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ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)

Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications

70

Fixed Point Theorems for Random Variables in Complete Metric

Spaces

Deepak Singh Kaushal

Abstract

In this paper we prove some fixed point theorem for random variables with one and two self maps satisfying

rational inequality in complete metric spaces

Keywords: Random fixed point,Complete metric space, Common fixed points.

Mathematics Subject Classification: 47H10

1.INTRODUCTION

Many theorems of fixed point have been proved using rational inequality in ordinary metric space. Some of the

noteworthy contributions are by Bhardwaj, Rajput and Yadava [3], Jaggi and Das[9], Das and Gupta[5] Fisher

[7,8] who obtained some fixed point theorems using rational inequality in complete metric spaces.

Random fixed point theory has received much attention in recent years.Some of the recent results in random

fixed points have been proved by Beg and Shahzad [1, 2], Choudhary and Ray [4], Dhagat, Sharma and

Bhardwaj [6]. In particular random iteration schemes leading to random fixed point of random

operator.Throughout this paper ( ) ∑ Ω, denotes a measurable space, (X,d) be a complete metric space and C is

non empty subset of X.

2.PRELIMINARIES

Definition 2.1:A function : f C C Ω× → is said to be random operator, if ( ) C X f → Ω : , . is measurable

for every . C X ∈

Definition 2.2: A function : f C Ω → is said to be measurable if ( ) ∑ ∈ ∩C B f ' for every Borel subset B

of X.

Definition 2.3:A measurable function C g → Ω : is said to be random fixed point of the random operator

C C f → × Ω : , if ( ) ( ) ( ) . , , Ω ∈ ∀ = t t g t g t f

Definition 2.4:A random operator C C f → × Ω : is said to be continuous if for fixed

( ) C C t f t × Ω ∈ : ,. , is continuous.

3.MAIN RESULTS

Theorem3.1: Let E be a self mapping on a complete metric space

( ) , X d satisfying the condition

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( , ( )), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

d g E g d h E h

d E g E h

d g h

d g E h d h E g

d g h

d g E g d h E h

d g h

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ

η ξ ξ

≥

+

+ +

+

For all ( ), ( ) g h X ξ ξ ∈ with ( ) ( ) g h ξ ξ ≠ ,where , , , , 0 α β γ δ η > and 1 α β γ δ η + + + + > and

1 α γ + < and E is onto.Then E has a fixed point in . X

Proof:- Let

0

( ) . g X ξ ∈ Since E is onto there is an element

1

( ) g ξ satisfying

1

1 0

( ) ( , ( )) g E g ξ ξ ξ

−

∈ By the

same way we can choose

1

1

( ) ( , ( ))

n n

g E g ξ ξ ξ

−

−

∈ where 2, 3, 4,... n =

If

1

( ) ( )

m m

g g ξ ξ

−

= for some m then ( )

m

g ξ is a fixed point of E.

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Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications

71

Without loss of generality we can suppose that

1

( ) ( )

n n

g g ξ ξ

−

= ,for every . n

So

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

1 1

1 1

1

1 1

1

1 1

( ), ( ) ( , ( )), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ),

n n n n

n n n n

n n

n n n n

n n

n n n n

n

d g g d E g E g

d g E g d g E g

d g g

d g E g d g E g

d g g

d g E g d g E g

d g

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ

η ξ

− +

+ +

+

+ +

+

+ +

=

≥

+

+ +

+ ( )

1

( )

n

g ξ

+

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

1 1

1 1

1 ( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n

n n n n

d g g d g g

d g g d g g

α γ ξ ξ δ η ξ ξ

α γ

ξ ξ ξ ξ

δ η

− +

+ −

( − + ≥ +

¸ ¸

( − +

¸ ¸

≤

+

It follows that

( ) ( )

1 1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n

d g g k d g g ξ ξ ξ ξ

+ −

≤ where

( )

( )

1

1. k

α γ

δ η

( − +

¸ ¸

= <

+

By routine calculation the following inequality holds for . p n >

( ) ( )

1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n p n i n i

d g g d g g ξ ξ ξ ξ

+ + − +

≤

∑

( )

( )

1

0 1

0 1

( ), ( )

( ), ( )

1

n i

n

k d g g

k

d g g

k

ξ ξ

ξ ξ

+ −

≤

≤

−

Now making n →∞we obtain

( )

( ), ( ) 0

n n p

d g g ξ ξ

+

→

Hence { } ( )

n

g ξ is a Cauchy sequence. Since X is complete{ } ( )

n

g ξ converges to ( ) g ξ ,for some ( ) . g X ξ ∈

Since E is onto then there exists ( ) h X ξ ∈ such that

1

( ) ( , ( )) h E g ξ ξ ξ

−

∈ and for infinitely many

, ( ) ( )

n

n g g ξ ξ ≠ for such . n

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

1

1 1

1

1 1

1

1 1

1

( ), ( ) ( , ( )), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

n n

n n

n

n n

n

n n

n

d g g d E g E h

d g E g d h E h

d g h

d g E h d h E g

d g h

d g E g d h E h

d g h

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ

η ξ ξ

+

+ +

+

+ +

+

+ +

+

=

≥

+

+ +

+

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Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications

72

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

1

1

1

1

1

1

( ), ( ) . ( ), ( )

( ), ( )

( ), ( ) . ( ), ( )

( ), ( )

( ), ( )) ( ), ( ))

( ), ( )

n n

n

n n

n

n n

n

d g g d h g

d g h

d g g d h g

d g h

d g g d h g

d g h

ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ

η ξ ξ

+

+

+

+

+

+

≥

+

+ +

+

On taking limit as n →∞we have

( ) ( )

1

0 ( ), ( ) lim ( ), ( )

n n

d h g d g h δ ξ ξ η ξ ξ

→∞ +

≥ +

Since ( ) , 0, So ( ), ( ) 0 d g h δ η ξ ξ > =

and ( )

1

lim ( ), ( ) 0

n n

d g h ξ ξ

→∞ +

=

So in both cases we get ( ) ( ) g h ξ ξ = .Thus E has a fixed point in . X

Theorem 3.2:Let E be a self mapping on a complete metric sapce

( ) , X d satisfying the condition

( )

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( )

( , ( )), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

,

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

min ,

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) , ( ), ( ,

d E g E h

d g E g d h E h d g E h d h E g

d g h

d g E h d h E g d h E h d h E h

d g h

d h E h d g E g

ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

+

+

≥

( ) ( ) ( )) , ( ), ( ) d g h ξ ξ ξ

¦ ¹

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

´ `

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¹ )

For all ( ), ( ) g h X ξ ξ ∈ with ( ) ( ) g h ξ ξ ≠ , where 1 α > and E is onto. Then E has a fixed point in . X

Proof:- Let

0

( ) . g X ξ ∈ Since E is onto there is an element

1

( ) g ξ satisfying

1

1 0

( ) ( , ( )) g E g ξ ξ ξ

−

∈ By the

same way we can choose

1

1

( ) ( , ( ))

n n

g E g ξ ξ ξ

−

−

∈ where 2, 3, 4,... n =

If

1

( ) ( )

m m

g g ξ ξ

−

= for some mthen ( )

m

g ξ is a fixed point of E.

Without loss of generality we can suppose that

1

( ) ( )

n n

g g ξ ξ

−

= for every . n

So ( ) ( )

1 1

( ), ( ) ( , ( )), ( , ( ))

n n n n

d g g d E g E g ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

− +

=

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( )

1 1 1 1

1

2

1 1 1 1

1

1 1

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

,

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

min ,

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( ))

n n n n n n n n

n

n n n n n n

n n

n n

d g E g d g E g d g E g d g E g

d g g

d g E g d g E g d g E g

d g g

d g E g

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ

+ + + +

+

+ + + +

+

+ +

+

( +

¸ ¸

≥

( ) ( )

1

, ( ), ( , ( )) , ( ), ( )

n n n n

d g E g d g g ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

+

¦ ¹

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

´ `

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¦ ¦

¹ )

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Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications

73

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( ) ( )

1 1 1 1

1

2

1 1 1

1

1 1 1

( ), ( ) . ( ), ( ) ( ), ( )) . ( ), ( ))

,

( ), ( )

( ), ( ) . ( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

min ,

( ), ( )

( ), ( ) , ( ), ( )) , ( ), ( )

n n n n n n n n

n n

n n n n n n

n n

n n n n n n

d g g d g g d g g d g g

d g g

d g g d g g d g g

d g g

d g g d g g d g g

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

− + + −

+

+ − +

+

+ − +

¦ +

¦

¦

¦

( +

¦

¸ ¸

=

´

¦

¦

¦

¹

¹

¦

¦

¦

¦

`

¦

¦

¦

¦ ¦

)

( ) ( ) { }

1 1

min ( ), ( ) , ( ), ( )

n n n n

d g g d g g α ξ ξ ξ ξ

− +

=

( ) ( )

1 1

1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n

d g g d g g ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

− +

≥

( ) ( )

1 1

1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n

d g g d g g ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

+ −

≤

Where

1

1

α

<

,therefore by well known way { } ( )

n

g ξ is a Cauchy sequence in . X Since X is complete

{ } ( )

n

g ξ converges to ( ) g ξ ,for some ( ) . g X ξ ∈ So by continuity of E,we have

1

( , ( )) ( ) ( , ( )), as

n n

E g g E g n ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

−

= → →∞

Hence ( , ( )) ( ) E g g ξ ξ ξ =

Thus E has a fixed point in . X

Theorem3.3:Let E be a self mapping on a complete metric sapce

( ) , X d satisfying the condition

( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

1

2

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( , ( )), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( )

d g E g d h E h

d g E h d h E g

E g E h

d g E g d g h

d g E h d g h

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ α

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

(

(

+

(

≥

(

+

(

(

+

¸ ¸

For each ( ), ( ) g h X ξ ξ ∈ with ( ) ( ) g h ξ ξ ≠ , where 1 α > and E is onto.Then E has a fixed point in . X

Proof:- Let

0

( ) . g X ξ ∈ Since E is onto there is an element

1

( ) g ξ satisfying

1

1 0

( ) ( , ( )) g E g ξ ξ ξ

−

∈ By the

same way we can choose

1

1

( ) ( , ( ))

n n

g E g ξ ξ ξ

−

−

∈ where 2, 3, 4,... n =

If

1

( ) ( )

m m

g g ξ ξ

−

= for some mthen ( )

m

g ξ is a fixed point of E.

Without loss of generality we can suppose that

1

( ) ( )

n n

g g ξ ξ

−

= for every . n

So

( ) ( )

1 1

( ), ( )) ( , ( )), ( , ( ))

n n n n

d g g d E g E g ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

− +

=

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

1

2

1 1

1 1

1

1 1

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( )

n n n n

n n n n

n n n n

n n n n

d g E g d g E g

d g E g d g E g

d g E g d g g

d g E g d g g

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

+ +

+ +

+

+ +

(

(

+

(

≥

(

+

(

(

+

¸ ¸

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Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications

74

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

1

2

1 1

1 1

1 1

1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n

n n n n

n n n n

n n n n

d g g d g g

d g g d g g

d g g d g g

d g g d g g

ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ

− +

+ −

− +

+

(

(

+

(

≥

(

+

(

(

+

¸ ¸

( ) ( )

1

2

1 1

2 ( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n

d g g d g g α ξ ξ ξ ξ

− +

( ≥

¸ ¸

( ) ( )

1 1 2

1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

2

n n n n

d g g d g g ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

+ −

≤

Therefore by well known way { } ( )

n

g ξ is a Cauchy sequence in . X Since X is complete { } ( )

n

g ξ converges

to ( ) g ξ , for some ( ) . g X ξ ∈ Since E is onto there exists ( ) . h X ξ ∈ such that

1

( ) ( , ( )) h E g ξ ξ ξ

−

∈ and for

infinitely many n, ( ) ( )

n

g g ξ ξ ≠ for all n.

( ) ( )

1

( ), ( )) ( , ( )), ( , ( ))

n n

d g g d E g E h ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

+

=

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

1

2

1 1

1 1

1 1 1

11 1

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( )

n n

n n

n n n

n n

d g E g d h E h

d g E h d h E g

d g E g d g h

d g E h d g h

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

+ +

+ +

+ + +

+ +

(

(

+

(

≥

(

+

(

(

+

¸ ¸

On taking limit as n →∞

,we obtain

( ) ( ), ( )) 0

n

d g g ξ ξ →

So we have

( ) ( ), ( ) 0 ( ) ( ) d g h g h ξ ξ ξ ξ = ⇒ =

Hence E has a fixed point in . X

Theorem3.4: Let E and F be two self mappings on a complete metric space

( ) , X d satisfying the condition

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( , ( )), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

d g E g d h F h

d E g F h

d g h

d g F h d h E g

d g h

d g E g d h F h

d g h

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ

η ξ ξ

≥

+

+ +

+

For all ( ), ( ) g h X ξ ξ ∈ with ( ) ( ) g h ξ ξ ≠ ,where , , , , 0 α β γ δ η > and 1 α β γ δ η + + + + > and

1 α γ + < .Then E and F have a common fixed point.

Proof: Let

0

( ) g ξ be any point of X, we define a sequence{ } ( )

n

g ξ as follows

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0 1

1 2

2 2 1

2 1 2 2

( ) ( , ( )),

( ) ( , ( )),

...............................

( ) ( , ( )),

( ) ( , ( ))

n n

n n

g E g

g E g

g E g

g E g

ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ

+

+ +

=

=

=

=

Now if

2 1 2 2

( ) ( )

n n

g g ξ ξ

+ +

≠ then ( ) ( )

2 2 1 2 1 2 2

( ), ( ) ( , ( )), ( , ( ))

n n n n

d g g d E g F g ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

+ + +

=

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2

2 1 2 2

2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1

2 1 2 2

2 11 2 1 2 2 2 2

2 1 2

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) . ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ),

n n n n

n n

n n n n

n n

n n n n

n n

d g E g d g F g

d g g

d g F g d g E g

d g g

d g E g d g F g

d g g

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ

η ξ

+ + + +

+ +

+ + + +

+ +

+ + + +

+

≥

+

+ +

+ ( )

2

( ) ξ

+

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

2 1 2 2 2 2 1

2 1 2 2

2 1 2 1 2 2 2

2 1 2 2

2 1 2 2 2 2 1

2 1 2 2

( ), ( ) . ( ), ( )

( ), ( )

( ), ( ) . ( ), ( )

( ), ( )

( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

( ), ( )

n n n n

n n

n n n n

n n

n n n n

n n

d g g d g g

d g g

d g g d g g

d g g

d g g d g g

d g g

ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ

η ξ ξ

+ + +

+ +

+ + +

+ +

+ + +

+ +

≥

+

+ +

+

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2

( ), ( ) ( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n n n

d g g d g g d g g ξ ξ α γ ξ ξ δ η ξ ξ

+ + + +

≥ + + +

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

2 2 1 2 1 2 2

1 ( ), ( ) ( ), ( )

n n n n

d g g d g g α γ ξ ξ δ η ξ ξ

+ + +

( − + ≥ +

¸ ¸

( )

( )

( )

( )

2 1 2 2 2 2 1

1 1

( ), ( ) ( ), ( ) , Since 0 1

n n n n

d g g d g g

α γ α γ

ξ ξ ξ ξ

δ η δ η

+ + +

( ( − + − +

≤ < <

( (

+ +

¸ ¸ ¸ ¸

It follow that { } ( )

n

g ξ is a Cauchy sequence .By completeness of X there is some point ( ) z ξ in X and

{ } ( )

n

g ξ converge to ( ) z ξ .By the condition there is another point ( ) u ξ in X such that ( ) ( , ( )) E u z ξ ξ ξ =

Since we can suppose ( ) ( )

2 2 n

u g ξ ξ

+

≠ for many infinitely n we can write

( ) ( )

2 1 2 2

( ), ( ) ( , ( )), ( , ( ))

n n

d z g d E u F g ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

+ +

=

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )

2 2 2 2

2 2

2 2 2 2

2 2

2 2 2 2

2 2

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( , ( ))

( ), ( )

n n

n

n n

n

n n

n

d u E u d g F g

d u g

d u F g d g E u

d u g

d u E u d g F g

d u g

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

α

ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ

β

ξ ξ

γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ

η ξ ξ

+ +

+

+ +

+

+ +

+

≥

+

+ +

+

On taking limit as n →∞ we obtain

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ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)

Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications

76

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

0 ( ), ( , ( )) ( ), ( )

0 ( ), ( )

d u E u d u z

d u z

γ ξ ξ ξ η ξ ξ

γ η ξ ξ

≥ +

≥ +

Which implies that ( ) ( ) ( , ( )) u z E u ξ ξ ξ ξ = =

i.e. ( ) ( , ( ))

Similarly ( ) ( , ( ))

z E u

z F u

ξ ξ ξ

ξ ξ ξ

=

=

Hence E and F have a common fixed point.

REFERENCES

1. Beg, I. and Shahzad, N. “Random approximations and random fixed point theorems,” J. Appl. Math.

Stochastic Anal. vol. 7 (2), 1994, 145-150.

2. Beg, I. and Shahzad, N. “Common Random fixed points of random multi-valued operators on metric

spaces,” Bollettino U.M.I. vol. 7, 1995, 493-503.

3. Bhardwaj, R. K., Rajput, S. S., Yadava, R. N., “Some fixed point theorems in complete metric

spaces,” International Journal of mathematical Science and Engineering Applications, vol.2( 2007),

193-198.

4. Choudhary, B. S. and Ray, M. “Convergence of an iteration leading to a solution of a random

operator equation,” J. Appl. Stochastic Anal. vol. 12 (2), 1999, 161-168.

5. Dass, B.K.,Gupta, S. “ An extension of Banach contraction principles through rational

expression” Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Vol.6(1975),1455-1458.

6. Dhagat, V. B., Sharma, A. and Bhardwaj, R. K. “Fixed point theorems for random operators in

Hilbert spaces,” International Journal of Math. Anal. vol. 2 (12), 2008, 557-561.

7. Fisher, B., “Common fixed point and constant mapping satisfying a rational inequality,”

Mathematical Seminar Notes, Kobe University, Vol.6 (1978), 29-35.

8. Fisher, B., “Mappings satisfying rational inequality,” Nanta Mathematica., Vol.12 (1979), 195-199.

9. Jaggi, D.S. and Das, B.K. “An extension of Banach’s fixed point theorem through rational

expression” Bulletin of the Calcutta Mathematical Society, Vol.72 (1980), 261-264

10. Xu, H. K. “Some random fixed point theorems for condensing and non expansive operators,” Proc.

Amer. Math. Soc. vol. 110, 1990, 2395-2400.

Deepak Singh Kaushal

Sagar Institute of Science,Technology & Research

Bhopal (M.P.)

email:deepaksinghkaushal@yahoo.com

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