High voltage products with composite insulators

A complete silicone rubber program for all types of products

and most dominant polymeric insulation material for high voltage products. these materials.Silicone rubber insulation possesses unique properties. and capacitors. the insulator surface is hydrophobic (non-wetting). LMW. The LMW silicone forms a layer on the surface that is hydrophobic. Depending on the application either high temperature vulcanizing. Installation of high voltage apparatus with silicone rubber insulation. It is the fastest growing. is increasing all the time. circuit breakers. Water on the surface stays as droplets and does not form a continuous film. is used. polymeric materials other than silicone rubber may also exhibit hydrophobic properties. surge arresters. HTV. instrument transformers. Leakage current control The polymeric insulation material used for ABB high voltage equipment is silicone rubber. e. Provided they are new.g. The mechanism behind the hydrophobicity of silicone rubber is the diffusion of low molecular weight. bushings. silicone rubber or liquid silicone rubber. However. silicones from the bulk of the material to the surface. Therefore any leakage current along the insulator surface is strongly suppressed. Flashover resistance The efficient suppression of leakage currents means that the risk of flashover is reduced compared to porcelain insulators. LSR. Hydrophobicity 100% Silicone Test duration (hours) 0% 0 1000 2000 3000 EP-rubber 4000 5000 Leakage current ( A ) Time (h) Change in hydrophobicity during artificial ageing test Leakage current over time at salt fog test  ABB . Due to the chemical nature of silicone rubber. they normally lose their hydrophobicity after a relatively short time in service.

No remaining damage could be seen after the test. which ensures superior stability against UV radiation. ATH. the risk of damage to sheds during transport. Silicone has its maximum absorption below this wavelength. Installation is also made easier by the fact that there is less need for strong heavy supports. Max. With correct material formulation and a suitable insulator design such discharge activity can be minimized. which has a proven arc and fire resistance capability. The ageing resistance of ABB silicone insulation has been verified by accelerated ageing tests like the 1 000 h salt fog test and the 5 000 h cyclic test. installation and service is reduced. absorption of Si-O2 bond Additional advantages Solar radiation UV 290 300 Wavelength. In most cases the silicone rubber used for ABB high voltage equipment is further protected by aluminum trihydrate. UV stability Natural UV radiation from the sun has wavelengths of over 300 nanometers. ABB  . thought it is less than for non-hydrophobic material such as porcelain and EP-rubbers. Silicone has its maximum absorption of UV radiation below the natural wavelengths of over 00 nm. Shorter and more energetic wavelengths are filtered out in the atmosphere. The risk of explosion and the scattering of dangerous pieces is also reduced. As silicone rubber is non-brittle. nm 400 The low weight of silicone insulators compared to porcelain offers advantages in terms of earthquake resistance capability.Vandalizing test: A  kg cement block. Erosion resistance It is inevitable that even silicone rubber will show some discharge activity in the event of severe pollution. thrown at an impact velocity of 10 m/s.

The turns are compressed to each other and to the tube in the uncured stage in such a way that it does not leave any voids. Metal flange Glass fiber reinforced epoxy tube Manufacturing During production two major manufacturing processes are used. molding and the patented helical extrusion.Products and design Live tank circuit breakers Demands on insulators used for gas-insulated live tank circuit breakers are high with respect to mechanical properties as well as withstanding decomposed SF6 gas and the heat produced during current interruption. The composite insulators are type and routine tested in accordance with IEC 61462. Liner Silicone rubber shed Conceptual sketch of a hollow composite insulator with silicone rubber insulation  ABB . The glass fibers on the inner surface of the hollow insulator are protected from the effects of SF6 decomposition products by an epoxy liner reinforced with polyester fibers. To achieve the desired properties for the insulation molded designs are used for surge arresters and the DryQ capacitors. The technique uses extrusion of the shed profile together with the sheath. For circuit breakers and instrument transformers helical extrusion molded insulators minimize electrical field concentrations and reduce any build-up of contamination.

IMB PEXLIM Q DryQ ABB  .e. The PEXLIM family of ABB silicone-housed arresters comes in two different designs. a hollow composite insulator with extrusion molded silicone rubber sheds. This produces the added benefits of low weight. i. The design for these insulators is the same as for circuit breakers. The silicone rubber insulation makes the surge arrester explosion proof. The DryQ capacitor is smaller and lighter than conventional capacitors and thus easier to handle. improved pollution performance. which increases personal safety. Silicone sheds are molded as external insulation. Capacitors The dry type capacitor. exploits the advantages of polymers in its capacitor housing. the molded design and the high-strength tubular design. during both transport and installation. which means that no special bushings are required. Surge arresters ABB has also chosen to use silicone rubber insulation for surge arresters. increased personal safety and flexibility during the erection process. DryQ.Instrument transformers We can offer most of our instrument transformers with the patented helical extrusion molded silicone rubber insulation. Explosion resistant designs improve personal safety. Connections are made at both ends of the capacitor.

Total number of delivered apparatus with composite insulators • Surge arresters • Circuit breakers • Instrument transformers 55 000 2 300 3 200 Examples of performed tests • High and low temperature tests • Dielectric tests • UV radiation tests • Accelerated ageing tests • Mechanical strength tests • Over-pressure tests  ABB . The test stations were chosen to represent all possible climates. A number of surge arresters. With regard to pollution performance. the short-term and longterm hydrophobicity characteristics of silicone rubber apparatus insulators are better than those of porcelain insulators at the same site. The observations show excellent performance with insignificant changes in material properties. verify the improved hydrophobicity and low leakage current properties of composite insulators. These have been subjected to heavy or very heavy pollution levels for a test period of up to seven years. The insulators have been subjected to vandalism tests where objects have been thrown at the insulators. It can be shown that a large margin exists in the specific creepage distance of composite apparatus insulators in comparison to porcelain insulators. The results. These have been installed in a wide range of environments ranging from marine to desert and/or areas with industrial pollution. The composite insulators comply fully with the requirements specified by IEC. A circuit breaker with polymeric insulators has even been subjected to gunfire to show that this kind of damage does not cause complete breakdown or explosions that may injure personnel or damage surrounding equipment. The performance of ABB insulators and products in installations with extreme environmental conditions has been studied in detail. is much lower for silicone rubber insulators than for porcelain insulators. when the first surge arresters with silicone sheds were installed. down to -55 °C. subtropical and desert areas.Field experience Service experience Since 1985. presented in a Cigre’ report. ABB has delivered a large number of high-voltage apparatus equipped with composite insulators. Extensive testing Composite insulators with silicone rubber sheds have been subjected to extensive testing to ensure a high quality level and to verify the mechanical and electrical properties under all environmental conditions. The silicone material has proven its good performance at test stations in severe climates and at commercial installations all the world over. Testing is also performed at low ambient temperatures. Field test To gain information on long-term behavior in respect of optimal creepage distance of HV apparatus in different environments test installation have been made. The number of high pulses in the leakage current giving risk of a flashover. including coastal. bushings and circuit breakers with composite insulators using silicone rubber as external insulation have been installed at different sites.

excellent performance and reliability can be assured for the lifetime of the equipment”.”By choosing ABB high voltage equipment with silicone rubber insulation. ABB  .

solutions@se. All rights reserved.abb.www.se .abb.com Tel: +(0)0 8 0 00 ABB AB High Voltage Products Fax: +(0)0 8  0 SE-1 80 LUDVIKA. Hasse Eriksson. Publication High voltage products with composite insulators 1HSM 9543 01-06en.com © Copyright 2007 ABB. SWEDEN E-mail: switchgear.henningsons. 2007-04. Edition 1. Print: www. Photo: Mats Findell.