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Punjab State Human Rights Commission

The Image Of Punjab Police

In Society And Their Role In Human Right Violation

Acknowledgement

Apart from the our efforts, the success of any project depends largely on the encouragement and guidelines of many others. We take this opportunity to express our gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this project.

We would like to show our greatest appreciation to Mr. Rohit Chatrath. We can’t say thank you enough for their tremendous support and help. We feel motivated and encouraged every time we attended his meeting. Without his encouragement and guidance this project would not have materialized.

The guidance and support received from all the members of PSHRC who contributed and who are contributing to this project, was vital for the success of the project. We are grateful for their constant support and help.

Declaration

We hereby declare that we have made the project on Image of Punjab police in the society with our efforts and all the research work is done by us and the questioners are duly attached with the project. PSHRC can take this data as sample to conclude about Punjab police and PSHRC has very right to publish our project or a part of it. And we assure that we will not publish this project anywhere else.

Signatures –

1) Arshdeep Singh-------2) Arpita Latta------------3) Arushi Singh-----------4) Jaypreet Singh---------5) Simranjeet Singh-------

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 Introduction  National Human Rights Commission  Toll free number  Registration of Offences  Station House Officer meeting to public  Code of Conduct for Police in India  Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative  Need of police reforms  Democratic policing  Police Reforms: India  Supreme court’s directive  Police act drafting committee  Reforms a Mirage…  Lesson for Police  Human Rights Watch and Police speak  Recommendations from people  Quotes from people of Punjab  Suggestions from our side  Identifying gaps in Police performance  Pie Charts  Victim of crime  Nature of crime  Level of security  Police Visibility and response  Reporting crime  Offering bribe

Introduction
The presumption that everyone knows the law is a myth that causes needless suffering to millions of people in India - especially those who are unlettered. Ignorance of laws- and the rights guaranteed by them - facilitates blatant misuse of authority by law enforcers, whose job is to protect people’s rights. Merely putting in place, provisions for the protection of human rights without empowering people through human rights education about the means to ensure their compliance is meaningless. Rule of law to be meaningful must meet the end of legal awareness. While police officers must know the limits and nature of their authority, citizens too, must know their rights, even when they have to answer to the law. A proper balance of individual rights and public interest has to be achieved through the mechanism of the rule of law. This is the essence of human rights law and the avowed purpose of this compilation. The law laid down by the Supreme Court is the law of the land and binds everyone. The Supreme Court decisions included in this compilation relate to matters impinging on the basic human rights of individuals to life and liberty, which are sacrosanct. The NHRC guidelines are meant to inform citizens as well as the police about their rights and duties; to enable people to protect them with this knowledge; and to guide the police in the performance of their task by indicating that any transgression would be illegal. Respect for human rights lies at the heart of good governance. In a democratic society, it is the responsibility of the State to protect and promote human rights. All State institutions whether they are the police department, the army, the judiciary or civil administration have a duty to respect human rights, prevent human rights violations, and take active steps for the promotion of human rights. The role of the police is especially significant in this respect. The police are charged with the responsibility of maintaining order and enforcing laws. Therefore, the onus of bringing those who break the law - including laws which protect people’s human rights - before the criminal justice system lies on the police.

However. 1971. carrying out of an arrest. The Commission has also issued guidelines to the police on encounter deaths. lie detector tests.‟ The National Human Rights Commission [NHRC] too has issued guidelines for policeofficers. „An officer whowillfully or inadvertently ignores Supreme Court directives can be tried in courtunder relevant provisions of the Indian Penal Code and under the Contempt ofCourts Act. Police officers are pressured to get quick results. . the police as protectors of the law have both a legal duty and a moral obligation to uphold human rights standards and act strictly in accordance with the law and the spirit of our Constitution. grant of bail. arrest. such asregistration of a case. disciplinary action against errant officers. They also have the force of law. many a time. questioning of a suspect. actions of the police conflict with human rights. while discharging this duty. explained and elaborated the scope ofFundamental Rights. The Commission has been established under a special Act of Parliament toprotect and promote the human rights of all people living in India. the Commission has made it mandatory to report any case of custodial death or rape within 24 hours and to provide it with a videofilm of the post-mortem examination. treatment ofan arrested person. TheCourt has laid down certain directives for law enforcement. poor and the disadvantaged. and police-public relations. and payment of compensation to the victims. The Supreme Court has over the years.Unfortunately. often with unofficial guarantees that they may use any means possible to accomplish the task at hand. conduct of an investigation. and protection of the rights ofwomen. Because an overwhelming majority of complaints received by the National Human Rights Commission concern the police. These directives deal withvarious aspects of police work at the station house or cutting edge level. The National Human Rights Commission addresses violations of human rights by recommending registration of criminal cases against the guilty. They have strongly opposed intrusions upon them by agents of theState. by asserting that the rights and dignity of individuals must always be upheld.

1999 National Human Rights Commission guidelines on police-public relations are ofparticular relevance to officers at the cutting edge level.  The number should be toll free within the state. this number is 1090. The National Human Rights Commissionhas recommended that for the purpose of uniformity. PUBLIC RELATIONS December 22. all states should have the samenumber i.e. 1090. .‟ NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION [NHRC] GUIDELINES ON POLICE. i. These guidelines have been communicated to all chief secretaries andpolice chiefs.e. those who are posted atpolice stations. They have advocated that:  The number should be dedicated to public use and installed in the Police ControlRoom/Police Station/ Sub-Divisional Office. In Kerala. They may be given acode number to identify themselves to know the result of the investigation. Toll free telephone number for the public to convey crime information to the public Police services of all states should set up a toll free telephone number for the publicconvenience.  Callers should not be compelled to reveal their identity. This means that officers accused of violating human rights may be called upon to explain why these guidelines were not followed. They are in an invaluable aid for police officers to perform their duties in amanner compatible with prevailing human rights standards. enabling people from remote partsor interiors of districts to access it.„Guidelines of the National Human Rights Commission are increasingly being subject to positive interpretation by the courts.

 Proof of having informed the complainant [postal acknowledgement or writtenacknowledgement] about reasons for the delay in investigation should be kept onthe Case Diary file. the complainant should be informed in writing giving specific reasons for thedelay.intimationshould be . thecomplainant should be informed again in writing about the reasons for non-completionof investigation. The . Callers should be rewarded for their public-spirited service by issuingcommendation certificates if the information results in detection of crimes. the police should explain to the complainant.  If investigation is not completed within six months of registering the FIR.[memo] should be prepared by the investigating officer giving reasons for thedelay to the complainant. Registration of offences and information about progress in investigation Transparency in the investigation process must be maintained. a more detailed .  A copy of the FIR should be given to the complainant and an entry about thisshould be made in the First Case Diary. The Commission hasstressed that complainants must have access to information about their cases. and the acknowledgement should be kept on the Case Diary file.intimation.  If investigation is not completed within three months of the FIR being registered. the reasons why the complaint cannot be registered.  If the investigation is not completed within one year.  If the complaint does not make out a cognizable offence. They havesaid that:  A First Information Report [FIR] should be registered promptly on receiving acomplaint about a cognizable offence.

Station House Officers [SHO] musthold regular monthly meetings in areas falling under their jurisdiction.endorsed by a gazette officer who directly supervises the work of the investigating officer. malice or vindictiveness. use the methods of persuasion. In securing the observance of law or in maintaining order. . The police should recognise and respect the limitations of their powers andfunctions. the police should asfar as practicable.  The complainant should be informed once the investigation is completed and a charge-sheet is filed before the court. 2. This will enablepeople to voice their grievances to the SHO. 4. It will also give the police an opportunity toinform people about law and order issues and enlist their cooperation in maintaining peace and preventing crime. without fear orfavor. Meeting of Station House Officers with the Public In order to strengthen police-public relations. The Commission has advocated that senior officers shouldalso take part in these meetings along-with Station House Officers. The police must bear faithful allegiance to the Constitution of India andrespect and uphold the rights of the citizens as guaranteed by it. advice and warning. Code of Conduct for the Police in India 1. They should enforce the law firmly and impartially. A record of the . her/his family should be informed. In case the complainant is not available for somereason.intimationand its acknowledgement by the complainantshould be kept on the Case Diary file. 3. They should not usurp or even seem to usurp the functions of thejudiciary and sit in judgement on cases to avenge individuals and punish theguilty. A copy of the charge-sheet should be givento the complainant by the police. The gazette officer should personally verify the reasons for delay given by the investigatingofficer. The police should not question the propriety or necessity of any law dulyenacted.

Whenthe application of force becomes inevitable. Recognizing this. so that the public may regard them asexemplary citizens. 6. should maintain calm in theface of danger. only the irreducible minimum offorce required in the circumstances should be used. in turn. The police should realize that the efficient performance of their duties will bedependent on the extent of ready cooperation that they receive from the public. scorn or ridicule and should be ready to sacrifice their lives inprotecting those of others. and shouldcultivate character and the trust of the people. The police should always place duty before self. they should possess dignity and courage. with the onlydifference that in the interest of the society and on its behalf they areemployed to give full time attention to duties which are normally incumbenton every citizen to perform. faithful performance of . they should bedependable and impartial. They should always be ready tooffer individual service and friendship and render necessary assistance to allwithout regard to their wealth and / or social standing. This. Integrity of the highest order is the fundamental basis of the prestige of thepolice. 11. develop self-restraint and be truthful and honest in thought and deed. 10. 9. The police should always keep the welfare of the people in mind and besympathetic and considerate towards them. the police must keep their private lives scrupulouslyclean. 5. The police must recognize that they are members of the public. The prime duty of the police is to prevent crime and disorder and the policemust recognize that the test of their efficiency is the absence of both and notthe visible evidence of police action in dealing with them. inboth personal and official life. 12. The police should recognize that their full utility to the State is best ensuredonly by maintaining a high standard of discipline. The police should always be courteous and well-mannered. will depend on their ability to secure public approval of theirconduct and actions and to earn and retain public respect and confidence. 7. 8.

It seeks to do this through a combination of advocacy. police organizations. linguistic or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to thedignity of women and disadvantaged sections of society. effective police service that ensures the rule of law and a environment of safety and security. efficient. research and networking. As members of a secular. democratic state. the media and the general public to further its aims for reform and the implementation of democratic policing. considers the critical limbs of accountability that must be in place in a democratic police organization and puts forward a roadmap for reform. CHRI published a report on police accountability in the Commonwealth for the 2005 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting. Today. the police should strive continuallyto rise above personal prejudices and promote harmony and the spirit ofcommon brotherhood amongst all the people of India. education. extra-judicial . What is police reform and why do we need it? In too many countries. This report explores the issues around policing in the Commonwealth.duties in accordance with law and implicit obedience to the lawful directionsof commanding ranks and absolute loyalty to the force and by keepingthemselves in the state of constant training and preparedness. 13. governments are failing in their primary duty to provide the public with an honest. The consequences of poor policing include brutality and torture. The existing police systems in many Commonwealth states are a legacy of colonial rule that have been shaped by post-colonial histories. The only legitimate policing is policing that helps create an environment free from fear and conducive to the realization of people’s human rights. activists at the grassroots. The police reforms target policy makers. Guidelines of Commonwealth Human RightsInitiative CHRI’s police reforms aim to realize increased demand for and achievement of police accountability and reform throughout the Commonwealth. transcending religious. civil society groups. sets out a democratic policing framework. membership to the Commonwealth is premised on countries practicing democracy – and democratic governance requires democratic policing.

Critical to the success of democratic policing is the principle that the police should be held accountable: not just by government. impunity. a lack of due process. anger and resentment. diverse or homogenous. What is democratic policing? CHRI believes that democratic nations need democratic policing. but by a wider network of agencies and organizations. The democratic values of the Commonwealth lay down a sound foundation for the development of democratic policing.executions. Impetus for reform has generally arisen out of public concern over rising crime or from incidents of police abuse or failure. large or small. corruption. working on behalf of the interests of the people. which gives practical meaning to the Commonwealth's promise of democracy and good governance and is applicable to any context . within a human rights framework. accompanied by a willingness to learn and address changing contexts. A democratic police organization is one that is Accountable to the law and not a law unto itself:       is accountable to democratic government structures and the community is transparent in its activities gives top operational priority to protecting the safety and rights of individuals and private groups protects human rights provides society with professional services is representative of the community it serves . The Commonwealth has some inspiring examples of governments and police organizations working towards reform. Democratic policing is both a process and an outcome. bias and discrimination and public fear.rich or poor. Some police organizations have undergone varying degrees of modernization and transformation.

policing is a state power. There has been almost 30 years of debate on policing and reform in India. with commission after commission submitting reports and recommendations to governments. Most state governments have a police law that adopts or reflects the basic ideas of the 1861 legislation. two former Director Generals of Police asked the Supreme Court to direct central and state governments to address the most glaring gaps and bad practice in the functioning of the police. Under the Indian Constitution. with a Supreme Court decision that required Indian governments to ensure police accountability and the release of a draft Model Police Act by a national Police Act Drafting Committee. The Supreme Court directives In 1996. Union of India. On 22 September 2006. Each report has gone unimplemented. there was a shift in the reform process. the Supreme Court of India delivered a historic judgment in Prakash Singh vs.Police Reforms: India India's police are governed by archaic and colonial police laws harking back to 1861. At the end of 2006. which means that state governments have the responsibility to provide their communities with a police service (the national government has the responsibility for policing in union territories). instructing central and state governments to comply with a set of seven directives that laid down practical .

streamlined appointment and transfer processes. CHRI facilitated a series of civil society consultation workshops across India. The Court's directives sought to achieve functional autonomy for the police (through security of tenure. Aim The aim of CHRI's India police program is to develop and disseminate police reform and accountability expertise. catalyze demand for police reform. The PADC was required to take into account the changing roles. the central government set up a Police Act Drafting Committee (PADC) . and the creation of a "buffer body" between the police and the government) and enhanced police accountability (both for organizational performance and individual misconduct. Also in 2006. the programs on the government Police Act Drafting Committee. build civil society capacity to advocate for police reform and advise on police accountability. State government responses varied tremendously. The PADC submitted its Model Police Act to the Home Ministry on 30 October 2006. bringing the police reform debate to the community. ranging from complying in time with the directives through executive orders. particularly around the Supreme Court directives and the Model Police Act and to monitor government compliance with the Supreme Court directives. providing a critical . to expressing strong objections to the directives and asking the Court to conduct a review.) The Supreme Court required all governments.and asked it to draft a new model bill to guide state government's adoption of new police laws. at centre and state levels.commonly known as the Soli Sorabjee Committee . Activities In 2006. Police Act Drafting Committee In October 2005. responsibilities and challenges of policing. to comply with the seven directives by 31 December 2006 and to file affidavits of compliance by the 3rd of January 2007.mechanisms to kick-start police reform.

We will have to move slowly and methodically here. We cannot have a base that is baseless and an insecure leadership. He said that first the crux of the reforms needed to be implemented. there will be an independent body established to which police departments will be accountable and this will not merely consist of executives. I suggest we take this phase-wise. ill-trained and most of all. REFORMS A MIRAGE? “Intelligentsias speak!!!!” ‘Soli Sorabjee’said that he did not think that reforms were something that politicians would pay lip service to and they would not remain a mirage forever. Police officers are politically appointed and politically removed. "At least the Delhi state government and the other Union Territories should do this and set an example for all the other states." Sorabjee said that the police was not accountable to political masters and therefore there was no problem in freeing them from the clutches of politicians. "According to the reform recommendations.human rights and civil society voice as a model law was drafted for India. ill-led. We need secure leadership for the 80 per cent base. but if they don't then they would have a real risk for being hauled up for contempt. CHRI continues to monitor compliance with the Supreme Court directives and to advocate for police accountability and reform around the Model Police Act and the directives. He said that the police was accountable to the law and to the Constitution. It is possible that to create a police force completely divorced from the political society may not be possible in the first place. This will also have retired police and judicial officers. many parts to police reforms. "We are ill-equipped. at least not this time around. which is the constabulary. CHRI also intervened in the Supreme Court case Prakash Singh. After ." she stated." Sorabjee said. the real intelligence collector. ‘Abhishek Manu Singhvi’said that there were many. "The reforms are not monolithic and if you try and ram down the most extreme part first. ‘Kiran Bedi’said that there were fundamental problems with the constabulary that needed to be solved. we might not get anywhere. I think most states would follow the example.

it is necessary to educate ourselves into accepting that respect for the right of the individuals is true bastion of democracy. 1983 SC 1806. the Supreme Court held that ‘Article 21 which guarantees the right to life and liberty will be denuded of its significant content if the powers of the court were limited to passing orders of release from illegal detention. too well known to mention suffer. Violation of human rights committed by the police will be visited with consequences of entailing criminal prosecution and award of compensation by the High Court and Supreme Court in the exercise of their extra ordinary jurisdiction.all. "Try for the small change and then in a few months' or a few years' time." he concluded.the Supreme . there has to be accountability in other organs of India through the political class. The State must repair the damage done by its officers to the rights of the petitioner’. AIR. That's the way the police has been functioning. go in for the bigger change. Administrative sclerosis leading to flagrant infringement of fundamental rights cannot be corrected by any other method open to judiciary to adopt. Lesson for the Police (a)Compensation for violation of human rights: It has been widely believed that violation of human rights by Police during the course of investigation is so rampant that more emphasis is required to be given to the protection of human rights as a result of which not a single iota of criminality can be exposed by the police." He added that he was not saying that reforms were not required in the future. One of the telling ways in which the violation of that right can reasonably be prevented and due compliance with the mandate of Article 21 secured. but that they be tried out in medium and smaller phases at first. 1986 SC 494. In Rudul Shah Vs State of Bihar. AIR. The right to compensation is some palliative for the illegal acts of the instrumentalities which act in the name of public interest and which present for their protection the power of the State as a shield. (b)In Bhim Singh Vs State of J&K. is to mulch its violators in the payment of monetary compensation. If civilization is not to perish in this country as it has perished in some others.

Chandrima Das. Citizen sacrificed life in apprehending criminal as directed by Police entitled to compensation. Where public functionaries are involved and the matter relates to violation of the Fundamental Rights or the enforcement of public duties. (d)Rape Committed on Women by Railway Employee in a building to railway is violation of Article 21 and compensation can be granted under Article 226 notwithstanding that suit could be filed for damages in civil court: In Chairman. 2001 Cr. The court further held that police officer must show greatest respect for personal liberty of citizen.Court held that arrest of a member of Legislative Assembly while enroot to attend the Assembly session with mischievous and malicious intent will be compensated by awarding suitable monetary compensation in appropriate case. the Supreme Court held that ‘Rape committed on a woman by railway employee in a building belonging to railways – Petition for compensation by victim against Government. LJ 2303 (Bom). Accused rescuing person arrested illegally by Police Constable firing gun shots which was followed by firing by the accused inflicting injury to the Police constable and their associates. the Bombay High Court held that it is the duty of the State to maintain law and order through Police force and when a member of the Police force directs a citizen to chase and . Railway Board Vs Mrs. The accused acted in his right of private defense. Any illegal arrest will provide the arrestee an opportunity to exercise his right of private defense against the policeman who is making the illegal arrest.Maintainable not withstanding that the suit could be filed for damages in Civil Court. In State of UP Vs Niyamat and others. Khalid Razak Sheikh (deceased). (c)Illegal arrest by the police vis-à-vis right of private defense:Criminal Law of India permits a Policeman to arrest a person if he is involved in a cognizable case or there is any complaint or any reasonable suspicion of committing cognizable offence. the remedy would still be available under the Public Law not withstanding that a suit could be filed for damages under Private Law’. In Re. (1987) I Reports (SC) 678. SC 988. the Supreme Court held that illegal arrest by police constable would justify right of private defense. AIR 200.

be paid to widow to meet the ends of justice. a compensation of Rs 3. compensation is the legitimate right of his widow and not an act of charity on the part of the State. including illegal detention and torture. The Indian government has promised to pursue police reforms actively." said Adams." . but if I don’t do it. will face appropriate punishment. Human Rights Watch said that a critical step is to ensure that police officers who commit human rights violations. regardless of rank. One officer said that he had been ordered to commit an "encounter killing." as the practice of taking into custody and extra-judicially executing an individual is commonly known. "There shouldn’t be one standard for police who violate the law and another for average citizens. "I am looking for my target.000/. As a matter of fact. but many believed that unlawful methods. the State Government is directed to give her suitable employment in the event of making an application for employment by her. Thus. in view of the fact that the widow of deceased is living in a very expensive town. "Police who commit or order torture and other abuses need to be treated as the criminals they are. Further. … I fear being put in jail. Several police officers admitted to Human Rights Watch that they routinely committed abuses. the State cannot be permitted to wriggle out of its responsibility to pay compensation in the event of death of such a citizen.apprehend those who are suspected of committing offences." Almost every police officer interviewed by Human Rights Watch was aware of the boundaries of the law. Human Rights Watch and Police speak…. I’ll lose my position. A contrary approach would demoralize the citizen and would result in people shying from rushing to that assistance of the police in such situations and indeed would be distressing. were necessary tactics of crime investigation and law enforcement." the officer said. "I will eliminate him. the State should feel thankful that there are citizens like deceased who at the peril of their lives join a chase to apprehend those suspected of committing crimes. In the circumstances in which the deceased died.00.

mobile phones. or their lack of social status or political connections. Colonial-era police laws enable state and local politicians to interfere routinely in police operations. women. especially meted out by police as punishment for alleged crimes. Receiving little or no encouragement to collect forensic evidence and witness statements. Police often fail to investigate crimes against them because of discrimination." "Broken System" also documents the particular vulnerability to police abuse of traditionally marginalized groups in India. investigative tools and even paper on which to record complaints and make notes. training. Members of these groups are also more vulnerable to arbitrary arrest and torture. Instead of shifts. These practices corrode public confidence. They are required to be on-call 24 hours a day. sometimes living in tents or filthy barracks at the police station. they instead held suspects illegally and coerced them to confess. and to harass or file false charges against political opponents. Low-ranking officers often work in difficult conditions. sometimes directing police officers to drop investigations against people with political connections. every day. "Officers should not be put into a position where they think they have to turn to abuse to meet superiors’ demands. including known criminals. "Conditions and incentives for police officers need to change. Police officers told Human Rights Watch that they used "short-cuts" to cope with overwhelming workloads and insufficient resources. . Instead they should be given the resources." Adams said. tactics considered time-consuming. Many officers described facing unrealistic pressure from their superiors to solve cases quickly. equipment. They include the poor. Many are separated from their families for long stretches of time. the victims’ inability to pay bribes. many work long hours. For instance. they described how they or others cut caseloads by refusing to register crime complaints. They often lack necessary equipment. or obey orders to abuse. and religious and sexual minorities. including vehicles.Human Rights Watch also said that while not excusing abuses. frequently using torture and illtreatment. abysmal conditions for police officers contribute to violations. and encouragement to act professionally and ethically. Dalits (so-called "untouchables").

Her feet were clean. It is hard for us to resist. so we should not beat him with a stick." — Inspector in charge of a police station in Phagwara. militants. In the morning. Punjab "Often. We are bound to fulfill the case."She was kept in the police station all night. describing her death in police custodyin Ludhiana "We have no time to think. It is obvious that the police killed her and then pretended she had committed suicide. How much can a person take? … We have to keep watch on an accused person. Punjab . the 24-hour law-and-order duty. because our working conditions. We are not claiming that our power makes us born to work all the times. a person may turn to violence. What remains with us? A sense of panic surrounds our mind that if we don’t come to a conclusion we will be suspended or faces punishment. I said that the man would be refused bail and would rot in jail and that was enough punishment. our facilities are bad." — Constable in Punjab "With all the mental stress. ‘investigate within 24 hours.’ but they never care about how I will do [that]. a sub-inspector who heads a rural police station in Punjab state "They say. one time. but what about us? Living like this 24 hours. I tell my men that a victim will only come to the police station because we can give him justice. they said she had killed herself. But often the men are tired and irritable and mistakes take place. it is impossible that she hanged herself from it. my officer had asked me to beat up someone." — Sub inspector working in Gurdaspur. Sometimes we beat or detain illegally. it is our superiors who ask us to do wrong things. But that made my officer angry. The branch was so low. They showed us her body. their human rights." — Brother-in-law of a victim. the political pressure. although there was wet mud all around and she would have walked through it to reach the tree. where she was hanging from a tree inside the police station. So we are contributing to creating criminals. what are the resources. no time to sleep. when we went to meet her. I remember." —. … There is use of force in sensational cases because we are not equipped with scientific methods. we must cover the facts in any way.

Principle and practice should not differ and therefore training in human rights laws should be made compulsory . 2. making the police accountable. This would ensure that every victim of human rights violation has a platform for redressal. There should be an independent board composed of civil society members with no police officials on-board which should enquire into any allegations of complaints against police officials.RECOMMENDATIONS: 1. 3. Improve training and equipment. The eighth report of the NPC recommended that protection available to the police officers from prosecution under section 132 and 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure which mandate prior sanction of the government in order to prosecute any public servant including police official for any act done in discharge of his official duty be withdrawn or that a proviso be added to the section to initiate automatic judicial enquiry in every refusal to prosecute. 6. This recommendation must be implemented. or degrading treatment in suspect interrogations. and providing basic forensic equipment to every police officer. including strengthening the crimeinvestigation curriculum at police academies. and 4. Bolster independent investigations into complaints of police abuse and misconduct through national and state human rights commissions and police complaints authorities. Exclude from court any evidence police obtain by using torture or cruel. Require the police to read suspects their rights upon arrest or any detention. which will increase institutional acceptance of these safeguards. inhuman. training low-ranking officers to assist in crime investigations. Making the police more accountable would deter police officials from harassing citizens. The law in books must be put to practice and this can only be ensured by imparting human rights education. 7. 5.

Technology and better weapon system should be provided to the police. . police should be considerate with the victim’s problems. The police should concentrate on customer service as they are the keys of country. should be quick. They should improve their dealing with the society. efficient and effective in response to the complaints made and should be polite to the complaint. If any violation of human rights has been committed by a subordinate officer and subsequently the superior officer. The selection of officials should be made more rigid. A revised pay scale for lower officials is very much required. does not institute disciplinary action against him then there should be a presumption about his complicity in executing the incident. Anti – corruption vigilant should given be given top priority. 8. even after the incident came to his knowledge. Public camps should be put up so that the communication gap between the police and public should also reduce. Polite to the complaints. The traffic regulations should also be made more rigorous. They should not indulge in crimes like taking bribes. The police officials should not be bias and should not exploit poor people for money and in case of rape victims thepolice should not humiliate the victim. Recommendations of the people with respect to the working of Punjab Police The foremost thing which is said by the society is that the officials should be honest and sincere towards their work. People believe that the corrupt officials should be penalized for not taking proper action against the culprits. Police is too lethargic. should improve their dealings with the society.for all police officials. The need of the hour is that 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) The writing conditions of the police needs to be improved. This will sensitize and inculcate respect for human rights in them and also improve police-public relations.

whatever wrong you do can be rectified by money. 9) Should be well-educated. They are all corrupt n they are all the same.6) Since the police officials are over-weight continuous fitness camps should be held for them.” “Actually I am almost satisfied with the service of police in my hometown. personally feel that all police group should . The traffic police is rarely present anywhere. continuous fitness camps should be held for them. 10) Proper security for women should be arranged for and eve-teasing should be kept a check on. The traffic rules come across so many people breaking traffic rules.” “Punjab police should organise public camps in a scheduled manner throughout the year so that different communities could convey their problems to senior officials and in that manner police will become friendly to the public. especially in Ludhiana. 8) Since the police officials are over-weight. 11) Police should be pro. So the traffic police must be more active in their duties. 12) Higher officials should keep a proper check on their subordinates. If we talk about state police or country police then I. “Quotes from people of Punjab” “Police can never be changed they will always remain the same. 13) Police should be free from political pressure. 7) Technology and better weapon system should be provided to the police.” “There should be rigorous regulations on traffic rules.active to avoid problem at the 1st place.

Joint exercises with foreign police officials. Anti-corruption vigilant should be given top priority. Pay scales needs to be revised for the junior officials. Better redressal of problem related to police.” “The Punjab Police need to be shaken out of their lethargy and lackadaisical attitude. ” Suggestions from our side:       Adopt a comprehensive human rights policy. Ensure that policies and strategies of the policeagency are based on respect for democratic government. A special cell should be formed to track unknown callers especially to girls from the opposite sex.  . Devise means to discover the specific needs of thelocal community. misuse of power should be controlled. Continuous fitness exercises.Technology and better weapon system. Police should make people aware about the different happenings…. Provide human rights training to all police. Cooperate with national and international human rights organizations. The State Government needs to improve their working conditions and at the same time pressurize them to take their sincerely and seriously. Protect and respect the human rights of all persons.work together to reduce crime rate. and should serve the people honestly. Incorporate human rights standards into standing orders for the police . including rights essential to political processes. Maintain and preserve social order so that democraticpolitical processes can be conducted constitutionallyand legally.” “Lady Police should be made to check eve teasing in civil dress. and respond to those needs.” “The selection procedure of IPS officers should be made more rigid so that the best are selected. at recruitment and periodically.

witnesses or victims in attempting to obtaininformation. family. shall be exerted on suspects.disarming language when affecting an arrest. Solicit technical cooperation. through in-servicetraining or community education programs. authoritative tones only whennecessary. Participate in training to develop and maintain thenecessary interpersonal skills. physical or mental. Study conflict-resolution techniques. resortingto strong. Victims and witnesses are to be treated with compassionand consideration. Provide training in interpersonal skills. briefing and tactics adopted are appropriateto the circumstances and conditions underwhich the arrest is to be made. No one shall be subjected to unlawful attacks on his orher honor or reputation.preparation. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference withhis or her privacy. including. to enable you to effect arrestsexpertly. and that planning. ensure thata range of options is available. Torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment isabsolutely prohibited. polite. from international technical policing programson current techniques and technologies forpolice investigations. Confidentiality and care in the handling of sensitiveinformation are to be exercised at all times. When arrests can be planned in advance. self-defense and the use ofrestraint mechanisms. and especially skillsof communication.              . attempt calm. No pressure. wherenecessary. Where resistance is not evident. home or correspondence. discreetly and with due respect for humandignity. conflictresolutiontechniques. Announce and enforce strict penalties for violationsof regulations regarding the legality of investigatorypractices. Ensure that the composition of the police agency isrepresentative of the entire community through fairand non-discriminatory recruitment and managementpolicies and practices.

Officials who commit abuses of these rules shall not beexcused on the grounds that they were following superiororders. Superior officials shall be held responsible for theactions of police under their command if the superiorofficial knew or should have known of abuses but failedto take concrete action. physical or mental. Report immediately any suspicion of mistreatmentof detainees. To make civil society a reality there has to be controls. to be on duty at all times.            Officials who refuse unlawful superior orders shall begiven immunity. to criminal prosecution forserious violations. Establish and announce an appropriate range ofpenalties for police violations.riot-control. Everyone wants to be a beneficiary of law but no one wants to be its victim. toensure safety and security. There isan inherent contradiction. periodic checks of detainees. first-aid. paydocking and termination. Enroll in training programs to sharpen your counseling. Carry out regular. includingsuicide prevention. Assign at least one officer with training inpsychological care and counseling. Participate in stress-counseling activities. restraint and discipline. All incidents of the use of force or firearms shall bereported to and reviewed by superior officials. selfdefense. what needs to be determined is the degree and method through which it can beachieved.  . The police seek more power so that they can bring about a sense of accountability totheir work whereas the public believe that it is because of the unrestricted power thatthe police wield that they are unaccountable for their actions. Coercive power needs to be tempered with a degree of accountability on thepart of the police. Consult closely with medical personnel on all mattersof diet. conflictresolutionand supervisory skills. from suspension.

Reforms should target not only the service as a whole but also individuals becauseafter all it is the individual who runs the system. Mr.K. its misuse isn. participationshould involve not only the public and the police but also politicians.law enforcement doesn’tany longer mean law and order but means upholding all the laws of the land. Instead of looking at revising the Police Act of 1861 in isolation. The process of advocating police reforms needs to become a demand from thecommunity.t. A greater consciousness of individualperformance has to be sought thorough training and incentives. An in-built system ofaccountability has to be created. People are fatigued because they are bombarded with instances of corruption andquestions being asked but with no solutions provided.. While reporting on human rights perspective of the victim as wellthe situation of the police should be taken into consideration. Anthony had given autonomy to the police freefrom the interference of the politicians. It is imperative that whenever a debate on police reforms is initiated. Even though the powers of the police are legal. It is often theirinterference that hampers effective policing. Police derives its strength from the Constitution which is the reflection of theaspirations of common man. The ex-Chief Minister of the state. small interventionsshould be made at every step of policing. This initiative though noble in its conceptfailed because there was no legal mandate attached to it. Effective policing will come about only if the police seetheir role as upholding the basic values of the Constitution . The police have always been treated in isolation when it comes to tracing humanrights violations. The criminalization process in the police has become severe. It is imperative for a reporter to go beyond the surface of what islargely believed to be true and try and portray a more accurate picture of the event. Generally it’s the police who bear the brunt of media bashing whenever there is acrime committed. In the absence of proper investigating techniques the easiest way to solve a crime is toextract confessions from the accused which leads to a culture of coercion andexercise of unauthorized power accounting for human rights excesses. The Kerala case study was cited. while          . A. There needs to be amechanism where in at the time of recruitment one can carry out a systematic processof psychological profiling of the recruits.

     Identifying the gaps in police performance STEP TWO – ESTABLISH DESIRED PERFORMANCE SKILLS GAP STEP THREE – IDENTIFY ACTUAL PERFORMANCE STEP FOUR – CAPACITY-BUILDING SPECIFICATION .remembering thatdifficulty of policing is not an excuse for violence or illegality and poor serviceconditions are not akin to violations of human rights. Fourthly fitness test should be conducted for the officers from time to time.  Firstly the officials should be technically trained and well equipped with new methodologies to track the criminal’s or the law breakers. The number of officials should be increased in each and every unit. And they should be given on the job training time to time At times Police officials don’t pen down the complaints of the complainant due to some of the reasons whether their personal interest or political pressure strict action should be taken against these officials even proper complaint cells should be made. Lastly the police officials should be more centralized.

They can be generated by using some form ofself-appraisal questionnaire. using a checklist method or in free text form. Many police organizations have humanresource information systems that include a facility for self-assessment againstspecific competency frameworks. averagecompletion times and performance standards in . It is capable of delivering relevant data on capacity needs at the very point where properly specified training anddevelopment can have the best impact. particularly middle to senior rankingofficers. Different techniques can be applied inobserving. It must. OBSERVATION Observing officers and support staff in the workplace is a direct and objective method of gathering data. Observation can target data that relates toparticular elements of the job or the whole job. knowing that it will bring personal development benefits. A workstudy observation will involve making recordings of work activities. In the initial stages officers may find itdifficult to link a performance need to a known or possible capacity-buildingintervention. be properly orchestrated with the use of training anddevelopment guides and briefing sessions. Officers who are assessing themselves are more likely to respond withcommitment.This method also makes it easier to obtain data from a wide range of sources in areasonable period and at relatively little expense.1. SELF-ASSESSMENTS Self-assessments are relatively untried as a technique in ascertaining capacitybuildingneeds among police staff. It has the advantage of obtaining first-hand evidence about apolicing job and the manner of performance. work measurement and simple observation. such as work studies. With thecorrect level of briefing on the use of the forms this can be an effective method ofgathering data from individual police officers. A police reform program must include greateremphasis upon middle to senior officers taking responsibility for their owndevelopment and the use of self-assessments creates obvious advantages in this effort. however. It is contingent upon officers havingsufficient knowledge of their present and future jobs to provide properly informedideas about their capacity-building needs. 2.

Of course. They represent the ultimatecombination of a number of techniques such as interviews. simulations. Whilst useful and effective. written tests. making an arrest of a violent or dangerous person. piloting. It thus provides a fully comprehensiveanalysis of performance measured against the defined standards in a job profile andthereby indicates precise gaps in performance and capacity needs. Observers must beproperly trained and aware of the need to reduce their influence in the observationprocess to a minimum. ASSESSMENT CENTRE Assessment centre represent the high end of performance gap analysis in a policeorganization. Role-plays are a form of simulation thatcan be used to assess a common and repetitive job task. as well as expert in interpreting what they see and hear inaccordance with a defined schedule. In addition.Assessment Centre require careful design to ensure that the various tests andsimulations accurately reflect the requirements of the relevant job. They are particularlyappropriate in simulating those policing incidents that do not occur frequently andrequire a high performance standard. the results extracted fromassessment centre exercises need to becarefully analyzed. during or after a capacity-building program. SIMULATION EXERCISES Simulation exercises are an increasingly popular method of observing police officersin job tasks that might be inappropriately observed on the street: for example. Observation is a technique that seeks to measure staff behavior and can take placeeither before. The observation can be recorded using videorecording or audio recording equipment. although the presence of a camera mayhave a negative impact on the results. 3. resources and equipment.group exercises and individual exercises.are external to thetarget group and not known to them.respect of each task. such simulations are expensive to operate interms of development. This and other aspectsof the assessment centre make it anexpensive . conducting an armed siege andcontrolling a violent demonstration or riot. it has evolved into a potent method of identifyingperformance needs. theydemand a team of skilled observers who – it is recommended . Whilst the assessment centre originated asa selection and recruitment tool. 4. in terms of cost and sophistication. Through use of such a range of techniques the assessmentcentre can obtain a comprehensive picture of a staff member's extant and potentialcompetence to perform at a defined level. particularly among police supervisors andleaders.

Contingent on the quality of the source data. at the end of the chapter some externally sourced data that can be used toidentify gaps in performance will be briefly considered. 4. whereas externally sourced data will tend to be phrased in moregeneral terms. i. Interviews can either be structured or unstructured. such as criminal investigations and surveillance teams.exercise in terms of the cost ofthe observer group and the considerablecost to the organization of abstracting theassessment group from the workplace forperiods of a day or more. Themain area of interest in this book is the acquisition of data by capacitybuildingspecialists who operate within a police organization. structured or unstructured. Familiar and easy to use. the identification of future police leaders andmanagers of specialist units. In view of thecosts. Itcreates an advantage when the responses to questions need further elaboration interms of the causes of behavioral change and reactions to particular situations.unstructured interviews provide scope for more probing and exploratory questions inthe search for more detail. It has proved an effective tool in those police organizations with a policy of fasttrackingtalented officers into senior ranks. internally sourced data. INTERVIEWS The interview is the next most popular evaluation tool.GATHERING DATA ABOUT PERFORMANCE Data about police performance can be sourced either internally or externally. It requires a number ofinterviewers and will generally exclude any additional or probing questions. externalmaterial can be useful as a means of highlighting deficiencies in police performancethat the Commissioner can follow through with a more detailed internal study 5.e. The former is similar to thequestionnaire and is best applied where time is limited. However. The interview is the most popular tool employed by capacitybuilding specialists. the interview technique is perhaps too often used to theexclusion of other methods and often done without the requisite skills to make it fullyeffective. The range of use is broad: including. However. single interviewees or groups. however. the assessment centre is usuallyused for senior officer development. As will be seen. internallysourced data has the advantage of being consciously linked to the skill areas definedin a job profile. and formal and informal .

in the workplace or via telephone.Tarn Taran. Depiction Of Results Through Graphs We have conducted a survey in various cities of Punjab: Amritsar.Nawanshar.interviews. Patiala . The results of the research are depicted through graphs .Jandiala. It can be conducted inperson.Jalandhar. Zirakpur. .Gurdaspur. With the help of questionnaire attached with the project. in private.Ropar. Ferozpur. Mohali.Ludhiana.Phagwara.

03% 1.1. 7. Victim of crime.27% 29.69% Yes No Can't Remember 63. No of victims who have reported the crime to Punjab Police .

59% 3.64% 33.72% Nature Of Crimes 2.21% Yes No Can't Remember 72.06% 21.6.75% Yes No Not Sure 51. Motor Vehicle and Vehicle component Theft . Taking illicit drugs 14.

45% Yes No Not Sure 5.4.27% Yes No Not Sure 62.84% 27. House Break In 6.87% 4.66% 47. Domestic Violence .87% 45.

37% 19. Rape And Attempted Rape 17.93% Not Sure 6.03% .6.06% Yes 40% No 53.39% Yes No Not Sure 63.

65% 41.7. Mugging and Petty Thieves 10. Car Jacking 12.30% 24.24% 8.56% Yes No Not Sure 45.45% Yes No Not Sure 64.78% .

82% 27.71% Others .18% Victim Witness Acquaintances Local Police Media 10. Source Of Awareness of crimes 1.71% 35.Crimes That Prevail in Punjab Car Jacking Mugging and Petty Thieves Rape And Attempted Rape Domestic Violence House Break in Vehicle Theft Illicit Drugs 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 9.53% 15.04% 9.

93% .37% Satisfied Very Satisfied 27.10.54% 20.63% 38.45% Extremely Satisfied Dissatisfied Moderately satisfied 44. Botherance about occurrence of crime 3.27% 11.78% 43.40% 4.63% Extremely Worried Not Worried Moderately Worried Don't Know 13. Satisfication with level of security in neighbourhood 3.

51% 13. Satisfaction With Police Service 3.75% Yes No Not Sure 51.72% 35.09% 21.90% 50% Very satisfied .12.65% 6.34% Extremely satisfied Dissatisfied Moderately satisfied Satisfied 18. Police Visibility 12.

14.33% 16.36% 15.08% Not Sure Not at all 24.36% .80% 5-10 minutes 10-30 minutes 30 minutes 10.20% 4. Active Reporting of crime to police 43.20% Less than 5 minutes 40.63% Yes No 56. Time taken by police to arrive at crime scene 4.

88% 26. Reason behind satisfaction of police response 2.22% 8.61% 23. Satisfaction with police response 17.16.77% 31.27% Yes No Not sure 59.11% 17.66% 13.11% Other Reasons .33% Concerned with the problem Act fast High integrity Willing to assist Friendly 17.

39% 9.09% 25.18.26% No assistance Rude 24.87% 6. Willingness of reporting a crime .75% Other reasons Reporting Crime 19.60% No concern with the problem Slow Low integrity 29. Reason behind dissatisfaction of police response 4.

21.94% .45% 25.95% Yes No 78.36% Ensuring better services Insurance claims Other reasons 16.05% 20. Reason behind willingness 1.89% 6.32% Apprehension of criminals Ensuring knowledge of crime to police 49.

Offer to Bribe 40. Unwillingness behind not-reporting 21.30% Not a serious crime No assistance Too much of botherance Other reason 30.76% .21.24% Yes No 59.21% 30.30% 18.81% Offering Bribe 22.

23% 54.40% 5.58% Higher Officials 25.60% 62. Level of corruption in classes of police 11.80% Lower Officials All of them . Reason to offer bribe 5.95% Amount of bond is high Other reasons 24.23.40% Attending court is troublesome Police request for it 34.

Satisfaction in different areas of police performance None of them Commercial Crime Car Jacking Violent crime Robbery Gang related crimes Drug related crime Customer service Crime Prevention Law and order 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 26.25. Areas of crime on which police should concentrate All Commercial Crime Violent crime Robbery Gang related crimes Customer Service Community Policing Crime Prevention Law and order 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 .

Recent Articles on atrocities by Punjab Police Maken criticizes Punjab government for ‘misuse of police’ September 22nd. from the National Human Rights Commission to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). However. "Protecting the Killers: A Policy of Impunity in Punjab. Beginning in the 1980s. “No one disputes that the militants were guilty of numerous human rights abuses. and indiscriminate bomb attacks in crowded places.” said Brad Adams.8:00 pm ICT by IANS Delhi) . Sikh separatists in Punjab committed serious human rights abuses. The 123-page report. In its counterinsurgency operations in Punjab from 1984 to 1995. Indian security forces committed serious human rights abuses against tens of thousands of Sikhs.” and tortured thousands of Sikhs during its counterinsurgency campaign in the Punjab. Human Rights Watch and Ensaaf said in a new report released today. to provide justice for victims’ families. and an extensive reparations program. attacks upon Hindu minorities in the state.’ and torture of individuals accused of supporting the militants.” A key case discussed in detail in the report is the Punjab “mass cremations case. “disappeared. the commission has narrowed its efforts to merely establishing the identity of the . a body specially empowered by the Supreme Court to address this case. None of the key architects of this counterinsurgency strategy who bear substantial responsibility for these atrocities have been brought to justice. where security forces committed large-scale human rights violations without any accountability. The case is currently before the National Human Rights Commission. including the establishment of a commission of inquiry. In order to end the institutional defects that foster impunity in Punjab and elsewhere in the country. 2009 . ‘disappearance.” in which the security services are implicated in thousands of killings and secret cremations throughout Punjab to hide the evidence of wrongdoing. including the massacre of civilians. “Impunity in India has been rampant in Punjab. The report describes the impunity enjoyed by officials responsible for violations and the near total failure of India’s judicial and state institutions. the government should take new legal and practical steps.The Indian government must take concrete steps to hold accountable members of its security forces who killed. India. but the government should have acted within the law instead of sanctioning the killing. a special prosecutor’s office. Asia director at Human Rights Watch." examines the challenges faced by victims and their relatives in pursuing legal avenues for accountability for the human rights abuses perpetrated during the government’s counterinsurgency campaign.

an unresponsive judiciary. with very little evidence being recorded at each hearing.” said JaskaranKaur. During this time. More than a year later. and they would also do that to Kulwinder Singh’s wife. the commission has failed to independently investigate a single case and explicitly refuses to identify any responsible officials..” The report discusses the case of Jaswant Singh Khalra.. He brought his case before the Punjab & Haryana High Court and the CBI Special Court.. It if fails. ParamjitKaur. co-director of Ensaaf. This has grave implications for Indian democracy.” Victims and their families seeking justice face severe challenges.individuals who were secretly cremated in three crematoria in just one district of Punjab. and the failure to charge senior government officials despite evidence of their role in the abuses." After Mohinder Singh’s son Jugraj Singh was killed in an alleged faked armed encounter between security forces and separatists in January 1995.” said Adams. “Delivering justice in Punjab could set precedents throughout India for the redress of mass state crimes and superior responsibility. The caller would say that they had killed thousands of boys and thrown them into canals. . or me and my wife. he pursued numerous avenues of justice. a leading human rights defender in Punjab who was abducted and then murdered in October 1995 by government officials after being held in illegal detention for almost two months. In September 2006. It has rejected cases from other districts and has ignored the intentional violations of human rights perpetrated by India’s security forces. For more than a decade. and with two to three months between hearings. Tarlochan Singh described the hurdles he has faced in his now 18-year struggle before Indian courts for justice for the killing of his son. including prolonged trials. Kulwinder Singh: "I used to receive threatening phone calls. “We still hold out hope that it will change course and bring justice to victims and their families.. “Indians and the rest of the world are watching to see if the current Indian government can muster the political will to do the right thing. kid. “The National Human Rights Commission has inexplicably failed in its duties to investigate and establish exactly what happened in Punjab. Despite credible eyewitness testimony that police chief KPS Gill was directly involved in interrogating Khalra in illegal detention just days prior to Khalra’s murder. the Central Bureau of Investigation has thus far refused to investigate or prosecute Gill. she is still waiting for a hearing on the merits. filed a petition in the Punjab & Haryana High Court calling on the CBI to take action against Gill. "The trial has been proceeding . key witnesses have died. police intimidation and harassment of witnesses. Khalra’s widow. biased prosecutors. then the only conclusion that can be reached is that the state’s institutions cannot or will not take on the security establishment.

justice.” . a special prosecutor’s office.but no police officer was charged. You have to live here and they can pick you up at any time. 11 years and a few inquiry reports later. A CBI investigation found that Jugraj Singh had been killed and cremated by the police. and an extensive reparations program. But you shouldn’t get into a confrontation with the police. However. and civil servants that it neither tolerates nor condones gross human rights violations under any circumstances. “The government’s illegal and inhuman policies in the name of security have allowed a culture of impunity to prevail that has brutalized its police and security forces.” said Kaur. courts. the CBI court ended Mohinder Singh’s pursuit for accountability by dismissing his case in 2006. He further said that: ‘I see you running around pursuing your case. he told me that I wasn’t going to get anything out of this. prosecutors.” said Adams.” Human Rights Watch and Ensaaf expressed concern that the Indian government continues to cite the counterinsurgency operations in Punjab as a model for preserving national integrity. and reparations to its victims. The detailed recommendations include establishing a commission of inquiry. Not justice and not even compensation. who demand nothing more than their rights guaranteed by India’s constitution and international law. The report suggests a comprehensive framework to address the institutionalized impunity that has prevented accountability in Punjab.’ He was indirectly threatening me. Mohinder Singh describes his interactions with the CBI: “On one occasion when *the officer+ from the CBI came to my house. “This requires a comprehensive and credible process of accountability that delivers truth. “The Indian government needs to send a clear message to its security services.

Punjab police said that the police took action against Amitabh when he tried to forcibly enter the stadium ground. the petitioner has annexed a picture taken by a Newsline photographer clearly showing Punjab police officials thrashing the youth.PCA beating: complaint filed against Punjab Police RAGHAV OHRI Posted: May 14. who stays with his parents at a government accommodation in Sector 23. he even assaulted SHO. Bhalla. William Jeji and then a UT Constable Krishan Pal. His father is a gazetted officer and had retired from the Punjab government about a year ago. IST Chandigarh. We did not assault him. As an evidence. Mohali police have booked Amitabh on charges of restricting a government servant from performing his official duty and assault. according to his neighbours. Mohali. he fell in the gutter and also pulled a policeman along with him.” stated the complaint.” said one of the senior Punjab police officials. the police officials allegedly started beating him. and the police officers seen in the photographs beating the youth.” said Advocate K P S Dhillon. Mohinder Singh. the complainant is competent to file the present complaint for the protection of human rights before the commission. When we tried to catch hold of him. May 13 A complaint demanding stern action against Punjab police officers who allegedly mercilessly beat up a Chandigarh-based youth on Monday at the PCA stadium. He was released on bail today. Amitabh Bhalla (30) had slipped into a ditch at the PCA stadium here while cheering and watching the IPL match. has demanded an inquiry into the incident and action against the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP). . The petitioner also demanded adequate compensation for the victim. “The policemen were trying to stop him. Nayagaon. The complainant. was filed today in the Punjab State Human Rights Commission (PSHRC). His younger brother works in Jalandhar. 2008 at 0118 hrs. Amitabh Bhalla. “Since there is a gross violation of human rights involved in this case. is fond of weight-training. Mohali. “Rather than providing assistance to the youth. Both were part of the additional force summoned on the spot by the Mohali police to manage the law and order situation in and around the stadium.

They are asked to bear responsibility without the power or the freedom to take effective action. and making it accountable only to the Commission. especially the one for setting up a State Security Commission to oversee the police. sacrificial goats in the hands of myopic politicians. general populace.Conclusion As for the police. Being the coercive apparatus of the government. the courts and the people. for too long. . and insulating it against political interference and partisan use. With the help of the research conducted by us. It has suited vested interests to maintain the status quo despite persistent demands for police reforms. The imperative need is to take a fresh look at our national personnel policy and implement the two-decade old recommendations of the National Police Commission. they have remained. By making the use of the samples taken we have tried to bring in recommendations which will help in enhancing the services of the police. in this project we have highlighted the weaknesses of the police through the eyes of people who use these services i.e. but let us see what the poor wretches have to do. by all means let us abuse them to our heart's content.

. And we hope that the flaws that we have highlighted through our research work will only help Punjab Police get better and better.Even After all the flaws that we have come to know about The Punjab Police through the research carried out by us. We are grateful for the services they have rendered for the public populace that includes us too. Jai Hind. We would like to salute them for their services and also like to forward a heartfelt thanks.

accessmylibrary. www. www.com 12. www.P. www.expressindia.hindu. D. Communites and Disobedience Liberalism and Gandhi by Vinit Haksar 2.hrw. www.manipuronline.com 13.blogspot. www. www. www.humanrightsinitiative.Bibliography: We took the information used in the project from the following sources: Books Right.com 5.sikhsiyasat.net 10.google.thaiindian. www.in 18.net 4.experteyes.nchro.indiaeducationdiary. www.org 17.com 7.org 9.ahrchk.com 2.net .org 8.com 15.org 14. www.com 6.com 3. www.Khanna 1. Reforming Human Rights by Dr.humanrightsdefence. Websites 1. www.com 16.ibnlive.sacw. www.charleshector.org 11. www. www. www. www.legalserviceindia.