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The Image Of Punjab Police
In Society And Their Role In Human Right Violation
Apart from the our efforts, the success of any project depends largely on the encouragement and guidelines of many others. We take this opportunity to express our gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this project.
We would like to show our greatest appreciation to Mr. Rohit Chatrath. We can’t say thank you enough for their tremendous support and help. We feel motivated and encouraged every time we attended his meeting. Without his encouragement and guidance this project would not have materialized.
The guidance and support received from all the members of PSHRC who contributed and who are contributing to this project, was vital for the success of the project. We are grateful for their constant support and help.
We hereby declare that we have made the project on Image of Punjab police in the society with our efforts and all the research work is done by us and the questioners are duly attached with the project. PSHRC can take this data as sample to conclude about Punjab police and PSHRC has very right to publish our project or a part of it. And we assure that we will not publish this project anywhere else.
1) Arshdeep Singh-------2) Arpita Latta------------3) Arushi Singh-----------4) Jaypreet Singh---------5) Simranjeet Singh-------
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction National Human Rights Commission Toll free number Registration of Offences Station House Officer meeting to public Code of Conduct for Police in India Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative Need of police reforms Democratic policing Police Reforms: India Supreme court’s directive Police act drafting committee Reforms a Mirage… Lesson for Police Human Rights Watch and Police speak Recommendations from people Quotes from people of Punjab Suggestions from our side Identifying gaps in Police performance Pie Charts Victim of crime Nature of crime Level of security Police Visibility and response Reporting crime Offering bribe
The presumption that everyone knows the law is a myth that causes needless suffering to millions of people in India - especially those who are unlettered. Ignorance of laws- and the rights guaranteed by them - facilitates blatant misuse of authority by law enforcers, whose job is to protect people’s rights. Merely putting in place, provisions for the protection of human rights without empowering people through human rights education about the means to ensure their compliance is meaningless. Rule of law to be meaningful must meet the end of legal awareness. While police officers must know the limits and nature of their authority, citizens too, must know their rights, even when they have to answer to the law. A proper balance of individual rights and public interest has to be achieved through the mechanism of the rule of law. This is the essence of human rights law and the avowed purpose of this compilation. The law laid down by the Supreme Court is the law of the land and binds everyone. The Supreme Court decisions included in this compilation relate to matters impinging on the basic human rights of individuals to life and liberty, which are sacrosanct. The NHRC guidelines are meant to inform citizens as well as the police about their rights and duties; to enable people to protect them with this knowledge; and to guide the police in the performance of their task by indicating that any transgression would be illegal. Respect for human rights lies at the heart of good governance. In a democratic society, it is the responsibility of the State to protect and promote human rights. All State institutions whether they are the police department, the army, the judiciary or civil administration have a duty to respect human rights, prevent human rights violations, and take active steps for the promotion of human rights. The role of the police is especially significant in this respect. The police are charged with the responsibility of maintaining order and enforcing laws. Therefore, the onus of bringing those who break the law - including laws which protect people’s human rights - before the criminal justice system lies on the police.
many a time. and payment of compensation to the victims. Police officers are pressured to get quick results.Unfortunately. by asserting that the rights and dignity of individuals must always be upheld. conduct of an investigation. They have strongly opposed intrusions upon them by agents of theState. questioning of a suspect. They also have the force of law. However. The National Human Rights Commission addresses violations of human rights by recommending registration of criminal cases against the guilty. poor and the disadvantaged. grant of bail. treatment ofan arrested person. actions of the police conflict with human rights. while discharging this duty. disciplinary action against errant officers. These directives deal withvarious aspects of police work at the station house or cutting edge level. carrying out of an arrest. „An officer whowillfully or inadvertently ignores Supreme Court directives can be tried in courtunder relevant provisions of the Indian Penal Code and under the Contempt ofCourts Act. such asregistration of a case. and protection of the rights ofwomen. explained and elaborated the scope ofFundamental Rights. Because an overwhelming majority of complaints received by the National Human Rights Commission concern the police. the Commission has made it mandatory to report any case of custodial death or rape within 24 hours and to provide it with a videofilm of the post-mortem examination. The Commission has been established under a special Act of Parliament toprotect and promote the human rights of all people living in India.‟ The National Human Rights Commission [NHRC] too has issued guidelines for policeofficers. often with unofficial guarantees that they may use any means possible to accomplish the task at hand. The Supreme Court has over the years. . 1971. arrest. the police as protectors of the law have both a legal duty and a moral obligation to uphold human rights standards and act strictly in accordance with the law and the spirit of our Constitution. lie detector tests. The Commission has also issued guidelines to the police on encounter deaths. and police-public relations. TheCourt has laid down certain directives for law enforcement.
In Kerala. These guidelines have been communicated to all chief secretaries andpolice chiefs. PUBLIC RELATIONS December 22. those who are posted atpolice stations. 1090. 1999 National Human Rights Commission guidelines on police-public relations are ofparticular relevance to officers at the cutting edge level. They are in an invaluable aid for police officers to perform their duties in amanner compatible with prevailing human rights standards. The National Human Rights Commissionhas recommended that for the purpose of uniformity. They may be given acode number to identify themselves to know the result of the investigation. all states should have the samenumber i. The number should be toll free within the state.e. Callers should not be compelled to reveal their identity.‟ NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION [NHRC] GUIDELINES ON POLICE.e. this number is 1090. i.„Guidelines of the National Human Rights Commission are increasingly being subject to positive interpretation by the courts. Toll free telephone number for the public to convey crime information to the public Police services of all states should set up a toll free telephone number for the publicconvenience. This means that officers accused of violating human rights may be called upon to explain why these guidelines were not followed. . enabling people from remote partsor interiors of districts to access it. They have advocated that: The number should be dedicated to public use and installed in the Police ControlRoom/Police Station/ Sub-Divisional Office.
the complainant should be informed in writing giving specific reasons for thedelay. the reasons why the complaint cannot be registered.intimation. If the investigation is not completed within one year. If investigation is not completed within three months of the FIR being registered. A copy of the FIR should be given to the complainant and an entry about thisshould be made in the First Case Diary. the police should explain to the complainant.[memo] should be prepared by the investigating officer giving reasons for thedelay to the complainant. If investigation is not completed within six months of registering the FIR. Proof of having informed the complainant [postal acknowledgement or writtenacknowledgement] about reasons for the delay in investigation should be kept onthe Case Diary file. Registration of offences and information about progress in investigation Transparency in the investigation process must be maintained. The Commission hasstressed that complainants must have access to information about their cases. If the complaint does not make out a cognizable offence. a more detailed . They havesaid that: A First Information Report [FIR] should be registered promptly on receiving acomplaint about a cognizable offence. Callers should be rewarded for their public-spirited service by issuingcommendation certificates if the information results in detection of crimes.intimationshould be . thecomplainant should be informed again in writing about the reasons for non-completionof investigation. The . and the acknowledgement should be kept on the Case Diary file.
endorsed by a gazette officer who directly supervises the work of the investigating officer. the police should asfar as practicable. A record of the . The police should not question the propriety or necessity of any law dulyenacted. The complainant should be informed once the investigation is completed and a charge-sheet is filed before the court. 4. advice and warning. Station House Officers [SHO] musthold regular monthly meetings in areas falling under their jurisdiction. Meeting of Station House Officers with the Public In order to strengthen police-public relations. This will enablepeople to voice their grievances to the SHO. use the methods of persuasion. malice or vindictiveness. In case the complainant is not available for somereason. 3. It will also give the police an opportunity toinform people about law and order issues and enlist their cooperation in maintaining peace and preventing crime. They should not usurp or even seem to usurp the functions of thejudiciary and sit in judgement on cases to avenge individuals and punish theguilty. They should enforce the law firmly and impartially. The Commission has advocated that senior officers shouldalso take part in these meetings along-with Station House Officers. The gazette officer should personally verify the reasons for delay given by the investigatingofficer. her/his family should be informed. without fear orfavor. 2. A copy of the charge-sheet should be givento the complainant by the police. In securing the observance of law or in maintaining order. Code of Conduct for the Police in India 1. The police should recognise and respect the limitations of their powers andfunctions. .intimationand its acknowledgement by the complainantshould be kept on the Case Diary file. The police must bear faithful allegiance to the Constitution of India andrespect and uphold the rights of the citizens as guaranteed by it.
in turn.Whenthe application of force becomes inevitable. They should always be ready tooffer individual service and friendship and render necessary assistance to allwithout regard to their wealth and / or social standing. The police should realize that the efficient performance of their duties will bedependent on the extent of ready cooperation that they receive from the public. Recognizing this. so that the public may regard them asexemplary citizens. The police should always place duty before self. The police should always keep the welfare of the people in mind and besympathetic and considerate towards them. The prime duty of the police is to prevent crime and disorder and the policemust recognize that the test of their efficiency is the absence of both and notthe visible evidence of police action in dealing with them. 7. faithful performance of . will depend on their ability to secure public approval of theirconduct and actions and to earn and retain public respect and confidence. 11. 6. 8. and shouldcultivate character and the trust of the people. The police should always be courteous and well-mannered. 12. they should bedependable and impartial. develop self-restraint and be truthful and honest in thought and deed. The police should recognize that their full utility to the State is best ensuredonly by maintaining a high standard of discipline. with the onlydifference that in the interest of the society and on its behalf they areemployed to give full time attention to duties which are normally incumbenton every citizen to perform. only the irreducible minimum offorce required in the circumstances should be used. The police must recognize that they are members of the public. they should possess dignity and courage. 10. 9. scorn or ridicule and should be ready to sacrifice their lives inprotecting those of others. This. 5. inboth personal and official life. should maintain calm in theface of danger. the police must keep their private lives scrupulouslyclean. Integrity of the highest order is the fundamental basis of the prestige of thepolice.
education. The only legitimate policing is policing that helps create an environment free from fear and conducive to the realization of people’s human rights. civil society groups. activists at the grassroots. governments are failing in their primary duty to provide the public with an honest. democratic state. linguistic or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to thedignity of women and disadvantaged sections of society. the media and the general public to further its aims for reform and the implementation of democratic policing. considers the critical limbs of accountability that must be in place in a democratic police organization and puts forward a roadmap for reform. CHRI published a report on police accountability in the Commonwealth for the 2005 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting. efficient. effective police service that ensures the rule of law and a environment of safety and security. transcending religious. The existing police systems in many Commonwealth states are a legacy of colonial rule that have been shaped by post-colonial histories. This report explores the issues around policing in the Commonwealth. The police reforms target policy makers. As members of a secular.duties in accordance with law and implicit obedience to the lawful directionsof commanding ranks and absolute loyalty to the force and by keepingthemselves in the state of constant training and preparedness. research and networking. The consequences of poor policing include brutality and torture. the police should strive continuallyto rise above personal prejudices and promote harmony and the spirit ofcommon brotherhood amongst all the people of India. What is police reform and why do we need it? In too many countries. Guidelines of Commonwealth Human RightsInitiative CHRI’s police reforms aim to realize increased demand for and achievement of police accountability and reform throughout the Commonwealth. extra-judicial . 13. It seeks to do this through a combination of advocacy. Today. sets out a democratic policing framework. police organizations. membership to the Commonwealth is premised on countries practicing democracy – and democratic governance requires democratic policing.
What is democratic policing? CHRI believes that democratic nations need democratic policing. accompanied by a willingness to learn and address changing contexts. bias and discrimination and public fear. The Commonwealth has some inspiring examples of governments and police organizations working towards reform. corruption. anger and resentment. A democratic police organization is one that is Accountable to the law and not a law unto itself: is accountable to democratic government structures and the community is transparent in its activities gives top operational priority to protecting the safety and rights of individuals and private groups protects human rights provides society with professional services is representative of the community it serves . The democratic values of the Commonwealth lay down a sound foundation for the development of democratic policing. working on behalf of the interests of the people. but by a wider network of agencies and organizations. Critical to the success of democratic policing is the principle that the police should be held accountable: not just by government. large or small. a lack of due process. which gives practical meaning to the Commonwealth's promise of democracy and good governance and is applicable to any context . Democratic policing is both a process and an outcome.executions. Impetus for reform has generally arisen out of public concern over rising crime or from incidents of police abuse or failure. diverse or homogenous.rich or poor. impunity. within a human rights framework. Some police organizations have undergone varying degrees of modernization and transformation.
The Supreme Court directives In 1996. with a Supreme Court decision that required Indian governments to ensure police accountability and the release of a draft Model Police Act by a national Police Act Drafting Committee. there was a shift in the reform process. which means that state governments have the responsibility to provide their communities with a police service (the national government has the responsibility for policing in union territories). There has been almost 30 years of debate on policing and reform in India. Union of India.Police Reforms: India India's police are governed by archaic and colonial police laws harking back to 1861. two former Director Generals of Police asked the Supreme Court to direct central and state governments to address the most glaring gaps and bad practice in the functioning of the police. Most state governments have a police law that adopts or reflects the basic ideas of the 1861 legislation. Each report has gone unimplemented. On 22 September 2006. with commission after commission submitting reports and recommendations to governments. policing is a state power. Under the Indian Constitution. At the end of 2006. the Supreme Court of India delivered a historic judgment in Prakash Singh vs. instructing central and state governments to comply with a set of seven directives that laid down practical .
Aim The aim of CHRI's India police program is to develop and disseminate police reform and accountability expertise.mechanisms to kick-start police reform. Also in 2006. bringing the police reform debate to the community. responsibilities and challenges of policing. Activities In 2006. catalyze demand for police reform. to expressing strong objections to the directives and asking the Court to conduct a review. at centre and state levels.) The Supreme Court required all governments. the programs on the government Police Act Drafting Committee. State government responses varied tremendously. The Court's directives sought to achieve functional autonomy for the police (through security of tenure. streamlined appointment and transfer processes. build civil society capacity to advocate for police reform and advise on police accountability. and the creation of a "buffer body" between the police and the government) and enhanced police accountability (both for organizational performance and individual misconduct.commonly known as the Soli Sorabjee Committee . providing a critical . The PADC was required to take into account the changing roles. CHRI facilitated a series of civil society consultation workshops across India. Police Act Drafting Committee In October 2005. The PADC submitted its Model Police Act to the Home Ministry on 30 October 2006.and asked it to draft a new model bill to guide state government's adoption of new police laws. the central government set up a Police Act Drafting Committee (PADC) . particularly around the Supreme Court directives and the Model Police Act and to monitor government compliance with the Supreme Court directives. ranging from complying in time with the directives through executive orders. to comply with the seven directives by 31 December 2006 and to file affidavits of compliance by the 3rd of January 2007.
at least not this time around. ‘Abhishek Manu Singhvi’said that there were many. After . He said that the police was accountable to the law and to the Constitution. It is possible that to create a police force completely divorced from the political society may not be possible in the first place. which is the constabulary. "We are ill-equipped. We will have to move slowly and methodically here. we might not get anywhere." Sorabjee said that the police was not accountable to political masters and therefore there was no problem in freeing them from the clutches of politicians. CHRI also intervened in the Supreme Court case Prakash Singh. Police officers are politically appointed and politically removed. the real intelligence collector." she stated. REFORMS A MIRAGE? “Intelligentsias speak!!!!” ‘Soli Sorabjee’said that he did not think that reforms were something that politicians would pay lip service to and they would not remain a mirage forever. We cannot have a base that is baseless and an insecure leadership. I think most states would follow the example. We need secure leadership for the 80 per cent base. but if they don't then they would have a real risk for being hauled up for contempt.human rights and civil society voice as a model law was drafted for India. He said that first the crux of the reforms needed to be implemented. many parts to police reforms. "At least the Delhi state government and the other Union Territories should do this and set an example for all the other states. ill-led. "According to the reform recommendations. This will also have retired police and judicial officers. I suggest we take this phase-wise. ‘Kiran Bedi’said that there were fundamental problems with the constabulary that needed to be solved. CHRI continues to monitor compliance with the Supreme Court directives and to advocate for police accountability and reform around the Model Police Act and the directives. ill-trained and most of all. "The reforms are not monolithic and if you try and ram down the most extreme part first." Sorabjee said. there will be an independent body established to which police departments will be accountable and this will not merely consist of executives.
(b)In Bhim Singh Vs State of J&K. but that they be tried out in medium and smaller phases at first. One of the telling ways in which the violation of that right can reasonably be prevented and due compliance with the mandate of Article 21 secured. is to mulch its violators in the payment of monetary compensation. too well known to mention suffer.all. In Rudul Shah Vs State of Bihar. go in for the bigger change. AIR. The State must repair the damage done by its officers to the rights of the petitioner’. it is necessary to educate ourselves into accepting that respect for the right of the individuals is true bastion of democracy. AIR. the Supreme Court held that ‘Article 21 which guarantees the right to life and liberty will be denuded of its significant content if the powers of the court were limited to passing orders of release from illegal detention. Violation of human rights committed by the police will be visited with consequences of entailing criminal prosecution and award of compensation by the High Court and Supreme Court in the exercise of their extra ordinary jurisdiction. Lesson for the Police (a)Compensation for violation of human rights: It has been widely believed that violation of human rights by Police during the course of investigation is so rampant that more emphasis is required to be given to the protection of human rights as a result of which not a single iota of criminality can be exposed by the police. The right to compensation is some palliative for the illegal acts of the instrumentalities which act in the name of public interest and which present for their protection the power of the State as a shield." He added that he was not saying that reforms were not required in the future. "Try for the small change and then in a few months' or a few years' time. there has to be accountability in other organs of India through the political class. That's the way the police has been functioning. Administrative sclerosis leading to flagrant infringement of fundamental rights cannot be corrected by any other method open to judiciary to adopt." he concluded.the Supreme . 1986 SC 494. If civilization is not to perish in this country as it has perished in some others. 1983 SC 1806.
(d)Rape Committed on Women by Railway Employee in a building to railway is violation of Article 21 and compensation can be granted under Article 226 notwithstanding that suit could be filed for damages in civil court: In Chairman. Where public functionaries are involved and the matter relates to violation of the Fundamental Rights or the enforcement of public duties. Accused rescuing person arrested illegally by Police Constable firing gun shots which was followed by firing by the accused inflicting injury to the Police constable and their associates.Maintainable not withstanding that the suit could be filed for damages in Civil Court. the Supreme Court held that ‘Rape committed on a woman by railway employee in a building belonging to railways – Petition for compensation by victim against Government. Any illegal arrest will provide the arrestee an opportunity to exercise his right of private defense against the policeman who is making the illegal arrest. the Supreme Court held that illegal arrest by police constable would justify right of private defense. the remedy would still be available under the Public Law not withstanding that a suit could be filed for damages under Private Law’. Railway Board Vs Mrs. (c)Illegal arrest by the police vis-à-vis right of private defense:Criminal Law of India permits a Policeman to arrest a person if he is involved in a cognizable case or there is any complaint or any reasonable suspicion of committing cognizable offence. LJ 2303 (Bom). The accused acted in his right of private defense. Chandrima Das. Citizen sacrificed life in apprehending criminal as directed by Police entitled to compensation. SC 988. AIR 200. 2001 Cr.Court held that arrest of a member of Legislative Assembly while enroot to attend the Assembly session with mischievous and malicious intent will be compensated by awarding suitable monetary compensation in appropriate case. In Re. The court further held that police officer must show greatest respect for personal liberty of citizen. In State of UP Vs Niyamat and others. (1987) I Reports (SC) 678. the Bombay High Court held that it is the duty of the State to maintain law and order through Police force and when a member of the Police force directs a citizen to chase and . Khalid Razak Sheikh (deceased).
" as the practice of taking into custody and extra-judicially executing an individual is commonly known. Human Rights Watch said that a critical step is to ensure that police officers who commit human rights violations. I’ll lose my position. were necessary tactics of crime investigation and law enforcement. regardless of rank. In the circumstances in which the deceased died. "I am looking for my target. a compensation of Rs 3. compensation is the legitimate right of his widow and not an act of charity on the part of the State. Thus.apprehend those who are suspected of committing offences. One officer said that he had been ordered to commit an "encounter killing.00. but many believed that unlawful methods. The Indian government has promised to pursue police reforms actively. Further. "There shouldn’t be one standard for police who violate the law and another for average citizens. in view of the fact that the widow of deceased is living in a very expensive town." said Adams. As a matter of fact." . including illegal detention and torture. will face appropriate punishment." Almost every police officer interviewed by Human Rights Watch was aware of the boundaries of the law.be paid to widow to meet the ends of justice. the State cannot be permitted to wriggle out of its responsibility to pay compensation in the event of death of such a citizen. "I will eliminate him. but if I don’t do it. the State should feel thankful that there are citizens like deceased who at the peril of their lives join a chase to apprehend those suspected of committing crimes." the officer said. Human Rights Watch and Police speak…. … I fear being put in jail. A contrary approach would demoralize the citizen and would result in people shying from rushing to that assistance of the police in such situations and indeed would be distressing. Several police officers admitted to Human Rights Watch that they routinely committed abuses.000/. "Police who commit or order torture and other abuses need to be treated as the criminals they are. the State Government is directed to give her suitable employment in the event of making an application for employment by her.
abysmal conditions for police officers contribute to violations. Low-ranking officers often work in difficult conditions. women. and encouragement to act professionally and ethically. Colonial-era police laws enable state and local politicians to interfere routinely in police operations. the victims’ inability to pay bribes. "Officers should not be put into a position where they think they have to turn to abuse to meet superiors’ demands. These practices corrode public confidence. training. investigative tools and even paper on which to record complaints and make notes. sometimes living in tents or filthy barracks at the police station. They are required to be on-call 24 hours a day. They often lack necessary equipment. Police officers told Human Rights Watch that they used "short-cuts" to cope with overwhelming workloads and insufficient resources. They include the poor. Police often fail to investigate crimes against them because of discrimination. including known criminals. sometimes directing police officers to drop investigations against people with political connections. they instead held suspects illegally and coerced them to confess." "Broken System" also documents the particular vulnerability to police abuse of traditionally marginalized groups in India. including vehicles. mobile phones. . and religious and sexual minorities." Adams said. many work long hours. "Conditions and incentives for police officers need to change. Receiving little or no encouragement to collect forensic evidence and witness statements. or their lack of social status or political connections. Dalits (so-called "untouchables"). or obey orders to abuse. especially meted out by police as punishment for alleged crimes. Instead they should be given the resources. equipment. they described how they or others cut caseloads by refusing to register crime complaints. Members of these groups are also more vulnerable to arbitrary arrest and torture. Many are separated from their families for long stretches of time.Human Rights Watch also said that while not excusing abuses. Instead of shifts. and to harass or file false charges against political opponents. tactics considered time-consuming. Many officers described facing unrealistic pressure from their superiors to solve cases quickly. frequently using torture and illtreatment. every day. For instance.
although there was wet mud all around and she would have walked through it to reach the tree." — Sub inspector working in Gurdaspur. Punjab . one time. How much can a person take? … We have to keep watch on an accused person. But that made my officer angry. Punjab "Often. because our working conditions. It is obvious that the police killed her and then pretended she had committed suicide. militants." —. our facilities are bad. Sometimes we beat or detain illegally. so we should not beat him with a stick. We are not claiming that our power makes us born to work all the times. a sub-inspector who heads a rural police station in Punjab state "They say. my officer had asked me to beat up someone. their human rights. I said that the man would be refused bail and would rot in jail and that was enough punishment. ‘investigate within 24 hours. In the morning. We are bound to fulfill the case. it is our superiors who ask us to do wrong things. They showed us her body. no time to sleep. What remains with us? A sense of panic surrounds our mind that if we don’t come to a conclusion we will be suspended or faces punishment. describing her death in police custodyin Ludhiana "We have no time to think. a person may turn to violence. … There is use of force in sensational cases because we are not equipped with scientific methods. the political pressure. where she was hanging from a tree inside the police station. Her feet were clean. I remember." — Constable in Punjab "With all the mental stress. but what about us? Living like this 24 hours." — Brother-in-law of a victim. It is hard for us to resist."She was kept in the police station all night." — Inspector in charge of a police station in Phagwara. when we went to meet her. we must cover the facts in any way. the 24-hour law-and-order duty. The branch was so low. what are the resources.’ but they never care about how I will do [that]. it is impossible that she hanged herself from it. they said she had killed herself. I tell my men that a victim will only come to the police station because we can give him justice. So we are contributing to creating criminals. But often the men are tired and irritable and mistakes take place.
Exclude from court any evidence police obtain by using torture or cruel. Improve training and equipment. Require the police to read suspects their rights upon arrest or any detention. 6. making the police accountable. training low-ranking officers to assist in crime investigations. There should be an independent board composed of civil society members with no police officials on-board which should enquire into any allegations of complaints against police officials. or degrading treatment in suspect interrogations. 3. Making the police more accountable would deter police officials from harassing citizens. Principle and practice should not differ and therefore training in human rights laws should be made compulsory . which will increase institutional acceptance of these safeguards. The law in books must be put to practice and this can only be ensured by imparting human rights education. including strengthening the crimeinvestigation curriculum at police academies. and providing basic forensic equipment to every police officer. 2. 5. and 4. This recommendation must be implemented. The eighth report of the NPC recommended that protection available to the police officers from prosecution under section 132 and 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure which mandate prior sanction of the government in order to prosecute any public servant including police official for any act done in discharge of his official duty be withdrawn or that a proviso be added to the section to initiate automatic judicial enquiry in every refusal to prosecute. 7. This would ensure that every victim of human rights violation has a platform for redressal. inhuman. Bolster independent investigations into complaints of police abuse and misconduct through national and state human rights commissions and police complaints authorities.RECOMMENDATIONS: 1.
They should improve their dealing with the society. Public camps should be put up so that the communication gap between the police and public should also reduce. A revised pay scale for lower officials is very much required. The police should concentrate on customer service as they are the keys of country. This will sensitize and inculcate respect for human rights in them and also improve police-public relations. People believe that the corrupt officials should be penalized for not taking proper action against the culprits. 8. even after the incident came to his knowledge. The selection of officials should be made more rigid. If any violation of human rights has been committed by a subordinate officer and subsequently the superior officer. The police officials should not be bias and should not exploit poor people for money and in case of rape victims thepolice should not humiliate the victim. The traffic regulations should also be made more rigorous. They should not indulge in crimes like taking bribes. The need of the hour is that 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) The writing conditions of the police needs to be improved. should improve their dealings with the society. Technology and better weapon system should be provided to the police. . police should be considerate with the victim’s problems. Police is too lethargic. should be quick. does not institute disciplinary action against him then there should be a presumption about his complicity in executing the incident. Anti – corruption vigilant should given be given top priority. Polite to the complaints. efficient and effective in response to the complaints made and should be polite to the complaint. Recommendations of the people with respect to the working of Punjab Police The foremost thing which is said by the society is that the officials should be honest and sincere towards their work.for all police officials.
So the traffic police must be more active in their duties.active to avoid problem at the 1st place.” “There should be rigorous regulations on traffic rules. 7) Technology and better weapon system should be provided to the police. The traffic rules come across so many people breaking traffic rules. 8) Since the police officials are over-weight. personally feel that all police group should . They are all corrupt n they are all the same. The traffic police is rarely present anywhere. 12) Higher officials should keep a proper check on their subordinates. If we talk about state police or country police then I. continuous fitness camps should be held for them. 9) Should be well-educated. 11) Police should be pro. 13) Police should be free from political pressure.” “Actually I am almost satisfied with the service of police in my hometown. whatever wrong you do can be rectified by money. especially in Ludhiana.6) Since the police officials are over-weight continuous fitness camps should be held for them.” “Punjab police should organise public camps in a scheduled manner throughout the year so that different communities could convey their problems to senior officials and in that manner police will become friendly to the public. 10) Proper security for women should be arranged for and eve-teasing should be kept a check on. “Quotes from people of Punjab” “Police can never be changed they will always remain the same.
” “Lady Police should be made to check eve teasing in civil dress. at recruitment and periodically. Anti-corruption vigilant should be given top priority. and should serve the people honestly. ” Suggestions from our side: Adopt a comprehensive human rights policy. Protect and respect the human rights of all persons. Ensure that policies and strategies of the policeagency are based on respect for democratic government. Better redressal of problem related to police. A special cell should be formed to track unknown callers especially to girls from the opposite sex. Provide human rights training to all police. and respond to those needs. Cooperate with national and international human rights organizations.” “The Punjab Police need to be shaken out of their lethargy and lackadaisical attitude. Police should make people aware about the different happenings…. Pay scales needs to be revised for the junior officials. .work together to reduce crime rate. including rights essential to political processes.Technology and better weapon system. Continuous fitness exercises. Devise means to discover the specific needs of thelocal community. Joint exercises with foreign police officials. Maintain and preserve social order so that democraticpolitical processes can be conducted constitutionallyand legally.” “The selection procedure of IPS officers should be made more rigid so that the best are selected. The State Government needs to improve their working conditions and at the same time pressurize them to take their sincerely and seriously. Incorporate human rights standards into standing orders for the police . misuse of power should be controlled.
No one shall be subjected to unlawful attacks on his orher honor or reputation. home or correspondence. briefing and tactics adopted are appropriateto the circumstances and conditions underwhich the arrest is to be made. When arrests can be planned in advance. Confidentiality and care in the handling of sensitiveinformation are to be exercised at all times. Solicit technical cooperation. Where resistance is not evident. authoritative tones only whennecessary. attempt calm. Study conflict-resolution techniques. Ensure that the composition of the police agency isrepresentative of the entire community through fairand non-discriminatory recruitment and managementpolicies and practices.preparation. and especially skillsof communication. No pressure. Torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment isabsolutely prohibited. ensure thata range of options is available. discreetly and with due respect for humandignity. shall be exerted on suspects. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference withhis or her privacy. including.disarming language when affecting an arrest. Participate in training to develop and maintain thenecessary interpersonal skills.witnesses or victims in attempting to obtaininformation. resortingto strong. through in-servicetraining or community education programs. Provide training in interpersonal skills. . conflictresolutiontechniques. from international technical policing programson current techniques and technologies forpolice investigations. physical or mental. Victims and witnesses are to be treated with compassionand consideration. to enable you to effect arrestsexpertly. self-defense and the use ofrestraint mechanisms. and that planning. Announce and enforce strict penalties for violationsof regulations regarding the legality of investigatorypractices. family. polite. wherenecessary.
Enroll in training programs to sharpen your counseling. Coercive power needs to be tempered with a degree of accountability on thepart of the police. conflictresolutionand supervisory skills.riot-control. physical or mental. to be on duty at all times. The police seek more power so that they can bring about a sense of accountability totheir work whereas the public believe that it is because of the unrestricted power thatthe police wield that they are unaccountable for their actions. Assign at least one officer with training inpsychological care and counseling. what needs to be determined is the degree and method through which it can beachieved. first-aid. Establish and announce an appropriate range ofpenalties for police violations. paydocking and termination. to criminal prosecution forserious violations. includingsuicide prevention. Carry out regular. periodic checks of detainees. Superior officials shall be held responsible for theactions of police under their command if the superiorofficial knew or should have known of abuses but failedto take concrete action. from suspension. . selfdefense. Officials who commit abuses of these rules shall not beexcused on the grounds that they were following superiororders. toensure safety and security. There isan inherent contradiction. Consult closely with medical personnel on all mattersof diet. All incidents of the use of force or firearms shall bereported to and reviewed by superior officials. Participate in stress-counseling activities. To make civil society a reality there has to be controls. Everyone wants to be a beneficiary of law but no one wants to be its victim. Officials who refuse unlawful superior orders shall begiven immunity. restraint and discipline. Report immediately any suspicion of mistreatmentof detainees.
its misuse isn. small interventionsshould be made at every step of policing. People are fatigued because they are bombarded with instances of corruption andquestions being asked but with no solutions provided. Even though the powers of the police are legal. Police derives its strength from the Constitution which is the reflection of theaspirations of common man. Instead of looking at revising the Police Act of 1861 in isolation. Reforms should target not only the service as a whole but also individuals becauseafter all it is the individual who runs the system. Effective policing will come about only if the police seetheir role as upholding the basic values of the Constitution . Mr. A. The police have always been treated in isolation when it comes to tracing humanrights violations. The process of advocating police reforms needs to become a demand from thecommunity. In the absence of proper investigating techniques the easiest way to solve a crime is toextract confessions from the accused which leads to a culture of coercion andexercise of unauthorized power accounting for human rights excesses. The Kerala case study was cited. It is often theirinterference that hampers effective policing. The criminalization process in the police has become severe. It is imperative for a reporter to go beyond the surface of what islargely believed to be true and try and portray a more accurate picture of the event. There needs to be amechanism where in at the time of recruitment one can carry out a systematic processof psychological profiling of the recruits. This initiative though noble in its conceptfailed because there was no legal mandate attached to it.K. A greater consciousness of individualperformance has to be sought thorough training and incentives. Generally it’s the police who bear the brunt of media bashing whenever there is acrime committed. While reporting on human rights perspective of the victim as wellthe situation of the police should be taken into consideration..law enforcement doesn’tany longer mean law and order but means upholding all the laws of the land. The ex-Chief Minister of the state. participationshould involve not only the public and the police but also politicians.t. It is imperative that whenever a debate on police reforms is initiated. Anthony had given autonomy to the police freefrom the interference of the politicians. An in-built system ofaccountability has to be created. while .
And they should be given on the job training time to time At times Police officials don’t pen down the complaints of the complainant due to some of the reasons whether their personal interest or political pressure strict action should be taken against these officials even proper complaint cells should be made. Fourthly fitness test should be conducted for the officers from time to time. Firstly the officials should be technically trained and well equipped with new methodologies to track the criminal’s or the law breakers.remembering thatdifficulty of policing is not an excuse for violence or illegality and poor serviceconditions are not akin to violations of human rights. The number of officials should be increased in each and every unit. Lastly the police officials should be more centralized. Identifying the gaps in police performance STEP TWO – ESTABLISH DESIRED PERFORMANCE SKILLS GAP STEP THREE – IDENTIFY ACTUAL PERFORMANCE STEP FOUR – CAPACITY-BUILDING SPECIFICATION .
It is capable of delivering relevant data on capacity needs at the very point where properly specified training anddevelopment can have the best impact.This method also makes it easier to obtain data from a wide range of sources in areasonable period and at relatively little expense.1. A workstudy observation will involve making recordings of work activities. It is contingent upon officers havingsufficient knowledge of their present and future jobs to provide properly informedideas about their capacity-building needs. OBSERVATION Observing officers and support staff in the workplace is a direct and objective method of gathering data. It has the advantage of obtaining first-hand evidence about apolicing job and the manner of performance. They can be generated by using some form ofself-appraisal questionnaire. such as work studies. With thecorrect level of briefing on the use of the forms this can be an effective method ofgathering data from individual police officers. SELF-ASSESSMENTS Self-assessments are relatively untried as a technique in ascertaining capacitybuildingneeds among police staff. work measurement and simple observation. A police reform program must include greateremphasis upon middle to senior officers taking responsibility for their owndevelopment and the use of self-assessments creates obvious advantages in this effort. Many police organizations have humanresource information systems that include a facility for self-assessment againstspecific competency frameworks. using a checklist method or in free text form. 2. knowing that it will bring personal development benefits. Officers who are assessing themselves are more likely to respond withcommitment. however. It must. Observation can target data that relates toparticular elements of the job or the whole job. averagecompletion times and performance standards in . In the initial stages officers may find itdifficult to link a performance need to a known or possible capacity-buildingintervention. Different techniques can be applied inobserving. be properly orchestrated with the use of training anddevelopment guides and briefing sessions. particularly middle to senior rankingofficers.
Observation is a technique that seeks to measure staff behavior and can take placeeither before. SIMULATION EXERCISES Simulation exercises are an increasingly popular method of observing police officersin job tasks that might be inappropriately observed on the street: for example. The observation can be recorded using videorecording or audio recording equipment. It thus provides a fully comprehensiveanalysis of performance measured against the defined standards in a job profile andthereby indicates precise gaps in performance and capacity needs. in terms of cost and sophistication. such simulations are expensive to operate interms of development. Whilst useful and effective. piloting. 3. They are particularlyappropriate in simulating those policing incidents that do not occur frequently andrequire a high performance standard. particularly among police supervisors andleaders. it has evolved into a potent method of identifyingperformance needs. although the presence of a camera mayhave a negative impact on the results. In addition. during or after a capacity-building program. Of course. theydemand a team of skilled observers who – it is recommended . They represent the ultimatecombination of a number of techniques such as interviews. 4. written tests. as well as expert in interpreting what they see and hear inaccordance with a defined schedule. ASSESSMENT CENTRE Assessment centre represent the high end of performance gap analysis in a policeorganization. This and other aspectsof the assessment centre make it anexpensive . Through use of such a range of techniques the assessmentcentre can obtain a comprehensive picture of a staff member's extant and potentialcompetence to perform at a defined level. making an arrest of a violent or dangerous person. Observers must beproperly trained and aware of the need to reduce their influence in the observationprocess to a minimum. Role-plays are a form of simulation thatcan be used to assess a common and repetitive job task.respect of each task.Assessment Centre require careful design to ensure that the various tests andsimulations accurately reflect the requirements of the relevant job.are external to thetarget group and not known to them. resources and equipment.group exercises and individual exercises. simulations. the results extracted fromassessment centre exercises need to becarefully analyzed. Whilst the assessment centre originated asa selection and recruitment tool. conducting an armed siege andcontrolling a violent demonstration or riot.
the identification of future police leaders andmanagers of specialist units.unstructured interviews provide scope for more probing and exploratory questions inthe search for more detail.GATHERING DATA ABOUT PERFORMANCE Data about police performance can be sourced either internally or externally. i. at the end of the chapter some externally sourced data that can be used toidentify gaps in performance will be briefly considered. 4. the interview technique is perhaps too often used to theexclusion of other methods and often done without the requisite skills to make it fullyeffective. Itcreates an advantage when the responses to questions need further elaboration interms of the causes of behavioral change and reactions to particular situations. The range of use is broad: including. and formal and informal . Interviews can either be structured or unstructured. the assessment centre is usuallyused for senior officer development. Familiar and easy to use. It has proved an effective tool in those police organizations with a policy of fasttrackingtalented officers into senior ranks. However. Themain area of interest in this book is the acquisition of data by capacitybuildingspecialists who operate within a police organization. single interviewees or groups. however. structured or unstructured.e. The former is similar to thequestionnaire and is best applied where time is limited. whereas externally sourced data will tend to be phrased in moregeneral terms. INTERVIEWS The interview is the next most popular evaluation tool. In view of thecosts. However. externalmaterial can be useful as a means of highlighting deficiencies in police performancethat the Commissioner can follow through with a more detailed internal study 5.exercise in terms of the cost ofthe observer group and the considerablecost to the organization of abstracting theassessment group from the workplace forperiods of a day or more. such as criminal investigations and surveillance teams. Contingent on the quality of the source data. As will be seen. internallysourced data has the advantage of being consciously linked to the skill areas definedin a job profile. The interview is the most popular tool employed by capacitybuilding specialists. It requires a number ofinterviewers and will generally exclude any additional or probing questions. internally sourced data.
The results of the research are depicted through graphs .Tarn Taran. Ferozpur.Phagwara. Depiction Of Results Through Graphs We have conducted a survey in various cities of Punjab: Amritsar. Mohali. Zirakpur.interviews.Gurdaspur. With the help of questionnaire attached with the project.Ropar. It can be conducted inperson.Nawanshar. in private.Jalandhar. . in the workplace or via telephone. Patiala .Jandiala.Ludhiana.
69% Yes No Can't Remember 63. Victim of crime.03% 1. No of victims who have reported the crime to Punjab Police .1.27% 29. 7.
21% Yes No Can't Remember 72.75% Yes No Not Sure 51.64% 33.59% 3.6. Motor Vehicle and Vehicle component Theft .06% 21.72% Nature Of Crimes 2. Taking illicit drugs 14.
Domestic Violence .45% Yes No Not Sure 5.4.66% 47. House Break In 6.27% Yes No Not Sure 62.84% 27.87% 4.87% 45.
37% 19.39% Yes No Not Sure 63.03% . Rape And Attempted Rape 17.06% Yes 40% No 53.93% Not Sure 6.6.
78% . Car Jacking 12.65% 41.30% 24. Mugging and Petty Thieves 10.24% 8.7.56% Yes No Not Sure 45.45% Yes No Not Sure 64.
04% 9. Source Of Awareness of crimes 1.71% 35.71% Others .53% 15.18% Victim Witness Acquaintances Local Police Media 10.82% 27.Crimes That Prevail in Punjab Car Jacking Mugging and Petty Thieves Rape And Attempted Rape Domestic Violence House Break in Vehicle Theft Illicit Drugs 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 9.
93% .78% 43. Botherance about occurrence of crime 3.10.27% 11.54% 20.40% 4.37% Satisfied Very Satisfied 27.63% 38. Satisfication with level of security in neighbourhood 3.63% Extremely Worried Not Worried Moderately Worried Don't Know 13.45% Extremely Satisfied Dissatisfied Moderately satisfied 44.
75% Yes No Not Sure 51.65% 6.51% 13.09% 21. Satisfaction With Police Service 3.12. Police Visibility 12.34% Extremely satisfied Dissatisfied Moderately satisfied Satisfied 18.90% 50% Very satisfied .72% 35.
80% 5-10 minutes 10-30 minutes 30 minutes 10.36% 15.33% 16.08% Not Sure Not at all 24.20% Less than 5 minutes 40. Time taken by police to arrive at crime scene 4.14.20% 4. Active Reporting of crime to police 43.36% .63% Yes No 56.
Satisfaction with police response 17.16. Reason behind satisfaction of police response 2.33% Concerned with the problem Act fast High integrity Willing to assist Friendly 17.11% Other Reasons .22% 8.27% Yes No Not sure 59.11% 17.61% 23.88% 26.77% 31.66% 13.
Reason behind dissatisfaction of police response 4.09% 25. Willingness of reporting a crime .18.39% 9.26% No assistance Rude 24.87% 6.75% Other reasons Reporting Crime 19.60% No concern with the problem Slow Low integrity 29.
36% Ensuring better services Insurance claims Other reasons 16.45% 25.89% 6.05% 20.94% .21.95% Yes No 78.32% Apprehension of criminals Ensuring knowledge of crime to police 49. Reason behind willingness 1.
30% Not a serious crime No assistance Too much of botherance Other reason 30.21.21% 30. Unwillingness behind not-reporting 21.76% . Offer to Bribe 40.30% 18.81% Offering Bribe 22.24% Yes No 59.
Reason to offer bribe 5.40% Attending court is troublesome Police request for it 34.95% Amount of bond is high Other reasons 24.60% 62.40% 5.58% Higher Officials 25.80% Lower Officials All of them .23.23% 54. Level of corruption in classes of police 11.
25. Satisfaction in different areas of police performance None of them Commercial Crime Car Jacking Violent crime Robbery Gang related crimes Drug related crime Customer service Crime Prevention Law and order 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 26. Areas of crime on which police should concentrate All Commercial Crime Violent crime Robbery Gang related crimes Customer Service Community Policing Crime Prevention Law and order 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 .
2009 .” A key case discussed in detail in the report is the Punjab “mass cremations case.The Indian government must take concrete steps to hold accountable members of its security forces who killed." examines the challenges faced by victims and their relatives in pursuing legal avenues for accountability for the human rights abuses perpetrated during the government’s counterinsurgency campaign. The case is currently before the National Human Rights Commission. “Impunity in India has been rampant in Punjab. a special prosecutor’s office. and indiscriminate bomb attacks in crowded places. None of the key architects of this counterinsurgency strategy who bear substantial responsibility for these atrocities have been brought to justice.” in which the security services are implicated in thousands of killings and secret cremations throughout Punjab to hide the evidence of wrongdoing. including the establishment of a commission of inquiry. India.8:00 pm ICT by IANS Delhi) . ‘disappearance. The 123-page report. Indian security forces committed serious human rights abuses against tens of thousands of Sikhs. and an extensive reparations program. Human Rights Watch and Ensaaf said in a new report released today.Recent Articles on atrocities by Punjab Police Maken criticizes Punjab government for ‘misuse of police’ September 22nd. where security forces committed large-scale human rights violations without any accountability.” said Brad Adams. Sikh separatists in Punjab committed serious human rights abuses. Beginning in the 1980s. attacks upon Hindu minorities in the state. In order to end the institutional defects that foster impunity in Punjab and elsewhere in the country. including the massacre of civilians. “No one disputes that the militants were guilty of numerous human rights abuses. but the government should have acted within the law instead of sanctioning the killing. to provide justice for victims’ families. the commission has narrowed its efforts to merely establishing the identity of the . In its counterinsurgency operations in Punjab from 1984 to 1995. “disappeared. However. from the National Human Rights Commission to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). The report describes the impunity enjoyed by officials responsible for violations and the near total failure of India’s judicial and state institutions. the government should take new legal and practical steps.’ and torture of individuals accused of supporting the militants.” and tortured thousands of Sikhs during its counterinsurgency campaign in the Punjab. "Protecting the Killers: A Policy of Impunity in Punjab. a body specially empowered by the Supreme Court to address this case. Asia director at Human Rights Watch.
. an unresponsive judiciary. ParamjitKaur.” said JaskaranKaur.” The report discusses the case of Jaswant Singh Khalra. co-director of Ensaaf. It has rejected cases from other districts and has ignored the intentional violations of human rights perpetrated by India’s security forces. or me and my wife.. including prolonged trials. He brought his case before the Punjab & Haryana High Court and the CBI Special Court. For more than a decade. key witnesses have died. “Indians and the rest of the world are watching to see if the current Indian government can muster the political will to do the right thing.” said Adams.. Khalra’s widow. then the only conclusion that can be reached is that the state’s institutions cannot or will not take on the security establishment. kid. During this time." After Mohinder Singh’s son Jugraj Singh was killed in an alleged faked armed encounter between security forces and separatists in January 1995. and they would also do that to Kulwinder Singh’s wife. biased prosecutors. It if fails..” Victims and their families seeking justice face severe challenges. “Delivering justice in Punjab could set precedents throughout India for the redress of mass state crimes and superior responsibility. the commission has failed to independently investigate a single case and explicitly refuses to identify any responsible officials. and the failure to charge senior government officials despite evidence of their role in the abuses. “The National Human Rights Commission has inexplicably failed in its duties to investigate and establish exactly what happened in Punjab. The caller would say that they had killed thousands of boys and thrown them into canals. Tarlochan Singh described the hurdles he has faced in his now 18-year struggle before Indian courts for justice for the killing of his son. she is still waiting for a hearing on the merits. and with two to three months between hearings. This has grave implications for Indian democracy.individuals who were secretly cremated in three crematoria in just one district of Punjab. filed a petition in the Punjab & Haryana High Court calling on the CBI to take action against Gill. he pursued numerous avenues of justice. Kulwinder Singh: "I used to receive threatening phone calls. "The trial has been proceeding . Despite credible eyewitness testimony that police chief KPS Gill was directly involved in interrogating Khalra in illegal detention just days prior to Khalra’s murder. More than a year later. . the Central Bureau of Investigation has thus far refused to investigate or prosecute Gill. a leading human rights defender in Punjab who was abducted and then murdered in October 1995 by government officials after being held in illegal detention for almost two months. police intimidation and harassment of witnesses. with very little evidence being recorded at each hearing. In September 2006. “We still hold out hope that it will change course and bring justice to victims and their families.
The detailed recommendations include establishing a commission of inquiry.” said Adams. courts. You have to live here and they can pick you up at any time. Mohinder Singh describes his interactions with the CBI: “On one occasion when *the officer+ from the CBI came to my house. A CBI investigation found that Jugraj Singh had been killed and cremated by the police. the CBI court ended Mohinder Singh’s pursuit for accountability by dismissing his case in 2006. “The government’s illegal and inhuman policies in the name of security have allowed a culture of impunity to prevail that has brutalized its police and security forces.” Human Rights Watch and Ensaaf expressed concern that the Indian government continues to cite the counterinsurgency operations in Punjab as a model for preserving national integrity. and civil servants that it neither tolerates nor condones gross human rights violations under any circumstances. However. 11 years and a few inquiry reports later.’ He was indirectly threatening me.” said Kaur. a special prosecutor’s office. “This requires a comprehensive and credible process of accountability that delivers truth. who demand nothing more than their rights guaranteed by India’s constitution and international law. and an extensive reparations program. But you shouldn’t get into a confrontation with the police. “The Indian government needs to send a clear message to its security services.” . He further said that: ‘I see you running around pursuing your case. Not justice and not even compensation. and reparations to its victims. prosecutors. justice. he told me that I wasn’t going to get anything out of this. The report suggests a comprehensive framework to address the institutionalized impunity that has prevented accountability in Punjab.but no police officer was charged.
was filed today in the Punjab State Human Rights Commission (PSHRC). Nayagaon. he fell in the gutter and also pulled a policeman along with him. He was released on bail today. . “The policemen were trying to stop him. “Since there is a gross violation of human rights involved in this case. the petitioner has annexed a picture taken by a Newsline photographer clearly showing Punjab police officials thrashing the youth. May 13 A complaint demanding stern action against Punjab police officers who allegedly mercilessly beat up a Chandigarh-based youth on Monday at the PCA stadium. The petitioner also demanded adequate compensation for the victim. As an evidence. Mohali. Both were part of the additional force summoned on the spot by the Mohali police to manage the law and order situation in and around the stadium. “Rather than providing assistance to the youth. and the police officers seen in the photographs beating the youth. His father is a gazetted officer and had retired from the Punjab government about a year ago. 2008 at 0118 hrs. His younger brother works in Jalandhar. William Jeji and then a UT Constable Krishan Pal. Bhalla. Amitabh Bhalla. Mohinder Singh. When we tried to catch hold of him. is fond of weight-training. IST Chandigarh. The complainant. he even assaulted SHO. according to his neighbours.” stated the complaint. Mohali police have booked Amitabh on charges of restricting a government servant from performing his official duty and assault.” said Advocate K P S Dhillon. Punjab police said that the police took action against Amitabh when he tried to forcibly enter the stadium ground.” said one of the senior Punjab police officials. We did not assault him. has demanded an inquiry into the incident and action against the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP). who stays with his parents at a government accommodation in Sector 23. Amitabh Bhalla (30) had slipped into a ditch at the PCA stadium here while cheering and watching the IPL match. the police officials allegedly started beating him. the complainant is competent to file the present complaint for the protection of human rights before the commission.PCA beating: complaint filed against Punjab Police RAGHAV OHRI Posted: May 14. Mohali.
. It has suited vested interests to maintain the status quo despite persistent demands for police reforms. they have remained. By making the use of the samples taken we have tried to bring in recommendations which will help in enhancing the services of the police. The imperative need is to take a fresh look at our national personnel policy and implement the two-decade old recommendations of the National Police Commission. especially the one for setting up a State Security Commission to oversee the police. With the help of the research conducted by us. but let us see what the poor wretches have to do. in this project we have highlighted the weaknesses of the police through the eyes of people who use these services i. by all means let us abuse them to our heart's content.Conclusion As for the police. and insulating it against political interference and partisan use. and making it accountable only to the Commission. Being the coercive apparatus of the government. for too long. the courts and the people.e. They are asked to bear responsibility without the power or the freedom to take effective action. general populace. sacrificial goats in the hands of myopic politicians.
We are grateful for the services they have rendered for the public populace that includes us too. We would like to salute them for their services and also like to forward a heartfelt thanks.Even After all the flaws that we have come to know about The Punjab Police through the research carried out by us. And we hope that the flaws that we have highlighted through our research work will only help Punjab Police get better and better. Jai Hind. .
www.com 16.ahrchk.legalserviceindia. www.nchro. www.org 9.com 5. www. www.com 6.org 14.com 15. www. www.humanrightsinitiative.thaiindian.google. www.accessmylibrary.com 7. www.com 2.Bibliography: We took the information used in the project from the following sources: Books Right. www.net .sikhsiyasat.blogspot.org 17. www. D.in 18. www.Khanna 1. Reforming Human Rights by Dr.indiaeducationdiary. www.com 3. Websites 1.org 8. Communites and Disobedience Liberalism and Gandhi by Vinit Haksar 2.experteyes. www.hindu.net 10.sacw.com 13. www.hrw.org 11.humanrightsdefence.com 12. www.charleshector.net 4.P.expressindia.ibnlive. www. www.manipuronline.
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