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# 4a. Lengths, Areas and Volumes - English Units to S.I.

Units and Back
To Convert From Length inches, in inches, in feet, ft yards, yd miles, mi Area square inch, in2, si square inch, in2, si square feet, ft2, sf square yard, yd2, sy Volume cubic inch, in3, ci cubic inch, in3, ci cubic foot, ft3, cf cubic yard, yd3, cy gallon, gal. Moment of Inertia, in4 Section Modulus, in3 16387.064 cubic millimeters, mm3 16.387064 0.0283168 0.764555 3.78541 cubic centimeters, cc, cm3 cubic meters, m3 cubic meters, m3 Liters, l = 0.001 m3 mm4 = 10-12 m4 mm3 = 10-9 m3 61.0237 x cubic inch, in3 10-6 0.06102374 cubic inch, in3 35.3147 cubic foot, ft3, cf 1.30795 cubic yard, yd3 0.264172 gallon, gal. 2.402 x 10-6 in4 61.0237 x 3 in 10-6 645.16 square millimeters, mm2 0.00064516 0.09290304 0.836127 square meter, m2 square meter, m2 square meter, m2 0.00155000 square inch, in2 1550.00 square inch, in2 10.7639 square feet, ft2, sf 1.19599 square yard, yd2 25.4 0.0254 0.3048 0.9144 1.609344 millimeters, mm meters, m meters, m meters, m kilometers, km 0.0393701 inches, in 39.3701 inches, in 3.280840 feet, ft 1.09361 yards, yd 0.621371 miles, MI multiply to get / To Convert from multiply by to get

Other Geometric Properties of a Cross-section 416231 16387.064

4b. Force, Stress, Loads and Mass - English Units to S.I. Units and Back
To Convert From Force pound, lb kilopound, kip = 1000 lb Stress [Force per Unit Area] pounds per sq. ft, lb/ft2, psf psf kilopounds per sq. ft, ksf 47.8803 0.0478803 47.8803 pascals, Pa = N/m2 kilopascal, kPa, kN/m2 kPa 0.0208854 20.8854 0.0208854 lb/ft2, psf psf ksf 4.44822 newton, N 0.224809 0.224809 lb kip = 1000 lb 4.44822 kilonewton, kN = 1000 N multiply to get / To Convert from multiply by to get

inch. weight is expressed in pounds (a force). ft yards. yd miles. in. is 9. d day.5939 newtons per meter. pli 1.083333 0.I.89393 x10 -4 feet. m m ft2 yd2 minutes.01 0.I.850732 lb-ft lb-in Distributed (or "Running") Load [Force per Unit Length] 14. s second second minutes. Units and Back In the S. in the United States. ft 1000 mm 100 cm 144 in2 9 ft2 60 s 3600 s 86400 s 1440 min 0.000145038 0.001 0.112985 0.89476 Pa kPa megapascal. lb-ft pound-inch.9444 x10 -4 Multiply by to get / To Convert from multiply by to get 0. N/m 175.737561 8.81 N (in standard gravity).0166666 2.145038 psi psi ksi Bending Moment.333333 1. MI meters. MPa = MN/m2 = N/mm2 newton-meter.35582 0.111111 4d. psi psi kilopounds per sq. Force and Weight.1574 x 10-5 6. plf pounds per (linear) inch. Be careful! The force of 1 kg.d 12 in 3 ft 5280 feet. lb-in pounds per (linear) foot. system. N-m N-m 0. and Density . . weight is often expressed in kilograms (a mass).S. h day.005 ton (U.127 N/m 0.77777 x10-4 1.00571015 plf pli 4c.145038 0.76 6. ksi 6894.00694444 0.06852178 0.) 2000 lb 0. Things you should know From Length in ft ft mm cm Area in2 ft2 Time second. Same System Conversions.English Units to S. min hour.pounds per sq. min Weight lb 0. Torque [Force x Length] pound-foot.89476 6.

Centigrade change in deg.2 lb 6.8(C) deg.0019403 slug / ft3 to get Pounds.000578703 0. F deg.224809 lb 2.80665 N 32.379 kN/m3 lb / ft3 kg / m3 kg / m3 kg / m3 kg / m3 4e. C (or K) function 1.0185 515.453592 0.15 (5/9)(F) to get / To Convert from degrees Centigrade C degrees Rankine.101972 0.0090665 kN / m3 0.447 0. K change in deg.00368 lb / in3 1728 lb / in3 9.67 C+273.44822 0. F.157087 kilonewtons per kN/m3 271. F .36590 lb / ft3 0.972 16. Temperature Conversions To Convert From degrees Fahrenheit. F deg. Newtons and Kilograms Weight Density (force/volume). R Kelvin.20462 lb 9.80665 N / m3 0. including kilogram force 0.67 K-273. N kg kg slug (lb-s2/ft) 0.101972 101.8 C + 32 R-459.0624279 lb / ft3 0. Centigrade change in degrees F (or R) function (5/9)(F-32) F+459. F deg.0310 Newton.To Convert From pounds lb lb N lb lb / ft3 lb / in3 lb / in3 N / m3 kN / m3 lb / ft3 Mass Density (mass/volume) slug / ft3 Multiply by to get / To Convert from multiply by 4. to get degrees Fahrenheit.15 1.