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RBwTsPanRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca

rdFmnuBanRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
The Constitution of
the Kingdom of Cambodia
Constitution du Royaume
du Cambodge

emsa
2008

rdFmnuBa
n
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca

RBwTsPa

RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca

Cati sasna RBHmhakSRt


3

GKelxaFikardan

Garm k fa
rdFmnuBa KWCac,ab;kMBUlrbs;RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca.
ral;c,ab; nigksarKtiytu T aMgLayrbs;RBHraCaNacRkkm<C a
RtUvGnuelameTAtamrdFmnuBa ebIBMuenaHesat c,ab; nigksar
KtiyutTaMgenaHnwgGFmnuBaPaB .
edayyl;BIsarsMxan;nrdFmnBu a GKelxaFikardan
RBwTs Pa EdlCaesnaFikarelIkargarrd)al Ktiytu beckeTs
rbs;RBwTs Pa rYmCamYyTIRbwkSac,ab;Can;xs< G; mRBwTs Pa )an
pcepImKMnitcgRkg nigeFVIkarbkERbCaPasaGg;eKs nig)araMg
RbkbedaykarsRmitsRmaMgy:aght;ct; eday)anrYmbBal
viesaFnkmTaMgGs;. KYrkt;smal;pgEdrfa rdFmnuBan
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlGnumtedaysPaFmnuBa enAfTI21
ExkBaa qaM1993 RtUv)anRbkas[eRbIR)as;Capvkareday
RBHraCRkm cuHfTI24 ExkBaa qaM1993. Kitmkdl;Rtwm
I

ExmIna qaM2008 manviesaFnkm 06 elIk Ex kkda qaM


1994/ Ex mIna qaM 1999/ Ex kkda qaM 2001/ Ex mifuna qaM
2005/ Ex mIna qaM 2006 nigEx kum qaM 2008 RtUv)aneFVI
nigRbkas[eRbIR)as;. edayELk c,ab;FmnBu abEnmsMedAFana
nUvdMeNIrkarCaRbRktInsabnCati RtUv)anRbkas[eRbIR)as;
edayRBHraCRkmelx ns rkm0704001 cuHfT2I 4 ExkBaa
qa2M 004 ehIy)aneFVvI ei saFnkmcnM nY mYymaRta KWmaRta 6.
rdFmnBu anRBHraCaNacRkkm<C a EdlGKelxaFikardan
RBwTsPa)anRbmUlpMcgRkgeLIgenH KWkgeKalbMNgsRmab;
CaCMnYysartIfVayCUnsemc k]tm elakCMTav Cafak;dwknaM
nigsmaCik smaCikaRBwTsPa RBmTaMgbeRmI[esckIRtUvkar
rbs;saFarNCnTUeTApgEdr . GMNwHteTAsRmab;GksikSa
RsavRCav GkraCkarenAkgsabnRksYg GkbeRmIkargarenAkg
Ggkar RkumhunnanaTaMgenAkg nigeRkARbeTs EdlmanbMNg
cg;sikSaEsVgyl;GMBIrdFmnBu a nRBHraCaNacRkkm<C anwg
ElgeBIbRbTHbBaakarKanksarc,ab;kMBUlenHCaexmrPasa
PasaGg;eKs nigPasa)araMgeTotehIy. m:ageTotrdFmnuBa
II

nRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaenH kngw RtUv)anykeTAbegaHkgeKhTMBr


rbs;RBwTsPa www.senate.gov.kh pgEdr. manCMenOy:ag
mutmaMfa kRmgrdFmnuBaEdleBjeljenH nwgkayCaRbTIb
bMPWpvCUnGksikSaRsavRCavRKb;rUb TaMgkgmCdanCati nigGnrCati
eTotpg. b:uEneTaHCaya:genHkIeyIgKYrrMlwkpgEdrfa manEtCa
PasaExrb:ueNaHEdlCaksaredImpvkarBitR)akd PasaGg;eKs nig)araMgBMuEmnCaksarbkERbpvkareLIy.
kgnamGKelxaFikardanRBwTsPa sUmsEmgnUvkardwg
KuNCaBnwkcMeBaHelakbNit hSk minehSl nigshkarI
manelak Kwm suciRta elak Kg; munIka elak esam savuF
nigelak y:an; v:an;dWlucS Edl)ancMNayeBlevladmantm
EklMGr nigeFVIbcb,nPaBkarbkERbCaPasaGg;eKs nig)araMg
RbkbedayKuNPaBsmRsb. RsbKaenHEdr sUmekatsresIr
nig GrKuNcMeBaHmnInaykdannItiviFI nGKelxaFikardan
RBwTsPa Edl)anxitxMRbmUlpMcgRkgy:ageBjeljnUvrdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaenH .
III

CaTIbBab; GKelxaFikardanRBwTsPa sUmEfgGMNrKuN


ya:gRkElgcMeBaH mUlniFixunr:adGadineNAEGr EdlEtgEt
)anpl;kar]btmKaMRT nigmankicTMnak;TMngshRbtibtikar
y:aglRbBCamYysabnRBwTsPa CaBiess KW)anpl;fvika
sRmab;]btmkare)aHBum<pSayesovePArdFmnuBanRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaenHeLIg .
GKelxaFikardanRBwTsPa sUmRbsiTiBrbvrmhaRbesIr
CUncMeBaHsemc k]tm elakCMTav elak elakRsI
GknagkBaa sUmCYbRbTHEtnwgPaBsuxdumrmna rugerOgfMefIg
kMubIeXgXateLIy .

IV

buBVkfa
eyIg RbCarasExr
EdlFab;manGarFm]tg]tm RbeTsCatisksm FM
TUlay fMefIgrugerOg kitanuPaBx<g;x<s; PWEcgcaMg dUceBRC
BNray
)anFak;xndEsnrnt; kgGMLgBIrTsSvtSr_cugeRkayenH
qgkat;TukesakvinasGnray RTuDeRTam nfymhaesaksay
)anPJak;rlwk eRkakQreLIg cg)ac;qnemaHmut brpac;
rYbrYmKaBRgwgkPaBCati rkSa karBar TwkdIkm<CaGFibety
ffa nigGarFmGgrdbvr ksagRbeTsCati[eTACa : ekaH
sniPaB : eLIgvij EpkelIRbBnRbCaFibety esrIBhubkS
FanasiTimnusS eKarBc,ab; TTYlxusRtUvx<s; cMeBaHvasna
GnaKtCati[)anQaneLIgrIkcMerInlUtlas; sm,rrugerOgCanic
nirnr_ .
1

kgqnemaHmutenH
eyIgsresrcarwkkgrdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
dUcteTA

CMBUkTI 1
GMBIGFibety
maRta 1>RbeTskm<C a CaRBHraCaNacRk EdlRBHmhakSRtRTg;Rbtibti
tamrdFmnBu a nigtamlTRi bCaFibetyesrIBhubkS .
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca CardkraC GFibety sniPaB
GBaRkwt Gciny_ mincUlbkSsm<n .
maRta 2>bUrNPaBTwkdIrbs;RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca minGacrMelaP)an
dac;xatkgRBMEdnrbs;xnEdlmankMNt; kgEpnTIxa t 1100>000
eFVIenAcenaHqa1M 933-1953 ehIyEdlRtUv)anTTYlsal;CaGnrCati
enAcenaH qaM 1963-1969 .
2

maRta 3>RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca CardEdlminGacbMEbk)an .


maRta 4>)avcnanRBHraCaNacRkkm<C aKW Cati sasna RBHmhakSRt .
maRta 5>Pasa nigGkSr EdleRbICapv karKW Pasa nigGkSrExr .
maRta 6>PMeBj CaraCFanI nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca .
Tg;Cati ePgCati nig sBaaCati mankMNt;enAkg ]bsm<n 1/ 2
nig 3.

CMBUkTI 2
GMBIRBHmhakSRt
maRta 7>RBHmhakSRtkm<C a RTg;RKgraCsm,ti b:Eu nRTg;minkan;GN
M ac
eLIy .
RBHmhakSRt RTg;CaRBHRbmuxrdmyY CIvti .
GgRBHmhakSRt minGacnrNarMelaPbMBan)aneLIy .
3

maRta 8>RBHmhakSRt RBHGgRTg;Canimti r bU nkPaBCati nig nirnrPaB


Cati .
RBHmhakSRt RTg;CaGkFanakraCCati GFibety nig
bUrNPaBTwkdI nRBHraCaNacRkkm<C a RTg;CaGkFanakareKarBsiTi nig
esrIPaBrbs;RbCaBlrd nig kareKarBsnsi BaaGnrCati .
maRta 9>RBHmhakSRt RTg;mantYnaTIx<g;x<s;CaGaCJakNal edIm,IFanakar
RbRBwte TAnGMNacsaFarN[manPaBeTogTat; .
maRta 10>rbbraCaniymkm<Ca CarbbeRCIstaMg . RBHmhakSRtRTg;\t
manRBHraCGMNaccat;taMgRBHrCTayaTsRmab;RKgraCsm,tieLIy .
maRta 11 fI>kg krNIEdlRBHmhakSRt BuGM acbMeBjRBHraCParCaRBHRbmux
rd)andUcFmta edayRBHGgRTg;RbQYnCaTmn; mankarbBaak;eday
RkumRKUeBTCMnaj eRCIserIsedayRbFanRBwTsPa RbFanrdsPa nig
naykrdmnI enaHRbFanRBwTs Pa bMeBjParkicRbmuxrdCMnYsRBHGg
kgzanCaRBHraCanusiTi .
kgkrNIEdlRbFanRBwTsPa BuMmanlTPaBbMeBjParkicCa
4

RbmuxrdCMnYs RBHmhakSRtkgzanCaRBHraCanusiTi eBlRBHGgRTg;


RbQYnCaTmn; dUcmanEcgkgvakxNxagelI RbFanrdsPaCaGk
bMeBjParkicenH .
tMENgCaRbmuxrd CMnsY RBHmhakSRtkg zanCaRBHraCanusTi i
enH GacnwgdUr\sSrCnepSgeTot kg krNIdcU Edl)anEcgkg vakxN
xagelI tamzananuRkmdUcteTA
k-GnuRbFanTI 1 RBwTsPa
x-GnuRbFanTI 1 rdsPa
K-GnuRbFanTI 2 RBwTsPa
X-GnuRbFanTI 2 rdsPa
maRta 12 fI>enAeBlRBHmhakSRtRTg;cUlTIvgt RbFanRBwTsPaTTYl
ParkicCaRbmuxrdsTI I kg zanCaRBHraCanusTi i nRBHraCaNacRkkm<C a.
kgkrNIEdlRbFanRBwTsPa BuMmanlTPaBbMeBjParkicCa
RbmuxrdsITICMnYsRBHmhakSRt kgeBlRBHGgcUlTivgt karTTYl
ParkicC aRbmuxrdsTI kI g zanCaRBHraCanusTi i RtUvGnuvttamvakxN
TI 2 nig TI 3 nmaRta 11 fI.

maRta 13 fI>kgryevla 7 fya:gyUr RBHmhakSRtfI nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca


RtUv)aneRCIserIsedayRkumRbwkSaraCsm,ti .
smasPaBnRkumRbwkSaraCsm,timan
-RbFanRBwTsPa
-RbFanrdsPa
-naykrdmnI
-semcRBHsgraC KNmhanikay nigKNFmytu ik nikay
-GnuRbFanTI 1 nigGnuRbFanTI 2 RBwTsPa
-GnuRbFanTI 1 nigGnuRbFanTI 2 rdsPa
karerobcM nig karRbRBwteTAnRkumRbwkSaraCsm,ti nwgman
kMNt;kgc,ab;mYy.
maRta 14>RtUv)aneRCIserIsCaRBHmhakSRt nRBHraCaNacRkkm<C a
smaCiknRBHraCvgSanuvgSExr EdlmanRBHCnayuya:gtic 30 RBHvsSa
ehIyEdlCaRBHraCbcajati nRBHmhakSRt GgDYg b RBHmhakSRt
neratm b kRBHmhakSRt suIsuvti .
muncUlRKgraCsm,ti RBHmhakSRtRTg;EfgscaRbNiFan dUc
manEcgkg]bsm<nTI 4 .
6

maRta 15>RBHCayanRBHmhakSRt manRBHraCzanCaRBHmehsI n


RBHraCaNacRkkm<C a .
maRta 16>RBHmehsI nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca BuMmanRBHraCsiTieFVIneya)ay
TTYltYnaTICaGkdwknaMrd bCaGkdwknaMraCrdaPi)al bTTYltYnaTI
rd)al bneya)ayeLIy.
RBHmehsI nRBHraCaNacRkkm<C a TukRBHraCkayBlbMeBj
RBHraCParbMerIRbeyaCn_sgm mnusSFm sasna nig CYy
RBHmhakSRtkgRBHraCkatBVkicEpkBiFIkar nig karTUt .
maRta 17>RbkarEdlRBHmhakSRt RTg;RKgraCsm,ti b:uEnRTg;minkan;
GMNaceLIy ehIyEdlmanEcgkg vakxNT I 1 nmaRta 7 nrd
FmnuBaenH minGacsMEu kERb)anCadac;xat .
maRta 18 fI>RBHmhakSRtRBHGgRTg;Tak;TgCamYyRBwTsPa nigrdsPa
edayRBHraCsar .
RBHraCsarenH RBwTs Pa nig rdsPa minGacykeTACECk
BiPakSaeLIy .
7

maRta 19 fI>RBHmhakSRtRTg;EtgtaMgnaykrdmRnI nig RTg;EtgtaMg


KNrdmRnI tamEbbbTEdlmanEcgkgmaRta 119 fI .
maRta 20>RBHmhakSRtRTg;TTYlsvnakarCapvkarBIrdgkgmYyEx [
naykrdmRnI nig KNrdmRnIcUlKal;raykarN_TUlfVayRTg;RCab
GMBIsPaBkarN_nRbeTsCati .
maRta 21>tamesckIesIrbs;KNrdmnI RBHmhakSRtRTg;LayRBHhselxaelIRBHraCRkwtEtgtaMg pas;br b bBab;ParkicmnICan;x<s;
suvI li nig eyaFa kGKraCTUt nig eRbsitvisamBa nigeBjsmtPaB.
tamesckeI sIrbs;]tmRkumRbwkSanGgecARkm RBHmhakSRt
RTg;LayRBHhselxaelIRBHraCRkwtEtgtaMg pas;br b dkecARkm
EpkyutaFikar .
maRta 22 fI>enAeBlRbCaCatiRbQmmuxnwgeRKaHfak; RBHmhakSRtRTg;
RbkasRbTandMNwgCasaFarN dak;RbeTsCatisitenAkgPaBGasn
eRkayBI)anmtikPaBBInaykrdmnI RbFanrdsPa nig RbFan
RBwTsPa .
8

maRta 23>RBHmhakSRtRTg;CaembBaakarkMBUl nkgeyaFBlexmrPUmin.


GKembBaakarkgeyaFBlexmrPUmin RtUv)anEtgtaMgeLIgedIm,IbBaa
kgeyaFBlexmrPUminenH .
maRta 24 fI>RBHmhakSRtRTg;Kg;CaRBHGFibtI n]tmRkumRbwkSakarBarCati
EdlnwgRtUvbegIteLIgedayc,ab;mYy .
RBHmhakSRtRTg;RbkassRgam eRkaykarGnumt rbs;rdsPa
nigRBwTsPa .
maRta 25>RBHmhakSRtRTg;TTYlsartaMgkGKrdTtU b eRbsitvisamBa
nigeBjsmtPaBnRbeTseRkAmkRbcaMRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca .
maRta 26 fI>RBHmhakSRtRTg;LayRBHhselxaelIsnisBaa nig GnusBaa
GnrCati ehIyRTg;RbTanscabnelIsnisBaa nig GnusBaaTaMgenH
eRkay)anTTYlkarGnumt yl;RBmBIrdsPa nig RBwTsPa .
maRta 27>RBHmhakSRtRTg;manRBHraCsiTibnrbnyeTas nig elIkElg
eTas .
9

maRta 28 fI>RBHmhakSRt RTg;LayRBHhselxaelIRBHraCRkmRbkas


[eRbIrdFmnuBa c,ab; EdlrdsPa)anGnumt nig RBwTsPa)anBinit
cb;sBVRKb;rYcehIy nig RTg;LayRBHhselxaelIRBHraCRkwttam
esckIesIsuMBIKNrdmnI .
kg eBlEdlRBHmhakSRtRbQYn ehIyRtUvBa)alRBHeraKenA
breTs kgeBlenaHRBHmhakSRtmansiTieprGMNacLayRBHhselxa
enAelIRBHraCRkm b RBHraCRkwtxagelIenH eTARbmuxrdsTI cI Hu htelxa
CMnsY edayRBHraCsarRbKl;sTi i .
maRta 29 fI>RBHmhakSRt RTg;begIt nig RbTaneRKOg\sSriyysCati .
RBHmhakSRt RTg;seRmcRbTanzannrski zaneyaFa nig
suIviltamc,ab;kMNt; .
maRta 30 fI>kgryeBlRBHmhakSRtRTg;Gvtman RbFanRBwTsPaTTYl
ParkicCaRbmuxrdsITI .
kgkrNIEdlRbFanRBwTsPa BuMmanlTPaBbMeBjParkicCa
RbmuxrdsITICMnYsRBHmhakSRt eBlRBHGgRTg;Gvtman karTTYl
ParkicCaRbmuxrdsITI RtUvGnuvttamvakxNTI 2 nigTI 3 nmaRta
11 fI .
10

CMBUkTI 3
GMBIsiTi nigkrNIykicrbs;RbCaBlrdExr
maRta 31>RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca TTYlsal; nig eKarBsiTimnusS dUcman
EcgkgFmnBu anGgkarshRbCaCati esckIRbkasCasklsIBIsiTi
mnusS nig ktikasBaa RBmTaMgGnusBaaTaMgLayTak;TgeTAnwg
siTimnusS siTinarI nig siTikumar .
RbCaBlrdExrmanPaBesIKacMeBaHmuxc,ab; mansiTiesrIPaB nig
krNIykicdUcKaTaMgGs; eday\tRbkan;BUCsasn_ BNsm,r ePT
Pasa CMenOsasna ninakarneya)ay edImkMeNItCati zansgm
FnFan b sanPaBeToteLIy . kareRbIsiTiesrIPaBpal;xnrbs;
buKlmak; minRtUv[b:HBal;dl;siTei srIPaBGkdTeLIy . kareRbI
siTei srIPaBenH RtUvRbRBwtt amlkx N
k N
M t;kg c,ab; .
maRta 32>CnRKb;rUbmansiTirs;ranmanCIvit manesrIPaB nigmansnisux
pal;xn .
eTasRbharCIvit minRtUv[maneLIy .
11

maRta 33>RbCaBlrdExrminGacRtUv)andksBaati nireTs b cab;


bBanxneTA[RbeTseRkANamYyeLIy elIkElgEtmankicRBm
eRBogCamYyKaeTAvijeTAmk .
RbCaBlrdExr EdlkMBugrs;enAbreTs RtUv)anrdKaMBar.
karTTYlsBaatiExr RtUvkMNt;kgc,ab; .
maRta 34 fI>RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePTmansiTie)aHeqat nigGacQreQaH
[eKe)aHeqat .
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT EdlmanGayuya:gtic 18qaM man
siTie)aHeqat .
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT EdlmanGayuya:gtic 25qaM GacQr
eQaH[eKe)aHeqateRCIstaMgCatMNagras .
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT EdlmanGayuya:gtic 40qaMGacQr
eQaH[eKe)aHeqateRCIstaMgCasmaCikRBwTsPa .
bTb,Batbi nysiTei )aHeqat nig siTQ
i reQaH[eKe)aHeqat
RtUvEcgkgc,ab;e)aHeqat .
12

maRta 35>RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT mansiTci lU rYmya:gskmkgCIvPaB


neya)ay esdkic sgmkic nig vb,Fmrbs;RbeTsCati .
esckIesITaMgLayrbs;RbCaBlrd RtUv)anTTYlkarBiinit
nig edaHRsayya:ght;ct;BIGgkarrd .
maRta 36>RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT mansiTieRCIserIsmuxrbrsmRsb
tamsmtPaBrbs;xn tamesckIRtUvkarrbs;sgm .
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT mansiTiTTYlR)ak;bMNac;esI
Ka cMeBaHkargardUcKa .
kargarempHmantmesKI a nwgkRm Edl)anmkBIkargareFVeI nA
eRkApH.
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT mansiTTi TYlkarFanara:br; gsgm
nigGtRbeyaCn_xagsgmkic EdlmanEcgkg c,ab; .
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT mansiTibegItshCIB nig cUlCa
smaCikshCIBenH .
karerobcM nig karRbRBwteTAnshCIB nwgmankMNt;kgc,ab; .
13

maRta 37>siTieFVIkUdkm nig eFVI)atukmedaysniviFI RtUvykmkGnuvtenA


kgRkbxNnc,ab; .
maRta 38>c,ab;ra:b;rgmin[mankarrMelaPbMBanelIrUbragkaybuKlNa
mYyeLIy .
c,ab;karBar CIvit kitiys nig esckIffrrbs;RbCaBlrd .
karecaTRbkan; karcab;xn karXat;xn bkarXuMxnCnNamYy
nwgGaceFVIeTAekIt luHRtaEtGnuvtRtwmRtUvtambBatic,ab; .
karbgitbgM kareFVI)abelIrUbragkay bRbRBwtikmNamYy
EdlbEnmTmn; TNkm GnuvtcMeBaHCnCab;XuMXaMg bCab;BnnaKar
RtUvhamXat;mni [eFVIeLIy . Gkddl; GkrYmRbRBwt nigGksmKMnit
RtUvTTYleTastamc,ab; .
karTTYlsarPaB EdlekIteLIgBIkarbgitbgMtampvkaykI
tampvcitkI minRtUvTukCaPstagnBiruTPaBeT .
vimtisgSy RtUv)anCaRbeyaCn_dl;CnCab;ecaT .
CnCab;ecaTNakeday RtUvTukCamnusS\teTas drabNa
tulakarminTan;kat;eTasCasaBr .
CnRKb;rUb mansiTikarBarxntampvtulakar .
14

maRta 39>RbCaBlrdExr mansiTibwgbrihar bwgtva: bbwgTarsMNg


CYsCulkarxUcxat EdlbNalmkBIGMeBIxusc,ab;rbs;Ggkarrd rbs;
Ggkarsgm nig rbs;buKliknGgkarTaMgenaH . karedaHRsaybNwg
tva: nig sMNgCYsCulkarxUcxat Casmtkicrbs;tulakar .
maRta 40>esrIPaBkgkaredIrqay Cit nig taMgTIlMenAkgsanPaBRsb
c,ab;rbs;RbCaBlrdRtUv)aneKarB . RbCaBlrdExr GacecjeTAtaMg
TIlMenAenARbeTseRkA b vilRtLb;mkvij)an .
karrkSasiTimin[rMelaPelIlMenAzan nigGafkM)aMgnkareqIy
qgtamlixit tamsarTUrelx TUrBum< TUrKmn_ nig tamTUrsB RtUv)an
Fana .
karEqkeqrlMenAzan smar vt nig elIrUbbuKl RtUveFVI[
RsbnwgbBatic,ab; .
maRta 41>RbCaBlrdExr manesrIPaBxagkarbeBajmtirbs;xn esrIPaB
xagsarBtman esrIPaBxagkare)aHBum<pSay esrIPaBxagkarRbCuM .
CnNakedayminGaceqteRbIsiTienHedayrMelaP naM[b:HBal;dl;
kitiysrbs;GkdT dl;TMenomTmab;lrbs;sgm dl;sNab;Fab;
15

saFarN nig dl;snisuxCati)aneLIy . rbbsarBtman RtUverobcM


eLIgedayc,ab; .
maRta 42>RbCaBlrdExr mansiTibegItsmaKm nig KNbkSneya)ay.
siTienHRtUvkMNt;kgc,ab; .
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgLay GaccUlrYmkgGgkarmhaCn CYy
KaeTAvijeTAmk karBarsmiTplCati nig sNab;Fab;sgm .
maRta 43>RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT mansiTieBjTIxagCMenO .
esrIPaBxagCMenO nig karRbtibtixagpvsasna RtUv)anrd
FanakglkxNEdlminb:HBal;dl;CMenO bsasnadTeTot dl;
sNab;Fab; nig snisuxsaFarN .
RBHBuTsasna Casasnarbs;rd .
maRta 44>CnNakeday eTaHCabuKlkI CasmUhPaBkI mansiTiCa
mas;kmsiTi. manEtrUbvnbuKl bnItibuKlEdlmansBaatiCaExreT
eTIbmansiTiCamas;kmsiTielIdIFI .
kmsiTikCnRsbc,ab; sitenAeRkamkarKaMBarnc,ab; .
16

EdlnwgdkhUtkmsiTi GMBICnNamYy)anenaH luHRtaEt


RbeyaCn_saFarNtRmUv[eFVI kg krNIEdlc,ab;)anbBatTi ku ehIy
RtUvpl;sMNgCamun edaysmrm nig yutiFm .
maRta 45>karerIseGIgRKb;RbePT RbqaMgnwgsIePT RtUvbM)at;ecal .
kareFVIGaCIvkmelIkargarrbs;sI RtUvhamXat; .
burs nig sImansiTiesIKakgRKb;visyTaMgGs; CaBiess
kgGaBah_BiBah_ nig RKYsar .
GaBah_BiBah_ RtUveFVItamlkxNEdlmanEcgkgc,ab; nig
tameKalkarN_sRKcit bImYy RbBnmYy .
maRta 46>GMeBIlk;dUrmnusS GMeBIeFVIGaCIvkmEpkeBsakm nig GMeBI
GasGaPas Edlb:HBal;dl;esckIffrrbs;narI RtUvhamXat;.
RtUvhamXat;min[mankarbBab;narIBIkargar edaymUlehtu
manKP . narImansiTiQb;sMrakenAeBlsMralkUnedayTTYlR)ak;
ebovtS nig edaymankarFanarkSasiTiGtItPaBkgkargar nig
GtRbeyaCn_sgmepSgeTot .
17

rd nigsgmykcitTukdak;bglkN[narI CaBiessnarIenA
CnbT EdlKanTIBwg)anTTYlkar]btm edIm,Imanmuxrbr manlTPaB
Ba)alCMgW [kUneTAeron nig manCIvPaBrs;enAsmrm .
maRta 47>matabita mankatBVkicciBawmEfrkSa nig Gb;rMkUn[eTACa
Blrdl . kUnmankrNIykicciBawm nig bI)ac;EfrkSamatabita Edl
cas;CratamTMenomTmab;Exr .
maRta 48>rdFanarkSakarBarsiTirbs;kumar EdlmanEcgkgGnusBaa
sIBIkumar CaBiesssiTmi anCIvitrs;enA siTiTTYlkarGb;rMeronsURt
siTiRtUv)anTTYlkarKaMBar kgsankarN_mansgam nig karkarBar
RbqaMgnwgGaCIvkm esdkic bkamKuNelIkumar .
rdKaMBarRbqaMgnwgkargarTaMgLay EdlGaceFV[I xUcdl;kar
Gb;rM nigkareronsURtrbs;kumar bEdlnaM[Gnraydl;suxPaB b
suxumalPaBrbs;kumar.
maRta 49>RbCaBlrdExrRKb;rUb RtUveKarBrdFmnuBa nig eKarBc,ab; .
RbCaBlrdExrRKb;rUb mankatBVkicrYmcMENkksagRbeTs
Cati nig karBarmatuPUmi .
18

katBVkickarBarmatuPUmi RtUvGnuvttambBatic,ab; .
maRta 50>RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT RtUveKarBeKalkarN_GFibetyCati
nig lTiRbCaFibetyesrIBhubkS .
RbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIrePT RtUveKarBRTBsm,tisaFarN
nig kmsiTiRsbc,ab;rbs;kCn .

CMBUkTI 4
GMBIrbbneya)ay
maRta 51 fI>RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca Gnuvtneya)ayRbCaFibetyesrI
BhubkS .
RbCaBlrdExrCamas;vasna nRbeTsCatirbs;xn .
GMNacTaMgGs;Carbs;RbCaBlrd . RbCaBlrdeRbIGMNac
rbs;xn tamryrdsPa RBwTsPa raCrdaPi)al nig salaCRmHkI .
GMNacEbgEckdac;BIKa rvagGMNacnItib,Bati GMNacnIti
Rbtibti nig GMNactulakar .
19

maRta 52>raCrdaPi)alkm<Ca ebCJarkSakarBarkraC GFibety


bUrNPaBTwkdInRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca Gnuvtneya)aybRgYbbRgYm
Cati edIm,IkarBarkPaBCati rkSakarBarTMenomTmab; nig RbBNI
lrbs;Cati . raCrdaPi)alkm<CaRtUvkarBarnItanukUlPaB Fana
sNab;Fab; nigsnisuxsaFarN . rdykcitTukdak;CaGaTiPaB
cMeBaHCIvPaBrs;enA nig suxumalPaBrbs;RbCaBlrd .
maRta 53>RBHraCaNacRkkm<CaRbkan;xab;CanicnUvneya)ayGBaRkwt
Gciny_ nig mincUlbkSsm<n . RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca rYmrs;eday
snishviCmanCamYyRbeTsCitxag nig RbeTsdTeTotTaMgGs;enA
elIsklelak .
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca minQanBanRbeTsNadac;xat min
eRCotERCkkickarpkgnRbeTsdTedaypal; bedayRbeyal eTaHbI
eRkamrUbPaBNakeday edaHRsayral;bBaaedaysnvi Fi I nigeKarBplRbeyaCn_pgKaeTAvijeTAmk.
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Camincgsm<n eyaFa b cUlkgkicRBmeRBogeyaFaNamYy EdlminRsbnwgGBaRkwtPaBrbs;xneLIy.
20

RBHraCaNacRkkm<C a minGnuBaat[manmUldaneyaFabreTs
enAelITwkdIrbs;xn ehIykminGnuBaat[manmUldaneyaFarbs;xn
enAbreTsEdr elIkElgEtkgRkbxNnsMNUmBrrbs;GgkarshRbCaCati.
RBHraCaNacRkkm<C a rkSasiTTi TYlykCMnyY breTsCasmar
eyaFa GavuF RKab;rMesv karhVwkhVWn kgkmaMgRbdab;GavuF nig CMnYy
epSgeTot edIm,IkarBarxn nig FanasNab;Fab; nigsnisux
saFarNenApkgRbeTs .
maRta 54>karplit kareRbIR)as; karrkSaTukGavuFbrmaNU GavuFKImI bGavuF
evRtaNU RtUvhamXat;dac;xat .
maRta 55>snisBaa nig kicRBmeRBogTaMgLayNa EdlminRsbnwg
kraC GFibety bUrNPaBTwkdI GBaRkwtPaB nigkPaBCatirbs;
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca RtUvlubecal .

21

CMBUkTI 5
GMBIesdkic
maRta 56>RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca GnuvtRbBnesdkicTIpSar .
karerobcM nig karRbRBwteTAnRbBnesdkicenH nwgmankMNt;
kgc,ab; .
maRta 57>karykBndarnwgGaceFVIeTA)an luHRtaEtmanc,ab;GnuBaat .
fvikaCati RtUv)ankMNt;[Gnuvttamc,ab; .
rbbRKb;RKgrUbiyvt nig RbBnhirBavt RtUvkMNt;kgc,ab; .
maRta 58>RTBsm,tirbs;rdmanCaGaT dIFI eRkamdI PM smuRT
)atsmuRT eRkam)atsmuRT eqrsmuRT Gakas ekaH Ten ERBk swg
bwg RBeQI FnFanFmCati mCmNlesdkicvb,Fm mUldan
karBarRbeTs sMNg;epSgeTot Edl)ankMNt;faCarbs;rd .
karRKb;RKg kareRbIR)as; nig karcat;EcgelIRTBsm,tird
nwgRtUvkMNt;kgc,ab; .
22

maRta 59>rdRtUvrkSakarBarbrisan nig tulPaB nePaKRTBFmCati


ehIyRtUvcat;Ecg[manEpnkarc,as;las;kgkarRKb;RKg manCaGaT
dIFI Twk Gakas xl; PUKBsas RbBneGkULsuI Er: famBl
eRbgkat nig]sn f nigxSac; t,gf RBeQI nig GnuplRBeQI
BBYkstVRB mcaCati FnFanClpl .
maRta 60>BlrdmansiTilk;dUrplitplrbs;xnedayesrI . kartRmUv
[lk;plitplCUnrd bkarykePaKpl bRTBsm,tikCneTA
eRbIR)as; eTaHbImYyryeBlkeday RtUvhamXat; evorElgEtkg
krNIBiessEdlmanc,ab;GnuBaat .
maRta 61>rdCMrujkarGPivDesdkicRKb;visy CaBiessvisyksikm
sib,km ]sSahkm cab;BItMbn;dac;RsyaledayykcitTukdak;eTA
elIneya)ayTwk ePIg pv nig meFa)aydwkCBan beckeTsTMenIb
nig RbBn\NTan .
maRta 62>rdykcitTukdak;CYyedaHRsaymeFa)ayplit karBarf
plitplCUnksikr sib,kr nigCYyrkTIpSarlk;plitpl .
23

maRta 63>rdykcitTukdak;RKb;RKgTIpSar CYy[CIvPaBrs;enArbs;


RbCaBlrdmankRmitsmrm .
maRta 64>rdhamXat; nigpnaeTasCaTmn;dl;CnNaEdlnaMcUl plit
lk;dUreRKOgejn TMnijEkgkay hYsryeBleRbI Edlb:HBal;dl;
suxPaB GayuCIvitrbs;GkeRbI .

CMBUkTI 6
GMBIGb;rM vb,Fm nigsgmkic
maRta 65>rdRtUvkarBar nig elIksysiTirbs;RbCaBlrd kgkar
TTYlkarGb;rRM bkbedayKuNPaB enARKb;kRmit nig RtUvcat;vFi ankar
RKb;Ebbya:gCaCMhan edIm,I[karGb;rMenH)aneTAdl;RbCaBlrd
RKb;rUb .
rdykcitTukdak;dl;visyGb;rMkay nigkILa EdlCasuxumal
PaBrbs;RbCaBlrdExrRKb;rUb .
24

maRta 66>rdksagRbBnGb;rMmYyeBjelj nig kPaBenATUTaMg


RbeTs EdlFana[)annUveKalkarN_esrIPaBxagsikSaFikar nig
eKalkarN_smPaBkgkarGb;rM edIm,I[RbCaBlrdRKb;rUbmanPBV
sMNagRKb;RKan; esIKakgkarksagCIvit .
maRta 67>rdGnuvtkmviFIsikSa nig eKalkarN_KruekaslTMenIb rab;
bBalTaMgbeckviTa nig PasabreTs .
rdRKb;RKgRKwHsansikSa nigfak;sikSasaFarN nigkCn
enARKb;PUmisikSa.
maRta 68>rdpl;kickarGb;rMEpkbzm nig mFmsikSaenAsalaeron
saFarNsMrab;RbCaBlrdRKb;rUb eday\tbg;f .
RbCaBlrd RtUv)anTTYlkarGb;rMya:gtic R)aMbYnqaM .
rdCYypSBVpSay nig elIktemIgsala)alI nigBuTiksikSa.
maRta 69>rdmankatBVkicEfrkSa nig BRgIkvb,FmCati .
rdmankatBVkci karBar nig BRgIkPasaExr [smRsbnwg
esckRI tUvkar .
25

rdmankatBVkicEfrkSa nig karBarR)asaTburaN vtsil,


buraN nigEklMGrmNIydanRbvtisaseLIgvij .
maRta 70>bTelsI TaMgLayEdlb:HBal; bTak;TgnwgebtikPNvb,Fm
nig ebtikPNsli , RtUvpna eTasCaTmn; .
maRta 71>brievNebtikPNCati kdUcCaebtikPN Edl)anbBalCa
ebtikPNBiPBelak RtUvTukCatMbn;GBaRkwt Edlmin[manskmPaB
eyaFa .
maRta 72>suxPaBrbs;RbCarasRtUv)anFana . rdykcitTukdak;dl;
karkarBarCmW nig Ba)alCmW . RbCarasRkIRk RtUv)anTTYlkar
BiniteraKeday\tbg;f enAtammnIreBT Kilandan nig mnIrsmB
saFarN .
rderobcM[manKilandan nig mnIrsmBdl;CnbT .
maRta 73>rdykcitTukdak;cMeBaHkumar nig mata . rderobcM[man
Tarkdan nig CYy]btmnarI EdlmankUneRcInkgbnk ehIy\tTIBwg.
26

maRta 74>rdCYy]btmCnBikar nig dl;RKYsaryuTCn Edl)anbUCaCIvit


edIm,IRbeTsCati .
maRta 75>rdcat;Ecg[manrbbsnisuxsgmdl;kmkr nig nieyaCit.

CMBUkTI 7
GMBIrdsPa
maRta 76>rdsPa mansmaCiktMNagrasya:gtic 120 rUb .
tMNagras RtUveRCIstaMgedaykare)aHeqatCaskl edayesrI
edayesIPaB edaycMeBaH nigtamviFIeRCIserIseqatCasmat; .
tMNagras GacQreQaHe)aHeqatsaCafI)an .
GkEdlmansiTiQreQaHCaebkCntMNagras KWCaRbCaBlrd
ExrTaMgBIrePT EdlmansiTie)aHeqat manGayuya:gtic 25 qaM
mansBaatiCaExrtaMgBIkMeNIt .
GgkarerobcMkare)aHeqat EbbbT nig karRbRBwteTAnkar
e)aHeqat RtUvkMNt;kgc,ab;e)aHeqat .
27

maRta 77>tMNagraskgrdsPa CatMNagRbCaCatiExrTaMgmUl BuMEmn


RKan;EtCatMNagRbCaBlrdkgmNlrbs;xnenaHeT .
GaNtiGaCJabBaaTaMgLay RtUvTukCaemaX .
maRta 78>nItikalrbs;rdsPamankMNt; 5qaM ehIyRtUvputkMNt;enA
eBlEdlrdsPafIcUlkan;tMENg . rdsPaminGacRtUv)anrMlaymun
putGaNti)aneLIy evorElgEtkgkrNIEdlraCrdaPi)al RtUv)an
Tmak;BIrdgkgryeBl 12Ex .
kgkrNIenH RBHmhakSRtRtUvrMlayrdsPa eRkayBIRBHGg
RTg;)anTTYlkaresIBInaykrdmnI nig bnab;BIRTg;)ankaryl;RBmBI
RbFanrdsPa .
kare)aHeqatedIm,IeRCIserIsrdsPafI nwgRbRBwteTAkgryeBl
60 f ya:gyUr cab;taMgBIfrMlayrdsPamk .
kgrykalenH raCrdaPi)almanEtParkicdwknaMkargarRbcaM
fEtb:ueNaH .
kgeBlmansgam bkgkaleTsBiessdTeTot Edlmin
GaceFVIkare)aHeqatekIt rdsPaGacRbkasbnnItikalrbs;xnmYydg
)anmYyqaM tamsMeNIrbs;RBHmhakSRt .
28

karRbkasbnnItikalrbs;rdsPa RtUvseRmcedaymtiyl;
RBm BIrPaKbIya:gtic ncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
maRta 79>GaNti nsmaCikrdsPa manvismitPaBCamYykarbMeBjmuxgar
saFarN Caskm nig CamYymuxgarCasmaCiknsabndTeTot Edl
manEcgkg rdFmnBu aenH evorElgEteTAbMeBjmuxgarkgKNrdmnI
nraCrdaPi)al .
kg krNIenH smaCikrdsParUbenaHmanzanCasmaCikrdsPa
Fmta b:uEnminRtUvmanmuxtMENgGVITaMgGs;kgKNkmaFikarGciny_
nigkgKNkmkarepSgnrdsPa .
maRta 80>tMNagras manGPyksiTisPa .
tMNagrasrUbNakeday minGacRtUv)anecaTRbkan; cab;xn
Xat;xn bXuMxn edayehtuBI)ansMEdgeyabl; bbeBajmti kgkar
bMeBjmuxgarrbs;xnesaHeLIy .
karecaTRbkan; karcab;xn karXat;xn bkarXuMxn smaCik
NamYynrdsPa nwgGaceFVIeTAekIt luHRtaEtmankaryl;RBmBI
rdsPa bBIKNkmaFikarGciny_rbs;rdsPa kgcenaHsmyRbCuM
nrdsPa evorElgEtkgkrNIbTelIsRBhTNCak;Esg . kgkrNI
29

xageRkayenH RksYgmansmtkicRtUveFVIesckIraykarN_CUnrdsPa b
CUnKNkmaFikarGciny_rbs;rdsPaCabnan; edIm,IseRmc .
esckIseRmcrbs;KNkmaFikarGciny_rbs;rdsPa RtUv
dak;CUnsmyRbCurM dsPaxagmux edIm,IGnumt tammtiPaKeRcInBIrPaKbI
nsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
kgkrNITaMgGs;xagelIenH karXuMxn karecaTRbkan;tMNag
rasNamYyRtUvpak RbsinebIrdsPa)anbeBajmti[paktammti
PaKeRcInbIPaKbYnncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
maRta 81>rdsPamanfvikasVyt sRmab;dMeNIrkar .
tMNagras RtUvTTYlR)ak;bMNac; .
maRta 82 fI>rdsPaebIksmyRbCuMdMbUg huksibfya:gyUreRkayeBl
e)aHeqat tamkarekaHRbCuMrbs;RBHmhakSRt .
muncab;epImkargarrbs;xn rdsPaRtUvRbkassuBlPaBn
GaNatirbs;smaCiknImYy RtUve)aHeqateRCIserIsdac;edayELkBI
Ka nUvRbFan GnuRbFanrdsPa nigsmaCikTaMgGs;nKNkmkar
nanarbs;rdsPa edaymtiPaKeRcIndac;xatncMnYnsmaCikrdsPa
TaMgmUl .
30

rdsPaRtUvGnumtbTbBaapkg edaymtiPaKeRcIndac;xat
ncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
tMNagraRsTaMgGs; RtUveFIVscaRbNiFanmuncUlkan;tMENg
dUcmanxwmsarEcgkg]bsm<nTI 5 nrdFmnuBa .
maRta 83>rdsPa RbCuMCasamBa BIrdg kgmYyqaM .
smyRbCuMnImYy manfirevlaya:gticbIEx . ebImansMNUmBr
BIRBHmhakSRt besckIesIsuMBInaykrdmnI bBIsmaCikrdsPacMnYn
mYyPaKbIya:gtic KNkmaFikarGciny_rdsPa ekaHRbCuMrdsPaCa
visamBa .
kgkrNIenH rebobvarCak;lak;nsmyRbCuMCavisamBaRtUv
pSaydl;RbCarasCamYynwgfkMNt;RbCuM .
maRta 84>enAcenaHsmyRbCurM bs;rdsPa KNkmaFikarGcinyr_ bs;
rdsPaTTYlParkicc at;Ecgkargar .
KNkmaFikarGciny_rbs;rdsParYmman RbFanrdsPa
GnuRbFanrdsPa nigRbFanKNkmkarTaMgGs;rbs;rdsPa .
31

maRta 85>smyRbCuMrdsPa RtUveFVIenAraCFanInRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca


kgsalRbCuMrbs;rdsPa elIkElgEtmankarseRmcepSgcuHkglixit
ekaHRbCuMedaykaleTstRmUv .
eRkABIkrNIxagelI nigeRkABIkEng nigBIkalbriecT Edl
kMNt;kgesckIGeBaIj karRbCuMNakedayrbs;rdsPaRtUvTukCaxus
c,ab; ehIyCaGsarsUneBjlkN .
maRta 86>kgkaleTsEdlRbeTsCatisitkgPaBGasn rdsPaRbCuM
ral;fCab;CaRbcaM . rdsPamansiTiseRmcbBab;kaleTsBiess
xagelIenH kalebIsPaBkarN_GnuBaat .
ebIrdsPaminGacRbCMu)aneT edaymUlehtucaM)ac; CaGaTenA
eBlEdlkmaMgbreTscUlmkkan;kab;TwkdI karRbkasPaBGasn
RtUvbneTAmuxCasVyRbvti.
enAeBlEdlRbeTsCatizitkgPaBGasn rdsPaminGacRtUv
rMlay)aneLIy .
maRta 87>RbFanrdsPadwknaMGgRbCuMrbs;rdsPa TTYlGaBatic,ab; nig
esckIseRmccitTaMgLay EdlrdsPa)anGnumt ra:b;rgkarGnuvt
32

bTbBaapkgrbs;rdsPa nig cat;EcgkarTak;TgGnrCatiTaMgLay


rbs;rdsPa .
kgkrNI EdlRbFanrdsPamanFurminGacbMeBjmuxgar
)an edayehtumkBImanCmW bbMeBjmuxgarCaRbmuxrdsITI bCa
RBHraCanusiTi bbMeBjebskkmenAbreTs GnuRbFanrdsPamYyrUb
RtUvTTYlParkiccat;EcgkargarCMnYs .
kgkrNIEdlRbFan bGnuRbFanrdsPalaElgBImuxtMENg b
TTYlGnickm rdsPaRtUve)aHeqateRCIstaMgRbFan bGnuRbFanfI .
maRta 88 fI BIr>karRbCuMrdsPa RtUveFVICasaFarN .
rdsPaGacRbCuCM asmat;)an tamkaressI BMu RI bFanbBsI maCik
cMnnY mYyPaKdb;ya:gticBIRBHmhakSRt bBInaykrdmnI .
karRbCuMrdsPa nwgykCakar)an luHRtaEtman
k- kUr:umelIsBI BIrPaKbI ncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl
sRmab;karGnumt TaMgLayNaEdltRmUv[ykmtiPaKeRcIn BIrPaK
bIncMnnY smaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
x- kUr:umelIsBIBak;kNal ncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl
sRmab;karGnumtTaMgLayNa EdltRmUv[ykmtiPaKeRcIndac;xat
ncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
33

maRta 89>tamkarsuMBIsmaCikcMnYnmYyPaKdb;ya:gtic rdsPaGac


GeBaIj\sSrCnd]tmNamYymkbMPWrdsPa GMBIbBaaEdlmansar
sMxan;Biess .
maRta 90 fI BIr>rdsPaCaGgkarEdlmanGMNacnItib,Bati ehIybMeBjParkic
rbs;xn dUc)ankMNt;kgrdFmnuBa nig c,ab;CaFrman .
rdsPaGnumtfvikaCati Epnkarrd kar[rdxIR)ak;BIeK kar[
rd[R)ak;eKxI karsnanana EpkhirBavt nig karbegIt EkERb blub
ecalBndar .
rdsPa[esckIyl;RBmcMeBaHKNnIrd)al .
rdsPaGnumtc,ab;sIBIkarelIkElgeTasCaTUeTA .
rdsPaGnumtyl;RBm blubecalsnisBaa bGnusBaa
GnrCati .
rdsPaGnumtc,ab;sIBIkarRbkassgam .
karGnumtxagelIenH RbRBwteTAedaymtiPaKeRcIndac;xat n
cMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
rdsPae)aHeqatTukcitdl;raCrdaPi)al tammtiPaKeRcIndac;
xat ncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
34

maRta 91 fI>smaCikRBwTsPa smaCikrdsPa nig naykrdmnI man


siTipcepImKMniteFVcI ,ab; .
tMNagras mansiTiesIeFVIviesaFnkmc,ab; b:uEnsMeNI
enHminGacTTYlyk)aneT ebIviesaFnkmenaHsMedAbnyR)ak;cMNUl
saFarN bbEnmbnkelIRbCaBlrd .
maRta 92>karGnumtTaMgLayrbs;rdsPa EdlpynwgeKalkarN_
rkSakarBar kraC GFibety bUrNPaBTwkdInRBHraCaNacRk
km<Ca ehIyEdlnaM[b:HBal;dl;kPaBneya)ay bkarRKb;RKg
rd)alrbs;RbeTsCati nwgRtUvcat;TukCaGasarsUn . RkumRbwkSa
FmnuBaCaGgkarEtmYyKt; EdlmansmtkicseRmcBIemaXPaBenH.
maRta 93 fI>c,ab;EdlrdsPa)anGnumt nig RBwTsPa)anBinitcb;sBV
RKb;rcY ehIy ehIyRtUv)anRBHmhakSRtRTg;LayRBHhselxaRbkas
[eRbI RtUvcUlCaFrmanenAraCFanIPeM Bjkg ryeBldb;fKt; eRkay
BIfRbkas[eRbI nigenATUTaMgRbeTskgryeBlmfKt; eRkayBIf
Rbkas[eRbI . b:uEnebIc,ab;enH )anEcgfaCakarRbjab; c,ab;enHRtUv
cUlCaFrmanPamenATUTaMgRbeTs eRkayfRbkas[eRbI .
35

c,ab; EdlRBHmhakSRtRTg;)anLayRBHhselxaRbkas[
eRbI RtUvcuHkgraCkic nig pSBVpSayenATUTaMgRbeTs[Tan;tameBl
kMNt;xagelI .
maRta 94>rdsPabegItKNkmkarepSg EdlcaM)ac; . karerobcM nig
karRbRBwteTAnrdsPa nwgmankMNt;kgbTbBaapkgnrdsPa .
maRta 95>kg krNImansmaCikrdsPaTTYlGnick m laElg bR)ascak
smaCikPaB EdlekItmaneLIg 6Ex ya:gticmuncb;nItikal RtUvcat;
kareRCIstaMgCMnYssmaCikenaH tamlkxNkMNt;kgbTbBaapkg
rdsPa nigkgc,ab;e)aHeqat .
maRta 96>tMNagrasmansiTdi ak;sN
M rY dl;raCrdaPi)al. sMNrY enHRtUv
sresrCalaylkN_GkSrRbKl;CUntamryRbFanrdsPa.
cemIyGaceFVIeLIgedayrdmnImYyrUb beRcInrUb GaRsy
edaybBaaEdl)anecaTeLIg Bak;Bnn wgkarTTYlxusRtUvrbs;mnImYy
rUb beRcInrUb. ebIbBaaBak;Bndl;neya)ayTUeTArbs;raCrdaPi)al
naykrdmnIRtUveqIypal;xn.
36

cemIyrbs;rdmnI brbs;naykrdmnI GaceFVIedaypal;mat;


b sresrCalaylkN_GkSr.
cemIyxagelIenH RtUveFVIeLIgkgryeBl R)aMBIrf bnab;BI
)anTTYlsMNYr.
cMeBaHcemIypal;mat; RbFanrdsPaGacseRmcebIk[man b
min[mankarCECkedjedal. ebIKankarebIk[CECkedjedaleT
enaHcemIyrbs; rdmnI bnaykrdmnI nwgbBab;sMNYrEtmg.
ebImankarebIk[CECkedjedalmas;sMNYr vaKineTot nig
rdmnIBak;Bn bnaykrdmnIGacCECkbreyabl; kgryeBlEdl
minGacelIsBImYyeBlRbCuMeLIy.
rdsPakMNt;TukeBlmYyf kgmYys)ah_ sRmab;kareqIy
sMNYr. eTaHbIya:gNakeday smyRbCuMsRmab;eqIysMNYrxagelI
enHminGacebIklTPaB[mankare)aHeqatRbePTNamYy)aneLIy.
maRta 97>KNkmkarTaMgLayrbs;rdsPa GacGeBaIjrdmnImk
bMPWGMBIbBaaGVImYy EdlBak;BnnwgvisyTTYlxusRtUvrbs;xn.

37

maRta 98 fI>rdsPaGacTmak;smaCikKNrdmRnI bTmak;raCrdaPi)alBI


tMENgedayGnumtjtibenas tamsMeLgeqatPaKeRcIndac;xat n
cMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl.
jtibenasraCrdaPi)al RtUv)anelIkeLIgCUnrdsPa edaytMNag
raRscMnYnsamsibnak; eTIbrdsPaGacelIkykmkBiPakSa)an.

CMBUkTI 8 fI
GMBIRBwTsPa
maRta 99 fI>RBwTsPaCaGgkarEdlmanGMNacnItib,Bati ehIybMeBjParkic
rbs;xn dUc)ankMNt;kgrdFmnuBa nig c,ab;CaFrman.
RBwTsPamansmaCikya:geRcIn esInwgBak;kNalncMnYn
smaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl.
smaCikRBwTsPaRtUvcat;taMgxH nigRtUveRCIstaMgedaykar
e)aHeqatGsklxH.
smaCikRBwTsPa GacRtUv)ancat;taMg nigeRCIstaMgsaCafI)an.
GkEdlmansiTiQreQaHCaebkCnRBwTsPa KWCaRbCaBlrdExrTaMgBIr
38

ePT EdlmansiTie)aHeqat manGayuy:agtic 40 qaM mansBaatiExrtaMg


BIkMeNIt .
maRta 100 fI>smaCikRBwTsPacMnYn2rUb RtUv)ancat;taMgedayRBHmhakSRt.
smaCikRBwTsPacMnYn 2rUb RtUv)anrdsPaeRCIstaMgtammti
PaKeRcInedayeRbob.
rIsmaCikRBwTsPaeTot RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedaykare)aHeqat
Gskl .
maRta 101 fI>karerobcMEbbbT nig karRbRBwteTAnkarcat;taMgnigkare)aHeqat
eRCIstaMgsmaCikRBwTsPa RBmTaMgkarkMNt;GMBIGke)aHeqatGg
e)aHeqat nig mNle)aHeqat RtUvEcgkgc,ab;mYy.
maRta 102 fI>nItikalrbs;RBwTsPamankMNt; 6qaM ehIyRtUvputkMNt;enAeBl
Edl RBwTsPafIcUlkan;tMENg.
kg eBlmansRgam bkg kaleTsBiessdTeTot Edlmin
GaceFVIkare)aHeqatekIt RBwTsPaGacRbkasbnnItikalrbs;xnmYy
dg)anmYyqaM tamsMeNIrbs;RBHmhakSRt.
39

karRbkasbnnItikalrbs;RBwTsPa RtUvseRmcedaymtiyl;
RBmBIrPaKbIya:gtic ncMnYnsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl.
kgkaleTsdUc)anerobrab;xagelI RBwTsPaRbCuMral;f
Cab;CaRbcaM. RBwTsPamansiTiseRmcbBab;kaleTsBiessxagelI
enH kalebIsPaBkarN_GnuBaat.
ebIRBwTsPaminGacRbCuM)aneT edaymUlehtucaM)ac;CaGaTenA
eBlEdlkmaMgbreTscUlmkkan;kab;TwkdI karRbkasPaBGasn
RtUvbneTAmuxCasVyRbvti.
maRta 103 fI>GaNti nsmaCikRBwTsPa manvismitPaBCamYykarbMeBj
muxgarsaFarNCaskmCamYymuxgarCatMNagras nig CamYy
muxgarCasmaCiksabndTeTot EdlmanEcgkg rdFmnuBa.
maRta 104 fI>smaCikRBwTsPa manGPyksiTisPa.
smaCikRBwTsParUbNakeday minGacRtUv)anecaTRbkan;
cab;xn Xat;xn bXuMxn edayehtuBI)ansMEdgeyabl; bbeBaj
mtikgkarbMeBjmuxgarrbs;xnesaHeLIy. karecaTRbkan; kar
cab;xn karXat;xn bkarXuMxnsmaCikNamYy nRBwTsPa nwg
GaceFVeI TAekItluHRtaEtmankaryl;RBmBIRBwTs Pa bBKI NkmaFikar
40

Gciny_rbs;RBwTsPa kgcenaHsmyRbCuMnRBwTsPa evorElg


EtkgkrNIbTelIsRBhTNCak;Esg. kgkrNIcugeRkayenH RksYg
mansmtkicRtUveFVIesckIraykarN_CUnRBwTsPa bCUnKNkma
FikarGciny_rbs;RBwTsPaCabnan; edIm,IseRmc.
escksI eRmcrbs;KNkmaFikarGcinyr_ bs;RBwTs Pa RtUv
dak;CnU smyRbCuMRBwTsPaxagmux edIm,IGnumttammtiPaKeRcInBIr
PaKbI nsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl.
kg krNITaMgGs;xagelIenH karXuxM n karecaTRbkan;smaCik
RBwTs PaNamYyRtUvpak RbsinebIRBwTs Pa)anbeBaju mti[paktammti
PaKeRcInbIPaKbYn nsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl.
maRta 105 fI>RBwTsPa manfvikasVytsRmab;dMeNIrkar.
smaCikRBwTsPa RtUvTTYUlR)ak;bMNac;.
maRta 106 fI mYy>RBwTsPaebIksmyRbCuMdMbUg huksibfya:gyUr eRkayeBl
e)aHeqat tamkarekaHRbCuMrbs;RBHmhakSRt.
muncab;epImkargarrbs;xn RBwTsPaRtUvRbkassuBlPaB n
GaNtirbs;smaCiknImYy nigRtUve)aHeqateRCIserIsdac;edayELkBIKa
nUvRbFan GnuRbFan RBwTs Pa nig smaCikTaMgGs; nKNkmkarnana
41

rbs;RBwTsPa edaymtiPaKeRcIndac;xat ncMnYnsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMg


mUl.
smaCikRBwTsPaTaMgGs; RtUveFVsI caRbNiFanmuncUlkan;
tMENg dUcmanxwmsarEcgkg]bsm<nTI 7 nrdFmnuBa.
maRta 107 fI>RBwTsPa RbCMuCasamBaBIrdgkgmYyqaM.
smyRbCuMnImYy manfirevlaya;:gtic bIEx. ebImansMNUmBr
BIRBHmhakSRt besckIesIsuMBInaykrdmnI bBIsmaCikRBwTsPa
cMnYnmYyPaKbIya:gtic RBwTsPaekaHRbCuMCavisamBa.
maRta 108 fI>enAcenaHsmyRbCurM bs;RBwTs Pa KNkmaFikarGciny_rbs;
RBwTs Pa TTYlParkiccat;Ecgkargar.
KNkmaFikarGciny_rbs;RBwTsParYmman RbFan
RBwTsPa GnuRbFanRBwTsPa nigRbFanKNkmkarTaMgGs;rbs;
RBwTsPa.
maRta 109 fI>smyRbCuMRBwTsPa RtUveFVIenAraCFanInRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
kgsalRbCuMrbs;RBwTsPa elIkElgEtmankarseRmcepSgcuHkglixti
ekaHRbCuMedaykaleTstRmUv.
42

eRkABIkrNIxagelI nigeRkABIkEng nigkalbriecTEdlkMNt;


kg esckGI eBaIj karRbCuMNakedayrbs;RBwTsPaRtUvTukCaxusc,ab;
ehIyGsarsUn eBjlkN.
maRta 110 fI>RbFanRBwTsPadwknaMGgRbCuMrbs;RBwTsPa TTYlGajtic,ab; nig
esckIseRmccitTaMgLay EdlRBwTsPa)anGnumt ra:b;rgkarGnuvt
bTbBaapkgrbs;RBwTsPa nigcat;EcgkarTak;TgGnrCatiTaMgLay
rbs;RBwTsPa.
kgkrNIEdlRbFanRBwTsPamanFurminGacbMeBjmuxgar)an
edayehtumkBImanCmW bbMeBjmuxgarCaRbmuxrdsTI I bCaRBHraCanusTi i
bbeM BjebskkmenAbreTs GnuRbFanRBwTs PamYyrUbRtUvTTYlParkic
cat;EcgkargarCMnYs.
kgkrNIEdlRbFan bGnuRbFanRBwTsPa laElgBImux
tMENg bTTYlGnickm RBwTsPaRtUve)aHeqateRCIstaMgRbFan b
GnuRbFanfI.
maRta 111 fI BIr>karRbCuMRBwTsPa RtUveFVICasaFarN.
43

RBwTsPaGacRbCuCM asmat;)antamkarsuMBIRbFan bBIsmaCik


cMnYnmYyPaKdb;ya:gtic BIRBHmhakSRt BInaykrdmnI bBIRbFan
rdsPa.
karRbCuMRBwTsPanwgykCakar)an luHRtaEtman
k-kUr:umelIsBI BIrPaKbI ncMnYnsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl
sRmab;karGnumtTaMgLayNaEdltmUv[ykmtiPaKeRcIn BIrPaKbI
ncMnYnsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl.
x-kUrmu: elIsBIBak;kNal ncMnYnsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl
sRmab;karGnumtTaMgLayNa EdltmUv[ykmtiPaKeRcIneday
eRbob bykmtiPaKeRcIndac;xat ncMnYnsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl.
cMnnY semg EdltRmUvsRmab;rdsPaGnumt yl;RBm ehIy
EdlmankMNt;kgrdFmnuBa RtUvykmkeRbIsRmab;RBwTsPapgEdr.
maRta 112 fI>RBwTsPa manParkics RmbsRmYlkargarrvagrdsPa nig rdaPi)al.
maRta 113 fI>RBwTsPa BinitehIy[eyabl;kgryeBlmYyExya:gyUr
elIesckIRBagc,ab; besckIesIc,ab; EdlrdsPa)anGnumtyl;
RBmelIkdMbUgrYcehIy RBmTaMgelIbBaaTaMgBYg EdlrdsPa)an
44

dak;[Biinit. ebICakarRbjab; ryeBlenaHRtUvbnymkenARtwmEt


R)aMf.
ebIRBwTsPa)an[eyabl;yl;RBm bBuM)an[eyabl;esaHkg
ryeBlEdlmankMNt;TukehIyenaHeT c,ab;EdlrdsPa)anGnumt
yl;RBmehIyenaH nwgRtUv)anykeTARbkas[eRbI.
ebIRBwTsPasu[M EksRmYlesckRI Bagc,ab; besckeI scI ,ab;enaH
rdsPaRtUvykmkBicarNaPamCaelIkTIBIr. rdsPaRtUvBinit nig
seRmcEtRtg;bTb,Bati bcN
M cu NaEdlRBwTs Pasu[M EksRmYl eday
bdiesFecalTaMgmUl bTukCa)ankarxH.
karbgVileTAbgVilmkrvagRBwTsPa nigrdsPa RtUveFVIEtkg
ryeBlmYyEx. ryeBlenHRtUvbnymkRtwmdb;f ebIRtUvBinit
seRmcBIfvikaCati nig hirBavt ehIymkRtwmEtBIrfebICakar
Rbjab;.
ebIrdsPaTuk[hYsryeBlkMNt; bBnareBlEdlkMNt;
TuksRmab;BinitenaH ryeBlCaeKalkarN_sRmab;rdsPa nig RBwTsPa
RtUvbEnm[esIKaEdr.
ebIRBwTsPabdiesFesckIRBagc,ab; besckIesIc,ab;enaHCa
Gsarbg; rdsPaminGacnwgykmkBicarNaCaelIkTIBIr)anmunryeBl
45

mYyExeT. ryeBlenH RtUvbnymkRtwmdb;R)aMfebIBinitBIfvikaCati


nighirBavt ehIymkRtwmEtbYnf ebICakarRbjab;.
kg karBinti esckRI Bagc,ab; besckeI scI ,ab;CaelIkTI2 enH
rdsPaRtUvGnumtedayviFIe)aHeqatcMh nigyktammtiPaKeRcIndac;
xat.
esckIRBagc,ab; besckIesIc,ab;NaEdl)anseRmcdUcxagelI
enHehIyenaH nwgRtUv)anykeTARbkas[eRbI.
maRta 114 fI mYy>RBwTsPabegItKNkmkarepSgEdlcaM)ac;. karerobcM nig
karRbRBwteTAnRBwTsPa nwgkMNt;kgbTbBaapkgrbs;RBwTsPa.
bTbBaapkg enH RtUvGnumt yl;RBmedaysMeLgPaKeRcIndac;xat n
cMnYnsmaCikRBwTsPaTaMgmUl.
maRta 115 fI>kgkrNImansmaCikRBwTsPaTTYlGnickm laElg bR)ascak
smaCikPaB EdlekItmaneLIgR)aMmYyExya:gticmuncb;nItikal RtUv
cat;taMg beRCIstaMg CMnYssmaCikenaHtamlkxNkMNt;kgbT
bBaapkg nRBwTsPa nigkgc,ab;sIBIkarcat;taMgnigkare)aHeqat
eRCIstaMgsmaCikRBwTsPa.
46

CMBUkTI 9 fI

GMBIsmaCrdsPa nig RBwTsPa


maRta 116 fI>kgkrNIcaM)ac; rdsPa nigRBwTsPa GacRbCuMrYmKaCasmaC
edIm,IedaHRsaybBaasMxan;rbs;RbeTsCati.
maRta 117 fI>bBaasMxan; rbs;RbeTsCatidUcmanEcgkgmaRta 116 fI
xagelI RBmTaMgkarerobcM nigkarRbRBwteTAnsmaCnwgRtUvkMNt;kg
c,ab;mYy .

CMBUkTI 10 fI
GMBIraCrdaPi)al
maRta 118 fI>-maRta 99 cas;
KNrdmnI CaraCrdaPi)al nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca .
KNrdmnI RtUv)andwknaMedaynaykrdmnmI yUY rUb Gmeday
]bnaykrdmnI RBmTaMgmaneTsrdmnI rdmnI nigrdelxaFikarCa
smaCik .
47

maRta 119 fI>-maRta 100 cas;


tamesckIesIBIRbFan edaymanmtikPaBBIGnuRbFanTaMgBIrn
rdsPa RBHmhakSRtRTg;cat;taMgvrCnmYyrUb kgcMeNamtMNagras
nKNbkSEdlQHeqat[begItraCrdaPi)al . vrCnEdlRtUv)an
cat;taMgenH naMshkarIEdlCatMNagras bCasmaCikKNbkStMNag
enAkgrdsPa Edlprpg[kan;tMENgepSg kgraCrdaPi)aleTAsuM
esckITukcitBIrdsPa . kalebIrdsPa)ane)aHeqatTukcitehIyenaH
RBHmhakSRtRTg;ecjRBHraCRkwtEtgtaMgKNrdmnITaMgmUl.
muncUlkan;tMENgKNrdmnI RtUveFVIscaRbNiFan dUcman
xwmsarEcgkg]bsm<nTI 6 .
maRta 120 fI>-maRta 101 cas;
muxgarnsmaCikraCrdaPi)al manvismitPaBnwgskmPaB
xagviCaCIv EpkBaNiCkm b]sSahkm ehIynigkarkan;tMENgNa
mYykgmuxgarsaFarN.
maRta 121 fI>-maRta 102 cas;
smaCikTaMgLay nraCrdaPi)alTTYlxusRtUvrYmKacMeBaH
rdsPa GMBIneya)ayTUeTArbs;raCrdaPi)al .
smaCikmYyrUb nraCrdaPi)alTTYlxusRtUverogxncMeBaH
naykrdmnI nigcMeBaHrdsPaGMBIkarEdlxn)anRbRBwt .
48

maRta 122 fI>-maRta 103 cas;


smaCikTaMgLay nraCrdaPi)alminGacyksMGagn
esckIbgab;edaylaylkN_GkSr b edayvacaGMBInrNamYy edIm,I
edaHsa[rYcxnBIkarTTYlxusRtUvrbs;xn)aneLIy .
maRta 123 fI>-maRta 104 cas;
KNrdmnI RtUvRbCuMral;s)ah_CaRbCuMFM bCaRbCuMBinit
RsavRCav .
GgRbCuMFM RtUvdwknaMedaynaykrdmnI . naykrdmnIGac
RbKl;ParkicCUn]bnaykrdmnI dwknaMGgRbCuMBinitRsavRCav)an .
kMNt;ehtunGgRbCuTM aMgGs;rbs;KNrdmnI RtUvepJfI aV yRBHmhakSRt
RTg;RCab .
maRta 124 fI>-maRta 105 cas;
naykrdmnI GacrMElkGMNacrbs;xn[eTA]bnaykrdmnI
bsmaCikNamYynraCrdaPi)al)an .
maRta 125 fI>-maRta 106 cas;
ebItMENgnaykrdmnIenATMenrCasaBrenaH RtUvEtgtaMg
KNrdmnImYyCafI kglkxNEdlmanEcgkgrdFmnuBaenH . ebI
karTMenrenHCakarTMenrmYykalmYyRKaeT RtUvcat;taMgnaykrdmnI
sITICabeNaHGasn .
49

maRta 126 fI>-maRta 107 cas;


smaCikmYyrUbnraCrdaPi)al RtUvTTYlTNkmBIbT]Rkid bbTmCim Edlxn)anRbRBwtkgkarbMeBjkargarrbs;xn .
kgkrNIenH nigkgkrNIeFVIxusCaTmn;kgkarbMeBjkargar
rbs;xn rdsPaGacseRmcbwgeTAtulakarmansmtkic .
rdsPaseRmckg erOgenH edayviFeI )aHeqatCasmat; tammti
PaKeRcIndac;xatnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl .
maRta 127 fI>-maRta 108 cas;
karerobcM nigkarRbRBwteTAnKNrdmnI nwgRtUvkMNt;kg
c,ab;mYy.

CMBUkTI 11 fI
GMBIGMNactulakar
maRta 128 fI>-maRta 109 cas;
GMNactulakar CaGMNackraC .
GMNactulakar FanarkSaGnaKti nig karBarsiTiesrIPaB
rbs;RbCaBlrd .
50

GMNactulakar RKbdNb;eTAelIerOgkITaMgGs; rYmTaMgerOg


kIrd)alpg .
GMNacenH RtUvRbKl;[tulakarkMBlU nigsalaCRmHkRI Kb;Ep; k
nigRKb;Can;fak; .
maRta 129 fI>-maRta 110 cas;
karCRmHkIpl;yutiFm RtUveFVIkgnamRbCarasExr tamnItiviFI
nigc,ab;CaFrman .
manEtecARkmeTEdlmansiTiCRmHHkI . ecARkmRtUvbMeBj
ParkicenH edayeKarBc,ab;ya:gmuWgma:t; nig[Gs;BIdYgcit nig
sm,CBarbs;xn .
maRta 130 fI>-maRta 111 cas;
KanGgkarNamYynGMNacnItib,Bati bnItiRbtibtiGacTTYl
GMNactulakarGVI)aneLIy .
maRta 131 fI>-maRta 112 cas;
manEtGgkarGykareT EdlmansiTieFVIbNwgGaCJa .
maRta 132 fI>-maRta 113 cas;
RBHmhakSRtRTg;CaGkFanakraCnGMNactulakar . ]tm
RkumRbwkSanGgecARkmCYyRBHmhakSRtkgkickarenH .
51

maRta 133 fI>-maRta 114 cas;


ecARkmminGacRtUveKdkBImuxgar)aneT . b:uEn]tmRkum
RbwkSanGgecARkm seRmcdak;vni y elIecARkmEdl)anRbRBwtx su .
maRta 134 fI>-maRta 115 cas;
]tmRkumRbwkSanGgecARkm nwgRtUvbegItedayc,ab;erobcM
GgkarmYy EdlnwgkMNt;smasPaB nigmuxgar .
]tmRkumRbwkSanGgecARkm siteRkamRBHraCaFibtIPaBn
RBHmhakSRt . RBHmhakSRtRBHGgRTg;Gaccat;taMgRBHraCtMNag
mak;rbs;RBHGg[eFVICaGFibtI n]tmRkumRbwkSanGgecARkmenH .
]tmRkumRbwkSanGgecARkmelIkesckeI sfI aV yRBHmhakSRt
GMBIkarEtgtaMgecARkm nigRBHraCGaCJaGmsalaCRmHkITaMgGs; .
]tmRkumRbwkSanGgecARkm kgmuxkardak;vinycMeBaH
ecARkm nig RBHraCGaCJa RtUvRbCuMeRkamGFibtIPaBnRbFantulakar
kMBUl bGKRBHraCGaCJaGmtulakarkMBUl GaRsyedaykrNITak;Tg
nwgecARkm bRBHraCGaCJa .
maRta 135 fI>-maRta 116 cas;
lkniknecARkm nigRBHraCGaCJa nigkarerobcMGgkar
tulakar nwgRtUvkMNt;kgc,ab;edayELkBIKa .
52

CMBUkTI 12 fI
GMBIRkumRbwkSaFmnuBa
maRta 136 fI>RkumRbwkSaFmnBu a mansmtkci F anakarBarkareKarBrdFmnBu a
bkRsayrdFmnuBa nigc,ab;EdlrdsPa)anGnumt nigRBwTsPa)an
Binitcb;sBVRKb;ehIy.
RkumRbwkSaFmnuBa mansiTiBinit nigseRmcGMBIkrNIvivaTkm
Tak;Tgnwgkare)aHeqateRCIstaMgtMNagras nigkare)aHeqateRCIs
taMgsmaCikRBwTsPa .
maRta 137 fI>-maRta 118 cas;
RkumRbwkSaFmnuBamansmaCik R)aMbYnrUb EdlTTYlGaNti
R)aMbYnqaM . smaCikRkumRbwkSaFmnuBa cMnYnmYyPaKbI RtUvpas;fIkg
ryeBlbIqa mM g bIqa mM g . smaCikbIrbU RtUvEtgtaMgedayRBHmhakSRt
bIrUbRtUveRCIstaMgedayrdsPa ehIybIrUbeTot RtUvEtgtaMgeday]tm
RkumRbwkSanGgecARkm .
RbFan RtUv)aneRCIstaMgedaysmaCikRkumRbwkSaFmnuBa .
RbFanmansemg]tmanuPaB kgkrNIEbksemgCaBIresIKa .
53

maRta 138 fI>-maRta 119 cas;


smaCikRkumRbwkSaFmnuBa RtUveRCIserIskgcMeNam\sSrCn
EdlmansBaabRtcab;BI]tmsikSaeTA xagc,ab; xagrd)al xag
karTUt bxagesdkic ehIymanBiesaFn_eRcInkgkargar .
maRta 139 fI>muxgarsmaCikRkumRbwkSaFmnuBa manvismitPaBnwgmuxgar
smaCikRBwTsPa smaCikrdsPa smaCikraCrdaPi)al ecARkmkg
tMENg karkan;tMENgNamYykgmuxgarsaFarN RbFan b
GnuRbFanKNbkSneya)ay RbFan bGnuRbFanshCIB .
maRta 140 fI>RBHmhakSRt naykrdmnI RbFanrdsPa tMNagrascMnYn
mYyPaKdb; RbFanRBwTsPa bsmaCikRBwTsPacMnYnmYyPaKbYnGac
bBanc,ab;EdlrdsPa)anGnumteTA[RkumRbwkSaFmnuBaBinit mun
nwgc,ab;enaHRtUvRbkas[eRbI .
bTbBaapkgrdsPa bTbBaapkgRBwTsPa nigc,ab;erobcM
GgkarTaMgLay RtUvEtbBaneTARkumRbwkSaFmnuBaBinit munnwg
Rbkas[eRbI . RkumRbwkSaFmnuBa RtUvseRmckgryeBl samsib
30 fya;:gyUr faetIc,ab;bTbBaapkgrdsPa nigbTbBaap
kgRBwTsPaxagelIRsb bminRsbnwgrdFmnuBa .
54

maRta 141 fI>eRkayBIc,ab;NamYy RtUv)anRbkas[eRbI RBHmhakSRt RbFan


RBwTsPa RbFanrdsPa naykrdmnI smaCikRBwTsPa cMnYnmYyPaK
bYn tMNagrascMnYnmYyPaKdb; btulakar GacsuM[RkumRbwkSaFmnuBa
BinitGMBIFmnuBaPaBnc,ab;enaH .
RbCarasmansiTibwgGMBIFmnuBaPaBnc,ab;)an tamry
tMNagras b RbFanrdsPa bsmaCikRBwTsPa bRbFanRBwTsPa
dUcmanEcgkgvakxNxagelI .
maRta 142 fI>-maRta 123 cas;
bTb,Batki g maRtaNa EdlRkumRbwkSaFmnBu aRbkasfamin
RsbnwgrdFmnuBa minGacykeTARbkas[eRbI bykeTAGnuvt)an
eLIy .
esckIseRmcrbs;RkumRbwkSaFmnuBa CaesckIseRmcbiTpvtv:a.
maRta 143 fI>-maRta 124 cas;
RBHmhakSRtRTg;BieRKaHmtiRkumRbwkSaFmnuBa cMeBaHesckIesI
TaMgLayEdlsuMeFVIviesaFnkmelIrdFmnuBa.
maRta 144 fI>-maRta 125 cas;
c,ab;erobcMGgkarmYynwgkMNt;karerobcM nigkarRbRBwteTAn
RkumRbwkSaFmnuBa.
55

CMBUkTI 13 fI
GMBIkarRKb;RKgrd)al
maRta 145 fI mYy>TwkdInRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaEckCa raCFanI ext Rkug Rsuk
xN XMu sgat; .
maRta 146 fI mYy>raCFanI ext Rkug Rsuk xN XuM sgat; RtUvRKb;RKgtam
lkx N
EdlmanEcgkg c,ab;erobcMGgkar .

CMBUkTI 14 fI
GMBIsmaCCati
maRta 147 fI>-maRta 128 cas;
smaCCati ebIk[RbCarasRCabedaypal; GMBIkickarepSg
EdlCaRbeyaCn_Cati nigelIkbBaa nigsMNUmBrCUnrdGMNacedaHRsay.
RbCarasExrTaMgBIrePT mansiTieTAcUlrYmkgsmaCCati.
56

maRta 148 fI>-maRta 129 cas;


smaCCati RbCuMmYydgkgmYyqaM enAedImExF tamkarekaH
GeBaIjrbs;naykrdmnI.
smaCCati RbRBwteTAeRkamRBHraCaFibtIPaB nRBHmhakSRt .
maRta 149 fI>smaCCati GnumtsMNUmBrCUnRBwTsPa CUnrdsPa nigCUnrd
GMNacBicarNa .
karerobcM nigkarRbRBwte TAnsmaCCati nwgRtUvkMNt;kg c,ab;
mYy.

CMBUkTI 15 fI
GMBIGanuPaB karesIerI nigviesaFnkmrdFmnuBa
maRta 150 fI>-maRta 131 cas;
rdFmnuBaenH Cac,ab;kMBUl nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca .
c,ab; nigesckIseRmcTaMgLay nsabnnanarbs;rd RtUv
RsbnwgrdFmnuBaCadac;xat .
57

maRta 151 fI>-maRta 132 cas;


karepImKMnitesIerI bkarepImKMniteFVIviesaFnkmrdFmnuBa
CasiTirbs;RBHmhakSRt rbs;naykrdmnI nigrbs;RbFanrdsPa tam
esckIesIrbs;tMNagrasmYyPaKbYn ncMnYnsmaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl.
karesIerI bviesaFnkmrdFmnuBa RtUveFVIeLIgedayc,ab;
FmnuBamYyEdlGnumtedayrdsPa tammtiPaKeRcInBIrPaKbI ncMnYn
smaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl.
maRta 152 fI>-maRta 133 cas;
karesIerI bvei saFnkmrdFmnBu aRtUvhamXat;mni [eFVeI nAeBl
RbeTsCatizti kg PaBGasn dUcmanEcgkg maRta 86 .
maRta 153 fI>-maRta 134 cas;
karesIerI bviesaFnkmrdFmnuBa minGaceFVI)aneLIykalebI
b:HBal;dl;RbBnRbCaFibety esrI BhubkS nigrbbraCaniym
GaRsyedayrdFmnuBa.

58

CMBUkTI 16 fI
GMBIGnrb,Bati
maRta 154 fI>rdFmnuBaenH eRkayBI)anTTYlkarGnumtRtUv)anRbkas[
cUlCaFrmanPamedayRBHmhakSRt nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca.
maRta 155 fI>-maRta 136 cas;
eRkayeBlrdFmnuBaenHcUlCaFrman sPaFmnuBaRtUv
kayeTACardsPa.
bTbBaapkgrbs;rdsPa RtUvcUlCaFrmaneRkayTTYl)ankar
GnumtBIrdsPa.
kgkrNIEdlrdsPaminTan;cab;dMeNIrkar)an RbFan GnuRbFanTImYy nigGnuRbFanTIBIrnsPaFmnuBa nwgcUlrYmbMeBj
Parkic kgRkumRbwkSaraCsm,tiebIsPaBkarN_kgRbeTsTamTar.
maRta 156 fI>eRkayrdFmnBu aenHcUlCaFrman RBHmhakSRteRCIstaMgtam
lkx N
EdlmanEcgkgmaRta 13 fI nig 14 .
59

maRta 157 fI>nItikalTI 1 nRBwTsPamankMNt; 5qaM ehIyRtUvputkMNt;


enAeBlRBwTsPafIcUlkan;tMENg. sRmab;nItikalTI 1 nRBwTsPa
-smaCikRBwTsPa mancMnYnsrubhuksibmYyrUb .
-RBHmhakSRtRTg;EtgtaMgsmaCikRBwTsPaBIrrUb RBmTaMgRbFan
GnuRbFanTI 1 GnuRbFanTI 2 nRBwTsPa.
-smaCikdTeTotnRBwTsPa RtUv)anEtgtaMgedayRBHmhakSRt
tamsMeNIrbs;RbFanRBwTsPa nigRbFanrdsPa kgcMeNamsmaCik
nKNbkSEdlmanGasnenAkgrdsPa.
-kicRbCuCM asmaCrdsPa nigRBwTw s PaRtUvdwknaMedayshRbFan.
maRta 158 fI>-maRta 139 cas;
c,ab; niglixitbTdanTaMgGs;enAkm<Ca EdlFanakarBar
)annUvRTBsm,tird siTiesrIPaB nig RTBsm,tRi twmRtUvtamc,ab;
rbs;bKu l nigEdlsmRsbnwgRbeyaCn_Cati RtUvmanGanuPaBGnuvtbn
eTAmuxeTotrhUtdl;manGtbTfImkEkERb blubecalelIkElgEt
bTb,BatiNa EdlpynwgsartInrdFmnuBaenH.

60

rdFmnuBaenH RtUv)ansPaFmnuBaGnumtenAraCFanIPMeBj
fTI 21 Ex kBaa qaM 1993 nasmyRbCuMelIkTI 2 .
RbFan
sWn san

61

]bsm<nTI 1

Tg;Cati

62

ePgCati nKrraC
1- sUmBYkeTBa
[)anrugerOg
eyIgRBHGg
nRBHnrbtI
RKb;RKgEdnExr

rkSamhakSRteyIg
edayCymgl sirs
I s
Y I
sUmRCkeRkammb;RBH)armI
vgSkSRtaEdlsagR)asaTf
buraNefIgfan .

2- R)asaTsila
KYr[Rsm
CatiExrdUcf
eyIgsgwmBr
mhardekItman

kM)aMgkNalRB
nwkdl;ysski mhanKr
Kg;vgSenAl rwgbwugCMhr
PBVeRBgsMNagrbs;km<Ca
yUrGEgVgehIy .

3- RKb;vtGaram
sURtedayGMNr
cUreyIgCaGk
Kg;EteTvta
dl;RbeTsExr

BEtsUrsBFm
rMBkKuNBuTsasna
eCOCak;esaHsRK tamEbbdUnta
nwgCYyeRCamERCgpt;pg;RbeyaCn_[

CamhanKr .
63

]bsm<nTI 3

sBaaCati

64

]bsm<nTI 4

scaRbNiFan
n
RBHmhakSRt nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
taMgscafa
nwgRbRBwttamrdFmnBu a
nigc,ab;TaMgLay nRBHraCaNacRk
ehIynwgtaMgciteFIVplRbeyaCn_dl;rd nigRbCaras .

65

]bsm<nTI 5

scaRbNiFan
TUlRBHbgM
eyIg
RbFan GnuRbFan
nigsmaCikrdsPanRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
sUmeFVIscaRbNiFan
enAcMeBaHRBHPRkRBHmhakSRt
RBHPRknsemcRBHsgraC
nigeTvtarkSaesVtcRt
dUcteTA
-kgeBlRbtibtikartammuxtMENgxn nigkgkarbMeBj
ebskkm EdlRbCaraskm<Ca)anRbKl;CUn cMeBaHTUlRBHbgM eyIg
RKb;rUb TUlRBHbgMeyIgsUmebCJaeKarBrdFmnBu a bMerICanic TaMgkg
bcb,n TaMgkgGnaKt nUvplRbeyaCn_rbs;RbCaras RbCaCati nig
matuPUmikm<Ca. TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmscafaminekgRbvBanUvpl
Rbeyan_CatisRmab;pal;xn bsRmab;RKYsar bsRmab;bkSBYk b
sRmab;PaKIerogxneLIy.
66

-TUlRBHbgeM yIg sUmebCJabr pac;hanbUCaCIvti edIm,IkarBar


Canic TaMgkg bcb ,n TaMgkg GnaKt nUv
>kraCPaBTaMgRsug nmatuPUmikm<Ca
>GFibetyPaBCatieBjbribUrN_
>bUrNPaBTwkdIdRtwmRtUvtamc,ab; enAkgRBMEdndIeKak nig
RBMEdnsmuRT Edlkm<CaFab;mankgCMnan;qaM 1963 dl; 1969
>kPaBCati ehIyminGnuBaat[mankarEbgEck bkareFVGI bKmn_NamYyeLIy.
-TUlbgMeyIg sUmebCJarkSaTukCanic TaMgkgbcb,n TaMgkg
GnaKtnUv GBaRkwtPaB nigPaBmincUlbkSsm<nsRmab;km<Ca
ehIyminGnuBaatCadac;xat [CnNamYykedayEdlcg;eRCotERCkcUl
kgpkgnkm<Ca bmkbgab;bBaacMeBaHeKalneya)ayCati nig
GnrCatirbs;km<Ca)aneLIy. TUlRBHbgMeyIgminbMerICadac;xatnUv
plRbeyaCn_breTs ehIyeFVI[xUcxatdl;plRbeyaCn_rbs;RbCa
ras RbCaCati nig matuPUmikm<CaeLIy.
-kg karedaHRsaybBaaTaMgLayelIprabCati nigGnrCati
TUlRBHbgM eyIgnwgbM)at;ecalTaMgRsugnUvGMeBIhigSaRKb;Ebbya:g .
b:uEnRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca sUmrkSaTuknUvsiTikan;GavuFtsU
RbqaMgnwgkarrMelaP QanBanmkBIeRkA edIm,IkarBarCati matuPUmixn.
67

-TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmebCJaeKarBCanic TaMgkgbcb,n TaMgkg


GnaKt nUvlTiRbCaFibety esrIniym EdlmanrbbsPa nigBhubkS
RBmTaMgmankareKarBya:gmWugma:t;cMeBaHsiTimnusS dUcmanEcgkg
esckIRbkasCaskl sIGMBIsiTmi nusS .
-TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmebCJatsURbqaMgGMeBIBukrlYy RKb;Ebb
ya:g RbqaMgGyutiFmsgm ehIytsUedIm,IpSHpSaCati edIm,Ik
PaBCati edIm,IsniPaBsgm nigsniPaBCati edIm,IPaBsm,rsb,ay
nRbCaraRskm<Ca nigedImI,PaBrugerOgefIgfannmatuPUmikm<Ca
CaTIeKarBskar nigCaTIeshanTUlRBHbgM eyIgRKb;rbU .

68

]bsm<nTI 6

scaRbNiFan
TUlRBHbgM
eyIg
naykrdmnI nigsmaCik nraCrdaPi)al
sUmeFVIscaRbNiFan
enAcMeBaHRBHPRkRBHmhakSRt
RBHPRknsemcRBHsgraC
nigeTvtarkSaesVtcRt
dUcteTA
-kg eBlRbtibtki artammuxtMENgxn nigkg karbMeBjebskkm EdlRbCaraskm<Ca)anRbKl;CUncMeBaH TUlRBHbgM eyIgRKb;rUb
TUlRBHbgMeyIgsUmebCJaeKarBrdFmnBu a bMerICanicTaMgkg bcb ,n TaMg
kgGnaKt nUvplRbeyaCn_rbs;RbCaras RbCaCati nig matuPUmikm<Ca.
TUlRBHbgM eyIgsUmscafa minekgRbvBanUvplRbeyan_Cati
sRmab;pal;xn bsRmab;RKYsar bsRmab;bkSBYk bsRmab;PaKIerog
xneLIy.
69

-TUlRBHbgeM yIg sUmebCJabr pac; hanbUCaCIvit edIm,IkarBar


Canic TaMgkg bcb ,n TaMgkg GnaKt nUv
>kraCPaBTaMgRsug nmatuPUmikm<Ca
>GFibetyPaBCatieBjbribUrN_
>bUrNPaBTwkdIdRtwmRtUvtamc,ab;enAkgRBMEdndIeKak nigRBMEdn
smuRT Edlkm<C aFab;mankg CMnan;qa M 1963 dl; 1969
>kPaBCati ehIyminGnuBaat[mankarEbgEck bkareFVI
GbKmn_NamYyeLIy.
-TUlbgMeyIg sUmebCJarkSaTukCanic TaMgkgbcb,n TaMgkg
GnaKtnUv GBaRkwtPaB nigPaBmin cUlbkSsm<nsRmab;km<Ca
ehIyminGnuBaatCadac;xat[CnNamYykeday Edlcg;eRCotERCkcUl
kgpkgnkm<Ca bmkbgab;bBaa cMeBaHeKalneya)ayCati nig
GnrCatirbs;km<Ca)aneLIy. TUlRBHbgM eyIgminbMerICadac;xat
nUvplRbeyaCn_breTs ehIyeFVI[xUcxatdl;plRbeyaCn_rbs;
RbCaras RbCaCati nigmatuPUmikm<CaeLIy.
-kg karedaHRsaybBaaTaMgLayelIprabCati nigGnrCati TUl
RBHbgM eyIg nwgbM)at;ecalTaMgRsug nUvGMeBIhigSaRKb;Ebbya:g.
b:uEnRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca sUmrkSaTuknUvsiTikan;GavuFtsU
RbqaMgnwgkarrMelaPQanBanmkBIeRkA edIm,IkarBarCati matuPUmixn.
70

-TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmebCJaeKarBCanic TaMgkgbcb,n TaMgkg


GnaKt nUvlTiRbCaFibety esrIniym EdlmanrbbsPa nigBhubkS
RBmTaMgmankareKarBya:gmWugma:t;cMeBaHsiTimnusS dUcmanEcg
kgesckIRbkasCaskl sIGMBIsiTimnusS .
-TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmebCJatsURbqaMgGMeBIBukrlYyRKb;Ebb
ya:g RbqaMgGyutiFmsgm ehIytsU edIm,IpSHpSaCati edIm,IkPaB
Cati edIm,IsniPaBsgm nigsniPaBCati edIm,IPaBsm,rsb,ay
nRbCaraRskm<Ca nigedIm,IPaBrugerOgefIgfan nmatuPUmikm<Ca
CaTIeKarBskar nigCaTIesha nTUlRBHbgM eyIgRKb;rUb.

71

]bsm<nTI 7

scaRbNiFan
TUlRBHbgM
eyIg
RbFan GnuRbFan nigsmaCikRBwTsPa
nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
sUmeFVIscaRbNiFan
enAcMeBaHRBHPRkRBHmhakSRt
RBHPRknsemcRBHsgraC
nigeTvtarkSaesVtcRt
dUcteTA
-kgeBlRbtibtikartammuxtMENgxn nigkgkarbMeBjebsk
km EdlRbCaraskm<Ca )anRbKl;CUncMeBaHTUlRBHbgM eyIgRKb;rUb
TUlRBHbgM eyIgsUmebCJaeKarBrdFmnBu abeM rICanic TaMgkg bcb ,n TaMg
kg GnaKtnUvplRbeyaCn_rbs; RbCaras RbCaCati nigmatuPmU ki m<C a.
TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmscafamin ekgRbvBanUv plRbeyan_Cati
sRmab;pal;xn bsRmab;RKYsar bsRmab;bkSBYk bsRmab;PaKIerog
xneLIy.
72

-TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmebCJabrpac;hanbUCaCIvitedIm,IkarBar
Canic TaMgkgbcb,n TaMgkgGnaKtnUv
>kraCPaBTaMgRsug nmatuPUmikm<Ca
>GFibetyPaBCatieBjbribUrN_
>bUrNPaBTwkdIdRtwmRtUvtamc,ab; enAkgRBMEdndIeKak nig
RBMEdnsmuRT Edlkm<CaFab;mankgCMnan;qaM 1963 dl; 1969
>kPaBCati ehIyminGnuBaat[mankarEbgEck bkareFVI
GbKmn_NamYyeLIy .
-TUlbgMeyIg sUmebCJarkSaTukCanic TaMgkgbcb,n TaMgkg
GnaKtnUvGBaRkwtPaB nigPaBmin cUlbkSsm<nsRmab;km<Ca ehIy
minGnuBaatCadac;xat[CnNamYykeday Edlcg;eRCotERCkcUlkg p
kg nkm<Ca bmkbgab;bBaa cMeBaHeKalneya)ayCati nigGnrCati
rbs;km<Ca)aneLIy . TUlRBHbgM eyIg minbMerICadac;xatnUvpl
RbeyaCn_breTsehIyeFVI[xUcxatdl;plRbeyaCn_rbs; RbCaras
RbCaCati nigmatuPUmikm<CaeLIy .
-kg karedaHRsaybBaaTaMgLayelIprabCati nigGnrCati TUl
RBHbgM eyIgnwgbM)at;ecalTaMgRsug nUvGMeBIhigSaRKb;Ebbya:g.
b:uEnRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca sUmrkSaTuknUvsiTikan;GavuFtsU
RbqaMgnwgkarrMelaPQanBanmkBIeRkA edIm,IkarBarCati matuPUmixn.
73

-TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmebCJaeKarBCanic TaMgkgbcb,n TaMgkg


GnaKt nUvlTiRbCaFibety esrIniym EdlmanrbbsPa nigBhubkS
RBmTaMgman kareKarBya:gmWugma:t; cMeBaHsiTimnusS dUcmanEcg
kgesckIRbkasCaskl sIGMBIsiTimnusS .
-TUlRBHbgMeyIg sUmebCJatsURbqaMgGMeBIBukrlYyRKb;Ebb
ya:g RbqaMgGyutiFmsgm ehIytsU edIm,IpSHpSaCati edIm,IkPaB
Cati edIm,IsniPaBsgm nigsniPaBCati edIm,IPaBsm,rsb,ay
nRbCaraRskm<Ca nigedIm,IPaBrugerOgefIgfan nmatuPUmikm<Ca
CaTIeKarBskar nigCaTIeshanTUlRBHbgM eyIgRKb;rbU .

74

KNkmkarGciny_eroberogrdFmnuBa
)anGnumtedaysPaFmnuBa nasmyRbCuMeBjGgelIkTI 1
fTI 30 Ex mifuna qaM 1993

1-k]tmsemcRbFansPaFmnuBa bk]tm GnuRbFansPa


FmnuBa { krNIsemcRbFanGvtman : CaRbFan
2-k]tm Ecm sn
CaGnuRbFan
3-k]tmbNit tav esghYr
CaGkraykarN_
4-k]tm kan; m:n
CasmaCik
5-k]tm Kat Qn;
CasmaCik
6-k]tm QYr laghYt
CasmaCik
7-k]tm efa eb:glat
CasmaCik
8-k]tm sm rgSI
CasmaCik
9-GkGgmas; sIusuvti sirIrt
CasmaCik
10-k]tm sWn sUEbr
CasmaCik
11-k]tm esam can;buRt
CasmaCik
12-k]tm Gun nwg
CasmaCik
13-k]tm Ly swumQag
CasmaCik
14-k]tm Cam eyob
CasmaCikbMrug
75

15-k]tm b:ul hMm


16-k]tm BU suFIr
17-k]tm sr saGat
18-k]tm Gwug eKot
19-k]tm Guk ra:bun
20-k]tm Gug pn
21-k]tm k sMGul
22-k]tm say bUrI
23-k]tm can; sux
24-k]tm Qn eGom
25-k]tm ehg vgSbunqat
26-k]tm exov ra:da

CasmaCikbMrug
CasmaCikbMrug
CasmaCikbMrug
CasmaCikbMrug
CasmaCikbMrug
CasmaCikbMrug
CasmaCikbMrug
CaGkCMnajkar
CaGkCMnajkar
CaGkCMnajkar
CaGkCMnajkar
CaGkCMnajkar

sMKal; eyagCMBUkTI 7 Rbkar 18 sIBIKNkmkar nig


RbFanKNkmkarsPaFmnuBa .

76

RBHraCRkm
eyIg
RBH)aTsemc RBHneratm sIhnu vrn
raChrivgS ]PetasuCat visuTBgS GKmhabursrtn_
nikeratm FmikmharaCaFiraC brmnaf brmbBiRt
RBHecARkugkm<CaFibtI
eyagtammaRta 135 nig 136 nCMBUkTI 14 sIBI
Gnrb,Bati nrdFmnuBaRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca GnumtedaysPa
FmnuBa enAfTI 21 Ex kBaa K>s 1993.
Rtas;bgab;
maRta 1 Rbkas[eRbICapvkarPam nUvrdFmnuBa n
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlsPaFmnuBa)anGnumt enAfTI 21 Ex
kBaa qaM 1993.
maRta 2 sPaFmnuBa )anRtLb;eTACardsPankm<Cacab;BI
eBlenHteTA.
77

eFIVenAraCFanIPMeBj fTI 24 Ex kBaa K>s 1993

neratm sIhnu

78

kMNt;smal;
3
rdFmnuBanRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca qaM 1993 enH kngmk
)aneFIVviesaFnkmcMnYn 6 elIkKW
- karEkERbelIkTI 1 tamc,ab;sIBIkarEkERbmaRta
28 nrdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlRbkas
[eRbIedayRBHraCRkmcuHfTI 14 Ex kkda qaM 1994 .
- karEkERbelIkTI 2 tamc,ab;FmnuBa sIBIviesaFnkmmaRta 11> 12 >13 >18 >22 >24 >26 >28 >30
>34 >51 >90 >91 >93 nig maRtaTaMgLay nCMBUkTI 8
dl;CMBUkTI 14 nrdFmnuBa EdlRbkas[eRbI
edayRBHraCRkmelx nsrkm039901 cuH fTI 8
Ex mIna qaM 1999.
- karEkERbelIkTI 3 tamc,ab;FmnBu a sBI vI ei saFn
kmmaRta 19 nig maRta 29 nrdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlRbkas[eRbIedayRBHraCRkm elx
nsrkm070111 cuH f TI 28 Ex kkda qaM
2001.
79

- karEkERbelIkTI 4 tamc,ab;FmnuBa sIBIviesaFn


kmmaRta 88 nigmaRta 111 fI nrdFmnuBaEdl
Rbkas[eRbIedayRBHraCRkmelxnsrkm06050
18 cuHfTI 19 Ex mifuna qaM 2005.
- karEkERbelIkTI 5 tamc,ab;FmnuBa sIBIviesaFn
kmmaRt 28 maRta 88 fI maRta 90 fI maRta 98 maRta
106fI maRta 111 fI (mYy) maRta 114 fI nrd
FmnuBa nigmaRta 6 nc,ab;FmnuBabnm sMedAFana
nUvdMeNIrkarCaRbRktInsabnCati EdlRbkas[eRbI
edayRBHraCaRkmelx nsrkm0306 cuHfTI 9
Ex mIna qaM 2006.
- karEkERbelIkTI 6 tamc,ab;FmnuBa sIBIviesaFn
kmmaRta 145 fI nigmaRta 146 fI nrdFmnuBa n
RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlRbkas[eRbIedayRBHraCRkm
elx nsrkm0208008 cuHfTI 15 Ex kum qaM
2008.

80

RBHraCRkm
eyIg
RBH)aTsemc RBHneratm sIhnu vrn
raChrivgS ]PetasuCat visuTBgS GKmhabursrtn_
nikeratm FmikmharaCaFiraC brmnaf brmbBiRt
RBHecARkugkm<CaFibtI
eyagtammaRta 11 CMBUkTI 2 sIBIRBHmhakSRt nrd
FmnuBaRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca Gnumteday sPaFmnuBa enAfTI 21
Ex kBaa K>s 1993 .
Rtas;bgab;
maRta 1 Rbkas[eRbICapv kar nUvc,ab;sBI kI arEkERbmaRta 28
nrdFmnuBaRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlrdsPa)anGnumtenAfTI 14
Ex kkda qaM 1994.
maRta 2 RBHraCRkmenHcUlCaFrmanc,ab; cab;BIeBlcuHhtelxaenHteTA.
81

eFIVenARBHraCFanIPMeBj >fTI 14 Ex kkda qaM1994


kgRBHbrmnam nigtamRBHraCcMNar

RbmuxrdsITI
Ca sIum

82

RBHraCRkm
nsrkm039901
eyIg
RBH)aTsemc RBHneratm sIhnu
raChrivgS ]PetasuCat visuTBgS GKmhabursrtn_
nikeratm FmikmharaCaFiraC brmnaf brmbBiRt
RBHecARkugkm<CaFibtI
-)anRTg;yl;rdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
-)anRTg;yl;smyRbCuMvisamBaeBjGg nrdsPa enAfTI
2-3-4 Ex mIna qaM 1999
-eyagtamsMeNIrbs;RbFanrdsPa cuHfTI 6 Ex mIna qaM
1999
Rtas;bgab;
maRta 1 Rbkas[eRbICapvkar nUvc,ab;FmnuBasIBIviesaFnkm
maRta 11>12>13>18>22>24> 26>28>30>34>51>90>91>93
nigmaRtaTaMgLaynCMBUk TI 8 dl;;CMBUkTI 14 nrdFmnuBa n
83

RBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlrdsPa)anGnumt enAfTI 4 Ex mIna qaM


1999 .
maRta 2 RBHraCRkmenHcUlCaFrmanc,ab; cab;BIeBlLay
RBHhselxaenHteTA .
eFIVenAfTI 8 Ex mIna qaM 1999

neratm sIhnu

84

RBHraCRkm
nsrkm070111
eyIg
RBH)aTsemc RBHneratm sIhnu
raChrivgS ]betasuCati visuTBgS GKmhabursrtn_
nikeratm FmikmharaCaFiraC brmnaf brmbBiRt
RBHecARkugkm<CaFibtI
- )anRTg;yl;rdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca qaM 1993
- )anRTg;yl;lTplsmyRbCMurdsPaelIkTI 6 nItikalTI 2
enA f cn TI 2 Ex kkda qaM 2001
- )anRTg;yl;lTplsmyRbCMuRBwTsPaelIkTI 5 nItikalTI 1
enAf cn TI 23 Ex kkda qaM 2001
- )anRTg;yl;lixitesIsMusemcRBHRbFanrdsPa cuHfTI 27
Ex kkda qaM 2001

85

Rtas;bgab;
maRta 1 Rbkas[eRbICapvkarnUvc,ab;FmnuBa sIBIviesaFnkm
maRta 19 nigmaRta 29 nrdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<CaEdl
rdsPa)anGnumtenAf TI 2 Ex kkda qaM 2001 ehIyEdl
RBwTsPa)an Gnumtyl;RsbelITRmg;nigKti c,ab;enHTaMgRsug
kalBIf cn TI 23 Ex kkda qaM 2001 .
maRta 2 RBHraCRkmenHcUlCaFrman cab;BIeBlLayRBHhs
elxaenHteTA.
eFIVenAPMeBj>fTI 28 Ex kkda qaM 2001

neratm sIhnu

86

RBHraCRkm
nsrkm0605018
eyIg
RBHkruNaRBH)aTsemcRBHbrmnaf neratm sIhmunI
smanPUmiCatisasna rktxty
i a exmrardraRs
BuTi naFramhakSRt
exmraCna smUehaPas km<CakraCrdbUrNsni suPmgla
sirIvibula
exmraRsIBri aRs RBHecARkugkm<C aFibtI
- )anRTg;yl;rdFmnuBanRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
- )anRTg;yl;RBHraCRkwtelx nsrkt0704124 cuHfTI
15 Ex kkda qaM 2004 sBI kI arEtgtaMgraCrdaPi)al n
RBHraCaNacRkkm<C a

87

- )anRTg;yl;RBHraCRkmelx 02ns94 cuHfTI 20 Ex


kkda qaM 1994 EdlRbkas[eRbIc,ab; sBI kI arerobcM nigkar
RbRBwte TA nKNrdmnI
- )anRTg;yl;esckIRkabbgMTUlfVay rbs;semcnaykrdmnI
nraCrdaPi)alkm<Ca
Rbkas[eRbI
c,ab;FmnBu asBI vI ei saFnkmmaRta 88 nig maRta 111 fI n
rdFmnuBa EdlrdsPa)anGnumt kalBI fTI 18 Ex ]sPa qaM
2005 nasmyRbCMru dsPa elIkTI 2 nItki alTI 3 ehIyEdl
RBwTs Pa)anGnumt yl;RsbelITRmg;nigKti nc,ab;enHTaMgRsug
kalBIfTI 30 Ex ]sPa qaM 2005 nasmyRbCMeu BjGg elIkTI 9
nItikalTI 1 .
eFIeV nARBHbrmraCvaMg > raCFanIPeM Bj fTI 19 Ex mifuna qaM 2005
RBHhselxa nigRBHraClBakr
neratm sIhmunI

88

RBHraCRkm
nsrkm0306006

eyIg
RBHkruNaRBH)aTsemcRBHbrmnaf neratm sIhmunI
smanPUmiCatisasna rktxty
i a exmrardraRs
BuTi naFramhakSRt exmraCna smUehaPas
km<CakraCrdbUrNsni suPmgla sirvI bi ula
exmraRsIBri aRs RBHecARkugkm<C aFibtI
- )anRTg;yl;rdFmnuBanRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
- )anRTg;yl;RBHraCRkwtelx nsrkt0704124 cuHfTI
15 Exkkda qaM 2004 sBI kI arEtgtaMgraCrdaPi)al n
RBHraCaNacRkkm<C a
- )anRTg;yl;RBHraCRkmelx 02ns94 cuHfTI 20 Ex
kkda qaM 1994 EdlRbkas[eRbIc,ab; sBI kI arerobcM nigkar
RbRBwteTAnKNrdmRnI
89

- )anRTg;yl;sMeNIrbs;tMNagraRscMnYnelIsBImYyPaKbYn n
cMnYntMNagraRsTaMgmUl
- )anRTg;yl;lxi ti elx 82 ls cuHfTI 20 Ex kum qaM
2006 rbs;semcnaykrdmRnI
- )anRTg;yl;lxi ti elx 001012006 kbF cuHfTI 24
Ex kum qaM 2006 rbs;RkumRbwkSaFmnuBa
- )anRTg;yl;RBHraCsarRBHmhakSRt cuHfTI 27 Ex kum qaM
2006
- )anRTg;yl;lxi ti elx 254 rs cuHfTI 9 Ex mIna qaM 2006
rbs;rdsPa
- )anRTg;yl;lxi ti elx 0130306Bsnv cuHfTI 8 Ex
mIna qaM 2006 rbs;RBwTsPa
- )anRTg;yl;esckIRkabbgMTUlfVayrbs;semcnaykrdmRnI
nraCrdaPi)alkm<Ca nigrbs;]bnaykrdmRnI rdmRnITTYl
bnkTIsIkarKNrdmRnI

90

Rbkas[eRbI
c,ab;FmnBu asBI vI ei saFnkmmaRta 82 maRta 88 fI maRta 90fI maRta
98 maRta 106 fI maRta 111 fI mYy maRta 114 fI nrdFmnBu a
nigmaRta 6 nc,ab;FmnuBabEnm sMedAFananUvdMeNIrkarCaRbRktI n
sabnCati EdlrdsPaGnumtenAfTI 02 Ex mIna qaM 2006 nasmy
RbCuMrdsPaelIkTI 4 nItikalTI 3 nig EdlRBwTs PaBumM aneBlevla
RKb;RKan; edIm,IBni ti c,ab;enH[Tan;tamkarkMNt;rbs;maRta 113fI n
rdFmnuBa.
eFVeI nARBHrmraCvaMg raCFanIPeM Bj/fTI 9 Ex mina qaM 2006
RBHhselxa nigRBHraClBakr
neratm sIhmunI

91

RBHraCRkm
nsrkm0208008
eyIg
RBHkruNaRBH)aTsemcRBHbrmnaf neratm sIhmunI
smanPUmiCatisasna rktxty
i a exmrardraRs
BuTi naFramhakSRt exmraCna smUehaPas
km<CakraCrdbUrNsni suPmgla sirvI bi ula
exmraRsIBri aRs RBHecARkugkm<C aFibtI
- )anRTg;yl; rdFmnuBanRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
- )anRTg;yl;RBHraCRkwtelx nsrkt0704124 cuHfTI
15 Ex kkda qaM 2004 sBI kI arEtgtaMgraCrdaPi)al
nRBHraCaNacRkkm<C a
- )anRTg;yl; RBHraCRkmelx 02ns94 cuHfTI 20 Ex
kkda qaM 1994 EdlRbkas[eRbIc,ab; sBI kI arerobcM nigkar
RbRBwte TA nKNrdmnI
92

- )anRTg;yl; RBHraCRkmelx nsrkm019608 cuHfTI


24 Ex mkra qaM 1996 EdlRbkas[eRbIc,ab;sBI kI arbegtI
RksYgmhap
- )anRTg;yl;esckIRkabbgMTUlfVay rbs;semcGKmhaesnabtIeteCa hnu Esn naykrdmnI nRBHraCaNacRkkm<C a nig
rdmnIRksYgmhap
Rbkas[eRbI
c,ab;FmnBu a sBI vI ei saFnkmmaRta 145 fI nigmaRta 146 fI
nrdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca EdlrdsPa)anGnumtkalBI
fTI 15 Ex mkra qaM 2007 nasmyRbCMru dsPaelIkTI 7
nItki alTI 3 nigEdlRBwTs PaBMmu aneBlevlaRKb;RKan;GacBinti
nig[eyabl; tamlkx N
k N
M t;kg maRta 113 fI nrdFmnuBa
)aneLIy.
eFIVenARBHbrmraCvaMg raCFanIPMeBj fTI 15 Ex kum qaM 2008
RBHhselxa nigRBHraClBakr
neratm sIhmunI

93

c,ab;FmnuBabEnm
sMedA
FananUvdMeNIrkarCaRbRktI
nsabnCati

94

RBHraCRkm
nsrkm0704001
eyIg
RBH)aTsemcRBH neratm sIhnu
raChrivgS ]PetasuCat visuTBgS GKmhaburstn_
nikeratm FmikmharaCaFiraC brmnaf brmbBiRt
RBHecARkugkm<CaFibtI
- )anRTg;yl;rdFmnuBa nRBHraCaNacRkkm<Ca
- )anRTg;yl;smyRbCMueBjGgelIkTI 1 nItikalTI 3 nrdsPa nafTI 8 Ex kkda qaM 2004
- )anRTg;yl;smyRbCMeu BjGgelIkTI 9 nItki alTI 1 nRBwT-
sPa nafTI 12 Ex kkda qaM 2004
- eyagtamsMeNI cuHfTI 12 Ex kkda qaM 2004 rbs;RBwTsmaCikrdsPa nItikalTI 3

95

Rbkas[eRbI
c,ab;FmnuBabEnm sMedAFananUvdMeNIrkarCaRbRktInsabn
Cati EdlrdsPa)anGnumtkalBIfTI 08 Ex kkda qaM 2004
nasmyRbCMueBjGgelIkTI 1 nItikalTI 3 ehIyEdlRBwTsPa)an
[eyabl;yl;RBm kalBIfTI 12 Ex kkda qaM 2004 nasmy
RbCMueBjGgelIkTI 9 nItikalTI 1 ehIyEdlmanesckITaMgRsug
dUcteTA
c,ab;FmnuBabEnm
sMedA
FananUvdMeNIrkarCaRbRktInsabnCati
maRta 1>c,ab;FmnBu aenH maneKaledAFanakg RKb;kaleTsnUvdMeNIr
karlRbesIrnsabnCati edayeKarBeTAtameKalkarN_CamUldann
lTiRbCaFibetyesrIBhubkS smRsbtamtMrUvkarnPaBcaM)ac;.
maRta 2>96

enAedImnItikalfInImYyrdsPaeRkamGFibtIPaBRBwTsmaCik
rdsPa munnwgepImkargarrbs;xn nig eRkayeBlseRmcGMBIsuBl
PaBnGaNtirbs;smaCikmak; Gaccab;epImGnumtGtbTEdlman
carikCardFmnuBa bc,ab;edIm,IGnuvt)annUveKaledA dUcmanEcgkg
maRta 1.
GtbTTaMgenH eRkayBI)anRtUvTTYlkare)aHeqatGnumteday
rdsParYc ehIyRtUvEt)anTTYlCabnan;nUvcMNat;karedayrYsran;BI
sMNak;RBwTsmaCikrdsPa tamnItiviFIkMNt;sRmab;GtbTTaMgenaH
rhUtdl;eBlEdlRtUv)anRbkas[cUlCaFrman.
maRta 3>kgkrNIEdleXIjfanItiviFInmaRta 82 nig 119 fI nrdFmnuBa minGacseRmc)an rdsPa tamsMeNIrbs;KNbkSEdlman
GasneRcInCageK enAkgrdsPaGacdMeNIrkare)aHeqatCakBab;edIm,I
eRCIstaMgRbFan GnuRbFanrdsPa kdUcCa RbFan nig GnuRbFan
KNkmkar kgeBlCamYyKa nigkarpl;esckITukcitcMeBaHraCrda
Pi)al.
maRta 4>karerobcMbBaIraynamebkCn edIm,Ie)aHeqateRCIstaMg nig
pl;esckITukcit RtUvGnuvtdUcteTA
97

- bBaIraynamebkCnRbFan GnuRbFannrdsPa kdUCa


RbFan nigGnuRbFanKNkmkarCMnajTaMgGs;nrdsPa RtUverobcM
nigesIedayKNbkSneya)ay EdlRBmeRBogKaedIm,IbegItraCrda
Pi)alcMruH ehIyRtUvepJICUnRBwTsmaCikrdsPa.
- tamesckIesIBIKNbkSneya)ay EdlmancMnYnGasn
eRcInCageKenAkgrdsPa tamryRBwTsmaCikrdsPa RBHmhakSRt
RTg;cat;taMgvrCnmYyrUb kg cMeNamtMNagraRsnKNbkSneya)ay
EdlQHeqat[begtI raCrdaPi)al.
vrCnEdlRtUv)ancat;taMgenH RtUverobcMpr pgtMENgepSgkg
raCrdaPi)alrYcepJbI BarI aynamsmaCik TaMgGs;nraCrdaPi)alCUnRBwT-
smaCikrdsPa.
- RBwTs maCikrdsPa RtUverobcMbBarI aynamCakBabm; yY nUv
ebkCn RbFan GnuRbFan nrdsPa kdcU CaRbFan nigGnuRbFan
KNkmkarCMnajTaMgGs; nrdsPa RBmTaMgebkCn naykrdmnI
nig smaCikTaMgGs;nraCrdaPi)al edIm,Idak;CnU rdsPae)aHeqat.
maRta 5>enAkg dMeNIrkarnkare)aHeqatCakBab; minGacCECkBiPakSa
GIV)aneLIy ehIykminGacmankarBnl;GMBIkare)aHeqatenHeRkay
karRbkaslTpl nkare)aHeqatCakBabe; nHEdr.
98

smaCikrdsPa RtUveFIkV are)aHeqatedaybBaak;faRBm bmni


RBm cMeBaHbBarI aynamCakBabm; yY EdlRBwTs maCikrdsPa)andak;
CUn. kare)aHrqatenHRtUveFIVeLIgedayviFIelIkd.
maRta 6>-fI
kare)aHeqatCakBabx; agelIenH RtUvyktammtiPaKeRcIndac;
xatncMnnY smaCikrdsPaTaMgmUl.
kgkrNI kare)aHeqatCMuTImYymin)anseRmc nItiviFIdEdl
enHnwgRtUvGnuvtcMeBaHkare)aHeqatCMueRkayeTot.
maRta 7>c,ab;FmnBu abEnmenH RtUv)anRbkasCakarRbjab;ngi ykmk
Gnuvtcab;taMgBIedImnItki albcb ,nenHeTA.
raCFanIPeM Bj fTI 13 Ex kkda qaM 2004
kg RBHbrmnam nigtamRBHraCRtas;bgab;
RbmuxrdsITI
htelxa nigRBHraClBakr
jwk bunq

99