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Location of Assam: Assam is situated in the North-East region of India. bordering seven States viz.

. Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and West Bengal and two countries viz. Bangladesh and Bhutan. with geographical area of 78,438 sq. kms. i.e, about 2.4 percent of the countrys total geographical area, Assam provides shelter to 2.57 percent population of the Country. For administrative and revenue purposes, the State has 27 districts including Kamrup (Metro) district and four districts under the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) areas viz. Kokrajhar, Baska, Chirang and Udalguri

Population: According to the Census of India, 2011 the population of Assam stands at 3,11,69,272, of which 1,59,54,927 are males and 1,52,14,345 females. The decadal growth of the States population works out to 16.93 percent during the decade 2001-2011 as against 17.64 percent for the country as a whole. The density of population of the State has gone up to 397 as against Indias density 382 as per 2011 Census.

POPULATION TREND IN ASSAM AND INDIA Year Population Percentage Density (in lakh) Decadal (Person per Variation Sq.Km.) ASSAM INDIA ASSAM INDIA ASSAM INDIA 1901 33 2384 42 77 1911 38 2521 17.0 5.8 49 82 1921 46 2513 20.5 0.3 59 81 1931 56 2789 19.9 11.0 71 90 1941 67 3186 20.4 14.2 85 103 1951 80 3611 19.9 13.3 102 117 1961 108 4392 35.0 21.5 138 142 1971 146 5481 35.0 24.8 186 177 1981 *180 6833 *23.4 24.7 *230 230 1991 224 8463 24.2 23.9 286 267 2001 266 10270 18.9 21.5 340 325 2011 312 12102 16.9 17.6 397 382

POPULATIO Unit N FEATURES AT A GLANCE ASSAM Particulars Assam Population Lakh Decadal Growth Percent Change in percentage Percent of decadal growth Density Per Sq. Km. Sex-Ratio Females per 1000 males Literacy Percent (a) Male Percent (b) Female Percent Urban Percent Population (a) Male Percent (b) Female Percent Rural Percent Population (a) Male Percent (b) Female Percent S.C. Population Percent S.T. Population Percent

2001 Census

2011 Census

Assam 267 18.92

311 16.93 (-) 5.32 397 954 73.18 78.81 67.27 14.08 51.61 48.39 85.92 51.12 48.88 NA NA

340 935 63.25 71.28 54.61 12.90 53.41 46.58 87.10 51.43 48.57 7.40 12.83

State Domestic Product The economy of the State in terms of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at factor cost is expected to grow at the rate of 8.42 percent in real terms (at 2004-05 prices) as per Advance Estimates for 2011-12 as against the growth rate of 7.34 percent estimated in the previous year. The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at constant (2004-05) prices for the year 2011-12 (Advance Estimates) is estimated at 80,465.15 crores as against 74,214.94 crores for 2010-11 (Quick Estimates) reflecting a growth of 7.34 percent. The estimated growth of 8.42 percent in GSDP of the State for 2011-12 comprises of a growth of 6.43 percent in Agriculture and Allied sector, 7.19 percent in Industry sector and 9.74 percent in Services sector.

Industry Agriculture sector Industry sector Service sector

Percentage 6.34% 7.19% 9.74%

According to that we can say that in Assam Service industry play important role as compare to two other sector. As per Advance Estimates for 2011-12, the growth of the Industry sector, comprising of Mining & Quarrying, Manufacturing (Registered and Unregistered), Electricity, Gas & Water Supply and Construction, is expected to be encouragingly high as compared to 4.78 percent in the previous year 2010-11. This flourishing growth is due to the high growth of the Industry sector contributed by the sub sectors especially Construction (11.86 percent), Mining & Quarrying (5.1 percent) and Manufacturing (4.82 percent).

The Services sector comprising of Trade, Hotels & Restaurants, Transport by other means & Storage, Real Estate & Business Services and Communications, Banking & Insurance, Social & Personal services is likely to grow by 9.74 percent during 2011-12 as compared to 8.76 percent growth in 2010-11 due to good performance of the all the key sub sectors like Transport, Communication, Trade, Hotels and Restaurants and specifically Banking & Insurance, Real estate and Business services(14.99 percent). In respect of the Agriculture and Allied sector, while forestry sector is likely to experience moderately higher growth of 5.35 percent than the previous years growth of 4.48 percent, the growth anticipated in the fishing sector is 5.23 percent in 2011-12 from the downbeat growth (-4.05) experienced in 2010-11. However, the Agriculture alone has registered a growth rate of 6.64 percent and all together Agriculture and Allied sector is expected to attain a growth rate of 6.43 percent in 2011-12 against 6.49 percent in the previous year. The Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) is known as State Income, at 200405 prices is also expected to grow by 8.57 percent as per Advance Estimates for the year 2011-12 compared to 7.33 percent during 2010-11. The GDP of Assam is increased as compared to 2004-05.

State Wise Per Capita Income Comparison Sl. No State/UT 2010-11 (Rupees) 62912 55789 30569 20708 29786 168572 75115 94680 65535 37496 60946 71434 32222 41167 83471 29684 50427 48591 52643 40412 2011-12 (Rupees) 71540 62213 33633 24681 31982 192652 N.A 109227 73608 41833 69493 83725 N.A 46573 N.A 32284 56643 N.A 56116 46150 2011-12 % Growth 13.7 11.5 10 19.2 7.4 14.3 N.A 15.4 12.3 11.6 14 17.2 N.A 13.1 N.A 8.8 12.3 N.A 6.6 14.2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Jharkhand Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Delhi Puducherry

69737 42434 81159 72993 44965 26355 66368 48536 76883 128634 150653 98719

78171 N.A N.A 84058 50750 29417 75604 55864 82272 N.A 175812 95759

12.1 N.A N.A 15.2 12.9 11.6 13.9 15.1 7 N.A 16.7 -3

All-India Per Capita Net National Income(2004-05 base) 53331 60972 14.3

Indias average Per Capita Income is Rs. 60,972/-, which is one of the lowest in the world. Some European Countries have over 50 times per capita income as compared to India! (we can say that per capita income of assam is low as compare to other growing state,per capita income is slightly high than GDP.) it shows the life style of state.
MAJOR INDUSTRIES

Petroleum and Refineries Tea Industry Forest & Wood Industry Textile Chemical & Fertilizers Engineering Agro Based Industry