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May 2013 | Volume 76, Issue 5 | The Voice of the Industry Since 1938 |









RY S I N C E 1 9 3 8



Garage walls can really take a beating from car doors, baseball bats, garden tools, or as we call it life. Which is why Hi-Impact XP PURPLE drywall from National Gypsum was specically engineered to be dent- and damage-resistant. Meaning these walls can stand up to whatever life dishes out.

Technical Info: 1-800-NATIONAL or visit The color PURPLE is a registered trademark of National Gypsum Properties, LLC

Be Wise. Build with G40 Galvanized Drywall Studs.

Specify No EQ Coatings to ensure you get true G40 galvanized.
When you buy ViperStud from Marino\WARE, you get G40 galvanized steel. If you want G40 galvanized from the other guys, you might have to ask for it!

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VO L U M E 7 6 N U M B E R 5



06 Up Front

by Mark Fowler

16 Pillar of the Community

Resort residents nd EIFS retrot makes difference in durability and energy efciency.

34 Stucco Stop by Albert Carrillo 36 Straight Green by Chris Dixon

22 A Tough Barrier
Air barrier membrane protects a Florida residence from the ravages of wind-driven rain and guards against the harmful effects of moisture and air inltration.

10 Trade News 14 Product Focus 41 Classied Marketplace 42 Advertiser Directory

24 Up-to-Code Performance
Energy-related changes are coming for new commercial buildings. Is the wall and ceiling industry ready?

26 Construction Apps for the Modern Day Contractor

Find an edge by utilizing construction apps while on the job site.

30 Home Free
The Zero Energy America homes in Tampa, Fla., inspire a new way of net-zero livingwith no electric bill.

May 2013 | Volume 76, Issue 5 | The Voice of the Industry Since 1938 |



38 New Product Buzz Guide





on the cover
Members of Pillar Constructions team (From top to bottom, left to right): Maher Chalabi, Gabriel Castillo, David Shomette, Goran Kukic, Bill Perry and Raja Khoury. Photo by Architectural Photographer Dan Cunningham of Arlington, Va.

Breaking News W&C Blogs Web-only Features Special Sections W&C Architect W&C Digital Edition Media Kit Facebook White Papers/ Case Studies
Readers can download the mobile app to snap the mobile tag at

| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013



Between us, ideas become reality

Scan to watch video

Armstrong acoustical to drywall transition moldings install twice as fast as conventional methods saving you time and money

35% less framing compared to conventional transition methods no more stud drops Eliminates vertical drywall return, corner bead, vertical mud, and sanding Knurled and slotted integral drywall taping flange for faster finishing Integral acoustical flange eliminates need for separate acoustical wall angle Compatible with all types of framing, including Armstrong Drywall Grid and ShortSpan

FA S T E R . E A S I E R . B E T T E R . 1 877 ARMSTRONG
C E I L I N G & W A L L P A N E L S / S U S P E N S I O N S Y S T E M S / T R I M S & T R A N S I T I O N S / S P E C I A LT Y C E I L I N G S / K I T T E D C L O U D S & C A N O P I E S / S E I S M I C C O M P L I A N C E



I Want to

I Really Do
Change h Ch happens. It may b be slow l and d at t a glacial but l i l pace b t it happens. There are reasons why change occurs and why it is so difficult and slow to happen. Change occurs in two ways: It is either forced upon us or we initiate change.
Ou r thought Our thou th ough ght t pr proc process oces ess s ha has s a lot lo t to do with the change we experience. Also, unique emotions tend to guide us on how we will accept, refuse or initiate change. The path of change may be denial as we hold on to what we know to be true, and then resist change at all costs. Some experts predict the younger generation is more adaptable to change as they rely more on conceptual thinking than us in the older generations. Conceptual thinking is focusing more on the big picture, being a bit more creative and searching for new solutions to old problemsthus creating new opportunities and taking advantage of societal changes. Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn are inventions from these conceptualtype thinkers. They saw an opportunity and thought to themselves, How can I make something happen? How can I take advantage of new technology? They often are labeled as free thinkers by believers; and, as out there by the linear thinkers. The linear thinker relies on a basic step by step approach and sees a straight line through a series of tried-and-true steps problem. concepstep st eps s to solve sol olve ve a p robl ro blem em Th The e co conc ncep eptual thinker works a more complex process to reach a goal. Successful linear thinkers have achieved success by lineal thinking; they know what has worked, made them successful, and ask themselves, why change? You cant blame themit worked. Conceptual thinkers bring new ideas, they tend to think outside the box and can come up with alternative ideas that are labeled as great or possibly dumb.

They push for lower costs, push their workers harder and cut waste to a minw imum. This linear thinkingcoupled i with hard workfunctions quite well w for f contracting. Conceptual thinkers generally gravitate toward manufacturg ing i or consulting, and some move into marketing. They tend to create new m products that solve old problems. They p see s the opportunity to capitalize on a situation, trend or change in law and s conceptually come up with an idea. c They think in terms of market share, T embrace change and often have an e equal amount of failures and successes. The contractor cant afford failuresit is not an option. But the successes of conceptual thinkers re-shape the world; linear thinkers may learn to adapt to it and make it work for them. Lineal thinkers are not very interested in change and most find it difficult to even sit long enough to listen to the conceptual thinkers concepts. Conceptual thinkers tend to look for change, sometimes even when change is not needed. Lineal thinkers avoid taking a risk: the path is clear, the plan basic and the road to success is hard work, and staying on that course following what others have done before them. They will just be better at it.

Are you trying to figure out which one you are? Most of us are a bit of both; we all tend to be brought up with a leaning toward one direction or the other. Both are valuable assets. The trick is to recognize and respect the traits in each. As the experts predict, the next generation will be more conceptual in their thinking process. They will want to know the ultimate goal and be allowed freedom in reaching that goal in their own individual way. Successful organizations will recognize conceptual and linear thinkers for their value and will prosper or fail accordingly depending on how well they manage each. W&C

Lineal thinkers are more predictable; they focus on that lineal path, and only deviate from that path when forced by circumstances. They tend to be more dogmatic and want to follow that proven historical path. In our industry, we have both types of thinkers and they tend to gravitate to a particular side of our industry. Most contractors are linear-style thinkers, simply by the nature that they are driven to that mode of thinking in order to succeed. They bid work and to make money they need to be more efficient than the competition.


6 | Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

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The Voice of the Industry Since 1938

Plastic Components GRAY or TAN foundation sill screeds and casing beads for stone veneer installations eliminate painting and look great! Get a rustproof job that saves time and money.

For subscription information or service, please contact Customer Service at: Tel. (847) 763-9534 or Fax (847) 763-9538 or e-mail 2401 W. Big Beaver Rd., Suite 700, Troy, MI 48084 (248) 362-3700 Fax: (248) 362-0317 Group Publisher Jill Bloom: (248) 244-6253,

Editorial Director Mark Fowler: Editor John Wyatt: (248) 205-6659, Associate Editor Casey Nesterowich: (248) 244-6471, Art Director James P. Hohner Jr.: Contributing Editors: Peter Battisti, Chris Dixon, Michael Gardner, William Rogers, Cecilia Padilla and Albert Carrillo


National Sales Manager Amy Tuttle: (517) 589-8617, (800) 533-5653, Western Regional Sales Manager Cecilia Osmolski: (424) 241-8271, Classied Advertising Manager Karen McConnell: (248) 979-8137,
2013 Plastic Components, Inc.

AEC Bookstore Manager Katie Zarrilli: (248) 244-1275, Reprints Jill DeVries: (248) 244-1726, Single-copy Sales Ann Kalb: (248) 244-6499,

Production Manager Jennifer Nagel: (248) 619-6471,


Bob Drury NWCB Michael Kwart Executive Director, ICAA Michael Gardner Executive Director, Gypsum Association Steve Pedracine Executive Director, Minnesota Lath & Plaster Bureau Jon Mooney President, Acoustics by J.W. Mooney Elizabeth Steiner Executive Director, ICFA Clint Valleau - Director of Purchasing & Replenishment, Allied Building Products



Christina Roth Audience Development Specialist Maggie Lee Multimedia Specialist Anna C. Silvestri Audience Audit Specialist

Sr. Account Manager Kevin Collopy: (402) 836-6265, (800) 223-2194, ext. 684, Senior Account Manager Michael Costantino: (402) 836-6266,

Single Copy Sales

Ann Kalb (248) 244-6499, Fax: 248-244-2925,


BNP Custom Media Group

Christopher Wilson (248) 244-8264,


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WALLS & CEILINGS (ISSN 0043-0161) is published 12 times annually, monthly, by BNP Media II, L.L.C., 2401 W. Big Beaver Rd., Suite 700, Troy, MI 48084-3333. Telephone: (248) 362-3700, Fax: (248) 362-0317. No charge for subscriptions to qualied individuals. Annual rate for subscriptions to nonqualied individuals in the U.S.A.: $119.00 USD. Annual rate for subscriptions to nonqualied individuals in Canada: $157.00 USD (includes GST & postage); all other countries: $174.00 (intl mail) payable in U.S. funds. Printed in the U.S.A. Copyright 2013, by BNP Media II, L.L.C. All rights reserved. The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the consent of the publisher. The publisher is not responsible for product claims and representations. Periodi.O. Box 2144, Skokie, IL cals Postage Paid at Troy, MI and at additional mailing ofces. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: WALLS & CEILINGS, P 60076. Canada Post: Publications Mail Agreement #40612608. GST account: 131263923. Send returns (Canada) to Pitney Bowes, P .O. Box 25542, .O. Box 2144, Skokie, IL 60076. For London, ON, N6C 6B2. Change of address: Send old address label along with new address to WALLS & CEILINGS, P single copies or back issues: contact Ann Kalb at (248) 244-6499 or

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8 | Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

Enhanced DPR Acrylic Finish


Hydrophobic - cleaner surfaces Heat reflective - cooler walls Photocatalytic - pollution reducing







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Johns Manville announced the publication of its 2012 Sustainability Report, We Build Environments. The publication can be viewed in two formats (PDF and e-zine) on the companys website at Our culture of sustainability is a great source of pride for the company and our employees, and were pleased to share our progress with our stakeholders, said Mary Rhinehart, JM president and CEO. We intend to capitalize on our commitment to sustainability to ensure that we are better prepared to meet both the opportunities

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24-27 Nashville

and challenges of our dynamic world, and that we continue to deliver safe products that delight our customers. The report, which received an Application Level Check by the Global Reporting Initiative, presents the companys approach to sustainability and its progress towards achieving its longterm sustainability goals. In addition to information and case studies associated with energy efciency, reducing the energy and carbon intensity of its operations, reducing solid waste and increasing use of recycled materials in several areas of its business, the report also highlights the companys social responsibility in the areas of safety, employee practices and community investment. This years report includes 18 fully reported performance indicators applying the GRI 3.1 guidelines.


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013


St. Louis-based Golterman & Sabo has doubled its facility size, converting an adjacent building into additional manufacturing, warehousing and ofce space. The additional space will enable the company to expand administrative and manufacturing operations for the companys growing suite of services and products. The new building will provide an additional 70,000 square feet and house several of the suppliers subsidiary companies, including its acoustical related businesses, G & S Acoustics and Fabric Wall. AR Nelson, which offers products for the healthcare industry, will also occupy the new building. In addition to manufacturing space, the new building will feature ofces, conference space, a lunch room

and a gymnasium. The warehouse space features a state-ofthe art HVAC system and has been painted a bright white and retrofitted with new lighting to enhance employee comfort. Founded in 1946, Golterman & Sabo currently employs 73 people and plans to increase its work force by ve percent next year.


On Center Software has announced a new partnership with ClarkDietrich Building Systems. Through this strategic partnership, ClarkDietrichs steel framing construction products are now available for immediate access by

contractors with the On Center Software Quick Bid estimating software. As [a] manufacturer of interior steel framing products, we go through an exhaustive selection process to identify leaders that share our commitment to delivering the highest value to our customers, said Clark-

Dietrichs Chief Information Ofcer Jim Collins. On Center Software complements ClarkDietrichs steel construction products perfectly by helping our customers win more projects and allowing them to more effectively manage bid estimating, material ow, budgets and schedules.

May 2013 | |


Grabber Construction Products has appointed Robert F. Rugg to its board of directors as an outside director. Master Wall has named Brian Conroy as its northeast sales manager. acquisition of the assets of Eldersburg Building Supply Co. (Eldersburg), a privately held gypsum wallboard and related accessories distributor based in Baltimore. Founded in 1969, Eldersburg currently services the Baltimore, Washington D.C. and Hagerstown, Md., metropolitan and surrounding areas with four locations. T h e E l d e r s b u r g Te a m i s extremely pleased to be joining the Allied team, Irrgang said. We have long respected Allied as a competitor. As part of the Allied family, we look forward to servicing our customers from our expanded distribution platform.




Armstrong Ceilings has announced that it has teamed with two additional companies in LED lightingJLC Tech and ROAL Electronicsthat manufacture components compatible with the DC FlexZone Grid System. The grid is an Emerge Alliance registered, ANSI-UL certied ceiling suspension system that has the ability to distribute safe, low voltage direct current power to lighting xtures, sensors, and other electrical devices in the ceiling.

Armstrong Ceilings and its partners are members of the EMerge Alliance, an industry association that promotes the adoption of safe dc power distribution standards and use throughout commercial buildings.

Allied Building Products Corp., a division of Oldcastle Inc., has announced that it has completed the USG Corp. announced a partnership with Designing Spaces airing on Lifetime cable network. The manufacturer provided its support by donating building materials and employee labor to makeover the


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013


home of a grandmother in North Lauderdale, Fla. The Designing Spaces episode aired on Lifetime April 4 at 7:30 a.m. ET. Designing Spaces teamed up with Rebuilding Together, an organization that provides critical repairs to low-income homes, and identied the need to help Joy Stewart and her family. Stewart received the home makeover just in time for Valentines Day. USG building materials provided to the home include Sheetrock Brand UltraLight Panels, Durock cement board Next Gen, UltraLightweight All Purpose Joint Compound, Mold Tough Gypsum Panels and Lightweight All Purpose Joint Compound with Dust Control. Oklahoma-based Flex-Ability Concepts has announced a competition for its end users. The company is asking its customers for a blog post describing a story they have had working with the their products. Whether a humorous, interesting, unique, bizarre or focused account, the company wants to hear from its customers in writing. The company has created a blog at www.exabilityconcepts.wordpress. com. The winner will have their entry posted on the company blog this fall and have their post published in Walls & Ceilings magazine. The winners will also receive a $100 gift card good at a number of restaurants, including Red Lobster, Olive Garden and Longhorn Steak House.

For more information on this competition visit the company website at or contact Robert Widmer at The winner will be announced in a fall issue of W&C. W&C


May 2013 | |





Trims and Moldings

Trim system for ceilings
The new RADii trims offer the simple and efcient way to nish a suspended ceiling which terminates at a curved wall or surface. Perfect for outside and inside radius treatmentsincluding compound or S-shapesthese trims eliminate expensive addons like extruded metal column rings, radius reveal moldings and wall angles. Non-rusting PVC Minimum radius: 15, 24, 30 and 54 inch

Vinyl J-trim
gripSTIK Vinyl J-Trim provides a nished edge at door and window openings along with other various wallboard intersections. This durable and impact resistant trim was designed with ease of installation. The product does not require any joint compound and can be nailed or slipped on. The trim is available in 1/4-, 3/8-, 1/2, 5/8- and 3/4-inch sizes. This is just one of the products in the companys vinyl beads and trims line.

Restoration millwork J-pocket with cut-out

Restoration Millwork J-Pocket with Cut-out allows the cellular PVC trimboard to lie flush with siding around windows and doors with built-in nail anges, allowing for more perfect miter cuts at the corners. Available in a 4-inch width with either Smooth or TrueTexture woodgrain, both with FinishedEdge, a smooth finish created by a proprietary heatsealing process that prevents dirt from collecting on the surface. Backed by a 25-year limited warranty, it is paintable, low-maintenance, resistant to UV rays, rotting, warping, moisture and insects, can be cut using ordinary woodworking tools and fastened with nails or screws.

Recycled cornice and crown moldings

The company offers economically priced, 100 percent recycled, environmentally friendly cornice and crown moldings that have been specically designed for use with indirect lighting. Manufactured to easily accept a variety of cove molding light fixtures without causing scalloped or uneven light dispersion and illumination, the companys cornice and crown moldings for indirect lighting can also be used just as readily as a traditional cornice or crown molding without lighting if desired.

Full trim line

The company offers a full line of Fiber Cement Panel Trims for James Hardie, CertainTeed and Nichiha exterior wall panel systems. Those trims include a Vertical Screed (CPS 375-50), which creates a vertical reveal between each panel. The Horizontal Z-Flash (CPZ 50) creates a horizontal reveal while covering the top edge of each panel. Outside Corner (CPX 375-375) and Inside Corner (CPW 50-50) Trims are also available. Visit the companys Web site for more details.


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013


SPEC MIX FIBER BASE COAT (FBC) Stucco provides major advantages to the project owner, designers and contractors. The product is engineered, tested and all constituents are computer batched and preblended to eliminate inconsistencies common with field mixed stucco. Formulated for both one-coat and scratch & brown applications, SPEC MIX FBC Stucco is a cost effective, ICC/ESR approved product that consistently delivers long-term durability.
SPEC MIX stucco products are available in 80 lb. and 3,000 lb. recyclable bags with several silo delivery systems available to meet the requirements of any size job.

NEW WEBSITE TOOLS: Video Vault Demos, MY-SPEC specification writer, product downloads and yield/coverage tables, LEED information and more for SPEC MIX products. WWW.SPECMIX.COM



ar away from the hustle and bustle of a big city, Silver Creek Resort in Snowshoe, W. Va., has gotten a new lease on life. The nine-story high rise building, with 239 condominiums, has recently undergone a complete renovation, and this time they are doing it right, according to Sam Collins, who is the general manager and acting project manager, as well as being a resident for six years at Silver Creek. Our original cladding was a panelized EIFS and weve had water leaks since the beginning in 1985 but thats because it wasnt installed or maintained correctly, said Collins. This time we worked with an architect and looked at metal panels, fiber cement and other claddings,

Resort residents find EIFS retrofit makes difference in durability and energy efficiency. By Gabriel Castillo

and selected a 5-inch drainable StoTherm Lotusan NExT (EIFS) from Sto Corp. because it was the best fit for our needs and the best R-value. A 5-inch drainable EIFS provides an approximate R-19 of continuous insulation, also referred to as CI. The NExT system includes StoGuard, a fluid-applied waterproofing air barrier, and StoLit Lotusan, a finish with a pronounced self-cleaning effect, and five inches of continuous insulation. These three components create a high-performing, eye-catching wall cladding system that saves energy and stays attractive for years.

This Sto reStore project consisted of 125,000 square feet of the companys wall cladding. Snowshoes weather and climate make for the best snow in the Southeast. It also results in some of the most extreme wind, snow and rain in the Southeast and prior to the renovation, every time a severe storm came through Silver Creek, management had to deal with damaged carpets, replace drywall, fix popcorn ceilings, and continue to band aid the problem. Each time we had a storm with any wind-driven rain, we had anywhere from moderate to severe dam-


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

opened up to identify the existing condition behind the wall. All of the issues had to be identifiedthe way the EIFS panels were hung on the building, the window leakage issues, and the imperfect seals - so that they could create a solid, water-tight building in the new cladding. The team, which included Pillar Construction Inc. as the general contractor, Keast and Hood Co. as prime consultant and structural engineer, Williamson & Associates as building envelope consultants, and Peter Fillat Architects, along with Sto, all worked together from the beginning to create a durable, watertight, and energy efficient building. We had to remove all of the original exterior skin including the EIFS, exterior sheathing and wet wall cavity insulation before we could begin, says Perry. The trend now is to insulate outbound of the exterior sheathing taking the insulation out of the cavity, and we did just that.

Sam Collins and members of the board of directors at Silver Creek Resort knew they had to do something. Their building was leaking, and had been for more than 25 years, and the damage to the building was just going to escalate. After looking at up to 10 different cladding options, they decided on using EIFS. They found two companies on the East Coast and invited them to meet with them. Pillar Construction was impressive and we liked the work theyve done, says Collins. According to Perry, they showed them vivid illustrations of what the building would look like, and when chosen, they got involved with budgeting and selection of the system from the beginning. After the initial drawings, they worked with architect, Peter Fillat, who came up with the plans. We created drawings and worked closely with Williamson and Associates, says Fillat. It was a big job and a gigantic, interesting building. Nobody wanted to change the architectural faadeits strongand they wanted to keep it simple. According to Perry, the options Pillar provided, and the solution that the entire team presented, gave the board clarity and a better understanding of

(From top to bottom, left to right): Maher Chalabi, Gabriel Castillo, David Shomette, Goran Kukic, Bill Perry and Raja Khoury.

Pillar Construction is a full service specialty contractor doing business for more than 15 years in various markets in the U.S. Established in the Washington D.C. area, the company currently serves the east coast and the southwest regions from its regional ofces. The companys architects, engineers, construction professionals and applicators combined experience qualify the contractor to deliver top-notch quality. In addition to ABAA, AWCI and other certications, the experience in rainscreen faade systems, air and moisture barriers, insulation, exterior sheathing and framing, and sealants makes Pillar a seasoned building skin contractor. The company and its staff understands and manages all the components of the building envelope for a seamless application with a more controlled installation and better sequencing of all the pieces. After completing Silver Creek, Pillar Constructions restoration team that included Goran Kukic, Elmer Castro and Fredis Guerrero under the supervision of Bill Perry, have moved on to work on another building skin restoration project.


ages that our maintenance department had to work numerous hours to repair, costing us anywhere from $5,000 to $20,000 in repairs each year, says Collins. According to Collins, at the time the original EIFS was installed there was no option for substrate protection, air barriers or drainable systems, but that has changed greatly over the years. Bill Perry, senior project manager of Pillar Construction, says the key to any cladding project is to know what you are doing. The technology has vastly improved in 20 years, and with the latest and greatest in air barriers and finishes, this was the perfect solution for Silver Creek. Before starting the project, sections of the building had to be

Photo by Dan Cunningham, Architectural Photographer of Arlington, Va.

May 2013 | |


what they had and how to solve the problems to create something very special. One of the key selling points was the air and moisture barrier, which is now code in most states, says Perry. Adding a continuous air and moisture barrier was crucial, and gave the building a much truer R-value. The air barrier connected to the windows to give it a tight seal. All 740 windows needed to be replaced. The new windows, which were Wojan M950 Series thermal break horizontal sliding and fixed window assemblies, were also a large factor in the energy savings. The previous installation was required to have expansion joints between each panel, but because we removed everything down to the studs we were able to eliminate the panel to panel joints in the substrate, says Brock Osborn, Stos business development manager of restoration. This allows the air barrier to run continuously between the panels and allows for less opportunity for water and moisture to get in.

The project was done in two phases over more than two years. The building was occupied during the entire transition, with full-time residents and vacationers. This is a large property and getting all the ownership together to begin the renovation was the first challenge, according to Perry. The next challenge was the climate. Silver Creek is located on the Ski Slopes and sits at 4,200 feet above sea level and the annual average snow fall is 180 inches. The decision to renovate was made in early 2011, however, because of the snowy winters, they needed to wait until summer to get started. The first snow falls in Octo-

ber and can stay as late as April. So to keep it dry, they first wrapped the building, and then sealed it to keep it enclosed for four to five months of hard weather. Through this time, the building stayed occupied. The final challenge was the location. A beautiful and remote resort location, even the closest Home Depot, according to Perry, was three hours away. There is also limited use of cell phones, because of its proximity to the National Radio Astronomy located in nearby Greenbank, W. Va. The crew, which was up to 60 people at any one time, committed two to three months at a time, and stayed on the property. We made site visits to the remote building location on almost a weekly basis, says Craig Swift of Keast and Hood, the structural engineering firm on the project whose main role was repairing the metal stud backing. Much of the metal stud cladding wall system had been significantly corroded and deteriorated, though the primary structural system was in fairly good shape. The key structural challenge was to design repairs and replacement of the metal stud walls without requiring removal of interior finishes or access from the interior. Ultimately, a team effort from all parties overcame the challenges to get to a great end result.


According to Fillat, there were several water tests and inspections along the way, including after the windows were installed. Scott Johnson, an inspector with Williamson & Associates, came out during phase one with window water testing and came back during phase two to test the windows and claddings related to the openings.


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

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Pillar Construction Senior Project Manager Bill Perry.

Staff at Pillar Construction.

The staff of Pillar Construction.

The building tested out fine, says Johnson. There was a major storm during the final phase of

construction, with 85 mph winds and hard rain, and there were no lea ks. We at t ribute t h is to t he

The leader in high-performance drywall corner solutions.

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Because the issue is not how strong it is, its how well it stands up to impacts. Metal bead dents and
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EIFS and windows, and of course, the installation. Johnson and his team performed the ASTM E1105, a uniformed static pressure test to evaluate water infiltration performance, capabilities of windows and related construction on the building. Testing was performed at the most stringent requirements. They tested each assembly for 15 minutes. The end result is a beautiful, dry building, changed from white to earth tones. The new main cream color, with a separate forest green color inset, gives the building a distinct profile and more depth, according to Fillat. This is the first time Fillat had ever worked with a drainable EIFS cladding and he feels its a great solution to a long-standing problem. An interesting addition to the resort is that it now has the logo and signage built into the building, which they have never had before. On the end of one of the wings of the building are two foot high letters stating Silver Creek Lodge, and on the front of the building Silver Creeks logo is added, which includes the name and a skier with swoops being cut into the building. The front logo letters are up to 8 feet tall. And not only does it look good, people are noticing drastic changes in their utility billswith a savings now of 20 to 50 percent, says Collins. Its quieter, too. Being a ski resort the noise reduction from the outside has been a big improvement since in the winter time you have ski guns and grooming machines running all of the time. And another benefit is that from inside my residence I can no longer hear the wind blowing or have snow in my living room each morning when I wake up. W&C
Gabriel Castillo is business development manager of Pillar Construction.

Distributed by


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

easide, Fla., is located along the states Panhandle Coast midway between Ft. Walton Beach and Panama City. The community is often referred to as an example of new urbanism, a design movement that promotes walkable neighborhoods, easier pedestrian accessibility and greater integration of public transportation. Composed of different housing styles, boutiques, services, restaurants and offering cultural events throughout the year, the area has made a significant impact on urban planning and offers homeowners a unique residential experience.

Given the geography, structures in Seaside are often subject to weather extremeshigh humidity, heavy downpours, and tropical, winddriven rain spawned from the Gulf of Mexico. A ne w t h re e - s tor y re sidenc e facing the Gulf, as well as Seasides main thoroughfare proves

Air barrier membrane protects a Florida residence from the ravages of wind-driven rain and guards against the harmful effects of moisture and air infiltration.
no exception. The Arkon Group, the site contractor, had seen what t rapp e d moi s t u re c ou ld do to homes constructed in the area over the past 20 years. S o t h at t h e b u i l d i n g wo u l d receive maximum protection and remain problem-free, Arkon wanted a system that was superior in quality to traditional house wraps


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

Grace Perm-A-Barrier VPS protects this Seaside, Fla., residence from the ravages of winddriven rain and guards against the harmful effects of moisture and air inltration.

or felt, that was easy to install and would adhere tightly to prepared construction substrates. While the residences first floor was placed using CMU, the second and third f loor ex ter ior wa l ls were constructed with plywood sheathing. Both of these material su rfaces required durable moisture protection and strict air leakage control to ensure the long-term durability of the building.

To restrict moistu re from infiltrating the walls of the residences upper stories, the A rkon Group conv i nced t he projec t a rch itec t and residence owner to choose a vapor permeable air barrier membrane made up of a breathable carrier film backed with a specially formulated adhesive. Designed for use with different types of substrates, Perm-A-Barrier V PS permits water vapor, which normally would be trapped inside the plywood sheathing walls, to escape allowing them to remain dry. It resists hydrostatic water pressure and keeps homes dry even when downpours and stormy, wind driven conditions invade. As the product is fully-adhered, it can better protect the home against water and air leakage when compared to building wrap or felt paper. It also held up very well after being exposed to U V rays for the five months of construction. The product eliminates the need for mechanical fasteners too, so overall, installation was easier and relatively problem-free. To protect the CMUs at the ground level section of the home, Arkon installed Perm-A-Barrier VP, a fluid-applied membrane that creates a solid barrier against air infiltration and energy loss, minimizing the walls condensation problems. Arkon also installed aluminum flashing to seal detail areas and provide a continuous barrier against air and moisture penetration. W&C

May 2013 | |


By Bob Dazel, AIA, LEED Green Associate

account for 39 percent of total energy use and 38 percent of total carbon dioxide emissions in America. The desire to reduce both is leading to tighter government regulations on new construction, requiring states to adopt up-to-date energy-related building codes that will improve the performance of new commercial buildings.
These mandates will change the way construction professionals think about energy-efficient construction, specifically requiring specifiers to consider strategies to minimize energy consumption. separates the insulation into noncontinuous pockets and allows energy to transfer between the interior and exterior of the buildinga phenomenon known as thermal bridgingwhich significantly reduces the energy efficiency of the wall. Traditional cavity-insulated walls also suffer from air leakage, which occurs at joints, gaps and penetrations. The resulting airflow into or out of the building affects energy


hanges are fast approaching for the building industry. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) claims that buildings

Exterior walls are most commonly built using stud framing with some form of cavity insulation located between the studs. This method

efficiency, indoor air quality, and heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) costs. Further, cavity insulation gets dirty and can absorb and retain moisture, which can lead to the premature degradation of the studs, sheathing and drywall exposed to the cavity. R-Value is a number used to express a materials thermal efficiency and the higher the number, the better. However, this can be misleading because it only takes into account the insulating value of the material itself, and not the full wall assembly. As described earlier, a typical framed wall can be compromised due to thermal bridging and air leakagewhich can decrease the R-value of the overall wall by as much as 50 percent or more in steelframed walls and 24 percent or more in wood framing.


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Image courtesy of Dryvit

Energy-related changes are coming for new commercial buildings. Is the wall and ceiling industry ready?

A breakdown of Dryvits Outsulation Plus MD System. Image courtesy of Dryvit

A diagram showing how thermal bridging occurs. Image courtesy of Dryvit

Adding thicker cavity insulation does little when trying to improve the thermal efficiency of the wall because it does not mitigate thermal bridging or air leakage.

In an effort to combat the increasing demands on energy, the DOE has mandated that by October 18, 2013, all states must adopt a commercial building energy code that meets or exceeds ASHRAE Standard 90.12010. The updated standard will trigger a substantial change to the design of wall assemblies. ASHRAE 90.12010, which has been adopted by the new 2012 International Energy Conservation Code, increases the requirement for continuous insulation for most commercial wall assemblies in nearly all climate zones. Typically revised every three years, the IECC is part of the International Building Code and is the governing commercial code section for building design and material requirements related to energy efficiency. It divides the U.S. into eight climate zones, each with specific requirements for the type, placement and amount of insulating materialsboth cavity and continuousin the wall assembly. Several versions of the IECC are currently in effect across the country, making it vital for architects and other construction professionals to be aware of which version is adopted by the state or local jurisdiction in which their project is located. Each latest version of ASHRAE 9 0.1 a nd I EC C adopt ion have increased the amount of continuous

insulation required in commercial buildings, and the current standard (2010) prescribes the use of continuous insulation in nearly 90 percent of the U.S. There is no doubt that future codes will be even more stringent when pertaining to energy efficiency. The latest of these is ASHRAE S t a nd a rd 189.1: S t a nd a rd for the Design of High Performance Green Buildings. This standards requirement for continuous insulation exceeds the 90.1 Standard by increasing the requirement for CI to all climate zones and in greater thicknesses than previously required.

Exterior continuous insulation and an air- and water-resistive barrier are the most effective way to meet the new code requirements by eliminating thermal bridging and air leakage issues associated with traditional stud framing and cavity insulation. Placed on the exterior of a building structure, continuous insulation eliminates the thermal bridging effect caused by stud framing and can translate into a 20 to 30 percent reduction in annual energy costs. EIFS is not a new or unproven technology; the system was introduced more than 40 years ago to the U.S. construction market and is in place today on more than a million structures. Engineered to integrate the use of an air barrier and continuous insulation, todays EIFS provide a design-flexible, cost-effective, code-compliant single-source solution to todays demand for energyefficient, high-performing walls.

EIFS meet the need for continuous insulation and offer unique design flexibility due to the ability to shape that insulation easily into 3D designs. Diverse finish options are available to achieve a variety of architectural styles. In addition, one of the most attractive properties of EIFS is their light weight. These combine to make EIFS a superior choice when compared to other claddings. For example, Dryvits Outsulation systems weigh just 1 to 2 pounds per square foot, compared to the average clay brick weight of 40 to 50 pounds per square foot. This translates into a reduction of building structure cost, material transportation and a shortened construction cycle. Outsulation provides integrated continuous insulation, an air/water-resistive barrier and single source wall assembly warranty, all of which traditional brick does not. As October 18, 2013, grows closer, the building industry will experience increased awareness of EIFS as a solution to continuous insulation, thermal bridging and therefore, code compliancy. The trend toward energy efficiency in the U.S. is certain to progress, and sustainable initiatives such as building a tighter envelope will continue to be reinforced as primary focuses in the industry. W&C
Bob Dazel, AIA, LEED Green Associate, has been a registered architect in the State of Ohio since 1992. With 15 years of experience in the EIFS industry and his background in architecture, Dazel is also responsible for the development of all Dryvit AIA- and USGBC-accredited programs.

May 2013 | |



By Casey Nesterowich

If youre trying to find an edge against the competition, a simple solution is to start using apps on your smart phone or iPad while on the job site.
he construction industry is being stretched to evolve in a harder-than-ever marketplace and mobile technology is making it easier by reaching wall and ceiling contractors with construction apps. iPads, iPhones and other smart phones should all be considered irreplaceable resources on the job site nowadays with the help of downloadable applications that organize and deliver information quicker than ever. What makes them better than a laptop is their level of portability and the range of apps available for your use. The evolution of contractors utilizing smart

phones to their fullest potential seems to go hand-inhand with BIM being accepted by contractors. Heres an introduction to some apps you should download to lighten up your tool bag and get the job done faster, whether youre a beginner who just got a smart phone or you already access BIM data on your iPad. These options range in price and function but your best bet is to begin by downloading a free option, understand its functionality, and then pin-point which apps will work best for you by visiting Apples App store or Androids Google Play websites.

A website optimized for mobile devices is usually a sub domain of a regular website, rendering the web pages in a very specic way dedicated to mobile devices. To distinguish a mobile website from a standard website, the difference is in fact that its designed for the smaller handheld display and touch-screen interface. Instead of downloading a mobile website in the app store like you would an app, as long as your smartphone has a mobile browser, you can view the specially designed website. An example of a mobile website would be ClarkDietrich's
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Featured Industry Apps



USG Solutions

Compatible with iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad. Requires iOS 4.0 or later.


APP DESCRIPTION: USG Solutions includes product how-tos, material estimators for ceiling, interior panel, tile and ooring applications, product catalogs and contact information for USG USA and Canada.


Trim-Tex, Inc.

Trim-Tex Drywall Solutions iPad


TARGET AUDIENCE: Contractors, Builders, Architects, & Homeowners APP DESCRIPTION: Trim-Tex Drywall Solutions is your source for the latest innovations in Trim-Tex rigid vinyl corner beads.


ClarkDietrich Building Systems

ClarkDietrich iTools

PLATFORM(S): Compatible with All Platforms Web Based Application. TARGET AUDIENCE: Contractors,

Distributors & Architects

APP DESCRIPTION: Innovative electronic tools and solutions from Americas largest cold-formed steel manufacturer.


CertainTeed Gypsum

dBstation iPad 2 iOS 4.3 or later and Android Tablet


TARGET AUDIENCE: Contractors, Builders, Architects, & Homeowners APP DESCRIPTION: New Interactive Tool Simulates Acoustical Performance of CertainTeed Gypsum Products in Real-World Applications. Features a catalog where residential and commercial systems can be compared under equivalent settings, and a scenario application to experience acoustical performance in real-life situations.

May 2013 | |


Construction Apps
CATEGORY Business APP NAME Procore Operating System: iOS Price: Free DESCRIPTION This app provides a centralized project portal to track and manage construction project information. Procore manages construction schedules, requests-for-information, submittals, change orders, contracts, budgets, directories, documents, photos and more. Allows you to calculate the radius, central angle, arc length, and circumference of an arc segment. The built-in unit converter makes it work with any length unit you need. This application allows the bid manager to access a private network of subcontractors and view them organized by the services they provide to ensure bids target qualified and licensed companies you approve. This program contains more than 400 formulas helpful for the architect.


Radius Calculator Operating System: iOS Price: $1.99 SmartBidNet Operating System: iOS Price: Free (this app is only for paying subscribers to SmartBidNet) The Architects Formulator Operating System: iOS Price: $9.99 ARCAT Operating System: iOS Price: Free




Has up to date building product information including libraries for CAD Details, BIM content and specifications. The app also has more than 11,000 listings of building product manufacturers with contact information. This handy iPhone/iPod Touch application assists you in easily figuring out square footage of a room. This app allows the user to calculate the walls, ceiling or a slope (triangle), or any combination of the previous you would like to figure. The Sto mobile App includes information and documentation for the companys systems and products, as well as a distributor locator function. For onsite access for contractors and installers for details and product data on the companys EIFS system installations. Provides fast field data to answer knotty install issues. A universal unit converter, this app makes quick conversions on the building site or in the workshop.


Drywall Calculator Operating System: iOS Price: $0.99


Sto Corp. Operating Systems: iOS Price: Free Energex Wall Systems Operating System: iOS, Android Price: Free Bosch Professional Unit Converter Operating System: iOS, Android Price: Free Home Builder Pro Calcs Operating System: iOS Price: $4.99




This 5 star app contains more than 100 calculators to help you with a wide range of calculations on the job site. Foundations, framing, electrical, area volume and angle, are all available within this one app. Providing on-site ordering based upon your GPS location or through manual address entry, have easy access to and storage of all your measurement details, and find information quickly with the property-centric organization system.


EagleView Technologies Operating System: iOS, Android Price: Free


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Construction Apps
CATEGORY Estimation APP NAME iEstimate Construction Operating System: iOS Price: $19.99 DESCRIPTION This app claims to be the most advanced mobile estimation tool in the world to provide contractors and advanced do-it-yourselfers a powerful tool for project and job estimation. Send estimates directly to customers with your logo at the top, create templates for common projects, and manage a central database of products and services that can be attached to individual projects. This app allows you to choose your trade, quickly input different variables, and calculate the amounts of materials and costs for a job. After determining costs, you can email your bid directly from the app to your client. This app is a software suite for monitoring sites on iPad and iPhone. It generates detailed reports automatically with photos, drawings, plans and notes. View, edit, and share AutoCAD drawings with anyone using your mobile device. Work on designs without an internet connection, and easily open DWG, DWF, and DXF files directly from email. This app, from Graphisoft, allows you to open and interactively explore 3-D BIM models previously created with ArchiCAD, the BIM software for architects. This app comes with a construction and scientific calculator, plus calculator templates for area, length, and volume, along with estimating studs, drywall, and concrete slabs. Create blueprints for yourself or clients and export them via email. Save and edit multiple blue prints, input precise measurements with text entry. Handy Level Free turns your iPhone into a carpenter's level. You can hold your device either horizontally or vertically, with the edge of the device on the surface you want to test, and it will tell you whether the surface is perfectly level or slightly sloped. Once you take a photo, upload it to the app and you are able to add dimensions, arrows, comments and allows the user to store all information electronically without having to carry around paper sketches. Operating System: iOS, Android This On Center Software app for the iPhone and iPod Touch is a mobile application that allows users to browse construction-related jobs. This application integrates with and lets you view, apply and recommend construction-related job postings from around the world.


The iQuick Estimator Operating System: iOS, Android Price: $4.99


ArchiReport Operating System: iOS Price: Free AutoCAD WS Operating System: iOS, Android Price: Free



BIMx Operating System: iOS Price: Free DEWALT Mobile Pro Operating System: iOS Price: Free



iBlueprint Operating System: iOS Price: $0.99


iHandy Level Operating System: iOS Price: Free


My Measures & Dimensions PRO Price: $5.99

Projects and Jobs

The Construction Job Board Operating System: iOS Price: Free

May 2013 | |

arc Rutenberg Homes is striving to create a net-zero energy path of the future. The companys most recent projects, the Zero Energy America homes, are the fruits of this labor. In every aspect, these homes are designed to exceed the highest green building standards, providing the healthier, cost-effective and sustainable alternative in home design and construction. The first completed homes, and those still under construction, are scattered throughout Floridaeach differing in personal design preference but maintaining the exact same value of selecting extremely sustainable construction options. Ashley Rutenberg, LEED AP Homes, the Zero Energy America Homes project coordinator, was also the internal green building consultant. She says there are two different generations of design in the four Zero Energy America homes. The first two of the net-zero ZEA

The Zero Energy America homes in Tampa, Fla., inspire a new way of net-zero livingwith no electric bill.
By Cristina Toscano

homes were completed in September 2012. ZEA 3 was completed near the end of 2012, while ZEA 4, the upcoming second-generation home of Zero Energy America, is expected to be completed in May 2013. The first generation maintained the Florida-Mediterranean style that is so dominant in the local market, with stucco walls, barrel-tile roofs, and a transitional interior, Ashley Rutenberg says. The upcoming second-generation home is pushing the envelope of the local market in Florida with a more contemporary style of architecture but still maintaining a warm, organic and soft palate of materials so that it stands as a comfortable and inviting home. The goal in the design change from

the first home to the second was to bring newer, fresh ideas, concepts and living spaces.

From the interior design choices of the low-VOC paint in the bedrooms, the ethanol burning fireplace, and the roof pavers to the power generation of the building envelope, the 4,500-square-foot plus ZEA homes were designed to incorporate every available alternative to become an example for future net-zero energy homes down to the very last detail. In these homes specifically, we used Icynene spray foam insulation at the top of the attic, which allows our HVAC equipments and ducts to be in conditioned space and prevents


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creating a super-heated attic, says Rutenberg. Think: Why build an oven and then try to cool it when you could just cool against the outside air temperature? We used either Hebel AAC walls, which are concrete blocks with high thermal performance in and of themselves, or Dow XPS insulation. Dow played its biggest role in the fourth ZEA home still in the works. For the Breakwater Model at Champions Club, engineers helped us to design a wall system that matches Aerated Autoclaved Concrete in thermal performance (R-value) but without the significantly higher material cost of AAC. We designed the wall with 2 inches of Dow Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) insulationwhere typically 3/4 inches would have been used and a 2-inch chase wall so that the insulation does not have to be continually broken by all of the elecMay 2013 | | 31

home could not accommodate, says Rutenberg. The ZEA homes are regarded more so as a net-zero home because the homes were specifically designed first to reduce the amount of energy they use through a combination of strategies. These strategies include a passive design, but also include aspects like Energy Star appliances, LED lighting and solar water heating. Then, renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and tidal for example, are used to supply the home with electricity in place of the power grid or generator fuel.

The key components of a net-zero home are used as renewable energy sourcethe envelope, HVAC and ventilation, and lighting and appliances. A net-zero home requires a tight envelope, including the vinyl, insulated windows with lowE coating, insulation and air penetration barriers. The placement of the attic insulation is hugely important in a warm-climate home. Correct placement of the insulation at the rooflinenot at the bottom of the attic by the truss chords prevents having to cool the house against a superheated (140 degrees Fahrenheit) attic, and increase both the R-value of the insulation and prevent air infiltration by either sealing or using a combination product like spray-foam insulation that both insulates and seals the indoor air space from the outside, says Rutenberg. Increasing the R-value of the wall system, as well as designing a more continuous insulation blanket that isnt broken at every 18-inches or 2 feet near studs, is another important feature in net-zero homes. Accurate third-party load calculations for correct sizing of the HVAC system is hugely important, as well as then specifying highly efficient H VAC equipmentsuch as a variable refrigerant system followed by high SEER-rated conventional equipment.

tric wires, plumbing lines, HVAC lines, A / V wires and other MEP components that go in the walls of a home, says Rutenberg. For power generation of the netzero energy home, the Rutenberg team used LG Solar Panels, which have supplied more than 100 percent of the electricity needed to power the homes so far. Because Rutenberg used optimized scroll or rotary compressors, specially designed heat exchangers and inverter technology, VRF systems from LG were also used for the home for minimizing energy use to levels unattainable through traditional HVAC systems. Kevin McNamara, vice president of LG, says in the ZEA home, the LG

VRF systems had small ductwork that increased attic storage space and a quiet operation, not to mention a cooling-load of nearly nine nominal tons. Despite the ZEA homes emphasis on certain sustainable aspects, such as daylighting, ventilation and building insulation, dont call they dont meet the definition for Passive House. A Passive House does not necessarily use net-zero energy, and indeed, it would be exceedingly difficult to make every aspect of a home passivefor example, refrigerators and other appliances, heated water, lighting for nighttime and heating on the coldest days are things that a 100 percent passive


At the grand opening of the Castaway Mo del I I I i n N ovemb er 2012 , we announced our plans


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for the Zero Energy America Village, which will be our first communit y of net-zero homes in a 1,600- to 2,300-square-foot range with pricing starting at $250,000, says Rutenberg. In these homes, a greater proportion of the sustainable focus will be directed toward energy specifically, though still with a consideration for more sustainable choices in all areas of construction and additional customer options that will allow those who desire it to build a mondo-beyondo green home as we have done with the first Zero Energy America homes. In regard to the notion that sustainability goes hand-in-hand with conserving energy and resources, addressing questions about the size of the net-zero home is something the Rutenberg team has been learning to excel at. This is our favorite [topic], because we feel its one of the most important to address, Rutenberg says. T here will be

many schools of thought and angles of approach to reducing our carbon footprint. Some people will be willing to change themselves and their own habits, and others simply will not; you cant always change people. We praise those who are willing to go the extra mile and change their own habits, but we also wanted to offer a way for people to live as they always have and still have a net-zero home with no carbon footprint. This is why we built homes

that fit beautifully amongst their neighbors in a luxury community and have no additional demands on the homeowners that live in them. As long as the market for big, beautiful, luxury homes is so high in demand, we will find the way to make them big, beautiful, luxurious and green. W&C
Cristina Toscano is associate editor with Environmental Design + Construction magazine.

LOCATION: Tampa, Fla. OWNER: Marc Rutenberg Homes, Tarpon Springs, Fla. SIZE: 4,552 square feet (Castaway III Model) FEATURED PRODUCTS: Dow insulation Lafarge synthetic drywall Icynene insulation Hebel Aerated Autoclaved Concrete PGT Energy Star windows Sherwin-Williams low-VOC color Blue World Crete concrete Goodwin Heart Pine wood nishes Eldorado cultured stone Timberland wood doors Masonite FSC-certied wood doors Daltile oor and wall tiles CERTIFICATIONS LEED Platinum National Green Building Standard (NGBS) Emerald Florida Green Building Coalition (FGBC) Platinum (pending) ENERGY STAR with IndoorAir Plus (pending) Home Energy Rating Scale (HERS) Index: -15 Florida Water Star (pending) Florida-Friendly Landscaping Gold

May 2013 | |



of it as a secret passage way) of heat and cold, known as thermal bridging. So, the money spent to heat and cool our buildings can escape through these thermal bridges, thus, further increasing our demand and cost for energy.


A Solution for New Energy Efficiency Requirements Ever wonder what it would be like if you couldnt just flip a switch to heat or cool your indoor environment? Or if you werent able to simply plug a device into a receptacle to use it? Our civilized culture has created an intricate network
of power that is safely available to us for our discretionary use. Its really a pretty cool thing when you think of the convenience of using a given device by just plugging it into a receptacle. Our ever increasing demand for this convenience is putting a strain on the cost of making and delivering the energy. In fact, the cost of energy has hit a tipping point. We have burned coal, dammed up rivers, used nuclear technology, and harvested the wind and sunall to make available power. But what we really havent done is slowed the demand. The buildings we inhabit consume 40 percent of all the power produced. Of that, 40 percent is used to heat and cool our buildings. So, if you havent been asleep or in a cave for the past five years, you already know that the building industry and its building codes are changing to address this very issue. Now, buildings must meet minimum energy efficiency requirements and these requirements will become more stringent in the years to come. Its a fact: we are building differently and will continue to do so in the future. I k now youre t h i n k i ng old news, A lbert but wait, theres more. In order to meet these new current energy efficiency requirements, our claddings must use continuous insulation. ASHRAE 90.12010 defines CI as, Insulation that is continuous across all structural members without thermal bridges other than fasteners and service openings. It is installed on the interior or exterior or is integral to any opaque surface of the building envelope. So, for all climate zones in the U.S., except 1 and 2 , cavity insulation alone will not meet the energy efficiency requirements. Consider an assembled wall unit. (See illustration). The framing members (studs) account for approximately 25 percent of the wall assembly. Insulation is placed between the members in the cavity, as a means to insulate our interior environment. These members actually act as thermal bridges that allow for the transference (I like to think

In the past, stucco has been applied over CI and has performed very well. Ill talk in detail about that in the next column. This column will illustrate the high CI performance of my other subject matter: A long established, fully tested cladding called exterior insulation and finish system. EIFS is truly, by definition, a continuous exterior insulation cladding. It is a system based on continuous insulation and achieved by being adhesively applied to an approved substrate. There are some EIF systems that are mechanically attached but they are an exception. By system, I mean that there are no interchangeable pieces and parts or different combinations of things to achieve a CI cladding. The system components are a choreographed combination of performance products from a single source manufacturer. These EIF systems can be applied to new construction, as well as be applied over existing claddings. EIFS were created as a CI cladding and were the first kids on the block to provide CI. EIFS came to the U.S. in the late60s and gained popularity during the energy crisis of the 1970s. The flagship EIF system was known as a barrier system with the basecoat and mesh layer being the weather barrier. Fast forward to our current construction times and EIFS is now applied in most cases with a secondary barrier, and this is where we will start. T he secondar y barriers of an EIF system are monolithic in that they are a liquid, applied by roller, spray or trowel to a given substrate. This continuous barrier extends into the fenestrations too. So right off the get-go EIFS provides a monolithic (continuous)


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 Thermal bridging evidenced by lighter colors showing where the bridging occurred (stud/framing members).  Framing members constitute 25 percent of the wall structure that without CI, then can allow transference of heat or cold.

secondary barrier. These secondary barriers all provide moisture protection for the substrate, prevent air infiltration, and are also available as either vapor permeable or as a vapor barrier. The vapor barrier versions may be beneficial in colder climates that might require it. Most EIFS manufacturers provide both versions.


So there are the suspenders, lets look at the belt. The rest of the system: foam, basecoat, mesh and finish, a complete barrier system, doubles the protection of the building against moisture intrusion. The most widely used foam, expanded polystyrene, is applied to the secondary barrier in a running bond pattern and because it is adhered, there are no penetrations of the secondary barrier. The entire perimeter of each sheet is butted tightly against the adjacent sheet forming a continuous insulation layer. The EPS foam is made of fused polystyrene beads which trap air between each bead, offering a superior insulation. Since there is no edible food source in foam, mold will not grow within it. Because foam is applied to the exterior of the wall assembly, the R-value provided by the foam component is a true value, no loss of

heat or cold via thermal bridging. By sheer nature of the makeup of EPS foam, thermal movement is absorbed within the foam itself minimizing the chances of cracking in the lamina due to thermal expansion and contraction. Some of the newer EIF systems now are using extruded expanded polystyrene (XPS) which carries a higher R-value than EPS does. XPS or EPS function similarly as a continuous insulation layer. As good as they are at insulating; neither should be run below grade or used as a roofing product (applied horizontally in widths larger than 18 inches) as this may compromise their integrity.

The final component is the finish. Yes, this layer helps to shed surface water but primarily it is there to look awesome. By shedding surface water the finish helps to keep the cementitious basecoat from efflorescing. And like the layers below it, it is a continuous layer of protection. The EIFS finishes are made from high quality acrylics and can last for many years maintaining a newly applied appearance. There are many new assemblies utilizing CI that all contain varying degrees of complexity. The reality is that any common cladding can be applied over a CI layer. Many times though, figuring out how to properly terminate, or integrate various componentsor making sure that all of the parts and pieces fit and work together, can have a contractor or designer pulling their hair out. EIFS has been present for many years and might even be thought of as a common item, one that everyone knows is there, but lacks a new complexity appeal. However, when one dissects continuous insulation and defines the intent and performance of a CI cladding, EIFS falls in as the true definition of CI. W&C
Albert Carrillo is Arizona Manager for the Western Wall & Ceiling Contractors Association. He can be reached at


The real workhorse of an EIF system is the basecoat and mesh layer. This is the first line of barrier defense to fighting moisture intrusion. This layer must cover 100 percent of any exposed foam to protect the insulation against the environment and to contain foam in fire situations. This layer, like the two under it, is also monolithic, and continuous. It is a simple component functioning in a complex way, fighting moisture, fending off UV degradation, and moving with the foam during the daily dance known as thermal expansion and contraction, without becoming compromised.

May 2013 | |




Environmental Product

Declarations The New Benchmark?

Assessing the comparative environmental impact of products and materials using single attribute characteristics, such as recycled content, point of extraction, and VOC content, is like trying to gure out
how many miles to the gallon a car gets based on color. It is impossible to do in any really meaningful way. There is so much more that needs to be considered to really know what product or material is less harmful to the environment that another. Energy used for extraction of raw ingredients, manufacturing and transport; in-service life expectancy; maintenance requirements; etc. The latest and greatest draft version of LEED has been struggling mightily with this in moving toward a more comprehensive appraisal of the Materials and Resources credits, the sixth public comment period having just concluded. Although the USGBC insists that this will be the last public comment period before v4 goes to ballot, public comments would seem to indicate otherwise. Here is a small example of some of the most recent comments: The language relating to valuation factor is very confusing. MR credits need to be radically simplied. We have been reach i ng out to members of the LEED practitioner community to get their thoughts on these credits. The consensus is that the way the credits are written is overwhelmingly too complex. there are inconsistencies within the reporting requirements, which will create frustration and confusion for all involvedproject teams, manufacturers, LEED Reviewers, GBCI, etc. the complexity is truly a dealbreaker for me. As a practitioner and as a state employee involved in policy discussions, simplicity is key - what do we want to achieve and whats the simplest manner in which to get there? This confusion and complexity doesnt make this credit more likeable or useable Despite the issues highlighted above, the possibility that LEED will revert to a single-attribute-based materials credit is highly unlikely. LEED will eventually get something nalized in the new rating system, and it will look very different from what it does now. One of the most prominent and recurring features that is likely to survive the public comments, is the requirement for Environmental Product Declarations.

independent global organization that writes standards, tests and certies products for the commercial ooring, construction, food, water and consumer goods industries. In addition to its resilient ooring standard, NSF has developed more than 50 ANSI standards, among them standards for sustainable carpet, wallcovering, furniture and single ply roong. The NSF/ANSI 332 uses a pointbased system in which manufacturers achieve one of four levels of certicationconformant, silver, gold or platinum. The language in the standard is straightforward, clear, reasonable and understandablea testament to the rigorous process ANSI requires in developing any standard that bears its name. The consensus process used to develop the standard was built upon scientic principles, including the ISO 14000 series standards on Life Cycle Assessment and feedback. Products are evaluated against the standard using ve key criteria: Product design Product manufacturing Long-term value, Corporate governance Innovation The criteria are incredibly comprehensive, and include prerequisites and point categories that include Life Cycle Assessment, minimization of chemicals of concern, greenhouse gas reduction, durability and employee injury rate, to name just a few. In total, 100 points are available across eleven prerequisites and 47 point-earning categories.


There has been some recent effort undertaken in the industry to provide EPDs to the design and construction community. I discovered one while reviewing a product data sheet for resilient ooring products, a third party sustainable certification based on NSF/ANSI 332 Sustainability Assessment Standard for Resilient Floor Coverings. Prior to seeing this listed in the data sheets, I was unaware of the organization NSF International and also unaware that it had developed an ANSI standard for the sustainability of resilient ooring. After a little digging, I learned that NSF International is an


Jane Wilson, director of standards, NSF International, states that Certication to NSF/ANSI 332 offers buyers of resilient flooring the highest level of condence and credibility in a market that is awash in green claims. I was able to download resilient ooring products certied by NSF to this standard by going to the NSF website and searching for resilient ooring products. The certicates for the products I found contain only the


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

basic informationthe manufacturer, product, certication number and certication level. This level of reporting, however, does not provide information as to what points were achieved and in what assessment categories. The points that a manufacturer elects to pursue in obtaining certication are optional and prerogative. For a design professional wanting to compare one product against another, this information is critical. So, I sent an email to NSF to nd out how to get the full certication document. The response was that this information is not available through NSF and that I should contact the manufacturer. And so I did. The manufacturer responded that this was information I should ask NSF about. I explained that NSF told me the same thing and it went up the ladder a bit with the manufacturer. I then received information from the manufacturer giving me only the percentages of points accumulated across the ve categories, nothing else. I tried another manufacturer that has resilient products certied to the standardnot by NSF but UL Environment. I got nearly the exact same run aroundboth from the manufacturer and from UL Environment. Withholding information smacks of something far less than the whole point of an independent, third-party certication of a product using a consensus-based ANSI standard. A careful reading of the standard reveals several points that look very much like business as usualthings like recycled content in the product packaging, reporting employee turnover rate, and protability (gimme points). What I am interested in knowing (and where LEED and the rest of the world is headed) are the other point categories in the standard, such as the reporting and elimination of chemicals of concern, Life Cycle Assessment, and greenhouse gas reductions. Without this, the certication itself tells very little about a products true greenness.

The introduction of independent, third-party certi ed EPDs into the market is a beautiful thing. Certications based on truly consensus-based processes and procedures under the guiding principles of organizations such as ANSI and ISO. But be warned: That Gold NSF/ANSI 332 Certied product doesnt necessarily mean that it has fewer chemicals of concern, lower indoor carcinogenic VOC emissions, or more recycled content than a product with a Conformant certicationor no certication. To make everybody happy and to continue pushing the envelope, 100 percent transparency is required. The good news is that we are getting there very quickly and organizations like NSF, with the development of robust sustainable product ANSI standards, are helping the effort tremendously. W&C
Chris Dixon is a registered architect, Certied Construction Specier, and LEED AP. He serves on GBIs Green Globes Technical Committee and is a former USGBC Materials and Resources Technical Advisory Group member.

May 2013 | |



K KEENE BUILDING PRODUCTS Quiet Qurl three-dimensional noise Q control products are available from c 0.125 to 3/4 inch with options, 0 including: moisture control fabric top i (MC), a reinforced fiberglass sepa( ration layer for thin pours (RF), and r a muffling technology enhancement (MT) for high performance. All are designed for use with underlayments such as gypsum concrete and lightweight concrete. For more information, visit For more information, visit


S SPEC MIX, INC. Fiber Base Coat Stucco is formulatF ed for optimum workability, reduced e shrinkage and maximum coverage s on every project. There is no sand o to shovel, eliminating the expense t of wasted labor and material. On o top of complete quality assurance, SPEC MIX FBC is more cost effective. It yields up to 30 percent more stucco compared to the same volume of bagged cement and sand shoveled into a mixer. Available in 80-pound bags or 3,000-pound bulk bags, FBC Stucco increases productivity and protabilityevery time.


S SPECIFIED TECHNOLOGIES SpeedFlex Track Top Gasket is an intuS mescent firestop gasket that elimim nates restop and acoustical caulking n in rated at slab top-of-wall applicai tions. Install at the same time as the ceiling track and effectively seal the wall against re, smoke and sound transmission during the construction process, with signicant cost savings. For more information, visit


D DEMILEC The companys APX is breaking the T boundaries of re performance with b revolutionary spray foam technology. r Demilec APX is a new open cell spray D foam insulation that can be sprayed f in attics and crawl spaces without an i ignition barrier or coating. It is one of i the few products that is compliant t with the test requirements of the ICC, without the use of additional re protection products. For more information, visit


P PHILLIPS MANUFACTURING CO. Phillips extensive gripSTIK vinyl dryP wall product line recently introduced w Extra Wide Vinyl Corner Bead. This 90 E degree corner support provides protecd tion for exposed edges of wallboard. t The T product features 158-inch extra wide anges, perforations and deeply w knurled mud anchors for excellent joint k compound adhesion. For more information, visit


J JAACO CORP . The NPCT-3040 Air Tool is lighter, T faster, has no fuel cells and is low f maintenance. m Its I applications include: Drywall track to concrete and red steel Stucco mesh to block stone and steel Backer board and tackless carpet strips to concrete For more information, visit


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013


ENERGEX WALL SYSTEMS E One O Step Trowel-On Membrane (patent pending) applies a self-gauging layer p of o membrane and adhesive in one step, allowing the immediate places ment m of drainage insulation. It saves a minimum of 25 percent in labor costs. m One O Step Trowel-On Membrane is the latest in Energex Wall Systems new l line of Next Generation wall systems l products. The product features: Self-gauging application Moisture/air barrier and adhesive in one step Reduces labor costs by 25 percent or more For more information, visit


D DEMAND PRODUCTS The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) T mandated 49 U.S. states must m update their commercial building u code to meet or exceed the ASHRAE c standard 90.1-2010. Demand Prods ucts meets the new mandate with u the t DP300CI. Designed for all foams: EPS, XPS Pink and Blue Boards and Polyiso. For more information, visit


A ARMSTRONG CEILINGS Armstrong has expanded its line A of acoustical to drywall transition o moldings with the addition of ve new m proles. Transition moldings are easier p to install than traditional methods t because they combine an acoustical b molding with a drywall taping ange. m Because fewer parts and pieces are B required, installation time and costs are reduced. The moldings are compatible with all types of framing, including Armstrong Drywall Grid and ShortSpan. For more information, visit


L LAFARGE NORTH AMERICA INC. Lafarge Weather Defense Platinum L is i a moisture- and mold-resistant exterior wall sheathing designed e to t be covered by an exterior-nish cladding. It is lightweight, scores, c cuts and fastens easily, and proc vides irritation-resistant handling. It also provides protection in most applications, under normal weather conditions, from exposure to the elements for up to 12 months. For more information, please contact your area sales manager or the Lafarge Customer Value Department. Visit for further information.


F FLEX-ABILITY CONCEPTS Please visit the Flex-Ability Concepts P blog at: www.flexabilityconcepts. b Most of our posts will w deal with different aspects of curved d framing, including tips and tricks, f but b some will be just for fun. Add your y own comments whether they are to t include your own tips or to offer improvements to our posts. You can i even e request topics. For more information, visit www. w


FORMULATED SOLUTIONS LLC F NEW YORK STUCCO is a highN performance synthetic finish that p offers excellent application and o performance characteristics. This p crack-resistant, high DPR finish c contains Duracide, our non-toxic, c long-lasting antimicrobial agent that l keeps surfaces clean with minimal maintenance. Available in ve industry-standard textures, 48 popular colors and custom colors. Zero-VOC formulation makes NEW YORK STUCCO an ideal choice for green building for both exterior and interior walls. For more information, visit

May 2013 | |



C CARLISLE COATINGS & WATERPROOFING CCWs R2+ line of continuous polyiso C insulation for wall applications works i together with CCW air and vapor bart rier systems to create a total wall system that protects your building from moisture inltration while keeping your building well insulated and reducing energy costs. These products also provide re resistance and are especially suited to projects that require NFPA 285 testing. For more information, visit




W&C Architect webinar series will offer a variety of


Q QUIKRETE QUIKRETE Base Coat Stucco is a berQ reinforced, Portland cement-based r stucco for use as the scratch and s brown coat in three-coat and two-coat b stucco applications. It is formulated to s be highly owable and has very low sag characteristics. The product is available in 80-pound bags and 3,000-pound bulk bags with a silo delivery system. For more, visit

webinars in 2013 for architects and specifiers in the construction and environmental design industries.
May July September November

Rainscreen for Exterior Wall Systems Acoustical Design for Green Buildings Continuous Insulation Veneer & Venetian Plaster

to sign up for these webinars and view our collection of archived webinars!


T TOTAL WALL Total Stop RA is a rubberized coating T that cures to produce a permanent t weather resistive barrier. This readyw to-use product can be trowel or roller t applied. The product can be used with a wood sheathing, exterior gypsum and most substrates.

For more information, email or visit

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Als Taping Tools & Spray Equipment

This index is provided as an additional service. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors or omissions. Advertisers appearing in bold are new advertisers.



(800) 458-7895

Armstrong World Industries


CertainTeed Insulation

(800) 233-8990

Flex-Ability Concepts

11, 13

(866) 443-3539



(407) 260-1313

Hunter Panels


(888) 746-1114



(800) 762-2004

Lafarge North America/Gypsum


(800) 237-5505


(800) 627-4661

National Gypsum



Outsource Estimating Inc.


(804) 684-5613

Parex USA, Inc.

(866) 516-0061



(888) 383-7274

Peters & Sons


(800) 221-9933

Plastic Components Inc.

(800) 327-7077




Specied Technologies Inc.


(800) 992-1180

Strait-Flex International, Inc.


(888) 747-0220

Structus Building Technologies


(888) 662-6281

Super Stud Building Products, Inc.


(800) 477-7883

Telling Industries


(440) 974-3370

Total Wall, Inc.


(888) 702-9915

Trim-Tex, Inc.


(800) 874-2333


| Walls & Ceilings | May 2013

LEED Certification

Lafarge Gypsum Products Contribute Toward

Helen DeVos Childrens Hospital Grand Rapids, Michigan

Lafarge uses the highest percentage of synthetic gypsum for its drywall products in the industry 99% by weight. For this reason, Lafarge products were specied in the construction of the Helen DeVos Childrens Hospital to help the building attain LEED certication. To nd Lafarge gypsum products that can be specied to help meet LEED green building requirements, visit s 1-800-237-5505