to shorten, abridge
You can abbreviate the Scholastic Aptitude Test to SAT. 2 abstinence not doing a pleasurable activity, 禁制 especially eating or drinking high or excessive praise 奉承 Noun
Sexual abstinence protects you from disease and pregnancy. 3 adulation Noun The adulation made him blush. adversity misfortune, an unfavorable turn of 厄運 events having to do with beauty or the 美學 arts friendly, agreeable 友善的 Noun
Many people have overcome adversity to achieve greatness. 5 aesthetic Adjective
The painting was aesthetically pleasing. 6 amicable Chairlady is an amicable person. anachronistic out-of-date, not attributed to the 時代錯 Adjective 誤的 correct historical period short, usually funny account of an event
Some people find the word “shall” anachronistic. 8 anecdote 趣聞 Noun
When I get old I can tell my children many anecdotes about my time at CMA. anonymous 9 nameless, without a disclosed 佚名的 Adjective identity
During summer training, I tried to stay an anonymous face in the crowd and avoid attention. antagonist foe, opponent, adversary 對手 Noun
10 In the movie Tuxedo, the hero is a taxi driver and the antagonist wants to poison the water.
helpfulness or mercy 合作 同情 Verb Noun We will all collaborate and help one another through this. They don’t understand our situation
. benevolent friendly and helpful assistance. Our teachers have no compassion for us. asylum 13 Noun
Government mistreatment often causes people to leave in search of political asylum. hard-working sanctuary. camaraderie was high among the students. camaraderie 15 trust. I guess it must be true. 19 20 collaborate compassion to cooperate. taking the longest route 責備 Verb The freshman was censured for spilling his food on a senior. he took a circuitous route home clairvoyant 有過人 exceptionally insightful. tending to do good 仁慈的 Adjective
The rich man gave a benevolent donation to the hospital. bond amongst friends 朋友間 的信任 Noun
After going through the hardships of TOEFL class together.11 12
extremely dry or boring
乾燥的 Adjective 勤奮的 Adjective 政治庇 護
A poor teacher can lead to an arid class. censure circuitous to criticize harshly indirect. persistent. shelter. place to get away from problems CMA’s TOEFL students are focused and assiduous. able to 洞察力 Adjective foresee the future 的
Our teacher is clairvoyant and he sees success in all our futures. 迂曲的 Adjective Since he was enjoying his time with his date. work together sympathy.
27 deleterious 有害的 Adjective Doubting your own abilities is deleterious. straying 脫軌 from the main point careful and hard-working Noun
Sometimes digression is helpful to help relax. We are just too far apart. destructive. He thinks being a sophomore makes him special. 24 conformist person who complies with accepted rules and customs a crowd of people. 29 digression the act of turning aside. demagogue 煽動者 Noun
Our commander is quite the demagogue. 25 congregation Noun The preacher spoke to the congregation. detrimental leader. 30 diligent 勤奮的 Adjective
TOEFL students are so diligent they practice English in their sleep. condescending 22 possessing an attitude superiority. usually appealing emotion or prejudice to Noun
We will never have a convergence of ideas. convergence the state of separate elements 聚集 joining or coming together harmful. patronizing of 屈尊的 Adjective
He can be so condescending sometimes.
. conditional depending on a condition 有條件 Adjective 的 遵奉習 俗者 集合
Studying in America is conditional on my test performance. an assembly Noun
I have never been a conformist so the military life doesn’t fit me.21
to settle a dispute by terms agreeable to both sides
In a compromise no one wins and no one loses.
evanescent quickly fading. 32 disdain to regard with scorn or contempt separating.31
to harm the reputation of. devitalize Verb
I am a diligent student. bring to a greater level 增加 of intensity momentary. transient. dishonor 使丟臉 or disgrace 鄙視
It only takes one lie to discredit a person. emulate to imitate. We will succeed. short-lived
Thoughts of quitting were evanescent. It wastes study time. fleeting Verb
Every hour I study enhances my chances of a good score. empathy 34 移情 Noun
Studying English helps me have empathy for my teacher’s problems studying Chinese. divergent 分歧的 Adjective
Divergent is the opposite of convergent. but studying English can be enervating. 36 enervate weaken. 40 exasperation irritation. Pride is forever. follow an example 盡力趕 上 使衰弱 的 Verb
I try to emulate her dedication. 37 enhance to improve. frustration
I am approaching exasperation with silly example sentences.
. 38 ephemeral 短暫的 Adjective 逐漸消 Adjective 失的 惱怒 Noun Pain is ephemeral. moving in different directions from a particular point identification with the feelings of others Verb We disdain sleep.
gaudy. ornate 氣色好 Adjective 的 偶然的 Adjective 儉約的 Adjective
The decorations were too florid for my tastes. impulsive. hackneyed 46 陳腐的 Adjective
After listening to our teacher all this time.
. 50 impetuous 衝動的 Adjective
His decision to leave was impetuous and she regretted it later. haughty arrogant and condescending 高傲的 Adjective The haughty speaker treated us all like little kids. 43 florid flushed. theory requiring proof rash. hedonist person who pursues pleasure as a 快樂主 義者 goal assumption. The old lay was wealthy but frugal. make less serious Verb
She recognized the extenuating circumstances and forgave me. acting without thinking Noun
Hedonists do only what makes them feel good. 42 extenuate excuse. They all did well. cheap made into a cliché (overused expression). an example to others 模範的 Adjective 情有可 原的
General Dai was an exemplary CMA graduate.41
outstanding. She even tried to bargain on the price of milk. worn out by overuse These words appearing often on the test will be fortuitous for us. fortunate thrifty. “practice makes perfect” has become hackneyed. 44 45 fortuitous frugal happening by luck. 49 hypothesis 假說 Noun
My hypothesis about SAT scores was correct.
52 incompatible opposed in nature. adventurous instinctive. 54 55 56 57 58 inevitable integrity intrepid intuitive jubilation certain. No one doubted her integrity.51
to attribute an action to particular person or group
The evidence imputed him as the killer. trivial
The details are inconsequential.
. exultation Putting it off is just delaying the inevitable. 53 inconsequential unimportant. The day after the test is a time for jubilation. The knowledge of how to breathe is intuitive. lobbyist person who seeks to influence 陳情者 political events length of life 壽命 Noun
The company employed lobbyists to help get the law passed. not able to live 矛盾的 Adjective or work together 不合理 Adjective 的 必然的 Adjective 正直的 Noun
We can never be together because she and I are just incompatible. wholeness fearless. celebration. honesty. 60 longevity Noun
The longevity of your stay on this Earth depends on your actions. unavoidable decency. untaught joy. 大膽的 Adjective 直覺的 Adjective 歡慶 Noun The soldier was intrepid as he faced his enemy.
perfidious faithless. we were novice English speakers. we are just diligent students. commonplace
61 It is a mundane sight to see a TOEFL student studying while others are playing games. The orator wouldn’t stop talking. speaker showy. Eating without anything to drink left me parched. 69 precocious unusually advanced or talented at 早熟的 Adjective an early age pretending to be important. casual. 63 64 65 66 67 novice opulent orator ostentatious parched apprentice. 富裕的 Adjective 演說者 Noun The opulent man bought his wife a car for her birthday.
. Really. shriveled In August. disloyal. but also ostentatious. untrustworthy
Anyone lacking integrity is perfidious. intelligent or cultured
The students’ studies showed him to be precocious. 鋪張的 Adjective 乾枯的 Adjective 不誠實 Adjective 的 The man was opulent. 62 nonchalant calm. Now we are experts. beginner Wealthy lecturer.mundane
ordinary. pretentious 70 矯飾的 Adjective
The other students sometimes see our constant use of English as pretentious. displaying wealth dried up. seeming unexcited 漠不關 Adjective 心的 新手 Noun
He approached the challenge in a nonchalant way.
75 prudent careful.71
to unnecessarily delay. querulous complaining. 77 rancorous bitter. the resolution of a dispute 恢復 Noun 活力 Noun
Will we ever see reconciliation between those two? renovation repair. provocative
The old man became querulous when you mentioned the war. 73 prosperity She hid her prosperity so others wouldn’t think her opulent. hateful
Working too hard can make someone into a rancorous person. irritable 散文式 Adjective 的 繁盛 挑撥 Adjective 性的 Noun
Seeing the same words again and again makes the prosaic but helps you learn. commonplace wealth or success tending to provoke a response. put off
To procrastinate is just to delay the inevitable. examples are anger or disagreement His arguments were provocative. reconciliation the act of agreement after a 和解 quarrel. 78 reclusive preferring to live in isolation The writer was so reclusive he moved into a cabin in the woods. cautious 謹慎的 Adjective 愛發牢 Adjective 騷的 滿懷恨 Adjective 意的 遁隱的 Adjective The man’s investment decisions were prudent and well researched. 72 prosaic relating to prose. dull.
. postpone. making something new again
Some barracks on campus are undergoing renovation.
He impressed us with his sagacity. false 假的 Adjective The story was spurious. repressed. bounce back
有彈力 Adjective 的 限制的 Adjective Noun 睿智 仔細檢 查 noun
The boxer was not fast or strong. confirm. substantiated his story. supporting evidence hard to detect perceptive or provide
Her submissive nature drove the guys crazy. to submit to 順從的 Adjective the will of others to verify.81
quick to recover.
. Sun Yat Sen. scrutinize to observe carefully Verb
He scrutinized the scene for a clue. People of Taiwan have great reverence for Dr. 89 substantiate 證實 Verb
His friend. 微妙的 Adjective
Sometimes her hints were too subtle even for me to catch. 86 spontaneity impulsive events action. profound respect wisdom Young people are often socially restrained by their parents. submissive tending to meekness. 87 spurious lacking authenticity. but he was resilient. unplanned 自發性 Noun
His spontaneity kept us on our toes. 82 83 84 restrained reverence sagacity controlled. who was also there. restricted worship. but the cops never found out. 90 subtle describe.
shallow. 偷偷 94 surreptitious secret. suppress to end an activity. 92 superfluous extra. venerable respected because of age
The venerable professor impressed the students with her knowledge of languages. 100 wary careful. transient temporary. stealthy 摸摸的 The teacher's methods of getting us to speak English weren’t exactly surreptitious. cautious 小心翼 Adjective 翼的
I am a wary traveler. keeping a firm grip 緊握的 Adjective on Adjective
The cadet was tactful and never hurt anyone’s feelings. 95 tactful considerate. more redundant than enough. skillful in acting to 圓融的 Adjective avoid offense to others determined. tenacious 96
The TOEFL student’s tenacious studying was almost to the point of being superfluous. 99 vindicate to clear from blame or suspicion Verb
He was vindicated from the charges against him. only a couple scrapes and a bruise. 過剩的 Adjective
Hearing the same thing from each person was superfluous. preparing for everything.
. short-lived. fleeting 短暫的 Adjective 令人敬 Adjective 重的 證明無 辜 Sleep is our transient escape from speaking English. lacking in depth
The wounds were superficial. especially to prevent the dissemination of information 壓制 Verb
Communist governments suppress their people.