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Drug addiction is a social evil. It has been prevalent in society from time immemorial.

There are a variety of drugs which are used in various forms. A drug addict becomes a drug dependent. He cannot live without drugs. It is a form of psychological conditioning that implies a set of mental and behavioral responses to drugs and related stimuli that result from repeated reinforcement produced by the use of drugs. It implies physical, psychological and psychic dependence on the tolerance of a drug with a tendency to take more and more drugs. The World Health Organization has defined drug abuse as a state of periodic, chronic intoxication, detrimental to the individual and to the society, produced by repeated consumption of drugs either natural or synthetic. In other words, the growing urge results in increase of doses. There are a number of causes which lead to drug addiction. These include social, economic, religious, and physiological factors. There is a strong nexus between drug and torn family life. It has been found that broken family structure often forces one to resort to drug. This is because a person faced with such situation chooses drug for its euphoric or mind-altering effect to escape from the immediate situation. This escapism in turn compels the user to go back to the drug to avoid the trouble and it eventually leads to addiction. While it is necessary to face the problem and tackle it, the users more often than not are under the effects of drugs and neglect the situation. It, as a result, worsens giving way to further use of drugs to escape the problem which is already mounted. Thus, addiction and myths of stress relief associated with it makes a vicious cycle. Sometimes, exposure to drugs in the family or the locality or the school makes one a drug addicts. Usually, children of a drunkard also become a drug addict. The early exposure to drugs immensely contributes to make them drug addicts. Their innocent immature mind is unable to get its negative impact on them. When they are mature, they can understand everything, but are already caught in its vicious trap. The company also plays a prominent role in making one drug addict. ‘Doing drugs’ as a cultural fad amongst the youth provokes them to experiment and lures them for addiction. Peer pressure further accentuates the problem. In other words, personality make-up is another factor for drug addiction. Gene structure of a particular person makes him vulnerable for certain kind of addiction. The easy availability of different drugs in the market due to illicit trafficking makes it easier to procure it. This again aggravates the problem. The phenomenon of drug addiction has its roots in an individual’s psychological, physical and social bases. Drugs are addictive as they are taken either to escape from the existing situation or for pleasure-seeking. In a way, drugs become the sole source of gratification for the person who has chosen them as a support system. The

Anybody can be addicted to drug anytime in any phase of his life. It releases the mental balance and puts the inner conscience to sleep so that the individual loses the control over his thought and action. The use of psychoactive drugs is widely acknowledged as a facet of people’s lifestyles. codeine are different forms of drugs. taste and muscle coordination are affected. vision. This carefree feeling makes the drinker prone to violence. Liver damage resulting in cirrhosis is the most dangerous health hazard caused by drug addiction.solving skill and concentration. bhang. heroin. hashish. resulting in staggering in one’s gait. Some drugs like bhang. Besides. depressants. respiratory depression. accidents and crimes. blood pressure. It affects the brain cells irrevocably and often leads to nerve damage. irritability. Every drug. which is socially acceptable. hallucinogens and cannabis. It has been generally seen that youth is the most vulnerable lot of drug dependence. There are varieties of drugs available today. loss of appetite. stimulants. which include narcotics. Moreover. Only affluent section of society can have accessibility to them. hashish. drowsiness. are highly costly. leads to loss of sensation and mobility in limbs. including alcohol and tobacco. kyat. mescaline. marijuana. in other words. narrow range of attention. and heroine are the most commonly abused substances. Long-term alcohol abuse has varied affects on human body. impaired health. The mental confusion enhances with even a small quantity of drug intake which is manifested in behavioral changes. This. Drug dependence hampers memory perception.person reaches such a physiological state which necessitates the continued use of drug to prevent withdrawals. hearing. poor comprehension and memory. poor perception of time and distance. The most common effects of alcohol are misjudgment and disinheriting. LSD. Alcohol. morphine. Peer presence has commonly been Identified as a major cause for initial and experimental drug use. opium. it is youth’s . LSD. violent behavior. alcohol taken by pregnant women may cause health problem to babies. in turn. etc. nausea. But the drugs which have a high physical dependence are more dangerous for the health in comparison to others. As the concentration of alcohol increases in the blood. decreased interest in achievement-oriented action are associated with it. severe weight loss. marijuana. When a person during his early adulthood and adolescence is in the look for his self identity. Besides. Significantly. a number of symptoms such as increased pulse rate. tobacco and liquor are cheaper which a man of low-income group can afford while drugs like heroine. It is very difficult to designate the vulnerability to addiction. insomnia. smell. morphine. is harmful for the body as a whole. problem. micro-vascular damage. he begins to take drugs under peer pressure. psychosis. women are more prone to liver related disease than men.

self. adventurousness and risk taking mental disposition which attracts him to do something different and experiment with everything new in life. The planning of treatment must focus on self. Thus. they opt out and seek alternative gratifications in drugs. Since in very early age. particularly in case of tragedy or separation from one or both parents. But for the total recovery of the addict. migration. Hence. the problems of drug addiction get chance to flourish. Family problem has also been attributed to some extent to this problem.exposure and self-help. the fear of the individual against socially unacceptable behavior decreases in him and he becomes very much vulnerable to drug sometimes. When their capabilities and efficiencies are not well-rewarded and not wellrecognized. psychological treatment side by side medical treatment through individual counseling.help groups and other governmental and non-governmental agencies can play influential role. people due to failure and frustration resort to drugs as a means to find solace. unemployment. the NGOs. Undoubtedly. Besides. They need to be taught to develop a useful and constructive work-oriented daily routine in which they do manage some time for social activities. . It is kind of disease which is curable with the help of proper treatment. etc. reeducation and yoga is of immense help. group therapy. A person confronting the situation is caught in a feeling of footlessness. more values need to be inculcated in children. drug addiction is a great socio-economic and health problem. an awareness campaign can serve the purpose. Often the strained or torn family relation leads one to drug addiction. it is very difficult to give it up. They should be made aware of the vices of addiction. The media. Unless a person wishes to get rid of this evil. When the ordinary social fabric is disrupted by several socio-economic factors such as poverty. He feels free from any kind of accountability.curiosity. our educational curriculum should be so designed that value-based moral education is made a part of it. they should be taught to develop good hobbies to spend time happily and meaningfully in good company.