Calculus. The course builds on previously learned material in Algebra II with a significant increase in the amount of technology used (graphing utilities are required). Students are encouraged to represent problems algebraically, pictorially, verbally, and graphically. Critical thinking problems are provided to stretch their reasoning and communication skills. Calculus, Advanced Placement Calculus AB 1 credit 1 year Prereq.: Pre-Calc and teacher recommendation Grade 11 and 12 This is a rigorous course in introductory single variable calculus, divided into one semester of differential calculus and one semester of integral calculus. Students learn standard techniques


and apply skills to solving problems in mathematics, physics, engineering, and economics. Calculus can be taught along side and within an AP Calculus AB course without loss of continuity. The text used for the course is: Calculus: Graphical, Numerical, Algebraic (Authors, Finney, Demana, Waits, Kennedy; Publisher: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2007). Teacher will differentiate for Calculus students versus AP Calculus students.

Physical Education 1 semester or equivalent Grade 9 & 11 .25 credit Prereq.: None

The purpose of the physical education program is to stimulate students to seek participation in and receive enjoyment from physical activity. Students will be provided an opportunity to develop and maintain levels of physical fitness which meet their physical needs. The program will stress body management and acquisition of skills. Students will develop knowledge and awareness of rules and strategies pertaining to various individual and team sports. We will concentrate on lifetime sports activities in addition to reinforcing physical, social, and safety skills. Health 1 semester Grade 10 & 11 Boys .5 credit Prereq.: None

This is a required semester course designed to promote wellness, health literacy, and positive health behavior in young adults. Students learn about physical, mental and social health; and the human body and how to make healthy decisions for everyday life. Topics include physical fitness, nutrition, body systems, diseases and disorders, mental health, human sexuality, alcohol, tobacco and other drugs. Emphasis is placed on classroom discussion as well as class activities to explore how everything around us affects our health and well-being. Do you get enough sleep? Can you tell when an ad on TV is being truthful? Do you really understand the nutrition facts on food packages? This class teaches what being healthy is all about.

Biology 1 year Grade 9 1 credit Prereq.: 8th Grade Science

Biology, a college-preparatory course, will first introduce students to the “Scientist’s Toolkit,” including study skills (note-taking, time-management, organization, and test-taking strategies) and science-process skills (measurement, date collection, data analysis, and report-writing). These tools will then be used throughout the year in the laboratory sessions. Biology will also cover the chemical basis for life, molecular biology, the cell, genetics, biological diversity and evolution, a survey of the kingdoms of life, population biology, and ecology. A full 25% of the class time will be spent conducting experiments in CTA’s indoor and outdoor laboratories.


College Preparatory Chemistry 1 year Grade 10

1 credit Prereq.: Algebra I, Biology and teacher recommendation

This is a laboratory based college preparatory science course. Students will use science skills to gain understanding into the composition and properties of matter, the fundamental structure of atoms, the way atoms combine to form compounds, and the interactions between matter and energy. This course is intended for students who plan to pursue a career in a science, medicine, mathematics, or any career that relies on critical thinking, such as law. All standard topics found in an introductory college level chemistry course are covered including: the periodic table; basic atomic structure; chemical bonds; chemical equations; basic thermodynamics; gas laws; solids and liquids; equilibrium; acid-base chemistry, and reaction rates. Students who successfully complete this course will be well prepared for college chemistry from any university or college. A solid background in mathematics is helpful. However, critical thinking of chemistry is stressed and laboratory investigations are an integral part of the course. Physics 1 year (alternate years 2012-2013) Grades 11, 12 1 credit Prereq.: Algebra II and a Chemistry Course Co-requisites: Pre-Calculus

Conceptual physics is an introductory, qualitative study of the central concepts of classical physics with an emphasis on understanding concepts. This course emphasizes fundamental concepts by explaining physics in a down-to-earth language and uses mathematical formulas as a guide to thinking. Students explore course work in understanding our physical world and the laws and principles that govern it. They then apply these principles to further explore naturally occurring phenomena so they may learn to exercise a higher order of thinking. With a foundational understanding of physics, students will be better prepared to take on a mathematics-based physics courses offered in college. Students will learn through various means of lecture, demonstration, video, hands-on laboratory experiments and projects. Advanced Placement Physics B 1 year (alternate years 2012-2013) Grades 11, 12 1 credit Prereq.: PreCalculus, Chemistry and teacher recommendation

AP Physics B is a rigorous year-long non-calculus-based physics course that covers a broad range of introductory physics topics found in a standard college freshman physics course. A strong background in algebra II, trigonometry and chemistry is required. The first semester covers mechanics, including study of kinematics, force, circular motion, momentum, energy, rotation, gravitation, simple harmonic oscillation and thermodynamics. During the second semester, the main focus will be on sound, optics and electricity and magnetism, including exploration of electrostatic force, electric fields, electric potential, simple circuits, magnetism, and electromagnetic waves. There is a significant laboratory component in AP Physics, which will require some of the labs to be done outside of the regular class day. Laboratory exploration reinforces understanding of concepts, allowing students to gain hands-on experimentation experience and to develop their written communication skills. By the end of the year students will be prepared to take the AP Physics B exam, though the scope of the course is not limited exclusively to the AP curriculum. Students who elect to take AP Physics should understand that they are making a significant commitment to a college level science course, and as such are expected to devote an extensive amount of time outside of class on course work.


World History 1 year Grade 9 1 credit Prereq.: None

This course covers various time periods in the history of our world as well as the art, music, and literature of the various civilizations. Thus, this course will dovetail very closely with the 9 th grade English program. Since we are studying areas of the world outside the United States, an integral component of the curriculum will be geographic awareness. As our world grows even more interdependent, the need for becoming cognizant of geographic information becomes even more critical. Furthermore, while studying various cultures, the necessity of knowing the location, topography, and major cities adds to our knowledge. American History - 1876 to the Present 1 year Grade 10 1 credit Prereq.: World History

American History covers the time period from the Post-Reconstruction era to the Modern Period. Students will examine the period of the Indian wars, the rise of industrialization, immigration and the growth of cities with the emerging social movement, World Wars I and II, the period between the wars, the Cold War Age, and the issues and problems of the Contemporary Era. In addition, this study reinforces the readings of English 10. An integral component of the course will be set aside for the discussion of current events, with particular attention paid to campaigns and elections. Students will be required to follow through by regular reading of newspapers, magazines, and journals. Government and Economics 1 year Grade 11 1 credit Prereq.: U.S. History

Government and Economics is a year-long survey course. Government examines, analyzes, and explains the American system of government. Students consider the ways in which the government in our country is organized, the ways in which it is controlled by the people, the many actions that it undertakes, and the various methods by which it operates. Particular attention will be paid to a study of the United States Constitution and to Supreme Court decisions. Economics will help students develop an understanding of the components and benefits of the free enterprise system in the United States. Furthermore, it explores the roles of markets and government in the American economic system, compares economic systems of the world, and presents high-interest consumer economic topics. Advanced Placement Psychology 1 year Grade 12 1 credit Prereq.: Teacher recommendation

The AP Psychology course is designed to introduce students to the systematic and scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of human beings and other animals. Students are exposed to the psychological facts, principles, and phenomena associated with each of the major subfields within psychology. They also learn about the ethics and methods psychologists use in their science and practice. The course spans one full academic year. Psychology is an AP designed course, and thus the curriculum and expectations will be equivalent to those of an introductory college course.


CTA requires four years of study in each of the following areas: Chumash, Talmud and Judaic Studies. In some cases the administration may waive a required Judaic Studies course in order for a student to receive academic support or enrichment.

CHUMASH / PARSHAT HASHAVUAH Scope and Sequence Skills Curriculum
There are 2-3 tracked levels of Chumash classes depending on enrollment. Chumash classes are gender separated. Class assignments are made based on skill level tests and teacher recommendations.

Chumash (Pentateuch) Level 1
Goals and Objectives At the conclusion of each unit, students will be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

1 credit

7. 8. 9. 10.

Read theTorah text accurately decoding all letters and vowels Read the commentary of Rashi accurately decoding letters Translate basic vocabulary in the Torah text Use dictionary effectively to look up words not included in basic vocabulary Identify the questions and answers of selected Rashis Discuss the Mitzvot (commandments) and Middot (values) exemplified in a given section of Chumash, identifying deeper meanings and life lessons which can be learned from each unit. Prepare independently at home and be prepared to present assigned text in class Discuss the themes expressed in each unit Translate and memorize quotes and relevant phrases from this unit Where applicable, translate and memorize relevant statements from Chazal (the Rabbis of the Talmud)

At the conclusion of this year-long course, students will also be able to: 1. 2. 3. Read Chumash texts smoothly and fluently Identify the basic types of issues that Rashi addresses in his commentary Relate a brief history of the life of Rashi 1 credit

Chumash (Pentateuch) Level 2
Goals and Objectives At the conclusion of each unit, students will be able to: 1. 2. 3.

Fulfill all requirements of Level 1 Prepare selected Rashis on their own at home including questions and answers Read, translate and explain other selected mefarshim (commentaries) presented in class.

At the conclusion of this year-long course, students will also be able to: 1. Compare and contrast the methodologies of the classic Chumash commentaries.


2. 3.

Relate the basic histories of Ramban, Sforno, Siftei Chachamim, and Rashbam. Explain the concept of “Elu v’Elu divre Elo-kim Chaim” (“These and also these are the words of G-d.”) as it relates to the varied opinions learned. 1 credit

Chumash (Pentateuch) Level 3
Goals and Objectives At the conclusion of each unit, students will be able to: 1. 2. 3.

Fulfill all requirements of Level 1 & 2 Prepare selected Rashis and other commentaries on their own at home including questions and answers Read, translate and explain additional mefarshim (commentaries) including Kli Yakar, Ibn Ezra, Baal HaTurim, Rashbam, Malbim etc.

At the conclusion of this year-long course, students will also be able to: 1. 2. Identify the basic types of issues that each of the mefarshim (commentaries) address Relate the basic histories of Or HaChaim, Ibn Ezra, Kli Yakar, Baal HaTurim, Rashbam, Malbim and any other commentators learned

Parshat HaShavuah
All students will receive a Parshah summary every Monday and prepare independently for a weekly Parshah quiz on Friday.

GEMARA / TALMUD Scope and Sequence Skills Curriculum
There are 2-3 tracked levels of Gemara classes depending on enrollment. The classes are single-gender. Class assignments will be made according to skill level tests and teacher recommendations.

Gemara (Talmud) Level 1
Goals and Objectives At the conclusion of each unit, students will be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

1 credit

Differentiate between Written and Oral Torah Relate the history of the development of Oral Torah Recount the history of the major commentaries – that is Rashi, Rashbam and Tosfot Use of Hebrew letters as numbers Define basic Gemara terminology Translate commonly used vocabulary Identify sections on the page including: Mishna, Gemara, Rashi/Rashbam, Tosfot, Masechta, Chapter number and name, M’soret HaShas and Ein Mishpat Explain the flow of the arguments in the text Explain the views of the basic commentaries Explain the practical Halacha (Jewish law) for each section learned


Gemara (Talmud) Level 2
Goals and Objectives At the conclusion of each unit, students will be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

1 credit

Fulfill all requirements of Level 1 Trace, on their own, the process of Halacha (Jewish law) through the use of Ein Mishpat Identify other places where parts of our section are quoted in the Talmud, locate these and compare them to our text. Trace pesukim (Torah verses) back to their sources in Tanach to understand their context Read and understand selected comments of Rashi/Rashbam Explain the opinions of selected comments of Tosfot 1 credit

Gemara (Talmud) Level 3
Goals and Objectives At the conclusion of each unit, students will be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Fulfill all requirements of Levels 1 & 2 Use previous knowledge to learn Talmud texts and commentaries independently Explain histories of Rishonim and Acharonim which have been learned Trace the development of the Halachah (Jewish law) from the Gemara sections being studied.

Navi (optional)
An in-depth Navi class will be offered for female students who elect to take it in place of Gemara.

1 credit each The Judaic Studies program is comprised of three 1-year courses and 2 half-year courses, each touching on a different area of Jewish knowledge. The classes are co-ed. In 9th Grade, students will obtain an overview of the first Temple period, by studying the Navi books of Melachim Aleph and Bet. In 10th Grade, students will learn ‘hands-on’ Jewish History, from the conquest of Alexander the Great through the modern day. In 11th Grade, students will learn Hilchot Shabbat (the laws of Shabbat) and other basic laws. They will also become familiar with the basic Jewish Law texts. In the first semester of 12th Grade, students will investigate Medieval Jewish Philosophy through the study of original sources. During the 2nd semester, students will learn the methods of Israel Advocacy through The David Project curriculum.