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Grammar review What are personal pronouns? A e.g. A noun Brian, pronoun is a is a the word word car, that that the can be is person, dog, used in place Sunita, place of or thing.

hondn a noun.

A personal pronoun is used in place of a noun that is a person or a thing. Personal pronouns for people: I, you, he, me, you, him, her, us, them she, we, they

Personal pronouns for things:

it, they, them

The verb "To Be" Personal pronoun Verb "to be" (affirmative) Verb "to be" (negative) Question form

I You She, He, it They We

am are is are are

am not are not is not are not are not

am I? are you is (She, He, it) ? are they? are we?

Contraction form Verb "to be" (affirmative) I am= I'm You are= You're She s= She's He is=He's It is= It's Verb "to be" (negative) No, I am not = No, I'm not No, You are not = No, You aren't No, She is not= No, She isn't No, He is not= No, He isn't No, It is not= No, It isn't

They are=They're We are= We're

No, They are not = No, They aren't No we are not = No, we aren't

Be (information questions) Question word What Where How od What day What time Verb "to be" Is are are is is Subject Your name? you You? it It? today? From? Complement Answer My name is Javier. I'm from Brazil. I'm seventeen. It's Monday. It's 4 o'clock.

Greetings: Person I: Hi, My name is John. Person 2: Hi John. My name is Laura. Nice to meet you! Person 1: Nice to meet you too Laura!

Person l: Hello, I'm Sonia. Person 2: Hi Sonia. I'm Steve. Good to meet you! Person 1: Good to meet you too.

Person 1: Good morning. My name is Charles. Person 2: Good morning Charles. My name is Mary. It's a pleasure to meet you. Person 1: The pleasure is mine Mary. Commands in the classroom

Consolidation exercises

1. Instructions: Complete the next sentences with the correct pronoun. 1. Karl: Do you know all these people?

Karin: Yes, they are all my friends. 2. Karl: Who is that guy in the corner?

Karin: hes my ex-boyfriend. Dont look at him. Karl: Where is the beer? 3. Karin: you can find some beer in the refrigerator. Karl: they are police officers. 2. Instructions: Chose the correct form of the verb to be - am/is/are 1. It is cold today 2. I am at home now. 3. They are Korean 4. My name is Nikita 5. We are from Ukraine 6. That is right 7. I am OK. Thanks 8. Clara and Steve are married 9. She is an English teacher 10. No. she isn`t from Peru. 11. Are they Japanese? 12. No, I `m not a teacher

2. Instructions: Fill the gaps with the correct form of the verb to be. Affirmative sentences 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I am always happy on a Sunday afternoon. We are Scottish. He is a pilot. Samantha and Nigel are angry. You are clever and good-looking.

Negative sentences 6. You arent French. 7. Gloria isnt at home. 8. Linda and I arent pleased about it. 9. I m not cruel. 10. It isnt good. Questions 11. Are you from Tokyo? 12. Is Ricky Mexican? 13. Are we alright for milk? 14. Is he married? 15. Are you tired? 16. Are old are you? 17. What is your name? 18. Where are you from? 19. Is she Mexican? 20. Where are you?

Family members 1. Instructions: Who are they? Write the words in the boxes.

Daughter husband Brother Wife grandmother Sister Father Grandfather mother son

1. Ben is Erins uncle 2. Erin is Kevin's_____________. 3. Patty is Erin's______________. Possessives

4. Kevin, Erin and Ryan are Lisa's _______________ 5. Kevin is Ryan and Erin's _____________________ 6. Linda is Erin's________

1. Instructions: Look at the pictures and write complete sentences.

1. 2. 3. 4.

This TV belongs to Tracy. This is Tracys TV. This car belongs to Steve. This is Steves car. This guitar belongs to Linda. This is Lindas guitar. This bike belongs to Peter. This is Peters bike.

There is and There are 1. Instructions: Read the text and talk with your classmates about the shopping centers you have nearby.

There is a new shopping mall on Park Avenue. There are four fantastic department stores and a great supermarket. There's a movie theatre with ten screens, six modern banks, and two finesses centres (two gyms). There are eight different restaurants and there are lots of awesome stores, including a music store that also has a ]ot of books. All this and a big parking lot too.

2. Instructions: Answer the questions from the text. How many restaurants are there? How many gyms are there? There are eight restaurants.

There are two gyms.

Is there any bank? There are six modern banks. Is there a supermarket? There is one great super market. Is there a video store? There is a music store.

3. Instructions: Complete the table. Singular Subject I You He She It Possessive adjetive My Your His Her Its Subject We You They Plural Possessive adjetive Our Your Their

4. Instructions: Circle the correct form. 1. He/ His is my friend Oscar. 2. She is their/ they aunt. 3. Theyre her/ hers brothers. 4. Are they your/ yours Relatives. 5. Our/ Ours family lives In Toronto, Canada. 6. This is my / I cousin

Grammar notes

We use there is and there are when we want to say that something exists (or does not exist): Theres a centipede under this stone. There are two good reasons to do this. There isnt any flour in the pantry. There arent any seats available. Is there any petrol in the car? Are there any potatoes?

Singular Plural

There is a book on the table. There are three men in the car.


There is a purse in the closet


There isnt a purse in the closet There isnt any purse in the closet.


There are bottles of water.


There arent bottles of water.

3. Instructions: Fill in the right form of there is/are using Present Simple. 1. There are any interesting films on TV tonight. 2. There is enough air in the lift. 3. Is there anyone from Germany in here? 4. There is enough snow to go skiing. 5. How many planets are there in our solar system? 6. Is there any water in the glass? 7. There are a lot of rains in autumn. 8. There is a big black cloud in the sky. 9. How many tall players are there in your team? 10. There are any serious problems. 11. Is there a good-looking man in your club? 12. Is there a tired student in the class? 13. How many small apples are there in this bag? 14. How many days are there in a week? 15. There is a famous university in Oxford. 16. There is a modern sports centre in London. 17. Are there any cheap hotels near here? 18. Is there a cheap hotel near here? 19. There are some big trees in the garden. 20. There is a big tree in the garden.

5. Instructions: Describe your classroom using there is and there are. 1. There is an air conditioner. 2. There is a map on the wall. 3. There is a blackboard. 4. There is a desk. 5. There are windows. 6. There is a door. 7. There are lamps. 8. There is a draft. 9. There is chalk. 10. There are chairs. 6. Instructions: Complete the table with your own information. Yes, there is Is there a movie theatre near your house? Is there a gym nearby? Is there a video store nearby? Is there a supermarket nearby your house? Yes, there is Yes, there is No, there isnt Yes, there is In cabbage Aragon valley No there isnt How far is it? Driving is the subway Is an 14th street

5. Instructions: Fill the gaps with at, in or on. 1 2 I hate doing the shopping at Saturdays. Valencia is too hot for me at summer.

3. At Sunday mornings I have coffee and toast for breakfast and read newspaper. 4. At Monday and Wednesday evenings I go to English class. 5. 6. 7. 8 9. Its ridiculous. The bank closes on 2:30 pm. Some people study best in night but I prefer the morning. I love watching the James Bond film in Christmas Day. I normally phone my girlfriend on 10 o'clock every evening. I hate going out in the week.

10. We usually go out for dinner in the weekend.

3. Instructions: Circle the correct verb for in each sentence. 1. Shakira means/doesnt mean "woman full of grace" . 2. 3. 4. 5. Ricardo Arjona isnt/doesnt a typical singer. Ricardo Arjona writes/ write about social problems. Shakira know/knows how to move her hips very well. Both songwriters are/arent famous.

4. Instructions: Use the verb in brackets to fll the gaps. Affirmative sentences. 1. I live in Godella.(to live) 2. Daisy loves chocolate. (to love) 3. Andy drives too fast. (to drive) 4. We have lunch at two. (to have) 5. You look great. (to look) Negative sentences. 6. They dont say much.(to say) 7. Charle doesnt play golf.(to play) 8. I dont like hamburgers.(to like) 9. Sammy and I dont watch much TV.(to watch) 10. lt doesnt rain very often in Valencia.(to rain) Questions. 11. Where you play tennis? 12. How Carol drive? 13. Where they do the shopping together? 14. Why dogs eat fish? 15. What is it doing?

8. Instructions: Fill the gaps with one of the words in brackets. 1 Jenny really likes Sammy. (like/likes) 2 Does Sammy likes Jenny? (like/likes) 3 Sadly, Sammy doesnt like anyone except himself. (like/likes)

4 They absolutely love swing music. (love/loves) 5 6 We always have a swim in the river before lunch, (has/have) Has anyone got the time? (Has/Have)

7 Nobody live in that horrible old house. (live/lives) 8 All the critics say that film is rubbish. (say/says) 9 Juli doesn't lives in the city centre anymore. (live/lives) 10 People want films with a good story. (want/wants) 11 12 13 Does Begoa bakes cakes? (bake/bakes) Everybody make mistakes sometimes. (make/makes) Bob doesnt wants to go out tonight. (want /wants)

14 Their daughter go to university. (go/goes) 15 Her dog eats three cans of food a day. (cat/eats)

Likes and dislikes

2. Instructions: Rewrite the sentence putting the adverb given in brackets Into its proper position. Example: He plays on the computer (always) Answer: He always plays on the computer.

1. He listens o the radio, (often) He often listens to the radio 2. They read a book. (sometimes) They sometimes read a look 3. Pete gets angry. (never) . Pete never gets angry. 4. Tom is very friendly. (usually) Tom usually is very friendly 5. I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes) I sometimes take sugar in my coffee 6. Ramn is hungry. (often) Ramon often is hungry 7. My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always) My always grandmother goes for a walk in the evening 8. Walter helps his father in the kitchen. (usually) Walter usually helps his father in the kitchen 9. They watch TV in the afternoon. (never) They never watch TV in the afternoon 10. Christine smokes after dinner. (seldom) Christine seldom smokes after dinner

The present continuous Grammar notes: how to form the present continuous?

Affirmative sentences: I am playing football. You're playing football

I'm playing football. You're playing football.

Negative sentences: You are not playing football. I am not playing football. Youre not playing football I'm not playing football. You aren't playing football. Questions Am I playing football? Yes, I am/ No, I'm not. Are you playing football? Yes I am/ No, I'm not.

3. Instructions: Finish the sentences like in the example; Use the long form of the auxiliary. Example: Jane______________. (to read a book) Answer: Jane is reading a book.

1. Jane is watching a film (to watch a film) 2. Are we buying a new house? (to buy a new house) 3. They are not playing chess (not to play chess) 4. Peter is feeding his dog (to feed his dog) 5. Mary is washing her hair (to wash her hair) 6. Max and Sue are helping their father (to help their father) 7. You are learning the poem (to learn the poem) 8. Peggy is not drawing a picture (not to draw a picture) 9. Phil and Nick are singing a song (to sing a song) 10. I am talking to John (to talk to John)

Read the text and answer the question What is she doing? She is Rebecca. Im English because. I have an exam. Stenting to music makers I feel. Im watching TV. Im studying during. Im hungry so pizza too. I hope pass the exam!

Rebecca doing? _______________________________________________________________________ Studying for a chemistry test? _______________________________________________________________________ Concentrating on studying? _______________________________________________________________________ Think she can pass the exam? _______________________________________________________________________ Are you doing right now? _______________________________________________________________________

1. Instructions: Look at the pictures and form sentences in the present progressive.

1. He is drawing a map.

2. Are they working Answer: yes, they are.

3. They are not playing baseball

Negative sentence

4. He is driving a car
Affirmative sentence

5. They are dancing in the nigth

Affirmative sentence

6. She is not hair cutting

Negative sentence

7. __________________________________________

Answer: Yes, she is.

8. She is talking a photo

Affirmative sentence

Consolidation exercises. The Present Simple or Continuous Exercise Instructions: Use the verbs in brackets to fill the gaps. 1 2 3 Don't bother me now. I am working (to work) She wants to play chess now.(to want) BILLY SALLY 4 SALLY Where's Jim? He is staying with friends.(to stay) What are you doing tomorrow? (to do)

BILLY Nothing. 5 BILLY SALLY 6 7 8 9 Ive won the lottery! I am not belive you (to not believe)

This year I am studding French and German. (to study) This summer are going to Portugal.(to go) Take an umbrella. It is raining (to rain) It never rain in Valencia, (to rain) Hi. Is Alison there? Yes, but can you ring back in 10 minutes? She have a shower (to have)


1. Where B youfrom? A Do B Are C Is 2. A she alright? A Is B Does C Are 3. Where A you? A Are B Is C Was 4. Where B she born? A Is B Was C Were 5. B There any chesse left? A Do B Are C Is 6. C There many people in the theatre? A Did B Is C Are

7. A you come here often? A Do B Does C Are 8. How long A it take to get there? A Does B Is C Do