34 views

Uploaded by Enzi7

- Surface Density of Spacetime Degrees of Freedom From Equipartition Law in Theories of Gravity1003.5665v2
- Flare Calculation
- INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY
- Module Heat
- physics mechanics 1
- TAREA 3 TERMODINAMICA
- 18
- Elcold UNI
- Analysis of GATE 2010.pdf
- Calculation of Fouling Potential in Crude Oil for Dynamic Conditions
- 62787606-panxo-1
- 9A03302 Thermodynamics
- Co2report Prime
- 2014+SQ+EME165+Midterm+Solutions
- Abstract.docx
- phys11_6_2.pdf
- Unit Test Ucmp 4
- Endosmosis Boiler Regulation Table
- 523uf 01ND NW ME Thermodynamics 10-02-19-Sol
- Med.phys.II Questions 7

You are on page 1of 7

Please write down the names of all the people you work with.

1. You have been asked to model the relationship between inlet flow-rate and product height in the conical hopper shown below:

The hopper is 10 meters tall and has a top diameter of 8 meters. The volume in the hopper is given by:

and the flow-rate out of the hopper is given by (in m3/hr): Fo = 100 h The hopper is normally operated at a height of 9 meters. (a) Develop a first-principles model relating the hopper level and the inlet flow-rate. (b) Linearize your model and convert it to deviation variables (c) Convert your model to transfer function form (d) At some time tc, the inlet flow rate is reduced to 200 m3/hr, determine the time constant, , and the new steady-state value for h. (30 Marks) Solution: (a) We are interested in the level of the hopper; therefore the fundamental quantity of interest is mass. A material balance for the hopper will be: dm / dt = min - mout

dV = Fi Fo dt

For the conical hopper, because r = 4 meters when h = 10 m, then we can get the following relationship between r and h:

Then the volume of the hopper can be expressed as: Assuming constant density, and replacing the previous volume relationship in our mass balance:

(b) linearizing about h0 = 9 m: 1 f f 0 0 0 f (h) = (Fi 100 h) f (h , Fi ) + (h h ) + (Fi Fi0 ) 0.16h2 h (h0 ,F 0 ) Fi (h0 ,F 0 ) i i 0 Fi0 = Fo = 100 h0 = 100 9 = 300

f 1 6.25 0 0 = 0.1692 = 81 Fi (h ,F ) i 312.5 f 300 2 6.25 3 6.25 100 + = 0 0 = 3 5/2 h (h ,F ) 9 243 29

i

Then,

Note that by definition the function f is equal to zero at the steady state, so that term cancels out, and introducing deviation variables: h = h 9, and Fi = Fi 300:

sH(s) = 6.25 312.5 Fi (s) H(s) 81 243

(d) For a step response with = - 100, the new steady state will be at K = -100 * 0.06 = - 6, which is in deviation variable, so h = h + 9 = - 6 + 9 = 3 m, the time constant is 2.44 hours, that is it will take 2.44 hrs to reach 63.2% of the new steady state value.

2.

Problem 3.6. Using partial fraction expansion where required, find x(t) for: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

X(s) = X(s) = X(s) = X(s) = s(s + 1) (s + 2)(s + 3)(s + 4) s+1 (s + 2)(s + 3)(s2 + 4) s+4 (s + 1)2 1 s2 + s + 1 s+1 e0.5s s(s + 2)(s + 3)

X(s) =

1 = 1; 2 = -6; 3 = 6;

(b)

(c)

1 = 1; 2 = 3;

(d)

(e)

3.

Problem 4.8. A surge tank is designed with a slotted weir so that the outflow rate, w, is proportional to the liquid level to the 1.5 power; that is,

where R is a constant. If a single stream enters the tank with flow-rate wi, find the transfer function H(s)/Wi(s). Identify the gain and all time constants. Verify units. Consider that the cross-sectional area of the tank is A, and the liquid density is constant.

(25 Marks) Solution: Since we are required to find the Transfer function relating height (H) to the inlet mass flow rate (Wi), then we know that the fundamental quantity is mass and we start by doing a mass balance:

or,

Transforming the above expression into deviation variables [h = h h0 and wi = wi wi0], then:

A 1.5Rh0.5 0

H(s) K = Wi (s) s + 1

4.

Let us consider a cooking plate with mass m = 1 kg and specific heat capacity CP = 0.5kJ/kg K. The cooking plate is heated by electric power and the supplied heat is Q1 = 2000 W. The heat loss from the cooking plate is UA(T - To), where T is the cooking plates temperature, To = 290 K is the temperature of the surroundings, A = 0.04 m2 and U is the overall heat transfer coefficient. If we leave the plate unattended, then we find that T = 1000 K when t goes to infinity. (a) Set up a proper energy balance equation to find the temperature of the plate as a function of time. (b) Find the overall heat coefficient. (Use the steady state information) (c) Assume that U and To are constant during the heating. Rewrite the above dynamic model in terms of deviation variables. (d) What is the time constant (value and units)? (25 Marks) Solution: (a) This is a closed system without mass flows and shaft work, and since the cooking plate is solid, we can neglect energy related to pressure-volume changes. The energy balance around the cooking plate (the system) gives:

Here, there are two contributions to the supplied heat Q, from electric power and from heat loss, that is: The enthalpy of the cooking plate is a function of temperature, that is:

(b) In order to determine the overall heat transfer coefficient U, we use the steady state temperature T0=1000K. At steady state, the energy balance is:

(c) The state variable is T and the input variable is Q1. The deviation variables are defined as: T = T T0, and Q = Q Q0 Then the original model, obtained in part (a), becomes:

dT = U AT + Q 1 dt (d) Rearranging the last equation into the standard form gives: mCp

- Surface Density of Spacetime Degrees of Freedom From Equipartition Law in Theories of Gravity1003.5665v2Uploaded byforizsl
- Flare CalculationUploaded byGautam Sinha
- INFRARED THERMOGRAPHYUploaded bysitalekshmi
- Module HeatUploaded byCart Kartika
- physics mechanics 1Uploaded byDian Ratri C
- TAREA 3 TERMODINAMICAUploaded byLuis Ignacio Aguilera
- 18Uploaded bymarwanghar
- Elcold UNIUploaded bycristeadaniela
- Analysis of GATE 2010.pdfUploaded byHarshit Agarwal
- Calculation of Fouling Potential in Crude Oil for Dynamic ConditionsUploaded byPriyanshi V
- 62787606-panxo-1Uploaded bygonzalo martinez
- 9A03302 ThermodynamicsUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- Co2report PrimeUploaded byNaveen Annamalai
- 2014+SQ+EME165+Midterm+SolutionsUploaded byChristian Hernandez
- Abstract.docxUploaded byRiski Darmawan
- phys11_6_2.pdfUploaded bynurshafiqarafi
- Unit Test Ucmp 4Uploaded byMarampalli Shilpa Ramya
- Endosmosis Boiler Regulation TableUploaded byseek64
- 523uf 01ND NW ME Thermodynamics 10-02-19-SolUploaded byMayand Malik
- Med.phys.II Questions 7Uploaded byGoran Mali
- fef15Uploaded byrazor75ap
- THER206 Tut 2nd Law (3)Uploaded by5432167890OOOO
- Btech Me 3 Sem Thermodynamics Dec 2017Uploaded bySatya Priya Pandey
- HeatUploaded byZarulnaim Zulkarnain
- 118t2guia2Uploaded byIvan Rodriguez
- lec25Uploaded byRajesh Punia
- KIT253_Sem1_2011_2012Uploaded byDekagon
- Tutorial 4Uploaded bysakinah azizan
- heat & coldUploaded byRaymund Lipana
- Cryo Therapy LectureUploaded byombo

- Homework#1 1Uploaded bymkromel
- Studio Sulle Campane TibetaneUploaded bygiordanobi859641
- Handout6.pdfUploaded byraja.mt
- Storage Tank Heat Loss Calcs - Rev.1 31.12.2010Uploaded byshashi kant kumar
- FT RJ3Uploaded bySara Khan
- Wall Girt _202z2.5Uploaded byAnonymous V6up3d0QG
- Reference Note - Topic 11 High Speed Flight (Part 2)Uploaded byArief Sambest
- Kraus. Atmosphere-Ocean InteractionUploaded byvladislav
- 13777_ftpUploaded byKiang Teng Lim
- Lin e Hanratty 1986 Prediction.pdfUploaded byFrancisco Opps
- FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS.pdfUploaded byrajani_bala15
- Raft Foundation.pptUploaded byUmer Farooq
- Nu-tie Report 070808mktUploaded byYam Balaoing
- Spiral Heat Exchanger - Instruction BookUploaded byJohn Urdaneta
- Chapter 2 Lecture 3 - Energy Equation-2Uploaded byElora Ismade
- Gate Question Paper 2012Uploaded byShubhamChik
- Dijagram v-dp (Zaporni Ventil)Uploaded byZeljko Ristic
- Structural Design of the High-Rise Building with Precast Prestressed Concrete (PCaPC) Beam — Minato Mirai Center BuildingUploaded byMarco Figueiredo
- VIII. Phase TransformationsUploaded byAra Martínez-Olguín
- Energy methodsUploaded byganesh_2514
- AFMS_Caldon07Uploaded byDav Hdz
- Franki Piles CanadaUploaded byZachary Wooten
- PERPINDAHAN KALOR 1Uploaded byDani Sikumbang
- Moore (1974) Swab and Surge Pressures (Drilling Practices Manual)Uploaded byJames Bourne
- Assignment 1 Low Temperature and SuperconductivityUploaded byNadhrah Murad
- EMH222 Chapter 12 Assignments Answer SchemeUploaded byWeeIng
- 5597_03_db_racine_vortex_insertion_liquid_flow_meter_rnl.pdfUploaded bydileep
- cfd analysis of heated rodUploaded byhi_mayank1
- 1-Hydraulics TanksUploaded bymohammed rafat
- A New Thermal Performance Index for Dwelling Roofs in the Warm Humid TropicsUploaded byMohammed Bakhlah