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Who do you work for?®
MetLife Auto & Home is a brand of Metropolitan Property and Casualty Insurance Company and its affiliates: Metropolitan Casualty Insurance Company, Metropolitan Direct Property and Casualty Insurance Company, Metropolitan General Insurance Company, Metropolitan
Group Property and Casualty Insurance Company, and Metropolitan Lloyds Insurance Company of Texas, all with administrative home offices in Warwick, RI. Coverage, rates, and discounts are available in most states to those who qualify. ©2011 MetLife Auto & Home
L1111217862(exp0313)(All States)(DC) © 2011 PNTS 1110-3929

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ZĞĂůŝnjŝŶŐŚĞƌƐŝƐƚĞƌǁĂƐƐĞƌŝŽƵƐůLJŝŶũƵƌĞĚ͕ 
ĚƌŝĂŶŶĂƌĂŶǁŝƚŚŚĞƌƐŝƐƚĞƌƚŽƚŚĞŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌ͛Ɛ
ŚŽƵƐĞĂŶĚĐĂůůĞĚϵϭϭ͘ĞĐĂƵƐĞŽĨĚƌŝĂŶŶĂ͕ 
ŶĚƌĞĂǁĂƐĂďůĞƚŽŐĞƚƚŚĞĐĂƌĞƐŚĞŶĞĞĚĞĚ͘

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WZͻ<ͳE'>/^,s/>>'>DEdZz
EŽŵŝŶĂƚĞĚďLJDƐ͘^ƵĞůůĞŶ^ƚĂĐĞLJ

tŚĞŶŽŶĞŽĨ:ŽƐĞƉŚ͛ƐĐůĂƐƐŵĂƚĞƐďĞŐĂŶƚŽ
ŚĂǀĞĂƐĞŝnjƵƌĞ:ŽƐĞƉŚƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞĚŚŝƐĐůĂƐƐŵĂƚĞ
ŶĞĞĚĞĚŚĞůƉĂŶĚĚŝĚŶŽƚƉĂŶŝĐ͘,ĞǁĞŶƚƚŽƚŚĞ
ŶĞĂƌĞƐƚƚĞĂĐŚĞƌƚŽƌĞƉŽƌƚƚŚĂƚŚŝƐĨƌŝĞŶĚŚĂĚ
ĨĂůůĞŶĂŶĚƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐǁĂƐǁƌŽŶŐ͘,ĞĂůƐŽǁĂƐ
ĂďůĞƚŽƌĞĐŽƵŶƚǁŚĂƚŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚƐŽƚŚĂƚĂŶLJ
ŽƚŚĞƌŝŶũƵƌŝĞƐĐŽƵůĚďĞĂƐƐĞƐƐĞĚ͘ 

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EŽŵŝŶĂƚĞĚďLJDƐ͘DĞůŝƐƐĂYƵŝŶƚĂŶĂ
WĂƌŬĞƌĨŽƵŶĚĂǁĂůůĞƚŽŶƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚƚŚĂƚ
ĐŽŶƚĂŝŶĞĚĐĂƐŚĂŶ/͘ZĞƐŝƐƟŶŐƉĞĞƌƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞ͕
WĂƌŬĞƌƚƵƌŶĞĚŝƚŝŶƚŽŚŝƐƚĞĂĐŚĞƌ͘WĂƌŬĞƌ͛Ɛ
ƚĞĂĐŚĞƌƐƐĂLJƚŚĂƚŚĞŝƐĂƌŽůĞŵŽĚĞůĨŽƌŚŝƐ
ĨĞůůŽǁĐůĂƐƐŵĂƚĞƐ͘ 

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EŽŵŝŶĂƚĞĚďLJDƐ͘ZŝŐŝůůŽ
ZLJĂŶ͛ƐĐŽƵƌĂŐĞŝƐĞdžĞŵƉůŝĮĞĚŝŶƚŚĞǁĂLJŚĞ
ŚĂƐŚĂŶĚůĞĚ͕ĂŶĚĐŽŶƟŶƵĞƐƚŽĞŶĚƵƌĞ͕Ă
ůŝĨĞƚŚƌĞĂƚĞŶŝŶŐŵĞĚŝĐĂůĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶ͘ZLJĂŶŝƐ
ĂĐƟǀĞůLJŝŶǀŽůǀĞĚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞDƵƐĐƵůĂƌLJƐƚƌŽƉŚLJ 
ƐƐŽĐŝĂƟŽŶďŽƚŚĂƐĂƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵůĨƵŶĚƌĂŝƐĞƌĂŶĚ
ĂƐĂƐƉŽŬĞƐƉĞƌƐŽŶ͕ŝŶĨŽƌŵŝŶŐƚŚĞƉƵďůŝĐĂďŽƵƚ
DƵƐĐƵůĂƌLJƐƚƌŽƉŚLJ͘

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Vargas unveils “Home School Guarantee”
^ƵƉĞƌŝŶƚĞŶĚĞŶƚ 
ŽůŐĞŶ
sĂƌŐĂƐ͕
ĂŶŶŽƵŶĐĞĚ ƚŚĞ ͞Z^ ,ŽŵĞ ^ĐŚŽŽů
'ƵĂƌĂŶƚĞĞ͕͟ ƚŽ ŚĞůƉ ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ ƉůĂĐĞ
ƚŚĞŝƌĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶŝŶƚŚĞĞůĞŵĞŶƚĂƌLJƐĐŚŽŽů
ƚŚĂƚŝƐŵŽƌĞĐŽŶǀĞŶŝĞŶƚĨŽƌƚŚĞŵ͘

ƐĐŚŽŽůͲďĂƐĞĚ ƉƌĞͲ< ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐ ǁŝůů ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ ĂƌĞ ƵŶĂǁĂƌĞ ƚŚĂƚ ŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞ
ƌĞĐĞŝǀĞƚŽƉƉƌŝŽƌŝƚLJĨŽƌƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚĂŌĞƌ ƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚ ŝƐ ĂƐƐƵƌĞĚ ŝĨ ƚŚĞLJ ůŝǀĞ
ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐǁŚŽůŝǀĞǁŝƚŚŝŶŽŶĞͲŚĂůĨŵŝůĞ͘ ŶĞĂƌ ŽŶĞ͘ ůůŽǁŝŶŐ ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ ƚŽ ďƌŝĚŐĞ
ƐĞĂŵůĞƐƐůLJ ĨƌŽŵ Ă ƐĐŚŽŽů͛Ɛ WƌĞͲ<
͞/Ĩ Ă ĨĂŵŝůLJ ďƵLJƐ Ă ŚŽŵĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ ƚŽ <ŝŶĚĞƌŐĂƌƚĞŶ ŝƐ ŶŽǁ ƚŚĞ 
ŝƚLJ ďĞĐĂƵƐĞ ŝƚ ŝƐ ŶĞĂƌ Ă ƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌ ĐůĞĂƌ ƐĞĐŽŶĚ ƉƌŝŽƌŝƚLJ ďĞĨŽƌĞ ŽƚŚĞƌ
ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚƐĐŚŽŽů͕ƚŚĞLJǁĂŶƚŵŽƌĞ ƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚ ĐƌŝƚĞƌŝĂ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ĂůůŽǁŝŶŐ
ƚŚĂŶĂƐƚƌŽŶŐŚŽƉĞƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŝƌĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ ƐŝďůŝŶŐƐƚŽĂƩĞŶĚƚŚĞƐĂŵĞƐĐŚŽŽů͘
ĐĂŶ ĞŶƌŽůů ƚŚĞƌĞ͕͟ ƌ͘ sĂƌŐĂƐ ƐĂŝĚ͘ ͞tĞǁŝůůĐŽŶƟŶƵĞŽīĞƌŝŶŐŝƚLJĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ
͞^ŝŵŝůĂƌůLJ͕ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐǁŚŽĂƩĞŶĚŽŶĞŽĨ ĂƌĂŶŐĞŽĨƐƉĞĐŝĂůƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐĂŶĚŽƉƟŽŶƐ
ŽƵƌ ƐĐŚŽŽůͲďĂƐĞĚ ƉƌĞͲ<ŝŶĚĞƌŐĂƌƚĞŶ ƚŽŵĞĞƚƚŚĞǀĂƌŝĞĚŶĞĞĚƐĂŶĚƚĂůĞŶƚƐ
ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐ ŽŌĞŶ ǁĂŶƚ ƚŽ ĂĚŽƉƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞŝƌ ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͕͟ ƌ͘ sĂƌŐĂƐ ƐĂŝĚ͘ ͞ƚ
ƚŚĂƚ ĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂů ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͘ Ɛ Ă ƚŚĞƐĂŵĞƟŵĞ͕ǁĞǁĂŶƚƚŽĂĚĚŐƌĞĂƚĞƌ
ĐƵƐƚŽŵĞƌͲĨŽĐƵƐĞĚ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶ͕ ǁĞ ĐĞƌƚĂŝŶƚLJĨŽƌĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐǁŚŽƐŝŵƉůLJǁĂŶƚ
ŶĞĞĚ ƚŽ ĚŽ ŽƵƌ ƵƚŵŽƐƚ ƚŽ ŚĞůƉ ƚŚĞƐĞ ƚŽĐŚŽŽƐĞƚŚĞŝƌŶĞĂƌďLJŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ
ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ ďĞ ƉĂƌƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŚŽŵĞ ƐĐŚŽŽů ƐĐŚŽŽů Žƌ ƚŚĞ ŽŶĞ ƚŚĞLJ͛ǀĞ ĂůƌĞĂĚLJ
ĞŶƌŽůůĞĚŝŶĨŽƌƉƌĞͲ<ŝŶĚĞƌŐĂƌƚĞŶ͘͟
ƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞĐŚŽƐĞŶ͘͟

dŚĞ ͞Z^ ,ŽŵĞ ^ĐŚŽŽů 'ƵĂƌĂŶƚĞĞ͟
ĂƐƐƵƌĞƐ ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ ǁŚŽ
ůŝǀĞ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ Ă
ŚĂůĨͲŵŝůĞ ŽĨ Ă
ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ
Ğ ů Ğ ŵ Ğ Ŷ ƚ Ă ƌ LJ
ƐĐŚŽŽů
ĐĂŶ
ĂƩĞŶĚ ƚŚĂƚ
ƐĐŚŽŽů
ŝĨ
ƚŚĞLJ ĐŚŽŽƐĞ͘
^ ƚ Ƶ Ě Ğ Ŷ ƚ Ɛ
Ğ Ŷ ƚ Ğ ƌ ŝ Ŷ Ő
ŬŝŶĚĞƌŐĂƌƚĞŶ ƌ͘ sĂƌŐĂƐ ƐĂŝĚ ƚŚĂƚ ŚĞ ǁĂŶƚƐ ƚŚĞ dŚĞ ƉŽůŝĐLJ ĂƉƉůŝĞƐ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ŝƐƚƌŝĐƚ͛Ɛ ϯϮ
ĨƌŽŵ ŽŶĞ ŽĨ ŐƵĂƌĂŶƚĞĞ ƚŽ ĞŵƉŚĂƐŝnjĞ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚ ĨŽƌ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ ĞůĞŵĞŶƚĂƌLJ ƐĐŚŽŽůƐ͕
ƚŚĞ ŝƐƚƌŝĐƚ͛Ɛ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ ƐĐŚŽŽůƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ŵĂŶLJ ĂŶĚŶŽƚƚŚĞŶŝŶĞ͞ĐŝƚLJǁŝĚĞ͟ĞůĞŵĞŶƚĂƌLJ

ƐĐŚŽŽů ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ ĨƌŽŵ
ĂŶLJ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ ĐĂŶ ĂƩĞŶĚ ŝĨ ƚŚĞLJ
ƐĞĐƵƌĞĂƐƉŽƚďLJĞŶƚĞƌŝŶŐĂůŽƩĞƌLJ͘
dŚĞ ŐƵĂƌĂŶƚĞĞ ǁĂƐ ĂŶŶŽƵŶĐĞĚ Ăƚ
^ĐŚŽŽů ŚŽŝĐĞ džƉŽ͕ Ă ŝƐƚƌŝĐƚͲǁŝĚĞ
ĞǀĞŶƚ Ăƚ ƚŚĞ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ ZŝǀĞƌƐŝĚĞ 
ŽŶǀĞŶƟŽŶ ĞŶƚĞƌ ƚŚĂƚ ĞŶĐŽƵƌĂŐĞƐ
ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐ ƚŽ ĞdžƉůŽƌĞ ƐĐŚŽŽů ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐ
ĂŶĚĚĞĐŝĚĞŽŶƚŚĞďĞƐƚŽƉƟŽŶĨŽƌƚŚĞŝƌ
ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͘
dŚĞ ŝƐƚƌŝĐƚ ǁŝůů ŝŶĨŽƌŵ Ăůů ƐĐŚŽŽů
ĨĂŵŝůŝĞƐĂŶĚƉƌŽƐƉĞĐƟǀĞWƌĞͲ<ƉĂƌĞŶƚƐ
ĂďŽƵƚ ƚŚĞ ŐƵĂƌĂŶƚĞĞ͕ ĂůŽŶŐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ
'ƌĞĂƚĞƌ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ ƐƐŽĐŝĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ
ZĞĂůƚŽƌƐ͘

Residents of Wilson Commencement Park Recipient of
The Gregory Jefferson ‘Encourage and Empower’ Scholarship

ϭϴ tŝůƐŽŶ ŽŵŵĞŶĐĞŵĞŶƚ WĂƌŬ
ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ ĞĂĐŚ ƌĞĐĞŝǀĞĚ Ă ΨϮϬϬ
ƐĐŚŽůĂƌƐŚŝƉƚŽĂƐƐŝƐƚǁŝƚŚƚƵŝƟŽŶ͕ĐŚŝůĚ
ĐĂƌĞ Žƌ ƌĞŶƚĂů ĨĞĞƐ ŽŶ tĞĚŶĞƐĚĂLJ
:ĂŶƵĂƌLJϵ͘
dŚĞ ƐĐŚŽůĂƌƐŚŝƉƐ ǁĞƌĞ ĂǁĂƌĚĞĚ ďLJ
dŚĞ 'ƌĞŐŽƌLJ :ĞīĞƌƐŽŶ ^ĐŚŽůĂƌƐŚŝƉ
&ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ ƚŽ ͚ŶĐŽƵƌĂŐĞ ĂŶĚ 
ŵƉŽǁĞƌ͛ ŝƚƐ ƌĞĐŝƉŝĞŶƚ͘ :ŽLJ :ĞīĞƌƐŽŶ
ĨŽƵŶĚĞĚ ƚŚĞ 'ƌĞŐŽƌLJ :ĞīĞƌƐŽŶ
^ĐŚŽůĂƌƐŚŝƉ &ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ ŝŶ DĂLJ ϮϬϭϮ

ŝŶŵĞŵŽƌLJŽĨŚĞƌŚƵƐďĂŶĚ͛ƐƐĞƌǀŝĐĞƚŽ
ƚŚĞZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͘

͞DLJ ŚƵƐďĂŶĚ ǁĂƐ ƉƌŽƵĚ ƚŽ ďĞ ĂŶ 
ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ͕ƉƌŽƵĚƚŽďĞĂǀĞƚĞƌĂŶ͕ĂŶĚ
ƉƌŽƵĚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƐĞƌǀŝĐĞ ƚŚĞ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ
,ŽƵƐŝŶŐ ƵƚŚŽƌŝƚLJ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐ ƚŽ ŝƚƐ
ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ͕͟:ŽLJƐĂŝĚ͘
ZŽĚƌŝĐ ŽdžͲŽŽƉĞƌ͕ K ŽĨ tŝůƐŽŶ 
ŽŵŵĞŶĐĞŵĞŶƚ WĂƌŬ͕ ƐĂŝĚ ƚŚĞ
ƐĐŚŽůĂƌƐŚŝƉƐ ŚĞůƉ ŝŶ ƚǁŽ ǁĂLJƐ͗ ͞/ƚ

ŚĞůƉƐ ƵƐ ƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞ Ă ĚĞĂƌ ĨƌŝĞŶĚ͕
ĂŶĚ ŝƚ ŚĞůƉƐ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚ ƚŚĞ ǁŽŵĞŶ ŽĨ
tŝůƐŽŶŽŵŵĞŶĐĞŵĞŶƚWĂƌŬǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ
ĞƐƐĞŶƟĂůƐŽĨƚŚĞŝƌĚĂŝůLJůŝǀĞƐ͘͟ 

ƚƚŚĞƟŵĞŽĨŚŝƐƉĂƐƐŝŶŐ͕Dƌ͘:ĞīĞƌƐŽŶ
ǁĂƐ ƚŚĞ ŝƌĞĐƚŽƌ ŽĨ ĚŵŝŶŝƐƚƌĂƟǀĞ
^ĞƌǀŝĐĞƐ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ,ŽƵƐŝŶŐ ƵƚŚŽƌŝƚLJ͘ 
ĞĨŽƌĞũŽŝŶŝŶŐƚŚĞZ,͕Dƌ͘:ĞīĞƌƐŽŶ
ƐĞƌǀĞĚ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ŚŝƐ
ǁŽƌŬ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ :ŽďƐ͕ /ŶĐ͕͘ 
ĐƟŽŶ ĨŽƌ Ă ĞƩĞƌ ŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͕ ĂŶĚ

dŚĞ,ĞĂůƚŚƐƐŽĐŝĂƟŽŶ͘
/Ŷ ϮϬϬϳ Dƌ͘ :ĞīĞƌƐŽŶ ŚĞůƉĞĚ tŝůƐŽŶ 
ŽŵŵĞŶĐĞŵĞŶƚ WĂƌŬ ǁŝƚŚ ĞƐƟŶLJ͕
ĂŶϭϴĂƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚƵŶŝƚǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞtW
ŝŶĨƌĂƐƚƌƵĐƚƵƌĞ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚ ǁĂƐ ĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞĚ
ŝŶ ϮϬϬϴ͘ ,Ğ ĂůƐŽ ƐĞƌǀĞĚ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ
ĐŽŵŵŝƩĞĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ :Ănjnj ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ WĂƌŬ
ďĞŶĞĮƚ ĐŽŶĐĞƌƚ ƐŝŶĐĞ ŝƚƐ ŝŶĐĞƉƟŽŶ ŝŶ
ϮϬϬϱ͘ tW ŚĂƐ ĞŶĂĐƚĞĚ Ă ŵĞŵŽƌŝĂů
ǁĂůůŝŶŚŽŶŽƌŽĨDƌ͘:ĞīĞƌƐŽŶ͘

Dr. King traveled over
6,000,000 miles for us.

AARP and you, continuing the journey.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. dedicated his life to making the world a better place for us
all. The powerful legacy he left behind reminds us that even if it takes millions of miles
more, together we can make it happen. At AARP, we are committed to ensuring that
every generation has the power to carry the legacy of Dr. King even further and the
opportunity to live the best life possible. To discover all of the work we’re doing in your
community, visit aarp.org/blackcommunity.

6  www.minorityreporter.net | , #"1#(| #+"$

We h a v e

MONEY
to lend!

Your Loan Arranger

.99

Auto Loans / New or Used

%

W ith rate s as low as

APR

O ther low ra te s
and terms available

Not in the market for a new auto?
Visions has the lowest loan rates in the area with
flexible terms on all your loan needs!

Mortgages

Student Loans

Home Equity Loans

Personal Loans 

%AST-AIN3TREETs2OCHESTER .9\VISIONFCUORG
*APR = Annual Percentage Rate. Refinancing of existing Visions loans does not qualify. Promotion rate good for a 12 month term.
New/Used auto payment would be $418.90 on a $5,000 loan at .99% APR, with a 12 month term. Certain relationships required to
receive rates - ask for details. Credit union membership required with a $25 minimum deposit and $1.00 membership fee. Loan rate
based on creditworthiness, may vary from the rates shown, and is subject to standard credit criteria. Rates can change at any time.
Financing of maximum LTV up to 100% for qualified borrowers. Other terms available.
Federally Insured by NCUA.

How many
youth need
mentors?

Just one…
the one who
needs you.

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You’ve got what it takes
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the life of a child.
Call 271-4050 or visit www.RochesterMentors.org

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>LJŶŶ^ƚĞǁĂƌƚ͕ϱϴϱͲϰϭϯͲϭϰϰϬ͘dŽƉƵƌĐŚĂƐĞƟĐŬĞƚƐŝŶĂĚǀĂŶĐĞ͕ƉůĞĂƐĞǀŝƐŝƚ
ǁǁǁ͘,ĞůƉ,KW>ŝǀĞ͘ŽƌŐ͕ĞŶƚĞƌ^ŚĂŶƚĞů:ŽŶĞƐŝŶƚŚĞ&ŝŶĚĂWĂƟĞŶƚƐĞĐƟŽŶŽŶ
ƚŚĞŚŽŵĞƉĂŐĞĂŶĚĐůŝĐŬŽŶƵůƚƵƌĂůƌƚƐ&ĞƐƟǀĂůdŝĐŬĞƚƐ͘

A message from the Boomer Mentor Project of Rochester Mentors at Lifespan. 
ŽŶƚƌŝďƵƟŽŶƐĂƌĞƚĂdžͲĚĞĚƵĐƟďůĞƚŽƚŚĞĞdžƚĞŶƚĂůůŽǁĞĚďLJƚŚĞůĂǁ͘dŚŝƐĐĂŵƉĂŝŐŶŝƐĂĚŵŝŶŝƐƚĞƌĞĚďLJ,ĞůƉ,KW>ŝǀĞ͕ĂϱϬϭ;ĐͿ;ϯͿŶŽŶƉƌŽĮƚƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐĨƵŶĚƌĂŝƐŝŶŐ
ĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶĐĞƚŽƚƌĂŶƐƉůĂŶƚĂŶĚĐĂƚĂƐƚƌŽƉŚŝĐŝŶũƵƌLJƉĂƟĞŶƚƐ͘/ŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ͗ϴϬϬ͘ϲϰϮ͘ϴϯϵϵ͘ĐŽƉLJŽĨƚŚĞůĂƚĞƐƚĂŶŶƵĂůƌĞƉŽƌƚĐĂŶďĞŽďƚĂŝŶĞĚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞ

ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶŽƌĨƌŽŵƚŚĞŽĸĐĞŽĨƚŚĞƩŽƌŶĞLJ'ĞŶĞƌĂůďLJǁƌŝƟŶŐƚŚĞŚĂƌŝƟĞƐƵƌĞĂƵ͕ϭϮϬƌŽĂĚǁĂLJ͕EĞǁzŽƌŬ͕EzϭϬϮϳϭ͘ 

Ξ ϮϬϭϮ ,ĞůƉ,KW>ŝǀĞ

7  www.minorityreporter.net | , #"1#(| #+"$

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Cuomo, legislature agree on gun control deal 
>Ez͕ E͘z͘ ;WͿ ͲͲ 'Žǀ͘ ŶĚƌĞǁ 
ƵŽŵŽ ĂŶĚ ůĞŐŝƐůĂƟǀĞ ůĞĂĚĞƌƐ ŚĂǀĞ
Ă ƚĞŶƚĂƟǀĞ ĚĞĂů ƚŽ ĞŶĂĐƚ ƚŚĞ ŶĂƟŽŶ͛Ɛ
ĮƌƐƚŐƵŶĐŽŶƚƌŽůŵĞĂƐƵƌĞĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐůĂƐƚ
ŵŽŶƚŚ͛Ɛ ŽŶŶĞĐƟĐƵƚ ƐĐŚŽŽů ƐŚŽŽƟŶŐ͕
ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐ ƚŽ ƉĞŽƉůĞ ĨĂŵŝůŝĂƌ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ
ŶĞŐŽƟĂƟŽŶƐ͕ ĨƵƌƚŚĞƌ ƟŐŚƚĞŶŝŶŐ ŐƵŶ

ůĂǁƐŝŶĂƐƚĂƚĞƚŚĂƚĂůƌĞĂĚLJŚĂƐĂŵŽŶŐ ƚŚĞƌĞŝƐŶŽĂŐƌĞĞŵĞŶƚLJĞƚ͘
ƚŚĞŶĂƟŽŶ͛ƐƐƚƌŝĐƚĞƐƚ͘
/ĨƚŚĞĚĞĂůƐƵƌǀŝǀĞƐĂƐĞdžƉĞĐƚĞĚ͕Ăďŝůů
dŚĞ ƚĞŶƚĂƟǀĞ ĂŐƌĞĞŵĞŶƚ ǁŽƵůĚ ĐŽƵůĚ ďĞ ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚ ƚŚŝƐ ǁĞĞŬ͕ ďƵƚ ŝƚ
ĨƵƌƚŚĞƌ ƌĞƐƚƌŝĐƚ EĞǁ zŽƌŬ͛Ɛ ďĂŶ ŽŶ ĨĂĐĞƐƐĞǀĞƌĂůĐŚĂůůĞŶŐĞƐ͘
ĂƐƐĂƵůƚ ǁĞĂƉŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ ůŝŵŝƚ ƚŚĞ ƐŝnjĞ
ŽĨ ŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞƐ ƚŽ ƐĞǀĞŶ ďƵůůĞƚƐ͕ ƌĂƚŚĞƌ /ƚ ǁŝůů ďĞ ƚŚĞ ĮƌƐƚ ƚĞƐƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶĞǁ
ƚŚĂŶ ƚŚĞ ĐƵƌƌĞŶƚ ϭϬ͘ KƚŚĞƌ ĞůĞŵĞŶƚƐ͕ ĐŽĂůŝƟŽŶ ŝŶ ĐŽŶƚƌŽů ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƐƚĂƚĞ
ƉƵƐŚĞĚ ďLJ ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶƐ͕ ǁŽƵůĚ ƌĞĮŶĞ ^ĞŶĂƚĞ͕ ǁŚŝĐŚ ŚĂƐ ůŽŶŐ ďĞĞŶ ƌƵŶ
ĂŵĞŶƚĂůŚĞĂůƚŚůĂǁƚŽŵĂŬĞŝƚĞĂƐŝĞƌ ďLJ ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶƐ ŽƉƉŽƐĞĚ ƚŽ ŐƵŶ
ƚŽĐŽŶĮŶĞƉĞŽƉůĞĚĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĞĚƚŽďĞĂ ĐŽŶƚƌŽů ŵĞĂƐƵƌĞƐ͘ dŚĞ ^ĞŶĂƚĞ ŝƐ ŶŽǁ
ůĞĚ ďLJ Ă ĐŽĂůŝƟŽŶ ŽĨ ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶƐ
ƚŚƌĞĂƚƚŽƚŚĞŵƐĞůǀĞƐŽƌŽƚŚĞƌƐ͘
ĂŶĚ ĮǀĞ ďƌĞĂŬĂǁĂLJ ĞŵŽĐƌĂƚƐ͕ ĂŶ
^ĞŶĂƚĞZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶƐĂůƐŽŚĂǀĞŝŶĐůƵĚĞĚ ĂƌƌĂŶŐĞŵĞŶƚ ĞdžƉĞĐƚĞĚ ƚŽ ƌĞƐƵůƚ ŝŶ
Ă ĨƵƌƚŚĞƌ ĐƌĂĐŬĚŽǁŶ ŽŶ ŝůůĞŐĂů ŐƵŶ ŵŽƌĞƉƌŽŐƌĞƐƐŝǀĞůĞŐŝƐůĂƟŽŶ͘
ƚƌĂĸĐŬŝŶŐ ŝŶƚŽ EĞǁ zŽƌŬ͕ ƚŚĞ ƉĞŽƉůĞ
ƐĂŝĚ͘ DŽƐƚ EĞǁ zŽƌŬ ŝƚLJ ŐƵŶ ĐƌŝŵĞƐ &ŽƌŵĞƌ ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶ ^ĞŶ͘ DŝĐŚĂĞů
ŝŶǀŽůǀĞǁĞĂƉŽŶƐŝůůĞŐĂůůLJďƌŽƵŐŚƚŝŶƚŽ ĂůďŽŶŝ ƐĂŝĚ ƚŚĂƚ ĨŽƌ ůĞŐŝƐůĂƚŽƌƐ ĨƌŽŵ
ƚŚĞŵŽƌĞĐŽŶƐĞƌǀĂƟǀĞƵƉƐƚĂƚĞƌĞŐŝŽŶ
ƚŚĞƐƚĂƚĞ͕ƐƚĂƚĞĂŶĚĐŝƚLJŽĸĐŝĂůƐƐĂLJ͘
ŽĨ EĞǁ zŽƌŬ͕ ŐƵŶ ĐŽŶƚƌŽů ͞ŚĂƐ ƚŚĞ
dŚĞ ƉĞŽƉůĞ ƐƉŽŬĞ ŽŶ ĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶ ŽĨ ŝŶƚĞŶƐŝƚLJŽĨƚŚĞŐĂLJŵĂƌƌŝĂŐĞŝƐƐƵĞ͘͟/Ŷ
ĂŶŽŶLJŵŝƚLJ ďĞĐĂƵƐĞ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽƉŽƐĂů ŚĂĚ ϮϬϭϭ͕ ƚŚƌĞĞ ŽĨ ĨŽƵƌ ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶƐ ǁŚŽ
ŶŽƚ ďĞĞŶ ĚŝƐĐƵƐƐĞĚ ĂŵŽŶŐ ƌĂŶŬ ĂŶĚ ĐƌŽƐƐĞĚƚŚĞĂŝƐůĞƚŽǀŽƚĞĨŽƌƐĂŵĞͲƐĞdž
ĮůĞ ůĞŐŝƐůĂƚŽƌƐ͘ dŚĞLJ ƐĂLJ ƚŚĞ ƚĞŶƚĂƟǀĞ ŵĂƌƌŝĂŐĞ ĞŶĚĞĚ ƵƉ ůŽƐŝŶŐ ƚŚĞŝƌ ũŽďƐ
ĚĞĂůǁĂƐƐƚƌƵĐŬŽǀĞƌƚŚĞǁĞĞŬĞŶĚĂŶĚ ďĞĐĂƵƐĞŽĨƚŚĞŝƌǀŽƚĞƐ͘
ǁŝůů ďĞ ĚĞďĂƚĞĚ ďĞŚŝŶĚ ĐůŽƐĞĚ ĚŽŽƌƐ
͞/ƚǁĂƐĂůǁĂLJƐƐƚĂƌƚůŝŶŐƚŽŵĞƚŚĞǀĂƐƚ
DŽŶĚĂLJŝŶƚŚĞ^ĞŶĂƚĞĂŶĚƐƐĞŵďůLJ͘
ĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĚŝǀŝĚĞďĞƚǁĞĞŶEĞǁzŽƌŬŝƚLJ 
ƵŽŵŽ ĂĚŵŝŶŝƐƚƌĂƟŽŶ ŽĸĐŝĂů͕ ǁŚŽ ŵĞƚƌŽƉŽůŝƚĂŶǀŝĞǁŽŶŐƵŶĐŽŶƚƌŽůĂŶĚ
ĂůƐŽƐƉŽŬĞŽŶĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶŽĨĂŶŽŶLJŵŝƚLJ ŵŽƐƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƵƉƐƚĂƚĞ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ͕͟
ďĞĐĂƵƐĞ ƚŚĞ ĚĞĂů ǁĂƐ ŶŽƚ ĮŶĂů͕ ƐĂŝĚ ƐĂŝĚ ĂůďŽŶŝ͕ ǁŚŽ ƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚ ƉĂƌƚ

ŽĨ>ŽŶŐ/ƐůĂŶĚĨŽƌϭϬLJĞĂƌƐĂŶĚǁĂƐĂ
^ĞŶĂƚĞůĞĂĚĞƌ͘
͞'ƵŶĂĚǀŽĐĂƚĞƐƐĞĞƚŚĞƐĞŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚƐĂƐ
ĂůŵŽƐƚĐLJĐůŝĐĂůĂŶĚƚŚĂƚŝŶƚŚĞǁĂŬĞŽĨ
ĂŶĂƟŽŶĂůƐŚŽŽƟŶŐŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚ͕ƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞ
ƐĞĞŶƌĞƉĞĂƚĞĚĐĂůůƐĨŽƌĐŽŶƚƌŽů͕͟ŚĞƐĂŝĚ
DŽŶĚĂLJ͘ ͞dŚĞLJ ǀŝĞǁ ŝƚ ĂƐ Ă ƐůŝƉƉĞƌLJ
ƐůŽƉĞƚŽƚŚĞďĂŶŶŝŶŐĂŶĚĐŽŶĮƐĐĂƟŽŶ
ŽĨ ǁĞĂƉŽŶƐ͘ ŵŽƟŽŶƐ ƌƵŶ ŚŝŐŚ ĂŶĚ
ƚŚĞƌĞǁŝůůďĞƚƌĞŵĞŶĚŽƵƐƉƌĞƐƐƵƌĞŽŶ
ĂůůƵƉƐƚĂƚĞůĞŐŝƐůĂƚŽƌƐ͕ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶƐĂŶĚ 
ĞŵŽĐƌĂƚƐ͕ƚŽŬĞĞƉƚŚĞŝƌďĂƐĞ͘͟ 
ůƐŽ Ă ĐŽŶĐĞƌŶ ŝƐ Ă ŵĂũŽƌ ŐƵŶ
ŵĂŶƵĨĂĐƚƵƌĞƌŝŶƵƉƐƚĂƚĞEĞǁzŽƌŬ͘
ZĞŵŝŶŐƚŽŶ ƌŵƐ Ž͘ ŵĂŬĞƐ ƚŚĞ 
ƵƐŚŵĂƐƚĞƌ ƐĞŵŝͲĂƵƚŽŵĂƟĐ ƌŝŇĞ ƚŚĂƚ
ǁĂƐƵƐĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŽŶŶĞĐƟĐƵƚƐŚŽŽƟŶŐƐ
ĂŶĚĂŐĂŝŶŽŶŚƌŝƐƚŵĂƐǀĞŝŶtĞďƐƚĞƌ͕
E͘z͕͘ ǁŚĞŶ ƚǁŽ ĮƌĞĮŐŚƚĞƌƐ ǁĞƌĞ ƐůĂŝŶ
ƌĞƐƉŽŶĚŝŶŐƚŽĂĮƌĞ͘dŚĞƚǁŽͲĐĞŶƚƵƌLJͲ
ŽůĚZĞŵŝŶŐƚŽŶĨĂĐƚŽƌLJŝŶ/ůŝŽŶŝŶĐĞŶƚƌĂů
EĞǁzŽƌŬĞŵƉůŽLJƐϭ͕ϬϬϬǁŽƌŬĞƌƐŝŶĂ
ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶ^ĞŶĂƚĞĚŝƐƚƌŝĐƚ͘
ZĞƉƵďůŝĐĂŶ ƐƐĞŵďůLJŵĂŶ DĂƌĐ 
ƵƚůĞƌ ǁĂƌŶĞĚ ůĂƐƚ ǁĞĞŬ ƚŚĂƚ Ă ŵŽƌĞ
ƌĞƐƚƌŝĐƟǀĞ ĂƐƐĂƵůƚ ǁĞĂƉŽŶ ďĂŶ ĐŽƵůĚ
ĐŽƐƚƚŚĞĨĂĐƚŽƌLJϯϬϬũŽďƐ͘

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IBERO

receives funding for program

to address rochester drug market 

LJ^ŚĂƌĞƐĞ,ĂƌĚĂǁĂLJ

dŚĞ /ďĞƌŽͲŵĞƌŝĐĂŶ ĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ͞KƵƌ ĐŽĂůŝƟŽŶ ďĞůŝĞǀĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ǁĞ ŵƵƐƚ 
ŽƌƉŽƌĂƟŽŶƉůĂŶƐƚŽĂĚĚƌĞƐƐƚŚĞŝƐƐƵĞ ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐ ƚŚŝƐ ŝƐƐƵĞ ŝŶ Ă ŵĂŶŶĞƌ ƚŚĂƚ
ŽĨŽƉĞŶͲĂŝƌĚƌƵŐŵĂƌŬĞƚƐŝŶZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ͘ ƐĞĞŬƐ ĂĐĐŽƵŶƚĂďŝůŝƚLJ ĨƌŽŵ LJŽƵŶŐ
ŽīĞŶĚĞƌƐ͕ ďƵƚ ĂůƐŽ ĨƵƌƚŚĞƌƐ ƚŚĞŝƌ
^ŝŶĐĞ ƌĞĐĞŝǀŝŶŐ Ψϭϴϰ͕ϱϬϬ ĨƌŽŵ ƚŚĞ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐƚŽďĞĐŽŵĞĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƟŶŐ
ZŽďĞƌƚ tŽŽĚ :ŽŚŶƐŽŶ &ŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ ŝŶ ŵĞŵďĞƌƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞŝƌ ƌĞƐƉĞĐƟǀĞ 
ĞĐĞŵďĞƌ͕ / ŚĂƐ ƉĂƌƚŶĞƌĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ͘ZĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐĨĞĞůƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞ
WƌŽũĞĐƚ ,KW ;,ĞĂůƚŚLJ KƵƚĐŽŵĞƐ Ă ƐƚĂŬĞ ŝŶ ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐŝŶŐ ƚŚŝƐ ŝƐƐƵĞ ĂŶĚ
ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ WĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƟŽŶ͕ ĚƵĐĂƟŽŶ ƚŚĂƚŝƐĂŶŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚĮƌƐƚƐƚĞƉ͘͟
ĂŶĚ ŵƉŽǁĞƌŵĞŶƚͿ ƚŽ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉ ƚŚĞ
DĞůĞŶĚĞnj ŝƐ ŽƉƟŵŝƐƟĐ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞLJ ĐĂŶ
ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘
ĞǀĞŶƚƵĂůůLJƚƵƌŶŵĂƌŝũƵĂŶĂĂƌƌĞƐƚƐŝŶƚŽ
dŚĞ/ĂŶĚWƌŽũĞĐƚ,ŽƉĞǁŝůůďĞŐŝŶ ĐŝǀŝůŵĂƩĞƌƐ͘
ŝŶƚŚĞEŽƌƚŚĞĂƐƚƋƵĂĚƌĂŶƚŽĨZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ
ʹ ƐƉĞĐŝĮĐĂůůLJ ƚŚĞ ŝŶƚĞƌƐĞĐƟŽŶ ŽĨ ͞tĞǁŝůůďĞƐŽůŝĐŝƟŶŐŝŶƉƵƚĨƌŽŵƉĞŽƉůĞ 
ůŝīŽƌĚĂŶĚŽŶŬĞLJʹǁŚŝĐŚŚĂƐďĞĞŶ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ ǀĞƌLJ ƐŽŽŶ͘ /ƚ͛Ɛ Ă
ŝĚĞŶƟĮĞĚĂƐĂŶŽƉĞŶͲĂŝƌĚƌƵŐŵĂƌŬĞƚ ƌĞĂůĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJŐƌĂƐƐƌŽŽƚƐĞīŽƌƚ͘͟
ŽƌĂŶĂƌĞĂǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞƐĂůĞŽĨŵĂƌŝũƵĂŶĂ
ŝƐ ŝŶ ƉƵďůŝĐ ǀŝĞǁ ŽĨ Ă ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂů ĂƌĞĂ <ĂƚŚLJ ^ǁĞĞƚůĂŶĚ͕ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ
ǁŝƚŚŶŽƐĞĐƌĞĐLJŽƌĚŝƐĐƌĞƟŽŶŝŶǀŽůǀĞĚ͘ ďŽĂƌĚ ŽĨ WĂƌƚŶĞƌƐ ŝŶ ZĞƐƚŽƌĂƟǀĞ
/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ ƐĂŝĚ͗ ͞WĞŽƉůĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ
͞/ ŚĂǀĞ ƐĞĞŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŵƉĂĐƚ ŽĨ ůŽǁͲ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚŚĂǀĞŵĂĚĞŝƚǀĞƌLJĐůĞĂƌ
ůĞǀĞů ĚƌƵŐ ĂĐƟǀŝƚLJ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ƋƵĂůŝƚLJ ŽĨ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞLJ ĚŽŶ͛ƚ ůŝŬĞ ƚŚĞ ďĞŚĂǀŝŽƌ ďƵƚ
ůŝĨĞ ŝŶ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚƐ͕͟ ƐĂŝĚ DŝŐƵĞů ƚŚĞLJĐĂƌĞĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞLJŽƵŶŐƉĞŽƉůĞ͘͟
DĞůĞŶĚĞnj͕ ƉƌŽũĞĐƚ ĚŝƌĞĐƚŽƌ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞ ƵƌƌĞŶƚ ůĞŐŝƐůĂƟŽŶ ĮŶĚƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĂƌƌĞƐƚƐ͕
ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌƌƵŐ&ƌĞĞ^ƚƌĞĞƚƐ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ͘ ĐƌŝŵŝŶĂů ƉƌŽƐĞĐƵƟŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ ĐƌŝŵŝŶĂů

dŚĞ ĮƌƐƚ ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚ ŽīĞƌƐ ĂŶ
ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƚLJ ĨŽƌ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ŵĞŵďĞƌƐ
ƚŽĂĚĚƌĞƐƐƚŚĞLJŽƵŶŐŽīĞŶĚĞƌƐĂďŽƵƚ
ƚŚĞŝƌ ĚƌƵŐ ĂĐƟǀŝƟĞƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ŝŵƉĂĐƚ
ŽĨ ƚŚĞŝƌ ĂĐƟŽŶƐ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͘
dŚŝƐ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ŝŶƚĞƌǀĞŶƟŽŶ ĐĂŶ
ƐĞƌǀĞ ĂƐ ĂŶ ĂůƚĞƌŶĂƟǀĞ ƚŽ ĂƌƌĞƐƚ ĂŶĚ
ƉƌŽƐĞĐƵƟŽŶ͘ dŚĞ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ǁŝůů
tŚĞŶ ŽīĞŶĚĞƌƐ ĂƌĞ ĂƌƌĞƐƚĞĚ ĨŽƌ ĂůƐŽ ĐŽŶŶĞĐƚ ƚŚĞŵ ǁŝƚŚ ĞĚƵĐĂƟŽŶĂů͕
ƉŽƐƐĞƐƐŝŽŶ ŽĨ ŵĂƌŝũƵĂŶĂ͕ ƚŚĞLJ ĂƌĞ ũŽď ƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ ĂŶĚͬŽƌ ĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚ
ŽŌĞŶƌĞůĞĂƐĞĚŝŶĂƐůŝƩůĞĂƐĂĚĂLJǁŝƚŚ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƟĞƐ͘
ŶŽƚŚŝŶŐ ŵŽƌĞ ƚŚĂŶ Ă ĮŶĞ͕ ŵĂŬŝŶŐ
ƐĞůůŝŶŐ ŵĂƌŝũƵĂŶĂ Ă ŚŝŐŚͲƉƌŽĮƚ͕ ůŽǁͲ ͞/ŶĂŶŝĚĞĂůƐŝƚƵĂƟŽŶǁĞǁŽƵůĚĐĂŶǀĂƐ
Ă ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ ĂŶĚ ĚŽ ƐŽŵĞ ƉƌĞͲ
ĐŽŶƐĞƋƵĞŶĐĞĐƌŝŵĞ͘
ǁŽƌŬ ĞŶŐĂŐŝŶŐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ LJŽƵŶŐ ŵĞŶ
^ŝŶĐĞƌĞĐĞŝǀŝŶŐƚŚĞŐƌĂŶƚŝŶĞĐĞŵďĞƌ͕ ĂŶĚǁŽŵĞŶǁŚŽĂƌĞŝŶƚŚĞĂƌĞĂŽĨƚŚĞ
/ ĂŶĚ WƌŽũĞĐƚ ,ŽƉĞ ŚĂǀĞ ŚŝƌĞĚ Ă ŵĂƌŬĞƚĂŶĚŝŶǀŝƚĞƚŚĞŵƚŽĂƌĞƐƚŽƌĂƟǀĞ
ƉƌŽũĞĐƚ ĐŽŽƌĚŝŶĂƚŽƌ ĂŶĚ ǁŝůů ŚŝƌĞ ĂŶ ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ͕͟ƐĂŝĚDĞůĞŶĚĞnj͘͞tĞǁĂŶƚƚŽ
ŽƵƚƌĞĂĐŚ ǁŽƌŬĞƌ ĂŶĚ Ă ƌĞƐƚŽƌĂƟǀĞ ŵĂŬĞ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽĐĞƐƐ ĂƐ Đŝǀŝů ĂƐ ƉŽƐƐŝďůĞ
ƉƌĂĐƟĐĞƐ ĐŽŽƌĚŝŶĂƚŽƌ ƚŽ ǁŽƌŬ ƌĞůLJŝŶŐ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂů͕ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ
ĞdžĐůƵƐŝǀĞůLJ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ŝŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ͘ ŽƚŚ ĂŶĚ ƐƚĂŬĞŚŽůĚĞƌƐ ƚŽ ŝŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚ
ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶƐ ŚĂǀĞ ǁŽƌŬĞĚ ƚŽǁĂƌĚƐ ĐŚĂŶŐĞƌĂƚŚĞƌƚŚĂŶƚŚĞĐƌŝŵŝŶĂůũƵƐƟĐĞ
ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŝŶŐ ĐŽŶŶĞĐƟŽŶƐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ƐLJƐƚĞŵ͘͟
ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJƚŽďĞŐŝŶǁŽƌŬŽŶƚŚĞƚǁŽ dŚĞ ƐĞĐŽŶĚ ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚ ǁŝůů ĞŶĐŽƵƌĂŐĞ
ƚŚĞ ĐŽƵƌƚƐ ƚŽ ŝƐƐƵĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƟǀĞ ŽƌĚĞƌƐ
ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚĞƐƚŽƚŚĞŝƐƐƵĞ͘
ƚŽƚŚŽƐĞǁŚŽĚŽŶ͛ƚĐŽŵƉůLJ͕ƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐ
ƉĞŶĂůƟĞƐ ĂƌĞ ŝŶĂƉƉƌŽƉƌŝĂƚĞ ĨŽƌ
ƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚŽƉŽƐƐĞƐƐƐŵĂůůĂŵŽƵŶƚƐŽĨ
ŵĂƌŝũƵĂŶĂĨŽƌƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůƵƐĞ͘WŽƐƐĞƐƐŝŽŶ
ŽĨ Ϯϱ ŐƌĂŵƐ Žƌ ůĞƐƐ ŽĨ ŵĂƌŝũƵĂŶĂ͕
ƚŚĂƚ ŝƐ ϳͬϴ ŽĨ ĂŶ ŽƵŶĐĞ͕ ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ
ĚĞĐƌŝŵŝŶĂůŝnjĞĚ Žƌ ŵĂĚĞ Ă ǀŝŽůĂƟŽŶ
ƉƵŶŝƐŚĂďůĞďLJĂĮŶĞŽĨΨϭϬϬ͕ŶŽƚũĂŝů͘

I have seen the impact of low-level
drug activity on the quality of life
in neighborhoods
-- DŝŐƵĞůDĞůĞŶĚĞnj͕ƉƌŽũĞĐƚĚŝƌĞĐƚŽƌĨŽƌƚŚĞZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌƌƵŐ&ƌĞĞ^ƚƌĞĞƚƐ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ

9  www.minorityreporter.net | , #"1#(| #+"$

People in the
neighborhood have made
it very clear that they
don’t like the behavior
but they care about the
young people. 

ͲͲ<ĂƚŚLJ^ǁĞĞƚůĂŶĚ͕ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ
ŽĨƚŚĞďŽĂƌĚŽĨWĂƌƚŶĞƌƐŝŶ
ZĞƐƚŽƌĂƟǀĞ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞƐ

ƚŚĞŵ ĨƌŽŵ ĐŽŵŝŶŐ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ Ă ĐĞƌƚĂŝŶ
ĚŝƐƚĂŶĐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚ͘ 
ůƚŚŽƵŐŚ ƚŚĞƐĞ ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚĞƐ ĂƌĞ ƐƟůů
ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ ƐƚĂŐĞ͕ DĞůĞŶĚĞnj
ďĞůŝĞǀĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ŝĨ ƚŚĞLJ ĂƌĞ ĂďůĞ ƚŽ ŐĞƚ
ƚŚĞƐĂůĞŽĨŵĂƌŝũƵĂŶĂĚĞĐůĂƌĞĚĂƉƵďůŝĐ
ŶƵŝƐĂŶĐĞ͕ƚŚĞLJǁŝůůďĞĂďůĞƚŽƵƐĞƚŚĞ
ŶƵŝƐĂŶĐĞ ůĂǁƐ ƚŽ ƐĂLJ ƚŚĞLJ ĐĂŶŶŽƚ ďĞ
ǁŝƚŚŝŶĂĐĞƌƚĂŝŶŐĞŽŐƌĂƉŚŝĐďŽƵŶĚĂƌLJ͘
/ŶϮϬϬϰ͕,ŝŐŚWŽŝŶƚ͕E͘͘ǁĂƐƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵů
ŝŶŵŽǀŝŶŐĚĞĂůĞƌƐĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵĂƌĞĂƐƚŚĂƚ
ŚĂĚ ďĞĞŶ ŽƉĞŶͲĂŝƌ ĚƌƵŐ ŵĂƌŬĞƚƐ͘ /Ŷ
ƚŚĞƚĂƌŐĞƚŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚŝŶ,ŝŐŚWŽŝŶƚ͕
ǀŝŽůĞŶƚ ĐƌŝŵĞ ĚƌŽƉƉĞĚ ϱϳ ƉĞƌĐĞŶƚ ŝŶ
ĨŽƵƌLJĞĂƌƐ͘
EĞǁ :ĞƌƐĞLJ ŚĂƐ ĚƌƵŐ ŽīĞŶĚĞƌ
ƌĞƐƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ ŽƌĚĞƌƐ ĂƵƚŚŽƌŝnjĞĚ ďLJ ƚŚĞ
ƐƚĂƚĞ͘

/ ĂŶĚ WƌŽũĞĐƚ ,KW ĂůƐŽ ŚĂǀĞ ƚŚĞ
ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚŽĨƐĞǀĞƌĂůůŽĐĂůŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶƐ͕
ĐŝƚLJ ƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƟǀĞƐ͕ ƚŚĞ ĚŝƐƚƌŝĐƚ
ĂƩŽƌŶĞLJ͛Ɛ ŽĸĐĞ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ
WŽůŝĐĞĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ͘
͞/ Ăŵ ŐƌĂƚĞĨƵů ƚŚĂƚ / ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ
ĐŚŽƐĞŶĂƐĂƌĞĐŝƉŝĞŶƚŽĨĨƵŶĚŝŶŐĨŽƌƚŚĞ
ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌƌƵŐ&ƌĞĞ^ƚƌĞĞƚƐ/ŶŝƟĂƟǀĞ͕͟
ƐĂŝĚ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ ŝƚLJ ŽƵŶĐŝů WƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ
>ŽǀĞůLJ tĂƌƌĞŶ͘ ͞dŚĞ ŽƉĞŶ Ăŝƌ ĚƌƵŐ
ŵĂƌŬĞƚ ƚŚĂƚ ĞdžŝƐƚƐ ŝŶ ƐŽŵĞ ŽĨ ŽƵƌ
ŶĞŝŐŚďŽƌŚŽŽĚƐ ŶĞĞĚƐ ƚŽ ďĞ ƐƚŽƉƉĞĚ͘
dŚĞŝŵƉĂĐƚƚŚĂƚŝƚŚĂƐŶŽƚŽŶůLJďƌŝŶŐƐ
ĐƌŝŵŝŶĂů ĂĐƟǀŝƚLJ ƚŽ ŽƵƌ ƐƚƌĞĞƚƐ ďƵƚ ŝƚ
ŝƐ ŽŌĞŶ ĐŽƵƉůĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͘ KƵƌ
ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ ĚĞƐĞƌǀĞ ďĞƩĞƌ ĨŽƌ ƚŚĞŝƌ
ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ĂŶĚ / Ăŵ ŚŽƉĞĨƵů ƚŚŝƐ
ĨƵŶĚŝŶŐǁŝůůĂĚĚƌĞƐƐƚŚŝƐƉƌŽďůĞŵ͘͟

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1$7,21$/

Obama unveils $500 million gun violence package
͞dŽŵĂŬĞĂƌĞĂůĂŶĚůĂƐƟŶŐĚŝīĞƌĞŶĐĞ͕ ǁŚĞƚŚĞƌ ĂŶ ĂƐƐĂƵůƚ ǁĞĂƉŽŶƐ ďĂŶ 
ŽŶŐƌĞƐƐŵƵƐƚĂĐƚ͕͟KďĂŵĂƐĂŝĚ͘͞ŶĚ ĐŽƵůĚ ƉĂƐƐƚŚĞ^ĞŶĂƚĞ͕ďƵƚƐĂŝĚƚŚĞƌĞ
ĂƌĞ ƐŽŵĞ ŵĞĂƐƵƌĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĐĂŶ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ
t^,/E'dKE ;WͿ Ͷ ƌĂĐĞĚ ĨŽƌ ŽŶŐƌĞƐƐŵƵƐƚĂĐƚƐŽŽŶ͘͟
ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞĚďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚĐŚĞĐŬƐ͘
Ă ĮŐŚƚ͕ WƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ ĂƌĂĐŬ KďĂŵĂ
ŽŶ tĞĚŶĞƐĚĂLJ ƵŶǀĞŝůĞĚ ƚŚĞ ŵŽƐƚ dŚĞƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚǀŽǁĞĚƚŽƵƐĞ͞ǁŚĂƚĞǀĞƌ
ƐǁĞĞƉŝŶŐ ƉƌŽƉŽƐĂůƐ ĨŽƌ ĐƵƌďŝŶŐ ŐƵŶ ǁĞŝŐŚƚ ƚŚŝƐ ŽĸĐĞ ŚŽůĚƐ͟ ƚŽ ƉƌĞƐƐ ͞dŚĞƌĞ ĂƌĞ ƐŽŵĞ ǁŚŽ ƐĂLJ ŶŽƚŚŝŶŐ
ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ ŝŶ ƚǁŽ ĚĞĐĂĚĞƐ͕ ƉƌĞƐƐŝŶŐ Ă ůĂǁŵĂŬĞƌƐ ŝŶƚŽ ĂĐƟŽŶ ŽŶ ŚŝƐ ΨϱϬϬ ǁŝůůƉĂƐƐ͘/ĚŝƐĂŐƌĞĞǁŝƚŚƚŚĂƚ͕͟>ĞĂŚLJ͕
ƌĞůƵĐƚĂŶƚ ŽŶŐƌĞƐƐ ƚŽ ƉĂƐƐ ƵŶŝǀĞƌƐĂů ŵŝůůŝŽŶ ƉůĂŶ͘ ,Ğ ŝƐ ĂůƐŽ ĐĂůůŝŶŐ ĨŽƌ Ͳsƚ͕͘ ƚŽůĚ ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ Ăƚ 'ĞŽƌŐĞƚŽǁŶ
ďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚ ĐŚĞĐŬƐ ĂŶĚ ďĂŶƐ ŽŶ ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞŵĞŶƚƐ ŝŶ ƐĐŚŽŽů ƐĂĨĞƚLJ͕ hŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJ >Ăǁ ĞŶƚĞƌ͘ ͞tŚĂƚ /͛ŵ
ŵŝůŝƚĂƌLJͲƐƚLJůĞ ĂƐƐĂƵůƚ ǁĞĂƉŽŶƐ ĂŶĚ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐƉƵƫŶŐϭ͕ϬϬϬƉŽůŝĐĞŽĸĐĞƌƐ ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚĞĚŝŶŝƐǁŚĂƚǁĞĐĂŶŐĞƚ͘͟
ŚŝŐŚͲĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ĂŵŵƵŶŝƟŽŶ ŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞƐ ŝŶ ƐĐŚŽŽůƐ ĂŶĚ ďŽůƐƚĞƌŝŶŐ ŵĞŶƚĂů
ůŝŬĞ ƚŚĞ ŽŶĞƐ ƵƐĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ EĞǁƚŽǁŶ͕ ŚĞĂůƚŚ ĐĂƌĞ ďLJ ƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ ŵŽƌĞ ŚĞĂůƚŚ ĐŬŶŽǁůĞĚŐŝŶŐƚŚĞƚŽƵŐŚĮŐŚƚĂŚĞĂĚ͕
ƉƌŽĨĞƐƐŝŽŶĂůƐ ƚŽ ĚĞĂů ǁŝƚŚ LJŽƵŶŐ KďĂŵĂ ƐĂŝĚ ƚŚĞƌĞ ǁŝůů ďĞ ƉƵŶĚŝƚƐ͕ 
ŽŶŶ͕͘ƐĐŚŽŽůƐŚŽŽƟŶŐ͘
ƉŽůŝƟĐŝĂŶƐĂŶĚƐƉĞĐŝĂůŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚŐƌŽƵƉƐ
ƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚŽŵĂLJďĞĂƚƌŝƐŬ͘
ƚŚĂƚǁŝůůƐĞĞŬƚŽ͞ŐŝŶƵƉĨĞĂƌ͟ƚŚĂƚƚŚĞ 
ŵŽŶƚŚ ĂŌĞƌ ƚŚĂƚ ŚŽƌƌŝĮĐ ŵĂƐƐĂĐƌĞ͕
KďĂŵĂ ĂůƐŽ ƵƐĞĚ ŚŝƐ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƟĂů ǀĞŶ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƟǀĞ ůĂǁŵĂŬĞƌƐ ƐĂLJ ƚŚĞ tŚŝƚĞ ,ŽƵƐĞ ǁĂŶƚƐ ƚŽ ƚĂŬĞ ĂǁĂLJ ƚŚĞ
ƉŽǁĞƌƐƚŽĞŶĂĐƚϮϯŵĞĂƐƵƌĞƐƚŚĂƚĚŽŶ͛ƚ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ͛Ɛ ŐƵŶ ĐŽŶƚƌŽů ƉƌŽƉŽƐĂůƐ Ͷ ƌŝŐŚƚƚŽŽǁŶĂŐƵŶ͘
ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞƚŚĞďĂĐŬŝŶŐŽĨůĂǁŵĂŬĞƌƐ͘dŚĞ ŵŽƐƚ ŽĨ ǁŚŝĐŚ ĂƌĞ ŽƉƉŽƐĞĚ ďLJ ƚŚĞ
ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ͛Ɛ ĞdžĞĐƵƟǀĞ ĂĐƟŽŶƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ ƉŽǁĞƌĨƵůEĂƟŽŶĂůZŝŇĞƐƐŽĐŝĂƟŽŶͶ ͞ĞŚŝŶĚ ƚŚĞ ƐĐĞŶĞƐ͕ ƚŚĞLJ͛ůů ĚŽ
ĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞLJ ĐĂŶ ƚŽ ďůŽĐŬ ĂŶLJ
ŽƌĚĞƌŝŶŐ ĨĞĚĞƌĂů ĂŐĞŶĐŝĞƐ ƚŽ ŵĂŬĞ ĨĂĐĞůŽŶŐŽĚĚƐŽŶĂƉŝƚŽů,ŝůů͘
ĐŽŵŵŽŶƐĞŶƐĞ ƌĞĨŽƌŵ ĂŶĚ ŵĂŬĞ ƐƵƌĞ
ŵŽƌĞ ĚĂƚĂ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞ ĨŽƌ ďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚ
ĐŚĞĐŬƐ͕ ĂƉƉŽŝŶƟŶŐ Ă ĚŝƌĞĐƚŽƌ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ,ŽƵƐĞ ^ƉĞĂŬĞƌ :ŽŚŶ ŽĞŚŶĞƌ͛Ɛ ŽĸĐĞ ŶŽƚŚŝŶŐ ĐŚĂŶŐĞƐ ǁŚĂƚƐŽĞǀĞƌ͕͟ ŚĞ 
ƵƌĞĂƵ ŽĨ ůĐŽŚŽů͕ dŽďĂĐĐŽ͕ &ŝƌĞĂƌŵƐ ǁĂƐ ŶŽŶͲĐŽŵŵŝƩĂů ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ͛Ɛ ƐĂŝĚ͘ ͞dŚĞ ŽŶůLJ ǁĂLJ ǁĞ ǁŝůů ďĞ ĂďůĞ
ĂŶĚ džƉůŽƐŝǀĞƐ͕ ĂŶĚ ĚŝƌĞĐƟŶŐ ƚŚĞ ƉĂĐŬĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƉƌŽƉŽƐĞĚ ůĞŐŝƐůĂƟŽŶ͕ ďƵƚ ƚŽ ĐŚĂŶŐĞ ŝƐ ŝĨ ƚŚĞŝƌ ĂƵĚŝĞŶĐĞ͕ ƚŚĞŝƌ 
ĞŶƚĞƌƐĨŽƌŝƐĞĂƐĞŽŶƚƌŽůƚŽƌĞƐĞĂƌĐŚ ƐŝŐŶĂůĞĚ ŶŽ ƵƌŐĞŶĐLJ ƚŽ ĂĐƚ͘ ͞,ŽƵƐĞ ĐŽŶƐƟƚƵĞŶƚƐ͕ ƚŚĞŝƌ ŵĞŵďĞƌƐŚŝƉ ƐĂLJƐ
ĐŽŵŵŝƩĞĞƐŽĨũƵƌŝƐĚŝĐƟŽŶǁŝůůƌĞǀŝĞǁ ƚŚŝƐ ƟŵĞ ŵƵƐƚ ďĞ ĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚ͕ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚŝƐ
ŐƵŶǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͘
ƚŚĞƐĞ ƌĞĐŽŵŵĞŶĚĂƟŽŶƐ͕͟ ŽĞŚŶĞƌ ƟŵĞǁĞŵƵƐƚĚŽƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐƚŽƉƌŽƚĞĐƚ 
Ƶƚ ƚŚĞ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ͕ ƐƉĞĂŬŝŶŐ Ăƚ tŚŝƚĞ ƐƉŽŬĞƐŵĂŶ DŝĐŚĂĞů ^ƚĞĞů ƐĂŝĚ͘ ͞ŶĚ ŽƵƌĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐĂŶĚŽƵƌŬŝĚƐ͘͟
,ŽƵƐĞĐĞƌĞŵŽŶLJ͕ĨŽĐƵƐĞĚŚŝƐĂƩĞŶƟŽŶ ŝĨƚŚĞ^ĞŶĂƚĞƉĂƐƐĞƐĂďŝůů͕ǁĞǁŝůůĂůƐŽ
dŚĞƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚǁĂƐŇĂŶŬĞĚďLJĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ
ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ĚŝǀŝĚĞĚ ŽŶŐƌĞƐƐ͕ ƐĂLJŝŶŐ ŽŶůLJ ƚĂŬĞĂůŽŽŬĂƚƚŚĂƚ͘͟
ǁŚŽ ǁƌŽƚĞ Śŝŵ ůĞƩĞƌƐ ĂďŽƵƚ ŐƵŶ
ůĂǁŵĂŬĞƌƐ ĐŽƵůĚ ĞŶĂĐƚ ƚŚĞ ŵŽƐƚ
ĞīĞĐƟǀĞ ŵĞĂƐƵƌĞƐ ĨŽƌ ƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐ ^ĞŶĂƚĞ:ƵĚŝĐŝĂƌLJŽŵŵŝƩĞĞŚĂŝƌŵĂŶ ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ǁĞĞŬƐ ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ
WĂƚƌŝĐŬ >ĞĂŚLJ ƐĂŝĚ ĂŚĞĂĚ ŽĨ KďĂŵĂ͛Ɛ ƚŚĞ EĞǁƚŽǁŶ ƐŚŽŽƟŶŐ͘ &ĂŵŝůŝĞƐ
ŵŽƌĞŵĂƐƐƐŚŽŽƟŶŐƐ͘
ƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĂƟŽŶ ƚŚĂƚ ŚĞ ĚŝĚŶ͛ƚ ŬŶŽǁ ŽĨ ƚŚŽƐĞ ŬŝůůĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ŵĂƐƐĂĐƌĞ͕ ĂƐ
ǁĞůů ĂƐ ƐƵƌǀŝǀŽƌƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƐŚŽŽƟŶŐ͕
ǁĞƌĞ ĂůƐŽ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĂƵĚŝĞŶĐĞ͕ ĂůŽŶŐ
ǁŝƚŚ ůĂǁ ĞŶĨŽƌĐĞŵĞŶƚ ŽĸĐĞƌƐ ĂŶĚ
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dŚĞ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ ďĂƐĞĚ ŚŝƐ ƉƌŽƉŽƐĂůƐ
ŽŶ ƌĞĐŽŵŵĞŶĚĂƟŽŶƐ ĨƌŽŵ ĂŶ
ĂĚŵŝŶŝƐƚƌĂƟŽŶͲǁŝĚĞ ƚĂƐŬ ĨŽƌĐĞ ůĞĚ
ďLJ sŝĐĞ WƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ :ŽĞ ŝĚĞŶ͘ ,ŝƐ ƉůĂŶ
ŵĂƌŬƐƚŚĞŵŽƐƚĐŽŵƉƌĞŚĞŶƐŝǀĞĞīŽƌƚ
ƚŽĂĚĚƌĞƐƐŐƵŶǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞƐŝŶĐĞŽŶŐƌĞƐƐ
ƉĂƐƐĞĚ ƚŚĞ ϭϵϵϰ ďĂŶ ŽŶ ŚŝŐŚͲŐƌĂĚĞ͕
ŵŝůŝƚĂƌLJͲƐƚLJůĞ ĂƐƐĂƵůƚ ǁĞĂƉŽŶƐ͘ dŚĞ
ďĂŶĞdžƉŝƌĞĚŝŶϮϬϬϰ͕ĂŶĚKďĂŵĂǁĂŶƚƐ
ůĂǁŵĂŬĞƌƐƚŽƌĞŶĞǁĂŶĚĞdžƉĂŶĚŝƚ͘
KƚŚĞƌ ŵĞĂƐƵƌĞƐ KďĂŵĂ ǁĂŶƚƐ 
ŽŶŐƌĞƐƐ ƚŽ ƚĂŬĞ ƵƉ ŝŶĐůƵĚĞ ůŝŵŝƟŶŐ
ŚŝŐŚͲĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ ĂŵŵƵŶŝƟŽŶ ŵĂŐĂnjŝŶĞƐ
ĂŶĚ ƌĞƋƵŝƌŝŶŐ ďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚ ĐŚĞĐŬƐ ĨŽƌ
Ăůů ŐƵŶ ďƵLJĞƌƐ ŝŶ ĂŶ ĂƩĞŵƉƚ ƚŽ ĐůŽƐĞ
ƚŚĞ ƐŽͲĐĂůůĞĚ ͞ŐƵŶͲƐŚŽǁ ůŽŽƉŚŽůĞ͟
ƚŚĂƚĂůůŽǁƐƉĞŽƉůĞƚŽďƵLJŐƵŶƐĂƚƚƌĂĚĞ
ƐŚŽǁƐ ĂŶĚ ŽǀĞƌ ƚŚĞ /ŶƚĞƌŶĞƚ ǁŝƚŚŽƵƚ
ƐƵďŵŝƫŶŐƚŽďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚĐŚĞĐŬƐ͘
KďĂŵĂ ĂůƐŽ ŝŶƚĞŶĚƐ ƚŽ ƐĞĞŬ
ĐŽŶĮƌŵĂƟŽŶ ĨŽƌ ͘ dŽĚĚ :ŽŶĞƐ͕ ǁŚŽ
ŚĂƐ ƐĞƌǀĞĚ ĂƐ ĂĐƟŶŐ ĚŝƌĞĐƚŽƌ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ 
ƵƌĞĂƵ ŽĨ ůĐŽŚŽů͕ dŽďĂĐĐŽ͕ &ŝƌĞĂƌŵƐ
ĂŶĚdžƉůŽƐŝǀĞƐƐŝŶĐĞϮϬϭϭ͘
dŚĞ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ͛Ɛ ƉůĂŶ ĚŽĞƐ ůŝƩůĞ ƚŽ
ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐ ǀŝŽůĞŶƚ ŝŵĂŐĞƐ ŝŶ ǀŝĚĞŽ
ŐĂŵĞƐ͕ ŵŽǀŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ ĞŶƚĞƌƚĂŝŶŵĞŶƚ͕
ďĞLJŽŶĚĂƐŬŝŶŐƚŚĞƚŽƐƚƵĚLJƚŚĞŝƌ
ŝŵƉĂĐƚ ŽŶ ŐƵŶ ĐƌŝŵĞƐ͘ ^ŽŵĞ ƉƌŽͲŐƵŶ
ůĂǁŵĂŬĞƌƐǁŚŽĂƌĞŽƉĞŶƚŽĂĚĚƌĞƐƐŝŶŐ
ƐƚƌŝĐƚĞƌ ĂƌŵƐ ůĞŐŝƐůĂƟŽŶ ŚĂǀĞ ŝŶƐŝƐƚĞĚ
ƚŚĞLJǁŽƵůĚĚŽƐŽŽŶůLJŝŶƚĂŶĚĞŵǁŝƚŚ
ƌĞĐŽŵŵĞŶĚĂƟŽŶƐ ĨŽƌ ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐŝŶŐ
ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞŝŶĞŶƚĞƌƚĂŝŶŵĞŶƚ͘

dŚĞ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ͛Ɛ ůŽŶŐ ůŝƐƚ ŽĨ ĞdžĞĐƵƟǀĞ
͞dŚŝƐ ŝƐ ŽƵƌ ĮƌƐƚ ƚĂƐŬ ĂƐ Ă ƐŽĐŝĞƚLJ͕ ŽƌĚĞƌƐĂůƐŽŝŶĐůƵĚĞ͗
ŬĞĞƉŝŶŐ ŽƵƌ ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ ƐĂĨĞ͕͟ KďĂŵĂ
ƐĂŝĚ͘͞dŚŝƐŝƐŚŽǁǁĞǁŝůůďĞũƵĚŐĞĚ͘͟
Ͷ KƌĚĞƌŝŶŐ ƚŽƵŐŚĞƌ ƉĞŶĂůƟĞƐ ĨŽƌ
ƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚŽůŝĞŽŶďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚĐŚĞĐŬƐ
^ĞĞŬŝŶŐ ƚŽ ĞdžƉĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ŝŵƉĞƚƵƐ ĨŽƌ ĂŶĚƌĞƋƵŝƌŝŶŐĨĞĚĞƌĂůĂŐĞŶĐŝĞƐƚŽŵĂŬĞ
ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐŝŶŐ ŐƵŶ ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ ďĞLJŽŶĚ ƚŚĞ ƌĞůĞǀĂŶƚ ĚĂƚĂ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ĨĞĚĞƌĂů
EĞǁƚŽǁŶƐŚŽŽƟŶŐ͕ƚŚĞƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐĂŝĚ ďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚĐŚĞĐŬƐLJƐƚĞŵ͘
ŵŽƌĞ ƚŚĂŶ ϵϬϬ ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƐ ŚĂǀĞ ďĞĞŶ
ŬŝůůĞĚďLJŐƵŶƐŝŶƚŚĞŵŽŶƚŚƐŝŶĐĞƚŚĞ Ͷ ŶĚŝŶŐ ůŝŵŝƚƐ ƚŚĂƚ ŵĂŬĞ ŝƚ ŵŽƌĞ
ĞůĞŵĞŶƚĂƌLJƐĐŚŽŽůŵĂƐƐĂĐƌĞ͘
ĚŝĸĐƵůƚĨŽƌƚŚĞŐŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚƚŽƌĞƐĞĂƌĐŚ
ŐƵŶ ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ ŐĂƚŚĞƌŝŶŐ ĚĂƚĂ
͞ǀĞƌLJ ĚĂLJ ǁĞ ǁĂŝƚ͕ ƚŚĞ ŶƵŵďĞƌ ǁŝůů ŽŶŐƵŶƐƚŚĂƚĨĂůůŝŶƚŽĐƌŝŵŝŶĂůŚĂŶĚƐ͘
ŬĞĞƉŐƌŽǁŝŶŐ͕͟ŚĞƐĂŝĚ͘
ͶZĞƋƵŝƌŝŶŐĨĞĚĞƌĂůůĂǁĞŶĨŽƌĐĞŵĞŶƚ
dŚĞ tŚŝƚĞ ,ŽƵƐĞ ŚĂƐ ƐŝŐŶĂůĞĚ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŽ ƚƌĂĐĞ ŐƵŶƐ ƌĞĐŽǀĞƌĞĚ ŝŶ ĐƌŝŵŝŶĂů
KďĂŵĂ ĐŽƵůĚ ůĂƵŶĐŚ Ă ĐĂŵƉĂŝŐŶ ƚŽ ŝŶǀĞƐƟŐĂƟŽŶƐ͘
ƐƚƉƵďůŝĐƐƵƉƉŽƌƚĨŽƌŚŝƐƉƌŽƉŽƐĂůƐ͘
EĞĂƌůLJƐŝdžŝŶϭϬŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƐǁĂŶƚƐƚƌŝĐƚĞƌ Ͷ 'ŝǀŝŶŐ ƐĐŚŽŽůƐ ŇĞdžŝďŝůŝƚLJ ƚŽ ƵƐĞ
ŐƵŶ ůĂǁƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĂŌĞƌŵĂƚŚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ĨĞĚĞƌĂů ŐƌĂŶƚ ŵŽŶĞLJ ƚŽ ŝŵƉƌŽǀĞ
EĞǁƚŽǁŶ ƐŚŽŽƟŶŐ͕ ǁŝƚŚ ŵĂũŽƌŝƟĞƐ ƐĐŚŽŽůƐĂĨĞƚLJ͕ƐƵĐŚĂƐďLJŚŝƌŝŶŐƐĐŚŽŽů
ĨĂǀŽƌŝŶŐĂŶĂƟŽŶǁŝĚĞďĂŶŽŶŵŝůŝƚĂƌLJͲ ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞŽĸĐĞƌƐ͘
ƐƚLJůĞ͕ƌĂƉŝĚͲĮƌĞǁĞĂƉŽŶƐĂŶĚůŝŵŝƚƐŽŶ
ŐƵŶǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞĚĞƉŝĐƚĞĚŝŶǀŝĚĞŽŐĂŵĞƐ͕ Ͷ 'ŝǀŝŶŐ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ ŐƌĂŶƚƐ ƚŽ
ŵŽǀŝĞƐ ĂŶĚ ds ƐŚŽǁƐ͕ ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐ ƚŽ Ă ŝŶƐƟƚƵƚĞƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐƚŽŬĞĞƉŐƵŶƐĂǁĂLJ
ŶĞǁƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚWƌĞƐƐͲ'Ĩ<ƉŽůů͘
ĨƌŽŵƉĞŽƉůĞǁŚŽƐŚŽƵůĚŶ͛ƚŚĂǀĞƚŚĞŵ͘ 
ůŽƉƐŝĚĞĚ ϴϰ ƉĞƌĐĞŶƚ ŽĨ ĂĚƵůƚƐ
ǁŽƵůĚ ůŝŬĞ ƚŽ ƐĞĞ ƚŚĞ ĞƐƚĂďůŝƐŚŵĞŶƚ
ŽĨ Ă ĨĞĚĞƌĂů ƐƚĂŶĚĂƌĚ ĨŽƌ ďĂĐŬŐƌŽƵŶĚ
ĐŚĞĐŬƐĨŽƌƉĞŽƉůĞďƵLJŝŶŐŐƵŶƐĂƚŐƵŶ
ƐŚŽǁƐ͕ƚŚĞƉŽůůƐŚŽǁĞĚ͘

/LNH8V
Minority Reporter
on facebook.com

11  www.minorityreporter.net | , #"1#(| #+"$ 
KWd/KE 
KWd͗ϯнϭс,ĂƉƉŝŶĞƐƐ͘
>ŽŽŬŝŶŐƚŽĂĚŽƉƚĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ
ůŝƩůĞŵŝƌĂĐůĞĂŶĚŵĂŬĞ
ŽƵƌůŝƩůĞ>ƵĐLJĂďŝŐƐŝƐƚĞƌ͘ 
ŽŶƚĂĐƚZŽďŝŶΘ
EĞŝůΛϴϲϲͲϯϬϯͲϬϲϲϴ͕
ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬǁǁǁ͘ƌŶůĂĚŽƉƚ͘ŝŶĨŽͬ͘ 
Ed/Yh^
sEKZ^K&Yh>/dzEͲ
d/Yh^͗ŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĂǁŽŶͲ
ĚĞƌĨƵůEĞǁŶƟƋƵĞĞŶƚĞƌ
ŝŶŽǁŶƚŽǁŶKǁĞŐŽ͘sŝƐŝƚ
ǁǁǁ͘ĞĂƌůLJŽǁĞŐŽĂŶƟƋƵĞͲ
ĐĞŶƚĞƌ͘ĐŽŵĂůů&ƌĂŶΛ
ϲϬϳͲϮϯϵͲϴϯϱϯŽƌĞŵĂŝů͗
ůĂŶƚĂůĞŬΛƐƚŶLJ͘ƌƌ͘ĐŽŵĨŽƌ
ǀĞŶĚŽƌƐƉĂĐĞŝŶĨŽ͘ 
hz/E'ͬ^>>>/E' 
hz/E'ͬ^>>/E'͗'ŽůĚ͕
ŐŽůĚĐŽŝŶƐ͕ƐƚĞƌůŝŶŐƐŝůǀĞƌ͕
ƐŝůǀĞƌĐŽŝŶƐ͕ƐŝůǀĞƌƉůĂƚĞ͕
ĚŝĂŵŽŶĚƐ͕ĮŶĞǁĂƚĐŚĞƐ
;ZŽůĞdž͕ĂƌƟĞƌ͕
WĂƚĞŬͿ͕ƉĂŝŶƟŶŐƐ͕ĨƵƌƐ͕ĞƐͲ
ƚĂƚĞƐ͘ĂůůĨŽƌĂƉƉŽŝŶƚŵĞŶƚ
ϵϭϳͲϲϵϲͲϮϬϮϰ:z 
sEd^
sEKZ^K&Yh>/dzEͲ
d/Yh^͗ŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĂǁŽŶͲ
ĚĞƌĨƵůEĞǁŶƟƋƵĞĞŶƚĞƌ
ŝŶŽǁŶƚŽǁŶKǁĞŐŽ͘sŝƐŝƚ
ǁǁǁ͘ĞĂƌůLJŽǁĞŐŽĂŶƟƋƵĞͲ
ĐĞŶƚĞƌ͘ĐŽŵĂůů&ƌĂŶΛ
ϲϬϳͲϮϯϵͲϴϯϱϯŽƌĞŵĂŝů͗
ůĂŶƚĂůĞŬΛƐƚŶLJ͘ƌƌ͘ĐŽŵĨŽƌ
ǀĞŶĚŽƌƐƉĂĐĞ
ŝŶĨŽ͘
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hzZ>s/'Z͕ŝĂůŝƐ͕
>ĞǀŝƚƌĂ͕^ƚĂdžLJŶ͕WƌŽƉĞĐŝĂ
ΘŵŽƌĞ͘͘͘&ͲƉƉƌŽǀĞĚ͕
h͘^͘͘WŚĂƌŵĂĐŝĞƐ͘EĞdžƚ
ĚĂLJ
ĚĞůŝǀĞƌLJĂǀĂŝĂďůĞ͘KƌĚĞƌ
ŽŶůŝŶĞŽƌďLJƉŚŽŶĞĂƚǀŝĂͲ
ŵĞĚŝĐ͘ĐŽŵ͕ϴϬϬͲϰϲϳͲϬϮϵϱ
,>WtEd 
ƌŝǀĞƌͲĂŝůLJŽƌtĞĞŬůLJ
WĂLJ͘ΨϬ͘ϬϭŝŶĐƌĞĂƐĞƉĞƌ
ŵŝůĞĂŌĞƌϲŵŽŶƚŚƐĂŶĚϭϮ

ŵŽŶƚŚƐ͘ΨϬ͘ϬϯYƵĂƌƚĞƌůLJ 
ŽŶƵƐ͘ZĞƋƵŝƌĞƐ 
ϯŵŽŶƚŚƐƌĞĐĞŶƚĞdžƉĞƌŝͲ
ĞŶĐĞ͘ϴϬϬͲϰϭϰͲϵϱϲϵǁǁǁ͘
ĚƌŝǀĞŬŶŝŐŚƚ͘ĐŽŵ

ĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶĐĞ͘ŽŵƉƵƚĞƌĂǀĂŝůͲ
ĂďůĞ͘&ŝŶĂŶĐŝĂůŝĚŝĨƋƵĂůŝͲ
ĮĞĚ͘^,sƵƚŚŽƌŝnjĞĚ͘ 
ĂůůϴϴϴͲϮϬϭͲϴϲϱϳ
ǁǁǁ͘ĞŶƚƵƌĂKŶůŝŶĞ͘ĐŽŵ
D/^>>EKh^

,>WtEd 
/Z>/E^Z,/Z/E'ʹ
dƌĂŝŶĨŽƌŚĂŶĚƐŽŶǀŝĂƟŽŶ 
ĂƌĞĞƌ͘&ĂƉƉƌŽǀĞĚ
ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͘&ŝŶĂŶĐŝĂůĂŝĚŝĨ
ƋƵĂůŝĮĞĚͲ:Žď
ƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚĂƐƐŝƐƚĂŶĐĞ͘>> 
ǀŝĂƟŽŶ/ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞŽĨDĂŝŶͲ
ƚĞŶĂŶĐĞϴϲϲͲϮϵϲͲϳϬϵϯ

^tD/>>^ĨƌŽŵŽŶůLJ
Ψϯϵϵϳ͘ϬϬͲD<Θ^s
DKEzǁŝƚŚLJŽƵƌŽǁŶ
ďĂŶĚŵŝůůͲƵƚůƵŵďĞƌĂŶLJ
ĚŝŵĞŶƐŝŽŶ͘/ŶƐƚŽĐŬ 
ƌĞĂĚLJƚŽƐŚŝƉ͘&Z/ŶĨŽͬ 
s͗ǁǁǁ͘EŽƌǁŽŽĚ^ĂǁͲ
ŵŝůůƐ͘ĐŽŵ
ϭͲϴϬϬͲϱϳϴͲϭϯϲϯdžƚ͘ϯϬϬE

,KD/DWZKsDEd

KhdK&^ddZ> 
^dd

,^zKhZh/>/E'
^,/&dKZ^dd>͍ 
ŽŶƚĂĐƚtŽŽĚĨŽƌĚƌŽƚŚĞƌƐ
/ŶĐ͕ĨŽƌƐƚƌĂŝŐŚƚĞŶŝŶŐ͕ůĞǀĞůͲ
ŝŶŐ͕ĨŽƵŶĚĂƟŽŶ 
ĂŶĚǁŽŽĚĨƌĂŵĞƌĞƉĂŝƌƐ
ĂƚϭͲϴϬϬͲK>ͲZE͘ǁǁǁ͘
ǁŽŽĚĨŽƌĚďƌŽƐ͘ĐŽŵ͘͞EŽƚ
ĂƉƉůŝĐĂďůĞŝŶYƵĞĞŶƐ
ĐŽƵŶƚLJ͟

^ĞďĂƐƟĂŶ͕&ůŽƌŝĚĂīŽƌĚͲ
ĂďůĞĐƵƐƚŽŵĨĂĐƚŽƌLJĐŽŶͲ
ƐƚƌƵĐƚĞĚŚŽŵĞƐΨϰϱ͕ϵϬϬн͕
&ƌŝĞŶĚůLJĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͕
EŽZĞĂůƐƚĂƚĞŽƌ^ƚĂƚĞ
/ŶĐŽŵĞdĂdžĞƐ͕ŵŝŶƵƚĞƐƚŽ 
ƚůĂŶƟĐKĐĞĂŶ͘ϳϳϮͲϱϴϭͲ
ϬϬϴϬ͕ǁǁǁ͘ďĞĂĐŚͲĐŽǀĞ͘
ĐŽŵ͘>ŝŵŝƚĞĚ
ƐĞĂƐŽŶĂůƌĞŶƚĂůƐ

>E&KZ^>
^WKZd^
KŶĞŽŶƚĂ͕EzĂƌĞĂϮ͕ϲϬϬƐƋ
Ō&ĂƌŵŚŽƵƐĞϱZ͕ϮĂƚŚƐ
ŽŶϱĂĐƌĞƐ͘sŝĞǁƐϭ͕ϭϮϬ͛ 
ůĞǀĂƟŽŶΨϭϬϵ͕ϬϬϬKǁŶĞƌ
ĮŶĂŶĐŝŶŐ͘DŽƌĞ>ĂŶĚ
ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞǁǁǁ͘ŚĞůĚĞƌďĞƌͲ
ŐƌĞĂůƚLJ͘ĐŽŵ>>,EZz͗
ϱϭϴͲϴϲϭͲϲϱϰϭ
>E&KZ^>

'hE^,KtͲĂŶĂŶĚĂŝŐƵĂ
Ez͕^ƚĞĂŵďŽĂƚ>ĂŶĚŝŶŐ 
ĂůůƌŽŽŵͲ:ĂŶƵĂƌLJϮϲͲϮϳ͕
ϮϬϭϯΎΎϮϬϱ>ĂŬĞƐŚŽƌĞ 
ƌŝǀĞ͕ 
ĂŶĂŶĚĂŝŐƵĂ͘WƵďůŝĐ,ŽƵƌƐ͗
^ĂƚϵͲϰĂŶĚ^ƵŶϵͲϯǁǁǁ͘
ŶĨĐƐŚŽǁƐ͘ĐŽŵ
sd/KEZEd>^ 

^dd>/Yh/d/KE>E
^>͊:EhZzϮϲd,Θ
Ϯϳd,͊ϯͲϯϱĂĐƌĞƚƌĂĐƚƐ
ĨƌŽŵΨϭϮ͕ϵϬϬ͘WƌŝŵĞƵƉͲ
ƐƚĂƚĞEz
ůŽĐĂƟŽŶ͕ũƵƐƚŽīdŚƌƵǁĂLJ͊
sŝĞǁƐ͕ĐƌĞĞŬƐ͕ǁŽŽĚƐ͊
dĞƌŵƐĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞ͊EĞǁŽīĞƌ͊ 
Ăůů;ϴϴϴͿϵϬϱͲϴϴϰϳ
ǁǁǁ͘EĞǁzŽƌŬ>ĂŶĚĂŶͲ
Ě>ĂŬĞƐ͘ĐŽŵ

KE/dz͕DZz>E͘ 
ĞƐƚƐĞůĞĐƟŽŶŽĨĂīŽƌĚĂďůĞ
ƌĞŶƚĂůƐ͘&ƵůůͬƉĂƌƟĂůǁĞĞŬƐ͘ 
ĂůůĨŽƌ&ZďƌŽĐŚƵƌĞ͘
KƉĞŶ
ĚĂŝůLJ͘,ŽůŝĚĂLJZĞĂůƐƚĂƚĞ͘
ϭͲϴϬϬͲϲϯϴͲϮϭϬϮ͘KŶůŝŶĞ
ƌĞƐĞƌǀĂƟŽŶƐ͗ǁǁǁ͘ŚŽůŝͲ
ĚĂLJŽĐ͘ĐŽŵ
sd/KEZ^KZd^

D/^>>EKh^ 
ddEK>>'KE>/E
ĨƌŽŵŚŽŵĞ͘ΎDĞĚŝĐĂů͕
ΎƵƐŝŶĞƐƐ͕ΎƌŝŵŝŶĂů
:ƵƐƟĐĞ͕Ύ,ŽƐƉŝƚĂůŝƚLJ͕:Žď
ƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚ

ΨϯϵϵĂŶĐƵŶůů/ŶĐůƵƐŝǀĞ
^ƉĞĐŝĂů^ƚĂLJϲĂLJƐ/Ŷ
>ƵdžƵƌLJĞĂĐŚ&ƌŽŶƚZĞƐŽƌƚ
tŝƚŚDĞĂůƐŶĚƌŝŶŬƐ&Žƌ
Ψϯϵϵ͊ŚƩƉ͗ͬͬǁǁǁ͘ĐĂŶĐƵŶͲ
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Why “All My Babies’ Mamas” Was Such a Dangerous Show 
ůůŝƐŽŶ ^ĂŵƵĞůƐ Ăƚ ƚŚĞ ĂŝůLJ 
ĞĂƐƚ ŝƐ ƌĞƉŽƌƟŶŐ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ
KdžLJŐĞŶ EĞƚǁŽƌŬ ĂůůĞŐĞĚůLJ
ĐĂŵĞ ƚŽ ŝƚƐ ƐĞŶƐĞƐ ĂŶĚ
ƌĞĂůŝnjĞĚ ƚŚĂƚ ƉƵƫŶŐ ŽƵƚ
Ă ƐŚŽǁ ĨĞĂƚƵƌŝŶŐ Ă ƌĂƉƉĞƌ
ďƌĂŐŐŝŶŐ ĂďŽƵƚ ŚĂǀŝŶŐ ϭϭ
ŬŝĚƐǁŝƚŚϭϬĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚǁŽŵĞŶ
ŵŝŐŚƚŶŽƚďĞƐŽŐƌĞĂƚĨŽƌƚŚĞŝƌ
ďƌĂŶĚ͘  dŚĞƌĞ ĂƌĞ ĐŽŶŇŝĐƟŶŐ
ƌĞƉŽƌƚƐ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ŵĂƩĞƌ͕
DR. BOYCE WATKINS
ŚŽǁĞǀĞƌ͕ ǁŝƚŚ ĂŶ KdžLJŐĞŶ
ƌĞƉƐƚĂƟŶŐƚŚĂƚ^ĂŵƵĞůƐŝƐŶ͛ƚ
ƚĞůůŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ƚƌƵƚŚ͘  ,ŽŶĞƐƚůLJ͕ / ďĞůŝĞǀĞ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ ƌĞƉ
ŵŝŐŚƚďĞƚŚĞůŝĂƌ͘ƵƚŶŽŵĂƩĞƌŚŽǁLJŽƵůŽŽŬĂƚŝƚ͕
ƚŚŝƐƐŚŽǁŝƐĂŶƵŝƐĂŶĐĞƚŽĞǀĞƌLJƐĞůĨͲƌĞƐƉĞĐƟŶŐďůĂĐŬ
ƉĞƌƐŽŶŝŶŵĞƌŝĐĂ͘
dŚĞ ŵĂƐƐŝǀĞ ƉƵďůŝĐ ďĂĐŬůĂƐŚ ŚĂƐ ŚŽƉĞĨƵůůLJ ůĞƚ ƚŚĞ
ŶĞƚǁŽƌŬŬŶŽǁƚŚĂƚƚŚĞƌĞĂƌĞƐŽŵĞƉĞŽƉůĞŽĨĐŽůŽƌ
ǁŚŽ ĚŽŶ͛ƚ ĂƉƉƌĞĐŝĂƚĞ ŚĂǀŝŶŐ ŽƵƌ ĐƵůƚƵƌĞ ŵƵƟůĂƚĞĚ
ŝŶƉƵďůŝĐǁŝƚŚƐƵĐŚĞŵďĂƌƌĂƐƐŝŶŐŝŵĂŐĞƐŽĨĨĂŵŝůŝĂů
ŝƌƌĞƐƉŽŶƐŝďŝůŝƚLJ͘  ůƐŽ͕ KdžLJŐĞŶ ŝƐŶ͛ƚ ŬŶŽǁŶ ĨŽƌ
ƉƌŽĚƵĐŝŶŐ ƚŚŝƐ ŬŝŶĚ ŽĨ ǀŝůĞ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵŵŝŶŐ͗  ŝŶƐƵůƟŶŐ
ďůĂĐŬ ƉĞŽƉůĞ ŚĂƐ ĂůǁĂLJƐ ďĞĞŶ ƚŚĞ ũŽď ŽĨ ŶĞƚǁŽƌŬƐ
ůŝŬĞd͘

ŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚƋƵĞƐƟŽŶ͗,ŽǁŝŶƚŚĞΘΎ;ΔΎĚŝĚƚŚŝƐƐŚŽǁ
ĐŽŶĐĞƉƚĞǀĞƌĐŽŵĞƚŽďĞŝŶƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƉůĂĐĞ͍^ŚĞƐĂLJƐ
ƚŚĂƚŝƚǁĂƐKdžLJŐĞŶ͛ƐŝŶƐĞŶƐŝƟǀŝƚLJƚŚĂƚůŝŬĞůLJƐĞƌǀĞĚĂƐ
ƚŚĞĐƵůƉƌŝƚ͘

/ ŚĂĚ ǁŝƚŚ Ă ƚĞĂĐŚĞƌ ǁŚŽ ƐĂŝĚ ƚŚĂƚ ƐŚĞ ĂƐŬĞĚ ŚĞƌ
ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐƚŽǁƌŝƚĞĚŽǁŶƚŚĞŝƌůŽŶŐͲƚĞƌŵŐŽĂůƐ͘KŶĞ
ůŝƩůĞŐŝƌůƐĂŝĚƚŚĂƚŚĞƌĚƌĞĂŵǁĂƐƚŽŐƌŽǁƵƉĂŶĚďĞ
Ă ĂƐŬĞƚďĂůů tŝĨĞ͘   ^ŚĞ ĞǀĞŶ ůĂŝĚ ŽƵƚ ŚĞƌ ƐƚƌĂƚĞŐLJ
ƚŽ ďĂŐ ĂŶ ĂƚŚůĞƚĞ ĂŶĚ ŚĂǀĞ Ă ĐŚŝůĚ ǁŝƚŚ Śŝŵ͕ ƐŝŶĐĞ
ƐŚĞ͛Ɛ ďĞĞŶ ƌĂŝƐĞĚ ƚŽ ƚŚŝŶŬ ƚŚĂƚ ŝƚ͛Ɛ ĂĐĐĞƉƚĂďůĞ ƚŽ
ĚĞĮŶĞ ŚĞƌ ƐĞůĨͲǁŽƌƚŚ ďĂƐĞĚ ŽŶ ǁŚŽ ƐŚĞ͛Ɛ ŚĂĚ ƐΎdž
ǁŝƚŚ͘&ƌŽŵƚŚĞůĂƐƚ/ĐŚĞĐŬĞĚ͕ĂƚůĞĂƐƚŚĂůĨŽĨƚŚĞƐŽͲ
ĐĂůůĞĚ͞ĂƐŬĞƚďĂůůtŝǀĞƐ͟ŚĂǀĞŶĞǀĞƌďĞĞŶŵĂƌƌŝĞĚ
ƚŽĂŶLJŽŶĞ͘^Ž͕ĂďĞƩĞƌƟƚůĞĨŽƌƚŚĞƐŚŽǁŵŝŐŚƚďĞ
͞ĂƐŬĞƚďĂůůĂďŝĞƐ͛DĂŵĂƐ͘͟

,Žǁ ĐŽƵůĚ Ă ŶĞƚǁŽƌŬ ĞǀĞƌ ĂƐƐƵŵĞ ƚŚĂƚ Ă ƐŚŽǁ
ĂďŽƵƚĂŶĨƌŝĐĂŶͲŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƌĂƉƉĞƌǁŝƚŚϭϭŬŝĚƐďLJϭϬ
ǁŽŵĞŶǁŽƵůĚďĞK<ĂŶĚŶŽƚŝŵŵĞĚŝĂƚĞůLJĚĞĞŵĞĚ
ƌĂĐŝƐƚ͍ ,Žǁ ĐŽƵůĚ ŝƚ ŶŽƚ ƐĞĞ ƚŚĂƚ ŝƚ ǁĂƐ ŽīĞŶĚŝŶŐ͕
ŝŶƐƵůƟŶŐ͕ ĂŶĚ ŵŽĐŬŝŶŐ ĂŶ ĞŶƟƌĞ ƐĞŐŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ 
ĨƌŝĐĂŶͲŵĞƌŝĐĂŶĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͍dŚĞĂŶƐǁĞƌŝƐƉƌĞƩLJ
ƐŝŵƉůĞ͘dŚĞŶĞƚǁŽƌŬƐĂǁŝƚ͖ƚŚĞŶĞƚǁŽƌŬũƵƐƚĚŝĚŶ͛ƚ
/ ǁĂƐ ƉƌŽƵĚ ƚŽ ƐĞĞ ŽƵƌ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ͛Ɛ ƌĞĂĐƟŽŶ ƚŽ
ĐĂƌĞ͘
͞ůůDLJĂďŝĞƐ͛DĂŵĂƐ͘͟/ĂŵƐŽƌƌLJƚŚĂƚ^ŚĂǁƚLJ>Ž
dŚĞ ƌŝƐĞ ŽĨ ^ŚĂǁƚLJ >Ž ƚŽ ƌĞĂůŝƚLJ ds ŐƌĞĂƚŶĞƐƐ ŝƐ ǁŽŶ͛ƚďĞĂďůĞƚŽƉĂLJŚŝƐĐŚŝůĚƐƵƉƉŽƌƚďLJŵĂƌŬĞƟŶŐ
ŵŝŶĚͲďŽŐŐůŝŶŐ͕ ƚŽ ƐĂLJ ƚŚĞ ůĞĂƐƚ͘ EŽ ŽŶĞ ŚĂƚĞƐ ƚŚĞ ŚŝƐ ůŝĨĞƐƚLJůĞ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ ǁŽƌůĚ͕ ďƵƚ ƚŚĞ ƚƌƵƚŚ ŝƐ ƚŚĂƚ ŚĞ
ďƌŽƚŚĞƌĨŽƌŚĂǀŝŶŐƐŽŵĂŶLJĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ͘dŚĞƉƌŽďůĞŵŝƐ ŵĂĚĞŚŝƐŽǁŶďĞĚ͘ƐǁĞƐĞĞŵŽƌĞĂŶĚŵŽƌĞƐƚŽƌŝĞƐ
ƚŚĂƚƚŚĞƌĞĂƌĞƐŽŵĞŽĨƵƐǁŚŽŐƌŽǁƟƌĞĚŽĨƐĞĞŝŶŐ ĂďŽƵƚĐĞůĞďƐŚĂǀŝŶŐƐĞƌŝŽƵƐĮŶĂŶĐŝĂůƉƌŽďůĞŵƐĚƵĞ
ĚLJƐĨƵŶĐƟŽŶ ĐĞůĞďƌĂƚĞĚ ĂŶĚ ŵĂƌŬĞƚĞĚ ďLJ ŵĂũŽƌ ƚŽĐŚŝůĚƐƵƉƉŽƌƚŽďůŝŐĂƟŽŶƐ͕/ŚŽƉĞƚŚĂƚďƌŽƚŚĞƌƐǁŝůů
ĐŽƌƉŽƌĂƟŽŶƐ͘ƐĂďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐƐĐŚŽŽůƉƌŽĨĞƐƐŽƌ͕/ĐĂŶ ůĞĂƌŶ ƚŚĂƚ ŚĂǀŝŶŐ Ă ďƵŶĐŚ ŽĨ ŬŝĚƐ ǁŝƚŚ Ă ďƵŶĐŚ ŽĨ
ƚĞůů LJŽƵ ƚŚĂƚ ŵĂƌŬĞƟŶŐ K^ tKZ<͘   tŚĞŶ ĂŶ ǁŽŵĞŶŝƐĂŐƌĞĂƚǁĂLJƚŽĞŶĚƵƉďƌŽŬĞ͘
ŝŵĂŐĞŝƐƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚƌĞƉĞĂƚĞĚůLJƚŽŵŝůůŝŽŶƐŽĨƉĞŽƉůĞ͕
ŝƚĚŽĞƐŶ͛ƚƚĂŬĞůŽŶŐďĞĨŽƌĞƚŚĂƚŝŵĂŐĞŝƐĞŵďƌĂĐĞĚ ͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲͲ
ďLJ ƚŚŽƐĞ ǁŚŽ ƐĞĞ ŝƚ͘  EŽƚ ĞǀĞƌLJ ďůĂĐŬ ďŽLJ ŝƐ ŐŽŝŶŐ ƌ͘ ŽLJĐĞ tĂƚŬŝŶƐ ŝƐ Ă ƉƌŽĨĞƐƐŽƌ Ăƚ ^LJƌĂĐƵƐĞ
ƚŽ ƌƵŶ ŽƵƚ ĂŶĚ ŐĞƚ ϭϬ ďĂďŝĞƐ͛ ŵĂŵĂƐ͕ ďƵƚ ƐĞĞŝŶŐ hŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJĂŶĚĂƵƚŚŽƌŽĨƚŚĞŬ͕͞ŽŵŵĞƌĐŝĂůŝnjĞĚ
^ŚĂǁƚLJ>ŽĞĂƌŶŵŝůůŝŽŶƐĨƌŽŵŚŝƐ͞ůŝƩůĞŝŶǀĞƐƚŵĞŶƚƐ͟ ,ŝƉͲ,ŽƉ͗dŚĞ'ŽƐƉĞůŽĨ^ĞůĨĞƐƚƌƵĐƟŽŶ͘͟
ŵĂŬĞƐƚŚŝƐůŝĨĞƐƚLJůĞůŽŽŬĂůŝƩůĞŵŽƌĞĂĐĐĞƉƚĂďůĞ͘

^ĂŵƵĞůƐŐŝǀĞƐĐƌĞĚŝƚƚŽǀĂƌŝŽƵƐƉĞƟƟŽŶƐĨŽƌŐĞƫŶŐ
KdžLJŐĞŶƚŽĐƵƚƚŚĞƐŚŽǁ͘^ŚĞĂůƐŽĂƐŬƐĂŶĞǀĞŶŵŽƌĞ ŐƌĞĂƚĞdžĂŵƉůĞƚŚĂƚĐŽŵĞƐƚŽŵŝŶĚŝƐĂĐŽŶǀĞƌƐĂƟŽŶ

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If Only Women Hated Less and Talked More
/Ŷ Ă ƌĞĐĞŶƚ ĚŝƐĐƵƐƐŝŽŶ ǁŝƚŚ
ŽŶĞ ŽĨ ŵLJ ĨĂǀŽƌŝƚĞ ƐŝƐƚĂƐ͕ /
ďĞůŝĞǀĞ ǁĞ ƚŽƵĐŚĞĚ ƵƉŽŶ Ă
ŵĂũŽƌ ŝƐƐƵĞ ǁŝƚŚ ǁŽŵĞŶ͗ tĞ
ĚŽŶ͛ƚ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚĞ ǁŝƚŚ ŽŶĞ
ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌĞīĞĐƟǀĞůLJ͘

ĂƩĞŵƉƚƐƚŽũƵƐƟĨLJǁŚLJ͘

ǁŽŵĞŶůŝŬĞŚŝƐŵŽƚŚĞƌ͕ŚŝƐƐŝƐƚĞƌ͕ďĂďLJ͛ƐŵĂŵĂ͕Žƌ
ĨŽƌŵĞƌŐŝƌůĨƌŝĞŶĚƐŽƌǁŝǀĞƐ͘

/ŶŵĂŶLJĐĂƐĞƐƚŚĞďŽƩŽŵůŝŶĞŝƐƚŚĞLJĂƌĞůĂnjLJĂŶĚ
/ĨĂŵĂŶŚĂƐĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƚŚŝƐƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŵŝƐ
ƚŚŝŶŬƚŚŝƐǁŽƌůĚŽǁĞƐƚŚĞŵƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐ͘
Ă ƚĞůůͲĂůů ĂďŽƵƚ ŚŝƐ ĐŚĂƌĂĐƚĞƌ͘ / ƌĞĐĞŶƚůLJ ŝŶƚƌŽĚƵĐĞĚ
dŚĞƐĞŵĞŶĂƌĞƵƐƵĂůůLJŝŶƚĞůůŝŐĞŶƚ͕ŐŽŽĚůŽŽŬŝŶŐĂŶĚ ƐŝdžŽĨŵLJĨƌŝĞŶĚƐʹǁŚŽĂƌĞŝŶďĞƚǁĞĞŶƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐ
ŚĂǀĞ ƐŝůǀĞƌ ƚŽŶŐƵĞƐ͘ dŚĞ ͞ƌƚ ŽĨ ^ĞĚƵĐƟŽŶ͟ ŝƐ ŶŽ ʹ ǁŝƚŚ Ă ƐĞĞŵŝŶŐůLJ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞ ŝŶƚĞůůŝŐĞŶƚ ŵĂŶ͘ ,Ğ
ƚƵƌŶĞĚŽƵƚƚŽďĞĂǁĂŶŶĂďĞƉůĂLJĞƌ͘
^ŽŵĞ ǁŽŵĞŶ ĂƌĞ ƐŽ ďƵƐLJ ĚŽƵďƚďĞĚƟŵĞƌĞĂĚŝŶŐĨŽƌƚŚĞŵ͘
ŚĂƟŶŐ ŽŶ ĞĂĐŚ ŽƚŚĞƌ͕ ďĞŝŶŐ
ũĞĂůŽƵƐ ŽĨ ĞĂĐŚ ŽƚŚĞƌ͕ ĂŶĚ dŚĞLJ ĐůĂŝŵ ƚŽ ďĞ ŝŶ LJŽƵƌ ůŝĨĞ ďĞĐĂƵƐĞ ƚŚĞLJ ƌĞƐƉĞĐƚ Ɛ ƉƌĞǀŝŽƵƐůLJ ƐƚĂƚĞĚ͕ ƚŚĞ ƉůĂLJĞƌƐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ZŽĐ͕ ƚŚĞ
ŝŶƐĞĐƵƌĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞŵƐĞůǀĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ LJŽƵƌǁŝƐĚŽŵĂŶĚĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞƐ͘^ŽŵĞĐŽŵĞĂĐƌŽƐƐĂƐ ŶŽ ŐŽŽĚ ŵĞŶ͕ ŽŶůLJ ĞdžŝƐƚ ďĞĐĂƵƐĞ ǁŽŵĞŶ ĚŽŶ͛ƚ
GLORIA WINSTON AL-SARAG ƚŚĞLJ ĐŚŽŽƐĞ ƐŝůĞŶĐĞ ĂƐ Ă ǁĂŶƟŶŐƚŽďĞƉƌŽƚĠŐĠƐ͘ƵƚůŝĨĞŚĂƐƚĂƵŐŚƚŵĞƚŚĂƚ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚĞĞīĞĐƟǀĞůLJ͘
ƉƌŽƚĠŐĠƐ ǁĂŶƚ ǁŚĂƚ ŝƐ ŝŶ LJŽƵƌ ŚĞĂƌƚ ĂŶĚ ƉĂƌĂƐŝƚĞƐ
ĚĞĨĞŶƐĞŵĞĐŚĂŶŝƐŵ͘
tŽŵĞŶ ĐŽůůĞĐƟǀĞůLJ ŚĂǀĞ ƚŚĞ ƉŽǁĞƌ ƚŽ ƌƵŶ Ă ŵĂŶ
ǁĂŶƚǁŚĂƚŝƐŝŶLJŽƵƌŚĂŶĚ͘
ŽƵƚ ŽĨ ƚŽǁŶ ŝĨ ƚŚĞLJ ĐŚŽƐĞ ƚŽ͘ DŽƐƚ ǁŽŵĞŶ ŚĂǀĞ
/ƚ ŝƐ Ă ĐŽŵŵŽŶ ƌƵůĞ ĂŵŽŶŐ ǁŽŵĞŶ ƚŚĂƚ LJŽƵ ĚŽŶ͛ƚ
ĚŝƐĐƵƐƐLJŽƵƌŵĂŶ͕ŝŶƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌĨŽƌĨĞĂƌŽĨĐƌĞĂƟŶŐĂ dŚĞŶŽŐŽŽĚŵĂŶƉƌĂĐƟĐĞƐŬĞĞƉŝŶŐLJŽƵĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵ ĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞƐ ĂŶĚ ĞŶŽƵŐŚ ŝŶƚĞůůŝŐĞŶĐĞ ƚŽ ƐŚĂƌĞ ƚŽ
ĨĂŵŝůLJĂŶĚĨƌŝĞŶĚƐĂŶĚƉŝƚƐLJŽƵĂŐĂŝŶƐƚŽƚŚĞƌǁŽŵĞŶ͘ ďĞĂƚĂƉůĂLJĞƌĂƚŚŝƐŽǁŶŐĂŵĞ͘
ƉŽƐƐŝďůĞĂƩƌĂĐƟŽŶŽƌĐƌĞĂƟŶŐĐŽŵƉĞƟƟŽŶ͘
dŚŝƐ ŵĂLJ ďĞ ƚƌƵĞ ʹ ŝĨ ŚĞ ŝƐ Ă ŐŽŽĚ ŵĂŶ ʹ ďƵƚ ŝĨ ŚĞ tĞĂƐǁŽŵĞŶŚĂǀĞƚŽůĞĂƌŶŚŽǁƚŽƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞ͞ŐĂŵĞ͟ WůĂLJĞƌƐ ĐĂŶ ŽŶůLJ ƉůĂLJ ǁŚĞŶ ĂůůŽǁĞĚ ƚŽ͘ /ƚ͛Ɛ ƚŚĞ
ŵŝƐƚƌƵƐƚ ŝƐƐƵĞƐ ǁŽŵĞŶ ŚĂǀĞ ǁŝƚŚ ĞĂĐŚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ƚŚĂƚ
ŝƐŶŽƚĂŐŽŽĚŵĂŶĂǁŽŵĂŶŶĞĞĚƐƚŽůĞƚƐŽŵĞŽŶĞ ĂŶĚŶŽƚďĞĂĨƌĂŝĚƚŽůĞƚĂŶŽƚŚĞƌƐŝƐƚĞƌŬŶŽǁ͘
ƉůĂLJĞƌƐĐŽƵŶƚŽŶƚŽƐƵƌǀŝǀĞ͘
ŬŶŽǁ͘
dŚĞ ƚƌŝŐŐĞƌ ĨŽƌ ŵĞ ŝƐ ƚŚĞ ƚǁŽͲĨĂĐĞĚ ŵĂŶ͖ ŽŶĞ ǁŚŽ
/ďĞůŝĞǀĞŝĨǁĞďĞŐŝŶƚŽƐŚĂƌĞĂŶĚƚĂůŬƚŽĞĂĐŚŽƚŚĞƌ ǁŽƵůĚ ĂĐĐĞƉƚ LJŽƵƌ ŬŝŶĚŶĞƐƐ͕ ŝŶǀŝƚĂƟŽŶƐ͕ Žƌ ŵĞĂůƐ >Ğƚ͛ƐƐƚĂƌƚƚĂůŬŝŶŐůĂĚŝĞƐ͘
ĂďŽƵƚŶŽŐŽŽĚŵĞŶǁĞĐŽƵůĚƐŚƵƚƚŚĞŵĚŽǁŶĂŶĚ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŶ ŐŽ ŽƵƚ ĂŶĚ ƚĂůŬ ĂďŽƵƚ LJŽƵ ůŝŬĞ Ă ĚŽŐ ƚŽ
dŽŽŵĂŶLJůŽǁͲůŝĨĞ͕ƐůŝĐŬ͕ůĂnjLJ͕ŐŽŽĚͲĨŽƌͲŶŽƚŚŝŶŐŵĞŶ
ŽƵƚ ĂŶĚ ƉŽƐƐŝďůLJ ƉƌĞǀĞŶƚ ƚŚĞ ŶĞdžƚ ǁŽŵĂŶ ĨƌŽŵ ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌǁŽŵĞŶ͘
ŝŶZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌĂƌĞƚĂŬŝŶŐĂĚǀĂŶƚĂŐĞŽĨŐŽŽĚ͕ƐŝŶĐĞƌĞ
ĨĂůůŝŶŐǀŝĐƟŵƚŽŚŝƐƐŝůǀĞƌƚŽŶŐƵĞĂŶĚĨĂůƐĞƉƌŽŵŝƐĞƐ͘
/ƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůůLJĐĂŶ͛ƚƐƚĂŶĚĂŶĚĚŽŶ͛ƚƚƌƵƐƚĂŶLJŵĂŶǁŚŽ ŚĂƌĚǁŽƌŬŝŶŐǁŽŵĞŶ͕ǁŚŽĂƌĞũƵƐƚŶĂŝǀĞĂŶĚŶĞĞĚLJ
dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞƐŽŵĂŶLJǀĂƌŝĞƟĞƐŽĨŶŽŐŽŽĚŵĞŶƚŚĞƐĞ ǁŽƵůĚ ƚĂůŬ ƵƉ ƵŶĚĞƌ Ă ǁŽŵĂŶ͛Ɛ ĚƌĞƐƐ ĂŌĞƌ ŚĞ ŚĂƐ ĞŶŽƵŐŚƚŽĂĐĐĞƉƚƚŚĞŵŝƐƚƌĞĂƚŵĞŶƚ͕ũƵƐƚƚŽƐĂLJƚŚĞLJ
ŚĂǀĞĂŵĂŶ͘
ĚĂLJƐ͘ dŚĞLJ ĂƌĞ ŽŶůLJ ĂůůŽǁĞĚ ƚŽ ŐĞƚ ĂǁĂLJ ǁŝƚŚ ŵŝƐƵƐĞĚŚĞƌŬŝŶĚŶĞƐƐŽƌďŽĚLJ͘
ǁŚĂƚĞǀĞƌƚŚĞLJŐĞƚĂǁĂLJǁŝƚŚďĞĐĂƵƐĞŽƵƌƐŝůĞŶĐĞ͘
/ ĂůƐŽ ŚĂǀĞ ŶŽ ƵƐĞ ĨŽƌ ĂŶLJ ŵĂŶ ǁŚŽ ĂƐƐƵŵĞƐ Ăůů ^ŝƐƚĂƐǁĞĂƌĞĂůůƌŽLJĂůƚLJ͘dŽďĞƚƌĞĂƚĞĚůŝŬĞĂƋƵĞĞŶ͕
LJŽƵŚĂǀĞƚŽĮƌƐƚďĞůŝĞǀĞLJŽƵĂƌĞŽŶĞ͘YƵĞĞŶƐĚĞƐĞƌǀĞ
tŚĞŶ ǁĞ ĚŽŶ͛ƚ ƐŚĂƌĞ ŽƵƌ ĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞƐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ǁŽŵĞŶǁĂŶƚƚŚĞŵ͘hŐŚ͊
ŬŝŶŐƐ͕ŶŽƚĐŽƵƌƚũĞƐƚĞƌƐĂƐƚŚĞŝƌŵĂƚĞƐ͘dŽŽŵĂŶLJĂƌĞ
ŶĞdžƚ ǁŽŵĂŶ ǁĞ ĂƌĞ ĂƐ ŐƵŝůƚLJ ĂƐ ƚŚĞ ŵĂŶ ǁĞ ŚĂǀĞ
tŚĞŶ ǁĞ ĚŽ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƚĞ ǁŝƚŚ ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ ƐŝƐƚĞƌ ǁĞ ƐĞƩůŝŶŐĨŽƌůĞƐƐƚŚĂŶǁŚĂƚƚŚĞLJĚĞƐĞƌǀĞ͘
ĚĞƚĞƌŵŝŶĞĚƚŽďĞĂŐĂŵĞƉůĂLJĞƌ͘
ĂůǁĂLJƐ ƌƵŶ ƚŚĞ ƌŝƐŬ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŽƚŚĞƌ ƐŝƐƚĂ͛Ɛ ďĂŐŐĂŐĞ
DLJĨĂǀŽƌŝƚĞŵĂŶƚŽƐŚŝŶĞĂƐƉŽƚůŝŐŚƚŽŶŝƐƚŚĞŽŶĞ ĐŽŵŝŶŐ ŝŶƚŽ ƉůĂLJ͘ ^ŽŵĞ ĂƌĞ ŝŶ ĚĞŶŝĂů ĂŶĚ ŶŽƚ DĂŶLJŽĨƵƐĂƌĞƐŝƫŶŐŽŶŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶƚŚĂƚŶĞĞĚƐƚŽ
ǁŚŽĚŽĞƐŶŽƚƚŚŝŶŬŚĞŝƐƐƵƉƉŽƐĞĚƚŽǁŽƌŬ͘EŽŽŶĞ ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƚƌƵƚŚ͖ ĞƐƉĞĐŝĂůůLJ ǁŚĞŶ ŝƚ ĐŽŵĞƐ ďĞƐŚĂƌĞĚĐŽůůĞĐƟǀĞůLJ͘tŽŵĞŶŶĞĞĚƚŽŐĞƚŽǀĞƌƚŚĞŝƌ
ƌĞƐƉĞĐƚƐĞŶƚƌĞƉƌĞŶĞƵƌƐŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶŵĞ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞŝďůĞ ĨƌŽŵƐŽŵĞŽŶĞƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶĞĚƚŽŚĂƚĞ͘ ƉĞƩLJ ŝƐƐƵĞƐ ǁŝƚŚ ŽŶĞ ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ ĂŶĚ ďĞĐĂŵĞ Ă ƚƌƵĞ
ƐŝƐƚĞƌŚŽŽĚʹĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞǁŝƚŚĚŝĂůŽŐƵĞĂŶĚƌĞƐƉĞĐƚĨŽƌ
/ƌĞĂĚĂůƐŽƐĂLJƐŝĨĂŵĂŶĞdžƉĞĐƚƐƚŽĞĂƚŚĞƐŚŽƵůĚďĞ
dŚĂƚŝƐƵƐƵĂůůLJŚŽǁŝƚǁŽƌŬƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƐŽͲĐĂůůĞĚƐŝƐƚĂƐ ŽŶĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͘
ǁŽƌŬŝŶŐ͘
ǁŚŽ ƚŚŝŶŬ ƚŚĞLJ ĂƌĞ Ăůů ƚŚĂƚ ĂŶĚ Ă ďĂŐ ŽĨ ĐŚŝƉƐ ĂŶĚ
/ŚĂǀĞŽĨůĂƚĞŵĞƚƐŽŵĞƌĞĂůůLJƐŽŌŵĞŶǁŚŽĐŽŶĨƵƐĞ ƐŽŵĞĚŝƉ͘^ŽŵĞŵĂLJŝŶƚĞƌƉƌĞƚĂŶLJĐĂƵƟŽŶĂƌLJĂĚǀŝĐĞ dŚŝƐ ŝƐ Ă ŶĞǁ LJĞĂƌ ĂŶĚ ǁĞ ŽƵŐŚƚ ƚŽ ƚƌLJ ƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐ
ŶĞǁůŝŬĞƚĂůŬŝŶŐƚŽŽŶĞĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͕ŵŝŶƵƐƚŚĞĂƫƚƵĚĞ͊
ƚŚĞŵƐĞůǀĞƐ ǁŝƚŚ ǁŽŵĞŶ ĂŶĚ ǁĂŶƚ ƚŽ ďĞ ƚƌĞĂƚĞĚ LJŽƵŐŝǀĞƚŚĞŵƚŽďĞůĂĚĞŶǁŝƚŚũĞĂůŽƵƐLJ͘
ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐůLJ͘ / ŚĂǀĞ ĂůǁĂLJƐ ďĞĞŶ ůĞĞƌLJ ŽĨ ŵĞŶ ǁŝƚŚ
ŚĂŶĚƐƐŽŌĞƌƚŚĂŶŵŝŶĞĂŶĚǁŚŽƐĞďŽĚŝĞƐďĞĂƌŶŽ /ĚŽƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞƚŚĂƚƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐĂƌĞŶŽƚƚƌĂŶƐĨĞƌĂďůĞ͕
ƐŝŐŶŽĨƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůŝƚLJďĞŝƚĂĐƵƚ͕ƐĐĂƌŽƌďƌƵŝƐĞĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚ ĂŶĚũƵƐƚďĞĐĂƵƐĞLJŽƵŐŽƚƐůĂƉƉĞĚ͕ĚŽĞƐŶŽƚŵĞĂŶ/ 

ǁŝůů͘Ƶƚ͕ǁŚĞƌĞƚŚĞƌĞŝƐƐŵŽŬĞƚŚĞƌĞŝƐĮƌĞ͘
ǁŝƚŚĂũŽď͘
*ORULD:LQVWRQ$O6DUDJLVD&RPPXQLW\$FWLYLVW:ULWHU&RPPXQLFDWRU
'ƌĂŶƚĞĚ͕ Ăůů ũŽďƐ ĚŽŶ͛ƚ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞ ƉŚLJƐŝĐĂů ŝŶƚĞƌĂĐƟŽŶ ǁŽŵĂŶŐŝǀĞƐůŝĨĞĂŶĚůŽŶŐĞǀŝƚLJƚŽĂŶŽŐŽŽĚŵĂŶ
ʹ ƐŽŵĞ ƌĞƋƵŝƌĞ ǁŽƌŬŝŶŐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ŵŝŶĚ ŽŶůLJ͘ /͛ŵ ǁŝƚŚŚĞƌƐŝůĞŶĐĞ͘tŽŵĞŶŶĞĞĚƚŽƌĞĂůůLJƉĂLJĂƩĞŶƟŽŶ
ƚĂůŬŝŶŐĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞƐŽͲĐĂůůĞĚŵĂŶǁŚŽŚĂƐŶŽũŽďĂŶĚ ƚŽ ŚŽǁ Ă ŵĂŶ ƚƌĞĂƚƐ ŽƚŚĞƌ ǁŽŵĞŶ ŝŶ ŚŝƐ ĨĂŵŝůLJ͖

3ROLWLFDO$FWLYLVW6KHLVDQDWLYH5RFKHVWHULDQDQGKDVEHHQLQYROYHGZLWK
QXPHURXVFRPPXQLW\RUJDLQ]DWLRQVLQ5RFKHVWHU
&RQWDFW*ORULDDW-D]]\*#DROFRP

620(7+,1*727+,1.$%287«

We Have Lessons to Learn
KǀĞƌ ƚŚĞ ůĂƐƚ ƐĞǀĞƌĂů
ǁĞĞŬƐ ƚŚĞƌĞ ǁĂƐ ƚĂůŬ ŽĨ
ƚŚĞ ĂƉƉƌŽĂĐŚŝŶŐ ĮƐĐĂů Đůŝī
ƚŚĂƚ ǁĂƐ ůŽŽŵŝŶŐ ŽǀĞƌ ŽƵƌ 
ŵĞƌŝĐĂŶĞĐŽŶŽŵLJ͘

C. MICHAEL VAUGHN

ĨĂŝůĞĚƵƐ͘

tŚLJĚŽ/ƐĂLJƚŚĞLJĨĂŝůĞĚƵƐ͍/ƚŝƐďĞĐĂƵƐĞƚŚĞLJĚŝĚ
ŶŽƚ ƐŽůǀĞ ƚŚĞ ƉƌŽďůĞŵ͘ dŚĞLJ ũƵƐƚ ƉƵƐŚĞĚ ƚŚĞ ƌŽĐŬ
ĚŽǁŶ ƚŚĞ ƌŽĂĚ ĨŽƌ ƚǁŽ ŵŽƌĞ ŵŽŶƚŚƐ ƐŽ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞLJ
ĐĂŶĐŽŵĞĂŶĚƵƐĞƚŚĞŝƌƌŚĞƚŽƌŝĐĂŐĂŝŶĂŶĚŐĞƚƚŚĞ
dŚĞƌĞǁĂƐƚĂůŬďĂĐŬĂŶĚĨŽƌƚŚ͕ ĐŽƵŶƚƌLJŝŶĂŶƵŶŶĞĐĞƐƐĂƌLJƵƉƌŽĂƌ͘
ĂŶĚƉĞŽƉůĞǁĞƌĞďůĂŵŝŶŐŽŶĞ tŚĂƚŚĂƐŚĂƉƉĞŶĞĚŝŶƚŚĞŐŽǀĞƌŶŝŶŐŽĨŽƵƌŶĂƟŽŶ
ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ͕ƚŚĞŶůŽǁĂŶĚďĞŚŽůĚ ŝƐƚŚĂƚƉĞŽƉůĞĂƌĞĂĨƌĂŝĚƚŽĚŽǁŚĂƚŝƐƌŝŐŚƚ͘
ŽƵƌ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ ĂŶĚ ŽŶŐƌĞƐƐ
ĐĂŵĞƵƉǁŝƚŚĂǁŽƌƚŚůĞƐƐƉůĂŶ ,ŽǁĞǀĞƌ͕ůĞƚ͛ƐůŽŽŬĂƚƚŚĞůĞƐƐŽŶƐƚŚĂƚǁĞĐĂŶůĞĂƌŶ
ĨƌŽŵǁŚĂƚŚĂƐďĞĞŶĚŽŶĞĂŶĚĐŽŶƟŶƵĞƐƚŽďĞĚŽŶĞ͘
ĂƚƚŚĞĞůĞǀĞŶƚŚŚŽƵƌ͊

/ ĚŽ ŚŽƉĞ ƚŚĂƚ ƚŚŽƐĞ ĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐ ǁŚĂƚ ǁĂƐ ŐŽŝŶŐ ŽŶ hŶĨŽƌƚƵŶĂƚĞůLJ͕ ƚŚĞ ůĞƐƐŽŶ ƚŽ ďĞ ůĞĂƌŶĞĚ ĨƌŽŵ ƚŚŝƐ
ĂŶĚ ŝŶĚĞĞĚ ĐĂƌĞ ĂďŽƵƚ ŵĞƌŝĐĂ ǁĞƌĞ ŶŽƚ ŚĂƉƉLJ ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚĂŶĚƚŚŝƐŽŶŐƌĞƐƐŝƐǁŚĂƚŶŽƚƚŽĚŽ͘
ǁŝƚŚƚŚĞŽƵƚĐŽŵĞ͘ 
ŶLJŽŶĞ ǁŚŽ ŝƐ ƌƵŶŶŝŶŐ Ă ŚŽŵĞ ĂŶĚͬŽƌ ƌĂŝƐŝŶŐ 
ĞĐĂƵƐĞ ǁŚĞƚŚĞƌ LJŽƵ ďĞůŝĞǀĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ƐŝĚĞ ƚŚĂƚ ƐĂLJƐ ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ ĐĂŶ ůŽŽŬ Ăƚ ŽƵƌ ŶĂƟŽŶĂů ůĞĂĚĞƌƐ ĂŶĚ ƐĞĞ
ʹ ůĞƚ͛Ɛ ƚĂdž ƉĞŽƉůĞ ŵŽƌĞ ǁŚŽ ŚĂǀĞ ůĞŐĂůůLJ ĞĂƌŶĞĚ ǁŚĂƚŶŽƚƚŽĚŽŝŶŽƌĚĞƌƚŽďĞƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵů͘
ƚŚĞŝƌ ŵŽŶĞLJ͖ Žƌ ƚŚĞ ƐŝĚĞ ƚŚĂƚ ƐĂLJƐ ʹ ůĞƚ͛Ɛ ĐƵƚ ƚŚĞ
ƚƌĞŵĞŶĚŽƵƐ ĂŵŽƵŶƚ ŽĨ ƐƉĞŶĚŝŶŐ͕ ŽƵƌ ŐŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚ KƵƌ ŶĂƟŽŶ ŝƐ ďĞŝŶŐ ŐŽǀĞƌŶĞĚ ŚŽƌƌŝďůLJ ďLJ ĂŶ ŝŶĞƉƚ

ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚĂŶĚĂŶŝŶĞƉƚĐŽŶŐƌĞƐƐ͘ 
>ĞĂĚĞƌƐŚŝƉ ŝƐ ŶŽƚ ďůĂŵŝŶŐ ĞǀĞƌLJŽŶĞ͖ ůĞĂĚĞƌƐŚŝƉ ŝƐ
ŵĂŬŝŶŐĂĚŝīĞƌĞŶĐĞĂŶĚďĞŝŶŐǁŝůůŝŶŐƚŽƚĂĐŬůĞŚĂƌĚ
ƉƌŽďůĞŵƐ͘/ĂŵƉƌŽƵĚƚŚĂƚǁĞŚĂǀĞĂďůĂĐŬƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ
ďƵƚ/ǁŽƵůĚŶŽƚƚĞůůĂŶLJŽĨŵLJĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶƚŽĨŽůůŽǁƚŚĞ
ĞdžĂŵƉůĞƐĞƚďLJĂƌĂĐŬKďĂŵĂ͘
,ĞĚŽĞƐŶŽƚůĞĂĚĂŶĚŝŶƚŚĞůĂƐƚĞůĞĐƟŽŶŚĞƐŚŽǁĞĚ
ƚŚĂƚ ŚĞ ŚĂƐ ďŽƵŐŚƚ ŝŶƚŽ ƚŚĞ ǀŝĐƟŵ ŵĞŶƚĂůŝƚLJ ƚŚĂƚ
ƉůĂŐƵĞƐŽƵƌĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ͘,ĞŬĞƉƚďůĂŵŝŶŐĂŵĂŶĨŽƌŚŝƐ
ĨĂŝůƵƌĞƐǁŚŽŚĂĚŶŽƚďĞĞŶƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚĨŽƌĨŽƵƌLJĞĂƌƐ͘
dŚĂƚŝƐŶŽǁĂLJƚŽůĞĂĚ͊
dŚĞŽŶŐƌĞƐƐƌĞĨƵƐĞƐƚŽůĞĂĚŝŶƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJĚŽŶŽƚƉƵƚ
ĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ ŝĚĞĂƐ ƚŚĂƚ ǁŝůů ŚĞůƉ ƚŽ ŵŽǀĞ ŽƵƌ ĐŽƵŶƚƌLJ
ĨŽƌǁĂƌĚ͘
dŚĞLJ ƐƋƵĂďďůĞ ĂŶĚ ƚĂůŬ ĚŽǁŶ ƚŽ ĞĂĐŚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ǁŚŝůĞ
ŽƵƌŶĂƟŽŶĂŶĚŝƚƐ͛ǁĞůĨĂƌĞŚĂŶŐŝŶƚŚĞďĂůĂŶĐĞ͘

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Through the Lens of RCTV15:
Freedom of Speech in the 21st Century

CARVIN EISON

DŽŶƌŽĞŽƵŶƚLJ͘

dŚŝƐ ŝƐ ƚŚĞ ĮƌƐƚ ŽĨ Ă ƐĞƌŝĞƐ
ŽĨ ŵŽŶƚŚůLJ ĐŽůƵŵŶƐ ƚŚĂƚ
ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ ŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ds
;ZdsϭϱͿ ǁŝůů ĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƚĞ ƚŽ
DŝŶŽƌŝƚLJ ZĞƉŽƌƚĞƌ͘  Zdsϭϱ
ĐŽŶŐƌĂƚƵůĂƚĞƐ
DŝŶŽƌŝƚLJ
ZĞƉŽƌƚĞƌŽŶŝƚƐĮƌƐƚĮǀĞLJĞĂƌƐ
ŝŶ ƉƵďůŝĐĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ǁĞůĐŽŵĞƐ
ƚŚŝƐ ŽƉƉŽƌƚƵŶŝƚLJ ƚŽ ƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ
ŝŶ ƐŚĂƌŝŶŐ ŝŶƐŝŐŚƚƐ ĂďŽƵƚ ƚŚĞ
ĞǀŽůǀŝŶŐ ŵĞĚŝĂ ůĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞ
ĂŶĚ ŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚ ŝƐƐƵĞƐ ĨĂĐŝŶŐ
ƚŚĞ ŝƚLJ ŽĨ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ ĂŶĚ

ĚƌŝǀĞŶďLJĐŽŶƐƚĂŶƚĐŚĂŶŐĞ͘

ƚŽƚŚĞ&ŝƌƐƚŵĞŶĚŵĞŶƚƉƌŝŶĐŝƉůĞŽĨĨƌĞĞƐƉĞĞĐŚ͘

>Ğƚ͛ƐƚĂŬĞĂůŽŽŬďĂĐŬ͘ 

ĂĐŚ LJĞĂƌ͕ ǁĞ ǁŽƌŬ ǁŝƚŚ ŽǀĞƌ ϱϬϬ LJŽƵƚŚƐ ǁŝƚŚŝŶ
ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ͛Ɛ ƐĐŚŽŽů ƐLJƐƚĞŵ͕ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ĂŌĞƌͲƐĐŚŽŽů
ĂŶĚ ŝŶƚĞƌŶƐŚŝƉ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƐƵŵŵĞƌ
ĐĂŵƉƐ ƚŚĂƚ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ůŝĨĞͲĂůƚĞƌŝŶŐ ŵĞĚŝĂ ƉƌŽĚƵĐƟŽŶ
ĂŶĚ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝĐĂƟŽŶ ƐŬŝůůƐ ƚŽ ƚŚĞƐĞ LJŽƵŶŐ ƉĞŽƉůĞ͘
tĞ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƚ ƚŚĞ ǁŽƌŬ ŽĨ ŽǀĞƌ ϳϬ ůŽĐĂů ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ
ƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƌƐ͕ ďLJ ŽīĞƌŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ŵŽƐƚ ĐŽƐƚͲĞīĞĐƟǀĞ
ŵĞĚŝĂ ƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŝƚLJ͕ ƚŚĞ ƵƐĞ ŽĨ ƐŽƉŚŝƐƟĐĂƚĞĚ
ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ƚŚĂƚ ŵĂLJ ŶŽƚ ďĞ ĂĐĐĞƐƐŝďůĞ ŽƚŚĞƌǁŝƐĞ͕
ĂŶĚ ďLJ ƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐ ƚŚĞ ŽŶͲĂŝƌ ĂŶĚ ŽŶůŝŶĞ ĨŽƌƵŵ ƚŽ
ƐŚĂƌĞŝĚĞĂƐ͘tĞŽīĞƌǁŽƌŬƐŚŽƉƐŽŶƚŽƉŝĐƐƚŚĂƚŐŽĨĂƌ
ďĞLJŽŶĚƚĞůĞǀŝƐŝŽŶĂŶĚĮůŵŵĂŬŝŶŐ͘tĞĂůƐŽƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ
ǁŝƚŚŶƵŵĞƌŽƵƐŶŽŶͲƉƌŽĮƚŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶƐĂƌŽƵŶĚƚŚĞ
ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌDĞƚƌŽĂƌĞĂƚŽĐƌĞĂƚĞŝŵƉĂĐƞƵůŵĞƐƐĂŐŝŶŐ
ƚŚĂƚĨŽĐƵƐĞƐĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJĂƩĞŶƟŽŶŽŶĐƌŝƟĐĂůŝƐƐƵĞƐ
ƌĞůĂƚĞĚƚŽŚĞĂůƚŚĂŶĚǁĞůůŶĞƐƐĂƐǁĞůůĂƐƐŽĐŝĂůŝƐƐƵĞƐ͘

dǁĞŶƚLJLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͕ƚŚĞůĂŶĚƐĐĂƉĞǁĂƐǀĞƌLJĚŝīĞƌĞŶƚ͘
DĞĚŝĂĐŽŶŐůŽŵĞƌĂƚĞƐĐŽŶƚƌŽůůĞĚƚŚĞƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͘dŚĞLJ
ŚĞůĚƚŚĞƌĞŝŶƐŽŶƚŚĞƐĐŚĞĚƵůĞŽĨǁŚĂƚŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ
ƚŚĞLJ ĚĞĞŵĞĚ ĂƉƉƌŽƉƌŝĂƚĞ͕ ĂŶĚ ǁŚĞŶ ĂŶĚ ŚŽǁ ŝƚ
ǁŽƵůĚ ďĞ ĚĞůŝǀĞƌĞĚ͘ KǀĞƌ ƚŚĞ LJĞĂƌƐ͕ Ă ƐĞŝƐŵŝĐ ƐŚŝŌ
ŚĂƐ ƚĂŬĞŶ ƉůĂĐĞ͘ /ŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ ŝƐ ŶŽ ůŽŶŐĞƌ ƐĞƌǀĞĚ
ƵƉ ŐĞŶĞƌŝĐĂůůLJ͘  EŝĐŚĞ ŵĞĚŝĂ ĞŶƚĞƌƉƌŝƐĞƐ͕ ƐƵĐŚ ĂƐ
DŝŶŽƌŝƚLJZĞƉŽƌƚĞƌ͕ǁĞƌĞďŽƌŶƚŽƋƵĞŶĐŚƚŚĞƚŚŝƌƐƚĨŽƌ
ŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ ƌĞůĞǀĂŶĐĞ ƚŽ ƐƉĞĐŝĮĐ ĐŽŶƐƟƚƵĞŶĐŝĞƐ
ǁŝƚŚŝŶ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐ ƚŚĂƚ ĂƌĞ ŶŽǁ ĚĞĮŶĞĚ ďLJ
ŐĞŽŐƌĂƉŚLJ͕ ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚƐ ĂŶĚ ƉƐLJĐŚŽͬƐŽĐŝĂů ĨƵŶĐƟŽŶƐ͘
DĞĚŝĂĐƌĞĂƟŽŶŚĂƐďĞĐŽŵĞƉƌŽůĞƚĂƌŝĂŶ͕ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞƚŽ
ƚŚĞŵĂƐƐĞƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚǁĞďƐŝƚĞƐ͕ŽŶůŝŶĞǀŝĚĞŽƐŚĂƌŝŶŐ͕
ƉŚŽŶĞ ĂƉƉƐ͕ ďůŽŐŐŝŶŐ ƉůĂƞŽƌŵƐ͕ ƐŽĐŝĂů ŵĞĚŝĂ͕ ƐĞůĨͲ
ƉƵďůŝƐŚŝŶŐ͕ŝŶƚĞƌŶĞƚƌĂĚŝŽ͕ĂŶĚŵŽƌĞ͘

dŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚϮϬϭϯ͕ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJdĞůĞǀŝƐŝŽŶ
ǁŝůůĐŽŶƟŶƵĞƚŚĞĐĞůĞďƌĂƟŽŶŽĨŝƚƐϮϬƚŚĂŶŶŝǀĞƌƐĂƌLJ
LJĞĂƌƚŚĂƚďĞŐĂŶŽŶEŽǀĞŵďĞƌϯϬ͕ϮϬϭϮ͘^ŝŶĐĞϭϵϵϮ͕
Zdsϭϱ ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ ƉƌŽǀŝĚŝŶŐ ůŽĐĂů ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ ƚŚĞ
ĨŽƌƵŵĨŽƌƚŚĞĨƌĞĞĞdžƉƌĞƐƐŝŽŶŽĨŝĚĞĂƐĂƐǁĞůůĂƐƚŚĞ
^Ž͕ƚǁĞŶƚLJLJĞĂƌƐĂŌĞƌŝƚƐĐƌĞĂƟŽŶ͕ŝƐƚŚĞƌĞƐƟůůĂƉůĂĐĞ
ĞdžƉĞƌƟƐĞĂŶĚƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJƚŽƐŚĂƌĞƚŚĞŵ͘
ĨŽƌ Zdsϭϱ ŝŶ ĂŶ ĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚ ǁŚĞƌĞ ŝŶĚŝǀŝĚƵĂůƐ
tŚĞŶZdsϭϱǁĂƐĨŽƵŶĚĞĚƚǁĞŶƚLJLJĞĂƌƐĂŐŽ͕ŝƚŚĂĚ ĂŶĚƐŵĂůůŵĞĚŝĂĞŶƟƟĞƐŚĂǀĞƚŚĞĂďŝůŝƚLJƚŽƚĂŬĞƚŚĞ
ĨŽƵƌƉƌŝŶĐŝƉůĞŵĂŶĚĂƚĞƐ͗ƚŽĂĚŵŝŶŝƐƚĞƌĂŶĚŵĂŶĂŐĞ ƉŽǁĞƌŽĨŵĞƐƐĂŐŝŶŐŝŶƚŽƚŚĞŝƌŽǁŶŚĂŶĚƐ͍
Zds͛ƐĨĂĐŝůŝƟĞƐĂŶĚĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƉƵƌƉŽƐĞŽĨ
ĚĞůŝǀĞƌŝŶŐ ƉƵďůŝĐ ĂĐĐĞƐƐ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵŵŝŶŐ͖ ƚŽ ĚĞǀĞůŽƉ KŶĞĐĂŶƐƵĐĐĞƐƐĨƵůůLJĂƌŐƵĞƚŚĂƚƚŚĞŶĞĞĚŚĂƐŶĞǀĞƌ
ĂŶĚƉƌŽŵŽƚĞƚŚĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJƵƐĞŽĨƚŚĞƐƚĂƟŽŶŝŶĂ ďĞĞŶ ŵŽƌĞ ĂĐƵƚĞ͘  Ɛ Ă ŵĞĚŝĂ ĐĞŶƚĞƌ ƚŚĂƚ ǁŽƌŬƐ
ŶŽŶͲĚŝƐĐƌŝŵŝŶĂƚŽƌLJŵĂŶŶĞƌŝŶŽƌĚĞƌƚŽĨĂĐŝůŝƚĂƚĞƚŚĞ ƚŽ ďƌŝĚŐĞ ƚŚĞ ĚŝŐŝƚĂů ĚŝǀŝĚĞ ƚŚĂƚ ŝƐ ŽŌĞŶ ƌĞůĂƚĞĚ ƚŽ
ĨƌĞĞĞdžĐŚĂŶŐĞŽĨŝĚĞĂƐĂŶĚŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ͖ƚŽƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ŐĞŶĚĞƌ͕ ĞƚŚŶŝĐŝƚLJ͕ ĂŐĞ Žƌ ĂĐĐĞƐƐ ƚŽ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ĂŶĚ 
ŝƚLJ ŽĨ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌ ƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚƐ ǁŝƚŚ ƚŚĞ ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ͕ ƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ͕ Zdsϭϱ͛Ɛ ƌŽůĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJ ŝƐ ŵŽƌĞ
ĨĂĐŝůŝƟĞƐ͕ ĞƋƵŝƉŵĞŶƚ ĂŶĚ ƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ ƚŽ ƉƌŽĚƵĐĞ ĐƌŝƟĐĂůƚŚĂŶĞǀĞƌ͘
ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵŵŝŶŐ͖ ĂŶĚ ƚŽ ƐĞƌǀĞ Zds͛Ɛ ǀŝĞǁĞƌƐ Ă
ĚŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJŽĨƉƌŽŐƌĂŵŵŝŶŐ͘dŚĞŵŝƐƐŝŽŶŽĨƚŚĞƐƚĂƟŽŶ ZŽĐŚĞƐƚĞƌŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJdĞůĞǀŝƐŝŽŶŝƐĨĂƌŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶũƵƐƚ
ǁĂƐĚĞǀĞůŽƉĞĚĂƌŽƵŶĚƚŚĞ&ŝƌƐƚŵĞŶĚŵĞŶƚƚŽƚŚĞ ĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ ƚĞůĞǀŝƐŝŽŶ ĐŚĂŶŶĞů ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ƌĞŵŽƚĞ ĐŽŶƚƌŽů͘
h͘^͘ŽŶƐƟƚƵƟŽŶ͕ƐƵƉƉŽƌƟŶŐƚŚĞƌŝŐŚƚŽĨĨƌĞĞĚŽŵŽĨ tĞŚĂǀĞĞdžƉĂŶĚĞĚƚŽďĞĐŽŵĞĂŵƵůƟͲŵĞĚŝĂĐĞŶƚĞƌ
ƐƉĞĞĐŚƚŽh͘^͘ĐŝƟnjĞŶƐ͘ůƚŚŽƵŐŚǁĞƉƌŽƵĚůLJƉƵƌƐƵĞ ƐƵƉƉŽƌƟŶŐ ĨƌĞĞ ƐƉĞĞĐŚ ĂŶĚ ŝŶĚĞƉĞŶĚĞŶƚ ƚŚŽƵŐŚƚ
ĂůůŽĨƚŚĞƐĞŽƌŝŐŝŶĂůŐŽĂůƐ͕ǁĞĐĂŶŶŽƚƐƚŽƉƚŚĞƌĞ͙Žƌ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ ƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ͕ ĂĐĐĞƐƐ ƚŽ ƚĞĐŚŶŽůŽŐLJ ĂŶĚ ŽŶͲĂŝƌ
ǁĞ ǁŝůů ĨĂůů ĨĂƌ ƐŚŽƌƚ ŽĨ ǁŚĂƚ ŝƐ ŶĞĞĚĞĚ ƚŽĚĂLJ ŝŶ Ă ĂĐĐĞƐƐƚŽĂŶLJŽŶĞǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJǁŚŽŚĂƐĂ
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Ɛ ǁĞ ĐŽŶƟŶƵĞ ƚŚĞ LJĞĂƌͲůŽŶŐ ĐĞůĞďƌĂƟŽŶ ŽĨ
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dĂŬĞ ĂĚǀĂŶƚĂŐĞ ŽĨ ƚŚŝƐ ƉƌŝǀŝůĞŐĞ ďLJ ĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƟŶŐ
ĂƌƟĐůĞƐĂŶĚĞĚŝƚŽƌŝĂůƐƚŽLJŽƵƌĨĂǀŽƌŝƚĞƉƵďůŝĐĂƟŽŶƐ͕
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ďĞĐŽŵŝŶŐĂĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJƉƌŽĚƵĐĞƌ͘:ĂŶƵĂƌLJ͛ƐĂŐƌĞĂƚ
ƟŵĞ ƚŽ ƐƚĂƌƚ ƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐ ŶĞǁ͕ ĂŶĚ ŝĨ LJŽƵ ĮŶĚ ƚŚĂƚ
ŽŶĞ ŽĨ LJŽƵƌ ĚĞƐŝƌĞƐ ŝƐ ƚŽ ƐŚĂƌĞ LJŽƵƌ ŝĚĞĂƐ ƚŚƌŽƵŐŚ
ĂŶ ŽŶͲĂŝƌ ƉƌŽŐƌĂŵ͕ Zds͛Ɛ ĐůĂƐƐĞƐ ďĞŐŝŶ &ĞďƌƵĂƌLJ
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ƚŚĂƚLJŽƵǁĂŶƚƚŽŵĞĞƚ͘KŶĞĐĂŶŽŶůLJďĞĚĞƐĐƌŝďĞĚ
ĂƐƐĞůĮƐŚǁŚĞŶƚŚĞLJůŽŽŬŽƵƚĨŽƌƚŚĞŝƌŽǁŶŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚƐ
ŝŶƐƚĞĂĚŽĨƚŚĞŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚƐŽĨƚŚŽƐĞƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞĞůĞĐƚĞĚ
ƚŽƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚ͘
tŚĂƚ / ǁŽƵůĚ ƚĞĂĐŚ ŵLJ ĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶ ŝƐ ƚŽ ůŽŽŬ Ăƚ ŽƵƌ
ƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚ ĂŶĚ ůŽŽŬ Ăƚ ŽƵƌ ŽŶŐƌĞƐƐ ĂŶĚ ĚŽ Ăůů
ƚŚĞLJ ĐĂŶ ƚŽ ŶŽƚ ĂůůŽǁ ƉŽǁĞƌ ĂŶĚ ƐƉĞĐŝĂů ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚƐ
ƚĂŬĞ ƚŚĞŵ ĚŽǁŶ Ă ƌŽĂĚ ƚŚĂƚ ǁŝůů ĐĂƵƐĞ ƚŚĞŵ ƚŽ
ĐŽŵƉƌŽŵŝƐĞƚŚĞŝƌĐŽƌĞďĞůŝĞĨƐ͘
dŽŶŽƚĂůůŽǁƚŚĞŝƌƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚƐƚŽŽƵƚǁĞŝŐŚƚŚĞ
ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚƐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ƉĞŽƉůĞ ƚŚĞLJ ĂƌĞ ůĞĂĚŝŶŐ͘ / ůĞĂƌŶĞĚ
ĨƌŽŵĂŶĞĂƌůLJĂŐĞǁŚĂƚƐĞůĨͲƐĂĐƌŝĮĐĞŵĞĂŶƐ͘

Žƌ ĚƌŝǀĞ ƚŚĞ ĮŶĞƐƚ ǀĞŚŝĐůĞ͕ ƐŚĞ ƚŽŽŬ ĐĂƌĞ ŽĨ ƚŚŽƐĞ ŽƵƌƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚĂŶĚŽŶŐƌĞƐƐŝƐʹďĞƵŶƐĞůĮƐŚŝŶŽƌĚĞƌ
ƚŚĂƚ ǁĞƌĞ ŝŶ ŚĞƌ ĐĂƌĞ ĮƌƐƚ͕ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞŶ ƐŚĞ ƚŽŽŬ ĐĂƌĞ ƚŽŐĞƚƚŚĞƌŝŐŚƚƚŚŝŶŐƐĚŽŶĞ͘
ŽĨŚĞƌƐĞůĨ͘ 
Ž ǁŚĂƚ ŝƐ ŶĞĞĚĞĚ ŝŶ ŽƌĚĞƌ ƚŽ ƐŽůǀĞ ƚŚĞ ĞŶƟƌĞ
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WĞŽƉůĞŚĂǀĞŐŽƩĞŶƐŽƐĞůĮƐŚĂŶĚĚŽŶŽƚĐĂƌĞǁŚĂƚ ŚĂǀĞŶŽƚƌƵĞůĂƐƟŶŐǀĂůƵĞ͘
ŚĂƉƉĞŶƐƚŽƚŚĞŽƚŚĞƌŐƵLJ͘dŚĂƚŝƐƚŚĞŵĞŶƚĂůŝƚLJƚŚĂƚ
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LJĞĂƌƐ͕ĂŶĚŝƚƐŚŽǁƐĂƚƌĞŵĞŶĚŽƵƐůĂĐŬŽĨůĞĂĚĞƌƐŚŝƉ ƚŚĂƚLJŽƵǁŝůůŶŽƚďĞǁĞůůͲůŝŬĞĚ͘
ĂŶĚĚŝƐĚĂŝŶĨŽƌƚŚĞƉĞŽƉůĞŽĨŵĞƌŝĐĂ͘
dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞƐŽŵĞůĞƐƐŽŶƐƚŽůĞĂƌŶ͕ǁĞũƵƐƚŚĂǀĞƚŽƉƵƚ
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ǁĂƐǁŝůůŝŶŐƚŽĚŽǁŚĂƚǁĂƐƌŝŐŚƚĞǀĞŶŝĨŝƚŵĞĂŶƚƚŚĂƚ ĚŽŝŶŐ͘
ŚĞͬƐŚĞǁŽƵůĚŶŽƚŐĞƚƌĞͲĞůĞĐƚĞĚ͘

'ĞƫŶŐ ƌĞͲĞůĞĐƚĞĚ ŝƐ ƐĞůĮƐŚ͖ ĚŽŝŶŐ ǁŚĂƚ ŝƐ ƌŝŐŚƚ ŝƐ /ĨLJŽƵǁŽƵůĚůŝŬĞƚŽĐŽŶƚĂĐƚŵĞ͕ƉůĞĂƐĞĞŵĂŝůŵĞĂƚ
ŵǀĂƵŐŚŶ͘ƐĞŶŝŽƌƉĂƐƚŽƌΛŶĞǁǁŝŶĞƐŬŝŶ͘ŽƌŐ
DLJŵŽŵǁŽƵůĚƉƵƚŚĞƌƐĞůĨůĂƐƚŝŶŽƌĚĞƌƚŽĞŶƐƵƌĞ ƉƵƫŶŐƚŚĞƉĞŽƉůĞLJŽƵƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĮƌƐƚ͘
ƚŚĂƚŚĞƌĐŚŝůĚƌĞŶǁĞƌĞƚĂŬĞŶĐĂƌĞŽĨĂŶĚŚĂĚǁŚĂƚ
ƚŚĞLJŶĞĞĚĞĚ͘^ŚĞĚŝĚŶŽƚĚƌĞƐƐŝŶƚŚĞĮŶĞƐƚĐůŽƚŚĞƐ ^Ž͕ƚŚĞůĞƐƐŽŶƐƚŽůĞĂƌŶĨƌŽŵƚŚĞůĂĐŬŽĨůĞĂĚĞƌƐŚŝƉŝŶ

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