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A THING OF BEAUTY - By John Keats

EXPLANATION

Lines 1-5 According to the poet, John Keats, a thing of beauty is a source of constant joy. Its beauty goes on increasing, it will never fade i.e. it never passes into nothingness. A bower is a peaceful and pleasant place in the shade of a tree. It provides shelter or protection from the hot rays of the sun. A beautiful thing also gives us sound sleep, full of pleasant dreams, health and peaceful breathing. Beauty, hence does not lead to inertia but a constant battle to guard our nature/earth.

Lines 6-13 As a result of this every morning we are weaving a flowery wreath to bind us to the beauties of the earth despite the sadness and the feeling of depression. We all possess evil qualities of hatred and disappointed. We suffer from lack of noble qualities and unhealthy evil ways. In spite of all this a beautiful thing helps to remove the cover of gloom or darkness from our lives. It makes us love life despite the things that make us sad and dampen our spirits. Keats defies the accusation that his belief in the immortality of beautiful things i.e. sentimental.

Lines 14-20 The sun, the moon, trees old and young are all sources of happiness for us. The trees sprout and spread their branches to provide shelter within their green covering (shade) for the simple sheep (humans). The Daffodils bloom within the green surroundings in which they grow. The clear and small streams of water make a cooling shelter for themselves against the hot season. The thick mass of ferns looks grand with their beautiful musk roses.

Lines 21-25 The mighty dead people whose achievements made them great and powerful inspire us through their sagas of their noble works. Their legends and stories enthuse us and we imagine their magnificence. A beautiful thing is also a source of joy just as the lovely tales we have heard or read give us profound

happiness. A fountain of immortality pours its sacred and immortal drink into the heart and soul of man. This immortal drink gushing out from nature’s endless fountain is a source of immense joy for us.

SHORT ANSWERS (30-40 words)

(2 marks each)

1. List the things of beauty mentioned in the poem. Ans. The things of beauty are the sun, the moon, old and new trees, daffodils, clear rills, musk roses that bloom among the thick forest ferns.

2. List the things the cause suffering and pain. Ans. The things are dark phases of our life, adverse circumstances, gloomy days, death of noble people and bad health.

3. What does the line ‘Therefore are we wreathing a flowery band to bind us to earth’ suggest? Ans. As a result of all the beautiful things around us, every morning we are weaving a flowery wreath to bind us to the beauties of the earth despite all the sadness.

4. What makes human beings love life in spite of all troubles? Ans. In spite of all the sufferings, a beautiful thing helps us to remove the cover of gloom or darkness from our lives.

5. Why is grandeur associated with the ‘mighty deed’? Ans. Grandeur is associated with the ‘mighty dead’ because they will always be remembered for their noble and splendid deeds and creations. They have left behind a legacy for us to enjoy.

6. Do we experience things of beauty only for a short time? Ans. No, these things of beauty have lasting impression on us. It never passes into nothingness.

7. . He tells us how a thing of beauty provides joy to us forever. Nature bestows us with things of rare beauty. Keats. What is the message of the ‘A Thing of Beauty’? Ans. A thing of beauty works wonders for man and removes the cover of gloom from his dampened spirits. These are the beautiful things in nature or man-made objects that he calls ‘immortal drink’. John Keats is a great Romantic poet. What spreads the pall of despondence over our dark spirits? How is it removed? Ans. The pall of despondence is the sadness that is a result of his own actions. 10. Daffodils are lovely white flowers that bloom in green surroundings. good health because of them. How do the ‘daffodils’ and ‘clear rills’ enrich our environment? Ans. He urges mankind to realize these powers and make his life enjoyable and worth living. in his poem refers to the powers of nature. It keeps the shade of trees ready for us to be comfortable and peaceful in it. 12. 8. cruelty and malice towards others. What is the cause of our ‘gloomy days’ and ‘dark spirits’? Ans. Man makes his own life miserable and full of suffering because of his own actions. The ‘clear rills’ or clear streams of water create cooling comfort or passage for themselves as a pass through the thick bushes and ward away the heat of the sun. What image does the poet use to describe the beautiful bounty of the earth? Ans. The poet draws out the image of ‘an endless fountain of immortal drink’ that pours on us joys from the brink of heaven. We also get disappointed due to the lack of human values and nobility around us. make our days sad and gloomy. 11. He creates images that soothe our senses. an ardent lover of nature. 9. We are able to enjoy sweet dreams. How does a thing of beauty provide us shelter and comfort? Ans. Beautiful things also provide peace and security so that we are able to enjoy sound sleep. Our own acts of unkindness.

Human beings love life because nature is the best healer and brings beauty and joy to our life. 14. A thing of beauty is a joy forever Its loveliness increases. Keats feels that man has a strong bonding with nature. Despite the gloom and suffering. On the hand. and a sleep Full of sweet dreams.13. There is affinity between things of beauty in nature and mankind. a) Name the poem and the poet. A flowery band ties us to the earth. REFERENCE TO THE CONTEXT (1x4=4 marks each) Read the given lines and answer the questions that follow: 1. the ‘endless fountain’ is the everlasting joy provided to us by the bounties of nature in the form of nectar pouring on us from heaven. it will never Pass into nothingness. . Ans. and health. What is the ‘grandeur’ of the ‘dooms’ and ‘endless fountain of immortal drink’? Ans. This band is of flowers and is pleasing and brings joy. The memory of beautiful experiences helps us to bear our sorrows. 15. and quiet breathing. The poem is ‘A Thing of Beauty’ and the poet is John Keats. The ‘grandeur of the dooms’ is a reference to our mighty and dead ancestors who have created beautifully objects for us. What makes human beings love life in spite of troubles and sufferings? Ans. Keats feels that Nature binds us to the Earth. but will keep A bower quiet for us. man is connected to the earth. How does he justify this? Ans.

. There is a shortage of noble qualities and men continue to be evil and unhealthy. a) What are we doing every day? Ans. It never fades away. Human beings possess qualities of malice. of the gloomy days. A thing of beauty provides everlasting joy. c) What do you understand by a ‘bower’? Ans. c) Explain ‘in spite of all’. Its beauty never decreases but continues to increase with the passage of time. full of sweet dreams. It provides protection from the harsh rays of the sun. Ans. hatred and disappointment. are we wreathing A flowery band to bind us to the earth. ‘Bower’ is the shelter under the shade of trees. of the inhuman dearth Of noble natures. we are weaving a flowery wreath which binds us to the beauties of the earth. 2. Every morning. Spite of despondence. d) What kind of a sleep does it provide? Ans. Of all the unhealthy and o’er-darkened ways Made for our searching: yes. It provides a sound sleep. In spite of all evils mentioned by the poet. in spite of all. Therefore.b) How is a thing of beauty a joy forever? Ans. health and peaceful breathing. on every morrow. b) Which evil things do we possess and suffer from? Ans.

For simple sheep. Ans. It is a blessing for the sheep against the harsh sun. Trees old. the moon. . i) Pall. c) Find words from the passage that mean i) Covering ii) Blessing Ans. The old and young trees sprout branches to provide shade and shelter to sheep. Some shape of beauty moves away the pall From our dark spirits. b) What sprouts a shady boon for sheep and how? Ans. A thing of beauty removes the pall from our dark spirits.…….d) Find words from the passage which mean i) Malice ii) Disappointment Ans. ii) Despondence 3. The poem is ‘A Thing of Beauty’ and the poet is ‘John Keats’. and young. a) What removes the pall from our dark spirits? Ans. i) Spite. sprouting a shady boon. Such the sun. ii) Boon d) Name the poem and the poet.

And sun too is the grandeur of the dooms . b) What makes the mid forest brake rich? Ans. i) Clear ‘rills’. c) Find words in the passage which mean: i) Small streams ii) Shelter of thickets Ans. The beautiful musk-roses help to make the beautiful forest rich in beauty. The clear streams of water create a cooling shelter for themselves against the heat of the sun. Alliteration 5. a) How do ‘daffodils’ and ‘rills’ enrich the environment? Ans. ii) Covert d) Cooling covert is a i) Simile ii) Metaphor iii) Personification iv) Alliteration Ans. …and such are daffodils With the green world they live in. the mid forest brake.4. The daffodils bloom and are surrounding by the green surroundings. and clear rills That for themselves a cooling covert make ‘Gainst the hot season. Rich with a sprinkling of fair musk-rose blooms.

MCQ – TEST (1 mark each) 1. All lovely tales that we have heard or read. All the beautiful stories that have been read or heard by us are also surpassed in beauty by the beauties of nature. Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink a) Explain ‘the grandeur of the doom’. Ans.We have imagined for the mighty dead. b) What is implied by ‘all lovely tales that we have heard or read’? Ans. a thing of beauty is a) Never joyful b) Creates sadness c) A joy forever d) Horrible to look at . An endless fountain of immortal drink. The source of the endless fountain of immortal drink is ‘the brink of heaven’. According to the poet. The magnificence that we associate with our ancestors and the beautiful things created by them. c) What is the source of the ‘endless fountain of immortal drink’? Ans.

‘Full of sweet dreams’ means a) Pleasant and peaceful sleep b) Disturbed sleep c) Nightmares d) Wishes coming true 6. ‘Will keep a bower quiet for us’ means a) Will give us peace and calm b) Will stop unpleasant sounds c) Will make our beds fit to sleep d) Reduce noise pollution 5.2. The beauty of lovely things a) Increases b) Decreases c) Gets divided d) Always is short-lived 3. a thing of beauty keeps us . Beautiful things never ‘pass into nothingness’ means that they a) Never increase b) Never fade away c) Always bring unhappiness d) Create unpleasantness between friends 4. According to the poet.

Every morning. ‘Spite of despondence’ refers to a) Sadness and depression b) Health and well-being c) Suffering and pain d) Hatred and greed 10. is a reference to a) Lack or shortage of beauty .a) Angry b) Naughty c) Healthy and peaceful d) Depressed 7. ‘Inhuman dearth’ according to the poet. according to the poet helps to a) Bind us to the earth b) Make us look beautiful c) Give a present of flowers to friends d) To make a band covered with flowers 9. we all are a) Brushing our teeth b) Having breakfast c) Wreathing a flowery band d) Getting ready to go to work 8. The flowery band.

b) Lack of energy c) Lack or shortage of human beings with good values d) Lack of resources 11. ‘From our date spirits’ is a reference to a) Our dampened and demoralized spirits b) Dark coloured ghosts c) Unhappy moments d) Happy side of our personality 14. ‘Of all the unhealthy’ means a) Ill-health b) Pain c) Neglect d) Suffering 12. What moves the ‘pall from our lives’? a) Some strong winds b) Strong bonds c) Strong friendships d) Some shape of beauty 13. trees old and young are the things that a) Depress us b) Remove the pall of gloom from our lives . The sun. moon.

By ‘green world they live in’ means a) Daffodils’ green surroundings b) Green house effect c) Green walls of the house .c) Make us laugh d) Give us oxygen 15. What is ‘sprout a shady boon for sheep’? a) Human beings b) Creepers c) Trees new and young d) Trees old and young 16. Daffodils are a) White coloured flowers b) Red fruit of a tree c) Name of a bird d) Name of an insect 17. ‘Sheep’ could also be a reference to a) Mountaineous animals b) Human beings c) Harmless creatures d) Animals of prey 18.

C c) A cold drink d) Cooling clothes 21. What makes for itself a cooling covert against the hot season? a) The sheep b) The daffodils c) The dogs d) The clear rills 22. ‘Cooling covert’ means a) Cool shelter of thickets b) Cooling effect of A.d) Green forests 19. The thick bushes in the mid-forest have abundant growth of a) Water melons b) Musk melons c) Musk roses d) Musk shells . ‘Clear rills’ are the a) Clean windows b) Streams of clear water c) Clear thoughts d) Clear solutions 20.

Whose grandeur is he talking about? a) Dooms of mighty dead b) Tombs of our ancestors c) Grand palaces d) Grand towers 24. What are the things that are read or heard by us? a) Plays and classical music b) Novels and songs c) Lovely tales d) Poetry and western music 26.23. The ‘endless fountain’ is an image created by the poet to a) Denote the everlasting joy given by beautiful objects b) Continuous flow of water c) Fountain of blood d) Clear waterfall . ‘Mighty dead’ refers to a) Great royal ancestors b) Big dead animals c) Broken buildings d) Grand canals and rivers 25. The poet talks about ‘grandeur’.

The ‘immortal drink’ pours on a) Human beings b) Animals c) Insects d) Birds 29. ‘Immortal drink’ of endless fountain is a reference to a) Continuous flow of sacred or holy water b) Water of Ganges c) Water from Yamuna d) Water from the tap 28. According to the poet. a thing of beauty is a) Never joyful b) Creates sadness c) A joy forever .27. The ‘endless fountain’ gets its immortal drink from a) The river banks b) The tap c) The waterfall d) Heaven’s brink ANSWERS 1.

‘Full of sweet dreams’ means a) Pleasant and peaceful sleep b) Disturbed sleep c) Nightmares d) Wishes coming true . ‘Will keep a bower quiet for us’ means a) Will give us peace and calm b) Will stop unpleasant sounds c) Will make our beds fit to sleep d) Reduce noise pollution 5. Beautiful things never ‘pass into nothingness’ means that they a) Never increase b) Never fade away c) Always bring unhappiness d) Create unpleasantness between friends 4. The beauty of lovely things a) Increases b) Decreases c) Gets divided d) Always is short-lived 3.d) Horrible to look at 2.

according to the poet helps to a) Bind us to the earth b) Make us look beautiful c) Give a present of flowers to friends d) To make a band covered with flowers 9. ‘Spite of despondence’ refers to a) Sadness and depression b) Health and well-being c) Suffering and pain d) Hatred and greed . Every morning. a thing of beauty keeps us a) Angry b) Naughty c) Healthy and peaceful d) Depressed 7. we all are a) Brushing our teeth b) Having breakfast c) Wreathing a flowery band d) Getting ready to go to work 8. According to the poet. The flowery band.6.

‘Of all the unhealthy’ means a) Ill-health b) Pain c) Neglect d) Suffering 12. is a reference to a) Lack or shortage of beauty b) Lack of energy c) Lack or shortage of human beings with good values d) Lack of resources 11. ‘From our date spirits’ is a reference to a) Our dampened and demoralized spirits b) Dark coloured ghosts c) Unhappy moments d) Happy side of our personality 14. trees old and young are the things that . The sun.10. moon. What moves the ‘pall from our lives’? a) Some strong winds b) Strong bonds c) Strong friendships d) Some shape of beauty 13. ‘Inhuman dearth’ according to the poet.

a) Depress us b) Remove the pall of gloom from our lives c) Make us laugh d) Give us oxygen 15. Daffodils are a) White coloured flowers b) Red fruit of a tree c) Name of a bird d) Name of an insect 17. By ‘green world they live in’ means a) Daffodils’ green surroundings . What is ‘sprout a shady boon for sheep’? a) Human beings b) Creepers c) Trees new and young d) Trees old and young 16. ‘Sheep’ could also be a reference to a) Mountaineous animals b) Human beings c) Harmless creatures d) Animals of prey 18.

What makes for itself a cooling covert against the hot season? a) The sheep b) The daffodils c) The dogs d) The clear rills 22.C c) A cold drink d) Cooling clothes 21. ‘Cooling covert’ means a) Cool shelter of thickets b) Cooling effect of A. ‘Clear rills’ are the a) Clean windows b) Streams of clear water c) Clear thoughts d) Clear solutions 20.b) Green house effect c) Green walls of the house d) Green forests 19. The thick bushes in the mid-forest have abundant growth of a) Water melons b) Musk melons .

The poet talks about ‘grandeur’. ‘Mighty dead’ refers to a) Great royal ancestors b) Big dead animals c) Broken buildings d) Grand canals and rivers 25.c) Musk roses d) Musk shells 23. The ‘endless fountain’ is an image created by the poet to a) Denote the everlasting joy given by beautiful objects b) Continuous flow of water c) Fountain of blood . Whose grandeur is he talking about? a) Dooms of mighty dead b) Tombs of our ancestors c) Grand palaces d) Grand towers 24. What are the things that are read or heard by us? a) Plays and classical music b) Novels and songs c) Lovely tales d) Poetry and western music 26.

The ‘immortal drink’ pours on a) Human beings b) Animals c) Insects d) Birds 29. ‘Immortal drink’ of endless fountain is a reference to a) Continuous flow of sacred or holy water b) Water of Ganges c) Water from Yamuna d) Water from the tap 28.d) Clear waterfall 27. The ‘endless fountain’ gets its immortal drink from a) The river banks b) The tap c) The waterfall d) Heaven’s brink .