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BuTÆb|vtþi

er[ber[geday elakRKU enA saxn GK<eteCa
BÇsÇ 2547

KÇsÇ 2004

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es[vePA:ne:HBum¬rYcehIy
es[vePAmaneQµaHenAxageRkamenH x\uMúRBHkruNa GatµaPaB:ne:HBum¬rYcehIy KWÇÇÇ
1Ç “BuTÆb|vti”þ CaRbvtiþrbs´RBHsmµasm¬úTÆ nigRBHsav&kGg<xøH> . e:HBum¬enAézá 11 erac ExmaX BÇsÇ 2547 RtÚvnigézáTI 16 Ex kumÖ;
KÇsÇ 2004 .

2Ç “smzkmµdðan” GZib|ayGMBIGarmµN¾smzkmµdðan 40 . e:HBum¬enAézá 1 ekIt Exktþik BÇsÇ 2548 RtÚvnigézáTI 12 Exviciäka KÇsÇ
2004 .

3Ç “Rbvtþs
i a®sþénRBHBuTÆsasnaenARbeTs«NÐa” . e:HBum¬enAézáTI 16 ExkBa¦a KÇsÇ 2006 .

4Ç “RbCMusarniTan” e:HBum¬enAézá 11 ekIt ExmaX BÇsÇ 2555 RtÚvnigézáTI 3 ExkumÖ; KÇsÇ 2012 .
5Ç “elakta” maneRcInPaK CaniTanmanKtiZm( .

6Ç “RBHGPiZmµseg¡b” e:HBum¬enAézá 1 ekIt ExbusS BÇsÇ 2556 RtÚvnigézáTI 12 Exmkra KÇsÇ 2013 .

7Ç “BuTÆCymg<lKaza 8 bT” e:HBum¬enAézá 1 ekIt ExbusS BÇsÇ 2556 RtÚvnigézáTI 12 Exmkra KÇsÇ 2013 .
8Ç “RBHBuTÆsasnaenARbeTssirIlg,a” enAxVHzvikaminTan´:ne:HBum¬enAeLIyeT .

- x -

GarmÖkza
x\úMRBHkruNaGatµaPaByl´eXIjza BuTÆb|vtþi CaRbvtþEi dlBuTÆbris&TRKb´mCÄdðanRtUvsikSaodwg minzaPik¡úsameNr ßRKhsæeLIy eRBaH
eyIgCaGñkkan´RBHBuTÆsasna RtUvdwgza buK<lCam©as´sasnaenaH KWbuK<lNa eRb[bdUcCakUnRtUvEts<al´´ÓBukdUecñaH .

x\úMRBHkruNaGatµaPaBsg¹wmza karsreesrBuTb
Æ |vtþienH nwg:nCaRbeyaCn¾dl´GñksikSa nigCakarCYypSBVpSaynUvRBHBuTÆsasnao:n

TUlMTUlayer[grhUteTA .

sUmoRBHBuTÆsasnarIkcMerInruger]gGs´kalCayUrGEgVg

eTAedIm|Io:nnUvesckIsuxsnþiPaB .

nigsUmoBuTÆbris&TTaMgLayRbRBwtþtamRBHBuTÆsasna

EdlCasasnaRbRBwtþ

es[vePAenH x\úMRBHkruNaGatµaPaB :nepÞ{gpÞat´kñúgKm¬IrRBHéRtbidk Km¬IrZmµbTnigGdðkza RBmTaMges[vePAepSg>eT[tCaCMnYy CaGaTœ KWÇÇÇ
-RbsñaBuTÆRbvtþi exmr;Pasa ‘BuTsasnbNÐit’

-CIvRbvtþiénRBHmhasmNeKatm ‘Gamaera’

-BnøWGasIuTVIb ‘Gidvin-GarNUld¾’

-smN;eKatmsavta ‘Esm-sU’

-ZmµyaRtaenA«NÐa ‘TÇsÇ citþkaera’

-GnuBuTÆb|vtþi ‘j¨k-Ezm’

-RbCMukgZm( ‘yin-vn´’
RBmTaMges[vePAepSg>eT[t

edayBinitüGtæn&yesckþITaMgLay

smRsbtamlMnaMedIm

Caes[vePAxñattUcbMRBÜjesckþItamvK<nimYy>

gayRsÜlsikSa nigyl´GMBIRbvtþiénkar:nRtas´dwgénRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ .
sUmoBuTÆbris&TTaMgLay CaGñksikSaEsVgyl´RbeyaCn¾kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna RbkbedayvD¿nPaB z,úeMu z,Igruger]gRKb´eBlevla .

eZVIenAvtþrsµIsamK<I
ézá 12 ekIt ExeCsð BÇsÇ 2557

RtUvnigézáTI 20 Exmizuna KÇsÇ 2013

elakRKÚ enA saxn GK<eteCa

- K -

óTÞiskza
GatµaPaBsUmRbEmRbmUlnUvkusl EdlekItGMBIvIriyósSah; RtiHriH RbmUlÉksar RsavRCav sresr nigBinitüepÞ{gpÞat´ rhUt:n
e:HBum¬ecjCaes[vePAenHeLIg sUmóTÞisnUvkuslTaMgenHdl´ó:sk enA suwm ó:sika RBM Ey¨m elak enA XIm ‘ó:sk epg :MrugtY
ó:sika Nm :MrugtY nag e¶¨ :MrugtY ÓBukmþay nigbÁÚnZm(’ .
mYycMENkeT[t sUmóTÞisCUndl´elakEdlCYyRtÜtBinitü EksRmÜl nigelakGñkcUlbc©&ye:HBum¬ sUmoelakTaMgGs´CYbRbTHEt
esckþIsuxesckþc
I MerIn RbkbedayBuTÆBr 4 Rbkar KWGayu vNÑ; sux; Bl; nigsm|tþi 3 Rbkar sm|tþimnusS sm|tþieTvta sm|tþiRBHniBVan
sUmoCYbRBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´RBHnam emetþyü kñúgGnaKtkal ehIy:nseRmcniBVanenAeBlenaH kMubIeXø{gXøateLIyehag .

sUmcMerInBr
eZVIenAvtþ rsµIsamK<I
32 RUE HORACE VERNET 59100 ROUBAIX (FRANCE)
ézá 12 ekItEeCsð BÇsÇ 2557
RtÚvnwgézáTI 20 Exmizuna 2013

elakRKÚ enA saxn GK<eteCa

- 1 -

BuTÆb|vtþi
karób|tþiénRBHBuTÆTaMgLayCakarkRm
tzaKta hi Grhenþa smµasm¬úTÆa karób|tþieLIgénRBHsmµasm¬úTÆTaMgLay EdlCaGcäriy;bursr&tñ nigCaTIBwgTIrlwk eZVIoekItsTÆaRCHzøa
énstVelakenaH CakarkRmBn´eBkNas´ dUcmanBuTÆPasitkñúgmhabTansURt RBHGg<RTg´sEmþgza rab´zyeRkayBIPTÞkb|enHeTA 91 kb|
RBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´RBHnam vibsSI :nób|tþieLIgkñúgelak taMgBIenaHmk 59 kb| Cakb|sUnüTeT KWminmanRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ:nRtas´dwgeLIy .
zyeRkayBIPTÞkb|enHeTA 31 kb| RBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´RBHnamza sixI nigRBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´RBHnam evsPU 2 RBHGg<:nób|tþieLIg
kñúgelak bnÞab´BIenaHmkdl´PTÞkb|enH mancMnYn 30 kb| Cakb|sUnüTeT «tmanRBHsmµasm¬úTÆRtas´dwgeLIy .
dl´PTÞkb| KWkb|sBVézáenHRBHsm¬úTÆRTg´RBHnam kuks
,ú enÆa RBHekanaKmena RBHksSe: RBHBuTÆ 3 RBHGg<RTg´ób|tþieLIgkñúgelaktam
lMdab´ bnÞab´mkKWRBHsmNeKatm EdlmanBuTÆsasenavaTRbtisðanenAeLIy RBHGg<:nRtas´dwgCaKMrb´TI 4 .
kñúgRBHZmµeTsnaenHsEmþgoeXIjza 91 kb| manRBHBuTÆ 7 RBHGg<bu¨eNÑaH dUecñHstVTaMgLaymingay:nCYbRbTHedaygayeLIy
sUm|IRBHnamzaRBHBuTÆ stVelakTaMgLayk*mingay:n»:nsþab´Edr dUcmanPsþútagkñúgeslsURtenaHzaÇÇÇ
sm&ymYy RBHmanRBHPaKesþcyageTAkan´carikkñúgGg<útþrabCnbTCamYynigPik¡ú 1250 Gg< esþcyagsMedAeTAniKmGabN; rbs´Gñk
Gg<útþrabCnbT . ekNiyCdil:n»dMNwgza RBHsmNeKatmCaskübuRt ecjcaksküRtkUl RTg´RBHpñÜs kMBugnimnþmkkan´Gg<útþrabCnbTCamYynigPik¡úsg¹CaeRcInGg<

mkdl´niKmGabN;ehIy

RBHGg<RTg›qaá ycakesckþIesAhµgRKb´y¨ag
yageTAkan´RBHniBVan

RTg›Rtas´dwgnUvejyüZm(TaMgBYgedayRbéB

RTg›RCabc|as´nUvéRtelak

RTg›CaRKÚéneTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay

kitþisBÞd*l|IBei raHrbs´RBHeKatmd*cMerInenaH

RTg›bribUN(edayviC¢anigcrN;

RTg›RbesIredaysIlaTiKuNrkbuK<lesµIKµan

RTg›Rtas´dwgnUvsc©Zm(

»x©rx©aysuHsayy¨agenHza

RTg›Elgvilmkkan´PBzµIeT[tehIy

RBHGg<mandMeNIrlÁ

RBHGg<CaGñkTUnµannUvbursEdlKYrTUnµan:n
RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

RTg›eZVIoCak´c|as´

edayR:C\ad*ótþmcMeJHRBHGg<Ég RTg´júaMgelakenHRBmTaMgeTvelak RBhµelak nigBBYkstV RBmTaMgsmN;RJhµN¾ mnusSCasmµtieTB
nigmnusSd*essoRtas´dwgtam RTg´sEmþgZm(Bei raHbTedIm BieraHbTkNþal

nigBieraHbTxagcug

RBHGg<RbkasnUvRBhµcriyZm( RBmTaMgGtæ

- 2 nigBüJ¢n;eBjbribUN(brisuTÆTaMgGs´ kal:neXIj :nCYbnigRBHGrhnþTaMgLaymansPaBy¨agenaH CakarRbéBNas´ .
RKaenaHekNiyCdilcUleTAkEnøgRBHmanRBHPaKRTg›Rbzab› ehIyeZVIesckþIrIkrayCamYynigRBHmanRBHPaK luHbJ©b´JküEdlKYrrIkray
nigJküKYrorlwkehIy

eTIbGg<úykñúgTId*smKYr

ekNiy;CdileTIbRkabTUlnimnþRBHmanRBHPaKza

eBlenaHRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sEmþgBnül´
bBiRtRBHeKatmd*cMerIn

ENnaMeZVIoGachan

sUmRBHGg<RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹

orIkrayedayZmµIkza

.

TTYlnUvcgØan´rbs´x\MúRBHGg<kñúgézáEsÁk

oTan RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za mñalekNiy; Pik¡úsg¹mancMnYneRcInNas´ KWPik¡ú 1250 Gg< ÉxøÜnGñkesatk*Zøab´RCHzøakñúgBYkRJhµN¾mkehIy
ekNiy;CdilTUlRBHmanRBHPaKGs´var;BIrbIdg nUvJküdEdlenaHza bBiRtRBHeKatmd*cMerIn Pik¡úsg¹mancMnYn 1250 Gg< x\MúRBHGg<esat
k*Zøab´RCHzøakñúgBYkRJhµN¾kB
* itEmn bu¨EnþsUmRBHeKatmd*cMerInRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹ TTYlcgØan´rbs´x\MúRBHGg<kñúgézáEsÁkoTan .
RBHmanRBHPaKTTYlnimnþedaytuNØIPaB ekNiyCdildwgc|as´kñúgkarnimnþrbs´RBHmanRBHPaK ehIyeRkakcakGasn;sMedAeTAGaRsm
rbs´xøÜn

ehIyR:b´dl´jatisaelahitRBmTaMgsisSanusisSza

GñkTaMgLaycUrsþab´x\Mú

d|itGIx\MúnimnþRBHsmNeKatm

RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹mk

TTYlcgØan´kñúgézáEsÁk GñkTaMgLayRtÚvCYyeZVIkargarox\Mú GñkTaMgenaHk*TTYlza :Telakm©as´ x\Múyl´RBm .
eslRJhµN¾EdlGaRs&ykñúgniKmGabN; CaGñkecHcaMnUvéRtevT CaGñker[ncb´bT ecHBüakrN¾mineTIsTal´kñúgelakaytsaRsþ nig
mhaburislk¡NsaRsþ beRg[nmnþdl´sisS 300 nak´ sUm|IekNiyCdilk*Zøab´RCHzøakñúgeslRJhµN¾enHEdr . eslRJhµµN¾mansisS
300 nak´EhhmehIy k*edIreTAkan´GaRsmekNiyCdil eslRJhµN¾:neXIjmnusSxøHkMBugCIkc®g,an xøHBuHGus xøHlagPaCn¾ xøHtm,l´
JgTwk xøHRkalGasn; ÉekNiyk*cat´Ecger[bcM:raMedayxøÜnÉg luHeXIjehIyk*sYrekNiyCdilza ekNiy;d*cMerIn nwgmankic©GaBah¾
BiBah¾ ßer[bcMmhayJ¦ ßk*yagRBH:TBim¬isarmaKZ;esniy;RBmTaMgBYkBl edIm|ICb´el[gkñúgézáEsÁkenHßhñ@/ ekNiyCdilR:b´za bBiRt
eslRJhµN¾d*cMerIn Gatµaminmankic©GaBah¾BiBah¾ ßer[bcMmhayJ¦ ßk*yagRBH:TBim¬isarmaKZ;esniy; RBmTaMgBYkBledIm|ICb´el[g
kñúgézáEsÁkk*eTEdr bu¨EnþGatµamankarer[bcMmhayJ¦cMeBaHRBHsmNeKatm CaskübuRtecjcaksküRtkUl RTg´RBHpñÜs ehIyesþcyagmk
kan´carikkñúgGg<útþrabCnbTCamYynigPik¡úsg¹

1250

Gg<

RBHBuTÆGg<enaHyagmkdl´GabN;niKmehIy

Gatµa:nnimnþRBHsmNeKatmenaH

RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹edIm|ITTYlcgØan´kñúgézáEsÁk . bBiRtekNiyd*cMerIn elakniyayzaRBHBuTÆß/ mñaleslRJhµN¾d*cMerIn GatµaniyayzaRBHBuTÆ
bBiRtekNiyd*cMerIn elakniyayzaRBHBuTÆß/ mñaleslRJhµN¾d*cMerIn GatµaniyayzaRBHBuTÆ bBiRtekNiyd*cMerIn elakniyayzaRBHBuTÆß/
mñaleslRJhµN¾d*cMerIn GatµaniyayzaRBHBuTÆ . eslRJhµN¾oekNiyCdileqøIybJ¢ak´dl´eTA 3 dg .

- 3 RKaenaHeslRJhµNm
¾ anesckþIRtiHriHy¨agenHza

sMeLgKwkkgzaRBHBuTÆ RBHBuTÆenH

eK:n»edayRkéRkeBkkñúgelak

.

mhaburis-

lk¡N; 32 Rbkar manmkehIykñúgmnþrbs´eyIg mhabursEdlRbkbedaymhaburislk¡N;TaMgenaH rEmgmanKti 2 y¨ag KWenARKb´RKg
pÞHnwg:nCaesþccRkBtþi RBHGg<CaZmµikraC Ca«sSr;elIEpndI Rbdab´edayTVIb 4 mansmuRTTaMg 4 CaTIbMput RTg´manC&yCMnHxagkñúgnigxag
eRkA dl´nUvPaBmaMmYnkñúgCnbT RTg´bribUN(edayrtn; 7 Rbkar RbsinebIecjcakRBHraCdMNak´eTARTg´RBHpñÜs nwg:nCaGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆkñúg
elak mandMbUlpÞH KWkielsebIkcMhehIy .
eslRJhµN¾:nsYrza

mñalekNiyd*cMerIn

«LÚvenHRBHeKatmd*cMerInenaH

RBHGg<RTg›Rbzab›enATINa/

ekNiyCdilelIkédxagsþaM

niyaynigeslRJhµN¾za mñaleslRJhµN¾d*cMerIn CYréRBex[vnu@H RBHGg<RTg›Rbzab›enATIenaHÉg .
kalenaH

eslRJhµN¾RBmTaMgsisS

esckþIrIkrayCamYynigRBHmanRBHPaK
32

Rbkar

300

nak´

k*eZVIdMeNIrsMedAeTATIkEnøgEdlRBHGg<RTg›Rbzab´

luHbJ©b´JküEdlKYrrIkray

yl´c|as´zaCaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆBitR:kdehIy

nigJküKYrrlwkehIyk*Gg<úykñúgTId*smKYr

k*manesckþIRCHzøa

ehIyk*sUmbBVC¢a

luHcUleTAdl´ehIyk*sMEdg
ehIy:nBinitüemIllk¡N;

nigóbsm|TakñúgsMNak´énRBHmanRBHPaK

lMdab´tmkeslRJhµN¾RBmTaMgBBYksisS 300 Gg< :nseRmcCaRBHGrhnþTaMgGs´ §
niTanéneslsURtenHsEmþgoeXIjza
ób|tþieLIgkñúgelakenHeLIy .

RBHsmµasm¬úTT
Æ aMgLay

EdlCaGK<buK<l

RTg´nUvKuNCadYgck¡úÉkkñúgelak

mingaynwg:n

- 4 -

bTnieTÞs
karsikSaBuTÆb|vtþi KWsikSaGMBIer]gr¨avénGcäriy;mhaburs CabursGs©arübMputkñúgelak karsikSaBuTÆb|vtþienHebIsarubrYmman 3 Epñk KW ?
1 - EpñkdMeNIrer]g
2 - EpñkGPinIhar
3 - EpñkZmµb|dibtþi
EpñkdMeNIrer]g eZVIoseRmcpl KWRCabc|as´GMBIRbvtþéi nRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ edaymaner]gTak´TgnigRBHGg<y¨agNaxøH .
EpñkGPinIhar

eZVIoseRmcpl

KWeXIjkarsEmþgZm(

EdlRtÚvnwgcritrbs´buK<lmñak´>

nigeZVIoGñkEdlZán´kñúger]g«TÆi:diharüepSg>

:nRCabdl´esckþIGs©arüénBuTÆanuPaB ehIyekItsTÆaRCHzøakñúgkarbdibtþiRBHZm( .
EpñkZmµb|dibtþi eZVIoseRmcpl KWRCabkñúgmK<bdibtþi nigehtupltamesckþIBiténsc©Zm( .

sikSaBuTÆb|vtþimanRbeyaCn¾dUcemþc /
niyayedaysarub karsikSaBuTÆb|vtþei ZVIoekItRbeyaCn¾sMxan´> 2 y¨ag KW ?
1

-

EpñkkarsikSa

eZVIo:ndwgc|as´dl´RbvtþiénRBHbrmRKÚ

edaymaner]gr¨avTak´TgnigRBHGg<dUcemþcxøH

eRb[bdUcCasikSaRsavRCav

PUmisaRsþénRbeTsCati edIm|IodwgzaCatirbs´xøÜnmankarvivtþn¾ nigmansar;sMxan´dUcemþcxøH y¨agenHCaedIm .
2 - Epñkbdibtþi eZVIoekItsTÆaRCHzøaehIybdibtþitamBuTc
Æ riya CabdibTanaMesckþIsux esckþIcMerInmkoxøÜntamsmKYrnigstibJ¦a:rmI
nigkarRbRBwtþbdibtþi .

- 5 -

PaKTI1 burimkal
EdndI«NÐa
karERbRbÜlénBiPBelak mnusSCati sg<mnigeRK]geRbIR:s´sBVmux EtgEtbnþskmµPaBCadrab kñúgkalxøHmankarcMerInlUtlas´eLIg
kñúgkalxøHk*zycuHmk enHCasPav;ZmµCatiénsg¡arTaMgLay «tmanGVIeT[gTat´eLIy .
karekItbnþénCnCatiGñkCm¬ÚTVIbenaH edImeLIyCaCnCatirs´enAx©at´x©aytameRCaH PñM PaKeRcInGaRs&ykarbr:j´stVeZVICaGahar BYkenH
«tmancMeNHdwgkñúgkareZVIksikmµb¨unµaneT

manBYkmYyEdlmanbJ¦aqøatev[gév

ehIyxøaMgBUEkCagBYkTaMgenaHRKb´rUbEbb maneQµaHza milk¡; :ncUlmkkñúg
RbeTs«NÐa rs´enAtaméRBPñMénTisBay&Bü ehIy:nRKb´RKg«NÐaBITisxag
eCIgTl´nigTisxagt|Úg . kñúgsm&yenaHmanCnCatimYyeT[t manesckþIcMerIn
xøaMgBUEkCagBYkmilk¡; ehAzaBYk Griyk; naMKñaqøgPñh
M imal&y ‘PñMsm|Úreday
TwksenSIm’ rukcUlPaKxageCIgCabnþKñamk ehIybNþúHbNþalsil|vD¿nZm(
nigcMeNHdwgrbs´xøÜnral´skmµPaBTaMgGs´mkelIBYkmilk¡; luHmankmøaMgeRcIn
eLIgehIyk*T®nÞanrukranedaykmøaMg

edjCnCatimilk¡;Cam©as´RsukozycuH

eTAenAEdndITisxagt|Úg CnCatiGriyk;k*taMgxøÜnCam©as´RsukénEdndICm¬ÚTVIbenaH
rhUtmk . eRkaymkBYkGriyk; :nRKb´RKgEdndIEb¨kxageCIgenaHTaMgRsug
EdlCaEdndIótþmsm|ÚN(eTAedayRTBüZmµCati ehIytaMgCasñÚlkNþalénkar
PñMhimal&y Pñx
M ¬s´bMputkñúgBiPBelak

RKb´RKg TaMgcMerIneTAedayGarüZm( ehIytaMgeQµaHkEnøgEdlxøÜnrs´enAenaHza
mCÄimCnbT KWRbeTsPaKkNþal ehIyehATIkEnøgEdlBYkmilk¡;GaRs&yenA
enaHza bc©nþCnbT ßbc©nþRbeTs KWRbeTsCayEdn .

- 6 karkMNt´extþEdn taMgBIBYkGriyk;:ncUlT®nÞanrukranBYkmilk¡;enaHmk eZVIoCm¬ÚTVIbRtÚvEckecjCa 2 PaKZM> KW ?
1 _ mCÄimCnbT

Cm¬ÚTVIb

2 _ bc©nþCnbT
karEbgEckextþenH ebIEckCardðCaGaNacRk ßCaCnbT:nCa
eRcInrdð ehIyrdðZM>enaHman 16 rdðb¨ueNÑaH KW ?

GaNacRksm&yBuTÆkal

PñM

e

PñMhimJnþ

Gg<; mKZ; kasI ekasl; vC¢I mlø; ectI vgS; kuru bJ©al;

h

m

N

J

mcä; suresn; GsSk; GvnþI KnÆar; kem¬aC; .
GaNaextþEckmCÄimCnbTsm&ymunBuTÆkal
zaBIRtwmNamkdl´RtwmNaeT
GñkRKb´RKg

min:nkMNt´

TaMgenHeRBaHkMNt´tamyuKsm&yén

ebIsm&yNaGñkRKb´RKgmankmøaMgxøaMg

GaNaextþrbs´xøÜn:neRcIn

k*GacBRgIk

CYnkalGaNaextþrbs´xøÜnRtÚvZøak´eTAkñúg

elxCardðnImYy>

kNþab´édénGñkdéTk*man .
mkdl´sm&yBuTÆkal

GaNaextþmCÄimCnbT:nkMNt´y¨ag

enH KW ?
_TisbUB( ‘xagekIt’ rab´BImhasalnKrcUlmk .
_TisGeKñy¾ ‘xagekIteq[gxagt|Úg’ rab´BIsÞwgslvtIcUlmk.
_TisTkSiN ‘xagt|Úg’ rab´BIsÞwgestkNÑniKmcUlmk .
_Tisbs©im ‘xaglic’ rab´BIzUnRKamcUlmk .
_Tisótþr ‘xageCIg’ rab´BIPñMósirZC;cUlmk .
EdndIEb¨kxagkñúgénRBMx&NÐsImaenH KWCaGaNaextþénCm¬ÚTVIb eRkABIenHecjeTAehAzabc©nþCnbT .

sirIlg,a

1 Gg<;
2

man 16 rdð

mKZ;

9 suresn;
10 GsSk;

3 kasI

11 GvnþI

4 ectI

12 KnÆar;

5 vgS;

13 kem¬aC;

7 bJ©al;

15 mlø;

8 mcä;

16 vC¢I

6 kuru

14 ekasl;

- 7 -

karRKb´RKg
GaNacRknImy
Y >

dUc:neJlmkehIyxagedImenH

mankarRKb´RKgepSg>BIKña

GaNacRkxøHkSRtmanysCamharaC

xøHmanRtwmEt

RBHraCa xøHRKb´RKgEbbpþac´kar xøHRKb´RKgedaysamK<Z
I m( .

karEckvNÑ;
RbCaCn«NÐaCMnan´mn
u
nigeRkaysm&yBuTÆkal CnCatienHeJreBjeTAedayTidðiman;Rbkan´CatiBUCsasn¾xøaMgNas´ dUecñHehIy:nCa
mankarEckvNÑ;Kña vNÑ;enHman 4 KWÇÇÇ
1 _ vNÑ;RJhµNR¾ bkan´za BYkeK:nekItmkBIRBHOsðénRBHRBhµ vNÑ;enHmanmuxgarCaGñkbgØat´beRg[n nigeZVIBiZIepSg>kúñgsasna
rbs´xøÜn nigsikSanUvKm¬IrevT .
2 _ vNÑ;kSRtRbkan´za BYkeK:nekItmkBIRBHhsþénRBHRBhµ vNÑ;enHmanmuxgarCaGñkRKb´RKgRbeTs nigsikSaxagyuTÆsaRsþ .
3 _ vNÑ;evsS;Rbkan´za BYkeK:nekItmkBIépÞénRBHRBhµ vNÑ;enHmanmuxgarCaGñkCYjdUr .
4 _ vNÑ;sURT;Rbkan´za BYkeK:nekItmkBIeCIgénRBHRBhµ vNÑ;enHmanmuxgarCaGñksuIQñÜleZVICakmµkrlIEsgCaedIm .
vNÑ;TaMgenH vNÑ;kSRtnigvNÑ;RJhµNC
¾ avNÑ;x¬s´CageK vNÑ;evsS;nigvNÑ;sURT; CavNÑ;ezakTab .
vNÑ;TaMg 4 enHminrYmrs´RcLÚkRcLMKñaeLIy sUm|IEtGahark*minbriePaKrYmCamYyKñaEdr . ebIkSRtßRJhµNr¾ Ymrs´CamYynigsURT ehIy
manbuRtCamYyKña buRtenaHRtÚvcat´CaBYkmYyepSgeT[tehAza cNÐal BYkEdlekItBImatabitaepSgvNÑ;Kñay¨agenH eKRbkan´zaCaBYkezakTab
TaMgenHk*mkGMBITidðiman; Rbkan´CatieKatRtkUl dUcCakSRtk*Rbkan´CatikMeNItrbs´xøÜn ehIyk*etHed[lemIlgayGñkEdlmanCatikMeNIt eKatRtkUlTabCagxøÜn minRBmrYmrs´CamYyvNÑ;déTeLIy .

- 8 -

Tidði ‘karyl´eXIj’
RbCaCnkñúgsm&yenaH

cUlcitþviC¢aEpñkxagZm(eRcIn

dUecñHBYkeKTaMgLaymankaryl´dwgkñúger]gekItsøab´

nigesckþIsuxTuke¡ pSg>

ebI

niyaysarubman 2 y¨ag KWÇÇÇ
1 _ yl´zasøab´ehIyekIteT[t ‘ssStTid’ði .
2 _ yl´zasøab´ehIysUnüElgekIt ‘óecäTTid’ði .
cMeJHxTI1 GaceZ[b:nnwgRBHBuTÆsasna KWRbkan´zavtæúTaMgBYgmanehtubc©&yeZVIoekIt oERbRbÜl orlt´ ebIvtæúTaMgBYgenAkñúgGMNac
énehtubc©&yenaH> k*RtÚvEtekIteT[t RtÚvERbRbÜl RtÚvEtrlt´er[grhUteTA luHRtaEtrlt´nUvehtubc©&yeTIbputGMBeI sckþITuk¡epSg>:n .

BYkTI2 Edlyl´zasøab´ehIyekIteT[t KWyl´eXIjman 2 y¨ag KW ?
1 - ekItCastVGVIk*ekItCastVy¨agenaHdEdl minpøas´bþÚr .
2 - CatienHekItCastVy¨agenH CatimuxekIteTACastVenaH Gacpøas´bþÚrKña:n .

2 - BYkGñkEdlyl´zasøab´eTAehIysUnük*man 2 y¨ag KW ?
1 - søab´ehIysUnüElgekItCaGVITaMgGs´ .
2 - sPav;xøHsUnü xøHminsUnüeT .

BYkGñkEdlyl´zasøab´ehIysUnüenH k*yl´zaesckþIsuxnigTuk¡epSg>KñaeT[t KW ?
_Rbkan´zasuxnigTuk¡«tmanehtubc©&y stVTaMgLay:nsuxnigTuk¡k*:nÉg ‘GehtukTid’ði .
_Rbkan´zasuxnigTukm
¡ anehtubc©&y stVTaMgLay:nsuxnigTuk¡k*eRJHehtubc©&y .

- 9 -

BYkEdlyl´zasuxnigTuk¡k*eRJHehtubc©&yenH yl´eXIjCa 2 y¨ag KW ?
1 - yl´zasuxnigTuk¡manmkGMBIehtubc©&yxageRkA

dUcCayl´zamaneTvtabNþalo .

2 - yl´zasuxnigTuk¡manmkGMBIehtubc©&yxagkñúg KW kmµ .
2 - Gñkyl´eXIjkñúgBYkx RsbnwgJküeRb[nRbedAkñúgRBHBuTÆsasnaxøH KWRBHBuTs
Æ asnaRbedAzarbs´TaMgBYgekIteLIgedayGaRs&y
ehtu luHrlt´k*rlt´eRJHminmanénehtu eZVIlÁ:nlÁ KWesckþIsux eZVIGaRkk´:nGaRkk´ KWesckþITuk¡ .

BYkeKmankaryl´eXIjy¨agNa k*RbRBwtþeTAtamkaryl´eXIjrbs´xøÜny¨agenaH KW ?
BYkEdlyl´zasøab´ehIyekIt ebIyl´zakarRbRBwtþy¨agNaEdlnaMeTAekItelIfansYK( k*RbRBwtþy¨agenaHeTA .
BYkEdlyl´zasøab´ehIysUnü

k*RbRBwtþeTAtamkaryl´eXIjrbs´xøÜn

edayminxøacnUvGMeBI:bkmµGVIeLIy

eZVIy¨agNaoEtxøÜn:nnUv

esckþIsuxkñúgCatienHbu¨eNÑaH .
BYkEdlyl´zaesckþIsuxnigTuk¡k*eRJHehtubc©&y k*mineZVk
I argarGVIeLIy enArg´caMEteCaKvasnarbs´xøÜn .

BYkEdlyl´zaesckþIsuxnigTuk¡k*eRJHehtubc©&yenH man 2 y¨ag KW ?
1 _ BYkEdlyl´za suxnigTuk¡manmkGMBIehtubc©&yxageRkA k*bYgsYgeTvtaopþl´o nigeRbIviZIepSg>k*man .
2 _ BYkEdlyl´za esckþIsuxnigTuk¡manmkGMBIehtubc©&yxagkñúg ebIyl´zakmµCaehtuénesckþIsux k*eZVIEtkmµy¨agenaH .
ehtuEdleZVIoBYkeKyl´eXIjepSg>Kñay¨agenH

k*eRJHmanlTÆiGñkRbedAxagsasnaeRcInenaHÉg

GñkRbedAkñúglTÆinimYy>

k*RbedAeTA

tamkaryl´eXIjrbs´xøÜn zaxøÜnCaGñkyl´eXIjRtÚv JküeRb[nRbedAGñkdéT«tmanxøwmsar ehIydwknaMmnusSoyl´eTAtamlTÆirbs´xøÜn .
sm&yenaHkarRbRBwtþZm( nigkareRb[nRbedAZm( Cakargard*RbesIrehIysMxan´bMput GñkEdleRb[nRbedAmanekrþeœ QµaHl|Il|aj eKelIkdMekIgo
esµInwgesþcEpndIEtmþg GñkxøHeKelIkdMekIgCagesþceTAeT[t CaehtueZVIoGñkEdlRtÚvkarekrþœeQµaHyss&kþi dl´eTAlHbg´RTBüsm|tþipÞHsEm|g
ehIyecjRbRBwtþtbZm( taMglTÆirbs´xøÜnCaeRcInkEnøg .

- 10 -

PaKTI2
sk,;CnbT
sk,;CnbTCardðtUcmYytaMgenAEk|rPñMhimJnþ PaKxageCIgénCm¬ÚTVIb eRJHrdðZM>TaMg 16 «tmaneQµaHsk,;CnbTenHrYmCamYyeT .

sküvgS
kñúgniTandMNalza RBH:TOk,akraC esayraCsm|tþienAnKrkusavtI énrdðmlø; manRBHmehsI 5 Gg< RBmedaybuRta 4 Gg< buRtI 5
Gg< RBHmehsIeRkayrbs´RBHGg<manRBHraCbuRt 1 RBHGg< eZVIoRBHGg<eBjRBHh#T&y :nPøat´RBHOsð ‘mat´’ RBHraCTanBroRBHnagCa
mehsIerIsykBrNamYytamR:zñacuH RBHnag:nOkask*Tl
U suMRBHraCsm|tþioRBHraCbuRt RBHGg<RTg´ham EtRBHmehsIKg´TTUcGgVrsuMCa
er]y> RBH:TOk,akraCTal´RBHtRmiH eRJHPøat´RBHvacaeTAehIy eTIbRTg´Rtas´bg<ab´oRBHraCbuRta 4 RBHGg< nigRBHraCZIta 5 RBHGg< ecj
eTAksagRBHnKrzµI .
RBHraCbuRtnigRBHraCZItaTaMgenaHk*RkabzVaybg<Mla

ehIynaMcturg<esnaecjeTAksagnKrzµI

enAénkbiltabs

CatYGg<eJZistV

enaHCasæaBrehIy

RBHraCbuRtanigRBHraCbuRtITaMgenaHk*rYmrs´CamYyKña

RBHnKredayer[g>xøÜn

ehIyk*taMgeQµaHnKrenaHosmRsbeTAtamnamtabsenaHza

elIkElgEtRBHeCdðPKinI

‘bgRsIbgÁs´’

kbilB&sþú

TaMgenHedIm|IminoRcLÚkRcLMrvagvNÑ;

.

nKrEdltaMgenAkñúgsk,;CnbT

EdlCakEnøg

eRkayBI:nksagRBHnKr

ehIyk*bMEbkKñaecjeTAksag

KWeRkaymkk*:nCaRBHmehsIénkSRtRkugeTvTh;

tmkCalMdab´ .

sk,;CnbTenaH nKrEdlR:kdeQµaHman 3 KW ?

kñúgéRBsk,;Ek|rPñMhimJnþ

ehIyk*taMgekaliyvgS

- 11 1 _ RBHnKrkusavtI ßnKrkusinara .
2 _ RBHnKrkbilB&sþú .
3 _ RBHnKreTvTh; .
ebItamsnñidðanRbEhlCamandl´eTA 6 RBHnKr eRJHRBHraCbuRtTaMg 4 enaH minEmnksagnKrkbilB&sþúEtmYyenaHeT EteTaHCay¨ag
enaHk*eday RBHnKrÉeT[tminR:kdnamenaHeLIy .

eKatrbs´sküvgS nigvgSrbs´RBHsasþa
sküvgSenHmaneKatþehAza eKatm; EtCYnkalk*ehAza GaTitüeKatþ .
vgSRtkUlrbs´RBHsasþa

:nRKb´RKgnKrkbilB&sþúter[gmktamlMdab´

rhUtdl´sm&yRBH:TC&yesn

ehIymanRBHraCbuRt

1

RBHGg< RBHraCZIta 1 RBHGg< KW 1Ç sIhhnu 2Ç yesaZra . luHRBH:TC&yesnesayTivg<teTA sIhhnukumar:nesayraCüsm|tþibnþRBHraCvgS ehIy:nGPieskCamYynigRBHnagkaJ©na CaZItaénesþcnKreTvTh; ekaliyvgS manRBHraCbuRtabuRtI 7 Gg< KWRBHraCbuRta 5 RBHGg<
RBHraCbuRtI 2 RBHGg< .
RBHraCbuRta 5 RBHGg<enaH KW 1Ç sueTÆaTn; 2Ç suek,aTn; 3Ç eZaetaTn; 4Ç GmietaTn; 5Ç XNietaTn; nigRBHraCZita 2 RBHGg<enaH KW
1Ç bmita 2Ç Gmita .
ÉRBHnagyesaZra

:neZVICamehsIRBH:TGJ¢n;

énRkugeTvTh;

‘ekaliyvgS’

ehIymanRBHraCbuRtanigRBHraCbuRtIrYm

4

RBHGg<

RBHraCbuRta 2 RBHGg< KW 1Ç sub|BuT;Æ 2Ç TNÐ:Ni nigRBHraCbuRtI 2 Gg< KW 1Ç RBHnagsirimhamaya 2Ç RBHnagbCabti ehA ‘eKatmI’ .
RBH:TsueTÆaTn;GPiesknigRBHnagsirimhamayaCaGK<mehsI luHRBH:TsIhhnucUlTivg<teTA RBH:TsueTÆaTn;:nRKgraCüsm|tþibnþ
mk RBHGg<manRBHraCbuRt 1 RBHGg< KW RBHsiTÆtæ .
eRkayBIRbsUt:n 7 ézá RBHnagsirimhamayak*cUlTivg<teTA RBH:TsueTÆaTn;k*EtgtaMgRBHnagbCabtieKatmICamehsIzµI manRBHraCbuRtRBHraCZIta 2 RBHGg< KW nnÞ; nigrUbnnÞa .

- 12 -

RBHjatiTak´TgrvagsaküvgSnigekaliyvgS
RBHvgSTaMg

2

KWsküvgSnigekaliyvgS

Cab´CajatisaelahittaMgEtRBHeCsðPKinI

‘EpñksküvgS’

CaGK<mehsIesþcRkugeTvTh;

ekaliyvgS ZItaRBH:TOk,akraC rhUtmkdl´RBHsiTÆtæ ‘sküvgS’ :nnigRBHnagBim¬a ßyesaZra ‘ekaliyvgS’ CaRBHCaya .

PaKTI3
lk¡N;rbs´RBHmhaburs
munBuTÆkal

1000

qñaM

bNþalcitþBYkRJhµNT
¾ aMgLay

maneTvtaGayuEvg

Zøab´eXIjRBHsmµasm¬úTÆGg<mun>mkehIy

:n

RJhµN¾TaMgenaH:ncgRkgniger[necHcaMnUvtRmaTaylk¡N;rbs´

RBHmhaburs 32 Rbkar nigGnuBüJ¢n; 80 lk¡N;rbs´mhaburs 32 RbkarenaH KW ?
1 - manRBH:TRbtisðanlÁ KWmanépÞRBH:TrabesµI .
2 - épÞRBH:TTaMgKU xageRkammanrUbcRkRbkbedayxñgkg´ 1000 mancenøaHesµIKñaRKb´GenøI .
3 - manRBHbNØi KWEkgRBH:TEvg .
4 - manRBHGg<úli KWRmamRBH:TnigRmamRBHhsþEvg .
5 - manépÞRBHhsþnigépÞRBH:TTn´ .
6 - manépÞRBH:TnigépÞRBHhsþ RbTak´edayRkLadUcCasMNaj´ .
7 - manRBH:TdUcCaGENþteLIgxagelI .
8 - manRBHCg¹a KWsµger[vmUlRtsUl Rsed[gnigsµgstVRTay .

RBHkumarsiTÆtæ;

- 13 9 - kalebIRTg´Qr min:c´OnRBHGg<cuH GacsÞabGEgÁlRBHCanu KWCg<g´edayépÞRBHhsþTaMgBIr:n .
10 - manRBHGg<avyv; EdlRtÚvlak´kM:MgedaysMBt´fitenAkñúgeRsam .
11 - RBHGg<avyv;enaH manEs|ksm|úrézá dUcCasm|úrénmas .
12 - manRBHqvI ‘mux’ sm|úrézá lÁitpUrpg´rlIg rGilZulIZøak´cuHmkminCab´RBHkay .
13 - manRBHelamaEt 1 srés> kñúgreNþAeram 1 .
14 - manRBHelama mancuggeLIgelI RBHelamaEdlduHeLIgehIy mancugeLIgelICaTk¡iNavdþ vilvg´B&TÆeBneTAxagsþaM mansm|úrex[v
dUcCasm|úrénp,aGJ¢&n kYcmUldUcCakuNÐl .
15 - manRBHkayRtg´ dUcCakayénRBhµ .
16 - manRBHmMs; KWsac´ 7 GenøIeBjbribUN( KWxñgRBHhsþTaMgKU xñgRBH:TTaMgKU cg,ÜyRBHGgSa ‘sµa’ TaMgKU RBHsUrgeBjbribUN( .
17 - manRBHkayJk´kNþalxagelI dUcCakayénraCsIh¾ .
18 - manRBHbidði KWxñgeBjbribUN( .
19 - manRTg´RTaykaydUcCabrimNÐlénedIméRC RBHkayrbs´mhabursRbEvgNa Büamrbs´mhabursk*RbEvgenaHEdr Kwmankay
nigBüamesµIKña .
20 - manRBHsUrg ‘k’ mUlsm .
21 - manRBHRbsaT KWsréslÁitqµar sRmab´TTYlrsGahar.
22 - manRBHhnuka KWcg,adUcCacg,aénraCsIh¾ .
23 - manRBHTnþ KWeZµj 40 Kt´ .
24 - manRBHTnþrabesµI .
25 - manRBHTnþCitsñiTÆlÁ .
26 - manRBHTafa KWcg,ÚmTaMg 4 ssÁat .
27 - manRBHCIvØa ‘GNþat’ ZMEvg .

- 14 28 - manRBHsUrs&BÞdUcCasMeLgénRBhµ kalebIbeJ©jvacalan´»BieraH dUcCasMeLgénstVkrvik .
29 - manRBHenRtex[vRss´ .
30 - mandYgRBHenRtdUcCaEPñkkUneKa .
31 - manRBHóNÑaelam KWeramRbCMucieJ©ImduHRtg´cenøaHénRBHPmuka ‘cieJ©Im’ manBN(sk|ús Tn´dUcCasMLI .
32 - manRBHsIrS ‘k|al’ hak´dUcCaRbdab´edayk|aMgmkud .

eRJHmanlk¡N; 32 RbkarenHehIy eTIbmanKti 2 y¨ag KW ?
1 - ebImhabursenACaRKhsæ nwg:nesayraCüCaesþccRkBtiþ CaZMkñúgRbwzBImNÐl manmhasmuRTTaMg 4 Cax&NÐsIma QñHnUvsRtÚv
RKb´TisTI RBHraCGaNacRksáb´sux nigRbkbedayrtn; 7 Rbkar KWcRkEkv dMrIEkv esHEkv EkvmNI nagEkv KhbtIEkv brinaykEkv .
2 - ebImhabursenaHecjsagpñÜs nwg:nRtas´dwgGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN CasasþaÉkkñúgelak .
ézánigyb´knøgeTArab´rystvtSn¾ k*minmanGñkNamñak´ekItmkehIymanlk¡N;RKb´tamtRmaenaHeLIy EtBYkeKk*minlHbg´nUvtRmaenaH
eLIy

eRJHeKRbkan´zaCatRmas&kþisiTiÆ

ehIy:nrkSatRmaenHt>Kñamk

mü¨ageT[t

BYkeKeC]maMkñúgcitþza

Kg´manézáNamYybuK<lEdlman

lk¡N;RBmedayGg< 32 RbkarenH nwgmkób|tþikñúgmnusSelakminxaneLIy edIm|IkMcat´esckþIggwtggl´énstVelaky¨agBitR:kd .

RBHeJZistVób|tþienAfantusit
ZmµtaRBHeJZistVTaMgLay

munnwg:nRtas´CaRBHBuTÆ

RtÚvEtób|tþienAfantusitRKb´RBHGg<

RBHsmNeKatm

KWRBHbrmRKÚéneyIg

k*dUecñaHEdr . kalRBH:TevsSnþreJZistVRTg´Tivg<teTA RBHGg<:nób|tþienAfantusit CaZMCageTvtaTaMgLay RTg´RBHnamza snþúsiteTvbuRt
manRBHCnµayu 4000 qñaMTiBV .
snþúsiteTvbuRt RTg´CitGs´RBHCnµayukñúgfantusitenaHehIy :nekItekalahl ‘karRCÜleRCIm’ 5 y¨ag KW ?
1 - kb|ekalahl × karRCÜleRCImza enAmYyEsnqñaeM T[t ePøIgnwgeqHkb|enHehIy mnusSTaMgLayRtÚvnaMKñaeZVIbuNü oTan rkSasIl

- 15 cMerInPavna .
2 - BuTÆekalahl × karRCÜleRCImza enAmYyEsnqñaMeT[t RBHBuTÆnwgmkób|tþk
i ñúgelakenH .
3 - ck,vtþiekalahl × karRCÜleRCImza enAmYyEsnqñaeM T[t esþccRkBtþinwgmkekItkñúgelakenH .
4 - mg<lekalahl × karRCÜleRCImza enAmYyEsnqñaeM T[t RBHBuTÆnwgsEmþgmg<lsURt 38 Rbkar .
5 - emaenyüekalahl ×
ekalahlTaMg

5

y¨agenH

karRCÜleRCImza

enAmYyEsnqñaMeT[t RBHBuTÆnwgsEmþgemaenyübdibtþi .

suTÆavasmhaRBhµ:nRbkasR:b´BYkeTvtanigRBhµTaMgLay

eTvtanigRBhµTaMgLaymYymWunelakZatu

:n»semøgenaHehIy RTg´RbemIlemIlkñúgfantusitenaHza eTvbuRt
Gg<Nahñ@ EdlCaeJZistVnwgób|tþiCaBuTÆg,úr ‘BnøkénRBHBuTÆ’ enAkñúg
mnusSelak edIm|IrMedaHTuk¡stVelakTaMgBYg .
eBlenaHsnþúsiteTvbuRtk*man:rmIcas´køaehIy buBVnimitþ 5
Rbkar:nR:kdeLIg EdloxusEbøkBIeTvtaTaMgLay KW ?
1 - kRmgp,aEtgRBHkaysVitRseJn .
2 - PUsa ‘sMBt´eRK]gEtgxøÜn’ TaMgLayesAhµg .
3 - ejIshUrecjBIekø{k .
4 - sm|úrminlÁtaMgeLIgkñúgkay KWcas´CraR:kd .
5 - mineRtkGrnwgeTvasn;rbs´xøÜn .
BYkeTvtanigRBhµTaMgLay

:neXIjbuBVnimitþenaHehIydwg

RBHeJZistVenAfantusit

c|as´za eTvbuRtenHehIyEdlCaRBHeJZistV . eTvtanigRBhµTaMgLaymYymWunelakZatu :nGeJ¢IjsnþúsiteTvbuRtocüútcuHeTAykkMeNIt
kñúgmnusSelak edIm|Inwg:nRtas´CaRBHBuTÆ edayJküenHzaÇÇÇ
bBiRtRBHmhaburs CaGñkmanesckþIBüayam kalenHCakalsmKYrdl´RBHGg<ehIy

sUmRBHGg<cüútcuHeTAykRBHkMeNItkñúgépÞénRBH-

- 16 mataedIm|I:nRtas´ ehIycmøgmnusSnigeTvtaodl´sæanbrmsuxpg .
snþúsiteTvbuRt
RBhµTaMgLaydUecñaH

kalebI:n»JküGeJ¢Ijrbs´BYkeTvta

eTIbRTg´RbemIlemIlnUvmhavielakn;

nig

‘karseg,t

emIl’ TaMg 5 Rbkar KW ?
1 - kal kalmnusSmanGayueRcInCagmYyEsnqñaM nigticbMput
RtwmmYyryqñaM

enAkñúgrvagenHeTIbRBHeJZistVcüútcuHmkykRBHkMeNIt

edIm|Iób|tþiCaRBHBuTÆ .
2 - RbeTs RTg´RbemIlemIlRbeTs RBHeJZistVnwgób|tþimk
CaRBHBuTÆRKb´RBHGg<

RTg´ykRBHkMeNItEtkñúgmCÄimRbeTs

minEdl

ykRBHkMeNItenAkñúgbc©nþRbeTseLIy .
3 - RtkUl RBHeJZistVTaMgLay nwgób|tþimkCaRBHBuTÆ Etg

RBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´eZVITan

ykRBHkMeNItkñúgRtkUlBIr KWRtkUlRJhµN¾nigRtkUlkSRt RtkUl
eRkABIenHminEdlykRBHkMeNIteLIy .

4 - TVIb RBHeJZistVTaMgLay

nwgób|tþC
i aRBHBuTÆ EtgykRBHkMeNItkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbbu¨eNÑaH TVIbbIeT[t KWbuBVvieThTVIb ótþrkuruTVIb nig

GbreKayanTVIb RBHeJZistVRKb´RBHGg<minykRBHkMeNIteLIy .
5 - mata RBHeJZistVEtgykRBHkMeNItkñúgépÞénRBHmataNa Edl:nksag:rmImkeBjmYyEsnkb| edIm|I:nCaBuTÆmata .
snþúsiteTvbuRt:nRbemIlemIlmhavielakn;

5

RbkarsBVRKb´ehIy

RTg´TTYlnUvkarGaraZnarbs´eTvtanigmhaRBhµTaMgLayenaH

ehIyRTg´yagcuHmkcab´bdisnÆikñúgRBHóTrénRBHmata .

RBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´subinnimitþ
RBHeJZistVmunnwgesþcyagcuHcab´bdisnÆikñúgRBHóTrRBHmataenaH

RBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´rkSasIlóe:sz nigeZVInUvmhaTancMNayRTBü

- 17 Gs´ 4 EsnkhabN; .
eBlenaHRBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´subinnimitþcEmøk KWRBHnag
subinnimitþza manesþceTvta KWmharaCüTaMg 4 mkelIkykRBHnag
RBmTaMgsyndðan

‘kEnøgedk’

eTAkan´PñMhimJnþ

dak´RBHnagelI

menasilaTMhM 60 eyaCn¾ eRkamedImraMgZM kMBs´ 100 eyaCn¾
ehIymaneTBZItamkyagRBHnag

edIm|IRsg´TwkkñúgRsHGenattþ

.

enAEk|rRsHenaHmanPñMR:k´ manvimanmasenAelIPRñM :k´ . luHRBHnagRsg´TwkrYcehIy

k*yageTApÞMkñúgvimanmasEdlenAelIPñMR:k´

RBHP®kþEbreTATisxagekIt
EdlenACitPñMR:k´

ehIyeXIjdMrIsmYycuHmkBIelIPñMmas

ehIykan´p,aQUkeLIgeTAelIPñMR:k´

eTIbcUleTA

kñúgvimanmas

RBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´subinnimitþ

:nedIr

RbTkSiNRBHnag 3 CMu
rYchak´dUcCacUleTAkñúgóTrrbs´RBHnagxagsþaM .
ézáRBhs|tœ 15 ekIt ExGasaF qñaMrka eBlCitPøW eBlenHehIyEdlRBHbrmeJZistV
esþcyagcuHcab´bdisnÆi eBlenaHmanehtudG
* s©arüeRcInRbkar .
luHRBHnagetIneLIgehIy

k*TUlRBHsVamIoRTg´RCabGMBs
I ubinnimitþenaHRKb´Rbkar

RBH:T

sueTÆaTn;CaRBHsVamIRTg´bBa¢aoRBahµN¾ 64 nak´mkTaynUvsubinnimitþenaH RBahµN¾:nbeJ©j
nUvvacaza

Gtþmna

eTvi

ehahi

RBHOrsenaHmanskþanuPaBZMNas´

sUmRBHraCeTvIrIkraykñúgRBHT&ycuH

ebIbuRtenaHenACaRKhsænwg:nCaesþccRkZMelIEpndI

enaHyagecjsagpñÜs nwg:nRtas´dwgCaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ .
RBH:TsueTÆaTn;nigRBHnagsirimhamaya

RBHnagnwgmanbuRtehIy
ebIbuRt

- 18 -

RTg´RbsUt
taMgEtRBHbrmeJZistVcuHcab´bdisnÆimk k*maneTvta 4 Gg< KW
kuevrJ¢; 1 Ztrdð 1 viruLhk 1 virUbk¡ 1 yagcuHmkGPi:lrkSakñúg
TisTaMg

4

karJrminomnusSnigGmnusSmkeb[teb[nRBHeJZistV

RBmTaMgRBHmataeLIy . RBHeJZistVcuHcab´bdisnÆieBlNa eZVIo
RBHmatamansIl
bursTaMgLay

5 RbkarCanic© ehIyminomancitþeRtkRtGalén
bursesatk*putvis&yminmanGarmµNG
¾ acknøgnUv

GsTÆmµng
i RBHnag:neLIy . kalEdlRBHeJZistVKg´enAkñúgRBHKP(
minmaneraKaBüaZimkeb[teb[n manGvyv;TaMgBYgRKb´bribUN( RTg´Kg´
EBnRBHEPñnEbrRBHP®kþeTArkóTrRBHmata

R:kdnwgmataeRb[bdUcCa

sréssUt EdleKedatcUleTAkñúgEkvBiTUrüdUecñaH . luHRBHnagman
RBHKP(RKb´Tsmas ‘10Ex’ nwgRbsUtehIy :nTUlsuMRBHraCsVamI

RBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´manRBHKP(

edIm|IyagRbBatRBHraCOTüanlum¬inIv&n
RBHraCbMNg

RBHnagesþcyagRBmTaMgnamuWnm®nþItampøÚveKak
RJhµN¾

mü¨ageT[t:nsEmþgza

PriyamanépÞeJHminqøgTenøenApÞHsVamIeLIy

dl´RBwkeLIgCaézásuRk

RBHraCsVamIk*GnuJ¦attam
15

RBHnagesþcyageTARbsUtenAeTvTh;nKr

EtRtÚveTAqøgTenøkñúgpÞHénRtkUlrbs´xøÜn

.

ekIt

ExBisax

qñaMc

eRJHRbéBNIy¾rbs´

eTaHCay¨agNak*eday

eBlesþcyagmk

dl´RBHraCOTüanRTg´RbQYnRBHóTrmYyrMeBc nwgyageTARkugeTvTh; ßyagRtLb´eTARkugkbilB&sþú k*minTan´ehtukarN¾ . RBHeJZistVk*
RbsUtenAeRkamedImsalRBwkS

eBlRBwkézáCitRtg´enaHeTA

RBHmataRTg´Rbzab´Qr

minGg<úyßedkdUcRsIdéTqøgTenøenaHeLIy

RBHeJZistV

brisuTÆ «tmanesmh;ßelahitmnÞileLIy manstism|C¢J¦; RbsUtGMBIRBHKP(ehIyminTan´dl´kRmal suTÆavasmhaRBhµ:nykbNþaj
masmkTTYl

mharaCTaMg 4

Gg< :nTTYlRBHeJZistVBImhaRBhµ

BYkRsIsñMk*TTYlykBImhaRBhµeTAeT[t rYcehIyRBHeJZistVyagcuHBI

- 19 htæénRsIsñM RbtisæanenAelIRbwzBI EbrRBHP®kþeTArkTisótþr RTg´yag
:n 7 CMh)anehIysæitenA eTIbTtTisTaMgBYg rYcRTg´bnøWnUvRBHGasPivacaza GeK<ahmsµi elaksS eCedðahmsµi elaksS esedðahmsµi
elaksS Gymnþima Cati ntæiTani bunBÖevati × GjCabuK<leqñImkñúg
elak GjCabuKl
< c|gkñúgelak GjCabuK<lRbesIrkñúgelak CatienH
CaTIbMputrbs´Gj «LÚvenHPBzµIeT[tminmaneLIy .
eBlenaHmhaRBhµ:nykesVtcäRtmk:MgzVay

suyameTvraC

ykpøitmkbk´zVay eTvbuRtmYyGg<kan´Ekv 7 Rbkar eTvbuRtmYyGg<
kan´Es|keCIgmas

eTvbuRtmYyGg<kan´eRK]gRbdab´sMrab´raCüTaMg

5

KWm,úd RBHx&n esVtcäRt suBN(:T nig ‘RTnab´eCIgmas’ valviCnI

RBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´RbsUt

‘pøiteramstV’ ehIyQrGm .
bnÞab´mk

manTrTwkekþATwkRtCak´Zøak´BIelIGakasevhas¾lagnUv

mnÞilRBHnagsirimhamayanigRBHraCkumar minomanmnÞilesAhµgdl´RBHkayTaMgBIrRBHGg<eLIy .

RBHeJZistVRbsUtmkPøamecHniyayman 3 Cati
RBHeJZistVRbsUtmkPøamecHniyay:nman 3 Cati KWÇÇÇ
1 - kñúgCatiCaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ .
2 - kalRTg´ykkMeNItCamehasz RTg´RbsUtehIyPøam RBH«®nÞaZiraCykOszTiBVmkdak´kñúgRBHhsþénRBHkumar kumarkþab´RBHhsþ
ehIyelIkeLIg:neJlza ²Em¨enHzña³M . esdðIsirivD¿k¾CabitamaneraKQWk|al 7 qñaM ehIyBüa:lBMuCaesaH k*ykzñaMrbs´buRtenaHduHnig
TwkpwkCamYyrMeBcPøam .

- 20 3 - kalykkMeNItCaRBHevsSnþr RTg´RbsUtehIyPøam RTg´sYr RBHmataza ²RTBükñúgpÞHeyIgmanEdrß/ x\MúnwgoTan³ .

shCati ‘GñkekItrYmnigRBHeBaZistV’
kñúgézáCamYyKñaenaH manmnusSnigstV RBmTaMgvtæC
ú ashCati
ekIteLIgcMézánigeBlevlaCamYyKñaman 7 Rbkar KW ?
1 - RBHnagBim¬a .
2 - RBHGannÞ .
3 - qnñamatü .
4 - kaLúTayIGamatü .
5 - kNðkGsSvraC ‘esHkNÐk’ .
6 - edImRBHeJZiRBwkS .
7 - kMNb´RTBüTaMg 4 .

GsittabscUlKal´sYrsuxTuk¡
rIÉRBH:TsueTÆaTn;

:nRCabdMNwgGMBIkarRbsUtehIy

shCati
RTg´

Rtas´oyagRBHmehsIRtLb´cUlRBHbrmraCvaMgvij

.

eBlenaH

Gsittabs ßmü¨ageT[tehAza kaLeTviltabs CaTIrab´GanénRBHraCRtkUl eRkayBI:ndMNwgGMBIRbsUtehIy :necjcakGaRsmrbs´
xøÜneZVIdMeNIredIm|IcUleTAKal´sYrsuxTuk¡
GeJ¢IjotabscUleTAkñúgRBHraCnievsn¾

ehIysYrBYksküdUecñHza

RBHraCkumarenAÉNaGatµaPaBcg´eXIj

ehIyoBYkPIel[gemedaHbgØajRBHraCkumarCaraCOrs

edaysirIR:kd . GsittabsluHeXIjRBHraCkumardUecñaHehIyk*ekItbItikñúgcitþ

.

RKaenaHRBH:TsueTÆaTn;RTg´

mansm|úrlÁdUcmas

mancitþGENþtx¬s´eLIgy¨agéRkElg

mansm|úrsd*ruger]g
Caehtud*Gs©arü

eZVIo

- 21 Gsit«sInms,arRBHraCkumar 3 dg RKaenaHRBH:TsueTÆaTn;
CaRBHraCbita :neXIjGsittabseZVIkarGPivaTRBHraCkumar 3
dgdUecñaH RBHGg<RTg´GPivaT 3 dgpgEdr enHCaelIkTI1 ehIy
EdlRBHGg<RTg´GPivaTRBHraCbuRt .
tabsenaH:nRtiHriHrMBwgnUvkalCaGnaKt
cb´mnþsRmab´s<al´nUvlk¡N;

eRJH:necH

luHTTYlRBHraCkumarenaHmk

ehIy :nTaylk¡N;manKti 2 tamtRmaza ebIenARKb´RKg
CaXravasnwg:nCaesþccRkBtþi ebIRBHGg<ecjsagbBVC¢a nwg
:nRtas´dwgCasasþaÉkkñúgelak
ecjbYs

kñúgcitþtabsepþateTAelIkar

ehIy:nRtas´dwgnUvGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN

Ca

sasþaÉkkñúgelak tabsmancitþrIkraybeJ©jsMeNIc ehIy
kaLeTviltabssYrsuxTuk¡RBHraCRtkUl

eJlza RBHraCkumarenHRbesIr ótþmCagBYkstVmaneCIgBIr KW
eTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay lMdab´enaHGsittabsrlwkeXIjnUv

dMeNIrrbs´xøÜn k*mansPaBminrIkrayeTIbyMsRmk´TwkEPñkvij BYkskü;:neXIjdUecñaHehIyk*sYr«sIEdlkMBugyMenaHza esckþIGnþraynwgman
dl´RBHraCkumaréneyIgß/ Gsit«sIeJlza esckþIGnþrayminmandl´RBHraCkumarenHeT RBHraCkumarenHminezakzyeLIy sUmGñkTaMgLay
rIkraycitc
þ uH

RBHraCkumarenHnwg:nRtas´dwgnUvsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aNd*RbesIr

CaGñkeXIjnUvRBHniBVan

CaGñkGnueRKaHnUvRbeyaCn¾dl´CneRcIn

nigjúaMgRBHZmµcRkoRbRBwtþeTAedayRBhµcriy; sasnarbs´RBHraCkumarenHnwgsayPayeTA . ÉGayurbs´Gatµamin:ntaMgenAyUrkñúgmnusS
elakenHeT kalkiriyarbs´GatµanwgmankñúgrvagenHÉg Gatµamin:nsþab´Zm(rbs´RBHraCkumar CaGñkmanBüayamminmanGñkdéTesµeI LIy eRJH
ehtuenaH:nCaGatµayMnwksþayeRkay . GsittabsjúaMgbItid*ZMoekIteLIgdl´BYkskü; ehIyk*ec[secjGMBIbrmraCvaMgenaHeTA .
tabsenaHmanesckþIGnueRKaHcMeJHkµÜyrbs´xøÜn RtLb´eTAvijk*yker]gra¨vTaMgenHeTAR:b´ naLk RtUvCakµÜy ehIybbYlokan´ykZm(
rbs´mhabursza ebIGñk:n»sMeLgza BueTÆa> GMBs
I MNak´buK<ldéTehIy

RtÚvdwgzamhaburs:nRtas´dwgehIy GñkKb|IcUleTAsaksYrlTÆi

- 22 kñúgsMNak´énmhabursenaH ehIytaMgcitþRbRBwtþRBhµcriyZm(kñúgsMNak´RBHmanRBHPaKenaHcuH .

RBHraCRtkUleBjRBHT&ynigRBHraCkumarrwtEtxøaMgeLIg
eRkayBIGsittabsCaTIrab´GanénRBHraCRtkUl :nOnsirsaGPivaTedayesckþIRCHzøa ehIy:nTaynUvlk¡N;RBHraCkumarenaHehIy
eZVIoRBHraCRtkUlsakü;vgS 8 mWunGg< nigekaliy;vgS 8 mWunGg< suTÆEt:nebþC\aza ebIRBHsiTÆt:
æ nCaesþccRkkþI CaRBHBuTÆkþI nwgzVayRBHraC
buRt 1 RtkUlmYyGg<eZVICabrivareT[tpg RBmTaMgCndéTCaeRcIn manesckþeI KarBRCHzøakan´EtxøaMgeLIg ehIybMrugbMerIBiessCagjatidéT dUecñH
eZVo
I RBHeJZistVmanesckþIsuxNas´ . ÉRBH:TsueTÆaTn;manRBHraCOg,aroRBHPIel[gemedaHeqVgsþaM zVaykarrkSay¨agCitsñiTÆbMput ehIy
hamdac´xatminomanmnusScas´ QW søab´ mkCitRBHraCbuRtoeXIjeLIy . PIel[gemedaHTaMgLaypøas´bþÚrKñabIBminTMenreLIy . RBHPUsa
EtgRBHkay CasMBt´sac´hµt´ehIyTn´ suTÆEtTijmkBInKrkasI KWlÁCagkEnøgdéTkñúgsm&yenaH . esVtcäRt:MgBIelITaMgézáTaMgyb´ mino
RtCak´ßekþAmkeb[teb[nRBHGg<eLIy .

taMgRBHnam
eRkayBIRbsUt:n 5 ézá RBH:TsueTÆaTn;RTg´RBHraCbJ¢aoRbCMu
RBHjati RBmTaMgesnaraCkarTaMgGs´ ehIyGeJ¢IjRJhµN¾ 108 nak´
mkbriePaKePaCnahar
Edlman

kñúgenaHoeRCIserIsykRJhµN¾

8

nak´

KuNvuD¿ieqø{vQøasev[gévkñúgéRtevTCagRJhµN¾TaMgLayenaH

oGg<úy elIGasn;x¬s´ ehIyoTaylk¡N;RBHraCkumar .

RJhµN¾ 8 nak´enaH KW
1Ç ramRJhµN¾ 2Ç lk¡N;RJhµN¾ 3Ç yJ¦RJhµN¾ 4Ç ZuCRJhµN¾
RJhµN¾ 8 nak´Taylk¡N;RBHraCkumar

5Ç ePaCRJhµN¾

6Ç suTtþRJhµN¾ 7Ç suyamRJhµN¾ 8Ç ekaNÐJ¦

- 23 RJhµN¾ .
RJhµN¾ 7 nak´xagedIm luH:neXIjlk¡N;RBHraCkumarehIyk*elIkRmam 2 TayTUldUcKñaza GnaKtRBHraCkumarmanKti 2 y¨agKW ?
1Ç ebIenARKb´RKgXravas nig:neTACaesþccRkBtþi .
2Ç ebIRBHGg<ecjsagbBVC¢a nwg:nRtas´dwgCasasþaÉkkñúgelak .
ekaNÐJ¦RJhµN¾ CaRJhµN¾kMeLaHekµgCageKkñúgbNþaRJhµN¾TaMgenaH :nBicarNaeXIjc|as´za RBHraCkumarenHR:kdCaecjbYs
ehIy:nRtas´dwgCaRBHBuTÆkñúgelakBitR:kd eTIbelIkRmamEt 1 TayTUly¨agTukcitþza RBHGg<yagecjsagbBVC¢aBitR:kd
Rtas´dwgnUvGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN

ehIy:n

CasasþaÉkkñúgelak .
RJhµN¾TaMgenaH
KuNviessEdlR:kd

RBmKñataMgRBHnamRBHraCkumareTAtam
KWRBHGg<manRBHrsµIOPasecjBIRBH-

kayCaRbRktI eTIbtaMgRBHnamza Gg<Irs; ebIRBHGg<manbMNg
cg´:nGVImYy Kg´:nseRmceTIbtaMgRBHnamza siTÆtæ ERbza Gñk
eZVIRbeyaCn¾RKb´y¨agoseRmctambMNg

EtniymehAeTAtam

eKaRtrbs´RBHGg<za eKatmeKatþ ERbza RBHGaTitþd*RbesIr .

RBHmatacUlTivg<t
eRkayBIRbsUt:n 7 ézá RBHmataénRBHraCkumark*esay
Tivg<t

ehtueRJHRBHKP(rbs´RBHnag

minsmKYrCaTIGaRs&y

bdisnÆiénstVdéTeT[teLIy .
RBHraCbitaRTg´RbKl´RBHraCbuRtenaHoeTARBHnagmha-

RBH:TsueTÆaTn; RbKl´buRtonagbCabtieKatmI

bCabtieKatmI

CaRBHmatucäaciJ©wmtmk

eRkaymkeT[tRBHnag

- 24 manRBHraCbuRtRBHraCZItarYm 2 RBHGg<KW nnÞ; nigrUbnnÞa eTaHCaRBHnagmanRBHraCbuRtpÞal´RBHGg<k*eday k*minGacjúaMgRBHh#T&yoRsLaj´
buRtTaMg 2 enaHCagRBHsiTÆtæeLIy .

:nbfmCÄan nigRTg´sikSasil|viTüa
eBlevlak*knøgputeTA RBHsiTÆtæraCkumarRTg´cMerInRBHCnµayu:n 7 RBHvsSaehIy
RBHraCbitaRTg´bJ¢aoCIkRsHe:k¡rNI 3 RsH daMQUks QUkRkhmCaedIm ehIycat´
omanreb[b

nigmaneRK]gelgepSg>

suTÆEtTijmkBInKrkasI

eKniymzaCarbs´

RbNitehIymantémøx¬s´ TaMgenHk*edIm|IoRBHGg<eBjRBHh#T&y .
ézámYymanBiZIRct´RBHng<&l
nigyagRBHraCbuRteTApgEdr

RBH:TsueTÆaTn;RBmTaMgnamWunm®nþIcUlrYmkñúgBiZIenH
ehIyRTg´RBHraCbJ¢aoer[bcMkEnøgenAeRkammøb´RBIgd*ZM

mYyedIm|IRBHraCbuRt dl´eBleZVIBiZIRct´RBHng<&l mnusSTaMgLayk*eTAemIlBiZIenaHGs´
eTA sUm|IPIel[gemedaHk*eTAemIlnwgeKEdr RBHraCkumarRTg´Kg´enAmYyRBHGg<Ég luHsáat´
BIsemøgmnusSTaMgLay RTg´EBnRBHEPñneZVIsmaZi cMerInGana:NsStikmµdðan :njúaMg
bfmCÄanoekIteLIg . eBlenaHRBHGaTitük*eRCeTATisxaglic rsµIk*caMgeTATisxagekIt
RsemalénedImRBwkSaTaMgLayk*eRCeTATisxagekIttamrsµIEdlcaMgeTA
edImRBIgmin:neRCeTAtamrsµIénRBHGaTitüenaHeLIy

EtRsemalén

KWtaMgenACargVg´mUldUceBlézáRtg´

ÉPIel[gemedaHRtLb´mkvijeXIjehtukarN¾d*Gs©arüenaH

k*TUlRBH:TsueTÆaTn;o

RTg´RCab RBH:TsueTÆaTn;TteXIjehIy eTIbelIkRBHhsþzVayGPivaT 3 dg eBlenH
RBH:TsueTÆaTn;:nzVayGPivaTRBHraCbuRtCaKRmb´TI
buRtRtLb´cUlRBHnKredayesamnsSrIkray .
RTg´:nbfmCÄan

2

ehIyRBHGg<esþcyagRBHraC-

- 25 ézáeRkaymkeT[tRBH:TsueTÆaTn;

RTg´manRBHtRmiHza

RBHraCkumarman

RBHCnµayu 7 RBHvsSaehIy smKYrsikSanUvsil|;viTüa:n RTg´naMRBHraCbuRteTA
zVaykarsikSakñúgdMNak´RKÚvisVamiRt

RBHGg<RTg´sikSa:ny¨agqab´rh&sRKb´sBV

cb´viC¢arbs´RKÚ .

RTg´GPiesk
RBHsiTÆtæmanRBHCnµayu:n 16 RBHvsSa RBHraCbitaRTg´manRBHtRmiHyl´
eXIjza smKYrnwgmanRBHCayaehIy RTg´RBHraCbJ¢aoksagR:saT 3 xñg

RBHsiTÆtæ;sikSakñúgdMNak´RKÚvisVamiRt

edIm|ICaTIRbzab´énRBHraCbuRtkñúg 3 rdUv . R:saTmYyeQµaH cnÞR:saT man 9

Can´RbcaMrdUvrgar mYyeQµaHekaknTR:saTman 5 Can´RbcaMrdUvekþA mYyeQµaHekaJ©R:saTman 3 Can´ RbcaMrdUvePø{g ehIyRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´
bJ¢aoRBHjatiykraCZItamkzVay

RBHjatiRTg´mineBjRBHT&ybu¨nµaneT

eRJHRTg´:nRtiHriHza RBHsiTÆtæminecHsil|¾saRsþGVIesaH eBlenaHRBHbrmeJZistVRTg´sMEdg#TÆi KWelIkZñÚd*manTmán´ehIy:j´:nRtg´d*Gs©arü
RBHjati:neXIjdUecñaHehIy eTIbelIkRBHraCZItazVayRBHGg<eZVICanagsñM
RBHraCbita:ncUldNþwgRBHnagyesaZra ßBim¬a mkeZVICaRBHCaya .
RBHGg<Rbzab´enApøas´bþÚrkñúgR:saTTaMg
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3

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PsþaEdr .

karBicarNaedayTidðanuKti 3 y¨ag
RBHGg<eZVITuk,rkiriyaer[grhUtmk EtminGacseRmcZm(viesseLIy eBl
enaHmanóbma 3 Rbkar RBHGg<minEdldwg minEdl:nsþab´mkBImuneLIy mk
R:kdkñúgRBHT&yrbs´RBHGg<za ?
1Ç smN;ßRJhµN¾Na GñkmankaynigcitþCab´kñúgkam eTaHbIeZVITuk,rkiriyaoTTYlTuk¡evTnaEsnexøacpSay¨agNak*eday
eRb[bdUceQIRss´duHRtaMkñúgTwk

k*minGacRtas´dg
w :n

minGacykmkkYtKñaoekItCaePøIg:neLIy

esckþIBüayamenaH eZVIolM:kxøÜnTeT«tRbeyaCn¾eLIy .

RTg´eZVITuk,rkiriya

2Ç smN;ßRJhµN¾Na mankayXøatcakkamehIy EtmancitþeRtk

RtGalCab´CMBak´kg
ñú kam eTaHbIeZVITuk,rkiriyaoTTYlTuk¡evTnaEsnexøacpSay¨agNak*eday k*minGacRtas´dwg:n eRb[bdUceQIRss´duHelIeKak
k*minGacykmkkYtKñaoekItCaePøIg:n esckþIBüayamenaH eZVo
I lM:kxøÜn TeTKµanRbeyaCn¾eLIy .

smN;ßRJhµN¾Na

mankaynigcitRþ :scakkam

eTaHbIeZVITuk,rkiriyaoTTYlTuk¡evTnaEsnexøacpSa

ßmin:neZVITuk,rkiriyao

TTYlTuk¡evTnaEsnexøacpSak*eday k*GacRtas´dwg:n eRb[bdUceQIsáÜtenAelIeKak GacykmkkYtKñaoekItCaePøIg:n .
eRkaymkRBHGg<:nRBHstiBicarNaza GatµaGjeZVIesckþB
I üayamxøaMgeBk
manviZIepSgehIyemIleTA . RKaenaHRBHGg<RTg´rMlwkdl´kalenACaraCkumar

:nCaminseRmcsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN

Rbzab´eRkamedImRBIg

RbEhlkarRtas´dwg

CaézáRct´RBHn&g<l RTg´cMerInsmaZirhUt:n

- 35 Qan RbEhlpøÚvenaHehIyemIleTA . mü¨ageT[t semøgBiNExS 3 eTvta
mkedjdas´RBHsti
BieraH

ExSmYytwgeBksemøgk*minBieraH

ExSmYyeT[tminZUrmintwg

c|as´kñúgRBHT&yza

ExSmYyZUreBkk*min

semøgBieraHKYrosþab´

Tuk,rkiriyaminEmnCapøÚvRtas´dwgeT

RBHGg<RTg´yl´
manEtpøÚvkNþal

bu¨eNÑaH KWeZVIcitþosáb´GacRtas´dwg:n karBüayampøÚvcitþ ebImnusSs<aMg
s<mrkkmøaMgBMumany¨agenH nwgGacbdibtþioeBjbribUN(dUcemþc:n caM:c´
RtÚvbriePaKGaharoRKb´RKan´Camunsin

luHRBHGg<BicarNay¨agenHehIy

eTIbRTg´esayGahar
dUcedImvij

Qb´eZVI

Tuk,rkiriyaenaHteTA .

RTg´RBHsNþab´BiNExS 3

bJ©vK<Iy¾ecjecalRBHGg<
bJ©vK<Iy¾TaMg

5

CaGñkbdibtþibeRmIRBHbrmeJZistV

taMgBIRBHGg<cab´epþImeZVI

Tuk,rkiriyamkenaH naMKñasg¹wmza Tuk,rkiriyarbs´RBHGg<Kg´minsabsUnücakRbeyaCn¾eLIy
eRJHkarRbRBwtþy¨agtwgrwgbMput
xøaMgeLIg

KµanGñkNaelIsRBHGg<

zanwg:nRtas´dg
w kñúgeBlqab´>enHminxan

bJ©vK<Iy¾k*rwtEtmansTÆaRCHzøa

ehIyRTg´RBHemtþasEmþgRBHsTÆmµ

oBYkxøÜnRtas´dwgpg luHeXIjRBHGg<RTg´Qb´eZVITk
u ,rkiriya ehIyRtLb´mkesayGahar
vij

eTIbsEmþgesckþImineBjcitþ

minGacseRmcZm(viesseT

ZujRTan´nwgkaróbdðakteTAeT[t

ebImineZVITuk,rkiriyateTAeT[tenaH

.

edayKitzaRBHGg<

dUecñHBYkeKTaMg

5

nak´

k*naMKñacakecjBIRBHGg< eTAenAkñúgéRB«sibtnmiKTayv&n kñúgJraNsI nKrkasI .
kalEdlbJ©vK<Iy¾mkenARbRBwtþbdibtþiRBHGg< taMgBIedImrhUtTl´cb´enaH snñidðanza

bJ©vK<Iy¾ecjecalRBHGg<

- 36 CaRbeyaCn¾dl´RBHGg<y¨agenH KW ?
1Ç kalbJ©vK<Iy¾mkenARbRBwtþbdibtþienaH edIm|ICaPsþútagrbs´RBHGg<enAeBlRBHGg<Rtas´dwgehIy eJlKWebIRBHGg<RTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnanigbuK<lNa RTg´ko
* lHbg´Tuk,rkiriya EdlCaGtþkilmzanueyaK KWkarRbRBwtþeZVIoxøÜnlM:k minomanesckþIsgS&yteTAeT[t eRJH
GtþkilmzanueyaKenaH

RBHGg<Zøab´RbRBwtþy¨agóRkidðmkehIy

RBHGg<k*min:nseRmceLIy

ebIeKmineC]k*manBYkbJ©vK<Iy¾CaPsþútag

dUecñH

eZVIoGñkenaHeC]BitR:kd ehIytaMgcitþbdibtþitamRBHGg< edaymin:c´Bi:knaMocMNayeBlTeTkñúgkarbdibtþiZm(enaH .

BYkbJ©vK<Iy¾cakecjeTAenaH

CaRbeyaCn¾dl´RBHGg<kñúgkarBüayampøÚvcitþ

eRJHkarRbRBwtþpøÚvcitþ

RtÚvkaresckþIsáb´sáat´

luHBYk

eK:neTAehIy GarmµN¾epSg>k*minnaMoGpSúk esckþIsáb´sáat´k*nwgmaneLIg .

Rtas´dwgCasmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN
RBHGg<RTg´esayGaharomanRBHkmøaMgdUcedImvijehIy RTg´eZVIesckþIBüayampøÚvcitþteTA . ézá 14 ekIt ExBisax evlaCitPøW RBHeJZistVRTg´subinnimitc
þ EmøkGs©arü
y¨agc|as´za

CaehtunaMoRBHGg<yl´kñúgRBHT&y

BitCa:nRtas´dwgminxaneLIy

.

RBHeJZistVsubin

nimitþ 5 y¨ag KW ?
1Ç RTg´eXIjza RBHGg<pÞMpáar manmhaRbzBICaRkLabnÞM manPñM
himJnþCaexñIy

RBHhsþeqVgRTg´sNþÚkeTAkñúgmhasmuRTTisxagekIt

RBHhsþsþaMsNþÚkeTAkñúgmhasmuRTTisxaglic

RBH:TtaMgKUsNþÚk

eTAkñúgmhasmuRTTisxagt|Úg RTg´pÞMebIkRBHenRt ehIyeXIjBnøWPøWrhUt
dl´PvK<RBhµ ‘RBhµCan´x¬s´’ .

RTg´TteXIjesµAcieJ©{nduHecjBIp©itRBHGg<

ehIylUteLIg

eTAelIrhUtGakasevhas¾ .
RBHeJZistVRTg´subinnimitþcEmøk

- 37 3Ç RTg´TteXIjBYkdg,vÚ mank|alexµAxøÜns vareLIgcugRBH:TrhUtTl´Cg<g´ .
4Ç RTg´TteXIjstVbkSI 4 BYk manBN(sm|úrepSg> ehIrmkBITisTaMg 4 mkRkab
eT[bRBH:TRBHGg< ehIyk*mansm|úrdUcKñaTaMgGs´eTAvij .
5Ç RTg´eXIjza RTg´yagc®g,melIPñMlamkd*ZM EtRBHGg<minRbLak´lamkenaHeLIy .
RBHGg<RTg´etIneLIgehIy RTg´dwgc|as´za RBHGg<nwg:nRtas´CaRBHBuTÆminxaneLIy
RTg´TaykñúgsubinnimitþenaHedayRBHGg<Égza ?
_karpÞeM lIEpndI KWkar:nnUvsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN .
_manPñMhimJnþCaexñIyenaH KW:nnUvexñIysBVJ¦útJ¦aN .
_karsNþÚkRBHhsþnigRBH:TkñúgmhasmuRt CabuBVnimitþénkarsEmþgZmµcRkdl´
mnusSnigeTvta .
_karpÞp
M áarelIEpndI CabuBVnimitþénkiriyaeZVIstVEdlmanmuxp,ab´opáareLIg .
_karpÞeM bIkRBHenRt CabuBVnimitþénkar:nnUvTiBVck¡ú .
_eXIjnUvBnøWPøWdl´PvK<RBhµ CabuBVnimitþénGnavrNJ¦aN .
_eXIjesµAduHecjBIp©it CabuBVnimitþénkarsMEdgnUvGdðg<i,mK< .
_kareXIjBYkdg,ÚvvareLIg CabuBVnimitþénbris&TTaMg 4 dl´éRtsrNKmn¾esµICIvit .
_kareXIjstVbkSI

4

BYkERbkøayxøÜn

CabuBVnimitþénRtkUlTaMg

4

ecjbYsehIy

Rtas´dwgCasmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN

RbRBwtþtamZm(vin&yrbs´RBHGg< .
-karyagc®g,melIPñMlamk CabuBVnimitþénctub|c©&y CalaPsk,ar;ekItdl´RBHGg< EtRBHT&yminCab´CMJk´kñúglaPsk,ar;enaHeLIy .
ézáBuZCitPøWKW 15 ekItExBisax qñaMrka RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´dwg CakarekIteLIgzµIénRBHeJZistV KW:nRtas´CasBVJ¦úBuTÆ ehAza Zmµkay
ób|tþi KWekItedayZmµkay .

- 38 eBlRBwknaézáRtas´dwgenH

nagsuCataZItarbs´KhbtIRsukóruevlesnaniKm

:ncat´EcgmZu:yasd*RbNit

edIm|IEsneTvtaEzrkSa

edIméRC . eRJHkalnagenARkmMu:nbYgsYgeTvtaza sUmo:nsVamImanRtkUlesµIKña ehIymancitRþ bkbedayZm( nigsUmo:nbuRtRbusmun
sþab´bg<ab´matabitaehIyRbkbedayZm( . ebInag:ndUecñaHEmn
BlIkmµmantémømYyEsnzVayeTvtarkSaedIméRCenaH
seRmcdUcesckþIR:zñaehIy

.

nwgeZVI

«LÚvenHnag:n

nag:neZVImZu:yasedayédxøÜnÉg

.

eBlenaHBYkmharaC mhaRBhµ RBH«nÞ nigeTvtaTaMgLaycuHmkCYy:Mg
esVtcäRt CYyEzePøIg nigCYynaMOCarsmkdak´kñúgmZu:yasenaH . luH
nageZVIrYcehIy eTIbR:b´TasImñak´eQµaHbuNÑa oeTAe:ssMGatKl´éRC
enaHmun
enaH

nagbuNÑaedIreTACitedIméRC

nagKitza

suCata
ehIy

munnwgRtas´dwgRTg´TTYlZu:yasBInagsuCata

.

k*eXIjRBHeJZistVRbzab´enATI

eTvtacuHmkrg´caMTTYlmZu:yaslabMNn´rbs´nag

nagrt´eTAR:b´nagsuCataza
sUmonagRbjab´eTA

RKbedayzasmasmYyeT[t

.

maneTvtamkrg´caMenAKl´éRCenaH

nagykmZu:yasdak´kñúgzasmas

ehIyykeTAkEnøgedIméRC

nagedIreTAdl´

edIméRCehIyeXIjRBHbrmeBaZistVmanrsµIpUrpg´ RTg´Rbzab´enAKl´éRCenaH nagmanesckþIrIkrayxøaMgNas´ . kalnagelIkPaCn¾mZu:yas
zVay
TTYl

RBHGg<RTg´Ebrrk:Rt

EdlXdikamhaRBhµnaMmkzVayk*mineXIj

ehIyRTg´yageTAsRmakRBHkayenAkñúgsalv&n

Ek|rsÞwgenrJ¢ra

nagykmZu:yasbegÁanzVayTaMgzasmasdl´RBHGg<
rYcehIyeTIbRTg´cuHeTARsg´TwkkñúgsÞwgenrJ¢ra

RBHGg<RTg´

ehIyyageLIgmk

esaymZu:yas munnwgesayRTg´eZVICaBMnUt:n 49 BMnUt rYcehIyeTIbesayTaMgGs´ RTg´bENþtzasmaskñúgTwksÞwgenaH RBmTaMgGZidðanza
ebIGatµaGj:nRtas´dwgGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aNkñúgézáenHEmn

sUmozasmasGENþtbRJ©asExSTwk

zasmasenaHk*GENþtbRJ©asExSTwk

eLIgmk:n 80 htæ ehIyk*liccuHeTA RTg´TteXIjnimitþd*Gs©arüenaH ehIytaMgmaMkñúgRBHT&yza nwg:nRtas´dwgCaRBHsm¬úTÆkñúgézáenHminxan
eLIy eRkaymkRTg´yageTAéRBsalv&n mat´sÞwgenrJ¢ra RTg´Rbzab´eRkammøb´eQIsal;rhUtRBHGaTitüeRC RTg´yageq¬aHeTAkan´edImeJZiRBwkS
mYyedIm

RTg´CYbnwgesatæiyRJhµNE¾ rks|ÚvPøaMgrvagJk´kNþalpøÚv

esatæiyRJhµNe¾ XIjRBHeJZistVk*ekItsTÆaRCHzøa

ehIyyks|ÚvPøaMg

-

39 begÁaneTAzVayRBHGg<

8

kþab´

RBHeJZistVRTg´TTYlehIyk*naMmk

Rkal RTg´Rbzab´BIelIRtg´Kl´RBHmhaeJZiTisxagekIt RTg´Rbzab´
smaZiEbrRBHP®kþeTArkKl´eJZiRBwkS xN;enaHrtn;blø&g,puseLIg
edayGMNacbuNü:rmIrbs´RBHGg<
RTg´GZidðankñúgRBHT&yza
sem¬aZiJ¦aNeT

mankMBs´

14

RBHGg<

ebIGatµaGjmin:nRtas´dwgCaRBHsmµa-

nwgmineRkakcakTIenHeLIy

QamrIgsáÜthYtEhgGs´

htæ

sUm|Isréssac´nig

enAsl´EtEs|kdNþb´qÁwgk*eday

k*min

eRkakcakTIenHEdr . RTg´GZidðanrYcehIy RTg´EbrxñgeTArkKl´eJZi
RBwkS EbrRBHP®kþeTAkanTisbUB(a .
cab´taMgBIeBlEdlRTg´yagBIsalv&nmk
RTg´TTYls|ÚvPøaMgBIesatæiyRJhµN¾

elakZatu

eTvtaTaMgmYymWun

:neZVIsk,ar;bUCaedaykRmgp,aTiBVepSg>CaeRcIn

zVaysBÞsaZukarBrdl´RBHGg<

ÉsalRBwkS

vløi

ehIy

nigruk¡Catinana

beJ©j nUvp,aeRJgRBatedIm|IbUCaRBHeJZistV .
eBlenaHRBHGg<RTg´p©g´sµartIelIRKb´kmøaMgZatu kñúgkarsJ¢wgKity¨ageRCAenAkñúgrUbkayrbs´RBHGg< RTg´TteXIjmnusSelakmankarCab´
cMBak´ nwgpþl´nUvesckþITuk¡Kaµ nTIbJ©b´ edayyl´RcLMkñúgrbs´EdlmineT[gzaeT[g kñúgrbs´EdlminEmnxøÜn zaCaxøÜn kñúgrbs´EdleZVIoekIt
Tuk¡zaCasuxeTAvij «LÚvenHRBHGg<yl´c|as´za mnusSßstVekIteLIgedaysPav;ZmµCati KWZatuTaMg 4 manTwkdIePøIgxül´ ehIymankmµCa
Gñkcat´Ecg TaMgmnusSstV ZatuEdlpSMCarUbragekIteLIgnwgvinas:t´eTA edaysarEtx&nÆ 5 enH tamBitx&nÆ 5 énmnusSstVRtÚvsøab´:t´eTA
EtzamBlßcMhayénx&neÆ nAsl´

EdlnwgeTApSMCamYyZatudéTeT[t

bNþaloekItCarUbragzµImYyeLIgvij

zamBlßcMhayénCIvitcas´enH

ehIy EdlehAza kmµ .
1Ç bfmyam RTg´seRmcbueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aN
mYyEsnCati nigCaeRcInkb|rab´minGs´

Rtas´dwgc|as´za

KWkarrlwkCati:n 1 Cati 2 Cati 3 Cati 4 Cati 5 Cati 10 Cati 100 Cati
GatµaGj:nekItmkehIyenATIenaH maneKaty¨agenH

mannamy¨agenH manGahar

- 40 y¨agenH esaysuxesayTuk¡y¨agenH manGayubu¨eNÑH cutiBIPBenaHehIymkekItenATIenaH manBN(sm|úr Gahar suxTuk¡y¨agenHrhUtmkdl´
bcäimCati . Rtas´dwgc|as´RKb´Rbkar kMcat´GviC¢a emah;biT:MgbueBVnivasjaNoGnþrZaneTA . RBHGg<RTg´RCabcutinigekIteLIgkñúgCatimunnig
bc©úb|nñCatienHza RBHGg<:nesckþIsuxnigTuk¡eTAtamGMNacénkmµlÁßkmµGaRkk´ Gs´sgS&ykñúgsnþan RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvGtþPaBénxnÆnigsg¡arza
CasPav;nimYy> rYmKñaCaxnÆbu¨eNÑaH RTg´kMcat´nUvesckþIRsLaj´nigesckþIsÁb´kñúgxnÆenaH:n enHCaviC¢adMbUg .
2Ç mCÄimyam RBHGg<RTg´lMOneTAedIm|IcutUb:tJ¦aN KWkarsøab´nigekIténstVTaMgLay eTIbseRmcdl´TiBVck¡úd*brisuTÆ putvis&yén
mnusSsamJ¦TaMgLay RTg´TteXIjstVTaMgLayEdlCitsøab´nigekIteLIg stVezakTabnigRbNit manBN(sm|úrkaylÁßesAhµg . RTg´
Rtas´dwgnUvstVelakTaMgLayza Zøak´eTAkñúgGMNacénsPav;Zmµta rYmKñaCastVCabuK<l xagedImmankarERbRbÜl TibMputmankarEbkZøayy¨ag
enH xnÆTaMgenHmanTuk¡mansux manezakTabmanRbNitepSgKñak*eRJHkmµrbs´xøÜn stVTaMgLayRbkbedaykayTuc©rit vcITuc©rit menaTuc©rit Ca
GñketHed[lRBHGriy; CamicäaTidði smaTannUvmicäaTidðikmµ luHsøab´eTAnwgekItkñúgG:y TuK<tivini:tnrk .
stVTaMgLayRbkbedaykaysucrit vcIsucrit menasucrit CaGñkmintiHed[lRBHGriy; CasmµaTidið smaTannUvsmµaTidði luHsøab´nwgeTA
ekItkñúgsuKtisYK( RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvcutn
i igkarekIteLIgénstVelaky¨agenH CaRbeyaCn¾oRTg´kMcat´nUvesckþIvegVgkñúgxnÆ EdlsMKal´xusenaH:n
RBHGg<RCabc|as´edayGMNaccutUb:tJ¦aN enHCaviC¢aTI2 .
3Ç bcäimyamRTg´seRmcGasvk¡yJ¦aN RTg´Rtas´dwgCaehtuorMlt´eRK]gesAhµgkñúgsnþan RTg´RBHtRmiHza elakKWBYkstVmankarekIt
cas´ QW søab´ luHsøab´ehIyk*ekIteLIgvij mindwgc|as´nUvesckþIrMlt´Tuk¡ KWCati Cra mrN;eLIy RTg´RBHtRmiHza GVICabc©&yénCra mrN;
GVImanhñ@ CramrN;eTIbman GVIminmanhñ@ CramrN;eTIbminman RTg´RCabza ebICatiKWkarekItmanehIyeTIbCramrN;ekItman CaramrN;man
eRJHCatiCabc©y
&
ebImanPB Catik*ekItman ebImanó:Tan PBeTIbekItman .l. RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvxnÆRBmTaMgGakar;za CaehtunigplekItbnþKña
kalebIenHman nu@Hk*man kalebIenHKµannu@Hk*Kµan ebIenHrlt´nu@Hk*rlt´ .l. RTg´eXIjdUcCaRcvak´RbTak´KñadUecñaH EdlehAza bdic©smub|aT KW
Rtas´dwgnUvGriysc©; 4 enaHÉg CaehtuoRBHGg<RTg´dwgc|as´kñúgsPav;TaMgBYg nwgeZVIoRBHh#T&ybrisuTÆsmdUcRTg´GZidðan .
sarubesckþIk*KWRtas´dwgGriysc©; 4 KWTuk¡ smuT&y nignieraZ mK< edaysarcMerInsmzPavna eZVIcitþoekItCasmaZi:nseRmcQan 4
nigjaN 3 er[gtamlMdab´ ehIyk*ekItbc©evk¡NJ¦aN RCabc|as´za CatiKWkarekIteLIg:nrlt´ehIy RBhµcriyRtÚvcb´ehIy kicE© dl
RtÚveZVI:nseRmcehIy kargardéTeRkABIenHminmaneLIy enHCaviC¢aTI3 .

- 41 eBlenaH marmancit:
þ bCaeRcInGenk :nelIkT&BmkedIm|IdeNþImrtn;blø&g,edayERskza EnsiTÆtæ cUredIrecjBIblø&g,enHeTA eRJHCa
blø&g,rbs´eyIg . RBHsBVJ¦úBuTÆRTg´nwkdl´:rmI 30 Rbkar EdlRBHGg<:nbMeBjeRcInGseg¡&yükb| RTg´minxøbxøacesaHeLIy ehIy:n
tbeTAmarza mñalmarmancitþ:b blø&g,enHminEmnekItsRmab´GñkeT KWekItsRmab´eyIg CaGñk:nbMeBj:rmI 30 mhabric©aK 5 criya 3
eTetI . RTg´Rtas´sYrmarza ebIblø&g,renHCarbs´Gñk etIGñkmanGñkNaCasakSI mar:ncgÁúleTABYkBlesnarbs´xøÜnzaCasakSI . marsYrza
cuHsiTÆtæÉgmanGñkNaCasakSIEdr

RBHbrmelaknazRTg´Rtas´

za sakSIrbs´eyIgKWmhaRbzBIenH .
RKaenaHmhaRbzBIk*jab´j&r hak´dUcCaTTYlCasakSIEmn
RBHd*manbuNüRTg´nwkdl´dMrIbc©&ynaeK®nÞ EdlRBHGg<:nRbTan
dl´GñkRsukklig<raRsþ kalRTg´esayRBHCatiCaRBHevsSnþr .
ÉBYkBlrbs´mark*minGaceZVG
I RVI BHPKvnþmunI:neLIy .
TIbMputmarmancitþ:b minGaceZVIGVIRBHGg<:n k*cuHcaj´xøb
xøacnUvRBH:rmIRBHsBVJ¦úBuTÆ .

BuTÆPUmi 3 y¨ag
RTg´p©aj´mar

kMeNItEdlRBHGg<:nksag:rmI

edIm|I:nRtas´dwgCa

RBHsBVJ¦úBuTÆ ehAza BuTÆPUmi > man 3 y¨ag KW ?
1Ç bJ¦aZik × karksag:rmIedaymanbJ¦aCaZM .
2Ç sTÆaZik × karksag:rmIedaymanCMen]eC]Cak´CaZM .
3Ç viriyaZik × karsag:rmIedaymankarBüayamCaZM .

- 42 -

RBHnamBiess
GrhM nig smµasm¬úeTÆa 2 bTenHCaRBHnamZMrbs´RBHGg< «tmanGñkNataMgzVayeT
Caenmitknam KWnamEdlekIttamehtuénlk¡N;nigKuNsm|tþi .

PaKTI6 bfmeJZikal
RTg´esayvimutþisux
s:þh¾TI1 RBHsm¬úTÆ:nRtas´dwgCadMbUg RTg´Rbzab´enAeRkammøbe´ JZiRBwkS Ek|reqñr
sÞwgenrJ¢ra kñúgóruevlaRbeTs RKaenaHRBHelaknazRTg´Rbzab´edayRBHEPñnEtmYyGs´ 7
ézá

RTg´esayvimutþisux

Gnuelamnigbdielam
za

‘KWsuxkñúgplsmabtþi’

RTg´BicarNanUvbdic©smub|aTZm(eday

KWBicarNabeNþaycuHnigRcaseLIgGs´bfmyaménraRtIedayn&y

sg¡arTaMgLayekItmaneRJHmanGviC¢aCabc©&yCaedIm

.

kñúgraRtIIenaHRBHGg<RTg´RCab

c|as´esckþIenaHehIy eTIbbnøWnUvóTanKaza 3 dgtamlMdab´ KW ?
bfmyamRTg´bnøn
W UvóTanza Zm(TaMgLayrEmgR:kddl´RJhµN¾ GñkmanBüayam
júaMgkielsoekþA

:nlHbg´nUvkielsehIy

esckþIsgS&yrbs´RJhµN¾nwgrmáab´kñúg

kalenaH eRJHRJhµN¾:ndwgnUvZm(nigehtuénZm(TaMgenaH .
mCÄimyamRTg´bnøWnUvóTanza Zm(TaMgLayR:kddl´RJhµN¾ GñkmanBüayamjúaMg

RTg´esayvimutþisux

kielsoekþA :nlHbg´nUvkielsehIy esckþIsgS&yTaMMgLaynwgrmáab´kñúgkalenaH eRJHRJhµN:
¾ ndwgc|as´nUvRBHniBVan CaTIGs´eTAén
bc©&yTaMgLay .

- 43 bcäimyamRTg´bnøWnUvóTanza Zm(TaMgLayR:kddl´RJhµN¾ GñkmanBüayamjúaMgkielsoekþA :nlHbg´nUvkielsehIy RJhµN¾enaH
rEmgkMcat´bg´nUvmar RBmTaMgesnamar fitenAkñúgkalenaH bIdUcCaRBHGaTitürHeLIgkMcat´bg´nUvPaBggwt nigeZVIGakasoPøWruger]gdUecñaH .
s:þh¾TI2 RKaenaHRBHmaneCaKRTg´ecjcaksmaZiehIy RTg´ecjBImøb´eJZiRBwkSyageTATisxagekIteq[gxageCIgénRBHmhaeJZi ehIy
RTg´Rbzab´QrTtedImRBHmhaeJZiGs´ 7 ézáedayBMuRBicRBHenRt TIenaHehAza GnimisSkectIydðan .
s:þh¾TI3

lMdab´enaHRBHelaknazRTg´ecjcaksmaZi

RTg´ecjeTAenArvagJk´kNþalGnimisSkectIy¾nigRBHmhaeJZi

RTg´nimiµtTI

c®g,menATIenaH ehIyRTg´c®g,mGs´ 7 ézá TIenaHehAza rtnc®g,mectIydðan .
s:þh¾TI4 esþcyagecjBIrtnc®g,mectIy¾ RTg´Rbzab´smaZiBicarNaRBHGPiZmµbidkenAelIblø&g,Ekv EdleTvtanimµitzVay enATisxag
liceq[gxageCIgénRBHmhaeJZienaH 7 ézá eTIbmanrsµI 6 BN(ekIteLIg KWex[v el]g Rkhm s hgS:T caMgPøWepøkpSayecjBIRBHkay
rbs´RBHGg< TIenaHehAza rtnXrectIydðan .
s:þh¾TI5 RKaenaHRBHbrmRKÚRTg´ecjcaksmaZiehIy

RTg´ecjBImøb´eJZiRBwkSyageTAkan´edImGC:lnieRKaZ ‘edIméRC’ enATisxag

ekIt luHcUleTAdl´ehIyRTg´RbzabR´BHEPñnEtmYy RBHGg<RTg´BicarNaeLIgvijnUvZm(EdlRBHGg<eTIbEtrkeXIjzµI> RTg´rMlwkdl´karBitEdl
RTg´RCabc|as´nUvCIvPaBehtuplkñúgPBTaMgGs´ RBmTaMgZm(Caehtub|c©&yedayRBHR:C\ajaN EdlRBHGg<eTIbEtRbmUl:nzµI> KWRTg´seRmc
RBHT&yza RtÚvEtEckrMElkomanPaKesµIKñadl´stVelakkñúgéRtPB .

marmancitþ:b
RKaenaHmarmancitþ:b RBÜy:rmµN¾xøaMgnwgesckþIsMercrbs´RBHsasþa marCaGñkmancitþGaRkk´enaHcUleTArkRBHsasþa luHcUleTAdl´
ehIyeTIbRkabbg<MTUlRBHmanbuNüza bBiRtRBHsmN; RBHGg<Cab´cMJk´ehIyedayGnÞak´TaMgBYg Carbs´eTvtakþI Carbs´mnusSkþI KWRBHGg<Ca
buK<lCab´cMJk´edaycMNgd*maM RBHGg<minrYcGMBIvis&yrbs´x\MúeT .
RBHsm¬úTÆRTg´Rtas´za En@marmancitþ:b GñkCastVezakTab tzaKtrYcehIyBIGnÞak´TaMgBYg Carbs´eTvtakþI Carbs´mnusSkþI KWtzaKtCa
buK<lrYcRsLHehIycakcMNgd*maM GñkÉgesatk*tzaKtnaMecjBIButkMNac tzaKt:nkMcat´GñkehIy .

- 44 marmancitþ:bRkabTUlza bBiRtRBHsmN; GnÞak´NaEdlRtac´eTAkñúgGakas GnÞak´enaHKWqnÞraK;EdlRtac´eTAkñúgcitrþ bs´stV x\MúnwgTak´
RBHGg<edayGnÞak´KWraK;enaH RBHGg<minrYcGMBvI is&yrbs´x\MúeT .
RBHsm¬úTRÆ Tg´Rtas´za mñalmarCastVezakTab rUb sMeLg køin rs epadðBV; Ca
eRK]gteRmkkñúgcitþénstV

GarmµN¾manrUbCaedImenaHtzaKtR:scakGs´ehIy

GñkÉg

esatk*tzaKtnaMecjGMBIButkMNac KWtzaKtocalcaj´ehIy .
lMdab´enaHmarcitþGaRkk´ekItTuk¡tUccitþza RBHmanRBHPaKs<al´Gj RBHsuKts<al´
Gj rYck*GnþrZan:t´GMBITIenaHeTA .
eRkaymkmarmancitþ:bk*bJ¢ÚnbuRtI

3

Gg<

nimµitkaylÁ>

KWnagtNØa1

nag

Grti1 nagraKa1 oeTAlYgelamRBHsm¬úTÆ edIm|IocUlkñúgGnÞak´énkielstNØa . nag
tNØaman#TÆanuPaB :nbeJ©jnUvGakb|kiriya«teG[nxµas´ Tak´TajRBHT&yénRBHsasþa
ocUlkñúgGnÞak´rbs´nag

.

nagGrtik*cUlmkCabnÞab´

manragkaylÁeqItqay

man

Gvyv;d*Tn´Pøn´lVtlVn´ raMBt´eBnKYroBicBilrmilemIl . ÉnagraKak*cUlmknimµitkay
d*lÁRss´RsayRbimRbIy¾

dUcCaRBHnagBim¬a

rkRsþIkñúgelakeRb[bBMu:n

nagbeJ©j

#kJrhak´dUcCaRBÜy:rmµN¾Tuk¡lM:kxøag
M køa eZVICayMesaker[brab´za O! RBHGg<m©as´
rbs´bÁÚneGIy

x\Múm©as´muxCakS&yCIBCnµBMuxaneLIy

edayrg´caMRBHGg<

sUmRBHGg<emtþaGaNitGasUrdl´x\Múm©as´

R:saTeyIgvijkMuxan

RTg´p©aj´ZItamar

x\Múm©as´manTuk¡lM:kCaeRcInqñaeM hIy

RBHsVamI!

sUmRTg´yageTAkan´mha-

sUmRBHGg<ebIkRBHenRtTtemIlmkx\Múm©as´

etIx\Múm©as´

minEmnCaRBHnagBima¬ EdlRBHsVamIRTg´sBVRBHraCh#T&yeTß/ .
cMENkRBHbrmsasþacarü RTg´RCaby¨agc|as´nUvrUbnimµitTaMg 3 RBmTaMgRtas´za

nagcUrRtLb´eTAkñúgGnic©PaBénelakrbs´nagcuH . lMdab´enaHrUbragTaMg 3 k*rlay:t´Gs´eTA edayGanuPaBénjaN .
eRkaymkmanRJhµN¾mñak´eQµaH hMu hMu kCatik;

manCatiCaGñkeZVInUvsMeLgKRmamza

hMu! hMu! cUleTAKal´RBHQñHmar

luHcUleTAdl´

- 45 ehIy k*rIkrayCamYyRBHmanRBHPaK RJhµN¾niyayJküenHnigRBHbrmRKÚza bBiRtRBHeKatmd*cMerIn etIbuK<lEbbNaEdr Gaccat´TukzaCa
RJhµN¾RbkbedayZm(

edayehtubu¨nµany¨ag/

Zm(GVIxøHsRmab´júaMgbuK<loeTACa

RJhµN¾/ RBHelaknazRCabesckþIenaHehIy eTIbbnøWnUvóTanKazakñúgevlaenaHza ?
RJhµN¾Naman:bZm(bENþtecalehIy mansMeLgKRmamza hMuhMu lHecal
ehIy manTwkGm©t´KWraKaTik,ielslHbg´ehIy mancitþsRgÜm ecHcb´nUvevTKWmK<J¦aN
TaMg 4 manRBhµcriycb´ehIy minmanKMnrraKaTik,ielskñúgGarmµN¾bnþicbnþÜckñúgelak
RJhµN¾enaH KYrehAxøÜnzaCaRJhµN¾edayZm( .
s:þh¾TI6

RBHd*manbuNüRTg´eRkakcaksmaZi

ehIyRTg´ecjBImøb´GC:l-

nieRKaZyageTAkan´edImraMgenATisxagekIteq[gxagt|ÚgénRBHmhaeJZi

ehIyRTg´Rbzab´

EBnRBHEPñnEtmYyGs´ 7 ézá RTg´esayvimutþisux .
sm&yenaHÉg

mhaemXk*bNþalCaePø{grlwmGs´

naKraCecjBIlMenArbs´xøÜn

ehIyeBnB&TÆRTRBHkayRBHGg<

ehIyelIkJr:MgBIxagelIRBHsIrSedayKitza

7
7

ézá

RKaenaHmuc©linÞ

CMuedayePñnrbs´xøÜn

rgakMubIeb[teb[nRBHelaknaz

ekþAk*kMubI

eb[teb[nRBHelaknaz smösSre:mxül´ Bs´tUcZMkMubIeb[teb[nRBHelaknazeLIy .
luH 7 ézáknøgeTAehIy muc©linÞnaKraCdwgzaePø{graMgehIy k*rMsayePñnecjBIRBHkay
RBHmaneCaK

ehIynimµitCaePTmaNBQrRbNmüGJ¢lInms,arRBHmaneCaK

RkaenaH

RBHelaknazRTg´bnøWnUvóTanKazakñúgevlaenaHza ?
esckþIsáb´cakkielsénGñkeRtkGredaymK<J¦aN

manZm(R:kdehIy

:n

eXIjZm(edayjaNck¡ú CaKuNoekItesckþs
I ux esckþIminBüa:T nigesckþIsRgÜm

muc©linn
Þ aKraCeBnB&TÆRTRBHkayRBHGg<

mineb[teb[nstVTaMgLay CaKuNoekItesckþIsuxkñúgelak esckþN
I
aycakraK; nigkarminRbRBwtþiknøgkamTaMgLay CaKuNoekItesckþI
suxkñúgelak kiriyakMcat´bg´nUvGsµiman; Casuxd*éRkElg .

- 46 s:þh¾TI7 RBHbrmelaknazRTg´ecjcakBIsmaZiehIy RTg´
ecjBImøb´raMgyageTAkan´edImraCaytn;

‘edImEks’

enATisxag

t|ÚgénRBHmhaeJZi TIenaHRTg´Rbzab´RBHEPñnEtmYyGs´ 7 ézá .
kñúgry; 49 ézáenHRBHGg<BMu:nesaycgØan´eLIy RTg´esay
vimutþisux ‘esckþIsuxekItBIkarrYcputBIkiels’ .
RKaenaHmanJNiC 2 nak´bgbÁÚnbeg,IteQµaH tbusS; nig
Pløik;
enaH

CaQµÜjGñkedIrpøÚvqáay

ecjBIók,lCnbTsMedAeTAkan´TI

maneTvtaCajatiBIedIm:nniyaycMeJHtbusS;nigPløik;za

mñalKñaeyIg

RBHelaknaykeTIbEtnwg:nRtas´dwgzµI>

RBHGg<Rbzab´enAeRkammøb´raCaytn;ÉeNaH

«LúvenH

GñkeTAbUCaRBHGg<enaH

edaysdUvpg´nigsdUvdMucuH karbUCanwg:nRbeyaCn¾ nigesckþIsux

tbusS; nigPløik;dl´rtn; 2 ehAza TVaevcik;

dl´GñkTaMgLayGs´kalyUrGEgVg

tbusS;nigPløik;JNiCk*naM

yksdUvpg´nigsdUvdMueTArkRBHelaknaz ehIyzVaybg<MRBHelaknayk luHJNiCTaMgBIrfitenAkñúgTId*smKYrehIy eTIbeJlJküenHnwgRBHelaknazza bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn sUmRBHGg<TTYlnUvsdUvpg´nigsdUvdMurbs´eyIgx\Mú RKaenaHRBHGg<RTg´RtiHriHza ZmµtaRBHtzaKtTaMgLay min
EdlTTYlGamis;pÞal´nwgédeLIy ebIdUecñHtzaKtnwgTTYlnUvsdUvpg´nigsdUvdMuedayvtæúGVIhñ@ eBlenaHmharaCTaMg 4 KWkuevrevsSv&N1 Ztrdð1
viruLhk1

virUbk¡1

edayJküza

CaeTvtaenAfancatumµharaCik;RCabdUecñaHehIy

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

RTg´esaykñúgeBlenaH

.

eTIbyk:RtzµEkvmYyGg<

sUmRBHGg<TTYlnUvsdUvpg´nigsdUvdMueday:RtenHcuH

1

rYmKñaRtÚvCa

4

begÁanmkzVayRBHGg<

RBHd*manbuNüRTg´TTYlnUvsdUvpg´nigsdUvdMeu hIy

RKaenaHtbusS;nigPløik;:nniyayJküenHnwgRBHelaknazza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

eyIgx\MúTaMgLaysUmdl´nUv

RBHd*manbuNünigRBHZm(CaTIBwgTIrlwk sUmRBHGg<RTg´RCabnUveyIgx\MúTaMgLayza Caó:skdl´nUvRBHBuTÆnigRBHZm(CaTIBwgTIrlwkesµIénCIvit .
JNiCTaMgBIrnak´zVaybg<MsMunUvvtæúsMrab´TukeZVIsk,arbUCa

RBHGg<RTg´bramasRBHsirsa

‘KWGEgÁlRBHeksa’

Rsab´EtRBHeksZatu 8

- 47 srésrbUtmkCab´nigRBHhsþ ehIyRbTanoBaNiCTaMgBIrnak´bgbÁÚnenaHeTA . JNiCTaMgBIrnak´:nykeTAbJ©úHenAsig<útþrectIy¾ ßCevdakg
“Chew dakong” ‘sBVézáenARbeTsPUma’

.

JNiCTaMgBIrnak´enHmannambJ¦tþiza eTVvacik; ‘Gñkdl´rtn; 2 KWRBHBuTÆnigRBHZm(’ CadMbUgbgÁs´kñúgelak .
RBHelaknazRTg´ecjcaksmaZi

nigRTg´ecjBImøb´raCaytn;yageTAkan´edImGC:lnieRKaZvij

RTg´Rbzab´eRkamedImGC:lnieRKaZ

enaH . lMdab´enaHRTg´Rbzab´enATIsáat´EtmYyRBHGg< RTg´RtiHriHza Zm(tzaKtRtas´dwgenHRCaleRCA stVeXIj:nedaykRm CaZm(rmáab´Tuk¡ Ca
Zm(d*ótþm stVminGacsÞg´RbemIledayesckþIRtiHriH:n CaZm(d*lÁitRbNitéRkElg luHEtGñkR:C\eTIbRtas´dwg:n ÉstVelakenACab´cMJk´
rIkrayeRsIbRsalkñúgesckþIGal&ycMeJHkamenAeLIy bdic©smub|aTZm(CaZm(manbc©&yekItbnþKña CaehtunaMostVrIkray eRtkRtGal eRsIb
RsalkñúgesckþIGal&yenaHeXIj:nedaykRm mü¨ageT[t Zm(NasRmab´rmáab´nUvsg¡arTaMgBYg lHecalnUvóbZi KWxnÆkielsTaMgBYg CaTIGs´
eTAéntNØa en]yNaykñúgraK; CaTIrlt´énTuk¡KWniBVan Zm(TaMgGm|alenH stVeXIj:nedayRkéRkeBk stVTaMgLayRtÚvraK; eTas;RKb
sg,t´citþehIymingay:ndwgnUvZm(TaMgenHeLIy CaZm(pÞúyBIcitþénstVTaMgLay TukCatzaKtsEmþgZm( stVTaMgLayk*minGacRtas´dwgnUvZm(
rbs´tzaKt:neLIy eRJHehtuenaHesckþIlM:k esckþIen]ykay en]yRBHT&y muxnwgmandl´tzaKtminxaneLIy .
kalRBHmaneCaKBicarNaeXIjedayn&yEdlRTg´RtiHriHdUecñHehIy

RBHh#T&yk*lMOneTAedIm|IesckþIxVl´xVaytic

minlMOneTAedIm|I

sMEdgRBHZm(eLIy .

eTsnaZidðan
lMdab´enaH shm|tIRBhµdwgnUvesckþIRtiHriHrbs´RBHmanbuNüehIy eTIbRtiHriHdUecñHza eGIhñ@ RBHtzaKtCaGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆ manRBHT&y
lMOneTAedIm|IesckþIxVl´xVaytic minlMOneTAedIm|IsEmþgZm(y¨agenH Ohñ@! stVelakvinasetI Ohñ@! stVelakvinasehIyetI .
eBlenaHshm|tIRBhµk*:t´GMBIRBhµelak mkR:kdcMeJHRBHP®kþRBHd*manbuNü shm|tIRBhµeZVIsMBt´ótþrasg<eq[gsµam¡agehIylut
cuHnUvmNÐlCg<g´xagsþaeM lIEpndIzVaybg<MRBHmanbuNü eTIbeJlJküenHnigRBHmanbuNüza bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn sUmRBHd*manbuNüRTg´sEmþg
Zm( sUmRBHsuKtRTg´sEmþgZm( d|itstVTaMgLayEdlmanZUlK
I WraKaTiki,elsRsalesþIgkñúgEPñkKWbJ¦a ebIxansþab´Zm(muxnwgsabsUnüminxan
stVTaMgLaybMrugnwgRtas´dwg nUvRBHZm(k*Kg´manEdr shm|tIRBhµ:neJlJkücMeJHRBHPKvnþmunIEtbu¨eNÑH .

- 48 luHRBHGg<RTg´RBHsNþab´nUvJküRBhµGaraZnadUecñHehIy

eTIbRTg´sEmþgbTKaza

nigshm|tIRBhµza TVarRBHniJVnebIkehIy stVTaMgLayNamanesatb|saT stVTaMg
LayenaHcUrbeJ©jnUvsTÆamkcuH mñalmhaRBhµ tzaKtsMKal´kñúgkarlM:k :nCamin
sEmþgRBHZm(d*ótþmkñúgsMNak´éneTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay .
shm|tIRBhµ:nsþab´JküRBHbrmsasþadUecñaHehIy k*zVaybg<MlaRBHsBVJ¦Ú eZVI
RbTkSiNehIyk*:t´BITIenaHmYyrMeBceTA .
RKaenaHRBHbrmRKÚRTg´RCabnUvesckþIGaraZnarbs´shm|tIRBhµpg

RTg´GaRs&y

nUvesckþIkruNacMeJHstVTaMgLaypg eTIbRTg´rmilemIlstVelakedayBuTÆck¡ú . RBHGg<RTg´rmilemIlnUvstVelakdUecñaHehIy RTg´eXIjstVTaMgLaymanZUlIKWraKaTik,iels
tickñúgEPñk

xøHmanraKaTik,ielseRcInkñúgEPñk

xøHman«®nÞIy¾rwg

xøHman«®nÞIy¾Tn´

xøHman

GakarlÁ xøHmanGakarGaRkk´ xøHCastVKYrRtas´dwg:ngay xøHCastVRtas´dwgedaykRm
xøHCaGñkeXIjbrelaknwgeTasedaysPaBKYrxøac . esckþIeRb[beZ[bza p,aClCatiBYk
xøHKWp,aRblitkþI

p,aQUkRkhmkþI

lickñúgTwkenAeLIyk*man

p,aQUkskþI

Kum¬p,aTaMgenHEtgekItkñúgTwk

fitenARtwmesµITwkk*man

cMerInkñúgTwk

duHx¬sC
´ agTwkminCab´cMJk´edayTwkk*

man RBHGg<cat´TukBYkstV EdlGaRs&yenAkñúgvdþsgSarenHCa 4 BYk KW ?
1Ç ók¹ditJ¦Ú Cnman:rmIcas´køa kal:nsþab´rsénRBHZm(k*nwg:nseRmcmK<
shm|tIRBhµGaraZna

plPøam

eRb[bdUcp,aQUkEdlduHx¬sC
´ agTwk

minCab´cMJk´edayTwk

kalNaRtÚvBnøW

RBHGaTitüRKb´RKan´ehIy p,aQUkk*rIks<úHs<ayPøam .

2Ç vibc©itJ¦Ú CnmanR:C\aBMuTan´cas´køaeBkeT kalebI:nsþab´RBHZm(ehIy luHRtaEtRBHZm(enaHmann&yBisþareTIbyl´:n eRb[bdUc
p,aQUkduHputBITwk EtBMuTan´dl´eBlnwgrIkkñúgézáenHeT luHRtÚvBnøWénRBHGaTitübIßbYnézáeRkaymkeTIbrIk:n .

- 49 3Ç enyü CnmanR:C\aBMuTan´rwgbuwgenAeLIy luH:nsþab´RBHZm(Cajwkjab´eTIbyl´:n eRb[bdUcp,aQUkenAb¨RbHnwgTwk luHlUtputBITwk
nigRtÚvBnøWRBHGaTitüCaeRcInézá eTIbGacrIkeLIg:n .
4Ç bTbrm; CnKµanR:C\a:rmIesaH KWCnminRBmsþab´ minRBmRbtibtþitam
JküTUnµanrbs´RBHGg< eTaHCaRTg´xT
M UnµaneRb[nRbedAy¨agNa k*kRmyl´Zm(enaH
:n eRb[bdUcp,aQUkeTIbnwgbuicBkkñúgTwk Etg:nCacMNIRtInigGeNþIkbu¨eNÑaH .

Gayusg¡araZidðan
RBHbrmRKÚRTg´BicarNadl´BYkstV 4 cMBUkedayTiBc
V k¡d
ú UecñaHehIy RTg´
TteXIjstVelakCaeRcInEdlGacRtas´dwg:n

eTIbtaMgRBHT&yza

nwgsEmþg

RBHZmµeTsna edIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾dl´stVelakTaMgLay .
eBlenaHmarmancitþ:bP&yxøaMgNas´

edayxøac:t´bg´«TÆiBlrbs´xøÜn

eTIbcUlmkGaraZnaRBHGg<obriniBVanedayeJlza
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- 53 -

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- 60 -

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RBHbrmelaknazRTg´Rtas´za

GñkTaMgLaycUrCaPik¡úmkcuH

lMdab´tmkRBHelaknazRTg´oOvaTdl´Pike¡ú dayZmµIkza

Pik¡úTaMgenaHk*man

citrþ YcputcakGasvZm(TaMgLay «tmanCab´cMJk´edayó:TaneLIy .
RKaenaHmanRBHGrhnþ 61 Gg<ekIteLIgkñúgelak .

RTg´bJ¢Únsav&keTARbkasRBHsasna
crz

Pik¡ev

carikM

BhuCnhitay

BhuCnsuxay

elakanukm|ay

Gtææay hitay suxay eTvmnusSanM .
RBHsav&kmankan´EteRcIneLIg
kasRBHsasna

CakmøaMgCYyRBHmanRBHPaKkñúgkarRb-

edIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾suxdl´stVelak

.

RKaenaHrdUvePø{gk*

knøgputeTA RBHsasþaRTg´Rtas´ehAPik¡úTaMg 60 Gg<enaHmkRbCMu eTIbRtas´ng
w
sav&kTaMgenaHza mñalPik¡úTaMgLay tzaKtrYcGMBIGnÞak´TaMgBYg Carbs´eTvta

RTg´bJ¢Únsav&keTARbkasRBHsasna

- 63 kþI Carbs´mnusSkþI mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GñkTaMgLayesatk*:nrYcGMBIGnÞak´TaMgBYgenaHEdr mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaycUrRtac´eTAkan´carik
KWRsukniKmnigraCZanI ehIysEmþgRBHZm(edIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾ nigesckþIsuxdl´CneRcIn edIm|IGnueRKaHdl´stVelak edIm|ICaKuN edIm|IesckþI
suxdl´eTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaykMueTABIrGg<tampøÚvmYyCamYyKñaeLIy mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaycUrsEmþgZm(oBieraHbTedIm
bTkNþal nigbTxagcugobrisuTÆbribN
U
( TaMgGtænigBüJ¢n; cMeJHCnTaMgLaytamkEnøgepSg> stVTaMgLayEdlmanZUlI KWraKaTiki,elstic
kñúgEPñkk*man stVTaMgenaHnwgsabsUnücakmK<pl eRJHmin:nsþab´RBHZm( stVTaMgLayGñkbMrugRtas´dwgZm(Kg´nwgman cMENktzaKtk*nwgeTA
kan´esnaniKm kñúgóruevlaRbeTs .
RBHsav&kTaMgenaH:nTTYlRBHBueTÆavaTehIy bMEbkKñanimnþeTAtamTIepSg> edIm|IsEmþgRBHZm(cMeJHBYkCntamRBHBuTÆOvaT .

RTg´GnuJ¦attisrNKmnUbsm|Ta
sm&yenaH tamkEnøgepSg> EdlRBHsav&kTaMgenaHnimnþeTARbkasRBHsasna BYkCnenATIkEnøgenaH>ekItsTÆaRCHzøa xøHk*cg´bYs ehIy
sMubYsCamYynigRBHsav&kTaMgenaH EtRBHsav&kminGacbMbYsBYkCnenaHeLIy ehIynaMCnTaMgenaHRtLb´mkrkRBHbrmsasþaRTg´bMbYso eZVIo
mankarlM:kTaMgRBHsav&kTaMgCnEdlmansTÆacg´bYs eRJHpøÚveTAmkBi:kxøaMgNas´ RBHelaknazRTg´RCabehtuenaHTaMgGs´ eTIbRTg´oRbCMu
Pik¡úsg¹ edIm|IeZVZ
I mµIkzaRtas´cMeJHPik¡úTaMgLaykñúgkalenaHza mñalPik¡úTaMgLay «LÚvenHGñkTaMgLay cUrobBVC¢anigóbsm|Tadl´kulbuRt
kñúgTIenaH> kñg
ú CnbTenaH>cuH mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GñkTaMgLayRtÚvobBVC¢anigóbsm|Tay¨agenH KW ?
1Ç kulbuRtenaHPik¡úKb|Iekarsk´nigBukmat´CadMbUg .
2Ç oesø{ksMBt´kasay;TaMgLay rYcoJk´cIvreq[gsµam¡ag ehIyzVaybg<M:TaPik¡úTaMgLay oGg<úyRcehagp<gGJ¢lI .
3Ç oeJlvacay¨agenHza x\MúRBHkruNasUmdl´nUvRBHBuTÆ RBHZm( RBHsg¹ CaTIBwgTIrlwk .
mñalPik¡úTaMgLay tzaKtGnuJ¦atbBVC¢a nigóbsm|TaedayéRtsrNKmn¾TaMgLayenH .
karbYsedayviZIenHehAza tisrNKmnUbsm|Ta KWbYsedayéRtsrNKmn¾ .
eBlenaHmanviZIbYs 2 y¨ageT[t KW ?

- 64 1Ç ÉhiPik¡úóbsm|Ta RBHsasþaRTg´bMbYspÞal´RBHGg< .
2Ç tisrNKmnUbsm|Ta RTg´GnuJ¦atsav&kmYyGg<bMbYs:n .

PTÞvK<Iy¾bBVC¢a
RKaenaH RBHbrmelaknazRTg´Rbzab´enARkugJraNsI KYrdl´BuTÆGZüaRs&y ehIyRTg´yageTAkan´carikkñúgóruevlesnaniKm RBHd*man
buNüRTg´yageTAóruevlesnaniKmenH RTg´manRBHbMNg 2 y¨ag KW ?
1Ç edIm|IeR:sRBH:TBim¬isar EdlRBHGg<RTg´snüaTukkalBIRBHGg<eTIbEtRTg´RBHpñÜszµI> .
2Ç edIm|IRbtisðanRBHBuTÆsasnakñúgraCRKwHmhanKr CanKrZMehIycMerInruger]gmanTaMgmnusSkuHkr manlTÆiZM>k*eRcIneT[tpg .
RbtisðanRBHBuTÆsasnaomaMmYnenAkñúgnKrraCRKwH EdlmansasnadéTmkBImunenaH minEmnCaer]gZmµtaeT eRJHPaKeRcInmhaCnsm&y
enaH rab´GansasnaepSg> EdlmanmkBImunehIy dUecñHcaM:c´eTsnaeRb[nRbedAGacarüenaH> oekItsTÆaCamunsin CaBiessóruevlksSb;
EdlCaGacarüZMbMputsUm|IRBH:TBim¬isark*eKarBrab´GanEdr ebIeR:sóruevlksSb;oRCHzøa:nehIy karRbtisðanRBHBuTÆsasnak*:nseRmc
y¨agqab´rh&s

eRJHóruevlksSb;mkeKarBRBHGg<ehIyenaH

TaMgkUnsisS

TaMgRBH:TBim¬isareTarTn´tamóruevlksSb;CaGacarüy¨agBit

R:kd dUecñHcMNucTI 2 RBHGg<nwg:nseRmcy¨aggay enHCameZüa:yd*QøasévbMputrbs´RBHGg< .
kalenaH RBHGg<RTg´yagcuHcakpøÚvsMedAeTAkan´dgéRBmYy RTg´Rbzab´enAeT[bKl´eQImYyrvagJk´kNþalpøÚv eBlenaHmanBYkPTÞvK<iy
maNB

30

nak´ CasMLaj´nigKñaRBmTaMgPriya

manmaNBmñak´«tmanPriyanwgeK

bursenaHeTAnaMykRsIeBsüamñak´mkedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´

maNB«tmanPriya BYkeKTaMgGs´Kañ enHehAza PTÞvK<Iy¾ kalBYkeKTaMgenaHeZVsRbEhs RsIeBsüaenaH:nlYcbegVcRTBürt´:t´eTA eBlenaH
GñkTaMgGs´Kña:nxVl´xVayEsVgrkRsIeBsüaenaH ehIyedIreTAkan´dgéRB :neXIjRBHbrmsasþa eTIbnaMKñacUleTARkabzVaybg<MTUlsYrRBHbrm
sasþaza bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn RBHGg<RTg´eXIjRsþImñak´rt´mktampøÚvenHEdrßeT/ RBHPKvnþmunImin:nRtas´eqøIytbeT EtRTg´Rtas´sYreTAvijza
mñalGñkTaMgLay cuHGñkRtÚvkarGVInigRsIeþ naH/ BYkPTÞvK<Iy¾TaMgenaHTUler]gr¨avTaMgGs´cMeJHRBHmanRBHPaK .

- 65 RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sYrza

mñalPTÞvK<Iy¾ GñkTaMgLaysMKal´er]genaHdUcemþc

GñkKYrEsVgrkRsþIRbesIrCag

maNBTaMgenaHRkabTUlza
RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za

bBiRtRBHGg<dc
* MerIn

mñalPTÞvK<Iy¾TaMgLay

ßKYrEsVgrkxøÜnGñkRbesIrCag

eyIgx\MúKYrEsVgrkxøÜnÉgRbesIrCag
ebIdUecñaHGñkTaMgLaycUrGg<úysincuH

ehIytaMgcitþsþab´tzaKtnwgsEmþgZm(dl´GñkTaMgLay

.

eBlenaHRBHGg<RTg´

sEmþgGnubuBVIkzanigGriysc©; 4 .
luHRBHbrmRKÚRTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnacb´ehIy
:nseRmcGnaKamI

xøH:nRtwmesatabtþipl

PTÞvK<Iy¾TaMg

30

nak´enaH

citRþ :scakmnÞilekItdl´bursTaMg

enaHkñúgTIGg<úyenaHÉg bursTaMgenaHRkabTUlRBHsmµasm¬úTÆza bBiRtRBHGg<d* cMerIn
eyIgx\MúTaMgLayKYr:nbBVC¢anigóbsm|TakñúgsMNak´énRBHGg<pg
sm¬úTÆRTg´Rtas´za
ehIy

GñkTaMgLaycUrCaPikm
¡ú kcuH

GñkTaMgLaycUrRbRBwtRþ BhµcriyZm(

RBHsmµa-

sasnZm(tzaKt:nsEmþglÁ

edIm|IeZVInUvRBHniBVan

EdlCaTIputTuk¡

edayRbéBcuH .
RBHBuTÆdIkaenHÉg Caóbsm|Tarbs´PTÞvK<Iy¾Pik¡úTaMgenaH . luHbYsrYcehIy
RTg´eR:sPTÞvK<Iy¾ 30 nak´

RTg´Rtas´oecjeTARbkasRBHsasnadUcCasav&kGg<mun>

.

TUlsuMRBHsasþa

rhUtdl´Rkug:vakñúgrdð

edIm|IeZVIdMeNIrrYmCamYyKñaeTAkan´carik

Pik¡úTaMg

30

Gg<

mlø; edayehtuenH Pik¡úTaMgenaHmannammYyeT[tza :vayPik¡ú eRkaymk:nKal´

RBHsasþakñúgvtþeCtv&n :nsþab´RBHZmµeTsnaeQµaH GnmtK<sURt eTIbseRmcCaRBHGrhnþTaMgGs´Gg< .

- 66 -

eR:sCdil 3 nak´bgbÁÚn
RBHGg<RTg´bJ¢ÚnPTÞvK<Iy¾ 30 Gg<eTARbkasRBHsasna ehIyRBHGg<RTg´yageTAkan´cariktamlMdab´ RTg´sMedAeTAóruevlaRbeTs eBl
RBlb´eTIbyagdl´óruevlesnaniKm EdlCaTIGaRs&yenArbs´Cdil 3 nak´bgbÁÚnRBmTaMgkUnsisS BYkeKmin:nekarsk´dUcPik¡úsg¹eT eKbYg
sk´mYykNþúbBIelIk|al ehIynaMKñabUCaePøIg CdilTaMg 3 RBmTaMgkUnsisSenATIepSgKñadUecñH KW ?
1Ç bgbgÁs´eQµaH óruevlksSb; eRJHenAóruevlesnaniKm mankUnsisS 500 nak´ .
2Ç bÁÚnbnÞab´mkeQµaH nTIksSb; eRJHenAbnÞab´cuHmk mankUnsisS 300 nak´ .
3Ç bÁÚneBAeQµaH KyaksSb; eRJHenAKyasIs; KWenAbnÞab´cuHmkeT[t mankUnsisS 200 nak´ .
BYkeKTaMg 3 nak´ :neZVIGaRsmenAmat´TwksÞwgenrJ¢ra man 3 kEnøgtamlMdab´tKñacuHmkxag
t|Úg GaRsmTI1 KWóruevlksSb; enAxagedImeK bÁÚnTI2 nigTI3 k*enAbnÞab´mkeT[t .
kalenaHRBHelaknaz
BuTÆdIkanigóruevlksSb;za

RTg´yageTAkan´GaRsmrbs´CdileQµaHóruevlksSb;
mñalksSb;

ebIGñkmincegÁ{tcgÁl´eT

RTg´manRBH-

eyIgsMusñak´kñúgeragePøIgmYyraRtI

óruevlksSb;eJlza bBiRtmhasmN; x\MúmincegÁ{tcgÁl´GVIeT EtenAkñúgeragePøIgenHmannaKraCmYy
CastVkacman#TÆi

manBisd*Bnøwk

kMuonaKraCenaHvaeb[teb[nelakeLIy

RBHd*man#TÆiRTg´Rtas´sMu

y¨agenaH 3 dg óruevlksSb;k*eJly¨agenaH 3 dgEdr RBHd*manbuNüRTg´Rtas´za mñalksSb;
naKraCenaHeb[teb[neyIgmin:neT eNØIycuHGñkcUroeragePøIgdl´eyIgcuH óruevlksSb;tbza bBiRt
mhasmN; elakcUrenAtamsb|aycuH . RBHsasþaRTg´cUleTAkan´eragePøIg ehIyRkalkRmalesµA
Rbzab´p<t´EPñntaMgkayd*Rtg´ dm,ls
´ tieq¬aHeTAkan´kmµdðan .
RKaenaH naKraC:neXIjRBHd*manbuNüyagcUleTAehIyk*ekItTuk¡tUccitþ bNþalEpSgohuy
Cdil 3 nak´bgbÁÚn

ecjmk

RBHd*man#TÆiRTg´RtiHriHza tzaKtkMueb[teb[nnaKraCenHeLIy RKan´EtRKbsg,t´etCHrbs´naK

- 67 edayetCHrbs´tzaKtcuH lMdab´enaHRBHd*manbuNüRTg´sEmþg«TÆaPisg¡armansPaBdUecñaH ehIyk*bNþalEpSgohuytbeTAvij cMENknaKraCGt´RTaMeRkaZmin:n

k*bNþalePøIgoeqHeLIg

RBHd*manbuNüRTg´kb
* NþalePøIgoeqHeLIgEdr

.

enAeBlenaHkñúgeragePøIgmanBnøWPøWsenÆar

senÆAeLIg hak´bIdUcCaePøIgeqHéRB BYkCdilnaMKñaecamerameragePøIgehIyeJlza OsmN;manrUblÁ «LÚvRtÚvnaKraCeb[teb[nehIy . luH
raRtIknøgeTAehIy
eTA

ÉrsµImanBN(

RBHd*manbuNüRTg´RKbsg,t´etC;edayetC;
6

KWBN(ex[v

dEdlnigRBHkayrbs´RBHGg<

el]g

Rkhm

s

eZVIoBnøWrbs´naKraCrlt´sUnü

nigBN(hgS:Trbs´RBHsm¬úTÆmanenA

ehIyRTg´cab´naKraCenaHdak´kñúg:RtnaMykeTAbgØajdl´Cdil

óruevlksSb;za mñalksSb; enHnaKraCrbs´Gñk tzaKt:nRKbsg,t´etC;rbs´vaedayetC;
rbs´tzaKtehIy

RKaenaHóruevlksSb;RtiHriHza

mhasmN;enHman#TÆixøaMg

manGanuPaBxøaMg

Nas´etI eRJHelakGacRKbsg,te´ tC;rbs´naKCastVkac man#TÆi manBiskñúgcg,ÚmedayetC;
rbs´elak:n EtTukCay¨agenaHk*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
RKaenaH RBHd*man#TÆRi Tg´Rbzab´enAdgéRBmYy CitGaRsmrbs´óruevlksSb; maneTvta 4
Gg<CaesþcZMcuHmkkñúgevlaJk´kNþalGRZaRt
Kal´RBHd*manbuNü

bNþalrsµIoPøWkñúgdgéRBTaMgGs´

zVaybg<MRBHd*manbuNüehIyeTIbfitenAkñúgTisTaMg

4

.

ehIycUleTA

raRtIenaHknøgeTA

ehIy óruevlksSb;cUleTAKal´RBHd*mansirI ehIyRkabTUlza bBiRtmhasmN; enHCakal
KYrehIy

PtþaharseRmcehIy

bBiRtmhasmN;

cuHGñkNaEdlmanBN(sm|úrlÁcuHmkkñúg

evlaJk´kNþalGRZaRt bNþalrsµIoPøWkñúgdgéRBTaMgGs´ ehIycUlmkKal´RBHGg< hak´bIdUc
CaKMnrePøIgd*ZM RBHd*manbuNüRTg´Rtas´za mñalksSb; GñkTaMgenaH KWesþcZMTaMg 4 cUlmkKal´

RTg´cab´Bs´naKraCdak´kñúg:Rt

tzaKtedIm|Inwgsþab´nUvRBHZm( óruevlksSb; manesckþIRtiHriHza mhasmN;enHman#TÆx
i aø Mg manGanuPaBxøaMgNas´ eRJHzaGm|almharaC
TaMg 4 k*Kg´cUlmkKal´edIm|Isþab´RBHZm(Edr EtTukCay¨agenaHk*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
lMdab´enaH RBHmaneCaKRTg´esaynUvPtþaharrbs´CdilóruevlksSb; rYcehIyRTg´Rbzab´enAkñúgdgéRBenaHÉg .
raRtIeRkaymkeT[t

sk,eTvraCmanBN(lÁ manrsµIPøWCageTvtamun> cUlmkKal´RBHGg<edIm|Inwgsþab´nUvRBHZm( óruevlksSb;manesckþI

- 68 RtiHriHza mhasmN;enHman#TÆixøaMgmanGanuPaBZMEmn eRJHzask,eTraCCaZMCagBBYkeTvta k*Kg´cUlmkKal´edIm|Isþab´RBHZm(rbs´RBHGg<Edr
EtebITukCay¨agenaHk*eday k*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
raRtIknøgmkeT[t shm|tIRBhµmanBN(lÁ manrsµIruger]gótþmCageTvtamun> cUlmkKal´RBHGg<edIm|Inwgsþab´RBHZm( óruevlksSb;
manesckþIRtiHriHy¨agenHza

mhasmN;enHman#TÆixøaMg

manGanuPaBZMEmneTetI

eRJHzaGm|alshm|tIRBhµ

k*Kg´cUlmkKal´edIm|Isþab´nUv

RBHZm(Edr EtebITukCay¨agenaHk*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
sm&ymYy
CaeRcInmkbUCa

eRK}gbUCad*Zn
M wgekIteLIgdl´CdilóruevlksSb;

eBlenaHóruevlksSb;manesckþIRtiHriHza

nIyaharCaeRcIncUlmkbUCa

eRJHCnGñkenAkñúgEdnGg<;nigmKZ;

«LÚvenHeRK]gbUCaZMnwgekIteLIgdl´Gj

ebImhasmN;eZV«
I TÆib|adiharükñúgTIRbCMumhaCn

R:zñanaMykxaTniyePaCnIyahar

d|itzaebICnTaMgenaHnaMykxaTnIyePaC-

laPsk,ar;nwgcMerIndl´mhasmN;enaH

laPsk,ar;rbs´Gj

nwgsabsUnüeTA O! mhasmN; kMuKb|Imkqan´kñúgézáEsÁkenHeTAeGH . RBHPKvnþmunIRTg´RCabesckþIbrivitk,;kñúgcitþrbs´óruevlksSb; eday
RBHh#T&yrbs´RBHGg< eTIbRTg´yageTAkan´ótþrkuruTVIb edIm|InaMcgØan´biNÐ:tGMBIótþrkuruTVIbenaH RTg´esayenACitGenattþRsH ehIyRTg´sRmak
RBH«riyabzenAkñúgevlaézáenaH . raRtIknøgeTA eTIbCdilóruevlksSb;eTAKal´RBHsasþa zVaybg<MehIyTUlza bBiRtmhasmN; enHCa
kalKYrehIy

PtþaharseRmcehIy

TnÞwgcaMemIlpøÚvRBHGg<za

bBiRtmhasmN;

mhasmN;minnimnþmkeTßGIV/

ehtudUcemþck*RBHGg<minyagmkkñúgézámSilmij

cMENkx\Mú

>

ehIy:nTaMgeRt[mcMENkxaTniyePaCnIyaharTukedIm|IRBHGg<

Etgrlwkdl´RBHGg<
RBHd*manbuNüRTg´

Rtas´za mñalksSb; ERkgGñkRtiHriHdUecñHza eRK]gbUCaZMnwgekIteLIgdl´Gj d|itzaebICnTaMgenaHnaMmknUvxaTnIyePaCnIyaharCaeRcInmkbUCa
ebImhasmN;nwgeZVI«TÆib|adiharükñúgTIRbCMumhaCn laPsk,ar;nwgcMerIndl´mhasmN;enaH laPsk,ar;rbs´GjnwgsabsUnüeTA O! mhasmN; kMuKb|Imkqan´kñúgézáEsÁkenHeTAeGH dUecñHBitEmnßeT/ eBlenaHCdilóruevlksSb;P\ak´xÜn
ø eRBIt ehIyRtiHriHdUecñHza mhasmN;enH
man#TÆixøaMgNas´etI manGanuPaBZMEmnetI eRJHzaRBHGg<s<al´citeþ daycitþ EtebITukCay¨agenaHk*Kg´minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
sm&yenaHÉg sMBt´bgSúkUl ‘sMBt´EdlRbLak´edayGacm¾dI’ ekIteLIgdl´RBHelaknaz lMdab´enaHsk,eTvraCCIkRsHmYyedayédxøÜn
Ég

ehIynaMykzµmYyEpnZMmkzVay

edIm|IKk´sMBt´bgSúkUl

ehIyJk´BüÜrBUtnwgEmkzáan´

EdleTvtaenAGaRs&yTIenaHbegÁanoTabmkzVay

sk,eTvraCykdMuzµmYydMueT[tmkzVayedIm|IhalsMBt´enaH eRkaymkóruevlksSb;eTAKal´RBHd*man#TÆi eTIbTUlza enHCakalKYrehIy Ptþahar
seRmcehIy

bBiRtmhasmN;

RsHe:k¡rNIenHkalmunminmankñúgkEnøgenHeT

«LÚvenHRsHe:k¡rNIenaHmankñúgkEnøgenH

EpnzµeKtm,l´

- 69 TukBImunk*minman «LÚvenHEpnzµenHGñkNatm,l´Tuk/ Emkzáan´enHkalBImunminTabcuHmkeT «LÚvenHEmkzáan´enHeTACaTabcuHmkeRJHehtuGVIhñ@/ .
RBHsm¬úTÆRTg´Rtas´dUecñHza mñalksSb; sk,eTvraC:nykmkzVaytzaKt nigeTvtaEdlGaRs&yenAnigedImzáan´:nbegÁanEmkcuHmk óruevlksSb;manesckþIRtiHriHza mhasmN;enHman#TÆixøaMg manGanuPaBZMNas´ eRJHzaGm|alsk,eTvraCk*cuHmkeZVIkarbeRmIEdr EtebITukCay¨ag
enaHk*Kg´minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
raRtIknøgeTAehIy óruevlksSb;cUleTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaK ehIyRkabTUlBIPtþkaldl´RBHGg<za bBiRtmhasmN; enHCakalKYr
ehIy PtþaharseRmcehIy RBHsmµam¬úTÆRTg´manRBHBuTÆdIkaza mñalksSb; GñkcUreTAmuncuH tzaKtnwgeTAtameRkay . luHóruevlksSb;
ecjeTAehIy RBHGg<esþcyageTAkan´Cm¬ÚTVIb :nnaMykEpøRBIgRtLb´mkRbzab´kñúgeragePøIgmunCdilenaHeT[t óruevlksSb;eXIjRBHmanRBHPaKenAkñúgeragePøIgdUecñaH

eTIbTUlsYrRBHmanRBHPaKza

bBiRtmhasmN;

RBHGg<RTg´eZVIdMeNIrmktampøÚvNa/

kalx\MúmkecjmkmunRBHGg<

luHmkdl´TIenHRtLb´CaRBHGg<mkdl´eragePøIgmunx\Mú RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za mñalksSb; tzaKtoGñkmkTIenHmun tzaKtk*eTAkan´Cm¬ÚTVIb
ehIynaMykEpøRBIgBIedImRBIgenaH rYcmkGg<úyenAkñúgeragePøIgenH:nmunGñk . eBlenaHCdilóruevlksSb;RtiHriHdUecñHza mhasmN;enHman
#TÆixøaMgNas´etI manGanuPaBZMNas´etI EtebITukCay¨agenaHk*Kg´minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
RKamYyeT[tRBHd*man#TÆiRTg´yageTAkan´Cm¬ÚTVIb

:nnaMEpøsVaymk

.

eRkayeT[t:nnaMykEpøknÞÜtéRB

eRkayeT[t:nnaMykEpøRsm¨

eRkayeT[t:nyageTAkan´tavtþg
i SeTvelak :nnaMykp,a:ricätþ,RBwkS ‘TaMgenHmandUckñúger]gEpøRBIgEdr’ . óruevlksSb;:nRtiHriHza mhasmN;enHman#TÆixøaMg manGanuPaBZMEmn EtTukCay¨agenaHk*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
eRkaymkeT[tCdilTaMgenaH R:zñanwgeZVIesckþIeKarBePøIg EtminGacBuHGusoEbk:n eRJH«TÆanuPaBrbs´RBHmanRBHPaK tmkRBHman
RBHPaKRTg´oBuHGusenaH:nvij .
eRkaymkeT[tCdilTaMgenaH

R:zñanwgeZVIesckþeI KarBePøIg

EtminGacnwgbg,at´ePøIgoeqH:n

eRJH«TÆanuPaBrbs´RBHmanRBHPaK

tmk

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´oePøIgenaHeqH:nvij .
tmkCdileKarBePøg
I rYcehIy EtminGaclt´ePøIgenaH:n eRJH«TÆanuPaBrbs´RBHman#TÆi tmkRBHman#TÆRi Tg´oePøIgenaHrlt´:n .
eRkaymkeT[t RBHmanRBHPaKnimµitc®g,anRbmaN 500 oCdilTaMgenaH eRJH«TÆanuPaBrbs´RBHGg< .
eRkaymkeT[tmanePø{gbgÁúrcuHmk

TwkCMnn´ZMJseBjval

eBlenaHRBHsasþaRTg´EjkTwkecjedayCMuvij ehIyyagc®g,melIEpndI

- 70 EdlmanZUlIhuyeLIg kalenaHCdilóruevlksSb; xøacRBHmanRBHPaKlg´Twk eTIbCiHTUkeTAemIlmYyGenøIedayCdilTaMgLay sMedAeTAkan´
kEnøgRBHGg<RTg´Rbzab´enA óruevlksSb;:neXIjRBHmanbuNüeZVITwkoEjkehIyyagc®g,mdUecñaH :nRkabTUlRBHGg<za bBiRtmhasmN;
RBHGg<Kg´enAkñúgTIenHß/ RBHsasþaRTg´Rtas´za eGIksSb; tzaKtenATIenH RBHGg<k*ehaHeLIgeTAelIGakas RTg´cuHeTARbzab´kñúgTUkmYyrMeBc
óruevlksSb;manesckþIRtiHriHza mhasmN;enHman#TÆiZMNas´ manGanuPaBZMEmn eRJHzaGm|alTwkk*Kg´minlicRBHGg< EtTukCay¨agenaHk*
minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGjeT .
RKaenaH RBHPKvnþmunIRTg´RBHbrivitk,;dUecñHza emaXbursenH
RtiHriHy¨agenHyUrNas´mkehIyza
manGanuPaBZMEmn

mhasmN;enHman#TÆixøaMg

EtTukCay¨agenaHk*minEmnCaRBHGrhnþdUcGj

eT dUecñHtzaKtKYreZVo
I CdilenHekItesckþIsegVKsøútcitþ eTIbman
RBHBuTÆdIkanigCdilza mñalksSb; GñkÉgminEmnCaRBHGrhnþeT
GñkminTan´dl´GrhtþmK<eT

GñkÉgRbkan´zaCaRBHGrhnþeday

bdibTa ‘esckþIRbtibtþi’ Na bdibTaenaHminmandl´GñkeT eBl
enaHóruevlksSb;RkabcuHeT[bRBH:TénRBHsasþa

RTg´eR:sCdil 1003 Gg<

man#TÆiza

bBiRtmhasmN;d*cMerIn

eTIbTUlRBH-

x\MúRBHGg<KYr:nbBVC¢anig

óbsm|TakñúgsMNak´RBHmhasmN;kñúgkal«LÚvenHpg
elaknazRTg´Rtas´za

mñalksSb;

RBH-

GñkCaGñkdwknaMCaRbZanelI

CdilTaMgLay 500 nak´ GñkRtÚvR:b´CdilTaMgenaHCamunsin ebICdilTaMgenaHyl´y¨agNa eKk*nwgeZVIy¨agenaHEdr . luHCdilTaMgenaHyl´
RBmtamóruevlksSb;ehIy

k*naMKñabENþtecalnUveRK]gbrik¡arRBmTaMgsk´TaMgCda

‘pñÜgsk´’

TaMgGERmk

TaMgeRK]gbUCaePøIgeTAkñúgTwksÞwg

enrJ¢ra ehIycUleTArkRBHsasþasMubBVC¢anigóbsm|Ta RBHelaknazRTg´Rtas´za GñkTaMgLaycUrCaPik¡úcuH sasnZm(tzaKteJllÁehIy
GñkTaMgLaycUrRbRBwtþRBhµcriyZm( edIm|Iodl´nUvRBHniBVan CaTIputTuk¡edayRbéBcuH .

- 71 ÉCdilnTIksSb; :neXIjeRK]gbrik¡arRBmTaMgsk´ Cda GERmk TaMgeRK]gbUCaePøIgGENþttamExSTwkmk yl´zaRbEhlmaner]gGVI
mYydl´bgBitR:kdehIy k*naMbrivar 300 nak´ edIrtRmg´eTAkan´kEnøgóruevlksSb;enaH nigniyayeTAkan´óruevlksSb;za bBiRtksSb;bg
GMeBIenHRbesIrehIyßGVIhñ@/

óruevlksSb;R:b´za

eGIGñkd*manGayuTaMgLay

GMeBIenHRbesIrehIy

.

kalenaHCdilTaMgenaHk*naMKñabENþt

eRK]gbrik¡arRBmTaMgsk´ Cda GERmk TaMgeRK]gbUCaePøIgeTAkñúgTwksÞg
w enrJ¢ra ehIycUleTArkRBHelaknazsMb
u BVC¢anigóbsm|Ta RBHelaknaz
RTg´bBVC¢anigóbsm|TadUcCdilmun> .
ÉCdilKyaksSb; CabÁÚneBA:neXIjeRK]gbrik¡ar RBmTaMgsk´ Cda GERmk TaMgeRK]gbUCaePøIgGENþttamExSTwkmkdUecñaH yl´za
RbEhlCamaner]gGVImYydl´bgóruevlksSb;BitR:kdehIy k*naMbrivarTaMg 200 nak´ edIrtRmg´eTAkan´kEnøgóruevlksSb;GaRs&yenaH luH
eTAdl´ehIyk*niyaynigóruevlksSb;za bBiRtksSb;bg GMeBIenHRbesIrehIyßGVIhñ@/ óruevlksSb;R:b´za eGIGñkd*manGayuTaMgLay GMeBI
enHRbesIrehIy

CdilTaMgenaHk*naMKñabENþteRK]gbrik¡arRBmTaMgsk´

Cda

GERmk

TaMgeRK]gbUCaePøIgeTAkñúgTwksÞwgenrJ¢ra

ehIycUleTArk

RBHbrmsasþa sMb
u BVC¢anigóbsm|Ta RBHelaknaykRTg´bBVC¢anigóbsm|TadUcCdilmun>enaHEdr .

RTg´sEmþgGaTitþbriyaysURt
RKaenaH

RBHelaknazRTg´naMPik¡úTaMg

1003

Gg<enaH

yageTARbzab´enAelIdMuzµZMmYyeQµaH

KyasIs;

CitEdnKyaRbeTs

mat´sÞwg

enrJ¢ra enAminqáayBIRkugraCRKwHbu¨nµaneT TIenaHRBHsm¬úTÆRTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnaeQµaH GaTitþbriyaysURt RTg´Rtas´za mñalPik¡úTaMgLay vtæú
TaMgBYgCarbs´ekþA cuHvtæúTaMgBYgCarbs´ekþAKWGVI/ RBHGg<RTg´visC¢naza Gaytn;xagkñúg 6 Gaytn;xageRkA 6

viJ¦aN 6 smösS; 6 nig

evTanaEdlekItGMBIsmösS; 3 y¨ag enaH KWsux Tuk¡ óebk¡a enHeQµaHzavtæúTaMgBYg nigRTg´Rtas´za ck¡úCarbs´ekþA rUbTaMgLayEdlCavis&yén
ck¡úCarbs´ekþA viJ¦aNKW citþdwgBiess CaGarmµN¾GaRs&yck¡úk*Carbs´ekþA karRbCMucuHRBmTaMgck¡ú rUb nigck¡úviJ¦aNeQµaHzack¡úsmösS k*Ca
rbs´ekþA .l. ekþAedayePøIgelaP; KWesckþIelaP ekþAedayePøIgeTas; KWesckþIeRkaZ ekþAedayePøIgemah; KWesckþIlág´ ekþAeRJHCati KWkarekIt
Cra KWcas´RKaMRKa mrN;esckþIsøab´ ekþAeRJHesakesckþIeRk[mRkMct
i þ brieTv; kaeyMer[brab´ Tuk¡kay eTamnsS; minsb|aycitþ ó:yas;
esckþIcegÁ{tcgÁl´citþ . RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ck¡úCaedIm ekþAedayePøIgkielsnigesckþT
I uk¡ > dutoekþAy¨agenHÉg .
evTna KWkaresayénGarmµN¾sux Tuk¡ minsuxminTuk¡ ekIteLIgeRJHck¡úsmösS;Cabc©&y evTnaenaHk*Carbs´ekþA .l.

- 72 RBHbrmelaknaz

RTg´eTsnaGnuelameTAtamGZüaRs&y

rbs´BYkCdilEdlniymbUCaePøIg

RBHbrmRKÚRTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnaenHcb´

ehIy Pik¡úTaMg 1003 Gg<enaHmancitþrIkraycMeJHPasitrbs´RBHGg< ehIyseRmcCaRBHGrhnþTaMgGs´ «tmanCab´cMJk´edayó:TaneLIy .

PaKTI8
RTg´seRmceKalbMNg 2 Rbkar
RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆ RTg´Rbzab´enAKyasIs;tamsmKYrehIy eTIbRTg´yageTARkugraCRKwH rdðmKZ; mYyGenøICamYyPik¡ú 1003 Gg<
edIm|IRBHbMNg 2 Rbkar RTg´Rbzab´enAOTüanldðiv&n ‘cMkaretñat’ Pñak´garGñkrkSaOTüan:neXIjRBHsasþa RBmTaMgsav&kenaHehIyekItesckþI
RCHzøa

eTIbRbjab´eTARkabTUlRBH:TBim¬isar

RBHraCaRTg´RCabdMNwgenaHehIy

manRBHT&yrIkrayéRkElg

eTIbnaMnamWunm®nþrI aCbrivarcMnYn

120Ç000 eTAKal´RBHGg<kñúgsYnldðiv&n luHeTAdl´RTg´zVaybg<MRBHsasþa ehIyRbzab´kñúgTId*smKYr EtnamuWnm®nþIraCbrivarmanGakarepSg>BIKña
xøHzVaybg<M xøHGg<úyniyayKña xøHGg<úyesá{mmineKarBßzVaybg<MRBHsasþaeLIy GñkTaMgenaH:nRtiHriHkñúgcitþza smN;RbRBwtþRBhµcriy;kñúg
sMNak´óruevlksSb;ßhñ@/

ßóruevlksSb;RbRBwtRþ Bhµcriy;kñúgsM-

Nak´mhasmN; ÉRBHPKvnþmunRI Tg´RcabesckþIRtiHriH enaHehIyRTg´RtiH
riHza

ebIRTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnaenAeBlenH

bu¨nµaneT

eRJHeKTaMgLaymancitþrwgtÁwgRbkan´maMxøaMgNas´

manRBHraCbMNgoóruevlksSb;
Edl«tmanxøwmsarenaHecj
ehIyRtas´za
óruevlksSb;

edIm|IoraCbrivarenaHlHbg´lTÆicas´
eTIbRTg´EbrRBHP®kþeTArkóruevlksSb;

mñalóruevlksSb;

emþc:nCaGñklHbg´lTÆiedIm

RBHGg<RTg´

RbkasGMBeI sckþIminmanxøwmsarén

lTÆicas´oraCbrivarTaMgenaHRCab

RTg´eR:sRBH:TBim¬isarenAOTüanldðiv&n

minGacseRmcRbeyaCn¾

Gñk:nRbedABYktabs

etIehtudUc

EdlxøÜnZøab´bdibtþienaHecalecj/

tzaKtsYresckþIenHnwgGñkkarbUCaePøIg

mñal

EdlGñklHbg

- 73 ehIyetIeRJHehtuGVI/ .
óruevlksSb;:nehaHeLIgeTAelI ehIycuHmkzVaybg<MRBHsasþaGs´var; 7 dg eTIbRkabbg<MTUlza CnTaMgLayEtgeJlsresIrnUv
kamTaMgLay

KWrUbsemøgRBmTaMgrspg

nUvRsþITaMgLaypg

eRJHkarbUCaenaH

x\MúRBHGg<dwgzakamKuNmanrUbCaedIm

enaHCaeRK]gesAhµg

minGacseRcZm(:neLIy .
RBHQñHmarRTg´Rtas´za mñalksSb; citþrbs´GñkminrIkraynigGarmµN¾TaMgenaH KWrUb semøg nigrs KWvtæúkamenaHehIy «LÚvenHcitþrbs´
GñkeRtkGreBjcitþnUvGVIkúg
ñ elak eTvelak GñkcUrR:b´tzaKtmkkñúgeBlenH .
RKaenaH óruevlksSb;TUlRBHsasþacarüza x\MúRBHGg<:neXIjehIynUvRBHniBVan sáb´ehIynUvkielsnigTuk¡EdleZVIoekþA minmanóbZi
KWxnÆ kielsnigGPisg¡ar minmansPaBERbRbÜl EdlCaZm(énGñkdéTnaMecjmin:n luHRtaEtGñkBicarNaeXIjc|as´edayxøÜnÉg mineZVIo
Cab´cMJk´kg
ñú kamPB rUbPB nigGrUbPB eTIbx\MúRBHGg<minEsn minbUCaePøIg EdlminEmnCapøÚvénRBHniBVan óruevlksSb;eJly¨agenHehIy
eRkakcakGasn;

eZVInUvsMBt´ótþrasg<;

‘cIBr’

elIsµam¡agehIyRkabcuHeT[bRBH:Trbs´RBHsasþa

ehIyRkabTUlza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

RBHGg<CabuK<lRtas´dwgd*ótþmÖ RBHsasþaCaRKÚrbs´x\MúRBHGg< x\MúRBHGg<Casav&krbs´RBHGg< .
raCbrivarTaMgenaH:nRCabza «LÚvenHGñkEdlCaGacarürbs´xøÜn KWóruevlksSb; :nrab´GanRBHBuTÆCaRBHsasþaehIy GñkTaMgenaHman
citþTn´ minrwgtÁwgdUcmun Ebrmkrab´GanRBHmanRBHPaK RBmTaMgtaMgcitþsþab´RBHZmµeTsnaedayeKarB .
RBHd*maneCaKRTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsna KWGnubuBVIkzanigGriysc©; 4 eBlenaHZmµck¡ú KWesatabtþimK<R:scakmnÞil ekIteLIgdl´esþc
Bim¬isarRBmTaMgbrivar 110Ç000 nak´ enAelIGasn;enaHÉg cMENkraCbrivar 10Ç000 nak´eT[tdl´éRtsrNKmn¾ .
RKaenaH RBH:TBim¬isar:nseRmcCaesatabtip
þ lehIy eTIbRtas´nigRBHmanRBHPaKza bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn kalBIedImx\MúRBHGg<enACa
kumarmanbMNg 5 y¨ag «LÚvenHbMNgenaH:nseRmcbribUN(RKb´TaMg 5 Rbkar KW ?
1Ç sUmox\MúRBHGg<:nTTYlRBHbrmraCaPieskCaesþcEpndIkñúgnKrmKZ; .
2Ç sUmoRBHGrhnþ:nRtas´dwgedayRbéB nimnþmkkan´nKrrbs´x\MúRBHGg< .
3Ç sUmox\úMRBHGg<:ncUleTAGg<úyCitRBHGrhnþGg<enaH .
4Ç sUmoRBHGrhnþGg<enaH

RTg´RBHmhakruNasEmþgRBHZmµeTsnacMeJHx\úMRBHGg< .

- 74 5Ç sUmox\úMRBHGg< dwgnUvZm(rbs´RBHGrhnþGg<enaH .
«LÚvenHesckþIR:zñaTaMg 5 RbkarenaH :nseRmckñúgeBlenHehIy x\MúRBHGg<<manesckþIrIkrayRCHzøanwgRBHZmµeTsnarbs´RBHGg< bBiRt
RBHGg<d*cMerIn sUmRBHmanRBHPaKRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹TTYlPtþrbs´x\úMRBHGg<edIm|Iqan´kñúgézáEsÁk RBHsasþaRTg´TTYledaytuNØIPaB RBH:TBim¬isar
RTg´RCabehIyk*zVaybg<Mla naMraCbrivarRtLb´cUlRBHraCvaMgvij .
RBwkeLIgRBHsasþaRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹
Rbdab´eday:RtkñúgbuBVNØsm&y

1003

Gg<

RTg´esø{ks|g´

esþcyageTAtamkic©nimnþenaH

Bim¬isarRTg´zVayPtþaharedayRBHhsærbs´RBHGg<

RBH:T

luHrYcBIPtþkic©ehIy

RBH:TBim¬isarRtiHriHdUecñHza OTüanevLúv&nrbs´eyIgenH minqáayeBk minCit
eBkBIRsuk

lµmeTAmk:n

CaTIeTArkénmnusSTaMgLayEdlRtÚvkar

CaTI

minRcLÚkRcLM kñg
ú evlaézámansemøgtic minKwkkgkñúgevlayb´ manxül´
bk´RsÜl

KYrdl´karBYnsmáMénbuK<lGñkmansIl

dUecñHKYrGjzVayevLúv&n

enHdl´Pik¡úsg¹manRBHBuTÆCaRbZancuH .
eBlenaHRBH:TBim¬isar
TwkmkRcÚceTAelIEpndI

RTg´eR:sRBH:TsueTÆaTn;

ykkuNÐITwkCavikarénmas

ehIyRkabTUlRBHsasþaza

x\MúRBHGg<sUmzVayOTüanevLúv&nenHdl´RBHPiks
¡ú g¹

eBjeTAeday

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

manRBHBuTÆCaRbZan

.

RBHGg<RTg´TTYlGaramenaHehIyRTg´sEmþgZm( nigRTg´GnuemaTnaedIm|IoRBH:TBim¬isarrIkraykñúgkusltamsmKYr ehIyRTg´naMRBHsg¹sav&k
eTARbzab´TIenaH . GaRs&yehtuenH eTIbRTg´GnuJ¦atoPik¡úTTYlGaramBITaykTayikatamR:zña .
evLúv&nCavtþekItmundMbUgbgÁs´kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna .
taMgEtBIenaHmk

RBHBuTÆsasnak*l|Ix©rx©ay

eTsnarbs´RBHGg<kñúgvtþevLúv&nenaH

suHsayTUeTAtamCMnuMCnRKb´CMBUk

:nsþab´ehIyekItsTÆaRCHzøa

RbCaCnTaMgLaycMnYneRcInnaMKñahUrEhmksþab´RBHZmµ-

RbKl´kayzVayxøÜnnigeZVICaó:sk

ó:sika

bYsCaPik¡úk*mancMnYneRcIn

- 75 eRBaHBicarNaeXIjehtupltamesckþIBit

JküeRb[nRbedArbs´RBHsasþa

:nRbtisðanRBHBuTÆsasnaCasæaBrmaMmYnkñúgraCRKwHmhanKr

seRmctamRBHraCbMNgTaMg 2 RbkardUecñHÉg .

RBHGK<sav&k
BIRkugraCRKwHeTAminqáaybu¨nµanmanPUmi

2

PUmimYyeQµaH

nalnÞ;

RJhµN¾CaRbZaneQµaH vg<nþ; PriyaeQµaH sarI mankUnRbus 4 nak´ kUn
RsI 3 nak´ kñúgTIenHniyaycMeJHkUnRbusbgeQµaH óbtisS; EtPaKeRcIn
ehAeTAtameQµaHmþayza sarIbutþ . PUmimYyeT[teQµaH ekalitRKam RbZan
PUmieQµaH ekalit; PriyaeQµaH emaK<løI mankUnRbusmñak´eQµaH ekalit;
EteRcInehAeTAtameQµaHmþayza emaK<løan .
RtkUlTaMg 2 enHsMbUN(ePaKRTBünigbrivaresµIKña PUmike* nAminqáayBI
Kñabu¨nµanEdr TaMg 2 sñiTÆsñalRsLaj´KñaCajatiCamitt
þ aMgEtBIedImmk Gayu

óbtisS; “sarIbuRt” nigekalit; “emaK<løan”

k*Rbhak´RbEhlKña rab´GanKñamkBIekµg> er[nk*CamYyKña eTaHCaeBjkMeLaH
er[ncb´ehIyk*eZVIkic©karCamYyKñaEdr

edIrelgCamYyKñarhUtmk

eBlman

buNüTanenARkugraCRKwHmþg> eKTaMgBIrnak´k*eTAemIlmehaRsBedayesckþI
ePøItePøInrIkraycitþ . ézámYyeKTaMgBIrnak´k*eTAedIrelgdUcmun>Edr EtmþgenHeKTaMgBIrnak´minrIkraycitþdUckalBImuneLIy ekalit;eJlza En@
ób|tisS;sMLaj´ emIleTArUbGñkdUcCaminsb|aycitþbnþicbnþÜcesaHeLIy minrYsraydUcBImun>esaH etIGñkekItGIVenAkñúgcitþß/ ób|tisS;tbza
ekalit;sMLaj´

x\MúkMBugKitza

eyIgminKYremIlKYrelgrbs´TaMgenHeT

mnusSTaMgenHmindl´mYyryqñak
M *søab´«tmanesssl´eLIy

emIl

karelgmanRbeyaCn¾G/
VI eyIgKYrEsVgrkemak¡Zm(lÁCag eyIgKity¨agenHÉg cuHGñkvij etIGñkKity¨agem¨cEdr/ ekalit;tbza eyIgk*yl´
dUecñaHEdrNasMLaj´ .

- 76 luHeRkaymkGñkTaMgBIrRBmTaMgbrivar naMKñaeTAenAkñúgsMNak´GacarüsJ¢&ybriBVaCk CaGacarümanekrþœeQµaHkñúgnKrraCRKwH eKTaMgBIrnak´
manbJ¦abdiPaNxøaMgNas´ er[nenAkñúglTÆs
i J¢&yecHcaMTaMgGs´eRbIeBlminyUrbu¨nµaneLIy dUecñH:nCaGacarüsJ¢&yGgVroenACYyeZVICaGacarü
RbedAkUnsisSCamYyKñateTA . GñkTaMgBIrminyl´RBmeRJHeXIjza karRbRBwtþZm(kñúgsMNak´enH«tmanRbeyaCn¾ minGacseRmcemak¡Zm(:n
eT eRJHZm(:nsikSaenH manEtxagedImnigkNþalbu¨eNÑaH enAxVHcMENkxagcug ehIyk*BiPakSaKñaza tamBitEpndIenHk*ZMTUlayNas´ Gacman
GñkecHdwgx¬g´x¬s´ eRb[nRbedAjúaMgemak¡Zm(oekIt:n eTaHCay¨agNaeyIgRtÚvecjeTAesIubsYrrkemIl .
RKaenaH GñkTaMgBIrk*laGacarüecjBIsMNak´ edIm|IEsVgrkGñkEdlmanviC¢aecHdwgx¬s´ ebIdwgzaGacarüNamaneQµaHl|Il|aj niymrab´
GanénmnusSPaKeRcInk*cUleTAesIubsYr Etk*minCYbGacarüGñkeRb[nRbedAemak¡Zm(eLIy dUecñHeKTaMgBIrk*naMKñavilmkrksMNak´edImvij ehIy:n
ebþC\anwgKñaza ebIGñkNa:ndwgnUvGmtZm(mun GñkenaHKb|IR:b´Kñaodwgpg mñak´>k*BüayamrkOkasEsVgrkGmtZm( .

óbtisSnigekalit:nZmµck¡ú
RBHGsSCietær
Gg<

CaPik¡úmYyGg<kñúgBYkbJ©vK<Iy¾

nigBYkRBHsav&k

EdlRBHsasþaRTg´bJ¢ÚneTARbkasRBHsasnaenATIepSg>enaH

dMNwgzaRBHsasþaRTg´Rbzab´enAvtþevLúv&n

k*nimnþeTAKal´RBHGg<

60
:n

nimnþCit

dl´RkugraCRKwHehIy eBlenaHenARBwkeBk k*cUleTAbiNÐ:tkñúgRkugraCRKwH
briBVaCkóbtisS;

edIrtampøÚvenaHRCÜsKñamk

kMBugRtac´eTAedIm|IbiNÐ:tkñúgRkugraCRKwH

RKan´EteXIjRBHGsSCietær

EdlbribUN(eday«riyabz

man

«®nÞIy¾RsKt´RsKM smrmünigRBHP&®kþpUrpg´lÁGVIemøHeT KWnimnþeTAmk RkeLk

RBHGsSCietær
CnTaMgenaHEdr

emIlepSg bt´édeCIgniglatédeCIg manEPñksRgÜm nig#kJrbs´RBHGg<Ca
TIsTÆaRCHzøa

luHeXIjehIyk*manesckþIRtiHriHza

EdlCaRBHGrhnþkþI

:ndl´nUvGrhtþmK<kþIkñúgelak

Ohñ@

CnTaMgLayNa

Pik¡úenHRbEhlCaBYkén

dUecñHKYrEtGjcUleTArkPik¡úenHehIysYro:ndwgesckþI EteXIjzakalenHminKYredIm|IsYrPik¡úenHeT eRBaHPik¡úenHkMBugcUleTAkan´

- 77 cenøaHpÞHedIm|IbiNÐ:t dUecñHKYrEtGjeTAtamPik¡úenHBIeRkaycuH eBlenaHRBHGsSCid*manGayuRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tkñúgRkugraCRKwH TTYlbiNÐ:trYc
nimnþRtLb´mkvij . briBVaCkóbtisS;k*cUleTAkan´sMNak´RBHGsSCi ehIyk*eZVIesckþIrIkrayCamYyRBHGsSCi eTIbeJlJküCaTIrlwklµmo
ekItesckþIsñiTÆsñalehIy

k*fitkñúgTId*smKYr

sm|úrEs|krbs´elaksÁatpUrpg´GVIemø¨H

eTIbeBalnigRBHGsSCiza

bBiRtelakd*manGayu

bBiRtelakd*manGayu

elakbYscMeJHGñkNa/

«®nÞiyTaMgLayrbs´elakRss´bs´GVIemø¨H

GñkNaCaRKÚrbs´elak/

xøÜnelakeBjcitþZm(rbs´

GñkNa/ RBHGsSCietærmanezrdIkaza mñalGavuesa GatµamanmhasmN;mYyGg<< CaskübuRtecjcaksaküRtkUl RTg´RBHpñÜs Gatµak*bYs
tammhasmN;enaH RBHmanRBHPaKenaHÉgCaRKÚrbs´Gatµa cMENkGatµa
Kab´citþnUvZm(Gaz(rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKenaH . briBVaCkóbtisS; ‘sarIbutþ’
sYrza

cuHRKÚrbs´elakm©as´eJlJküdUcemþc/

sMEdgZm(dUcemþc/

RBHGsSCimanezrdIkaza mñalGavuesa GatµaCaPik¡úzµI eTIbEtnwgbYsmkkan´
Zm(vin&yenH GatµaminGacedIm|IsEmþgZm(oBisþareT GatµaGaceJlesckþI
seg¡b:n briBVaCksarIbutþeqøIyza elakm©as´sMEdgZm(tickþIeRcInkþI sMu
sMEdgoyl´nUvesckþIdl´x\Múk*:nehIy
elakm©as´min:c´eJlZm(oeRcIneT

.

x\MúRtÚvkaryl´esckþIEtmü¨ageT
RKaenaHRBHGsSCi:nsEmþgZm(

seg¡bmanGtæn&yza Zm(TaMgLayEtgekItBIehtu RBHtzaKtRTg´Rtas´nUv
ehtuénZm(TaMgLayenaH

nigesckþIrMlt´énZm(TaMgLayenaH

RBHsmN;

CaRKÚGatµa manRbRktIRtas´y¨agenHÉg .

óbtisS; “sarIbuRt” TUlsYrRBHGsSCietær

briBVaCksarIbutþ:nsþab´Zm(enHehIyk*:nZmµck¡ú

KWesatabtþimK<-

J¦aN R:scakmnÞilekIteLIgza ZmµCatiNamYy manesckþIekIteLIgCa

Zmµta ZmµCatiTaMgenaHrEmgrlt´eTACaZmµta briBVaCksarIbutþsYrRBHGsSCietærza bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn «LÚvenHRBHsasþaéneyIgRTg´Rbzab´
enAÉNa/

RBHGsSCimanezrdIkaza

RBHkruNanwgRtLb´eTAR:b´mitþ

RBHmanRBHPaKRbzab´enAevLúv&n

Edl:nebþC\aKñaTukBImunenaHsin

briBVaCksarIbutT
þ UlRBHGsSCiza

rYceTIbeTAtameRkay

.

sUmRBHGg<nimnþeTAmuncuH

rIÉxøÜnx\Mú

briBVaCksarIbutþ k*edIreTArkbriBVaCkekalit; luH

- 78 briBVaCkekalit;:neXIjbriBVaCksarIbutþkMBugedIrmkehIyeJlza mñalsMLaj´ «®nÞiyTaMgLayrbs´GñkRss´bs´GVIemø¨H sm|úrEs|krbs´
GñksÁatpUrpg´GVIemø¨H mñalsMLaj´ Gñk:ndwgGmtZm(ehIyß/ briBVaCksarIbutþeqøIyza eGIsMLaj´ x\Mú:ndwgGmtZm(ehIy briBVaCkekalit;sYr
za

GñkdwgnUvGmtZm(dUcemþc/

briBVaCksarIbutþeqøIyza

En@sMLaj´

x\Mú:nCYbnigsmN;mYyGg<RBHnamGsSCietær

elak:nR:b´Zm(eday

seg¡bza Zm(TaMgLayEtgekItBIehtu RBHtzaKtRTg´Rtas´nUvehtuénZm(TaMgLayenaH nigesckþIrlt´énZm(TaMgLayenaH RBHsmN;CaRKÚrbs´
manRbRktIRtas´y¨agenHÉg .
RKaenaH
J¦aN

briBVaCkekalit;:nsþab´Zm(enHehIyk*:nZmµck¡ú KWesatabtþimK<-

R:scakmnÞilekIteLIgza

ZmµCatiNamYymanesckþIekIteLIgCaZmµta

ZmµCatiTaMgGs´enaHrEmgrlt´eTACaZmµta .
briBVaCkekalit;:neJlnigbriBVaCksarIbutþza
LaynwgeTAkan´sMNak´RBHsasþa
mñalsMLaj´

briBVaCk

250

RBHGg<CaRKÚrbs´eyIg

mñalsMLaj´

eyIgTaMg

briBVaCksarIbutþeqøIyza

nak´:nGaRs&yeyIgTaMgLay

eyIgRtÚvlaBYk

briBVaCkTaMgenaHsin briBVaCksarIbutþnigbriBVaCkekalit; ‘emaK<løan’ :neZVIdMeNIr
eTAbbYlbriBVaCk

250

nak´enaH

briBVaCkCabrivarTaMgenaHsMt
u amsarIbutn
þ igemaK<-

løaneTACamYyEdr . lMdab´enaH sarIbutþnigemaK<løancUleTArksJ¢&ybriBVaCkEdl
CaRKÚmkBImunehIyk*eJlza

bBiRtelakd*manGayu

eyIgTaMgLaynwgeTAkan´

sarIbuRtnigemaK<løan:nbbYlsJ¢y
& CaGacarü

sMNak´RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆ RBHGg<enaHCaRKÚrbs´eyIgTaMgLay sJ¢&ybriBVaCkRceLatxwg b¨uEnþEbrCaeBalGgVrza mñalGñkd*manGayu min
KYreT GñkTaMgLaykMueTAeLIy eyIgTaMg 3 nak´ nwgRKb´RKgrkSaKN;enH sarIbutþnigemaK<løaneJlnigsJ¢&ybriBVaCk 3 dg sJ¢&ybriBVaCk
k*enAEthamminoeTAehIyeJlza mñalGñkTaMgLay eyIgmanlaPnigyss&kid
þ *ZM CaGacarül|Il|ajy¨agenH etIeTAeZVICasisSGñkNa kñúg
sMNak´NaeT[t/

GñkTaMgBIrGgVrza

elakGacarükuMeJldUecñaHeLIy

RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆ

ób|tþieLIgdUcCaRBHGaTitübJ©aMgrsµIbMPøWelak

mnusSTaMgLayeTAsþab´Zm(rbs´RBHGg< ehIyelakGacarüenAeZVIGIV/ sJ¢&ybriBVaCkeJlnigsarIbutþza mñalsarIbutþ kñúgelakenHmnusSlág´
nigmnusSqøatxagNaeRcInCag

sarIbutþeqøIyza

mnusSlág´eRcInCag

mnusSqøatminmanbu¨nµannak´eT sJ¢&ybriJBVaCkeJlza BitdUcGñkman

- 79 vacaEmn mnusSqøatmantic mnusSlág´maneRcIn mñalsarIbutþ eRJHehtuenHÉg eTIbeyIgmineTACamYynigGñk eyIgnwgenAkñúgsMNak´rbs´eyIg
rg´caMTTYlmnusSlág´ mnusSlág´CaeRcInnwgmkrkeyIg ÉGñkqøatoeTArkRBHsmNeKatmcuH sUmGñkTaMgBIreTAcuH .
eTaHCaGñkTaMgBIrniyayy¨agNa k*minGacbbYlGacarüeTACamYy:nEdr .
RKaenaHsarIbutþnigemaK<løan:nnaMbriBVaCk 250 nak´ eZVIdMeNIreTAkan´vtþevLúv&n eZVIosJ¢&ybriBVaCkmanesckþeI TamnsSduteraleLIg
bNþaloekþARkhayrhUtdl´kÁÜtZøak´QamRss´> ecjGMBImat´kñúgTIenaHÉg .
kalenaH

RBHsmµasm¬úTÆTteXIjRBHsarIbutþnigemaK<løankMBugedIrmkBIcmáay

eTIbRtas´nigPik¡úTaMgLayza
sarIbutþnigemaK<løan

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

nwgmkdl´«LÚvenHehIy

CnCasMLaj´nigKñaBIrnak´nu@H

eQµaH

hñwgehIyCaKUénsav&krbs´tzaKt

EdlCaKUd*RbesIr CaKUd*cMerIn .
kalenaH

RBHsarIbutþnigRBHemaK<løancUleTAKal´RBHsasþa

ehIyRkabeT[b

RBH:TTaMgKUénRBHsasþa eTIbniyayza bBiRtRBHGg<dc
* MerIn eyIgx\MúTaMgLayKb|I:n
bBVC¢a

bMbYssarIbRu t emaK<løan nigkUnsisS

nigóbsm|TakñúgsMNak´énRBHsasþapg

LaycUrCaPik¡úmkcuH

RBHelaknazRTg´Rtas´za

Zm(tzaKtsEmþgehIyedayRbéB

GñkTaMg

GñkTaMgLaycUrRbRBwtRþ Bhµ-

criyZm( edIm|ICak´c|as´nUvRBHniBVanCaTIbMputTukc
¡ uH .
RBHBuTÆdIkaenHÉg

Caóbsm|Tarbs´elakd*manGayuTaMgenaH

ehAzabMbYs

eday ÉhiPik¡úóbsm|Ta .
tmkRBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´sEmþgZmµeTsnaBIZatukmµdðan

eRb[nRbedAPik¡úTaMgenaHedayZmµIkza

«tmanCab´cMJk´edayó:TaneLIy elIkElgEtRBHsarIbutn
þ igemaK<løanecjbu¨eNÑaH .

Pik¡úTaMgenaHk*mancitþputcakGasvZm(TaMgBYg

- 80 -

RBHemaK<løanseRmcGrhnþ
GñkTaMgenaHbYs:n 7 ézá eRkaymkRBHemaK<løanseRmcRBHGrhnþ munnwg:nseRmceTAcMerInPavnaenAkløvaLmutþRKam kñúgrdðmKZ;
Gg<úyegakeLIgTn´xøÜn RBHbrmRKÚRTg´yageTATIenaH ehIyRTg´sEmþgZm(rmáab´esckþIguyegak 8 Rbkar nigminomanman; KWRbkan´xøÜncMeJH
RtkUlTaMgLay TIbMputRBHGg<RTg´sEmþgtNØk¡yZm( RBHemaK<løanbdibtþitamRBHBueTÆavaT k*seRmcCaRBHGrhnþkñúgézáenaHÉg .

RBHsarIbutþseRmcRBHGrhnþ
RBHsarIbutþeRkayBIbYs:n 15 ézá eTIbseRmcRBHGrhnþ KW
ézáenaHelakKg´bk´RBHsasþaenAxageRkay kñúgrUgPñs
M Ukrxat; PñMKiCÄkUd

RkugraCRKwH

manbriBVaCkmñak´eQµaHTIXnx;

Kal´RBHGg<ehIysEmþgTidðirbs´xøÜnza

GK<ievsn;

:nmk

GVI>TaMgBYgminKYrnwgx\úMRBHGg<eT

x\MúRBHGg<mincUlcitþTaMgGs´ RBHPKvnþmunIRTg´Rtas´za mñalGK<ievsn;
ebIdUecñHkaryl´rbs´Gñky¨agenHminsmKYrnwgGñkEdrß/ ehIyxøÜnGñkk*
mincUlcitþkaryl´y¨agenaHEdr

.

RBHPKvnþmunRI Tg´sEmþgoRtÚvnwg

critrbs´TIXnx; GK<ievsneKat RBmTaMgRBHsarIbutþEdlKg´bk´RBHGg<enABIeRkayenaHEdr ehIyRTg´Rtas´za Tidði KWkaryl´rbs´mnusS
TaMgLaykñúgelakenHman 3 y¨ag KW ?

RBHsarIbutþseRmcRBHGrhnþ

1Ç GñkxøHmanTidðiza GVI> TaMgBYgKYrnwgeyIg > cUlcitþTaMgGs´ .
2Ç GñkxøHdUcCaxøÜnGñkmanTidðiza GVI> TaMgBYgminKYrnwgeyIg > mincUlcitþTaMgGs´ .
3Ç GñkxøHmanTidðiza GVI> xøHeT[tKYrnwgeyIg > cUlcitþ GVI> xøHeT[tminKYrnwgeyIg > mincUlcitþ .

- 81 RBHPKvnþmunI RTg´das´et]noeXIjplGaRkk´kñúgkarRbkan´maMnUvTidði 3
TidN
ði
amYy

enaH RBmTaMgRbedAolHbg´eTARBmKñaza ebIeyIgRbkan´maMkñúg

ehIyniyayzay¨agenHBit y¨agenaHminBit Caer]gCMTas´nigBYkm¡ageT[tEdleKminyl´dUcxøÜn ehIynaMoeQøaHRbEkkKña eb[t

eb[nKña Gacdl´eTAsmøab´KñaCaTIbMput .
dUecñHKYrlHbg´Tidðiy¨agenHecj

RTg´sEmþgteTAeT[tza

ragkayenHsuTÆEtKµanGVIsÁat

mankarEbkZøayCaZmµta

KYrBicarNaoeXIjCa

rbs´mineT[g CaTuk¡ minEmnCarbs´xøÜn y¨agenHGaclHbg´esckþIRsLaj´eBjcitþ:n mü¨ageT[t evTna 3 KWsux Tuk¡ óebk¡ak*Carbs´mineT[g
GaRs&ybc©&yekIteLIg manesckþIvinaseTACaZmµta Griy;sav&kGñk:nsþab´ehIyeZVIoen]yNaykñúgsuxTuk¡óebk¡a luHen]yNayk*R:s
cakteRmk

eRJHR:scakteRmk

RBhµcriyZm(cb´ehIy

citþk*rYcputRsLHBIkarRbkan´maM

kicE© dlRtÚveZVIk*cb´ehIy

eTIbekItjaNdwgzacitþrYcputehIy

kic©déTminmaneLIy

Griy;sav&kenaHdwgzaCatiGs´ehIy

Gñkputy¨agenHehIyminvivaTRbEkkKñaeRJHTidðirbs´xøÜn

JküNaEdl

eKniyaykñúgelak k*niyayeTAtamJküenaH EtminRbkan´edayTidði .
RBHZmµeTsnaenHeQµaHza evTnabriK<hsURt .
RBHsarIbutþ:nBicarNa tamRBHZmµeTsnaenaH taMgBIedImTl´cb´ citþk*rc
Y putBIGasv; minRbkan´maMedayó:Tan .
cMENkTIXnx;

:nseRmcRtwmEtZmµck¡ú

KWesatabtþiplGs´esckþIsgS&ykñúgRBHBuTs
Æ asna

ehIyRbkasxøÜnCaó:skdl´éRt-

srNKmn¾CaTIBwg TIrlwkGs´mYyCIvit .
RBHsarIbutn
þ igemaK<løanseRmcRBHGrhnþehIy
mankñúgxøÜn

RBmTaMgGnueRKaHsav&kdéT

TaMgBIrRBHGg<taMgenAkñúgfan;CaRBHGK<sav&kc|gkñúgRBHBuTÆsasna

KWeRb[nRbedAoOvaTepSg>

.

RBHbrmsasþaRTg´EtgtaMgenAkñúgvtþevLúv&n

15

eRJHKuNZm(Edl
ekItExmaX

Caézá

mhasnñi:t RBHsarIbutþkñúgfan;CaGK<sav&kxagsþaM RBHemaK<løanfan;CaGK<sav&kxageqVg . RBHbrmRKÚRTg´sresIrCaGenkbriyay dUcman
BuTÆdIkaza mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaycUresBKb´RBHsarIbutþnigemaK<løancuH GñkTaMgBIrenHmanbJ¦aGnueRKaHshZmµikTaMgLay RBHsarIbutþ
eRb[bdUcCamataGñkokMeNItbuRt

emaK<løaneRb[bdUcCaemedaHciJ©wmbuRtEdlekIteLIgehIy

sarIbutþeRb[nRbedAotaMgenAkñúgKuNZm(zñak´Tab

KWesatabtþipl emaK<løaneRb[nRbedAotaMgenAkñúgKuNZm(zñak´x¬s´ RBHsarIbutþelIsPik¡úTaMgLayxagmanbJ¦a RBHemaK<løanelIsPik¡úTaMgLay
xagman#TÆi .
RBHsarIbutm
þ anesckþIeKarBcMeJHRBHGsSCiNas´ sUm|IdwgdMNwgzaRBHGsSCiKg´enAkñúgTisNa EtgswgEbrRBHsirSeTArkTisenaHEdr .

- 82 RBHGsSCiCaRKÚrbs´elak

Edl:npþl´nUvRBHZm(oelakyl´mundMbUgbgÁs´ .

RBHGK<sav&kTaMgBIrRBHGg<:nbYsrYcehIy

kulbuRtkñúgnKrraCRKwHEdlmansTÆaRCHzøak*naMKñabYstamCaeRcIn

ÉGñkEdlminmansTÆak*

tiHed[lbnþúHbgÁab´za RBHsmNeKatmbdibtþiedIm|IeZVImnusSminomanbuRt smNeKatmbdibtþei dIm|IeZVIoRsIeTACaemm¨ay eZVIovgSRtkUldac´
BUCGs´ .

PaKTI9 mCÄimeJZikal
bMbYsmhaksSb;
mhatidð

KWeQµaHPUmimYyenAkñúgGaNaextþrdðmKZ;

manmaNB

mñak´eQµaH mhaksSb; CaGñkekItenAkñúgTIenH eQµaHedImehAza bibölimaNB EtPaKeRcInehAtameKatþza ksSb; CabuRtkbilRJhµN¾ er[b
karenAGayu 20 qñaMnignag P&TÞkaBilanI Gayu 16 qñaM luHmatabita
søab´Gs´ehIy

:nlHbg´RTBüsm|tþicUlbYsóTÞiscMeJHRBHGrhnþ

kñúgelakRBmTaMgPriya
bMbYsmhaksSb;

eRJHZujRTan´karTTYl:bkñúgkargarEdlGñk

déTeZVIminlÁ .
bYsrYcehIyTaMgBIrnak´naMKñaedIrtampøÚvmYy

mkdl´pøÚvEbkCaBIrk*

EjkKñaedIrmYypøÚvmñak´ P&TÞkaBilanIedIrEbkeTAxageqVg bibölimaNBEbkeTAxagsþaM . ézámYybibölimaNBeTACYbRBHbrmRKÚ esþcyageTAeR:s
mhaCntamTIepSg>kñúgmKZ;rdð

ézáenaHRBHsm¬úTRÆ Tg´Rbzab´enAeRkammøb´éRCeQµaH

BhubutþnieRKaZ

EdlenAJk´kNþalpøÚveTARkugraCRKwHnig

nalnÞa RKan´Et:nCYbRBHsasþaPøam k*ekItsTÆaRCHzøay¨agéRkElg RbKl´kayzVayxøÜncMeJHRBHsasþa ykRBHGg<CaRBHbrmRKÚ ehIy:n
bYskñúgRBHBuTÆsasnaedayTTYlOvaT 3 Rbkar KW ?
1Ç ksSb;

GñkRtÚvsikSaza

GatµaGjRtÚvecHbnÞn´«riyabT

esckþIxµas´nigesckþIxøaccitc
þ MeJHPik¡úCaezr;cas´vsSakþI

Pik¡úzµIkþI nigPik¡ú

- 83 CakNþalkþI .
2Ç Gñksþab´Zm(NamYy EdlRbkbedaykusl RtÚvepÞ{gRtec[ksþab´Zm(enaH nigBicarNaGtæn&ykñúgZm(enaH .
3Ç manstidwgTUeTAkñúgkay KWBicarNakayCaGarmµN¾ .
karbYsedayviZIenHehAza

OvaTbdiK<hNUbsm|Ta

KWbYsedaykarTTYlOvaT

Etk*cat´cUlkñúgÉhiPik¡úóbsm|Ta

eRJHRBHbrmRKÚRTg´

GnuJ¦atedayRBHGg<Ég .
:nTTYlOvaTEdlRBHsmµasm¬úTÆeRb[nRbedAehIy bdibtþitam:nseRmcRBHGrhnþkñúgézáTI 8 eRkayBI:nTTYlOvaTmk .

RTg´sEmþgOvaT:tiemak¡
eRkayBIRBHmaneCaK:nRtas´dwgehIy

9

Ex

KWézá

15

ekItExmaX

RtÚvnwgézásMxan´énsasnaRJhµN¾

CaézábENþt:brbs´BYk

RJhµN¾ehAza sivraRtI .
kalenaHRBHPKvnþmunIRTg´Rbzab´enAvtþevLúv&n

res[lézáenaHman

Pik¡úCasav&k 1250 Gg< suTÆEtRBHGrhnþxINaRsB:nGPiJa¦ eZVIdMeNIr
mkdl´TIenHedaymin:nsnüaKñamkBImuneLIy

CaehtukarN¾d*Gs©arü

karRbCMukñúgézáenaHehAza cturg<snñi:t eRJHRbCMuRBmeTAedayGg< 4 KW ?
1Ç ézáenaHCaézá 15 ekItExmaX .
2Ç Pik¡úsav&k 1250 Gg<mkRbCMK
u ñaedaymin:nkMNt´TukCamun .
3Ç sav&kTaMgenaHsuTÆEtRBHGrhnþ:nGPiJ¦a 6 .
4Ç sav&kTaMgenaHsuTÆEtÉhiPik¡ú KWRBHGg<bMbYsoTaMgGs´Gg< .
kñúgTIRbCMuenaH RBHsasþaRTg´sEmþgOvaT:tiemak¡ Ca#sEkvsMxan´

RTg´sEmþgOvaT:tiemak¡

- 84 énRBHBuTÆsasna :nRtas´CaRBHKaza 3 RBHKaza KW ?
RBHKazaTI1 RTg´sEmþgKuNZm( KWxnþIesckþIGt´Zn´CaZm(óbtæmÖoseRmcRBHniBVan RBmTaMgsEmþglk¡N;énbuK<lCabBVCitßsmN;za
buK<leb[teb[nGñkdéT mineQµaHzabBVCitßsmN;eLIy .
RBHKazaTI2 RTg´sEmþgeKalsMxan´ CaebHdUgRBHBuTÆsasna CaeKalkarN¾oRBHsav&knaMeTARbkasRBHsasna man 3 Rbkar KW ?
1’ sBV:bsS GkrNM ev[rcakTuc©rit KWkarmineZVI:bTaMgBYgedaykayvacacitþ :ndl´RBHvin&ybidk .
2’ kuslsSÚbsm|Ta RbRBwtþsucrit KWjúaMgkuslodl´RBmedaykayvacacitþ :ndl´RBHsutþnþbidk .
3’ scitþbrieyaTbnM júaMgcitþopUrpg´ R:scakeRK]gesAhµgman elaP eRkaZ lág´CaedIm :ndl´RBHGPiZmµbidk .
RBHKazaTI3

RBHGg<RTg´sEmþgbdibTaKW

xsRmab´bdibtþri bs´RBHsg¹sav&k 6 Rbkar KW ?

‘1’ hamminoetHed[lGñkdéT .
‘2’ hamminoeb[teb[nGñkdéT .
‘3’ sRgÜmkñúgRBH:tiemak¡ minoelµIskñúgsik¡abTbJ¦tiþ .
‘4’ dwgRbmaNkñúgkarEsVgrknigbriePaK eJlKWomanesckþIsenþas TaMgenHedIm|IkarJresckþIelaPekIteLIg ehIyEsVgrkkñúgpøÚvxus
karbriePaKeRbIR:s´Kb|Imansti ebIEsVgrk:nmkehIy nigeRbIR:s´Kb|IBicarNaCamunsin .
‘5’ KYrenAkEnøgd*sáat´ edIm|IbdibtþioekItsmaZi .
‘6’

RbkbBüayamkñúgGZicitþ

KWCRmHcitþoR:scaknivrNZm(mankamqnÞ;CaedIm

edIm|IoekItsmaZinigbJ¦adwgTan´tamesckþB
I itén

sg¡arTaMgBYg .
cab´BIeBlenaHmkkñúgézáóe:szer[gral´knøHEx

RBHGg<RTg´elIkeLIgRtas´nigRBHsg¹kñúgTIRbCMu

eRkaymkRTg´Qb´eZVy
I ¨agenH

GnuJ¦atoRBHsg¹sav&k elIkyksik¡abTEdlRTg´bJ¦tþisURtkñúgTIRbCMu bc©úb|nñenHehAza sURtRBH:tiemak¡ .

EtRTg´

- 85 -

RTg´GnuJ¦atjtiþctutækmµóbsm|Ta
kalBIedImeLIy karóbsm|TaßkarbYsseRmcedayGMNacbuK<l KWRBHsmµasm¬úTÆbMbYsedayÉhiPik¡úóbsm|Ta RBHsav&kbMbYseday
tisrNKmnUbsm|Ta TaMgenHeRJHzasm&yenaHmanRBHsg¹tic luHRBHsav&kmaneRcIneLIgCalMdab´ RBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´RtiHriHza KYroGMNac
dl´RBHsg¹

eRJHkaroGMNaccMeJHbuK<l

ebIoGMNacrdl´RBHsg¹

dUcCabYsedaytisrNKmnUbsm|TaenaH

GMNacnwgtaMgmaMdrabGs´GayuénRBHsasna

GMNack*taMgenARtwmGayurbs´buK<lbu¨eNÑaH

ehIykarbYsnaMmnusScUlrYmCaBYkCaKN;enH

.

Et

minEmner]gtUctac

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k*CakarlÁehIy EtebIerIscMmnusSminlÁ k*«tmanGñkNaCMTas´ dUecñHRtÚvBiPakSaKñaeRcIn ebIeXIjzayl´RBmRKb´Gg<ehIyeTIbobYs:n .
eBlmYyRBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´yageTAvtþevLúv&n RTg´TteXIjRJhµN¾mñak´eQµaH raZ; manragkays<aMgs<m søWtsøk´ BN(sm|úrk*esøk
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rbs´GñkmkcuH

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

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rbs´RBHGg< x\MúRBHGg<ekItTuk¡eRJHesckþIesaksþayenaH bBiRtRBHGg<
d*cMerIn sUmRBHGg<CaTIBwgrbs´x\MúRBHGg< . kalenaHRBHelaknazRTg´
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cUreJlmkcuH

RTg´Rtas´sYrraZRJhµN¾
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u Rþ kabTUlza

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ehIyGacTTYlbMbYsRJhµN¾

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- 86 Gg< eBlx\MúRBHGg<kMBugbiNÐ:t x\MúRBHGg<eXIjRbeyaCn¾enHeTIbTTYlbMbYsRJhµN¾enH RBHGg<RTg´sresIrRBHsarIbutþza mñalsarIbutþ RbéB
ehIy>

GñkCabuK<lmanktJ¦ÚnigRJhµN¾enH

GñkcUrbMbYsRJhµN¾cas´enHcuH

eBlenaHRBHelaknazRTg´oRBHsarIbutþeZVICaóbCÄay¾

bMbYs

raZRJhµNe¾ dayviZj
I tiþctutk
æ mµóbsm|Ta . bYsreb[benHRtÚvmanPik¡úcn
M Yn 10 Gg<eLIgeTA ehIymanPik¡úmYyGg<QøasévRbkasdl´karbYs
buK<leQµaHenHmþgehAza jtþi ehIyRbkasosg¹RCabza «LÚvenH:nbMbYseQµaHenHGs´var; 3 dg ehAza Gnusavna ebImanPik¡úenAkñúgTIRbCMu
enaHminCMTas´eT buK<lenaHeQµaHza:nbYsseRmcCaPik¡úedaylÁ ebIRtÚvCMTas´sUm|Imy
Y semøgeQµaHza min:nseRmcCaPike¡ú dayRbéBeLIy .
viZIenH:nbdibtþimkdl´sBVézáenH raZRJhµN¾:nbYsmuneKkñúgRBHBuTÆsasna Edl:nbYsedayjtiþctutækmµóbsm|TaenH .
cab´´taMgBI:nbYsraZRJhµN¾rYcehIy

RBHelaknazminRTg´GnuJ¦atobYsedaytisrNKmnUbsm|TaeT[teLIy

cMeJHÉhiPikó
¡ú bs-

m|Ta KWbYsedayRBHGg<enaH snñidðanzamanbYseT[tEttic .
edImeLIycMnYnRBHsg¹EdlcUlRbCMuman 10 Gg<eLIgeTA EteRkaymkRBHbrmelaknazRTg´kMNt´y¨agenH KW ?
_kñúgbc©nþCnbTmanPik¡úcMnYn 5 Gg<y¨agtic .
_kñúgmCÄimCnbTmanPik¡úcMnYn 10 Gg<y¨agtic .
kñúgsasnkic©epSg> eRkABIbYsenH RTg´oRBHsg¹eZVIkic©dUcKña RBHd*manbuNüRTg´oGMNacdl´sg¹CaZMkñúgkic©enaH> .
tisrNKmnUbsm|TaenH eRkaymkRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´GnuJ¦atobYsCasameNrvij .

PaKTI10
shCatiseRmcRBHGrhnþ
RBH:TsueTÆaTn; CaRBHraCbitaRTg´RCabza RBHsiTÆt;æ :nRtas´dwgCaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆehIy «LÚvenHRBHGg<kMBugeTsnaeRb[nRbedAmhaCn
RTg´Rbzab´enAvtþevLúvnaram RkugraCRKwH rdðmKZ; RTg´manRBHraCbJ¢aokaLúTayIGmatü eTAyagRBHsm¬úTeÆ sþcyagmkRkugkbilB&sþú Gmatü
RBmTaMgbrivarmYycMnYnTTYlRBHraCOg,ar ehIyk*eZVIdMeNIreTAvtþevLúv&n

GmatüRBmTaMgbrivareTAdl´eXIjRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´eTsnaenAkNþal

- 87 bris&Tk*cUleTAsþab´Zm(eTsnaenaHEdr

ehIy:nseRmcCaGrhnþTaMgGs´Gg<

eTIbTUlsuMbYs

RBHelaknazRTg´GnuJ¦atobYsCaÉhiPik¡úób-

sm|Ta snñidðanzakarbYscugeRkayehIyedayviZeI nH eRJHeRkaymkminR:kdza RTg´bMbYsobuK<lNaeT[teLIy .
rdUvrga xül´RtCak´bk´e:kmkBITisxageCIgknøgputeTA QancUlrdUvvsSa søwkeQIRss´bMRBgeRJHRtÚvTwkePø{g kaLúTayIeXIjOkas
d*smKYrehIy

eTIbRkabTUlyagRBHmanRBHPaKeTAnKrkbilB&sþú

tamRBHtRmas´rbs´RBH:TsueTÆaTn;

dwgzaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´TTYlehIy

k*nimnþeTAmunedIm|IodMNwgdl´RBHraCRtkUlRCab

RBHraCRtkUlzVayPtþ

tamPik¡úkaLúTayI edIm|IzVaydl´RBHsasþa .
RBHsm¬úTÆRTg´yagRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹ 2 muWnGg<suTEÆ tRBHGrhnþnimnþ
eTAtamkic©nimnþenaH eZVIRBHdMeNIreTAmYyézá:n 1 eyaCn¾ Gs´eBl 2 Ex
eTIbdl´nKrkbilB&sþú luHesþcyagdl´ehIyRTg´Rbzab´kñúgdMNak´nieRKaZaram RBH:TsueTÆaTn;:nksagTukCamun eBlenaHRBHjatiTaMgLaymk
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M iTÆt;æ EdlmanGayutic
CagxøÜnenaHeT
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RBHkaLúTayIykcgØan´BInKrkbilB&sþúmkzVayRBHmanRBHPaK

eLIy

.

ehIyoBYkjatiEdlmanGayuticeTAenAxagmux

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edIm|IzVay

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RBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´RCabehtuenaHehIy

RTg´ehaHeLIgeTAelI

Gakas hak´dc
U CaeZVIolÁgZUlIZøak´cuHmkelIsirSénBYkkSRtTaMgenaH edIm|I

okSRtTaMgenaHlHbg´Tidðiman;nigeZVIoekItsegVKsøútcitþ .
RBH:TsueTÆaTn;

eXIjehtukarN¾d*Gs©arüenaHehIy

RTg´elIkRBHhsþeLIgzVaybg<MRBHmanRBHPaK

enHCaeBlTIbIehIyEdlRBH:T

sueTÆaTn;zVaybg<MRBHGg< RBHjatiTaMgenaHk*elIkRBHhsþzVaybg<MRKb´>Kña minrwgtÁwgdUcmuneLIy .
eBlenaHemXk*ggwt

epøkbenÞark*beJ©jrsµIEPøt>

RKab´TwkePø{gk*Zøak´cuHmkkñúgTIenaH

ePø{genHehAzae:k¡rB&s(

RKab´TwkePø{gEdlZøak´

cuHmkenaH ebIGñkNacg´oTTwkeTIbTTwk ebImincg´oTTwk mYyRKab´k*minTTwkEdr dUcCaePø{gZøak´mkelIsøwkQUkdUecñaH .
RBHsg¹sav&kenATIenaHnwkEbøkkñúgcitþza minEdlmaneLIy KYroGs©arüNas´

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay minEmnmanEtmþg

- 88 enHeT sUm|IBImunk*manePø{gy¨agenHZøak´mkelIRBHjatiEdr ehIyRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´eTsnamhaevsSnþrCatk luHcb´ehIy RBHjatiTaMgenaHzVay
bg<MlaRBHd*manbuNü RtLb´eTAraCnievsn¾vij .

RBHbitaseRmcmK<pl
luHRBwkeLIgRBHPKvnþmunI RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹RTg´nimnþbiNÐ:t GñkeZVIdMeNIreTAmkeXIjdUecñaH Qb´ehIyQremIledayEbøkkñúgcitþza min
EdlmanesaH kSRtedIrsMuTaneK .
RBH:TsueTÆaTn;
Rbjab´esþcyageTA

RTg´RCabehIytUcRBHT&yxøaMgNas´

eTIb

RTg´QrcMeJHRBHP®kþRBHmanRBHPaKkNþal

zñl´ Rtas´ng
i RBHmanRBHPaKza ehtuGVI:nCaRBHGg<RTg´eZVIy¨agenH/
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RBHGg<minKYrmksMT
u an

eKeT RBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´Rtas´za mñalmhabBiRt tzaKtmin:neZVI
omhabBiRtGb|ysenaHeT eRJHtzaKteZVItamvgSrbs´tzaKt .
RBH:TsueTÆaTn;RkabTUlza karsuMTan ‘biNÐ:t’ y¨agenH
CavgSrbs´eyIgß/ RBHsm¬úTRÆ Tg´Rtas´za enHminEmnvgSrbs´mhabBiRteT

RBHGg<Rtas´dUecñHehIy

RBH:TsueTÆaTn;seRmcesatabtþipl
Tuc©rit

GñkRbRBwtþZm(enACasux

TaMgkñúgelakenHnigelakxagmux

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RTg´elIkRBHKazamksEmþgnigRBHbitaza

minKYrRbmaTkñúgkarbiNÐ:t KYrRbRBwtþZm(osucrit minKYrRbRBwtþZm(
.

RBHbrmsasþasEmþgRBHZmµeTsnacb´

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¡ú g¹cMnYn 2 muWnGg<
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enAézáTI3 RTg´eR:sRBHnagbCabtieKatmIoseRmcesatabtþipl ÉRBH:TsueTÆaTn;:nseRmcskiTaKamipl

.

- 89 ézáTI4 eBlRBwkRTg´sEmþgZmµ:lCatkzVayRBHbita > :n
seRmcGnaKamipl

bnÞab´mkRTg´yagcUlkñúgRBHraCnievsn¾rbs´

RBHnagBim¬aßyesaZra CaGtItGK<mehsIénRBHGg< CamYyBuTÆbita
nigsav&k ehIyRTg´sEmþgkinñrICatkeR:sRBHnag > :nseRmc
esatabtþipl .
ézáTI5 eR:snnÞCaRBHGnuCrYmbita kñúgeBlnnÞer[bmg<lkar
CamYyRBHnagbTklüaNI ‘rUbnnÞa’ .
ézáTI7
RBHnagBim¬abJ¢ÚnrahulkumaroTUlsMuraCsm|tþi
RBHbrmRKÚRTg´RtiHriiHza

Gg<

RBHnagBim¬abJ¢ÚnrahulkumarCaRBHraCbuRtrbs´RBH-

TUlsMukMNb´RTBü

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‘raCsm|tþi’

rahulkumareXIjRBHsasþa

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RTBüsm|tþixageRkAminRbesIrCagGriyRTBü

eLIyebIdUecñaH tzaKtKb|IoGriyRTBüdl´rahulkumarcuH .

sameNrGg<dMbUgkñúgRBHBuTÆsasna
luHRBHGg<RTg´RtiHriHy¨agenHehIy

eTIbRtas´nigRBHsarIbuRtza

mñalsarIbuRt ebIdUecñaHGñkcUrbMbYsrahulkumarcuH .
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rahulkumardUcemþc RBHGg</ RBHsasþaRTg´R:rBÆer]genHCaehtu eTIb
GnuJ¦atoPik¡úbMbYskulbuRt EdlmanGayuminTan´RKb´óbsm|TabYs

rahulkumarCasameNrGg<dMbUgkñúgBuTÆsasna

.

- 90 CasameNr okan´ykéRtsrN;Kmn¾ KWRBHBuTÆ RBHZm( nigRBHsg¹CasrN;TIBwg .
luHRBHGg<RTg´Rbzab´enARkugkbilB&sþúlµmsmKYrehIy RTg´esþcyageTARbzab´enAGnubiyniKmGm¬vnaram rbs´mløkSRt .
kalenaH manBYksküvgSecjbYs 5 Gg< KWPTÞiy1 GnuruT1
Æ GannÞ1 PKu1 nigkim¬il;1 RBmTaMgeTvTtþ CakSRtenAekaliyvgSRtÚvCa 6
Gg< rYmTaMgó:lI EdlCaGñkPUsamala ‘Cagkat´sk´oesþc’ pgRtÚvCa 7 .

GannÞCakMBUlóbdðak
GannÞCaRBHraCOrs´énRBH:Tsuek,aTn;
lMdab´sküvgS

RtÚvCaRBHGnuCénRBHsasþa

RtÚvCaknidða
.

‘bÁÚnRbus’

rbs´RBH:TsueTÞaTn;

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GannÞbYsrYcehIy:n

sþab´OvaTrbs´RBHbuNÑmnþanIbuRt ehIy:nseRmcesatabtþipl .
sm&ymYy
RbcaMRBHGg<
óbdðakRBHGg<

RBHsasþaRTg´Rtas´oPik¡úsg¹eRCIserIsrkóbdðak

eRJHknøgmkPik¡úCaóbdðakmin:neT[gTat´eT
eBlpøas´bþÚrebIminmanGñkTTYlevnbnþeT

KWpøas´bþÚrKña
k*mn
i manGñk

óbdðak eZVIoRBHGg<mankarlM:k . RBHPik¡úsg¹:neRCIserIsRBHGannÞ
eZVICaóbdðakénRBHGg< luHRBHGannÞRtÚv:nRBHsg¹eRCIserIsehIy eTIb
TUlsUmBr 8 RbkarcMeJHRBHbrmsasþa KW ?
1Ç sUmRBHsasþa kMuRbTancIvrd*RbesIrcMeJHx\MúRBHGg< .
2Ç sUmRBHsasþa kMuRbTanGaharbiNÐ:td*RbNitcMeJHx\MúRBHGg<.
3Ç sUmRBHsasþa kMuox\MúRBHGg<enAkñúgTIRbzab´rbs´RBHGg< .
4Ç sUmRBHsasþa kMunaMx\MúRBHGg<eTAkñúgkic©nimnþ .
RBHGannÞCakMBUlóbdðak

.

ebIrab´tam

- 91 5Ç sUmRBHsasþa TTYlkic©nimnþrbs´x\MúRBHGg< .
6Ç sUmox\MúRBHGg<naMbris&T EdlmkBIcmáayKal´RBHGg<:nPøam> ßtamkalsmKYr .
7Ç ebImanesckþIsgS&yrbs´x\MúRBHGg<ekIteLIgenAeBlNa sUmox\MúRBHGg<TUlsYr:nenAeBlenaH ßtamkalsmKYr .

ebIRBHGg<RTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnaer]gGVI

Edlminmanx\MúRBHGg<enACamYy

eBlesþcyagRtLb´mkvij

sUmRTg´RBHemtþaeTsnaox\Mú

RBHGg<:nsþab´CazµIpg .
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d*cMerIn ebIx\MúRBHGg<min:nBr 4 RbkarxagedIm GacmanGñkniyayza RBHGannÞ:nlaPy¨agenHeRJHGaRs&yRBHsasþa ehtuenH:nCaRBHGannÞ
TTYlóbdðakRBHsasþa karóbdðaky¨agenaHCakarlM:kGVI .
ebIx\MúRBHGg<min:nBr 3 RbkarbnÞab´mkeT GñkTaMgLayGacniyayza RBHGannÞóbdðakRBHsasþaeZVIGVI eRJHRBHGg<min:nGnueRKaHsUm|I
edaykic©bu¨eNÑH .
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RBHGg<mindwg

GñkTaMgenaHnwgniyaytiHed[lx\Múza

elakmindwgsUm|Ier]gy¨agenH

elakóbdðaknignimnþtamRBHsasþadUcRsemalGenÞaltam

R:N edIm|IRbeyaCn¾GVI .
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citþTukdak´ mansVamIP&kþinigeKarBy¨agéRkElg sUm|ICIvitk*RBHGannÞGaclHbg´CMnYsRBHGg<:n .
dUecñHGannÞCaGñkenACitRBHsasþa elak:nsþab´RBHZmµeTsnacMeJHRBHsasþapg nigGMBIGñkdéTpg elak:necHcaMnUvBuTÆvcn; ehIy
qøatev[gévkñúgkarsEmþgZm(

.

RBHd*manbuNüRTg´sresIrza

manesckþIBüayam nigCaóbdðak .

GannÞCaGñkRTRTg´elIsPik¡úTaMgLay

5

y¨ag

KWBhusSÚRt

mansti

manKti

- 92 -

PaKTI11
zVayvtþeCtBn
eBlenaH RBHsasþaRTg´Rbzab´enARkugkbilB&sþú lµmsmKYrnwgeBlevlaehIy eTIbesþcyagRtLb´eTARkugraCRKwHRBmTaMgRBHsav&k .
RKaenaH esdðImñak´enAkñúgRkugsavtæI rdðekasl mannamza suTtþ GñkRsukZøab´ehAza GnazbiNÐik ERbza buK<lmanduM:ysRmab´mnusS
Gnaza

CaGñkmancitþZm(

eZVIsalaqTansRmab´EckGahardl´mnusSxVHTIBwg

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ehIysRmakenApÞH

esdðICabÁÚnézørbs´xn
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I nnimnþRBHBuTÆRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹ EdlRbzab´enAsItv&n mkTTYlPtþaharkñúgpÞHrbs´xøÜnkñúgézáEsÁk
min:nmkTTYlGnazbiNÐikesdðICabgézødUcBImuneT

eRJHrvl´cat´EcgGaharnigsMGatTIkEnøg

eBlláacseRmcParkic©enaHehIy:nmkTTYl

esdðC
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Edls<al´mkBImuneLIy ehIysYrraCKhkesdðIoeqøIyJküenaHdl´eTA 3 dg xøÜnÉgnwk
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< namzaRBHBuTÆenaHGVIemøH eTIbsYrbÁÚn
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eTAKal´RBHGg<eBlyb´ggwteT

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.

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ehIysþab´RBHZmµeTsnaGMBG
I nubuBVIkza

cb´ehIyk*:nseRmcesatabtþipl
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GnazbiNÐikesdðIseRmcesatabtþipl

eTIbRkabTUlRbkasCaó:sk
.

RKaenaH

4

dl´RBHBuTÆRBHZm(

GnazbiNÐikesdðIRkabTUlnimnþRBHman

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nigGriysc©;

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- 93 eTAmun

edIm|ITijdIOTüanRBHraCaRTg´RBHnamza

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ksagRBHviharGs´

R:k´ 54 ekadikhabN; ehIytaMgeQµaHza eCtBn tamnamrbs´RBHraCa
RTg´suMotaMgnamrbs´RBHGg<enAnigekøagTVar luHeZVI:nsBVRKb´ehIy k*mk
RkabTUlRBHd*maneCaKyageTAcaMRBHvsSaenAvtþeCtv&nenaH

ehIyóbtæmÖ

KaMRTedayBuTÆbris&T manGnazbiNÐikesdðICakmøaMgZM .
enATIenaH RTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnaeRb[nRbedABuTÆbris&TTaMgLayo
mansTÆaRCHzøa eC]maMkñúgKuNRBHrtnRt&ymancMnYneRcIn .
kalenaHRBHbrmRKU

RTg´RbkasRBHsasnaenAkñúgrdðekasl

kSRtGñkRKb´RKgrdðenHRTg´RBHnamza

besnTiekasl

RTg´RKb´RKgeday

GMNacpþac´kar rdðkasIk*enAeRkamGMNacrbs´RBHGg<Edr .

GnazbiNÐikesdðIzVayvtþeCtBn

vtþeCtBn RBHGg<RTg´caMRBHvsSaeRcInCagkEnøgdéTTaMgGs´ .

BuTÆbitabriniBVan
kalRBHsasþaRTg´Rbzab´enAkUdaKarsalamhav&n

nKrevsalI

RBH:TsueTÆaTn;:nseRmcGnaKamipl .
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mksÞabRBHkay

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nwg:nes|Iyminxan . RBHd*manbuNüRTg´RCabehIyRTg´naMPik¡ú 500
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7

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RBHGg<RTg´sMuxmaeTasRBHsasþa rYccUlniBVan .
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RBHnagbCabtieKatmITUlRBHsasþasMbu Ys
RBHbitaRTg´cUlRBHbriniBVan nigbUCaRBHsBrYcehIy eBlenaHRBHnagbCabtieKatmICamþaymIgénRBHsasþa

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TaMgGs´eTArk EtKµansav&kGg<NarkeXIjeLIy luHGCitPike¡ú TArkeTIbeXIj .

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manesckþeI RtkGry¨agéRkElg . RBHsasþaRTg´eZVIy¨agenHedIm|IeR:sRBHnag eKatmI nigbgØajnUvGCitPikz
¡ú aCaGg<eJZistV .
eRkaymk

RBHnagbCabtieKatmIyageTAKal´RBHsBVJ¦Ú

RTg´Rbzab´enAvtþnieRKaZaram

zVaybg<MRBHmanRBHPaKehIyfitenAkñúgTIds
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- 95 RBHnagRkabTUlGgVrsMuGs´var;

3

dg

RBHelaknazenAEtminRTg´GnuJ¦atomatuRKamecjbYseLIy

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.

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kalRBHelaknaz

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ehIyyageTAkan´carikedaylMdab´

eTIbdl´nKrevsalI

RTg´Rbzab´kñúgkUdaKar

salanaéRBmhav&n CitRkugevsalIenaH . RBHnagbCabtieKatmIyageTAGgVrsMubYs
eBlenaH

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.

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ecjcakpÞH cUlmkkan´pñÜskñúgZmµvin&yenH:n . lMdab´enaH RBHGannÞd*manGayu
cUleTAKal´RBHmanRBHPaK
nagsakiyanI 500 Gg< tamRBHmanRBHPaKeTAbYs

zVaybg<MehIyeTIbRkabTUlza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

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RBHGannÞ

:nRkabTUlRBHmanRBHPaKCaKMrb´BIrdg CaKMrb´bIdg RBHPKv&nþmunIRTg´hamCaKMrb´BIrdg CaKMrb´bIdg . RBHGannÞ:nRtiHriHza «LÚvenHRBHman
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- 96 bYs:n

.

lMdab´enaH

esatþabtþiplxøH

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bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

GrhtþplxøHEdrßeT

RBHGg</

ebImatuRKamecjbYs

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kan´pñÜskñúgZmµvin&yenH

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I Cak´c|as´nUvmK<plTaMgenaH:n

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100

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RtÚv’ cMeJHPik¡úEdleTIbóbsm|TasUm|IkñúgézáenaH .
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‘taMgBI:Na-

ti:ta evrmNI dl´vikalePaCna evrmNI’ EdlRKb´ 2 qñaMehIy .
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Zm( 8 RbkarenHPik¡únIKb|IeZVIsk,ar; eKarB rab´Gan

bUCa kMuRbRBwtþknøgdrabGs´mYyCIvit .

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- 97 bCabtieKatmI

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8

:n

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.

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þ ÁitsÁagxøÜn
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RBHGannÞd*cMerIn

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8

enHedayesckþIeBjcitþy¨agéRkElg

ehIyminRbRBwtþknøgdrabGs´mYyCIvit

dUecñaHEdr .
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:nTTYlehIy

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.

RBHbrmelaknazRTg´Rtas´za

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mñalGannÞ

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enAyUrGEgVgeT

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GEgVgedayRbkardUecñH mñalGannÞ KruZm( 8 Rbkar EdltzaKt:nbJ¦tieþ hIycMeJHPik¡únICadMbUg edIm|IminoPik¡únIRbRBwtþknøgdrabdl´Gs´CIvit
mñalGannÞ eRb[bdUcbursRbjab´elIkTMnb´Tb´TwkRsHd*ZM edIm|InwgTb´TwkminohUrecjeTACadrabdUecñaH .
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o

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RTg´GnuJ¦atoTTYlsik¡asmµtiGMBIPik¡únIsg¹

ehIyRTg´o

- 98 rkSasIl 6 RbkarRKb´ 2 qñaMCamunsin eTIboóbsm|TaCaPik¡únI:n nagsameNrI Edl:nTTYlsik¡asmµtiy¨agenHehAza sik¡mana .
kñúgrvag 2 qñaeM naH ebInagsik¡manaelµIssik¡abTxNamYy kñúgsik¡abTTaMg 6 enaH RtÚvepþImrab´ézáCazµI Ésik¡abTeRkABIenaH 4 eT[tk*RtÚvsikSa
dUcKña EtmintwgrwgdUcsik¡abT 6 xenHeLIy .
RBHnagbCabtieKatmI bYsCaPik¡únImuneKbgÁs´kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna .

RTg´eR:sBuTÆmata
kalenaHRBHbrmelaknaz RTg´sEmþgymkb|adiharp©aj´
BYkniRKnæGnütiræiy RKÚTaMg 6 nak´ KWbUrNksSb;1 mk¡lieKasal1

niK<NðnadbuRt1

sJ¢yevldðbuRt1

bkuZkc©ayn;1

GCitekskm¬l1 . luHRKÚTaMg 6 enaH:n:k´xøbxøacehIy RTg´
yageTAfantavtþwgSedIm|IsEmþgRBHGPiZmµ 7 Km¬IreR:sBuTm
Æ ata
Gs´evla

3

ExeTIbcb´

k*:nseRmcesatabtþipl

RBHnagsirimhamaya:nsþab´ehIy
.

RTg´sEmþgZm(enHenAvsSaTI

7

KWRTg´caMRBHvsSaenATIenaHÉg . luHecjRBHvsSaehIy RBHGg<
RTg´yagcuHBIfantavtþwgSvij ézá 1 erac ExGsSúC edayCeNþIr
RTg´eR:sBuTÆmata

Ekv ehIymkRbzab´enARtg´TVarnKrsg,sS; .

- 99 -

PaKTI12 bcäimeJZikal
RTg´kMNt´dak´Gayusg¡ar
kalenaH RBHGg<RTgyagecjBIGm¬:lIv&n EdlnagGm¬:lIKNikazVayCasg¹aram eTIbBuTÆcarikRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹brivarCaeRcInGg< dl´
evLúvRKamkñúgnKrevsalI

RBHbrmelaknazRTg´GnuJ¦atoPik¡úsg¹Kg´caMRBHvsSatamGZüaRs&yeTIbRTg´Rtas´za

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMg

LaycUrcaMvsSakñúgnKrevsalItamsRBhµcarIy¾ ‘GñkRbRBwtþZm(dUcKña’ énGñkTaMgLaycuH tzaKtnwgenAcaMvsSaGZidðankñúgPUmei vLúvRKamenaH .
QancUldl´RBHvsSaTI 45 cab´taMgBIRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RBHpñÜsmk CaRBHvsSacugeRkayrbs´RBHGg< RBHvsSaenHRTg´Rbzab´enAPUmi
evLúvRKam

nKrevsalIkñúgrdðvC¢I kñúgRBHvsSaenHRBHGg<RTg´RbQYn ‘QW’ CaTmán´ ekItTuk¡evTnaesÞIrEtcUlbriniBVan EtRBHGg<RTg´tm,l´sti

sm|CJ¦; Tuk¡evTnaminGaceb[teb[neZVIoRBHGg<rsab´rsl´eLIy RTg´sg,t´Tuk¡evTnaenaHedayGZivasnxnþiKuN eRJHRTg´RCabza minEmnCa
kalsmKYrnwgbriniBVaneT RTg´kMcat´bg´CraBüaZiTuk¡enaHosáb´rmáab´eday«TÆi:TPavna . ehtuEdleZVo
I RBHkayBlrbs´RBHGg<RTuDeRTamy¨ag
xøaMgenH eRJH 44 RBHvsSaknøgmk RBHGg<RTg´bMeBjBuTÆkic©minenAesá{meLIy RTg´esþcyageTAkñúgrdðepSg> edIm|IRbkasRBHsasna pøÚveTA
mkrdðnimYy>k*lM:k mü¨ageT[t RBHCnµayurbs´RBHGg<k*QancUl 80 RBHvsSa RTg´RBHCraPaBehIy EtRBHelaknazRTg´KaMRTedayesckþIGt´
Zn´ eZVIoRBHkayBlmanCaRbRktIeLIgvij .
ézáenaH RBHGg<RTg´Rbzab´enAelIGasn;xageRkAkñúgmøb´RBHvihar RBHGannÞCaóbdðakcUleTAzVaybg<MehIyRkabTUlza bBiRtRBHGg<dc
* MerIn
x\úMRBHGg<:neXIjesckþIsuxrbs´RBHGg<ehIy esckþIGt´Zn´énRBHmanRBHPaK x\úMRBHGg<k*:neXIjehIy kalebI:neXIjRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´
RBHRbQYnedayCraJZd*xøaMg

kayrbs´x\MúRBHGg<k*Tn´lVtlVn´

x\úMRBHGg<hak´dUcCamanGaBaZdUcRBHGg<Edr

TisanuTisTaMgLay

k*dUcCaggwt

ggl´eTATaMgGs´ Zm(TaMgLayk*minR:kddl´x\MúRBHGg< eRJHmanbrivitk,;dl´CraJZrbs´RBHGg<enaH Etk*enAkk´ekþAkñúgcitþbnþicza ebIRBHGg<min
Tan´R:rBÆdl´Pik¡úsg¹ minTan´Rtas´BuTÆvcn;NamYyCakMNt´eT nwgminbriniBVaneLIy x\MúRBHGg<manesckþIeRtkGrkñúgcitþbnþicedayehtubu¨eNÑH .
RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆRtas´za mñalGannÞ Pik¡úsg¹mksg¹wmGVInigtzaKt Zm(EdltzaKtsEmþgehIyTaMgBYgenaH tzaKtsEmþgebIkcMh
minmanxagkñúgxageRkA tzaKtCasasþarbs´eTvtanigmnusS manRBHT&ybrisuTRÆ :scakmnÞil tNØanisS&y nigTidn
ði isS&yTaMgBYgehIy kar
lak´biT:MgnUvZm(TaMgLay ehIysEmþgcMeJHsav&kGg<xøH minsEmþgCasaZarN;dl´sav&kTaMgLay

ßsEmþgenAeBlGvsanþkalenaH

min

- 100 mandl´tzaKteLIy

mñalGannÞ

buK<lNamanqnÞ;Cab´cMJk´edayesckþIGal&yza

nwgrkSaPik¡úsg¹

ßzaPik¡úsg¹mantzaKtCaTIBwg

ehIy

eJlnUvvcn;NamYy CakarsEmþgesckþIGaeLaHGal&ydl´BYkKN; karTIBwgdUecñaHminmandl´tzaKteLIy mñalGannÞ «LÚvenHtzaKtcas´
CraehIy

CamnusScas´RKaMRKa

manv&yknøgehIy

CnµayutzaKtk*cUldl´

80

qñaMehIy

ragkayrbs´tzaKteRb[bdUcCareTHcas´RKaMRKa

RTuDeRTam GaRs&yGbsÞbeTAeday#sSIofitenA EdlminEmnCasmÖar;rbs´reTHdUecñaH mñalGannÞ kalNatzaKtcUlecetasmaZi kartaMg
esµIéncitþ minmannimitþ eRJHmineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnimitþTaMgLay eRJHrlt´evTnaehIyfitenA kalNaRBHtzaKtcUlGnimitþecetasmaZi fitenA
edayGnimitþsmaZiehIy kaytzaKtrEmg:nsuxkñúgsm&yenaH mñalGannÞ eRJHehtuénGnimitþsmaZiviharZm( Caehtuokay:nsuxenaH Gñk
TaMgLayKb|ImanxøÜnCaekaHCaTIBwg kMy
u kvtæúdéTCaTIBwgeLIy Kb|ImanZm(CaTIBwgenARKb´«riyabzcuH .
RBHsm¬úTRÆ Tg´Rtas´dUecñHehIy RTg´sEmþgbTEdlzamanxøÜn KWmanZm(CaTIBwgenaH edayGMNacstib|dðanTaMg 4 RTg´RbTanOvaTdl´Pik¡ú
sg¹kñúgÉkaynmK<

KWstib|dðanPavnanigbkiNÑk;eTsna

tamsmKYrdl´ób|tþiehtuenaHehIy

RTg´sRmak«riyabz

bMeBjBuTÆkic©kñúgRsuk

eQµaHevLúvRKamGs´ry;kalknøgeTA 3 Ex énehmnþrdUvRtÚvnwgézá 15 ekIt ExmaX EdlRBHCinRsIRTg´kMNt´RBHCnµayuenA:valectIydðan .
RBwkenaH RBHelaknazRTg´yageTAbiNÐ:tkñúgRkugevsalI eRkayBIesayRBHRkyaharézárYcehIy RTg´Rtas´oGannÞkan´sMBt´nisITn;
‘RTnab´Gg<úy’

edIm|IesþcyageTA:valectIy¾sRmakRBH«riyabzeBlézáRtg´

RBHGannÞRkalnisITn;zVayeRkammøb´eQImYyedIm

RBHGg<RTg´

sRmakRBH«riyabz . TIenaHRBHsBVJ¦ÚRTg´eZVn
I imitþOPas ‘bMPøW’ edIm|IebIkOkasoRBHGannÞTUlGaraZnaoRTg´fitenAteTAeT[tza mñalGannÞ
RkugevsalICaTIKYreRtkGr :valectIyCaTIKYreRtkGr mñalGannÞ «TÆi:T 4 Rbkar ebIbuK<lNa:ncMerInehIy mñalGannÞ buK<lenaHeTaHbI
R:zñamanCIvitrs´enAGs´ 1 Gayukb|ßeRcInCag 1 Gayukb| k*GacfitenA:ntamesckþIR:zña mñalGannÞ tzaKt:ncMerIn«TÆi:TTaMg 4 Rbkar
enaHlÁehIy tzaKtebIR:zñafitenAGs´ 1 kb|ßelIsCag 1 kb|k*GacfitenA:n . ÉRBHGannÞetær TukCaRBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´eZVInimitþCaOLarik
y¨agenHehIy k*minGacRCabesckþIenaHeLIy eRJHeBlenaHmanmarcitþ:bcUlRKbsg,t´citþ :nCaminRkabTUlGaraZnaRBHsasþa oRTg´fit
enAGs´ 1 Gayukb| edIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾suxdl´eTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay RBHGg<manBuTÆdIkay¨agenHCaKMrb´ 3 dg ÉRBHGannÞk*minGacyl´
esckþIenaHeLIy .
RKaenaHRBHPKvnþmunI RTg´Rtas´nigRBHGannÞza mñalGannÞ GñkcUreTAcuH cUrsMKal´nUvkarEdlKYrnwgeTAkñúgkal«LÚvenHcuH RBHGannÞTTYl
RBHBuTÆdIkaehIy

k*ecjeTAKg´eT[bKl´eQImYyminqáayBIRBHsasþa

luHRBHGannÞecjeTAminyUrbu¨nµan

marmancitþ:b:neJlJküenHnig

- 101 RBHsBVJz
¦Ú a

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

sUmRBHGg<briniBVankñúg

kal«LÚvenHeTA CakalKYrbriniBVanrbs´RBHGg<ehIy bBiRt
RBHGg<d*cMerIn

RBHGg<:nRtas´vacaenHehIykalBIRTg´eTIb

:nRtas´Casmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN

RTg´Rbzab´eRkamedImGC:-

lnieRKaZenaHza En@ marmancitþ:b BYkPik¡úCasav&k Pik¡únICa
savika ó:skCasav&k ó:sikaCasavikarbs´tzaKt :n
Qøasév ekø{vkøa CaBhusSÚRt RTRTg´nvU Zm( RbtibtþiZm(sm
KYrdl´Zm(

er[nnUvvaT;énGacarürbs´xøÜnehIysMEdgeZVIo

gay sg,t´sg,innUvbrb|vaTEdlekIteLIg minmandrabNa
tzaKtk*minbriniBVandrabenaH .
bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn «LÚvenH BYkPik¡úCasav&k Pik¡únICa
savika ó:skCasav&k ó:sikaCasavikarbs´tzaKt:n

RTg´dak´Gayusg¡ar

Qøasév ekø{vkøa CaBhusSÚRt RTRTg´nUvZm( RbtibtþiZm(sm

KYrdl´Zm( er[nnUvvaT;énGacarürbs´xøÜnehIysMEdg eZVIogay sg,t´sg,innUvbrb|vaTEdlekIteLIg:nehIy bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn sUmRBHGg<
briniBVankñúgkal«LÚvenHeTA

CakalKYrnwgbriniJVnrbs´RBHGg<ehIy

mYyeT[t

RBHsBVJ¦Ú:nRtas´vacaenHehIyza

mñalmarmancitþ:b

RBhµcriyZm(rbs´tzaKtenHenAminTan´x¢ab´x¢Ün minTan´cMerIn minTan´pSBVpSayeTAsBVTis eKmin:ndwgeRcInKña nigminTan´eBjbribUN(drabNa
mYyeT[t BYkeTvtanigmnusS minecHsMEdg:nedayRbéBdrabNa tzaKtnwgminbriniBVandrabenaHdUecñH bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn «LÚvenHRBhµcriyZm(rbs´tzaKt :nx¢ab´x¢ÜnehIy cMerInehIy :npSBVpSayeTAsBVTisehIy eK:ndwgeRcInKñaehIy eBjbribUN(ehIy eTvtanigmnusSecH
sMEdgehIy bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn sUmRBHbrmRKÚRTg´briniBVankñúgkal«LÚvenHeTA CakalKYrnwgbriniBVanrbs´RBHGg<ehIy .
RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´Rtas´nwgmarza mñalmarmancitþ:b GñkcUrmanesckþIxVl´xVayticcuH karbriniBVanrbs´tzaKtminyUrbu¨nµaneLIy knøgeTA
3 Excab´BIézáenHeTA tzaKtnwgbriniBVanehIy . enHehAzaRTg´dak´Gayusg¡ar .

- 102 -

ehtuEdlnaMoEpndIrJ¢Üy
eRkayBIRBHsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´dak´Gayusg¡arenA:vaectIye¾ naHehIy k*ekItesckþIGs©arü eZVIoEpndIkeRkIkjab´j&ry¨agxøaMg KYros\b´Es\g
RBWeramRBWEs|k

RBmTaMgs<rTiBVk*bnøW»kgrMBgeBjTaMgGakasevhas¾

hak´dUcCaekItTuk¡RBÜyGaeLaHGal&ydl´karbriniBVanénRBHGg<Edr

.

lMdab´enaHRBHGannÞ:nRtiHriHza eGIhñ@! karkeRkIkEpndIenHZMNas´etI! KYroRBWeramRBWEs|k TaMgs<rk*lan´»eLIg ehtudUcemþcbc©&ydUcemþchñ@!
naMokeRkIkEpndId*ZMenH

eTIbeRkakecjBImøb´eQIcUleTAzVaybg<MKal´RBHsBVJ¦ÚkñúgTIds
* mKYr

ehIyTUldUecñHza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

cMELk

Nas´Gs©arüNas´ KYros\b´Es\gRBWeramRBWEs|k RBmTaMgs<rTiBVk*bnøW»kgrMBgeBjTaMgGakasevhas¾ karkeRkIkEpndId*ZMekIteLIgenH eRJH
ehtudUcemþcbc©&ydUcemþc/ RBHbrmelaknazRTg´Rtas´za mñalGannÞ ehtuEdlnaMokeRkIkEpndId*ZMman 8 y¨ag KW ?
1- xül´keRmIk .
2- buK<lGñkman#TÆibNþal .
3-RBHeJZistVcüútcaktusitcuHcab´bdisnÆikñúgóTrRBHmata .
4- RBHeJZistVRbsUt .
5- RBHtzaKtRtas´dwgGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN .
6- RBHtzaKtRTg´sEmþgZmµck,b|vtþnsURt .
7- RBHtzaKtRTg´kMNt´Gayusg¡ar .
8- RBHtzaKtyagcUlbriniBVanedayGnu:TiessniBVan .
ehtuTaMg 8 y¨agenHekIteLIgCabc©&ynaMoEpndIjab´j&r . tmkRBHGg<RTg´naMykRBHBuTÆvcn; EdlRTg´Rtas´dl´markñúgRKaEdlRbzab´
enAeRkamedImGC:lnieRKaZmkRtas´R:b´GannÞza RBHGg<:nkMNt´Gayusg¡arehIy edayGaRs&yehtuenHeTIbEpndIjab´j&r . RBHGannÞ:n
sþab´y¨agenHehIy yl´c|as´zaEpndIkeRkIkenAeBlenH eRJHRBHGg<RTg´dak´Gayusg¡arBitR:kd eTIbRkabTUlGaraZnaRBHmanRBHPaKoman
RBHCnµayufitenAGs´ 1 Gayukb| CaRbeyaCn¾dl´evenyüstV edIm|Iesckþs
I uxdl´eTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay

RBHGannÞRkabTUlGgVrRBHsasþa

- 103 Gs´var;

3

dg RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´Rtas´hamza mñalGannÞ GñkkuMmkGgVrtzaKteLIy «LÚvenHminEmnCakalEdlGannÞmkTUlGaraZnaGgVr

tzaKteT[tehIy

eRJHtzaKt:neJlJküdac´xateTAehIy

tzaKtminGacRtLb´JküeRJHehtuénCIviteLIy

.

RBHGannÞRkabTUlGgVr

y¨agenHCaKMrb´ 3 dg . RBHbrmelaknaz RTg´Rtas´sYrRBHGannÞza ?
mñalGannÞ GñkeC]R:C\aRtas´dwgrbs´tzaKtßeT/
bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn xM\úRBHGg<eC]
mñalGannÞ ebIGñkeC]ehIy ehtuGVIk*mkGgVrtzaKtdl´eTA 2 ß 3 dg/
bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn xM\úRBHGg<:nsþab´ :nTTYlmkcMeJHRBHP®kþénRBHmanRBHPaKza «TÆi:TPavna 4 Rbkar kalbuK<l:ncMerInsÞat´
CMnajehIy ebIbuK<lenaHmanbMNgnwgenAGs´kald*yUredayrUbkay k*Kb|IenA:nGs´kal 1 kb| ßelIsBI 1 kb|:n «TÆi:TPavnaTaMg 4
enaHRBHtzaKtCam©as´ :ncMerInsÞat´CMnajehIy ebIRBHGg<R:zñafitenAk*GacfitenAGs´kal 1 Gayukb|ßelIsBI 1 kb|:n eRJHehtuenaH
:nCaxM\úRBHGg<RkabTUlGgVrGaraZnadl´eTA 3 dgdUecñH .
mñalGannÞ GñkeC]ßeTnUv«TÆi:TPavnaenaH/
bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn xM\úRBHGg<eC] .
mñalGannÞ cuHehtuGk
VI altzaKteZVInimitþOPasy¨agc|as´ehIy EtGannÞmindwg TaMgmin:nGgVrtzaKtkñúgRKaenaH enHCakMhusrbs´GannÞ
ebIkalenaH GannÞ:nGgVrtzaKt tzaKtKb|IhamGannÞGs´var; 2 dg luHvar;TI 3 tzaKtTTYlGaraZnarbs´GannÞehIy . kalEdl
GannÞmin:nGgVrtzaKtkñúgRKaenaH> CakMhusrbs´GannÞmñak´Égb¨ueNÑaH .
luHRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´dUecñHehIy

RTg´RbmUlnimitþOPasEdleZVIdl´GannÞkñúgkalmuncMnYn

16

tMbn´mksEmþgR:b´GannÞedayBisþar

.

sæanTaMg 16 tMbn´enaHkñúgRkugraCRKwH 10 tMbn´ KW 1 PñMKiCÄkUd 2 eKatmnieRKaZ 3 eRCaHecalecar 4 jkstþbNÑKUhaEk|rPñMevPar; 5
kaLsilaCitPñM«siKili 6 sb|iesaNÐikakñúgsItv&n 7 te:Taram 8 evLúv&n 9 CIvkm¬v&n 10 mTÞkucäimikTayv&n .
RkugevsalI 6 tMbn´ KW 1 óeTÞnectIy¾ 2 eKatmectIy¾ 3 stþm¬ectIy¾ 4 BhubutþkectIy¾ 5 sarnÞnectIy¾ 6 :valectIy¾ rYm 16
tMbn´dUecñH .

- 104 kñg
ú var;TI

16

CakalEdlGannÞKYrGgVrGaraZnaRBHtzaKt

EtGannÞmin:ndwg

min:nGaraZnaGgVrRBHtzaKteT

ebIkñúgvar;TaMg

16

enaHNamYy GannÞ:nGaraZnaRBHtzaKt > Kb|IhamXat´GannÞRtwm 2 dgb¨ueNÑaH luHvar;CaKMrb´ 3 dg tzaKtTTYlGaraZnarbs´GannÞ
kalEdlGannÞmin:ndwg min:nGaraZnaRBHtzaKtenH CakMhusrbs´GannÞEtmñak´Ég .
mñalGannÞ tzaKt:nR:b´ehIyza bNþastVnigsg¡arCaTIRsLaj´Kab´citþTaMgBYg rEmgRbRBwtþeTAepSg> pøas´bþÚreTACaRbkardéT min
taMgenACasæaBrtamcitþR:zñaeLIy ÉsPav;eT[gTat´ EdlstVTaMgLaymanesckþIb¨unb¨gcg´:nNas´enaH stVTaMgLaymin:nkñúgsg¡arTaMg
enaHeT sPav;NaEdlekItmkedayGaRs&ybc©&yRbCMutak´Etg sPav;enaHEtgmanesckþvI inaseTAvijCaZmµta stVTaMgLaymanesckþIR:zña
GnÞHGEnÞgza sUmosPav;enaHkMuvinaseTAeLIy dUecñHminEmnCafan;oseRmctamesckþIR:zñaeLIy . mñalGannÞ sPav;NaEdltzaKt:n
lHbg´ehIy :nbnSat´bg´ehIy :nRcanecalehIy :nlHehIy tzaKtminRtLb´mkkan´yksPav;enaH eRJHehtuénCIviteT .

esþcyageTAéRBmhav&n
RKaenaH RBHsBVJ¦ÚRTg´yageTAkUdaKarsalanaéRBmhav&n rdðvC¢I RTg´Rbzab´enAkñúgóbdðansala RTg´Rtas´bg<ab´oGannÞehAPik¡úenAkñúg
evsalImkRbCMuTaMgGs´

ehIyRTg´RbTanOvaTdl´Pik¡úTaMgLayenaHedayGPiJ¦aeTsitZm(za

otzaKtfitenAGs´kald*yUr

edIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾nigesckþs
I uxdl´mhaCneZVIGVI

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLaymanesckþIR:zña

Zm(TaMgLaytzaKt:neTsnaedayR:C\ad*éRkElg

sEmþg

edIm|IkarRtas´dwgcMeJHmux knøgputelakiyJ¦aN TmøúHelakutþrb|J¦a Zm(TaMgenaH GñkTaMgLayKb|IsikSao:nlÁ oseRmcRbeyCn¾eday
esckþIeKarB Kb|IBüayam cMerIn nigsnSMTuko:neRcInkñúgsnþan RBhµcriyZm(nwgfitenAGs´kald*yUr RbRBwtþeTAedIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾nigesckþI
suxdl´mhaCn Kb|IGnueRKaHdl´stVelak edIm|IesckþIsuxdl´eTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay Zm(TaMgLaytzaKt:nsEmþgedayR:C\ad*éRkElg
enaHKWGVI/ KWstib|dðan 4 smµb|dðan 4 «TÆi:T 4 «®nÞy
I ¾ 5 Bl; 5 eJCÄg<; 7 mK<manGg< 8 TaMgenHeQµaHzaGPiJ¦aeTsitZm( GñkTaMgLay
Kb|IsikSa cMerIn eZVIoeRcInkñúgsnþancuH . tmkRTg´sEmþgsegVKkzanigGb|maTZm(teTAeT[tza mñalPik¡úTaMgLay «LÚvenHtzaKteRkInrMlwk
GñkTaMgLayza

sg¡arTaMgBYgEdlbc©&ytak´Etg

manesckþIvinaseTACaZmµta

GñkTaMgLaycUrRbkbkic©TaMgBYg

EdlCaRbeyaCn¾rbs´xøÜnnig

RbeyaCn¾GñkdéTedayesckþIminRbmaTcuH tzaKtnwgbriniBVankñúgkalminyUrb¨unµaneT edaykalknøgeTA 3 ExeT[tcab´taMgBIézáenHeTA .
RBHGg<RTg´sEmþgbnþeT[tza CnTaMgLayNaenAv&yekµg ßv&ycMerInehIykþI CabuK<lJlßCabNÐitkþI

CaGñkmanßCaGñkRkIRkkþI

CnTaMg

- 105 enaHsuTÆEtmanesckþIsøab´rg´caMxagmuxCanic© mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCaqñaMgdIEdlCagqñaMgeZVIehIy TaMgtUcTaMgZM TaMgeqATaMgqÁin qñaMgTaMgenaH
suTÆEtEbkZøayGnþrZaneTAvijTaMgGs´
RCuleTAmuxehIy

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

CIvittzaKtenAsl´ticehIy

v&yéntzaKt

tzaKtnwgcakGñkTaMg

LayeTAminyUreLIy .
RKaenaHevlaRBwk RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´yageTAkan´RkugevsalI
edIm|IbiNÐ:t

eBlRBHGg<RTg´yagRtLb´mkvij

RBHP®kþRBmTaMgRBHkay

RTg´Qb´ehIyEbr

RBHenRtTtemIlRkugevsalIedaynaKavelak

‘emIldUcdMrIEbremIleRkay’

ehIyRTg´Rtas´nigRBHGannÞza

mñalGannÞ

kareXIjRkugevsalIéntzaKtkñúgeBlenH CaRKacugeRkayehIy .

RTg´TtRkugevsalIedaynaKavelak

esþcyageTAPNÐúRKam
lMdab´enaH RBHbrmelaknazRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹eRcInGg< CaBuTÆsav&k

RTg´esþcyageTAPUmiPNÐúRKam kñúgPUmienHRBHGg<RTg´RbTanOvaTnigPik¡úTaMgLayedayGriyZm( KWsIl smaZi bJ¦a nigvimutþi edayRTg´Rtas´za
mñalPik¡úTaMgLay ehtueRJHmin:nRtas´dwg min:ncak´ZøúHnUvGriyZm( 4 Rbkar KWsIl smaZi bJ¦a nigvimutþi eTIbtzaKtCasasþa nigGñkTaMg
LayCasav&k

Rtac´rg<at´GenÞaleTAmkedayCatikMeNItkñúgPBtUcPBZMGs´kald*yUry¨agenH

emah;

KWesckþIvegVgggwtggl´CaeRK]gbiT:Mg

bJ¦aminoRtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMg 4 RbkarenH CaehtunaMotzaKtnigGñkTaMgLayesaysgSarTuk¡CaGenkb|kar . mñalPik¡úTaMgLay «LÚvenH
sIl smaZi bJ¦a nigvimutþi CaGriyZm(enaH tzaKtnigGñkTaMgLay:nRtas´dwgehIy :ncak´ZøúHehIy tNØaCaehtuoekItkñúgPB tzaKtnig
GñkTaMgLay:nkat´pþac´ehIy tNØaCaeRK]gnaMeTAkñúgPB dUcCaExScgCab´ng
i eCIgEkÁkrbUtehIy tNØaenaHminGacsagPB:neT[teLIy «LÚv
enHkarekIténtzaKtkþI énGñkTaMgLaykþI minmaneT[teLIy . teTAeT[tRBHsBVJ¦ÚRTg´sEmþgGanisgSénéRtsik¡aza sIlCaeRK]gRTKuNviess
zñak´elI dUcEpndICaTIGaRs&yénkargarTaMgLay sIlbrisuTC
Æ aeRK]gGb´rMsmaZi smaZiCaKuNZm(manGanisgSéRkElg smaZiGb´rMbJ¦a bJ¦a
CaKuNCatimanplanisgSd*ZM bJ¦aGb´rMcitþ citþmanbJ¦aGb´rMehIyrEmgdl´nUvvimutþiputcakGasv;TaMgBYg EdlCaeRK]gRtaMkñúgsnþan KWkamasv;

- 106 Pvasv; GviC¢asv; eZVIGasv;TaMgBYgovinassabsUnüeTA«tmanesssl´eLIy sik¡aTaMg 3 enHCabdibTaénvimutþi > Casar;kñúgZmµvin&yenH
sav&kTaMgLay:nseRmcnUvvimutþienaH eRJH:neZVIobribUN(kñúgéRtsik¡aenHÉg .

esþcyageTAePaKnKr
RKaenaH RBHd*manbuNüRTg´yageTAePaKnKr :nqøgkat´PUmihtæIRKam Gm¬RKamnigCm¬úRKamtamlMdab´ eTIbmkdl´ePaKnKr RTg´Rbzab´enA
GnnÞectIyk
¾ ñúgePaKnKrenaH

TIenHRBHbrmsasþaRTg´RbTanOvaTnigPik¡úsg¹BImhabeTs

4

Rbkar

edIm|ICaeRK}gvinicä&ykMNt´dwgza

enHCa

RBHZm(vn
i &y Castæúsasna nigminEmnCaZm(vin&y minEmnCastæúsasna manGtæn&yza ?
ebImanbuK<lNamkGagRBHsasþakþI GagRBHsg¹kþI GagKN;ßbuK<lkþI ehIysEmþgza enHCaRBHZm(CaRBHvin&y enHCastæúsasnaza
:nsþab´mkBIRBHmanRBHPaKkþI BIRBHsg¹kþI BIKN;ßBIPik¡úGñkRTRTg´RBHZm(vin&y GñkTaMgLaykMRu bjab´eRtkGrTTYlPasitrbs´Pik¡úEdlmkGag
enaH

ehIykMuRbjab´bdiesZPasitenaHecaleLIy

EtKb|IsikSabTBüJ¢n;oBitR:kd

ehIynaMmkeRb[beZ[bkñúgRBHsURt

nigeRb[beZ[bkñúg

RBHvin&y ebIeXIjzaPasitenaHRsbKñakñúgRBHsURt EteZ[bkñúgRBHvin&yminRsbKñaeT Kb|Isnñidðanza minEmnCaBuTÆvcn; Pik¡úenHTTYlmkxus naM
mkeXø{gXøatehIy dUecñHk*minKYreC]eT . kalNamann&yRsbKñakñúgRBHsURt RsbKñakñúgRBHvin&y minxusmineXø{gXøateT Kb|Isnñidðanza
enHCaJkürbs´RBHbrmsasþaehIy Pik¡úenH:nsþab´mkedaylÁ minxusminvibriteT .
RBHbrmsasþaRTg´Rbzab´enAGannÞectIye¾ naH RTg´Rtas´sEmþgZmµkzaBIéRtsik¡aeRcInCagZm(déTTaMgGs´ .
ézánigExecHEtknøgeTACalMdab´ Citdl´kMNt´tamktikaEdlRTg´dak´RBHCnµayusg¡arza putBIenHeTA 3 ExeT[ttzaKtnwgbriniBVan RKaenaH
RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRbzab´kñúgePaKnKrtamsmKYr ehIyRTg´yagRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹sav&keTA:vanKr RkugmYyeT[tkñúgrdðmlø; kñúgnKrenHRBHmanRBHPaK
RTg´Rbzab´enAGm¬v&n KWcMkarsVayrbs´naycunÞkmµarbuRt ‘buRtrbs´Cagmas’ cunÞ;:nRCabza RBHelaknazyagmkdl´:va ehIyRbzab´kñúg
cMkarsVayrbs´xøÜn k*Rbjab´eTAKal´RBHd*manbuNü zVaybg<MehIyk*Gg<y
ú kñúgTId*smKYr RBHelaknazRTg´sMEdgZmµIkzaeR:snaycunÞkmµarbuRt
oeXIjkñúgkmµnigplénkmµ

omanesckþIrIkraykøahanehIy

naycunÞ;:nRkabTUlnimnþRBHsasþa

RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹edIm|ITTYlPtþahareBl

RBwkEsÁkza sUmRBHmanRBHPaKRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹ TTYlPtþaharrbs´xM\úRBHGg<kñúgézáEsÁkenH RBHbrmRKÚRTg´TTYlnimnþedaytuNP
ØI aB . naycunÞ
kmµarbuRtdwgzaRBHGg<RTg´TTYlehIy eTIbzVaybg<M eZVIRbTkSiNehIyk*eC[secjeTA .

- 107 -

PtþaharcugeRkay
ézáEdlnaycunÞkmµarbuRtnimnþRBHbrmelaknazenaH KWmunbriniBVanmYyézá luHRBlwmeLIgnaycunÞkmµarbuRt:nzVaybcäimbiNÐ:tTanenaHKW
ézáGg<ar 15 ekIt ExBisax qñaMmSaj´ . eBlRBwkézáenaH RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹sav&k esþcyageTAtamkic©nimnþenaH cunÞkmµarbuRt:no
tubEtgPtþahary¨agRbNit edaymanmMs;sUkr ‘sac´RCÚk’ CaeRcIn luHcat´EcgPtþaharrYcehIy k*obursmñak´eTApþl´dMNwgBIPtþkal . RBwk
enaHRBHsBVJ¦úBuTRÆ BmTaMgPik¡úsg¹CaeRcIn RKgcIvrRbdab´eday:RttamsmN;vtþ esþcyagecjBIGm¬v&neTAdl´eKhdðanrbs´naycunÞkmµarbuRt
RBHGg<RTg´Rbzab´elIBuTÆGasn; ehIyRTg´Rtas´ehAnaycunk
Þ mµarbuRtmkza mñalcunÞkmµarbuRt mMs;sUkrEdlGñk:ncat´EcgCabiNÐ:tTanenaH
GñkcUrykmkzVaycMeJHtzaKtedaymMs;enaHcuH

ehIyPtþahar

déTEdlGñk:ntubEtgehIyenaH GñkcUrzVaydl´Pik¡úsg¹TaMgBYg
cuH cunÞkmµarbuRtTTYlBuTÆdIkaehIy eTIbnaMRBHRkyaesáayRbkb
edaymMs;sUkrmkzVayRBHbrmRKÚ
déT

zVayPik¡úsg¹edayPtþahar

cMENkEdlenAsl´RTg´Rtas´oykeTAkb´ecalkñúgreNþA

TaMgGs´ eRJHzaeRkABIRBHGg<ehIy minmanGñkNamñak´briePaKo
rlay:neLIy

.

luHrYcBIPtþkic©ehIy

RBHPKvnþmunIRTg´

GnuemaTnaedayZmµIkza ocunÞkmµarbuRtrIkraykñúgkgkuslehIy
esþcyagRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹RtLb´eTAvij .
kalRBHmanRBHPaK
mk

PtþaharcugeRkay

RTg´esayPtþaharrbs´naycunÞenaH

RBHPKvnþmunIRTg´RBHRbQYnd*xøaMgkøa

Zøak´Qam’

edaybk¡nÞikaJZ

‘cuH

beg,ItesckþITuk¡evTnaekþARBHvrkayesÞIrEtbriniBVan

eZVIoRBHGg<eRskTwky¨agxøaMg RBHsBVJ¦ÚRTg´tm,l´stism|C¢J¦; RTg´minRkvl´RkvayeLIy RTg´Gt´RTaMnUvTuk¡evTnaenaHedayGZivasnxnþK
i uN
ehIytaMgRBHsti:nCaRbRktIvij

ehIyRtas´nigRBHGannÞza

mñalGannÞ

eyIgeTAnKrkusinara

RBHGannÞTTYlBuTÆdIkaehIyTUldl´Pik¡úsg¹

- 108 TaMgLayoRCab edIm|IeZVIdMeNIreTAnKrkusinara CaRkugmYyeT[tenArdðmlø; .
luHRBHsasþaesþcyagmkdl´Jk´kNþalpøÚv

RBHeraKenaHk*keRmIkeLIgeT[t

RTg´lM:kRBHkayxøaMgNas´

eTIbesþcyageTARbzab´

eRkammøb´eQImYyedIm ehIyRTg´Rtas´bg<ab´RBHGannÞza mñalGannÞ qab´eLIg GñkcUrRkalsMBt´sg¹adIRtYtKñaCa 4 Can´otzaKt tzaKten]y
Nas´ tzaKtnwgsRmakbM:t´esckþl
I M:kkaybnþic GannÞk*RkalsMBt´sg¹adIzVayRBHGg< RBHGg<RTg´Rbzab´ehIyRtas´nigGannÞza mñal
GannÞ

GñkcUreTAdgTwksRmab´qan´mkotzaKt

esckþIRkhayosáb´

GannÞRkabTUlza

tzaKtnwgqan´rMgab´

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

reTH

500 eTIbEtqøgputeTAGM:j´mijenH TwkkñúgsÞwgmantic RtÚvkg´reTH
nigeCIgeKaedIrlukluylÁk´Gs´ehIy TwkenaHminKYrykmkqan´:neT
bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

sUmRBHelaknazyageTAsÞwgxagmux

KWsÞwg

kkuZanTI sÞwgenaHmanTwkzøa mankMBg´k*lÁKYrCaTImenarmü enAminqáay
BITIenHb¨unµaneT sUmRBHGg<RTg´yageTAbnþiceT[tnwgdl´sÞwgenaH RTg´
esayehIyCRmHRBHvrkayoRtCak´cuHRBHGg<

RBHelaknazRTg´

Rtas´bg<ab´GannÞdl´eTA 3 dg GannÞRkabTUlCMTas´ 2 dg luHvar;
TI 3 GannÞmin:nRkabTUlCMTas´eT[teLIy edaymanstirlwk:n
RBHGannÞeTAdgTwksRmab´qan´zVayRBHmanRBHPaK

za

ZmµtaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆTaMgLay

ehtuplenaHeLIy

RTg´minmanBuTÆdIkaedayminman

elakTTYlBuTÆdIkaehIy

eTIbyk:RtnimnþeTA

kan´sÞwgenaH edayGMNacBuTÆanuPaBbNþal KYroGs©aüNas´ eBlEdlRBHGannÞcUleTACitbRmugnwgdg Rsab´EtTwklÁk´kkrenaH ERbkøay
CaTwkzøasÁatbrisuTÆeTAvij GannÞeXIjdUecñaHehIyk*RtiHriHza Pav;éntzaKtRTg´man#TÆanuPaBd*Gs©aü minZøab´man«LÚvenHmanehIy TwkkñúgsÞwg
enHlÁk´Nas´ Etdl´GatµaGjcUleTACitbRmugnwgdg Twkk*køayeTACazøasÁatbrisuTeÆ TAvij . GannÞcuHdgTwkeday:RtehIymanesckþIrIkray
naMeTAzVayRBHd*manbuNü RBmTaMgTUlnUvesckþIGs©arüenaH esþcRTg´esayehIy RTg´Rbzab´eRkammøb´RBwkSaenaH .
eBlenaHbuRtmløkSRtnam

buk,ús;

CasisSrbs´GaLartabskalameKat

eZVIdMeNIrmkBIkusinarasMedAeTA:vanKr

luHmkdl´TIenaH

- 109 ehIyeXIjRBHPKvnþmunk
I *cUleTAKal´
eTsnaehIymansTÆaRCHzøa
RBHGg<d*cMerIn
rbs´RbNit

zVaybg<MehIyGg<úyenAkñúgTId*smKYr

eTIbzVaysMBt´sig<ivNÑTaMgKUdl´RBHGg<

ehIyRkabTUlza

sMBt´sac´lÁitmanBN(dUcmassig<iTaMgKUrbs´x\MúRBHGg<enH
x\MúRBHGg<rkSaTuksRmab´eRbIR:s´mYydgmYykal

:nsþab´RBHZmµbBiRt

CasMBt´Biess

Ca

sUmRBHsBVJ¦ÚRTg´GnueRKaHTTYl

sMBt´sig<ivNÑrbs´x\MúRBHGg< . RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´Rtas´za ebIdUecñaHGñkcUrotzaKtbiT:Mg
kayedaysMBt´sig<ivNÑmYy

mYyeT[tcUrzVayRBHGannÞcuH

ehIyRTg´sEmþgZmµIkzatamsmKYr

buk,úsmløbuRtk*zVayGPivaTeZVIRbTkSiNehIyec[secjeTA .

RBHkayRss´pUrpg´man 2 kal
buk,ús;kulbuRtec[secjeTAminyUrb¨unµan
sasþa

GannÞyksMBt´sig<ivNÑrbs´xøÜneTAzVayRBH-

RBHd*manbuNüRTg´RKgsMBt´sig<ivNÑ;TaMg

2

pÞaMgenaH

eZVICaGnþrvask

‘s|g´sRmab´

esø{k’ 1 pÞaMg eZVICaótþrasg< ‘cIvr’ 1 pÞaMg . KUénsMBt´sig<ivNÑenaH R:kdhak´dUcCaregIkePøIg
buk,ús;kulbuRtzVaysMBt´sig<ivNÑ

eBlenaHvNÑ;RBHkayrbs´RBHGg<brisuTÆpUrpg´

manrsµIbIdUcCamas

RBHGannÞeXIjehIyTUl

sresIrza RBHqvIvNÑRBHGg<brisuTÆGs©aüéRkElg .

RBHsBVJ¦ÚRTg´Rtas´za mñalGannÞ RBHqvIvNÑtzaKtbrisuTÆpUrpg´dUcGannÞsresIrBit kaytzaKtrEmgbrisuTÆsÁat qvIvNÑrbs´tzaKt
brisuTÆpUrpg´y¨agenHman 2 kal KW ?
1Ç raRtIEdltzaKt:nRtas´dwgnUvGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN .
2Ç raRtIEdltzaKtcUlbriniBVan edayGnu:TiessniBVanZatu .
kñúg 2 kalenHkaytzaKtbrisuTÆéRkElg qvIvNÑtzaKtpUrpg´sÁatBiess mñalGannÞ TIbMputénraRtIézáenHehIy tzaKtnwgbriniBVan
kñúglEgVkEmksalRBwkSTaMgKU kñúgsalvenaTüanénmløkSRt nKrkusinara mñalGannÞ eyIgeTAkan´sÞwgkkuZanTI RBHGannÞTTYlRBHBuTÆdIkaehIy

- 110 TUlPik¡úsg¹oRCab .
sÞwgkkuZanTICasÞwgTI 2 rab´BIRkug:vamkdl´Rkugkusinara .
lMdab´enaH RBHelaknazRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹sav&kCaeRcIn RTg´yageTAdl´sÞwgkkuZanTI ehIyRTg´eRsacRsg´Rsb´RBHkaytamGZüaRs&y
ehIyRTg´yageTARbzab´kñúgGm¬v&n RTg´Rtas´ehAGannÞoyksMBt´gUtmkBUt ehIyRTg´Rtas´ocunÞetærRkalsg¹adI 4 pñt´brievNcMkarsVay
enAmat´sÞwgenaHzVayRBHGg<

RBHGg<seRmcsIhesyüa

‘pÞMEbbraCsIh¾’

edayRBHP®kþEbreTAxagsþaM

tm,l´RBH:TelIRBH:T

manstinig

sm|C¢J¦; eZVITukkñúgRBHT&ynUvódðansJ¦a KWsMKal´kñúgkaretIneLIg RBHcunÞetærKg´Kal´enAkñúgTIcMeJHRBHP®kþkñúgTIenaH .

biNÐ:t 2 RKamanplesµIKña
lMdab´enaH

RBHPKvnþmunIRTg´sRmak«riyabz

edIm|IomanRBHkmøaMgbnþic

ehIyRTg´Rtas´nigRBHGannÞza

mñalGannÞ

teTAxagmuxehtu

karN¾enHnwgKb|Iman ebImanbuK<lNamkeZVvI ib|disarI KWesckþIekþARkhayoekItdl´naycunÞkmµarbuRtza mñalnaycunÞ minEmnCalaPrbs´Gñk
eT GñkCamnusSminlÁeT eRJHRBHtzaKtRTg´esaynUvbiNÐ:trbs´GñkehIycUlniBVan mñalGannÞ vib|disarIesckþIekþARkhayrbs´naycunÞ
kmµarbuRtenaH GñkKb|Irmáab´osáb´ edayniyayRbelamza mñalnaycunÞ CalaPd*RbesIrrbs´GñkehIy GñkCamnusSlÁehIy eRJHRBHtzaKt
:nesaynUvbiNÐ:trbs´GñkehIyRTg´cUlniBVan

mñalnaycunÞ

esckþIenHeyIg:nsþab´mkehIy

kñúgTIcMeJHRBHP®kþénRBHmanRBHPaKza

biNÐ:tTan 2 y¨agmanplesµIKña manvi:kesIµKña manpleRcInmanGanisgSeRcInCagbiNÐ:tTandéT KW ?
1Ç RBHtzaKtRTg´esaynUvbiNÐ:tNaehIy :nseRmcGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aN KWkalnagsuCatazVaykñúgézáRtas´dwg .
2Ç RBHtzaKtRTg´esaynUvbiNÐ:tNaehIybriniBVan edayGnu:TiessniBVanZatu KWbiNÐ:tEdlnaycunÞkmµarbuRtzVayézábriniJVn .
Zm(EdloGayu vNÑ; sux; Bl; yss&kþi fansYK( nigGZibetyüPaBRbRBwtþeTA KWnaycunÞ:nsagTukehIy mñalGannÞ vib|disarI
esckþIekþARkhayrbs´naycunÞkmµarbuRt GñkTaMgLayKb|Irmáab´o:nsáb´ edaytzaKtsuPasitenHcuH .

- 111 -

RTg´pGÞM nudðanesyüa
RKaenaHRBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹CaeRcIn RTg´esþcyagqøg
kat´sÞwghirJ¦vtICasÞwgTI 3 BI:vanKrdl´kusinara EdlCaTis
edArbs´RBHGg<eBlláacézáenaHÉg

RTg´esþcyageTAsMNak´

kñúgéRBsalv&n CaraCOTüanrbs´esþcmlø; ehIyRTg´Rtas´nig
GannÞza mñalGannÞ GñkcUrer[bcMERKomank|aldMeNkEbreTA
TisxageCIg

kñúgcenøaHEmksalRBwkTaMgKUotzaKtedayqab´

tzaKten]yNas´

tzaKtnwgswgrmáab´esckþIlM:k

RBHGannÞer[bcMERKpÞMbriniBVankñúgcenøaHEmksalRBwkTaMgKU
enaHRBHsasþaRTg´seRmcnUvsIhesyüa

eTIb
RKa

RTg´peÞM pÁ{gxagsþaM

tk,l´RBH:TelIRBH:T manstinigsm|C¢J¦; Etmin:neZVITuk
kñúgRBHT&ynUvódðansJ¦a ‘minKitetIneLIg’ eRJHCaesyüacug
RTg´R:rBÆsk,arbUCa

eRkayrbs´RBHGg<ehIy .

RTg´R:rBÆsk,arbUCa
kalenaH eTaHCaminEmnrdUvkalk*eday edImsalRBwkSTaMgKU:nbeJ©jp,aeRJgRJtxusrdUvkal taMgBIKl´dl´cug edrdaseTAedayp,a
KYroGs©aüNas´ ehIyCRmuHp,aerayraykñúgTICvMu j
i RBHBuTÆsrIr; edIm|IbUCaRBHGg< . sUm|Ip,amnÞarvTiBV niglMGitc&nÞns
¾ uTÆCarbs´TiBV mankøin
RkGUbQáúyQáb´ k*Zøak´cuHBIelIGakasevhas¾ mkbUCaRBHGg<JseBjTaMgsalvenaTüan RBmTaMgsemøgdUrüt®nþITiBV rgMRbKMlan´»kgrMBg bnøW
eLIgelIGakasbUCaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ . RBHGg<RTg´R:rBÆehtuTaMgenaH

RbkbedayTiBVck¡ú

nigTiBVesatd*viess

Rtas´ehAGannÞmkRTg´sEmþgza

- 112 mñalGannÞ vtæúCalaPsk,ar;bUCaEdlbris&TykmkbUCaenH mineQµaHzabUCad*RbesIrcMeJHtzaKtBiessRtwmbu¨eNÑHeT RTg´Rtas´za eya ekaci
GannÞ Pik¡ú va Pik¡únI va ó:seka va ó:sika va ZmµanuZmµb|dicenña samIcib|dibenña GnuZmµ carI esa tzaKtM sk,erati Krukerati maenti bUeCti
brmay bUCay bdibtþibUCa × mñalGannÞ buK<l:neZVs
I k,ar;tzaKtedayGamis ‘vtæúrbs´rbr’ bUCay¨agenH ßeZVC
I agenHkþI k*mineQµaHzabUCa
tzaKtéRkElgenaHeT mñalGannÞ buK<lNa eTaHCaPik¡úkþI Pik¡únIkþI ó:skkþI ó:sikakþI CaGñkRbtibtþinUvZm(smKYrdl´Zm( CaGñkRbtibtþiRtwmRtÚv
CaGñkRbtibtþitamZm(CaRbRktI buK<lenaHeQµaHzaeZVIsk,ar; eZVIesckþIeKarBrab´GanbUCaRBHtzaKtedaybdibtþibUCa KWbUCad*ótþm mñalGannÞ eRJH
ehtuenaH Pik¡úTaMgLayEdlCasav&k taMgxøÜnzaeyIgTaMgLayCaGñkbdibtþid*smKYrdUecñH mñalGannÞ GñkTaMgLayKb|IsikSay¨agenHcuH .
semþcRBHbrmRKÚCaZmµikraC RTg´RbTanoBuTÆsav&k nigbris&TRbkbkñúgZmµanuZmµb|dibtþi RTg´manbMNgoRBHBuTÆsasnataMgenACasæaBr
:nedayRbkardUecñH .

RTg´sEmþgkarRbRBwtþeTAéneTvta
kalenaHRBHób|vaNetærd*manGayu elakKg´QrzVayviCnI ‘bk´pøit’ kñúgTIcMeJHRBHP®kþ RBHbrmRKÚRTg´edjób|vaNetærenaHza mñalPik¡ú
GñkcUrec[secj elakkMuQrenABImuxtzaKteLIy .
RKaenaHRBHGannÞmanbrivitk,;za
RBHPaKCaRTg´minRCHzøa
RBHsBVJ¦Ú

RBHób|vaN;d*manGayuenH

edjelakoec[secjeTA

RBHGg<RTg´sEmþgza

mñalGannÞ

CaGñkóbdðakRBHmanRBHPaKy¨agCitsñiTÆmkyUrehIy

minoelakQrenAkñúgTIcMeJHRBHP®kþ

eTvtaTaMgLaymYymWunelakZatu

er]genHeRJHehtuGVIhñ@/

mkRbCMuKañ ehIyedayeRcIn

dl´TIbMputRBHman

eTIbRBHGannÞRkabTUlsYr

edIm|I:neXIjRBHsasþaCaRKacug

eRkay mñalGannÞ nKrkusinarasalvenaTüanmanTMhM 12 eyaCn¾edayCMuvij «tmancenøaHsl´TMenr sUm|Ib¨uneramstVRTayeLIy CaTIeBj
ENnNan´tan´tab´ edayeTvtaEdlmanyss&kþiTaMgLay mñalGannÞ eTvtaTaMgLaynwgelIkeTasza eyIgTaMgLay:nmkBIcmáay bMNg
eXIjRBHtzaKt RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆTaMgLayEtgób|tþieLIgkñúgkalxøH> kalevlayUrGEgVgNas´eTIbmanmþg karbriniBVanrbs´RBHtzaKt
nwgmankñúgbcäimyamraRtIézáenHehIy EtPik¡úmanskþaGg<enHmkQr:MgRBHP®kþRBHsBVJ¦Ú eyIgTaMgLaymin:neXIjRBHsasþakñúgkalTIbMputenH
eTvtaTaMgLaynwgelIkeTasy¨agenH

eTIbtzaKtedjób|vaN;Pik¡úoec[secjBImuxedayRbkardUecñH

eTvtaza bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn cuHeTvtaTaMgLay:neZVITukkñúgcitþdUcemþc/

RBHelaknazRTg´Rtas´za

.

RBHGannÞeTIbRkabTUlsYrBIRbvtþi

eTvtaTaMgLaymanesckþIsMKal´vibløas

- 113 kñúgGakaszaCaRbzBI

PUmieTvtaTaMgLaysMKal´nvU EpndIzaCaGakas

dUecñHehIyk*rMsaysk´

elIkédTaMgBIrbMrHnen[leTAmkdUcCadac´eCIg

ehIyeJlza RBHbrmsasþaRTg´brinB
i Vanqab´rh&sNas´ RBHsuKtCam©as´RTg´briniBVanqab´rh&sNas´ . cMENkeTvtaTaMgLayNaEdlman
raK;eTAR:sehIy KWCaGnaKamInigRBHGrhnþTaMgenaH manstism|C¢J¦;Gt´sg,t´edayZmµsMevKza Gnic©a sg¡ara sg¡arZm(Edlbc©&yRbCMutak´
EtgTaMgLaymineT[g rbs´eT[gEdlstVTaMgLayR:zñaNas´enaH stVTaMgLayminKb|I:nkñúgsg¡arTaMgLayenaHeLIy . RBHbrmelaknaz
RTg´Rtas´sEmþgRbvtþei TvtaTaMgLay EdlmkRbCMukñúgRKaenaH cMeJHRBHGannÞedayRbkardUecñHÉg .

RTg´sEmþgsMevCnIydðan 4 kEnøg
RKaenaHRBHGannÞ:nRkabTUlsYrRBHmanRBHPaKza
masehIy

EtgcUlmkKal´RBHGg<CaGaciNÑvtþ

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

kalmunPik¡úTaMgLayEdlcaMvsSakñúgTisepSg>

x\MúRBHGg<:neXIjRBmTaMgcUleTA

Gg<úyCitPik¡úTaMgenaH ehIynaMorIkraycitþ kalRBHGg<briniBVanehIy x\MúRBHGg<min:n
eXIj

min:ncUleTAGg<úyCitsakcäaCamYynigPik¡úTaMgLay

kEnøgRTg´RbsUt

RKb´kMNt´éRt

kEnøgRtas´dwg

EdleZVIorIkraycitþ

dUckalRBHGg<ZrmanenAeLIy . kalRBHGannÞRkabTUly¨agenHehIy RBHelaknaz
RTg´sEmþgsMevCnIydðan 4 kEnøgzaKYreXIj KYroekItsMevKénkulbuRtEdlmansTÆa
RCHzøa KW ?

kEnøgRBHeBaZistVRTg´RbsUteQµaHza

lum¬inI CasMevCnIydðanTI 1

‘enA

lum¬inIv&n’ .
2Ç kEnøgRBHeBaZiRTg´Rtas´dwgeQµaH BuTÆKya CaTIpuseLIgéneBaZiblø&g, Ca
TsSnIydðanTI 2 ‘enAóruevlesnaniKm’ .
3Ç kEnøgRTg´sMEdgRBHZmµck,b|vtþnsURt ‘bfmeTsna’ eQµaH «sibtnmiKTayv&n CaTsSnIysMevCnIydðanTI 3 .

kEnøgsMEdgZmµck,

kEnøgbriniBVan

- 114 4Ç kEnøgRBHsm¬úTRÆ Tg´briniBVaneQµaH kusinara CaTsSnIysMevCnIydðanTI 4 .
TIkEnøgTaMg 4 enH RBHsBVJ¦úBT
u ÆRTg´sEmþgza CaTsSnIysMevCnIydðan KWCaTIKYremIlKYreXIj KYroekItesckþIsMevKénkulbuRtGñk
mansTÆa mñalGannÞ BuTÆbris&T KWPik¡ú Pik¡únI ó:sk ó:sika EdlmansTÆaRCHzøanwgmkkan´TITaMg 4 enHedayesckþIeC]za RBHtzaKtRTg´
RbsUtenATIenH RTg´Rtas´dwgGnutþrsmµasem¬aZiJ¦aNenATIenH RTg´sMEdgRBHZmµck,b|vtþnsURtenATIenH RBHGg<RTg´briniBVanedayGnu:TiessniBVanZatuenATIenH mñalGannÞ CnTaMgLayNaRtac´eTAkan´TITaMg 4 CaGñkmanesckþIRCHzøa luHeZVIkalkiriya CnTaMgenaH luHragkayEbkZøay
søab´eTA nwg:neTAekItkñúgsuxKtisYK(minxaneLIy .
RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sEmþgsMevCnIydðanTaMg 4 edayRbkardUecñH .

Pik¡úKb|IRbtibtþikñúg®sþIPaB
lMdab´enaH

RBHGannÞRkabTUlsYrRBHsasþaBIkarRbtibtþikñúgRsþIPaBza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

x\úMRBHGg<TaMgLaynwgRbtibtþc
i MeJHmatuRKam

‘mnusSRsI’ dUcemþc/ RBHBuTC
Æ am©as´RTg´sEmþgza mñalGannÞ karminemIlCakarRbtibtþicMeJHmatuRKam KWzakMuemIlkMueXIjCakarlÁ bBiRtRBHGg<
d*cMerIn ebIkaremIlkareXIjekItmaneLIg etIox\MúRBHGg<bdibtþidUcemþc/ RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´sEmþgza mñalGannÞ ebIeXIjehIykarmincrca Cakar
Rbtibtþid*smKYr ebIkarcrca:nekItmaneLIg etIox\MúRBHGg<bdibtþidUcemþceT[t/ RBHGg<RTg´sEmþgza mñalGannÞ ebIRbeyaCn¾EdlRtÚvcrcaeday
ZmµIkzaCaedIm Kb|Imansti GñkTaMgLayKb|ItaMgTukkñúgcitþoCab´ kMuoERbRbÜledayraK;tNØa TaMgkayvacakMuelµIsBIvacarbs´smN;eLIy .

viZIRbtibtþicMeJHRBHsrIr;
lMdab´enaH

RBHGannÞRkabTUlsYrcMeJHRBHBuTÆsrIr;za

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

x\MúRBHGg<TaMgLayKb|IRbtibtþidUcemþccMeJHRBHsrIr;rbs´

RBHGg< RTg´Rtas´za mñalGannÞ GñkTaMgLaykuMxVl´xVayedIm|IbUCasrIr;éntzaKteLIy mñalGannÞ tzaKtrMlwkGñkTaMgLayza GñkcUreZVIesckþI
Büayam

CaGñkminRbmaTkñúgRbeyaCn¾rbs´xøÜn

BüayamjúaMgkielsnwg:bZm(oekþAsBV

RBhµcriyZm(RKb´«riyabzcuH mñalGannÞ kSRt RJhµN¾ KhbtICabNÐitTaMgLay

CaGñkmanxøÜnbJ¢ÚneTAehIy

R:zñaedIm|ITIbMputén

EdljúaMgcitþoRCHzøacMeJHRBHtzaKtmaneRcIn RKhsæCa

- 115 bNÐitTaMgLay mankSRtCaedImenaH nwgeZVIsk,ar;bUCanUvsrIr;rbs´tzaKt
bNÐitmankSRtCaedImmkbUCa

Cakic©rbs´RKhsæmankSRtCaedImenaHcuH bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn ebI

etIKb|IRbtibtþicMeJHRBHsrIr;rbs´RBHGg<dUcemþc/

mñalGannÞ

CnTaMgLayEtgRbtibtþicMeJHsrIr;esþccRkBtþi

y¨agNa GñkEdlbUCaRBHsrIr;tzaKt Kb|IRbtibtþiy¨agenaHcuH bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn CnTaMgLayEtgRbtibtþicMeJHsrIr;rbs´esþccRkBtþidUc
emþc/

mñalGannÞ

CnTaMgLayruMnUvsrIr;rbs´esþccRkBtþiedaysMBt´zµImYyCan´

ehIyRTab´edaysMLrI MuedaysMBt´zµIeT[t

rMutamreb[benHGs´

sMBt´ 500 KU rYcehIyeTIbyagRBHsrIr;eTARbtisðankñúgeRKagEdk EdleBjedayeRbgehIybiTKMrbEdk nigyagRBHsrIr;eLIgeCIgz,rxøwmc&nÞ .
luHzVayRBHePøIgrYcehIy eTIberIsRBHGdðiZatuyageTAbJ©úHkñúgRBHsþÚbenAkEnøgRbCMuzñl´TaMg 4 CnTaMgLayEtgRbtibtþikñúgsrIr;esþccRkBtþy
i ¨ag
enH GñkbUCasrIr;tzaKt Kb|IRbtibtþitamEbbdUcRBHecAcRkBtþei naHcuH .
Kb|IeZVs
I þÚbzVayRBHtzaKtTukkñúgTIRbCMumhavizITaMg 4 edIm|IoekItesckþIRCHzøa nigCaTIsk,ar;bUCadas´et]nstiGñkeZVIdMeNIreTAmk CnTaMg
Laynwg:nbUCanUvkRmgp,a ßsuKnÆCatiRBHsþÚbenaHkþI zVaybg<RM BHsþÚbenaHCanic©kalkþI júaMgcitþoRCHzøakñúgRBHKuN eRJHeXIjRBHsþÚbenaHkþI
kic©TaMgGs´enHsuTÆEtRbRBwtþeTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾ edIm|IesckþIsuxdl´CnTaMgLayGs´kalyUrGEgVg .

buK<lKYrdl´RBHsþÚb
RBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za buK<lEdlKYrdl´kartm,l´
TukkñúgRBHsþÚb ‘ectiy’ man 4 KW ?
1Ç RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆbrmRKÚ
2Ç RBHbec©kBuTÆ
3Ç RBHGrhnþsav&k
4Ç esþccRkBtþi
RBHsþÚbkEnøgRtas´dwg

- 116 -

RTg´RbTanOvaTnigRtas´sresIrRBHGannÞ
eBlbriniBVanrbs´RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆxitCitmkdl´ehIy

RKaenaHRBHGannÞcUleTAkñúgRBHvihar

kbisIs; ‘mansNðandUcCak|alsVa’ QryMesaka TYjer[brab´ tUccitþng
i vasnaGP&BrV bs´xøÜn
eRJHtamóbdðakRBHmanRBHPaKdUcCaRsemalGenÞaltamR:N k*enAEtmin:nseRmcRBHGrhnþ
ehIyeJlza GatµaGjCaesk¡buK<l mankicR© tÚveZVIminTan´seRmcenAeLIy RBHsasþaGg<ÉNa
RTg´GnueRKaHdl´GatµaGj RBHsasþaGg<enaHRTg´briniBVanehIy . eBlenaHRBHbrmelaknazRTg´
Rtas´ehAPik¡úTaMgLaymkehIyRtas´sYrrkRBHGannÞ

Pik¡úTaMgLayTUlza

GannÞcUlkñúgRBHvihar

QryMesakkñúgTIenaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´oehAGannÞcUlmkKal´RBHGg< . GannÞcUleTARkabbg<MKal´
RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za mñalGannÞ GñkkMuyMesak kMx
u SwkxSÜl tzaKtR:b´y¨agenHtaMgBIedImehIyza
karRbRBwtþeTAepSg>
eT

mñalGannÞ

karRJt´R:scakstVnigsg¡arCaTIRsLaj´eBjcitþTaMgBYg

zavrvtæEú dlstVR:zñaNas´enaH

«tmaneKcrYc

stVTaMgLaymin:nsmtambMNgkñúgsg¡ar

enaHeLIy rbs´NaEdlekItmaneLIg bc©&ytak´EtgoekIteLIg rEmgvinaseTACaZmµta buK<l
R:zñaza sUmrbs´enaHkMuvinaseTAeLIydUecñH esckþIR:zñarbs´buK<lenaHminseRmceLIy . mñal
RBHGannÞyMTYj

GannÞ Gñk:nóbdðaktzaKtedaykaykmµ vcIkmµnigmenakmµ Rbkbedayemtþa minmanRbmaN
Gs´kald*yUrNas´ehIy

GñkCabuK<lmanbuNü:nsnSMTuklÁehIy

GñkKb|IBüayambdibtþieTA

GñknwgminmanGasv; minyUrbu¨nµank*:nseRmcRBHGrhnþehIy . RBHbrmsasþaRTg´Rtas´BüakrN¾RBHGannÞedayRbkardUecñH .
RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTRÆ Tg´Rtas´ehAPik¡úTaMgLay ehIyRTg´sresIrRBHGannÞCakMBUlóbdðakza mñalPik¡úTaMgLay RBHsmµasm¬úTÆTaMgLay
NaEdlmankñúgGtIt Pik¡úCaBuTÆúb|dðaky¨agéRkElgrbs´RBHsm¬úTÆTaMgLayenaH k*dUcKñanigGannÞ Caóbdðakrbs´tzaKtkñúgkal«LÚvenHEdr .
sUm|IRBHsm¬úTÆTaMgLayNa

EdlnwgmankñúgGnaKtkal

Pik¡úEdlCaBuTÆúb|dðaky¨agéRkElgrbs´RBHsm¬úTÆTaMgLayenaH

óbdðakrbs´tzaKtkñúgkal«LÚvenHEdr mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GannÞCabNÐit CaGñkmanR:C\aEtgdwgc|as´za

k*dUcKñanwgGannÞCa

enHCakalKYredIm|Iobris&TcUlKal´

- 117 tzaKt enHCakalénPik¡ú enHCakalénPik¡únI enHCakalénó:sk enHCakalénó:sika enHCakalénmhakSRt enHCakalénGmatS enHCakal
éntiriæy enHCakalénsav&ktiriæy GannÞEtgdwgnUvkalénbris&TTaMg 4 nigRBHraCaraCmhamatS tiriæysav&kcUlKal´RKb´RbkardUecñH . RBHelak
nazRTg´sEmþgesckþIGs©aü 4 Rbkar EdlmanenAkñúgRBHGannÞza kalNaebIbris&TTaMg 4 KWPik¡ú Pik¡únI ó:sk ó:sika cUleTACitedIm|IeXIj
GannÞ

bris&TenaHRKan´Et:neXIjRBHGannÞk*mancitþRCHzøa

ebIGannÞsEmþgZm(eTsna

bris&TenaHmancitþeRtkGrrIkrayeTAedaysuPasitrbs´

GannÞminecHEqÁt minen]yNayedaysuPasitrbs´GannÞenaHeLIy kalebIGannÞbJ©b´Zmµkza bris&TTaMg 4 :nsþab´mancitþeRtkGr TaMgmin
EqÁtqÁn´ minen]yNay dUcCaesþcck,BtþEi dljúaMgkSRt RJhµN¾ KhbtI smN;bris&ToeRtkGrdUecñaH . RBHGannÞCaBhusSÚRt mansti
manZiti manbJ¦a dwgkaleTs;RKb´y¨ag .

RBHGannÞRkabTUloesþcyageTAbriniJVnenATIdéT
kalebIRBHPKvnþmunIRTg´sresIrRBHGannÞedayRbkardUecñH
briniJVnkñúgnKrkusinaraenH

EdlCaRsuktUc

RBHGannÞRkabbg<MTUlRBHbrmsasþaza

CaRsukcugkat´mat´jkenHeLIy

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

nKrZM>déTmaneRcIn

sUmRBHGg<kMu

KWnKrcm|a

raCRKwH

saekt ekasm¬I savtæI JraNsI suTÆEtnKrZM> eTIbsmRBHysrbs´RBHGg< RBHGg<minKYrbriniBVankñúgRkugkusinaraenHeT sUmRBHsasþaRTg´
brinB
i VankñúgnKrenaHcuH kSRtRJhµN¾ nigKhbtImhasalCaeRcIn EdlRCHzøacMeJHRBHtzaKt CnTaMgenaHnwg:neZVInUvkarbUCaRBHBuTÆsrIr;rbs´
RBHGg<CamehaLarik KYrdl´skþaRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ EdlCaGnaKarikbursrtñkúg
ñ elak . RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´Rtas´hamGannÞza mñalGannÞ GñkkMu
eJlzanKrkusn
i araenHCanKrtUc CaRsukcugkat´mat´jkeLIy mñalGannÞ kalBIsm&ymunyUryarNas´mkehIy RkugkusinaraenHmanesþc
cRkBRtaZiraCRTg´RBHnamza mhasuTsSn; RTg´Ca«sSraZibtIkñúgbfvImNÐl manmhasmuRTTaMg 4 CaRkbxNÐraC¢sIma RTg´QñHbc©amiteþ day
Zm( «teRbITNÐßsRsþaeLIy manCnbTtaMgmaM sRtÚvminGacRbTUsþray:n RBHGg<Rbkbedayrtn; CavtæúnaMoekItesckþIeRtkGr KWEkv 7
Rbkar nKrkusinaraenHCaraCZanIeQµaH kusavtI CaTIRbzab´énRBH:TmhasuTsSn;cRkB®tþaZiraC CanKrZMTUlaycMerInruger]g sm|ÚN( man
RbCaCneRcInkuHkrkkkuj bribUN(edayPik¡ahar CarmNIydðanKYrrIkraycitþ hak´dUcCaraCZanITiBVenAsæaneTvelakCan´catumharaCikadUecñaH .
nKrkusavtIkgrMBgTaMgyb´TaMgézáedaysemøgTaMg 10 KWsemøgdMrI1 esH1 rz1 ePrI1 sMePar1 BiN1 cMer[g1 kMstal1

semøgsaMg1 TaMg

- 118 semøgRbCaCnERskehAKñabriePaKGahar1 «tmaneBlesá{msáat´kñúgTivaraRtINamYyeLIy .

RTg´opþl´dMNwgbriniBVandl´kSRtmløraCü
RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´sEmþgBIRbvtþiseg¡b
dwgehIy

énnKrkusinararaCZanIZMrbs´RBHecAmhasuTsSn;cRkB®tþaZiraC

tmkRTg´Rtas´oGannÞnaMdMNwgbriniBVaneTAzVaymløkSRto:nRCabza

karbriniBVanrbs´RBHsasþa

BIGtItkaloGannÞ:n

nwgmankñúgyamTIbMputénraRtIenH

ehIy edIm|IkMuomløkSRtTaMgenaHmanesckþIekþARkhaysþayeRkayza RBHbrmRKÚRTg´briniBVankñúgnKrrbs´eyIg EtBYkeyIgmin:ndwg min:n
eXIjkarbriniBVanrbs´RBHsBVJ¦ÚenAeBlcugeRkayesaH . RBHGannÞ:nTTYlBuTÆdIkaehIy k*kan´:tnigcIvrcUleTAkan´Rkugkusinara CYnCaevla
enaHmløkSRtTaMgLay :nmkRbCMuKñakñúgsNðaKarsalaedaykrNIykic©mYy RBHGannÞk*cUleTAkñúgTIRbCMuenaH EzøgdMNwgza mñalvasidðótþmeKaRtTaMgLay karbriniBVanénRBHtzaKtnwgmankñúgTIbMputénraRtIenHehIy vasidðTaMgLay cUrRbjab´ecjeTA edIm|IkMuomanesckþIzñaMgzñak´citþza
min:ncUlKal´RBHtzaKtkñúgTIbMputdUecñHeLIy

.

kalmløkSRtRBmTaMgraCOrsnigraCsuNisaRbCabtI

:nRCabdMNwgenHGMBIsMNak´RBH-

GannÞehIy RTg´RBHkEnSgesayesaka tantwgOrardWtrdk´xSwkxSÜler[brab´ elIkédeLIgehIydYleTAelIRbzBI bMrHnen[lhak´dUcCahtæ:Ta
dac´ edayesckþIsþayRBHbrmelaknazza RBHtzaKtqab´briniBVanGVIemø¨H RBHsuKtbriniBVanqab´GVIemø¨H dYgck¡eú lakGnþrZanqab´rh&sNas´ .
mløkSRtTaMgLayesþcyagTaMgTuk¡aesayesak

eTAdl´sMNak´RBHGannÞkñúgéRBmhav&n

.

RBHGannÞKitza

ebIomløkSRtcUleTARkabbg<M

RBHelaknaztamlMdab´mþg 1 Gg<> nwgmin:nzVaybg<MRKb´Gg<eT raRtInwgPøWsVagmun eNØIycuHeyIgnwgcat´CaRtkUl> ocUlGPivaTRBHbrmelak
naz ehIyRkabTUloRCabza mløkSRtRTg´RBHnamenH RBmTaMgOrsnigmehsI bris&TGmatücUlzVaybg<MRBH:TRBHsBVJ¦ÚedaysirsaénxøÜn
CalMdab´dUecñHcuH . RBHGannÞcat´omløkSRtcUlzVaybg<RM BHbrmRKÚ ehIyeRsckñúgbfmyaménraRtIenaH .

sav&kcugeRkay
RKaenaH manbriBVaCkmñak´eQµaH suPTÞ GaRs&ykñúgRkugkusinara :n»dMNg
w za RBHsmNeKatmbrmsasþa esþcnwgbrinB
i VankñúgyamTI 3
énraRtIenHehIy suPTÞbriBVaCknwkdl´esckþIEdlxøÜn:nsþab´mkBIsMNak´briBVaCkCaGacarücas´>

eJltKñaza

RBHsmµasm¬úTÆTaMgLay Etg

- 119 ób|tþieLIgkñúgelakmYydgmYykal karbriniBVanénRBHsmNeKatmnwgmankñúgbcäimyaménraRtIézáenHehIy esckþIsgS&ykñúgxenH :nekIteLIg
dl´eyIgdUecñHza

RBHsmNeKatmbrmsasþaGacsEmþgZm(dl´eyIg

oeyIglHesckþIsgS&yenaH:n

KYrEtRbjab´eTAedIm|IKal´RBHGg<

oTan´kñúgraRtIenH .
lMdab´enaH suPTÞbriBVaCk:nedIreTAkan´salv&n eTAdl´sMNak´RBHGannÞehIy eTIbeJlesckþItamn&yEdlxøÜn:nRtiHriHTukoRBHGannÞ
sþab´

ehIyGgVrsMc
u UlKal´RBHsasþa

EtRBHGannÞ:nhammin

ocUleTAza mñalsuPTÞd*manGayu GñkkMueb[teb[nRBHtzaKto
lM:keLIy

RBHsasþakMBg
u lM:kRBHkayxøaMgNas´

suPTÞ-

briBVaCk:nGgVrRBHGannÞdl´BIrbIdg RBHGannÞenAEtminRBmebIk
Okaso . eBlenaHRBHelaknaz RTg´kMBugRBHRbQYnCaTmán´
ehIyenaH

RTg´:n»RBHGannÞcrcaCamYynigsuPTÞbriBVaCkenaH

eTIbRtas´nigRBHGannÞza mñalGannÞ GñkkMuhamsuPTÞeLIy cUr
ebIkOkasosuPTÞ:neXIjtzaKtcuH suPTÞnwgsYrnUvRbsñaNa
cMeJHtzaKt CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IRtas´dwg ehIynwgsYrnUvbJØaTaMg
BYgenaH minmanbMNgolM:kdl´tzaKteT mü¨ageT[t tzaKt
RTg´eR:ssuPTÞbriBVaCk

EdlsuPTÞsYrehIy

nwgBüakrN¾esckþIenaHdl´suPTÞ

suPTÞ-

briBVaCknwgdwgnUvesckþIenaHedayqab´rh&s .

lMdab´enaHRBHGannÞR:b´suPTÞbriBVaCkza mñalsuPTÞd*manGayu elakcUleTAKal´cuH RBHelaknaykRTg´ebIkOkasoelakcUleTAKal´
ehIy . suPTÞbriBVaCkk*cUleTAKal´ eZVIsemµaTnIykzabdisNðarkic©ehIyGg<úykñúgTId*smKYr eTIbTUlsYrGMBIRKÚTaMg 6 nak´ KWbUrNksSb;
mk¡lieKasal; GCitekskm¬l bkuTÆkc©ayn; sJ¢yevldðbutþ niKN
<
ðnadbutþ CalTÆiGñkbYseRkARBHBuTÆsasna eKTaMgenaHebþC\azaCaRBHGrhnþedaybJ¦aénxøÜnÉg x\MúRBHGg<sUmTUlsYrza etIRKÚTaMg 6 enaH :nRtas´dwgtamJküebþC\arbs´xøÜnRKb´TaMg 6 nak´ß > minRtas´dwgRKb´
TaMg 6 nak´enaHeT ßRtas´dwgcMeJHBYkxøHb¨ueNÑaH ßmin:nRtas´dwgedayRbkardUcemþc/ RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTRÆ Tg´Rtas´za

mñalsuPTÞ GñkkMusYr

- 120 er]genHeLIy

xenHcUrelIkTukeTAcuH

tzaKtnwgsEmþgZm(

GñkKb|ItaMgcitþsþab´o:nseRmcRbeyaCn¾cuH

RBHGg<RTg´sEmþgRBHZmµeTsnaza

mñalsuPTÞ mK< KWpøÚvbdibtþimanGg< 8 Rbkar CaGriymK<R:scaksRtÚv CamK<d*RbesIrenH minmankñúgZmµvin&yNa smN;TI1 TI2 TI3 TI4
‘sMedAykRBHGriybuK<l’ minmankñúgZmµvin&yenaHEdr mñalsuPTÞ mK<manGg< 8 Rbkar CaGriymK<R:scakswksRtÚv CamK<d*RbesIrenH man
enAkñúgZmµvin&yNa smN;TI1 TI2 TI3 TI4 rEmgekIteLIgkñúgZmµvin&yenaH mñalsuPTÞ GriymK<d*RbesIrRbkbedayGg< 8 RbkarmanenAkñúg
Zmµvin&yenH dUecñHsmN;TI1 TI2 TI3 TI4 k*manenAkñúgZmµvin&yenHb¨ueNÑaH mñalsuPTÞ RbsinebIPik¡úTaMgLayRbtibtþiedayRbéB kñúgZm(vin&yenH
ehIy elakenHminsUnüBIRBHGrhnþeLIy .
RBHbrmRKÚRTg´Rtas´eTsnabnþeT[tza mñalsuPTÞ tzaKtmanGayu 29 qñaM ecjbBVC¢aEsVgrkzaGVICakusl taMgBItzaKtbBVC¢aehIy
mkdl´«LÚvenH

51

qñaM

sUm|IBYksmN;EdlzaRbRBwtþkñúgZm(CaeRK]gnaMecjk*minman

Zm(déTeRkABIZmµvin&yenHsuTÆEtsUnücakKuNviess

TaMgGs´ mñalsuPTÞ ebIPik¡úTaMgLayRbRBwtþedayRbéBehIy elakenHminsUnüBIRBHGrhnþeLIy . kalRBHbrmRKÚRTg´sEmþgZmµeTsnadUecñH
ehIy suPTÞbriBVaCkmanesckþIRCHzøaehIysMEdgxøÜnCaó:sk nigTUlsMb
u BVC¢anigóbsm|Taza bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\MúRBHGg<Kb|I:nbBVC¢a nig
óbsm|TakñúgsMNak´RBHmanRBHPaKpg
brivas

KWviZIRbRBwtþvtþsRmab´BYktirIæy¾za

.

RBHelaknazRTg´sEmþgtitæiy-

mñalsuPTÞ

buK<lNaZøab´cUlCa

tirIæy¾kñúgkalmun ebIR:zñabBVC¢anigóbsm|TakñúgZmµvin&yenH CnenaHKb|IenA
brivasGs´kMNt´ 4 Ex luHknøg 4 ExehIy Pik¡úTaMgLayeTIbobuK<lenaH
bBVC¢anigóbsm|Ta edIm|IPav;CaPik¡ú EttzaKts<al´RbmaNkñúgbuK<l KWelIk
ElgcMeJHbuK<lxøHEdlminKYrenAbrivas
eday

.

eTaHCaRBHsBVJ¦ÚRtas´dUecñHk*

suPTÞbriBVaCkRkabTUledayesckþIRCHzøaza

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

ebI

titæIy¾brivasmankMNt´ 4 Ex x\úMRBHGg<GacenAdl´eTA 4 qñaM luHknøg 4 qñaM
ehIysUmoPik¡úsg¹GnuJ¦atbMbYsox\MúRBHGg<cuH .
lMdab´enaH RBHsBVJ¦ÚRTg´Rtas´ehARBHGannÞza mñalGannÞ ebIdUecñaH
GñkTaMgLaycUrbMbYssuPTÞbriBVaCkenHcuH

. RBHGannÞTTYlRBHBuTd
Æ IkaehIy

suPTÞbriBVaCk Casav&kGg<cugeRkay

Ca

- 121 bMbYssuPTÞtamBuTÆbMNg . suPTÞbriBVaCk:neJlsresIrRBHGannÞza RBHsasþaRTg´oRBHGannÞTTYlbMbYsx\MúRBHkruNaenH CalaPd*RbesIr
rbs´GannÞ RBHGannÞ:nlÁehIy . suPTÞPik¡ú:nóbsm|TaehIyminyUrb¨unµan :necjcakBYkKN;eTAsmáMenAkñúgTIsáat´Etmñak´Ég CaGñkmin
RbmaT manesckþIBüayam k*:nseRmcRBHGrhtþpl elakCask¡isav&k KWsav&kEdl:neXIjGg<RBHsmµasm¬úTk
Æ ñúgkalCaTIbMput .

RTg´RbTanOvaTdl´RBHPik¡úsg¹
RKaenaH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´oRBHGannÞCaGñkTTYlRBHZmµeTsna edIm|InaMykBueTÆavaTsMEdgdl´Pik¡úbris&T omanesckþIeKarBcMeJH
RBHZm(nigRBHvin&y

eKarBkñúgfan;CaRBHsasþaza

mñalGannÞ

luHtzaKtbriniBVanehIy

ebImanPik¡úGg<xøHKity¨agenHza

RBHsasþarbs´eyIg

briniBVanehIy «LÚvenHRBHsasþarbs´eyIgTaMgLayminmaneT y¨agenHnwgKb|Imandl´GñkTaMgLay mñalGannÞ GñkTaMgLayminRtUvyl´y¨ag
enHeT mñalGannÞ luHtzaKtbrinB
i VanehIy Zm(nigvin&yenaH> EdltzaKt:nsEmþgehIy :nbJ¦tþiehIyenaH Casasþarbs´GñkTaMgLay .

RTg´oPik¡úehAKñaedayKarvevahar
RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTRÆ Tg´oPik¡úbris&T kan´yknUvZm(nigvin&yCasasþaedayRbkardUecñHehIy RTg´sEmþgdl´kareKarBkñúgGnaKt edIm|Io
Pik¡úehAKñanigKñaedayevahard*smKYrdl´Pik¡ú

EdlmanvsSaeRcInnigvsSatic

eTIbRTg´Rtas´ng
i RBHGannÞza

mñalGannÞ

«LÚvenHPik¡úTaMgLay

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Kb|IehAPik¡úEdlmanvsSax©ICagxøÜnedayeQµaH edayeKaRt ßedayJküza Gavuesak*:n cMENkPik¡úzµIx©IvsSaCag Kb|IehAPik¡úCaezr;Edlman
vsSacas´CagxøÚÜnza Penþ ß Gaysµa tamsmKYrEdlCaKarvevahar .
mñalGannÞ kalebIsg¹R:zñanwgdkhUtsik¡abTtUctacecjxøH enAeBlEdltzaKtbriniBVanehIyk*dkhUtcuH .
GannÞRkabbg<MTUlsYrRBHelaknazza bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn Pik¡úqnñ; Rbkan´zaCaGñkbMerIrbs´RBHGg< dUcCakalCUnRBHdMeNIrRBHGg<esþc
yagecjsagRBHpñÜsCaedIm eZVIoBi:kRbedANas´ minRBmTTYlOvaTGñkdéTeLIy luHRBHPKvnþmunIbriniBVanehIy eZVIosg¹rwtEtBi:kxøaMg
eLIg eRJHminmanbuK<lNaKYroeKarBekatERkg dUecñHx\MúRBHGg<KYrRbtibtþidUcemþc/

mñalGannÞ

ebItzaKtbrinB
i VanehIy

sg¹Kb|IeZVRI BhµTNÐ

- 122 cMeJHqnñ;Pik¡úcuH . RBHGannÞRkabbg<MTUlsYrza RBhµTNÐenaHeZVd
I Ucemþc RBHGg</ RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za mñalGannÞ qnñ;Pik¡úebIR:zñacrca
nUvJküNa k*Kb|IcrcanUvJküenaHcuH qnñ;Pik¡úenaH Pik¡úTaMgLayminKb|IsþIza minTUnµaneRb[nRbedAeLIy mñalGannÞ enHÉgCaRBhµTNÐ .
lMdab´enaH RBHsBVJR¦Ú Tg´Rtas´oehAPik¡úTaMgLaymkza mñalGannÞ Pik¡úTaMgLayNamancmál´ ßesckþIsgS&ykñúgRBHBuTÆkþI RBHZm(kþI
RBHsg¹kþI GriymK<kþI bdibTakþI GñkTaMgLaycUrsaksYrtzaKtmkcuH GñkTaMgLay kMumanvib|disarI KWesckþIekþARkhaysþayeRkayza kal
RBHsasþaRTg´Rbzab´enAcMeJHmux BYkeyIgTaMgLaymin:nsYrRBHd*manRBHPaKesaH . kalRBHelaknazRTg´Rtas´GnuJ¦atebIkOkasoTUlsYr
y¨agenHehIy Pik¡úTaMgenaHk*enAesá{m RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRtas´y¨agenHGs´var; 3 dg Pik¡úTaMgenaHk*enAesá{mRKb´RBHGg< . mñalPik¡úTaMgLay ebI
GñkTaMgLayminh)ansYrtzaKt

eRJHmanesckþIeKarBtzaKt

GñkTaMgLaycUrR:b´Pik¡úCasMLaj´pgKñacuH

Pik¡úTaMgenaHk*enAesá{meT[t

lMdab´

enaHRBHGannÞRkabTUlRBHsasþaza Gs©arüNas´RBHGg< cMELkNas´RBHGg< bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\MúRBHGg<manesckþIRCHzøanigPik¡úTaMgenH eRJH
esckþIsgS&yßesckþIreg,{scitþkñúgRBHBuTk
Æ þI RBHZm(kþI RBHsg¹kþI GriymK<kþI bdibTaKWpøÚvbdibtþiTaMgLaykþI minmandl´Pik¡úGg<NaeLIy .
eBlenaHRBHQñHmarRTg´Rtas´za

mñalGannÞ

GñkeJleRJHesckþIRCHzøaBitEmnehIy

jaNrbs´tzaKtk*RCÜtRCabkñúgkalenHEdrza

esckþIsgS&yreg,{scitþkñúgRBHBuTÆkþI RBHZm(kþI RBHsg¹kþI GriymK<kþI bdibTaKWpøÚvbdibtþT
i aMgLaykþI minmandl´Pik¡úsUm|ImYyGg<kñúgBYkPik¡úsg¹
TaMgenHeLIy eRJHRBHPik¡úsg¹TaMg 500 Gg<enAkñúgTIenHsuTÆEtRBHGriybuK<l minlayLMedaybuzuC¢neLIy y¨agTabbMputk*seRmcesatabtþiplEdr mankiriyaminsabsUnüCaZmµta KWBitCa:nRtas´dwgKuNviesszñak´x¬sk
´ ñúgGnaKtminxan .

bcäiemavaT JküdMbUnµancugeRkay
Gz exa PKva Pik¡Ú Gamenþsi hnÞTani Pik¡ev Gamnþyami eva vyZmµa sg¡ara Gb|maeTn sm|aeTzati .
lMdab´enaH RBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´Rtas´ehAPik¡úTaMgLaymkRbTanOvaTza mñalPik¡úTaMgLay «LÚvenHtzaKtet]nGñkTaMgLayodwgza
sg¡arZm(TaMgLay manesckþvI n
i assabsUnüeTACaZmµta GñkTaMgLaycUrjúaMgkicT
© aMgBYg EdlCaRbeyaCn¾xøÜn nigRbeyaCn¾GñkdéTobribUN(
edayesckþIminRbmaTcuH .
GyM tzaKtsS bcäima vaca enHCavacacugeRkayrbs´tzaKtehIy .
RBHelaknaz:nRbmUlnUvBueTÆavaTTaMgBYg EdlRTg´:nRbTanmkGs´ 45 RBHvsSaenaH mkrYmcuHkñúgesckþIminRbmaT RbTandl´Pik¡úsg¹

- 123 BuTÆbris&TkñúgGvsankaledayRbkardUecñH .

RTg´briniBVan
tBIenaHmk

RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTm
Æ in:nRtas´JküNaeT[teLIy

brikmµedayGnubB
u VviharZm(ßsmabtþi

9

TaMgGnuelamnigbdielam

muncUlbriniBVanRTg´
KWcUlQaneTAtam

lMdab´ ehIyk*zyeRkaymkedaylMdab´Qan KWcUlbfmCÄanecjBIbfmCÄanehIycUl
TutiyCÄan

ecjBITutiyCÄanehIycUlttiyCÄan

ecjBIttiyCÄanehIycUlctutæCÄan

ecjBIctutæCÄanehIycUlGakasanJ©aytn; ecjBIGakasanJ©aytnsmabtþiehIycUl
viJ¦aNJ©aytn; ecjBIviJ¦aNJ©aytnsmabtþiehIycUlGakiJ©J¦aytn; ecjBIGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþiehIycUlenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

ecjenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnsma-

btþiehIycUlevTyitnieraZsmabtþi rlt´citþsg¡ar KWsJ¦anigevTna . RBHelaknazRTg´
cUlGnubB
u VviharsmabtþiTaMg 9 edayRbkardUecñH .
RKaenaHRBHGannÞ:nsYrRBHGnuruTÆetærza

bBiRtRBHGnuruTÆd*manGayu

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´briniBVanehIyß/ RBHGnuruTÆmanezrdIkaza RBHbrmRKÚminTan´briniBVanenAeLIyeT RBHGg<
RTg´cUldl´sJ¦aevTyitnieraZsmabtþi .
lMdab´enaH

RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´enAkñúgnieraZsmabtþitamsmKYrkarkMNt´ehIy

RTg´

ecjBInieraZsmabtþicUlenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; RTg´ecjBIenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnsmabtþei hIy

RTg´briniBVan

cUlGakiJ©J¦aytn; ecjBIGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþiehIy cUlviJ¦aNJ©ay-

tn; ecjBIviJ¦aNJ©aytnsmabtþiehIy cUlGakasanJ©aytn; ecjBIGakasanJ©aytnsmabtþiehIy cUlctutæCÄan ecjBIctutæCÄanehIycUlttiyCÄan ecjBIttiyCÄan

ehIycUlTutiyCÄan ecjBITutiyCÄanehIycUlbfmCÄan ecjBIbfmCÄanehIycUlTutiyCÄan ecjBITutiyCÄanehIycUlttiyCÄan

ecjBI

- 124 ttiyCÄanehIycUlctutæCÄan ecjBIctutæCÄanehIy RBHbrmelaknazRTg´briniBVankñúglMdab´énkarBicarNanUvGg<énctutæCÄan kñúgbcäimyamén
raRtIvisaxbuNÑmI mhamg<lsm&yedayRbkardUecñH kñúgRBHCnµayu 80 RBHvsSa .
RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆRTg´brinB
i VanehIy EpndIkeRkIkjab´j&ry¨agxøaMg xül´bk´e:kKYros\b´Es\gRBWeramRBWEs|k eZVIoekItsegVKxøaMgNas´ .
kalRBmKñanigkarbriniBVanénRBHmanRBHPaKenaH shm|tIRBhµ:neJlnUvKazasEmþgesckþIsegVK nigesckþIRCHzøarbs´xøÜnza “bNþa
stV«tmanesssl´kñúgelak suTÆEtecalragkayKrTukelIEpndI kñúgelakÉNahñ@ EdlstVminecalragkayenAelIEpndI sUm|IRBHsmµasm¬úTÆbrmRKÚ CasasþaÉk RTg´nUvKuNd*Z«
M tmanGñkNaeRb[b:n CasymÖÚ Rtas´dwgedayRbéBcMeJHRBHGg<Ég RTg´manBlJ¦aN mankmøaMg
10 Rbkar enAEtminfitenACasæaBr RTg´cUlbriniBVanehIy KYrosegVKtk´søútxøaMgNas´” .

sk,eTvraC:neJlza
sg¡arZm(TaMgLay mineT[gEmnBit mankiriyaekIteLIg nwgvinaseTAvijCaZmµta rEmgekIteLIgehIyrlt´eTAvij luHEtrlt´nUvsg¡ar
TaMgLayenaHehIy eTIb:nnUvesckþIsuxRKb´y¨ag .

RBHGnuruTÆetær:neJlza
RBHsm¬úTÆbrmRKÚ RTg´manRBHT&yfitenAminjab´j&redayelakZm(TaMg 8 Rbkar RTg´manxül´GsSasbsSas;rlt´ehIy RBHmunImin
manRBHT&ytk´søútcMeJHmrN;Zm(eLIy RTg´R:rBÆeZVInUvsnþi KWesckþIsáb´manRBHniBVanCaGarmµN¾ Cakarputvis&yénsamJ¦Cn manRBHT&yGt´
sg,t´cMeJHTuk¡evTnaedaystinigsm|C¢J¦;d*ótþm putrlt´edayGnu:TiessniBVan manóbmadUcCaRbTIbd*ruger]g ehIyrlt´sUnüeTAdUecñaH .

RBHGannÞeJlKaza
kalRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ

RBHGg<RbkbedayGakar;d*RbesIr

R:kd dl´eTvtanigmnusSTaMgLay .

rlt´xnÆcUlkan´RBHniBVanehIy

esckþIGs©aüKYroRBWeramRBWEs|k:nekIteLIg

- 125 elakTaMg 4 Gg<:neJlnUvKaza sEmþgesckþIsegVKrbs´RBHGg< edayRbkardUecñH .

PaKTI 13
RBHbrmsB
luHRBHsmµasm¬úTRÆ Tg´rMlt´xnÆcUlkan´briniBVanehIy raRtIenaHBMuTan´PøWRsLHc|as´enAeLIy RBHGnuruTÆetærCaRBHezr; RbZankñúgcMeNamenaH
nigRBHGannÞ:nsEmþgZmµIkzaobris&TekItsegVK

nigRCHzøatamsmKYr

luHPøRW sLHehIy

RBHGnuruTÆetær:nbg<ab´oRBHGannÞeTAodMNwgdl´

mløkSRt enARkugkusinarao:nRCabdMNwgbriniBVanénRBHsasþa . RKaenaHmløkSRtkMBugRbCMuKñaenAsNðaKarsæan edaykic©Tak´TgnigbriniBVan
énRBHmanRBHPaKenaHÉg RTg´eRt[mRbtibtþitamBuTÆbMNg zanwgmkkñúgraRtIenaH luHRBHGannÞetærnimnþeTAdl´ :nzVaydMNwgomløkSRtRCabza
RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´briniBVanehIy . mløkSRtTaMgLay:nRCabdMNwgenaHehIy RTg´vieyaKxSwkxSÜlRCÜlkñúgOra edaykmøaMgesckþIRCHzøacMeJH
RBHelaknaz edaymanbMNgza cg´oRBHGg<ZrmanenAGs´kald*yUr RBHGg<CadYgck¡ú minKYrmkGnþrZancakelakqab´rh&sy¨agenHeLIy .
RKaenaH

mløkSRtk*bJ¢aonamuWnm®nþp
I þl´dMNwgbriniBVanenH

dl´RbCaraRsþRKb´Can´zñak´

kñúgnKrkusinarao:nRCab

ehIynaMbNþasuKnÆCati

eRK]gRkGUbp,akRmg nigdUrüd®nþITaMgb¨unµanmkRbCMuKña BYkmløkSRtk*naMsuKnÆCatieRK]gRkGUbp,akRmg nigdUrüd®nþITaMgenaHRBmTaMgnaMyksMBt´ 500
pÞaMg esþcyageTAkan´éRBsalvenaTüan eZVIsk,arbUCaRBHbrmsBénRBHmanRBHPaKd*OLarik ehIyer[bcMtak´EtgTIkEnøgeZVICaragmUl manBidan
Rbdab´edaybuböCati tm,lT
´ ukCabrivarénRBHBuTÆsrIr; . luHTivaraRtIknøgeTA BYkmløkSRtTaMgenaH:nseRmccitþza ézáenHRBlb´ehIy caMevla
EsÁksincuH eyIgnwgcat´zVayRBHePøIgbUCaRBHBuTÆsrIr;énRBHelaknaz . eBlenaHmløkSRtTaMgLay:neZVIBuTÆbUCaRBHBuTÆsrIr;y¨agmehaLarik
edayn&yenHGs´var; 6 ézámkehIy luHdl´ézáTI 7 mløkSRtTaMgLayRBwkSaKñaza eyIgnwgyagRBHBuTÆsrIr;RbTkSiNRBHnKr zVayRBHePøIgkñúg
TisTkSiN xageRkARBHnKrcuH . RKaenaHmlø:emak¡ 8 Gg< mankmøaMgd*maMEtgkaybrisuTÆsÁat Rbdab´kayedaysMBt´zµI RBmKñacUleTAyag
RBHsrIr; EtminGacjúaMgRBHsrIr;okeRmIk:n mløkSRtTaMgLaymanesckþIcMELkGs©aükñúgcitþ eTIbeTATUlsYrRBHGnuruTÆetærEdlmanTiBVesat;
elaksEmþgehtuza eTvtaTaMgLayKitza nwgyagRBHBuTs
Æ rIr;eTATisxageCIgénRBHnKr ehIycUlRBHnKrtamTisxageCIg yageTAJk´kNþal
énRBHnKr ecjeTAtamTVarTisxagekIt ehIyyageTAzVayRBHePøIgenAmkudBnÆnectiy Rtg´TisxagekIténraCZanIkusinara eTvtaTaMgLaymanmti

- 126 y¨agenH cMENkmtirbs´mløkSRtTaMgLayepSgBIenH :nCaminGacyagRBHsrIr;oXøatBITIkEnøg:n . mløkSRtTaMgLayk*yl´Rsbtam
bMNgrbs´eTvtaTaMgLay tmkk*RbugeRb[byagRBHsrIr;eTATisxageCIg minoxusBIbMNgrbs´eTvtaTaMgenaH . RKaenaHkRmgp,amnÞarRBwkS
Carbs´TiBVenAfansYK(eTvelak EdleTvtaTaMgLaybNþaloZøak´cuHmkbUCa edrdasJseBjTaMgnKrkusinara mankMBs´RtwmCanumNÐl .
lMdab´enaHeTvtanigmløkSRtTaMgLay RBmKñaeZVIsk,arbUCaRBHBuTÆsrIr; edayr:MeRc[gRbKMdUrüd®nþI nigmalasuKnÆCatiTaMgrbs´TiBVrbs´mnusS
KRKwkKeRKgCamhaekalahl dEgØRBHsrIr;eTAxagekIténmhanKr cUlmkkñúgRBHnKredayTisxageCIg kat´Rtg´Jk´kNþalRBHnKr tamTVar
xagekIt eTAzVayRBHePøIgenAmkudBnÆnectIy¾Camg<lsæan EdlmløkSRtRTg´nUveRK]gRbdab´ RbtisðanRBHBuTÆsrIr; RBmTaMgsk,ar;bUCad*OLarik
EdleKEtgsnµtzaCamg<ld*ótþmkñúgnKrsm&yenaH
sYrRBHmhaGannÞetær

>

mløkSRtTaMgLayRTg´cg´RCabdl´karRbtibtþiRBHBuTs
Æ rIr;

elaksEmþgBuTÆanum&to
i RbtibtþiRBHsrIr;dUcRBHecAcRkB®tþaZiraC

oRtÚvtamBuTÆZib|ayeTIbTUl

tamn&yEdlelak:nsþab´mkkñúgTIcMeJHRBHP®kþén

RBHsasþa zVayomløkSRt:nRCabsBVRbkar .

zVayRBHePøIg
mløkSRtTaMgLay RTg´RbtibtþitamBuTÆZib|ayenaH KWrMuRBHsrIr;edaysMBt´zµI RTab´edaysMLIehIyrMuedaysMBt´zµI RTab´edaysMLIeT[t
eZVIEbbenHdrabRKb´ 500 Can´ rYcehIyk*dEgØRBHsrIr;eTARbtisðanelIranEdkeBjedayeRbg biTedayKMrbEdk eZVQ
I
abndðanedayeQIRkGUb
ehIytm,l´RBHsrIr;elIQabndðanenaH edIm|IzVayRBHePøIg .
RKaenaH mlø:emak¡ 4 Gg<Rsg´TwkCRmHkaybrisuTÆsÁat esø{kdNþb´sMBt´zµI naMePøIgRbRktIcUleTAkan´QabndðanTaMg 4 Tis Etmin
GacqYlePIg
ø oeqHQabndðan:neLIy kSRtTaMgLaysgS&yza ERkgTMnas´nig«TÆanuPaBrbs´eTvta eTIbRTg´sYrRBHGnuruTÆetær > elaksEmþg
ehtuza eTvtaTaMgLaymanbMNgorg´caMRBHmhaksSbetær nwgnimnþmkzVaybg<MRBH:TRBHbrmsasþaedaysirsasin eTIbzVayRBHePøIg:n .
eBlenaH RBHmhaksSbetær elaknimnþmkminTan´dl´mkudBnÆnectIy¾enAeLIy elakkMBugeZVIdMeNIrtampøÚvmkBInKr:va CamYynigPik¡ú
500 Gg< manbMNgmkKal´RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆenARsukkusinara ehIyQb´sRmakeRkammøb´RBwkSamYyedIm . eBlenaH RBHmhaksSb; :neXIj
GaCivkmñak´edIrmkBITIqáay

kan´p,amnÞarRBwkSTTUrkarJrkMedAézá

eZVIdMeNIrsMedAeTARsuk:va

RBHmhaksSb;:neXIjp,amnÞar;sgS&ykñúgcitþza

manehtuGVImYyTak´TgnigRBHbrmsasþaehIy eRJHzap,amnÞar;enH Cap,aTiBm
V inmanenAkñúgmnusSelakenHeT mancMeJHEtézásMxan´>

EdlTak´Tg

- 127 nigRBHbrmelaknazbu¨eNÑaH KWenAeBlRBHeJZistVRTg´RbsUtCaedIm RBHmhaksSb;nimnþeTAsYrza Gñk:nRCabBIdMeNIrRBHsasþarbs´eyIgxøH
Edrß/ GaCIvkTUlRBHmhaksSb;za x\úMRBHkruNa:nRCab KWRBHsmNeKatmbriniBVaneTA 7 ézánigézáenHehIy p,amnÞarRBwkSenHx\úMRBHkruNayk
mkBITIEdlsmN;eKatmbriniBVanenaH RBHmhaksSb;RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹:nsþab´ehIy Pik¡úEdlCabuzuC¢nmanraK;minTan´R:scaksnþanenAeLIy
k*elIkhtæTaMgBIreLIg yMesakxSwkxSÜl bMrHnen[lGaeLaHGal&yRBHPKvnþmunI er[brab´KYroekItsegVKBn´eBkNas´

Pik¡úEdlCaRBHxINa-

RsB manraK;eTAR:sehIy manstism|C¢J¦; Gt´sg,t´Tuk¡evTnaenaHedayZmµsMevK eRJHsg¡arTaMgLaymankarEbkZøayCaZmµta .
RKaenaH

manbBVCitGñkbYseBlcas´namza

suPTÞ;

:nedIrtamRBHezr;mkenAkñúgcMeNambris&TenaHEdr

:nERskhamPik¡úTaMgenaHza

mñalGavuesaQb´eTA elakTaMgLaykMuesayesakGaeLaHGal&ysmN;enaHeLIy BYkeyIgTaMgLayputRsLHlÁehIyBIsmN;enaH kal
smN;enaHKg´enAEtgRbedAza rbs´enHKYrrbs´enaHminKYr BYkeyIgxøacERkgk*RBmeZVItamedayesckþIlM:kxøaMgNas´ «LÚvenH eyIgcg´eZVIGVIk*
:n mincg´eZVIGVIk*:ntamcitþ min:c´ekatERkgbg<ab´bJ¢aBInrNaeT[teLIy .
Ohñ@
ézáb¨ueNÑaH

RBHbrmsasþaeTIbEtbriniBVaneTAminyUrb¨unµan

KW:n

7

manGlC¢I:bCnh)aneJlJkücRmÚgcRmas´tµHtiHed[l

kñúgZmµvin&y eday«tmanekatERkgesaHeLIy .
cMENkRBHmhaksSbetær:nsþab´ehIy

k*elIkCaGZikrN¾

bRmugnwgeZVn
I iK<hkmµ ‘eZVIkarsg,t´sg,in’ Etedayyl´za minsmKYreZVI
kñúgeBlenHeT eRJHebIBYkniRKnæGnütiræIy¾dwger]g eKnwgetHed[lninÞaza
minRBmsamK<IKña RBHsasþabriniBVan:n 7 ézá eQøaHEbk:k´KñaeTA
ehIy mü¨ageT[t eZVIoyWteBlkñúgkareZVIdMeNIrpg KitdUecñHehIyeTIb
manezr;dIkahamPik¡úsg¹edayZm(

ehIynaMPik¡úsg¹sJ©reTA

edIm|I

zVayRBHyuKl:TénRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ EdlRbtisðanenAmkudBnÆnectiy
enaH . RBHmhaksSb; RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹nimnþdl´Rsukkusinara Ca
mg<lsæanmkudBnÆnectiyehIy

k*nimnþcUleTACitQabndðan

eZVInUv

RBHmhaksSb;nigPik¡ú 500 Gg< zVaybg<MRBHyuKl:T

- 128 bgSúkUlcIvreqµ{gsµam¡ag elIkkMbg´p©g´htæazVaybg<M eZVIRbTkSiNQabndðan 3 CMuehIyebIkBIxagRBH:T zVaybg<MRBH:TTaMgKUénRBHsmµasm¬úTÆ
edaysirsa seRmcedaykmøaMgGZidðannig«TÆivis&y sUm|IPik¡úTaMg 500 Gg<enaHk*RKgcIvreqµ{gsµam¡ageZVIRbTkSiNQabndðan 3 CMu ehIyzVay
bg<MRBHbrmsB edayGvyv;d*ótþmRKb´Gg< .
kalRBHmhaksSbetær RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹ 500 Gg<zVaybg<eM hIy Qabndðank*ruger]geRJgRJteqHeLIgÉg sEmþg:dihariyo
¾ R:kd
KWePøIgTiBVekIteLIgedayeTv«TÆanuPaB kalePøIgkMBugqabeqHnUvQabndðanenaH RBHqvM RBHcmµ ‘Es|k’ nharU ‘srés’ KWsréstUcZMCaedImk*
rlt´eTAedaykmøaMgePøIg «tmansUm|IEtepHR:kdeLIy dUcCaeRbgRtÚvePøIgeqHehIydUecñaH cMENkRBHsrIr; KWRBHGdði ‘qÁwg’ RBHeksa ‘sk´’
RBHelama ‘eram’ RBHnxa ‘Rkck’ RBHTnþa ‘eZµj’ RBmTaMgsMBt´ 1 KUx©b´nvU RBHsarIrikZatu TaMgenHsl´enA«teqHeLIy kalRBHsrIr;én
RBHbrmsB Qabnkic©seRmcehIy óTkZarak*bgØÚrZøak´cuHBIGakas mkrMlt´ePøIgelIQabndðanénRBHbrmsB sUm|IEtmløkSRtTaMgLayk*naM
nUvsBVsuKnÆvarIrMlt´ePøIgQabndðanénRBHbrmsBEdr . luHrYcehIy eTIbdEgØRBHsarIrikZatueTARbtisðaæ nenAsNðaKarsala Rkugkusinara eZVI
raCv&tiB&TC
Æ MuvijsNðaKardðan manTahanQrkan´ZñÚkarJrCakMEBgxagkñúg manbMNgminokSRtsamnþraCbreTs elIkT&BmkdeNþImRBHsarIrikZatu:n RTg´eZVIsk,arbUCa manr:MraMeRc[gRbKMdUrüd®nþI nigbu:ömalasuKnÆCatiCaGenkb|kar GWgkgrMBgGs´kal 7 ézáCakMNt´ .

PaKTI14
CitekIts®g<am
kalenaH RBH:TGCatisRtÚvkSRtnKrmKZrdð RBH:TlicävI kSRtnKrevsalI RBH:Tmhanam kSRtnKrkbilB&sþú RBH:TzUlI kSRt
nKrGløkb|; esþcekaliy; kSRtnKrramRKam mhaRJhµN¾Cam©as´Rsuk nKrevdðTIbk; nigmløkSRtmYyBYkeT[t EdlenA:va kSRtTaMg 6
nKr rYmnigmhaRJhµN¾pgRtÚvCa 7 :nRCabkitþisBÞza RBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´esþcrMlt´xnÆcUlkan´briniBVankñúgsalvenaTüan kusinararaCZanI
:nbJ¢ÚnraCTUtonaMraCsarmkzVaymløkSRtkñúgRkugkusinara esckþIkñúgraCsarenaHza RBHmanRBHPaK RBHGg<CaRBHbrmkSRtxtþiyvgS eyIg
TaMgLayk*CaxtþiyCatid*ótþm eyIgTaMgLayKYr:nedaydac´xat nUvcMENkRBHsarIrikZatuénRBHbrmsasþa eyIgTaMgLaynwg:ntm,l´Tukkñúg
RBHsþÚb ‘ectIy¾’ eZVIsk,ar;bUCa . cMENkRJhµN¾«sSr;kñúgevdðTIbknKr :nbJ¢ÚnRJhµNT
¾ UtonaMRJhµN¾sareTAKal´mløkSRt

esckþIkñúg

- 129 enaHmanGtæn&yza

RBHsBVJ¦ÚBuTÆCakSRtvisuTÆivgS

nwg:nRbtisðaæ nkñúgRBHsþÚb
kusinara

x\MúRBHGg<k*CaRJhµN¾Catiótþmmhasal

edIm|IeZVIsk,arbUCatamkmøaMgRTBünigbsaTsTÆa

:ncUleTAKal´mløkSRt

RBHraCOg,areTAkan´TUtanuTUtTaMgenaHza

.

zVayraCsartambJ¢aehIyk*taMgenACaBYk>

KYr:nTTYlRBHraCTannUvRBHsarIrikZatuRBHsasþa

raCTUtnigRJhµN¾TaMgLayenaHk*naMKñaeZVIdMeNIreTAkan´nKr
RBmedayBlesna

RBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´briniBVankñúgEdndIrbs´eyIg

>

.

lMdab´enaH

mløkSRtTaMgLayman

minocMENkRBHsarIrikZatudl´esþcTaMgenaHeT

.

kalTUtanuTUtTUlsMucMENkRBHsarIrikZatuenaH mløkSRtTaMgLaymineJledayJküTn´Pøn´OnlMeTaneLIy . cMENkTUtanuTUtTaMgLayenaHk*
minRBmzyecj ehIynaMKñaenArg´caMts)UedaytaMgcitþza nwgsMuykcMENkénRBHsarIrikZatuoTal´Et:n . ehtukarN¾enHeZVIoekIteTACavivaTKña
ehIyeRt[meZVs
I ®g<amc|aMgKña edIm|IdeNþImykcMENkRBHsarIrikZatuénRBHbrmsasþa .
RKaenaH

eTaNRJhµNC
¾ aGñkmanbJ¦aeqø{vqøat

manfan;CaGacarüeRb[nRbedAkñúgéRtevT

CaTI

eKarBrab´GanénRBHraCanigCnCacMnYneRcInkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbKitza ebImløkSRtminRBmEckRBHsarIrikZatu ehIy
manJküekø{vkøaGg´Gacy¨agenHminsmKYreLIy
sRmuHsRmÜleT
eT

ehtuTaMgenHnwgnaMoekIts®g<amd*ZMminxan

c|as´CaekIts®g<ambgØÚrQamKñaBitR:kd

ebIminCYy

edaysarEtRBHbrmsarIrikZatuminsmKYr

dUecñHGatµaGjKb|IsEmþgKuNxnþivaTnigKuNénesckþRI BmeRB[gKña

júaMgGZikrN¾enHosáb´eday

samKI<Zm(cuH eTaNRJhµN¾KitdUecñHehIy k*eTAenAkEnøgmYyedIm|Irmáab´swks®g<amenaH eTIbeJlRBHKazaenHza bBiRtKNanikrd*cMerInTaMgLay sUmRTg´sþab´vacarbs´x\MúkñúgRKaenH RBHsmµasm¬úTRÆ BHGg<Ca
TIBwgéneyIgTaMgLay RBHGg<CaxnþivaT KWRtas´sresIresckþIGt´Zn´cMeJHJhirTukn
¡ igkiels GhigSa
esckþImineb[teb[nKña

karEdleyIgTaMgLayR:rBÆnUvRBHsarIrikZaturbs´RBHGg<

EdlCaGK<r&tñoCa

ehtu ehIybg,oekItkarts)UedaysRsþavuZCas®g<amenH CakarminlÁeLIy bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIneGIy
eyIgTaMgLayRtUvRBmeRB[grIkrayrkKña
:nesµIKñaRKb´nKreTAcuH

edIm|IesckþIekSmkSanþ

ehIyEckRBHsarIrikZatuCacMENko

oRBHsþÚb:nbJ©úHRBHsarIrikZatuenARKb´TisTI

edIm|Io:nseRmcRbeyaCn¾

sux dl´stþnikrTaMgLayGs´kalCayUr eRJHCnTaMgLayEdlmanesckþIRCHzøacMeJHRBHGg<enaHman
eRcInNas´ . eTaNRJhµN¾eJlKazasEmþgGMBIxnþivaT nigkarsamKIe< dayRbkardUecñH .

eTaNRJhµNs
¾ RmuHsRmYl

- 130 -

EckRBHbrmsarIrikZatu
lMdab´enaH kSRtnigRJhµN¾TaMg 8 nKr :nsþab´Pasitd*BieraH
enaHehIy RTg´sBVRBHraCh#T&yehIyGnum&tt
i amsamKI<Zm( RBmeRB[g
KñaRbKl´Zur;kic©oeTaNRJhµN¾
RBHbrmRKÚ

CaGZibtIkñúgkarEckRBHsarIrikZatuén

eTaNRJhµN:
¾ nTTYlRBHraCbJ¢a

ehIykan´tum¬

‘naLi

rgVal´’ Cavikarénmas zøwgnUvRBHbrmsarIrikZatuCaPaKesµI>Kña zVaykSRt
nigmhaRJhµN¾TaMg
ectiydðan

8

nKr

rYcehIyTUlsMt
u um¬

EdlCavtæúKYrdl´

kSRtnigmhaRJhµN¾kG
* nuJ¦atRBHraCTano

.

cMENk

emariykSRt Ca«sSr;kñúgbiböliv&nRTg´RCabza RBHPKvnþmunIesþcrMlt´xnÆ
cUlkan´briniBVankñúgRkugkusinara
EckRBHsarIrikZatu

eTIbbJ¢ÚnTUtmksMc
u MENkénRBHbrm-

Zatu mløkSRtRTg´Rtas´nigraCTUtza cMENkRBHsarIrikZatu«LÚvenHKµan
eT

eyIg:nEckCacMENkeRsceTAehIy

‘ZüÚg’ eTAbJ©úHkñúgsþÚbeZVIsk,ar;bUCacuH .

elakcUrnaMyknUvRBHGg<ar

- 131 -

PaKTI15
Zatuectiy
kalenaH

kSRtnigmhaRJhµN¾:nRBHbrmsarIrikZatuehIy

k*cat´k|ÜndEgØy¨agGZikGZm

edIm|IykeTAbJ©úHkñúgsþÚbénRbeTsTukbUCa

edayer[g>xøÜn RBHsþÚbénRBHbrmsarIrikZatu R:kdtamnKrepSg> KW ?
1Ç nKrraCRKwH

mKZrdð

2Ç nKrevsalI

vC¢Irdð

3Ç nKrkbilB&sþú

sk,CnbT

4Ç nKrGløkb|;

zUlirdð

5Ç nKrramRKam

ekaliyrdð

6Ç BYkRBahµN¾

nKrevdðTIbk;

7Ç nKr:va

mlørdð

8Ç nKrkusinara

mlørdð

RBHsþÚbTaMg 8 enHcat´CaZatuectIy¾ .
rab´TaMgRBHGg<arsþÚbsæitenAnKrbiböliv&n 1 nigsþÚbEdlbJ©úHtumr¬ bs´eTaNRBahµN¾ 1 eT[t rYmman 10 EdlsæitenAkñg
ú Cm¬ÚTVIb .
RBHZatu:nEckeTA 8 nKrenaH CaRBHZatuxñattUc KWTMhb
M u¨nkMNat´sENþk:y manBN(s nigRBHZatuZunkNþalmanTMhb
M u¨nkMNat´RKab´
Gg,r manBN(dUcEkvepøk xñattUcbMput manTMhb
M u¨nRKab´és¬ manBN(dUcp,ap,úl .
RBHZatuZM> Edlmin:k´EbkRbtisðæankñg
ú kEnøgTaMgenH KW ?
1Ç RBHcg,ÚmEkvsþax
M agelI

RbtisðanenA

KnÆraRs ‘KnÆar;’ .

2Ç RBHcg,ÚmEkvsþax
M ageRkam

RbtisðanenA

nKrnaK .

- 132 3Ç RBHcg,ÚmEkveqVgxagelI

RbtisðanenA fantavtþg
i S .

4Ç RBHcg,ÚmEkveqVgxageRkam

RbtisðanenA ekaHlg,a .

_qÁwgdgkaMbitsþaM

RbtisðanenA fantavtþg
i S .

_qÁwgdgkaMbitxageqVg nigóNØis ‘záas’ RbtisðanenA TusSectiy RBhµelak .
_RBHZatuóNØIs ‘záas’

RbtisðanenA cuLamNIectiy fantavtþg
i S .

_RBHeksZatu ‘sk´’ RBHTnþZatu ‘eZµj’ RBHnxaZatu ‘Rkck’ BYkeTvtanaMykmYyGg<> eTARbtisðanenAcRkvaLdéT .

briePaKectIy¾
‘ectIy¾sRmab´dak´smÖar;maneRK]geRbIR:s´CaedIm’
eTaNRJhµN¾naMyknaLimaseTAbJ©úHkñúgsþÚb kñúgnKrkusinara maneQµaHza tum¬sþÚb emariy;kSRtnaMykRBHGg<areTAbJ©úHkñúgsþÚbeQµaH
za Gg<arsþÚb enAnKrbiböliv&n .
RBHsþÚbTaMg 2 enHcat´CabriePaKectIy¾ sMevCnIydðanTaMg 4 kEnøg RBmTaMgbrik¡ar nigrbs´eRbIR:s´epSg>eT[t KW ?
1Ç éRtcIvr

enARbeTs PTÞrdð

2Ç sMBt´óTksadk

enARbeTs bJ©alraC

3Ç sMBt´Zmµk¡nÆ

ekasl

4Ç kayBnÆnig:Rt

:dlibutþ

5Ç RTnab´RBH:Tnigesøak:Rt

ósSiRJhµN¾

6Ç eRK]gkRmal

nKrmkud

7Ç nisITn;snæt

kururdð

8Ç kaMbitekarnigbMBg´m¢úl

nKr«nÞbtþ

- 133 9Ç sMBt´tRmgTwk

vieThrdð

10Ç eQIsÞn´

mizilardð

rYmTaMg 10 y¨ag RBmTaMgERK ekAGI kudi RBHvihar EdlRBHGrhnþsmµasm¬úTÆRTg´Zøab´eRbIR:s´ cat´cUlkñúgbriePaKectIy¾ .

Zmµectiy
eRkaymkeT[t BuTÆsasnikCn:neZVIsþÚbectIy¾ Et«tmanRBHbrmsarIrikZatu ßRbdab´eRbIR:s´rbs´RBHbrmsasþabJ©úHTukeT :nyk
silacarwk ßsøwkrwtEdlcarwkJküeRb[nRbedArbs´RBHsBVJ¦ÚmkbJ©úHCMnYs ehAza Zmµectiy .

óeTÞsikectiy
tmkeT[tBuTÆsasnikCn:neZVIRBHBuTÆrUbGMBIzµßelah;epSg> edIm|ICaTIsk,ar;bUCadl´RBHsmµasm¬úTÆbrmRKÚ cat´Ca óeTÞsikectiy .
dUecñHebIcat´CaRbePTénectIy¾man 4 KW ?
1Ç Zatuectiy KWRBHsþÚbbJ©úHRBHbrmsarIrikZatu .
2Ç briePaKectiy KWsþÚbbJ©úHeRK]gbrik¡arnigRbdab´RbdaeRbIR:s´rbs´RBHsBVJB
¦Ú uTÆ RBmTaMgvtæúepSg>EdlTak´TgnigRBHGg< nigTIlMenA
GaRs&yrbs´RBHGg< .
3Ç Zmµectiy KWRBHsþÚbbJ©úHvtæúcarwkRBHZm( .
4Ç óeTÞsikectiy KWRBHBuTÆrUb .

- 134 -

BuTÆkicR© bcaMézárbs´RBHmanRBHPaK 5 y¨ag KW
BuTÆkic©TI 1

eBlRBwkRTg´biNÐ:teR:sstV .

BuTÆkic©TI 2

eBlláacRTg´sMEdgZm( .

BuTÆkic©TI 3

eBlRBlb´RTg´RbTanOvaT nigRbTankmµdðanoPik¡úsg¹ .

BuTÆkic©TI 4

eBlJk´kNþalGRZaRt RTg´sMEdgZm(nigedaHRsaybJØaeTvta .

BuTÆkic©TI 5

eBlCitPøW RTg´RbemIlemIlstVelak .

RBwkRTg´biNÐ:t

láacRTg´sMEdgZm((

Jk´kNþalGRZaRtRTg´sMEdgZm(nigeTvta

eBlRBlb´RTg´RbTanOvaTnigkmµdðandl´Pik¡úsg¹

CitPøWRTg´RbemIlemIlstV
elak

- 135 -

PaKTI16
sg<Itikza KWkarer[ber[gepÞ{gpÞat´RBHZmµvin&y
suPTÞ; :nniyayJkümineKarBdl´RBHbrmsasþa ehIyhamXat´Pik¡úTaMgLayza mñalGavuesaQb´eTA elakTaMgLaykMuesayesak
GaeLaHGal&ysmN;enaHeLIy BYkeyIgTaMgLayrYcputRsLHedaylÁehIyBIsmN;enaH kalsmN;enaHKg´enAEtgRbedAza rbs´enHKYr
rbs´enaHminKYr BYkeyIgxøacERkgk*eZVItamedayesckþIlM:kxøaMgNas´ «LÚvenHRBHGg<briniBVaneTACakarlÁehIy eyIgcg´eZVIGVk
I *:n eyIgmincg´
eZVIGVk
I *:ntamcitþ min:c´ekatERkgbg<ab´bJ¢aBInrNaeT[tehIy .
RKaenaH RBHmhaksSb;nigPik¡úsg¹ 500 Gg< EdleZVIdMeNIrmkBI:va RBHmhaksSb;:nRCabza RBHbrmRKÚRTg´briniBVan 7 ézámk
ehIy ézáenHCaézáTI 8 RBHmhaksSb;RBmTaMgPik¡úsg¹:nsþab´y¨agenHehIy Pik¡úCabuzuC¢nGt´RTaMnigesckþeI sakesAmin:n k*yMknÞk´kenÞj
er[brab´

eBlenaHmanelaktamYyGg<bYseBlcas´ehIynamza

suPTÞ;

eJlvacaminmanesckþIeKarBekatERkgcMeJHRBHsasþa

dUc:n

GZib|aymkehIyenAxagedImenaH .
kalebIzVayRBHePøIgRBHbrmsasþa nigEckRBHsarIrikZaturYcehIy RBHmhaksSb;CaRBHezr; RbZanPik¡úTaMgLayeXIjza :nOkassm
KYrehIy eTIbRbCMuPik¡úsg¹Rbkaser]gsuPTÞenaHoRCabTYeTA ehIyBiPakSaKñaza nwgeZVIsg<aynaRBHZmµvin&yomaMTaMteTAGnaKt RBHPik¡úsg¹TaMg
enaHk*yl´RBmtam ehIyk*cab´epþImeZVIsg<aynaRKadMbUgeLIg . tmkeT[tRBHsg¹CMnan´eRkay :nCYyKñaeZVIsg<aynaCabnþmktamehtukarN¾
enaH> rYm 5 elIkehIy :nbJ¢ÚnRBHezr;mancMeNHdwgx¬s´ eTARbkasRBHsasnaÉeRkARbeTs . eRkaymkeT[t:nEtgCaKm¬Ir Gdðkza dIka
GnudIkaCaedIm dkRsg´ecjBIRBHéRtbidk ebImankulbuRtmkbYs k*ykKm¬IrTaMgenaHmksikSaer[nsURt nigRbRBwtþbdibtþri hUtmkdl´sBVézáenH .

sg<aynaKWGVI /
karer[ber[gepÞ{gpÞat´ ßcat´reb[bRBHZm(vn
i y
&
ßkarCMnuMRtÜtBinitüRBHZm(vin&y CaJküeRb[nRbedArbs´RBHsmµasm¬úTÆ omanEbbc|ab´Rtwm
RtÚvehAza sg<ayna sg<aynaenH:neZVI 5 elIkmkehIy KW ?

- 136 elIkTI1 R:rBÆer]gsuPTÞPike¡ú Jlvacaminsmrmü nigR:rBÆedIm|IoRBHBuTÆsasnaruger]ger[grhUtmk manPik¡úcUlrYmeZVIsg<aynaelIkTI1
cMnYn

500

Gg<

RBHmhaksSb;CaRbZan

mannaTICaGñksYr

RBHó:lICaGñkvisC¢naeqøIyRBHvin&y

RBHGannÞCaGñkvisC¢naRBHsURtßRBHZm(

RBH:TGCatsRtÚvCasasnUbtæmÖk¾ eZVIenAstþbNÑKUhaPñMevParbBt( RkugraCRKwH rdðmKZ; RbeTs«NÐa eRkayRBHBuTÆbriniBVan:n 3 Ex eZVI 7
ExeTIbcb´edaybribUN( .
elIkTI2 R:rBÆer]gPik¡úvC¢Ibuts
þ Emþgvtæú 10 RbkareRkARBHZm(vin&y manPik¡úcUlrYmeZVIsg<aynaelIkTI2 mancMnn
Y 700 Gg< RBHyskakNÐkbuRtCaRbZan RBHervtþ;mannaTICaGñksYr RBHsBVkamICaGñkvisC¢na RBH:TkalaesakraCCasasnUbtæmÖk¾ eZVIenAvalikaramßvalukaram
RkugevsalI rdðvC¢I RbeTs«NÐa eRkayRBHBuTÆbriniBVan 100 qñaM eZVI 8 ExeTIbcb´bribUN( .
elIkTI3

R:rBÆer]gBYkGnütiræIyb
¾ nøMcUlbYslayLMnigPik¡úsg¹kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna manPik¡úcUlrYmeZVIsg<aynaelIkenHcMnYn

1000

Gg<

RBHemaK<løIbuRttisSetærCaRbZan mannaTICaGñksYr RBHPik¡úkñúg:dlIbutT
þ aMgGs´CaGñkvisC¢na ebImanPik¡úGg<NaeqøIyxusRBHZm(vn
i &yk*cab´swk
RBH:TGesakmharaC ßRBH:TsirIZmµaesakraCCasasnUbtæmÖk¾ eZVIenAGesakaram :dlIbutþ rdðmKZ; RbeTs«NÐa eRkayRBHBuTÆbriniBVan
234 qñaM eZVI 9 ExeTIbcb´bribUN( .
elIkTI3

enH

:ncat´smN;TUteTARbkasRBHsasnakñúgRbeTsepSg>

RBHemaK<løIbutþtisSetær CaGñkoKMnitedIm|IpSBVpSayeTAkan´TITaMgLayenaH .
smN;TUtEdlnimnþeTARbkasRBHBuTÆsasnaman 9 pøÚv KW ?
pøvÚ TI1 KN;RBHmCÄnþikezr; nimnþeTArdðksSmIr KnÆar; .
pøÚvTI2 KN;RBHmhaeTvezr; nimnþeTAmhisµDl ‘ém¨sr’ .
pøÚvTI3 KN;RBHrk¡itezr; nimnþeTAvnvasI .
pøÚvTI4 KN;RBHZmµrk¡itezr; nimnþeTAGbrnþRbeTs .
pøÚvTI5 KN;RBHmhaZmµrk¡itezr; nimnþeTAmhardð xagedImsÞwgeKaZavarI .
pøÚvTI6 KN;RBHmhark¡itezr;
sBVézáRkicRKb´RKg .

nimnþeTAeyankRbeTs KWRbeTsGiur¨g´ TIenaH

eZVIsg<ayna

- 137 pøÚvTI7 KN;RBHmCÄimezr; nimnþeTAen:¨l .
pøÚvTI8 KN;RBHesaNezr;nigRBHótþrezr; nimnþeTAsuvNÑPUmi .
pøÚvTI9 KN;RBHmhinÞezr; nimnþeTARbeTssirIlg,a .
pøÚvnimYy>manRBHPik¡úminticCag 5 Gg< edIm|IgayRsÜlkñúgkarbMbYscMeJHGñkmansTÆaRCHzøa .
elIkTI4 R:rBÆedIm|IRbtisðanRBHBuTÆsasnaenAlg,aTVIb o:nmaMmYn manPik¡úcUlrYmeZVIsg<aynaelIkenH cMnYn 1000 Gg< RBHmhineÞ tær
CaRbZan nigmannaTICaGñksYr RBHGridC
ð aGñkvisC¢na RBH:TeTvanm|iytisSCasasnUbtæmÖk¾ eZVIenAzU:ramGnuraZburI RbeTssirIlg,a eRkay
RBHBuTÆbriniBVan 236 qñaM eZVI 10 ExeTIbcb´bribUN( .
elIkTI5

R:rBÆer]gRBHsg¹bMrugnwgEbkKñaCa 2

KWRBHsg¹xagmhavihar nigxagGP&yKirIvihar .

R:rBÆza teTAGnaKtrkGñkecHcaM

RBHZm(vin&yedaymat´TeTminman eRJHsg<ayna 4 dgknøgmkenaH suTÆEtTenÞjcaMmat´TeTTaMgGs´ teTAxagmuxxøacERkgmankarxus eTIbR:rBÆ
edIm|IcarwkCatYGkSrcuHkñúgsøwkrwt manPik¡úcUlrYmeZVIsg<aynaelIkTI5 enHmancMnYn 1600 Gg< edaymanRBHBuTÆTtþCaRbZan nigmannaTICaGñksYr
RBHmhatisSCaGñkvisC¢na RBH:TvdþKamnIGP&yCasasnUbtæmÖk¾ eZVIenAGaelakelNml&yCnbT ßmtelCnbT RbeTssirIlg,a eRkay
RBHBuTÆbriniBVan:n 450 qñaM eZVI 1 qñaeM TIbcb´bribUN(ehag .

ézásMxan´rbs´RBHsasþa
1Ç cuHcab´bdisnÆk
i ñúgépÞRBHnagsirimhamayaCaRBHmata ézáRBhs|tœ 15 ekItExGasaZ qñaMrka .
2Ç RbsUtézásuRk 15 ekítExBisax qñaMc evlaézáCitRtg´ enAsYnOTüanlum¬inI .
3Ç RTg´esayraCsm|tþei nAézáesAr¾ 15 ekIt ExGasaZ qñaMqøÚv kñúgRBHCnµayu 16 vsSa manRBHnagBim¬a ßyesaZraCaGK<mehsI .
4Ç RTg´yagecjsagRBHpñÜsenAézáRBhs|tœ 15 ekIt ExGasaZ qñaMezaH enACitsÞwgGenama kñúgRBHCnµ 29 vsSa eRkayBIRTg´
esayraCsm|tþi:n 13 qñaM .
5Ç RTg´:nRtas´CaRBHBuTeÆ nAézáBuZ 15 ekIt ExBisax qñaMrka kñúgRBHCnµayu 35 vsSa enAKyasIsRbeTs óruevlniKm mKZ;rdð .

- 138 6Ç RTg´sEmþgZmµck,enAézá 15 ekIt ExGasaZ qñaMrka enA«sibtnmiKTayv&n CitRkugJraNsI rdðkasI .
7Ç RTg´RbCMusnñi:tenAézá 15 ekIt ExmaX qñaMrka enAvtþevLúv&n CitRkugraCRKwH rdðmKZ; .
8Ç RTg´kMNt´RBHCnµayusg¡arenAézáGaTitü 15 ekIt ExmaX qñaMerag enA:valectIy¾ .
9Ç RTg´yagcUlbriniBVanenAézáGg<ar 15 ekIt ExBisax qñaMmSaj´ enARkugkusinara rdðmlø; kñúgRBHCnµayu 80 RBHvsSa .
10Ç BiZIzVayRBHePøIgenAézáGg<ar 7 eraC ExBisax qñaMmSaj´ enAmkudBnÆnectIy¾ xagekItRkugkusinara rdðmlø; .

ézásMxan´Tak´TgnigRBHCnµayuénRBHsasþa
1Ç RBHCnµayu:n 5 ézá taMgRBHnam .
2Ç RBHCnµayu:n 7 ézá RBHmatacUlTivg<t .
3Ç RBHCnµayu:n 7 qñaM RTg´sikSasil|saRsþ .
4Ç RBHCnµayu:n 16 qñaM RTg´GPiesk .
5Ç RBHCnµayu:n 29 qñaM manRBHraCbuRtnigecjbBVC¢a .
6Ç RBHCnµayu:n 35 qñaM RTg´Rtas´dwg .
7Ç RBHCnµayu:n 80 qñaM RTg´cUlbriniBVan .

- 139 -

ézásMxan´kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna 1 qñaMman 3 dg
1Ç GasaLbU
Ø Ca
GasaLbUCa ‘enAmYyézáeT[tcUlvsSa’ KWézá 15 ekIt ExGasaZ qñaMrka enA«sibtnmiKTayv&n CitRkugJraNsI rdðkasI CaézásMxan´
Ø
kñúgRbvtþisa®sþénRBHBuTÆsasnadUcteTAenH KW ?
1Ç RTg´bdisnÆi .
2Ç yagecjbBVC¢a .
3Ç ézáEdlRBHBuTÆRTg´RbkasRBHsasnaCaRKadMbUg .
4Ç ézáEdlRBHbrmsasþa RTg´sEmþgRBHZmµck,b|vtþnsURt .
5Ç ézáekIteLIgénRBHGriysg¹sav&kmundMbUgbgÁs´ KWRBHGJ¦aekaNÐJ¦; :nbYsCaRKadMbUgkñúgelak .
6Ç RBHsg¹ekIteLIgRKb´Gg<rtn;TaMg 3 KWRBHBuTÆ RBHZm( nigRBHsg¹ .
7Ç RTg´sMEdg:diharü .

2Ç maXbUCa
maXbUCa KWézá 15 ekIt ExmaX qñaMrka enAvtþevLúv&n CitRkugraCRKwH rdðmKZ; CaézásMxan´kñúgRbvtþisaRsþénRBHBuTÆsasna KWRBHGg<
RTg´sEmþgRBH:tiemak¡kñúgTIRbCMusg¹Gg<RBHGrhnþsav&k RbkbedayGg< 4 Rbkar ehAzacturg<snñi:t KWkarRbCMuRBmeTAedayGg< 4 KW ?
1Ç RBHsg¹TaMgenaH suTÆEtÉhiPik¡úóbsm|Ta KWbMbYsedayRBHsBVJ¦ÚpÞal´ .
2Ç RBHsg¹TaMgenaH suTÆEtRBHGrhnþ:nGPiJ¦a 6 .
3Ç RBHsg¹TaMgenaH mancMnYn 1250 Gg<mkRbCMuedaymin:nsnüaKñaTukmkBImuneLIy .

- 140 4Ç ézáenaHCaézá 15 ekItExmaX .
sMxan´mYyeT[t KWCaézáRBHGg<RTg´kMNt´dak´RBHCnµayusg¡ar KWézáGaTitü 15 ekIt ExmaX qñaMerag enA:valectiy RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za
rab´BIézáenHeTA 3 ExeT[t tzaKtnwgcUlbriniBVanehIy .
sMxan´mYyeT[t

CaézáRBHsasþaRTg´EtgtaMgGK<sav&kkñúgvtþevLúv&n

KWézá

15

ekIt

ExmaX

Caézámhasnñi:t

RBHsarIbutþkñúgfan;Ca

GK<sav&kxagsþaM RBHemaK<løanfan;CaGK<sav&kxageqVg .

3Ç BisaxbUCa
BisaxbUCa CaézásMxan´bMputkñúgRbvtþisaRsþénRBHBuTÆsasna cat´Caézámg<ld*ótþm
eRJHsMxan´dl´eTA 7 y¨ag KW ?
1Ç RTg´TTYlBüakrN¾BIRBHBuTÆRTg´RBHnamza TIbg,r .
2Ç edImeJZiRBwkSekIteLIg .
3Ç RBHGg<RTg´RbsUtézásuRk 15 ekItExBisax qñaMc .
4Ç RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´dwgézáBuZ 15 ekItExBisax qñaMrka .
5Ç RBHGg<RTg´yagcUlbriniBVanézáGg<ar 15 ekItExBisax qñaMmSaj´ .
6Ç RTg´RbTanOvaTcugeRkay .
7Ç ZatubriniBVan .
Caer]gGs©arü eRJHézáExTaMg 3 :nmkcMKñaCaézáExEtmYy dUecñHézásMxan´TaMg 3 BisaxbUCasMxan´CagézáTaMg 2 xagedIm .

- 141 -

Gg<karshRbCaCatiTTYls<al´ézávisaxbUCa
karRbCMuKNkmµkarGg<karshRbCaCati :nBicarNanigmanmtirYmKñaRbkasézávisaxbUCa

CaézásMxan´´énmnusSelak

TaMgenHeRJHrMlwk

dl´mhakruNaTiKuNrbs´RBHsmµasm¬úTÆ CamhabursRTg´RbTanesckþIemtþadl´stVelak GaceXIjBIkarelIkElgRbkan´vNÑ; k*dUcCaelIk
Elgx\úMbMerIdac´ézø edayminmankarbgØÚrQameLIy eRkABIenH RTg´GPirkSstV eRJHRBHGg<RbedAminosmøab´stV RTg´oecHCYystV . ehtupl
mYyeT[t RTg´ebIkOkasoRKb´sasnamksikSakñúgBuTÆsasna edIm|IBiesaZkarBit edaymin:c´pøas´sasnamkcUlRBHBuTÆsasna RTg´min
:nKitBIplRbeyaCn¾kartbsñgeLIy .
kñúgkarRbCMu “International Buddhist Conference” enARkugkULMúbU rvagézáTI 9 rhUtézáTI 14 Exvicäika BÇsÇ 2542 edaymantMNagmkBIRbeTs
Gñkkan´BuTÆsasnacUlrYmcMnYneRcIn dUcCa bg´køaeds cin Exµr lav kUer¨xagt|Úg ev[tNam PUtan GindUeNsIu en:¨l «NÐa :KIsæan nig
RbeTséz :nrYmKñaesñIrdl´Gg<karshRbCaCatioTTYlykmti ehIyRbkasézávisaxbUCa CaézáQb´énshRbCaCati .
tMNagRbeTsepSg> kñúg«NÐÚcin:neZVIdMeNIreTARbeTssirIlg,a edIm|ICYbrdðm®nþIRksYgkarbreTHsirIlg,a kñúgBÇsÇ 2543 :nelIk
bJØavisaxbUCamkBiPakSaKña ehIy:nCYyeRCamERCgBIRbeTsepSg>edaylÁ .
KN;TUtRbeTssirIlg,a RbcaMGg<karshRbCaCati enARkugnIvy¨k :nRJgmti nigmankareRCamERCgBIRbeTsepSg> edIm|IoTTYlmti
RbkasézávisaxbUCa CaézáQb´sRmakénshRbCaCati EdlGg<karshRbCaCati mankarRbCMusamJ¦elIkTI 54 .
edaysarGg<karshRbCaCati
Qb´ézávisaxbUCa

:nRbkasomanézáQb´eRcInehIy

nigbJØazvikacMeJHGg<karshRbCaCatipg

tMNagRbeTssirIlg,aRBagmtiesñIrsMuGg<karshRbCaCati

oézávisaxbUCa

CaézásMxan´sakl

eTIbminGacRbkaso

CMnYsézáQb´sRmakvij

tMNagRbeTsepSg> rYm 16 RbeTs KW ?
RbeTssirIlg,a bg´køaeds PUtan km¬úCa lav m&ldIvs¾ m¨geh<alI PUma en:¨l :KIsæan hVIlB
i n
i kUer¨xagt|Úg «s|aj «NÐa éz
nigóyERKn :nrYmKñacuHhtæelxa ehIyCUnGg<karshRbCaCati edIm|IoykézávisaxbUCacUlCareb[bvar;kñúgGg<RbCMu .
eRkaymkézáTI

24 Exvicäika BÇsÇ 2543

“General Committee ”

Gg<karshRbCaCati:nBicarNabJØavisaxbUCaenaH

edaymantMNag

RbeTssirIlg,a enAGg<karshRbCaCati :nEzøgKaMRTÉksarenaH sMuoGg<RbCMubJ©Úlreb[bvar;enaH edIm|IGg<karshRbCaCati:nBicarNa .

- 142 kalBIézáTI 15 ExZñÚ BÇsÇ 2543 Gg<RbCMs
u amJ¦rbs´Gg<karshRbCaCatielIkTI 54 :nBicarNatamreb[bvar;TI 174 “International
recognition of the Day of Vesak” edaykaresñIrrbs´RbeTssirIlg,a . RbZanGg<karshRbCaCati:nGeJ¢IjtMNagRbeTssirIlg,amkEzøgRBag
mtiesñIrsMu nigGeJ¢IjtMNagRbeTssigØburI bg´køaeds PUtan «s|aj PUma en:¨l :KIsæan «NÐa eLIgmkEzøgsrub edaymanGtæn&yza
ézávisaxbUCa CaézásMxan´ eRJHCaézáRbsUt Rtas´dwg nigbriniBVanrbs´RBHmanRBHPaK RBHGg<RTg´RbedAstVelakedaybJ¦a omnusSCatiman
emtþaZm( nigxnIþZm( edIm|Isniþsuxkñúsg<mmnusS EdlCaeKalkarN¾sMxan´rbs´Gg<karshRbCaCati Gg<karshRbCaCaticat´omankarrMlwk
dl´ézávisaxbUCa “observance” .
Gg<RbCMu:nTTYls<al´mtienHBIÉkGK<rdðTUtRbeTssirIlg,aCaÉk,cän enARkugnIvy¨k .

KYrbdibtþidUcemþckñúgézásMxan´TaMg 3 /
kñúgézásMxan´TaMg 3 enH BuTÆsasnikCnTaMgLay EdleC]Cak´kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna RtÚvCRmHcitþosÁat ehIyeZVITanrkSasIl 5 sIl 8
eZVIsmaZi zVayeRK]gsk,ar;bUCa nignms,ar edIm|IrMlwkdl´KuNRBHrtn;TaMg 3 KWRBHBuTÆ RBHZm( nigRBHsg¹ . dl´eBlRBlb´ eZVIBiZIdEgØ
RbTkSiN 3 CMRu BHsþÚbectiy EdlmanRBHbrmZatu ßCMuvijRBHviharEdlmanRBHBuTÆrUb ßedImeJZik*:n kñúgBiZd
I EgØenHRtÚvykZUb 3 edIm eT[n
2 edIm p,aQUkRkBMu 3 ßp,aGVIk*:n ykmkcgrYmKña ebIRBHviharRtÚvcUleTAkñúgRBHvihar RbZannaMsURtkñúgBiZItamézásMxan´enaH> ehIyRBHsg¹
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10Ç

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12Ç

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14Ç

RBHeJZistVób|tþienAfantusit

16Ç

RBHnagsirimhamayaRTg´subinnimitþ

18Ç

RTg´RbsUt

19Ç

RBHeJZistVRbsUtmkPøamecHniyayman 3 Cati

20Ç

shCati ‘GñkekItrYmnigRBHeBaZistV’

20Ç

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22Ç

taMgRBHnam

23Ç

RBHmatacUlTivg<t

24Ç

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25Ç

RTg´GPiesk

26Ç

ehtuRTg´yagecjbBVC¢a

30Ç

RTg´sikSakñúgsMNak´tabs

32Ç

kMeNItbJ©vK<Iy¾

33Ç

RTg´eZVITuk,rkiriya

34Ç

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35Ç

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36Ç

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41Ç

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42Ç

RBHnamBiess

42Ç

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43Ç

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47Ç

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49Ç

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50Ç

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53Ç

RTg´sEmþgZmµck,b|vtþnsURt

55Ç

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55Ç

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56Ç

RTg´sEmþgGntþlk¡NsURt

57Ç

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59Ç

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60Ç

RBHGrhnþGg<TI 7

60Ç

bfmó:sika

61Ç

mitþrbs´RBHysbYstam

62Ç

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64Ç

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66Ç

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71Ç

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72Ç

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75Ç

RBHGK<sav&k

76Ç

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80Ç

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80Ç

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82Ç

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83Ç

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85Ç

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86Ç

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88Ç

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89Ç

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90Ç

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92Ç

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93Ç

BuTÆbitabriniBVan

94Ç

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98Ç

RTg´eR:sBuTÆmata

99Ç

RTg´kMNt´dak´Gayusg¡ar

102Ç ehtuEdlnaMoEpndIrJ¢Üy
104Ç esþcyageTAéRBmhav&n
105Ç esþcyageTAPNÐúRKam
106Ç esþcyageTAePaKnKr
107Ç PtþaharcugeRkay

109Ç RBHkayRss´pUrpg´man 2 kal
110Ç biNÐ:t 2 RKamanplesµIKña
111Ç RTg´pÞMGnudðanesyüa
111Ç RTg´R:rBÆsk,arbUCa
112Ç RTg´sEmþgkarRbRBwtþeTAéneTvta
113Ç RTg´sEmþgsMevCnIydðan 4 kEnøg
114Ç Pik¡úKb|IRbtibtþikñúg®sþIPaB
114Ç viZIRbtibtþicMeJHRBHsrIr;
115Ç buK<lKYrdl´RBHsþÚb
116Ç RTg´RbTanOvaTnigRtas´sresIrRBHGannÞ
117Ç RBHGannÞRkabTUloesþcyageTAbriniJVnenATIdéT
118Ç RTg´opþl´dMNwgbriniBVandl´kSRtmløraCü
118Ç sav&kcugeRkay
121Ç RTg´RbTanOvaTdl´RBHPik¡úsg¹
121Ç RTg´oPik¡úehAKñaedayKarvevahar
122Ç bcäiemavaT JküdMbUnµancugeRkay
123Ç RTg´briniBVan
124Ç RBhµeJlKaza
124Ç sk,eTvraC:neJlza
124Ç RBHGnuruTÆetærelak:neJlza
125Ç RBHbrmsB
126Ç zVayRBHePøIg
128Ç CitekIts®g<am

130Ç EckRBHbrmsarIrikZatu
131Ç Zatuectiy
132Ç briePaKectIy¾
133Ç Zmµectiy
133Ç óeTÞsikectiy
134Ç BuTÆkic© Cakic©RbcaMézárbs´RBHmanRBHPaK 5 y¨ag
135Ç sg<Itikza KWkarer[ber[gepÞ{gpÞat´RBHZmµvin&y
135Ç sg<aynaKWGVI /
137Ç ézásMxan´rbs´RBHsasþa
138Ç ézásMxan´Tak´TgnigRBHCnµayuénRBHsasþa
139Ç ézásMxan´kñúgRBHBuTÆsasna 1 qñaMman 3 dg
139Ç GasaLbUCa

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139Ç maXbUCa
140Ç BisaxbUCa
141Ç Gg<karshRbCaCatiTTYls<al´ézávisaxbUCa
142Ç KYrbdibtþidUcemþckñúgézásMxan´TaMg 3 /